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OIE 031LAR PER MWIM INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
T oAV ANI )A :
Thursday Morning, September 8, 1859'
[From Cliamtiers' Journal ]
AFTER THE BATTLE.
The drums arc nil muffled ; the bogles arc still;
'There's a pause in the valley—a halt on the hi ;
And bearers of standards swerve back with a thrill
Where sheaves of the dead bar the w3} ;
For a great field is reaped, Heaven's garners to fill,
And stern death holds his harvest to-day.
There's a voice on the wind like a spirit s low cry—
'Tis the muster-roll sounding—and who shall reply ?
For those wan faces glare white to the sky,
With eyes fixed so steadfast and dimly.
As they wait that last trump which they may not delay ;
Whose hands clutch the sword-hilt so grimly.
The brave heads, late lifted, are solemnly bowed.
And the rideiless chargers stand quivering and cowed,
As the burial requiem is chanted aloud,
The groans of the death-stricken drowning :
While Victory looks on, like a queen, pale and proud,
Who awaits till the morrow her crowning.
There is no mocking blazon, as clay sinks to clay ,
The vain pomps of the peace time are all swept away
In the terrible face of the dread battle-da) ;
Nor coffins nor shroundings are her® ;
Only relics that lay where thickest the fray—
A rent casque and a headlesr spear.
Faraway, tramp on tramp, peals the march of the foe
Like a storm-wave's retreating—spent, fitful arid slow,
With sound like their spirits that faint as they go
Bv yon red-glowing river whose waters
Shall darken with sorrow the laud where they llow
To the eyes of her desolate daughters.
They are lied they are gone ; but, oil! not as they came
In the pride of those numbers they staked on the game,
Never more shall they star.d in the vanguard of fame,
Never lift the stained sword which they drew ;
Never more shall they boast of a glorious name,
Never march with the fcal and the true.
Where the wreck of our legions lay stranded and lorn,
They stole on our ranks in the inists of the morn ;
Like the giant of Gaza their strength it was shorn
Ere those mists had rolled up to the sky ;
From the flash of our steel a new day-break seemed born.
As we sprung up—to conquer or die.
The tumult is silenced ; the death lots is cast;
Ar.d the heroes of battle are slumbering their last.
Do vc dreanr of yon pale form that rode on the blast'.
Would ye free it once more, 0 ye brave ?
Yes, the broad road to Honor is red where ye passed,
And of Glory ye asked but—a grave !
[From the Christian Advocate and Journal.]
LETTER FROM IRELAND.
Revival— Wanderfvl Manifestations —Roman
BELFAST, July 15, 1859.
We arrived here yesterday by the morning
boat from Fleetwood. God is doing wonders.
Our Methodist friends have uot been forgot
ten in the general visitation. But the most
remarkable manifestations of the Holy S-pirits
wonder-working power are seen among other
denominations. I have thought tLis might
in part be owing to what may have Leen tueir
former skepticism in regard to these matters.
What is now occurring among the Presby
terians is singularly like what was witnessed
in the early days of Methodism iu both Europe
Had it occurred or been commenced or con
fined to our body even now, it would doubt
less have been regarded as fanatical. But
these cases of being stricken down as was
Saul of Tarsus, are by far more numerous
among other denominations than our own. It
is in fact common for persons of both sexes
and of every age, from childhood to hoary age,
to be wounded suddenly, frequently as a flash
of lightning, by the Spirit's sword. Then
comes the piercing shriek, the sudden pro.-tra
tion, and the extorted cry, " What must I do
to be saved ?"
Some ore so deeply wounded, and their phys
ical prostration so great, that they seem inca
pable of utterances of any sort above a whisper.
Slain by the sword of the Spirit, they fall
suddenly, and seem lost to all outward observ
ances and to everything but that they are con
demned sinners, and as such they sue for the
mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
in low, beseeching, agonizing tones. These
paroxysms sometimes continue hours, and with
many persons days.
