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IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY,
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The p or rstromou is served to subscribers tn the
per week Yearly subscribers will bo
City fiq c
WFBNI.I' AND SNIII-WISKLIT ULICARAPH.
TRI .%11 is OK! published twice a week daring
the se-siou ci the Legislature, and weekly durlug the
re,ssiniirr 011ie year and Inrulsbed to s ubscribers at
dui reireu, viz:
si ng le subscribers per zear-...• • • • -
TOR LAW OF NIWAPAPREA.
SUbeeribOrli order the diacontinuance of their news
may Continue tO send them until
arrearigeS are paid.
It subeeribers neglect or refuSe to take their newitpa.
from t he office le which they are directed, they are
ponnible until they
have settled the bills and ordered
fle•eort i ued.
LOCK . HOSPITAL.
r r e e m d e t d h y e in me w c o nr d tin, peed,
DISEASES OF IMPRUDENCE.
OTTO , / IN MIX TO TWILVA ROM,
No Mercury or Noxious Drugs.
WA CURE WARRANTED,
DATR.IE. NO CHARON, DE TROY OUR TO
N e es t w ege of the Back or Limbs, Strictures, Pales Is
the Lows, Alleehons of the Kidneys and Bladder.
ens, Nervous Decay er the ph y di n °l =
,rl4 ton nor, w Spirits, Confusion ot idete,
fer,ltation he Searl e Tinudity, Trembling', phantom
o f si g ht thddiness, Disease of the Stomach, Affections
Per [brew, Nr se or Skin—those terrible &Nor.
der. an,4 Irom the indiscretion or Solitary Habits of
Yoitib-ibi,e dreadful and destructive practises -which
ori dpet ~,enhlOtional debility, render marriage impos
sible, suit destroy hotb body and mind.
Young men especially Who have become the victim:toll
selsary Vox, that dreadful and destructive habit +Aid
tinselly sweeps to an untimely grave thous a nds 01
young men of the most exalted talent and brilliant intel
lect, who might otherwise have entranced listening
Senates with the
e, der of eloquence, or waked to eo
My the living lyr may call with full confidence.
Married persons, or those contemplating marriage, bo
ng aware of physical weakness, should Immediately con•
cult Dr, J., and be restored to perfect health.
Immediately cured and. foil vigor restored
Hs who places himself under the mire of Dr.. 1., may
religiously confide in his honor as a gentleman, and-eon,
idently rely upon his skill as a physician.
- 01 lice No. T South Frederick street, Baltimore,
old., OU the left hand side going from Baltimore Street, 7
Jews from the corner. Bo particular in observing the
anise or number, or you will mistake the place. Be par
denier for Ignorant, Trifling Quacks, with false names,
or Paltry Humbug Certificates, attracted by the reputa
tion or Or. Johnson, lurk near.
All letters must contain a Postage Stamp, to use on the
Dr. Johnson member of the Royal College of Surgeons,
London, graduate from one of the mast eminent Colleges
of the Ignited States, and tho greatest part of whose life
has been spent in the Hospitals of London, Paris, Phila•
delphia and elsewhere, has effected some of the meet as.
Welshing cures that were ever known. Many troubled
with ringing in the ears and head when asleep, great ner-
V 01780688, being alarmed at sudden sounds, bashfulness,
with frequent blushing, attended sometimes with derange
monk of mind were cured immediately,
iTASB PARTICULAR NOTIOZ.
Dr. J. addresses all those who having Injured them •
selves by private and Improper lndolgencies, that secret
sad solitary habit which ruins both body and mind, no.
Wag them for either businessor society.
The. are some of the sad and melancholy °fleets pro—
duced by early habits of youth, viz : Weakness of the
Rack and Limbs, Pains in the Head, Dimness of Sight,
Lam of Muscular Power, Palpitation of the Heart, Dye.
cecina, Nervous irritability Derangement of the Digestive
functions, General Debility, Symptoms of ;,9)01113inp•
tiIINTALLT, the fearful effects ou the mind are am% to
ee dreaded :—Lost of Memory ; Confusion of Ideas; De•
premien of Spirits, NMI Forebodings, Aversion to Socie
ty, 801 f-distrust, Love of Solitude, Timidity, ke., are some
of the evil &eats. .
