Newspaper Page Text
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II. B. MASSER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
OFFICE, CORNER OF CENTRE ALLEY & MARKET STREET.
NEW SERIES VOL. 1, NO.
TERMS OF THE AlMKItlCAX.
TIIK AMERICAN Is piiblinhcd every Saturday at TWO
DOLJ.AK8 per annum In be paid half Ti-nrly in auYance.
.No paper diaeontinnr until all arrrnroam are pniil.
All Cinnnmnicatirma or li-ltrra on liimin-im rrlnting to the
tofnce, to insure attention, must tie TOST PAID.
TO CLl liS.
Three cepies to one aiklrm, 85 on
Keren lo Pn 111(10
Fifteen Do LK 9000
Five doltars in advance will pay fur ttircc year's FiilMcrip
lion to the American.
One Square of 18 linen. 9 times,
Every subsequent insi-rtion,
One Square, 3 montlia,
Bniinen Cards of Five line, per annum,
Merchants and others, advertising by llio
year, with the privilere of inscrlieg dif-
iereiit advertiaeiiumla weekly.
fcf Larger Advertisements, oa ier agreement
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Bush"- stlr-nilcJ to in the (loiintiit of Nor
ijiUM' crlnml, Union, Lycoming anil Columbia.
V. fc A. PnvnunT,
l.owF.n & Habhox,
Nomina &. SutyinHASs, W'At'lW.
KiTROLna, Mcr AHLtnn iV t o.
PPEHIRO, 'jOOl) &, Co.,
tinoiEiis commission merchants
mill Hcnlcrs III Seeds,
,V. 3, Arch St. PHILADELPHIA.
Constantly on hand a general assortment of
(, 11 OC K1UES, TEA S, WINES, S E K DS,
To which they respectfully invite the attention
of the public.
All kinds ofcountry produce taken in exchange
for (Groceries or 10I1I on Commission.
Ehilad. April 1, 18-18
DANIELS &, SMITH'S
l.' UK AC NkW & tSKCOMI 1IA.MI Hook S1010:,
A'nri UVsi earner nf fourth rnul Arch Street
I, aw lionks, Thi'iilniiiral f'lnssicnl Hooks,
JIIOlillA I'IJCA I. V IIISTOItWA I. HOOKS,
Mi:ik.ntm io anu Mathematical To i:s
Juvenile Rook., ingnvl variety.
Hymn Ttooks anil Prayer Books, Bibles, all sir..-s
hlank Bonis, HYi iitr i'tqirr. ami Stnlimmry,
Uhl.fie and lUlitil.
17-Ovr ibices arc much I wer limn lite RKorxtR prices.
UlManin and n:ill irc, l ollr'Ve purclcisct.
ff uooks inipurtiil to oritur tomi lu.l ui.
tniilwlcipiiiii, April 1,
CMKU 6l SKtl. E.fatAVI0.
WM. G MA SOX.
46 Chetnut . 3 dtxirr aliore itiet l , Pliihih lihia
Engraver of nf KIMiSS & VISITliNCi t A!llS,
Watch papers, Labels, Door plates. Seals and
i'lnmpi lor Odd Fellows, Sons of Temperance,
tec, tit. Always on hand a general assortment
of Fine Fancy Gooda.tJold pensof every o,nality.
Dog Cnllurs in great variety. Engravers tools
Acercy for the Manufacturer of Glaziers Dia-
Orrfers per mail, (post paid) will he punctually
J'hiUdelphia, April I, IR48 y
Ao 15 AowA Stetmd ttreet Eat title, duicn tajp,
MKSPKI'TKUIXY inforaw rim friitid and
the pub ic, that he constantly keeps on
a large assortment of chi drens wil'ow
I'oachea, Chairs, Crad'es, market and travel
ling hatbeU. and every variety of basket work
Country Merchant! and otheTa who with to
purchase such artie'ea, food and cheap, would
do well to call on him, as they are i. mauulac
lurct by him tnthe best manner.
I'aiiMeirihia, June 3, 18)8. ly
OIT.TIt V n i: tl VII A T?S
taa Hi t (rem l to '-'' per t ent.
BV fXTctiasiag their OILCLOTHS direct
from tbe Manufacturers.
llave opened a rt'arehouse, No. l.L'i North Third
Mrert above Race, second door South of the Ka
vhrre they will always keey on hand a complete
sin I merit of Patent Elatlie Carriage Oil
flth 28,31, 40, 48 and SI inches wide. Fi
gured, Fainted, and Plain, on the inside, on Mus
lin Drilling anc Linea. Talik Oil Clutlu of the
moat desirable patterns, 36, 40, 4C and 34 inches
wide, floor Oil Cloth, from 28 inches to 21
feet wide, well seasoned, and the newest atyie
fT patter;,,, kH 0f their on manufacture, ,Tran
parent Window Shades, Carpeta, &. All goods
Phil. May 27, 18J8 3m
riBST PREMIUM PIANO FORTES.
faPUE SUBSClUl'iF.U has been appointed agent
1. for the sale of CONRAD MEYER'S CELE
BRATED PREMIUM ROSE WOOD PIANOS,
at this place. These Pianoa have a plain, mas
aiva and beautiful exterior finish, and, for depth
of tone, and elegance of workmanship, are not
awaasaed by any in the United States.
fhea. instruments are hizhlv approved of by
the most eminent Professors and Composers of
Music ia this and other cities.
