Newspaper Page Text
IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY.
1317 GEORGE BE RGNER.
SuBSCRIPT IOII .
The DAILY TIILPGRAre IA served to subscribers
will in thebe
city at 0 , ,a v ela per wean Yearly subscribers
barged *4 bb •
Walla! AND Sanl.Wlß tTTILICOItarti.
The TILIGRAPN is 31,0 pUbililled twice a week daring
the seising of the Legislature, and weekly during the
remainder of the year, and furuished to subscribers at
the !allowing rates, viz
single Subscribers per year- .• • • ••
Tel LAW OF NIWSPAPIRS.
elibsoers orde the discontinuance of their news.
ars, the rib oublieher r
may continue to send there wail
arrearages are paid.
su bscribers neglect or refuse to take their OW Spa.
from the office to which they are directed, they are
re Tensible until they have settled the bilk and ordered
0:4 and after Monday, Nov. 4th, 1861, the
mails at the Harrisburg Post Office will close as
For all places adjacent to the line of
the railroad, between Harris
burg and Philadelphia.—WAY
6 30 A. M,
New York, Philadelphia, Lan
caster, Bainbe, Columbia
fa Philadelphia, Lancaster and
M ...4.40 P. M.
Fur New York, Philadelphia and
Liwcaster 9.00 P. M.
LEIINNON VALLEY RAILROAD.
Pot al places between Harrisburg
aid Philadelphia, and adja
eat to the line of the Leba- •
eon Valley and Philadelphia
and Reading Railroad.—WAY
..7.30 A. K.
For all places betwon Harrisburg
and Altoona,—Wev MAn...6.80 A. M.
For Pittsburg, Jobm3town, Pa., Cin
cinnati, Columbus and Cleve
land, Ohio 8 00 P. M
NORTHERN CENTRAL RAILROAD.
For all places between Harrisburg
and Lock Haven, and those
adjacent to the ine of the
railroad.—WAY Mem 12.00 M.
NORTHERN CENTRAL RAILROAD.
For Washington, Baltimore, York
and all places along and ad
jacent to the line of the rail
road. WAY MAIL 10.00 A. M.
For Washington, Baltimore and
York 9.00 P. M.
CUMBERLAND VALLEY RAILROAD.
For Hagerstown, Md., Chambers
burg, Shippensburg, Carlisle
and Mechanicsburg 7.00 A. M.
For all places between Harrisburg
and Chambersburg along and
adjacent to the line of the
railroad.—WAY MAIL .12.80 P. M.
SCHUYLKILL AND SUSQUEHANNA BAIL-
For Pottsville, Ellwood, Pinegrove,
Summit btation and Auburn, 12.80 P.M
For Linglestown, Mane& Hill, West
Hanover, Ono and Jonestown
on Monday, Wednesday and
flerrr Friday 700 A. M
For Lisburn and Lewisburg on Sat
urday 12 M.
GEO. BERGNER, P. M.
SCHEFFER'S BOOK. STORE !
(Near the Ilarrisburg Bridge.)
1- *2 5 • J UST
RECEIVED ot _
na 00MHRIl fr CL in NOTE the
PAPNR, wnich we will sell at $1.25 per roam.
$3.00 per ream for NOTE PArER, decorated with
the latest and very handsome emblems and patriotic
$3.50 for 10 WHITE ENVFLOPES, with national and
patriotic emblems, printed iu two colors.
Plume love rail. TaitF. SCHEFFER,
J. R. INGERSOLL'S
It dresses the hair without soiling the fingers,
It effects a Saving of one•half in the 11110 of hair peeler'
It does away with greasy hair-oil bottles.
It is handsomer *Mel • than the common hair-brush.
It regulates the quantity of hold u•ed, to a drop.
It is Perfectly Tram, and cannot spill over in the trunk
or oo the toilet.
It carries enough of any preparation to last f or a voy
age or a long Journey.
Its pine is moderate, and it eaves Its own cost In three
For Sale at Reller's Dreg and Battey Store, 91 Market
street two doers east of Fourth street, south side.
NEW DRESS GOODS.
Plain and Figured Reps,
Rich Figured all Wool Delaines,
Plain Merinoes and Cashmeres,-
Fancy Paris Dress Silks,
Superior Plain Coloied Dress Silks,
Warranted makes of plain black silks,
New Styles Low Priced Delaines
Next door to the Harris
At CA MART & BROTHER'S
uov4 burg Batik Market Square.
(at old pricea)
Flannels, Ticking, Drillings,
Ginghams, Calicoes, Towlings,
All kinds of Domestic Goods,
A splendid Line of Shawls.