Thousands 01 persons of all ages, oan now judge what
h the MISS of their decline In health, losing their vigor,
becoming weak, pale, nervous and emaciated, have a
singular appearance about the eyes, cough, and symp•
me of consumption,
who have injured themselves by a certain practice, in
dulyed in when alone—a habit frequently learned holm
evil Jempantons, or at school, the effects of which are
tightly felt, even when asleep, and If not cured, renders
marriage impossible, and destroys both mind and body,
should apply immediately.
What a pity that a young man, the hopes of his coon.
try, the darling of his parents, should be snatched from
all prospects and enjoyments al life by the consequences
of deviating from the path of nature, and indulging In a
certain secret habit. Su Mt persona must, before conton.
effect that a sound mind and body am .the most necestely
reguleitee to promote connubial happiness. Indeed
without these, the journey through life becomes a weary
plipimaga the prospect hourly darkens to the view; the
meld becomes shadowed with despair, and filled with the
melancholy reflection that the happiness of another be.
comes blighted with our owe
OR. JOHNSON'S INVIGORATING REMEDY FOR OR:
ay this great and important remedy, Weaknese:ocithe
Organs are speedily Cured, and full vigor restored.
Thousauds of the moat nervous and debilitated who
had lost all hope, have been Immediately relieved. All
impediments to Marriage l'hysleal or Mental DisquallA
cation, Nervous, Trembling, Weakness or tachaustion or
the must fearful kind, speedily cured.
The many thousands cured at this Ins'lotion within the
lastlwelve years, and the numerous Important Burgles",
°partitions porlormed by fir. J., witnessed by the re
which e the papeN, and many other persons, notices ol
have t o o c ru d agate and again before the public,
Willa Ma handing as a lentlorton of character and re
spontinilits, al a suMoluot suarautoo to the afflicted.
I lltirliVE/3 OF I M P /WON:NCR—When the misguided
and imprudent votary pleaders duds he has imbibed
the seeds of this painful disease, n too often happens that
an 111. timed sense 41 shaft or dreg i of discovery deters
him from applying to these who, from education and re.
spectahUliy can alone befriend him, delaying till the am.
alltutional symptoms of thii horrid disease make their
appearance, affisdin.i- the head, throat, ups; MUD, ac.
progressmg on with frightful rapidity, till death puts*
Period to his Orpattini madonnas by Heading him to "trial
bonnie from whence so traveler returns." It Is a mei
sneholy fact that thousands fall victims to this terrible
disease owing to Me unskilfulness of iguoram pretend
ers, who,i by thu use of teat Orally potion sterctirii, Mitt
the nonetihtbon and make ibe residue of ainsuabie.
To eTRANGIRS.—The Dealer's llimomas bang in his
/firLotters must Natant a Stamp took on the reply
iFirlteraoditie sera by !Jail.
Keil°. I South Frederick street, Baltimore..
All Work Promised in One Week
STEAM DYEING EsTiutiswararr,
104 Marked Street between 4th (Ad sthl
ViTHERE every description of Ladi e w
and Gentlemen e Germania, Piece Goods, &c., are
lied, Cleansed and finkhed in the best mazer and at
thorteet nonce DODO& St Co.
°lle UNDERSIGNED has opened We
be ay sll OFFICE, corner or Third street and Black.
near Herr's Hotel.
unnber or all Wilds and qualities, I'm sale by
W. F. hafititAy.
, t for alab
mid will sell) Horses, Menages and lar-
11.wgea sae Carriages to'hire MUM same Ma
PRANK A. MURRAY.
I(ELLLIt'S DRUG STOREis *
to Aro in the way Peettimeg.a Place
• ----..., IN Lk 'l r /Z9,4 , -
I. • •
" tunsDitiam glt
t ._,-....p.-.L,.0' ;-u
ID. /U. q.rogs
a W. GROSS & CO.,
• WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
DRUGGISTS, PHYSICIANS, STORE.
