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&tlJ'.LQ?MpH?i!'fip????pR 0F CENTRfe; ALLEY- & MARKET STREElV
. : - . . i .......... , .... j
.hS? an Somwtf? Stfencr M-tht Slrtif aflrtcttiwrr. iworltetsiamwemrnts; ,
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EiW SEhiKs'yoL: U NO. 40
VSUNBURY, NORTMUMBCJRLAND COUNTYj lA., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1640. r I
, OLD SERIES VOL. p, 16: 20V
T ' fT "TTTV n '
TV. l-n-llr'l l. Mill II l ' u l',!,l.
I a r;' ' " '' !"""-:t 'H
, ,j ,; , t .,rr j -"' .K-'s vm, w-m. n j. I".'V'! ""
I'rKp ,Vi " ZSlk 'i7 1 I
TEnI8 Or TUG AMERICAN.
THE AMERICAN ll pdWMied mn Bnlunlar " TWO
DOia.AKHpw iiua e be paid half yearly in advance.
No papal 4UeOfMUaaed,umil u,rarrearagn are paid.
. All oummunicutiiint or letteri on buBineaa relating to tka
ffica, to inaura altentiun, mail be POST PAID.
TO CLUBS. ".' .-.-(
MfiMriteitoona addrni,-. 1 '! ?!. . ., t500
Bavaa Do Do 1U00
Fiftaen , Do - Do SOgO
Ik to the American
r 111 a0 win pay iot wraa yaarauDecrlp.
One Square of It Unea, 3 time. , ,
Every tuMqaent tnterliun, ' '"' ' '
One Square, 3 montha.
Six mimths, ,r . , j , , ,
BuMnen Carfli of Tv lines, per annum,
Merchants and others, advertising by the
- feat, with the) privilege uf inaertieg dif
ferent advertisements weekly,
ty Larger Advertisements, as per agreement.
-" ' H.3. MASSER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
-' cuivBuair, pa.
: Business aiiemlej to tn the Cnnntie of Nor
knl crlaoi), Union, Lycoming and Columbia. H
--. ..(...;!': ' Refer te)i '
l' P. & A. BoTOUtlT, '
' Lon & Dirho!(, ' '
? 1 RoKSMi & Sminaatsa,
' Ritrolvs, McKaiihhii & Co.
' 8ftnia, 'Joo & Co.,
i . i me CHEAP BOOR STORE. .
- -DA1TIELS & SMITE'3'
' CHrAF New (c Skcond band Boot Sioki,
'Vurlh TVW corner nf fourth and Arch Slreett-
V Xaw;J3oolte, Thpologirtl and Classical BooVt,
'' 'IMBDICAXa' BOORS,
BIOGRAPHICAL HISTOK1CAL &00KS,
v ' -SCHOOL bOpKS. ' '.,
SCIENTIFIO ANO MATHEMATICAL BOOKS.
Juvenile B foki, in great variity.
Hymn Boots Vhl tnyt f $6on, Bibfet, all sixei
. t and prirea. . .
, 13 lank, Books, Writing Paper, awJ Stationary,
.- i ;.' .' and Brful.
tT On prices are: much lnwcr than the rs&ttlar prices,
i"" Lihiarics and smnll parcels of bijoks purchased.
Vf Bonks imported to order from London.
Philadelphia, April 1, 1W8 r
PORTER fe E1TGLISE,
v fnOCEIl9 COMIllSIO! MERCHANTS
and Dralera in rlreda,
th 3. Arch St PHILADELPHIA. -CMftentrtMrtMtid
i (rnrl saortmrnt of: '
d ROC E RI ES, T E'AS; AVINES, "SEEDS,
To wbicb tbey respectfully iuvile tbe attention
. of tbe public.
.... All kinds of country produce taken in exchange
. rfor Groceries or (old on Commission.
A)' rPhilad. April 1. 1846-. ..,.,
Y MANUr ACTORS',
A. IS South Second ttreet Eanl aide, down Hairs,
, - . PHILADELPHIA.
RESPECTFULLY infdrma bis frirnds and
tbe public, Ibat he constantly keep on
'iohand a. targe assortment i of chi drent wilow
oi Coaches, Chairs, Crad es, market and travel.
.' ling baskets, and every variety of basket work
V . manufactured. ; i
' Country Merchants and others who wish to
purchase auch aitic'es. good and cheap, would
do well to call on him. as they are all manufae-
' tured by him inthe beat manner. ,
Philadelphia, June 3, 1848. ly
CARD A SEAL EIVGUAT1SG.
: u'hT - i WM. O. MASON.
46 Chetnuttt.idoanobovelndft.. Philadelphia
i ' ' Eagraver el BUSINESS It VISITING CARDS,
Watch papera. Libels. Door platea. Sealf and
cteinpfor Odd Fellowa., Sons of Temperance,
Ac, Ice. Always on hand a general assortment
f Fine Fancy Goods. Gold pens of every quality,
j; Dog Collars in great variety. Engraver tools
- - Agency for th Manufacturer of Glaziers Dia
monds, a t- ' i ry r " i '
Orderi per maU 'tnost paid) will be punctually
, attended lo. . ,
"i (.Philadelphia,, April 1,148 f ,
TTMMV VSEXCItrXS PIAJEfO FOR TBS.
