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Fire. 1414 Free speech, Free Men!
ir..a•ir Air Free Turner/.
E. 0. GOODRICH, EDITOR.
Tuwiuda, Wednesday, - March 21, 1819.
(Kt. For the information of those who are indebted.
and wish to remit their does,, tee would dale, that
postmosfers are authorWal by law to frank moneys.
and all persons can take odwintage of Ike privilege
eft our risk—the receipt of the pastourster will be
taken as cadence of payment.
Iliketh liranels Canal.
We have no .further news in regard the North
Branch Canal, than that contained in the fetter of
a our HarriAburT, correspondent. At ore rani ad.
view., the bill• hail not been reached.
C aaall ilipport.
Upon our outside will be found the Report of the
Committee of ways anti means, io the Pennsylva
nia Legislature, with an appendix.. This documer
comprises more information intoe r3:l to,:the North
Branch, and the extent• of the market which it
would open to our great staples, than has ever be
fore been offered t i c. the public. Its circulation
ihroughout the state, will be of immense benefit,
in dissipating the ignorance and hostility which
abound in relation to this great work. It will rich
ly repay a careful perusal from every person into
whoise hands it may fall.
We need•hardly say in this community that, this
adds still more to the debt of gratitude which the
friends of the North, Branch
. owe to C. L. WARP,
for his unwearied and persevering efforts towards
eflecting its completion, and for advancing the in
terests and welfare of the North..
Dlr. Clay's Latter.
Mr. Clay's letter on emancipation', addressed to
IL Pilule'', Esq. dated New Orleans, Feb. 12, is
received. It occupies two columns of the Tribune.
fle advocates the gradual abolition of Slavery in
Kenttiny. That a period should be fixed, say 1865,
when all born after that should be free at the age
of 25. All born before it, remaining slaves for
life, but liable afterwards to be hired out for three
years by the authorities of the State to pay fur their
transmissionfo Africa. The offsprings of those to
be free at 25 to be free from their birth, and appren
ticed for 3 years to maintain the colony, until the
eonwoeneernatit of die system. All the legal rights
of the pmprietors of staves, to remain unimpaired
and unrestricted. The annual transportation of all
born after a specified day—upon their arrival al
the prescribed age—to the colony. ie• be contin
ued until the separation of the races is Complete.
Gliazoi in the librettos Law.
The following act of the Legislature, adopted at
its present session, changes the form of voting, in
this county. The change is a salutary one, and
will do away with a great deal of the trouble here
tofore experienced, where a dozen different offices
are to be filled, and as many ballots to be used :
Sacr. I. Belt enacted by the Senate end House
of Representatives of the Commonwealth of .Penn
sylvarna its General' Assembly met, and it is hereby
enacted by the ambority of the same, That it shall
be lawful for the qnalitled voters of the counties of
Adams, Bedford, Dauphin. York, Lascaster, Frank
lin, Cumberland, it radford, Centre, Greene' and Erie,
from and after the passage of this act, to vote fur
all the,candidates for the various public offices to be
filled at any election on one slip or ticket. Provi
ded, The office for which every candidate is voted
for shall be designated as required by the-existing
Jaws of-this Commonwealth.
Sacs. 2. That any fraud committed by any person
voting in the manner above prescribed. shall be
punished as similar frauds - are directed to be pun
ished by the existing la,ws of this Commonwealth.
The Committee appoiated by the Senate, have
reported unfavorably to the, eligibility of Gen.
Shields, the Senator elect from Illinois on ardount
of his not having been naturalized the required
length of time. Gen Shields resigned his seat—
but the Senate refused to inform the Governor of
illiuois'of his resignation, and adopted the report of
THE Woruturn FA anEa.—We bare been favored
by the publisher, with the first number of the
Working Farmer," a publication, as its title in
dicateK, devoted to the interests of those who till
the soil. It is edited by Professor Mapes, whose
name is a certain guarantee that the work will be
ably'austained. We recommend it to the patron•
a.;13 ut farmers. It - is published by Kingman and
ti. V. city. at the low price of 30 cents a
near for a single copy.
A CIDENV.-31r. George Thrasher of Cherry town
ship, came to his death, on Monday last, by being
precipitated from his wagon, while his team were
running. He was descending a hill, and his horses
becoming ungovetnable, lac away, throiring him
ni is supposed ender the wagon. Re. lived but a
few minutes after being d6eovered.
To Orrice Scexcas.—President Taylor has di
rected all applicants fee office tooppty to the flies
of the nevem' Departments, who will submit the
appriztionsin Min at the time. The New
eahinet Ministers, except the Secretary of War,
took the- oath of office on Thursday, and eatercd
iyan their respective &met.
Beni FoeNu.—Thelxiity of lir. Ju o.k, of Do
ted township, was found, on Friday last, in the ice
at Bonners'ecbly, a abort distance below, his trvi
ticace ljg i bpcn niifzing
.some time; when
- last seen, he wascrossmg ,he river in the evening,
in a canoe, aad it d soppmetl fell into the water,
Mrs. Maria J. Ilentbel has been 4ppoitl'ed raft'
niistres3 of Allentoirn, in place of E. R.. Newhard,
resigned. Mrs. IL is the widow of the late 11.. n.
Juhu• W. fbrnbeek, and luis &large family depend-'.
entonher for support.
