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D ONE PRIVATE KILLED."
Cold words to tell a mother's doting love
That her old age was desolate indeed ;
That the proud staff of her declining years
Was taken from her, at her utmost need
Brief words—yet it was a terrible to feel,
The bitter woe their scanty limits held !
Small joy it seemed, in that sad hour to know
The field was taken and the foe was quelled.
Was it for this they sent him forth in pride,
A mother's blessing on his boyish head,
A sister's kisses ou his beardless lips,
Thus to receivo him voiceless, cold and dead
He was their all, perchance ; they loved him so!
IN went—and now-0, breaking hearts be
Columbia's bleigeg on her bravest sons,
Hollows the grave his precious forms shaVill.
God blvss !no delusive hope of gain,
No glittering glory . lured his youthful eye;
L ov ing his country with a boy's proud love,
Counting it little e'en for her to die.
And so he went—and thus they bear him home,
The crimson stain upon his golden hair,
The hush of death upon his hero-heart,
The heart so eager then to do and dare.
And though on earth no trumpet sound his
Royally angel harps in heavens shall tell
Row, with his young heart full of holy zeal,
The brave boy-patriot for his country fell.
REPORT IN GEN. FREMONT'S CABE.
THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OBSERVA
TIONS IN MISSOURI.
Secretary Cameron's Visit to Ken
tacky and Indiana.
HARRISBURG, PA., Oct. 19, 1861
General: When I did myself the honor to
ask you to accompany me on my Western tour,
it was with a view of availing myself of your
experience as Adjutant General of the Army.
Fielding that` the result of my investigation
might (as lat first apprehended) have an im
poi mat effect, not only upon the army of the
West, but upon the interests of the whole
country, I requested you to take full notes upon
all points connected with the object of my visit.
As you inform me that you have carefully com
plied with my wish, I now respectfully request
you to submit your report as early as practica
ble, in order that the Presiden.t may be cor
rectly advised as to the administration of affairs
connected with the army of the West.
Very respectfully, yorir obedient servant,
aiJ6s vv g of War.
mls. Gen. "oar
Was "' Oct. 21, 1861.
SIR : I have the honor to submit the report
requested in your letter of the
We arrived at St. Louis, as you are aware, at
2i a. in., Oct. 11 After breakfast, rode to
Benton Barracks, above the city. On the street
leading to the camp passed a small field work
In course of construction. Found the camp of
great extent, with extensive quarters, construct
ed of rough boards. Much has been said of the
large sums expended in their erection;
t o so oip m al e
one mentioned that Gen. cK
Quartermaster, who made the disbursements,
e nts i!
MIS . d
gave the cost as $16,000. If so, it
Ciolls. The total cost should be ascertained
General Curtis was in command. Force present :
140 officers, 3,338 men, principally detach
meats, except the First lowa cavalry-34 offi
cers, 004 men— having horses, but without
Gen. Curtis said of General Fremont that he
found no difficulty in getting access to him,
and when he presented businesa connected with
his command, it was attended to. Gen. Fre
mont, however, never consulted him on mili
tary affairs, nor informed him of his plans.
Gen, Curtis remarked that while he would go
with freedom to Gen. Scott and express his
opinions, he would not dare to do so to General
Fremont. He deemed 'General Fremont une
qual to the command of an army, and said that
he was no more bound by law than by the
winds. He considered him to be unequal to the
command of the army in Missouri.
After dinner, rode to the Arsenal below the
city Capt. Callender in charge. Garrison, for
its protection, under Major Granger, Third Cav
alry. But very few arms on hand ; a number
of heavy guns designed for gun-boats and mor
tar boats. The Captain is engaged in making
ammunition. He said he had heard that some
person had a contract for making the carriages
for these guns ; that if so, that he knew noth
ing of it, and that it was entirely irregular, he
being the proper officer to attend to such work.
H is, in my opinion, requires investigation.—
expected soon to receive funds, and desired
them for current purposes ; was fearful howev
er that they might be diverted to other pay
Visited a large hospital not far distant from
the arsenal, in charge of Assistant Surgeon
Bailey, U. S. A. It was filled with patients,
mostly doing well. Heepital in fine order, and
a credit to the service. The Doctor had an effi
dent corps of assistants from the Volunteer ser
vice, and in addition a number of Sisters of
Charity as nurses. God bless these pure and
Cul. Andrews, Chief Paymaster, called on me
and represented irregularities in the Pay De
partment, and desired instructions from the
Secretary for his Government, stating that he
was required to make payment and transfers of
money contrary to law and regulations. Once,
(*leafing to what he conceived an improper
payment, he was threatened with confinement
by a file of soldiers. He exhibited an order for
the transfer of $lOO,OOO to the Quartermaster's
llepartment, which was irregular. Exhibited
abstracts of payment by one Paymaster, (Major
Niter) to 42 persons appointed by Gen. Fre
mont, viz : 1 Colonel, 3 Majors, 9 Captain s ,
Li eutenants, 11 2d Lieutenants, 1 Surgeon, 3
A--istant Surgeons ; total 42. Nineteen of these,
:e appointments as Engineers, and are entitled
:avalry pay. (See exhibit annexed, No. 1.)