'ME SUBSCRIBER has been appointed agent
'for the sale of CONRAD MEYER'S CELE-
URATED PREMIUM ROSE WOOD PIANOS,
at this plar i These. Pianos have a plain, mas-
H. siva and beautiful eiterior finish, and, lor depth
of tons, and elegance of workmanship, ar uot
surpassed by any in th United States
These) instruments ere highly approved of by
the moat emibaat Protestors aud Composers of
Music in Ibis and other cities.
v. ii- For -qnalitie of tons, touch and keeping in
tone upon Concert pilch, tbey cannot be sue pas
sed by either Ameru.sn or European Pianoa.
- Suffice it to ssy tbat MeiUms Castellan. W. V
?rtWallaee.'VieU( Temps; and bis slstt-r, tba cele-
4ralad Pianist. And many others of the most dis
tinquisbed performers, have given these instru
ments preference ovar all others.
i' -'They have also received the first notice of the
three last Exhibitions, and tbe last Silver Medal
try tba-franklin Institute in 1843. was awarded
to tbem, which, with other premiums from the
seme source, may be aeenat the Wars-room No.
1 sooth Fourth St. " ' ..- t
.it.fjy-Anolher Silver Medal was awarded to C
Meyer, by tba Frahklin Institute, Oct 1843 for
. " tbe best Piano in tbe exhibition.
' Arairr at the exhibition of tbe Franklin Insti
tute. Oct. 1846, the ftrjt premium and medal was
'Awarded to Meyer for bia Pianos, aitnougn it
bad been awarded at tba exhibition of the year
r ..tk. a.Aunil tk.t h. hart nn H .till .rMl.
, ar improvement in bis Instruments wilbl tbe
' past It soatf hs. i . ...r .v,:s . a
VAcaiti at th last exhibition of th Franklin
Institute', 4S47, (nother Premium wss awsrded
ta C. Merer, for tbjet Piano in I be exhibition
, At Boston, at their last exhibition. Sept. 1847.
C. Myr recMvee tneaieraiiver mmn aan ii.
"ploma, fprlb be souse Piiii lb exhibition
Thui Piano will b sold at' the enannlsrtu
" rr' lowest Philadelphia piees, if not something
"Ine for 'tbrnlve, at tb residence of the tub
ar riber. ,. -.. ;. ...... H. B. MA8SER.
. Persons are rfes ten ana exam
,.h,liuy.,Apr) 8 1848 j- .. . T "
Brusbi -Omk .-anil Variety
dts .wo viRTO'R.'Rji vw
4CKJaBQjvKrus AND brotHESL j u.,
BRUSH MANUFACTURERS, ! ..i.
AlfD DEALERS IN COMBS A VARIBTIR8
n iM1V Third.' heinv Htm sm
Vn WHS RRtsyoffw M Ml general assort
.HYV Pf SH kind f tJJib. Comb and
varietia which that !-derteimiaed , to ell
Laaw lata raa b ourcbaaed Mwbir.
.eolA OewsKTsj MwrbaM4siiber Parcbaaipg la
tkbovahMrtli A-tbt aajvaatage to
flMtt Wfort par chasing !ewbraa tb quality
aad price will b Mf gtinaataea agsiast all
Mm petit tea. ' m
rhfadalphia, Jus S, 1148-if
' SELECT POETRY.
TUE THRIVING FAMILY.
A SOHO, T M. RIOOVBVaf. ,
i..! !!,.,!;. -:-ii " q i.'-.i- ! .1
Our father live In Washington, , ' , .,
-...And ha a world of cares, ..' .
. - But give his children each a farm, . ' . , -t.
. Enough for them and their. . ; i
-' Full thirty well-ffrown sons has he, : ..:r.-.-.-V'
'' A linmeron race indeed,' 'it ".V .; - t, -,t
Married and settled all, d'ye see, "
With boys and girls to feed.
.So if we wisely till our land, - ' '' ' "
" We're sure to cam a living,
And have a penny too to spare'
For spending or for giving."" " '
A thriving famllySire we,v u 1
' No lordling need deride ns
For we know how to use our hands,
" And in our wits we pride us. ' .
Hail, brothers, hail!
i Let nought on earth divide u.
Some of us dare the sharp northeast,
Some clover-fields are mowing ; ' '
And others tend the cotton plants , . , ' ,
That keep the looms a-going;
,, Some build and steer tho white-wing'd ships,
And few in speed can mate them
... -i j i .
I . v irne oiucrs rear me corn ana wneai,
Or grind the com to freight them.
..And .if our neighbors o'er the sea
Hava e'er an empty larder,, - . .
To send a loaf their babes to cheer
We ll work a little harder.
No old nobility have we,
No tyrant king to ride us ;
Our sages in the capitol
Enact the laws that guide us.
Hail, brothers, bail !
Let nought on earth divide us.
Some faults we have, we can't deny,
- A foible here and there ;
But other households have the same,
And so we wou't despair.