Tat VALIDrrY of Mr. HANN cost's appointment m
raster to Prussia, is questioned, in consequence
its being made on F mday.
Tat " ELSTON DEMOOLAT & ARCM," COMICS to
us greatly improved in appearance. It is now one
of the neatcat of-our exthinges.
THE WARREN TRP,O3II-3Y.
*1 . A, •
ti V*ll 6
jut 014•fistoi , . , its ~ . , -
*mime hpoine utridistif. , •
, ir t
lo INGO the 40ilini' +V a napinalral.
iras , ittaident`jof WY inttead
tfrw - altoarldfip; kid we'rejoice to Team, iharone
of tho 'children became alarmed at her inher'scon•
3luntriiiioled - freirilini - houneTtlierebfesnittartie'
borrible.death which overtook the two younger.
In a letter written to-the Tribune, from the scene
-of this awful affair, under date of March 1I,• we
find the following painculaia: , . ,
" I have just, returned front the scene Or le blest
horrible h agedywhich.took place Jest night. About
midnight Mr. Vlliam Manning of this place saw a.
blaze of light in the direction of the house of Charles
Cop bin, one of his immediate neighbors. Re. at
once save the Alarm and hastened toward it. , Lie
found bulb house and barn wrapped in the der tir
ing flames., it appears that there were at the 'me
only three persons iu the hoose;Mr. Corbin a his
two sons, one seven and the other thirteen yea of
age. Judge of the horror of the benevolent ne gh
bur, when he saw that the room occupied by tbe
childrea had just fallen in, and oh the straw
not yet consumed, lying among the ruins, were Abe
disfigured and scarcely recognizable-remains of-the
two bop their limbs were aiready burnt to ashes.
The body of their wretched father lay near them, on
his k, his body similarly mutilated by the fire.
It late to stay the conflagration. As soon
as possi t most formless cinders were remov
ed. It could then be seen that the father had cut his
own throat after firing his house. There is no doubt
in the minds of the neighbors that he first killed the .
children or stunned them - by a blow on the bead
Ile also tied up eighteen head of cattle and one
horse in the barn previous to setting it on fire.
" The motive of this fearful crime is thought to
have been a'brutal ferocity excited by hatred of his.
innocent and affectionate wife. He had often threat-
ened her life, and last Thursday, alarmed at blame
eaces, she escaped and went to Owego. He then
went and on pretence that his wife was dangerously
ill, persuaded his daughter, who bad also fled from
his cruel y some months before, to return to the
house. There he confined her, treating her like a
Send, until yesterday afternoon, when with difficulty
she agairr escaped. Immediately after, be must
have proceeded to carry out the horrible purpose
whose results 1 have above described."
The same paper also publithes a letter from its
correspondent, written after the Coroner's inquest
had been held. The letter Says that about five
hundred persons congregatedlat the district school
house to view the blackened irmains. It relates
the following circumstances, Which afford some in
sight into the motives which may.have prompted
Corbin to the perpetration of this dreadful act :
" Finding that her life was in constant jeopardy
mm the brutal habits of her husband, Mrs. Corbin
left his roof several years ago, with the firm deter
mination never to return to it again. After a sepe
ration of some months, Mr. Corbin sought and ob
tained the intercession , of some of the most respects-
Me men in the town, who, directed h 3 aim, promis
ed that he should buy back the farm which be bad
in the meantime sold, and have half of it deeded to
her—that he would drink no more whisky, and that
his futare,treatment.of her should be that of an af
fectionate'husband. All this was done, and she re
turned. Everything went on smoothly for a little
while, but the confiding wife neglected to-have the
"One evening, while under the influence of drink
be got possession of it. and thrust it into the stove;
supposing that he had thus obtained his end. with
out the sacrifice of half his farm. It happened, how
ever, ihat when his eldest son opened the stove to
make the fire in the morninglbilowing, he found the
deed unscathed, and returned it to his mother. This
appears to have been the cause of the late tragedy.
He never knew that the deed was found-unburned
by Ms son, and that it was recorded, till the day fol
lowing his wife's last flight, and also the day before
the dreadful act. This is a proof that a hellish re
venge upon his wife, was the motive of the deed.'
A further account appears in the.Owego Gazette,
which contains some additional particulars, and be•
ing still more definite, we publish it in full:
" Oite . of the most terrible tragedies which it has
ever fallen to the press of this region to relate, oc
curred on Saturday night last, ip the town of War
ren, Pa.. near toe Montrose turnpike, about 10 miles
from this piece. , The house and barn of Charles
Corbin, welt known to maby of our citizens, were
burned to the ground; and beneath Me ruins of the
house were found the corpses of Corbin himself
and two of his children ; while eighteen head of
cattle and two horses--beingeverything in the shape
of live stock upon the farm—were burned to death
in tha - barn ! And what is still more shocking than
all the rest, it seems to be reduced to a certainty by
the factS elicited on the Coroner's inquest, that Cor
bin applied the incendiary torch to his own build
ings, then murdered his children by cutting their
throats, as appeared evident by the clotted blood
'beneath their bodies, and immediately after applied
the death stroke to his own throat with a razor which
was found near his 'body !
