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46 4 0.M.i01.44 - tliev4,*itetittlath
other - fact, not less . striking,. that the annual I . th
revenue from all sources exceeds, . by . ..many . 1 ho
-millions of dollars, the •nMount needed . for a Ilb
-prudentand ecOnomicandininiftmtion .- oftlit - tib
government. ! - " ... . ,• -.-'le
- • 1
-The estimates presented *.l'- Congress from . ra
the different Executive Departments,-_ at the 1 prj
last session, amounted , to thirty-eight tuilliens I of!
- - four. hundred and Sii - thottsand five handredi vet
. and eighty-one dollars; and the appropria-t th'
tion niade .to the sum of fifty-eight millions I in!
ono hundred and -sixteen thousand nine hun- 1 tit
re:rand fifty-eight dollars. Of tills execss of.; ii
appropriations over estimates, however, mprel.l - 1 . ,
. than twenty Millions was applicable to extra- I a ,
ordinary:objects, baying no - reference to I -ilial ft]
usual- annual . expenditures. Among, these tl i
object . was . embrtmad ten: millions - to 'meet ;ot
the third article of the treatY; between fuse I Ad
X/pitedT_Stntes - andllexied;...sei - -thari• -- in . faetyl P
forobjects of ordinary, expendiaturc,_ the ap- I ,
: propriatiens Were - limited to considerably le s
than forty -millions of dollars; 1 therefore re- -I
•12 — OW niy recommendation far . a reduction of
the duties on imports. ..The report- of the !
_SeeretarT . of the Treasury presents a series o of
-.tables, stowing the operation of 'revenue
:system far 'several . successive years, and as
- 'the general principle ..of' reduction .of duties
Ir,ith a view to . - revenue and: not protection'
:linty now be regarded as the,ettled policy Of I
. ..the . pountry i I trust that little difficulty will 1
he encountered. in settling the ' details of a :.
Jmeasure to that effect. - . /.
In connexion with this. subject, 1- recant-
mend a change in the laws, which recent ex-
-perience has, shown to be essential to the pro-;
tection of the government.. There is no. ex- !
- .press provision of
. laW, requiring the .records .1,
~and papers of a public Charaoter,.of. the sev- 11
eral offices for the use of their suectissoni,..nor , I
Any. provision declaring it felony on • their !.1
.part;to tuakefalse entriesin the - books, •or re-'
: turn false acceunts. In. the absence of such 1
..express provision by-law,. the outgoing (Ali- i ,
• tiers,. in , many instances,, have claimed and II
eiereised the -right-. to take into ,:their .own 1-
possession, important' books and papers,. on j i
.-.. the' ground . 11 . that these their • private
:property ; a nd have placed them beyond the 11
reach of -the government. Conduct.. of. this ;
,character,' brought in several instances to the !,
. of the present Secretary 4;f-the Treasti- .
.ry, naturally awakened his suspiCion, and re- I
-suited in the disclosure. 'that at four ports, 1
-namely, Oswego, Toledo, Sandusky,. amt Ma'
• . waukie, the Treasury had; by.-falße entries,bcen
-.. defrauded, within the four years.next .. preced- I
ing March, 1853, of the sum' of one hundred I
and ninety-eight thousand dollars.., The
great diffieulty with which the detection of !
: - these frauds Hs been attorded,in cowqnenee i
of the abstraction of books and papers.by the I
~ retiring officers, and the .facility with which 1
similar frauds in'tbe public., service may . lye 1
: perpetrated, render the ueeessit,' of new
. /ogai 1 ,
i enactments, in the respects above referied to,
quite obvious. For other material modifica
tions of the revenue- laws which seen to me ;
- desirable,' I tefer you•to the report &the Sec- .
retary of the . Treasury. That report and the
tables' which accompany it, furnish aniple
proofs Of tits) solid foundation: en: which the
. financial security of.the country. - rests,:and -cif
, the : "salatavy influence of- the independent
treasury system. upon commerce and all mon-
The experience of .the last .rear. furnishes
reasons, I regret to sat, Of
ful character, for ,the reconrmeudation hereto
fore tnad, to provide for inereasinglhe
itary.force employed in they territory inhabi
ted by the Indians._ The settlers•on the fron
tier have sufli4reti - inuebs_froin the incursions
of predatory Lends, and large parties of emi-
' grants to our Pacific possessions have been
massacred with impunity. The recurreria , of
ouch scenes can only be . prevented by teach
ing•these wild tribes. the power of, and - their
responsibility to the United States. From
the garrisens of our frontier peete,
possible to detach troops in small bodies; and
though these havUon all occasions displayed
• a gallantry and a stern devotion to duty,
which on a larger field would' have comnran
,ded universal admiration, they ' have-usually
- suffered severely in these contlicts - with sure
.rior numbers,: and hate- sometiniei•- been en=
tirely sacrificed.. All the disposable -force of 1
the army is already employed on this service,.
and is known to be wholly inadequate to the
\ protection which should- he afforded. • The . '
public mind of the country hasheen recently
_- shocked by savage atrocities committed upon
• defenceless emigrants and border :sett' t-ixten's
and hardly less by tile unnecessary_ ffe.struc-*1
tion of Valuable live=, where inadequate de:j
tachmeuts of, troops have undertaken to fur
. nisi' the needed aid. AVitliout 'increase of
the military force, thesescenes will be repea
ted, it is to be feared, on a • larger-scale, and
with more diSistrons consequences. Congress
..I am sure, will perceive that the plainest' du
ties and responsibilities of government are in
- volred . •qution anti I doubt pot that
prompt action rosy be. confidently. anticipa;
ted when delay must be"attended by such
• • The bill of.the last ses'ion providing for an
increase of pay of the rank and file of. the ar
has bad beneficial results, not,only in. fa
nilitating enlistments ; but in obvious improve-:
went in the class of . - men .who enter." the ser
vice. • I regret that corresponding considera
tions was not bestowed on the officers, who,
in vice'+ of their character and. services, and
the expenses to which they -are necessarily
subject, • receive at present. what is • ,. in ply
judgment, inadequate compensation.
The.-valuable services. constantly rendered
by the army, and itsinestimable importance,
. au the, nucleus around which the volunteer
forces - of the naticin can promptly gather in
the-hour of danger, attest the wisdom of keep
. leg a military peace establishment; but the.
• theory of our system and the, wise• practice '
under it, require-that spy • augmentation in
time of peace, be only commensurate with - Cur
extended limits and frontier relations.' Whik
ulously adhering to this principle, I find
in existing circumstances a necessity for•in
-, crease of .our military force,
ed that.four new regiments, two of iffentry,
• and two of mounted men, will bcesufficient to
meet, the present exigency. If it, here necei-1
-saryparefully to weigh the -cost in a case of
• such urgency, it would be shown that the ad
- ' ditional expense would- he comparatively
With the increase ofthe numerical force
- ' of the-many should,l think, be combined eci.-
tain, measures of.' reform in its organic
'rangement and ministration. The present
organization -is :the reselt of partial- leg-Isla- -
tiori tifteurtlirected to special: objects and iti- i
terietis; .and the laws regulating rank and
titaxturslick -haring been adopted many _years
4.6 from the Briuski - oode, are not always
Oicahle to' our seruiee. his mit:surprising
- therefore that -the system should . be deficient.
is the syrnmetry and simplicity essential.]
- the harmonious working of its severiVparts,
stud require a careful . •
Thu-present.orsnization, bye ~naintaiiiitig
-- large staff corps or departments; separates
armor officers from that olose.eptinesion with
troops 'and. active duties lu .the field,
•-1 • whichare'deemed requisite. to "qualify them
for :the. varied , Tresponsibilitles of : high come.
