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, . , . -------, . , ; cr" . , n r 3
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NEW 8EIURS VOL. 1, NO. 10.
8UNDURY, NORTH It M H KRIj.VN D COUNTY, lA., SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1848.
OLW SERIES VOL. 8, NO. 4.'5.
TERMS OF THE AMERICA X.
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H. B. MASSE?,
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Constantly on bind a general assortment of
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All kinds of country produce taken in exchange
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Philad. April I, J848
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I f l.ilMiiries ami wnall parcels ol" lnofca piirelinaud.
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. I'liiliulilphia, April I, l&IH
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Stamps for Odd Fellows, Sons of Temperance,
&r.. ttc. Always on hand a general asortment
of Pine Fancy Ooorts, Joi T"-"' '
Dog Collars in great variety. Kngravers tools
and materials, . ... . n:.
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Philadelphia, April 1, 148 y
Jio 1 5 Smtth Second Btrett East tide, duwn nan,
RESPECTFULLY informs hia friends and
the pub ic. that he constantly keeps on
i. .a . i.r. ...ortment of chi drens wil ow
Coaches, Cbaira, Crad es, market and travel,
ling baskets, and every variety of basket work
Country Merchants and others ho wi.h to
purchase such aitie'es, good and cheap, would
no wen io can on mm, iurj
tared by him inthe best manner.
Ptii'ade'pb.ia. June 3. 1848. ly
Cast save Iron, 13 to 33 per Cent.
Y nurchasine their OILCLOTHS direct
from the Manufacturers.
POTTER & CARVICHAEL
Have opened a Warehouse, No. 133 North Th'ml
Street above Hace, second uoor bouiuoi ins r.a
vber6 ihey Will always keey on band a complete
." . -r Pntrnl Elastic Carnage thl
BIUM I IMC '. . . . .
Chlht. 28, 38, 40, 48 and 51 inchea wide. Fi
eurod, Painted, and Plain, on the inside, on Mus.
fm Drilling anC Linen. Table Oil Chth, of the
west deairable patterns, 30, 40, 46 and 54 inches
wide floor OH Cloth: from S8 inches to 81
feet wiiU, well seasoned, and the newest style
of patterns, all of their own manufacture. Trans
parent Window Shades, Carpets, &c. All goods
Phila. May 31, 1848 3rd
wvasie,, .BBMitrM pLtVxro roaTBS.
HE SUBSCRIBER ha. been . pr.nr.-r
. . . r.- i - nlain m.
-- . ... I r .n.h
i isna mace, mesa riauoa u r-- .
ive and beautirul exterior nniso, anu, ,u,
,. and alezance of workmanship, are not
. - ii..;i.HsuiM
Vbesa insirumenis are uiguiy -.
tha most eminent Professors and Composer, ol
music in iuib nu v.uc ..--Im
mulitiea nf tone. tOU
, touch and keeping ia
tone upon Concert pitch, they cannot ba sucpaa
..yl k ;,u ammpikr m F.uronean Pianoa.
to- ....... .. ,,, r
ur.u... V,.,.. -r. M,l his ait. the eele-
brated Pianist, and many other of tfee most dis-
a -1 r I a as A inatru.
rr.t,.ro.v,; is-bSr thMe ,n,,,tt
Ther ha . received the first aotice of the
Ujrea lasi r-aniouiwoa, nw iw
b, th. Fiankliu in.
la litem, wbico, - - -
. L ' i milk nlkar BAmalkml
rivia v.wi ,i.i..iv..i i v... .
t source, may DO seenai ine r,are-iom itv.
be seen at the Ware
53 south Fourth st
rA-Mh Silver Medal wa. awarded to
M,7.,, by b. Frahklin instdute. Oct. ,845
lb best fiano in .. ls
.L...kiKiiiA.ni id. r iikiiii iiibii.
ut.. Oct. 1848. the first premium and medal w.
turn ru,w...w -
.warded to u. Meyer or f""
- ' .... y I. ' n a Ihaiiah
had baea awatoeo ai ma eni"" "-
T improvameuis .., -
" . i -. .(.. 1... ..klkition nf tha Franklin
t BiAnThl. . .
Agaio-a .- ..,d.j
.Ail. Htvir. hjt iu,i .
'wr: V. '. .L.i. i... ..kikliinn Raul. 1847.
Ai notion, ai me., . ........... r-r--
4n-for Bh, at tha retiden. of th.
" 1 1 D W Itltll'U
H. B. M ASSPR
At bottoB. at their last Mbibitioa, hepl. 147.
C Mey.r reeeived the ftiet silver Mfdal aad Di
ploma, for lb. beat tqutr. Piauo la th. .ahibition
P Tbet. Piano, will b. .old it th Witnufactu.
mmw InAft .AaftAatktnaV
GEMS OF POESY.