These wonderful arreitingsof the Spirit have
not only occurred in the various churches, but
in the street. One recently fell as she was
returning from Church quite late in the even
ing. The police took her to the station-house,
she not being able to inform them of her resi
dence. Restoratives were resorted to, hut all
were of no avail,till Jesus,the Divine Restorer,
applied the balm of Gilead. Then, with a joy
unspeakable and full of glory, she glorified the
name of Jesus, while the police, some of whom
were doubtless Romanists, stood urouud her
Not a few are stricken down at their own
homes, apart from any exciting influences.—
We visited one yesterday, as we were on our
way to the chapel, who wasstricken down the
day before. She said she had been so deeply
wounded hp the sword of the Spirit that she
was still unable to rise, though the heavenly
Dealer had applied his blood, and by the ali
restoring word quickened her soul into spiritu
al life ; the Spirit had worked so mightily in
her and the change was so wonderful that she
was physically prostrated. There she lay with
heaven iu her countenance, indulging in just
such ardent expressions of lofty praise as are
not unusual with us as a people, when the spirit,
new-born, is translated out of the kingdom of
darkness into the kingdom of God's dear Son.
But how wonderful ure Mich demons'rations
to our friends of most other denominations.—
The young woman to whose case I have just
referred is a Roman Catholic.
As I first entered the room, and saw how
evidently she was the oC tbe Holy
I Spirit's mighty inworkings, 1 stepped up to a
woman who seemed to be a (Feet i ugly interested
as she witnessed this.transition from most dis
tressing sorrow and conflict to joy and peace,
and supposing that this interested friend was
a Catholic, I thought I would like to know
what was the result of these observations on
the mind of that gazing one. " Why what
can be the occasion of all this ?" I exclaimed
She looked upon me with seeming surprise, as
thomrh she wondered if it were possible I
should not know, and then said, " Why, I sup
pose it is the " revival," the same that has
happened to so many others." 1 then stooped
down to converse with that humble subject of
grace, and uttered the name of Jesus.
" Jesus, the name that charms our leara
And bids our sorrows cease."
She caught the name of the ever-blessed and
re-echoed it in joyful acclamation again and
again. "Ah !" said I, "it is the name of Je
' The name high over all
Jesus, exalted to be a prince, and a Saviour ;
Jesus, your intecessor ; Jesus, the way to the
Father. You want no other name now ; yon
need not come in the name of the Virgin
\larv." "Ono !" she exclaimed with marked
emphasis, " I only want the name Jesus now."
We then sung the chorus,
" 0. He's taken my feet from the mire and the clay,
And set them on the Rock of Ages,"
with the accompanying words,
" Now I will tell the sinners round
What a dear Saviour I have fouud."
Here her joy was exceedingly ecstatic as
she repeated the strains of holv confidence and
joy, and, with looks indescribably blissful, ex
claimed, " Yes, blessed Jesus ! thou hast taken
my feet out of the mire and clay. 1 will tell
to sinners round what a # dear Saviour I have
found. O, Jesus, that thou should'st take me,
poor, sinful, ignorant creature that 1 am, I
bless thee ! I bless thee ! Glorv be to thee
my Saviour ! O keep me. do keep me, my
Saviour !" "He will keep that which you
have committed into his hands, for he has come
to dwell in your heart, and he is now saying
unto you, Lo ! 1 am thy salvation," said we
Never did I witness a more blissful apprecia
tion of these divine assurances than on tlu
occasion Again and again did she take up
the expressions and repeat them after me :
" Yes, he has come to dwell in my heart : yes,
thou wilt keep me, my blessed Jesus."
Though she was unable to read, she had
kept a copy of the precious Bible closely to
the companionship of her heart throughout the
dav. Dr. I'. took it from her hand and com
menced to read the fifth chapter of Ma!hew.
When lie came to the words, " Blessed are
they that mourn, for they shall be comforted,"
she exclaimed, " O yes, they shall be comfor
ted ! These are the words I have been spell
ing out all day. Poor, ignorant creature that
I cannot read ; but (and here she looked up
with angelic sweetne-s, as though the Saviour
was being manifestly revealed as present) lie
has taught me ! he has taught me !"