ascend abstract of payments wee furnished
t not vouched for as reliable, as the Paymas
k. It is only given to show the ex
,Alluerl of rank appointed to the Major
41,,i, y Guard of only 300 men, the com
„' ing a Colonel, &c. (See exhibit No.
tent, Whole number of irregular appoint-
.t by Gen. Fremont, was said by CoI.
i t') Le nearly 200. The following is a
lit of these appointment.
"Si n st. Louis A 4 28 , 1861. :—You
cavalry to are hereby appointed captain, of
employed tho Laud Transpoi-
- - 1 ,-
iff,, , ..
4, ...,\ . l„ tivea Sk- - iy //. 4s „.i--
PP-_-----! -. e ll "'
• • c o . 3 i,*- . ~ - : I
-A - ' ...., 1 ,.. ; op eritillta 1 '- '; c h ...
tation Department, and will report for duty at
these Headquarters. J. C. FREMONT,
"To Captain Firm; Voosi„ present."
(See Exhibit No. 3.)
I also saw a similar appointment given to an
individual on General Fremont's staff as Direct
or of Music with the rank and commission of
Captain of Engineers This person was a mu
sician in a theatre' in St. Louis. Paymaster
Andrews was verbally instructed by me not to
pay him—the person having presented his two
papers and demanded his pay. Colonel An
drews also stated that these appointments bore
one date, but directed payments, in some cases,
a month or two anterior thereto. He was then
without funds, excepting a small amount.
The principal Commissary, Capt. Haines, had
no outstanding debts. He expected funds soon.
Major Allen, Principal Quartermaster, had
recently taken charge atlita Louis, but report
edogristainegularities in his Department, and
requested special instructions. This he deemed
important, as orders were communicated by a
variety of persons, in an irregular manner, all
requiring disbursements of money. These or
ders were frequently given verbally. (See Ex
hibit No. 4.) He was sending, under Gen'l.
Fremont's orders, large amounts of forage from
St. Louis to the army at Tipton; where corn was
abundant and cheap. The distance was 100
miles. He stated indebtedness of the Quarter
master's Department at St. Louis to be $4,606,-
In regard to the contracts. Without an ex
amination of the accounts it will be difficult to
arrive at the facts. It is the expressed belief of
many intelligent gentlemen in St. Louis that
Gen. Fremont has around him and his staff,
persons directly and indirectly concerned in
furnishing supplies. The following is a copy
of a letter signed by Leonidas Haskell, Cap
tain and A. D. C. He though, on Gen. Fre
mont's staff, is said to be a contractor for hay,
and forage and mules. The person named in
his note, Col. Degraf, is his partner.
"Hsanquarrrass WS:MEM DEPARTMENT,
Camp Lillis, Oct. 2, 1861.
"Sir: lam requested by the Commander
General to authorize Col. Degraf to take any
hay that has been contracted for by the Gov
ernment, his receipt for the same being all the
voucher you require.
• 'Captain and A. D. C.s'
(See exhibit No. 6.)
What does this mean? Contractors deliver
forage direct to Quartermasters, who issue the
same. But here another party steps in, and
for the purpose, if a contractor or the co-partner
of one, of filling his own contractor. It is diffi
cult to suppose that this double transaction is
done without a consideration. The accounts in
this case should be examined, and the price pail
to Degraf be compared with that paid to the
contractors, whose forage was seized. This same
Captain Haskell, A. D. C., was a contractor for
mules. He desired Captain Turnley to receive
his animals, ':good, bad, and indifferent' as
bri stated his prices differetWcTaliseiref
mules, "wheel," "lead," &c. Besides, he had
more mules than he could possibly send to the
army. Notwithstanding all this, he received
an orker to inspect and receive Mr. Haskell's
mules as rapidly as possible. Captain Turnley
very soon after received an order from Gen.
Fremont to leave St. Louis and go into the in
terior of Missouri. (See exhibit No. 7, showing
his great labor and responsibility.)
