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I havo sworn upon tho Altar of God, eternal hostility to every form of TyraO? over tho mind of Man." Thomas Jefferson
PItlNTED AND PUBLISHED BY IL WEBB.
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA. SATURDAY, JULY 23, 18455.
0IT1CE OF THE DEMOCRAT,
Opposite St. Paul's Cituncit, Main-st
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From tho Lady's Book for July, 1842.
AN IRISH 'SKETCH FROM LIFE.'
BY MRS. S. C HALL LONDON.
Pkhhaps il proceeds from our having
'Inhabhiveness' largely developed that we
nre led so completely lo sympathise with
those who aro compelled under any circum
stances to quit their homos. Even if 'a
flitting' bo premeditated under tho most
pleasant prospects, there is always some
things to regret the discomfort, the bustlo
the leave taking' are all sad enough, no mat
ter how brilliant the anticipated futtiro may
be there is something really melancholy
in parting cither from what has been the
abode of joy, or sorrow, for both equally,
in our opinion, endear a locality. A change
of residence is ahvay an inconvenience
to the rich, but to the Irish poor it is fre
quently "oiily a change from tho misery of a
wretched hovel" to the exposure and starva
tion of the high -roads- We witnessed a
a harrowing scene of this description which
we cannot easily forgct.and it is one which
my American readers will imagine over
drawn, no matter how we tell the story.
We had sent the carriage on and wcro
proceeding on foot, a practice which ena
bles us lo convorso with the peasantry, and
increases our enjoyment and information. It
was a fine clear evening; the sun was sink
ing behind the lichly wooded slopes of this
most beautiful country; the aii was full and
balmy; lha rail was croaking along the
hedges and tho thrush singing those rich
and varied melodies which art can neither
imitate nor teach. A lane, or as the Irish
so prettily call in, a bohreen' branched off
from the high road, and some noble old
trees had interlaced their arms abovo it,
so as to form a succession of living Gothic
nrches.lhe moat perfect and picturesque we
had ever observed. The elevated inclo
Ktires ol'ilowets and purple foxglove with
fairy like etips, and tho sparkling leaves
iind knotty (wistings of sly Robin run-the
hedge, mingled with the tasseled mead
ow sweet and broad leaved dock all
beautiful according to their kind: then there
wore occasional breaks amid tho sunlight, so
bright before its close, darted the most vi
vin light, showing the sylvan tracery to the
best advantage. It was altogether so ex
quisite a bit of light and shado that it was
not until we had looked at it for some time
that wo perceied three little children hud
dled up together at tho slump of an old thorn
tree, a few yards down the lane; the eldest
a giown up girl suppoited a sleeping in
fant on her knoe; llin third whose costume
was slight as it is possiblo to fancy, crying
bitterly, and in his fruitless attempts to dry
Iiis tenrs, hsd smeaied his face over so to
give it tho appcaranco of a mask. His
trouble was of that nature which in England
would bo alleviated by bread and butter,
and cured by bread and sugar; but the
grief that c.iused emotion in the eldest girl
was altogether different, it was such as
strong women hardly bear. Her features
were hardened into the expression of des
pair, and what is mure at variance with the
first hours of youth, sullen despair. An old
blind dog sat at her feel with his head
n her knee, his thick sightless eyes up
turned to her, while she stroked '.his head
mechanically and with out uttering a
,Lct me go back Esseyl let mo go back,
just for a minute, and I won't cry out; do
let mo, and I'll be as ood gooldj. will
said the boy.
The girl mado no rop'.y, but clutched his
shoulder in her hand, and held him fast.
Thero was a strong resistance on Ihe
boy's part, but it did not continue long for
ho agreed to keep still if she'd 'looso her
hold, which she did though her hand still
remained on his shoulder.
Wo wero so interested in tho girl's sor
row that wo endeavored to alleviate it by
kind words, and inquired if 'any of her
people were ill.' Then she burst into tears
and tho hardness which rendered her ex
pression so painful to look at, relaxed.
