Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday, January 1, ,1844.
4' 4 41 4
The Office of the firadfordße. -
porter has been removed to Col.
Means . Brick'Store, (up stairs,)
entrance on the North side.
The Issues involved In the late
The editor of the Democratic Review
has, in the last number'of that work a
- most ably written article, speCifying and
elucidating most clearly thel‘aarticular
-questions of pOpular will and opinion
settled, settticd or signified in the elee
tion of harks K. Pins.
The general questions agitating the
country in the late contest were fairly
and fully met by the Democrats, and
in the'administration of the general gov
ernment, fox the next four years the an
cient land-marks and modern guide
boards of the democracy, point the way
with such unerring certainty, that there
can 'be no pretext for deviation.
The editor gives the folfoivitigieview
of the:canvass, as conducted over' the
whole Bur race of the political field ; to
which wel would i but add, that ,the first
and leading principle of Democratic
Party, and the guiding star of all their
declarations and protestations, was the
1" GREATEST 0001) OP THE GREATEST
NUMBER, " as most likely to be effected
by the success of their ptinciples.
1. There can be no mistaking the
voice of the people in regard to a Nation
al bank. • The voice of the people even
where our opponents dare moot the ques
tion has been decisively and pointedly
against' the erection of such an institu
tion, that he must be fool-hardy indeed,
who would call up its spirit " from the
2. That plundering, squandering,
scheme, y'clept distribution, has been
put at rest quite effectually. Peace to
3. The Abolition of the Presidential
Veto was made more particularly a sec
tion of the great Bank measure, owing
to its having strangled two of these mon
sters, under direction of John Tyler,
and has met with a most decisive rebuke.
The editor has selected an epitaph,which
he says l recommends'itself by its pathet
ic and tender beauty.
" Since I was so early done for
I wonder what I was begun for."
4. The Independent Treasury policy
was a question, but little agitated in the
preceeding contest. Still, we think with
the Review, that - the voice of the people
is substantially, in favor of its immediate
restoration. ' 'A National Bank has hien
fully exploded; the " pet bank" mea
sure lyas long ,since fell into public con
demnation ; and the present " Indepen
dence of the Treasury " under the origi
nal act of 1789, is full of faults. - We
arc glad to perceive that the Independent
Treasury Bill has passed the House of
Representatives by a decisive vote.
5.' The will of the people has most
undoubtedly been strongly expressed for
" economy in :the public expenditure—
for strict constitutional construction in
all cases that may arise—and against the
incurring,of public debt.
6. The Taii i ff has, at least in this sec
tion, been the vexed and great question.
And we give the opinion of the editor of
the Democratic Review, a periodical, fa
voring and sustaining, and with consu
mate ability too, as it does the principle
of Free Trade, as a set-off to the declara
tions of the whigs, that the late glorious
victory of the democracy has been the
triumph of southern free trade principles.
We give his words But it cannot
be said with - truth—would that it might!
that the decision has gone to the - prinCi
ple of Protection, and has pronounced in
favor of that Freedom of Trade which
has always been advocated in :this . Re
vievi. The repeal of the excesses and
inequalites of the present Tariff, vvith a
liberal measure of incidental discritiiina
tin 'Protection, in distributing the duties
of an- honest revenue Taritr---this is the
extent to which alone we can claim the
benefit of this deciiion. The question
has not indeed been placed on as strong
ground f —or nearly as strorg,—as it was
in Mr. Van Buren's Indiana Letter, se
verely as that was attacked by a portion
of the Free Trade opinion of the country.
Mr. Van Buren took ground -specifically
for a retina. to the Compiomise Act,
with no other discriminations than such
as might range below a maximum of 20
per cent., or, for the present, in the ac,
tualreduced condition of; . the Treasury,
25 'per cent. But' - such Wine was
made Up at the North, espeCiall7in the
great States of Pennsylvania and -New
York; 'and, as before said, the question
now lies . widel y open, to be settled by
the 'votes of the legislative Representa
tivee of the . People, each voting'accord
ing to his understanding of the issue as
made up in his 'district, and to his con
viction of the true interest and will of
his own consituency. And Mr. Polk
will have loyally and honorably dischar
ed Ins duty in the. matter, when he has
signed any big that may be sent to him
which shall avoid the extremes of either
side of the question."
