Newspaper Page Text
. ..... •
. . .
- _ -------- —
- . . • _ . . •,' . , . - i
-- - r• , . . -
TH . ti
, • 4 .
~ . .
..,. . . . .
. . .
.., , •
. . , .
RE O. , t,,,•
• . • ,
• . __ ,
, .. .
JBLISFIED EVERY SATURDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PI BY E. O'IIEAIIA GOODRICH. •
. . /
Amssessions were on'a river and displeased with an irregular harangue, because The. tavern kept by Jenks, the lilZieSi. IP
ch empties into the east aide it is difficult to be remembered. When they an- Milanville—he was too lazy to work, end P'
meal with, either the one on ewer, they repeat the whole, reducing it into strict wept to tavem keeping—stood yearly r
led the Choptank, or 'perhaps order. Their speeches-are short, and the sense con- a mile from the poor tenement occupi'
veyed in strong metaphors. In conversation they hes. Toward this point, under a ho'
Al councils of the Iroquois were are sprightly, but solemn and serious in their mes- little Lizzy made her way, her rr
net being the most central point, sages relating to public affairs. They speak with .its purpose, that she was tine
tie tribes belonging to the league surprising force, and great propriety of gesture.' The fatigue.
' . that place—the Senecas on the
fierceness of their countenances, the flowing blan- Not long before, a !we
the More of Lake Erie, the Mo - ket, elevated lone, naked arm and erect stature ? vern. Alter giving dir
ey of the Mohawk and along the with a half circle of auditors, seated on the ground, he entered the bar r
se tribes, as well as all the others,
A and in the open air, cannot but impress upon. the Jenks stood behir
represented at the general Council mind a live y idea or the ancient !orators of Greece " Have some
, ; conlederacy was weakened by the and Rome." lord.
.ing and corrnming influence of their In a discourse before the Historical Association ,4 I'll tab
rs, the decrees of the council were of New limit, (1811,) by DeWitt Clinton, he says: Jenks
• lederates and those whom t hey had "The six nations were a peculiar people, contra- towe r
' tribute.. distinguished fro the mass of India n nations, by pjv
nis thus acted with an unity and signal great attainments in policy, negotiation, eloquence I .
eh made them powerful and leared by and war." An interesting fact in the history of the
um races of the North, the giant SuSque. Five Nations, is the visit of the five Sachems
ans near the mouth of our river, and at , England, in the year 1710 The Court was a'
)f the Chesapeake, the Catawobas living time in mourning, for the Death of the Pr'
river to which they have given their'' Denmark. The Sachems were, therefore
' North and South Carolina, and the Chero- in black underclothes; and instead r
an the Tennessee, and east bank o , the M is- each tied a richly wrought cloth m'
with gold, thrown over his shoo'
Mohawks, living upon the Hudson, who had ence they had with the Queen,
)atest reputation as warriors, but were not so lemn and imposing, character
.table, numerically, as some of the Other tribes, by one of the Sachems is •
led the eastern entrance to the confederacy.— courtesy, mingled with -
me of their figurative modes of expression, the laid nobility. In the
mois destimwed themselves Ho de-no-nu-nee maintained the dig
• an me. leer :..) , Peoplr of the Long Hou-e; the to which he belr
pt..t...,,• 1 .i 4 keepers of the western door, as the for the protect
litti.l , % ks were of the eastern. Numerou; trails The fact that they assumed to own all the terri• the encronc'
.10112 the Susquehanna, and its eastern and wester n tor; down to the mouth of the Ohio, and east of a 1 the subje'
oraehes, coming together at Tioga Point, became line which will t e hereafter de-cribed, and that the Specie'
' English ageres paid them for such land, mapped it Te ll '
off, and ran a division line on paper, to that extent,
as late as 1768, shows how their ownership was
, viewed by both parties.
As an additional proof that the subjugation e'
grant Sas-que-sa bin-tinek• by the Iroquois
i . mere hy - ro th ests, an extract follows, fro,
I • port of Governor Thomas Dorgan, tot'
tee of trade of the province of New
aly, 1687. He says, " I have sec
the Five Nations, who have co'
harmas, de-iced of the king in
presence, and I believe it'
11. quence it denied " He s
liOllS are the most we
I '; ate a bulwark bete
i , nisi-cam I
rut seats I They go as
1 • away,
$ pa.s.ige of I
• , Coll'
1 valley by the
il. cite Nanticokts hail been driven from the S, ult. I
a' the Tuscaroras had been, but unlike them, tic
, of the Intl were never admitted into the confederacy. T
I 5 connected wi It paid an annual tribute during peace, of ft ,
/ le to take a cur
other articles of Indian traffie,and in war,'
filial remarkable their quota of warriors As ari eqinvale;
whose poss)ssiors j ,
oyee the prote.cdion of the Leagne.