For qualities of tone, touch and keeping ia
tone upon Concert pitch, they cannot ne sucpas
aed by either American or European Pianos.
Suffice it to aay that Madame Castellan, W. V
Wallace. Vieux Temps, and bis sister, the cele
brated Pianist, and many others of (he most dis
tinquiabjed performers, have given these itistru
monia nr'efareiice over all others
Taey bave also nceived the first notice of the
t hrea laat Exhibitions, and the last Silver Medal
by the Franklin Institute in 1813, was awarded
to them, which, with other premiums from th
same source, may be aeen al the ware-room no
53 south Fourth st.
rrAiiother Silver Medal was awarded to (.
Meyer, by the Frahklin Institute, Oct. IS 15 fur
the best r-iano in wis fxinu"
Again at the exhibit 1011 of the F rauklin Irt,.
ttrte, Out. 1846, the first premium and medal was
awarded to '. Meyer for his 1'iaiios. although it
had been awarded at tbe exhibition nf the year
before, 00 tbe ground that be had made (till great
er improvement! in bis Instruments witbio tbe
past 13 Boon'.bs.
Again at the last exhibition of the Franklin
Institute, '6iT, another Premium was awarded
to C. Meyer, for the beat Piano in the exhibition.
At Boston, at their last exhibition, Sept. 1847,
C. Meyer reeeived the lust silver Medal and Di
ploma, for tbe beat square Piano in tbe exhibition
These Pianoa will be sold at the rr.anufactu
ter'a lowest Philadelphia prices, if not something
SoweY. Persona are requested to call and exam
ine for tbeweelvea, (t the residence of the sub
scriber. H B. MASSER.
fcijnburjr, Apiil 9, 18.3.
Correspondence of the Boston Atlas
Muxi'co, May 2SlIi, 15US.
The niiatlorrs, or watcr-rnrrirrs of Mex
ico constitute a peculiar and distinct class
01 its population ortlie lower order. io
(1,:,,,. .,.. .t.i: i .
u""s --.n.-iiiuiiiijr our .American wells or
pumps i.s to be Been, and the pure and re
u. im m im MOtj ns m piCv lorn or
Jtoston, conveyed into the city through
pipes, tinder the ground. The acquedtrds
are tupendous pieces of masonry, huilt sev.
i.ii centuries ago, ly the Spaniards, vhcn
at the height of their power. Like the
Spanish bridges between this city and Vera
Cruz, they are massive and nianificrnt.
There are to of these that enter the cily
toward the South, one of which is supplied
with w?(Pr npar Tacubay, and the oilier in
a direction farther west. " The latter is from
three to five milesin extent, huilt wilh sionc
arches, of fjreat thickness, and some fifteen
or twenty feet from the ground. The o
ther is of less extent, though of the same
These aqueducts, nt this moment, hear
evidences of the ravages of the battle al the
Carilas. The numerous indentations on ei
ther side of the arches show that both A
merican and Mexican cannon balls and
shells flew thick and fast diiriiur, the event
ful day on which our troops entered the
:iiiuai. ucii. vuuman entered iy tne
Tucubaya acqueduct, and Oen. Worth by
the oilier the latter literally liewin;' his
way throtiirh the splendid parlors and sa
loons of the wealthy citizens in that quar
ter of the city. Doors and walls offered
no hindrance. They wer cut through ty.
easily .Ts if they had been muslin screens-.
Even while the brilliant, ladies rnd rnbal
ler.w wero takins their siestas in the after
lio.m, our cannons knocked at their door.j,
and lli' -re could be no refusal to admit the
Thiiie two immense aiueditcts as I have
said, are solid Klructuri s of masonry. You
should have seen them during the earth
quake we had in October last. They ac
tually reeled, and the water cover-d the
streels on each side. The large fissures,
still visible, show the effect of the fem'ifor
ile lierri, but 1 should imagine that liltle
short of the general "crack of doom" could
crum'ile their piles to the earth. But, how
ever, that may be and after the earthquake
to which I have referred, I dare not sp.-ak
wilh certainty the water conveyed into
the city by these acqueducts is emptied into
large stone basins, highly ornamented with
figures in the centre, to be found in almost
every plaza, plauzela and public place in
the capital. It is also taken by pipes to the
mansions of some of the wealthier citizvns,
but the great mass of the inhabitants rely
entirely upon theaguadors for their snpplv.