KEEPERS AND CONSUMERS,
We are daily adding to our assortment of
goods all such articles as are desirable, and
would respectfully call your atention to the
largest and best selected stock in this city, of
DRUGS, CHEMICALS & PAINTS,
OM, varnished andtGhies,
Dye. Stuffs, Glass and Patty,
Artist Colons and Tools,
Pore Ground Spiess,
Burning Fluid and Alcohol,
Lard, Sperm and Pine OM,
Bottles, Vials and Lamp Globes,
Castile Soap, Sponges and Corks,
&c., dre,, die., dm., Am
With a general variety of
PERFUMERY & TOILET ARTICLES,
selected from the beat manufacturers and Per
turners of Europe and this country. •
Being very large dealers in
PAINTS, Witrnit LEAD,
LINSEED OIL, VABNISIINS,
WINDOW OT.A RS, ARTIST'S
COLORS, FAINT AND
IN ALL THEIR VARIETIES,
COLORS AND BRONZES
OF ALL KINDS,
012 P 2
~, ,_ 4 _,. c
it ßus.g. i ,s - - , : . 0
6 H ! ),,,,.*
4=. ;,=?,.....:,....„. . P
We respeuthady invite a call, feeling, waft
dent that we can supply the wants of all on
terms to their satisfaction.
TEETH ! TEETH!!
PATENT MEDICINES AND HAIR
Of all kinds, direct from the Proprietors.
Saponifier and Conoentrated Lye !
Wholesale Agents for Saponifier, which we sell
as low as it can be purchased in the cities.
PAYER'S MEDICAL FLUID EXTRACTS
COAL OIL 1 CARBON OIL I 1
Being large plarchasars in these Oils, we can
oiler inducements to * close buyers. Coal Oil
Lamps of the most improved patterns, very
cheap. All kinds of lamps changed to burn
FARMERS AND GR 7.IINRS,
ose of you who have not given our HORSE
OD CATTLE POWDERS a trial know not
their superiority, and the advantage they are
in keeping Homes and Cattle healthy and in
Thousands am testify to the profit they have
derived from the nee of our Cattle Powders by
the increasing quantity and quality of milk,
beeides improving the general health and ap
peltrance of their Cattle.
Our long ex perienoe in the business gives us
the advantage of a thorough knowledge of the
trade, and our arrangements in the cities are
such that we main a very short time famish
anything appertaining to our badness, on the
best of terms.
Thankful for the liberal patronage bestows
on our hose, 'we hope by strict attention to
business, a careful selection of
at fair prices, and the desire to please all, to
merit a continuance of the favor of a &Kahn
FLAGS 1 PisfiCii3 I I
OTE PAPER AND ENVELOPES with
National daps, UTTER PAP= with et view
E Tait ret Harrisburg, printed and tar ale at
10111mgml BOOK Non,
tho swa m aft%
"INDEPENDENT. IN ALL THINGS-NEUTRAL IN NONE."
HARRISBURG, PA., THURSDAY AFTERNOON, OCTOBER 31, 1861.
A NEW MILITARY WO - 11,K,
- AND FOR mu AT
MOSER% CHEAP BOOK STOBS,
Major General MoMilani" Works.
l I HE ABM:MS OF EUROPE ;: • piping dee
" criptitas debar of the ! 'Systems
,Matisind, Frane4atiiiilig-L • Avarua,
and Sardinia. Adapting their advantages to all
arms of the United States Service. liabody
ing thttßeport of Observations in Europe dur
ing the Crimean War, as Military Commission
er from the United States Government is 1855-
156. By Cao. B. Mc:Crimes, - Major-General U.
S. Army. Originally published under the
direction of the War Department, by order of
Congress. 1 vol. Bvo. Illustrated with a fine
.peel Portrait and several hundred . Engravings.
This most interesting volume, prepared with
great labor by General hloCtinzair ' from copi
ous notes taken during his tour of observation
in Europe, under orders from the War Depart
ment, opens to the reader much of his own
military history and culture. Here, will, be
found his matured view on subjects of imme
diate and absorbing interests, and the noble
and bold suggestions contained herein he is
now in position to realize, and is, in fact, every
day applying in practice. The book is a strik
ing prophecy, of which his present position and
his assurectfame are the bright fulfilment.
REGULATIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR
THE FIELD SERVICE OF THE U. 8. CAVAL
RY IN TIME OF WAR. By Geo. B. MoCiaare
wr, Major-General U. S. Army. To which is
added, the Basis of Instruction for the IL S.
Cavalry, from the authorized Tactics, including
the formation of regiments and squadrons, the
duties and posts of officers, lessons*the train
ing use of the horde, illulitratM by "numerous
diagrams, with 'the signals and calls now in
use ; also, instructions for officers and non-
commissioned officers on outpost and patrol
duty. With a drill for the use 'of cavalry as
skirmishers, mounted and dismounted 1 vol.
