Newspaper Page Text
iLISHED EVERY DAY,
GE BERGNER & CO•
AGIS —emu Stntscamioat.
.SLEGRATTI IS served to subscribers In the
' cents per week. Yearly Pubni.riben
AND BXIII. WEEKLY TELIOkAPB
la also published twice a week during
Legielattire, and weekly. during the re
',l., and fUrniehed to subacribera at the
ribers per year
order the discontinuance 01 their news
;her may continue to send them until
3eglect ui rot del to take their newspa
,o to which they are directed, they are
ley hav^ settle.' 'be hills and ordered
;. , Tea-Cakes, all kinds of Pastry i Ito
' • •-;• MANUFACTURED BY
*DIV. CHAMBERLIN & CO
: '4 Pre! riders qf Shawmut chentfcal Works. .
Na. 23 INDIA shhiEEr, some.
CONCENTRATED LKAVEN is the re
"mit i.t careful chemical research. All its Ingredi
ent-satin: prepared in the highest state of purity, and com
loaaded with ti. view to produce bread of a far better
osdity, and in much less time, than by any other pro.
Get 1 and by the manufacturers submit it, with entire
egesdlicenee, to the jilelyantnt of teeriminating house• .
re, bakers, the.
ad of all trim s made by usiegContentrated Leaven
ia .f ter, mot a digestible and nnitritious; has an agrees.
tr, natural taste; is less liable to tour ; will retain its
lure longer than by any other process, and the
tit previratien for the oven need not exceed ten
JON valuable because it is not perishable, and may be
Vrtarkred available in places and at times when yeast is
ittot4ithin reach, as sit sea. In all climatetrandunder
in: eltcnuts lances, it may be adopted, thus obviating all
inty 01 ;mom fag yeast or other ferule t, which is
Ntly of au inn rior quality, ret Bering the bread
valuable as regards economy, as it has been
I that a s:+ving is effected in the flour of not
3 per tent. in the common process much of
ripe of the flour is lest by being converted
•Li acid gas, or spirit, end the waste is in
ny or the purpose of genoratiog gas to raise
i:y using Concentrated Leaven this waste is
4 the gas obtained in a manner equally efil.
rmentattom as has been slated; deatrays a
lour or meal, nue, in consequence, a barrel of
lig 196 ibs , which, by the common method,
iiakes about 250 lbs of bread, gives by this
Jas , thus effecting the very important saving
•nt, in the quantity of flour. By conformity to
no on each package, any person capable of
tention may conduct the process, and the re
arlably be highly satisfactory.
lITIFCATE PROS! Mi. HAYES,
„„szaller to the Slate of Massachusetts.
4 h - have analysed the Concentrated Leaven, manufae. *
Stied by litessi a. Edw Chamberlin & Co., with reference
purser and efficiency of action in producing the el
. ' sir yeast in distending dough, and thereby rendering
for it tilting bread. This article is skillfully corn•
I'' ed, from pricetly pure material . It raises the
Ono , ' without totsmuitag the sugar or any other grind
the LI. lir, perfectly; anti the same weight et flour
reduce, more sweet, palatable breed than can he
- ' "led through yeast; while for cakes and pastry it is
tab ie. as it saves all risk, and nutria limo of the
i_srrritnvuts made by me confirm the statements
by ti.e tosoutacturcrs, and proves this compound
- of public a pprovni and extended use.
"A. A. II.SY1:8, M. 11., State kasyer,
ect, Boston, September 25,180."
er AI•D TEA lions..—Two or tbree teaspoonful
. (according to the quality of the Ilour,) to boa
Ll,or; mix thoroughly by passing two or three
forge a :love ; rub iu a piece of butter half the
n egg, and make the paste with cold milk or
preferable)silk is barely stiff' enough to permit
I. Much kneacing should be avoided. Cut M
iami, and place: in:mediatolyin a hot oven and
gelpt proportiona or r.onfen irn-d
toettber Re above; omit the butter, ebdlnake
ttill ( - Ilongh to knead Into a loaf, and bate Im.
in a flow oven.
BREAD —Three leaspoonsiul of Leaven to one
wheat meal, gifted tr.getlier ; add one gill of mo
d two eggs ; make the paste thin with milk and
BREAD —Three tenspoonsint of Leaven to one
iota., and one lint of corn meal, all well sifted to.
add two eggs and about a gill of molasses; snake
thin with milk, and bake slowly.
:EAT CARES. -.-Four and milk sufficient to make
cf batter ;ad d ens egg, then three teaspconsful
; beat to a Seth, and cook quick.
togethdr one quart of dour and two tea,
of Leaven; rub in a piece of butter half as large
; mix Kith cold tuilk or water, and boil ten
STREET CAM —Sift together two largo cups
and two teaspoonsful of Leaven; patio half a cup
r and a cup and a half of sugar ; mix with cold
water to a stiff batter, add spice to suit the taste,
UT/ SPONGE CAKE—Two cups of white sugar
Oh the yolks of six eggs—the whites of six eggs
a froth; then beat al i together ; add three cups
lour, one cup of water, and three teaspoonsful
.; flavor with two teaspoduifai of essence of le
bake in a quick oven
i —Sift together ono quart of flour and three
fel of Leaven ; rub in ore tea-cupful of butter.
and a half of white sugar, and spice to suit the
ix stilt enough to roll out, and bake quick.
and o teaspoons
of currant,, two cups or white sugar ' and one tea
al of cinnamon ; tnis with cold mi.lc to a stiff bat
td in a slow oven. _ _
C..cax.—nto pint each of flour and Indian mcal,
ree teaspoonsful of Leaven, well sifted toge.ber ;
e gill of molluscs and two eggs; mix thin with
'ld bake In a slow oven. _
,Aks.—Five cups of flour and three teaspoonful
en, sifted together; add one cup of butter, two of
tila two eggs, all well beat together ; then add a
urral.ts, and spice to suit tho taste. Bake about
CAKE.—Three quarters of a pound of flour and
,00nsful of Leaven sifted together; one pound of
six ounces or butter beaten to a cream ; the .
eight eggs well beaten, and the Juice of ore le
CAKE.—Fivo cups of flour ; three teaspoonsful
A, three cups of sopr, ono of butter, one of
two eggs ; fLuit and spice to the taste. Bake
f on hour.
in Cases of 1,2, 4, and Six Dozen Cans,
by Grocers and braggists generally.