t oat are now kil°4ll Sri, i! h, in his history of Virgin .
tribes Ito met with there, viz •
rich our Tinlinn pre- f
;Wei %% ard% sidled :111 . PUtillilil
: was A,.ko.no.stit.orn
isamerye:lt:l:2 if V. h It'il ha'
i the early D itc h set- I nit eihim4 ,t, k, 1,..„.n
1 - roan as tl.e Marti et; of
in lw lari2,, ,
•as 'i.e • Fi' e N el "'" - also speak. of the iv
'• ° " l ' da t las t arld Sehe '" shore. %limn tie
14. when the live :la the sari „ , „ -
: ;e4i - iti+u die confederacy ,icek„ of it
hose, possessions, at the
I'm/ in Virginia and 'fie of Mar
.',s) Iveie found the penis- for
Vat dial point. they seller(
/ 6 . . idle! the hairs of Nord ,
red to leave there, and be,
t2.11t the ploteetion of the
,' .. 'I h ern Inn, them le?r,
.its Atier ibis acce
,pe•ty styled, by l'
. - i e:.elt sellers, ac
-$, it t•to.i.ii,e3 of •
- t err,; every
: lucre Cr
!Vernon, Darmbrr 3, 1853.
HE BURIAL OF LOVE
eyed mod:, at shut of day,
river rolled au ay,
sad brows arid raven hair,
. ;3 ., pale and both were fair.
,ane,!,/ing aowers tin blown
m• of uamr unknown ;
..pray , from wo.,d and wild,
L'uve, !Le child.
win:C. ye weep,
1: .14aM may t ,, etri like sleep,
sign t•t rest,
acre , s his breast.
e “I,ere violets hide,
vorr , , , retr , the rivulet's side,
•••• m !IT misty spring
•• - ! oo , eneti bow,
,r,,rt he bound
long, and miss
. 7 , ready kiss,
: f, et,
. . •
•:.oa wered phrases sAe'et
ene and high,
^vr,- : voungt eye,
• ....shit the heart
-a d tears will start
•i,,1l fall to dust,
•;: aii.;e with rust,
r, , na: ratan can claims
,c,.1 a name
an ghßil dwell,
hvie froM men,
round, , hall live again.
a form of light,
and purer sight,
nParrct God's right hand.
ITS INDIAN AND riosten nisrunY
• 'cmn League ! from ancient seats
a's like automn leaves away,
records of heroic feats, -
•ces of )(dtr former sway.
cmt-ers of this title, altenniou has,
occupancy of our valley by the
xit during the revolutionary
tttect appreciatton of the Ithhan
.:•tters New Yoty, as connected wi
ra, it is utd ispenPable to take a cur
..•neraf history of that remarkable
I,dui confederacy whose poss3ssiors
:.i.ory were w irhiti w hat ate now known
e names which our TtiJill, pre.
rn selves caw A,-ko-no-,hi-orn
I To the rally Ditch set
ete known a. il.e Nlaritoi,;
o , tor.dnas, and
;.t. \ ear 1714. when the rive ❑a
:ecetv tit - Hill-1J the confederacy
I , icibe wlioe possessions, at the
:Ki,l‘.lra'i. , tl/ itt Viruinta ar.d 'he
Ir;97_: , i vete found the penin
..rafe'and Che,apeake bays
d , tdial point, they selted
ohm the hairs of North
tk. leave there, and being
412.11 t the poteelion of the Five
e lt,l ern in! , ) then league, um
m:. A! er ti, . “cceo , zoon, the
p•,.pe•!y sty led, by 'he Eng!abb.
, ellers, and IltoFe IItiIITIOU
~ ,0,,,c6es of ,he SOltiely of the
;averte.; every intfl 01 our Stale al ate.
ter Cro.scoolct be successlu)l)
Le !.,I:ive. they were known as the
-:2 , 11.:in of the six tribal sovereign
:, w obtained, and is at
i d„ iLd
tut. Tuscaroras were excluded
rs en,nyed by the other mem
i:r.t.;-acy. I...upitosed by some that
• .I , fiiieteil v the Five Nations, and
e morely tributaries, being admitted
~e con!edetary from motives of poli-
:lois Were ut the practice of exacting
ute if OITI e.olicinered tribes, hoping thus
a' 1 ..reti.,:•tie % their already widely
• As an eyi,valerii for Pilch exaction,
fur lh " F;r"'ict , on of heir
t0r. , 1,1 of the rontederaq wilene•
.if(tl ;tat ma. rtNinited. The Roman
• r7;,),tr in I:s_ exaction of trtbolo from
extending, in' intuits, protec-
• are, ihat the original Five Nations
T "'""'fits as relatives, and adopted
:".1 league from sympathy and consid-
Lod, of er their expulsion from Nor'h
•„, 4 r of the Tuscaroras tieing
•te we dialect DI the utlier fire men,-
federacy, would seem to confirm the
mship and origin from a common
more reasonable conclusion is, that
the South, they sought the protection
as well an account of :heir imperi
ow.er, as from considerations of con.