12mo. Fully illustrated. $2.
lOU WALLOWER O TIL I
001% AND MERCHANDISE promptly
lbrwarded by Pbliadelplda mid Raga s& Northern
Central, Cumberland Volley and Yennsylimnis Railroads
HAULING AND D RAPING toad IromaJliarte of the
etty to the dillereat Railroad depotirwtll be done it the
very krireot rates.
FAMELIEB•removIng will be promptly attended to.
Orden el) at Erant's European Hotelier the store
of H. S. Zollinger, will remise' prompt attention. Con
signments of freight rmpeod'ally,soliolted.
JOSH WX.T.OH7II, Jlt Agt ,
ap2 otnOeuesai „
OFFICE-THIRD STREET, (SHELLAROW,)
Residence, Chestnut street near Fourth.
• CITY OP Fumanti:rite, NOWA.
No. 69, Market Street, below Third,
sZi e M. H. LEE',
MANUFACTURER OF UMBRELLAS,
PANAMA ant WALKING CANGB, will Intalsh
goods at LOWnit PRIC than can be bought in soy of
the Eastern calm Qnintry merchants will do well to
call and examine prices and quality, and convince Mem
o:elves of this fact. acg23-dly.
TREES ! TREES ! TREES 1! !
THE undersigned invite attentim to their
large and wall grown Mock of
FRUIT AND ORNAMENTAL TREES,
*Swabs, Ac., embracing a large and complete assortment
APPLIES, PEAR/3, MAMA PLUMS,
CHERBIES, APRICOTS, and NEarkierns;
Standard for the Orchard, and Dwarf for the garden.
ENGLISH WALNUTS, SPANISH CHREINUM, HOLY,
NUM he, RASSIORRMS,STRAWBERSDA CURRANTS
and MMEBERRIES, ht great variety.
GRAPES; OF . COQICEST KINDS
ASPARAGUS, RHUBARB, Ac., Etc. Alan a fine stook °
well formed, busby
imitable for the Cemetry' and Lawn.
for street planting, and a general assortment of
Ornamental Trees and Flowering Eltritbs.
ROSES of choice varieties, CAMELLIAS, BEDDING
Oar stook is remarkably thrifty and fine, and we k ofibr
It at prices to suit the times.
WOMalognes maned to all applicants.
Address EDWARD .I. EVANS CO.,
Central Nurseries, York, Pa.
DAILY alt LINE!
Lim ElAvast, ham Saoa Wamiteroxr, Ulmer,
thaostows, WAVONTOWN, xnaoK, lawannabo)
Nomounassium, Summar, .Turcumair,
eaaa, Hanka, DAMEN
The. Pbiladedphla Depot being centrally boated, the
[kit=will be at the lowest rates. A Ihmatotor goes
with earth train to attend to the safe delivery ot,
all geode entrusted to the line. Geode delivered at the
FEUD, WARD & FREED. No. 8U Market Meet, All
delphla, by o'clock P. M., will be delivered in
Burnham the next morning.
Freight (always) as low as px any other line.
Particular attention paid by this line to prompt and
speedy delivery of all .&trilbarg.Groods.
The undersigned theakild for put patron lige hopes by
strict attention to bedews to merit. a.oenti nuance of the
same. T. PMIPRER,
Philadelphia and Reading :epot r
Foot of Market gtme , Harrisburg.
• TE R (good, sweet and fresh) intone
lam, and- book ZOO to large and Oman
quaulttloo In at &Illinois and cosh pri4 or gro c eries
gym In ezehaage. Begullar market rata always paid
WM: DOCK, AS., 111.01
assiS Oily s tiOtChnot Hoar.
rIA "RUBBER, • BUFFALO HOBar;
JUMBO Wand NUL DIPMENG IMES, It
at 'ELMS DIM AND ?AMOY MU/ I
a JIL STREET,'
IoviII3E O S:EIELPi9I
TO FARMERS 1
Books for the Military!
'fIIST. RECIETED AT BERGNER'S CHEAT
rJ BOOKSTORE, No. 51 Market street.
Bilk and Light Infantry Tactics', for the exer
cise and mancauvres of Troops when acting as
Light Infantry or Itiflemen. Prepared under
the direction of the War Department ' ,By Bre.
vat Lieutenant - Colonel W. J. HARDKE, 11. S.
