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[Fruiu the Century.]
Mr. Douglas on Popular Sovereignty.
Mr. Douglas, i:, his capacity of an aspirant
for the Presidency, has undertaken to tound a
rlaim to popular faror on the invention, or pro
duction of a doctrine of rights appertaining to
the territorial, as distinguished from the other
populations. This is termed the doctrine of
'• Popnlar Sovereignty in the Territories."
Popular Sovereignty in the Territories can
not differ from Popular Sovereignty iu a State
or in the nation. Men do not acquire new
rights by changing the ground they stand up
on. The rights are in the man, and not in the
soil. Mr. DOUGLAS, therefore, in laying a
philosophical ground for territorial legislation
jays one for the entire people.
The expounder of the "new doctrine," hith
erto known only as a Senatorial and popular
orator, has sought to influence public opinion
in favor of hi* political dogmas, through the
pages of Harpers' Monthly Magazine, a chan
nel by which he is much more likely to impress
the intelligent classes, than by the Stump or
the Rostrum. Mr. DOUGLAS, presenting him
self as a candidate for public confidence, ad
dresses the intelligence of the nation directly,
through one of its accepted arid favorite media.
In doing this he does more, he comes forward
as a champion in logic, philosophy,and states
manship ; he challenges the intellectual powers
the masters of the mind and pen, to a trial of
Altho' the application of his doctrine is only
to the inchoate populations of the territories,
we will do him the justice to suppose that he
intends the derivation of his principles from the.
original sources of law, and not from any ex
treme or accidental position er emergency of
territorial bodies. If these bodies are to be
tbe founders and inanguralors of permanent
governments, they must proceed from principles
identical with those which originated the Con
stitution. Territorial Sovereignty must, there
fore, mean original or popular sovereignty, or
it means nothing.
The governing power of a Territory is either
in the people that live thereon, or it is in the
Federal Government. If the Territory is a
wilderness, with only a trausientaud moveable
population, it is not necessary to prove that
the control of it is in the Federal Government.
Let us suppose that in the centre of a Ter
ritory one man, a squatter or preemptionist,
has begun to cultivate the soil, builds himself
a long cabin and " takes root." If the doctrine
of Popular Sovereignty is ultimately and un
qualifiedly true, this oue man, on his quarter
section, is the real sovereign of as much as he
can govern ; if the power has passed over from
the Federal Government to him ; and he can
immediately proceed to establish a Constitu
tion. He is, in fact the monarch of all he
"surreys," or has surveyed for him. But let
ns snppose there are two men ; one, a negro of
uncertain antecedents. The territorial sove
reignty beiug derived from the individual, and
not (by the uew doctrine) from the lawsof any
other State or nation, our first settler, being a
Southern man, and in want of laborers to work
his land, must frankly and suddenly abandon
his doctrine of individual or original sovereign
ty which is clearly as good for the runaway
negro as for himself, and adopt a despotic
If there is an original " sovereignty of man
hood " in the settlers of Territories, it must
supercede the laws of all other States, and li e
slave taken thereto, is free and the equal of his
owner, as soon as he shall have passed within
the boundary of a Territory.
The expounder of the new doctrine wishes
us to believe that " the Constitution neither
establishes nor prohibits slavery any where,
leaves the people of each State and Territory
entirely free to form and regulate their domes
tic affairs to suit themselves, without the in
tervention of any other power whatsoever."—
Now, in some of the States, the word " peo
ple" requires definition—it means either the
white population alone, or all the population.
These definitions cease (by the new doctrine)
on the boundary of the Federal Territory. —
Law goes hack to first principles, and every
man is a sovereign and a peer, mtre/ii lr.ciu.ie
he is a man. A negro enslaved by the laws of
Missouri, ceases to be a slave when he enters
a new territory ; for in a Territory there is no
law except such as may be grounded in the will
and reason of all the tinman beings collected
The logical impetns of the new doctrine car
ries its originator whether he will or no, into
the ranks of the Abolitionists. Jf the Federal
Government can not. establish slavery in Ter
ritories, is Georgia or Virginia able to est ablish
it ? By tio means, since the Territories are
not under the control of Statrs, and derive
their fundamental law from the will of their
inhabitants: " inhabitants " meaning all the
people ; for now there is uo law, nor legal d -
fmition of slave or free, but only " popular
Sovereignty." Slavery is a creatine of lair,
and exists only under the protection of a Gov
ernment ; remove that protection, and it ceases.
Much more, then, does it cease in a Territory
administered by a theory of original and "Popu
lar Sovereignty," which abandons all laws,
goes back to first principles, and derives a
constitution from the body of human beings
who first occupy the soil.
