Newspaper Page Text
E. Q. GOODRICH, OR.
Towanda,;Wednesday, Aug's' 16, 1848.
DOVIOCRA TIC NOMINATIONS,
Gen. LEWIS CASS, of Mieligu.
Gen. 1V 0. BUTLER, of Kentucky.
Ft"(ANAL CO M 311c410N FR,
Or WESTMORELAND COUNTY
commrrrEEs.. OF " VIGILANCE.—
The Democratic Standing Committee of
Oradford County, have appointrecie following com
mittees of Vigilance for the several election districts
of said county.
They beret), call a Convention of Delegates from
the several districts of said county. to meet at the
borough of Towanda. on MONDAY,the 21st day of
` AUGUST nest, to elect delegated to the State Con
vention at _Harrisburg. on the 30th of August, to
nominate a - candidate for Governor.
The Pornminces of Vigilance will cal) meetings
in their - respective districts. for the purpose of elect
ing said Delegates to the County Convention, on
SATURDAY, the 19th day of August neat.
The reg•ilar annual Convention for the . purpose
of nominating County officers. will be holden pa l
TUESDAY, the sth of September. cn the borough of
Towanda. The Delegates to said Convention, to
be elected onSATURD t Y, the 2d day of September.
The Standing Committee would enjoin upon the
Committees of Vigilance the great responsibility
That rests upon them. and the necessity of discharg
ing their duty faithfully and fully. The primary
meetings should be called on the days named, r
between the hours of 4, and 8 o'clock. P. M., at the
usual place for holding 'said meetings—or at some
place most convenient to the democrats of the dis
trict. Great care should b i e taken that every demo
crat has notice of the Delegate meeting, that all may
have a chance of attending.
COMM. M ATHEWSON,
JAMES H. WEBB,
lOHN HORTON, .111 L,
July 22, 1848
Albany—Deer Ormsby, Joseph lienerdi:
Arrmensa—Rubert Mason. Isaac Williams; '
• Asylum—Elmar Horton. Francis Hornet;
Athens borough—J. E. Canfield, George Park;
• township—N. Edminsted. Isaac Gregory;
Burlington—Morgan DeWitt. J. E. Vosburg ;
Canton—Charles Mock - well, A. Bothwell
Columbia—Hiram Mason. Albion Budd;
Purel—B. Laporte. Wilson Decker;
Franklin—Wm. Blake, Stewart Smiley;
Granville—James Ross, Sylvester• Taylor;
Herrick—lsaac A. Park. 0. P. Caswell;
Leroy—Aaron Knapp, E. A. Bailey;
P. Wolcott, Thomas 8. Merrill;
Monroe--4 Joseph Bra J. P. Smith;
flevreil—::baron C. Anew. C.ok 101407;
Pike—Shekten Paine, Edward Crandall ;
Rorne--4. E. Maynard. Hiram Mann •
Ridgbery—Mark A. Burt. Calvin 6-st
Stnithfield—Marens B. Gerould. C. E. Pierce ;
Springfreld—H. S. t7riiirer, Neah W. Bleu;
Smith Creek—George Hanford. Jas. L Phillips ;
sheshequin—Abraham Darner. m. Campbell;
Standing Stone—Wm. Griffis. F. s, Whitman; _
Springhill—Jerome Green. Benjamin Silvan;
Troy borough—D. W. Herrick...„E. Runyon ;
" f township—Wilber Baker, Allen Taylor, jr.;
Thwiinda bornirgh—W. F. Menardi. C. 7'. Smith ;
township—H. 1.. Scott. rd. Patterson;
illster—Jame Vandyke, James 1.. Canalise;
Waiyen—Ed in Allen, James Bowen;
Windham—Wm. Sibley. Abraham Dunham, jr. ;
Welk--David Pretzman, Daniel Strong;
Wtalusing—Harry Elliott. @famed W. Biles ; •
Wyiioz 7 .B. Strickland, Jr.. Dennis Strope.
Take Particular abattort
The outstanding, accounts of E. S. Gooriatcn and
SON, WWI, be closed. About nine months time has
already been given, and longer grate cannot rea.
Ratably be' expected. The coming September
Court wit/ ga le every one am oportnnify to " square
0;:;r- Pnorn - t-r Rill be taken, if paid during the
Finning September Court ; after wine!), the ready
Juhq Darin' wit! be expected.
Pr•etS•U Mattilags 1a Peramsylvaais.
The . Hmeiklsle Reformer publishes the proceed.
ings of a largt, Free Soil meeting held at that pla're
nn the 3.1 inst. Almost, President, Dr,
If. errory and-John Kelly Vice President; Abut.
Await: and Edwin Foot. Secretari. Rftiolirions
were passed in facet of Free coil, Martin Van Rt
rrn,;and approbatory of Hen. D. K ilteat '
A Convention a-as held at Noristoren, Pa., on the
2211 nil.. 1.. F. Corson, President.
A Weuern Pennsylvania Free Soil Convention
is to be held to morroii.
A *6 and enthasitesie Free Soil meeting was
held al We Chester. Pa .on the Ist of Angus.—
•H xt. David Pans Preside] aserked:b7 marnelons
smsvaccnre Flax AND LORI or Paoritavv.---The
Fire Presidents and Secretaries. David Dudley Nee fork paper„ sire t h e i th ik, w e a immult of a
Field addressed the greeting at great len6nh. fife at 0, 1 Tla nra d a y "A mmon , i n t h e
The Carbondale Democrat brings ludie proceed extensive Brandy Distillery of Mr. E. Muttnns. in
of the Free sod meeting beta in that phiet , on First street. On account of the inflammable 'Milne
26th ult. B Corky of the materials, the flames treed with abinnum"
Vie . ley was elected Presiiir.n, and wilily hem more ewe. ne w / ma n y d ie whole
s E Dimmirk. of Honesdale. addressed the meet- ram" , of buildings, nom posir the Distiller, trete
12. Resolutions was piped in favor of Mania involved in flames The flames spread to two
Yam Roden, and approving in Oowing tens., re . ) alrelli n "'nal bY bk George Black, and
+thence us a kr.re, limber Vent to Mr.