All kinds of Men and Boys Wear,
In great variety to be found at
yeses Head Dresses,
A NA', Misses Mitts, &e., &o.
nogg ice 1481. opened at CATHCARS,
Next door to the Harrisburg Bank.
F 4B / 1 AND VERY DE
J•26 1 " 4 "" Ave Pound OM. LICATE. Pat
• ' -,- -..... '.\''' '''4 %- t\\ 1 ii i V/i/ ri /p id " 9 " --.. ' a n, . ' . •
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:,,,r,,,, : .):,,,:1 ,_______ „ 7 „, emit ., .
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-f_ ---- ;" - 7,-- 0:.:, --$
V . 4.41 . XVI
ALXVI I IIVIR:),NrkiI' : '
Hfiend 8 diecovered the moat certain, speed)
effectual remedy in the world for
DISEA6EI3- ' 'Or UffilitDEME.
=no rx si ,
rSo irienvis ` Smote.
Co Mercury dr Notion? Draws. -
or A WARRANVID, OR Na MAXON IN FROX ONV VO
, Two,Darameg, ~
W Oak ot the Hatkoirikintii#Strietniek; Paine in
the , Atfeldichis of the Kidneys and Bladder, Organic
Weakness, Nervous Debility, Decay of therbyeica ,Pow
are, Dyspepsia, fan nor, lawSpirtM, Confusion of dais
rallitation of amigo, roman ftembealei, ilintnadi
of Sight mi Siddlli Mame of the fitainabir, Affections
oi we Head, Throat, elle or Skin—those terrible disor
ders arising from the Indiscretion or Solitary Habits of
fonttithese dreadtdi and destrilotive practises rwbiab
produce canditutional debility, render marriage impos
sible, and destroy both body and mind.
Young men tapeolillY who hair" become the'victims of
solitary Vice, that dreadful, and destructive habit which
annually sweeps to an untimely grave thousand' of
young men of the most exalted talent and brilliant intel
lect, who might otherwise have entranced liatenint ,
Senates with the thunders of eloquence, or waked to ao•
Way the living lyre t ynay call with fell confidence.
Married persons, or those eontemphding marriage, be.
ng aware of physical weakness, should Immediately con.
lull Dr. J. and be nattered to perfect health.
Re Who places 'himself under the care of Dr. J. may
religiously condde in his boniwas ignition: tan, and eon,
ddently rely upoif bls ekßl is a physician. . ' '
air Office No. 7 South Frederick. street, Baldinore,
dd., on the left hand side going from Baltimore street, 7
Wont from the corner. Bo par dealer in observing the
same or number, dr you will mistake the place. Be par
..loular for ignorant, VON' Quacks, with Wee names,
or Pairry gurnbug Dertifiesiet, attracted by the repels.
lion of Dr. Johnson, lurk near
All letters must contain a Postage Stamp, to use on the
Dr. Johnson member of the.floyal Mega of Burgeons,
gradnatefrom one of the meet eminent Colleges
M' the United +States, and the greatest part of whose life
nas been spent In the Hospitals of London, Parts, Phila
delphia and elsewhere, bee effected some of the most as.
tontshing cures that were ever known. Many troubled
with ringing in the ears and bead when asleep, great net•
misuse, being alarmed at:sudden sounds ' bashfulness,
with frequent blushing, attended sometimes with derange.
ment of mind were cured immediately,
Dr. J. addressee all' thee° who having Injured tem;
solves by private and 'ilioroper inthilganeles, that seeret
and solitary :abit whiokirttini tooth body sad 'mind, air-
Iltiing.thern forolthet howooesor society.
The& are genie of the cad and melancholy elteota pro
duced by early habits of Youth, viz : Weakness of the
Back and Limbo, Patna in the Head, Dimness of Bight,
Loss of Muscular Power, Paipitation of . the Heart, Dyz
wee* Nervous Irritability Derangement of the Digestive
?unctions, General Debility. Symptom of .o:4 D i gul p„
MIMITALLT, the Marini effects on She mind 'Ere mnsh to
De dreaded :—Lode of idemiory, Confoskro of Ideas, De
pression of Bpiriter,.Bvil Forebodings, Aversion toSocio
ty, Self-distrust, Lovo of Solitude, Timldityoke, are some
of the evil effects.
Thousands of poisons of all ages, an now judge what
Is the mese thiO'decline health, losing their vigor,
becoming weak, ales •nervous and emaciated, have •
singular appearance aboot the eyes, cough, and snap•
me of consumption. „ ,
who have injured themselves by a certalp practice, fn
mired to Whelialone—l'llabit frequently learned from
evil SOMMIIkiIIII, or at iinhool, the ends of which *are
sightly felt, even whemssleep, and if not cured, renders
marriage trapotudble, mid destroys both-mind-and body,
should apply Immediately. .