It the doctrhie of LYrritoral Sovereignty is
merely a reaffirmation ot the constitutional and
accepted doctrines hitherto maintained for the
separate organization of new States— concern
ing which there has been little controversy—
the reputation of Mr. DOUGLAS lapses into that
of a very earnest teacher of what every body
knows—a ridiculous reputation—But if there
is a new thing that he brings, it is this— that
the people of the Territories, without regard to
numbers of boundaries, have an abstract and
indefeasible right —derived not from any Slate
nor from the Constitution, but from the indi
\ idual manhood for the inhabitant—to establish
laws for themselves. If this latter positi >ll is
maintained by Mr. DOUGLAS, he is a radical
But note it is not maintained ; the writer for
Harpers ' means no such matter—much less,
then, does the Presidential aspirant.
" The principle, under our political svstem,"
says the writer, "is that every distinct political
community, loyal to the Constitution and the
Union, is entitled to all the rights, privileges,
and immunities of self-government in respect to
their (its?) local concerns and internal polity
subject only to the Constitution of the United
If we have mistaken the meaning of the ex
pounder and writer, it was not our intention to
do so. Accustomed as we have been, siuce
our first readings of BLACKSTOXE and the Con
stitution, to derive all rights from the indivi
duality and personality of the man himself—
that is to say from reason and revelation, by
which al! government is referred back to cer
tain divine and '.inimitable ideas—and to re
gard communities, orgauized, great or little
as merely associated individuals, partnerships
for self-defence and mutual pood—we took it
for granted that Mr. DOUGLAS, in his philoso
phical ami logical capacity, would in building
up his new system of right, have begun with
the man and not with the community. Men
do not love or hute communities. but only the
individuals that compose them. Communities
do not originate laws, neither do they eat or
sleep—but only the individual members there
of can do these things. Therefore, in tracing
laws to their originals (and it has become ne
cessary of late for the people of the Ter
ritories to do th's), we must think and speak
only of the real persons, and not of legal
fictions or corporate bodies.
Mr. DOUGLAS, on the contrary, speaks only
of corporate bodies, in the announcement of his
doctrine. " Every distinct political community"
is the object, not every individual. He does
not touch the unorganized populations of the
Territories. He does not seem to recognize
their existence. Beginning with the discussion
of Territorial, —which is one with individual
sovereignty,—after a few pages of labored quo
tation and collation, he loses sight of his theme
if he ever saw it, and merely reannounces, in a
loose and unsatisfactory paragraph, the old
doctrine of State rights, or communal despo
tism, as it is understood by slaveholders. If
Mr. DOUGLAS wishes to say, that local interests
should be managed by the people of the locali
ty, State interests by States towns by towns
folk kc., this a sound doctrine—we go with
him ; but it does not touch the condition of
the unorganized masses of a Territory. lie has
proved by an elaborate argument that these
masses cannot be governed by a State, the
laws of a State not passing the boundary of
such State. Neither can tr.e Federal Govern
ment impose laws, the free act of the people
being the only source of popular law.
If communities have no rights save only in
the individuals which compose them, then let
tis change the form of the DOUGLAS proposition
The principle, say we under our political sys
tem is that every adult person of sane. mind.and
not criminal or destructive, is entiled to all the
rights, privileges and immunities of self govern
ment in respect to individual concerns and domes
tic polity subject only to the general welfare. —
This is our doctrine of Territorial or Individual
Soverciguty.and we commend it to Mr. DOUGLAS
as a superior article in its way, for demagogical
purposes, much more efficient than his feeble
rehash of the old State's despotism doctrine.
Under our doctrine Territories can be rapid
ly and efficiently organized, without complica
tions ; while under his, they must first he orgau
zed or become will defined " communities " be
fore they can take the first step toward becom
ing communities—an absurd consequence. In
fact, Mr. DOUGLAS, after a tremendous effort at
original philosophy and the expounding of first
principles, falls back exhausted into the arms
of his Southern fritnds, and there we leave
him. In these days, we opine, there is only
one source of ideas, as there is but one law,and
that is in a contemplation of the individual
man, stripped of all doctrines and conventions,
impelled by the subjective and abjective neces
sities of his nature—necessity for and living
and breathing, necessity, in order to do this
happily, of harmonizing kindly with his fellow
creatures. All beyond is mere convention or
Let it be understood, however, that in
establishing our doctrines of Territorial Sov
ereignty—a doctrine which, we suspect, Mr.
DOUGLAS intended to expound, but dared not
for fear of the South, —we do notsetaside the
Constitution or any of the principles classed
under the head of ethics or morals. We re
gard these absolute and eternal ; and believe
that the people of a Territory should begin
their career of self-government by acknowledg
ing these as paramount ; as, in fact, the source
of law, —being as they are the spirit and mo
tive power of the truly self governed.
