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wanda, Wednesday, Feb. 10, 1547.
FRANCIS 11. SHUNK
'. llllnr . ct to tl. r•on f . 11, DcwoeTnt, wnc Cnnv.,ll•On.l
Gar own Affairs
The Patrons of the 13radford Reporter are informed
that a change has been made in the business arrange
ments of this office. The Reporter will henceforth be
published by E. S. Goodrich & Son, who will settle all
business matters connected with the office, and to whom
all communications must be addressed.
The American Republican, a sterling Democratic
sheet of Chester ownty, Stqgtiii9 that, ax " the =mi.
festatiotis of Democratic sentiment indicate beyond all
11011bl:that Fll4 SC 14 R. Sams will be the Democratic
candidate fur Governor at the next election"—the nomi
nation by the convention soon to assemble should be
We like the suggestion, and as "the expressions of
popular favor towards him are en strong, decided and
numerous as not only to settle the matter of nominaion,
but to gi.e great encouragement to anticipate that it
will be made with almost perfect unanimity." We
would like to see all private preferences, predelictions
and objections, fr om. every quarter laid aside, and an
unanimous acquie,cence in the preference manifested by
the popular voicr in favor of •• Old Shook." who is 'so
evidently the choice of the great body of the party.—
The expressions of popular favor are already so strong
and unequivocal, that no sane person can doubt for a
moment that the people of Pennsylvania desire his re
nomination, and by the- election of their delegates have
declared irr favor of such a result. - To contend against
it, then, is to set up opposition to the wishes of the peo
ple; and we hope, for the credit or our party that we
have none among us, who, whatever may have been
their first choice, would hazard the suceesinf the party
by longer opposing the nomination of Francis IL Slunk,
when the people have spoken clearly in favor of it.
We second the appeal of the Republican to the friends
of Judge Eldred, in whose favor a number of delegates
have been instructed, or any other democrat who expects
a vote in the approaching convention to withdraw their
names at once, and let us have an unanimous nomina
tion of the honest old dutchman. We know that Judge
E. has many and ardent friend., who desire to see him
receive the nomination; and we think they would pro
mote the interest of the party and increase his chances
of success by deferring his claims until another term.
This, in the language of our cotemporary, " is most
palpably the policy of every Gubernatorial aspirant ; for
it cannot be doubted that he who with a magnanimity
looking beyond self, cheerfully conforms to what is plain
ly the will of the party, and exerts himself to concentrate
its whole strength upon the chosen of the majority, and
thus to secure its success,=--vvill hereafter be regarded as
having added greatly to his own claims upon the confi
dence of the Democracy of the State."
Ora Cot—r-rr FINANCES.—The Annual Report of
the"feceipts and expenditures, exhibits a flattering condi
tion for the financial affairs of our county. A rigid sys
tem of economy has been pursued, and the consequence
that our credit is sustained, our orders redeemed, and
money in the Treasury.
Through the indefatigable exertions of Mr. Pecs, De
puty Treasurer, our county had the credit of being the
first to pay into the State Treasury her quota of State
Tax for 1846. This effected a saving to the county of
8481 i 43; that amount being returned for•the promptness
with which the tax was paid. This, it will be eeen, saved
to the county, $172 61 more Madan Treasurer receiv
ed from the Coost y for his services in 1846. The
amount of his percentage being $233 82; so that the
county not only had tire taxes collected and paid over for
nothing, but saved nearly two hundred dollars.
THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITILITE.—The Repots of the
Sr&thvonian Institute have determined—
1 l'o offer premiums in money for tie best original
papers containing positive aillitions to human know
2. To pay for making researches in such sciences u
they may select for their investigation. ,
3. To publish the papers that may be accepted and
the results of,tho researches :hat may be ordered.
4. 'l'o put4i.h popular and brief accounts of the move
ments of the Institute.
5. To establi,h and pay for free lectures to be deliver
ed on useful subj..ct_q.
6. To establish a Museum of Natural Science and the
Elegant Arts, and a Library of works in all the depart
ments of human knowledge.
7. Ti r s publish a biography of Mr. Smithson, to be
Written ly the Vice President of the United States.
8. To eAaliliiih exhibitions of new discoveries in sci
ence and the useful arts, to be given by the Secretary
and his astistanL
Lt 31) GRIDeATION BILL.—A Bill is now before
Congress providing for the reduction and graduation of
the price of he public lands as follows, viz: '
I. All the public lands which have been, offered far
sale fifteen years or more, prior to Dec. Ist, 1846, shall
be subject to entry at one dollar per acre, for five years ;
if then unsold shall be subject to entry at seventy-five
cents, for another term of five years; and after that term
at fifty cents per acre.
