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IVENKLYNtWSPAPEIt IN TIIR COUNTRY.:
GREAT , INlttfelintritiNTS "TO OLOSSI
c - - .-vgg;tygggbg paw is published fro4thi Oi l y of
ta.contaqted . upon cliatlonal:piticipteii; &Mina
giayights at Ow Etatos.,• , It. slit tesist:-Nratt;'
and Aril! ttn devoted to con*rt.''
`, 'doetrinea; as the' Uwe' foundation of pubtio i troiW
welty pud'uothil , order, Buell, *.W.coltlY/onna his
Ilnlteft Matta, Ann it la to
, fhb want thht WilgilLT, NUM II 4;104
imiciar- - P . RIM IA printed 'on endilleit hits'
,pe* tye; and in - imarto taint; (or Ann ng;
. contains All th e e News of, the Sari 1 00TIVIVO ts i)09 feels f~a Old .
- 19 1 / tati Dew, ;. Zrososanc, In M
Og e If, tlonsi 9 110 ,11.04mM
,i?!„ , , , v 1 7
!.k. , e!'t,t°; -, ,;;;•.''
groat lam Kati r.,
, ; A: ,sousi Maw* and "all others who aware it-flrst '
—7Weahly , Xiturapaper, wasit'thatosalcia to 'siva
law cirCulation is their se`
,• 7 • • :••: • ,
- -•_•,‘ 1. It
keit' *nix, the' WAN%
- 11,starto, Sabialberro out of tike City, it am Ittlit.tss
TIM iiiiiffnlj lOUS TiohLese vox Utast Vomits; Titus
pout.alitt rot ant lehetue,inverfateytu edemas to the
b-Ipt . -Teti
.lifhilbitidfatioetibereTwidOi the qty, at Tinuos Pot,-
• st(r 1 ,- east! /LAMM; "
be 01,0 to
„ t Jiff' tar lc ,wata ar.
triett,• (per annum ,
to adirattea,) at fa of
Three Offiesi ”0)
pow,. 41; , X9OO
lataloataa,- ' as• ' • I: 00
-Tipyitty Ctoploo; 14 r r• " to one ,00
,• , 111 ,0 07 00 0% a over, • ", (to 'Urea of eaek I
Ihuboottberrioiott , 90.
Tertuttphae or ores . we wltt doed fot
extra oo_py to the gette).4p of *eolith.' • • •
.'ll7 - "ooediedtetti - azo're4aeite r d to oat ma *polo Tor,
4 tltit Witonit Psate.' -
• .•-, . JOHN W.IOI6IEL
ObeficM fikeet, Ilatadelphla. °
tOillOcof 4-41vekt, &x:
itAILEY. & CO., OMISTNIIT, STRU:
Matottsotureni of •
tOdsi r theii Insm;iloa, co Ito proollog oxototti
tittisiao and *mete an tovited to visit oor
Oonetently on hand 'sloe& ter lonoriot
• ••• Watehelo, of all the Oelebratid makers.
Weektatitiii, Brimlets,,.llinic•akap, LlAsr-itliage,
'ANA And 41; allot Rtielma la ti,
Draivtop Of NSW DESIGNE mitt he mai froe
clui.rge PET those wlahlug work made to pit*,
I, '/El.Oll GOLD ,JEWELRY:
bervieuet'isioor:tme tiemmo: l, oo
811191/71111.D OASTORIS, Nunn; •WAITIOB J
Aix.; ironte`and afarDlO Ol,oo* if nand"
and of Superior vitas* iiO4*4l.
„Si A. 'PEQUIGi4OT,
MANtIPAOTUREBB OY WATCH OA9EE
'AHD IMPORTERS OP. WARMS,
..00E11 TUBB STREET, BELOW OUSE •'
- .Iloactsri YBEEncia
~•:•;4AVES:CE.- C AITZWEtIi. & co.. 7---
O :'l•l4:4.lldullottirf, BELow virsizl, • ,
, inAhnterd - of tit'stehee and Moe Jewelr Mine
rare bf Sterling and fthuident 81/thi Tea Bete, Parke
6P 0014 401d' Ideal fit th e tale of Oharles trodshe
new innee 'aold ddwild ;London Titeeketell
Mod on hand, -- ptices 3260, s2ts,"end Ith00:' •
English -end Swint Watches et the loweat'lpfleed. -
• ththinnebtedevalry.- ,
And dinettean Plated "
„,.w JARD,EN:Sic - Bllo`. ,
~' ~.,.. ' '-,.._,' ".. ' 1
.07 ” itllMPlOrifillitritiP illrall4lo , ‘
- -' 8114 , 011-PLANID"grAItg, '' • ,
tio— 00,1 Chestnitt' atoms; above' Thiht, , tap, , ;)
Cioadipatiy on Mad sud-for sib to tho Trad e , '
; :1 A. .fikTB, ,pOMkrUNION ssitv.tom awn, !,
ITCHERB, 00BLITS CUPS, WAValah L _Ph* - -
r " ', - fg..KTicooToBB, K . at'OON,C, ,FONIIB, I
.-',. , ,' - A, ' LADLE; &h., /1.0,, . , • .
-,;,- . : 411,141ng ark plating on tlkkintta,pt petal. iee.-1
riataims P. DIIBOSQ-Ic SON, 'We ,1
Carnrir & Co.A, .Virbo 101.1413"0
191=8 OF JJAWIARYOO4 OHESTNIITigkest; Pi +v
t''lßmAxii l o:DP. 'l 94 l4 lt - Wei Ii,DMIO4Q
- wiralitani wastii t soii., -
MitirErFACTURERS OF SILVER, WARE,
- (UTABLIERED 1812,) -
; • COSIER Plllll AND OHIRSY 11711Sit8,
A large assortment of MGM WAlUi s of *ray •
otription, motatontly on hand, or made to order to ma
mosoattern desired. , .
lingairtOs of and' tstraologliam Sin
.V,ALUABLB IBBARY BOOKS.
$4 BEEKMAN STREBT,NEW TORN-
!`ltOk'D r = ALL •10Cf AtIi:ELLER
Icktotris 2 i merittalt AR; ty the Night Ro
• 2 8.1ohard LalorShell, M__ ,; I!attlidorith Melpolr
• t; !Notes, by B. Shelton Neeklm±lo,_.D; o.` L. Sixth Dd •
lion, with Portrait skid '6O-mmliOetteri• In 2 rol
1"40652s - _ ,
Tax NOOTIA AMBROBIAN.M. By Protemer-Wilsok
.40ekhart, Immo Hogg, and Dr. Magian. Bdl ,
MeM'elwi and Notes, by pr. B. filteltonldseirenzi
' In 6 volumes, with portrait and -
• sholtia.‘ Price`ll6.
11441116804181130ELTANITS. The Miscallineetut Via •
logs of the late Dr. Motion. Sidited,Vith s diem°
• and) Note*, by 'Dr. - ',Shelia Mackenzie. eonkple
in 6,voinmeo, with Portrait. • Price, per rot:, sloth, $
, DIPS OT Sin B.P. HON. i01184.108.40.206LP0T OMEN&
" ily,his Sony WM. gen ry Darren ; with Notes and •
, Miens, Ix Dr. R. She, tan Mackenzie, sad a Pod i
oh Steel and feo-simile, 'Third Mitten. 12.m0, clot
• Pile* $1 25.
TUN 0 1 8RiENS 'AND Nall 011,ammItTINS; a NS,
bond t Story, holing the tint of Ladr Romania Nerds
-,andDemanees.- With an introduction and Notes, by
Pr. It, Shelton Msokonsio. .2 vols.; 12m0., cloth,
BARRINOTOWS SKETCHIS. Peraonal liketchen of his
Own Time, By Sir Jonah Barrington, with ilinatri•
lions by Parley. Pourth -Edition. With Memoir hi
Pr. Mackenzie. 12ine., cloth. Price fl 86.
61.008.801 LISP OP. SHANIDAN. Memoirs or lb
Life et the- night Ron.. Richint Brineley Sheridan.
By Thome* Moore; with Portrait add tac.lienlB4
• Sixth Edition:-2 role 12m0., Moth. ",• Price 62.
PITS.OP DLARNIAT. ity Dr.,B. Shelton Mackensiof
' Thief! Milton. 12Mo. cloth. Primo 61.
• TUB HISTORY OP Tid W 6.8 TUN kIit4INIMILL4
t•Armabeetienerid Sir W. P. P. Napier, from the au l
.thotoa last's ined "edition, with fifty - fire Map end
Plans, Are fOrtralta On , moot and it copploto
• 6 vat.; faro, aka, Price $f 60.
tinlß'S PRaINBULAR wen, Complete la / Vol.t
/No, Price 62 SO. • • ;
TUN 'mar. J. V. Maiitington; author or "Lady
Misie," • " Alban," ke. 1 vol., 12ass. Second • EMI
Neu. „ Priee $1 7.5 ' • " '
ALBAICI N) History or a Young Puritan. By a,
, , ir.. linatingtan. 21101*,, limo, cloth. Price Si.
401§TDBRSON:ii. Gees MAT LITER
414.4E'r0M MUTH &MUM Amato,
Ulm* , to Polity the yid* of our woo** '144
seias„ina 1104tesiblibook-buyitig public to All op flair
llbrirloolttho got* low prim, ink ists* to t its
icarial** of books to: the smut of $i sia
aGM In Woo of from 21) Moto to Net Voll st
ootsidialusootl 104 at our Mae* stook, sap aloof
.',i, ATTORIUM, T,,I A AW ',
7 , q1,4 16 ,* -*,j FL , l n t/ t " i ? IS,9A ,d; 1 #1 40 .
#•l l o .l imaitoZ Pil tLaboisa, :
' W 10111.01446,11.41,111644-4944 : raeet:l
g , !l,:itittelVll RENTOM-400%bbiitli - T - 1*
no kirrale OZ4 tiL - PP t :
m..alsjiaAiritt&f , r.,
' '1W., 4 ...-i. ',.: , 2 ,'-' -• . .*
ir ;A V. VAT
&MR trc#o,. ,A4e, 1004,
VOL; 1--=NO: 72.,
tube itt sll)ilabeiphiti.'