What a pity that a young inan,The hopes of hlr emit'
try, theedarling of Ms parents, dieuldbesnathhed' neon
all prospects and enjoyments of life by the conseqUerufer
of deviating from the path of nature, and Indulging in a
certain secret habit. guthpersiotta must, before opulent.
affect that a mound mind tad body srerthe next neameart
requisites td-promote cionoubial happiness. Weed'
without them, the journey through life becomes a weary
pilgrimage the prospect hourly darkens to iiew; the
mind bacomei shadowed With despair, and tilled with the
melancholy reflection that the happhmas of another be
comes blighted with our awn, • . •
DR. JOHNSON'S INVIOORATiNG RIDIRD7 FOR 0M:
Sy this great and important remedy, Wealtness:of
Organs are speedily cured, and dill vigor restored.
fhoasandeni the moat Norma" and debilitated'who
gad lent all hope, have been immediately relieved. All
Impediments to Marriage, Physleal or Mental Disqualil.
Winn, Nervous, Tremlll24'eakness or Exhaustion of
the most harfffi kind, it • cured.
Tba many Mounds cured at tbie Dudkitten edible me
last twelve years, and the numerous Important flury‘ ice
opentlosis porftwead by' Dr. J.; mitaltassaid` by the re=
porters of thepapera, and manyWtber persons, Collttea of
which flame appeared igen and again belbre the public,
belga hit 'kindling as a eeptilestan if chorowtor and re
m:steak% bee anMeltint witararitire to the Opted;
MElLtagg , OF IMPRIMOKIL—When the misguided
Rid imprudent vatary of leisure finds ho has " imbibed
the iambi this pared 'lt toll often klippen that
an ill-timed sense of shame or if dtecovery deters
him from applying to those Wha n tinaliducation and re
rleotability ran alone be fr iend delaying till the coo
atitaioual symptoms of Ms borri disease make their
appeszance, ageiting the heed, throat, nose, skia, kg,
promising on with frightful rapidity, till death put. a
period to his dreacifid en ferinp by seeding Mat to What bourne' from whew* so traveler returns: , It is a Mel.'
unholy fret that thousands fall victims to ,this terrible
disease, owing to the ansillibluese of ignorant pretend
ers, who, by the use of that dewily poison, satworry, rigs
the oonsfitatlon and make the residue of life miserable.
To Easuarainc—Tbs Dooteea Diplomas bang in bb
garLatters must contain a Stamp tom on the reply
Mirltemealim sent by Mall.
sip-No. 7 South Frederick street, Baltimore.
BETWEEN NEW YORK
16 ; 4 ' • ANDIavERPooL.
L AN DiNti AND EMBARKING , PAS-
S tINGIBRS at. QUSBNSTOWN, (Ireland.) The Limn:
Pool, New York and Philadelphia Steamship company
intend despatching their full powered Clyde.built iron
Steamships as follows :
GLASGOW, Saturday, November 9 ;• CITY OF NEW
YORK, Saturday November 16 ; EDINBURG, Saturday
November 23 ; and every Saturday at NM, reOM Pier
44, North River.
to London $BO 00 I do to Lepdon
$75 oo STEERAGE .........$3O
do to Parts $B5 00 IdotoMU•• • • M 8 00
do to Hamburg. .$B5 00 do to Hamburg 00
Passengers also forwarded to Havre, &Men, P 41142 1"
dam, Antwerp, ric at equally low ram.
ire - Persona wishing tu bring eutthelr Wanda Gan bU Y
tickets here at the following rates, to New York: From
Liverpool or Queenstown; let Cabin $75 $B5 and $lO5
'Steerage from Liverpool $4O 00. ' Fro m Queenstown,
These SUsune " IlaVe emserior accommodations for
pantengers, and gr o a
nxperienced Surgeon& They are
built in Watertight Section, mid have Patent lyre
Annihilators on board.
For further Information apply in Liverpool to WILLLiII
INMAN Agent; 22 Water Street ;in Glasgow to WY. INMAN, Eta, Mauch Square ; Queenidavni ic• a &
D. SEYMOUR & CO. ; in London to RIVES & KALI, ill
King 'William St 4 ; In rule to MUM IMICOUB, 6 Plum
lie la Bourse ; in Phibidelplda to JOHN LI/Mak ill.
Walnut street ; or at the Company's °Moos.
JNO. Q. DALE, Agont,
Or 0.0 . Eninsemann, 4004 Jawrislowl•
WM. Docul, Jr.,40).
"INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS-NEUTRAL IN NONE•"
limedgately 'cured andfisirl4o `l*Nul.
RAZIII Of PABILAOI4
HARRISBURG,., PA., MONDAY AnERNOON, NOVEMBER 11, 1861.
tints of qransportatiou
PENNSYLVANIA RAIL ROAD!
WINTER TIME TABLE. _
FIVE TRAINS DAILY TO AND
ON AND LFIEE
MONDAY NOVEMBER 4th, 1861
The Paiteenger Trains or the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company will depart from and arrive at Harrieburg and
Ppladelphis as folkirs '
THROUGH EXPRRS3 TRAIN leaves Harrisburg daily
at 320 a. m., and arrives at West Philadelphia at 7.40
FAST LUIS leaves Harrisburg every morning (except
Honday) at 8.80 a. in., and arrives at Went Philadelphia.
at 12.50 p. m.
MAIL TRAIN leaves Harrisburg daily (except Sunday)
at 6.40 p. m., and arrived at West Philadelphia at 10.30
ACCOMMODATION TEAM, via Mount Joy, leaves
Harrisburg at 7.00 a. m., and arrives at West Phila
delphia at 12.10 p. •m. -
11ABALSBURO ACCOMMODATION TRAIN, via Colom
bia, leaves Harrisburg at 1.10 p. and arrives at West
Philadelphia at 080 P. in.
W ES T WA R D.
THROUGH IEXPREBs TRAIN leaves Philadelphia. at
10.30 p. m., Harrisburg at 3.05 a. m., Altoona 8 40, a.
m., and arrives at Pittsburg at 1.25 p. m.
MAIL TRAIN leaves Philadelphia at 8.00 a. m., and ar
rives at Harrisburg at 1.20 p. m. ;leaves Hsrrisb nrg at 7.15
a. m., Altoona, 2.15 p. m., and arrives at Pittsburg at
815 p. M.
APART LING leaves Philadelphia at 11.30 a. in., Harris.
burg 4.05 p. in., Altoona at 9.10 p. m., and arriving at
Pittsburg at 1.40 a. In.
HARRISBURG ACCOMMODATION TRAIN leaves Phil
delphia at 2.80 p. m., and arrives at Harrisburg at 8.08
MOUNT JOY ACCOMMODATION via Monet Joy loaves
Lancaster at 11.84 a. m. 3 arrives at Harrisburg at 1.80
p.llll. . .
SAMUEL D. YOUNG,
Supt. Bast, Div. Penna. Railroad
Harrisburg, November 4, 1861.—dtf
WINTER TIME. ARRANGEMENT
NEW' AIR LINE ROUTU.
.THREE TRAINS DAILY TO NEW YORK,
• WITHOUT CHANGE OF CABS.
ON AND AFTER MONDAY, MOVER , -
BEA 4,1881, the Passenger Trains will leave the
•Pbfladelphla and Reading Eallro•Al Deip9t, at Harrisburg,
for New York and rtdhadatiblirgilk 1 0V 8 ; viz
EXPRMS3 LINK leaves Harrisburg at 3.30 a. m., on ar
nval of•Permaylvania Railroad &sprats Train from ..the
West, arriving in New York at 11.6 a. m y and, at Phila
delphia at 9.00 a. ra. A sleeping earls' attaoluxito the
train through from Pritirapurg without change.
MAIL TRAIN leaves Raiiieburg at 8.35 a. m., arriving
in New Tork.at 5.80 p. m.,-and Philadelphia at 1.26 p. m.
PAST LINE leaves Harrisburg at L4O p. m., on arrival
of Pimnsvlvania Railroad Past Mall, arriving in New
York at 9.50 p. m., and Philadelphill at 6.40 p. m. •
FART LINK leaves New Yore at e
ptila at 8 CAM 'atrtving at Harrisburg at
ILSIL TRAIN kart,* New York at 12.00 noon, and Phil
adelphia at 8.15 p. arriving' at Harrisburg at 8.10
lIKPRDES LONE leaven New York at 8 rp. m., arri-
Ving at Hanieburg at 3.10 a. in., and connecting with the
Pennsylvania Hawes; Train thr.Pittsbarg. A Weeping'
car is also attached to this train.
Cbenectictos are made at Harriaburg with wain on the
Penkuryltranla, Northern Central and Cumberland Valley _
Railroads, and at Reading for Philadelphia, Pottsvil le,
Wlikersbarre, Allentown, Mitten. &a.
Baggage checked through. Fare between New York
and Harrisburg, 06 00 ; between Harrisburg and Phila
delphia, SS 26 in No. cars, and $2 70 in No. 2.