Vol. L—Schoohl of the Soldier and Company ;
for kikirmiahers, QoL IL—,Sdiool
Hof the Battalion.
NSTRITOTIQNS IN FIELD ARTILLERY
Preparedi* a Board of Artillery , Officers.—
One vol. Bvo. $2.50.
COL. 8. COOPER, Aditr-Gen. U. S. A.
Sir :—The Light Artillery Board assembled
by Special Orders No. 184, of 1856, and Special
Orders No. 116, of 1858, has the honor to sub
mit a revised system of Light Artillery. Tactics
and Regulations recommended for that arm. .
WM. H. FRENCH, Bt. Maj. Capt. First Artil
WILLIAM F. BARRY; Captain,First Artillery.
HENRY .1. HUNT, Bt. Maj. Capt. Second Ar
Published by order of the War Department.
First Part—School of the Trooper of the Pla
toon and of the Squadron Dismount ed. Second
Part—of the Platoon and of the Squadron
Mounted. Third Part—Evolutions of a Regi
Three vole. 18mo. $8.75.
WAR DIPARTMBNT, WASHDICITON,
February 10, 1841.
The system of Cavalry Tactics adapted toithe
organisation of Dragoon , regiments; halting
been approved by the President of the United
States, *now published for the government of
the said service. •
Accordingly, instruction in the same will be
given after the method, pointed out therein ;
and all additions to, or departures from the ex
ercises and msnceuvreslaid down in this system
are positively forbidden.
• J. R. POMSETP, Secretary of War.
M'CLELLAN'S BAYONET EXERCISE.
'Manual of Bayonet Exercises. Prepared for
the use of the Army of the 'United States. By
GEORGE B. N'OLFT.T.AII, Capt. First Biagi mentDavalry, U. &A. Printed by order of
the War Department.
One vol. 12mo. $1.25.
1111ADQUAZIXILS 01 linAnirr,
WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 81; 1861. ,f
Hon. C. M. (*ajar - ), Secretary of War.
Sir :—Hereivith I have the honor to submit
a system of Bayonet Exercise translated from
French by Captain Geo. B. WCl2llsix,Oirpsr
Engineers, ti: 8. Army.
I,gly recommend its being printed for
`distribution to the Army ; and that it made, by
regration, a part of the "System of Instruc
The inclosed extracts from reports of the In
spector General, etc., show the value.
I have the honor to be, sir, with high respect,
your most obedient servant,
Approved. C. M. CONRAD, Secretary of War,
January 2, 1852.
R. JONM, Adjutant-General
Any of the above works forwarded by mail,
free of postage, on the receipt of the published
price. Remittance can be made in gold dollars
and postage stamps. Address
GEO. 'BERGNER, Harrisburg, Pa.
TIIKAT we have recently added to, our al
Bon us HANDMERCIIMIX •
ODHR Or MUSK
wank ISIRCNOB BOUQUET.
Fox ml HAIR
MYRTLR AND VIOLET POMATUM.
YOB THZ.COXPLEXICat :
TALC OF VERELE,
ROM LEO` POWDER;
NEW MOWN HAY YOWLER,
BLANC DE PERIM.
• NEW MOWN HAY
Raving the largest stock and best assortment of Toilet
Articles, we fancy that wenn better able than our oom
. pentors to get up a complete Toilet Set at any price de
sire& Oat and see.
• Always . ontend, a . FRESH Stock of DRUGS, MEDI
OLNES, OETEMKIALS, kn., consequent of our rec.:defog
almost daily, additions thereto.
KELLER'S DRUG AND FANG"! STORE,
91Warket Street , two doors East of Fourth *reek
GILT. PRAXIS I GILT MUMS I
OARVER AND GILDER,
Looldng Glass and Picture Prates,
(llt and Rosewood Mouldings da.
48 CIERENUT STREET, NEAR SECOND.
Preach Mirrors. Square and Oval Portrait
Frames of every description.
OLD PRAMIXIS RIG.DILT TO NEW.
SCHEFFEIRS BOOK sTogg,
OMR ILMUSIMIO nmai.)
'VOTE PAPER, of six different designs,
printed in two colors sold by the thoueeng and
by lbe Mem st Oity °Rah prices.