his history of Virginia, published in
of this tribe, then living on the Era
'he Chesapeake Bay, whom he calle
Kus-ka-ra-waoka Theif.posseargions were on•a river
of a similar name, which empties into the east side
of that bay, and is identical with, either the One on
the peninsala now called the Choptank, or 'perhaps
' The annual national councils of the I roquois were
held at Onondaga, that being the most central point,
and alitio' some of the tribes belonging to the league
lived remote from that place—the Senecas on the
Genesee and along the More of Lake Erje, the Mo
hawks in the valley of the Mohawk and along the
Hudson ; still these tribes, as well as all the others,
`were unifmmly represented at the general Council
Fire. Until the confederacy was weakened by the
steadily increasing and corrupting influence of their
white neighbors, the decrees of the council were
law to the confederates and those whom t hey had
placed under tribute. -
The Iroquois thus acted with an unity and signal
success which tnade them powerful and feared by
the Algonquin races of the North, the giant SuSque-
Latina Indians near the mouth of our liver, and at
the head of the Chesapeake, the Catawobas living
upon the river to which they have given their . '
name in North and South Carolina, and the Chero
kees upon the Tennessee, and east bank o, the Mis
The Mohawks, living upon the Hudson, who had
the greatest reputation as warriors, but were not so
formidable, numerically, as some ol the Other tribes,
guarded the eastern entrance to the confederacy.—
By one of their figurative modes of expression, the
Iroquois destf.nwed themselves Flo iledio-sau-nee,
(M . 4111112. Peoplt of the Long Hou-e; the
~ei keepers of the western door, as the
Moli.o.ks were ol the eastern. NumerouS trails
alon 2 the Susquehanna, and its eastern and western
branches, coming together at Tioga Point, became
one great central trail from that place to the South,
throwli the heart of Pennsylvania, and over it the
imperial Iroquois passed and re-passe,!, upon their
victorious experli:ions against the Cherokees and
At the confluence of the Susquehanna and the
Chemung, where the converging trails from the
norm, east and west became one, was the Southern I
door to - the home possessions of the Iroquois ; and it
was scrupulously guarded by the tribes living
the vicinity, with the certainly of ready and effi
cient re-inforcements from all the members of the
League Wail whom there was a direct arid feasible
communication by means of Vie net-work cf traits
just described, extending from the head %valets df
the Susquehanna and Cherrinng, down to this point.
The Natincokes, who were situated about fourteen
miles above Owego, neat: the mouth of ;he Choc()
nut Creek, and across the river at Union, and who
were tributaries of the Iroquois, acted in concert
with them, and togother they had the undisputed
possession of this portion of the valley of the Sds.
che Nanticukts had been driven from the Sault.
a. the Tuscaroras had been, but unlike them, they
were never admitted into the confederacy. The
paid an annual tribute during peace, of furs and
other articles of Indian traffie,and in war, turnislnd
their quota of warriors As an equivalent, the) en
joyed the protection of the Leagne.
Srtii , h, in his history of Virginia, among other
tribes he met with there, viz: the Pataworneks.
al:ere:mt. vatted :lie Putomas, and Acorn:wk. , the
same spetliag has continued to this day,
AO, enact.; :it k, whicti Wa- a favorite teirnmatiott
of names in he larierrieer2l . the Indians of Virginia,
also speak. of the Nareacpiaks living on the Ea-tern
shore. whim) tie valls •• ihe.be.t merchants of all
the savages They were Identical wish the Nam
ticokes of the Stisquetianna, and have left their
name for a river at this ?ray upon the eastern shore
of Mary land. called the Nariierike river, as well as
for a township - and Creek ni Monroe county, N. l - .,
and another meek ut Tioga. Their principal vil
lage was ChOCOWIt, VPhiCh is w7ittea
_upon an early
map made at a treat) ,Chughtiut. Their epreaion
for mats e they enjoyed after their seeler ne nt upon
the Susquehanna. am the period of the negoshation
with them by Anus Draper, Mr a ces-ton of then
possessory churns to the soil. Re engaged iii trade
with them as soon as it was safe, she: the resh•ra
lion of peace. to penetrate to that pert of the valley
; where they liveil;and had theetcoefidence, as well
as that 01 the Iroquois living in thisyteinity.