• mend. , —Were- the:dutiesof the. army staff
y , :olficers detached . .from
• theit regitnents,lt ia-belieyed that the special
• seee k, f , lerrformed, and
• 'the dieeipline and instruetionekthe ertriv . lin
- • e ,••i•
. , - • — I - , ; ' ..--- 7 -1----------------- ... '' -- , - . --- 7.7 7---- ,.: -.,- 7 - -T --,-- 7 - :. r -7---
p-Whitedat.teriltritttftlfrlraditir,lrthelitiblieiltindrltitti 'ldeli-liiiiVeyell;! l ! ! ' . oitt'i•roo"lntlier'l off tire thirteen I.; bite(' Col- I
ti6ta of officer's, and to the nice sense ofl and 0,19o,017: acres broug t into market.l, onies., in. aciiiiiring :their,. independence, aid
)tort Which ; !should - he!; cultivated among t The number of! acres sold isi. 7,4)35,735, and lin founding'sl44 Ilepublic of tire Ustiled . l l
m,iwbuld :seem to eittet coinplieneelwith the :atuountLrebeived ;theree r $6,2,65,533.-IStateskif4niejiCa,. 'have devolved' upon itra;!l
atAlisii.eit;rule Of tirOlitetiou'lli.„Ordmai'y .'The aggregate nthount of, la ds sold, locat. , ,Nl 1 their doceridenti,i to greatest arid the' rnest',l
test. l itilLit Can 'hardly le dinibted . th*tlie I under', militnri l seriPand lin' -warrants, selec-1 noble trust ev . .r lortitnitted to 110 hands,l!ofj
ge. , , ofi, pteuie l eon bY..seto.etion,' which ii ! tiow r ted as swaitip )antls . by ts - .la' 4,.'. and by !pea- j nian, itupi f sin„li•ll;pott all. and especially such . ! I
• ctiOaily.ecinfined to the grade of ge :crab 1 tang tinder granti for roads i upwards of 23,- t :LS the:ptitlic lvill may have. invested, for ilie;l
. cerii,intig l 4 , l' be•Somewilmt -extended: witlil6oo,o6o ,of acres. The : incr . se of lands.sold 4 : time being, withjpolitieal functions, the innst!j ,
:Inefit;tio• the; public servee.' , Ctbsers ange. of I over the prei;eding 'year, is a out six millions I ; sacred..ol i iligatioits.,i We have.. to naintitin!!
he rule! of sceiority - sciMetithes. leads, •epee- j of hen's, and the sales dorin r th e first guar - ! inviolate , :tdie greltt tloctline of the - iithernt i f
.11;' ill pun; Of pace, to t he.. firomotion .f of-I•ters of the 'El'frnt Year lira lit the extlaor- j right of ilopitl4tr !self-government ;to reeoweil .!;1
:as .w i lio, after merito6ons.ntul eve: -dig- re.sult of rive and a half millions seld,l the larget - liberty Of. the indi / vid tal eitize' 11,!ri t ..
ignisilied sets-ice, may. have
; been rem ; Cered j exceeding lit., nearly tour en! ions of nerve the ! witll . 6oinPlet43 :stir...at - sty of the pullic order ;, rti. ti
v ac'e or ;rfirni''t• i' e• - jial le Of rrfortniutz sales i)f the i;Orresponding qi arters - of the last Ito rentlerilelic4rfl ()ix:an:nee to tl:e IRWS iof glum
, ~,„ , . a -a sc . al al -, ~ . . . f . t ,
' 111 . 0: . :41t V, i ink' whose, jallvancement qiere'l l ve:ir, Outs iiit;reastur• to an cNteilt unparallel- . 1 the laritlteinidte in forcing their' exeeutibm. ,i A
tre wont - t'criti hiimpair • the 'cllicientey-Of t f e.‘:d;d i til•ing riffy - likc ' 3 'perioil , iii our history the I Aid to fri,i'Wn )udignaittly Mrall cOmbitiatiens , cti , ti
l'::. nrmv. guitaille poivision for • this class , Muoutit ! )f.trevenue provided' from this so - urt;cl;to resist them.'; , !taliarinonize a Sincere 'Unti l I
r oilzi.„-:.1.,,,„ 0., c,, 4 ,. or :, retired list, i for/the Fedemi Treasury. - 1 ardent deVotiimito the institutions of r e lig: 1, .
,Yould reniedr , the ‘', ; .vii Without wounding the 1,-/Th4i cominendalde. poliev of the govern- i huts foleihtion ;!to preserve. the iightc. of ,all; I.' •
ist•friie'efineri - who. : hi' 'past SerVieci, - 11 - rivel ineilein ri:latiori to settill , rlipart public,' do- I.by calisiiig ealli - ;to! ! yespe , .:t: those. Zif the other;j• 'GI
etit:tblished rt•clraiinJO - 1.411 censiderationAtr' main - Toe the:3,a' who have, setting part
red their Omni- !to carry ;trrtvtird;every social impi-o ! vemerit to . iAi
a!gain Otn.urtiding - this Measure to the'favor;:i try , -ii:t.inte Of ,war, is illniqr. ted by the lact,.l the ititertuost:liiiit. l ot *human per-fectibility; ehul
rfbleenitSideration of ("Ogress, li)Voil) k iliSllg- I that, since :1700 no less tha . thirty millions 1-t y the fie atitiOir of mind .upon Mind, n&t : /hY, ltrpi
4est that ; tilt Pewer of Piecing oflicerson the j.of neres.lieve. been applied t this 0bje , ..,t...
.. 1 the obtrisiveilatervention of miturPplied like; the . • ;
'retired' • (ist 1,4 litnited to]ene,.year. ThOlt,ratc- - .1 TM!' sprestions which I s Ibmitted in ins Ito ophol4 tin.; itite.:, , tity and guard! th, itio.ll strip
fatal op •ration of the ills':. arewould : thrts be ! annual 'inessalte or lag year, in reference to 1 thins of our o'rg:iiiiti law ,to prerl/e sae'red I,le
esjed,.raid if, after the lapse of years,lthei.e j grants of land , in aid `of' theieonstrtietiott - :of '; from all ;touch Of .uStupation, as ;,he very pa H "the '
hould,he-ocasion to renew the provisitm, it!! -railwas, we're less full and expliCit than Chet . kitliuM at our iiiiities:lsaivatitylf;,the res:erived. ri;p:
Can be'froproduced . with arty improvements Hllt“ , liittid ,- .• Of the' suh . c! .t. I , d sal s-, , net t lc- •1 ! .11 , '•1j; • .11 L . -''• , l •• ai d. of the. peo-; :.dun'
. ~ 1 ,, j -I- ra • , -. i•-' , . 1 i 1-• - Ls 1
•11, ' , ~. .. :i, 0 - , . • .0 . - , l''' • . t '-' •st ' ",- •• -i. , II -
v 1.C.11 C r \ n , ...n,,1;i..( . .. !Lay in. ir...4(.... ne ptc.sen , A 4...0tqut.14..i t t-u4... seem to Nader proper and
.1.;14!; to (,',LlCti:4l; : i*ith loyzdflality and dertited hid
rgar44.tion-fof the artillery into regiimints is desirable, yt, the soundness, of the principle : ah. - .Ttiont thisll;nioe, as the only -Sure fonedai :,ilat
,intdct4lo'bvion:s objection"-. Thes. , Tylee of then asserted with regard' to the limitation of j ;ion 'on xvhicl) ilie lto/s of eivil liberty rt.-'t; I I,
.arOilery,.is that of batte4es, and au Org:iniza-; the pOwer of, Cotigiess,e 0,... alain 'lO doubt ; I t4') :nitnittimerMtegOs'ernment With vigil:AO in I. buil
tion ofibatteries into a colipi of artillery would! but in its ap'plication it is iirt - enough that i tegrity •and 1;41 eiionerny; tdcultitatele,aC ii!:ik
be eon'' consistent with the naturO of thou the t•alue oflllands in! a pdrtierilar locality :'and fricidship - ;Withfoteign nations, and; td As
duties.; 1 A large part oflthe . troops'eow call- ! may he enhanced ; that, ili
- fact, a, larger 1 d e mairdl4ll(l pkat•t in,tinl ja:stive rein all, but .4114.
ed artil/rty are, and havel been, ou dirty; as in- 1 amount-of Money•may proleo.y • be receiVed„ , to do ; wicur i g !..tO.il o rt'e ; to - 7 - 'l -, l• - 3e liv-i . . 6A•nieding , liis
fanlry ;'the distieetion bktween the two arms ,1 in a given Lillie, for altornat sections, than ! With ibeinted.enal p4licy and • /4.4Oniestie! reT alit
being hierelY . eominal.l, This'uonithal null-' could, : bare Been realisZ , 4l for 1/11 the SeCtiOtii , , i pose 4 lther''g-"eVerhnient-t, turf ;Cr repel it ii am' I I ?
lery lllo . ll' stirviceis.,,enurely - disproPOrtionate I tvitluint the influence of ine.p oposea imiirov,:- i 1 . 1, , ,, trII , own , •ne,7icy to s a yi •k front repel
,I h ss ee i
It'd tle..s.‘, , ihole force, and gteattr than the wants i ments. A prudent f4ropric. , t r looks 'beyond I when
; the' 114410 . 4 and tor, ,r„ot 'the eonntryjj •;; I
,i..ptintrY demand., 1 therefore 4ommend i lip*. sections ot'hi dotnai 1, teyend present i call us to arn't:,•;butlto; call . - ;, 1-pref,relicel ind
ilthe dise'ptitinturnee of aAistinction stanch has resulti, to the iti.timaw etrec whieh a partie- i the alts of p4! - I:ce, #eel,-. ettiaro;eiiient Of !tilc till:
no fotinilation'ineither ilm'arms used or the 1 ular line of i1 . .-lie.? ls - liknly ti rrol4l , ;:e open : rigida
.o'),.r.ettllii:.litvand elevate and liberilizelj 4 -as
char.:tett?. of i the servieeiexpeeted. 6,) be per- ! a lphi'i ? posse, l s , it , L-1 Ned' mt . ct•; , '..3.. The goy- ! the ilttqcoursjol . 1 / 4tuions;;:and by such lustli Wit',
fetmedl,t ! ;
i - . 1 erutnent, iwlii .1 is
. truttee,int . this imi s tter, tel and l)co.prttlionettn:l, -and such only. whilst I; e o l ,
1•: In; cehnexion, with tln: propoitioh for Ilse i. the peoplJ.44-the. States, is beund to takc the I exr.ltiegthe 4 , ..r-Intlitit•H ef the Itimblic,!, to J! 1,,
iincreasti of the army, 1 liave•Preseidedtheself+mewise and c omprehethive v i,y, v , .Prior 1 nssure td it tlit3 legitimate imittence and ;the ' tpr
suggestions with regard'lto. certain hieasures !to aril duringg - the last session of ',Congress. b e nign:itithoil ! iy ala ~r ent example amongst ',' cwt.