For game or , other information apply to •
J. J. OM DR, •
novel General Agent, Harrisburg.
Select Schools for' Boys and Girls
FRONT STREET ABOVE WVVST.
HE Fall term orROBERT M'ELWEE'B
semi tor boys, will open on the Brat Monday in
September. The room is well ventilated, comfortably
furnished, and in every respect adapted , for schooipur-
WHAMS IIVELWIWS School for girhylocated n
came while?, will open ftarthe Fall team at the tame
it , The Man has been elegantly 'fitted ukto promote
hi-health and condbrt of scholars. atatladit
12- nuns DRUG- STORS'is the phkce
As. to WI anyUdog m ON lOW WilelllNEY.
We glean from different wined tlie following
account of this place, 'which is an island situated
at the mouth of Brow River, near the entrance
from the Atlantis. It is said to be one of the
finest harbors of South Carolina; and one of the
noblest inland waters'of the whole south. The
harbor of Port Royal is about 75 miles south
west of Charleston, and about eqtd-distant
between that city and Savannah. The entrance
from the Athudilei between Hilton Head Wind
and St Heleruilsbuad is &bind three miles wide,
and has, even over the bar, three and a half
fathoms, or ' twenty-one feet, and probably
twenty-seven feet at high tide Within' the
navies of the world might float. Sixteen miles
from the sea is the town of Beaufort, "the water
approach of which , does not admit vessehr of over
eleven feet draught. A few nines back Of Beau
fort is the railroad connecting Charleston and
Savannah, itself aPpioichable by Port Royal
Inlet and St. llelena tiouird. 'Tile whole of this
region should be studied on the map„ as it has
quite an amphibious character. The mouths of
the rivers and the inlets of the ocean inclose a
number of islands of considerable size,among
which may be mentioned Hilton Had, St.
Helena and Port Royal.
POET WEAL IN THZ OLDEN TOOL -A. NAVAL
IXPIDITION THEIR HUNDRED TZARS sao.
Porl Royal, it appeals, pommies an interest
ing history, and was a point of some notoriety
three Mntnries ago. We quote the following
'from the New York limes :
The region around Port Royal Entrance and
Island tuts a strange, eventful and romantic his
t was, in fact, the first settled spot on
the coat of North America. How interesting,
in vies of our expedition, to read the story of
another expedition to the same locality just
three hundred years ago. The first colony was
sent out by Admiral Cologni, a zealous Protest
ant, and then one of the Ministers of the Crovni.
who at the time of the war between the French
Protestants and Catholics, " obtained permission
of Charles IX, to plant a colony of Protestantß
hi Florida—a name then applied also to a gait
Out of the Southern coast. Command of two
vessels was accordingly given to Jean Ribald;
"a man expert in sea causes," and in the spring
of 1661 he landed on the Florida coast. - Sailing
northward, he discovered several rivers, one of
,which, from "the fairness and largeness of its
harbor," helcalled the Port Royal River.
• The old chronicler, Landoniere '
panied the expedition, describes the scene in
glowing colors. Splendid forests, Shores fes
tooned with rich grape clusters, birds of brilli
ant plumage, stags and deer in the luxuriant
savannahs. As tue commander cast his eye
across the waters of the beautiful, river before
tglem....--x---.44usiA t er.' and. measured the
breath of its mouth antn k .„ & ,, u ,„
ing, he persoaded himself that " -- al the argo
sies of Venice could ride }upon its bosom." Ac
cordingly, upon the island a few miles up Port
Royal river, he erected, it is said, on the very
spot where the town of Beaufort now stands, a
pillar with the arms of France, and a few days
after built a fort, which, in honor of his King
—Charles IX—he called •" Charles' Fort"—
.drx Oiroltna—from which circumstance the
country took the name of Carolina. Thus it.
was that on that very spot that, for the first
time, three hundred years ago, on the North
American coast, the flag of a civilized colony
might be seen by the approaching mariner.
But the first French colony did not flourish, and
after sending out another to the same locality,
the French, in 1687, gave up all idea of making
It was almost a century after this before the
English began to colonize around Port Royal.
Early in the seventeenth century Lord Cardross
led a colony from Scotland, and settled in Port
Royal ; but this place,
.niairutug, fro m =agree .
ment with , the Lords Proprietaries, ' l eo-ordinate
authority with the Governor and Grand Council
of Charleston it was compelled, with circum
stances of outrage, to acknowledge submi ssion.