Hens. P. Wilmot's worse. Keefe' the emensisot whirl) added Cad lathe
The Democratic citizens of Washirvon and Fay. coullawation. Considerable he was hilt for some
eto c o p i n i e s m e t at ltroiru s i "H e on th e 3L e 4 h i . stable , ' belonging to Mr. Polly, in vrhich wine be.
tween and StM coin, and the arms of all were
Dr. Gamete addressed the meeting, Richanl
t directed to save the animals, fistenately with me
lt Kinley was chainfian.
eerie cantle abase 58, when the fire, which bad
Free Soil Convention at the Cowl Ikons., in Met- I then oesiebed the stables, compelling them to de
ter on. the 2811 i ult. President. Meaner Cowan. si-4. The fire threatened to estela to mine large
Th e meet i ng was tare?, a n d t h e L eafeAnv pre . I ara e S that were on the stocks. bet the exertions of
tie engsnecompanies movented I. A laseslasesmore
than $51X1,000 is mid to have been samained. The
• A 'meeting of rinse to the extension ' * auff er e n i are Mr. Polly , Mr. Leek and
slavery in Free Terrvosy was held in fluseelbing, . r. intern. Several acciden ts happened to the
Warr/ft' comity, on the sth inst. • Thomas Mastic firemen; but fortunately no tires were boo.
was iLp' pointed President, Archibald Tanner, I see
The friends ofyree Soil met at Washington Pa,
the 4J inn_ and orra nista by appointing Dr.
Sameet lirkeellan President, and W. T. Fleming
and W. S. Wore Secretaries. Strong to
were adopted. -
Tim Cam:lmA r ea for Gammas egotism to inmate.
Fnun imam indications Judge Langitietk.lodge
!:lark. and Hon Win. Ilkgler, vrip bgin the 'nest
reiroh into the. Cayenne!). The lonizer hat the
Pelegates f.cnn lterkc , and Philadelphia city and
NORniCamalna.--Tfrie icsidaivon onion has
ree ifTed a # l .# l 1 0 1 1 .1 0-Mtf at
Whigs havOicval 141:a11 4es tisepAiption
theOmdiaiifor 114 Delaet 4 abltio
t: 111 hmiligome**9learlitity la*
Tile ran* as to the ore is still in dooii .
As far as bond from, the Whig. have It Senators
arid mitntbinierlfis - Nome of' teinaannic *tat
they have gained 3 Senators and 3 inenihers Of he
Istuils.a.--The returns come in oimirtY, and
dieate but little champs in the political complexion
of the Leslature. •
.Itemeemic ticket kc, State 4
ems is elected wittiest opposition. In District IV
lion. Jous *ran-worm is elected to Congress, alter
a warm strtrHe.
Kmr - recra.—Critteaden ia - eleeted Governor by
an MereaseAl majority. The Leginhoure will be
By the proceedings of this body, which we pub
lish this week, it will be seen that the Free Soil
party have placed in nomination MARTIN VAN
/WREN for the Presidency-, and CHARLES F.
ADAMS, 4 Massachusetts, fur Vice President.--
The Ceti% eption is represented as a tremendous
and enthuzgastic assemblage, containing much of
the beet talent of the North.
As the proceedings are looked for with mock
anxiety, oe publish them in full, and defer our
comments for want of space until next week,
Ott.- One of our Senators, with a watchful care
for the political morals of our county, is flooding it
with a most contemptible speech made by Ausburn
Birdsall, the only Traitor to Freedom, in Congress,
from the Stale of New York. Men who owe their
ephemeral elevation to a coalition with the whig,s,
should be careful how they rebuke others, whose
fame and name are far above the reach of their
petty shafts of jealously and impotent rage,
ri.cs•uraNta CL I.T.YATmA.—N e are glad to see
before us a periodical with the above tide, publish
ed' at Harrisburg. The ling number is an overeat
ing and valuable one, mid we recommend the
work to our farmers, as worthy of their patronage.
h is publi4hed monthly at Harrisburg, Pa., by Fos
ter 4. 'Camp's'', at lteiow price of $1 per year.
The rises rs, fee Freemheas t
On Friday lag the Or%-mit bill with an amend
ment by the Senate, extending the rallseonri Com•
promise to ihe Pacific Ckeilll, was called up in the
Rouse, and the amendment negatived by a vote of
05 yeas to 120 nay 4.
(1::7- Cot- Prou.tr - Coanamark—We loam by
the Pennsylvanian ; that the nomination of Col. V.
E. Piollet as Paymaster in the Army, with the
rank of Major, has been confirmed by the Senate.
Mr. Wausofs Seetcn.—We shall give our rea
ders the speech of our Representative in Congress,
next week. It is one dl his mast able efforts.
Wricti's Crams,—lt will be seen by an adser
ti•ement in another column, that Welch's National
Circus pays our town a visit on the 21 of Sept.
E. P. SLUR son THE ataxaritscas —The fact
that this gentleman is a dew °envis elector in this
State has given, in addition to other cirrumstances
peculiar interest to the conflicting statements lately
regarding his views on the democratic itieinin ns in
New Yolk. The followin2 letter farm himself,
which we find in the New York Evening Post,de
tinite/y settles all doubts :
Sti.vca Seat Nos, July 21th, 1848.