By directions of General Meigs, advertise
ments were published for proposals to furnish
grain and hay, and contracts were subsequently
made for specific sums-28 cents per bushel for
corn, 30 cents for oats, and $lB 95 cents per
ton for hay. In face of this, another party in
St. Louis, Baird, or Baird & Palmer (Palmer
being of the old firm in California, Palmer,
Cook & Co., General Fremont's agents in that
State,) were directed to send to Jefferson City,
where hay and torn abound, as fast as possible,
100,000 bushels of oats, with a corresponding
amount of hay, at 83 cents per bushel for the
grain, and $l9 per ton for hay. (See Voucher
Captain Edward M. Davis, a member of his
staff, received a contract by the direct order of
General Tremont for blankets. They were ex
amined by a board of army officers, consisting.
of Captain liendershott, Fourth Artillery;
taro Harris, Commissary of Subsistence, and
Captain Turnley, Assistant Quartermaster.—
The blankets were found to be rotten and
worthless. Notwithstanding this decision, they
were purchased and given to the sick and
wounded soldiers in the hospital.
Among the supplies sent by Gen. Fremont to
the army now in field may be enumerated 500
half barrels, to carry water in a country where
water is abundant, and 500 tons of ice.
We examined the barracks in course of con
struction in S. Louis, near and around the pri
vate house occupied by him as quarters—the
Brant house, which, by-the-by, is rented for
$O,OOO per annum. These barracks have brick
foundations and brick outer walls, weather
boarded, and our sufficient as quarters and sta
bles for 1,000 men. Like those of Camp Centon,
these barracks were built by contract on pub
lished proposals. The are certainly more ex
pensive and more permanent than the quarters
a temporary army would require, and the pre
cise cost of them, though difficult to be got at,
should be ascertained.
A pontoon bridge has been erected across the
Ohio river by Gen. Fremont, at Paducah. A
ferry boat, in ,a region where such boats are
readily procured, would be just as efficient and
much less expensive.
Contracts, it will been seen, were given to
individuals without resorting to advertisements
for bids, as is required by the law and the army
Having received an intimation from another
quarter of an impropriety, I called on Captain
McKeever, A. A. G., for the facts, which he
gave me as follows : One week after the receipt
of the President's order modifying Gen. li're
imont's proclamation relative to the emancipa
tion of slaves, Gen. Fremont, by note to Capt.
McKeever, required him to have 200 copies of
the original Proclamation and Address to the
army of the same date, printed and sent imm,
diately to Ironton, for the use of Major Garrett
of the Indiana Cavalry, for distribution through
the country. Capt. McKeever had the copies
Printed and delivered. Fremont's order in this
matter was as follows :
"Adjutant General will have 200 copies of
Proclamation of Commander General, dated
30th of August, together with Address to the
Ironton, for the
Army of the same date, sent immediately to
cavalry. use of Maj. Garret, Indiana
Maj. Garret will distribute it through
. • _ _
We left St. Louie Oct. 2, for Gen. Fremont's
headquarters, at Tipton, 160 miles distant,
passing the night at Jefferson City, the Capitol
of 'Missouri, 126 miles from St. Louis. Clem*
Price was in command of the place, with a
"INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS-NEUTRAL IN NONE."
HARRISBURG, PA., FRIDAY AFTERNOON, NOVEMBER 1, 1861 1
force of 1,200 men. The Eighth lowa was
there, en route for Tipton. At this place there
were accumulated a large quantityof forage, land
ed from steamboats, and other means of trans
portation; also, the half-barrels for carrying the
water, and a number of mules, which Captain
Turnley said he could not get forward, having
no control over the transportation by . rail
We arrived in Tipton at 9 A M. of the 18th.
The Secretary of War was called on by Gen'l
Fremont, and, upon his invitqtion, accompanied
him to Syracuse, five Miles distent to review
imitry's division, about 8000 strong.
This body of troops is said taste the best equip
ped and best supplied, of the Whole army. They
certainly.arap Si far as metuigpf limisportatibn
At Tipton, besides Gen. Fremont and staff,
his body guard, &0., I found a part of Gen.
Hunter's First Division and Gen. Asboth's
The force designed to act against Price con
sists et five divisions, as follows:
First Division...Hunter's...at Ilpton. —9,750
Second " ...Pope's....atGeorgetown9,22l)
Fourth " ...Sigel's atSedalia....7,9Bo
Fifth `• ...Asboth's...at
Sixth " Syracuse..6,BlB
As soon as .I obtained a. view of the several
encampments at Tipton, I expressed the opin
ion that the force there assembled could not be
moved, as scarcely any means of transportation
were visible. I saw Gen. Hunter, second in
command, and conversed freely with him. He
stated that there was great confusion, and that
Gen. Fremont was utterly incompetent ; that
his own division was greatly scattered, and the
force there present defective in many respects ;
that he himself required one hundred wagons,
but that he was under orders to march that
day, and some of his troops were already drawn
out on the road. His cavalry regiment (Ellis')
had horses and indifferent arms, but no equip
ments. The men had to carry their cartridges
in their vest pockets—consequently on their
first day's march from Jefferson City, in a heavy
rain which fell, the cartridges were destroyed.