THE CHILD AND THE MOlRllERS
BY CHARI.ER MACAT.
A little child beneath a tree
Sat nnd chanted cheerily
A little song, n pleasant son?,
Which was she rang it all day Ions
'When tho wind blows the blossom fall ;
But a good God reigns over all.'
There passed a lady by the way,
Moaning in tho face of day :
There were tears upon her cheek,
Grief in her heart too great to speak ;
Her husband died but yostcr-ruorn,
And left her in the world forlorn.
She stopped and listened to the child
That looked to heaven, nnd singing smiled
And saw not, for her own despair,
Another lady, young and fair,
Who, also passing, stopped to hear
The infant's anthem ringing clear.
For she but few sad days before
Had lost the little babe she bore ;
And grief was heavy at her soul
As that sweet memory o'er her stole,
As showed how bright had been the l'.ist :
The Present drenr and overcast.
And as they stood beneath the treo
Listening, soothed and placidly,
came by, whose sunken ryes
Spake orVsjJoad of .miseries ;
And he, arresteJike the twain,
Stopped to listen toUsestrain.
Death had bowed tho vouthlJiend
Of his bride beloved, his bride it
Her marriage robes wero fitted on,
Her fair young face with blushes shone ;
When the destroyer smote her low,
And changed tho lover's bliss to woe.
And these three listened to the song,
Silver-toned, and sweet nnd strong,
Which that child, the livelong day,
Chnutod to itself in play :
'When the wind blows the blossoms fall ;
But a . good God reigns over nil.'
Tho widow's lips impulsive moved :
The mother's grief, though tuirepioved,
Softened, as her trembling tongue
Repeated what the infant Ming;
And the sad lover, with a start,
Conned it over to his heart.
And though tho child if child it were,
And not a seraph sitting there
Was seen no more, the sorrowing three
tt.u w.. .nut, way rosigncdlv,
The song still ringing nl "' vars
Was it music of the spheres 1
Who shall tell 1 They did not know,
But in the midst of deepest woo
-Tho strain recurred when sorrow grew.
To warm them, and console them too
'When the wind blows the blossoms fall ;
But a good God reigns over all.'
DEBATE OJI THE TERRITORIAL BIIX.
Specchc of Mr. CORW1X, of Ohio Mr.
JOUSSON, of Maryland and Mr. DIX,
of AVtr York.
We make the fiJl..-ijr extract, of the speeches alxve
named, in an exciting debuto on Hie tilth of June, on the
Territorial Bill. Mr. Corwin having obtained llie rhr,
Von tell ns. that the slave has his ri;;ht of
nuneah You flatter us with tho assertion that
he has the benefit of a writ of error ; but will
you tell us, sir, how it is to come here ?
And what is it he seeks for? Freedom!
Yet tho South says, he is belter without it.
They tell him that ho cannot appreciate it
that it is a jewel beyond the capacity of his
brute intellect to understand. He is finally
taught to believe the libel ; mind hesitates in
abeyance, and ambition purpose design
ee very springs of thought, cease in their
functions, nnd dark ignorance) and stupidity
reign in his heart. Yet, sir, this is he to
wnom ouexena.io .
terrified and degraded slave, whose ier so d
a - 1 . - -T.-t.s nf n -niirtfi 1 1 Mr
- ll,,. .Ironm nf hen .r hied servitude
m ui.o u. ...... o
t.n. whom vou would inspire with moral
rt ar.n.l nn litafnro sia (Lfl f.rftnkli itU
courts.-, ,u "i- ....
leu musiei. anu uninaiiii ins irera"i
J you d.ci in a burlesque which is the more
glaring because it is serious ; inn i canum
twiisi.. " . J . , ,...11
,.,t it. nc I with VOU.
If, sir, such is the view mo eiaveuoiuers
. . fcu ,
what warrant nave we
tha, the Snpr'eme Court of the United Slates
I i :.ul.:,t If in thin Senate
i will not inmK wmi "
, ' .
bcr men wjl speak or those images ot
CI.amDcr, men wi i
I creation OS sonuieB k..v
. .., : l.. nflif... nnd
gu moved uy nw hi'u"" " - i
breathe, and ears to hoar, but
i o . . . ., ..'
nothing more what pledge nave we
tribunal will not also regaru mm r ""
ti need inese men iucid "
... .1 . u'h.tie-nnvflinev
derived the preiudices ol
, education 1 I
I ., ot jjave you an9wer; but this I know,
I ... . t
uenveu mo urojuuiw. . -
r who " w r."
favorable eye upon the master tnan ine
When the confederacy was established,
c,lllh arll, Georei. ref0ed to enter
. ; . , . R..e.
w ..... - -
i i(e union, oecauso hid men
... r..... i., ...rvi.1,1 not consent to a system
C. V"' " ; L , ......
for I P.mcy
" us- J 7
1 unenreii 10 inem 1110 riuiit iui n.. j
1 . . . .1 -: .1. . iwantv rranL
" ... . .,:
aft 1 (II A.' 11111 II I1V. Bill likD Ih" v i . - - -
" " ' . ' ...Ti- f .l.;me,,t
i tne numan soui mm uu am ,.....,'...