"ft appears that in consequence of Corbin's abuse
and cruelty to his wife, she had several times left
him ; and that she had been absent some weeks
previous to this awful occurrence, under the fixed
determination Dever again to live with the inhoinan
wretch who had so frequently violated every.obliga
rion belonging to the matrimonal relation. Enrag
ed at this, it would seem that he determined to take
his revenge by this terrible destruction of his pro
perty and his children, and then putting an end to
his own existence,. He immediately set about the
work of preparation—came to this village one day
test week, and carried home a daughter who was
living in the falsify of Mr. Ripley, telling her on the
way, that something would happen before Sunday
morning that Would create more excitement in
Warren than anything which had ever occurred in
that town before. In the latter part of the week he
was noticed to be collecting all his farming utensils
into his barn, and the daughter became alarmed.)
and proposed to a younger brother that they should
run away, telling him that shot feared their Zather
was going to murder them.
" On Friday night, suspicious of her design, her
rather slept with her clothes under his pillow, which
still more excited her suspicions. On taturday, she
urged her brother to go away. giving him money as
an inducement, and proposing to watch her ()ppm
,tnnity toses.cape with the young child, a boy. The
hop however, dot participating in her apprehen
sions, declined going, and she finally started alone
screw the fields in the direction of the woods—her
father pursuing her after she had got a few rods the
start—and stepping behind a tree until he had tun
past her, she took another direction, and succeeded
is reaching a neighbor's house—thus, no doubt,
saving herself from the fate of her two brothers,
Loth of whom she exerted•hersolf to the utmost to
- save from the murderous hand of her unnatural pa
" Corbin was a farnier,ln good circumstances as
to property ; but was a man of violent temper, and
soniewhat addicted we nuderstand to drinking. Jo
sand y is nut urged in extenuation of his terrible
crimes, as we have heard; but it is generally be
lieved that his ruling motive was rcreuge upon his
wife, whom he had driven from his hobse
.by h s
We believe the above details are eorrect in the
Main, bat pmfiaps highly colored; while the char
ges preferred against Corbin, are merely presump
tive. There isn.co direct proof that he imbued his
hands in the blood of his own children—that he
applied the torch to his property—and thus doubly
dyed in guilt, by Lis own hand hurried to the pre
sence of his Maker. Circumstances Certainty go
very far to favor such a conclusion. It is
. not pro.
bable, however, that: the mystery which enshrouds
this dreadful deed, willever be unveiled to our
view; or that any, except the One from whom no
thing is . hidden,. were witness to it, or will ever
have a knowledge of the. motives which prompted,
or the hand that consumilnated, a - ilccd so repug
rant tollur better 'nature.
The deed, of which the Tribune's•conespondent
411111k8.11nd W . kek,,itkeupposed to hate been in tt a
leest*essete tbir*se of this Wimpy Isfair-in
Z p i litt ti s tiskOcon*es office, at woo* ano
tom op Corbin, upon sitti*Aiti it
u Magi its destructiouletts*
•, tent• it • •••
!_rms,".4planed them in the eteee•!s In the
Looming, they were found untouched by the fire,
Atekwetejoelr.* up, and !placed and fastened
together, by his wife. The deedi tiers then sent
to be recorded. A day or two before the tragedy,
he wascalled upon for the fee for recording, which
was the first intimation he had of thee deeds being
•in existence. He,' however, manifested:no, very
great feeling of either soil:wise or angei itut . wife
herself ptecured him the money-10 pay; kw die •re
cording, but which hs used, for the -purpose 'of be
coming intoxicated, and so treated her, that she
was obliged to reek the protection of the neigh
bors, where she remained until the tragic termina
tion of his existence.
Correopoubstue from 4arrisburß.
The. North Branch eansd—Mr. Balls amendment—
.. .dtainuitsd discussion, and its adoption. "
•' • II 'twirl alit, Usual 12, 1849.
The Bill for the completion of the North Branch
was taken op in the House of Representatives on
Saturday last, and the amendments all voted down.
The main question resuming on the first section of
the original Bill, a motion was made by Mr. Ball of
Erie to amend by the striking-trot all after the en
acting clause and inserting au entire new bill, (a
copy of which Isend you.)
• [The amendment of Mr. Ball, is quite lengthy
and as it will doubtless undergo many alterations,
we have deemed a sumary o its provisions au&
cleat, at presanta
The bill provides, that the banks may issue ten
per cent. of their capital in smell notes, provided
they loan to the Commonwealth $1,200,000, at in
terest of two per cent. payable in twelve years. The
entire revenue of the North Branch Canal, after
completion, is pledged for the redemption of the
loan, and the balance after that to form a sinking
The notes to be payable in specie al the counter
of the bank, and are to be countersigned and regis
tered in the office of the Auditor General.
Every bank asking for re-iustatment of its capi
tal, shall be required to subscribe-fifty per cent. of
their increased capital to the loan, and all banks
hereafter incorporated shall subscribe fifty per cent.
of their whole capital.