:AM Gk.:LAGER Wholesale Agents,
No. 69 North Front Street, Philadelphia.
THE NEW CITY STORE !
URICH & COWPERTHWAIT
CORNER FROM' & hiARBET
INCE to the eiizene of Harrie
s' d the public generally, that they have Just
tom the eastern cities with a large and well se
lk or Fall and Winter Goods, which they will
y lowest prices.
Jam GOODS of every kind.
Bleached ..nd Unbleached
imeached and Unbleached Canton Flannels.
ANN'ELS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
ment of Welsh Fbamels for Skirting.
t Domestic °high ma,
Satinetts and Ca simeres,
Rack Mats at a IlpriceS,
Cloths for Ladies' Chesterfields,
Beaver Clothe for the Arab Cloaks.
1E ASSORTMENT OF BLANKETS.
tent of Case:noel. es, especially adapted to
an assortment of Merino Drawers and On
assortment of Carpets from 12% OtB a
;TRIPED AND PLAID
RICH PLAIN AND FIGURED
JAIN AND FIGURED
BLACK SILKS, ALL WIDTHS.
- tenerit of Broebe and Bisnket Fbawis, with
the latest novelties.
)nt of Plain and Figured Cashmeres,
INENS OF ALL KINDS.
tendon paid to first elms Hosiery and Em
ma of Hugon' a wove trail spring skirt pat-
..ta of Ebroudlng And Flannels.
MUCH & cOWPERTHWAIT,
'Front and Market streeta, liarrlsbum
'olplod by .1. L. Bitner. 0ca..17
. . .
, i r r ,„ z r
.kWI I II
I[llJ k ) Q ie r
The attention of Invalids, l'hysicuans, tilergyuisa, eel,
entific men, and the poblle,SArettorally, is yespectfalliy,
:elicited to the merits of this Cbt&fdialprepiiiallin, con ,
tainiug Iron,Sutphlturand Phoilphotus, and , Whicb
is identical n its comptaition WitlAitlailliferntitiC Globule,
or red blood. In all disenaesaccolnp ipied itp
palg countenance and nerione t r e atalysis ot
the 1,100(1,3how a ditleietCY'Of they red glebulhar
complexion and a rosy tint of the skin, 13 always Indica.
five of health-; Whiles mar, WA3blike, skin and connte ‘
nance,—which evinces deflisieney.of:tlis red glolinles,r,,
accompanies a disiascd organism. 'Preimilitione etroiri.
have been given for-the purpose of finiinling :•thw red
globules, but we contend...Abet_ Arai) alortensllll , thlwr'
glnne, or.Phosvherirts alove,, will not met. the
cieney in every case, but tha(altidiefOit:;durabflidtionot
Ali. these elements is necrisury'rtriestbra r lhe hlood halts
normal standard. This point,. rimier before attained; bas
been reached in theMatitwitg - floyitil,.pad its ; Oleo:wary
ranks as one of the ineskselevklattrid_impbrtant of the
age Its affects in
ac i r ,l4 W ,
ire to aoften- the,, musk:brace the, nerves, strengthen
'he system, allay the.prastrating night,swcats, Merehae
the physibal and mental allergy, 'enth . :hi the blood hyre
storing the licking 'red globules,hiorease the appetite,
restore the color, and clothe the 'skeleton llama with
eh. The Blood. Food Will he coned h hpeoltio In all
oclo Diseases of tho thiosid or Lungs, such
as Asthma, Bronchitis, Cciaphs, &c. Public speakera and
singers will- flud& it of grant • utility In clearing and
sire motioning .the will: c:gans.i In Dyspguia ' Liver
Complaints,, Lirmay,El4lo..sl. P4ralYsit. Savf 2 ,4 4l .arattilt
Si. Fitus , Dance,
.1 ever roof. :Ague, ~its efficacy 13
marked and instantaneits: In no class of isease, how-
ever, tre the beneficial effects of thls remedy so con
spicuous as in thi•se liarrasstag - ,
of which the gentler sex are liable, and, whlpl tend, to
wards Consumption, such as suppress, d or difficult
Menstruation, Green Sickness, Whiles, kc , especially'
when these compigints-are- accompanied with paleness,
a dingy hue or pallor, 01 the skio, clegession .of . spirits,
debility, palpitation, want efriPpiitite, neivOuS pros
tration We have the utmost confidence in recommend
ing the Blood Food to all who may. be consultant of ,a,
loss or vitality or energy, and to those 'whose mental or
bodily powers are prostrated through nver-twe, eith4Cor
the mind or body, and we deem ltiorir duty to ray that,
in all cases of Weakness and - Emaciation, and. in all dis
eases of the Kidneys Madder, this 'Preparation has a claim
upon the attention of sufferers which cannot be es
timated. A faithful trial will be found the most convin6l
Mg proof in regard tolts e.fficaoy.that could be asked for.
With the above remarks, and
: with the 111.111211rOUS te4ti,
moniais we have in Its favor, we offer the
Food" to the consideration of the afflibted,knowingthat
it wilt be acknowledged- as--pronomment ores all other
preparations, patent or offnAsil, looadnieer-visefulnesa.—
Circulars giving the Thcbil upon whieh this 'remedy is
founded, also certiticatiariiet• remarkable cures, will be
sent fme when deered. We forward, the Blood Food, .
to any tost of the Vilited,Slates or Catladadi
eC Prire—sT per bcttle,46 for 'kik betties'- Be Careful in
all cases to have none. Int . thaV.haninCour :fee simile:
signature upon theiwrapper, Noiakottnie
Prepared only by CBVRCH deFIBFON'F.; •
No. 409' Broadway ; Beve'York.' '
And_ e ecta3te tiers/gists
For Hale - - by- c• implae.:43,7T.dratdoidiu2
GREAT REDUCTION /X PRIORS
WHEELER' St WILSON'S
NEW IMPROVEMENTS, AT REDUCED PRICES.