31 r. DOUGLAS has published his recantation
—though he does not perhaps intend it to be
taken as such. We wish iiim a cordial and
triumphant reception into the arms of the
The P.ailroad Case.
COMMONWEALTH vs. PENNSYLVANIA TIAII.RO D
COMPANY. —As this case has made considerable
noise in the Legislature, as well as in the com
munity generally, it may lie interesting to our
readers to have a correct history of it. This
Company was incorporated by the Legislature
of Pennsylvania by Act of General Assembly
approved April 13th, 1810. By the 2-Jd sec
tion of the said act of incorporation it is provid
ed that " all tonnage,of whatsoever description
except ordinary baggage of passengers, loaded
or received at Ilarrisbnrg or Pittsburg anrt
carried over said road more than twenty miles,
between the 10th day of March and Ist day of
December in each and every year, shall be
subject to a toll or duty, at the rate of five
mills per mile for each two thousand pounds,"
By a supplement approved the same day, it
is provided that if the said Company shall at
any time fail to pay the toll or charge 011 ton
nage A., the same shall le and remain a hen on
the property of said Compa ny and shall ha re pre
cedence ocer all other liens or incumbrances there
on until.paid. By an Act approved 27th of
March, 1848, the above tax of five mills per
ton per mile, from the 10th of March to the
Ist of December in each year, was changed to
throe mills per ton per mile for the icho/e year,
with a proviso that within two years after said
road was finished, if the three mills per ton per
ruile would produce less than the Legislature
may restore the charge of five mills per ton per
mile, as in the original act of incorporation.—
The said tax was paid regularly till the 21st
of July, 1858, when the Company refused to
pay further. The accountant departments set
tled an account for the tax from the 21st of
July, ISSB, up to the Ist of December, 185S,
amounting to $87,375 22. From this the Com
pany appealed. The ease was tried this week
before Judge Pearson, and resulted in a judg
ment for the Commonwealth for debt and in
terest. A few days since the accountant de
partments settled another account from the Ist
of December 185S, to 19th of July, 1859, for
tax or tonnage dne by said Railroad Company
amounting to $159,303 58. The principle
being the same in both cases—the result of
oue will decide the other.— Jlarrisburg Tele
tofg* A man named Samuel Newman, who
had some time ago broke jail at Danville, was
arrested in Sunbury, aud lodged in jail to await
the action of the Sheriff of Montour county
He had beeu secreting himself in Point town
ship for some time, and afterwards came over
to Sunbury, where, while lounging around in
the evening, he was recognized and arrested l
iirtos from aril iiiitfons.
—Hon. David Taggart, President of the
Pennsylvania State Agricultural Society, has consented
to deliver the Annual Address before t he Luzerne County
Agricultural Society, during its Exhibition.
—Wm. Stevens a lad aped 13 years, resid
ing in Williamsport, was drowned in the Susquehanna,
off Mulberry street, Friday morning about 10 o'clock.—
He was In the act of catching drift wood. Swimming
from the shore for that purpose, he is supposed to have
taken the cramp. His body was soon afterwards recov
ered but life was too far gone to render the efforts or re
Dr. Joseph Wood of Williamsport died
on Monday morning, August 25. The deceased was 73
years of age, was at one time Prothonotary of Lycoming
county, and as a citizen was universally respected.
—The Opposition have pained, on official
count, another Congressman in Kentucky, while the seat
of the returned Democratic Member trom tko Ashland
land district it is thought may be contested.
—Ex-President Pierce has reached his home
in New Hampshire, with his wife somewhat improved in
During the fire at Now Bedford, a beau
tiful and singular scene was presented. A large quanti
ty oil had escaped and run down into the dock, covering
the water an inch deep. The flames caught the oil and
ignited it, giving to the Jock the appearance of a lake
of fire, and demonstrating that •' setting the river on
fire " is not so impossible a leat as it is generally supposed
A vigilance Committee ot the citizens of
Napoleon, Arkansas, have notified " all gamblers and va
grants " to leave the city, giving them 24 hours time for
a fair st„rt. If any of these gentry determine to •• hang
on," the chances arc that they will soon find themselves
" hanging on " to the branch of a tree.
—A melancholy case of suicide occurred on
Saturday night, iu the upper part of Philadelphia. Ed
ward Gross, a printer, and a young man universally be
loved by those who knew him, blew bis brains out in a
fit of temporary insanity, super induced by constant
—Some of the papers have suggested that
Charleston is very unhealthy in June, the month when
the Democrat ic National Convention is to assemble there.