1 might proceed, hut perhaps I have already
occupied more time than might seem expidi
ent with this narration in view of the fact
that hundreds of probably equal interest might
be given. But. my object is to present what
I do not doubt is not an unusual sample of the
extraordinary workings of the Spirit now going
on here. Surely with God all things are pos
sible. Think of a poor untaught Catholic so
learned of the Spirit as to breathe forth spon
taneously such words of inimitable sweetness,
glory, and power as would surely exceed the
ability of a doctor of divinity if not born of
the Spirit. There is one of the la>t named in
charge of a Church here. Like Nicodemus,
he cannot understand any of these things
Would that he would come, even though it
might be stealthily at night, and seek instruc
tion from the heavenly Teacher who is now so
gloriously instructing the lowly multitude.—
But he repudiates the whole matter, and warns
his flock to guard against everything which
might have a tendency to bring them under,
or foster such influences, and would fain have
his people believe that it is a mesmeric inflic
tion, or hysteria, brought upon the masses. 1
saw one of his flo'k yesterday who was thus
suddenly arrested by the Spirit while sitting in
church. She knew his prejudices, and some
threatening things he had said, she therefore
took every possible pains to restrain her emo
tion till she could get out of his presence She
had been so deeply and suddenly wounded by
the sword of the Spirit that she scarcely reach
ed the vestibule ere she shrieked and fell. A
kind lady of the congregation saw her condi
tion and followed her out. She was cared for
kindly till able to be placed on a car and car
ried home. Here some Christian young men
remained with her till midnight,rending prayers.
She has since been enable to rejoice with a joy
unspeakable and full of glory. It would have
rejoiced your heart to have heard her repeated
ejaculations as we were conversing yesterday :
" Bless the Lord ! Glory be to Jesus !" Tlu.-e
spontaneous outgushiiig* of the new-born spirit,
so well known to the early Methodists of our
own and every region, are again gloriously
abounding. Seldom, perhaps, lias there been
so much freedom of expression of this sort as
there is now in a large Presbyterian church of
of this place. There is also free use of our
most joyous revival hymns and choruses, which
I presume may not he unlike what the early
Methodists used to sing in these regions when
thpy attracted the ear of the musses and pro
voked the envy and raillery of formal profes
But the refererce above made to one Church
of England minister is far ftoui being applica
ble to all. Others are encouraging the work
seeming in every possible way,and taking pains
to reprove publicly the sayings and doings of
those who would withstand. Said one minister
of the Established Church to his congregation
about thus : "Some have asserted that these
physical manifestations are not of God, but
merely a form of disease called hysteria.—
Would lo God that my whole congregation
might be affected in a similar manner if they
have not found peace by believing in Jesus 1"
These sudden seizures are not confined to
any paiticular people, church, or place. I
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT TOVVANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. O'MEARA GOODRICH.
" REGARDLESS OP DENUNCIATION FROM ANY QUARTER."
have been told that seven were "stricken " in !
a Romish church, and were carried in their
state of helplessness to the adjacent nunnery. !
In a number of instances strong men have
been suddenly struck down in the street, or on
the public road, or in their own bouses. Tiie
effect of this is that it is not unusual to In ar
the spiritual arrestings spoken of as a disease.
" He caught the disease," and similar expres
sions are common among the people. In gen
eral a deep sympathy is felt, even among the
most skeptical, for those who are called, n |
common phrase, " tlie sufferers," and anything
i hat can be done for their relief is generally
done with earnest and affectionate promptne.-s.
I have been informed that in some instances !
Romish priests have been called to visit pros
trate "sufferers." But soon as the stricken
one utters the cry of penitence, or, released
from the agony of a guilty conscience, cries 1
" Glory to Jesus 1" then the priest i< quickly
among the missing. "No Virgin for me !" ,
exclaimed one who had just apprehended Je- '
sus as hbr own prec.ous Saviour and interces
sor at the riirbt hand of the Majesty on liiirh.