THE WHEELEN...&:.W • ann. ac,
luring Company haying gained au their suits at
law, with infringing matrufacturiorauf Seeing Marlines,
propose that the publie - should - be 'benifitted thereby,
and nave accordinglyireduccicthe prlquiriltheirienlvisg
Machines. Xfter-thieditekkey will be soldiat rafer tbat.
will pay a fair profit 0 . 12 thcf oast of manufacture, capital
invested, and expcnseif settiEitiglealesi ; eq_elt,prioes as
will enable them to make Brat class machines, and, as
heretofore, guarantee thekrihrevery :particular,
In accordance with the announcement above I will
sell their splendid Sewing. Machieei itt iotWwifretil $ 45 ,
to $9O for the flne full case machines. It is a well estab
lished fact that the , ,
Wheeler & Wilson Se,inw Maehinn,
i 3 the beat one in therairket,"the
and least liable to get out of order, end they are now as
low as the inferior machines. Call and sea them a
Third and Market.
/ ‘ $ i -"*-‹ i." 6• , . 1 , - - \ ....
t7,4c: C 9 6 1
0 ECONOMY! tP v •A \
Ctt 4..*:•;•' A I A 0 '
114 11 OficanzatetTram '5 co .
.' Save the Pieces!
.ds accidratcula haltew, even in sorll-ingulatedfastaie
it is very desirable to Lave some cheap
way for repairing Furniture; Toys,
SPALDING*, PREPARED GLUE
meets all such emergeooles y sud lie hhnsehold can afford
to be without it. it is alWayi readY and up icily's - 8(16y.
ing poist, - There Is no longer, ainnoessijy for ; limping
chairs; splintered l'aiiiers; beadles toys and- broken
cradles. It Is just the, article for cone_ shell and other
ornrmental work, so popular with ladies Of -reikiement
This admirable preparation is used cold, ,bang.chemi
tally held in solution' and possessing all thelpsalties of
the best oabinet•makerst Glue. It'may by geed hi the
place of ordinary rottelbigs,.beisKlmstly..psfelAiSidve.
"USEFUL IN VERY' ROIIS)➢ r x3
N. B.—A Brush aosompantes each bot.l,o,:;:Pr*.Blir
Wholesale Depot, No. 48 Cedar slreearierF,.:4 , ;
Address HETET C. BP it , ito . 4 t.
Box No. 3-"NeiirOrk,-,
Put up for Dealers in cases containing Four, Right and
Twelve Dozen—a beautiful lithrigraphio Shospeard• ac
companying each package. ,
Agi - A single bottle of EPALDIEWS PREPARED OWE
will save ten times its cost annualiTto.evicy.bouseheld.
Sala by all prominent Stalk/um; Druggists, Hardware
and Furniture Dealers, Grocers and Fa.ny,Storcs.
Country merchants ehould tar of EPA.I.DINGI,
PREPARED GLUE, when makit op their..iist ,It mil
stand any climate. fetal dawly
LADIES •A.NII ClLkiliTi.l2s";
OP mar nmeereidear:
UNDER . TIMID OONTIJIIEWVAL
The,..Largest - 151:41c the
Our facilities enable tis.to salt /ewer than any oilier , ea:
Lablishment • Grolitentose and Fair Dealing. cur motto.
. • .
826' aril 828 : Pliestruit, 'Street, Philada.
firim conrorioN WITH ANY anus aotree.,o
3L=t. x)• gs
AtERCELAITI93 7 . .
Corner of. Front -and-gliar,ket; .fftreels,
"HA'TCRISBITRG, PA. ••••
nem= T. B. oomrenswart.
"iNDEFENDENT -IN ALL THINGS-NEUTRAL IN NONE."
HARRISBURG; - PA, - .MONDAY' AFTERNOON, JANUARY 21, 1861
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
WJIDRFDAy, - ,TaTi. lg, 18151
STATE OP Tine ty..nox.
?' 'Agreeably to order ~ the Rowe - resumed the
consideiatlon vof iSenate.t entitled
"Jointiestd t ations iellitivetto the meantenance
of the Constitution - and ;Union."
• The question was on the amendment submit
ted4W Itht.DIIFEEFLD. • .
ni•IryGORDO.N. Now, lir. SPEAEXII, we have
these. enactments •beute us - id -very clearlen7'
They , embody; as you.. havnadfizuly
teen informed, a part of the act of 1847,,ivhich,:
•libelleire, received , the. sanction , Of :.Govetnor
Sliunk,a:Democratic Governor of this Common--
wealth. That portion of the set of 1847,whicli
pibtibited the use of our jails..for the !purpose
of confining fugitive slaves'in enstody;lor :the
Ifelrpose of transportatiouto their Own state,was,
I believe, repealed.in 1852:- .That was: then.the:
°rapport - ion of the i act' subject - 4dr;
complaint I wish that . to be distinctly Junder-:
stood. I desire it also. to be distinctly mine*,
stood that this Penal_Code; •a portion.iof
we now hive .under contilderation, was prepared
by commissioners. ;appointed `-by :a: Democratic,
.governercororn stioners, who,- I believe, were;
themselves Democrats. In mentioning,
do not suppose,for one moment, -that such gen
.tlemen. ashludge;.Knox,Land J.udge o .lKing, andi
Ittr: Webster, of Philadelphia, acted at all
partizans- in .. preparhig7 this Penal :Code. I
merely mention the fact, for the, ;purpose: of ;
showing: that' they would net be lik,ely to .re-,
cornmetukan. act of Assembly that, weuld, pro : -
,bably ctuifliotwith the :Constitution And laws.
of, 'these A.Tnited States,: and more especially,
with ithe:Fugitive. Slave Jaw. . - I-Must call. the,
'attention-of the House :to. , the. language of.;the
act diedre :that it ishalli not. be misunderl.
stood. ;. It,providee that— • , , ..,
"No judge of any ofthe cowls of this ,Coni.. 7
monwealth, nor any.,aldeinsun or,iustice ofithe
peue.of said commonwtstlth,ohallakaye„jigis 7 -,
diction ,Or take cognizance of ...the
fugitive from labor, from:any ,of !the United.