We don't think that the Democratic delegates need have
any particular fears upon that score. If their political
troubles don't kill them, we don't believe the climate
—The Louisville Journal says "it cannot
be denied that the Republican party is really at this time
the only well-concentrated and united political organiza
tion iu the country."
Henry Ward Beecher denies a statement
which has been pretty extensively published, that the
project of his new church has been abandoned. It is to
•' go through."
—The report of the chem'cal analysis of the
Croton water solves the whole difficulty. It says the
recent offensive condition of the Croton water was owing
to a rapid and abundant growth of a microscopic coufe"
va like plant, which abounds iua volatile principle, solu
ble to some extent in water.
—The largest sale of tobacco—a trade sale
—ever made in New-York, was conducted by the auc
tioncer Daniel 11. Burtnett, at his rooms, on the 30th of
August. In sixty-five minutes he sold 1,600 hogsheads
of Kentucky descriptions, at prices ranging from 54 to
114 cents per pound. Connecticut leaf brought 33 cents,
and gradually lowered to 22. Other kinds also were sold.
The amount of the sale was over $400,000.
—The Supreme Court at Madison, Wis.,
has decided that Railroad Companies are not bound to
lence against cattle. This decision is in accordance with
decisions of other States and it behooves those on lines
of Railroad to take care of their cattle.
—A correspondent of the St. Louis Demo
crat writes from Gentry County, .Missouri, tliat that
county can furnish more Emancipationists than any other
north of the Missouri, and that in the course of five years
they can elect their candidates with ease. Three years
ago no one dared utter a word in opposition to slavery ;
now it is boldly denounced as the greatest of curses.—
There arc not more than two or three hundred slaves in
the County, which is almost as large as the State of
—The Supreme Court of Wisconsin has de
clared the olTice of Comptroller, in that State, to he 1111
constitutional. It declares that tlie constitution of Wis
consin makes the Secretary of State ex officio auditor
and reposes in him a personal trust and confidence which
cannot he delegated to or exercised hy another.
—Arrangements for the cricket match in
America, between the eleven picked players ot all Eng
land and twenty-two of the United States, are finally
completed, and the English players leave Liverpool for
America on the 7th of September.
—Gov. Medary of Kansas, according to
77if Washington States, gives a glowing description of
Kansas and its prospects, lie believes that it will even
tually be one of the largest St ites in the Union.,and that
its gold fields will furnish a supply for the whole world.
—lt is reported at Washington that Vice
President Breckinridge positively declines being consider
ed a presidential candidate.
—The entire number of printing offices in
the United States is 15,068—publishing 227,227,028 pa
pers every year.
A gray headed old man lias been arrested
at Pottsville, Pa., for begging, who was found to have had
in his possession 1100 in specie.
—Floor has taken decided fall. Wheat is
now cheaper in Chicago per bushel than corn.
—The Coal Miners of Pittsburg and vicin
ity, numbering two thousand, turned out in procession in
that city on Eriday last on a strike, contending for the
payment of their wages according to weight instead of
—The first Congregational Church, East
Hampton, Conn., dismissed its pastor some three years
ago, and is still vacant, after having tried more than
seventy ministers during that time.
—Senator Douglas will leave Washington
on Muoday, to attend the State Fair at Chicago on the
—Philip Rood, postmaster at Pooleville,
Md., has been arrested on a charge of embezzling letters
from the mails.
—Two thousand coal-miners turned out in
procession at Pittsburg, Saturday, having " struck "
against being paid for their work by me asurement instead
of by weight.
—A difficulty occurred Saturday at Hop
kinsville, Ky., between Messrs. Weston and Jackson,
late candidates for Congress, during which Mr. Weston
W regret to learn that a fire occurred at
Milton on Monday night which consumed the " Odd Fel
low Hall a large brick building, and injured several
other houses. The fir# originated, it is said in the eating
house in the basement. The Drug Store of Dr. Caslow
and several other stores in the building, was consumed.
The insurance on the building was $4,000.
—The Tyrone Star says that three bears
made their appearance at Bald Eagle Furnace in that
vicinity on Sunday the 14th inst., two of which were kill
ed and one escaped. Three others were seen in the same
neighborhood next day. Bears must be plenty.
BISHOP DAVIS, of South Carolina, has be
come almost totally blind. His general health is, how
ever, good, and his vigorous mental faculties nnimpared.
—The \\ ashington Constitution says that
'•oar Government wants nothing of Mexico bet peace."
llow large a piece ?
E. O. GOODRICH. EDITOR.
Thursday Morning, September 8. 1859.