„ , . ~J ,i
lof rcfoii4t, as the, .coin,pletnent Of is system j r UpwaNs of thirty millions of acres. of land ~111 1 : h 1 4, wer 1.•; t iA'Cl t ri,,t e n,lon t „' • r ; not
which gould' ;prodttee : the. baPPiei.t... re s nits ;wi,re•witlidrOvn from pUblielsale with a view i l .- I."lkler the "schllniiity.c.f th e .e convictions, I (ph
:from a given! e . xp4dittire, and 1 hor*-..^1 - at' It 9 aPl4ieatioljs rot', grant' , cctliii - ellarae:er rm.:- . the bies4itio• (41,':•,.:Iiilighlv God is earnestly in'-j; inti
Itract;t4 early a tti , ii ri c ti4;t...(l t•- , e deefued wor- ! dim ,- before Oongre , -s. A c ' rend - ret iisv of . , V o k e ,t t 4 ..,.it e lq : l nr4'-in your ih•liberatioh,4, and I . i Orle.
• • , i of i'entre , S• C - - ;- ' L I , ..'" i 1.., il •,. ' led
ti/Y of , tite , Trry'' . - ~, , -• . = t -t , " , ao .-1 1 / 4 )J4..Lt. me .to direct that all ; Ition!all'cthe Ottristjts and act;': of the go4rn. 1i I 1
.T.i., : ,- ' i reempmentlation i of the t ecretary i such. Orders be abrcgrited. and the lands ies 1 meat'. tom the end thzit • with vononon ~ :t1"4411:111 ' Op.
!of ihe , NaVy, 'ha wino appropriate ; eferenee l storettio in:Oket; rind ins • truLtions w ' ' . '-- i ' I ' . -1 • 1.1 - - ' l'; -
te . ,
The aJ,lplica- ! .-.ron „to the di'Vine.
ere iii- ; common; ettor.s„, NV( 4 I May', 11l .11.1111-.0 SUI,Ini , ~ 4 0
Ito morelample proyisionS for the 41seipltne I Medi:hely gNee to-that etti..i.4 l . will, c 0.,.. 1 .,,ruite tOr the 1,rol; Unu
[and- general itnprovement in the Character of ' th i ns at thel!laF.t 's.ersion cOlteMplatf...l the I muLl ,nr if,f the; Seprothe good of these 'l.:tated his
Iseiiiiien'-:tud fur the reorganiz:Ltion rind 'grad- ~.:0 1i 5 t i.,,,-; t it inf i„f we ih an ti le th;:usand mile•s ' s t ... ,- ; . ; - . i' 1 .
. ~.1 . II! s t tro
I .al inet•ease Of the navyl, I them liaitiently 'of road, and 'irrants.te the .41',o ,, urit of neatly, ! . . ',, ~ i; , • ;FRANKLIN pallet,. il
.i• 1 1
• • , •
wortliy:of yonr"f:tvontl.4consideration. Inc twenty-milii4ns. of acres of the public du- ; - Itr;i,s;irx•c.-r0.t.::,• De'remb:r. 4., 1854 ' ',, Ma
: i .
principles, which have neutrolled onr . policy j amin. , - ; livenaduritting tit light tin the part I r- - --- - --.-; ; 2-.; -- --- • ... •- -.--- ,• w•
in relation to tie penutinent milit.iry force. lof Congress io be un)tiestion tble, is it pike i ci., :s i'! ; i , , -
i - J. 03.. - •
by Sea i.:111(.1 WA, .11t9 Solluti,--CpIISISICUt Vic.ll ' clear pat the proposed grans Wolliti be pro.- ' v 011iter5 .11: tiliatrill; '. (,he
- , y.
die - thejory. - of; -bur.systeni. and. .should by • noi ductive of gOod, and not evil ? The different I , ' , ...3- 7 !F ''i ~ 1! \--- -1 . ri th -
means i..e disregarded. But, limitingl the force I Pr.:_leCts are Centined, fur the present ; to elev.' •-.:_ -.: -..:‘:.', I Tir .-..
to.the o!ijects •prtieultlrlv- set forni -in the ;en States d tLis Union, and - one Territory. iTi 1. 1, ..\ it . i s ti:sr Fir::',. - r..l . r.'iN IN NonruraN l'E r !.,iN ,0
pr .?;ceding part of thiS 111-65SliCe, .Iy.o +Alla not' The ri,,!a,on ilissigued f o r thegrituts, .1-110-.1 that ;- - •ir ^ ' l 7 : „ -I - , -„..-- . ,:.-
.-: j 1 : I!
overlook the Ipresont magnittitievidi pros pee-.; it is iiroy..o-C..1 to put the , wd•rks ~speed il v in ; E. 11. c'II.A.W.C7. .1.1.\ IN I.).'scl, EDI tons. !t,' ; n
Use extension of, our commercial marine; nor I prom 's:3- of 'cOnstructien. When we retleet, ; .ii .- ' - i --- 1 - . - "4 - 1 — ... - ,i --- -, 1 - , - i• x .; - 1:4 ;; - .. - c . . - ,. -- 2...7„ - li l v,; :
1 5 7. . 7,0• 4!
fail to 'give-due weiglit to the itch that, be- I that sr,iir.e.-., , thi , : e6tninencentedt , of the. construe- i ` " l,•-,Ff " - ' e,•..L...”` l'l'`. - -
~..-_,....,..1_-_-______,_,...-_,-_-_±, i , p
sides the twee thOusand Miles of Atlantic sea- ! lion OrmilwaVs in . the ('vita 3 States, stinin- i ‘ - . --- " ------1 ":7 --- i . ,I.
; 1 -WOOD !I WOOD ! ! WOOD': !f -. I', I .l'
board, we .liave :,now a itacitic coast, stretch- : latell ,as the‘flinve been by tl e l'argediridend:, ;.. •' • •:- r.'i - •i . • -
Mg, from Aieicee to.tle British poessions in livaliSed fr o lii; the - earlier works over the great • '' l h P sd , ° / , ‘ ) 4'l'.it' it '' in: l "Y ne "'"'" d '" 4' i '"' t! l ' i
the north, tecin t img with; ikealth and ;enter- 1 , thootighfart4:, and Iret v.-ecru the most impoi:- ,to pay iii;'"i'6l/Voorl, ' I %II`. 3 STI3IIIN,G IT NOV.I! %-!••
lirise,.:lnd deniandincr the constant presence ; tan Po`ints of commerce and population,' eta-' !•.!!' --- t. L . ------ "*.td° l4 = ----- 7 --- . [- , 4
lof ships of wit - .lThe:iitogm'
. entation a the na- ' coui i :i.Ted by . ; State I.uzisiatim - ,. and • pres,,- - ed ;,.,
t../ ., r .. k„\ - Tho;of our Subscribers will draw Its
, ~ ,
vy has not kept lace n : 10 the duties Prf , Pe . f - forviar4l by 'the - :amazing energy of, private- - ; n load of Coal I Now is the time, , winte the
i -, • ...
l'y and .pretitabliy! assigttrid to it iu time of , entdrprise, Only seventeen . th o us :t ad mil e s i
~-,l,: i ,,Lin i z • i s -. g o o d. • , ,
' ; il :
l'e , teresand it is inadequate foi, •the large field ! hati! beer, cOmpleted in; all! the :ate; in n I -- 7 I --,,,.. -,---'4.,0-... - -, -
of its otx...Tatiens, nOt inertly in:the pre Sent but ; quart i er of a i:euti;ry :.—whe . ti we see ti le . e , r i•,,...! ! '. ; . ),I, 4,1:1 . 1 rot. Sale. . , , • I• is
.- , . ,
till more in!the progrt..'sSivelY, inc•reasing exi- j pled (.'•fAhl'ititiii of Many v.Arks coniment.•ed.l ! A.lnek eutt,e r',.- I- I'q .1 • - 11-' , 1 / 4 •-• •'• . f
,1... t. . t., Sl.e oi :V t..l) i . O
genciesof theiwealth and: crinumerce of.. the 1 and Itrosecutc.l tipcii what .w ere deemed to r c l ae3 i,j. ,- i - • , 11,
t Encitire at ibis (Alec.
held Stat.F.i: I. evraitliiy approve, ; of the IL e south /. pi ii i , e i r k,, cu d
~ ,,,,, E i eck „,,,,, t i f , us ; _ s __ I i ,
,i i. , _
~.,....._. . .t * I
I ; 4
._'- . , ,
Pr(l l ° s e 4 , aPpreetree . syst r on for our ;,:ittOnal.; when.", we eentemphtte the et ornioui abiorp- I , t ,.e. 0-- 7 - ;W:d.'4l. Pitni i tiNa r , Post
. 24 aster ati Tol; f i l
cesstds, r(.seernriiended hy.' the Secretary of the • tion of cal - aid withdrawn fr, in the . ordinary , , t ra n ci, - has I;e:en 'reineved, and Dr. 11. C. Pon-. 'ii
1 .' 1. )H ' ,' - ' I Chaniieli . or hairless, the es.t avagnut rates of , !Jr• t 4, • i 1 -
._ s t ,, . -t.