Stela .or,Territories under any act of Cogress,7.
It will . thus be seen -thatthe- act, i tspealts : , ; of,
Judges and justices of the peace,. rid in their
. diVidual i . but in their judicial capacity.
' hThey arenot to !`havejurisclictionertidrecog 7 ,
nizance the,oFtse of anyfugitive from leher'''--;
"nor shall t any such judge, alderman, or justice
of the ipeace. of this commonwealth issue qr,
grant, anyicertifmate warrant ot_ierpoval of
any suck fugitivelsoin labor under any, act .:of,
dongrew" . '
I desire, this „House distinctly, to, undeistand,
'-that the act` points to these persons exclusively,
in their official capacity, and not agindividials.
. , . etr-b-c,ar*Fcriaii - d A hli r a mk rt a fair
or constable should be - by the
United States marshal, as au individual, to, „er r;
sist as pit of "alSo4setifciinniitta in %lie pleentitin'
.of the fugitive slave latv, would bethme lia
ble to the penalties of this-act.- But in their
offlcialicooTity these men are-not to interfere,
directly or indirectly, withthe execution of the
laws of the United States,
Mr. Speaker, what tytietlqi-prigin of this Act
of ;Assembly Iterighated from the celebratig:
ease of Prigg vs. the Commonwealth, of, 'Peim
syliania, in which the Supreme Count of ,the ;
United States did distinctly decide (and r,
if eni gentleman; should lie in. doubt,, would 44-
fel' luta to that decision) —did most diatinetlY den
cide that thiisexe*StateS4vethe yery Power
which: Aot,of ASseMbIY awl:4s, appre:
hend that no-man upon this floor will for, one
moment :sill in (pled* thia statgent. Ifany,
gentler an has doubts upon ihiaaaject, I - . would
refer him ; to the recent
Packet., which ought to Tie terCuitlY fair !ail-
Ahorityi upon this subjo: ! thaCroeialgg
is,l believe, Mat conelnitVely dernonstratcd,
tlat.. neither. his Act, nor any oth Act upon;
our statute books, "which .is • of binding - force,_
does* any ape, form or Manner conflict with
the Constritulion Of . t* - 1 - 4,icil'Sfatei'iir
_any enacted bY,Congresiii.. ,mo remark;:
regard .. to the legal' poOlon of that;
- tit cane immediately
Under tin.. 4 the
tornsy Gctieral of a w
as authontyls co.
tion.4 l doubt t subject:
Novi let me say;a few win& in regardf4the
remaining portion "of this iiiitefy-githV#ip:.:
It provides `lf any Peisadi.-151..:*t961-6./1341314
any negro. or Mulattd, as a fligitlire front, --
tud4 or labor, si#,4l, - under any preteithe''ef
thoritY 'Whatsoever' '—not undir actual, author
ity—not under, a warrant issued - by` #i4:3:7,7**1
Statesmarebal, ;but ender any.f*e*f . et tifittetl .
ity"—"vicilently and tumultuously OW?
andearrjr ,r?.way o ppg . place, or attempt teat*
and!earrfaWiLYln. a t 5 1 900; ildren EON - MU 4
eta and-unreasonable, manner, and: so
eridenger` the manner,
:or etc 7 - • "
NOW, Mr: Speaker, WhatAs the purport o this
seft kimplireafiiiniis.o,euriitatuth ht43o,'
portion Of the common law; Which Wo and
fathers havelived under for. hundreds of years
It is a mere restrains/I'O,OP the "anion
Which hi as old as the Nita ConititiniOnltall,
Do not all of Us, Whether 'we'arellativyarebtntit,"
know that if I should obtain miSegiiiitin'&. toil?
pronerty; wrongfully or otherwise, yet:Char:me
right.to retake that property a iolent an&
tumultuous manner... You` heye no fight
commit a breach"lif the peace; simply because'
the peace of the ConinionWealth cif "Perautylira-'
nia, and of every other well organized State, is
.tp be preserved - at - all hissiOde; and - private rights
'zaust Sivxt - woo'. to , the iScitmit -1 34 9 9 1:: 3 , 82 ;A0M ,
:any man.on, this floor who would, advance a doc
trine 'Contra:l'y to this i'' No; sir. • .I cannot seize
or re-tale my property with violence and - tu
mult .; Ide, I inn guilty of riot.
[Here;- Mr. Goitios i .at the• tiolieltation of the
Speaker." yielded"the. floori ini order to give - the
latter troietto clear his
: . BMW , 4 4.1)Ea .. -- 7 . 44PARIRIPH.!taiL O II;
Mr: GORDON, who had - the iloor"at thetime
Mr..B . satartn, when I-took my.seatll was re
lerring to the latter part of: the: 95th section •o£
the act of 1860, and was-endeavoring to show
-that long befoie the... Vestige. of.that act, its ran
irisiontoivere part , of .therOmmon. law of Penn
sylvania, andindeecl a pat of thel . cornmon law
.that country from .Which'we received the ba
sis of ourdsais. I was enunciating the:principle
that no man has w. right. to recapture his :pro
party:hi . a ;riotous, -tumultuout maanner,'so 'as
thereby to oommit a breach totthe.peace.: . That
being-a well-imown prindiple of law; howcomes
that we are' tb Make . thiscialatinction between,
the property of the.Borrthern manand the pro'-
partyour own fellow;eitizens?_-: . .