2 The same rule of reduction is applied to all !antis
offered for sale after Dec. la, 1846, provided that no one
person shall enter more than one section at the lowest
rate of fifty cents.
3. At each reduction, the settlers on any of these
lands shalt be entitled to pre-eruption at the • reduced
4. All acts providing fur an exemption from the im•
position of taxes upon land ■old by the United States
fur five years from and after the day of sale, are repealed
by this act.
Rayon:rm. Baru-v.—The New York Herald of Fri
day laq, contains the following paragraph was
stated on Change, yesterday, that a private letter had
been received from the frigate Savannah, one ofihe Pa•
cific squadr..n, containing intelligence of the capture of
more territory, and of a battle with the Mexicans, in
which they were defeated, although they considerably
outnumbered the Americans. The letter was dated a
DEATH IN TILE N. Y. PESITENTIABT.-MONIIOI
Euwaans, the forger, whose, trial a few years ago ex
cited su much interest, is dead, having finished his earth
/y career in the Sing Sing prison on Friday last. He
was a remarkable man, of fine address, good talents and
a knowledge of the world. With correct principles he
might have made his way to distinction by come other
path than the one in which he acquired his notoriety.
The North American, the most rabii specimen of
Federal toryism that disgraces the Commonwealth, in
an article with .the head we have quoted, on the sth of
Octnher lad said :
.'The farmers of Pennayfrattla should be cannoned aginst
the new fraud efthe loteebens.. '• The same cry of potato.,
rot was raised last year," kC "We are well assured that
speculationds mainly at the bottom of the menet." Our own
advice to every fanner. after a candid view of the Whole sub
ject. Is T. HAVE IRS [MAIN TIIIOLIDIE.D net. AND SOLD VON "
• The effect in a few months will be visible in a falling mar
•Now, we would Inquire how much would the far
mers have gaited by "having his grain thrashed out and
sold " then. The game paper which so benificentli cx.
tends to the farmers the above "caution," quotes the
price of Flour in New York at $5,62, &c. At this mu.
merit it is worth from $6.75 to s7,oo—more than a dol
lar advance on the barrel.
We "caution" the farmer, against placing any re
liance upon the prediction of low prices, ruin, etc., corn
ing from the federal panic makers. Whan have the
farmers seen more prosperous times or realized fairer re
wards as the fruit of their industry than under the peg
sent tariff, which we were told by the Federalists was
to bring mildew, blight and ruin in its train? And.
where is fled the humbug about the destruction of the
" home market," which was buzzing about so incessant
ly only a few months ago! Foreign demand has en
hanced the price of agricultural products over and above
the home market and created a demand by which this
boasted " home market" is completely eclipsed. The
farmer is now enabled to.realize a profit upon his labor,
through the literal prices and active demand for his
products for export, which, left to the mercy of the
manufacturers and their boasted home market they would
Somebody said there is but one' step from the sublime
to the ridiculous. Whether our young friend who writes
clitoral fur the Susquehanna Register in the absence of
the old • Chap," had to take that " one step" or not, we
don't know, but certain it is, that he reached the ridicu
lous in an article which appeared in the Register on the
16th ult., apparently without an effort.
A friend of ours, who is something of a wag, has
sent us the following paraphrase on the article in ques
tion, which he thinks. is at least " one step" in return,
towards the "sublime."
,:trgented by neSltng an ninon:Ll in the slontroye ReTater,
of January 16:11, I
'• So taind your eye," Jim Cltarman!
A bngliter day we hal."
In the era of Transer , blog
Stnee he, of that name. Burly works,
Far emrtfter thaa—the Sun:!.
•• We know thee. well ,7 Jim Chapman'
❑tired. )ou are the Boy."
Who left hts hearth stone - and los - home,"
Towards the Capitol to mom,
And g.ve h.s coll,.ague
Like • Pilgrim" too. Jim Chapman
Low the Port of rest.
Your -progress' was eelesbal,
From all things here terrestal,
Of editors the best.
Vr •: m us tile," much, Jim Clinptuan
In • our Sanctum" there's a void
The world can neither give nor fill—
In editorial p.th and skill,
Our Patrons have enjoyed.
QUITE NATCHAL.-Our Federal neighbors up street
don't like to be called by their true name. That's the
way with some folks ; a change of name often conceals
real character, and rogues frequently practice it to escape
detection and public condemnation..