The amount loaned, 81.200.000, is to be drawn
nut in three annual instalments, and the Canal Com
missioners shall put under contract one-third of the
work, commencing at Lackawanna, and a like ex
tent, adjoining the part fir ,t put under contract, next
year, and the balance of the work during the next
season after. •
On this question a spirited discussion arose, and
assumed a party shape. The Whigs sustaining
the amendment, and nearly all the Democrats vo
ting against it. It was evident that the whole mat
ter had been concocted by the friends of the Whig
Governor, as a party measure, and eraeriesq,med to
force the Democratio members to vote in favor of
the Banks and small notes, or take the responsibil
ity of defeating the North Branch. The members
from Bradford and Mr. Little of Wyoming, chose
rather to safer the evil of small notes than to de
feet a measure pregnant with important interests to
their constituents, and voted for the amenement,
which was adopted by a vote of 48, to 42. The
question next pending was on the bill as amended,
but before this was taken the House adjourned till
to day : and this being petition day the but has
not been reached. It will probably be celled up to.
morrow and decisive action, taken upon it. It is
not looked upon with mach frivor even by the friends
of the North Branch. The Bank men and whip
politicians appear most ansious about it. It may
possibly pass in some shape, but it will in all prob
ability undergo very material alterations and amend
STE/3480AT KEPI/MON AND Loss or Lter..—Mr.
Granville Young, who was an eye-witness to the
melancholy cau sally, has politely furniseed ns with
the news of the explosion of the steamboat Woods
man, last evoning at Bayou Sira landing, confirm
ing oar despatch published above. The accident oc.
cuffed as the boat was pushing out from the shore,
about 4 o'clock. The Woodsman was bound for
Red River. She collapsed both of the flues of her
larboard bniler, killing and scalding several per
son+. Our in formant states that three were killed
outright, and that several others were missing
amongst the latter one of the engineers of the boat.
Twenty-five others were dreadfully scalded, some
of whom must die from their injunes—four or five
of them certainly.
The scene is described as most heart-rendering.
Husbands and wives, parents and children, broth.
era and sisters and other relations were crying pit
eously, and calling to one another in the most ag
onizing shrieks. In many instances when these
unfortunate victims were brought together, so wal
-1 ded and mutilated were they it was impossible to
recognise each other.
The steamboat ilecla, Capt. Peter Delmore, was
minded to, and offers word tendered to take the
sufferers and their friends beck to New Orleans;
but it was deemed more practicable to nurse the
wounded on shore than on the boat, this lanpatie
offer wax declined. The citizens of Bayou Sara
we learn, deserve the highest commendation. for
the attentir.n they gave to alleviate the pai.ts of the
suffering and dying.—Picarme.
CM. TRYLOR'ff FIRST FIE ICCUTIT R COMMIIINICATION
—An amusing story it told of Gen. Taylor's first.
essay at - making an Executive communication. It
is customary to appoint a committee of the Senate
to wait on the President of the United Sham' to in
form him that the body had organized and is ready
to receive communications. Gen. Taylor not ac
quainted with this Ginn, sent Col. Bliss with some
nominations while Mr Atchinson and the other
members of the committee were, on their way to
announce that the Senate was ready to receive any
communications. The General. shocked that he
bad kept the Senate waiting, as he thought, started,
turned round, an:l exclaimed. "Where is Bliss?
sent trick 4e nominations by him two hours moo."
Mr. Atchinson bit his lips to prevent a smile, while
the bystanders were highly amused at the native
chagrin of the old General that Bliss had kept the
Senate waiting. /
Simms° Orraane —A reveciable young lady
of Weedsport, N. Y.,. started on foot for Jericho,
about two miles distant, last Wednesday. -She was
followed by two ruffians: When she entered a
grove ahiswas seized by them and borne into the
woods, Her cries of murder," were fortunately
overheard by two gentlemen who happened to, be
passing, but not until the wretches had accomplish
ed theirpnrpose. She returned to Weedoport. and
while making a complaint, recognised the ruffians
passing the office. They were arrested, and com
mitted for trial. We trust they may atone for their
crime by a ten years service in the State Prison.
ASSZAINLING OF. CALIFORNIA E3IIGFANTEI IN AR
eAraus—The emigration to California overland is
enormous, The Union has a letter from Fort Smith.
dated Feb. 13, which says that at that place and
Van Buren 10,000 crntrants will muster. -
I:arifigrroif!- 410 eni4i$ ' seat4oe a
gAtli Ofaferpolif die an ten‘t of eoarroo
aeVielkOthef l ibm4A l of fiitinayleAtiladutd
aid 'boilig, a illative thit. elite, T'Arnseett -with
This able report does honor alike to the heart and
head of the Hon. EsPerinMadeat, - he -has tearlessly
and easitestly urged upon the inhabitants of the sev
eral districts to set about the work of rendering
their system of education more efficient. lie rec
ommends, among other things, it.e frequent assem•
tiling of the teachers of each sounty'or the
capacity, of convention, Associations, or institutes.
Permit me sir to call the attention of your rea
ders to this recommendation of secretary Haines,
" Like Priest like people," has long ago passed
into a proverb, and, like teachers like school, is
equally trite. Every person who has bestowed
any thought on the suldect, is ready to allow that
the only effectual means of improving the schools,
and elevating the standard of popular education in
any country, is to elevate the standard of qualifica
tions required of the teachers, and then give these
teachers encouragement that will stimulate them
to acquire the required qualifications.
Perhaps no one cause has contributed more to i
the elevation of the common schools of the state
of New York,ffian the meetings here recommended.
Almost every county in the state now has its,
Teachers Association, that meets several times in
each year, to consul upon the business of *inching.