Surelv the priesthood of the Romish Church |
can have but little sympathy with such scenes, I
and would doubtless prefer keeping out of the ;
way. A driver of a car told an inquirer that j
in one place in the country he had seen people :
fall thirty at a time, pleading for salvation.—
He was asked what ho thought could he the I
occasion of these singular demonstrations. lie j
replied : " Why, sure it must bo the work of ,
the Almighty. The Catholics say it is the i
work of the devil, but 1 say to them ; Could
the devil teach people to prav ? Sure, if it
was the devil that was put on the people, it's
drinking and swearing they would lie, and not
praying and doing good !" Says a minister :
" AM those that get under conviction get a
wonderful gift in prayer " Says another :
" Many of the enlightened are desirous to
a peak. Indeed, in some instances they cannot
he restrained." How like the days that ush
ered in the Spirit's dispensation, when the one
hundred and twenty were divinely impelled to
speak as the Spirit gave utterance. Said a
minister of the Church of England, who had
listened to a young girl, a recent convert, agod
about fifteen, at one of the largely attended
open-air meetings. "Never did I hear such
an exposition of the plan lie
spoke of the effort as containing in itself a
body of divinity, which for conciseness, per
spicuity, and power, exceeded anything he had
ever heard, though lie had been seven years
graduating at Cambridge and twenty years a
minister. I have long been deeply and unwa
veringly impressed with the conviction that we
are fast verging toward a most solemn point
in this world's history when every conceivable
agency will be called into requisition to meet
the emergencies of the crisis. Every road,
however long, has its terminus. The hour is
approaching when earth's travelers will have
reached the last point on the shores of mortal- :
itv, and take the road lievond the shadow- of
time. It is not difficult no lo see how quickly 1
the man of sin may he destroyed by The bright- 1
ness of Christ's appearing. Jam looking tiiat
the promises to the Jews shall be speedily fui- !
filled. And now that we see the miraculous !
workings oi the Spirit, in taking away the
vail from the mind of the poor blind Roman
ist, shall it be thought a thing incredible with
God that his ancient people, to whom pertain .
the promises, should be enlightened and speed
ily turn to the Lord in multitudes ? The
manner in which the Romanists are now being
brought to the a;knoledgment of Jesus our
Saviour as the only intercessor between God
and his people, is singularly like that which,
in some printed letters of several years since,
we suggested might be the manner of God's
taking away the vaii from the Jewish mind.—
Blindness in part has happened unto Israel
until the fullness of the Gentiles he brought
in. How rapidly is that being accomplished
now. What a gust of power lias been sweep
ing over America. Now it has crossed the
Atlantic. God grant that it may quickly
spread over all Europe, and every region near
and remote, till the kingdoms of this world
become the kingdoms of our (rod and his i
We arc now assisting in meetings in the vari
ous Methodist churches here alternately. Last
night we were at the Frederick street Chapel,
and had the privilege of seeing about forty
blessed with either pardon or purity. Some
of those who received the witness of purity
were remarkably lovely and intelligent young
men and women, such as will he likely to take
a leading position among the masses recently
brought out of spiritual Egypt. Probably
about ten out of the number who presented
themselves at the communion rail and its sur
rounding were seeking entire santification. I
conceive this to he a matter of great import
ance. If our people do not take a leading
position in regard to this matter our responsi
bilities will be serious. Surely with a high
hand and an outstretched arm multitudes have
been brought out from under the iron yoke of
Satan. And would not the God of the armies
of Lr.-el have them brought up at once into
spiritual Canaan, where they maybe invincible
in battle, and valiant for ilie truth? Says
the beloved Adelaide Newton, the Scotch
authoress, who seems to have had occasional
glimmerings of the believer's promised inheri
tance on this side the heavenly city : "To my
mind fighting in Canaan implies a much higher
state of experience than wandering in the wil
derness, and few I fear in reality arrive at
that state of blessedness." But with us as a
people the believer's privilege and duty in this
regard is a cardinal doctrine. " God thrust
the Wesleys out to raise a holy people." Most
emphatically does Mr. Wesley present it the
privilege of the young convert to enter at once
upou his purchased inheritance :
" The land of rest from inbred sin,
The land of perfect holiness."