This march to Tipton (35 miles) was made on a
mud road, heavy and miry with rains, and par
allel to the railroad, and but a little distance
from it. The troops were directed by General
Fremont to march without provisions or knap
sacks, and without transportation. A violent
rain storm came up, and the troops were ex
posed to it all night ; were with.. ut food for
twenty-four hours ; and when food wasreceived
the beef was found to be spoiled.
General Hunter stated to me that he had just
received a written report from one of the Colo
nels, informing him that but twenty out of a'
hundred of his guns would go off. These were
the guns procured by General Fremont in
Eurolie. I will here state that General Sherman,
at Louisville, made to me a similar complaint
of the great inferiority of these European arms.
He hid given the men orders to file down the
XlitiAbla r4ll.49lllBgAnjEttatild i s ar d L
from California, he stated that. . ver, wSo
was in Europe with General Fremont, wrote to
some friend in San Francisco that his share of
the profits of the purchaire of these arms was
When Gen. Hunter received, at Jefferson
City, orders bo march to Tipton, he was directed
to take 41 wagons with him, when, he had only
40 mules, which fact had been duly reported to
headquarters. At this time, Col. Stevenson, of
the Seventh Missouri regiment, was, without
Gen. Hunter's knowledge, taken from him,
leaving him, when under marching orders, with
only one regiment at Jefferson City fit to take
Gen. Hunter also showed me the order for
marching to Durock Ferry, dated at Tipton,
October 10, which he did not receive until the
12th. (Exhibit No. 10.) He also showed me
his reply, proving that it was impossible for
him to comply with the order to march. (Ex
hibit No. 11.) This order was changed to one
requiring him to make a single day's march.
(Exhibit No. 12.)
When Gen. Pope received his order to march
at Georgetown, twenty five miles distant, he
wrote back to Gen. Hunter a letter, which I
read. It set forth the utter impossibility of his
moving for the want of transportation and sup
plies, and asked whether Gen. Fremont could
mean what he had written.
All of the foregoing facts go to show the
want of military foresight on the part of Gen.
Fremont in directing the necessary means fix
putting into, and maintaining in the field, the
forces under his command.
Gen. Hunter also stated that although the
second in command, he never was consulted by
Gen. Fremont, and never knew anything of his
intentions. Such a parallel I will venture to
assert, cannot be found in the annals of milita
ry warfare. I have also been informed that
there is nut a Mismourian on his staff—not a
man acquainted personally with the topograpy
and physical characteristics of the country or
The failure of Gen. Fremont to reinforce
Gen. Lyon demands notice. Gen. Fremont ar
rived at St. Louis on the 26th of July, called
there from New York by a telegraph° despatch'
stating that Gen. Lyon was threatened with
destruction by 30,000 rebels. At this time Gen.
Pope had nine regiments in North Missouri,
where the rebelshad embodied force. The Con
federate forces in the State were those under
Price and McCulloch, near Springfield in South
west Missoari, and those under Pillow, Jell.
Thompson, and Hardee, in Southeast Missouri.
Two regiments held Rolls, near the terminus of
the Southwestern branch of the Pacific Railroad,
while Jefferson City, Booneville, Lexington and
Kansas. City had each a garrison of 300 or 400
men behind intrenchments. Cairo and Bird's
Point, were fortified, and defended with heavy
artillery. (Pilot Knob and Cape Girardeau
were fortified after Gen. Fremont's arrival.)--
All these places could be reinforced by railroad
and river from St. Louis and the Northwestern
States, and could hold out until reinforced,
even if attacked by superior forces.
On his arrival in St. Louis, Gen. Fremont was
met by Capt. Cavender, First Missouri, and
Major Farrar, aid-de-camp to Gen. Lyon, with
statements from the latter, and requests for re
inforcements ; Major Phelps, M. C., from Spring
field, Dr. Miller, of Omaha, and many other
citizens, having ample means of information,
made the same representations, and urged the
sending of reinforcements. To Gov. Gamble,
Gen. Fremont said, "Gen. Lyon is as strong as
any other officer in this line." He failed to
strengthen Lyon, and the result, as is well
known, was the defeat of that gallant officer.