Settlement, however, does not seem to have
progressed very rapidly, for in a tract entitled
"A New Dear:gist of that Fertile and Pleasant
Prompted of arrolina, by John Archdale, Governor
of the same, 1767," the following passage occurs:
"The principal place is Port Royal—please
God it may be seated with English and Scots in
a considerable body, , because it is a bold port,
and also a frontier upon the Spaniard at Au
gustine. The Scots did, about twenty years
since, begin a settlement with about ten fami
lies, but were distressed by the Spaniards. 01
how might the Scots that go now as Switssers to
serve foreign nations; how might they, I say,
strengthen our American colonies, and increase
the trade of. Great Britain and enrich themselves
at home and abroad,"
In 1670, Wm. Sayle was sent opt as ; Clover
nor,and in his letter of instruction he:was told
to "cause all the people of Port Royal to smear
'alkgiance to our sovereign Lord the King, and sub
sdrsbe fidelity to the proprietors and the form of gov
ernment established by them.
Port Royal entrance is an inlet from the At
lantic, in latitude 42 deg. 8 lila. N., 50 miles
southwest of Charleston, and 16 miles northeast
of Tybee inlet, the entr ance of Savannah river.
The opening from the Atlantic is between Ed
ding island and Hilton head island, and at 'that
point is about three miles wide. The prolonga
tion inward of Port Royal entrance is called
Broad river and Port Royal river. Running up
this for about 26 miles, bending off eastward
through the Cooeaw river, and coming out to
the Atlantic again through St Helena Sound,
you have an irregular area of about' 26 miles
by 15. Allis amphibious region is cut up by
numerous rivers, creeks and inlets into a great
many islands (sea islands) of various sizes, 'the
chief of which are "Port Royal,"'"St. Helena,"
I,p u i s 7. “L a di es, " cm:b oom, ' I tworga,,
"Dathaw," "Dathaw,"' "Edding," "Chaplin,"
"Prentiss" and "Hunting."
Tna relation between England and the United
States is now much more amicable than it wan
a few weeks ago ' • something to eat is a more
urgent necexcity than something to wear. There
is no doubt that the Confederate Government
is ably served by its emissaries abroad, both in
strengthening their cause morally and in ob
taining for it material aid. We are well advis
ed of th* activity in England and France, in
winning popular and governmental sympathy.
11.= Nance CosaLte.-It Is stated that Sen
ator Wilson of Masstichasette has 'received gov
ernment orders for one million pair of shoes.
His knowledge of the &free must be very thor
rmismarr Luioor is invading the surplus
he economises from his salary. in 7.80 not of
the Government law.
The En field Bifle.
i On the !mai of the . liver - Lee,- about ten
miles from. Loruidn, itsltnated; the little town
of Enfield, now rendered i ffunitios as the, site of
the thrognment factory fore manufacture of
the Eri fi eld 'Ali.' - In 'IBK when experience
gained' in the Itadida writhed taught the Eng
lish Government.that the time had gone by for
a continued use , of the old Ilrowi paw, the men
rifacture,of smooth bOre tonsil arms was aban
dolled and the factory at Enfield' Was enlarged
and adapted to the production of rifled arms,
the pattern known as that of 1868 being-adopt
ed as the best, and became subsequently
renowned as the ''Enfteld rifle '
' The buildings which - constitute the factory'
are situated ow the banks of the river,' the Site
tieing undoubtedly• chosen . consideration, of •
the available water-power, and also the means
of transport which the n avigable portion of the ,
river preEents. The rooms irriehich-the Maim
facture kecondnotedare'of course very nnindr-
Onli, as the different processes amount , to no less
than 769, and in addition to the actual: wi s rOnE
and engine rooms, there are a nundmi °anuses,
belonging to the Gevermliesa lir the occupation
of those employed, a mechanic's institute and
Maury, a small church and a school house.
• The first form of the rifle barrel is an oblong
tile-like plate of the bait Wronglit chamoal iron,
thirteen inches, long, a little more than half an
inch thick, and five anti a half inches wide on
one aide and five iliches on the other, the edges
being bevelled in order to insure a close "join."