These may be seen early in the morning,
at the basins, in their cropped, oval shaped
caps, and with two earthen jars. The lat
ter an; immediately filled and taken to their
respective customers, who pay from one to
two and three Ihtcos per diem for as much
of the element as they require. Unless you
have seen some engraving of the appear
ance of the agnndores, as they crowd the
pavement with their two jars, a large one
behind, like the globe on Atlas's shoulders,
and a smaller one in front, like Racliacl's
pitcher coming from the well, to balance,
you have no idea of their comical appear
ance. I have sometimes 'uocn amused at seeing
a couple of therrt? water carriers, with their
heads b;'t almost to the ground bv the
i ''lit oflho large jar In-hind, unexpectedly
run atrainst each other while coming i n oppo
site directions. 1 he consequence almost in
variably is that the front jars are broken to
pieces, lne aguadoros ol course loseuieir
equilibrium, and down they go, one upon!
the other. Each blames the other for not
turning aside. Curses and blows follow
the former in very bad Spanish or M - ican
and the latter in what I should di-! 'iiate
i the Saxon, right down weighty and solid
ar'tunents. JNot baing able to pick up the
spilt water, they gather tip the fragmentsof
the jars and pummel each other until some
good wile or member ot the police takes
one or both to a neighboring guard room.
That class of the Mexican population is,
generally speaking, very ignorant, knowing
neither how to read nor write, i or the
most part thev are of the Aztec race their
complexions of the tanned and swarthy hue.
of the Indian. Their cropped hats or caps
entirely rimless to enable them the better
to fasten the leathern straps around their
forehead with their stout leathern 'aprons
in front, give them a singularly tmi j'-.e a)-
pearance. Indeed 1 have olten t.-t ,-n puz
zled when 1 have met mx or eight of them
together to distinguish one froe.t another.
Tlit ir short jackets and trowseys ore of the
same fashion, and they are a'.'i as much alike
in gait, dress and acconipr.ninieiits, as a do
zen of eggs in a basket. They very rarely
know anything oft lie. marriage tie, but live
with some squalid , rnmpanion in the out
skirts of the metropolis, or in some filthy
street in the settled portion, where they
breed to suc'.i an extent that their constant
(readings the pavements with their jars
does ne.'i enable them to support their liu-
nu rry. is progeny. 1 believed, however, as
a class the aauadores are free from the
frillies of tho leperos and ladronea around
Some of the basins of the city are quite
superb and magnificent. Those, as you en
ter tho city by the lacubava road, m par.
ticular, might be cited. Several of them
have large bronze and stouo statues, repre
senting some one of the gods or heroes of
antiquity, those, also, in the Alameda,
are among the first obiecta in that heautitul
enclosure that attract attention. There are
no less than eight or ten in the Alameda,
encompassed by stone benches in a circular
form, where, on almost every afternoon or
evening, the beauty and fashion of (hej city
may be seen declining. . Paved avenues or
walks lead from cne to (he o(her ; but they
SUXUITKY NOKTII UM I)
all converge (o one point the great cen
tral bajin of the extensive grove and pronie
gade. I will add that the water of Mexico
i.s very good, not possessing the relaxing
qualities ol that ol era t. ruz, or in nc m
of the suburbs of the city.
Some writer has affirmed that the Mex
icans are not an intemperate people. As far
as my own observation extends, the remark
is nearly correct. Intemperance among the
middle and higher classes is of very rare
occurrence. Among the lower, however,
it prevails to a considerable extentt The
Indians, Who bring their produce into the
cily at early morn, must have their glass of
ii-riiaairnir a more poisonous and pestilent
liquor than ?ii w England rum. It is no
unusual occurrence to see them lying upon
the pavemenl, basking or broiling in the
sun. Hut it is due to truth to ray that a
majority of these deluded victims are Indi
an women. The leperos, ladrones, and
idlers of all kinds, who throng the pulque
and liquor shops, are generally noisy from
llin effect of drinking, and a good port ion
of them find a day, as well as niht lodging
in the different arches & porticos of the cil'.
Liquor shops that is, groceries under the
name oftirmlns are to be found at every
corner of the street. The number of them
is very great, and, of course, very pleasant
to the olfactories of whoever passes them.
You might blindfold a man, and lend him
lb rough every street and alley of the cily,
and he would give you tbe number of tlie'in
all that is, if he had a decent and respec
table nose. The liquor most generally sold
is n-runilirntc, under different names ac
cording as it is colored or scented. It is
vile stuff, and I fear has sowed the seeds of
death in the con titutions of but too many
of our troops. It b distilled from one oft he
grains, anil almost invariably goes by the
name of "wlu-key'' anion;; the soldiers.