To !be Editor of the Emung,Post.
Dear Sir : I find friiin an editorial article it your
paper, that a triend has drawn iaferenes from a
letter of mine, which its contest will not warrant.
.I dunk that the wrong, done New York, by the chi..
cane which silenced the 'voice of the democracy
of that state in the Baltimore Convention, takes
from the nomination of that convention all authori
ty save with those individual members of it who
wer eproqint, and did not then renounce it. 11 was
my intention to hove abandoned it, but the citrons
stances to whirls you have adverted in Tour ed .
rial prevented. I becameparriaps crimson, by par
ticipation in the proceedingstathe close, and i eon
no now plead my own woetT, to exonerate m
I shall vote the norninadtxt simply upon punctilio:
my heart is With Mr. Van Bitten andhis print;
mid I shall not hesitate to say of him and
what I think, notwithstanding soy inveiglement is
the Baltimore Convention
RON. DAVID WiLmicirr.---The DelomooTaitie Unmet,
of ligrrisbur em , thus teaderly peactibes the author
of the "Pr iiso":
" It is with some decree of fain, that we arecoMs.
pelled to mite the continued &affection of thi.:,..ers.
demon. He Inks, however, placed biro 'elf side by
side with Mania Van Buren, and we man prosenbe
him as Lidsie to the political faith in which be was
Now. well wager one of Keevirs best hats, that
before xi: tanoths--or twelve at the faiths's, the
IL:Tristan Uuion, and divers others of the same
son will have discovered that the present pultical
faith of Manin Van Boren and David Wilmot is
the true Jlefleriottian democracy- as moon as 'Mb.
servienne to the Soothes:was to pay. the tanks of
the Banahumess will be tilled to overflowing.—
Piltsberg Daily Dispakft.
Mr. William F. Wyle, a Whis citizen ad Sawn
county, Ohio, write* to Ci•vionoti that there are
mote dui awn &tared Wks in Brown nanaty jags
lilteine—not Liberty men, Ist Slip. pool aid
true. of tho " all awe reboot? who wirsof fir sup
port Gea. Tosior.,--Ponsfratrgi P.
Comsassist Bus Ksosas—;toish est far this
son ot earsemey. The q ia Vie marts is
/away day beatmem, lam" are aside et txrp
per. Alalvaisised with gold and are well ea's:aimed
to '44:i" the moat wary, says tbe. New Taut Star
011111,16 C To conti.,-Tbe recent heavy rains have
bad a very disastrous effect on the growing cure in
Trimester county. Nu. It waz not supposed, bow.
ever, to to irtectsintable.
, • Wiptereiesv, Aug. leh-43
vilkitionWas ., mined to ordotbyhitt
e Pate ns s t a a . thi
coomiliee ou aide the t kgkifirsnini
ThiiionsuOiee dime from each "le peti
fillettelreglialleitilitof the convention anairtmoeiti
lv recommended :—CHARLES F. ADAMS of
Ikastaithusens, as Prr....idelit. That there be one
convention, and one from the District of Columbia,
to be selected by the delegates from the different
states. (The Vice Presidents were subsequently
Sedgerick, N. T., J. F. Soodsrasis Ma,
Chula V. Dyed, ql. , 11. IL *throe%
Thee. Bekaa, T. Tyler, Penn.
as aries of the conventinn : That the follow
ing be recomimended es the mit& of tepresente
lion to be adopted by the convention. _
This convention is assembled in pateuanee of a
recommendation of the tease of Ohio, held at Co •
lambus on the 29th day of June last.
That convention recommended the appointment
of six delegates at large for each state that should
chow to be represented, and three delegates from
each congressional district.
Sever dl states have ftillowed that recommenda
tion, as to the number of delegates, while in other
dates, county and district meetings have appointed
a much larger number than that proposed, and in
some, a smaller number. The committee appoin
ted by the delegations of the several states to con-1
ler upon the subject of organization and representa
tinn, have had :he subject underconsideration. and
tteg leave to submit to the convention the follow
ing rulesto remedy as far as partible, the-inequal
ity that would arise from voting in mass, percapita
or by state.
t. Each state shall be entitled to sit conferees,
to be comprised of its delegates at large if it have
them in sufficient numbers, if not they shall be ap•
pointed by the delegates in attendance from said
2nd. Each com e ncentional district, of a state repro.
seated shall be entitled to three conferees. The
regular delegates of the district shall be such con.
[erects, if enough are in attendance, if not. the num
ber may be supplied by the delegates from said
state, from any persons attending from said state.
.11. The said conferees shall constitute a com
mittee of conference, and shall hare full power to
sit during the sin op of the convention. and to en
tertain and decide finally any question, referral
by the convention. or any qu e stion that shall be
originated in said committee of conference, and
shall hare full power on the subject of representa
4th. Any question in the convention shall be re
kned to said committee, for its fine/. action upon
the demand.of One hundred membent.
The Report was unanimously adopted. when
A committee of two..Mfttsrs. Rathbun, of New
York. and Chase: of Ohio, was appointed to inform
Mr. Adams of hie election and conduct him to the
chair. The President took his seat amid deafening
Thu hallowing gentlemen were named as Vice
Wm. Brethem. Me., J.W." Wright, hid..