, 'Twill do no good to fume and frown,
And call hard names, you see.
And what a shame 'twould be to part
So fine a family !
'Tis but a waste of time to" frit,
Since nature made us one, .
For every quarrel cuts a thread' . ;.
'That healthful love ha sprung.
Then draw the cords of union fast, ' ' ,
Whatever may betide us, .
And closer cling through every blast, . I
For many "a storm "has tried u.
Hail, brothers, hail! "
Let nought on earth divide us.
THE DYING VOLUNTEER.
. AN INCIDENT OF MOLENO DEL RET.
BY II. C. CH1FMAN.
.The tun had risen in all hi glorious ma
Ipstv, and huh?: above the eastern horizon
like a ball of glowing fire. It bright rayn
danced merrily along tbe Lake of leseneo:
over the glittering dome of the city of
Mexico: past, the. dark frownino; battle
ment of Chapultepec castle, and lit, in all
their glorious effulgence, upon the blood
stained field of Moleno del Rey.
The contest vas over, the sounds of the
battle had died away, save an occasional
shot from the distant artillery of the castle)
or the fire of some, strolling riflemen.
I was standing beside the battered re
mains of the mill door, above which the
first footing hod been gained upon the well
contested wall, and gazing over the plain,
now saturated with the blood ot my fellow
soldiers, which that morning had waved
green with flowing grass, when 1 beard a
low and feeble wail, in tbe ditch beside me.
I turned towards the spot and beheld, with
his right leg shattered by a cannon baJI, ft
voltigeur lyinj; amid the mangled dead.
lie bad been passed by in the haste ot ga
thering up the wounded under the fire from
the castle, and the rays of the burning sun
beat down with terrible . Terror upon his
wounded limb, causing heavy groans to is
sue from hi pallid i lips, -and bis marble
countenance to writhe with pain. . i .
"Water, for Cod's sake, a drink of wa
ter," he ftintly articulated, as J bent down
Fortunately I bad procured s canteen of
water and placing it to his lips, he took i
long deep draught, and then sank back ex
bausted upon the ground. ' ' "' ' ' "l
"IPtJ wn,'he murmured j; "It M killing
me by its ray, canpot yoi carryine into
11 "I cart procure assistance, and have you
taken to the hospital." , ' ' ' ;-
fo. do it not. mv sands of life are al
most out. 'An hour hence I shall be a dead
man. Carry me into the shade of the mill,
at)dXhm if you have time to spare, listen
to my dying words; and if you are fortu
nate enough to ever return to the United
States, bear me back a message to my home,
and to anoth " he paused, and motioned
for me to carry him to the shade, I did so,
and the cool wind which swept along the
spot, seemed to revive biro, and be contirl-
Uedt "-:' !'.! .-. i) :,.,;'i :;,.!: '1
You, pir, are s total stranger tome, and
from your uniform, belong to another corps,
and vet I must confide this, the ereat secret
of all roy teceujl nctions, and. tbe cause of
my beiM hero. Mo : vou. , Would to , Uod
that" I had terWad upon the -fatal step I
Dad taken, and I should have now be a at
i .' . . , , ii- i t' i
in th towr0i iQihag.pf Vir,
inia, and moved ia the best aoeiety of,tb
pW.' Ji received SB nceirrayddscA.
uon, uau STiefuoq iw, psct yu aamiiwa m
tbe twenty-fourth year of my age tojprsc
uvuic, ciijiivuig tne iocieiy oi Kina
instead of'dyiris upon SKOry field.
eiarn land.'iMv iathar uraa a we
tice at the bar.' I bad early seen and ad"
mired a young lady of the place, a daugh"
terofan intimate friend of my father's, and
fortunately the feeling was reciprocal, and
we were engaged to be married. The war
with Mexico had been in existence some
twelve months, and many were flocking to
the standard of their country. , It so hap
pened that about this times recruiting of
fice had been opened in the town, and sev.
era of my young friends had enlisted to go
and try their fortunes upon the plains of
Mexico. One night there was a grand
party in the place, in honor of Ihose who
were about to depart for this seat of war,
and both myselt and Eveline were at the
ball. ' Among these who were- assembled
that evening, . was Augustus P., a talented
young man, and accomplished scholar, gay
and lively in his manners, free and cheer
ful in his disposition, and a universal favor
ite witn the fair sex. . He had been for
some time paying his address to Eveline, as
I deemed, in rather too pointed a manner.
As the party assembled in the long hall, and
the dance was about to commence, I asked
her for her hand for the first set."
"It is engaged," she replied, I thought
To whom, if I may be so bold as to in
quire?" I demanded.
"To Augustus P.," wasthe immediate re
"I smothered my rising indignation as
best I could, and proudly returned the
glance of malignant joy, my, rival gave
me." . , . .
"Perhaps I can engage it for the second
set," I calmly asked. ' '
"Mr. P., has enraged it for the whole
evening," she pettishly replied, and rising
and taking his hand, they took their station
upon the floor.