For the benefit of etrangers and other. whp Ind y de
ltic. to ,visit •way, of our public Isletflattens, we publleh
the rammed Bet, , ••, - • • • ' ,
rusatintAOSS Or; amosraultr.. •
''Aeadeany, of Wale, (cperatio,) corner of Broad and
Archritriet Theatre, Arch; above 6ti4 Street. ;
'Parkinsouri Carden, Meet-lint,
National Theatre and Circai, Walaut„abore 'Eighth.
• .oendferd , 9,Qperallogs6,(Ethinpland ',Sloven th, below
• ' Walnut Siisitt' Theatin, northeast coiner Bluth and,
•Weinek'' '• 1 -
Ibeinentis Varieties, Fifth end ObestAttb:
ThomaaNtOgets iletule,'Arch, below Seventh:
~• - • - •• i„ awn, inn t •
Academy of ,Natural Sciences, corner Of Broad and ,
Hearne streets. , ,
Academy of iija .krts, pliestnat, aboVe Teeth. ,
'Arthits', tend HalliChestint, above Teeth.
panklin I ustititteclip. 0 South Seventh strpet• •
Ileislitikee, wearable bf, opposite Soutb
• rhanr46,9l* (Friends'), Walnut street, above Third.' •
• •arailen „Connie Empl o yment of Poor Women, No.
* reef; street, ' ' •
't Mita 'fo"r f .* criiilo.yen,",. No., 38 Notts Seventh
. Nil d Aaylnro, Saco, d Twentieth street., •
'Christ Chinch Hospital, No. 0 )}berry street;
City Hoapttak bflatiteerittr etre ot,"near Coates. •
- /Clarksonvrltall,-No - 163 Cherry street.; 's •
T/Isfelsrary, Yifth, below Chestnut street.
;walla Soehdl foritlye Belief Oa Ittoployment of the
odor, NO.:l2,blortlttleventk street. „ • • '
G uaidlatninf,,,thSt "Penr. slake. No, 69 North Seventh
Y',llcanstiii Sol*, iriti. No. It South Seventh street,
YA IroloirtOV Friendl ess Children; corner Twenty-third
bad-Bran ' ' - •
• liedigentWidrrond and Slagle Womenva Moiety, Cherrj,"
seat of pfdtteentis street, • r - r . „ ,
• WirealeMAllt Chestnut, aboie Seventh street. ' •
Matotalas Alytim, "korner of Rice 'Sod Twenty.nrst
_iitteeta,. Arq Tz • „
Northern Dliperatern No i I Spring Carden, street:, •
,Orphatue As:lan/ . (colored ) ) Thirteenth •• street, mew,
049100111. , „
.Pi4lo).#ll' *al; sl6lb Ind Itainee street.
be. , • do. a. X.ectreer Bmed arid Spring Bar.
• Its. "' • '.Tenth and South streets.
: do. f Third end Ares% Streets. '
- do. Ridge Road, below Wallace.
,oennaylvebin, Hospital, Pine street, between Eighth
and ffinth.., , r -
Penneylynula Institute for the 'Detraction of the Blind,
corner Bate sod Twentieth atreet.
Ntinsykisrila floole f r for, Alleviating the, peones of
'Public Prisdne,l3lsth and Adelphi istreets.
Peonejivania Training 'School for Idiotic mid Feeble-
Minded• Children,' School Noose "Lane, Gennantown,
office N 0.162 Walnut eteet.
• rbiladlSPhis ( Orphans! dmitim, northeast eor:Eigh;
Heath kfittOberry ;
Preston Retrent;llatuilton, near Twentieth street. '
Prciettlene* Society, Preite,'belovr Sigth street. • -
' Southern Digiensaryy No: 118 Bbippen street.
-_Anion -.Benevolent *semiotic's', H. W. • earner of
fhlentkewl Hansomatreete.', _ ' •
Will!. Ifoepital, Boo°, between Eighteenth and Nine.
teenth streete.,_ ,
• St. AOS4VIVAROIip ( tsI,' Hirard 'venue, between IN.
%edit and Sitttsbnith. '
Npletopid • Boapitel, EVont etreet, between Hunting.'
ilon , and.Lalit avenues,- '
•.• Mit dal 'llosplboll'Or Dissimilar theflheat, E. W
eerier of. heatnut and 'Park ate, West Philadelphia
, mama 110114)111013.
Cesium Housit, Oboajuut street, above Fourth
' Conatj'Vrison,Fensyanit road, below Reed.
Olty Tobacco W arehouse Bock and Spruce st r eet..
' OilyController's (Wei l iciird Bank, second story. •
-;' Oinnroleattinee", df City Property, °eke, Chard Sink,
.woad story; •
.10 1 4 Umbrae* Girard Bank, second story.,
• CS/Y. Connobudoner'a Office, State House, • •
-. • ,Cityritor's 019 ,pe , With, below Walnut. • ,".
• City truing Oillonittne , e Southwest . corner
Nth %Mint; , • •
Plitvsueski Weber: *Otiti, Ifatrindunt, on the • Schuyi
Glintd Trintintsueirees Offtre,Elfth,above Chestnut
Rbitllll of Industry, Catharine, above Seventh. '..
Hose Of IndludrA Sorieutbi above Arch street:
Hem* of Bane, ( 1 _ 5 1900 Parrlab, between Twenty.
Strand and Twenty-third street. -
nbuse io Berate, ( colored ,) - Twenty - fourth, ' between
Parrish and Poplar streets,.
Health Ores , corner of Sixth and Hansom.
House, of Oorreetlon, Bob Hill.
Hulas MosPilai) , ,ltray's retry road, below South
;street,' - ,
s Mayor's( *Noe,' 0. W , , Corne r Fifth and Chestnut
-New Peottentlary, Chola 'strict; between Twenty
trot and Twenty-second street,. • •
Navy Yard, ortbe Wm-ire, collier Preset and Pricer
-•• Xertbeen.Ltisertles GascWorks, Maiden, below Went
,041 • 0fillott,,lfe. 227, Doc,k, street, opposite the Ea ,
'Prat ilisai t Hentabgtea, queen itreeti below Shute.
Poet Oince, Spring Garden, TwentY-fourth street end
panneytraalndsretute..,,,,,f - • ,
Pig44lt) kaYro e r.x4Fite , 9".411 6 7, Third, wasint and
Seventh "erred ~"- -•
- ' •
Pentelylvania Inetitute fee Deaf ited Ninth, Broad and
- RetuPs Treaty Ifenginant,,lleeeb, , above Moores
` iltaS Se S., mists ,Bresdi end. Green_
„..I , plelleMossetsi Sehool, , Serrasne, alntre MAL— • •
• Bectorderta Ode*, No. 3 State House, east wing. ' •
State House, Cheetiot "street, between Fifth and Sinn,
,sitree l lsii. , r r, •• • 1 ! •
fl 9 Sonia , near Sixth groin.
Hardin 'rninissfonorbi Hall; Spring Hardin,
and Thlrtatiatb Steatite. I
` tridow=lstolsttuse Hall) : Christian, above, Ninth
d Un t tted States , ~ •
Mint, connii,ef Chestnut and d . tiniper
"United States irednal, Gray's Perry Usk, near Fede.
Arrival asylum,-on the Schuylkill, mbar South street.
United , States Array and Clothing Equlpsge, corner of
Twelqh and (lirard Arrests.; - •
Vulad 'State! •Quarterntaatees Office, corner of
twelfth and "eirarditreete,
Collegoof Phantasy, Lane street, above Seventh.
leloetblldedleal College, Haines Adroit, west or Blatt
Gluon College 'Ridge toted and College Avenue.
• ”Uonsaroyeado lifediesl Collage, Filbert street, above
Jellerson medical celiac., Tenth street, below George
Palftectlusli Gollegoecomer Market and West Pees
enasylvads Medical college,' Ninth street, bolos
+Pidladelp6l► Medical Ordlege, lifth street, Wort
Walnut. • •
Pa rsi, War Cool Colleen, ftlf Arch Amt.
Univereity of rrenneylvents, Ninth streeti between
Iderket and Chestent
University of, Pine Idedicluu sod. Popular Knowledge,
KO. no /Joh street:" -
United Btetes - 101 - ronit and District Courts, Nn. 24
Fifth etieet, below Uneetnut. •
7 . &Tonne Court 'of - Perunkylvants, Fifth and Chestnut
Condo/ COMM? Nees, Independence Hell.
Dietrict Onurts, Kew. 1 and 2, corner of Sixth end
' Curator Quarter Sessions, corner of Birth and Chest.
out planets. '
American sad PotaignObristian Union, No. 1441:Meet.
danerfcan„Oundaj /34001 ' , Union (new), No. 1122
'Chestnut street; ,'
;Anserican Tract 13ociety - iamb - lid. 929 Chestnut.
' klentatisti Crown streeti below ealloahlit 'street.
Pennsylvania and Philadelphia Society, corner
of Seventh and '9ValiVat streets.- • " ' • '
Pttitoyteglan .or Publication (new), No. fal
Chestaut 'shoe t.
•Prosbyterlan PobHutton Ifoino, No, 1884 Obextott .
' Young Mania Ohviatian Association, No. 162 Ohaatuut
. Northern Young Hon's Christian Am.:lotion, (ler
sitantown Need and Franklin.
Bible, Tract and Periodical Wee (T.
H. winnows), o, 636 Arch street, first house below
Math street. north side.
Lutb•rin Publication Society No 132 - Arch etreot
below Eighth, - - -
RAILAQAD LINES. -
.Ptaxiii Mistral R. R.—Dopot f Eleventh and Market.
T Mall Train l'or Pittsburgh and the West.
12,06 P. Wad Line for Pittsburgb and the Welt
210 for Harrisburg and Columbia.