In histreY, lie gives an', 4 account of his
discovery, at the head 01 the Chesapeake bay, and
, also of a portion of the Susquehanna as far north at
the ,mouth of the Juniata. Ab_•ve that point, he
places the river, with its branches, upon ills leap,
trOm statements given to him by the natives.
The style of the author's narrative is quaint and
peculiar, even for that era, (1607-29,) and aliho',
throughout, there is much of self-glorification, his
history is considered in the main, reliable. He calls
the river flowthg in at the head of the Chesapeake,
both upon his map and in his book, the Sas-que
sahan nougtiffumen, and the people there residing,
the Sas-que-sahan nocks.
• He says, rt sixty of those Sus-que-sahan rocks
earn,. to vt>it ua wi h skins, bows, arrows, targets,
bead. , and Intia" :,.pipes for presents. Such great
arid plopornoned men are seldom seen, for
they ~-reed like ;parrs to the English and to their
iivighor.t, and yet of an honest and simple dispost
non.- fle proceeds: " These are the strangest
people of all those countries, both in language and
attire, for their language, it may well beseem their
. from them as a voice iu a
vault Their attire is the skins of bears and wolves.
Snore have cassoeks made of bears"skins. One had
the head of a woll hanging, from his neck for an
ornament ; his tobacco pipe three quarters of a yard
long, prettily carved with a bird, a deer, or some
such device, upon the bowl, with bows, allows and
clubs suitable to theirgreatness. They can number
600 warriors, and are pallisadoed in their towns to
defend them from .the Massawomeks—(the Iro
^quois)—their mortal enemies. Five of the Chiefs
.came abpird of oar boat. The-picture of the great
est is signified on the map. His limbs are huge
proportions, and he seemed the goodliest Man we
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. O'MEARA GOODRICH.
" RENARDLE3B Or DENUNCIATION mom ANY QUARTER."
ever beheld. his arrows were five quarters long,
headed with a white, crystal like stone, iii the form
of a heart, an inch broad, and an inch and a bailor
more long; these he wore in a wolf's skin at his
back for a quiver, his bow in the one hand and his
club in,the other, as is described" [in the figure
upon the map.]
The dress. ornaments, weapons, the totem of the
wolf's head, and the peculiar scalp-lock . and other
particulars mentioned by Smith, but not here cited,
seem to mark them as originally of Iroquois stock,
but probably rel:, ing upon their almost superhuman
proportions and strength, although much their infe
rior in number, they sought no hiendship nor alli
ance with Iroquois.
Al the time spoken of by the historian, just cited:
it appears that they were at enmity with the ride
Nations, call by them Massawomeks, and it was
not unlikely, for the purpose of defending them
selves against this great race, that the latter dug the
trench and constructed the fortification on the hill,
now called Spanish Hill, at' the Ifead of the plain
above the village of Athens, (Tinga Point.)
In addition to their warfare with the Iroquois,
die giant race of the Sas.que-sa han-nocks had the
warlike races of the South to keep at-bay, and in
the wasting was which ensued, they became ei
ther exterminated, or the few who were left, oc
cupied on the head waters of the Chesapeake, by
the _license 61 the iioqunis,:antl paying them tribute
The latter settled various tribes who had p'ac
ed -themselves under their protection, upon the
lower portion of the Susquehanna, above the Ches
apeake, claiming that they had such right by con
The fact that they assumed to own all the tern.
tor; down to the mouth of the Ohio, and east of a
line which will t e hereafter de-cribed, and that the
English ageirs paid them •for such land, mapped it
off, and ran a division line on paper, to that extent,
as late as 1768, shows how their ownership was
viewed by both parties.