L Brainard, Vt., Byron Ki!bourn. Wis.,
J. Attila, Mass.. Wm. Millet, lowa, ,
A. M. Collins. Conn., R. S. Wilson, Mich.,
D. L. Riese I is,'N. J., Robert Gardne-,. Md.,
M. A. Kartiand. N. H , Geo. Craig. Va., . 1
E. D. Gazzam, Penn; W. R. Danford, R. 1.. .
N Spindler, Ohio, A. H. Dickinson. Del SECOND DA 11-41XXIMNO SUMMON
President called to order at 91 o'clock, -and
S. J. Lowe' 111.,
LS. Noble, Dal ' Cel. , called upon Rev. Mr. May, of Syracuse, who
The convention being organized, the President. anen
el the convention with prayer.
invoked the attention bf the audience. to an 1., 1 / 4 sr"Mr Tracy, of Conn , remarked that be had been
tlnent`aPPeal to the throne of grace b y the R ev. Dr- ; Ware! on the committee of resolutions, thus super-
ceding a member of the late wig; party.
At the conclusion of the prayer. which was loi- J . G. E . L amey was a pp o i nte d i n hi s pl ace .
tinted to with profound s il ence, the President ad. Mr. Brie.s, of Ohio, next addressed the corn-en
ds:seed the convention as follows:.
lion at g.eat length, in a vein of much humor.-
Crozzas--It is a matter of deep and i Mr. Cummings of Massausetts succeeded in
heartfelt gratitude to me that I hare been , selected • „p ee d, of
ability, h a l hi, s pe ec h ,
as an unworthy instrument. 00
I nreside over the de- ! hke. that of his immediate predecessor. was so long
liberations Id this great hotly, would alarthtaire " as to be telious-and made every body impatient.
my unfitness *ere it not that I see in the multitud Mr. Berk s hi re , of Vireinia, was called for and
of speaking hires before me, and I feel in the mass ' . sa id h e was one o f t h e ni d e Km o f Virvioia ,
h am .
of sympathizing hearts around me, some security b urners, an d could as spea k muc h . Vi rg i n i a was
that you will all contribute to make my labor light.
Fellow Citizens, you hare all assembled here to. 1 full of barnbuiers ; he wanted to have his "say"
; about this ma s ter, but when the nomination was
day out of pure devotion to a Principle-that Plitt' ' made he would .0 it. He had been tbrixqh
ciple clothed as it has bees, an technical terms. weraem vi rg i n i. s. ar 7d h e k new t h e f ee b le . th ere
which do not express the idea. has eta y regard to ;gas consonant
_with his own. Should Van Laren be
its wI PP° II - The multitude llrat i j see hefrire mei . nominated, he would receive much support ;from
give me assurance of the inlet 'Werke and the vir- f that quarter. He knew no daffere between, Gen.
toe of the people which I never doubted. 1 Cass and
Taylor. Both went for slavery ex-
When the Wilmot Proviso went felt. their in. , tension. Gen. Taylor was watching this conven
eines told them that hdman l il - erly we; in danoer , tam more closely than ever he watched the Move
and the answer is that they see beie• (heer.)- , 'Dents of Santa Anna on the plains of Buena lr ilea
! have been told, fellow citizens, by those who do i A fi er Mr. Berkshire had concluded, the Hutchin
net sympathise.. in this glorious mov ement, that the sons entertained the immense audience with a de-
Wilmot rrovise, *24, after all, nothing but an its I ligh t
song , adapted with great ingenuity to the
shadow, Well, to a certain extent it is an abstrac- ( " mum. I t was rece i ve d w i t h great ent h us i asm
tiro. Bat lam grilling to say what ais not. It is i G en. N ye, o f madmen ne st res ponde d to loud
not Woad oust lisr/ter-s•it is not mass beef and two ' an d repeate d ca ll s, and wid r e sse d ree = ven ti on i n
dollars a d ay - it is not a Mee provision under Pa' ' a speech remarkable fo o l_ horde and wit.
yernrnent a• a reward for services. (larginer.)- 1 Af er Gen. Nye had concluded, the President are
NO : the Wilmot Proviso rises above all these 0 flounced that he had receieed a tsWrapliic des
"men.- it is an abstraction, but so was Mar" patch from a distin.nisherbsan of Cincinnati,
nark. as the declaration of independence; son , amte mi ng the following a d monition :
is wi t h truth , and the idea of GOB al abstraction.
`'Exhibit one issue , one front, one nomination,
Bat it is this abstraction that raises mankind above oornage,
the brutes, t ha t P er irlt- It , is this that rais es
_,_____ . . a Pen - Mr. Head! y oylvania. was called upon to
Pte. an d fellow citizens . it ;is on these arearamen' speak for his state. He spoke in encouraging
, the' we are now rallied to save the country and re- i terms of the progress of free principles in Penney!.
stare it to that possession which it has deserted. vania, and predicted the speedy triumph of that
Fellow citizens, for my Part, 1 regard the Wilmot ; " Proviso,' with which the name of one of her
Proviso ascoveritV a great deal more ground than SOIIS was intimately and honorably associatei.
you ' - 1 regard the Wiltnet Provis°
,a,s a Micbtaii was now called for, and Mr.
senatgle weer right and "wing, truth and sane- : s
at came forward. He mate, he said, from the
hood, between the principle of liberty and the rule I eo f cam.-fr om a sm a ll s t a l e , h e t s m a ll a s . it i s ,
of slavery. Now . , fellow citizens , is the accepted ; three hundred of her sons were here. HS was
time, when we all come together to represent what 1 one who was at Baltimore in IE4I, and was made
our Position is, and how tar the government has • to beliere, that Mr. Van Buren could not be elected
drifted from the ancient landmark which oar fa. I
_ that t h e ta naid. wit most be arceptabie tto the
theta set up. Now is the artefact' time, when we ' Oath T same principle of truckling. sobeervi
are taking anew ct ba"„ r :__ at len of t he n entwel shop-- to the south had prostrated every northern
and if she has tinned fr om her comae, we win to man, true% northern interests---it had prostrated.