4.110 P. M:; Anoomintodatton Train for-Lancaster.'
11 P. X,' EsprieaMall for Pittsburgh and the West.
Reading Railroad—Depot, Broad and Tine.
7.30 A. M., Birprosie Train Tor Pottsville, Williamsport,
- • Elmira and Niagara Palle.
0.00 P. M., is alma (1410 t Runtime Train,)
•-• New York '
IA. sl.ifrnut Essiaington Jamey City.
A. K. from Camden, Aictemoodation Train.
1 A. M., from Clainden, vie Jamey City
10 A. M., from Walnut street 'bar?, viaJorsey city.
9P. M. vim Caradnn and Amboy, Express. .
3 P. M:, ela Olitohli, Ailearamodation Train.
OP IT4 Via OMAN) rind Amoy Oar, Mail.
0 P. M:fula Camden and Amboy, Aiuguninedation.
A. Want 'treat wharf, for Belvldere,Castioi,
Wul 24Rp, iterantOn, Aa, -
aA. 111.,t0r vrmehoid „ .
for *Nary par ,
d prior, and very MILO
alla haring. , 44214 a(
JRANTEI, • i '
or - or Roaseyivaalsi
owll la enteral "N.
SSD TOL prays ad,
! I * l2 ,t t 1
~ . .
TR. 11., far Moluit frani.Walnut /street wharf, •
2P. M:, fur Freehold..
1.30 P M ; for Wont Dolly, Bristol, Trenton, Au.
81'. for Palmyra, Burlington, ldonlentown, ko.
B.P. M., tot Belvidere, Beaton, ko., from Walnut street
• , • wharf..
Mi , fcs7 Mount Dolly, &o.
• Baltimore R. R.—Depot, Broad and Prime.
BA. M.f tot Baltdmote,.Wilminiitots Neer Ossetie, Mid
, - „ „diatom, Dover and Raiford.
rlmßaltlmere, Wilinington, and New Castle.
*AT, M., for Wilmington, New Castle, Middletown,
. Dover, and Sea ford.
P.M., for Perrrrille, Fast Freight,
11 I.; M., tor Baltimore mul Wilmington.
North Powspionsin R. .11.—Depot, Frdnt and Willow.
0.16 A. M., foratethlebent, -Dassion, Mena i Chunk, do.
A t *. rritt 497"11 12 444(1V414*"11.
2. P at thita4,, Idea, Manch Chunk, do.
4 P.M., (or Doylestovini hoconiniodation, ' •
8,86 1":- Id, for 41wynedd ; Accommodation:
Canute* and Atlantic R. R.-9•lne street wharf.
720 A. M. for Atimstio City.
10.42 A. M., for Daddonlield.
4.P. M. for Atlantic. Olt,.
4.48 P.M., for Rividondeld.
• Per Westchester.
• Ry Colombia B, B. and Westchester Branch.
' Prom Market Meet, sleuth etie, above Bight/oath.
jseskre Plapvielphti7 A - , M. •inl 4P. M.
Wiertcheetur4l.Bo'.ll - , M., and BP. M.
Leave Phttaideiina 7A.IL • • - '
• Weetchlste BP. M. •
Ifeltahlistele Dweetßallisoad, open to Penneiton, firsibbi
• prdus northeiuit Eighteenth and Market streets.
Leave Phifede t ria , 8, arid 9A. M. 2 ,4, and P. M.
it *mot xi, Drub% Bridge, 7, S, sad II A. Ms sad
• 4 au4 OP:M. • • • •
On illaturikvia hit tavola fromfamvelten at 7 A. AL
Om • 8411111711
, g,vecia pkilialietphisa 8 A. M. and 2 P. M. M.
,vs pensioned OK A. IL and BP. M.
Werrnanietme f • NOrristeten 'll. 'R.—Depot, 9th sad
' • Green. " •
4, toad 11 A.: If. =AS, 4.48, 6.46, and alb P. 11„
, for Nottistown. • •
"BA. M, dad 8 P,.11,, for DowningloWn; ,
", I, 9,9, 10,
_and 11,80 A. M., and 2,4, 0, and
•A. tar Ohnetant Hill; • '''''
T B; 1010, and 11.80, A: W., and 0,2, 9.40, 4,
'" • „0,1, 1 8, 9, and 11.110 P.11.•,10r Oermantown.
e'n.tiv %UM" R. R.—Leave -PhiLodelphis 8 A: M. and
BP.'W.' • ••• •'' "
]'sans 71( A. M. andl P. M
I.sl f. %Woad Stockton, fot Bordentrn, rem
stow erksuf. • • • • •
1942,4 81 As *odd forToo//4,Aurli , -
sad' *Wel, from Walnut ittosit ivhaa
Ir.T Kit I i grikAtaA;II.4dICRUEONZEI,(Or OW;
AAA' W 801"
had , 2414111110 aft margeui, for Bristol? R • • .1 6
rr is Yor&sa bid .119 w
AY,109. n, 96 '694 271
9borr Oomanamitzwe 41. t,,
- All 4
Asti% , 441-ty
RTY . ;' , ' - ATTOBNIit
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1.837.
RELIEF OF THE LABORING CLASSES
Those who recommend measures of relief for
,thd Working -classes ought to boar in mind that
there is no necessity of treating them as pau
pers. Do ,that, and the moral. dignity and in
dependence of that numerous.and useful and
generally intelligent class is' destroyed; for
these people 'ask,' at the bands of the more
moneyed portion of the community, not Cheri.
ty,lnit Work'. And for this'ohey have every
blaimAion Society. Give a laboring man a
dole of a dollar, and though his necessity May
'comnbi him Co accept it, he will not thank ,you,
and, he cannot thank you, as much' as if you
had allowed%him, in the independence mid
dignify of labor, to give you so ranch work in
exchange for so much money.
Let each man judge of such a case as this„
by, hirgaeif , What is each man, in this great
Commonwealth; but a laborer? the degree
Only Making the distinction. We, who work
With the, brain, are as much laborers as any
who with the strong band. Were ado in
extreme 'need, which would be most accep
table to our own self-respect—the gilt of a
small sum 'of Money, a .mere charity-dole, or
such employment es would enable us to give
an equivalent exchange of value ?—bruin-work
against head-work. The laboring classes of this
country—the horny-handed men of toll—are
19olly, di , ff'oront from, and greatly superior kJ,
the laboring classes of Europe—too many of
whom flit between the gin ,shop and the work
house, the cabaret and the charity-food histi
tuthon. With us, they are educated, and, above
all, they are independent citizens, in inll enjoy:-
wont of as many, and as great political rights, as
Presidentßuonaresa, or GeneralOAss, or Attor
ney-General BLACK, or any other distinguished
man in the country. WO must not. Insult
such a class by treating them as paupers.
Many, too many, of this class arc thrown
out Ef work, , by , the commercial, avalanche
which has fallemso crushingly upon the Indus
trial resources, not of this city or that city
only, but upon the country at large. That
we shall emerge from this gloom (earlier, it
may be, than is generally imagined,) is not to
ho doubted, in a land like ours, abounding,
thanks to God's wise and benevolent Provi
denee;with every thing required for food and
clothing. But, in the interval—while we await
that 't good time coming," so harmoniously
promised in CIIIRLES' BIAOILAY'S popular
lyric—what era our out-of-work workers to
do ? What :can be done for, them 1 In no
Isolated, no solitary position do they stand.
Most of them have wives ,and children—many
Of them, with pious care, arc the solo support
of aged mothers and other relatives. For it
is a fact, that, as they less and less abound
in the goods of fortune, these hard-working
children of Humanity do more and more ex
ercise the'household virtues. Among what is
called a the_ higher circles," you may often
hear of a rich man neglecting Ids aged or his
less fortunate relatives—among the working
classes, rarely. Great and good hearts have
they, however humble their station.
For such men, cannot some medium be
provided, between the destitution caused by
utter want of work, (which seems inevitable,
to &large extent, for some time,) and down
right,Charity ? Is there no way of providing
'work for, them? Will no one suggest various
descriptions of labor on which they can ho
Want of means, we are persuaded, !gill not
stand in the way. At ward and 'other public
meetings, all over the city, and by an or
ganized system of collections, a great deal of
money can be raised, for the purpose of keep
ing the laboring classes in work. It must be
provided—even for our 'own sake. Idleness is
even worse, in its actual operation ou the
community, than Poverty—for Idleness has a
tendency to open the door to Vice, which, in
its turn, often leads, to Crime, whereby pro-
perty and life aro perilled.
Every consideration, then, should induce
us to be "up and stirring," in the present
crisis. Recollect that, on the average, every
laboring map in this oity Is estimated to have
four other persons dependent, wholly depend
ent, on his industry, and think what a vast
amount of deprivation, of want, of misery, ih
likely to be engendered by such a cessation of
that labor as has taken place and is threatened.
At this crisis, oven the employers who are
themselves compelled to contract their opera-
tions, to givo work to two men where they
used to pay wages to six, if they cannot do
much good, can largely aid in preventing evil.
Lot them, instead of giving full work to
the two whom they retain, give two days'
work per week to each of the six, and this,
small as it is, will keep the wolf from the door.
Even a day's work, just now, will be a real
boon and blessing to hundreds, wt. may say to
The gratuitous distribution of bread and the
establishment of soup-kitchens have been
recommended, with the kindest intentions, by
many well l mc, , auing persons. We wodid by
no means veto nor object to such relief as this
—for the very poor, the actual paupers, require
and will be benefited by such relief. But we
would avoid dragging down to this pauperism
the hale, honest, hard-working people who
desire nothing bettor than employment, and
who would shrink from such relief as takes the
orm and name of charity. Let them be work
ers, not beggars.
At this time, lot no one add insult to the ills
he cannot removo or greatly alleviate, by say
ing that the laboring classes, when in full
work, ought to kayo made provision against a
rainy day. We doubt whether the bulk of our
fellow-citizens make greater provision for the
future, according to their comparative moans,
than the working classes of this city have done.