The Federal party have so long tried to cast off their
real name and assume another less odious to the people
without success—they might u well give it up and hors(
their true colors again. Let them assume - whatever
guise they will, for the purpose of deception, the long
ears will betray them—their principles are federal still.
Pause RIPTION.—The Harrisburg Union says—" The
federal clerks have removed all the old women who bad
been employed by the democratic legislature is washers
and sweepers. This is proscribing proscription with a
They had a perfect right to do so, and why should
democrats complain! The great question involved is,
the effect it may have upon the nomination of a Federal
candidate for Governor. In chart, whether these
"washers and sweepers" are for Cooper or Irwin.
Moat or THAT " noist."—The Danville Columbia
county Intelligencer informs us that the Franklin Fur
nace, recently erected by Mr. Geo. Mans, of Valley
township, was put in blast on the 11th ult., and is now
in successful operation, making about 45 tons of pig
iron per week.
It also says, in speaking of the Montour works:—
•" The three furnaces belonging to this company have
been thoroughly repaired, and put in blast, and are now
in successful operation. The Rolling Millis also in full
Aso •SD COMPOIIT.—The New York Sun says :
" The friends of Mexico" had a meeting in Boston, on
Monday the let of February, at Tremont Temple. Re
solution+ against the United States were presented by
Rev. C. Brooks, and seven others at a committee. The
Volunteers came in largely for their abuse.
That party would find congenial spirits among the
federalists of this region. Probably we shall soon hear
the Argus braying a response to the proceedings of these
"friends of Mexico."
Tut LEGIST.:ATCIIE.—We have carefully examined
the reported proceedings of this body to find something
to interest our readers, and the only item we have seen,
is a resolution which has passed the Senate to adjourn
on the lath of March. If the day of adjournment bad
been fixed a month earlier, it would have been still more
Farm SUAD.—The guests at Jones' Hotel, in Phila
delphia, were thrown into ecstasies of delight, a day or
two ego, by having set before them a moat bountiful sup
ply of fine fresh shad, of delicious flavor, which bad
been sent to the proprietor of that establishment by ex
press from Savannah.
Cy. The Democrats of the Missouri Legislature have
passed a resolution recommending Thomas H. Benton
as the proper candidate of the Entity for the next Presi
Pnataxinany.—The Nang, and Anti masons of
Pittsburg, friendly to the nomination of JOHN M'Leas,
as a candidate for President, have issued a call for a pub
lic meeting in that city with a view in that object.
CO" A proposition is pending before the Illinois Legis
lature to restrict the circulation of Bank notes of less de
nomination than $lO.
cO'The Senate of the U. S. on Saturday passed to
a third reading the bill of the House to raise ITN
NEW REGIMENTS for the Mexican war. '
The _President has approved the Loan Bill, late
ly passed by Congress.
j Lyetl, the geologist, asserta.that there is more
coot in the single State of Illinois than in all Europe.
The Nashville papers announce the death of Mrs
Grundy, relict of the tate Judge Grundy.
Late and Important from the Army.
Despatches from General Taylor—No attack
upon Sedalia—Narrow escape of Col. May
—Ms Rear Guard cut off Several Dragoons
taken Prisoners-2 Entire Mexican force in
the Rel I—Contemplated attack on Vera
Cruz—E ploaion and loss of life. , .
The Brig Georgian has arrived at New
Orleans from Tampico, which place she left on
the 14th. Col, Kinney arrived two days pre
vious, directffrom Victoria with despatch( s from
General Taylor to General Shields to suspend
operations fur the present. He had enirred
Victoriajwith Gen. Quitman on the 9th. Gen.
Quitman in his advances drove the Mexicans
before him for thirty or forty miles, before en
feting Vitcoria. Tire Mexicans contested every
inch of ground and were very reluctant to give
up the place. but they evacuated it from one
side, as General Quitman with 6hie force
was entering on the other. It was impossible
to pursue the fugitives, as Gen. Quitman has no
Cul. Kinney parted With General Taylor at
Monte Morales and pushed on with Gen. Qni!.
man's brigade to Victoria and thence to Tamp-
There was no reason to suppose that Gen.
Worth and Butler hail moved from Sahli.).
though it was so reported. It is believed that
the main Mexican army was not far off from
that place, though tht. Mexican soldiers seen in
the neighoorhoud are now supposed to have
heen the advanced parties of some 1500 or 2000
men kept in position on this aide of the dessert
between Saltillo and San Luis Potosi to destroy
the wattr tanks in cases the American army
should move forward in force upon San Luis.