-to -I from the land of their home.
Afrtoan ..,,1 tronanort the tame to
and transport the same to our
,e., there to be disposed of a.
. i aUheadoflugar'.Doe.
1 'run chill in one', veins, at the
I ' ' .
I Knnlham ttinroa
. . " " l
I .. . . . k. - VI .I'll : ..a
1 "ul " run emu in "")
... , . , . v.
thiswa. the modest request of thew
- mmi;tiona would
they -grea toVnter tha confederacy Piracy
.ub - Bnd mUuler for twenty years, a. a stipulation forth, "Repeal, repeal, , anq 10. tuo c..r..
1 10 crca,e (4 more perfect Union !" Suppose, was ditolved J
sir, we were to submit to tho people such a
question at this time ! Dismay would sweep
like a tornado, through the whole land. Even
the bones of our fathers, sir, would nttlle in
their coffins, nnd consternation bvenlhe hoarse
ly from tho cavities of their tombs. Had that
condition not been acceded to by iho nine
non-slaveholding States, the curse might' not
now extend beyond its original five States i
but we set the ball in motion and like a lepro
sy, it has contaminated still other parts. Just
as you wink at its i ncroachmcnts, and submit
to its demands, so long will it continue to
lake issue in our councils, and swallow up
the land. It were better had South Carolina
and Georgia never been enrolled fimong their
sister planets. The huge globe of our con-
ledernpy might not perhaps, have revolved
in its social orbit with dimensions quite so
expanded but, the blot of direct sacrilege
and piracy would not now reproach us for
onr faithlessness to the creed of our ancestors
which in their early struggles, they had seal
ed with their blond. Now look around us.
What do we behold 1 This damning bliirht,
like a pestilential vapour, stealing from the
boundaries of the South, to the very remotest
limits of our civ ilzal ion.
Great God ! me we not fearful lest the nn
trer of offended Omnipotence may strike us
out of the roll of nations for our ingratitude !
What incense smokes upon our altars, to np
pease tho wrath of the Most High, for our
moral enormities ? Piracy and Murder! The
fetid odor of blond, scorching under the rays
of a burning sun, while chains fetter the arm
of the serf at his labors! Surely, sir, the
heart must be made of stone, which does not
hurst with indignation, when it relleets upon
this subject. Yon threaten us with the dis
solution of the Union, if we attempt to stay
thu terrible strides of this invading monster.
Would it not be better that our confederacy
were swept from the face of the. eailli, than
be doomed to an inevitable decree, ten thou
sand times more destructive? Would it not
be better that the Union should shake to its
foundations, and every stone that props the
might fabric, ciunibl-' into ruins, tlian allow
the rod of this destroying angel longer to pol
lute the laud vi:h its sway ! What said that
great man Randolph upon tha subject the
disciple of Thomas Jefferson in the Legis
lature of Virginia ? Did ho not, sir, in the
midst of a hundred fierce antagonists, stand
up fearlessly in tho Legislative halls of thai
old commonwealth, and denounce tho African
Slave truffic as the most damnable cnormitv
and his language, like molten fire penetrated
the strong heart ! The shaft struck the tar-
tret it was levelled at, nnd took effect !
We are told occasionally, that in those por
tions of our country, where slavery exists,
white labor cannot be had ; or, that no white
man can withstand the climate. Sir, if there
bo such a land within Ihe confines of this
Union, wo have no business there none of
us. If it be fit only for the black man, let
him have it, and retain it as his own. If it
will even grow a reptile, let him have it ; for
as you class him with a brute, ho will not re
fuse to herd wilh the brute. It will be com
parative freedom, and with that inspiring
sound to cheer his toils, fear not, sir, that he
will fail to aecinire his own livelihood. Freed
of his manacles, ho has the use of his hands :
that is ull he asks all I ask for him.
This teriitory comes to us free I will not
debate now, for my convictions are fixed that
it was wrested from Mexico only by sheer
force and fraud : and that, in any court of
. I justice in this known woild, judgment would
be entered against us for theft, aggravated ly
extortion ; but it came to us free, ncverthe
less, and free it should remain. Very well-
If this be one of those countries, where white
labor cannot thrive, set it apart for the black ;
and I say also, if we cannot live tin ro ith-
do not let us go there at all
"" i "-i
, . . , . .