Itmay•be saidj indeed &self we repeal this
part of the act of Assembly, we simplrallitwthe"
Common law to remain as it was before that sot
was passed ; that the wmnion,)a,w walla coyer,
the saute ground. , 'Then, pir, I.a.sk, w)iy repeal
it at all ? If, on the other hand,. this rep*" is
to affect the law ' not only , the law ,as; it stands
upon our statute . ;books,: but the common iaw
upon the 'subject,- theu / we rare. asked ,giTe
proference tot Slave, - property in the . .State. of
Pennsylvania„omer:the,,property of our own cit.
To. show that - ,1 am,nokinistaken in the state
ments which I'Makei IT t efertto the case which
las been quoted by the gentleman from Balla
delphia(Mr. itagn444=in- the case of POflge. vs.
the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. I read
Vora 16, -Peter's Reports at_page 540 :
'The owner of a fugitive slave has the same
tightin - seize Idd take him in State to which
h'e h - air - escaped 'or fled thaehe aaa. in the State
from which lie escaped ; and it is well known
that this right to' seizure or recapture is imiver
'sally acknowledged in all the slayeholding
States. The court have not the slightest hesi
tation hi holding that tinder and in virtue of
the Constitution, : the:. owner of the slave is
'clotlio with the authoiityln every State of the
4 TiniontO'seizd and re-Ziapture his Slave loherevef'
'Ns can do it without a breach of the peac ,or illegal
~ We thus see that the language of this deci
sion corresponds almost. precisely wiih that of
our Act. of Assembly, upon this subject. , The
irbposition , - .down, is that the master hag
the Eight of ,recapfure:Wherever 'he Can bxercise'
that "without any breach' of the:Peace or
illegal violence!' We thus see that this part' of
our.. 40 Of..Msembly .which' gentlemen would
now Impugn,ii,anstained by the highe.st-tribu
nal in our land,..' Why; then repeal it ?
' On the other binUcliof the . case, I will refer
to the same decision ; on page 630; 'bf the vol
ume which I:1.17e ithit; quoted. `The opinion
from. r read is that delivered - by
'Chief JUstide . Teney—ithe very cynosure of the
Democratic party; of these I.Tnitbcl States'.
Indeed if the State authorities are absolved
'from all . obligation! to protect this right, and
"niay,stand.by it and.see it. violated without an,.
effertlto defend lt,:the aetof 'Congress of 17P$
Scarcely deserves the - name of a remedy. The
State offieersMentioned in. : the law . are, not .
bound to. execute the, duties impoged .on; them
'by Congress, unless they choose to do so, or are .
required_to do. so by a law of the State and the.
State Lifulature7i s the power, itliiikirs
prohibit Mai?* • • '
We'this.see,according: to Chief Justice.
ney,% thatmider,the Acta Congress of 1793 ; the
very officers who wera.speoided for.the purpose
Of alai-y*l2:dd ekeentioil tliAt Act of - Congress
Might b`rmiglitTruit biereitie those-•duties,- jbst
assuited .thernsaves:; and he most , expressly
decides•that,the'State.l.egisature has the rigbt,
If it thinks proper,' tAi Whibit:lhein altogether
from a c tiiig the..matter: Then; 'sir, idfiii- - 165
our:9s • • - • - < ve it z'
t.c.no t •
, 14. cons. _um i 1 raver:
framedup to. the . 2,very letter of that decision, of
NoW,' &hatia the96th section of that Act?
It is oh:KAY - an Ad which .prexentathe side of a
slave while fugitive , Is l'ennaylvF4- 77 - which
prevents Permsylvtu:Lia from *mai a slave
mart tn. the liotitt Mr. SPFkaltini; ri n.
the gentle-of this' liouseliliather they are
ireimal .that'. brovision!'and make
• this ; Statcaglaye. mart? ..I.approhend, sir, that
,we are not going bit& so fast as that_;.. and
- auPreke4lhat,..so.Ja.,,r.as this House is concern
'ed,.--thit -; 7
'books, in full and effective operation, as it now
stands.. I'ask,. why repeal it? :Does, it =act
in any waY with; t the Constitution of the :United
States'? No, sir ; for the Supreme Court, the
proper tribonal to decide, what is and what is
not Constitladnal, has - !eipressii dealared this
- Act to be Constitutional. Does it conflict in
any way with the fugitive slave law ? Not in
the least, -bicause bur:officersiare only prohibit
..ed from acting in their judicial capacity, and in
'none other. If the slave4mher can, take his
Slave fromPeimSylirabla in a' tkiceftil - Manner,
he has a perfect n:ght - to - dirso, -- and there is no
law npon - Mtr,litatute'bOolusywhieh prohibits:the
,exercise of that right; Order to - settre
'his . ft!gitivp slave it V'ne necessary for him to
creatv a &it,Oanska' c
.4*40_1000 of ,therti ,
lie peace, le, like evety,,othetman in our Com-
Monwealth, is responsible tb the Commonwealth
the:Marshal frontetercising his duties?:: Noth
ing:at-fall The slave:owner larrimply thrown
, back :upon his-.'frernedies, and is placed onan
"tuna . ; footing Withevery . ,.eitizen .of :the. Cora
meinwealth. of Tenrs3ylvarna; i If any citizen at
- tenipts,to,resist theconatitutel authorities, he
becomes a rioter, and liable, for bis , .distnrh-,i
ance oil the publicpeacp... .If, when the :slave
owner Dimes , herb to take :his slave, he pumot
get hinviway.peaeeably; he has:his remedY - by
-applying to' ,the; United States Commissioner,
isndklbtatubigt4he necessary _papers in regular
Jorm,:for thepurpose of :bringing hil.befere the
constituted,tribtmaisi just aka citizen of Penn
sylvarda;. if his!horse istaken out of his pos ;
session, and he cannot regain, :him, peaceably„
;twist rl4l9rt to the writrof repievin: . ,
Now, sir; is there anything •" unconstitutional
- in placing the slave owner in the same category
with ourselves?--Is.-there: in-such a. provision
anything, - I,whick:Wringeps tawofibilmiar j of
the United States? Nothing whatever. 1 11ren,
air, I Elk4s,l*l;ttiepeal.these laws? No one upon
this.door his :yet , iitven i fii reason- Why are
we IO repeal them
The only, reiiicailbr Such*, course 3.13, Sir, that .