This precludes the idea of any serious attack
upon General Worth or Gen. Wool, as the ob
ject of the Mexicans seems only to keep watch
on the movement: of our forces and to retreat
immediately upon an advance in order to cut
off the supplies of water.
Cul. Kinney brought a rumor to Tampico
that 15000 Mexicans were to attack Saltillo on
the 27th December, and verbal news were
brought by the Georgians to New Orleans, to
The effect that Santa Anna has placed himself
between General Taylor and •General Worth
with a force 61 35,000 men, and that a general
action was immediately expected. This is
probably merely a repetition or the rumors
which reached us by way of Matamoras.—
From private letters, however, there seems little
doubt that a large body of Mexican forces
principally cavalry were at Tula at the last
dates.under Gen. Valentia. Gen. Urrea, Romero,
and Fernandez are also reported to be in that
On the first of January, Gen. Taylor sent
forward Col. May with a detachment of dra
goons to examine the mountain pass between
Monte Morales and Larbradores. On his re
turn he took another pass leading to Linares,
and was attacked by a large body of the enemy.
His rear guard was cut off by rolling stones
from the overhanging heights into the pass,
which was scarcely wide enough for a single
horseman to ride through.
Col. May, with characterstic bravery and
decision, managed to force his way through
the pass with the main body of his command,
and reached a spot where they were able to
dismount and return to the succor of their com
panions of the rear guard. But they arrived
too late, as the enemy retreated, carrying off
their prisoners. At one time, while in the
gorge of the pass, the dragoons were almost at
the merry of the enemy, and would have
severely had the latter discharged their
pieces with accuracy from the position which
they occupied, which was almost directly over
the heads of our troops, Col. May's lose was
not ascertained, or whether he had any men
Gen. Shields with 650 men marched from
Tampico on the 19th toward Altamora. The
object of this movement was supposed to be
to open a communication with Geri. Taylor at
Victoria. There were from two to three thou
sand Mexican troops between these two places,
with which it was no way improbable. Gen-
Shields may have the good fortune to engage.
The force remaining in Tampico for its protec
tion amounted to 950.
Co'. Kinney states that the Mexican force
at San Lois 'amounts to 30.000 men, and es
timates their entire force in the field at 50,000.
It was thought that there would be no move
ment towards San Louis, at least fur the pre
sent, but that all the mountain passes would he
retained, and Vera Cruz subjugated by a land
attack, as soon as Gen. Scott arrived to assume
The tow boat Phoenix, having attacked the
ships Manchester and lronsides. and the barque
Leon tine. exploded her boilers, at the S. W.
pass on the 21st Ult., killing about twenty per
sons and badly wounded a number of others.
LATER. —May's force was about eighty—
loss eleven men and horses, and seven pack
The IMMENSE INFLUENCE OF TAE TRIBUNE.
—lt will be recollected that about a week sincq,
Mr. Cilley, an Abolition-Whig Senator from
New Hampslitte, introduced into the Senate of
the United States, a tesolution, instructing the
President to withdraw our army from Mexico.
This proposition. smacking so strongly of
toryism, was of course eagerly caught up by
the Tribune, the Mexican government paper in
this city. That paper said, in relation to this
Cilly proposition : We have not a doubt that
the course it proposes is that demanded by the
vital interest, true dignity, and enduring glory
of our country."
Wellohis resolution was called up in the
Senate on Wednesday last, and a motion was
made to lay it on the table ; on which, the
yeas and nays having been called, the result was
as follows , Yeas. 44 ; (including Mr. CILLEY
himself!) Nays. 00!
Thus, according to the Tribune, have the
" vital interest, dignity, and enduring glory of
our country," been laid on the table, by a tine.
nimous fvote. Why could not Senators have
paid more regard to the warnings of the Tribune ?
Is this the extent of its influence? Alas, poor
THE BILL TO INCREASE THE PAY OF THE
ARMY has passed the House of Representatives.
It adds three dollars a month to the pay of each
non-commissioned officer, musician and pri
vate. To each soldier who has volunteered
since the first day of May last. less than twelve
months, and who shall Have gone into the ser:
vice of the United States and continued therein
until honorably discharged, it gives in addition
to his regular pay, a warrant for 80 scree of
land. To those who have volunteered or may
volunteer for twelve months or during the war
with Mexico, and shall serve as aforesaid, tt
gives 160 acres. It also makes graduated do
nations of land to the heirs of such as die or
are killed in the service.
Great News tot the Fanner.