The two regiments at Rolla should hive been
pushed forward, and the whole of Pope's nine
regiments brought by rail to St. Louis and
Rolls, and thence sent to Lyon's force. Any
other general in such an emsrgenoy would have.
pursna the same i ohvious course. ~
'battle of Springfield (or morel
Wilson preek)—one of the most desperate ever
3. C. F., Com. Gen."
Leaving Tipton on the 13th, we arrived at St.
Louis on the same day, and on the 14th the
Secretary o, . War directed me to issue the
following instinctions to General Fremont:
"&. 1:01JA 149., Oot. 14, 1861.--Onx Bata :
The Becretitif`orwar ilirecti3.me •to cOinnuini
cute the following aa his instructions for your
"In view of the heavy sums due, especially
in the Quartermaster's Department in this city,
amounting to some $4,660,0 . 00, it is important
that the money, which may now be in the hands
of the disbursing officers, or be received by them,
be - applied to the current expenses of your army
in Missouri, and, these debts to remain unpaid
until !hey can be properly examined and sent
to Washingtott kor gietkateut; the debtors*
officers or the army to disburse the funds, and
not transfer them to irresponsible agents—in
other words, those who do not hold commis
sions from the President, and are not under
bonds: All contracts necessary to be made by
the disbursing officers. The senior Quarter.
mastet here has been verbally instructed by the
Secretary as above,
Is is deemed unnecessary to erect field-works
around this city, and you will direct their dis
continuance ; also those, if any in course of
construction at Jefferson City. In this connec
tion, it is seen that a number of commissions
have been given by you. No payments will. be
made to such officers, except to those whose
appointments have been approved by the Presi
" This, of course, does not apply to officers"
with volunteer troops. Colonel Andrews has
been verbally so instructed by the Secretary ;
also, not to make transfers of funds, except for
the pqrpose of paying the troops.
"The erection of barracks near your quarters
in thiS city to be at once discootinued.
"The Secretary has been informed that the
troopd of Gen. Lane's command are commit
ting depredations on our friends in Western
a paper called "Dispositions forßetaking Spring
fiel t.' l It sets out with a statement that
Springfield is the strong stragetical point of that
wide elevation which separates the waters of
the Osage flora thcee of the ATlrsingo% ;the key
to the, whole southwestern Missouri, command
ing an area of nearly 60,000 miles. Why did
this not enter the brain of the Major General
before' the fall of Lyon, and he strain every
nerve to hold that important key in his pothes
n. Hunter, in answer to the paper, replied,
"Why march on Springfield, where there is no
enemy and nothing to take? Let me rather
take the troops and proceed to Lexington, in
which! direction Price was marching, and where
he expected to be joined by 40,000 rebels.
instead of this he was sent to Rolla, without
instrucUOns, and remained there until ordered
to Jefferson City, still without instructions, and
therai to Tipton, whore we found him. (See
exhibit No. 13.)
No steps have been taken by General Fre
mont to meet E'rice in the field, he moved for
ward his line of march plainly indicating his in
tention of proceeding to Lexington. When
a►e thirty-five miles of tl2 . gliwe h.
tam, None being made he advanced, and with
his much superior force, laid seige to Lazing
ton which was defended by Mulligan with2,7oo
men, on the 12th of September, and captured
it in nine days thereafter, on the 21st of Sep
Now, for the facts to show that this catas
trophe could have been prevented, and Price's
army destroyed before or after that disastrous
attain Before Price got to Lexington, the forces
to resist him were the following : At Jefferson
City, 6,600,; at Rolla, 4,000 ; along the Hanni
bal and St. Joseph Railroad, about 6,000 ; on
the western line of Mimouri under Lane, down
near 4'ort Scott, 2,200; Mulligan's force at Lex
ington, 2,700 ; a large force in Illinois, along
the Mississippi river and on the lowa line. Out
side of St. Louis were some 17,000; in St. Louis
itself,'lB,ooo. Say, however, that there were
only 10,000 there. Hunter's plan up to Sun
day, Sept. 22, was to concentrate from St. Louis,
Jefferson City and Rolla, also from the Hanni;
bal and St. Joseph Railroad P 20,000 men, and
relieve Mulligan. Re.said that if Price was a
soldier, Lexington was already fallen ; but with
energy, Piice could be captured, with all his
baggage and plunder. The oojection to this
that may be urged—that there was no transpor
tion —is an idle one. The railroad and the river
were at command, and the march from Sedalia
was only forty-five miles long. The force could,
Gen. Hunter supposes, be thrown into Lexing
ton by Thursday, and, as it appears, before it
General Fremont ordered Sturgis in North
Missouri to Lexington, and by crossing the river
to 'reinforce Mulligan. Sturgis had only 1,100
men, and on reaching the river opposite the
town, ftmnd it comnianded by Price, and of
course was compelled to fall back. tiunter's
plan of moving these troops was to strike the
river at a point below Lexington in our control,
to cross it, and march up to the town. In the
interview with Gen. Fremont, the question was
asked, whether any orders had been given to
reinforce Mulligan, and the reply being in the
negative, General Hunter suggested orders to
Sturgis ; and, had the order then been given
by telegraph, he would have reached the river
before Price had taken possession of the north
bank and could have crossed. qbe order was not
given tosiii three days after this Welty:etc. The loss
of time was fatal.