put ber back weir. (Applause.)
also. the loved and cherished chief of the,' whig
The question which is now before oat is one party, Henry Clay. When the platform shall be
which involves the ( Inessinn w hether w e 'ball ad - established, we MGM all unite on the candidate
here to the solemn principles of the deriar 4 ll'm ca trany other than one name can 6re the cause
Independence-whether we shall deduce ; govern- thirty-six etectorial rotes to wart upon, let it be
=tot from the consent of
governed- and w hether produced and the bruribuniers would go him, but
jwe shall extend this government Which promotes see where i tem , h e o b ta i ned, b e f ore we itet. He
estice or injustice, in the territories of the west- _ hail h innielf b een a feeble instrument, acting tin_
Why, Whirr citiseus., there questions rise above all I conw i ous i y for the south. at B a l t i more, i n i t ts4,
rrWiu common law. Man. hi a Pnoci, it of,_ n !'"? . ._' i and he desinscl to dowhat be could to atone for his
rah law. and by a principle o f the raw of ""°- w ; mistake. He spoke of Cies, as the man who had
free. No:aeople are authorized knowingly to SOW ! mega northern nem , for of r ice _ a man who . had as
THE SEED OF MORAL EVIL (great applause.) been s
of "noise and confteion.r; to let
The Coristinrien of the United Stales never contemn- 1 the people know his pr i nciples. on vital emotion,
Owed that we, as a peopl e ,.._,,
That a syste m____. 1 bat who will be troubled with "noise anti coati
of ininance, Yet it is a met haw the 'mem rimer' " sion" is NoTernber. He said the people of Allchi
plea that. we bate professed kw several years hare i a mad „ eorahate her recreant son.
been called in question by men in 646 piams-... g a rs
e4 ;V ick
fc . id he had been a
they have been pronounced to be alistraetkmr.. Ves I ii . a the whole ......i mi .... 0ft) .. 1 party. He
they bare been nronounctsl actuidlY fabe! It is : had he of the nomination of Taylor with morri
highly incumbent upon us if we mean to stand by i i eniinn and rivet. He went on at great, tenth.
what our When taught us -- if,__
_we admire„. the pros-), stiowit why no wh4--no northern whig. could
MPles of Locket and the cuananer* of 'lamina
anti i wish any d e ol consisteney votefixTaylor. Na
Sidney, to resist a !system which will carry us i speec h was energetic and impassioned.
back albs writiriv of Sir Rabe” Miner and Phi' Mr. Giddin n was %!airi called in the Nand, and
F. P. Bun.
Fellow citizens, it has corms to this, that we axe
to be tested at these palms and upon the melts of
this election. I finely believe that the work' is
abate to know whether we are may the devoted
eons ofhbeiz, or whether we am gone to give up
the wbok this weasels co sines to men who
denounce our prileiptes. Fellow citizens, we ate
diked, wider a neemeity, which we would resist,
to denounce the °ram, niestion of the old political
Coal al no MeV'"? wofthY of the coankeee of a
people. (prolonged cheete) They have shown
by their netkas t that they have no system of pobcy
eteept ting with earlt other to get plate is the
price of Me Anger. They are sated in one thng,
and that is, to redoes the prineiple of hhetty, and
Aide its existence an this scatinent.
We know the mob of the action of these bodies,
sod now that we bawd seen and mokrstanal what
it i• They are rontesstlin for, we come foment and
act accordingly: Fellow ciiime, what a di
spectacle is presented to those who turn their ev
to amore a true prnimpleis to be carried out. Vre
clam to les cflthase theegli ke..may *site
imOate r liet that agree* we Mesti tan
out p prigeeyties 0 1 . 11.1 "it olit
tharerballe . coatalry are lour nation tad dat,
antkiheri are - omq • *bons 1414
esti* kittkint for mama: manikvikion .44
lion and division which Shall succeed id
as far as any human power can defeat our men.
isaokiog at theLmtat of their _ Imo eciPTerliMk
' thei *tainted' a ennetiking
de of division, they suppose that we who come
I here, are in just the same positicin with themselves.
(laughter.) They do not understand the difference
between themselves and its, yet. They do not un
derstand 111 utt they are fighting only for expediener,
Ind expeilliag nothiug but place.
Bw here_sre have come usesber with an Ann • .
ionsand ait desire to midi out p . _f
on which we shall arrive at Math, and then re-unite
in its support. They do not understand that we
come here to set up a standard of freedom and troth.
EVERY THING FOR THE CAL - SE AND NO
THING FOR DIEN ! ! (Loaf a .) Let your
deliberations then proceed, aannrdl may the divine
blessing rest upon the/era, so that we may here
make one step forward towards the consummation
of a model Cumin-ass Rcrestac. •
The address of the President was livened to with
deep attention, and in conclusion was responded' to
by enthusiastic cheers hum countless thousands of .
Mr Butler, of New York, moved a committee of
three fmm each gate, and the game from the Dis
trict of Columbia, to report re•olntione for the con
sideration of the contention. The committee is as
New ior&—B. F. Butler, kueph L White, H. B
Alaine--D. Farnsworth, Alfred Johnson. Janies
Jew HampiAire--J. G. Holt, W. A. Marston, , G.
MastirAuseits--S. C. Phillips, Charles Sedgwick,
Vermont—J. Polamb Ashbel Peek, Daniel Ro
Connerlicift—W . N Burieigli, C. W. Philleo,i F
Rhode lekmd—W. G. Hammond.