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lowing exit finely loir rates :
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ADVERTISPMEN'TS — For a square of ten lines or less, One
Dollar for three or less insertions, and twenty-Jive cents
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JOB-WORK — Executed with accuracy and despatch, and a
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FOR ACDITOR GENERAL,
THOMAS E. COCHRAN, OK YORK CO.
FOR SURVEYOR GENERAL,
WILLIAM 11. KEIM, OF BERKS CO.
E. REED MYER, OF BRADFORD CO.
[Subject to the decision of the Conference.]
FOR REPRESENT ATI VKS,
THOMAS SMEAD, OF SPRINGFIELD,
O. 11. P. KINNEY, OF SHESHEQUIX.
FOR DISTRICT ATTORNEY.
GUY 11. WATKINS, OF TOWANDA TP.
WM. ORIFFIS, OF STANDING STONE.
WILLIAM A. THOMAS, OF TROY TP.
FOR COUNTY SURVEY OR,
JAMES J. NEWELL, OF ORWELL.
JERE. TRAVIS, JR., OF BURLINGTON.
THE COUNTY CONVENTION.
The Republican County Convention held on
Monday evening last, was fully attended, and
the proceedings harmonious. The unanimity
with which the candidates nominated were se
lected, in a great measure removes the feelings
of disappointment which are generally produced
by closer contests. The candidates, from first
to last, are good men, of irreproachable char
acter and unquestioned capacity to properly
discharge the duties of the offices for which
they have been named by the partiality of their
fellow citizens, and will of course be triumph
THE SENATORIAL CONFERENCE.
On Monday the Senatorial Conference
to select a candidate for this District, will
meet at Camptown, in this County. Each of
the four counties composing the District has
now presented a candidate—Bradford the late
member, E. It F.F.D MYF.R ; Susquehanna, Hon
\Y ii. JESSUP ; Y\ yoming, Co!. ELIIANAN SMITH,
and Sullivan HENRY METCALF, Esq. These
gentlemen are all fully qualifitd to properly
represent the District, and if nominated by the
Conference will receive the undivided support
of the Republicans of the District.
It should not be concealed tliat tiic Confer
ence, if its proceedings are not conducted in a
proper spirit, may become the scene of trouble
and possibly disaster to the Republican partv.
Upon the gentlemen composing that Confer
ence a tremendous responsibility rests. Our
enemies have already placed their hopes upon
a want of unanimity producing schism and <
defeat to our cause. The members of the
Conference should assemble in a spirit of con
ciliation and devotion to the Republican cause.
They should take a higher view of the pur
poses for which they have been selected than
a blind and perverse adherence to the interests
of any candidate. We take it the interests of
the Republican party are paramount to the
advancement of any man, and while we are
content that the Conferees from either County i
shall faithfully labor to effect the success of
the person put forward by the Convention
which elected them, we insist that the Confer
ence shall not be dissolved without recommend
ing a candidate for Senator. That is the pur
pose for which they have been chosen—and
that the ardent desire of the Republicans of
the District To effect this, a reasonable and
conciliatory spirit must be felt and manifested.
A stubborn and unyielding determination to
put candidates above the good of the party,
will result in mischief.
Me call upon the Republicans of the Dis
trict to watch with scrutinizing eye the Camp
town Conference. If the anticipations so free
ly indulged in by the Black Democracy shall
be realized, we trust they will be ready to fix
the responsibility where it properly belongs.
Any attempt to endanger the integrity of the
party should be promptly rebuked. And we
trust that the Conferees, embarrassed as they
will be by the settlement of difficult and deli
cate questions and the reconcilement of adverse
interests, will return to their several Counties
with their work so faithfully accomplished that
they will merit the approbation oT the people
of the District.
Several attempts have been made with
in a few months to throw trains off the track
of the Western division of the Ohio and Missis
sippi railroad, and the oflieers of the road re
cently applied to the Mayor of Cincinnati for
assistance in ferreting out the scoundrels who
were engaged in the outrage. The Mayor ac
cordingly dispatched a Cincinnati detective on
the required duty, who succeeded in arresting
two men in the very act of obstructing the
passage of the mail train west, on the night ot
the 30th ult. The place selected for the mur
derous attempt was a very dangerous one,
where many of the passengers must inevitably
have lost their lives. The vidians were lodged
in jail at Salem, 111.
Republican Co. Convention.
Pursuant ton call of the Republican County
Committee, a Convention of Delegates from
the severai election districts of the County as
sembled at the Court House in the borough of
Towanda, on Monday evening, September 5,
and organized by electing J. II G BA BCOCK
President, and Edxraid Crandal and George
.Corey Secretaries. '
The election districts being called, the fol
lowing delegates appeared and presented their
Albany— Russell Miller, Sylvester Chapman.