. 1 TER appoln i-. • mil - ii:. 7i b L...b.i. . . 'i . t
ine,oceutrence,;duringthelast fewnionths ! inter6t at- this moment paid to c,:nturue op- j,- , ; . :-•:;.........,.._....._....,..........____.......-.. . f I i
,disatiterS of the ; Most tragic:nature, l i ? : r_ v !a , t , i4 i Tr ! ii t i ir c e a l , , a b ra an c k .re rt r T n te. n i a es t i zi tOt il n i.t t . e v r i t i. ...l i v i - • A i , n t u t io ., , ,,, t .t - 1• ,r' - '' - 'oyer'tior Bnii.Elt is again prosttlated I
nrolving great loFs of iitnuan lin. -.. C y ._ L ._
i witli,ldis'i . ,:ise ; ' ',but. at last accounts it AN'aS 010%
•cmc- , 1 ;.1.,.... , i, :cuP4L/URS 4 . 1 sympathy,and soy- I npon;finanees generally ;-.-cho 11, tt. 4.....1.•-t 4 ..„ ........,, ...: '...,,,, ~...., , _
ow throug Out .. counlry. It may , well,te ; that the tenden( , ,y is to run ;to excess in tans , ~ 1 :1. 1— ', I - .. • I
eubled whether all these CalannitOuS;.crentSl i matk.':r ? . 1, ji t wise to augment this . excess ;
re wholly attribtitableith the neees..ary and i by. cricatirageingliopcs of ~.hiol w . ,,1ti., ex- 1..
' "''':e - 1.110 , :of onr i fiiends who intend ii.sit-1 1
inevitable 41anger. of the i;en. The merchants, I peeled: to !lairy from inagniti eat scheines . i - it
lautriners :Mk, ship-huildhis . of the;LUnited I pendent upoh the action of; liancisoine cw's ry
i niv . e. .. i. .. ; ! i ) ,,,,...." visit 'ido fwelt - to etil, :it the . - . ..
,} .... ,
ase fur the .., 1. ays.i .
(1,: ,.. :Mg iC - , 4 . 24 'i . - . 4;4; ,. to Ptitch f • II l• iH'
~tates`‘itre, it!istrtie, unsfi pas`s:(.4 in far-reach- 1 the spirit, which : has produ,....d meld re:-111...5.: ato ji l isfrstar . e establisinnent of Me•isr.s. Wil l -''
' Is it not- ; Mardi 47, Benton, 343 Broadway, as we .arc
ug eliterprise skill, intell. gence and coura, - te, I need to e stimulated or 'cli eked ?
sy any otherslin the w 4, 1444444
4 1 1. But vvitlt the in -1 the oetter rule to leave all theie • "'"'ks to i inforineil - th'es,' , ! have much enlarged 'lliei'r!! -
reasiiiig amount ;Of ourl,crinmercial .tonnage i private enfetprise, regulated) and, when expo- i , i , F .• , ~ . .-
; stoetc.,' as welt- as reuneeu it in price to :acct 2
In the aggregate, 'and ti t larger size:and ini-Idienti nit.id„by the .co-oper :lion of States ? ; ;,,-.. ~ • 1,. ,•, . . '...1 1 ,1!
I.proved equipment of the. hips new chnstnics.j If coustruettkl by priyatelea Mal, the .stiinti- . ; the 9enyuprt.. i'l !.tie hoi,dfty . and the times;',l 1
I ted,, a deficiency in the izipply of therelinble ; hint aud thetchmk go toget ler, and , furnish `• see theit . advcrti l seiTat in anothor,colurnn.• I 1.1..'
Via'.l.---•- ---.. I ll
1 teamen.begittS to be: verylserionsly felt. The [a sahitary ret,traietagainst'S,,eetlizitiVe . sehern- f • , ---il- ' l.
! I 0 •f i
ineonveniende: may - perhaps: ibe - me(in part,, es - and extiavaganee: BM,' it is : manifest I I s - 1 . '; i- • I l le /,-1/e4sa g e•
by duo regulation for Pia introduction- intol that,jwith tile most - etTectivelgnards, ihere is 1 ! TO- . .tlie;extiluslon of out generri variety s_tet•
our merchant, ship's, of indented apptentiees,l danger of gr.ling too fast and too far. 1 pnblishithe i'-;!eond annual Mess4ge of Presi-qf
which while: it would aNird useful and cligi- ; - We may : well !pause heti:tie, a proposition I den i . .p ihrtel: i•O dnr. . • . . , i lit'
I•ble occupaqqn. to . nu4rous. - youtig men, I tenternplating a simultaneous movement for i i T i i ,
t5 ,, 1.41 i , - ,1 ",,.. be the: Messame is
_i d 1
wotild have altendeney Pl raise the eti s aracter I. the Construction of railroridS i 'whicloin extent 1
..;,.;,, ,1 1!•'...,,"; ,.4..
i ,',' t ;,` • ; 1 ,•""'' '
of seamen a.* a clar....s. . And it is.deservino• of 1 will equal, eitclusive of thc ;great Pat:ific road. , ''' l '‘':, 1!."4...;n 1 , 1 •1,, , i n t
. Jt . l., en as a wliflle, - w.'e thin! It,
I 4 e rious refleetion ,Whefljer it may not; be deli- awl till its branches, nearl'yime-th: - .41 of . the i I.t 'W .- 11 .L,,.e ',will received aside from -the - Sin Of Iti
1, able.to reviseHthe.existil4; laws.for time main- entire lengt - h of stich werks,l ECM . 4'.olllo . ttPd I 0n1i.4.4 . ie1i. - . , 'l:t)iat omis.-sion is its.lpiletree :Upon i,
I tenanee of' disciOne at eta, upon'which the j in the United, States and Which cannot, cost,' I t h e ieli ri t a, Life - ,isli',,-'soeri
,Coln,trornise'• ' It
beeLtirity of - life, and prii . .ierty on 'the_ ocean 1 witli•equip:rientS, less tban tine hundred and I . ~,, . ~._ 'i. . ~ . • I
1 • .
, • 1 .
' . . I
like ,. y.l st , ri . .fr tis... tu,/tt : i : , o-t . ittr - _ , lininistrat on nieasure I
tinust to so great extent, lepend..-; Although i l fifty 'millions or dollars. i Tl. , ;e dangers
has • .
• uch attention already been given by Ito Msult tru' ecinbinatiOnslcif inteNst of this'; sy 1:11P1s has 'r!?nvtil'''ect the. wit° l ‘ 2l. ( 2 <)iiiitr. l :•,.? ; (14 -- 1,
1 'ongress to - tile propt.i4onstruction 7 2and ar- 1 chariteter,thin hardly be oveiestimated. But, I servild ifrotn3the head of the at - niinistittion 1. 1
1 nnietneat. of . steai . vesd,ls . ri . n43all passenger 1 indetendeutly . of tiies . ci.iiskd,i-Btioik ,, , ..v,l:no l i e : req . ' n q` . ,retll..-m,apa,.. l 4sing notict in . his 4..0ni- 1 i,
I 2 - .lps, still: it . us betievc4ll that the - .rachieve- lis the accurate knowledge, tpe e.ornprehenswe 1
11 euti; of science and i4tllianieril skill in this' I intelligence,; which.. .. , .., . ate....
• ' sbz• l l disCrihain lilt wee!' , i i'''' : i i i - '
Poi . ..ea roads in eleven States And one Terri tom ? '
. i ,
s i irection have.not been eixhausted. ` r is t :o good 1 the relative"idaims of thoe twenty-eight pro- I .• ; ,it - •
~, ~. - , .
,t. intinieltion Cioni - YrleSS and the people.il h ill
`. Ns ;it ConiPrelienstve and lueld siirliCv of
anon exists. for the niark4d.disiineticiti, which i the gencralrciationslot the 'govrtinienti . , the I •
: ; .