'Thank you kindly for asking only the
trouble, ma'am, is hard on us this evenin',
we're turned out, we.lhat never let llid win
ter gale run till summer, that for all wo
took out of '.he bit of land put double in it,
and did with half feedin sooner than wrong
the earth that gave us that came We're
turned out this blessed evenin' to wander
the world, or to starve in Navin to dio
away from tho light of the heavens,
and the fresh' "air, anil tho fields oh,
there's no usi in talking but my heart,
will burst, il will burst open in mo if I
think of the cruelly of the world. How
can my father live in town where there are
hundreds of men strong an' ablo to work as
he? What can ho get to do there? If they'd
let us build a sod house by the side of the
load itself, in tho place where ho'sknown,
he could get work among the neighbors-bin
that spoils the look of the country they
say I. Och hone? sure tho-starving look of
the poor spoils il worse.' 1
'Ye'r crying worse than me.Essey now,'
said the urchin, 'and you promised mother
you'd keep in the tears: let me go seo if
sho's crying still.'
iStay whero you are, Jimmy my boy
there's a good child; mother can boar it
better when she does not seo us. Oh, I
could beg the world's bread for her,' from
door to door, though until this blessed hour
let us suffer as wo would, wo never asked
charily from man or mortal; but I could
beg, starve(that's easy enough)or die for
my own darlin' mother, if God leaves her
wilh us but he won't; death was printed
in her face (his morning; she'll die from
me: oh, Holy Vargin, hear my prayer this
evenin', and if one must go, take me, Holy
Queen of Heaven, and leave her with her
husband and her helpless childern.'
The poor girl sank upon her inees, still
pressing the infant to her heart, and wo
walked on, deeply anxious to ascertain Ihe
truth of so sad a statement. A turn in the
lane brought us opposite to what had been a
nesting of three or four cottages; the great
er number had been dispossessed of their
inmates a few months before, as was evi
dent from tho length of time the walls had
been uncovered. The one farthest off was
tho present scene of distress. Two men
were busied in unroofing tho small dwel
ling, while two others wero evidently pre.
pared to meet any outbreak on the part o,
il.. . . '
ine iuio icnant, or ti is mends, several of
the latter were assembled but for the most
part seemed rather bent on consoling than
defending. Thoro was tho usual scene of
confusion, but it was evident that tia eject.
me nt had been served upon a cottage pos
sessed of mi.ny comforts. A very pale fra-
gilo wo nan was seated upon a substautial
clump bedstead with her hand closely pres.
sed against her side, as if in pain while
tears flowed down Ser cheoks. Chickens
of various sizes were crowded in an ancient
coop, and a stout little pig had a sougan
fixed to his leg, to prepare him for tho road.
Stools and iron pots, a dressor, delf and
wooden ware, were scattered about, and a
serious looking cat was seated on the top of
a potato basket, as if uncertain whether
tho esteem she was held in would compel
her friends to forego tho superstition and
carry her with them littlo thinking that
they had no alternative but exchango the
freo air for a wretched room in wretched
Navin which it was not likely they could
'It's Larkins' own fault, I must vay that
when ithe lease of his little placo dropt ho
would'nt take. No' for an answer but
would keep possession, and wonder at his
doing so, ami ho so weJJ learned.and bright
at every thing,' said one of Ihe men.
My own fault?' repeated a strong, hag
gard looking person advancing, while the
group of countrymen to whom ho had been
speaking made way for him. 'Who says
it's iny own fault you! -sir, I was born
under that thatch, that now you stand on;
my father and grandfather held the bit of
land and we paid for it at the highest, and
to the last farthing.'
'That ye did, poor man God help you!'
said many a voico in tones of tho deepest
'I, with evciy hard working soul on tho
estate, got notice lo quit; becauso the agent
wants it to be clearer? of men that it may
feed beasts, I had acted all my lifo like a
manjl had tho facling-s of one; I lovod ever
y stick of thorn blackened rafters. My fath
ers own hands mado tho bed that poor broken-hearted
woman is silting on; on it I
was born and on it she brought mo five chil
dren. Tho bees that are now singing in
(he bushes came from the ould stock; and
father's mother, ilat they are bringing out
now has sat upon that stone bench for six
A very venerable woman had just been
carried through the flakes of falling thatch
into tho open air; she seemed hardly .con
scious of what was going forward and yet
she gazed around her and from one to anoth
er, with an anxious look.
Well; we know all th'at'said the first
speaker; and you ought to know that I'm
only doing ray duty and you ought to have
sense; the gentleman's land is his own, and
if he'd rather feed cattle for the market than
have tho place broke up in little farms, sure
it's bis own land, not yours; he lets you
take every stick that you like away.'