If we were al all inclined to indulge in an ex
presion of malicious joy, we should congratu
late our good friends of the North ditnerican
and United States gaxelle upon the very de
cisive character of the Foreign. news, by the
Hibernia, in regard to the advances upon the
prices, afid the largely inereased demand for all
the products of the soil, in the British market.
When the first news looking to this highly
auspicious result was received shortly after the
passage of the new tariff, it was pronounced by
these Federal prints to be a merely temporary
advance, and the farmer was !loudly implored
not to be led away by the delusive prospect.—
A few weeks afterwards the news of a slight
decline in bread•stttffs and other produce. assur
ed our cotemporaries, especially those of the
North Atnerlcan, of the justice or their views,
and we were very sagely lectured upon the im
propriety of the course we hid pursued in
publishing intelligence and arguments calculated
to encourage the farmer in the expectation of
higher prices for his products, The labor was
the labor of love on'the part of the North Ameri
can, and all its editorial and commercial experi
ence was invoked to prove the justice of its
conclusions on this subject. and the wanton
(Abu of ours, We were even held accounta
ble for any losses. that ma•' have arisen from
slightly and temporarily reduced prices, while
any advances, no matter of what character, was
claimed to be the result merely of a sudden or
galvanic effort of the speculators. The North
American claimed from this a double victory
showing that the' administration had fold only
succeeded in destroying the home matket. And
the larmers were vociferously exhorted to come
forward and avenge their wrongs against the
Administration. We might, we repeat, indulge
in a malicious joy, while comparing these sage
arguments with the facts as they have now come
to us, and while showing that the prospects of
good prices to our farmers are as sure to excite
their own gratification. as they will arouse the
fears and destory the hope of Federal partisans.
But we leave the corrimentary to the good sense
of the voter. •
Surely and steadily the great cause of unre
stricted commerce will work its way. Vindi
cating itself from the clamors end sophistries of
interested men, it will at the same time enlarge
our opportunities to do good to mankind, and
stimulate the arm of that neglected and labori
ous class, which tills the soil, protects the coun
try, and roles at the ballot-boxes. It will not
only aid in spreading the blessing of civil and
religious freedom, but it will enable us to feed
and clothe the starving masses of oppressed Eu
rope ; and our land will become to them not
only a land where political liberty is enjoyed
by all, but a land which is to save them from
want and famine.
The farmer's prosperity, too, is the nation's
harvest; and all classes will be favored by
the policy which protects" and encourages
Great Indian Massacre.
Butchery of women and cht!dren.—A letter
from a gentleman at Council Bluffs, dated on
the 17th of December, to, his correspondent in
St. Louis. states that, on the previous day, a
band of the Omahas were met by a band of the
Sioux. in the neighborhood of the Bluffs, that a
battle ensued between then), and that the Sioux
killed sixty of the Omahas before the conflict
'l'he following particulars we find in a letter
to the Si. Louie Republican :
It was cold-blooded butchery of women and
.children, in the absence of all the warriors of
the village. On the night of the 12th and 13th
the letter states, a war party of. Yancton Sioux
Indians defeated and destroyed fourteen tribes
of thi Omaha tribe of Indians, located at the
time' at Wood's Bluffs, situated about sixty
militia from this place—Belleview. The men
and warriors of the Omahas had left the camp
on a hunt, and the Sioux, soon after they reach
ed the camp, discovered that they only had' wo
men'and children to contend l with. The slaugh
ter .was terrible—seventy-three were killed,
and ... nineteen mortally wounded. Two men
made their escape—one of them, Joseph La
fleche, a trader in the employ of Mr. Peter A.
Sarpy, and at the time in charge of a stock of
He ran from the scene of blood bare-footed,
and arrived at Belleview with both feet frozen.
Mr. Sarpy and Major Miller, the present agent,
despatched a party of menoto ascertain the facts,
and they confirmed, on their return, the report
of Lafleche. They also reported that five of
the Sioux Indians had been killed, no doubt
stabbed by the Omaha squaws. Going twenty
miles further than the ground of the .massacre,
they found the place where the goods of the
trailer had been divided among the robbers.
It seems, adds the letter, that fate is against
the Omaha Indians. Four or five days before
this event took place, one lodge, camping at
Cahanne's old trailing house, was attacked by
a war party of Avonas. commanded by the
well known chief White Cloud, and four of the
men wounded, and one women killed.
Another letter from Fort Scott, in the Repub.
!icon, states that the Sac and Osage Indians
have recently held a council in the Osage nation,
the object of ,which was to unite their forces
and influence, to rob and plunder the% whites,
possibly under the impression that they could
obtain aid from Mexico.
General Taylor Letter.