Pul que is quite a diili rent article, and,
you are aware, is the threat national beve-
r.le of the p.-op'e. It is said by some of
our phy.--.it ians to be healthy, if not taken in
too lare quantities. Not so strong as cider
it has somewhat, of its tartness, and is as
unpleasant to the palate, at first, ns an olive.
Pulque shops are to be seen nil over the
cily, their walls gent rally decorated with
some fantastic representation such as a
half dozen Mexicans drinkinpj pulque and
dancin i, while another plays upon a fiddle.
The efled of Ibis liquor is ralhel enlivening
at first, and leads to song andnierry-imiking.
A few glasses too much of it, however,
soon lay the dancers trpon the floor.
This beverage is made from tbe abluted
maguey plant, agave or A merican aloe. It
has been known in Mexieosincethe whites
had any knowledge of the country ; and,
indeed, according to authentic accounts,
much earlier. Paper, cards, and several
other arlicb-s are also manufactured from
its fibres. I saw soma of these plants in
blossom this side of Ptu bla, which were
nearly thirty feet in height, and very pro
minent objects upon the road side. In the
time of Cortez, the Aztecs manufactured
paper from the maguey.
I have alluded, in one ol my former let
ters, to a beautiful characteristic of the
Mexican ladies their love and culture of
the gorgeous flowers of (heir sunny clime.
It seems to me that they have almost a'i
equal passion for rearing the many voiced
and briget plumaged birds ol their couMtry
Above nearly every balcony may he seen
three or four cages suspended, filled with
merry songsters. One portion of most of
the markets of the city is devoted to a sort
of a iary, for the sale of birds. So in many
of the streets, the air absolutely vocal with
melody. I never shall fo'get my aston
ishment one morning, as I was out early,
at seeing directly in the street before me,
what appeared at the moment to be nothing
less than a small housj jnade entirely of
bird cages, each stu'.y filled with tinging
birds, except one. vhich was inhabited
solely by an old lot ster. The house was
walking, though "it was ten feet high and
half as wide ae.d '.hick. How it was car
ried puzzled r.ie not a liltle, for neither logs
or arms were visible. Upon reaching this
aviary on twu legs, I ascertained that it was
liorne by a email Indian girl, almost bent
double, i-.rder the weight. Soon several
other walking houses followed, till the
street was nearly full of them. These Cage
ca'.ri.-rs all took their way to the grand
pla-:a, or the market near it, to dispose of
their burdens. lmnienso iiiTinhers of these
cnges are manufactured in the suburps, of
wicker of cane, and .sometimes quite taste
fully ornamented. I certainly have never
visited any place where tho females cxhihi'
ed so much love for flou'crs and birds as in
til.' city of Mexico.
Speaking of birds, I have an interesting
incident to narrate. As I was recently
passing through one of the streets, leading
out i( (iiitle ilc. Plncios, (the great business
thoroughfare, of the capitol) 1 was certain
tlv.it I heard the notes of the robin. The
very idea of hearin; the notes of cue of
tlu se songsters, so tar from JNew t-.nglmui,
induced me. to slop short, and make some
thing of a search. There were many birds
in an adjacent aviary, and it was dillicull
to distinguish the notes ot any one ot them
However, after murh inquiry, 1 saw a soli
tary cage suspended from a balcony, four
stories from the ground. I immediately
entered the court yard of the house and
was s'Kin at the balcony. I Here, sure
enough, was a robin red-breast, as merry
and musical as any I have ever seen upon
the old elm in front of a New England
farm-house. 1 do not know when so slight
an incident has had so magical .an ellect
upon my feelings. My imagination car
ried me home in an instant to the green
fields the sunny hillsides all vocal with
the prattle of the boblink, the sveet notes
of the golden oriole, the twittering of (he
swallow and above all the cherished me
lody of the robin
the owner (a Frenchman) of the bird re
lated that he, several years since, while at
Iew Orleans, brought home with him sev
K It LA N I) C OITXTyi.A.. sATUIllUY, AUUUST 19, .8 17
'ili-y were probably obtained orignilIv
e.-al of them, as well as a.iiumljcr of eg"s.
from some one of the -niiny inercha its and
traders from the Aortli, 'in the Crescent
City. I assure yon I thought I had seen
this identical robin in Massachusetts or New
Hampshire; and when,af.t-rbehad finished
bis first song, he held up one of his legs to
ward me, 1 could have almost have sworn
to the fact. J shall remember him nt ony
rale, and bear his best respect to his fellow
songsters in the far North.
Parrots of every color and species are as
much domesticated in this city as cats, and
far more mischievous withal. They climb
upon every tangible object in a room, or
upon the oufsides of the houses. Some of
them talk better Spanish than many of those
around, who have, or ought to have, re
flective families. Jlut notwithstanding
their gaudy plumage, their incessant chatter
renders them perfect bores, (.'ive me a
good, faith (til dog, even and amiable, well
allianced tom-cat, ay, or a kitten is bearable,
but from a parrot, and a Mexican parrot
to boot, good heaven deliver us!
