Newspaper Page Text
NEWS FROM ALL NATIONS,
—Preliminary measures are in prospect
for the trial of Capt. Wirtz, formerly in charge of
the Andersonville Military Prison. A large num
ber of witnesses have already been summoned,
and letters are constantly received from those who
possess knowledge of the cruelties practiced on
Union prisoners by this Rebel commander.
—Returns of the elections in Virginia
represent that in other portions of the State, as
well as Richmond, the regular Secession candi
dates have been generally successful. Encouraged
by these results, it is said that the guerrilla chief,
Moseby. designs being a candidate for Congress.
—The Tredegar Iron Works, at Rich
mond, have been leased by the United States to
the owners, Joseph R. Anderson and his partners,
who have commenced business again as iron manu
facturers, these works being held by Government
agents as confiscable property.
—General Pleasantou is about to remove
his headquarters from St Louis to Milwaukee.
General Dodge will remove his headquarters from
St. Louis to Leavenworth next week, and will take
command of all the armies in the field operating
against the Indians.
The Memphis Argus 6ays: The pros
pects for crops throughout Tipton County is ex
ceedingly flattering. The growth of cotton is too
rank, owing to heavy rains. Corn is lnxnrious,
promising an abundant yield. Fruits of all kinds
are plenty and of the best quality.
G. St. Leger Grenfell, cue of the Ciiieug >
conspirators, whose sentence has never been pro
mulgated, though all his associates who were con
victed have been pardoned, was last week sent to
the Ohio Penitentiary at Colnmbus.
—-The planters near the mouth of Red
River have decided to let their lands out, to either
blacks or whites, for such a percentage of the
crops as is customary throughout the country.
—The Huston Telegraph of the 20 th inst.,
savs that the report that 10,000 Missonriaus are
on their way to Mexico is undoubtedly a piece of
nonsense. The entire party is less than 100.
—On tlio 13th ultimo two companies of
the 78th lowa Cavalry fought 500 Sioux Indians
and captured four of them. The Indian loss was
unknown, but was thought to he heavy.
—The terms upon which the War De
partment has rented Ford's Theater are £1,500 per
month until the Ist of February next, with privi
lege of purchasing at SIOO,OOO.
—An extensive and deadly cattle epi
demic, wliieh has lately been raging in the Arkan
sas and Mississippi bottoms, is reported to Lave
been effectually broken up.
—Bishop Andrews of Mobile has directed
the Methodist Conferences to elect delegates to a
General Conference to be held in April next.
—A number of leading railroad men from
the South, are in Washington on business connec
ted with their respective companies.
On Saturday night week Gen. 'Warren
made a descent upon the faro banks in Richmond,
under Gen. Grant's Late order.
—Commissary Scott, at Slireveport, hav
ing lost money ly gambling. recently absconded,
SIO,OOO ill debt to Government.
—Gen. Merritt's Cavalry Expedition was,
at last accounts, progressing favorably on its way
to San Antonio, Texas.
—A Galveston letter of the lbth inst.
says that tlie total amount of cotton in Texas does
not exceed 50,000 bales.
During the past month more than 2,-
000 army promotions by brevet Lave been made.
They are chiefly in the volunteer service, and em
brae.- all ranks, from Major-Grneral to Lieutenant.
There are yet many more to be conferred.
—A sad accident, from the use of kero
sene oil occurred on Monday week, by which a
young lady, living at Xo. 110 Madison-st., named
Ann Shoot ts, was so badly burned that her life is
—Gen. 1 liomas has issued orders direct
ing the arrest of Win. Galloway, and M. X. Faren
son of Columbia, Tenn., and suspending Mayor
Andrews and Justice Welch, for persecution and
abuse of tlie freediuen.
—Hudson, X. V., was visited Wednes
day last I>y a gang of "roughs "from Albany, who '
inaugurated a reign of terror and enacted scenes I
similar to those witnessed at the great boat race at I
Postmasters have been appointed for
Columbia, S. Petersburg, Vn. Foster Hlod
gett. a prominent citizen of Augusta, receives the
appointment for that place.
—The list of income returns, published
in Chicago, shows that there are in that city 47
persons whose incomes exceed ?50,000, and 200
whose incomes exceed the sum of 520.000.
During the last quarter the money or
der post-offices issued orders to the amount of
?4x5,465 17. on which th < Government fees were
si, 152 80.
—Several ex-Congressmen from the South,
arrived in asliiugton on V odnesday last on par
doning missions. Among them is J. T. Harris of i
—The contest as to tlie Baltimore ap
pointments was emled Wednesday last by the
President, who appointed E. 11. Webster, Collec
—The Illinois Sanitary Commission has
given notice that no more contributions to that or
ganization are needed.
—A million dollars, purchase money for
ships, has been paid into the Navy Department
since the close of the war.