The " Boston Atlas," one of the most able
and influential Whig papers in the Union. has
the following comment upon that letter of Gen.
-Gen. Taylor's Letter.—We publish this
morning, on our first page, a letter which pur
ports to have been written by Gen. Taylor. to
a near friend and relative in New-York on the
subject of the• war in Mexico. On the first
reading we were almost inclined to doubt the
authenticity of the letter. It was hardly to be
believed that Gen. Taylor—who leas been sin
gularly careful and sagacious in his correspon
dence, as well as his conduct of the war—would
so far forget his duty to the government, in
whose - service he is still engaged, as to depart
from his line of correspondence with that go
vernment, and develope to an individual citizen
his reason for the course he has hitherto pursu
ed, and his views in relation to the mode of
conducting the war for the future.
Such a letter. if it was authorized to be made
public, io certainly a direct appeal from the go
vernment,. whose officer he is, to the public.—
Such a course, it appears to us, would be high
ly insubordinate and unsoldierlike—and it would
be at utter variance with the prudence and
discretion which Gen. Taylor has uniformly
displayed. We are convinced that either Gen.
Taylor did not write the letter, or that his con
fidence had been grossly abused by some indis.
creet friend, to whom he has written under the
seal of expected privacy."
Letter from General Taylor.
'lead ,Quatters Army of Occue mco, pation. o luvamon,
.slontery y, tM) Nov. r
9, 1640. $
My dear ***** *2 — Your very kind and ac
ceptable letter of the 31st August,
reached me only a short time wine, for which
I betleave to tender you my sincere thanks.
[A few confidential remarks on certain public
transactions are here omitted.]
After considerable apparent delay on the part
of the Qr. Master's Department, in getting
steamboats into the Rio Grande adapted to ita
navigation. I succeeded, towards the latter part
of August, in throwing forward to Gamut), (a
town situated on tne San Juan river, three
miles from its junction with the Rio Grande,
on the west side, nearly 500 miles from Brazos
Island by water and 200 by land, and 140 from
this place,) 4:considerable depot of provisions,
ordnances, ammunition and forage, and then,
having brought together an important portion
of my command, I determined on movie g on
this place. Accordingly, after collecting 1700
pack-mulese with their attendants and conduc
tors, in the enemy's country, (the principal
means of transportation for our provisions, bag
gage, &c..) I left on the sth of September, to
join my advance, which had preceded me a
few days to Serralvo, a small village 75 miles
on the route, which I did on the 9th, and, after
waiting there a few days for some of the corps
to get up, moved on and reached here on the
19th, with 6250 men-2700 regulars, the bal
ance volunteers. For what took place after
wards, 1 must refer you to my several reports
—particularly to my detailed one of the 9th
ult. Ido not believe the authorities at Wash
ington are at all satisfied with my conduct in
regard to the terms of the capitulation entered
into with the Mexican commander, which you
no doubt have seen, as they have been made
public through the official organ, and copied
into various oilier newspapers. I have this
moment received an answer (to my dispatch
announcing' the surrender of Monterey, Ind the
circumstances attending the 'same,) from the
Secretary of War. stating that it was regret
ted by the President, that it was not deemed
advisable to insist on the terms I had proposed
in my first communication to the Nlexican
commander, in regard to giving up the city,"
adding that " the circumstances which dicta
ted, no doubt justified the:change."
Although the terms of capitulation may he
considered too liberal on our part by the Pest
dent and hie advisers, a 4 well as by many oth
ers at a distance, particularly by those who do
not understand the position which we occupi
ed, (otherwise they might come to a different
conclusion in regard to the matter,) yet, on due
reflection, I see nothing to induce me to regret
the course I pursued. The proposition on the
part of General Ampudia, which had much to
do in determining my course in the matter, was
based on the g round that our government had
proposed to his to settle the existing difficulties
by negotiation, (ivhich I knew was the case,
without knowing the result,) which was then
under consideration by the proper authorities,
and which he (General Ampudia) had nu doubt
would result favorably, as the whole of his peo
ple were in favor of peace. If so, I consider
ed the effusion of blood not only unnecessary,
but improper. Their force was also consider
ably larger than ours ; and from the size and
position of the place, we could not completely
invest it ; so that the greater portion of their
troops, if not the whole, had they been dispos
ed to do SO; could, any night, have abandoned
the city, at once, entered the mountain passes,
and effected their retreat—do what we would !