I.fppears upop our htatthls, betweet(the laws' Where will you•be.gin, .atu where! end ? Ifl papo•.:deserves.a cart!tful perilsal.! .
! ;1' • 'l' !
, protecting, . hit. andj pro . pertv at:se' a and l'to !enable fires 6 conipaui.'es Ito exceute their I ' '. ! '. - 4 . -- 1 e.idit.-e.- . ! 2 - 4- - •• ' !
f ) i i.- se for pit tectirio• theM on 1-nd In most ' proposed verbs 'i , is ne .e..4ry fle - oHlre . • , i II ' " ' ;
... rho I.eports. . -- I'
1 1 I
i c the btates severe punishments arciProvided of the general government Ile ;?ritharily riven, ; I c Ilave;Popies oi the repintS, of the ir",e" l.- `
• ' - i - , 1 .1
I • tconoucters of .trains,,,engineers aid: others; tinjt:oliey W;;.11 present' pr'oblem so compre- j al SeeretarlCS L'Oninitnicatt.' , ..l at, the: openin_i.; ).,
le ployed'itt the tralks.p@ritition of pe ; rsons .by 1 Len.4lve in its bearings, and Liu .important to.! 0 1 f•cionl,re!,F,.:,. 'flint Of the Ilon.J. ! cgtes dtmi , -I I.f
ilway 'or ;by steamboats on riveri4 - Why I our political and seeial Well twine-, ;IS to eldirn, 4i_ 1 • 4.i. --- '...4 ~ , , 1 •,ii ; t_
~ ; uttt., I.; , ..ostut p aster t q eperai, whose . Depart Men •
i-should not the same principle be aiiplied to lin anticipation, the severett . aimly.sis: ..,n- ~ I , , .1.1 . e:., 1 . I :
pie. irriostl ; cOmphcated proomoy ot ; , ant t
alctS of iustibortlinationi !oowardiee,!!.or Other 1 tertaning these views, I rectir with satisfaction I u.
1 • ' I',
i s n i nsconductsm the Fug.; of mastersAild marl- Ito the experktlee and action pith° last session 1 Strikes hs; ft's.,m hasty examination, as one 0 -Ili
, ;.; injury a,-
i tirrs, prootn.ang or !death to passengers i of gengressi as furnishing,: assurance that the I the ; .ablest - We lave, ever rettd. 'from thtf't Ije It
on the 'high, micas, beyond; the Jurisdiction of I sulvet will not fail to elicit a Careful re-C'S- . 11.. i
p.tr niee ' t. ' Its.fact.'s,lfiffures. illu'stratien.aitt 11
aY of the states, and Where such dlllinquen-1 natien and rigid scrutiny. I. - • '-- ' •..
'.' i h I' 1
1 points titrid 'ot t oMy relieviipr the )Mnt
... ; !! 1 11
i r e es only cafe be - reached by the pets-er. ,efj ' 4 was My intcution to present, on.this oc- I • -,, 't -. '"i ; ri - ' - ' ' '
1 ongre.s.S! the whole 'ulir,ject - is 'ariae.stly I casihn,• some surrgestions , reo•ardin internal 1 from tit'irt -1 1 1 !!'dYtails Is°. col: 1111161 i to tilcie . p l .% !I
e inmended to - sour consideration. 't. r • ; . . , ;
. i improvement's bi the - general governmint, ! per : ;\l'e Shal try to
_prepare an austraet o 11
I ' The report; Of the I'..lssinnistet General, to ; whit want Of time.at the close of the last it fi l ir our n41.,\1 vet,' -; ': 1 . il
I s hich you ar!e. refer . n.4fOr itnanyin, - Te, resting i :ieslsion priinteti my submitting on the return 1 'l'- - , • . I
. . „: - • • I . r-.•:-1 !!!od l w- 0 .---- - - -. -- i
1 detail.s •in relation. to this; importatw and ra...i - to theilloinie of 13epresentafives, with objer...- 1., It:4lClii•aiiipctitut AI.sOA73XE.--ritis old e .''
1 . 1.i111y exte . nding branclicof the. publiCiserviee, ; dolts,. of . thsi bill . entitled, ! !1i an, act . makini -, 1 ' ;:. , ii., ' -;;,: ; '4
e' • tatitisq . 4l Wp ., rK , l enters upon its forty-fifth yea ri
I s tows that the expendhure , of the .-4',..ar end- 1 appopriationsfor the•repait preservation, and ; •J`
,The Mere annotinctimen 1. 1
I i-ig, June ,30t1i,'185.4; . inFluding.one'llundred i•coMpletiolibf certain public works heretofore I ,in'irsaii4a - rvli:il.
• lid thirtY-th'reo thousand lour hundred and ; couitnenca under atrilatiriey of law I" but the I - of (MS ''ac .. t iii e giflitiie l lit to ensurti its eoMplet •4.
1 s th u C e c e tt . ti l :l .: E l :• c litcid i tii i . :v . l:6 l . . t v i ‘ ' i l i i t b s iie .G ati( l ns i •
! I ' . its-three Llollars Of balance due t 4 foreigul spa4e in th‘ communication Itiready.oceupied I '
I flicks; aniounted to- t3;71p,, , j07. The gross I wit!). other , Matter of imniedhrte public.exigen
r .e,eipts',citting the.sanie period • amounted to I. ey eciriStritins me to reserve;; that subject for a 1:„ • '‘., • ' 11: ' • ',..' „- I * ', ' ,i, ' 't.
7.. , L • .. RIC; it eann t.i . attito attract tne atten9onn
- 6A - 155,5.66 t•i exhibiting air, expenditure over, "spa' oint meSiage; which scull be transinitkA te i
1 come t•.1 . -.4 - io,i 5532414m1, a diminution off' the',.two botises - or o:;n g i e s at a n N air d a y ;
_-; every (;? . , 11f.t . tkni aefittaintcd with hie mOntlii .- 11''.4 j.
efi - cienCtt !us comparo with ;. " . -last . year, .of , • The judiOnitriblisitineitt. of -the United I go4itri,:i. or the cat:;e. ;evinced in` the .sekietio . It
361,750. IThe increase.. of ihe.: revenue' of ; t3tates requires modificatioitand - certain* re - o f ,i r tj ‘ il es
t. e departntent, for the year endif* 30th ', forma in, the Manner of Conducting the; lewd!' -i, • .!i
. , . ~,,
year 4i , it i s t
is : i i i t ( l.l 4 on o its pogo.- Fet•:.tii 1 11. 1
•ut the folloWing in N i
une t : 1.83 4;,; over - th e e . , preceding :year, was ; busineis2 of :the government; are also :much I' ' i..,' 7,' ; i ii. .: ; . ' . ' .•, • , ,„:.
• 970;309. ..7.% - 4'.0 propOrtionate increase 'Lowey.; needed; but asi. have addressed roll upon 1 ' ltic r l Pl" i "Yt" - .;
1.. - •i . • ' '
' i • 1 'ti
.er can be antielpatedAir the, current year, in i both of theSe subjects atile.t r igth before, Fhave [ ft- . 1'..4 1. 4 .Y 1:..., helton, author of Letter; front '(:1
/ ' , , ,. -
t.onseptence r ;ot the act of; of June 104 to call yolif attentibn tit thesuggestions 117p 1 ,tlie t i - i,.
Ititcy, etc ; Will be:a . regular contribr 2,
3, 163'4, piPriding fc l. inereased.ooropensa
ticti to lall postumstew,. Fioni these state,-..
tents i i i is apparent that the Post. Office De
artrue t, instead of Kqrfraying its ' expenses,
• ceording t4', the design at the time of)ts`cre
i n o .l: ; :t to nd
n o o n .:
d stn er all ex ,et t te ifi n g t — ,!a aw e s h nl ar il g;\ t
poll the general tieasitry,-, The cost of triad'
anspotation, for . the l . year endin,gdane 30,
851, eOteds the . cost of .the preceding year
y $40;3'071: .I again eall.your attention to
t e subjeut of mail transportation"
.' by. ocean
s eatneri,.and eminnend the suggestions of
te, Postmaster , Oeneial to' your earlv .atten-
Dation. Ow ;ja.A.,iiicM •year 1bt370,031,
. ' .:' i r 1 '•
l • - •';
!1 , ,
- - -
theft made. 3
ltfy former recommecdattous, iu relation to
suitable provision for various object of 'deep
inte44 to the inhabitants 4f the iiiAtict of
Cotumbia,"are renewed. Many oftluige objects
partake largely of 'a
national chartepter, and
are, 1 mportant f . independent)y of t hei 1. reltion
,to the, protiprity' of the 'on , consid4rable or
eitzed coMmanitv in Ali , Union s en4irely .