."I remained thunderstruck, and rooted to
the spot, until I saw the eye of rny hated
rtval fixed upon me, and throwing off the
spell that bound me, I assumed a proud cold
auu ijasai'u iiuiii nit- nan. lSASAyepi
by the dancers, Eveline paused a moment
when just beside me, and bending close to
her ear, I whispered, Eveline farewell for
ever.'" !' ' ,
' "She turned slightly pale, and then an
swered, 'when.'"- . ...: !
"To-night, I ioin the army for Mexico."
I firmly replied. ; :
"A deep flush passed haughtily across
her brow, and then, waving her hand grace
fully, she replied, 'Go' and again elided
through the mazes of the dance." . ' ir
. "I rushed frora.the spot, and never paus
d until I had entered the recruiting office.
and offered myself a' candidate for the
army.". ' ' ' ' ' ' ." -' - '" -'
"Are you a good, moral man, of well
regulated habits," asked the serjeant." ''' ,
"1 can give a hundred certificates, if ne
cessary," I hastily replied, i
1 rather think you'll do,' said the offi
cer with a smile, and he enrolled me as a
soldier. 'When do you wish to leave?"'
"Now, to-night to-morrow, any time,"
I eargerly answered,
"I'romptness is a . good quality, you'll
make a fine soldier. Get read)' to start at
eight o'clock in the morning, for Newport,
"I will be ready," and rushing from the
room, I hastened home, packed up my
things, and threw myself down upon the
bed to sleep. But it was impossible. Hea
vy thoughts were crowding through my
mind with lightning speed, and 1 resolved
to depart the next day without bidding a
single soul farewell. I know ypu will
deem it strange for me to hurry off with
out bidding adieu to father or mother, sis
ter or brother, but feeling the deep respect
which I held for my father's advice, would
prevail, and I should be induced to remain
at home, I made the resolve, and carried it
out. The next morning I was at the office
by seven o'clock, was furnished with a suit
of regimentals, and departed for the rail
road depot, to start lor Wheeling. As I
hurried along the street, who should turn a
corner but Eveline,, and. we ,roet for the
last time on earth. I informed her of my
intention, and without manifesting any dis
position of regret at my departure, she gaily
said, ' " : . -.. :
"Good bve, and may good luck attend
you," and glided away. - !,'., ...
"A new fuel was added to my desire to
hasten from such scenes, and I soon left the
town for the Ohio. . 1 will not weary you
with further details, as my breath is failing
fast. . Sufficient to say, .1 arrived in Mexico,
and here I am perishing by inches upon the
battle, field. , , ....
"Here," he continued, j "is ft, ring,", ta
kirg one from his finger, and presenting it
to me, "which was given me py Eveline
as a bond ot our marriage contract. I have
worn it ever since, and, as I gaily told her
?n, it shall leave me but with mv death.'
T.I.. 'l i. I . 1 ar e
lane uio.ner wnen you gej oack, and it
She be unmarried, give it to her, and tell
ner ne wno seni it, never lorgot her for a
moment, even in bis dying hour, and is ly
ing beneath the clods or a foreign soil.
Tbip bible give back to my father, and tell
L. ! T I ' ' . .. J T '
iiiyi . uave siuujeq jis precepts to ,my
mother and sisters, say tbat 1 sent .them a
son, ana, a proiner'n dying love; to my
brothers, beware of human strife."
, He faltered in his speech, and then'mjur
muring ,."I am foing,", pressed tpy 'tjansl
feebly, and , expired. I dug a Jo'np , gVave
upon the field, and laid him down' (6 rest,
and left him to "stem) bis last deep,? until
that day when all shall be summoned i to
final account.. , r . , .,,.-,, f "
One year rolled on, and how checkered
by passing events. Chapulteoec had fal
len, the city of Mexico was taken, and
peace, tbrice glorious peace had waved her
pihions over the land of war. "The volun
teers were joyfully hastening home,' and s
raongth rest X nce mere trod my native
laod,a tremsn again' ia heart nd teal, j A
rplil siekBSsB si first eonfiaed ne sevtrmi
wseks.' .ut Aii Isristh. I mm wearied anal
feeble from the beV and mv pbyikisas re -
commending s change of air, I travelled
into Yirginis, and one evening entered tbe
town Gclu" I enquired for the family of
n;y friend, and was directed to a large fine
looking building upon the principal street,
I advanced and rgng the bell,,aod anxiously
waited for an answer. . At length the door
opened, and an old, grey headed man stood
before me, the lines of his furrowed face
tnarked by care, and his whole appearance
betokening one who had a rciret grief at
heart. . "'j ; ; , i
"Mr., I presume?" said I bowing.
. "The same, sir : won't you walk in ?" re
plied the old man politely.
'I entered the house, and was soon seat
ed in the parlor, when the old man started
to leave the room.
I have something of importance for your
private ear," said I hastily.
He turned towards me, and taking the
bible from my pocket, I held it up to view.
Quicker than thought the father sprang
forward, caught the book in his hand, and
murmured, as the tears fell slowly over his
aged cheek. i -
.- "My eon, my son, you bring news of
him." -:.. ;. ........
: "I do, but it is very bad," I answered,
my voice trembling as I spoke) and I rela
ted to him the scene upon the battle field.