Also Reps, Union ikeeet, ane, &glee, Onion Wage
ud Radios et very low Pilaw.
THE srmsOßtara has removed his
PLUMP II ,_ _a. _AND ARMS ,rgingtll.r.frons Mistikei
itreel "Un U woes same Market, opposite the' Bathe
church. Thankful for peat he howl, by istriot
attentkin toinudneon, to merit sk =nee of k.
marild4ind WK. TARIalg• •
TTAIR , TOOTH, NAIL,'OLOTH, HAT,
; LAMM and INPANT psuannAyi great V*lletY
. NALLERI3 -DRUG•ANDSANCK=usw-
=KZ WOKE I . i BM MI 11 , r—lt
.110 4 oldedienebb who! frank* 9143411' parthipzi
DRUG IWORII, St Sailitatetriii: •
The Country Around Manassas
A gentleman long resident in Fairfax county,
Virginia, and owning an. estate which is now
occupied by our Potomac army, sends the
Fri- Id the following description of the geogra
phy ind'toiiography of the county. Our friend
has hunted or ridden over nearly every acre
which he describes, and the reader will find its
value by.using it hi connection with a good map,
in tracing the future nTovements of our forces.
Pending the advance of the army of the Po
tomac a description of that portion of Fairfax
county, lying about and beyond the Federal
lines might not prove uninteresting. For, id
though some portion of the geormd was travers
ed by our forces in the advance and retrgitt of
*last July, so great was the confusion ittilradant
upon that movement., that much ignorance
and misconception still prevail, especially as to
On the line of the Potomac, Fairfax county is
separated from Prince William by Occoquan
Creek, which is navagable for the wood boats
that formerly supplied Washington, about, six
miles inland. This is probably the nearest ap
proach by water there is to Manaseas Junction.
The bank on the Fairfax side is quite steep. The
country between this and Alexandria is crossed
by a number of streams of water seeking au
outlet into the Potomac. These streams are
rendered too deep for fording. y every heavy
rain. The telegraph road, is the most direct
route from Alexandria to Richmond, passes
through this section.
The face of the country, after leaving the
Potomac bottoms, as you advance., into the
interior is hilly, and covered for the most part
with a dense growth of either hard timber or
old fieldpines. These pines, which form a dense
thicket, impenetrable by cavalry must not be
confounded with the pine belonging to the ori
ginal forest, and which is getting very scarce in
those parts. The old field pines have only sprung
up within the last seventy years, on fields worn
out by cultivation, being entirely unknoivn before
that period. While our government was defi
cient in cavalry last summer, they afforded an
excellent cover for our infantry scouts, which
caused the rebel cavalry to give them a wide
berth. When they had to be passed a favorite
plan was to send some farmer ahead on foot and
in his shirt sleeves, so as not to excite suspicion.
If no danger lurked in ambush the cavalry fol
lowed. The writer has himself witnessed this
performance from a place of concealment. Fair
fax county is traversed by half a dozen turn
pikes, which, being macadamised, are` the only
thoroughfares to be depended on after heavy
frost, as ihe soil of this region, when wet,
is as sticky as mortar. The Georgetown and
Leesburg, turnpike extends from the Chain
Bridge to Leesburg through Dranesville. The
Tittle river turnpike runs in a nearly parallel
direction from Alexandria to Aldie, passing
through Fairfax Court House. The middle, or
Alexandria and Leesburg turnpike, extends di
agonalirwith reference to the other two roads;
nalexandria to its junction with the George
town and Leesburg turnpike, within one half
mile of Dranesville. The appearance of the roads
withinthe borders of Fairfax county, if they could
be viewed from the Potomac, would be that of
an inverted N. The Columbia turnpike reaches
from the Long Bridge to "Benton's" on the L.
R. turnpike, six miles from Alexandria. It
crosses the Middle turnpike at Lewis Bailey's,
forming "Bailey's X roads," distant seven miles
from Washington and five from Alexandria.