In his Journal he cites many instances of
young converts who were brought with unmis
takable clearness and power into the enjoy
ment of this state. Some of these whose ex
periences are cited had been but a few weeks
others bat a few days or hours converted.—
Witness the case of Grace Paddy. Writing
to Thomas Rankin, one of our missionarie.-
carliest sent over to America, lie says : " I
I have lately been thinking a good deal on one
point, wherein perhaps we have all been want
ing. We have not made it a rule as soon as
i ever persons were justified to remind them of
going on to perfection. Whereas this is the
very time preferable to all others. They have
; then the simplicity of little children, and they
j are fervent in spirit, ready to cutoff the right
i hand or pluck out the right eye. But if we
j once suffer this fervor to subside, we shall find
j it hard enough to bring them again ever to
this point." This letter was written ut Ep
I worth, and is dated July 21, 1744.
Had we as a people adhered to its doctrines,
j what a valiant race of Christians would we
have presented to the world. How should
' one chase a thousand, and two put ten thou
sand to flight, and ere tLis we hud claimed
I through the power of the cross a redeemed
w irid for the world's Redeemer. And even
now tnv spirit seems urged to say that I fee
a Divine conviction that if we will but mak<
lan individual and experimental matter ot
: earnestly recognizing tlie speciality of our call
ing, as a people, to spread " Scriptural holi
j ness through these lauds, and will become a
witnessing Church on this subject, God would
speedily own us in the salvation of tens ol
; I housands."
Yours in Jesus, P. PALMER.
THE PERILS OK AN AERONAUT. — Our citizens
are aware that ITof. Steiner announced a bal
lon ascension to take place from Toronto
yesterday. The Professor with Captain Adam
Oot called on us this mottling from wlioai we j
learn the following respecting the ballon Lu
At half past one o'clock the inflati r n was
completed the ballon having received within
1.000 feet of its capacity, thut is 18 000 feel
The Professor took Lis seat iu the car,! i which
were his instruments, 400 pounds of ballast and :
his woollen garments. The ropes were cut,
and amid the cheers of the 40,000 spectators,
the " Europa " rapidly rose to an altitude of
8,000 l'eet, when it struck a current which sent
it in a course about two points South of East
bearing almost direct for Oswego,and fast mak
ing for the middle of the lake. At an average
altitude of 10.000 feet the Professor sailed I
along to mid-lake, at which point he could not
see either end of the lake and could but ob j
scurely see the shores. It was then about 7
o'clock, and the evening shades were being
spread over land and water. He was at that .
time at his greatest altitude, being at an ele- '
vation of about 14.000 feet, and the Professor
says that never on a previous ascension has he \
experienced so cold a temperature. On near
nig Oswego a strange phenomenon attracted
Ins attention. He was sailing along through
the clearest atmosphere, when suddenly he was !
J surrounded and buried in a vapor resembling !
: steam. His balloon sliot upwards with light
. no g speed, and as suddenly as the vapor ap
i penree so suddenly it disappeared. When the i
| " Europa." shot up a discharge of gas was |
made, and on reaching the more rnrificd air at
once commenced rapidly descending. He had '
discharged all lib ballast before this, and now j
! the question in his mind arose, how he was to ;
The darkness had increased, and only by
; lighthouses could he learn his altitude. He con
eluded he was just off Little Sodus, and pre
ferred to descend on the land if it could be
I done, lie threw over his shawl, which l-ght-
I cued a little, following which went his rigging
' grapple irons, &c , and finally tore out thelin
ing of Lis car and threw it over. He then
gradually rose and reached the shore about six
miles up the lake, the buoyant power being
still sufficient to sustain him he did not descend
He descended about three miles abo.\e Minetto
Osicego Times '2oth insf.
THE ORIGIN OF CORONER'S JURIES. —It i>
not. generally known how or in what manner
coroner's juries were originated. We believe
it was substantially the result of the following
circumstances. A lady in London, after hav
ing buried six husbands, found a gentleman
i hardy enough to make her a wife once more, j
1 For several months their happiness was mutual j
: a circumstance which seemed to pay no great |
compliment to her former partners of her bed. j
; who as she said, kad disgusted In r by their
j sottish ness, and infidelity. In the view oi
i knowing the character of his amorous mate,the i
gentleman began frequently to absent himself, |
j of return at late hours, and when he did return
to appear as if intoxicated. At first reproaches
1 but afterwards menaces, were the consequence
of Lis conduct. The gentleman persisted and
seemed every day more addicted to his bottle.