Armenia —John B Mor •ran. John Thomas.
Asylum —H I' Moody, It Belong.
Alliens boro—K H Perkins, J N Evans.
Athens twp—E A Murray, S W Park.
Burlington twp—C F Nichols, Roswell"Luther.
Burlington boro—Philander Long, Frederick Whitehead.
Burlington west—Joseph Foulke, Bingham Rockwell.
Columtia—Wm (J Bradford. John Merkle.
Canton—Lewis Wheat, Wm S Jaynf.
Franklin—James P Burnham, O '.V Dodge.
Granville—Wm Vroman.J Ii Vanest.
Herrick—Cyrus Fuller, John J Anderson.
Leltoy —Jesse Robarts, Robert M'Kee.
Litcbtield—Abram Merrill, David McKinney.
Monroe boro—Geo Tracy, Elisha Davids.
Monroe twp—Geo Corey. J B Ingham.
Orwell—Robert McKee. Isaac Lyon.
Overton— D Heverley. Daniel Hevcrley.
Pike—Edward Crandal, Stephen Gorliam.
Itidgbery—C O French, U Dewey.
Rome—J J Towner. LI. Moody.
South Crock- Geo Dunham, Cornelius ITaigbt.
Springlield—Oscar A Vincent. S D Darkness.
Smitbtield—V S Vincent, J W Phelps.
Sheshequin—Wm Snyder, W K Hi I.
Standing Stone—John Espy, Barthol. Pnlver.
Rylvania boro—N H McCollum, Riley Ross.
Terry—U Terry. J P Dodge.
Towanda twp—J M Swartwood, Gideon Mace.
Towanda boro—E D Montanye. Wm Keeler.
Towanda north—A II Kingsbery, Francis Watts.
Troy —Lewis P Williams, Uel ( Porter.
Troy boro—John 11 Grant. C F Savles.
Tuscarora—l. Ackley, A J Sylvaria.
L ister—Geo W Nichols, S S Lockwood.
Warren—Wm Beardsley, J W Corbin.
\\ indbam—J 15 G Babeork. J W Warner.
Wyalusing—Elisha Lewis. J F Chamberlin.
Wells—Lorenzo Grinncll, Nathan Sheperd.
Wysox—J B Dines, <5 T Granger.
W iknot— Aaron Ely, John 1* Shorts.
On motion, the Convention proceeded to
ballot for a candidate for State Senator, and
the names of E. REED MYER of Wysox, JOHN*
C. ADAMS of North Totvanda, EMIANAN SMITH
of Wysox, and HENRY W. TRACY of Standing
Stone, were presented to the Convention. On
the first ballot, Myer had 59 votes ; Adams 11
votes ; Tracy 8 votes ; and Smith 5 votes.
\\ hereupon E. REED MYER was declar
ed duly nominated for the office of Senator,
subject to the concurrence of the other Coun
ties of the district. On motion, it was
Resolved. That Ma j. U. TERRY, WJI. T. DAVIS. JOIIN
B. HINDS, JAMES H. WEBB, and J. B. G. BABCOCK be. and
are hereby appointed Conferees, to meet conferees from
the other Counties of this Senatorial di-trict, (with pow
er to substitute.) lor the purpose of putting in nomination
a person as candidate for the State Senate.
On motion the Convention then proceeded
to nominate candidates for Representative,and
THOMAS SMEAD and O. II PERRY
KINNEY were nominated for re-election by
The Convention, on motion, then proceeded
to the nomination of candidates for the office
of County Treasurer. The names of WILLIAM
GRiFFisof Standing Stone, HIRAM SWEET of
Monroe, E. 11. YAUCHAN of Wyalusing, NEL
SON GILBERT of Franklin, STEPHEN R. CRANE
of Smithfield,and JAMES IIEVERLY of Overton,
being placed before the Convention, ballots
were had with the following result :
C.riflis 4() 50
Vaughn 9 . „ 9
Gilbert 6 5
Crane 9 4
Heverley 14 14
On the .second hallot, WILLIAM GRIF
FIS was declared duly nominated for the office
of Countv Treasurer.
On motion the Convention proceeded to no
minate a candidate for the office of Commis
sioner, and on the first ballot WM. A. THOMAS
of Troy had 59 votes ; A. II THOMPSON* of
South Creek, G votes ; JOHN BLACKWELL of
West Burlington, 10 votes ; JISTIN BOTHWEI.L
ol Canton, 1 votes.