Nearly equidistant between the Cross roads and
Benton's on the Columbia turnpike, is Chestnut
hill, the property of Captain Murray Mason,
of the Confederate Navy, whose house was
burned lately. One mile and a half above
"Benton's" on the L. R. turnpike is Anan
dale, now occupied by our force, and which is
distant six and a ball mile from the Court
House by the same turnpike. Springfield- sta
tion, on the Orange railroad, lies south of An
andale two miles. Another turnpike branches
from the L. R. turnpike, in a direction south of
west about three-fourths of a mile above Fairfax
Court House. This leads to Centreville and
Warrenton. Three-fourths of a mile higher up
on the L. R. turnpike is Germantown. A short
distance above Germantown. A short distance
above Germantown is obtained the first view of
the range of lofty hills called "Bull Run." This
term is applied indiscriminately to the range
andito the stream bearing that name. This range,
which passes near Leesburg, extends directly
hrough Aldie, in Loudon county, at which point
it is distant thirty-five miles from Alexandria.
The surface of the country through which the
L. R. turnpike passes, in the upper part of Fair
fax and lower part of Loudoun counties, is flat,
and not much w. laded, exceptalong the streams
There were but two lines of railroad through
the county in operation previous to the com
mencement of hostilities. The Orange railroad,
which passes Fairfax station, three and a half
.miles south of the Court House, and the A. L.
audit railroad which was not completed beyond
Leeeburg. This road passes three miles south
of Dranesville. Vienna, now occupied by Fed
end troops, is the station nearest to Fairfax
Court House, from which it is distant five
miles. The neit station is Hunter's Mill, dis
tant about six miles from the Court House and
three and a half miles from Flint Hill, which
lies immediately on the road between the two
places. Tips county road. by Hunter's Mill is
the usual.route to Dranesville, crossing- at the
former place, Difficult Run, which empties into
the Potomac at the Big Falls. This str eam i s
not fordable after heavy rains. It crosses the
Little River turnpike three miles above the
Court House. Accolink Run takes its rise
near. the Court House, and passes close by
the village on the west and north sides. It
crosses the Little River turnpike the second
time five miles east of the Court House, and the
Orange railroad two miles above Springfield
station ; thence, flowing south, it empties into
the Potomac near Mount Vernon. Fairfax
Corirt House has an elevation of four hundred
feet above the Potomac, but is commanded by
several hills in the vicinity: The country to
the south of it is mostly covered with a dense
grciwth of pines and forests of oak timber. Cen
treville is distant seven miles in the direction
south of west.
Perhaps a few words just now about the im
mediate vicinity of Leesburg, Loudoun county,
would not be out of place. The country, look
ing from Leesburg in the direction of Maryland,
appears to be an extensive level plain—the more
extensive in appearance because the river is not
seen in the general survey. From the midst of
this. plain rises boldly, like a pyramid in its out
line, Sugar-loaf Mountain, Maryland—a beauti
ful object, forming a prominent landmark for
the surrounding country fora long •distance,
being vixible kg miles beyond the Fairfax line.
Above Leteljurg the road winds over a hill be
longing `to 'the 'Bull Run range, which coin
',lately commands the piece, so that, in the
event of our forces gaining possession of the
Owl, it will 14, .14cessarY• to? 'Ocra.PY the hill.
Pasabv down. Ina dirOction P4allei with the
iiver, the countrylocomesweeded, end assumes
gradtudlys more rugged bludOeter.
gitsam tiding Cam
Palau-tug procured Steam Power Preens, we are proper.
ed to execute JOB add 8008 pattrrixo of every a
Lion, cheaper than it can be done at any other eatab as a
meet In the country.
Sir Four lines or lesscoftetitate onerhalfsguare. light
lines or more than lbw constitutes square.
.Half Nome, one day 10 25
one week 1 00
one month. 2 00
OnelSquare, one day
one week._ ............... 2 00
one month • • 60
three m0nth5.........50 110
14 six months 10 00
one year 15 00
Tigir Business notices inserted In the Zonal Lbheen, or
before Marrigee and Deaths, FIVE CteleTS PER LINE for
/Op Marriges and Deaths to be charged aa regular ad
BY TM I.
From our Morning &HUM
Position of the Rebel Steamer Page.
REBEL BATTERIES OVERFED OW
THE MARYLAND SHORE.
- S ._
RUSSEL ON A. HUNT FOR "MUM"
Weranaoros, Oct. SO.
The,Pusey arrived at the Navy Yard today,
bringing despatches from Capt. Craven.
The rebel steamer George Page has gone as
far up the mouth of Quantico creek as she can,
but is not yet half a mile from the river. She
is apparently aground. If so it will require a
high tide to float her.