When I had finished, the old man clasp
ed hi3 hands in silent agony, and raising
his eyes towards the ceiling, exclaimed in
deep and fervent tones, "God's will be
done." " 'i
At this momcht,' a young lady" of pale,
and careworn countenance entered the par
lor, and rifling, I said,' ;
' "Miss Eveline , I believe."
"The same sir," she calmly replied ,
, J presented the ring, trnd as her eyes fell
upon it, h8 stretched forth her hand to
grasp it, and barely, did soj-then sunk
slowly back upon.. the floor.;.' I sprang to
her assistance, but as I, raised her head from
the carpet, streams o blood were falling
from it, and running over the floor. She
had burst a blood vessel, and never recov
ered. - : '
He sleeps upon the battle field beneath
the bloody soil, and she lies in the church
yard grave of the town of G ch, with the
simple word, "Eveline" upon her tomb
stone. Peace rest with the dead. Great
O, hoo-lioo-beantcous Mnry, say, !
When Kliish-sliish-sliall we wedded bet
Nin-nanie the ha-lie-happy day
i That will us mar-mnr-piurrie J see.
Na.v, dee-did-dcarcst though thy check
, , A crc-crick-crimson Mush hath dyed,
. I could not wait a wec-wcc-weck.
Without my jo-jaw-joyful bride.
Then, Mary, let us fi-fi-fix
For Too-Too-Tuesday next the day,
When in the morn ot us-sin-six
I'll fy-fy-fetch thee hence away.
Then to some bub-bub-blissful spot, , .
To pass the mum-muui-month we'll go,
A cook-coo-coacU I've gee-got ,
' Thou canst not say niii-sis-icr-nol
She Wouldn't fin a Queen. In 1798,
Sergeant Bernadotte, being then a Grenoble,
fell in love with a pretty girl, and made her
an offer of marriage -r but a watchmaker was
also a'camlidate fur her hand, and she thought
him the better bargain than the soldier. She
i still alive a decrepit, crooked, . wrinkled
old woman a servant at s common Inn, and
in a, state of utter poverty. ,"Ah, sii,'.' said
she, in lately concluding her story, "1 should
have done much-better in marrying M. Ber
nadolte. I should have. been a queen now
yes,. a queen instead pf waiting upon ever
bndy here, . I should have, hail a crown and
subjects, and fine clothes. 1 should have
been Queen! Ah, made a great mistake
a sad mistake. I ought to have forseon this
for 1 assure you, sir, M. Beruadolte was not a
common, man... I had a iiuu oi presentment
that something would happen; but what would
you have? -.When we are young we do not
reflect: we are not ambitious, we refuse
kingdoms and make fools of ourselves." Say
ing that she abed tears. , When asked if she
Lad heard anything from M. Bernadotte,. she
answered: -rNever, ir:-I have written to
him several times since he became a king,
but he has never returned any answer. My
husband say it is because 1 did not pay the
postage on my letters. It is very likely
and (hen, perhaps he may ' feel annoyed at
my having refused htm. -If we were both
free again, and I had money, I'-would go to
Sweden ' Perhaps be would marry me, or,'
at anyrate, gi'we mo his linen to wash I That
w ould be something after all." From a dia
dem to a tub. Could Love himself have ima
gined anything more romantic ? ''
advice m rouLTAY KBtuso. l tie prin
ciples on which I rely for euocese in keeping
hen, are, 1, to have two: breeds a few to
hat'oh and rear th4 "chickens, aed twice the
number of everlasting layer, a eggaare more
profitable' than chioketrs 2 to gt.S batch ' a
possible hi spiing,' and t keep them.) these
never cast their feathers like the old biiJa.'
rtAfl1,y1V'iiVfto!!ay W'StHumih'fcK- more
orTeeH wfnteVa; WveHf) keejUoW fowIsY
norie dui lavonte luwis ougm is ou 'itepi
rhbre'naii twd 'ye!a'ij1;old 'birds lay larger
eggs than pullet noi? Bear o many j 4, ta
give thenrthe besf birtey I could get, and aa
mudh as the could plek bp once 'a day, in
summer, and twice in winter; lhey; are nd.
puly mofe pfefitble,Well Ifept. but the egge
are bJter. Tbe o breeds I Jilte be are
ISO apolted Poiingt tor settuig, and the phea-
wt wh.v 'nv.a, j,':,0";'' i
; single factory la Worcbeater 'Mass.' has
told $80,000 worth of revolving pi.tois sines
the gold fsvsr broke oat
''THB MECKLEBCRa DECLARATION. , i,
' ! Recently thft! old esntroversy i about the
Mecklenburg ' Declaration Of Independence
has been revived In ' this country. Letters
have been written, newspaper articles have
dilated on the subject,- And we must Confess
that the topid is to us far more interesting
than the dry details of politics or statistics
which are usually furnished to the readers of
the'dailjf prew.- It is well occasionally to
revive the public interest in the period of tri
al preceding the Revolution, which gave us
our independence ; and as this Mecklenburg
Declaration is one of the most important docu
ments in existence in reference to those
times, there is no danger of too much being
said about it."-
' The Resolutions styled "The Mecklenburg
Declaration of Independence" were said to
have been adopted by the citizens of Meck
lenburg, North Curolina, at a public meeting
held at Charlottetown, in that county, on the
20ili of May; in the year 1775. Their exis
tetice was not generally known until 1819,
when 1hey appeared in the Raleigh Register ;
and this long period of suspension led to the
belief that they were an invention. The re
solutions are not long, and as they are not
well known to the poblie, we copy them.