A Happy New Year.
This day commences the year 1845.
18451 How strangely it sounds and
Writes. But scarcely shall we. have
become familiarized to it, before it will
be jostled off,. as has the past year, to
make room for the new. There is a
general complaint of the scarcity of
holidays, in this country, and Europe
ans designate us as a plodding matter
of-fact people ;who care little for a day
of pleasure and happiness. We sin
cereTy hope this, at least, will be at
" HapPy. New Yiii" to all, old and'
young, and middle aged, that the heart
when sorrow sits enthroned, will be
made light r and the brow of care be re-
lased; that all grill hail this commence
ment of the new-born 1845 with hearts
throbbing with joy, ands ith retrospec
tion upon the past withprofitfor the future
That in each heart may spring anew
the fount of charity and benevolence,
and from each bosomffinmost recesses,
well r ilia fount of affection and love,
wide as the world itself. When each
"Here to the houseless child of want,
My door is open still ;
And though my, jportion is but scant,
I give it with good will."
and there is less piling up of the " gpl.
den God," and more attention paid to
the necessities of the suffering ; when
there is less thirsting for the things of
the "earth-earthy," and more Univer
sal Benevolence, diffusive and general
in its nature, shall all hail the coming
year with emotions of pleasure, and all
bid adieu to the departed, with a su
preme delight, flowing from a tranquil
and generous heart.
A Crying EvIL
We call the attention of the Post Of
fice department to the condition of our
county, particularly the western portion,
as regards the facilities for obtaining
information through the mails. The
Department in seeking for economy,
have seriously damaged the population
of the Western townships of this coun
ty. 'Composid of a mist intellident and
wealthy population, proverbial for their
taste for reading, and the liberal support
rendered by them to the press, they are
now almost totally deprived of the bene
fits of post offices and mails. The route
which supplied the whole west has been
stopped, viz :—that from Towanda to
Wellaborough, and we are informed by
subscribers to the Reporter residing in
Wells and adjacent townships. that they
are unable to obtain papers in less than
from 7 to 10 days
,from Towanda and
elsewhere. This should not be; and
we call upon our member of Congress
to lay the matter before the Department,
and have some arrangement effected to
accommodate the west. In order todo
this, the ciiizens aggrieved, will have
to forward a petition to the Department
setting forth their grievances. We
hope it will be speedily done.
democratic Ladies of Dillsburg, York
co. Pa., partook of a. Polk, Dallas and
Shunk supper—,prepared wholly - by
hemselves—on the 4th ult:—
" Oh ! the Ladies' hearts are with us r
Among the toasts, given by the la-
dies. we find the following :
BrXissSusalt M'Mtru.tx Whiggerp—
The longer it stands the shorter it grows.
Br Miss MART Toanswr.--latnes K. Polk
and George M. Dallas—by their virtuous con
duct and just administration will win the hearts
of their enemies.
Who says they don't. all deserve
good, loco-loco husbands I
.TILE 808 TREASURY. BILLi W3B pais
ed-on Saturday 91at_uit.,: in die • -,House
of Represeritativea by a vote.of•l23
tO 69. _ • • • -
FATAL RAILROAD ACCIDENTS. ;The
following fatalfoccurrenees of an agon
izing character,we leardfroto the Potts
ville (Pi) papers. Oa Thursday last.
as a coal trait i was,going down, a coup
ling broke and the train became detach
_the engine and part of the
train passed through the first bridge
above Port Clinton, the watchman, sup
posing the whole train had passed, went
to examine whether any sparks hadfar
len in the according to his usual
comm. One of his children followed
him, and also *wife. After they .
Were on the bride some distance, they
observed the balance of the train ap
proaching, when both parents rushed to
save the child—but unfortunately too
late to make their escape—the cars pas
sed over three, completely severing the
head from the child, cutting off the leg
of the man and the arm of the woman.
The child of course was killed instan
taneously. We have not learned the
names of the sufferers.
On Friday last, a son of Mr. Mittens,
of Schuylkill Haven, was knocked down
by the cars on die railroad, which pas
sed over him severing an arm and a leg.