Count over the number of workmen who have
bdught (and up to this time were actually pay
ing for) the houses which they inhabit, and
judge whether our artisans are generally im
provident. No. They have been smitten
down' by no misconduct Of their own. Nor,
with 9 the ' wages they have received, and
the unjustifiably high prices of food, could
they, for some time past, have done more than
maintain their families. But all abstract con.
slderatio'ns are out of place here. The press
ing question of the hour Is: What shall be
done for eur laborers, and how shall we do it /
TAEINO CARE OF ONE'S SELF
[)from llarpses Weekly.'
When, in 1847, a penis overtook the trading
community of the city of London, England. a com
mittee of bankers, headed by the present Lord
Overdone, then plain Mr. Lloyd, waited upon
the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and requested
him to authorize the Bank of England tolssue a
few millions more bank-notes; such notes, as is
known, being regarded by the British public as the
absolute equivalent of specie. They urged that
such ,an issue would at once have the effeet of al
laying the panic, and. that without if most of the
mercantile firma must fail.
The Chancellor, a man of no experience, re
plied : " No. gentlemen ; the 'merchants and pri
vate bankers must take care of themselves..
" Very well, my Lord," replied Mr. Lloyd ;.
owe shall take care of ourselves. Be so good as
to examine that memorandum. You will there
perceive that our balances in the Bank of England
exceed the balance to the credit of the banking
department by several hundred thousand pounds.
We shall draw them out bright and early to-mor
row morning, and before night the bank will fail.
My Lord, I have the honor to wieb you a very good
Lord Johnßussell happened to be in the room,
and he begged the deputation to wait • a few mo
ments,' while ho withdrew to consult with the
Chancellor. Mr. Lloyd waited. In five mi n ut e s
the Chancellor stepped forwent, with a grim smile,
and said :
" Gentlemen, the order in council will Issue to
morrow 'morning, and the bank will be authorized
to make the extra issue you demand,!
The deputation left;, the promise of the Chan
cellor wee kept; the order in council appeared,
and the,panto was allayed directly. Strange to
esy it Ad necessary to battle one of the notes
autneriied: Confidence wee restored, and business
went en as 'usual.
"Rieciaelksimilar deputations waited on our city
beaks, add held precisely similar language. They,
Bice the Chenoollor told the merchants to take'
care of themselves; but. there was no Lord:John
Russell to advise the directors. Red there been
such an adviser at hand, and had his counsels been'
hetwd, whet^ difference It might have made to the,
[The above is a true story, very well told.
-PHILADEI,,PHU, .f . I4t I AY, OCTOBER 23, 1857.
We-do not soo apPlleatieit, eirsoLly, as Har-'
per does. When there was Winn' for 'geid on
tho New, York banks; ,titeliMi*Od,issue of
Paper money by the •with could not
have - tlegally been done, withoitt.4o deposit,
in Albany, bf 'Securities to au e4 ll l'Mont
value) would have increased, net , mitigated
the pressure. What was requirek 04 what
Harper perhaps, means, was increased accom
modation to persons in businitirewho were
really solvent, though unable,; push, to
realize enongli to meet Immediate AAP:metes)
and. allow them to carry on tbeir bitsiness until
their actual means could„W-rettitzil.l—LED
(V,RRESPON,DE . e4
LETTER FROM I,lllllNfk2.
(Correspondence of The Pres 9 4
• U. S Snir Sam
Shanghtd;Aily i l, 1857 i 1,
The overland mail 'leaves tom Mon Ana'rligna
you a lino from shin far-off part ofSho,VPirld. We
fulled. from 'long Nang ms the' 1T514.39,44,f0r!thil
place, and in passing np' Sharkey Opkilio 'Stied
Staten ship Levant ashore dri'illitOrtiank I
We remained by' her untid;' h "I k ‘i4, aid iof a
steaming„ she was relieved from her perilouo pari4,
Just bonne:leaving Hong , Kong:firtl.English
naval forces made another attack 'OaPtinhinese,
capturing a number, nifunka nod. ilee4rissing Many;
Eves. 'This nholosale shedding of blood jq4t ad
Lord Elgin was hourly expected to anitArli vituch
critioised. It Is ovenintrtrdsed , thae thVforaiwas
hurried on for the . purpose umking reputadons:
and giving the Admiral an appeitunityle eenure
the promotion of tome of the tiaddlromeg gentle
men under hie command. 'Among than beredi f tary
expeetante of professional fibuora „le Uhl Be 61/0
Highness Prince Victor of Ilehonlee, a islatbro of
the Queen end a Lieutenant in Dor raiisly's mer
cies. Promotion may be attained, but little lamer
can ho gained in ouch a warfare„
The popular voice of- England, aliMislated by
cupidity, and excited 'by the cry of Brifith bimor
insulted, British prestige in danger, beti'reve:rsed
the truthful vote of the Commons, andlhas thus
given a national sanction tea war which4he claim
judgment of the future will pronounce as unpro
voked In its origin us iniquitous in its Alan.
No, people are on misrepresented as thOiehineso.
It seams to bo the business of some minis syste
matically to defame and Mackou them.
Before coining to China I had myself Opted my
opinions from the representations genefolly fur
rent. My observation and intereonrsOrith; the
Chinese, and with gentlemen long residing among
them, satisfied me that they uro n people greatly
sinned against. Every effort is made .to 'excite
hatred against them, by representing them as cruel
and blood-thirsty ;' whOn in truth they area gaicl,
industrious, plodding, long•forbearing rants, natu
rally averse to excitement; rather to Sub
mit to much wrong than have recourse to itidence;
and I most unhesitatingly anti fearlessly aim%
notwithstanding the cry of Chinese wrong, outrage,
and oppression, that there is no eeentrxen thefaee
of the globe whore foreigners have greater
They net only have the free enjoyment of their
own personal rights, but they also enjoy rind ores.-
eine the privilege of treating with brutality the
natives of the land themselves.. Snob inhnumnity
as I have witnessed in' Chinn I have nefir seen
elsewhere. On ono occasion, when stamiltig in the
street at Shanghai, conversing with. Dr. W., of :the
United States navy, nod the Roy. Mr. N:, of 'the
American Episcopal mission,' several ras_Peatsblo
Chinamen, on passing, stopped to look at Mr. N.'s
little boy, who was neatly dressed In the'dmertpan
style, and was as mnoh an object of eettoalty to
them as a little long-tailed celestial v 4104418 in
the United Slates. While quietly, los*lmp
without the least show of impropriety, h•
man mane up and began to beet there, indis
criminately with a club, and there the*" Way) I
felt sorry they did not rally...and pitch oh
sailing into the river, whieti woulk :
the degradation, knowing, perhaps, that to have
resisted the blew!'
,would t have ,ralsod , the art of
British subjeits maltreated, Britil troaty no
tated, anti British honor insulted. Bneh enerinl-
tins could only be atonal for by the severe puniph
meet of the offenders, and by an abject apology
from the high commissioner himself.
At Bong-Xong, I have seen poor coolies who,
after standing about the whole day looking for
something to do, and, perhaps, almost famished
with hunger, driven by blows from a curbstone,
where they had seated themselves to rest, and were
in nobody's way.
When at Canton, I was present whore a gentle
man was telling of his rides in the country; I re
marked attar thought he would difficult' to
gotthrough the streets, so narrow, and crowded
were they? Ito replied, oh, I always take a good
heavy whip with me, and when necessary, lay
about me right and left: the Chinamen don't like
the lash, and soon get out' of the way. I would
like to ask how long a man would4to allowed to sit
his horse In New York or Baton who would ho
guilty of such outrages ?
I have referred to the foregoing, not as Isolated
oases, but as fairly illustrating-the general sentl 7
meet and treatment of the Chinese' by the foreign
residents, and especially the English. There is it
limit beyond which even the most timid will (mese
forbearance, and if people coming to China will
oast aside all some of propriety and the restraints
of home and wildly and recklessly abuse the
people, insult wives, daughters, and sisters, they
must expect to ho rudely treated, and merit all the
punishment they receive. ,
A gentleman long a resident in China, and whose
position, character, and intelligence is a guarantee
for the truthfulness of hie statements, assured me
thstduriug the whole of his long residence. there
has not boon a single ease of outrage between the
natives and foreigners in whioh the letter have not
boon immediately the aggressors.
So customary is it with some peraMas to misrep
resent the Chinese, that it is almost impossible to
tell the truth with regard to them.
A eorrespondent of the New York Times, who
has contributed a long amount of the bombardment
of Canton over the signature of ft. and wideb
has been extensively copied in the United States,
is a striking example of tide Willem° of locality
and association. Ile 'mg that the. bombardment
was in consequettoo of an outrage committed by the
Chinese upon a 13 titbit' lorcha ; the Chinese, Isar-
ing boarded her, bunted down the Mit:tell flag, end
carried o 1 twolvo of the orow, three of Inhom were
beheaded• It would be impossible to compress into
the name space a greater amount of unintentional
misstatement. There was no outrage committed
upon the British flag; no flag was hoisted, the
loroha having just the same right to be called
British that a man born in a stable would have to
he called a horse—she was Chinese built, Chinese
owned, and Chinese manned, and none of her
crew were beheaded. Upon the demand of the
English consul, they wore all reterned to the coo
' sulate, notwithstanding one or more of them were
recognised &slobbers and pirates.
The high commissioner, Yeh, desirous to avoid all
cause of offence; complied with every demand upon
him exoept thine involving his dishonor and de
gradation in the eight aids people ; and I bell‘e
there are few high-toned English gentlemen who
will not honor Yoh for his refusal to weds to the
humiliating conditions imposed, and presented in
language entirely to flippant and arrogant from a
young man accidentally representing the British
authority at Canton.
The whole of this tortilla affair is disgraceful, ex
hibiting an amount of official jugglery one would
hardly expeot to see practised by the representa
tives of Great Britain.