At these gatherings of teachers, matters pertaining
to education are discusied, and the difficulties,
perplexities and troubles of those present are talked
over. The older and more experienced 'impart of
their capital of knowledge and experiense to the
new beginners in the profession, (for, it is now be
gining to be considered a profession) and these in
their turn stir up the zeal and ambition of those
who have long been engaged in . training the im
mortal mind for " weal or for wo," in time and
through eternity. Thus all are benefited. If one
is more successful in teaching any:one science than
-another, that knowledge becomes the common
property of all, and all feel an interest in the ad
vancement of the cause of education, not in their
own districts or towns only, but, through the length
and breadth of the whole country.
Parents too, aften attend these social meetings of
those who are exercising such, a controlling hill*
ence over their beloved, (but so far, as education
is concerned, frequently sadly neglected) offspring,
and are sometimes led to take a more active part
in the cause of popular education, "Like begets
like," and if parents see teachers zealously engaged
for the improvement of the schools, then, sooner or
later will drink into their spirit. There is also a
State teacher, Association, which i meets annually,
where more or less teachers attend from every
county in the state.
Teachers of every grade of qualifications meet
here on common grown:3 4 ,lmm 'the humble unob
trusive 4, School marrn," who wears out her life in
an old leaky log school house, for six shillings per
week, to the Professor of the seminary and the
President of the college, and they greet each other
as they come together at the anniversary of this As
sociation with a cordiality that shows that they con
sider themselves coworkers in the great work of
educating the rising generation.
These friendly meetings of those engaged in the
same employment, this commingling of teachers of
every grade, this heart felt sympathy for each others
troubles, well nigh out-weighi the trials and perplex
ities of the teachers for a whole year. The most
experienced educators of the state and of other
states enlighten, advise and instruct those less ex
perienced, by lectures and reports, and this state or
ganization is .doing incalculable good, by calling the
public mind to the subject of popular education and
in binding together the teachers of the different
classes of schools, in an indiseolvible bond of friend
Tioga, Feb. Bth. 1849
CHARGE snsiner MR. CALIIRIVRT.—Senator H 00 4 ,.
ton, in a remakable address to his Texas (=stile
ents, published in the Washinmon Intelligeucer,
has come out on Mr Calhoun with a series of ex•
unord inary charges which if true, must strip the great
Southern orade of the respect and admiration he
has so long and widely commanded. kla accuses
Calhoun of an inonfiato ambition, to which he is
willing to sacrifice the Union—and to crown which
he hopes to break the Union and establish a south.
them confederacy, of which he shall be the bead.
/le charges him with sacrificing the South by the
compromise of his nullification scheme at a moment
when, as Mr. Clay told him to his confusion but for
that movement, the protective system of the North
was no more—that it would have, been annulled at
(ho very next session of Congress. He charges
him with fickleness and falsehood as a politician—
asserting that Mr. Calhoun as early as during Mon
roe's administration, concurred 'with Mr. Monroe:a
cabinet in the policy of restricting slavery from all
territories where it had not been authorized by law.
He proves Mr. Calhoun another Wilmot upon the
proviso of 1787.
More and worse than all these charges, he limo.
sea him of taking advantage of his position as a
cabinet minister to abstract from the archives of the
nation his written opinion endorsing the restriditm
of skivery. At any rate all such evidence of his
former opinions, have disappeared from the files of
the departments. We regard this address midi its
charges, as the most remarkable document of the
day. It shows Mr Calhoun in an unenviable light
—as a man reckless of everything to serve his am
bition. What rejoinder it will call forth remains to
be seen—it will hardly be left unanswered.
Fiat .—Warren, Pa., has been visited by a severe
conflagration. The Exchange Building, w hich con
tained the stores of Messrs. Taylor & Amen, S. L.
Axtell, Balser & Hunter, S. G. Steven's tin shop and
store, A. H. •Sr. T. L. Summertou's tin shop, and prin
ting office of S. J. Goodrich, the shoe shop of F.. N.
Ewers, occupied by N. Ford, the tailor shop of H.
L Church, County Treasurer, Dr. Stranahan'soffice,
and B Nesmith's saddle and harness shop—is a
mass Of smoking ruins. - The fire broke out on the
Sth inst. between • 3 and 4 o'clock A. M. it was
first discovered la the south west end of the build
ing recopied by 'f.ayka. & Arnett. There was no
insurance on any part of the budding or its contents .
The loss is estimated at 520.000 to $30,000. .
FLASH IN THE Pax.—The Southern Slavery egita.
tors do not (mays find, among the people, the de
sired response to Mr. Calhoun's address. At Macon
Ga. a meeting held on the 3d inst. to echo tract the
thunder, Idler brig and strong preparation, was at
tended by twenty-six men and boys. It was- ad
journed to the next Thursday night, when the cir
culation of a report that some distinguished speaker
would be them, kedneed together an audience of a
hundred and fifty, all counted. As no such speech
es were made, the assemblage heard and adop
ted the report of the Committee of twenty4,ne pre
viously appointed, and then incontinently diEssolved.
A CprrassaLot Goste..—.The Montrose Register
of the Bth says : Mr. John Adams, of Harford, in
that county, died at the residence of his son Mi. Jas.
Adams of that place, on Tuesday morning. Feb.
27th, aged one hundred and four yearn. He was
prubably the oldest man in that region ut the State.
UTEZ 11ID orriwr IS OM CAUFORNIL
It WOMB OriPki
1. 4) 4T H 0 4 . " INEXHAU SI.
snail lthrleas K_"i st
;,a • §4
t (NISMX. Y. Trilasee m — r 144
W give bermr•ma extracts from letters % . 0
coiled from San Patchier) by one of the oldest.