The MecHcnhurg Declaration of Independence.
(20th of May, 1775.)
"That whatsoever , directly or indirectly a
bets in any way, from, or manner, counten
ances tho unchartered and dan?roiis invasion
of our rights as claimed by Great Britain, is
an enemy to ibis country, to America, and to
the inherent and undeniable rights of man.
"That we, the citizens of Mecklenburg
county, do hereby dissolve the political bonds
which have connected us with the , mother
country, and hereby absolve ourselves from
all allegiance to the British crown, and abjure
all political connection, contract, or associa
tion with 1 1 iat nation, who have wantonly
raiupled on our rights and liberties, and in
humanly shed the blond of American patriots
at Lexington! ' ' i ....... .
'"That wb do' hereby declare ourselves a
free and independent people, are and of right
ought to be) a sovereign and self-governing
association, under the control of no power,
other than that of God, and tho general go
vernment of Congress ; to the .maintenance
of which independence, wo solemnly pledge
to each othar, our mutual co-operation, our
lives, our fortunes, and our most 1 sacred
' That as we acknowledge the existeno and
control of no law nor legal ofliver, civil or mi
litary, within this country we do hereby or
dain and adopt, a a rule of life, all, each,
and every of our former laws, wherein, never
theless, the crown of Great Britain never can
be considered as holding rights, privileges,
immunities, or authority therein.
"That it is further decreed, that all, each,
and every military officer in this county, is
hereby reinstated in his former command
authority, he acting conformably to the regn-
latious. And that every member present of
this delegation shall henceforth ' be a civil
officer, viz: a justice of the peace, in the
character of a committee man, to , issue pro
cess, hear and detormine all matters of con
trovcrsy, according to said adopted laws; and
to preserve peace) union and harmony in said
county, and to use every exertion to spread
the. love of country and fire of. freedom
throughout America, until a more general
and organized government be established in
this province.' ,r :- ......
'' ' Abraham Alexander, Chairman.
John McKnitt Alexander, Sec'y.
The reader will observe the similarity of
several of the expressions contained' in this,
to those of the Declaration of Congress a-
dopted more than a year later. 1 1 his very
similarity led to suspicions that it was a hoax
although there are others who suppose that
Mr. Jefferson had these in bis memory whou
he penned the famous document with which
his name is identified. John Adaina doubted
its authenticity, and Mr. Jefferson himself
ridiculed it as a "very uniustliable quiz."
Pamphlets, books, and reviews appeared, for
and against the genuineness of the document
but no satisfactory conclusion was arrived at ;
thus the controversy, for a time, died out
having completely exhausted the materials
which gave it ' existence. , '; -
i The opponents of the Mecklenburg Decla
ration must now, however, give up their posi
tion.: The strongest proof and that not from
tradition is now furnished ) and that not from
tradition or from documentary" evidence in
this country but from the archives .of the
Briti&h Government, which" tva furnished
with a copy of them by ibir Janje Wright
then Governor of Georgia. - Sir James' letter
on the subjeet, ba been copied by Mr- Ban
croft, our Minister to England,, and sept over
to the Hon. David L-;Svttini.j0f Chapel Hill)
North Carolina.. l!ll says, in refejencq. to toa
resolve bf thai Mecklenburg ntetiiiogvhlob,
bs enclosed to' hi goieriimeutV ('by ttwj
closed paper Houi Loidabift JslU ea tfce cx.
Inordinary RaaalVe oflhf Bplq, Chailytte
Town,'u Mo4kIeoblirgvrvtn.ly and I should
ribt.DSJurtvsaatl if tie sane should he t done1
feyery wherej ex. n fiir Jmp i was right In
hj prognostications. Jv. ne narg ( oi reyoiur
Uoa,a. kbijled. jn ; Ieckjepburg , ootjnty,
howewr. touch other, portions of the land may
have ooiitributed o Jhe flanye.. .The follow;
iogjs so ektmct fqm lhe Mtef of Mr. ,Ban
oroft, euclosttujv.lhe commynioaiion ofj Sir
Jatoea-WriMbi, ,.)( A- ,(. .,' .- '.'" 1 4u
,1 po JatojH Scuasc, U)iuofi July 4, J848. ,
"You mag be fue (hat have, spared ns
pain to discover in ttre RriUfh State Paper
Offios s copy of lhe.-;Ra)kojirf 4 h Cpmmit
tes of Mecklsnburg ) and ith aotire success
A glance at tbe map will show yon that in
those days, the traffic of that part of N. Caro
lina took a southerly' direction, and people in
Charleston, and sometimes even in Savannah
knew what was going on in 'Charlotte Town;
before Gov. Martin. , The first account of 'the
extraordinary Resolves of the people in Char'
lotte Town, Mecklenburg county,', was sent
over to England by Sir Jas. Wright, then
Governor of Georgia, in a letter of the 20th of
one, 1775. The newspaper thns transmit
ted is still preserved, and is the number 498
of the South Carolina Gazette and County
ournal Tuesday, June 13, 1775. I read the
Resolves, you may be sure, with reverence,
and immediately obtained a copy of them,
thinking myself the sole discoverer. I do
not send you the copy, as it is identically the
same with the paper which you enclosed to
me; but I forward to you a transcript of the
entire letterof Sir JamesWright. The news
paper seems to have reached him alter he
had finished his despatch, for the paragraph
relating to it is added in his own hand writing
the former part of the letter being written by
a secretary or clerk."