New Arry--John W . Stout, W. Dunham, Geo
Permaylvarna—E. D. Gazzaun, John C. Wells,
.Ohio—S. P. Cha‘e, E. S. Hamlin , W. A. Rogers.
Maryland—Edwin Thomas, J. E. Snodgrass, T.
DI. of Cohrarbus—C. L Noble.
lndiana—S. C. Stevens, S. A. Huff, S. Hoover.
inois—l. N. Arnold, Wm. Lovejoy, Thomas
U Ham Crocker, I. C. Mills
./oresi--W dhows Miller.
R Clarke, H. N. Ormsby, S. F
Delairare—Jacob lime y . A. H. Dixon.
Mr Giildino,s, of Ohio, being call for. addressed
the convention, and was followed by F.D. Culver
and Benj. F. Butler of New York.
After the announcement that the conkreesaft
pointed by the delegates of the several stater in
obedience to the recommendation of the committee
on or;ntiztion, worild meet at the court house at
if o'clock, the convention, at 6i o'clock adjourned
to 9 o'clock to-monovr morning.
way for the net
Mr. Ruder. ofNerr York, then came foreimd, and
abler mating that the committee on resoltrians bad
unanimously agreed on the report he was' about to
submit, presented the following rtsohmoce :
Wheless. we hare assembled in eoneeation as a
osiers of freemen, for the sake of freedom, forgetting
all past pohucal diferaeets in • tomato° ft:solve
to maintain the rights of free labor.againpt the ag.
gression of the sieve power. and to SeCtillt Free
Soil fior a five people:
And whereas, the polities' costrentioni recently
assesibled at Saltimpere and Ffithicletphia. the ose
staling the voice of a gicatecestitamsey. cautimito
be %sedate its deliberations, and the ocher aban
.lrumg &gown re prieciries for DIM' itradtbiti-
with his usual ability, bat late
of the committee co lenge-
ty, have thssolved the national-party organ' lions
heretofore existing, by nomiasuing for the chic a.
gistracxof the United States, under slave-holdin
406ititmi candidate neither of who
r Cadge sMs.
paned b thetiPpotheits of deity etztensilli, w
Old w *o 4 * . edildsieneY9 dgey and?el*skei:
41111.1-11Kierwtmime nominations so'
shit and demonstrate the;nehliwityjf
*0 maim of* under the haanecof
lemotureey, ii - asoltimand anal dechinititSof their
independenre of the slave power, and of their fixed
determination lo rescue the federal goveramentfroto
Resolved, therefore, that we, the people, here as
sembled, remembering the example of our fathers
in the days of the first declaration of independence,
putting our trust in God for the triumph of oar
cause, and invoking his guidance-in oor endeavors
*advance it, do now phial otirselves upon the na
tional platform of freidom, in Opposition to the sec
,llQmal P lzi f o n 3l 4,4 l 4rgrl,,-, • -„
Resolved,Viat sliteery to the "several 'stater of
this Union which recognized its existence, depends
u p on stale laws alone. which cannot be repeated or
modified by the federal government. and for such
laws, that government is not responsible. We there
fore. purpose no interference by Congress with sla
very within-the limits of animate. '
Resolved, That tbe proviso of Jeffersonjo prohib
it the existence of slavery, after 1800, in all the ter -1
Movies of the Uni:ed states, southern and northern ;
the votes of sit, states ani sixteen delegates, in the
Congress 0f1784, for the proviso, to three States
and seven delegiies against it; the actual exclusion'
of slavery, from the northwestern territory, by the
ordinance. of 1787, unanimously adopted by the
states in Congress; and the entire history of that
period:” clearly show that it uas the settled policy
of the nation -not to extend nationalize or encourage
but to limit, totalize and discourage slavery.; to
this policy, which should never have been departed
from the government ought to return.
Resolved, That our fathers ordained the constit
ution of the United Slates in order among other
great national objects, to establish justice, promote
the general welfare, and secure the blessing of lib
erty ; but expressly denied to the federal government
which they created, all Constitutional power" to de
prive rty person of life, liberty-or property without
due legal process.
Resolved, That in the judgment of this Conven
tion Congress has no more power to make a slave
than to make a king :—no more power to institute
or establish slavery, then to institute or establish a
monarchy:--no such power can be found among
those - speeifically conferri-d by , the constitution, or
derived by any just implication from them.
Resolved, That it is the duty of the federal govern
ment to relieve itself from all responsibility for the
existance or continuance of slavery, wherever that
government possesses constitutional authority to'
legislate on that subject, and is thus responsible-for
Resolved. That the true, and in the judgmetit of
this convention the onry safe means of preventing
the extension of slavery into territory now free, is
to prohibit its existence in all such territory by an
act of Congress.
Resolved, That we accept the issue which the
slave power has forced upon -us, and to their de
mand for more slave states, and slave territories,
our calm but final answer is, no more slave states.
and no more slave territory. Let the soil of our ex
tensive domains be ever kept free for the hardy pio
neers of our land, and the oppressed and banished
of other lands, seeking homes of comfort and fields
of enterprise in the new world.
Resolved, That the bill lately reported by the com
mittee of eight in the senate of the United Slates,
was no compromise, but an absolute surrender of
the rights of the oon.slavolders of all the states;
and while we rejoice to knoes. that atnessure which,
while opening the door for the intro d uction of sla.
very into territories now free, wou'd also have open
ed the door to litigation and strife among the future
inhabitants thereof, to the ruin of their peace and
prosperity, was defeated in the House of Represen
tatives, its passage, in hot baste, by a majority of
the Senate, embracing several senators, who voted
in open violation of the knoirn will of their constit
uents, should w-rn.the people to see to it, that their
representatives be eat suffered to betray them.