B """ .
. , ,
- . ,, i ,.. i.
l nm somei lines uum i a n. .......
again ; but, sir, whatever words full froni my
lips upon this floor, nre tho sentiments ol my
It on rf
lis v .
I'll have nothing to do wiln your mouorn
compromises. 1 warn tno out oniiimm" ui
87. There sir, my path is clear. I would la
bor with those aged patriarchs whoso precepts
I endeavor to follow. I would emerge from
the haze which is gathering around me, and
look upward upward until I could see a bun
i-i r .. riw,i,' rm?o. Vieenuse no arbi-
i i Htn. en, ..v...., -i --
, impediments obstruct tho vision. In
.,. t meet 0j friends, whoso
names I rocognizo by their deeds soldiers
of freedom, whose locks, wet wilh tho waters
of the Jordan, they have passed through
remind mo ot my duty, ana iiiouo m,
scars washed white upon their bosoms, to
Rm n(l llmiliuwted amid the shock of
Wasiiisoton, July 20, 1848
Mn. Johnson replied. Sir, what is tho
w Solmtor4 fn,m the free State, desire
. tl . nvoil. ,x.e issue on
ill .ct u u f wi.w.n.ui "
th:H bill ! It is because, sir, ttiese men are
- at . .
actuated bv ambitious aspirings, selfishness
- , - :- ,i
th. I may even ...chide b nioUv d
our not oecauao . j, .C" ' .
not because they are prompt y
feelings of benevolence charity, or the purer
Promptingf chrislianity. And how do we
know this 1 Because, sir, ere the provision.
. , , , u
.;. nf it, a comnromiso nan ueuomo iu.iv .
two fore a single northern gentleman upon this
1 floor had become awaio (.. -.
prove actable to the South,-. In. cry went
What was it they wanted? Thr Missouri
Compromise Act. Yes, sir, tho Missouri
Compromise hue of 30 deg. 30 mm. Well,
and wore: we opposed to this net? No. sir 1
Unjust ns it was to tho South, we would have
been willing to accept it, rather than the
Tcxed subject should longer produce scenes
disgraceful to these halls of Congress. But
our Northern brethren would not wait to see
whether we ourselves would accept the bill
whether wo might not fall back upon e
compromise. No! they immediately put
trumpet to the lips, and blew dissatisfaction,
repeal, nnd 'horror" through the land. D.ies
not this convince any man that self, and the
heart's ambition, were the actuating springs
which prompted this course ? I leave the
question to the honorable Senator from Con
necticut, Mr.Xilcs. & tho honorable Senator
from Ohio, Mr. C mvinJ to answer. They who
have but recently lit tho torch in tho North,
and given impetus to that mighty whirlwind
which is pervading the land) nre the best
qualified to reply. But it is false sir, that the
South repudiated tho Missouri Compromise
act of 30 deg. 30 mill., unjust nnd unequal ns
it is, in respect to the amount of territory it
allows to each. I, myself, sir, had written
the act on paper, and designed offering it as
an amendment to the bill ; and only hesita
ted, when I listened to the loud tones of dis
satisfaction, nnd determined, with those who
think with me to fight it out.
But is this all ? No fir. They do not stop,
in thsir assaults, and confine themselves to
strictures upon us individually. hut they insult
us upon the floor of the Senate
Mr. ConwiN I beg the Senator will not
suppose 1 intended insult. I stated as much
in my retnatks.
Mr. JotiNsoN. The gentleman says aye,
sir, he rays lie did not intend insult, but he
knows not Southern feeling. We have hearts
sir, and as much patriotism and liberality of
son', ns uur Christian neighbors of the North.
But I repeat, sir, they do not only insult us
individually, but they denounce the whole
country, and even arraign the purity of the
highest judicial tribunal we have instituted
I mean the Supreme Court of tho United
Stales. He tells us, sir, Mr. Corwin, that
if lh') slaves brings his case before that body,
they will do what ? What, sir, that South
em feeling will induce them to disregard
their sacred obligations, and permit it to in
fluence their decisions ! Sir, this is a grave
charge a very grave charge,
to Vo!ree.rAW! Wd'mVoWfT'R-H(' jnTf
port of my words. 1 said, sir, that in the
Supreme Court of the United States, as here,
conflicting opinions upon this subject must
prevail. As, therefore, a majority of that
bo-.lv may be governed by Southern bias, they
would, of course, decide ns their feelings
Mr. Johnson. Enough I take the gee-
tleman's explanation, and nm gratified to find
I have misconceived him. But if he evades
the charge here, let him, if he can, deny hav
in" cast a slur upon the moral character of
the slaveholder, which startled me when I
heard it, and caused mo to shudder for tho
principles the gentlemen advocates. He says,
sir, that it does not necessarily follow that a
slaveholder should be damned, because he is
a slaveholder; for that ho may bo saved
through his ignorance ! Sir this is a monst
Mr. Couwin. If the honorably Senator
will permit me, I beg to demur to this charge.