GEMS OF POESY.
Vrcm tho H,i.-t in lie
tiv r.nwAnno. aiibott.
Labor, labor honest labur
Labor keeps mc well and slruitg;
Labor ;.'ives me food and raiment,
Lnbur, loo, inspires my sung !
Labor keeps me ever merry
Checrtid labor but piny ;
Labor wresllos wilh my sorrow,
Labor driveih . ars away.
Labor makes me greet the moiiiinj'
In tbe glorious hour of d.iw n,
And I see Ihe bills and valle.xs
Put their golden carinentri oa.
Labor brings im eve of solace,
When my hands their toils forego,
And ueriiss my hi'iil l in silence,
(-'hei ished streams of inetiniiy llnw.
Labor curtains night with gladness,
(livelh rest ui id happ dri-nnie;
And the sleep that follows labor,
With a mystic pleasure teems.
Labor ever freely givcth
Lust runs vigor to the mind ;
Shuddin-r o'er it sunlight holy,
New ideas 1 daily liutl.
Labor brings me nil I need
While I wotk I need not borrow
Hands are toilinir for to-day,
Mind i.i woikit'tj for to-morrow.
L dior'.s tools nmke sweetest music,
As thei.- busy echoes ring ;
Loom a, til wheel, and anvil, ever
Have a merry soug In siisj'
'Labor La! in !'' eiieth Nature,
"Labor!"' .siug th whet.-l-j of Time,
And i I their own mystic latifii: i; !
Eaith and sky and ocean chime.
Labor labor ! ne'er be idle,
Labor, labor, while ye can ;
:Tis the Iron Ago of Labor,
Labor only makes tho mini !
TIIK voi.xt: L.wm.otti).
One of tho best and soundest lawyers
that ever sat on the bench of Massachusetts.
as Judge P. . He was always dis
tinguished for the urbanity of his manners
and the true benevolence of his spirit : and
the story I have now to relate illustrates,
quite forcibly, this charteristic.
Judge V. was raised in JJarnstable, and at
the time we refer to assisted his mother as
much as possible, in keeping a country inn;
modi; ol stibsislance to which she was dri
ven by tho death of her hushamU
(Jne evening a way worn traveller, arm
ed with a bundle suspended from a cune,
entered the inn and asked for something to
at. His dress was not calculated to im
press a beholder with any vast ideas ol
wealth, but rather of one who lived by
travelling on foot and begging a night's
lodging from the benevolent inn keepers.
Mrs. P. cast a dance at the traveller, and
seeing bis shabby coat, formed a pretty ac
curate estimate ot Ins ability to pay lor
whatever might be furnished him.
She left the room to examine her larder
and in a short time returned, and having
set before hint a vent picked bone of beef
wont out of the room, at the same time say
ing to her son, John, it trill bo worth about
Our traveller attacked the beef, and after
sometime, having perfectly macerated it,
he rose and asked John how much lie was
Well,' Faul John, 'mother thought it
would be worth about twenty cents to pick
that bone, and 1 think' sr (oo, here's (he
money,' and he generously presented (he
traveller with a pistercen.'
Don't Likk His Looks. A Slietid'a offU
eer was sent to execute a writ against a Qua
ker. On arriving at the house, he saw the
Quaker's wife, who, in reply to tho inquiry
whether her husband was at home, re
plied in (ho affirmative, at tho same timo
requesting biin . to" bo seated, and her
husband would speedily bob him. The offi
cer waited patiently for some time, but tlio
Quaker did not moke hi appearance ; and tho
fair Quakeress coming into the roomy he re
minded her of her promise (hat ha should ape
her husband. "Nay, friend, I promised that he
would see thee. He lias aeen thee ! He did
not liko thy looks ; therefore he avoided thy
path. ' and bath left Ihe house by another
, 1 - -
In youth, aay Lord Bacon, wonua are
our mistresses ; at a riper age, our compan
ions ; in old age, otu nurses, and in all age
' n r i .,
From the Public Ledger:
AIKRirAJI OJIAPE CILTt-nE.
Messrs, Editors : It is often asked why
more attention is not given to grape culture
in this cniiutrvj both for the purpose of fur
nishing nn article for tublo asej tout lor ma
king vine. Tim only reason we can think of
for this apathy i., there being so many and
such various means and opportunities of em
ploying capital and skill in dlir Hew und wide
spread country, that llin grape culture has
Allhough the grape is not indigenous in
Europe, till having been originally brought
from Asia, u-t France alone in 182f, had
four millions four hundred and sixty-five ihou-
sind acres ( 1,46.1.00(1) of land in vineyards,
producing niiiiualy nine hundred and one mil
lions (SO 1.000,000) galloon of wine, mid worth
two hundred million of dollars ($200,000,0011)
besides the millions of grounds used for rai
sins, table use, &C.