The correspondence of Sir John Bowring and
Consul Parkes is proof positive that they well knew
that the loreha was not British, had no British
character, and no claim to British protection, said
yet they persisted in their iniquitous demands.
Strong efforts are pot forth to eoreen the British
Admiral from complicity in the affair, but it can
not be done. Sir Michael Seymour must inset his
full responsibility; lie has been a prominent actor,
and his role is more creditable to hie intelligence
than his candor and humanity. lire bed the saga.
etty to perceive the falsity of the positions assumed
by his colleagues', and had it then in his power to
right the wrong, and prevent the terrible sheddi4
of blood. That he did pot do so is the strongest
possible evidence that war upon China was resolved
upon, and the dingiest pretext was made avails.
Every effort has been made to excite American
interest and Amerieitn sympathy in favor of this
war; and vdth some who believe in English perfect
ibility, anti others who expect to reap pecuniary
gain, the effort 11115 not been fruitless. Lots of let
tors have been written nod sent home, and scat
tered broadeast over the land, for the purpose of
manufacturing a sentiment, and filled with such
horrible Dilrisanse about the Chinese; as almost
equate the famous story of railroads and revolvers
iu Georgia. Even the astute editor of the New
York Herald has, been imposed.upon by some of
these writers of Eastern romance, and I ant sure
he will be pleased to hear that the American resi•
dents for whom he expressed so much sympathy are
under no appreleinsion of danger from the Oblates).
So far front this, they did not ask that the force sent
rifens ear ships. of war at Whampoa should be sent
to Canton. On the oontrary, , they requested that
t might be withdrawn, as being unnecessary for
their'proteCtion, and tending to complicate our re :
halos; which proved to ho the ease. I would
also inform the editor that the story of the three
Americana having been beheaded; and their skulls
now adorning the city walls, is fabidons--a pure
"Arrowsmith"—as is also the monstrous report that.
the graves of our men killed at the Barrier forts
lied boon violated, and their mangled bodies east
forth to he food for birds and beasts. Net a word
of truth. The poor fellows in their little islet rest
as quietly and securely as though they slumbered
beneath a Marble tablet in Greenwood .or Mount
Auburn. The nrifortunate death of our country
man, Mr. Cunningham, at Foo-Chow, though occur
ring more than a year ago, is paraded pOil0(1100)1y as
a "good enough Morgan" to feed the morbid apPotite
for slanders against the Chinese. Mr. C. was an
estimable young gentleman, and his untimely fate
Was universally deplored ; but no"one could charge
bisdeath to Chinese unfriendliness—it was the result
of his own impetuous imprudence in interfering in
a quarrel between two parties of Chinese coo
The highly respected representative of the Uni
ted States at Roo-Chow, is fully satisfied with the
action of the authoritiel in bringing the offenders
When the eaten t of our commerce with Chips is
‘3usitiercd, and' the numbor of our citizens who an
nually arrive and depart, with the oharactoristies
Mid dissimilarities of the two races thus brought'
in Contact, tho lowness of the difficulties occurring
is almost insredible.
twill venture the assertion that in the neighbor
ing island of Cuba, with its one million of inhabi
tants, there are more outrages committed upon
American citizens in ono year than there have been
in China, with its three hundred and atxty millions
of inhabitants, in the past quarter of a century.
If You oak any of the foreign merchants in China,
they will tell you that in no part of the world do
foreigners transact their business with equal satis
faction and comfort, and in no part of the world is
there a higher standard of. mercantile honor and
integrity than among the Chinese merchants. All
commercial trausaetiona aro upon honor, no written
obligations aro given, and all contracts are roll
gioualy observed—a violation of faith is of rare oc
currence ; and if to thin is added their readiness
and ability to supply every demand, ordinary and
extraordinary, for the products of their labor end
industry, it may well be attired what motive can the
English tiovernment have for seeking to enlist the
nations of, the West In a crusade against this
In their present onslaught upon the Chinoso,
England is pursuing hor traditional polloy, and
though proclaiming horsolf the representative of
the civilisation and religion of the West, and her
mission one of posoo cud good will, she is just us
surely aiming nt territorial extension and ammo' ,
oial aggrandizement, having long £4l/130 eschewed
e v er y obligation conflicting with flight when
prompted by interest or exorcised with gaiety.
With nations who have not subscribed to this
odious doctrine, this war presents for consideration
a question broader and deeper, a question involving
the sights of power, and bow tar they can override
the claims of humanity, the obligations of morality
and of conscience. In theory the policy of
Great Britain is most liberal and disinterested, in
practice the most grasping and selfish. Whether
impelled by a " manifest destiny," or controlled
by a policy almost prescient, for more than a cen
tury England has boon steadily and securely ad-
Taneing her material interest, until she is now In a
position to almost dispute with the root of mankind
the commercial supremacy of .the world. The
earth is bolted with her posseseloni. On the great
highway, to the wealth and commerce of the East,
there is net 'a harbor of refuge or a point of
strategy she does not possess. At the islands of St.
Vincent, Fernando Po, and Ascension, she has'de
pots for coal and other naval supplies. From the
Dutch she captured Ceylon and. the Gape of Good
lope. Mauritius, with its beautiful harbor, stand
ipg like a traveller's rest in the midst of the In
dian Ocean, she wrested from the Frontal. From
, the itirnalayas to Capo Comore, from the Gulf' of
t4its to the Gulf of Siam, her flag Boats over an
e ro, greater than the Mogul's. She has stripped
Italfingot Buritush of evert inch of his territory
'Valuable for trade or available for war: she da y s
*out isles, white tone of her subjects exercises Bove-
reignty in Borneo.
Of the splendid possessions once held In the East
by various European powers, scarcely a shadow
I remains. The Dutch retain Java; the French,
notwithstanding their gallantry, their leas of trea
sure and blood, have been driven out, and have
scarcely a restiog-placo; while the Portuguese are
permitted to retain it few insignificant positions as
tenants-at-will. All these vast possessions, with
their teeming population, have boon acquired by
fraud and deceit, by violence and blood ; and by a
nation that would fain be considered as the great
morel reformer of the age, the example of national
integrity and honor.
For years England bag had her grasp on the
throat of China; and now that she Imagines her
alliance with Franco to be durable, the present is
regarded as a favorablo opportunity to execute
long•oherished designs upon tho " flowery land ;"
and, to musk bar true in tante, she claims to represent
and act for the peoples of the West. Sho assumes
only to redress wrong, and secure the oboorvanco of
treaty stipulations—her object is to perpetuate the
foulest wrong ever Imposed by power upon weakness;
and as to treaty stipulations, the English have not
even made a show of adherence. Every privilege
obtained, every right acquired by the treaty of Nan
kin is systematically used as a means of outrage
upon' the Chinese—this colony of Hong Kong is the
very centre from whence the forty million dollars'
worth of opium (the profits of the East India Com
pany) is smuggled into China; and it is there
that the various piratical expeditions, generated
and, educated in this school of contrabandista, and,
in some instances, dignified with the title of rebels,
obtain their arms, ammunition, and other supplies.
The primary object of this war is to replenish the
coffers of Leadenhall street, by forcing upon the
Chinese the poison gathered by the sweat and toil
of the bondsmen of India. The financial condition
of India has become a moot serious question with
the Court of Directors and the British government.
The immense military establishment of three hun
dred and any thousand men, the multitude of
civil Aeon of the Crown and Company, with the
rapid acquisition of fortunes, have long since ex
hausted the accumulated treasure of ages; and the
ordinary products of the soil, even when wrung
from the ryots by tortures the most frightful, fail
to meet the annual demand. These delleionoies
have been periodically supplied by the conquest
and serum of the revenue of some of the neigh
boring States; the last being the kingdom of pude.
This source of supply is about exhausted, and one
more permanent is sought for. •
The cultivation of opium, being a tiovernmont
monopoly, yields a larger net revenue than any
other product of the soil, and China, with its threo
hundred and sixty millions of inhabitants, unwar
like and inoapable of resistance, is to have this
drug forced upon them at the cannon's mouth.
The ulterior object of England Is a pretoat to oc
cupy, as rho has done in India and Ilurmab, the
ports and coast of China, and there be able, at her
pleasure, to control the trado of this Old Empire,
now become a necessity to the civilised world.
I trust that our Government and our pooplo wit
not be deceived by the attempt made to repreaen
this war es between civilisation and barbarism,
between Christianity and paganism. It is a war
of wrong and crime, and the ultimate object is as
rarely intended to affect as, as the present is to
crush the Chinese.
M a palliative for wrong and violence, it is
said that groat crimes often result in groat good ;
a greater authority has said it needs bo that of
come, but woe unto him by whom the offence
cometh. It may be that the days of the Old Em
pire are numbered. Venerable with years, she
has witnessed the rise and fall of the prophetic
empires, and is the last link connecting the pre
sent with the ancient day. With her ealy civili
sation and government based upon the happiness
of the people, while other nations have wasted
themselves In strife and war, she has grown hoary
in the pursuits of industry and peace. But the
hand of the spoiler's upon her, and her timid and
unwarlike population can offer no Roomful resis
tance to their prayerful invader. But lot us have
no part or lot In the mutter ; let not our pride be
excited by visions of conquest, or our cupidity
tempted by the prospect of gain ; lot us bo honor
able and just, not oppressors of the weak and
spoilers of the feeble. The Chinese aro not our
enemies; they are our friends, and desirous to cul
tivate with us relations of amity and good will.
Every blow we strike in China is a blow against
Ourselves, and in favor of England's pretensions.
lam as desire's as any man to see extended the
blessinga of enlightened Christian Civilisation; but
lam free to declare, that with my knowledge of
the mild and peaceful influence of Anglioan Chris
tianity, as propagated in India by the Company,
and in China by those meek disciples, Sir Sohn
Dowsing and Admiral Seymour, I would illa•
nitely prefer that China should remain intact, than
become a colonial dependency, and pass under the
dominion of Groat Britain
The New Bedford Mercury learns that oat
of twenty-eight whaling ships now in port, eigh
teen of them will be hauled up in dock during the
winter, and their refitting delayed until the ensu
ing spring. This course has been reluctantly
ad - opted by their owners in consequence of the
financial pressure and the present high rates of
obtaining nearly every article of outfits.