As an additional proof that the subjugation of the
grant Sa.f.-que-sa but-ooek- by the Iroquois is not a
mere hy - ccultesist, an extract follows, from the re•
port of Governor Thomas Dorgan, to the Commit
tee of trade of the province of New York, Febru•
ary, 1687. He says, " I have sent here with what
the Five Nations, who have conquered the Susque
hennas, of the king in my Lord• Effinzhani's
presence, and I believe it to be of danzerous eonse•
quence it denied " He says further, The Five Na
tions are the most warlike people in America, and
are a bulwark between us and the French, and all
They go as far as the South Sea, the northwest
pa.s.tge ol Florida, to war. (111 below Virginia
was thee called Florida, and as to the Socth Sea,
it was supposed to Wash the westerly limit of out
continent.) In the same report we find further—
New England, in their 135.1 war with the Indians,
nad been turned, had not Sir Edmond Andros (a
former Governor of the New Yotk Colony) sent
over some ol the Five Nations to their assistarrep,
and indeed they are eo considerable, that all the
Indian, in these parts are tributary to them • I suf
fer no Christians to converse with them eicept at
Athany, and . that trot wiliout my license. Snice I
came here, the people of Boston have sent them
presents in acknowledgement of their power and
itiendt•hip, ar.rt I was lowed to go v, oh my find
Effing!.arn toy his arid their hatchets, vt loch is
waythen of making pence. This government has
awiti . s been, and still is. al a great charge to keep
there peacratie anti annexed to this government,
which is of .hat moment, that upon any occasion I
cart have three or four thousand of their min at a
In the same valmilie History, (Documentary of
N. 'v..) may be a map showing the cession
of land male by the Iroquois at the treaty hold at
Fort S aowtx (17(38 ) They Men assumed to con
vey " all the land east of a line commencing at or
near the moult rif , he Ohio, ilience up the Ohio to
Kitiannig, above Fort Pm, (Pittsburg ) thence by
d,iect line to the nearest link of the Su quehanna,
throinzli the Allegheny Mountains down the
West Branch urvil it comes opposite the mouth of
a creek, called Tiarlaghton, along the South side of
the creek and the No;th side of Burnett's tolls to a
creek called Awandae, (Towanda,) thence down
the same to the East branch of the Susquehanna
(now kriovvn as the main river,) and across the
same and up the east side of that river to 0 oveg ,
(40 written on the map,) from thence East to the
Delaware river, and up that to a point opposite
where 'tianadera (now Unadilla) falls into the Sus
qiiehanna, thence to Tianadsrs, and up the sveat
aide of the wept branch of the head . thereof, and
thetrce by, a dtrech line to Canada Cleek, on the
West side of Fort Stanwix."
This deed of Cessiim was sined by six Sachems,
representing the six cations of the confederacy.
There is an express reservation in this deed, for
he benefit of the Mowhawks, of all the land occu
pied by them upon the Mowhawk. This considera
lion expressed is 10460 pounds in addition to pres
ents of various articles used by the Iroquois.
This brings ns, in order of time to the history of
New York, by William Smith, published in 1757
As to their conquest and power, he says,—
" When the Dutch began the settlement of this
country, all the Indians on Long bland and the nor
thern shore of the Sound, on the banks of the Con
necticut, Hudson, Delaware and Susquehanna riv ,
era, were in subjection to the five nations, and
within the memory of persons now living, acknowl
edged it by the payment of ,in annual tribute."
As to mints!) , glory, he adds—" No people in
the world have higher notions than these Indians
of military glory. All the surrounding nations have
felt the effect of their prowess, and many not only
became their tributaries, but were so subjugated
by their power, that without theconsent of the five
nations, they 'Jurist not commence either peace or
As to their eloquence,.besay•—" Tbeart of pub•
lie speaking is in high esteem among them, and
much studied. They are extremely fend of method,
and displeased with an irregular harangue, because
it is difficult to be remembered. When they an
swer, they repeat the whole, reducing it into strict
order. Their speeches-are short, and the sense con
veyed in strong metaphors. In conversation they
are sprightly, but solsmn and serious in their mes
sages relating to public affairs. They speak with
surprising force, and great propriety of gesture.' The
fierceness of their countenances, the flowing blan
ket, elevated tone, naked BM and erect stature,
with a half circle of auditors, seated on the ground,
and in the open aii, cannot but impress upon. the
mind a live y idea or the ancient !orators of Greece
In a discourse before the Historical Association
of New Volt, (1811,) by DeWitt Clinton, he says:
"The six nations were a peculiar people, contra
distinguished fronl the mass of Indian' nations, by
great attainments in policy, negotiation, eloquence
and war." An interesting fact in the history of the
Five Nations, is the visit of the five Sachems to
England, in the year 1710 The Court was at the
time in mourning, for the Death of the Prince of
Denmark. The Sachems were, therefore, dressed'
in black underclothes; and instead of a blanket
each had a richly wrought cloth mantel, bordered
with gold, thrown over his shoulders. Tue audi
ence they had with the Queen, was of a very so
lemn and imposing, character. The speech made
by one of the Sachems is a beautiful specimen of
courtesy, mingled with manly fiankness and wood
lan•I nobility. In the address of her Majesty, he
maintained the dignity of the powerful confederacy
to which he belonged, by calling it "a strong wall"
for the protection of the English colonies against
the encroachment of the French. This visit is made
the subject of one of those classic essays in the
Spectator of that era, Vol. L, Chapter L.; also in the
Tattler of May 1710.