He died shortly after. He was stand
ing.at the end of a train talking to his
mother, when the train was backed,
which caused the accident.
THE ATTACK UPON MR. ADAMS.--A
'corrrespondent of the Newark Daily
Advertiser describes Sangster as an old
fellow who has been about the city of
Washington for some years past. lie
says 6. it is now something like two
years since he was successful in pro‘
curing favorable action on the part of
Congress on a certain claim he had been
urgin i g upon its consideration, the re
sult of which was his being able to
pocket a very handsome. sum of money.
Shortly after this event, so important
to him in a financial point of view, the
temperance excitement, and reform
reached him, he having been an almost
abandoned inebriate at that period. He
became a member of the Temperance
Siiciety, and in the ardor of his zeal for
the success of the cause, and the society
in this city in particular, he paid off all
its outstanding debts, and thus relieved
it from its then embarrassed condition.
Of course the Washingtonians here
congratulated themselves upon having
secured so fine a haul, and rescued a
victim from immolation upon the drunk
ard's beastly altar. For six months, I
understand, he adhered to his pledge,
and then fall to a much more degraded
point than he occupied prior to giving
in his adhesion to the temperance
RIOT AT POTTSVILLE..—.-The Phila
delphia Sun contains a letter giving lan
account of a serious riot among thela
borers of the Schuylkill Valley Rail
road. Some of the contractors had re
duced the wages of their workmen from
eighty to seventy-five cents per day,
when a general turn out took place,
those disposed to work were prevented,
and some outrages were committed
the persons and property of the con
tractors. Four companies of military
were ordered out from Pottsville, but
the rioters to the number of about five
hundred, fied before they reached the
ground. They however arreSted a few,
and committed them to jail.,
script to_ the letter says : it I lhave this
moment seen a letter from 11ir. Blusin
ger, brought heredby an 'express, in
which he states that the rioters have
surrounded his house and threatened
his life. The military will be ordered
out to-morrow morning earl Y, perhaps
to-night, in which event If ar blood
will be shed."
THE POST OFFICE BILL.—A corre
spondent of the Journal of Commerce
mentions the features of the bill report
ed by the post-office committee for re
ducing the rates of postage.
The Post-office Committee report-,
ed a bill to-day reducing the rates, of
postage to 5 cents for 500 miles„ find
- 10 cents for any greater distance and
greatly reducing the postage on news
papers and periodical. The Treasury
is to pay $ i
. 750,000 nnually for five
years, as an equivalent for the transpor
tation of the public correspondence ;
after which it is to pay the same postage
as private letters. I 'think the bill will
Foss the House without any difficulty.
It adopts the penal bill of last session."
Punt= DocortiNTe.—Our thanks
are tendered lion. GEORGE FULLER for
valuable pubiic'doeutnents. *•,
TUE ANTI-RENT 0UTRAGE......1 man
proceedings of the . New
York Anti-Rent party, as it delominates
itself, are becoining bolder and bolder.
every day owingto the imial4ty.which
is allowed- their acts. 7 From !lynching
they have gone to the next step, mur
der, to which personal outrage usually
leads unless checked at :the beginning.
We learn from tie Albany Argus that
at a meeting held at Claverack, Colum
bia-county, on the 18th inst., a man
from Hillsdale was there as a spectator,
named Rizenbu l rgh. He had spoken
against the proceedings, as isrsaid, and
was required by one of the Indians to .
cry "down with the rent." He refus
ed, and the Indian presented his pistol
and repeated the demand. Upon the
second refusal, the Indian ! shothim
through the bod, i and he expired im
mediately.- The Indians 'thereupon
broke up their meeting and dispersed.
Big Thunder and two ,of his as
sociate Indians, have beeri arrested, and
are in jail.
NOMINATIONS AND CONIMMATIONS.-
The Madisonianstates that the various
Committees of the Senate have adopted
the just rule of listening to no charges
againstnny nominee made orally ; but
that if tiny one has any thing to allege
against any person' nominated by the
Executive, the allegations must be made
in writing,and signed by the accuser.
The adoption offthis rule is calculated,
in a great degree, to prevent injustice
being cone to those against mlbom alle
gations might be made, as well as to
defeat j the machinations of designing
and interested individuals.