we may' get downand eat •ffii(before"the 'black
idol of the South, sbnply that 'we • may lay
upon its.altai propitlatoi7 OfTering That is
the reasOn and the only reason:
Butoas,l balm : before remarked, Iliad not in
tended to„clwelbit all upon this topic. I e r as. so .
thoroughly convinced ; that the How would:
vote, ap.....tiipwampackicpts, via.p intaia."o.
confme:myremarks entirelto the orignialre
solntionrz-.-regolutions which 'haVe. beerumespd .
-by the Senate , .and are now before us for concur
rence. In regr
. krlio the provisions °mullion- I
have, been -commenting,. the truth of the case is
now heforelldaliOuSe. plainly and PalPalOYI:
do, not assume:_to myself the. honor. of having
made it so plain.; but, by the:sinlPle-readr)ag
the law, ithe , ,truth becomes apparent to every
And. now. Mx. Sp n, in rising to speak
upon the Renateresolutions now pending before
tbia.lionee, my, purpose is not so much to com
mend: them, as it is to act as the month - piece
of that people whoml in part, representinglT
ing utterance to what I conceive to be their
sentiments conCerningthe PgesePtories. These
resolutions 'are well 1 enough in thernselw*
Shough: In 'reY-estimation they, go neither far
enough; 'or, speak . strong enough. I do, not,
however, propose to offer any amendment to
them, because, though, they may not enitedY
th Aggro Senthnent,eithfar of piy constituents
or:lof. raleelfg •Yet - they ; may neverthelOsrepri-,
sent the ideas et aAniliontY of thaPeoPle of
this Connamtirealtll: I tolerate them also foi
the reason thattheY are of that oharaCteithat
should Mtn tho ximualmoui'saudioii of this
Rouse, Tor I am ' satisfied that they ought to
meet with :the approbation 'of our Democratic
friends, and if they choose to follow low party
instincts so fax as to put themselves in antago-'
nista to • the honor of • our State and-the wisher,
of our people, by. voting against these resolu- .
tions, upon their heads.' be the consequences.'
They must answer to the people as must we. 'So
far; as I am concerned I am willing to vote for
theae or any similar resolutionsthat embody
even a moderately firth opposition of our posi
tion. Moderation may be, • in the end, our. bet
ter Course ; but in the course of my reniarks . l
'shall conform myself to this meek disposition
only so far, as, and no farther than, I think will
comport with the honor of my district.
Pennsylvania is a great State, a rich State,
Sir. We have great interests to take - care of ;
a great commerce, a great trade, great manu
factories and great corporations; and; unfortu
nately,,in the estimation of many nersons, these
first require our care, and our people and our
honor, in their: eyes; are but of secondary im
portance. Southern rebellion and secession af
fect the first of these materially, but the"grim
visaged • front of war" might be still. worse
upon them ; the counsel therefore is corn
compromise, Concession, Moderation. Beside all
this, our philanthropic merchants and stock
jobbers ask, "Are not these. Southern men our
brethren, bane of our bone, and flesh of our
flesh ?" I answer to be surethey are ; though
sometimes, it must be confessed,they do act very
like step-brothers. They are, indeed, well dis
posed to clothe us so long as tar and feathers
hold out, but not so wall.-inclined to feed us ;
but, on the principle that ."half. a loaf is better
than no bread;"'we sholild - ineeklyreceive what
their-brotherly hands choose to mete out to us;.
and grumble just as little as possible. Mr.
Speaker, - thierhay be milled bitterness; perhaps
it is, sir, but, in my soul, I pity that man who
is so lost •to his. own and his country's honor
thathe Can calmly review the' taimta, the in
:dignities, the !monstrous abuse, which we and
Or people have suffered, are now suffering at
. the hands of these slave drivers, and not feel
bitter. Ido feel:bitter; sirs: when I reflect that
though I may travelin safety through theland
of the blackest despot on eartkand that though
everyone in it may be :cognizant of the fact
that I am a Republican of the reddest . dye,; yet
*hen I cross the Mason &Dixon line inmy own
conntry,. under - the Conatitntionef these United
States,.my property and my life are in hourly
jeopardy if it be , but. suspected that I voted for
tbatman for, the Presidencywho is this day the
constitutional : choice of the people. The star
spangleder is entirely capable of protecting.
meiri : every land on earth, saving only, that one
over which it:flea - tall HoWeatil• Weren't. a feel ,
ing. of lifitfillegs When rreflectPPoll. the . 111 44
fiolrthenkeeMillwit4M-1 5 1et.94,-.
4yt9:tb_ . ,leejirien of the: Northnt to delicate.and
on isfiii..l4.lilx, none: soilow and obscure as
prevent insidt . and deAth. The laboring man is
be4tela withl 4 driPe4 '294d bi l .4.4ed dOWlElitice
wild beast ofPreY, 4 brightstafof*merican
er: lo 94l94lY;RlKetltrelA the firSterte4:# loll lBn4tY by.
ttePg.tqtiNUY'ef.*R9Rdnetorla, starting histrain..l4
advance of time, • and ; ; even, the --munster.
of the, everlasting Ggspel is : hanged • by the
neck until, he . the • bitterest
dreP_. lll . 1 4Y'henit te:w - rung.