LETTER, FROM A i FREE.STATE DE
Oorreepondeoee of The Press.)
LEAVIIIIWORTk CITY, Senses, Oct. 9, 1857.
Dian Dense After is hird•fodght contest, the
Democracy of this county have gained a triumph.
The full ticket 18 elected by over two hundred ma•
Every exertion was used to defeat us ; report
says the Republicans even imported votes, from
LaWronoe and Topeka — enough,lndeed, to insure
Douglas and Johnson counties for the Democracy.
So their gaine of fraud has rebounded upon their
own heads, by defeating their ticket in Douglas
These •Ropubliesne forgot the solemn banally
of au oath under the " bogus laws," an 4 many
wore known to swear to a residence in the county
of six months, when it was well known they had
been here but li . few days. Nothing was left un
done to gain their point; every species of fraud
resorted to, but did not' ndnii. They have proba
bly cleated their osndidate for Congress by a
fraudulent importation of lowa and Nebraska
Now that the contest is over, it way be well to
nquire thp, lame, whieh yeo the Ranee as you have
Pennaylvania--" Democracy and Illsek - Reob•
The question of slavery Wan not in *us; the
pie-slavery party have long since given up the
contest. Judge Ilaiderman, a pro-slavery mum
from Kentucky, who heads the ticket for the Ter
ritorial Senate • upon the Demooratio side, ac
knowledged that his party had long Elmo given up
the contest, and that Kansas was bound to be a
free State. Ile malls this statement all over the
country during the canvass, and at the Demo
cratic jollification meeting last evening, said that
four-fifths of the people weie in favor of a Imo
State; that that question was settled; and that
now the only question was Democracy and Repub..
In support of whet he said, ho alluded to the
feet that the old pro-slavery party had nominated
Governor Ransom, a free-State man, for Congress,
and that nearip half of the ticket, which had just
been elected in this county, were free-State men.
lie stated that Ike had just been elected with his
ticket, not as s free-State man e not 11J3 a pro-814+0g
man, but as a Democrat, as a supporter of the Ad
ministration of James fluchanan and Robert J.
Mr. Denman, a froe•Stato Domoorat from Ohio,
olooted to tho Homo, statod, in substance, tho some
thing. So did Major Parkins, Mr. DAVIS, and
Kansas will bo a free State beyond all doubt, and
bat, too, under a Demooratio Administration.
The party of this county aro indebted for their
moues to the untiring efforts of John A. Holder
man, A. 0. Davis, and t 3. N, Perkins, all of whom
have toceived prominent positions at the hands of
the party, The first le tho father of the noted red
Republican party in this country, whose platform
assorted that unless the constitution was submitted
to the people, the framers were no Detncarats,
and should be read outer the party. Kis views
aro now the views of the whole Democratic patty.
Judge H. is comparatively a young man, but a
rising star in Kansas.
Mr. Davis has also been elected to tbo Senate or
Council, and Mr. Perkins to the probate judgeship.
Roth are mon of high character
So far as beard from, it is believed, the Demo
orate will have a Majority in both branches of the
Keusas will be, a Democratic free State; that
question is virtually settled.
No more at present. Yours,
A PREE-STATE DEWOCR!T
Correspondence of The Prem.],
BOSTON, Oct. 21, 1857
Do you know what a curious political snarliwe
aro all in just. now' Have you tortured your men
tat vision endeavoring to penetrate tho present
labyrinthine entanglement of Ydassaobusetts
ties, with its interworkings of Republlco-Amtri.
cantina, Americo-Republicanism, and _a swys,
bundant variety of other "isms" to suit every
i t . i sTa bb 1 1 14104X1
a simple and agreeable recreation, aro plunged
into a state of deep 'bewilderment, and feel half
disposed to unite in a universal " bolt," and Fe
amino° our rights" of suffrage until we see our
way clearer. You, who are ozparienced in the
ways of party leaders, will not be over-astonished
to leers that our campaign orators do little :to
wards dispelling the fog. We have daily annouoe.
meats of speeches which are to "set the matter
straight before the people," and "define our can
didate's position once for all on this or that ques
tion," but after each elucidation affairs become mitre
cud more . involved. ThO groat triumphs of oircrim
locution are effected by the rival candidates them
selves, who are constantly talking at each other and
round about the subjects towards which the public,
mind is attracted, but never upon them for a single
moment. Perhaps it is a recent improvement in
the system of political management to scrupulous
ly avoid intelligibility, to drive right and left
with ponderous rhetorical hammers, without over
hitting anything. If It be so, you can have no
idea what proficiency our leading orators have At-
tainad. On the whole,l think Mr. Banks may taitly
take his place at the bead of the clam in success
ful circumlocution. Misyaculties :for waking the
this sympathies of an audience on no subj.tot
whatever, and rousing them to a deep and burning
sense of nothing at all, are of an overpowering
brilliancy, you will allow me to designate that 'as
brilliant which sheds no light, perhaps a "tinsel
like glitter" would be more to the point. You
will hardly credit it when I assure you that Mr.
Banks has talked almost Incessantly for the list
month or so without ever saying anything. Yet
such is the fact. You might bathe in a sea of dic
tionaries, and derive as much mental refreshment
as from the oceans of oratory which the "little
iron" candidate for Governor has poured foith
since the commencement of the campaign, If be
over attains the gubernatorial chair; he will dance
there through a "masa of metaphorical confusionL"
Mr. Gardner, the present happy possessor of the
veto power in Massachusetts--for you must knew
that his reputation is mainly based upon his some
what violent, although principally judicious, exer
cise of this official privilege—la a smart gentlemen
—a very Smart gentleman—but altogether behind
Mr. Banks in his eireumundulatory abilities. Yon
may consider this praise or dispraise, just as you
choose ; perhaps I ought to hint to you that I mean
it for praise, so as to make things comfortable ha
tween us. Consequently, Mr. Gardner, who sees
hie Inability to cope with the ex• Speaker in this
respect, tries the honest dodge, and really does it
very welt under the circumstances. It is quite
refreshing to observe how completely the Governor
is possessed with the idea that he is a model of of
ficial uprightness and political probity. Whether
he will succeed In Inducing the sante belief every
where, remains to be seen.
The great point on which the oleotion is supposed
to turn--outside of party Influence—is, as you
know, " retrenchment and reform." Consequent
ly, both Mr. Banks and Mr. Gardner represent
themselves as paragons of prudence, and eminent ex
emplars of economy. Bach assures the people that
he himself is the man destiny has summoned to re
pair the leak in the State finances, and to inaugurate
the wished-for system of reform. Here Governer
Gardner seems to hold the most logical position;
for, being thoroughly posted on the causes of the
recent heavy State expenditures, he must, of
course, know where to apply the necessary Testae-
Cons. Mr. Banks's situation is weaker is this ra
sped, for he steadily refuses to make known his
intentions regarding certain rneaseresof extrava
gance, such as the Hoosao Tunnel scheme and oth
ers, which it is expected will be brought forward dur
ing the coming session of the Legislature. Nev
ertheless, as matters stand at present, there seems to
be little doubt of Mr. Banks's election. No one
supposes he will go in by a large majority, but
even his opponents admit the powerful probability
of his receiving a vote sufficiently large for his pup.
pose. There is really no excitement or deep into
rest in regard to the result. Conservative men are
satisfied that the contest lies between the Ameri
can, ox-Republican, and the Republican ex-Ame
rican candidates, (Gardner and Banks) and know
ing how little there is to dooms, personally or poli
tically, between the two, take little note of the
struggle Mr. Gardner, however, being committed
to certain measures in opposition to violent Repub
licanism, has secured the services of some able
gentlemen, such ca Mr. George S. Hillard, of the
Courier, of known conservative tendencies. The
Democrats will quietly veto for their candidate,
Mr. Beach, who will probably receive a larger
number of votes than is at present anticipated by
either of the other parties. HORATIO.
The fournaf of Cominorco thus awake of the
tremendous defeat of the Republican party in
Pormaylvania, at the late election:
"The result of the election may be called a
thorough anti emphatic, endorsement of Mr. Bu
chanan's Administration, his New Haven letter,
and the Bred 800tt deoision, and a decided affirma
tion that the pimple of Pennsylvania do not repent
the way they toted last fall. The large Demo
oratjo gain seems farther to show that, but for the
lavish eMployniont of the Kansas fund in the Pre
sidential oleution, the vote for Mr. Fremont would
probably have boon nearer what it now lister Wil
mot, and Mr. Buchanan's majority would have been
much larger. It has been extensively believed
that Pennsylvania voted for Mr. Buchanan on pel ,
tonal grounds, and it he even boon credited by
some that contributions were made and used to
procure her suffrages for biro."
TWO CENTS. '
The insanity of Gen. W. T. Haskell
[From the Shahstile Benner.]
Haskell in the lunatic asylum! one of the
brightest geniuses that have dawned upon this
age a melancholy wreok and ruin ! The moat gift
ed and eloquent tongue in Atherica giving utter
ance to the unmeaning gibberings of the raving
maniac ! A man whout nature has fitted to assn•
aisle with the greatest intellects of the worid;and
to adorn tho moat brilliant circles of society, an in
mate of the madman's cell, with the most lost and
wretched of the sons of humanity for his compa
When the report first reached us that the great
mind of the gifted flakell had fallen, we refrained
from making it nubile, In the hope that it might
not be confirmed; but, sad and startling ae was
Abe Intelligence, it was too painfully true, and it is
useless longer to conceal the fact.
The career of tills gifted' but unfortunate eon of
genial)/ a peculiar one, and should be univer
sally known for the impressive lessons which it
teaches. From his earliest boyhood be has shown
himself possessed of Abe highest order of talents.