I used no such words as he quotes.
Mr. Johnson. Mr. President, tho cxpres
sion is graven too indelibly upon my memory
to bo forgotten so easily.
Mr. ConwiN. Will the gentleman pot ac
cept my denial ?
Mr. Johnson. Against my own convic
tion? That would bo demanding too much.
Mr. Bkurikn. If it would bo permitted,
I think I can repeal tho Senator's words
rerlndim. I was sitting, close at his side, and
heard tho expression as plainly as I now hear
my own voice. His words were these ; '1
do not say, sir, that because a slaveholder is
a slaveh.ilder, ho must be necessarily damned
for God, in his mercy, would save him, be-
cause he tho slaveholder knows not what
he docs." This sir, was tlio expression as
certainly as it was delivered.
Mr. Cobwik. I nm placed, Mr. resi-
ent, in strange dilemma. It seems, sir, that
nators have put into my mouth within tno
lay or two past, words which I could 1101
dream of using. Tho honorable Senator 1 10111
Georgia, Mr. Berrien who has a seat at my
my side, certainly was m a posr.ion 10 near
with distinctness and 1 have no annul wnai
ever, that ho would do justice in the matter;
yet, air, I disclaim having used thu terms, or
f I did use them, I now tauo mem uach.
Mr. Calhovn. That is enough. Nu more
could be demanded
Mr. Johnson. Well, sir, I am saiislied
wilh the revocation. I do iml wish io pursue
tho theme, nnd will therefore drop it.
Washington, July 27th, 184.
Mr. Dix rcRretled being compelled to spcuk
aain upon the subject under con.idoralion,
but the new phase assumed, uuriug uio dis
cussion, justified aim m doing so.
The compromise hero ollcrcd us bears no
analogy to tho Louisiana compromise act of
1826. That, sir, was a settlement oi tno
nuestion at once, and without reference to
any futuro settlement. We wero not then
told to aeek for constitutional decisions of the
Sunreme Court. No, sir. The South mado
its demand, and the North, because we do
sired creater harmony in our social relations
consented to the bill, w ithout asking for an
abstraction wilh which to clg it. This is
not all. We united with you in acquiring
and adding Florida to your slavery posses-
sions, nm! finally Texas, and. bv lliese con-
cessions, have given you a preponderance of
power which threaten!, soon to render us all
the servants of slaves. But now that we
have aciptired free territory, do you do as we
did, step manfully forward, ami vote with ns,-
to exclude an evil which we mrrood uot
should possess. Ihcuiiso it alreadv existed.
and because you desired it ? I ask you, sir,
whore is your magnanimity? Where that
willingness to compromise upon principles of
e i ny, 01 wnicu 11 was but a moment ago I
.. r , 1 . . I
you boast ? Sir, it exists only in theory.
These pretensions have already led us to tho
verge of degradation, nnd we can consent to
jo no farther. The Senate of the United
States, deriving its majority power from tho
number of your slave appendages? Sir, you
must not ,;lny this flattering unction to your
soul." We have taken a stand, which is the
more immovable because it is Truth's, and
aided bv that spirit of justice which should
... u .., i.n tnt,nn.tn in ,1...
feat Ibis bill, which is a total surrender of all
that we hold dear, because guaranteed by
the provisions of the Constitution. I have
no fears of the result to tho Union. It is a
fabric built upon foundations ton firm nnd
solid to be shattered bv the agitation of an
obstruction m flimsv. ' If. nsvon sav. von
are not the advocates of slavery, then is it an
obstruction, nnd them is no danger. Reject
the bill. The South mnv fume nnd fret, but
they have the same chance of redress ns is
offered ns. They refer as to the Supreme
Court. We 1n the same. But there can no
harm come to the confederacy. We are con
nected by lies too indissoluble to be broken
by a question so superficial. You are con
tent, you say, to settle tho matter; without a
sacrifice of right or principle. Here, loo, wc
agree. As you disclaim nil desire for the
extension of slavery, you will have no cause
to complain. You are shareholders in the
territories, as it is y V will be benefitted pre
cisely as we may be benefitted, and hence
tho preservation of n.' your rights, without
the sacrifice of a single one. I repeat, then,
Mr. President, that ns the South makes these
pretences, and establishes no other claim
than an equality of right and justice, the
same as she would concede to us, ihero can
be no possibility of a rupture in our social re-
lations. In this belief, I shall vote against
tb-rhdlrvolo na-awst compromise and vote
will settle the dispute, and, instead ot distur-
bing the perpetuity of the bonds w hich unite
us, will, on the contrary, add to their greater
security. I now leave the qneslion, lit tlio
firm reliance that, the principle will be ob-
Makinc a Qi kks. A queen being so no.