unrepresented in' Congress '
tksve thus presentettsu' gestions on such
,'subjeksts aslappear to me t be of particular
r intereA\or , importunee, 1- a J' therefore .- I, most
worthy orgonsideration, d a "no. the short re
, tna)muc Pe l riod• n1101.1(4'1 . 9 be e 'l:l l .)orA ilt. the
' Prft 4 ml7C o ll'grefs, ,- '- 1 . .- ..,
tutor. A . ' f 'i'r i t : ... ': i! I 'lrciii three to Il i
'the'4l,e4, , ithint in the country, will belen 'f which we go 4, ,
Thited,l i tud.c.;ho!exj - itinsife or • court. spariid,;l - L to ascend ; will'
make:he li.hickerbocker .ntortr than ever di two weeks and r
serving of i the imt position among our Orign i f I intend to !re
!al Ainprieitii:Slagazines. '.. ' , - ' l ,- l i l t t lie r from here o
1• ITIOIS.Three Dollars n year, strie i tlyiin Isels,,which will'i
adVart4etitere• will .be no ;deyiation j.friii .ee d ;
'this . contlititi,it ; TWO cop t. 5
ies - for 00 -1 ' Fiv ',w cks and retur
'exliicsand'tupwards,i, s2' 00 each. 14:i:ilise : I intend to re
Ilertt mill :rrostma'sters are requested to het: l ti . • ill .r from hero o
AgetitA. •; 'Those with will_ undertake to pt se s,' which will,
:cure slbmiribers will receive favorable term . :oheTs'cOngratul
SPOcittiefl.tiOttiher'S iyil l be sent gratis an at this particulai
- IttiatiOn',i heist - paid:'' _. - !, :'. , i• ! to 'go "on - by sic
r traito;ntria I f for 6 1 104 i Ity' .L-- The, Kitick l e - tip to : Paragtia
.*:. ''''!l . '1 ' ' '' 1... . g. . •
year. The .as one was there seven-months
aao, and anOther after the present.* thrti
go for a long time. . ~
Thiti'citris the most inviting* for strap- ,
gers insouth America.. There are. no,reza
tious restrhitions upon residence and business
.unposed • by; the government—duties upon int
portatiens am tax - feint° ;" there 'are '„no intern-.
al taxes, and the climate is salttbrietisandin- :
vigorating;. 2 The trade of th e e ityli s eens id..‘
erabie,although .1114 - harbo r is unfortunately.l
a bad'one and requires great imphovements.l
. We find:! many Americans here',- and our
people . havea good share of the forciiM . trade.
ioc. ~Last eveniM , we Shootattended'a Sabbath 00 1
and' all business conmittni- ! Celebration at. the MethodiSt Chiirch at whid t
ldressed, post-paid, to, • . i many declamations and dialogueS i were'reci
lEL'llljEsToNi t e d, very much after the eashion Of a School
8 Ilio.adwav New York. t Celebration at. home, Only one wtis Spanish'.
-41.------ , -- . The - spirit Of Methodism is, one of. innovation,
1 South Brooklyn. and like that of most Sects is utnroinpromis
o'clodk this Motning Mk in* .
.flenee the popular antridligions preju
keePer, of a grocery and 'a'c'es of t 4 country were ;not spared in the,
e . cOrrier ef: Atlantic and 'perfornattnees: Catholicism receied ninny
-ku.ll lito6l-Ivii dis.4ll:•;red thumps, and frequent allusions were made to
lie issuing from the cellar of his- lion-'.— the - United ,States in privileges and. position.
mmediately i in into the 'street and gave f A. large missionary map hung .up, tepreSent
darin to Polk entail .1 - nri , tiy; - ' pi,th• men ingLtigtattil,the United States, and one Or Lwb
ired to the 'celar. stud there saw sonic Oiller ' SpOtg, in pure white—all Catholic coun
diustible matetials on firi.. :With 'very M tries in red4-Maltommedan in. blue,' and Pa- .
`er:oil, howemer, and - without 'giving air : gan in bletiz. It is remarkable. how healthy
It ; they eXtinguislied the dire. !.. and comflQiWile the whole population: here
,ughes and the policeman; - then left the tuipear. :Ito ladies dress very gaily - and, as
clitig, and eV , rything, 'appeared:safe.. A' everywhets 'else, are not unwilling to be seen.
ir named Buris sold, bread in the store. Shopping ist done in the. • eillning l - and the
Ilitglies . bite , the lic,nsci 'from Buyns„ streets, areliietures og:tidy and life. • •
.se bakeryisiu State stru t; . he went to • - I shall use all possible - eXpeditiOn - in get
plaCe of busilkss and : anieke *liiin.. lle tiny home; being very anxious not to fail in
is that he told Bu r ns the house had l j een - prompt attendance in the Leghlature. I hope
ire in the (c lar, although tie fire had to get bileltly Ne.v Years, And if I fail it Will
i used there Or along.time.' • not be for laiik of *due aillurei l ee:
urrn and ILL he , ;: rilt tuned - to the liout , e,. I shall - return with increased regayd ler the
wear into tit( cellar where the tire bad i institutions Of pir beloved country and I hope
tired. At this 'tithe; lion ever, net a spark with,- the improvement. which travel is eaten
be seen, aid they. qintted : the place dated to pte4kce: .., •
'1 the impress on that the'. the had been . • Vet v Truly yours, '• :
pietely put ot t. ,
. i BUCK;ALEW.
he men a:tert'ards visited thetzlasfae.- "•lion. L.':!'"4., Itopert, Bloomsburg, Pa.
in Allantie'strecr, a - short .distance be:
Hicks, and emained there about two
t i .
N. A. they ‘'ele cioming Out of the .en, :. ,
c .„, ...„:„ at !iacc...,, ist f o ur
.t i . t i,.)% ASIIINOTON, Dect.' . 4th, 1854.
, i 41, ( t CK. IN, /14 HIN
nativu that I torlie Int& }.d . the lire was. SENATE - i l-- The 'Secretary : With the per
illumination, i i the Ntreet.i . • . mis;ioa of t.lle S e nate., I ~cill read a letter'ad
liilae,-rauto iis laAtp,e, which waii.envel- dressed to i to L . ,, , ,tie lion. Mr..Atchisba•..
lin iiataes. at d onft• suCceeded in :srrvin‘r -- ' ,:. PLATTE CITY, Nov. :141854:
Itienti. .‘ll ti e rest ef hiss f o r..eiope teas DEAR 'Sin t. . -- It, Will nut be in my power. to
tied + . %itli thd ildimr, ,oiet good part of ; reach iWashitigton before thesecond or third
' - I.*groe. hies :nit liquors was de- !_week. in, INcember. Yea will : please - an
. ; • •
this fact, to the Senate at its meeting,
flowing fiereely from the , that they, inAy -proceed to the election of a
i the botise wits. built 01.1 presidhigl6fileer. ' - '
higb,it burned very rapid- !
i., - •re soon te tire, out i
to intensely: - .61:f that the i
fit get tbei.ri,apparatuti to
101 to "proitut. the 'dames !.
rilijiinitn7 fr4ine buildinv.
Imeated toNo. 95 Atlantic,
'ter-}nurse H;! . ..l.leQueett.aral
ruse tlestroci,: , . The ocou- 1 ,
eir store closed for several
aid that the tire broke' colt
s house, and nas the wolk 1
is; rut turfs, Grahatn's c f/ le
will be sent .one y.e:ar, or
'ttiekerboeker,. and Aton e
()scriber whn.wiirsend $3
wind •eettificati,i Mein . -
mopi.ditan .A.rt. and Litera
ieh will d';tribute among
unary neit ' Powers' Greek
o Tut red Paintings, and
of new and unpar- •
tx o, stiLsvribels, •
/cents per number, prepaid
e the murk is delicere'd,
's fivrazi TICS
' Ic;11:rs.; - the 1
t a for Four d
i 'To . ecery it
855, we wil[i
lit in the Cos
1 - knbers . in Jill
and over t"
, . works . of At
e lace' Whet .
terly in .tyfrzir
I remit 'at!Ceti
na n ,'At he
. _ - :34
t• Lair -past ttiv
)r store ut ti
‘,.. :01 ,'
El, n, x
ie. , n
I ; few &iv, :i;2;,-;
-0;i1,1 Iptt !ear
it 1 his.
- el ill. bud at th
V tilt._ to i`
). furni t re a'n
ispred... The c•i:
)e next frturit:-"yn,
i•cd the fate of
StOtN, it is Ti
;ot lity jail on ayi
ElOl ...itll , ,lit, a liekl
i -kii . ail A: 11(A.1
;C) . 101, whiell ,w
Ili. stuck of fttiit
the four frathe
there was tv
he shoe store
''O .10.3, - took tir
at-(1 to N0.'10.5
here StOreN b
`or f, were destroy
"ht" roof of a t 1!