While at college in this eity, he distinguished
himself as a poet and an orator. His graduating
speech is spoken of to this day by those who heard
it, as worthy of the immortal Prentiss in his
palmiest days, and probably not surpassed by an y .
subsequent effort of . his own. He has served hui
country on the battle-field and in the halls of Con
gress, It was hie residedee at Waishi_ngton that
confirmed upon bins these nufertallate Wile from
whleit'he never recovered, and whieh,have paelly
blasted hie exalted intellect. True, he it one
time broke the fiery serpent from hie hands, and
dashed It to the earth. To make his own reforms.
tion complete, and aid in lifting up others who had
fallen, like himself, he went through the State
lecturing cm temperance.
The tour was an eminently successful and bril
liant one, his lectures being telly equal to those of
Gough, whose unearthly eloquence has electrified
thousands in this country, and in England. But
his old habits gained the mastery of him again,
and his subsequent life has been but afearful steng
gle between leis appetites and his ambition—a
struggle in which, it must he confessed, his appe
tites have generally triumphed. So great, indeed.
was his craving for artificial slininlants, that even
while delivering his temperance lectures, he made
use of drugs, sufficient in quantity and potency to
burn out the vitals of an ordinary man.
Right here is found the true cause of his
the ruck on which his intellect has gene to wreck—
love of excitement, amounting to an irresistible
passion, coupled with a constant tendency to
melancholy and depression, thus inducing a need
of artificial stimulents to buoy np his drooping
spirits, and lift him into that world of thoughtless
and giddy recklessness in which alone be seemed
able to live. So great was his proneness to
despondency and so insatiable his thirst for exeite
ment, that ho wail scarcely ever known to be quiet
for any length of time. lie preferred rather to be
tossed about in the whirlpools of contention and
strife' than to sail on the calm sea of dm:nest/a
peace and tranquillity.
When not engaged in public speaking, be was
constantly found in the convivial circle, which he
never felled to enliven and delight by his presence.
Wherever he went he was surrounded by crowds
of admiring friends, who were never so well !en
tertained as when listening to his lively, eloqient
and learped conversation. His conversational
powers were indeed wonderful. The re:sonnet of
his mind were inexhaustible, and his tongue never
faltered fur a word Tbere was no subject,
whether ancient or modern, grave or gay, upon
which he did not converse with fluently and elo
quence. He passed, with the most careless ease,
from the profoundest disquisition upon the doc
trines of the Bible, the religion of Confueltutt, or
the Baconian philosophy, to the lightest literature
of the day. Ilia conversation, as well as his Out,-
lie speeches, abounded in the soundest philosophy
mixed with the liveliest wit, the bitterest sere/Ism
with the most laughter-proroking humor, and,
truth compels us to add, the most exalted religious
sentiments, with the most blasphemous irreyer
case and the darkest infidelity.
Altogether he was one of the most remake ,
men of this age. Ills character is an unwritt
and unsolved enigma. He is, indeed, a man w I
out a character, and almost without a fixed :g.j_.„
. _ .. ...
nal identity Now he is the impulsive child of sm
ear°, with a heart warm in its responses to:the
slightest touch of kindly feeling, and the ire
hour the morose and gloomy misanthrope—Ate
dark and revengeful man-hater. One moment' his
tongue Is inciting in tenderness and affection 'for
his friends and for all humanity, and the next, in
stant it seems to burn and blister with thb darkest
curses and the most terrible threatenings agahist
ail mankind. To-day he appears as the religras
bigot and the philanthropic enthusiast, and to-nior
row we behold him as the reviler of religion And
the hater of his race. His good qualities, h w
over, predominate over the bad. Unlike i4ost
men, his virtues seem inherent, while his vices re
the result of the Ottlllo3 37rwza la:
temPtathins that beset his pathway. To his er dit
it may be said, that in spite of all the errors ug:
67441eimatiTherbliWrtis intellect he ill
retains traces of tho inborn nebleneas of his us re,
and the transcendant grandeur of his genius.
Butilthe brightest phase of his whole life is is
career as a politician. In this alone he has en
consistent. No change or vacillation mars is
feature of his character. Without undertaking to
say whether be has been right or wrong in lid,
political principles; we cannot fail to admire he
faithfulness with which he has adhered to, and be
eloquence and ardor with which he has defers ed
them. lie has always belonged to the strictly een
servative school of politicians. His speeches, and
especially those of his palmy days, have aiwilys
Leen replete with the soundest political phikeoplts.
Though beautified with the graces of oratory ; and
enlivened by the most inimitable wit and linmin,
yet they have all been founded upon the gra:nd
substratum of sound logic and profound reasons g.
Ills career as a political speaker forms one of Ow
brightest pages in the history of Tennessee omtety.
During the last Presidential contest he thrilled
and electrified all whoheard him. His tour through
the State in the summer of '56 was brilliant almhst
to a fabulous degree. It was a continued ovation
from its beginning to Its close. Whenever he Wes
expected to speak . , myriads flocked to hear hat,
and thought it a privilege to stand in the' burnihg
sun or drenching rain for fear long hours, listenibe
to his enrapturing eloquence. All along his rodte
he was greeted with the most enthusiastic plandlts
of the people.,
Our readers will remember well bow brillian t I
was his reception in this city. A long procession
of military and citizens escorted him through t e
streets, and thousands flocked around his curia a,
eager to shake him by the hand er catch a glim e
of his noble face and corm. It was a spontaneous
outpouring of homage to exalted gehins, and., a
snore hearty tribute of admiration and love was
never accorded to any man. His speech on Wilt
day will be forever embalmed in the memory of
those who heard it.
But this lofty genius is overthrown. The miad
that dived into those profound depths of phijo
sophia reasoning, and that soared to those sublime
heights of poetic eloquence and beauty, is shroud
ed in the gloom and darkness of a hopeless insaiii
ty. The tongue that drew tears like water fro'n
strong men's oyes, and wrought up to phrensy
whole multitudes at once; that held enraptured
thousands in breathless suspense upon its lightest
tone, and brought act entire State bowing in
homage at the shrine of its eloquence, is nue
hushed in silence, or can utter nought but the eh-
Dimming and incoherent sounds of the disordered
and unreasoning lunatic.
What a fearful commentary is this strange his
tory upon the danger of heeding the seductive
voice of the tempter ! How impressive a lesson Vo
aspiring genius ! This noble vessel, that has gods
down in full sail amid the waves, may hereafter
serve to warn others away from the whirlpools
which it is wreoked.
flow to Dispense with Paper Money—Let Co*
grass Impose a tar on small Bank-Notes,
(From the Cincinnati Enquirer I
Heretofore It has been attempted, by the instru
mentality of action in the several States, to effect
a currenoy reform. This has been impossible; for,
although some Stites might prohibit the circula
tion of bank-notes, others would continue it, and
still continue to deluge the prohibition States with
The trhe plan is—and we invite the attention
of theriends of a constitutional eurreney to et
for Congress to pass a law imposing a direct
tax upon the eiren/ation of hank-notes as ear
rtne y. The power of Congress to do this is un
questionable. The Constitution expressly gives
Congress authority to levy direct taxes. In the
ease of banks it has already been exercised. In
18/3 it passed a law taxing banks in all their de
partments of eireulation—deposit and exchange
The tax was about a cent on every dollar bill
issued. This tat was continued until 1817. It
was then taken off, while an indirect tax was con
tinued on sugar, salt, and other necessaries of
To comment upon this odious distinction is en
tirely unnecessary. Banks have special privileges
granted to them, and ought to pay more taxes than
these who have not these special privileges. We call
for the reimposition of the tax, by, Congress, on
bank-paper issues. Let it be from the first so high
as to prohibit all notes from circulation of a less de
nomination than twenty dollars. Gradually It
could be increased upon the large bills, until ttio
true constitutional currency of gold and Barer was
restored. It was never intended by the tritium
of the Constitution that there should be any
other money than gold and silver. They weds,
hard-mone4 , men. They bad seen the reds of
the paper lames of the old Continental Congress
in the days of the Revolution, The depre
ciation in value of those notes was so great
that it beggared thousands, and brought financial
ruin and distress upon the country. They inserted
a provision in our present Constitution making
nothing but coin legal tender for debts, and they
forbid States from issuing bills of credit. This they
supposed would accomplish the purpose. But the
States have evaded it, and have delegated to indi
viduals the power to issue what they had no right
to do themselves. The violation of the Constitu
tion, in the issue of notes, has so long been prim.
tisod and has become so interwoven with tho busi
ness of the country, that the courts, in view of the
immense consequences, have shunned a decision on
the point, and allowed the oinculatin to con
Lot Congress new perform what the courts have
omitted to do. The next Congress will be Demo
cratic. We hope to see it, before it adjourns, i tn .
pose the tax upon banks, and take off the tax froM
salt. The tax on bank-bills should be graduated ;
the smaller the denomination the heavier should
the lox be. None but large bills would then ho
issued by the banks, and large bills are more in
the eharac ter of hills of exchange than a currency
By driving all bills under twenty or fifty dollars
from circulation, the channels of trade and the
common money transactions of every-day life will
be filled with nothing but gold and silver.
The Congress which restores to the people a
sound metallic currency, and drives from general
circulation all bank promises-to-pay, will render a
greater service than any which has met since the
Constitution was formed, and will gain an im
mortal fame for itself in ..the archives of the
future. The country is ripe for it. No measure
could be more popular or meet with a more heart
approval from. the Democratic masses. The baU
for the constitutional currency ought to bo imme
diately set in motion.