—The East Tennessee and Virginia Rail
road has been restored to the Company by the
-—\\ hittlescy, the Treasury robber, was
committed to prison at Washington Wednesday
—The notorious Rebel General Dick Tay
lor arrived at Washington Wednesday last.
—Secretary Seward und family left
Washington for Cape May Wednesday week.
—Two young men were setting on a
door-step in Springfield, Mass., the other day. j
when a young woman, with an infant in her arms, j
came up, and, laying it in the lap of one of them,
bade him take good care of it, and left.
1 he States which elect- Governors this i
fall are lowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont,
Minnesota, New.Jersey, Ohio. Wisconsin, and Vir
—J. D. Putts, Esq., general manager of
th>- Philadelphia and Eric Railroad, at Williams
sport, has resigned his position.
—The bearing of the deserters who pass
through Washington is said to be very abject. The
spirits of these poor fellows are broken by years
of hunger and suffering.
—General Richard Coulter, formerly col
onel of the 11th Pa., Vol., is suffering from the
breaking out of an old wound received in the Wil
The wife of T. E. Clark, of Pottstown,
Pa., committed suicide last week. Cause mental
—Mr. Pleasants, Pardon Clerk of the At
torney-General, lias his desk piled with applica
tions from the Southern States.
Towanda, Thursday, August 3, 1865.
The question of a railroad between Itha
ca and Towanda, considered at a meeting
iu Itliaea on the 19th ult., deserves further
discussion. This is not a new project, but
an old one newly revived, and entirely by
the Ithaca people, though some of our
| prominent men attended the meeting. That
Towanda should take a lively interest in
the matter is but natural and proper.—
Should bliu urge lor ward the load with her
money and energy it would only be an ef
fort on her part to open up to her very large
trade a rail avenue to the north, and (with
further effort when that is completed) to the
south. That the vast coal interests center
ing at or passing through Towanda should
feel a deep interest in any railway commu
nication north to a market is self-evident,
i That the Ithaca people should make a hold
I effort to get a direct rail connection with
: the coal fields of Bradford and Sullivan is
■ to them self-protection, as they cannot now
| get this coal except byway of Elmira and
! Cayuga lake. The people between Ithaca
j and Towanda arc all largely interested in
| this road, as they never can have a rail
i communication except by this route, lience
its construction becomes a question of the
! utmost importance to them.
Important as it is to the people along the
proposed line, we may safely risk the opin
ion that the road must have their active co
operation to secure its completion within
any reasonable time. They must not only
assist it by giving the right of way, but it
will be necessary to aid it promptly with
money. The real estate owners along the
road will be more benefited than any other
class by its construction, and, unless they
promptly render all the aid they can, the
project will drag. To the Bradford Coal in
terest the enterprise must look for the larg
est amount of its aid to build the road to
the State line at or near Waverly, and that
interest in giving such aid as will secure
the completion of the Pennsylvania portion
of the road, should urge the New York in
terests to extend the rail to Lake Ontario.
The market at Ithaca alone will bo very
small, and what our Coal Companies need J
is to load their cars at the mines ami dump |
them on Lake Ontario. Very little would |
be gained over the canal route if the coal
must be dumped into canal boats at Ithaca, |
unless they have a ship canal from Cayuga |
to Ontario, where they would meet the ves-!
sols from Chicago, all the Canadas, the St. :
Lawrence and Lake Superior, where an en- i
urinous quantity oi coal must soon be used.
Our Ithaca friends may n..t relish this s.. J
well, but they must remember we now have j
a canal route to all points east and west of I
Montcy.uma on the Erie Canal, and that we -
cannot sacrifice cur present route to secure
one no better.
The capacity of the canal north from To
waml-i, we are assured by its managers, is
halt a million tons in seven month's naviga
tion, and this is a much larger amount than
can he sent forward for the next few years.
Though more may lie mined, a market at
compensating prices must he created.
There is no such market how and will not
he fur some years unless the coal is sent to
Xew ork city in large quantises. The ex
pediency of doing this, in competition with
other coals, is a doubtful problem yet to he
solved. We can all readily see that the
construction of the proposed road would
work disastrously to the canal interests. Is
it right to sacrifice those interests at all un
til it is certain that a far cheaper routccan
he secured It is said that the managers
of the canal will not oppose the road, but
they no doubt feel that it is prudent for all
parties to consider the present necessity
for its construction.
i 1.-i there ami will there be sufficient ton-
I nage to justify building the road ? Certain
-1 ly not unless a much wider market is crea
ted and demand for the coal found. About
i sixty thousand tons is the largest quantity
! ever shipped from Towanda, and certainly
the Barclay Company did all they could in
i 1804. To say they did not, when theyprob
j ably made a net profit of over two dollars
j per toil, would be saying but little for their
| business capacity ; for they could sell all
they could get to market. To say that the
four companies operating in that region can
ship, in 1806, half a million tons does not
i say that they can sell it ; and unless they
\ can sell it they will not ship it.