The rebel batteries were opened upon the
Maryland shore yesterday and firing continued
to a late hour last night but without damage
to anybody on our side. It is believed that no
vessels have within the last tiVenty hours run
the rebel blockade. -
The body of General Baker left here this
morning for . New York, whence it will be sent
to California. His will has just been admitted
to probate here.
The rumor That Capt. Dupont's Secretary has
absconded, proves to be entirely untrue.
lam authorized to state that all rumors af
fecting the position of Maj. Gen. McClellan are
entirely untrue. He is in supreme command of
the army on the Potomac, and there• has been
no wish to disturb him.
The following Pennsylvania soldiers died yes
terday in the hospitals here : R. •H. Browne,
Twenty-seventh regiment; J. Scott, Ninth ;
A. R. M. Gust, Thirty-third; C. Vogt, Thirty
General orders No. 91, in reference to repair
ing the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, as pub
lished in a Philadelphia paper, have never been
W. H. Russell, LL. D., of the London Amer,
under assurance that nothing new is likely to
occur here immediately, has gone duck-shoot
ing on the shores of the Chesapeake.
Colonel Einstein '
to-day, filed his protest
against his removal from the command of the
Twenty-seventh Pennsylvania regiment.
Senator Cowan, of Pennsylvania, arrived here
LATER FROM NEW MEXICO.
HOSTILITIES BETWEEN THE INDIANS.
Rebel Attack on New Mexican Vol-
Ten Rebels Killed and . Thirty Wounded.
U. S. Troops in Pursuit of Another
The Santa Fe mail and Cannon City express
reached here on Saturday in advance of sche
dule time. Buß'newi dull throughout the ter
ritory. The volunteer force in New Mexico
numbers now over thirty-five- hundred men,
three thousand of whom are in marching order
and expect soon to be employed in .active ser
vice. Their destination is towards Messina,
where they expect additional reinforcements.
The Indians report a large body of troops
marching from the west, and many think it
may be the California force so anxiously ex
pected. If so they design on their arrival at
tacking the force in that region from Texas.
The Camanches and Utahs have been locking
horns together near Maxwell rancho, originating
rom a theft committed by the Utahs, in which
they obtained one hundred head of Comanche
horses. The Camanches followed to obtain
their property and in the struggle some of their
number were killed.
The Indians on the Plains are now peaceably
disposed to the whites having received their
annuities at the hands of the agent.
Surveyor General Clark arrived safely, com
ing through the States by way of Omaha.—
Judge Watts came in as a passenger by the
stage. All quiet here.
The Santa Fe mail furnishes the following
additional items :
About the Ist instant a company of New
Mexican volunteers, under Capt. Mink, was
attacked in the night at Alimosa, 86 miles
below Fort Craig, by 110 Texan rebels, and
their horses stampeded. Capt. Mink proposed
to surrender his company, but his men dissent
ed, secured their horses and retreated to Fort
Subsequently about one hundred United
States troops from Fort Craig pursuedthe rebels,
and overtook them, killed theii captain and
ten men, wounded about thirty, and killed
thirty horses. The balance of Texans escaped
to Messina. Another band of rebels who had
been encamped on the Arkansas river were
being pursued by a company -of United States
dragoons from Fort Wise and a company of
New Mexican volunteers.
LATER FROM MISSOURI,
The Rebels Offer a Compromise and
Lay Down their Arms. -
Sr. Loins, Oil. SO
[special to the St. Louis Dessoemt.]
JEFFERSON CECY, Oct. 29.—Gen. Prenti who
who left St. Louis on Sunday last with a force
of infantry to surprise and capture the rebels at
Fulton, in Canby county, has returned and re
ports ust before he reached Fulton, Gen. John
B. Henderson of the State militia had made a
compromise with the rebels at Dyer's Mills,
near Concord, by which he commanded the
United States not to make any meets if the
rebels would Lay down their arms and return to
their homes. .
Prentiss Requiems' in the compromise, but on
the first violation of it will visit severe yen
igianm uP O n. the offenders. The rebels were
four hundre d , strong, and Renderiton!s force
numbered fifteen hundred. Tlie proposition for
compromise cabifrom the retook
RAISE OF ADVERTISENG
...... • . •• . • .......
KANSAS Orr:, via Si. Louis, Oct. 29