Now the vine is indigenous in every Slate,
Territory and Province in North America,
from tho Atlantic to tho Pueilie, mid frdm
Canada to California.
The. early cultivators of the Vine in this
country, have thrown away some hundreds df
thousand of dollars in trying to acclimate
foreign varieties of the urnpu to our soil and
climate. None of ttio efforts have been suc
eesnful in open culture; N. tiongworthj of
Cincinnati, and Dr. It. T. Underbill, of New
York, each have iqient several thousand dol
lars in trying to cultivate foreign vines -both
have discontinued the culture of foreiirn, tlttd
both are now zealous mid successful cultiva
tors of American vinos. Mr. Longworlh has
one hundred acres in it bearing state, princi
pally of the Catawid a variety. Dr. Under
bill has twenty acres in bearing, principally
of the Isabella. To the best of our know ledge
Ihey are the two largest grape "rowers in the
Union. The whole number of acres in vine
yards in bearing near Cincinnati is alwuit four
hundred. The grapes are raised there for
wine making. From the Catawba is made
an excellent wine, without cither sugar or al
cohol, equal to the best lloek of Europe, ami
which nt one year old. readily sells at one
dollar mid fifty cents per gallon. In the
spring of 1847, Mr Longworlh made six thou
sand and Mr. Miller four thousand bottles of
champagne, and of so good n quality ns to
command twelve dollars perdoicn. Povcml
Germans in Berks County, Pa., ore cultiVa
ting the Istiliella, Culawba nnd Alexander
grapes w ith success, und last season produced
more than twenty thousand gallons of Wine.
Dr. Underbill laises grapes expressly for
tho New York market, sending there several
thousand baskets yearly, nnd selling at nine
lollnrs per hundred pound, or about four dol- !
lars fifty cents per basket. By the last con- ! veins, two of which nre powerful, nnd proba
sns it nppenred that in 1839. North Carolina ; bly come together at about 200 feet in depth,
was the greatest wine growing Slate in the ! The miners spenk very favorably of the pros
Union. The Sen pperung is the favorite grape pects of finding an abundance of ore. here.
al tho South, where it grows with great lux
uriance, otio vine having produced one hun
dred and filly gnllons of wine in one season.
Sidney Weller, of I'.riukleville, N. C, informs j ly by the most abundant surface indications
me that he has sold all his first quality of j and underground workings. Cuitio and ex
wines of last year's vintage, nt three dollars ' amine for yourself; bring with you some of
To show that we nre in one of the best lo- '
cations in the Union, for grape crowing, ns
regardw soil and climate, we need only slate
one fact. In 1845, James Laws, nt bis farm
near Chester, produced ten thousand pounds
of Isabella and Catawba grapes tu the acre,
and realized by selling them ut wholesale,
"eight hundred dollars per acre, besides ma
king more than two barrels of wine to the
Mr. Law's crop of grapes would have pro-
hiceil more than one thousand gallons ot
wine to tho acre, without the addition of ei
ther sugar or alcohol) and worth when one
year old, fifteen hundred dollars.
We will mention n few of the good reasons
for grape culture in this country; Tho aver-
ago price of and in France, for giapo cul
ture, is two hundred dollars per acre tho
iiverage price in this country would not bo
one-fourth part of that sum.
The cost of manuring in some parts of Ku-
rope is upwards of sixty-seven dollars per
acre, being tour or live times ir.e cost in una
country. Tho average quantity of wine made
to the acre in Franco; is loss than two litnt'
bed and fifty gallons. At Cincinnati the av.
. i t i
em go quantity is tour nuuureu ami seviwiiy-
live gallons' per note.
If you have tho epaoo to swiro we proposo
to furnish Ihe two hundred thousand readers
of tho Ledger with a few practical essays on
tho culture of American grapes, and the man
ufacture ol w ine, the cost of forming vine
yards, the profits of thie culture.
II. G. Boswkli..
A men eats up a pound of wiga, and the
pleasure he enjoyed has ended ; but t"e in
formation ho gets from a newspaper is treas
ured up in the. mind, .lo be enjoyed anew,
and to bo used whenever occasion or inclina
tion calls for it. A newspaper is not the wis
dom of otto man, or two' men ;' it is tho wis
dom of the age, and of past ages too..
A family without a newspaper, is always
half an age behind the times in general in
formation, besides tfiey never think muct
or find much to think about. And there are
the little ones growing up in ignorance, with
out rr tute for reading.'
Besides all these evils, there' the wife,
who, when her work is done, has to sit down
arith iianda in her lap, and nothing to' amuse
her mind' from the toils and care of the do
mestic circle. Who then would be without
a newspaper- Binjamin Franklin.