Our object in throwing out these ideas is
; to place the question of the road fairly be
fore the people. With the active aid of all
th' people along the line, and a reasonable
I certainty of a sufficient market for coal to
! justify the expense, we are strongly of the
opinion that the road will be built.
II the Canal Managers could be induced
to allow a rail track to be laid along their
line south to \\ ilkes Barre—for which pur
pose they obtained a most favorable char
ter last winter, and which, we learn, could
l>c done at small cost, and very little or no
injury to their canal navigation—it would
form a direct rail route to Philadelphia via
the Lehigh and North Penn'a roads which
are now in use up to Wilkes Barre. This
would complete the great chain of road,
from Philadelphia along the valleys of the
Lehigh and Susquehanna to the Lakes,long
since conceived by the hold mind of one of
the best and most far-sighted railway men
in the State. Trios. S. FERXOX, Esq., who
planned the North Penn'a Road and pushed
his Engineer corps into our valley, and after
locating the road, by some management
was supplanted by less hold directing minds
who were content to stop when they reach
ed the Lehigh. Then the building of the
road to Lake Ontario from Towanda, would
be only a question of time and that not
long. The southern route would also give
us a direct rail route to New York by the
Lehigh Valley and Jersey Central Roads
which would give us a much shorter route
than in any other direction. No better or
more valuable unoccupied rail route exists
i>i the States than is the one from New
York and Philadelphia up the Lehigh and
Susquehanna via Ithaca to Lake Ontario.
With this line of road the Lehigh coal
would go east without opposing grades ;
the Wyoming coal north to the Lake with
no opposing grade of over thirty feet, and
that only about twelve miles long. But we
suppose the canal men would not consent
at present to such au arrangement, there
fore let us turn our whole attention to the
road from this point north To Ithica, and
thence to Lake Ontario.
THE PKESIDEVT'S KK-( O V STRUCT IO .N COO
ICY AS ILI.USTHATEU 111 THE WAJSH
LVOTtM t llltUMl Ck.
The Washington Chronicle fin article
which we published in our issue of 29; h
June) has undertaken au exposition of the
President's re-construction policy, which,
in our way of thinking, is not calculated
to give a very exalted idea of the theory
upon which the re-construction measures
are based. That we may not misunder
stand, or misrepresent what the Chronicle
says on this subject,we give entire the sec
| olid paragraph, which, among a multitude
of words, sets forth in full the President's
position on this subject. It runs as fol
As we understand his (the President's)theory on
this subject, it is simply this : He holds that the
treason and rebellion of a portion of the citizens
of a State, even though constituting a large major
ity, cannot destroy the political rights, under the
Constitution, of those who remain loyal. He holds
that ordinances of secession, and all State laws in
violation of the Constitution, and hostile to the
Federal Government, are simply void, and can af
fect the rights of no one who has neither aided in
their- enactment or maintenance, nor voluntarily
assented thereto. He holds, with the early ex
pounders of the Constitution—Hamilton, Madison,
and Jay—that a State in its corporate capacity is
incapable of committing treason, and hence can
not be punished for that crime ; that those who
have voluntarily participated in the rebellion are
jiersonullg guilty of treason, and personally responsi
ble therefor, but that the treason of A, B, and C
cannot be imputed to D, who has not participated
therein, and destroy any of his rights under the
Constitution, simply because he may happen to be
a citizen of the same State.
The plain English of this, divested of
verbosity is, that President Johnson be
lieves that the treason of a rebel does not
destroy a loyal man's political rights, nor
that secession ordinances cau effect this,
and that a State cannot commit treason,
but its citizens may. That Jeff' Davis'
treason does not now destroy Andrew John
son's political rights, it was hardly neces
sary to tell, and people may wonder how
the President can believe any thing else.—
But the reason why the secession ordinan
ces of the rebellious States do not affect
the rights of those in them who were loyal
to the Union, is because the rebellion was
a failure. For no other reason. Whilst
the power which the ordinances of secession
called into being was in force, it did affect
seriously the rights of those living under
them, as many can but too well attest, and
so it would have continued had that power
remained. The singular part however, of
this exposition, is in the assertion that
a State cannot commit treason, hut its
citizens may. What does a State con
sist of? It is made up of the peo
ple. There can be no State without
them. And to assume that a State in its
corporate capacity can not be punished for
treason, is calling up a dead spirit of legal
fiction, to prove an absurdity. It is the
old exploded theory that the "King can do
no wrong." We know that the king has
done wrong, and the American people will
nut believe any thing else on that score. So
of the rebel States. Xo one has assumed
that these States in their corporate capacity
could, or should he punishcd ( and why im
ply such an absurdity? Nur has any one
urged the general punishment of the peo
ple of the rebel States, except the disfran
chisement of those who bore arms against
the government. Let us illustrate. Sup
pose the Baltimore Ohio Railroad had
conveyed Lee and his army from Harper's
Ferry to Baltimore in one of that General's
raids northward. This would have been
clear treason, for which the managers could
have been punished, and the road with its
entire assets confiscated. This is a corpor
ation, hut can have no being without stock
holders and officers ; and in bar of judg
ment suppose this company should plead
that in its corporate capacity it can do no
wrong and .can not he punished. If this be
true, the legal consequence must he that
the individuals who make up this company,
can do no wrong, and can not be punished.