The plate is first heated; anfl after several pas
sages through a powerful pair of rollers, Contain
ing a Series of grooves and projections it as
sumes a form not unlike small agricultural
drain pipes. - The barrens then again heated in
a t reverbatory furnace, and passed through a
series of rollers on a set of rodsuutil it is drawn
out to the proper length. The operation is
rather difficult, the grooves of the rollers not
being concentric ; the worknian has to watch
his opportunity very nicely and thrust in the
barrel at the exact moment the proper part of
the roller comes round., The work is so ex-
Iste3tive that during the hot weather the men
ate only allowed to work.liVe hours a day. The
fiat process the barrel Undergoes is that of
"rough boring." This is performed in• ma
chines in which four barrels are operated on
at a time. An instrument like a twisted augur,
attached to a long rod which is Linde to revolve,
the barrel being fixed hotisontally, passes
right through. The barrel is then set and
straightened with hammers by hand. Af
terwards it is turned on the outside and
bared for the third time, the chamber of
the breech bored* out, and, after the end has
been tapped with a fine thread for nkeiving the
breech pin, it is proved for the.first time with &-
heavy chargei of powder. The object of this
early proving is to save the labor which other
wise might be wasted on a faulty'barrel. If af
ter a close inspection it is approved, it is sent to
the "grindery, ' where tlie.outside is ground to
a given gauge. It then goes through some
six -nine operatibres of minot importance be
chines are of Belgian manufacture. The barrel
is firmly fixed at the lower end; aateel rod, con
that forms the grooves is
made to pass clear through it; a special contriv
ance ensuring• that this shall 'be . deeper at the
breech than the muzzle end. The twist of the
grooves which , amounts half a turn in the
iength of the barrel, is obtained with the as
sistance of a radial steel bar, which is set at such
an angle 'that a rack which elides on it, the
other end of which, gears into a pinion fixed to
the cutting bar, makes that bar revolve to ,the
extent of half a turn as it slides from end to
end. The metal is constantly lubricated and
kept cool by a stream of soap and water. The
barrel having been rifled is then polished and
otherwise prepared for stocking.
tfhe eit04.13 are : made ,by, a copying lathe,
which, like many of the machines use, are
of 'American invention and mantifactrire. The
copying lathe is a machine in whieh a steel
model is placed below the actual stock in the
same relative position, and both made to re
volve at exactly the same rate, thirty-five times
per minute. Against the' model' a guiding
wheel revolves, and a cutter revolving 8,000
thins a minute , soca brings the stock to the
ahkpe of the model, .
There ere nearly 2,800 hen& employed in the
factory, who are paid' by the piece. Any Ma
terial that is wasted is charged to the account
of!the workman who injures it, and as every
portion of the rifle passes through so many
hands, the Weirkinen are a continual check on
each 'other each &hit a receipt for the 'Ma
terial he takes in hand; to the foreman of his
Many operations through which each rifle
passes before it is ready for use, and thole re
lating to its fittings, and to the Manufacture of
the bayonet, &c., are so similar to like opera
tions in other factories ? that they do not need
A Cool mysterious murder took
place in a train, "on'the orriro Trunk Railway,
between Detroit•and Ridgeway, on. the night of
the 24th ult., While Ake can were. 'under fall
heralway, a gentlernan.ly appearing individral.
came up the aisle, and without saying, a word,
drewrevolver'and firedthree times at `iistran
gei, sitting on the seat with a Mirldeleod.• Of
coqrse he was instantly: killed. The murderer
then inquired of Mr. Leod if helves a friend of
thti victim, to which he replied that he was al
web the friend of a dyitig man.' The revolver
was then laid down; and the conductor coaling
along,' asked what •he did -. Mutt for. He said,
"There lies my revolver with three balls in it ;
take it and do 'what you please with it. I am
satisfied now. If yon•know your business you
will take this dead pan and myself to Canada,
and there you will find out all about it." The
assassin called himself McDonald, and said both
himself and the man he had killed were Scotch
men. Reappeared: , to • take • the matter very
coolly, producing a, cigar eyed lighting it as if
nothing . had happened. The conductor and
anotherperson took charge'of him afterwards,
while on the can. • What became of him inthe
end is not stated.
Tun battle-grounds in the present war .seem
to fall upon places of outlandish names; such. es
Bull's Ran, Ball's Bluff, Bull's say, &c., &c.
Some of the papers print Ball's Bluff, 'Bull's
Bluff"—under the seeming impression' that we
are to connect all misinanagement with a Bat/.
We pray that the name of the landing-place of
our fled be not evil , omen alrai.
HON. JOHN Bars declared bkaaelf . f`a
Wore an audience of Eastl'ennease&uifi • long
ago. He has mai 'firinkac . I pirate; mid taken
onnitutnrl of a ganboato on Chunberland
r iv.erzci;. - :1,4,2 -izi-fido trs,„
Qmonotrat. of the Prom says that the con
attmation of Gen. Meklellan's plans may be
postponed ba, they met can be defeated.
Clam tinting film
ving procured Steam Power Prase% ir are prayer
ed t Ha o
execute JOB add BOOK PRENTOW °re e very
don, cheaper than it can be done at any other eetst=
mint In the country.
. _ .
Mir Four lines or less constitute one.halrsours. Might
lines or more than four constitute a Ignore
Half Foliate, one day .