One evening, when she imagined hiin dead
drunk she uusewed a leaden weight from one
of the sleeves of her gown, and having melted
• it, she approached her husband pretended still
to be asleep, in order to put it into his ear
j through a pipe.
Thus convinced of her wickedness, the gen
tleman started up and seized her ; when having
procured assistance, he secured her until morn
ing, and conducted her before a magistrate,who
committed her to prison. The bodies of her
six husbands mere dug up, and as marks of this
peculiar kind of violence was still discoverable
upon each of them, the proof of her guilt ap
peared so strong upon her trial, that she was
condemeud and executed.
1 To this circumstance is England indebted
to the useful regulation by which all deaths i
not readily accounted for must undergo legal
in-pection before interment.
The power for good, which a clean,
frugal, industrious, sensible woman exercises
over her husband and children, is only exceed
cd by the power for evil which is exercised by
u slovenly, extravagant, idle, foolish woman.
Judge Kent says: " There are very
few evils to which a man is subject that he
might not avoid if he would converse more
; with his wife and follow her advice." TLe
Judge is a sensible man.
Early History of Saw-mills.
In early periods, the trunks of trees were
split with wedges into as many and as thin
pieces as possible, and if it was necessary to
have theiu still thinner, they were hewn on
both sides to the proper size. This simple and
wasteful manner of making boards lias still
been continued in Russia to the present time.
Peter the Great tried to put a slop to it by
i the forbiding hewn hoards to be transported on
i river Neva. The saw, however, though socon
! venient and beneficial, has not been able entire
j ly to banish entirely the practice of splitting
timber used iu roofing, or in making furniture
j and utensils ; and indeed, it must be allowed
that this method is attended with peculiar ad
| vantages, which that of sawing never can
possess. The wood-splitters perform their
work more expenditiously than sawyers, and
split timber is much stronger than that which i
' has been-sawn ; for the fissure follows the grain j
of the wood, and leaves it whole ; whereas,the j
saw proceeding in the line clunked out for it, j
divides the fibers, and by the means lessens its
cohesion and solid.tv. Split timber, indeed,
often turns out crooked and warped; but in.
; many purposes to which it is applied, this is
i not prejudical, and such faults may sometimes
be amended. As the fillers, however retain
their natural stremrth and direction, thin
i hoards particularly can lie bent much better.
This is an advantage in making pipe-staues, or
! sieve-frames, which require still more art, and
iu forming various implements of the like kind
Our common saw, which needs only to be
guided by the hand of the workman, however
simple it may be,was not known to the inhabi
tants of America when they were subdued by
; the Europeans.
The saws of the Grecian carpenters had the
same form, and were made in the like iugen
ions manner a< ours arc at present. This is
fully shown by a painting still preserved among
the antiquities of llerculaueum. Two genii i
are represented at the end of a bench, which
consists of a long table that rests upon two
four-footed stools. The piece of wood which
lias to be sawn thr> ugh is secured by cramps.
The saw with which the genii are at work has
a perfect resemblance to our frame saw. It con
sists of a square frame, having in the middle a
blade, the teeth of which stand perpendicular :
to the plane of the frame. The piece of wood
which is to he sawn extends beyond the cud of
the bench, and one of the workmen appears
stand ng and the other sitting on the ground.
The arms, in which the blade is fastened, have
the same form :>< that given to them at present. !
!In the bench are seen holes, iu which the !
cramps that hold the timber are stuck. Tiiey
! are shaped like the figure 7, and the ends of ,
j them reach below the boaids that form the
top of it. The French call a cramp of this
kind un vaUt.
Th • most beneficial and ingenious improve
ment of this instrument was. without doubt,the
: invention of saw-mills, which are driven oilier
tby water, wind, or by steam. Mills of the
! kind were erected as early as the fourth cen
i tury, in Gtrumny on the small river Boer, or
Buer ; for though An? on ins speaks properly of
water-mills for cutting stone, and not timber,
! it cannot be doubted that tin sc were invented
j later itinn mills for manufacturing boards, or ;
I that both kinds were erected at the same tiuic i
The art, however of cutting marble with a saw
is very old. I'liny conjectures that it was in
vented in Curia ; at least, he knew no buiiuii.g '
incr usteJ with tuur hie of greu ter antiquity than
the palace of King Mausolus, at Halicarnassus.