ccssarv to the welfare, or rather to the very
existence, of colony of bees, the question may
be asked, what are they to do if accidentally
.h.nrlrcl nf her ? We havo seen that llie
loss of a queen spreads terror and alarm thro'
the hive ; this, however, does not last long ,
. ... -
Iho sagacious insects hasten to supply their
loss by a contrivance which n.is cxm
haps greater astonishment than any other
fact in tho history of insects, llie Dees ac-
tuully have power to form a queen out oi me
grub ot a worker, enlarging us ceo um.
nig in a particular manner wnii wiwi .
led l'0i(i( Ifllif, WHICH ismoresiiiiiui.iuiiB nun.
bee-bread. In order to produeo this effect
the grub must not bo more than threo days
old, but it may bo less. I lie bees, Having
chosen a grub, removo llie iiinaoii.iuis nuu
their lood lrotn two ol me ceus which J"'
that in which it resides; they next take
down tho partitions which seperato these
threo cells ; and leaving the bottoms untouch-
..d raiso round the selected room a cylindn -
- - -
cal tube, which follows the horizontal direc-
ti, .11 of the other cells: hut since, at Uio Close
of tho third day of its life, its inhabitation
must assume a dilterent lorm aim tureciion,
they gnaw away the cell below it, and sacri-
fiee w ithout pity tho grubs contained in them
using tho wax of which they were formed to
construct a new pyramidal tube, which they
join at right angles to Iho horizontal one, Iho
iliimieler of the former dimislung in.sensioij
from its base to its mouth. During the two
days which thu grub inhabits this cell, which
like the common royal cell, has now become
vertical, a bco may always be observed
wilh its headplnuged into it, and when one
nulls II anoiuer ((" j'.-.
keen lengthening the cell as the worm grows
older, and duly supply it with food, which
they placo before Us mouth, and round lis
body. Tho animal, which can only move
a spiral direction, keeps incessantly turning
to take Iho jelly desposiled belore it ; and
thus slowly working downwards, rr've
sensible near tho orifice of tho cell, just
tho time that it 1 ready to assume I lie pupa.
The worker then cover in its cradle, and the
larva undergoes its change into a roini
C..1.1 1. 1!... ,...l.,r:ilUt VI 111, dlSCOVCrCd tlllS
xtraordiuarv fact, found tluit if a number
w.a h onnfined with onlv a single larva,
. :.. ,v. .l ,r-. wou . have be
come a working bee, they immediately
nlwu.t eivinir it tho royal training abovo do
... , .1 : n it.n .Umiitv nf &
scribed, unil mus ruiow " "
tWnvoN W. Robert. Esq., tho Philadel
phia American learns, has accepted the ap-
tral Railroad route, which will t pronecnwu
. : r tha f thin loh
' . . s
with unremitting energy.
Fees ef the Rattlesnake.
Tho rattlesnake has a superior foe in the
deer and blacksnake. Whenever a buck dis-
cWT! a rattlesnake situation wtiicti in
V'U ! attack, he loses no time in preparing
"r inmc ne manes up hi wiuim u-u or
twelve feet of the snake then leaps forward
""'1 nims Io sever tho body of the snake with
li' sharp bifurcated hoofs. The first onset
18 mo1 commonly suecessiui, mil 11 inner
WJB0 1,10 buck repeats the trial, until he cuts
1,10 8,mko ' twain. The rapidity and fatali-
ty of his skillfull man.ruvre leaves but slight
chanco for his victim either to escape or
ai.lfll l.aa .u.l ...... ..,r. I n...!.,., A . . , tmt . u.
i""1"" " " ""'"6"1"'
T'10 hlneksnake is also mnro than an equal
competitor ngainst iho rattlesnake. When
llie ''lack and rattlesnakes are about to meet
for battle, the former darts forward nt the
height of his speed, and strikes at tho neck
of tho latter with unerring certainty, leaving
a, foot or two of his own body at liberty. In
nn instant he encircles him within five or six-
'""Is, nnd then stops nnd looks tho strangled
nn'1 gnspmg foe in the face, to ascertain the
etiecl produced upon his corseted hotly, it
he shows signs of life, the coils nro multiplied
anil the; screws are tightened the operator
all the while narrowly wa'ching the couuten
ance of the helpless victim. Thus the two
remain thirty or forty minutes tho exeett
tinner then Blackens one coil, noticing at mo
M liinc whether any signs of life appear
ir "i l'10 ,'1 is resumed, and retained, until
tho incarcerated wretch is completely dead
1 no moccasin snake is destroyed in me sumo
the womkn or oi.n.