Mulligan was ordered froth -Jefferson City,
then garrisoned with 6,000 'troops, with only
one regiment, and with that to hold Lexington
until he could be reliteved. When Lexington
fell, Price had under his command 20,000 men
and his force was receiving daily augmentations
from the disaffected in the State. He was per
mitted to gather much plunder, and to fall
back toward Arkansas unmolested, until I was
at Tipton on the 13th of October, when the ac
counts were that he was crossing the Osage.
Fremont' s order to march was issued to an army
of nearly 40,000, many of the regiments badly
equipped, with inadequate supplies of ammu
r ition, clothing and transportation. With
what prospect, it must be inquired, can General
Fremont, under such circumstances, expect to
overtake a retreating army, some one hundred
miles ahead, with a deep river between ?
Gen. Hunter expressed to the Secretary of
War his decided opinion that Gen. Fremont
was incompetent, and unfit for his extensive
and important command. This opinion he
gave reluctantly, for the reason that he held
the position of second in pommand.
The opinion entertained by gentlemen of po
sition and intelligence, who have approached
and observed him, is, that he is more fond of
pomp than of the stem realities of war—that
bis mind is incapable of fixed attention or strong
concentration—that by his mismanagement of
affairs since his arrival in Missouri, the State
has almost been lost—and that: if he is con
tinued in command 2 the worst results may be
anticipated. This 18 the concurrent testimony
(kkAtige number of the most intelligent men
fought on this cougiwt--took place August
10th, when the brae, 1.7,y0n fell, and the troops
borne down by greagir superior numbers were
obliged tbbill back, kit were unpursued by a
Gett,sy •nt called four reginieut from North
Mimi • -.• went with them to Cairo. It is
evident , " ' . e had no iritentibriof re -enforcing
Gen. riyothil .r the two reginiehts at Rolla, 125
miles only from Springfield, received no orders
to march, and were not supplied with transpor
tation, and thirty of foity hired' weenie, just
returned nom Springfield, were discharged at
Rolla, August 4th, seven dais before the battle,
and were . , ed to St. Louis.
After te- ws of the battle reached St. Louis,
Jour othet ' odd weir:Jr:ills from Pope in
North Misenuri, and sent to - Rolla. Better to
have called on these troops before the battle,
es after the battle the whole revolutionary ele
ments were let loose. The six regiments ac
complished nothing. They were not ordered to
advance and cover the retreat of Lyon's Army,
although it was supposed in St. Louis that Price
and McCulloch were following it, and that Har
dee had moved up to cut off his retreat on the
An advance of three regiments would have
enabled the army to retrace its steps, and to
beat the forces of Price and McCulloch so badly
that they would have been unable to follow our
force on their retreat. It is said that every of
ficer in Lyon's army expected to meet reinforce
ments, and to return with them, and drive
Price and McCulloch from the Southwest.
General Hunter arrived at St. Louis from
Chicago, called thither on a suggestion from
Washington as an adviser. General Fremont
submitted to him for: consideration and advice
Missouri. Your attention is directed to this in
the expectation that you will apply the cor
"Maj. Allen desires the service of Capt. Turn
ley for a short time, and the Secretary hopes
you may find it proper to accede thereto.
"I have the'bonor to be very respectfully,
• "Your obedient servant,
"L. THOMAS, Adjutant General."
"Maj. Gen. J. 0. Femora, Commanding De
partment of the West, Tipton, Mo."
Instructions were previously given (Oct. 12)
to the Hon. James* Craig to raise a regiment at
St. Joseph, Mo.
We left St. Louis Oct. 14, and arrived at In
dianopolis in tip evening. Remained at India
nopolis Oct. 15, and conversed freely with Gov.