This edifice is celebrated by Yitruvius for the
beauty of its marble, and I'liny gives an tic- i
count of the dilierent kinds of sand used for !
cutting it ; for it is the sand properly, says he, !
and not saw, which produces this effect. Tue !
latter presses down tlie former and rubs it ,
against the marble, and the coarser the sand !
is, the longer will ho the time required to polish j
the marble which has been cut. by it. Stones !
of the soap-rock kind, which are i .deed softer 1
than marble, and which would require less force '
than wood, were sawn at that period ; !
but it appears that the far hnrderglassv kinds j
of stone were sawn than Iso for we are told of j
the discovery of a building which was encrust |
ed with cut agate, cornelian, lapislaznii, and \
i amethysts. There is, however, found no ac
; count in any of the Greek or Roman writers
| of a mill for sawing wood, and as the writers !
; of modern times speak of saw-mills as new and
uncommon, it would seem that the oldest con- :
-traction of them has been forgotten), or that
i some improvement has made them appear en
i tin ly new.
When the Infant Henry sent settlers to the
island of Madeira, which was discovered in
2420, and caused European fruits of every kind j
to be carried tliitlur, lie ordered saw-mills to
l>e erected also, for the purpose of sawing in- \
to boards, the various species of excellent tini- !
her with which the island abonded, and which
were afterwards transported to Portugal.—
About the year 1427 the city of Bre.slau had
a saw-niili, which produced u yearly rent of
three marks, and in 1490 the magistrates of
Erfurt purchased a forest, in which they caus
ed a saw mill to be erected, and they rented
: another mill in the neighborhood besides.—
Norway, which is covered with forests, had the
first saw-mill abon*. the year 1550. This mode
of manufacturing timber was called the new
art ; and because the exportation of boards
was by these means increased,that circumstance
gave occasion to tlic deal tythe, introduced by
! Christian 111. in the year 1545. £oon after,
the celebrated Henry Banzati caused the first
. mill of this kind to be built in Holstein. In
1552 there was a saw-mill at Joachiuisthul,
which as were are told, belonged to Jacob !
Geusen, mathematician. In the year 1555 the 1
J Bishop of Ely, ambassador from Queen Mary
of England to the court of Rome, having seen
a saw-mill in the neighborhood of Lyons, the
j writer of his travels thought it worthy of a
particular description In the sixteenth cen
tury, however, there were mills with different
saw-blades, by which a plack could be cut in
to several boards at the same time Pighius
snw one of these, in 1575, on the
i Ratishon, when he accompanied Charles,prince
of Jaliers and Cleves, on his travels. It may
VOL. XX. NO. 14.
here tie asked whether the Dutch hnd such
mills first as is commonly believed. The first
saw-mill was erected in Holland at Saardam,
in the year lb9G, and the invention of it is 83-
: cribed to Cornelius Cornelissen.but he is as lit
: tie the inventor as the mathematician of Joach
imstbal. Perhaps he was the first person who
J built a saw-mill at ttint place, which is a village
i of great trade, arid has still a great many
; saw mills, though the number of them is be
j coming daily less, for within the last thirty
years a hundred have been given up. The first
mill of this kind in Sweden was erected iu the
in England saw-miils had at first the samo
fate that printinig had in Turkey. When at
tempt were made to introduce them, they were
violently opposud, because it was apprehend
ed that the sawyers would bedeprived by them
of their means of getting a subsistence. For
' this reason it was found necessary to abandon
! a saw-mill erected by a Dutchman near Lon
don, in 1663; and in the yeary 1700, when
one Houghton laid before the nation the ad
vantages oT such a mill, he expressed his ap
prehension that it might excite the rage of the
populace. What lie dreaded was actually the
case in 1767 or 1768, when an opulent timber
merchant, by the desire and approbation of the
Society of Arts, caused a saw-mill, driven by
the wind, to he erected at Limehouse, under
the direction of James Stansfield, who had
learned in Holland and Norway the art of con
structing and managing machines of that kind.