'The law, only a bastard law after all
for the poor,' said Larkins, 'give mo them.'
'And he pays you for your crop.'
'And that he cant help cither.
'And yet granny there would not leave
till the roof was off. Suro any how the
gentleman had a right to do what he liked
with his own.'
'Ho had not!' exclaimed the peasant,
firmly planting his foot on the ground; and
unconsciously assuming an attitude that
would have added dignity to a Roman sen
ator. 'In tho sight and light of Almighty
God, no man having plenty has a right to
say (o another, 'Go out and starve' starvo
as I shall, and all belonging to me; starve
and beg and beg and starvo till my bones
whiten through my skin and I die asoth
ers'in this country have done before ine; on
the road Oh my Grd! if ho had given me
a piece of mountain or a piece of bog, and
time to bring it round, I'd have worked, as
I havo dona all my life a.id that's saying
enough for it. Does ho call to mind.thnt
the tenant's duly is lo pay, and tho land
lord's lo protect? Does ho say as a Christ
ian that any man has a right lo turn over
scores of his follow creatures io starvation
when they aro willing lo be his slaves for
food and raiment? for what moro have any
of us? Wo lay by nothing and have noth
ing lo lay by yet we pay our rent- Will
any of you say that God intended that?'
'Then why the devil' Johnny Larkihs,
my jowol!' said a light concentrated fellow
walking up to the excited speaker; why
don't you lot us starvo them all out nt
onct? Sorra a better sport we'll desiro, and
its under her roof ye'd be rtow if yo had
let us take just ono good heary fling at
'I never broKe the law in my life, James
'Sorra a bettor ve're off than them thai
did,' answered James, stepping back in a
most discontented manner.Two women were
comforting tho poor man's wifo in the best
way ihey should and another was busied in
adjusting a bed on a small car upon which
they mtendetl to place tho old woman so as
to remove her comfortably. The landlord's
agents, in this apparently most unfeeling
proceedings seemed resolved not to desist
until the roof was entirely removed.
'I wish, a lannan, ye'd bo said and led
by us,' urged ono to Mrs. Larkins who
was rocking herself, as the wind rocks a
freo that has been more than half uproated.
'What good can staying here do you, dear?
Sure ye'll stop with us as long as ye like
before ye go into tho close town and ycr
breathing so bad and ye so weak.'
'If they had only let me dio in il.' an
swered the young mother, whoso weak
trembling voice recalled her child's opinion
so feelingly expressed a few minutes before
'that death was printed in her face' 'It
wouldn't have been long. Where's tho
Suro ye seut them rftvay, they were
'And where's JohnI
'Is the sight leaving your eyes that you
can't seo hm forenit you, dear?' aswored
the woman, at the same lime looking anx
iously in her face.
'John, darling!' she exclaimed fervently.
In a moment her husband was by her
''lhoro s a change over her!' whispered
the woman to tho young rain who had pro
fered to tko Ihe law id his own hands
' 1 here s a change over her run for the
priest if ye love your own soul.
Even the man who had been so busy
wnn inc rooi paused, and the silence was
only disturbed by the prolonged whistle of
'John my blessing my pride the only
lover I ever had-you'll forgive any hasty
word Ispoke.woun't yo, my jewel?'.
Ye never did, darlin,' answered Ihe
poor fellow; ,but what's over dear? what
ails you? What ails her, neighbors? Great
Quen of Heaven, what ails my wife?
'Whisht dear!' she said and raising her
hand to his face alio pressed his cheek stil
closer to her awn. 'I've been sickly a
long time John, and was going fast, better
I should die bofore we gol into the town I
mttst have died you know. Four face is
very thin darlin ulready. Oh may
the holy saints lave ye as ye are that I
may know ye in heaven Cut I would
any way spake to mo my bird of blessings!
kiss rao dear and let me lay ray
head on yer bare breast. Neighbors, ye'll
1 ook to him and the poor motherless chil
dren. Oh then has any Christian sent for
a priest, that I may not die in my sins!'