And how would such a theory and such
logic be received by the American people ?
Xuw, we take President Johnson to be a
man of good common sense, who cannot be
led astray by such vagaries as the Chroni
cle sets up for him, and is the last man to
offer them as an apology for any public
measure he may see proper to adopt. We
are inclined to the opinion that the Presi
dent started out on the rc-construction meas
ures without any speculative theory on the
subject. It was forced on him from outside
pressure, and ho yielded to this more from
necessity than any theoretical convictions.
He was the President, the chief officer of
the government, and to him appeals were
made by interested men, who were seeking
places and notoriety, from the subdued, re
volted and now distracted States. These
appeals,and the surrounding circumstances,
combined to pursuade the President that it
was his duty to do some tiling to lead the
rebel States hack to their places in the Un
ion. Upon this conviction lie acted, doing
that which he believes to he best and right;
and here it is where lie was led into error
in his re-construction policy. We have the
utmost confidence in hi* integrity to the
Constitution, and believe lie will do only
that which he conceives to he right. But
he may err for all that,and we think lie has iii
this instance, not from any volition of his
own, hut as already indicated, from outside
At present, our government is in a tram
sition state, and it behooves the administra
tion to be especially circumspect. There is
no past experience to which we can look,
no light to iilume the path of duty in our
present political condition ; and that which
is done now is not only of great moment on
account of becoming precedents for the fu
ture, but because the safety and pcrmancn
cv of the government ffiay depend upon
this action. All men of experience have
seen times when it would have been wiser
to have done nothing, to have made no vis
ible land-marks for coming time, because
duty and action were not plain. This, we
apprehend, is the executive's present situa
tion with regard to the rebel States. It is
not contended that the constitution has
made any provision for the contingencies
which now surround us, and we contend
that it is not necessary it should. Suppose
some other Providential calamity, had de
populated the South as at present, and
along with it had taken all their officers of
tin- State governments, and then our Con
gress a fid till the officers *of the Federal
administration. What, in such an emergen
cy, v\..n!d the remaining people do for a
government. According to the Chronicle?*
There must be some recognized authority to or
der elections, to appoint suitable persons to con
duct them, to decide who are elected, to issne com
missions,and to perform many other similar duties.
There must he 'men temporarily clothed with au
thority to conserve the peace, and protect the per
sons and property of the people against violence
and crime, until a regular government can he reor
ganized. Home persons having authority must take
initiative of these matters. Who shall it be ? No
citizen or number of citizens of the State have the
necessary authority. The old State Government
is in abeyance, because every office under it has
become vacant The Constitution has made no
express provision on the subject.
And yet where did this recognized author
ity come frotu in the first place ? Where
did the colonies get it after breaking away
i from England ? Where do the people of
the western wilds get authority for initiating
territorial authority 1 Come, Mr. Chronicle,
think. Is this power not inherent in the
people'( And is not that where the consti
tution leaves it ? That is the con
stitution means our administration shall
leave it, and that is where it ought to leave
it. What is to hinder the citizens of Geor
gia, South Carolina, and indeed all the reb
el States, from calling township meetings
and appointing, delegates to county con
ventions, and from these delegates to State
Conventions where candidates for State
offices may be put up and voted in by the
people 1 If the people of the Southern
States are anxious for regular government
this is the way to get it. It is the right,
and it is the duty of the people of the
States that went out of the Union, and
thereby lost their State governments, thus
to restore order, initiate a new government,
and then make application for restoration
to the Union. This application then comes
with delegated authority, in which a major
ity of the whole people have a voice, and
not from a few interested aspirants for of
fice, who slip to Washington to magnify
the penitence and the anxiety of the rebels
for the past, and for restoration to the Fed
eral Union. This too, would obviate the
necessity of exercising questionable power
in appointing Provisional Governors ; and
more than all, the interference with the
elective franchise in the States, which the
President clearly has no right to meddle
with, would be avoided. If this course was
pursued, when the rebel States made ap
plication for admission to the Union, Con
gress, in its enabling act could declare that
no man who had borne arms against the
government, could hereafter enjoy the fran
chise of voting and holding office, just
what all the loyal people of the country
desire. Besides, while the rebel States
were thus re-organizing themselves, the
federal authorities could be learning the
temper and intentions of its late euemies,
and act in accordance. While all this would
be in strict conformity with our system of
civil polity, which holds that all govern
mental power emanates from the people, it
would save the administration much per
plexity, and avoid much censure for the ex
ercise of doubtful authority.