From the Tribune )
IV EW JERSEY COPPER MINES.
Flemincton, N. J., Aug. 4, 1848.
Ma. Editor Of your 200.000 readers
how many have ever heard of a place called
Flemington ? how many are ignorant that
there is a beautiful village of that name in
Hunterdon co., New Jersey, now containing
over 10,000 inhabitants t
Tho most noted Company is called "flem
ington." Their property lies half it milo
west of the village, and their mining rights
extend over 400 acres of land. Already five
parallel veins liaVe been found on it, but
tho workings have been chiefly confined to
one of them. The outcrop of this vein is re
markably rich, but it is in connection with,
and much disturbed by, a dyke of trap rock.
Both these circumstances have proved unfor
tunate the one seducing tho company into
hunting the oro too near the surface; the
other preventing their finding it but with in
creased cost, liooeiitly, however, levels have
been opened ut 52, 70 nnd lod feel, and grati.
fying results the vein showing well defined
wallsj a softer matrix, an abundance of white
spar, and mora ore. At the lowest, depth,
the vein is about eight feet thick, and is en
tirely freo from the trap. This company
have been smelting for some time with suc
cess. There are four furnaces created two
blast and two reverberator-calcining. They
can reduce from ten to twenty tons of ore a
week. Several shipments of Copper have
been made : one which I saw, weigded OTer
io,000 1bs. Tho fuel used is anthracite Coal
from the Lehigh region. Some of tho ore
is roasted with wood in the open air. Its con
stitutentsare 70 per cent copper, OS sulphur
and 3 iron; and in the books is described as
''Gray Vitreous," The Company are consi.
deriug the propriety of erecting more power
ful and complete machinery to enable them
to go deeper and to- dress their ore more
promptly and perfectly. They have a char
ter from the State for about 20 years, which
gives the management to a Board of seven
Directors, who aro chosen annually.
Tho next Mine in importancu is called the
'Central ;" it lies South-West of the first, and
adjoins it. This Company began exploring
about a year ago; they mado live openings,
or "shafts," discovered three veins, and con
tinued working upon tho largest one through
out K -j-ie, nnd took out a considerable
quantity of surface ore, some 'of it very rich
and beautiful, both grey and yellow. This
was found lo contain a portion of silver. Du
ring the winter a charter was obtained like
that of th Flemington Company. Thero is
now being erected a large steam-engine and
other machinery. The new shaft is so placed
as to cut tho lines of declination nf flui three
This is eminently a "copper district," has
been pronounced geographically so by sever
al noted scientific men, and proved pnictical-
vonr "mineral men." nnd we will fill their
pockets with "specimens,"" their heads with
"speculation," and their bands with shares,
without stint. Yours,' &c", H. C.
Pa in r i' i, fitsArrotNTMrsT. An Albany pa
per publishes the following account of a fruit
less search for u long lost child :
It is known that a ft'n of Mr. Burt, of this
city, four years old, has been missing over
two years. Tho parents have always believ
ed that tho child was takon away by a cir
cus company. Mr. Burt received informa
tion a few1 weeks since, that led him to be
lieve that his son was with a circus company
in Western Pennsylvania. Ho found the
company near Bedford, Pa., but tho boy
(though obtained at or near Schenectady, and
of the same age,) was not his, and he sent a
telegraph dispatch from Bedford, to his wife,
saying, "not our child. Will bo home by
Wednesday." But the telegraph noto as re
ceived bv Mrs. ll.j 'read. ! "met our child.
I will bo homo by Wednesday." The moth
er, supposing her lost child had been found,
communicated tho intelligence lo her friends.
Put this mn'rninir,' wT-cu Mr. B. returned)
those joyful uuticipatioii's were cruelly disap
A rVEST Chemical Wick, for lamps, is
about to u prion r in New York. Common cut-
ton wick, by being saturated in a eombiiia
lion of chemical instances, w ill burn with
ail increased quantity and quality of light,
and at a diminished c'"iisc.
Tii sweet to ace Hie fod, the it g,
The Hly and the pollivf
But sweeter far a is to lot;
Tu by my brail on Pally's knee.
A CllUBCH TuaNED INTO A RAII.aOAn.-e-
The ancient collegiate church of Edinburgh,
has been purchased by the North British
Railway Company for wafn shed. Tho
tombs of the Scottish Queens, which will have
to be removed, will cost the company seven
teen thousand pounds.
A Neco, undergoing an examination at
Northampton, Mass., w hen asked if his mas
ter was vnristian, replied : "io, sir, lie s a
member of Congress '. "
Leisure. This leisure is a very pleasant
garment to look at, but it is a very bad one
to wear. The ruin of millions may be traced
OLD SERIES VOL: 8, NO. 47.
Dkcidedlt Bich A correspondent of tho
Ttoy Budget, tells the following "good 'un :".