IMMENSE ROPE.-Mr. George J.
Weaver,ship chandler, has juit comple
ted, at his _extensive rope walk in Phil
adelphia, one. of the longest and most
perfect ropes ever manufactuied in the
United States, designed for the inclined
plane at the Schuylkill rivet, on the
Columbia Railroad. It is six thousand
feet long, and nine and a half inches
round, composed of three strands, each
strand containing one hundred and eigh
ty four threads, all of an entire length.
The tope is made without splicing from
end to end, uniform in thickness,
weighs about ten tons, and exhibits
THE CUMBERLAND VALLEY RAIL
ROAD COMPANY, will receive proposals
until the 15th January; 1845, for. re
building'their Bridge across the Susque
hanna river, at liarri4bing. The length
of the bridge is four thousand feet.—
The plan, materials, and workmanship,
to be furnished] by the contractor, ex
cept such materials as are left of the,
old bridge, inchiding the piers and spans
yet standing. The plan to combine
both a rail-way and a road-way, and
the whole to be completed by the let
ofJanuary, 1846. Proposals will be
addressed to Frederick Watts, at Car
correspondent kthe Baltimore Patriot,
a Whig paper says :—Col. Pm( will
make a capital Inaugural Address. He
is a good speaker—chaste, correct, and
animated. He strives after no flowery
or high wrought metaphors, but speaks
straight on, in good English, to the on
derstandlogs of p the people, while every
lineament of his rather peculiar, to
some repulsive, to others ~interesting,
face, is - lit up
I with animation. I heard
him deliver hts inaugural address in
1830, as Govet•nor of Tennessee.
PROPHETIC 1 EPITAPH.—AfIer Mr.
Clay had made his fierce and unexpect
ed attack on the Hon. JohniM. Niles,
of Connecticut, three years ago, the
latter gentleman closed his' reply with
the following ' ords, which , he declared
would be the e itaph on Clay's political
grave,-after 1844: ~ Heie lies Henry
Clay, of Kent i cky, the four times de
feated candidate for the Ptesidencv !"
DEATH OF How. Tues. MORRIS.—By
the CincinnatiiHerald, we learn that the
Hon. Thomas Morris,died suddenly at
his residence', Dear, Bethel, Clermont
county, on Saturday morning init.—
Mr. Morris 'was the Liberty candidate
for the Vice' Presidency, at the late
election. He was for many years a
highly influential member of the Chio
Legislature--lhas been one of the Judges
of the Supreme Court, ,;and for six
years was 'member of the Uniteik.
OFFICIAL yOTEEleiliiliol.9.. gives
12,392; 41abe' ' ffia, 11,207 ;1 Mississip
pi, 8,075;. all for Polk and
News from all Stallone.
an, sails forthwith for England: He
promises to return, in the spring, when
ills . reported that a l match will be made
between hirat,and the Indian "Steep
rock." The friends of Greenhalgh
have made him up a handsome subscrip
tion, equal to the amount of all his ex
penses since he left home, and up to
the time of his reaching England. This,
with the ptirses lie has taken, enables
him to - go back with much eclat. He
says Gildersleeve is the best man he
ever started with.
'A letter from Naples, of. November
5, in Galignania says—!" The famous
volcano,of the Valley of Solfatara, near
Pazzoli, in the Kingdom of Naples, of
which the last, eruption took place in
1198, but which sent-up it 1807 quan
tities of boilingwater, has been for some
days.exhibiting the last mentioned phe
nomenon. The water• which it now
emits is strongly charged with sulphur.
It issues from the eastern-crater in jets•
of about fifteen to twenty feet high."
Mr. Thorne, the millionaire, has ta
ken a new hotel in Paris, and is fitting
up a theatre within it, in which the elite
of French society are to perfcrm. A
new opera by Cappola; Nina Pazza
per Amore, has been selected as the
opening piece. The principal' charac
ter will tie sustained by ,the eldest
daughter of Mr. Thorne,. who was a
distinguished cantatrice at the concert of
the Prince'de la Moskowa.
A small steamer is building for Queen
Victoria, of light draught of water, in
order that her Majesty may be able to
obtain a nearer and better view of coast
scenery in her marine excursions. Of
22 steamers built and building on the
river Clyde this season, 21 are' of irop.