„eat of It, when I
tun coolly informed • byrieme southern
papers. that the northern school mistress-:•-the,
poor, unprotected; and wholly defeneelass.jirl,
.lineri.straggling for a livelihood, perchance for/
thehreadthat,sqstrimi,the,dettr, mum at hoMe,
is se*„ stripped, tarred- and . feathered,. and
driven out• of . their land bitherie aerdeions *11; ..
Bans: .I tell ; you, sir, thatthere is but
place cin. thia broad earth where suchn hideoui
barbarism is, possible,, and that one place is the
southern part oflthis glorious land of liberty
And, yet, sir, we are asked to take up the ta
bor and the pipe of ponciliation and compro
mise, and with the sweet music thereof lull the
political hyena once more: sleep ! Our fathers
in their,weaiMpas,, rntheir miwardice, tried this
course over and over again,'ind.the only result
been to leave accurrinlited', curse up:in
tbeii children. ldo not want mychildien to.
Wing this :Aerne accusation against me-; the
battle. is now Anon us, and let ne . fight it out
like men. Rad . .thia question been fairly and
firmly Met in 1820, we would not hike hid
this trouble neW• ' had it' been fairlY.Met in
a; I888;. - when that,brive old heiV An
drew around the .- heck
of John. C Cfaltiourt;wp
this. trouble now; but the men ose't •
compromrsed.and we now reap the bitter fruits
thereof.- What are Cie.:grounds open which
we are to . It must be recollected
thaf:COnceiSionis not : compromise. But What
do the: Cotton States"want ? have found no
one:Yet who can answer me thii :question. We
certainly havenothMg. to Surrender: We haVe
not violated the - Constitution ; we have not in
terfered Wait the internal polity of tlieSciiithern
States, neither Have We proposed, so to do : we
treatedhags the with 'f
tesY—ive have not abstracterlArbin them a
single right , ,
The aggreasien has all been
from r ile other side ; .we are the aggrieved
partY,,Cinfrights have been trampled upon by
the: Southern . people, they have &tined, to
warde us, a course of lawless: violence, and
have therein 'been assisted by a wicked and cor
rupt national adinirdstration. In the face 'of
all thisWe are asked to conceed, to emanate, or
in other language, to give away all that we
*tire that is worth living for, and this that 'the
cotton States may be indireed to remain in the
Union, that we may yet" haVe the priillige of
carrying their snails and of catching their ne
groeS for theml So far as lam concerned, sir,
not a .sop I agree to throW this hewling
Cerlierna . that so terrify* the 'shrinking: 'Souls
of Northern Cotton;:traders: Why sir, at this
very time when the rebellartillery of South CarL
oliiia fa' ready thendef ageing fort Slander,
'when the Palmeto flag li:ftspg over fort Moul
trie: and "Paraaki; when traitors are
pletthigandidaianing few thecapthre of Washing.:
ten eity, we are'asked:t6 conciliate these acoun.'
drels who richly deserve - the:gallOws; by repeal.
ing Constitutional laws, Wholerothe and proper
inthencraelVei; liable& up, to the 'very letter of
the - ilboitiOni of the• Supreme Court of the
IlnitedStates; and tOgo stilif..further'and turn
our judger.;;Our , justices, our shdrilk our' con
stabled and our peePleltite slave.eateheri;:and
yet still further are we iokartordigio the very
lowestelixtleat denth ofpoliticaldegradatien, - and
convert - Pennsylvania into a Blare State! Not, in
deed; 'that Our people !nay hold:Slaver( • brie that
our Southern' rielgfkift , may b theirs into -
cur State to the kg* and d* ' tienof our
own honest and nobre - liboring *ow
And sir, what are Weto get for all this self
degradation? Nothinghsolutely nothing.--
The Southern people propose,no compromise
with us. They:ha:3,o4 loam that we committed
the...,irufta4closge.,sin .whiri we Constita
-0441 niad, peneef - eleCt4.the ruin of
our choice to the .presidency that we were
incorrigible t aad that, they no hirtlieredii- .
prolniie• , • to make with- Skald' *a
therefore fill our bellies . with the 'dirt "that
fttam tiding flu.
Havtog procured Steam Power Peessee we ere
prepared_ to. (execute JOB and BOOR PRINTING of every
description, cheaper Mut it. can be done at any other es
tabliebmentin the country.
RATES yr ..WYKINLISTKG.
SZ'Four liuee or lees eonetNate bite half equ. Ire big
(ices or more than tofr collgalte . a s q uare '
4alf pgitarei one day..... ' ' •$,
. .. .
Otte MOllta .., •Ir. .. , ilt . ........ II
. " three menthe • 3i t
' .. six tnenthe..... . :... 4
one year ..... . . .... ~., .. ...„ , 600
OneAtutre one day 60
" 4,eno week 2 08
44 one month . .3 00.
" three menthe ... .. ........
~,, , 6 00..
" six raongq..... ............. .... 8 O.
: ... one year, 'v 00i'
Aillittidiiese xLetfeefilingertetiti the Local Cateßlo4 IN:
before Marriages - and 1.414th5, FIVE CENTS PER. LINIft
Or each Inseitton: 11 , . . : .
'ltar alarvialea.and.Deaths to be charged es cegolar
cleaves to the feet of slavery it would do us no
good. Sir, this will not do for Pennsylvanians.
I-reiterate the battle is before us—we must figit
it ciut. Half way measures avail no longer.