Correspondents lot • T Pit 11.23" will Pied tear ha
mind the tab:tying vales :
Every communication most bs accompanied by the
name of the writer. In order to insure correctness in
the typography, but one side of a sleet ■horrid be
We shall be greatly obliged to gentletzent in Pecuta7l
- and other States for contributions siring the cur
rent news of the day in their particular localities, the
resources of the enrroanding occultly, the Increase of
population, and any information that will be interesting
to the general reader
The Havana correspondent of the New York
Tribuni, under date of Oct. S, says a cargo of
slaves hes been' tended at San Juan de los Reuse-
dins, from the brig Abbot Dervereux, which " osten
sibly belonged to an Amoriban, glorying under the
name of linnkwater, a Portland twin, who pur
chased and cleared several other vessels. The . De
verenx landed her cargo without any difficulty,
numbering nearly four hundred seals, and was de
stroyed." It is stated that the captain of the brig
received $30,000 for the round voyage. The writer
adds: "The J. IL Record, formerly of Newport,
and also of Corn. Driakwater's fleet, is reported as
having leaded her cargo. For this I cannot vouch
as yet, though I do not consider it at all improba
Mr. J. B. Roberts, the tragedian, has been
performing in England, and the criticisms upon bit
acting are very fair. The London Atkructuro say.:
"Mr. Roberts 14 q clever man; bat the finish
which is needed to eampleto representation must,
for the reasons stated, be denied to him. Though
disMalitled from maintaining the high position
which he has elnimed, as an intelligent performer
in parts snore within the limits of his natural ca
pacity, berniay prove serviceable in his profes
On Monday afternoon, a little son of Jireh
Swift, Esq., of Now Bedford, aged about eight
years, came home from the school at Woreester,`
where be had been a pupil, to be Present at his
grandfather's funeral. At nightfall be was
sad, after search by his ansion.ti parents, it
was feared that be must hare fallen into a little
pond-of water, near the house, where he was in
the habit of sailing a boat. The pond was dragged,
and the body of the little boy was tonna in it. ills
name was also „firth Swift.
In, comparing the paper money of this
country with that of Great Britain, says an ex
change, we find A tali in the United States of
$186,000,000 bank notes. renting on 'a basis of
$139,000.000, (of which $53.300,000 is in specie.
$59,000,000 in public stocks. Sr. 009.000 in gold in
the Sub-Treasury.) In Great Britain there ara
fi154.000,000 of bank notes. resting an a basis of
$143,000,000. (of which $72,040,0.00 is in specia,
and $72.000,000 in public 9t04.9.)
We learn from the Cleveland Rerietr•of
Oct. 16th, that the Wife of Mr. Hubbell. a lawyer
of Ontonagon. recently killed herself by cutting
her throat. The reason and circumstances were
said to be these: She believed that her infant
child would be an idiot, and this idea so deranged
her mind that she gave it laudanum and it died.
She then took the same poison herself, and soon
afterward cut the veins of her arm, and then her
Lager beer is the question that at present
particularly engages the attention at Berlin. in
Prussia. The consumption of this article has
reached the amount of 120.000 tons per year. A
stock company on a large scale is being formed for
the manufacture of this beverage. Among the di
rectors are several bankers and other indtvidulls
of high standing, and a celebrated brewer from
Munich has been engaged for the undertaking.
News has recently arrived at Boston that a
Mr. Tench, t e captain of a Boston ship, the Wa
verly, engag in the cooly trade, has been tried
at Manilla on e charge of clueing the death of a
large number his cooly pasFengers. and has been
sentenced to six years of penal servitude, the chief
mate being also condemned to a similar punishment
for four years.
The dronghth having cut oft' the corn crop on
the Texas frontier, the squirrels are emigrating to
Arkansas ' swimming the Red river by thousands.
It is statedilloifst one woman killed five hundred
with ber washing implements, in one day, on the
. • kof the river.
lea Thrash, a young man of twenty-five,
t o get on the cars of the Fitchburg Rail
. ile they were in motion. at South Acton,
Aisette, lost his tooting, fell under the earn,
en over, and crashed so that he died, the came
t, of his injuries.
In the case of Wilbrand against the Eighth
Arm') Railroad Company. of New York, a nit to
recover five thousand dollars damages for bodily
'Diaries reeeired—the jury rendered a verdict yev
terday, in the Superior Court, of two hundred amt
dollar 4 for the plaintiff,
Charitable associations suffer from the
"pre.mare," as well as other folks. The receipts of
the American Tract Society are .$ll.OOO Imo than
last year. The Board of Foreign Mirsione, Ses
men's Friends' Sockpty, Theological Education So
ciety, experience a Blunter drawback.
A man in Brooklyn, New York, last Satur
day, fearing a savings bank in that city would
bus.Vityr'ag - tefilrositod told
a several dri. ` •
pockets picked of every otter.
The Panfic Seutinai says that an Indian
named Pedro died at Santa Crux on the ith Sep
tember, aged 130 years. In ligl. when the mis
sion there was founded, Pedro was a very old man,
as was known to many people now residing at
It is supposed the States will receive some
Sfty-tout millions sem of land under the swamp
land act. Louisiana is more fortunate than her
sister States, she receiving some seven and a half
The Portland -darer User of Saturday says
that Mr. Joseph Miller, of Union, was knoeked
down and robbed of $4,000, while going from the
depot to the Quincy House, in Boston, on Monday
night of last week.
One broker in Boston had $13,518 in specie
offered to him in a few hours on Saturday forenoon.
There is a surplus of the article in the market, and
yet the banks are obliged to suspend specie pay
An annual business of not far from $500,000
is carried on in the near vicinity of Winsted, Con
necticut, in the tanning of sheep skins. In Win
sted there are two tanneries, whose annual busi
ness absorbs $250,000 to $240,000 of the amount.
A shooting affray came off on the tith be
tween two negroes in Cleveland, which resulted in
mortally wounding, by a stray shot. a poor Irish
woman named Mrs. McNally, who 'CIS naming at
the time. Both the negroes have been arrested.
Hasbrouck, the book-keeper at the Ononda
ga Bank, Syracuse, charged with firing the bank,
has been declared innocent and discharged. His
acquittal was received with great applause by a
Never was Michigan so full of choice, iou
tritive, and beautiful articles of food as now, and
never were those choice bounties of a kind Provi
dence so equally and generally distributed.
A young widow has established a pistol gal
lery in New Orleans. Ifer qualifications as a
teacher of the art of duelling are, of course, un
doubted, for she has killed her man.
Mr. Ira D. Brown, who, for the last eighteen
months has been editor of the Oswego Times, has
retired from that position. Col J. Tarbcti is to
have the helm hereafter.
St. Louis is noted for the quantity and
quality of her door Her capacity for manufac
turing is said to be about 1,000,000.000 barrels
A number of citizens of Hollidaysburg, Pa.,
clubbed together and bought their winter's :amply
of Roar at 55.72146.36 per barrel.
Pleasant M. Mask has been again convicted
at Holly Springs, Miss., of the wilful and malicious
murder of Miss Susan Elizabeth Smith.
Mrs. Bough, a widow lady, committed sui
cide lately in La Orange. Tenn . by hanging her
self to a tree with a handkerchief.
At the meeting of the next Congress, two
new States will be in readiness for admianon into
the Union—Minnesota and Oregon
Captain Hugh Caldwell, a well-known Ohio
river steamboat commander, died lately in Ken
Col. Benton has so far recovered as to ven
ture out in the open air in front of his house. He
is still guide weak.
The anniversary of the battle of Yorktown
was celebrated on Monday, both at Norfolk and
Richmond, by the military.
Rev. Mr. Dodge was installed pastor 01 the
Second Presbyterian Church at Whecllng on Mon
The Middlesex: Republican, a Republican
paper published in Middletown, Ct., has given up
$359,948 of, boots and shoes, $264,832 of
tanned skins, and $66,980 of leather were exported
from the United States to Canada the past year.
The inauguration of Governor Harris, of
Tennessee, well take place on the lot of November
A daughter of Mr. P. T. Barnum W. 13 mar
ried at Bridgeport, on 'hie:zaay. to 3tr s Hard.
of New York.
Mr. Joseph L. Crannford, one of the oldest
firemen in Memphis, died on the 11th inst.
The sloop-otlwar Saratoga was at San Juan,
Nie., about the 10th ult.
non. John M. Botts, of Virginia, was in
Paris about the last of zlioptetaber.
A Wife in Search of a Truant Ifu.bari
A Mrs. James arrived in this city on -Wednes
day, in search of a runalvly lord and prutect.r,
whom she supposed to be in (Nacho, ai As a
friend gives us the partiettlArs. it a l p, ,rs the lad?'
referred to resides in a village in ISiti• and
that her husband. some three meta',.. 1,
home for the pqp , se of making at, atl4,in,Lt,
business in Ohio, but at what partieohr
not determined upon when he bd. Some
weeks elapsed before she !leant fr. ,Ls Isis at
when she received a letter poc.r.ta,,rl;,d. at Cir.cin
nati, stating that ho bad beLii the., far ut,ueees,i
ful in the pursuit bugne; La jait ar
rived here, and was in h :1 C 3 Of if he
met with success.
Sub,equent to his doparture. lie . ..”.ter, the wife
loomed thnt a eumin, in a nei.:ltheria:
town, had also left. and hid Dot Au, he, , he: ~1
ftu d ru i ner, justly or unju-t(e, connieted
gaiter the journey of the husband and the cousin,
of the wife.
Slow to believe that Ale had Leer iletorteil, the
wife waited patiently I , r fco tro;nth t.o,;cr. ,std
receiving no intelliAcuce of h e r , elu h
that rumor, far too often ;teen rate in ,a.ll
of late, ITI4 agaill Oil the (rack. and e •I , lta t,
seek and ascertain for litre-if the I
11ith this view the lady took. the ot invetfo
gation into her own hand., and iirriN. tin tltie elty
119 stated, but has yct, up to yr , :el.l.ty :inert 0
received no Ett:lsfaCte.ly f th e l i n--
baud, or of the lady win, ft • , pi to Lave 1, to
a party to - the desertion h . ;
Wo understand thlt the I,n 41, o tut I.y
trade, and an excellent umbra in. a:.,1 o. ,y Lc ceu .
ployed in that capacity iii . r -
lege near by. The Lily found •.•
letter for him in the test office. but , z iine.l nu a ttii
fftetery information from it. IVio trnst.>uc mity tea
successful in her search.—etnrtn.,:ti