Wood appears to be going altogether
out of fashion in this particular depart-
William Foy, sent up to Blackwell's
Island i3OMO time since, a few days ago
broke priso i n and was retaken before
having got blear from the Island. His
time was nearly out when he tried to
effect his escape, but now he awaits
the' more serious charge of breaking
jail, and will be tried for that offence.
The Missouri House of Representa
tives has passed a resolution, by a vote
of 69 to 25,that the Legsislature has not
the constitutional power to grant divor
ces, and passed a resolution for the ap
pointment of a committee4f thirteen .to
report a bill for districting the State for
the election of Representatives to Con
The case of Fairbank, in jail at Lex
ington Ky., for abducting slaves, has
been postponed until_pay next. Miss
Webster, charged with the same offence
was put upon trial, and the evidence
was-being taken at last accounts.
A chemist,at Stourport, has been held
to bail on :a charge of accelerating his
wife's- death. The - wife wr never so
ber *heti she could help it, and the
husband beat her and gave her brandy
The Black Tongue is. raging with
fearful violence in Gibson, la., A great
number of deaths have occured, and
some cases have proved fatal in four or
five days from the 'first attack.
Nineteen individuals have subscribed
219,000 to build a college ili'connection
with the Scottish Free Church. Ten
of them belong to Baillie Nicol Jarvie's
A gentleman of Banger, Me., has a
Family. Bible belonging to hispather,and
which was printed in London in the six
teenth centuary. The,. paper is very;
fine and the printing clear and neat.
Meetings are being held .in a great
number of the large towns in England,
for the establishment of public baths.—
At the Birmingham meeting -R3,000
were subscribed in the room. It was
stated that 15,000/mould be required.
Mr. Macready was prevented from
leaving London for Paris at the time
contemplated,' by fatting over some
boxes and injuring his knee.' He has
recovered from the' wound, however,
and left ler France..
The bill for the relief of the heirs of
Robert Fulton, which has passed the
Senate, appropriates $76,300 for that ,
purpose. It is in the same j shape as it
passed the Senate at the last Session.
The Earl of S i hrewsbury (of the fa
mous Utica_ *family, mentioned to
Shakspeare (has given - 4'19,000 to wards
huilding anew Roman Cetholii Chureh
at Nottinglianr. _ :
TIM PRICE OF Croon.
rialature of Ohio, i 1 a fit of t ree/
urged a • resolution lately, askit,
he Secretary of State, the pri ce/4 ' f
Iles, that functionary furnishin g It
ight. His answer is short but lei
To that resolution,Theuudeniiu t
as the honor to answer—pric
en_ is per pound; ijuality, prime.
1, SAM CALLOW
HORRIE.—One of the very et
utcheries oi3 record occorred a
• eeks since, at Evansville, (Ark)
offensive Indians were sitting qu i l
a grocery, where they were diseoi
d by two Cherokees, named EN'
nd Jim Daniels, who entered th e,
erv, drew their knives, and with
ord being spoken butchered bo t h
OFFICERS OF CONOREB9.--The
wing are the officers of the pre
;President.—Hon. .W. P. Mang
Chaplain.—Rev. Septimus Tus
PrinlerB.—G ales and Seaton.
Speaker.,—Hon. John W. Jones
Clerk.—C. J. Al'Nultr.
Chaplain.—Rev. William Dail!
Printers.—Blair and Rives.
HABEAS CORPUS.---A b i ll h as pa;?
e Senate of South Carolina; and!
ad in the House, to amend un-,
revent free negroes and persoul
for from entering the State, uhil
mong other penalties and deprival'',
enies to such persons the right of
rit of Habeas Corpus.
ILLINOIS U. S. SENATOR.-41
emple (Dem.) has been elected a&t
r of the United States by the Leg.
`re of Illinois, in place of Samuel 111
oberts, deceased. Gen. Bailin), tl
epresentative from the Spring&
strict, was voted for by the WEIL
THE "LEGISLATURE meets next Ta
y, it being the first in January. .
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Jane, . . 1 2 3 4 56 1
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Julys •••.- 1 2 3 4
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December. . t 2 3 4 5 u n
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