A GROSS INJUSTICE REMOVED. —The Secre
tary of War has ordered that "to secure
equal justice and the same personal liberty
to the freedmen as to other citizens and in
habitants, all orders issued by post, dis
trict, or other commanders, adopting any
system of passes for, or subjecting them
to any restraints or punishments not impos
ed on other classes, are declared void.
" Neither whites nor blacks will be re
strained from seeking employment else
where, when they cannot obtain it at
a just compensation at their homes, and
I when not bound by voluntary agreements;
I nor will they be hindered from traveling
! from place to place on proper and legiti
Ifcg- The Postmaster-General is gradual
ly restoring the postal service all over tho
South. Friday morning the mails left the
\\ ashington Post-Office to be conveyed di
rectly through to Richmond and Peters
burg. Contracts have just been made for
j service by railroad from New-Orleans to
! Canton, Miss., and from Canton to Jackson,
| Tenn. Other heads of Departments are
j engaged in restoring the civil machinery,
| in accordance with the Proclamations of
the President appointing Provisional Gov
An exciting controversy is now pen-
I ding at Chicago relative to the final dispo-!
I sition of the funds of the recent Sanitary
Fair. A strong feeling exists in the com
munity in favor of the appropriation of all
the money raised by the Fair to the erection
of a permanent Soldier's Home, where all
sick, crippled, or otherwise disabled veter
ans of the war, from the Western States,
may be properly taken care of.
fta?" The last of the Rebel pirates—the
Shenandoah—is reported as engaged in
capturing our whalers in the Arctic Ocean.
Eight have already been taken and burned,
and it was expected that many more would
fall her easy prey,
I®-During a tempest at Hartford, Conn.,
on \Y eduesday week, the lightning split
the yoke oft' the necks of a pair of oxen
without injuring either of the cattle. A
man standing near by was knocked down
by the shock.
COME TO GRIEF.
A few weeks since, says the Washington
Chronicle, nearly every Copperhead journ
al in the country was busily engaged in
extolling President Johnson as a Democrat,
who was to unite the discordant fragments
of that organization, and with it play havoc
on the terrible " radicals," who were deter
mined to rush the country into the jaws of
ruin. The infatuated " Chairman of the
National Democratic Executive Committee,"
one Mason, even weut BO far as to eulogize
the President as the divinely-appointed
agent of providence who should bring
about tliis political millenium, whereof Ma
son and his compeers would be, of. course,
high priests. But Gov. Brownlow, of Ten
nessee, has been making " abitrary arrests"
again, and, is fully determined that both
Copperheads and rebels shall obey, if not
respect, the laws of the State. .Worse
than that, President Johnson lias endorsed
these arrests, and has directed that the
whole military force be used, if necessary,
to enforce order and obedience to the laws
in the approaching State elections. What
will Mason say now ? How will lie bear
this rude destruction of his beautiful castle
in the air ? As for the Copperhead journ
als, they will howl, singly and in concert,
most loudly and dismally for a week to
come, over this new evidence of the despot
ic usurpation which has destroyed free
speech. Loyal men everywhere, however,
will thank God and take courage.
—Gov. Curtin has returned from Sara
toga, having been called home by the serious ill
ness of one of his children. It will be pleasing to
His Excellency's many friends to know that his
short sojourn at the springs materially improved
his health, and once more fitted him physically for
the arduous duties of his official position.
—Hon. DAVID REESE, died at Owego, on
the 23d ult., of disease of the heart, aged 50 years.
He represented Tioga County in the Legislature of
New York, in the winter of 1857.
—WM. M. BEETEM, Cashier of the Carlisle
Deposit Bank, committed suicide last week by
hanging himself. No cause is assigned for his
—J. R. DRI M, General Ticket and Freight
Agent of the P. & E. Itailroad, at Williamsport,
was arrested last week, and held to bail in the sum
of SIO,OOO for alleged deficiency in his cash ac
count with the company.
—Hilton R. Helper, of North Carolina,
author of "The Impending Crisis of the South,"
has been appointed tax collector of the Third Dis
trict of that State.
- -Robert E. Lee, late Major-General in
the Rebel army, is sojourning at the Clifton House,
Niagara Falls. It is said that C. L. Vallandigham
has also gone to the same place, probably to have
a conference with the noted chieftain.
—Gen. John F. Hartranft is talked of as
likely to receive the Union nomination for Sur
veyor-General in Pennsylvania.
—lt iB said that Mr. Montgomery Blair
proposes to succeed B. G. Harris as a Member of
Congress from Maryland.
—Gen. Sheuck and Senator Sherman
are both reported as confident of success in the
contest for the United States Senator in Ohio.
—The lion. Schuyler Colfax and party
were welcomed by the State authorities on their
arrival at Salem, Oregon, on the 19th ult.
—The appointment of Col. P. C. Ellmaker,
ot Philadelphia, as U. S. Marshal for the Eastern
District of Pennsylvania, in place of Hon. William
Milward, was officially announced on Saturday.