'It seems that the person who blows the
bellow df tho organ at St. Luke's Church,
also attends to the furnace for warming tho.
building, and having occasion during ser
vice, to "mind tho fires," he left the bellows
in charge of a coachman lately imported, anel
"green" as the Emerald Isle of his nativity1,
before the appearance of the potato rot. Du
ring hi absence, the ' Floria in Excelsis"
came in the order of exercise, to be chaunt-i
ed, and Patrick wan directed t furnish the
organic element. A short time elapsed, but
no music followed the touch of the lady who.
presided at tho instrument: "Blow," whisp
ered the fair Organist. "Blow!" repeated
the leader, and "blow ! blast you, blow !"
echoed the entire choir, but not a puff found4
its way into tho vacant pipes, to wake the
slumbering harmony. An investigation now
took place, and Patrick was found behind Iho
organ with both his hands tightly croUCha,
around tho bullows-hatidlo (a stick of somo
five feet long and two inches thick,) the end
stuck in his mouth, bis clicclks swelled to tli
utmost expansion, his eyes distended, and
the perspiration streaming; fiom his face en-'
gaged in the vigorous but vain attempt to
force his breath through tho instrument.
It is, perhaps, unnecessary to say that soma
little time passed before the choir were able
to screw their mouths into that serious pucker
requisite to the proper performance of Ihe
HOW THEV BflLD Hut'SES IN Nr.W Toil, ,-
Tim following account of civic. , architect are
in New York is by Mike Walsh, who is n6
connected with a newspaper in Boston. Tho
characteristics which .he ascribes to the style
of Building aro strik'uigly mdieated by tho
illustrations he giteS:
Most of the buildings in vew York are run
up by contract consequently ; the object to
the owner and contractor, tbth' being to do
and get tho work done as cheaply as possible.
Ifotifes there are, very (limsily constructed,
and it is getl'ng to bo more and moretfi'e case'
here. We. have heard it averred, that build
ing contractors, there, have been known to
split their brick and sot them edgewise, to'
make one supply tho space of two. VV e have
heard, too, tlvat they often cement the brfcki
together with mud, instead of mortar, to the
end that they must soon fall, . perhaps by
wind, perhaps fcy fire, and so afford the men .
Work. . i i, .
Lest tho houses so erected should bid defi
ance to both these agents and last too long,
they insert strips of scantling between- the
layers, on, pretence of nailing the lathing to
them.. Of course .ft" (Tie building talfps firej
the scantling burns awh'y dud! the walls confe
down. This is not the only evil consequent
on such a style of building.
For example : we liave heard of a gentle
man who having moved into a house in Hud- -
son street, tilted his chair barkwajd against
the front wall after dinner, as all American
lo, to enjoy his cigar. The dining room was .
on tho second floor. Tha wall gave way be
hind him, and he was spilled into the street;
Ho was an Alderman, and luckily pitched!
upon his head, or, perhaps, ho might have
been hurl. He had a two hours' headache
. .- j J
as it was. lieu lio sought damages in . tno .
Court of Common Pluas, he was non-suited,
on the ground that living in a house in New
York, ha must have buei) aware of the peril
and was not entitled to compensation for
harm of his own wilful or.careless seeking.
A washerwoman, ill .Canal street going" to
hivo a nail htto t);o brick palffct Jthe next
house, thereto to attach her clolhes . UM,
struck tho iron through and tlpougji iuto the
skull of tho tenant, w ho happened to be ta
king his afternoon nap in the posture of thej
suflerer of tho proceeding story, and aiiieo
him as dead as Siscru. She was tried fof
Scan evory person's virtues .and error with
a view of deriving profit from both by imi
fitting the one and avoiding the other.
It is said that even tbe most honest girls in
tho North aro in the futTnt Of. AwAing met
other's dresses! Horrible depravity.
, ,.. . .
SrEAKtRO without thinking, is shooting
w ithotit taking aim. It is better if one s foot
make a slip than one's tongue.
OritEa Testimony. Col. George W. Mor
gan says,' "tho world never sa.v an army bet
tor fed or cared for than our army in Mexico."
"Poos iho Court tmderstand ,yu to aay,
Mr. Jones, that . you saw the. editor of the
'Argus of Freedom' intoxicated V "Not at
all, sir ; I merely said) that 1 have seen him
frequently so. Hurried in bis mind that hei
would undertake to cut out copy with ttM
suutfers that's all."
Truth, is a hardy plant, and when once
firmly rooted it covers the ground so that er
ror can scarce find root.
In tho spirit of most men lies a cieative
power,' which oidy neoda the right moment to
call forth the spark.
Give the Devil his Dvc. Certainly ; but
it is better to have no dealings with the deVH1,'
and then there will be nothing due him."
It is said that to set newly" made, preserve
for several days open in the sun, is one of the
best methods of making them keep through
the summer unfermented It is worth try."