Tbe controversy is thus, we funcy, forever
settled. In May, 1775, nearly fourteen months
before the action of Congress on the subject,
independence was declared in Mecklenburg
county, North Carolina. The honor of being
first in the great movement should not be re
fused, where it rightly belongs; and in this
case, there can be no such thing as sectiona'
n lousy to vitiate a claim now so fully esta
blished. Eve. Bulletin. :
Frankness, Be frank with tho world
Fmnknes is the child . of honesty and con-
Say just what you mean to do on every
. . . . .
ocerision; and take tor granted you meaii to
do what is right. If a friend asks a favor,
you should grant it, if it is reasonable ; if not
tell him plainly why you cannot. 1 You will
wrong him and yourself by equivocation of
any kind. .Never uo a wrong ming to mane
a friend, nor to keep one ; the rrnn who re
quires you to do so is dearly purchased at a
sacrifice. Deal kindly but firmly with all
men ; you will find it the policy which wears
best. Above all, do not appear to others what
you are not. If you have any fault to find
with any one, toll him, not others, 01 what
you complain. There is no more dangerous
experiment than that of undertaking to be
one thing toa man's face, an other behind his !
back. We should live, act and speak out of
doors, as the phrase is, and say
id say oud do what
we are are willing should be known and read
by men. It is not only best as a matter of
principle, but as a matter of policy.
PCREH THAN SNOW.
"Purer than snow,
Is a girl I know,
Purer than snow is she j
Her heart is light,-
And her check is bright
Ah ! who do you think she can be ?.
"I know very well,
Rut I never shall tell, ' -'
'T would spoil all the fun, you we ;
Her eye is blue, : .
And her lip like dew, ' '
And red a mulberry. ' :
"Mild a a dove,
I a girl I love ! .
Mild a a dove is she,
And dearer too,
Than ten like you" ' 1
Ah I who do you tliink she can hel"
A Tebridle Affliction. Mr. Richard
Moaher, of Dutchess county, N. Y., has becu
confined to bis bed for twenty-five years, a
victim to disease and intense suffering. The
N.-Y. Sun says:
, During the first year ofter his attack, hi
knees were dislocated and ossified, and sub
sequently other joints in his lowet limbs were
drawn asunder and ossified. Two years after
these disastrous afflictions hi pains became
less acute, and being naturally industrious
and ingenious he commenced making shoes,
whips, and such other articles as he could(
while laying in bed. He thus helped to
maintain himself, and for eleven years he
continued to work until his arms were dislo
cated and became ossified For the last
eleven years he. has been unable to help him
self in the least. His jaw were set so mo
years since, and bis teeth have been broken
nut, that food might be placed in his mouth.
The only joints, which he is now able to
move, are the extremes of his index fingers
and one or two joints in his toe.
,: The Gotti Fetes. Notwithstanding it is
asserted that more than half the glowing ac
counts we have of the gold discoveries are
written In ibis country) the gold fever w bow
raging in ibis benighted region, o- greater
defreej tbau yetvc We beard of a story, this
nonii,. which iaao doubt is as authentic
.iejnajciy oi the item afloat apd which
(beas any thing we nave reau yei. a runa
w'av ioldier is iald to have discovered a himp
6t a-rdc of gold that, 'weighed 839 pound
lit ounces ;'he wa sfrsid to leave' it,: nd
mounted guard upoa il; sad st the , last ac
oDUiitftefcad sat there I day,'. and had of.
lered Itl.OOfJ-fof ptosbeus and pork
but hisorTaf had l)a teen indignantly re.
fused, and the, poor fellow, only laughdj at
for the niggardliness of his 'oiler,'; ty parlie
going further on. where the article was' auid
to be more abundant. Bcwoir Trasscrrpl., ,
' la'the First Churth 'f'New' Haven, Coo.,
daring the year 184S,' Ibirs were oolleated
15,030 for missionary purpoe. 'M ; ? 1
U I ra
' ' a . , -:-. .-.. : wr
In 1835, the prefect of Canton, on occa
sion of a distressing drought of eight months,
issued the following invitation, which would
have better befitted a chieftain of the Se
chuanas: "Pwan, acting prefect of Kwan
gechau, issues this inviting summons.