/Melt 44,1*lchILEMPeciiiblikhigfkratPS* 4 - 814 . 41 4;
rxmununicateiT kir - 1W Tribune by'the parties to
whom they were addressed. be seen tha•
they fully confirm the most exciting accounts as to
the richness of the mines and the' quantities in
which the gold has been procured by individuals.
:The w i ther has been foreighvor ten years the Cali.
'fOrnia correspondent of the house in question, and,
as we are assured
_by its belays:a !ban of the most,
Sound, cautious and reliable character. We Ea
that any person airship , * toknove the names of the
parties can have them 47 applying at the publics
tion office of The 71-ilmisnei and• so commend our
readers to the consideration of the letters:
Sax• Fassiasid Dec. 1, 1848. •
* * is The prices obtained
for goods here are enormous. Were Ito quote, it
would not be credited.
You will undoubtedly have heard of the great
discovery of gold in this country—a discovery
which is destined to produce a greater excitement
throughout the United States, if not throughout
Europe also, than any event which has happened
The amounts of gold obtained are truly astonish.
ing, and the quantities every day brought to this
place equally so.
Every article of food and necessity is of course
very high in the Mines. Flour has been sold at
$24 the lb.; four quartsof Wheat for a horse have
brought SS; Boots, t 175 per pair; Pork far per
The wages of Carpenters are $lO per day; corn.
mon laborers earn $8 a day or *1 an hour; a Cook
$6O to $lOO per month.
Brandy fetches 4 ox. gold for a bottle ; Bread is
$2 per lb. ; Blankets, $BO per pair; Washing is
worth $8 a dos.; Clerks, 3,000 per ann. and found.
Emigration is pouring in from all quarters of the
Pacific, and it is quite Impossible to find a place to
put one's head in.
A room at a hotel rents for *2OO per month. The
commonest hovel or shanty you can imagine brings
$3O to 60 per mouth.
The gold is inexhaustible, and for years to come
immense quantities must continue to be et out,
and a great trade must be carried on between this
and all pans of the world.
The. cargo I brought from. * cost $9,000.
The gross amount of sales from Übe , been $31,000.
My partuttr came with two cargoes, and we have
cleared over $lOO,OOO.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 23. 1848.
* * * Real estate has gone u r here, as
well as everything else. A store and lot I Aid
$17,5110 for, yesterday.
Lumber is worth $l5O per M, and the carpen
ters can earn $lO per day.
. The entire population of Oregon have abandon
ed their crops and homes, and are coming here. -
The Sandwich Islands are deprived of all their for
eign population. Every vessel from any port on
this coast is filling with passengers for this place.
Mr. for merly'Consurat informs
me that two of his servants left him when the news
first came. They have just, returned with $75,000.
Caps : f the Navy who returned fast eve
ning from the mines, informs me of one locality
which has been found where gold is so abundant
that there is no necessity for washing the earth: $7OO
per day is the amount obtained by each man.
Sheath knives are used to dig the gold, and have
sold at the mines for 850 each.
I have conversed with many old friends of mine
who have been at the mines, and gathered large
quantities ; they all say that they only want .two
months more the next Summer, and -- they shall
have enough. ,
Althoegh trier cotratry and, town aretA lied with
gold, no vegetables can be had. We eat but little
else than beef and bread; all , agriculturaloperations
have ceased entirely.
FIRE ° AT COoPERSTOWN.We learn by the Ctwsp
erstown Freeman's Journal, that the M rs. Fhin
ney, of that village, have been visited th another
fire. On last Tuesday morning, a little Tore' five
o'clock, a fire was discovered in two. laces ,in a
two story wooden building, cOntaining he power
press, and articles used in the ;printing nsiness.—
The building, with a large stock of pap
~ the 'ster
etoype plates of the octavo Bible, book in sheets,
the power printing press ete , were' royed.—
There is an insurance 0f55,000, which ill not-co
ver half the loss. . .
The fipe was, no doubt, the work 'of in incemdi•
ary who knew the - premises perfectly. The man
sleeping in the building was aroused twice during
the night, and the tail time 13iseosered the fire.
C. R. C. ,
Kenyon, the man who horribly mutilated his Wife
be stabbing her with a knife iri Allegheny City, a
few nights since is now in jail and is cooly calcula
ting his chances. On Saturday night he asked the
jailor what would , be the probable extent of his
punishment in case his wife recovered, arid when
asked if he did not think when committing the
deed what would be his late had he killed his wife
he replied he Lthad rather be hanged than live the
life he hail done fur three years past." How true
it is that vim brings its own punishment. The un
fortunate woman is still alive and it is thought she
may recover. [Piltsbtirg aoonick, 121 k.
F. P. Blair, Jr. Esq. and L. Pickering, Editor of
the St. Louis Union whO had lately a personal war
fare in the papers, mei in the streets of St. Louis on
Monday. Blair attacked Pickering with an um
brella when'Axith drew ;weapons bat no. harni of con
Sequence was lone. I Blair evidently got the best
of the tight.—[ &missile Jour.