0 - was. partial iy'
rib;ugton•A: - '
he store ; ahti kb
'll6 upper..it - or
d k , I,- Nii-holas . :F
:u tis, Nrs. Swtk
iin flies. • At)ant
int d with 'nitwit
:es. aced 110111 the
a' ration. . :
'he Chicf of Pi
y t the tire to!p,
c ties. 21 men!
t sajd, was art'
io house on ac;
',o is frolp the stc
ut -th . e.storcut lio
ai g Post.
ret of PeA
Emt Stu :-1
in intend goin,
IT: We hay
he tith thus far; al
a fair journey..
of writi n g to yell
St' te,•who is. ret
for - to carry lettt y
ly mailed. ,- We
)n y• in the 4te
Li •.crpool on . tit
''t.ll 24th, aluijc
iLi •erpeot for 4i
c.r, Bi azileira.
.St Vincent, ].tr
liNk.A a Rio, §4l
:tined until. the
t Alonte Video.,
1 • destination
river.. To g
~, 4) an!! rea l m
No, 97, 9ttickly
lents prestAreti a .f.lleet of
' , art was , nocettnits4 tin' t
tertniatkti t,Nr a clothier'
A ii!arre!it,er, whr.,:e time.
i. rt•siirea . iti the tippA part
J 1,3 and 114; live chi!'lren
, tune fire * :10 had
ape ;front the hurninq
1:t They :lest -ail
1 effects, Witieh Werb nut'
rts'Uf :the Yre depart ment,
ti 1140. %very tinnv
ocinire..(iiiectl: to ashes' e •
hte)r the tiathes :on
n porter house, and i't.i.o6n
the Cithert , . - 'the keefier of
orted, is now in the Kings,
li, a frahaerder, oecupit:d
ar. ;110-totally de . stroed.—
fel,l - a prey to the tiames.—
latiblitrzs were !lbw desinv
topet of saying the
of Mr. Shepherd Demean,
on ila.;roof, 4t:Yconitiluni
oethipied _by • Josepli Lock
n"tlenters.. The ni)ptir part
th of which ‘i•dre'under one
c'.(l by fire;. and• the' lower
ree story brick baildingYO.
destroyed by fire. .)fessrs.
hompson, grocers, occupied
ir stock was' damaged by
ei of 'No. 107. were tenant
1). and Mre.., Kelly. and their
re street was this forenoon
furniture. and 'goods
euilding. , 7.,. during • the con.-
ice and his aids wet.° ear-
, rent the depr . edatins of
er (if the, Fire Pepartnient.
.614 and taken to the ota-
'large (If stealing a . of
r? of Mr. I teveaux, tie had
On\ his .17.Erc-
li from SeOator 313nc4-
roklew, H-7 • 1 • '
tcht4 , to. thr, Goi , ermizen! of
litrilyuay. . .
BtiEsOs Ar4ts, S.
• - •
Sept.t• 64 , 18.4.
Ve hirived here on tilt , . 10th
upithe river in six:or eight
both enjoyed pretty good
nd hare had, iipou thlwbble
I hate now' nn olipo tnnity,
i byl Lent. Welsh, of ' bur
trninig. home: nnd. )i.in ; dly of
r:,ao'd see that they nre-tiu-
eftew YOrk . ou the Bth of
. went; to Loudon on
'turned on the 28th. left
I , mg. Ist i tin screw, .steam
topped at Lis . hon,' %dein,
jamhneo ;nr,d Babin,,and
Nie were there de
! 2 . th, and then carne on here,
tmilhr—stopping by the wayz
Tlie'dimanee from here to
r .1000 mile 3 her the'vonrse of
4,, dielihrgc' had receive
i here, - requires.a,§ail vessel.
nioaths. l'Ase steamer iss
requ4el.2.or 15 days
eataiffiit Assumption about
urn NO . Ygrk direct, oi-•
Rio, in, 'one cif our sairves
erre 4 or e_ days to as 7.
akAssmaptiOn about two
tu 9 or s
~ day .-
l urn to NeW York direct ei
11i4,,itrone of 'ORr sail yes.
takd 45.0 1-10 days. 'Every
tin 4 us' upon. 'arrivini,t here
time, whop ive will Ii able
A *earner does not go
4 ..oft s gaig ' tlibn ' about twice a
DAVID It ATCIIISON.
As= rtiA)icxvis, Secretary. Si!.pate.
gr. hunter.--Mr. Seeretary, ' I wove that
by gener4 consent, Gen.. Cass, of Michigan,
be req tt e4Oill to :tot as President pro tempore'
The Sedretary put the question on motion,
and it wi.t Unanimously agreed to.
Mr. Ca;,'s •kon taking the chair, to .whielv he
was condtie'ted by 'Mr. hunter) said :.In as
sistinfirg,;:ntletnen, of the Senatti, at your orga
nization, t hold this seat to-day, but:: I can
` hold it no)onger, as I do not fell competent
to.pre.lideo‘'er the deliberations of the Sen
SENAT4—The.Senate bras called to r
thU seeretary at 1-4 Letl,re I o'clock.
Jctes,. of .otfered. a res olutiOn,
that the Senate proceed forthwitli to lite elec
tion of a Fiesident pro tempore. • •
Mr. said be. woulcblike. to•know,the
eirect of-this election-.--whether i(was a trirt
po•rary G r.:a perniaLCnt one. ;tier Was' satis
-461.ar0 cool 4 In: but One
Presuk•at 'pro kmpore Of_ lho.'Swiutto nt one .
tithe. • •
• - That officer 'was, of course, to': hold it till
his,tertu ilonstitutionally terminated. If the
President the' United States died, the Pres .
'Went of the Senate
.would succeed to that
high otlice. Certainly, then. there ought to
be but!'oue present holding that office.
Mr. I.3:BYitid said the question li,yas merely
one ofehosing a presiding officer; and to pro
ceed t•a.bitsine.s.s. 'present.tbe',Senate had
by do With possible events or.suppo
sitions,cases.• \ The resolution Iva's adopted.
. • Mr. , ‘l4ller asked if 'he could notoffer a
resolutio44eclaring a •Certain Senator
deutt pto leutpote. Could it not'be done by
:Mr. Mason said 7 Mr..Atelliou bad beeu'so
elected,. I •
Mr.' . Outatier. said be inust-.insist' onvofe,
therefote should object
.to the 'resolution..,
.• The Site theit ballotted witli; the ItillOw7
lug result : _ - • .
131igliv`24, Dawson 2, Chase 6, Foot 2,
Badger . I.\, -
Mr. Bright was r 1 :dart elected, and took
the chair, '.. • r
• .'• Deeember 7.
SEN.yrt:.—Mr. Badger-Offered a resolution;
directing; the payment. t(i"lr. Atchison, of
sum equal to the difference between his pay
as Setutter; and that of the Vice .President,
during ,the time he was Presidentpro tempok
of the Senate. Adopted sunanirnimsly.
Mr. St presented. the, petition of E. K.
Collins and others, of New. I'm4i, praying
-that further 'prevision be -made fOr ..the pro
tection life and property on sea-going ves
sels. Referred -to a committee.-
- Mr. I.3aZig-er said ; It is well sir,•that in the
hurry of , business the Senate should tint for
get ilutti this is :Thursday-:,and,- therefOre,
lest it might .he oYerlooked; I suhtuit the us-.
nal metien, that. tylpn- the Settatel-adjourn,. it
adjourn O"( Laughter;)
I - Mr. - Dawion—Mr..Badger. is sensible to the
I last, I thboilit he looked. fatigued.
The motion. was agreed t 0.,.
the relief of .George "Fisher .was
pasSed.f . - • •
Mr. Pearce introduced st . joint resolution
naming linftis Choate 'and J. K. Paulding as"
regents if the Smithsonian institution. Pass
ed. I 1 • •
Mr. Padgen—l give notice' that on: Men
day u4t, 1 will introduce a - bill ; to • increase
the pay Of Members of
.Congress ; and. of
. .1 .• ' 1. •••
Hotruz.—Nr. Liousthn,fipin , th'p. Commit
tee of yaYS and Means, reportetli . a bill for.
the paytnent of . invalid and _other - pensions,
and the Indian appropriation bill for the year
eildie,4;' , .l.itnci:3oth, 1856. ~ -1- •
Ir. Xeuu, introduced a hilt Making; fur
titer .apProPritition 'for ,the imprOetnent• of
the Ilapf,tis.in the Mis;.issippi: River, and also .
a bill . - for the,selief of the e ow ners.i tid.oceu-,
pants.:OtAlte• town of Omaha,. in •
and for Other purpose.. s. • •
introduced: 7 "n bill authorizing
the sale i of reserved lands it Florida.' .
.• Mr4l3arksiltile int,roduced a bill constitu
ting Columbia, Miss., a port of delivery.
31r.:Zollikolfer introduced a bill fartlier
proyiditigfor .the,security of the lives Offass
engeri On vessels propelled is wh0. 1 . 43 .r
by steittn. • • •
AllitheSc. bills were . T .ierrc 1-tire tatter to
the COnimittee on commerce,:
• 0n7 1 4 0 11 9 11 -of Air. Per:l . :ins; (La;) thcibill
removed do 41plomatie and consular . system
'was r ofikat,4" to,,,the Committee - on 'Foreign
Mr.i.Coxel* then _aurtounevd the death of
died during' the.