The tribal league of the Iroquois, strengthened
and bound toga her by the totemic tie, promised,
by force of its organization, perpetuity. It suited,
in an eminent degree, the hunter, and partially afk
riculturaf state in which they were found by our
ancestors, and would doubtless have proved itself
a wail of defence" against
,their subjugation by
arty of the native tribes of the continent. But the
artful appliances of the white man, and Ins unscru•
pulous policy of dismeMbering, and then dictating
terms—divide et impera—pursued with untiring per
tinacity, have mcst effectually denationalized this
remaikable and once powerful confederacy.
817 J 1 0. WUITTIIR.
He comes, he comes—the Frost Spirit comes!
You may trace his footsteps nuw
On the naked woods and blasted fields,
And the brown hill's withered brow.
He has smitten the leaves of the grey old trees,
Where their pleasant greeo came forth,
And the winds that follow wherever he goes,
Have t-haken them down to earth.
He cony-, he comes—the Frost Spirit comes!
. From ilie fr. , zen Labrador;
From the icy bridge of the northern seas,
Where the white hear wanders o'er;
Where the fisherman's sail is stiff with ice,
And the luckless forms below,
In the sunless cold of the atmosphere
Into marble statues grow!
He comes, he comes—the r 4 r4st Spirit Comes'.
And the quiet lakes shall feel
The torpt tJuch of his free breath,
And ring to the skater's,heel;
And the ?streams which datKed on the broken rocks
Or sang to the leaning gross
Shall bow again to their winter chain,
And in mournful silence pass.
He comes, he comes—the Frost Spirit comes !
Let us meet him as we may,
And turn with the light of the parlor fire
His evil power away;
And gather closer the circle round.
When the firelight dances high.
And laugh as the shriek of the battled fiend,
As his sounding wing goes by! •
DT T. e. ARTHUR
It they wouldn't let him have it!" said MI6
Leslie, weeping. "0, it they wouldn't sell him
lignor, there'd be no trouble ! fie's one of the best
of men ; when he doesn't drink. Ile never bring,
liquor into the house ; and he tries hard enough to
keep sober, but he cannot pass Jenk's tavern."
111r4. Leslie was talking with a sympallizing
neighbor, who responded by saying, that she we-li
ed the tavern would burn down, and that, for her
part, she didn't feel any too good to apply fire to the
place herself Mrs. Leslie sighed, and wiped away
the tears with hrir check apron.
" It is hard, indeed, it is," she mnrinured, r to
see a man like Jenks growing richer every day 001
of the earnings of poor woikii:g men, whops fami.
lies are in want of bread. For every sixpence 'hat
goes over the counter some one is made poorer—to
same heait is given a throb of pain."
" It's a downright shame!" exclaimed the neigh
bor, indignantly. "II I had my way with the la
zy, good-for-nothing fellow, I'd see that he did
something useful, if it was to break stone on the
road. NVeie it my husband, instead of yours, that
he enticed into his bar, depend un't he'd get him
self into trouble."'
While thisconversation was going on, a little
girl, not over ten years of age, sat listening alien
tively. After a while, she went quietly.from the
room, and throwing her apron over her head, look
her way, unobserved by her another, down the
Where was , little Lizzy going? There was a
pnrpose in her mind—she had started on a mission.
"0, if they wouldn't sell him liquor !'• These
earnest, tearful words of her mother had filled her
thoughts. It Mr. Jenks wouldn't sell her father any.
thing to drink, "there would be no more trouble."
How simple, direct the remedy. She would go to
Mr. Jenks, and ask him not to lel her lather have
any more liquor, and then all would be well again.
Artless, innocent child ! And this was her mis
The. tavern kept by Jenks, the laziest man in
Milanville—he was too lazy to work, and therefore
went to toyer," keeping—stood yearly a quarter of
a mile from the poor tenement occupied by the Les
hes. Toward this point, under a hot and sultry sun,
little Lizzy made her way, her mind so filled with
its purpose, that she was unconscious of heat or
Not long before, a !traveller alighted at the ta
vern. Alter giving directions to have his horse ted
he entered the bar room and went up to where
Jenks stood behind the counter,
" Have something to think I" inquired the land
" I'll take a glass of water, if you please."
Jenks could not hide the difference at once fell
toward the stranger. Very deliberately he set a
pitcher and glass upon the counter, and then turned
partly away. The stranger poured out a full tum
bler of water, and drank it off with an air of satin
"Good water that of youna, landlord," said the
" Is it T' was returned, somewhat uncourteously
"I call it good water, don't you?"
" Never drank water by itself " As Jenks said
this, he winked to one of his good customers, who
was lounging in the bar. "In fact, its so long
since I drank any water, that 1 forgot how it tastes.
Don't you Leslie ?"
The man to:whom this was addressed, was not 6o
far lost to shame as Jenks. He blushed and look
ed confused, as he replied :
" It might be better for some 0(05, if we bad not
lost our relish Mr pure water."