We shall hardly believe that women died
by thousands, and even by millions, us they
now do, for want of proper air and exercise,
in the time of Henry VIII. if we admit the
claims of Fitherbcrt, a writer of those days,
in his Book of Husbandry. He says: ,;lt is
a wyve s occupation to wynmve nil maimer
of comes, to make rnalte. to wash nnd wringc
Io maki; heye, shove comic, reap. and in
time of neede to help her husband to till the
much hayne, to drive the ploughs, to load
hove conic, and such oilier. And to go rydo
to the market, and sell butter, cheese, milk,
eggs, checkyns, cabous. beeves, pvgges,
geese, and all manner of comes."
Opinions of Pitt and Fox. ,Pitt struck
me wij O Connell, 'as having the most ma.
jpstjc ow f languago and tho finest voice
jmnwinoblc. He managed his voice ailmira
,ne 0WPr (mi(.s at the close of my sentences
Mogt m,, v)ict 0t their voice fall at llie
emj ,,f ,iK.jr sentences, or else force it into a
or screech. This is lx-cau.se they end
wjm tno upper instead of the lower notes.
Pitt knew belter. Ho threw his voice so
l completely round the House, that every sylla
ble he uttered was distinctly heard by every
man in tho House.'
'Did you hear Fox in the debate of which
you nre sneaking?' asked I
Yes and he spoke (lelightlully ; lus
speech was better than Pill's' Tho forte of
.,. maiestic declamation
ml i,,;,,,; f.-Jieiiy of phrase. Tin
, , . always tho very best
w(m, (lult coull, , , f,it.a
Thtj miv mnn j evpr hiew who nplir0jlci,e,
piu m tij8 paui.,, ,.scell,.Co was Charle.
Kon(ju Buehe, whoso phrases wero alway
qVkz for III Tkmpkr. A seiisibl woman
mo j()l.tor's acquaintance, (llie mother of a
young f.,mily,) entered so fair into his views
up(m ti,igWibjcct that she tauiht her children
from their earlier child ill humor ns a due
nil.j, waH to )0 cllr,.d i,v ,,hysic. Ac
coriiinV) VMi always small doses ready,
, j jltlt mtionts, whenever it was thought
1 ,f,,t ,,... rhi,nrK fr tln.ir crossness. No
I III. 1 1 1 U I , .
p1isilinPut as required. Peevishness or ill
. rV,,,l,ort, were associated in their
mimU ujway9 cause an effect. The Doctor
Unkxampled Gesi:hositv. Mr. Warren
,ne Uhor of Ten Thousand o-Year, in tho
f recent lecture in the hall of tho
loimoi1 Law Society, recounted the following
jI)C:j,.nt: "A short time ago," said Mr.
Wnrren. "a rent emeu of argo fortune, a
f . worth his 40,000, wa indi
, ,., . ,v jii n jaj,i,!er for mar
; a.niinst his wishes. He quarrelled with
. . . disinherited her. ho left his whole
properlVj f 40,000, to his altoiney, and to
tvro oilier giuiueiiien, an oi wimui nu
j: : Yorkshire. What did the attorney
1 j0? He went to his two co-leg.itoes, got
mem t0 (.lic-ir- respective claims over to
in ni,nm,lf, and then made over every sixpence
r , 40.OOO to tho daughter and her cini
jrel j when 1 mentioned this circumstance
thia very morning, to a friend of mine, one
at (f mmt (iistinguishd men at the bar, ho
, . , iGo.1 bless that man V ' 1 no
uoovo gnityfying circumslanco is literally
lruo Tho gentleman ot lorliino ua is umi,-
nfnetiner ill a town celebrated tor its linen
I ... .. ..r . .. n:.i:..
mnnnfaelures. WlllllH I no "CM Ituiliic,
of tho disinterested attorney is ;ne of the bright-
est ornaments of tho prolessiou 1. mottesi
- Tli.lii.ff of Yorkshire, c.ij..,...B "
set Lmple fortune realized by his own industry
- BUd talonis
Solomom W. RoBEKtu, Es., has been ap
pointed Chief Engiueer of the OliioCYiMral
Railroad route. Ho has accepted the oiI.ce.