—Gen. Butler forwarded his resignation
to the War Department about the Ist inst., but
was returned " not accepted." The Gen. is there
fore still in the army.
—The Right Rev. Alonzo Potter, Bishop
of the Diocese of Pennsylvania, died in San Fran
cisco on the 4th of July. Few particulars of his
death have yet been received, but it is known that
he was taken ill on the 26th nit., and in spite of
the most unremitting care and skill he sank rap
—Captain Dean, who escaped from Har
risburg while under eourt-iuartial a short time ago,
was captured at Sunbury disguised as a uegro, and
making his way to Canada. He is now in confine
ment and securely guarded.
—A. B. Slaymaker, formerly of Lancas
ter, Pa., committed suicide at St. Louis on the
9th. He was thirty-two years of age, and com
mitted the deed because of disappointment in
—John Minor Botts is preparing an ad
dress to his fellow-citizens of Virginia, urging
! them to vote for negro suffrage.
—Lieut. Gen. Grant and family, accora
! panied by members of his staff, lefl Washington on
I Monday evening week, on a brief tour through the
north. The General and suite will spend a short
time at Saratoga, after which he will proceed to the
mountains of New England and to Halifax, re
maining absent about three weeks.
—Arthur Tappan, the venerable and
well-known Abolitionist of former days, died at
New-Haven on Sunday week, 80 years of age.
The village of Bainbridge, Chenan
go County, was the scene of quite a stirring
little history on the afternoon of July if
The dam of the large mill-pond up among
the hills broke away, and the water in two
largo currents, one along the bed of the
stream, and another over the fields, rushed
toward the village sweeping off in its
course a house, a shop, sheds, carriages,
furniture, fences; piling up lumber of all
sorts against the bridge and residences.
Mr. Packard's losses in wagons and livery
are more than a thousand dollars. Mr. Van
Zandt lost his house and furniture. Mr.
Pettis and Mr. Phinney sufl'ered consider-1
bly. Beams, logs, broken furniture and
boards were left in the midst of lawns and
ornamental grounds ; several gardens were
cleared out, aud admired velvet grass was
enriched with unwelcome mud as by the
overflowing of the Nile, but bereft of all
its veidant beauty. Fortunately no person
A LIVING DEATH. —Describing the Dry
Tortugas, to which place it is understood :
the government has sent Mudd, Spangler, i
Arnold and O'Laughlin, a contemporary |
says, in view of the magnitude of their
crime, that a more suitable place of punish- J
ment for these conspirators could not have
been selected. The solemn roll of the
waves of the Gulf; the silent and even
ghostly air, or rather want of air, on these
lifeless coral reefs j the absence of every
living thing save the albatross and the |
shark ; "the bine above and the blue be-1
low," in one unvarying monotony, save the '
infrequent visits of the hurricane, which |
only adds terror to desolation—all these
may faintly picture the far seaward homo
of those to whom tho law aud the testimony
have denied the boon of death. I
Indian Troubles in the Far West
Foot Lakamie, Thursday, July 27, 1860.
One thousand Cheyennes, Sioux, Arrapa
hoe, Blackfect and a few Uoniauclics at
tacked Platte Bridge Station, on the tele
graph road, on Tuesday This garrison
numbered less than 250. The fight lasted
two days and resulted in a heavy loss to
the Indians. The loss on our side was Lt.
Collins and one enlisted maji of the 11th
Ohio Cavalry, killed, and 34 men wounded,
25 of whom belong to the 11th Ohio Caval
ry and the 11th Kansas regiment. The
Indians retreated to the west, tearing down
telegraph poles and destroying the wire.
A note was picked up on the battle-field,
| written by a white prisoner recently cat
turod on the South Platte, which says the
Indians do not want peace, but are fighting
for all time; that we had killed one of their
chiefs in fight, and they are going to de
stroy the telegraph, and that they expect
The body of Lieut. Collins was horribly
' mutilated. His hands and feet were cut
j off", his throat was cut, his heart was torn
out, lie was scalped and had over 100 ar
j rows in him.
There seems to be not the slightest dis
position on the part of the Indians for peace,
1 which can only be obtained by severely
; punishing them
One of the Powder River columns is now
j moving to join the force front Platte Bridge,
which is following the Indians.
It is stated that all the troops intended
for the Indian expedition would have bee?,
in the field long ago had not the contractors
failed to deliver the supplies according to
the terms of their contracts.
The Freedinen in Missouri and Arkansas.