Had we been put to the alternative of taking
the place by storm, (which there is no doubt
we should have succeeded in doing,) we should.
in all probability, have lost fifty or a hundred
men in killed, besides die wounded, which I
wished to avoid, as there appeared to be a pros
pect of peace, even if a distant one. I also
wished to avoid the destruction of women and
children, Which must have been very great,
'had the storming process been resorted to.—
Besides, they had a very large and strong for
tification, a short distance from the city. which
if carried with the bayonets. inust have been
lifetaken at a great sacrfice of ; and, with our
limited train of heavy or battery artillery; it
would have required twenty or twenty-five days
to take it by reg ular approaches.
That they sh ould have surrendered a place
nearly as strong as Quebec, well fortified under
the direction of skilful engineers—their works
garnished with forty-two pieces of arrtillery,
abundantly supplied with ammunition, garri
soned by 7.000 regulars and 2,000 irregular
troops, in addition to some thousand citizens
capable, of (attd
,no doubt actually) bearing
arms, and aiding in its defence,—to an oppos
ing force of half their number, scantily suppli,
ed with provisions, and with a light train of ar
tillery,—is among the unaccountable'occurren
ces of the times.
I am decidedly opposed to carrying the war
beyond Sitlull° in this direction, which place
has been entirely abandoned by the Mexican
forces, all of %idiom have been concentrated at
San Luis Potosi ; and I shall lose no time in
taking possession of the former as soon as the
cessation of hostilities referred to expires,—
which I have notified the Mexican authorities
will be tho case on the 13th inst., by direction
of the President of the United States.
If we are (in the language of Mr. Polk and
General Scott) under the necessity of •• con
quering a peace"—aud that by taking the capi
ta/ of the couthry,—we must go to Vera Cruz.
take that place, and then march on die city of
Mexico. To do so in any other direction. I
considered out of the question. But, addinth
ling that we conquer a peace by doing so—
say, at the end of the next twelve -months—
will the amount of blood and treasure, which
must be expended in doing so, be compensated
by the same ? I think not—especially, if the
country we subdue is to be given up ; and I
imagine there are but few individuals in our
country who think of annexing Mexico to the
I do not intend to carry on my operations
(as previously 'stated) beyond Saltillo,—deem
ing it next to impracticable to do so. It then
becomes a question as to what is the best to be
done. It seem to me, the most judicious course
to be pursued on our part, woultite to take
possession, at once, of the line we would ac
cept by negotiation, extending from the Gulf
of Mexico to the Pacific, and occupy the same,
or keep what We already have possession of ;
and that, with Tampico. (which I hope to take
in the course of the next month, or as soon as
I can get the means of transportation,) will
give us all on this side of the Sierra Madre. and,
as soon as I occupy Saltillo, will include six
or seven States - or Provinces, thus holding
Tampico, Victoria. Monterey, Saltillo, Mon
cloys, Chihuahua, (which I presume General
Wool has possession of by this time,) Santa
Fe and the Californias,=and say to Mexico,
Drive us from the country V'—throwin g on
her the responsibility and expense of carrying
on an offensive war;—at thesame time
blockading all her ports on the
panes sod Y e
Gulf. , A course of thus kind, ifpvered°
for a short time. would soon bring her 4 , 11 1
proper senses, and compel her to sue for pe lt :
—provided there is a government in the y eti ,'
try su ffi ciently stable for us to 'treat e ..
which. I fear, will hardly be thecae', lor an ;
years to come. Without large reinforeeme%
of volunteers from the United States,y
or fifteen thousand, (those previously le-;-vettott
having greedy been greatly reduced by
ness and other casualties,) I do not believe ,
would be advisable to march beyond Salti,l;
which is more than 200 miles beyond oui d t
pots on the Rio Grande,---a Very ong bee 0 1
which to keep up supplies (over al lad ;t,
in a country like ibis) for a large force
fain to be attended with an expense whichti,
be frightful to contemplate, when closely l e%
From Saltillo to San Luis putosi, the ser i
place of importance on the road to the city of
Mexico, is three hundred indes,--one hundred
and forty badly watered, where no inpplie i of
any kind could be procured for men or hon e ,.
I have informed the War Department that 20..
000 efficient men would be necessary to Hoare
success if we moved on that place,—(e city ton•
tattling a Population of 60,000, where the cae.
my could bring together and sustain, betide'
the citizens, an army of 50.000.) a force wind,
I appreliend,will hardly be collected by 01 mit
the train necessary to feettlit, as well at 1 3
transport various other supidies,
ordnance and munitions of war.