Mr. Bristow , 1
nonnced a Wilk,
character. 1 ,
lfe.s t s. Latium ..- mid, also bore testi
mony to the private.and public virtues of the
deceased. - y '
'I •The usual 'resolutions of regret were then
passed, when the House adjourned Until_ Mon
4.• 4.- . • -
Correspontienee i f the Pittston Gazette;,
Greenwood• Cestietery. -
Perreirox, Dec.• 4 ? 1854:
During my stay ,in New York i i Lvivited
Greenwood ternetery, and While, Wandering
aiming the monuments of the dead, I "flannel. -
`a let:ter for the Gazette. I was 'alone, as I
love to be, in a grave'yard, on thei shore-of
the :ocean' of by the Adis of Niagara,- There _
are thoughts -and' feelinge. that. we enjoy most - ,
when there is no temptation tosive to theta
expression: .Butitlie plan 1 have forgotten,
rand all the thought * that floated through my
mind, and tie feelings that filled my heart at
that time. have passed &stay. They were for
me to enjoy and not fOr otl,i t rs. m re mi s e.
tions , of the visit will make 1 fear a ref men.
gre letter. .
The Cemetery, is on Long• Isla d, distant
.from the city between four and 6 a mileir.-=
It is reached from Fulton street Ferry ', in
about half an hour by the ears. - They leave
for the Cemetery every eight or ten minutes
through, the day It contain& 375:aeres. , ---
Thil land is millg, and commands from vs- -
rious . points fine views ofthe ocean. The it
ternients were i ade in it about fourteen years
0.. Since tha time it has been 'filling up
rapidly. • Intettnents are made Almost every
hour of,the day. , The grounds, SG far as.oe
cuPied, are regularly laid out and'hindsorae-
ly ornamented. The i walks and ' carriage '''
roads are, bordered with . Arba Vita, Box, -- .
Stu uce, l Pine, and flowers of every vari4ty.--, ,
The richest fl oWers of the season bloom in the'
Fall.- .. .
. , .
The_tronumeats - in the Cemetery,. of which . •
it- is a forest, ate its great attraction. • They _
are principally' marble and granite. :Setae of
,very . beautiful; and evince good
taste, design-and skill; others, and not a few,
-,although co - Alf, are wanting...in 'taste,. and so"
!•far as. I .could . iudge,. are entirely unmeaning..
l'A Grecian temple - was / a:poem. Every -rim- .
1 nnient; however -humble, .should have some
design. - - • , -,• . . • . ' -
-•- The monument of the old sea .caPtain3at- •
tracts the . attention of all who" visit the Cern-.
-etery. ' It. does not, hoWever,-happen,..to be a • ••
inofiument - of .the 'dead. The old, -man - •.still
lives and residts . in New York, nid,• as I- uti- -•
.quite wealthy:, -He has anticipa
ted his death sO, far as to erect his menunlent;
,It is perhaps ten feet high, - ,and on it -he ban .
I placed a full sized' figure of - himself, in 'his
•I'sea-faring-dres:k and with his'quadrant in"his "
I hand.: ft - is said . to be ageod likeness of him. .
Life is becoming quite old, hut_ still - walks' •
I with 1 a firm step. - He visits his monument -
I frequently, and had I been a little earlier in .-
1 the 'day,- I wotifd- have. met him there:. Th 4
1 strange fancy of the old -sailor reminded 4 : -
of an old.lrnan , Who residetl near my father'S.
;• Ile was a cabinet maker by trade, .and as
;'much- as . ten years before his death, heio&
I•his measure and. - made his coffin.. He kept' t •
iin his.bed-rOom, and the family. 'found - it, , ,a :.
t 'Convenient place for - keeping dried fruit, nuts, .
I Sc:; just as much so as ifit- had - been- Ofia
I ditlereit(shape. We pres`nme -the old cabs
( net ranker derived as much Satisfaction tiers
looking. at . his coffin all 'ready -for him, as the'_
old sea "captain doeS from looking-at his mars . ,
thle monument: - . ; ' . • . - •
I• The Firemens' Moiminent, erected by tit
Firemei) of NewkYork to the -.memory Of'Orie
i of their 11 - 11mb.-.,r who 104 his'. lifeiii rescuing .
1 a child from the building in flames, is eir
` the rriot interesting in the Cemetery. • The
tirenian stands full size, on'llie: monument,
with a sweet babe' in his: WM,. The artist •
has at least given him the:flee-0f ii" true be - -.
ro. 13y,,the side of this xneenreeent lain-teth
er to the .memory -or an Engineer in tie; fire • •
-cempany, who -lost his life in' the same =fire ,
frdin . which the child was: rescued — the most
destructive I believe that ever occurred in - .c
New York. On it is a'firernaii's lantern; his . ,
hat and:. coat se :faithfully represented in mar- . "%.
Me, that you can scareh' believe- - it ' a repro-
sentation. - . - -
, 'Decidedly the most costly 'Monument in •
the Cemetery, and the one-that displays the -
,skill, is th t•of Charlotte Can4a, - •
a Fiend)... lady. She iad been , attending a
`birth -day party—she .4as , ju4 severiteett-- - -;-
givenher by "sonic • : of 'her friendsCand s was -
just returning honie, when the hotaeir attach
-1 ed te'the_carriage she
- was in,..tOokr fright and -
run, away. She was-,thrown front , : the ear. 7 :
.instantii . killed. • - She 'la said
.to , •
lxzve been --very beautiful and - intelligent.— -
She was . a lady of . fortune,' and. --her father .
has spent it iu erecting this monument Aver •
Liter remains.' :It east near $20,000. • Artisti- -
cally . it is very Inc. -Every part of itis earv-
ad elaboratery. In point, of good_taste, it
is not eqiial to many others in the•Cemeterv. ,
llt is designed torepresent the front. of a RCP.... '
man Chapel—Within the vestibule of which - :
' stands a flgurethat of:the unfortbnate girl,
.and. said to be like her,
- dressed as. on the eve- . •
1 ning, she was killesi, in a long. flowing robe.
, .The iigiire is indeed beititifuViind would ap-.
pear so by the side of flower's Greek . Slave.
The face has a sweet subdued expression that .
interests. you; and you'inveluntarily sigh that
one so young . so - gifted -and so beloved,
should. so suddenly he. 'Called away. • On ei
ther side of the monument, on- a 'Pedestal-per
haps.two feet high, is inangel," yery beauti
fully carved, with • her Wings Spread. - They
I contribute sovneWhat to the effect.
-- . I
There are other •menurimiiti less
. ostenta- ..
.tious than .tlitise.l have spoken of. On one_
olthem'l read this insciiitton :—" Our Chil
dienl. on another,-Manal; on - - another, Wiry."
re.i These inscriptions . Convey -but - little to
the strangees eye, but to parents ,and frietola -
they speak.anne monument can. .
- I. hope,lntit net Watitiag-in 'proper regard"
for the . detid. ‘ I love to' see a
.grave - yard
tastefully ' laid out . ;-*.aad ornamented with
shrubs'and tiotvers; 'and in.
_all ?evicts well.
taken ears of. '.t think also 'that for the eon-..
. of friends whni may :Wish to visit
our graves,-they May . he', very . appropriately •
designate -bv.inarble 'data,- inscribed - With.-
our name-'.. ''.But as. I•'turned away • OCR,'
Greerwood--that magnificent sresting place '
orthe dead, this questionipressed itself on oar -
mind : could not the millions epent)iere . to. :
perpetuate the memory of. be, dead; and to ;,'
gratify the pride of, the. living; have lieeti .
better spent in feeding .the 'hungry, clothing
the naked, educating theiignorant, and WS.- \
ins the lamp of-life to those who are 14 6 1
in tlarkna•lS.. Does not the 'erection of seen.-
cosily palaces for the dead, 'tend:-•to fader a
(iispesition that in Parn rather 'than Clain.
thin, and more hecommgin the age of the
Egyptian Eings . than .the- age -in -which "
live 1 - : I certainly do not envy the detul their •
monuments; nor their friends 'the satisfaction
they derive freni havingi erected " theta .' :We
are stewards of Gerd, - and • infesting . the •t
--cuts be has coMmitted• to our care In meet
menti 'to the dead; is'io•me very - , much.lilik
hiding them away in alhapitin. - If . - a - tisair
wishes to be remembero - -, when he is• dead,
and the desirels ,naturat; let him, if helas" •
the fundi to.ipaie; Vail& a isehool . hettecV# l ,td . .
prOvide for' the education - id' tete. or .- taVotil :; ,.
~ . , .
- • •
r of the lk;tisit - 'who
es successor, pro
m on his• life and