A report from Gen. Sprague, Assistant
Commissioner of the Frecdmen for the
States of Missouri and Arkansas, arcompa
! nied by a number of other reports from ofli
! cers acting under his supervision, reached
I Gen. Howard's Bureau Friday. The follow
ing extract from Gen. Sprague's report
shows the estimation in which he holds the
loyalty of a large number of the people of
the States mentioned :
I regret to say that even now in Missouri and
Arkansas wherever the power of the Government
is not felt through its military arm, the negroes ~re
still held and treated as slaves, and it is from these
former slave owners, now violators of the law, from
whom the cry constantly comes that "the negro
won't work." The negro is frightened. He tears
in some way he will be cheated out of his liberty,
and it is my firm conviction that it is the settled
policy of a large majority of former slave owners
to accomplish by State legislation and by covert
violation of the law what they have failed to ac
complish by rebellion.
In conclusion Gen. Sprague strongly ur
ges the policy of leasing or selling the
lands in small quantities to the frecdmen
who have proved themselves capable of
the charge, by their intelligence and indus
try. He believes that if this course were
pursued almost every freedman in the
State would be sustained by his own labor
and the Government thereby be rid of the
expense it is now incurring by the issue of
rations to the destitute. In Missouri up
to June 30, 2,747 refugees drew 20,351)
Government rations, while the frecdmen,
numbering 249, drew but 2,379. The mon
i ev value of the rations thus drawn amount
; ed to $4,871,36.
Reduction of the Army.
The reduction of our military forces is
going on with a rapidity that would cause
some uneasiness were not all the signs of
the times so favorable. In the Army of
the Potomac, the Provisional Corps, which
! was formed by the consolidation of tlie old
I troops, had only a short-lived existence,
I from the 28th of June to the 7th of July.
! That army, therefore, recently so powerful
| and destined ever to be so memorial, no
J longer exists. A week or ten days may be
| consumed in the mustering out. Gen.
| Auger's troops, emplycd in defense of the
| works about Washington, are also being
reduced to a mere garrison force. The
cavalry in Virginia is to be materially re
duced at the discretion of Gen. Terry. Slo
cum's Army of Georgia is to be cut down
to less than 10,000, and Logan's Army of
the Tennessee is to be reduced to a few
divisions. As organizations, the two great
• Western armies will substatially disap
pear within a week. But little more than
one hundred thousand men will soon be
left in arms throughout the country, nearly
three-fourths of whom will be under the
command of Gen. Sheridan in the South
| west. The agents of the Quartermaster's
Department, during the last week, sold
over 10,000 mules and horses, and 2500
ambulances and army wagons, besides a
vast amount of harness and other material.
We may add, also, that Secretary Welles is
reducing the Navy with corresponding
vigor, and will ultimately bring it down
from 65,000 men to 12,000 or 15,000.
fifey" GEN. CAMERON, says the Lewistown
Gazette, was one of the few men who saw
clearly at the commencement of the war
the right course to pursue to crush rebell
ion. Had his views at the time been en
tertained and acted upon—the raising of a
million of men, and freeing and arming of
the slaves—the contest would have been
over much sooner. To Gen. Cameron, as j
much as to any other statesman now living, I
we are indebted for the final issue of the >
slaveholders' rebellion. He has been al- j
ways true to his country, and to the great
interests of the Keystone State, and the
people of that State will never forget his
t&~ THE Supreme Court of Wisconsin
has decided that the law of Congress re- j
quiring stamps on legal process, in the be- 1
ginning or other stage of a suit, is uncon-j
stitutional, and therefore void, and that
the stamps on legal papers are not neces
sary. The ground of the decision is that
the imposition of a tax upon any proceed
ings in a State Court is an invasion of the
right of a State to regulate proceedings in
i its own Court ; that if Congress can tax
I these proceedings at all, it can lay a tax
that will practically amount to prohibition,
and thus legislate the State Courts out of
ftwr STURTUVANT, who has just been elec
; ted Mayor of Richmond, was known to have
been one of the fiercest traitors in that city, j
I and takes no pains now to conceal his ha
tred of the national Government. During
the reign of the rebellion, he was a daily
visitor at Libby Prison, where he encour
aged the brutalities visited on Union Pris
oners, and when the rebels fbd from the
capital, Sturdivant, encouraged by Breck
inridge, conoocted the proceedings for fir
ing Richmond. He was elected by the
votes of paroled rebel soldiers.
AN IMMORAL POET.—AS an illustration of
the result of a simple difference of opinion
it may bo stated that the eccentric poet
. hitman, was relieved from his posi
tion in the Interior Department under the
general order discharging immoral persons,
his Leaves of Grass " being produced as
evidenco of his immorality. Walt now oc
cupies a desk in the Attorney-General's
fUmljanbije, & t .
jJNTEK EST I X G T 0 A j
j The *nb<crit>er would most respectfully
tlie citiiceim ot Bradf< rfi County. *!,,] ■', g , i|
kind," that he ha* recently purchased a,!,i . II
! ly refttUid the stand formerly ownerii,y r ■ ff
and more recently by h. X. Krommn. and hi ' ' i
ed an entire stock of new good*, pur ha-.-ri '' H * 1
the "caving in" of flic reliellion, whi h wii*'"' ••' I
j to otter hi* *tock at mich price* a* will |, e 1
I entire *ati*farti ,11 to ail close buyer*. In 0*"" k, |
: be found a well selected assortment of ' * *' '*■,
1 DRY GOODS,
* READY MADE CLOTHING
BOOTS A SHOES
CiIOCKRRy . I
The motto will te "Small profit*, ~u j , o g
' nimble sixpence better ban the *1 w .|„j., , j?