A m A assembled and pulled the mill to pieces
but the damage was made good by the nation
and some of the rioters were punished. A new
mill was afterwards erected which was suffer
ed to work without molestation, and which
gave occasion to the erection of others. It
appears, however, that this was not the only
mill of the kind then in Great Britain, for one
driven also by wind had been built at Leith,in
Scojland, some years before.
The application ot the steam-engine has in
modern times almost entirely displaced thense
of either water or wind as the source of power
in machinery, in England, at most of the saw
mills now in action especially those on a large
, scale, are worked by steam.— BtckmanrCs His
" Asm T;io' I LET HIM."—A school teacher
relates the following amusing incideut: One
day I saw a Litie fellow with his arms around
a witch of a girl, endeavoring, if I interpreted
liie manifestation right, to kiss her.
" Tommy," said 1, " what are you doing
there ? "
" Nothing, sir," spoke the bright-eyed little
witch ; " he wath trying to kith me, that be
wath. ther," and eyed him keenly.
" Why, Lucy, what prompted him to act so
nngeiitlemanly, right lure iu school ?" I asked
anticipating some fuu
" 0 i, iic hitched up here and wanted me to
kith him, and I told him I wouldn't kith such
ath ity bny.atli lie ith ; then he thed he'd kith
me, and I told him he darthn t : but he thed
he would doit, and I toid hiu 1 would tell the
m ith. r, if lie did, but lie thed lie didn't care a
tliump for the inather, and then he tried to
kiih mo hard and the little tiling sighed.
" Why didn't you tell me as soon as you
could?" 1 asked in a pleasant manner.
"Oil," she replied, with a naivette 1 did not
often see, " I didn't care much if he did kith
l me, and tho' I let him."
Here the whole school, which had been
listening attentively, broke out in an uproarous
laneb, while our litlie hero and heroiua blush
! cd deeply.
I'I.L VOTE FOR THE OTHER MAN*. —The follow
ing story is told of a Revolutionary soldier,
, w ho was running for Congress :
It appears he was opposed by a much young
er man, who had never " been to the wars,"
and it was the wont of " Revolutionary" to
tell the people of the hardships he endured.
■ Says he :
" Fellow citizens, I have fought and bled
I for my country —I helped whip the British and
Indians. I have slept on the field of battle
I with no other covering than the canopy of
heaven. I have walked over frozen ground
till every foot step was marked with blood."
Jnst about this time,one ot the " sovereigns,"
I who had become very much affected by this
tale of woe, walks up in front of the speaker,
; wiping the tears from his eyes with the ex
tremity of his short coat-tail, and interrupting
him, says :
" Did yon say that you hadfongbt the Brit
ish and the Injines ?"
" Ves," responded Revolutionary.
! " Did you say that yon had slept on the
ground, while serving your country, without
any kiver ?"
" Yes, sir ; I did "
"Did you say you had followed the enemy
of your countrv over frozen ground tili every
footstep was covered with blood ?"
" Yes," exultingly replied Revolutionary.
" Well, then." says the tearful " sovereign,"-
as- he gave a sigh of painful emotion, " I'll be
blamed if I don't thins you've done enough
for your country, and ilt vole for the other
via n /"
WHF.N* bent on motrimony, look more than
skin deep for beauty ; dive farther tliau tho
pocket tor worth ; and senieh for temper bc
yonml the good humor of the moment—remem
bering it is not always the most agreeable part
ner at a ball w ho forms the most amiable part
ner for iite. Yiituo, like some flowers,blooms
i often fairest in the shade.
I XORATITCPE. —When stripped of all disguise,
Ingratitude stands out an object so deformed,
unnatural, and odious, as to he universally de
tested and execrated by mankind Jgnornneo
and Covotousness are the prolific soils on which
this hateful excrescence is reared.
A Maine newspaper in announcing ha
j death of Ileiirv Johnson, Mayor of Nowbury
' port, says : He was an tit cle of the Hon. Ca
| leh Cushing, bat otherwise a ro -pecta' baud