Morton. We found that the State of Indiana
had come nobly up to the work of suppressing
the rebellion. Fifty-five regiments, with several
batteries of artillery, had been raised and equip
ped—a larger number of troops in proportion to
population than any other State has sent into
field. The best spirit prevailed, ' and it was
manifest that additional troops could readily be
raised. The Governor had established an arse
nal, and furnished all the Indiana troops with
full supplies of ammunition, including fixed
ammunition for three batteries of artillery.
This arsenal was visited, and foimd to be in full
were ployed in making cartridges, and 1
ventare to assert that the ammunition is equal
to that which is manufactured anywhere else.
Gov. Morton stated that his funds dir this pur
pose were exhausted;but the Secretary desired
him to continue his operations, and informed
him that the Government would pay for what
had been furnished to the troops in the ,field.
It is suggested that an officer of ordnance be
sent to Lidianopolis to inspect the arsenal, and
ascertain the amount expended in the manufac
ture of ammunition, with a view to reimburs
ing the State.
We left Indianapolis, Oct. 16, for Louisville,
Ky., where we arrived at 12} o'clock, p. m.,
and had an interview with Gen. Sherman, com
manding the Department of Curabertand. He
gave a gloomy picture of affairs in Kentucky,
stating that the young men were generally
secessionists, and had joined the Corifederatss,
while the 'Union men, the aged and conserva
tives, would not enrol themselves to engage in
conflict with their relation on the other side.
But few regiments could be raised. He said
that Buckner was in advance of Green River
with a heavy force on the road to Louisville,
and an attack might be daily expected, which
with the force he had be would not be able to
resist; but nevertheless he would fight them.
He, as well as well as citizens of the State, said
that the border State of Kenttitky must furnish
the troops to drive rebels from the State.
las force then consisted of 10,000 troops in
advance of Louisville, in camp at .Nolin river
and on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad
at various points ; at Camp Dick Robinson, or
acting in conjunction with General Thomas,
9,000.; and two regiments at Henderson, on
the Ohio, at the mouth of the Green river.—
(See paper No. 14.) On being asked the ques
tion, what force he deemed necessary, he
promptly replied 200,000 men. This conversa
tion occurred in the .presence of ex-Secretary
Guthrie and General Woods: The Secretary of
War replied that he supposed that the Ken
tuckians would not in any number take up
arms to operate against the rebels.
But he thought Gen. Sherman over-estimat
ed the number and power of the rebel forcea ;
that the Government would furnish troops to
Kentucky to accomplish the work ; but that
he (the Secretary) was tired of defensive wfir,
and that the troops must assume the offensive
and carry the war to the firesides of the enemy,
that the season for operations in Western Vir
ginia was about over, and that he would take
the troops from there and send them to Ken
tucky, but he begged of Gen. Sherman to as
sume the offensive and to keep'the rebels here •
after on the defensive. The Secretary desired
that the Cumberland Ford and Gap should be
seized, and the East Tennessee and Virginia
Railroad taken possession of, and the artery
that supplied the rebellion cut straight off.
Complaint was made of the want of arms,
and on the question being asked, What: bequire
of the arms we sent to Kentucky? we were in
formed by General Sherman that they had pass
ed them into the hands of the Home Guards and
could not be recovered; that many were already
in the hands of the rebels; and others refased
to surrender those in their possession, alleging
the &sire to rise them in defence of their indi
vidual homes if invalid. In the hands of in
dividuals, and scattered over the State, these
arms are last to the army in Kentucky.
Hiving ascertained that 6,200 arms had ar
rived froM Europe at Philadelphia, 3,000 of
them were ordered to Gov. Morten; who prOm
ised to place them immediately in the hands of
troops to be sent , to Kentucky: The remaining
3,200 were sent to Gen. Sherman at .Louisville;
Negley's Brigade, at Pittsburg, 2,800 strong,
two companies of the Nineteenth Infantry from
Indianapolis, the, Eighth Wisconsin reghtent
at St. Louis, the Second Ilf,inpesota Volunteers
atelittebunf, and two regimeaate Wiecomdii,
awminforaament for that State of 40000
tham I " 410.
tiering procured Steno Power Prawn, we are pram,
d to emote JOB add BOOK PRINTING of /very dell
cheaper than t can b done at aey other estab
cent le the country.
RA IES OF ADirgano. IWO.
/Or Four lines or less constitute obe.halfequarn. Bea
bile* tor more than cow COOMML9IB • square.
Half Square, one day NMI
one week 1 00
u .. one month
three months ......... ... ........ ..
::: 8 2 00
i tt ..............1 00
one year.. ....... ............... 8 00
o w ; squire, one day .. .. ... .
... one weet....
. o one month.
.t three months
.. Ida months.