Whereupon WILLIAM A. THOMAS was
declared duly nominated for the office of Coun
For the office of District Attorney, GUY
11. ATKLNti ot Towanda township, was
nominated by acclamation
lor theoffice of County Surveyor,the nsmes
of 11. A. CASE of Troy, J J. NEWEI.L of Or
well, J. Iv SPALDING of Franklin, O. W. STE
PHENS of Merrick, and LEVI WEI.LS of Tusca
rorn, were presented, ar.d on the fourth ballot
JAMES J. NF.YN ELL, having G3 votes was
declared duly nominated.
For the office of Auditor, JEREMIAH
I K A \ IS, JR., of West Burlington, was nom
inated on the first ballot, having 41 votes: E.
11. BELONG of Asjlnm, 38 votes.
On motion, the Chairman was authorized to
appoint the County Committee for the ensuing
year, in pursuance of which the following nam
ed persons arc appointed said Committee :
[The names of the Committee will be an
nounced next week ]
After some action in regard to changing the
time of holding the County Convention, the
whole matter was indefinitely postponed.
On motion, the Convention then adjourned.
The last bond for a million of dollars,
deposited in the Pennsylvania Treasury De
partment by the Sunbury and Erie Railroad
Company, for the faithful performance of the
stipulations entered into with the State when
they purchased the State cannals, has been
surrendered to that Company by order of the
Governor. Messrs. Daugherty and Hague, of
Ilurrisburg, and Mr Mitchol, of Clinton, were
appointed a board of viewers to examine the
progress of the work between Erie and War
ren, on the W estern Division, and report
whether the road was in proper condition.
1 hey reported in the affirmative, and consequ
ently the State relinquished the last security
in her possession for the completion of the
In Dover, N. 11., there are annually made
by Id firms, 900,009 pairs of shoes.
LOCAL AM) GENERAL.
TIOOA COUNTY. —We find in the last Agita
tor the following items of interest:—
We ham that on Tuesday, the 23d ult., the Circus of
"H. Whitby A Co.'" visited Mansfield. On the evening
of that day, after the second performance, the haras
five in number—of D. C. 11 olden, Esq., immediately ad
! joining the village were destroyed by fire. They con
tained 7.1 tons of hay besides ail his farming implements,
carriages, wagons Ac., and only a plow and drag were
saved. The barns were so arranged as to form a hollow
square or court, and the fire was discovered on thr<£sides
of it. proving conclusively that it was the work of a gang
of incendiaries, intended to attract the attention of the
people of the village while they could plunder the town.
This plan was thwarted by the presence of mind of the
citizens. Only one stable, containing two good hor.ies,
was broken open, but the thieves being surprised, tlity
did not effect their purpose. We are told that the men
connected with the circus did all they could to save the
barns. The loss is over S3OOO. Insurance $2,200.
We learn that the night previous a dwelling house was
fired at Tioga— the circus having been there on that day
—but have learned none of the particulars.
ACCIDENT AND LOSS OF LIFE.—We regret to record the
particulars of an accident which occurred about noon on
Sunday, the 28th inst., in Delmar Township, by which a
young man of extraordinary promise and genius lost bis
ALFRED COPESTICK, whose name and works are known
to the lovers of Art in Philadelphia, New York and else
where, has been in Delmar on a visit to bis father, Mr.
Charles Copestick, for two or three weeks past. On the
day of his death he wetft into the woods to shoot pigeons.
He had shot one, reloaded his gun and stook talking with
two young friends who accompanied him. He stood up
on a lug leaning upon his gun, which it is supposed,
slipped off the log, striking against the bummer, break
ing off the thumb piece and causing its discharge. The
shot entered below the heart on the left side passing up
ward and obliquely to the right shoulder. He lived
about half an hour, and died where he fell, surrounded
by those who loved him.
The deceased although but 22 years of age had already
won for himself honorable distinction. His picture.
Dead Waters of the Juniata,'' at the Exhibition in New-
York last winter, was praised by the be-t Art Critics
IDs untimely fate will be lamented by all who knew him;
and those who knew him not. cannot but regret that one
so promising should thus be cut down in the liower of
| his youth.
The Republican Convention of Tioga was hoiden at
j Tioga on the 2jth inst. The following ticket was nomi
j natcd ;
Senator—STErnEx F. WILSON, of Wellsboro".
Assembly— L. P. WILLISTON, of Tioga County,
" — LEWIS MANN, of Potter County.
Treasurer—JAMES S. WATKOITS, of Gaines township.
Commissioner—Auos BIXBY, of Mansfield.
District Attorney—HENßY ALLEN, of Mansfield.
Auditor—C. F. VAIL, of Liberty.
Surveyor— K. P. DEANE, of Delmar.
Coroner—JOEL ROSE, of Rutlamf.