In regard to the armistice, which wouldhot
expired, by limitation, in a feW days, we lar,
nothing by it, as we could not move even noa
had the enemy continued to occupy Salado;
for, etrange to say, the first wagon which bu
reached me since the declaration of star, su
on the 2d inst., the same day on which Ire.
ceived from Washington an acknowledgm m
of my despatch announcing the taking of Mot.
terey ; and then I received only 126, soth a l
have been; since May last, completely etl.
pled, and am still so, for want of trauspo n .
non. After raking and scraping the cousin
for miles around Camargo, collecting elm
pack-mule and other means of tran9hrta: l o s
I could bring here only 80,000 rations, ffik,i a
days supply.) with a moderate supply of ord.
nanre, ammunition, &c., to do whieh;all the
corps had to leave behind a portion of 'heir
camp equipage necessary for Their condor,
and in some instances among- the ruts mter ,
their personal baggage. I moved in nett
way, and with such limited mewls, that, WI
not succeed. I should no doubt have been Fe.
verely reprimanded,. if nothing worse. led
so to sustain the Administration.
Of the two regiments of mounted men Iron
Tennessee and Kentucky, who left their re.
cipective States to join me, in June, the lulu
has just reached Camargo ; the former has got
to Matamoros arthe latest dates from there.—
Admiting that they will ha tong in return;
as in getting here, to say nothing of the amt
necessary to recruit their horses, and were-no
be discharged in time to reach , their hornet
they could serve itNlexico but a very An
time. The foregoi g remarks are not moi
with the view of finding fault with any one.b:.
to point out the difccullies with which I hart
had to contend.
Monterey, the capital.of New Leon. is fink
ted on the San Juanßiver, where it cnniem.
of the mountains,—the city, (which corium a
population of about twelve thousand.) heirgia
part surrounded by them, at the head of a large
and beautiful valley. The houses are of
in the Moorish style, with flat roofs, which.
with - their strongly inclosed yards and girdetli
in high stone walls all looped for ihurkeiry,
make them each a fortress within itself. It is
the most important place in Northern Memo,
(or on the East side of Sierra Madre: j un.
manding the only pass or road (or carnage.
from this side, between it and the Gelid
Mexico, to the table lands of the Sierra.!
or through which the city of Mexico can
I much fear I shall have exhausted vourFt.
tience, before you get half through this lirr
and uninteresting letter. If sn, you can na.t
commit it to . the flames, and think nnapre
about it, as I write in great haste, besuleshvg
interrupted every five minutes : so that ma
must make great allowances for blots, interim ,
ations and blund , rs, as well as want Gleaner
Icon in so many parts of the same.
Be so good as•to present me most kuully
your excellent lady, and accept ruy We e "
wishes for your continued health, proopew
I remain, truly and sincerely, your frien
• Z. TAILO6:
RUMOR CONDTRADICTED..—The following trY
cle appears in the Baltimore Clipper" ot
morning w hich has produced some toterestel
inquiry on our streets:
.• We are indebted to a friend who awe
bete last night from New Orleans for some
portant inte:ligenre, if true.
" He says he peruied a letter just hell'
leaving New Orleans, written by an itelbtr:
gentleman, with the army in Mexico,
stated that news hal just been received that '
Mexican Congress had agreed to our nearer
posals, and had adopted a resolution. hY '
toted majority, to receive an American mgl , •°
to form a treaty of peace. and conclude Ott
An express from S,mn a Alma hail
Gen. Worth, bearing (it supposeil the nvn,
intelligence. The express rider sown hor''
resolution, in handball form, had been p ,, PA
at San Luis.
Our informant places much more roo °
in the above than we do--though it 0
true. We humbly trust, it is."
We are not adviiied of any such report 4 'l;
ing been officially received at Washinelo•
it had come to Gen. Worth from San Loru
Potosi. it would mostrobably have O il
Gen. Taylor at - Victoria. p But despatches 0
received from him as late as the 7th diger!
from Victoria. He is not only silent abatisr
such report, but states that the last accounts fl
Mexico were to the 19th Decemder, at
time the Congress of Mexico had taken - to 3
titan in regard to the war. In fact. our Pr en ,
advises from Mexico are later than those
he had received.—Union.
THE THREE MILLION BILL.--The
000 bill, so called, or the bill to pot
000 of dollars at 'the disposal of the Presl.
to enable him to expedite the settlement dor
difficulties with Mexico, was called up Y's .
terday in the Senate, and its passag e :f t ,
cated by Me: Sevier, and opposed h, Ty:
Miller Whig Senator from New Jersey`„,
further discussion was postponed until oor .
row (Thursday ) When it is brought te st
there will probably he an anti -slavery 11°4
attached to it—and then will come the