Since for a long time there has been no
rain, and the prospects of drought continue,
and supplications are unanswered, my heart
is scorched with grief. In the whole pro
vince of Kwantung, are no extraordinary
persons who can force the dragon to send
us rain? He it known to you, all ye soi-.
dicrs and people, that if there be any one,
whether of this or any other province
priest or such like, who can by any craft or
arts bring down abundance of rain, 1 re
spectfully request him to ascend the altar
of the dragon, and sincerely and rever
ently pray. And after the rain has fallen,
I will liberally reward him with money
and tablets to make known his merits."
This invitation called forth a Budhist priest!
as a "rain maker," and the prefect erected
an altar for him before his own office, upon!
which the man, armed with cymbal and
wand, for three days vainly repeated his in
cantations from morning to night, exposed
bareheaded to the hot sun, the butt of tho
jeering crowd. The unsuccessful efforts of,
the priest did not render the calamity less
grievous, and their urgent necessities led
the people to resort to every expedient, to
force their gods to send rain. The-authori-ties
forbade the slaughter of animals, or ia,
other words a fast was proclaimed, to keep
out the hot winds of the city the southern
gate was shut, and all classes flocked to the
temples. It was estimated that on one day
2Q;000 persons went to a celebrated shrine
of the goddess of Mercy, among whom
were the governor and prefect and their
suites, who all left their sedans and walked
with the multitude. The governor, as a
last expedient, the day before rain came in--timated
his intention of liberating all pris
oners not charged with capital offences. -
As soon as the rain fell, the people pre
sented thank-offerings, and the southern
gate of the city was opened, accompanied
by an old ceremony of burning the tail off
a live sow, while the animal was held in a
basket. Sometimes devotees become irrita
ted against their gods, and resort (o's'dmma
ry means to force 'them to hear their petiV
tions. It is said that the Governor having
gone repeatedly in a time of drought 1i' the
temple of the god of rain, in Canton, vires-
sed in his burdensome robes,, through- tne.
near, oi a tropical sun, on oac oi iux.a sua
"u "l )e, ?ou ."Pr B1" J &.-."
l oeseecn nis aiu- lor now can uu
seated in his cool niche in the tempjfhat
the ground is parched and the sky hot?".
Whereupon, ho ordered his attendants to
put a rope around his neck and haul his
godship out of doors, that he might see and
feel the state- of the weather "for. bjmself
after his Excellency had become cooled in
the temple, the idol was reinstated! it
shrine, and the' good effects of hii treatment
considered to be fully proved by the'eopi.
ous showers which soon after fell,- --
Preservation or Meat bt Freezing-
Everybody knows, or ought to krioW, that
meat will keep perfectly sweet so long, as i't
remains frozen. . But everybody docaKnot
know that meat will be. tender er , tough,. ac.
cording to the method of thrahig , iU; If
frozen meat is brought into a warm, iroom .
and thawed by heat if you have not good
teeth, and the digestive powers of aa ostrich,
you had best leave that part of the dinuer for
thoso who have. Therefore, biing .from the
larder, the night before it is wanted.,.. the
meat or poultry intended fur diiujeia,r.j"plungo
it into cold water. Ine ue.t -T.iuming, a.
thick coating of ice will be found encrusting
the whole piece. Take it off, and chungo the
water, and let it remain until the hour of
drcssiug it. If to be boiled, put it over ,the
fire in cold water if for a roast,, pit ft, not,
before too brisk a fiie, as theje . is always
danger that tho heart of a large, pie.ee may;
not be completely thawed, in which -case it
may be spoiled. , . " , ,..
Vegetables should bo thawed in tho fttm'e
way and with few exception, they will be
better for having been frozen. Potatoes bow
ever, acquire a disagreeable sweetness.
To make Boots Waterproof. Take bee.,
wax, tallow or mutton suet, equal parts, 'rVwin
a tenth part of the whole; melt and mix to
gether apply the mixture hot to your boots,
and they will last twicd as long, and you will
never complain of wet feet; the leather will
absorb a quantity of the mixture, and it must
be applied hot, until the boots are thoroughly
saturatod, both sole and uppertv J '
.. . j , .. ;
Westphalia tnn or Smoiwo. H"a). A
room in a garret ; fire in a cellar ; smoke ga
thered in a tuunel and led to the smoke room i
up a small pipe ; by the time it gets there all -the
heaviest part of thepyroligneou acii has
condensed, and the smoke .has beconje cool. ,
Nothing touches the ham but a ure Jtjjlit,
cool moke,, which is llowed to pas oft" I y
a number of small apertures, about a fast a
it is supplied. ,
iMfRtssiY Most AWT. -r Tho York Rty
publican mentions the . fact that John M.
Koch, and hi father, John Koch, jdieiViu the
same housevr'thin s half hoi; jf, iW.fams
time,, and that ow Monday, niOJuir.g,, about
thirty six' hour after, hj mother i?lsQ died. :
No epidemjo or contagious di?cHee rnun-iU
Ibeir death jbut oomp'aiiita plui lyman, i
liable under the njqet ;Uibrioc skien.gu.t i
tire hralihieat clime.) T4icy i j r e . r. 4 Vji r-l
, lis Who Declare all men ktuyp
ricts st k-sst en,' ,' ''j
. ... ... -k.. 1 .