14 one week
Si one year......
(mellow.% one day
Id alx. months.
Sir BUghleat notices inserted in the Local diiteett„ er
before Marriges and Deaths, FIFE OWNS PER LINE for
air Marriges and Deaths to be charged as regular ad.
News from the Great Fleet.
BEAUFORT TAEN, BY THE
The Stars and Stripes Waving Tri
umphantly over the Court House
THE TROOPS MARCHING INLAND.
BArilltuoas, Nov. 10.
Theistearner from Old Point has arrived.—
The, passengers report that a flag of truce had
arrived at Norfolk and brought no news from
the capedition, but that the wheels:man of the
Abel steamer stated to one of the hands of the
Federici steamer, that Beaufort had been taken
by the United. States troops, and that our flag
was waving over the Court House.
Paseengers by the boat also report that the
Richmond Enquirer of Friday contained a dis
patch from Charleston, dated Wednesday, sim
ply stiffing that the federal troops had landed
at two points and were marching inland. The
dispatch did not say what points. The officers
of the rebel flag of truce refused to give any in
From Fortress Monroe.
Arrivalof the Commodore Perry from
The Rebels Refuse to Give News
Concerning the Fleet. Oe
The ferry boat Commodore Perry arrived this
morning from the great expedition. She lost
sight of the fleet on Friday evening of last
week about thirty miles off Bull's Bay. The
fleet was bearing towards Port Royal. The
captain knows nothing about the reported loss
of the Union and other transports. His boat
became so disabled that he could proceed no
_ferthex; but had to run towards the coast for
The Bremer May Flower was some distanoe
behind the fleet with a signal of distress and
the captain thitsks omhrhot have reached her
destination. The Commndore Perry lay several
hours near Cape Fear and man, made Hatteras
The Bag of truce to-day brings not a wora oe
news concerning the expedition.
The Twentieth Indiana regiment, now at Hat
teras, will return to Old Point.
FROM THE BLOCKADE.
Capture of Five Schooners off New
Ten Thousand Stands of Arms and a large
Quantity of Powder Captured.
The United ' States storeship Nighingale,
which arrived here to-day from the Southwest
Pass of the Mississippi titer, boarded the
schooner Sally Gay, of Norwich, Ct., on the
alet. ultimo. The Gay had on freight the car
goes of the following prizes, captured by the
steamer South Carolina, James Alden command
ing : The schoone? George Baker, schooner
Edward Benard, - schooners Ezilda and Joseph
H. Toone. The two last named vessels being
entirely loaded with munitions of war for the
rebels, including a large lot of powder and
about ten thousand stands of arms.
The vessels left at the Southwest Pass ten
days since were the flag ship Niagara, the
steamer Huntsville, and the etoreshipe Pamper*
and J. C. Kuhn.
Cotton firm—sales 1,400 bales at 241,
Flour heavy—sales. 16,600 bbls. Wheat ad
vancing—sales 20,000 bus.] at $1 20@1 22 for
Chicago spring, $1 22@1 25 for Milwankie
club, $1 88@1 45 for white, $lBO4l 35 for
red. Corn advancing—sales 216,000 bus. at
63®66&c. Whisky lower at 21c.
mw.vr,%vir Jususi of HORIIIS.—By the way,
speaking of mules, I have a suggestion to offer
to the military authorities : Mount a portion
of the cavalry here on mules, instead of horses
—they don't know how to t rust horses decent ,
ly, and they don't deserve to have them. Take
all the brainless "cavalrymen," who are con
stantly racing their horses up and down at the
top of their speed, as if legions of fiends were
after them, and clap them on mules for a time.
Thbre is no propriety in panitting fools to ruin
valuable S. horses at the rate that some of
them are, doing it now. By the time they are
wanted for active service, their horses will be
A Yancnctitost Furnmuro.—On his memorable
journey home from Washington, shortly before
his death, &maim Douglas remarked to a dis
tinguished 'Kentuckian whom he chanced to
meet at 'lndianapolis, "I know your man Itreck
inridge better than you do yourselves. Mark
my words, ; ' within a year /torn this time John
C: B " e toils be a t:itsmral,in the mild army!"
The :malt. showahow thhirimghly Mi. Douglas
I know his former Mei*, t The ,yetart has but
half pelt since the prediction was made, and to
day Mr. Breckimidge holds a commission as Brga
dier General in the Tidal army under Buckner,
Bawling Green. -
RA ISIS OF ADVERTISING
via Baltimore, Nov. 9.
Nirw Yowc, Nov. 9.
NEW YORK MMI,IIIM3
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