There most be no more compromises with slavery. ;
if made, they must be repealed.
Resolved, That we demand freedom and estab
lished institutions for our brethren in Oregon, now
exposed to hardship, peril and massacre, by the
reckless hostility of the 'level power to the estab-
Whtnetit of free government for free temtories, and
not only for them.-but for our brethren in New
Mexico and California.
And. whereas it is due not only to this occasion,
but to the wholepeople of the United States, that
we should also declare ourselves •on certain other
questions of national policy, therefore.
Resolved. That we demand cheap postage for the
people ; a retrenchment of the expenses and patro
nage of the federal government; the abolition of all
unnecessary offices and salaries, and the election
by the people of all civil offices in the service of the
government, so far as the same may be practicable.
• Reso'ved.That River and Harbor improvements.
whenever demanded by the safety and convenience
of commerce with foreign nations, or among the sev
eral states. are objects of national concern; and that
it is the duty of Congress. in the exercise of its con
stitutional powers, to provide therefor.
Resolve& That the free grant to actual settlers,
in consideration of the expenses incurred in ma
king sculerneata in the wilderness, which are usu
ally fully equal to their actual cost, and of the pub
lic benefits resultizg therefrom, of reasonable por
tions of the triblic lands, node? suitable }imitations.
is a wise and joist measure ofpublic policy, which
will promote, in various ways, the interests of al;
the states of this Union ; and we therefore recom
mend it to the favorable consideration of the Amer*.
Resolved, That the obligation of honor and pat
riotism require the earliest practical payment of the
national debt; and ire are therefore is favor of such
a tandof duties as will raise revenue adequate to
defray,ithe necessary expenses of the federal gov
ernment, and to pay annual instalments of our debt
and the interesuthereon.
Resolved. That we inseribe on otnr banner.
-FREE SOIL. FREE SPEECH, FREE LABOR
AND FREE MEN," and under st will fight on, and
fight ewer. mull a triumphant vietorq shall reward
The resolutions were thew subniirtal - to the con
vention by the President and adopted by acrlanra
tinn and titan the convention adjourned to meet
again at 3 o'clock.
BIIIEETVIG OF THE CONFEREES.
After the ad jo urnment of the convention the con-
Ferees met at the Untvensalist church, on Washing
ton greet fir the purpose of agreeing upon candi
dates to be presented to the convention. Mr.
CHASE. of Ohio. was called to the chair. After the
organization, Mr. Brri.es. of New York. was re
quested by the committee to give any information
he might powin regard to Mr. Vim Firsacx:ii
views in reference to the action of the cririvention.
wlbereopcas hp.addre.seJ the committee at length r.n
the movement of the real democracy of New York,
and the posture in which they good towards Mr.
Van Brats as the nominee of the Utica conven
tion. In the coarse of his retreats be read the fol.
lolling letter ; Which elicited thematic rapturous ap.
amrrEa FROM atet. VA oratamr.
LUTIVII;r/All. An. 2, 1848.
Geziwrwo has ammo to me that a di
rect eommunimetion of my feelings upon a single
point, may, in event serve to remove mbar
rwsznent in e:con-aetir nat &Ado. you all know
from my lever to due liticaeonsention. andthecon•
Menus you repose in my sincerity, bow greatly
the proceedings of elm body. in relation to myself.
were opposed to rot earnest wishes. Some ofyou
have also had Ales to sari yourselves,
trom pefsonai ota , of the sacrifice% of
incs and interests, which I incurred in sebroined
my future action to4 li control. None of You need
be assured 4 the os which these feelings
were relieved bi the ear.scipcsamn, that io yield
ing to the derision Of that body, that the we of my
name was to eastilr the ever faithful:l
wormy of-New Y to amain themsehries
the eatmcmiinary Oakum latowbieb they had
driven by the injustceol Others, I avail myself *,
an oppornmity 11111111irr icithein ,my endareng _
hands. itfiltrii'ttrATirti -
' ol" hireseirverTilUr
The conventioe of which yen from a part. May
slieisaly*diiitett i bet predictive of more harped ! .
dm toy Which hubgone before
.iVatets MI ' that which formed the Weed .consti
ftl, pee soprani, WM 60 when onfike any
' Taejon which -has beerr• keld in the
} etas the present ceganiselion of par
lite. It - willr a great &glee, be composed of in-
' pals. who!! • all r:lirea beet Wiled
_on ffilfment sides ill\polillea,
.ittale lad imelortskitad
rAtiliertairililreirilf iiiti s reerielfirl . t — mrmt' o' Ma
that have Stiffen in the i - - - -
o by consideration.
suspend rival action upon
their common efforts for
single end- - -the prevent
hot* , n slavery ) into the
(thigh are destined, if pi
ily convened iitto'a mid.
need not say, how cordi.
menu?, which regards this
a.O in the sight of Heat
of hich is due to the mt
just men, long since, we
coo , who laid the bundatiMis of ouigoverithent,
and made, as they fondly hoped, adeqtrater provi.
•si for its perpetuity and anctures,. and sadiapensa,
ble o the.futuie honor andparamonnt welfare of
our entire eonfederacy.
' I may happen in the co tese of the deliberations
1 1 of t e Convention, that you
,become satisfied, that
the _ end of your proceedings, ran iti your o p --
in', , be'best promoted by an abandiniment of tht.
fill • nomination. You will not in that event,
w • t assurances of my uniform desire, never agai n .
to . 'a candidate for the presidency, or for any
oth r public office f but yon may apprehend, that
it fight not be tweeable to me to be superseded
in e nomination, after what has taken place in re.
ga to it. It is upon this point, that I desire to
to . rotect you against the slightest embarrassment,
by 1 assuring you as I very sincerely and very
chmildly do, that so far from experiencing any
mo ification from such a result it would be'moet
sat sfictery to my feelings and wishes.