'• A true word spoken, my friend?'' said the
wronger, turning to the man, whose swollon visage
and patched, thiesdbare garments too plainly told
the story of his sad We. " %Water, pure water,
bright water ;' that is my 1111011u.1 never swells
the face, nor i'•flames the eye, nor mars the coon•
tenance. l's attendants are health, thrift and hap
piness. It takes not away the children's bread, nor
the toiling wile's garments. Water!—it is one of
God's chiefest blessings! Our friend, the landlord
here, says he has forgotten how it tastes; and you
have lost 611 relish for the refreshing draught! Ah,
this is a sad Icontession—one which the angels
might weep tor hear."
There was two or three customers in the bar be
sides Le-lie, nj whom this was addressed ; and all
of lherti—in spite of the lan field's angry and sneer•
frig countenance— treated the stranger with attention
and respect. Seeing this Jenks could not restrain
himself; so, coming from behind the bar, he ad.
vanced to his side, and laying his hand quite rude
ly on his shoulder, said, in a peremptory manner:
" See here, my friend ! II you are about making
a temperance lecture you can adjourn to the Town
Hall, or rho Methodist Chapel."
The stranger moved aside a pace or two, so that
the hand of Jenks might Lill from his person, and
then said mti fly :
There must be Anme'llmg wrong here, if a man
may not speak in praise of water without giving rib
" I said you could adjourn your lecture !" The
landlord's lace was ttow fiery red, and he spoke
with insolence and paseion.
" 0, well, as r on are president of the meeting. I
suppose we must let you exercke an arbitrary pow
el of udj tatitment, - E•a RI the stranger, good-fiu
moredly, " I dahl'i think any one had so strong
a dislike for water as itnikider its praise an in
At this moment a 1.11,1,1 stepped into the bar.
room. lier little lace ti.-Led, end great beads of
perspira . ion were slowly IlioVlll4 drlo. n her crim•
run cheeks. Her st , p elamie, her manner earnes.,
and her large, dark eye bright with an eager pur
rose She glanced net her to the right nor to the
1.1, but walked up to he landlord, lii ed to bin, het
sweet plum; Icier., and said, in tones that thrilled
evetv heart hut
i. rease, 111 r. Jenks, don't sell papa any more
" Otr tionte with you, tliis instant'." exclaimed
ierik4, — the eri.risee of Ins Lice de••pening to a
dad: pn•ple As he he advanced towards
the child. with hi,: haiid. uplifted in fi threatening.
" Please don't, Mr. itt•tristed tlie child
not untying from t.vtiete !she. blood, not baking het
ey's from the . Irmll.trtle countenance. " hluther
sap , . it you wouldn't aril horn licinor, there'd be no
trouble. 11. , *. kind nil g•tud to us all %hen he
.• Off, I ~ay I ' ..IrAntaLl Jenks. now maddimed be ,
yorttl srilf control : and his Inti.,l ‘vag ahoir deTcend.
in; upon the *tittle one, when the Foratiger caught
her in hie arms, ex,•iaitnet4, as he did so, with deep
"G t i bless the child ! No, no, precious one 1 . -
he added "don't fear him Plead for your fatter
—plead lor your home. Your pernion must pre
vail! 113 cannot say nay to one of the little ones
whose angels do always behold the face of their
Father in !leaven. Gal bless the. child! ' added
the stranger, in a choking voice. '• 0, that the (a
Cher. for whom she lia , come tut touching er
rand, were present now If these were anything
of manhood yet left in his nature, this would awals
en it from its pakied .1 - eep
" Papa, 0, papa!" fiIAV cried the child, suetvh
forth her hands In the next moment she waschng
ing to the breast of her father, who. mill) his arms
clasped tigtury around her, stood weeping and
minglilig his tears a ith those now raining front the
hole one's eyes.
What an oppressive stillness pervades the room!
Jenks stood subdued and bewildered, his State of
mental contusion scarcely enabflig him to compre•
hand the lull import of the scene ; the stranger look
ed on wonderingly, yet deeply afleeted Quietly,
and with moist eyes, the two or three drinkingcass•
,had been lounging in the bar, went
stealthily out; and the landlord, the stranger, and
thstattuir and his child, were left the only remotes'
of the room.
gd Come, Liz s zy dear ! this is no Place for
831 d Lpslie, breaking the deep silence. "'We'll go
And the unhappy inebriate took his child by. the
hand, and led her towards the door. But the liete
one held back.
" Wait, papa ; wail !" she said. "He hail
raised yet. 0, I wish he would promise!"