The St. Louis Republican
1. of that city ha. invent
ys, a Mr. Har-
Lrf that city ha. invented an omnibu.
. , k- ..,
which he intend, to propel hy steam
BIOGRAPlHCAi; SKETCH .
OE. WILLIAM O. Ttl TI.ER, r KEJITlfUVi
BT FRANCIS P. BLAIR. . .
A short time before tho battle of the stl'i
f January, Capt. Butler was detailed tocom-
mand tho guard in front of the encampment ;
A house standing near the bridge, in advance
f his position, had been taken possession of
by the light troops of tho enemy, from'
whence they annoyed our guard. Captain
Butler determined lo dislodge, them and bum
the house. He accordingly marched to the:
attack at the head of his command, but tho
enemy retired m-fore him. Seeing them re-
reat he halted his guard and advanced him
self, accompanied by two or three men only,
for the purpose of burning thejionse. It was
n old frame building, wenther-boarded,
without ceiling or plnster in tho inside, with
single door opening to the British camp.
On entering the house he found a soldier of
the enemy concealed in one corner whom lie
captured nnd sent to the rear with his men,
remaining alono in the house. While ho
was in the act of kindling a fire, a detach
ment nf the enemy unexpectedly occupied
the door. The first impulse was to force,
with his single man, a passage through them ;
but lie was immediately seized in a violent
manner by two or three stout fellows, who
pushed him back against the wall with such
force as to burst off tho weather-boarding
from the wall, and ho fell through the open
ing thus made. In an instant he recovered
himself, nnd under a heavy fire of tho ene
my, he retreated until supported by the
guard, when he immediately led on to the'
attack, drove the British light troops from
their strong position, burnt tho house in tho
presence of the two armies.
I witnessed on that field many deads of
.lariug courage, but none which more excited?
my admiration than this.
Captain Butler was soon after in the battle
of llie 81I1 of January, whoro he sustained his
previously high and well-earned reputation
for bravery and usefulness. But that battle,
which from its important results, has eclipsed
those which preceded it, was but a slaughter
of the enemy, with trivial loss on our parti
and presenting few instances of individual
Captain Butler received the brevet rank
of Major for his gallant services during that
eventful campaign, and the reward of merit
never was more worthily lierfowed. Soon
after the close of the war he was appointed
statiou he remained nutil he retired from iho
army. Since that period 1 have seldom had
the pleasure of meeting my valued friend
and companion in arms, and I know but lit
tle of his career in civil life. But in the
camp, his elevated principles, his intelligence
and generous feelings won for him tho re
spect and confidence of all who knew him ;
and where ho is best known, I will Tentum
to say he is still most highly appreciated for
every attribute which constitutes the gentle
man and the soldier.
I am, sir, very resdectfully,
R. K. CALL.
Mr. William Tanner.
Patriotic The Mexican Government has
appiopriated 8200,000, out of the $3,000,000,
lo defraying the expenses of such Mexican
families ns may desire to remove out of tho
territory given up to the United States, into
the bosom of the Mexican Republic! e
mess there will be little use it.
A young woman alighted from a slago
couch, when n piece of ribbon from her bon
net fell into tho carriage. "You havo left
our bow behind," said a lady passenger.
' Nn, I have not, ho's gone a fishing," inno
cently rejoined iho damsel, and proceeded on
her way rejoicing.
Business is like fishing, if you wish to suc
ceed you must anchor onco 111 a while, lo
be constantly changing is to keep yourself
oat of change for all eternity. As Tom Hood
observes, the man that is always stirring
must bo a spoon.
A coroner's jury at the West have decided
that a man found dead, "caino to his death
in some way or other."
A Yankee orator out west, vindicating Iris
native Connecticut against slanders which
have been uttered against her, said : -.as 10
tho Connecticut boys manufacturing horn
Hints and wooden nutmegs, I plead guilty to
these charges ! they did manufacture wooden
nutmegs, but they liad to leave tho State be.
fore they could get purchasers."
Religion should be tho garmont worn next
to the heart. Too many people make cloak
Very Naughty. Some 0110 iu Louisville
eloped wilh tho "Living Model" of the Greek
Slave, belonging to Dr. Collyer.
Lord Holland having recoutly arrived in
Paris from London, contrived to obtain access
to tha interior of tho Tuilleries, and got pos
session of certain papers belonging to Louis
Phillippe, which tho ex-King had aecreted m
a rpot accessible only to himself or those 111
tho secret; (
It was asayiiig of a'great dVuio that lie
had found more g-nxl in bad people, and mure
bad in goJ pooph'i than ho had ever expec
Gen. Shields i a Democratic candidal'
for the U. S. Senate from the State of IllincuV
Smibury, April 9 iet