FIRE!—On Thursdaiy morning last, (March I,)
the store of 11 Stowell & Son in Shippen, Tioga Co:
was discovered to be on fire, and so rapid was the
progress of the devouring element, that' all attenips
to extinguish the flames, were ineffectual. The
tire was first discovered abour two o'cloc:k in the
morning— how it originated isunknown.. The loss
is estimated at front ten to twelve thousand dollars,
of which four thousand were insured.
JENVELRY,STORE Roarten.---The Jewelry• stdre of
of S. Ayres in Elmira Was entered on Monday night
(the 12th inst.) and robbed of about $1,500 worth
of goods, consisting of gold and silver watches, sil
ver spoons, pencils, silver ware, &c. Mr. Ayres
offers a reward of 5200 for the recoyery of the pro
perty, and the Trustees of the village' an additional
Accumwr.—G. 0. etteia, Editor of the Freeman,
met with rather a serious accident on Monday last.
He had started down the river on hmee-back
tend to some business pertaining to the E6ei-41s
office ; and when about two.miles from sown his
hoive fell,, throwing him off dislocatir n the left el
bow joint, and bruising considerably his left shoul
der and knee.—thrego Gazette.
Jru CostrumEttv.—One of the very last acts. of
President Polk• was - to"upon the ion of the
ever-lamented Shank, the appointment dl Cadet at
- vVest Point, out of the,number allotted to him He
accompanied this appointment by toe expression of
his high rtgard for the deceased patriot, and the
hope that the- youth might nolfail-to follow the ex
ample of the father. .
GOVERNMENT FURSIMONG PISTOLS To
CAUFORMASS.—On the last nighfof the session of
Congress, $50,000 was appropriated for an addition
_purchase from the inventor. of Coles. improved
repeating pistols, and a joint resolution was adopt
ed, instructing the Secretary of War to furnish these
arms to emigrants going to California, at the. gov
ernment cost prices.
The Hon. John Blanchard, a member of the last
Congress, died in Columbia on the 9th inst, while
on h,s way home fitun Washington. "He reineseu4
ted the sercuteerttb congressional district.
Shodli altattlilike . at gasltow• Splint
f i na l/to p* TkedrellOyal Between si z ty
p te it n iwairiprekLost !
salwaperenug. Feb. 18th, about half.p ar
• 'cleclOne of the most .fearfal catastrophe s 14 1
o sspier occulted in Scotland took place in the Th esin .
Diplop street. - Very shortly aLer the p e , -
iirmanceiallial commenced, an alarm was gai t ,
theta fire had broken out in the upper gillery, and
se t a matter of course the Aiftlience whiels.was,
'iiieritriSia the grilferYcWariiir'Slueli-eiCiied.
• It was soon apparent to the manager that the fi re
had been occasioned by an explotimiant gas ar e a
he, together with the members Of his company, or.
ed their utmost exertions the restore order in whit h
they partially succeeded. Meanwhile however, ti
alarm had been conveyed to the centrapolice GE.
see s and the fire was leriloiut,,,at
theatre' iii 'gnat - Oath - lee° men o p erai i- sn ;
which had the, effect of thcreatoirigite fears of the
people, and a - .ge neral` mil me to the door
in order to escape from the fire which had in fa r i
been previously eatilageishetha :,Despite all rem oo ,
trance the people would be oat, and the teat au
the premature denkofAindiritlutds, beside s f odr
more or less iniureile Irmirauld be vain to attempt
to convey any idea of the scene which the theatre
presented:lu the timeiof ; thei - accident; that cants
bettei be:tined than -exiireseed.- • •
The authorities were veil won at the theatre arid
while assiatiaticelkwelerba recurred, the gallery
st a i r was ascended; when al_one of the land on ,,
places e .nas discoyered a scene of the ..most h 0,71.
'ttejelliMii On : I M:rt and *buten t old.
er r troddesr - undr aided dead int' dyis e
The poor creatures were carried to houses adj oin .
ing, and every exertion used to restore animaticm,
but unfortunately, itieseeileitiOns . were but in few
instances !successful.- Salyer, nisT .. were dead, and
there sent to the Royal ' Infiiinsiry Alio died upo n
the way, and one shortly alter. Eleven per son ,.
slightly bruised were able to be removed to-di en
homes, and others are still is the/ Infirmary i n a
dangerous state. :The el dead bodies. were o r e s
course of the evening, removal to the Clyde strew
Hospital-and there \kept till Sunday morning t o
About 10 o'clock the authorities were at the he s
pital, and it was arranged, tb satisfy the. relative '
of the poor creatures who had been waiting in boo
dreds amunci the hospital during the night, b admit
them. The bodies were spread out on the floor of
the large shed,. and when each relative, fattier,
mother,wife;or other friends were recognized, their
shrieks rent the air. One womaukclaiined three as
her own. Without scarcely a single exception the
sufferers belOng - to the lower class of society, and
are for the most partiads between 14 and 17 ye ars
old ; the only „female amongst the dm! . wa s me
girl-three yearis al age. - .
A gloom has been cast over - the Oily by the ofea r ,
ful occurrence, which it will require some time to
dissipate. The Theatre has sustained no damn
_from burning, as the flame of the gas pine was O.
most instantly eatn,guished.
This theatre: -war built in 1840. It is the most
beautiful and extensive out of London.