" Ptotnise her, in Heaven's name !" said the
%Promise !" said Leslie. in a stern, Ye; iiilirrtin
voce, as he turned and fixed his eyes upon •lhs
" If I do promise, IT keep it !" returned Jenks,
in a threatening tone, as he returned the gale
" Then, for God's sake, promise szeisitneil
Leslie, in a half despairing voice, "Prontiie,enill
Trn snfe i"
" Be it so ! May I be cursed, if ever I sell you;
drop o( drink at this bar, while I am the landlord
of the Siag and Hounds!"
Jenks spoke with an angry emphaitis.
"Gud be thanked!'' murmured the poor drunk
ard,Ole led his child away. "Gal be tharike4.l
There is hope for me-yet."
Hardly had the mother of Lizzy missed her dal ;
ere she enti&i,- leading her father by the hind.
"0, mother !" she exclaimed, with a joy-lit cob?.
tenance, and in a voice of exultation 'Mr. Jenks hat
Plomised what !" Hope sprung up in her help
on wilt, and fluttering wings, her face fleshea t innl
then iruw deadly pale. She sat panting for a rg-
"That he would never sell me another glass of
lignor," said her husband,
A , pair of white hands were clasped quickly to
gethr, an ashen face was turned upwards, tearless
eyes looked thvir thankfulness to Heaven.
"There in hope yet, Ellen," said Leslie.
" Hope, hope! And 0, Edward., you have said
" Hope, through our child. Innocence has pre
vailed over vice and cruelty. She came to the
strong, evil, passionate man, and in her wes3cntsa
and innocence, prevailed over him. God made
her fearless and eloquent."
A year afterwards, the stranger came again that
way, and stopped at the "Slag and Hounds." As
before, Jenks was behind his welVfilled bar, and
drinking customers came and went in numbers.- 7
Jenks did not recognize him until he called for wa.
ter, and drank a full tumbler ofre pureliqeor With
a hearty zest. 'Then he knew him, but feigned to,
be ignorant of his identity. The stranger made au
reference to the scene he had witnessed there a
twelvemonth before, bat hogered in the bar for
most of the day, closely observing every one that
came to dank. Leslie was not among the num
Whit has become of the man and the littlegid
I saw hare, at my last •isit to Milantrille t" said
the stranger, speaking at last to Jenks.
4, Gone to the devil, for all I care," was the land
fotd-'s rude and% er, as he turned ofi from but ques
" For all you elite, no doubt," said the stranget
himself. " Meu often speak their real thoughts
in a passim."
" Do you see that kale white co;tage away oit
there, just at the edge of this wood ! Two tall pop.
lars stand in front."
Thus spoke to the stranger one who had heard
him address the landh,rd. rr
"I do. What of it 1' he answered.
" The man you asked for lives there."
"And what is more, if he keeps on as he haste.
gun, the cottage will be all his own in another
year. Jenks, here, dosn't feel any good blood for
him, as you may well believe. A poor man's pros.
pelity is regarded as so much loss to hirn. Leslie
it a good mechanic—one of the best in
He can earn twelve dollars a week, year in awl
year out. Iwo hundred dollars he has already
paid on Iris cottage; and as he is that much richer,
Jenks thinks himself just so much poorer—fur ad.
'his surplus, and more too, would have gone into
his till, If Leslie had not quit drinking."
"Alfa! I see! Well, did Leslie, as you cat!
him, ever try to get it drink here, since the land.
lord promised never to let him hale another
"Twice, to my knowledge."
" And he refused him?"
Yes If you remember, he said in his anwr,
May Ibe cursed it I sail him another drop."
" I remember it very well."
"That saved poor Leslie. Jenks issuperstitious
in some things: He wanted to get his eostomagain
for it was well worth having—and he was actu
ally handing bun the bottie one day, when I' saw
ii and reminded hint of bile self-imprecation. He
hesitated, looked frightened, withdrew the bottle
Irom his bar-room, threatening at the same lintel°
horsewhip him it ever he seta toot over his thresh 7
" Poor drunkard'." mused the stranger, as he
rode past the neat cottage of the reformed man a
couple of hours afterwards "As the case now
stands, you are only railed as by tire. All latir,all
protection is on the side of those who are engaged,
in enticing you into sin, and destroyin4 you, body
and soul. hilheir evil work they Mrafree course.
Out for you, unhappy wrerchel,' after they have
robbed you of worldly goods„.and even manhood
itselt, are provided pri4onymid pauper homes !
And for your obildren"--4 dark shadow a.vept ovatr
the stranger's face, and a shudder went through his
frame. "Can it be a Christian country in which I
live, and such things darken the very sun at noon
day 1" he added, as he sprung his horse into a
gallop, and rode swiftly on.
(y- t , I hate good ear, a wonderful ear l " . eau
*conceited musician, in the amuse of oonvines.
"So b ee a irckaas," replied a bystander.