TERMS—Paytnentto he made on deliverin.'
Please ramemiier the place, whi' h will j •• t
known as the "Bee Hive
Orwell, June li, lstia. 1,, jj
BLA 0 K SI L K SIIA \y [
At the Bee Hive.
B ROCHE LOVG A\l) Sl\ ( ,, [
At the Bee Hive.
Beautiful styles, at the Bee Hive.
Mouli NI X G sIIA\\ L * I
Finest qualities, at the Bee Hive.
BLE (J A X T sIfAW [. 5 I
All seasons of the year at the Bee Hive,
PARASOLS AXI> SUN UMBKEf; |
At the Bee Hive.
LADIES' DRESS GOOM
Splendid Styles, at the Bee Hive.
LA D IKS' GLO TH ,
At the Bee Hive.
LA D I E S' WA T E K PR OOF
REPELLENT CLOTH, at the Bee lli ve .
LAI)I ES ' CORSE TT *
Be*t quality, at the Bee Hire.
('HILI)REXS' SHOES, GLOVES ■ I
HOSIERY, at the Bee Hive.
HATS OF THE LATEST STYLE* '
At the Bee Hive.
800 T S AX D SIIO E S
Isirge assortment, at the Bee Hive.
CKOCKER Y& GL ASS W\ i
Latest Patterns, at the Bee Hive.
TEA S !
TEA E T
A J A
All kind-. Oolong. Japan. Young Hy*on. i, .r- .
and Impelial Teas of all the finest tl'ivor- a ;i._ -.
the la-t cr.>p, at the lowest prices, and warranno
fkt a:- |
At the Bee Hive.
. A GREAT MAXY GOODS THAT |
WANTED IN EVERY FAMILY, at the Bee B
COATS, VESTS AND PANTS.
At the BEE HIVE, Orwell. Pa
*S" Please call and see.
L. H. BROSSCJ
rrilE EMPORIUM OF FASHIONS
J. W. TAYLOR,
Is now receiving one of the finest assortment* ,:iL
nery and Fancy Goods ever brought in the mark?: I
sisting of all the newest styics ot Bonnet- Hake
Caps the new Fauchon Bonnet, the Faust, r*.v:
and Coburg Hats. Misses and Infants Hats an* *
j Caps. All the new colors ot Bonnet Ribbon? Mas:
the Lake, the new shades of Green, Purple •ni*-'
A large stock of Ribbons, Trimmings and Drat 7"
tilings. All styles of Hoop Skirts, Duplex. Mululen
and Corset Skirt. Silk Umbrellas and Parasol?, 5-
i Linen, Hem Stitched and Embroidered Handkeri'-
Chenelle Head Dresses and Silk Nets. A Finei*"
meat of Kid Gloves, French Corsets, Plain Lines.t
I broidered and Valencia Collars, Linen Thread n
| Smyrna Edging, Dimity Bands and Rnfflinj, Enbroiit
ing and Tacked Edgings. A good assortment of Glue
and Hosiery. Black Silk Mitts. Yankee Notion?A*
Belts and Belt Buckles, Hair and Clotues Brushe? ic
j and Fancy Combs. All color* Zephyrs.
Bonnets and Hats trimmed in the j very latest Sr* :
j \ ork styles. Millinery Work done on short not *■
; warranted to please. Bonnets and Hats shaped -
New Style, Ac.
N. B.—l have added to my stock unite line : *
Goods. Prints, Delaines, Challis, Black and C■ *
i Alapaccas. All Wool Delaines, Gingham, Bleached Y'
lin, Plain and Plaid Nausook, Jaconet*. Afu - *
' Swiss, Mull, Bobinett Laces, Black and Whiteie"
! Lace, Black, Black and White Dolled Lace, and
many other things too numerous to mention, one d>
north of Cowles A Co.'s Book Store, and opposite '•'*
Court House, Towanda. May L
gPIX XI X O wII E ELS!
\v II OLE SA L E A X D R ETA IL
To the citizens and farmers of Bradford and
counties : The subscriber would respectfully iuno o *
that he is prepared to furnish them with
FLIERS, £C-> 41
In short everything connected with the Home
facture ot Woolen and Linen (ioods. in
Merchants wishing to purchase to sell ag*'"'*,
please address by mail, when list of prices will l*'*
*ll gooi}s packed in shipping order. bj
N. B. Particular attention is called t the "O* 1 ;,,.
Wheel-Head," an article far superior to any now u> ll
All articles warranted to give entire satisfaction.
Montrose, Pa., June 10,1805.