?ee WEI.LEJ, BLOOD & Go's, new nd
vertisement of Dorse Powers and Threshing Machines
They will make good all their assertions.
SHIPMENTS of Coal by the Barclay Rail
Road and Coal Company :
Previous Shipments 10,467 tons.
For week ending September 3 U44 ••
j Amount for the season 17,412 tons.
TRIAL OF LEACH AND WALDRON. —The LU
zerne Union of the Ist inst. says : •• The whole of last
week was occupied in the trial of the ca.-c of the Com
monwealth. vs. Wm. L. Leach, Daniel B. Waldron, alio*
Wiley, and Alexander Waldron, charged as being the
persons who garroted Oscar F. Gaines, Paymaster of the
Pennsylvania Coal Company, last October. D. B. Wright.
Chase, Brnndage and Harding. Di-trict Attorney, tried
the cause for tho Commonwealth; and Hakes, Harvey
and Bowman, for defence.
As this case has excited great public interest, we will
give some of the main features of it. It was proven by
Thos. Cole that Lea< h and Waldron alias Wiley, made
the proposition to him in September to rob the offne;
that on the night of the robbery they came to his house
and urged him to go along, which he refused to do ; bat
that they extorted a promise from him nrt to tell of it if
it should he done. He was corroborated by his wife and
daughter as to the fact of Leach ard Waldron being at
his house. He was also corroborated I>T several otl er
witnesses as to his own wherealiouts that evening, and
many other circumstances. He also stated that after the
robbery. Leach and the two Waldrons at different times
told him that they did it, and that Dan el at onetime
gate him a ten dollar hill which he said came from the
office. It was also proven that Daniel was watching
about the office all the evening, following Mr. Eaton
about town who was looking for Mr. Gaines, and that
Daniel heard him enquire for Gaines. A large amount
nl money was also proven in Leach's possession soon af
i for flle robbery. It was also proved tlr.it Alexander had
said that he could tell all about the robbery if they would
give hi si money enough, Ac. On the part of the defence
it was attempted to impeach Cole, but it failed, and his
character for truth was sustained by about thirty of the
most respectable men of Pittston. it was also attempted
to prove that Leacb and Daniel were not there,—that
Daniel was in Schuylkill comity, and Leach was at home
in bed. The former, however, was proved to have ecn
on the sp.it by a large numherof witnesses. About $12,-
000 was in the office, but the robbers only got about s'-
700 from their inability to get into the safe. It was also
proved by Moses Wyman that he had heard Leach and
M aldmn. while in jail, talking about where they had se
creted the money. The Jury were discharged on Tuesday
morning, having failed to agree. We understand they
stood ten for conviction and two for acquittal.
BRADFORD COUNTY FAIR.— The Bradford
County Agricultural Society will hold its Annual Fair on
the grounds of the Society, at the Boro' of Towanda. on
Thursday and Friday, the Cth and 7th days of October
The Executive Committee have pleasure in announcing
that through the kindness of C. L. WARD, Esq., who gen
erously offered a portion of his beautiful grounds lor the
use oi the Society .extensive and permanent arrangements
are making for the accommodation of every description
of articles that may ie offered for exhibition. Particu
lar attention is being observed in the construction of the
buildings and arrangement of the grounds, for the comfort
of horses and cattle and other stock, and the general
safety of all articles entered at the Fair.
They announce also, that the grounds are lieing con
strncted with a line and spacious drive, for the exhibition
Ihe Committee desire it to be understood that all ar
ticle* of a meritorious character will tie receive d and
slotted a proper place for exhibition, subject, however,
to the rules of the Society in regard to premiums.
The following articles will be added, in their proper
departments, to the premium list as heretofore publish
Best Riilway Horco Power.
Best Jhresher and Separator. 1 or 2 horse power.
Lest Portable Circular Saw-Mill.
Best Cross-cut Saw Mill.
Best Dog or Sheep Churn Power.
Best Dorse Doe.
Best Stalk Crusher and Cutter, for power.
Best Spceimen of Dorse Collar for carriage or heavv draft.
Full Bills, and notice of the Rules and Regulations of
the Society, will be distributed in due time.
By order of the Executive Committee,
AV. C. BOG ART, Secretary.
RAILROAD ACCIDENT—FIREMAN KILLED
Ihe ( anandaigua Express, which left Elmira at 250 P.
M., last Tuesday, (29th)—consisting of two passenger
cars, a locomotive and a baggage car -met with a serious
accident when about three fourths of a mile from Mill
port. A number of workmen bad been employed in re
pairing the track at that point, and it is supposed they
must have left a rail loose, wbiuh, giving way, precipita
ted the entire tram -d<wvn a steep wmbankment about