... one yea r
- - -
ler Business notice Inserted In the Local Gehosott.
before Varriges and De s aths, FIVE thaelD MR LINZ for
Marriges and Deaths to be obargad as radaber ad
We left Louisville at 8 P. M. for Lexington,
accompanied by Gen. Sherman and Mr. Guth
de,; remained there a few hours, and then went
.0 Cincinnati. At Lexington, also, we found
that the opinion existed that the young men of
ICentUcky had joined the rebels, that no large
bodice of troops could be raised in Kentucky,
and that the defence of the State must necesa
rily devolve upt u the Free States of the West
and the Northwest.
L. 'IHOIdAS, Adjutant General,
Bop. SMON CALlomos, Secretary of War.
BY TELEG B.
LATER FROM MISSOURI.
Arrival of Gen. Fremont and Staff at
GRAiD RICHIPTION OF FEDERAL ARMY.
The Losi of Fremont's Body Guard
in the Late Fight.
TWO REBEL COLONELS KILLED;
EN. PRICE IN THE VICINITY OF CARTHAGE.
[Special to the St. Louis Republican.]
Fasson's Hasp QUARTZES, arnt, 1 4 10 n,
Sprividd, Mo., Oct. 28.—General Fremont
and staff arrived here yesterday, and the Ben
ton cadets, Col. Carr's cavalry, Major Holman's
sharpshooters and Gen. Sigel's command at dif
ferent periods during the same day. Finding
no professed rebels in the place, our troops were
received with delight. The Stars and Stripes
being displayed at numerous houses, and men,
women and children waving handkerchiefs from
almost every doorway.
Major White of the prarie scouts whose com
mand started with Major Zagongi for Spring
field had been quite ill, and was captured by"
the rebels while riding in a buggy, and after
the fight was taken several miles out of town
by a guard of twenty rebels, but was rescued by
a party of the Green County Home Guards and
is now here.
The loss of Fremont's body rani in, their
irtwen mew &
Three of the wounded have since died, and
doubtless many of the missing will soon report
themselves. The rebel loss is stated at from
fifty to sixty killed and forty or fifty wounded.
The rebels were commanded by Colonels John
son, Frazier, Price and Turner. The latter two
of whom are said to have been killed.
Gen. Fremont will probably remain here un
til the other divisions of the army arrive.
Gen. Price is still reported to be in the vicini
ty of Carthage, but nothing definite is known
of his whereabouts.
After inquiring in official quarters, I am told
that no written orders as to the exact destina
tion of the naval expedition were given, and
that neither the President nor the Secretary of
the Navy know where it is going. The place
of landing is left to the discretion of Commo
dore Dupont, of course in consultation with .
The War Department refuses to recognise the
authority of General Lane as a Brigadier Gen
eral, and declines to furnish him with an engi
An arrival from the Lower Potomac division
to-day, represents all quiet in that region. The
rebels are still in force at their batteries. No
vessels are arriving.
The:sword, sash and pistols of the late rebel
Colonel, John A. Washington, who was killed
in Western Virginia, were to-day presented to
The , citizens of Washington are signing peti
tions to the Secretary of War to seize the wood
and coal on hand here, so as to prevent suffer
ing, as the speculators axe asking exhorbitant
price for it.
The only Pennsylvania soldiers reported to
day, among the deaths at then hospitals, are
Daniel Leech, of the Forty-seventh and B. F.
Haskell, of the First regiment.
DURATION OF MIXAM LIIII.-A Paris corres
pondent says that from cane at present not
known, the average of the duration of human
life is rapidly diminishing. From 1825 to 1850
this average was forty years ; it is now very
little more than thirty-seven years, according
to recent statistical returns.
AN AUSTRIAN NOBLEMAN Baron de Silberstein,
who basjust died at Vienna, has by will bequeath
en 206,000 florins to each of the universities of
Vienna and Peague, to be employed in stealing
poor students, and 40,000 florins to a Mae.
Zollner, an actress.
A NEw FLAG.—Some of the southern papers
suggest that the Confederacy shouM discard. the
Stars and Stripes altogether. A flag like that
used 13) Kcekiusco, when fighting the battles of
freedom in Poland, is proposed—a plain bine
field:with a white eagle.
Tin • Queen of Spain recently placed the sick
princetis, Donna Concepcion, in the hands of a
homcepathic doctor, when the,principal physi
cian of her majesty, Dr. Corral, at once resigned
his drib% and the second; Dr. Drument, left
$750 tor - front
dhAtikof a house °lithely:fare of Kortigsbity to
witness the Prussian coronation.
...... 1 GO
Wextualorort, Oct. 81