CHEMICAL AL-min.—lt is a fundamental pia c i.
ple of all physical knowledge, that we can cream
nothing and deetrornothutg. We may change the
fashion and properties of all things, but to form new
laws of combination or new species of matters be.
longs to the Creator. Hence results the uncommon
energy and extraordinary virtues of Mesons-is
GARGLING Ou., as evinced in the cure of those ob.
stinate diseases which moist the-action of all other
(PRETENDED) remedies and oils. It does not re.
move a disease by- mechanical knee, but by• exci
ling a powerful chemical influence in the morbid
part, atlecting a change in the condition of its els.
merits, and thereby restoring healthy action; and
numerous are the-instances m which- it has bees
known to effect radical and perfect cares, of labia
a number of highly interesting cases could be inttm
duced, but our limits forbid. See adserti-semem ie
an other column, and call on the agent for a pia
REV CRENV, JOHN NEWLAND hlsTsTrr has beta
preachnig•the gopel to the cherokee Indians.
Yasnrer &TAMAN has gone to California to re,
trieve his broken fortunes.
Er Coughs, Colds, Awls:lM, Consumption. Pun Bathe on
and theist, Spitting of Biondi and ail diseases of the Lem
and Itreast, eau be speedily tied effectually cured by that
Dr. ilmaysort Compound Byrip of Wild Cluny.
*Mad the Testlmaomy.
• • ST. Loma. depteMber 7. Ina.
Dr. E. Easterly It have. lama allheted fin shout Om
years with a pulimonaryconimlaint, which has balk the dip
of several of the most eminent physicians of our emmtey. At
men my cough ems very severs,,pain in my Date and breast
and great difficulty itchpriultisc.._ hi this way I emulated to
stiffer, Imbrue became atilost a bunks. A Ilene* I saw) me
advertisement of Dr - deripsetiveceMscie . Ml dyrapef Wild The
ory. and was persuaded by a Mend of Caine to make a mai a
!Wand I .purchased a bottle .of you. lam happy to Mein
yen that one bottle Imo' effected • perfect care, and that I 0 °
slow in, the enjoymentof good health. I make ibis Siettereeat
is the soon of a certificate, that others who may be manned
with each diseases may know where to find a ealuahle Med,
eine. Teo can use this testimony in cotumendation of Dorm
SwitYlle's Compound Syrup of WiidCherry as you IMAMS.
Tours, with respect, Wsi. Came
ODD WORD or Cit - rnrs.—Since the rairiadnetion of my m
ete to the public:. there balms number of unprincipled indiva
nal* gal up nostrums, which they assc rreoniain Wild Cheat
some are milled " " Bitters,. and eves Pimp of
Wild Cherry ;" but •
mine. is the original and only genione
paration rver / introduced to the public. which can be rimed
by the public records of the Commonwealth of Penn sylvsna
The only safeguard against imposicou is to see that my erer
tore is ou each hot* • Da. IL SWAYNE.
Cotner of Eighth and Race sir- Philadi.
For ask. wholesale and retail, ty HIMION t PORTER,
Towanda, and by C. It. HERRICK, Athens,
• • • Married,
n Sh• Mardi 14, by Itrtr. S .J. Gibson, CGARLII3
DAI . to Miss ABBY C. HAWKI.NS, both of Athens.
in East Herrick, March H, LUCY ANN. wik of &mess F.i . ,•
P.. Taylor, aged Xi years. 111 months, 17 days:
In Orwell. Fei.rtiary tr-t,. 1b49, 'Mr EARL Home, in the tld
year of his age.
Illy thedeath of Mr Howe, a wife has been delm[red of n - -.. - 7
alketionate Husband; children, of • kind Patent ;And ess 7.:,
enmity, Ginn upright and worthy member. May the ble-surr -t:
of tiod sanctify the bereavement to the viiifare of all.] Con.
In Orwell. March &SABRA D., thefithreref Win. and Cy anus
Brown, tu . thit tens year of her age. .; 5
“ Weep not for hert-ohe mooed stray •
Like innate on "the sea, q•
When wave to answering wave Imparts st
The mehxty i y , • •
Like rainbow hues, thit leave the earth
To seek the kitintaiii that gave them birth„
• Or the sweet cherub towns that 'bare
Thew bright win gs le the haver 41r.
4 . Weep Doctor her—the glorious banda t .
Of Heaven surround her new ; - .
. .. The -wreath of Immortality - - .
-. • Sin smiling on her brow.
Oh. rather give thy tears to those .
O'er whom long life its shadow ' , throngs.
Moss cares, and griefs, and follies must -
. • Weigisdowit the spirit to the- dust.. i
ADM N ISTRATOR'S 'NOTICE
A Lt. persons indebted to the edits of CLEMENT
PAINE, dammed; late of Tiny Borough. rs
berehy requested to make , payment without dodgy. and
those having-claims agamit amid' estate veiU please pe
seta them duly addicts:hated for settlement.
C. C. PAINE.
M. W. PAINE,
March 16. 1849
WILL bo received. until the Ist day of APRIL
neat„for theBOARDINO of .TWO FEMALES
who are paupers, supported by the Borough of Towan
da. The proposals must be at so much per week, fog
■ year. Payment will no made monthly in rash.
WM. ELW ELL,
Overseers of the Poor.
- March 20, 1849
A LL porton, indebted to E. SMITH & CO.. es
£1 hereby fairly warned that unless payment bmrlo
by the• Bret day of June nest. the d - eantods will he put
in morsels, erlleciion: No respect to proving.
March 21, 1819. E. SMITH s C