Wishing the Convention success and honor in its
[ pat •otic efforts , and being you to accept for your
=eyes, assurances of my unfeigned respect, I am,
re sincerely, ) our friend and servant.
Tail the New• York Delegation in the Buffalo Con
slr. Bc - rtca, of New York followed its reading
with a speech of some length, in which he approv.
ed most cordially of the resolutions adopted by t. e
convention and exprei.sed the belief that Mr. VAS s
- Berms, if nominated by the conrention would ac
cetire nomination. -
Ir. H. B Srascros, of New York, then anoone.
al that Mr. HALE was willing to submit to the a y -
non of this convention. •
Theconfere& then proceeded to informal ballot- .
for President with the following result :
Whole number of cotes, 468'
For Martin Van Buren, 2-14
or J. P. Hale, 181
}'or all others, . 81
1 Mr: Van Boren's majority over all, 'l2"
When the result was announced Mr, Lzartrr, of ''''
Massachusetts, Made a most eloquent speech. and
moved the unanimous nomination of Mr. VAN
BOREN, which was-seconded by Mrt'LL - wis, of Ohio
in an appeal to the friends of HALE which we have
sr dom heard surpassed.. The motion wasedoptar
D acclamation. The cheering at this moment was
to Tic. The conferees adjourned for tea.
their re-assembling, it was agreed to proceed
to their nomination-of Vice President. The name
o Mr. flinotsc.s was withdrawn, when CHARI.E;
F ADAMS on motion of a.conferee from Ohio ; ris
n minated for Vice President by •acclamation.—
S only after the conferees adjourned to make their
port•to the convention.
AFTERNOON SEMoN. • . . .
i The President called the convention to order at
3o'clock. The conferees having refired to cheat
p ace of meeting to agree. upon candidate to present •
t the convention there was no bmine ee bef ore t h e
convention and the afternoonwaa entirely devoted
to address from a number a distinguished gentle-.
In the evening the convention azain assembled
when it announced that the conferee commit
tee were prepared to report.
Mr. Chase, chairman oftheconferree committee
then appeared upon the stand and remarked that he
was instructed the conferees to report the name
of. MARTIN VAN BUREN, of New York. for -
President—a name al-s illustrious. but render. •
ed doubly so by the conduct of his friends in this
convention.. (Tresnendouicheering )
He was also instructed to report the eartte of
CHAR[. FRANCIS ADAMS, of Massachits
for Vice President—an honored name--becirne t l by
the tearer ofit, but honored still more by the "old
man eloquent," his father: The applause and en;
thnsiatina of the - convention at the stage of the pro-
ceedings were indescribable, thc.report of the con.
terms was accepted without a dissenting voice.
At this moment (6i o'clock P. M). the scene
from the stand was grind. The tent was filled to
ns utmost capacity. All were cheering, swin gi ng
their hats and handkerchiefs. Se:lately Ithdthe re
port been made, when a band of mimic marched
into thetent followed by persons beat, a splendid
banner on which the names of VAI4 Baeri and
Arass were inscribed. At the tame time a beams.
fill banner appeared on the stand with the in..scrip-:
JEFFERSON AND VAN 'masa.
Alp irraymnsma air .
•At the refines - I of the P7geident, Mr. Chase, of
Ohio. dchaell the duties of the chair.
Oo motion of Mr: Noble, of the District of Coliim
bia, Benjamin F. Butler, JraNeph.L. White and S. P.
Chase weie appointed' a Committee to apprise the
candidates of their nomination and to Solicit their
acceptance of the same. '
A delegat. e from Pennsylvania then made arno !
tion that Jon.s VAN Brars requ e s ted to take the
stump in favor of the nominee of this convention,
which was nnanimouqv adopted. -
Joseph L White, of gew York, was new caned
far. He took the stand and addressed the maven.
non with "rehz
At the elf of the convention Mr. Fict.n was re
quested to speak, but declined saying, it was too
bee. fie would add. however in the language of
tbe - nobb:st of Enahtth poets :
'Now is the winter of oar discontent
Made rionousseanner by the son of rusk.
And all the clouds that lowered upon our house
In the deep bosom of the ocean buried."
He would add - fnuher before moving an adjourn
ment,*that they had that day laid their platform and
raised their standard, and respecting it, he would
repeat the words-of one of our own poets.
Forever float that standard sheet.
Wh-re breathes the foe but fall before its
With freedom's soil beneath oar bet, •
• And fresgkines banner waving o'er as.
&ma; this he moved at adjournment which was
Tcl.cuaiewsr —A gentleman who was recently'
niakira a knit of inspectio n aloe; the hoe Wore I
New York and Philadelphia states, that one abet
noon he was i.iceediney interested n nteerrinz
the effect of the fluid *le a tont row of swallows
that . alighted von cow of the 'rim. While - he was
a Indium the long a:raided line of the little beltews
as they sat so apparently'seettriin the enjoyment
of their position, aji at once they turned a /rifler•
set under the 'wire, and there remained suspended
for aneweetni, to ail appearance dead ; hut in an
instant mere, as it revived by another current of .
the fluid, they all let go their. hold 40 darted
away as brisk as ever.
.Sra c ISTEIte.T.—We learn from flanisborg
that the State littermt due on the Ist_ of Aivin,t,
be fully paid. on that day —The -mriciroi comities
hare, Irish emantedahle alacrity, paid in their re.-
pectice itiotas of the State Taxes, and the as Trek -
surer. is ants ainply supplied with, tatidl to meet
the payment of the interezt