'It's only a faintness my jewel.' said
the husband; 'it's nothing else fetch her
a drop of water'
She drank eagerly, and then nestled
her head as a child would in its mothers
'Oh I was sinful,' murmured tho man 'to
rebel while my angel was left rae I'll
never say a word again if the Lord spares
her pray for her, good friends-'
There was not to use a honestly phrase
'a dry eye' in the circle that formed round
them; even the minister of a law as cruel
as its enforcers sympathized with the poor
man's agonySuddenly tho old woman, who
had been forgotten in the fresh excitement
pushed the littlo crowd to tho right and left
wilh her long lean arms, stood like a spec
tre in tho midst her white hair streaming
from beneath her blacft hood aud the
wrinkles in her sharp fao thickened by a
maniac smile 'I ask her pardon,' sho
said courtesying as deeply as tho infirmities
of extreme age would permit 'I ask yor
pardon but I don't rightly understand this
is it a wedding or a beir'ing.
'Look! leok!' exlaimed Larkins.
ono look in Mary's face I feel as
breath passed right into my heart.'
She was dead upon his bosom'
Growth of fiilits. RochesUr, N. Y-,
now unmbers 20,000 inhabitants. In 1817
its entire voting inhabitants consisted of
32 all told.
STARTING CHILDREN IN THE
Tho following extract from
of a living writer, is replete
philosophy and common sense.
It is well
worth the attention of parents:
'Many and unwise parent labors hard and
lives sparingly enough to give his children
a start in the world as it is called. Setting
a young man afloat wilh monoy left him by
his relatives, is liko tving bladders under
tho arms of ono who cannot swim; ten
chances to one ho will lose his bladders
nd go to tho bottom. Teach him to swim
and he will never need the bladders. Giva
your child a sound education, and you
havo done enough for him. See to it that
his morals are pure, his mind cnljivatcd
and his whole nature made subservient lo
the laws which govern man and vnn
have given what will be of more value than
the wealth of the Indies. You have given
him a start which no misfortune can do-
prive him of. The earlier you toach him
to depend npon his own resources tho bet
REMARKABLE MAGNETIC ROCKS:
The following interesting facts arc delail-
5y the Vickburg Whig:
Near the iron mountains in Missouri,
there is a ledge of some extending for a
half a mile in length, and several hundred
yards in with. This stone is very strong
ly impregnated with magnetic properties.so
strongly so indeed, that it is impossible to
ride a well shod horse over it. A gentle
man having his horso newly shod onco
attempted il but before he had made tw
'revolutions' his. horse 'was brought up
standing perfectly&ftijl. In vaitrourfravi
eller arged hisg-allant'steek forward persu-
ation and force proved equally futile, until
his pa.tience becamo exhausted and he sent
for a blacksmith. The son of Vulcan soon
arrived and found the horso standing still,
and lo all appearance as immovable as tho
rock of Gibraltar. Various oxpedienla
were resorted to to relieve the horse but all
failed. Thero he stood, and to all appear
ances, was likely to stand, with his feat
literally glued to the solid and impervious
rock. At last tho blacksmith's oyes glis
tened, he laid it sure smithy for his shoeing
tools, which were soon forthboming. when
the proceeded, with all possible despatch
to unclinch the nails which bound the hor
ses shoe to his hoofs! One by ono tho
nails wero unclinched,lhe whip wis applied
to the horse, and as the last nail gave way
he escaped with a bound but left his shoes
welded to the rock.
'I never did see such a wind and such a
storm' said a man in a coffee room 'And
piay, sir inquired a would-be-wit, 'since
you saw tho wind and lha storm, what
might their color be?' 'The windiue and
the storm rose,' was tne ready rejoinder.
Horrid Depravity A Western paper
tells of a gun which upon being discharged
not only kicked its owner over, but kopt
kicking him after ho was down and, adds
the paper, would probably have kicked him
lo death, had it not been fur the timely arri
val of assistance.
Apprentices. Oh, you're a 'prentice'.'
said a littlo boy tauntingly to his cainpanion
the other day. '1 ha other looked proudly
round, and while fire of injured pride and
tho look of pity wero strangely blended in.
cooly answered. 'So,
'Boy, what is your name?, Robert, sir'
'Yes that is your Christain name, but what
is your olher name!' 'Bob, sir.'
Do mako yourself at home, ladies, said
a lady to her visiters one day, 'I am at
homo myself, and I wish you all werp,
'I have a great ear, a wonderful ear.'saida
musician, in the course of conversation,
So has a jackass!' was the abrupt ejacula.
lion in reply.