On this subject we should have no party spirit ;
we should have in this House a nnited--sentt
tnerit, as I firmly .believe there is among our
peoPle—we must meet,. We must stay this fright
ful tide:of barbarism that - is • preparing to en
gulf us ; we haire - the power so to do; let ut
exercise it'promptly. _ I know, indeed, that the
way before us is as the valley of the shadow of
death, but I know also. that behind us is the,
bottomless. pit. The Egyptian darknesi is hang
inglaround us ; we have had the frogs and the
lice, hat let Os take heed that our first born be
not also stricken. Towhat has slavery brought
qs ? down to that condition ht which we are led
to doulit'otn! Rational. existence. Our fathers
with much toil, and much blood - swell this
greet political fabric ; they said, "we has
founded-this-upon the mighty rock of ages, it
can never be moved," but we are now told that
the foundation thereof is unstable sand. that
the merest . political rill may undermine and
destroy it ! Do you believe this, Sir ? I do
not. Let no man fear. Our government is
still a strong one; strong enough to defend its
own life. Its destiny is not yet DWI led ; the
same great God who called it into existence.
yet rules and reigns ; and under his hand and
by his power it will arise and shine, and wax
yet stronger and stronger, and an hundred mil-
Hops of people will live 'under it and bless it,
long after you sir, and I, and all the men
of - this House are slumbering in the si
lent dust. Look at these slave States, blight
ed and cursed, growing poorer and poorer
year by year, and sinking downward into
deeper and deeper barbarism. Slavery like a
ghastly vampire has chunk up their life's
blood, and should this state of things Continue
for many years , longer, the far South will be a
wilderness, inhabited only by blaek savages,
Now,. Mr. Speaker; these are facts not to be
gainsaid or denied, and the time has come when
it is only weakness longer to palliate or conceal
them. It is high time that- these secessionists
were learned to know that they must submit—
if not to reason, why then to powder and ball.
Nortfiein insurrections have always been piompt
ly quelled by the strong arm of the Federal Gov
ernment,, and we can conceive of no reason why
Southern insurrections should be treated with
any more consideration. Our people have spo
ken out in unmistakable language against the
aggreigons of- slavery, and they did •not send
us here to temporize. They did not send us
here to represent cotton and merchandise, but
to speak out: Strongly, firmly, boldly,. even as
they, have spoken. Pemisylvania. is. a,great
State--aneapire Within herself; 'her voice has
always. been potent in the counsels! of the Na
tion, and she must not now, in this crisis, speak
Perhaps, - Mr. Speaker, lam all wrong ; but
_there is something within me that exults- , over
the present crisis. I feel as though the days
of slavery were numbered ; though - the tithe
had come when the great battle between liixity
and slavetils`to be fought, and.with the eye of
faith-I look. 'forward to the end :when eternal
truth, like gold tried in the fire, shall come
out unseith.e4 shining only the more brightly
for the fiery trier; when my country, a=
from the dust of her degredation, and ve
in the bloOd of her political regeneration, shall
stand: forth the fairest, the •whitest among' the
nations of the earth. I tell you, sir, the day
is coining when the banner of this Union by
the common - consent of mankind, shall boat
above every other; when the stars and the
stripes" shall be to the' nations what the cross
is to the church; the cynosure of Liberty it The
conduct and result of, our recent political can
vass have been hapPy forerunners faVorable
omens of this result. The effect of that canvass
has been to take the power of this Government
from the hands of the South, in which it'was
lodged from the very beginning of that Gov
ernment, and to give it to whom it should al
ways liaVe belono t' ed, even to the freemen of the
This: North: result was not achieved by vio
lence and fraud, but by the most lawful and
peaceful:Means. NOw, since the beginning of
our nation did the people more completely vin
dicate their ability for self-government. The
mechanic came from his work-shop, the' farmer
from his field, the laborer from his work, bear
ing with them the broad banner on which was
inscribed "free men, free labor ' and free
sneech ;"their, armies of thousands, of tens of
ed along our streets, and with
out violen •
votes: The policeman 100 e. y,
folded his arms and, for once, found his office to
be a sinecure. lam proud, sir, of such - men ; I
glory in these red shirts ;, the country is safe in
their hands, and until they fail us I will never
despair. Now, sir, shall I, acting, as one of the
representatives of these men, falsity their senti
ments and thus prove recreant to the trust re
posed in me? I neither'can nor will do so. As
I have before said we, have npthing to compro
mise • we have done no wrong, and we are un
willing to confess Ito. crimes of which we are
guiltless. The result of the recent contest has
been to re-localize slavery ; to thrust it back
within its ancient limits and there let it re
main. We do not now and never did propose
to interfere with theconstitntional rights of the
Southern States, onto'intenneddle with their
internal policy; but we do 'mean, that slavery
shall never set its accursed' feet upon another
inch of free soil. That soil is reserved for
freemen and free labor, and there is no
power under heaven that is able to convert it to
any other purpOSe—ancl I say now sir, that just
so soon as the. Republican party•begins to daily
with thie'llick 'courtesan of the South," ha did
the Whig and Demodratiepattles, just thatsoon
will it walk the same road ; and be buried-in the
same grave that now 'covers their remains. A
mightier than King Cotton las spoken, 'and we
had better stand in awe of him, foi he is to be
cheated and gulled no longer. You cannot
now stem this great tide of freedom that is
rillling,over this land. For an age past cotton
bales lia've dammed it - back, but its source was
not cut off--it.only rose ; higher and highei, and
grew stronger arid stronger. It has burst its
barrier. Those who would save thernselves •
had better get' out of the way,
,or ; float- along
:with it. Look, sir, at those eighteen' free
States, with their twenty millions of people,
tiosr thoroughly imbued with the prindplei t ot•
liberty ; - then cast your eyes over ;the vast
stream of iimnigration thatisincessintly'pouring
into;the great ,weet, and then say whether the
loatbiome pigmy, slavery,fhis any chance in this
' co nte s t. - Why,- sir, some ::men, even here- in
the North, promate.the - b*.phentous lie tha t t,
slavery is'ofDivme NOW, sir, ahould
we' admit, such such<a prendie, • it Word& only prove
that man was greater and stronger. than God,
foi we have heie tire cleincinitratoia that man
haietinniglit thiS institution tollin - very Verge
cif. rain., 'lt is not so ; the hdruighty is with the
armies Of Freedoin, for in them is strength ;
and as he *ha with his children of old, a pillar
df cloud by daymid of fire by night to guide
sind died theui from it land of bondage, so will