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THE TTTTSBUEG "DISPATCH. THESDiSV v NOTEMBER bM'-' 1889.
The Hebrew Opera Company
V a - Bead Out of Meeting,
LEAVING MANY CBEDITOES.
The Kabbi Mimicked on the Stage
and the Play Denounced,
r EXPECTED BACK KEXT EASTER
The Hebrew cent! email who was reported
in The Dispatch a few days ago as ob
jecting to his sons attending the Hebrew
Opera Company entertainments is sup
ported in his ideas by the history of the
company, which came from Philadelphia
about six weeks ago. It engaged the Tur
ner Hall, and, going around to the best
Hebrew residents, secured subscriptions
toward supporting a Hebrew opera in Pitts
burg. A Hebrew club was formed, among the
members of which were M. Goldenberg, S.
Magursky, M.Eobin, Samuel Lecktenstahl,
Henry Fmkelperl, Joseph Finkleperl and
other leading Hebrew citizens and business
men. Mr. Finkleperl was elected treasurer
of the club, and, although S10 out by the
transaction, speaks pleasantly of his experi
ence. Hesays: "The people came here and
represented themselves as a Hebrew Dra
matic company, and I, as many others
thought, that a historical Hebrew drama
shown with appropriate costumes and
scenery wouldbe an excellent means of edu
cation! I, of course, helped the project.
There were 14 members of the company, of
which three were ladies and one a little girl.
THE LOSS ABOUT 5200.
"'They represented, through the managers
acd directors, that they were going to pro
duce a new thing, and one which would be
acceptable to our people. I do not suppose
that the loss of the club will exceed 5200,
and I know how the funds came in, as I was
elected treasurer of the club. "We were
willing to lose that amount or more to hare
a Hebrew opera presented, for, say, three
months or so, but we naturally kick on
haying the limit reduced to two or three
weeks. We went to see the opera one night
and saw a reproduction of "The Streets of
2Scw York" in Hebrewbut as most, if not
all, of us had seen the piece in its natural
colors, the production was not altogether
acceptable. Still there were other pieces
produced in the Turner Hall that were
liked, and the opinions were all in favor of
the company until last night, when it was
ascertaiued'that it had packed up and left
I have every confidence that it will return
about Easter time, the Jewish Passover,
when the large patronage of Hebrew ped
dlers will be concentrated in the city.
They have to return from their various
routes at that time, because they cannot eat
the bread obtainable abroad, and mil neces
sarily center around the large places. But
you can mark my words that the company
will have no club assistance in its enter
prise. I understand that it left about 6
o'clock on Sunday mormng.and no efiort was
made to put a stop to the chapter oi exodns
which was the last act of the organization."
THE EABBI DEXOTOCED THE3L
Seeing some other members oi the Grant
Street Synagogue, the true inwardness of
the case'was shown up. It appears that
Eabbi Sivitz has been exhorting his con
gregation, and telling.it that attendance at
the Hebrew performances would be not
alone subversive of morality but would ex
clude those who attended irom participa
tion in the services of the synagogue. This
is stated by at least six reputable attend
ants at the place of worship, one of whom
went so far as to say that the Eabbi said he
would denounce and curse, or probably to
use a more understood phrase, excommuni
cate the members who would visit the show.
The members of the Dramatic Company
with that proverbial disregard for all the
usual conveniences of society; on last Satur
day night introduced a new feature into the
"Streets of New York," a debate, between
Thomasofsky, who personated what is known
to the boy as "Monkey Joe," and Garten
stien, one of whom made up to impersonate
Eabbi Sivitz, beard tnd general appearanoe
being copied to the life. The debate was on
the subject of attending dramatic perform
ances, and was, of course, decided in the
affirmative. The reception of this gag on
the general piece was applauded, and
the result can be seen in the
absence of the company from the haunts
which have known them for some time.
A BUPTURE FBOBABLE.
The fact that there are several bills owed
by the members of the company is considered
of less importance by it numerous creditors
than that it was excluded practically by
work through the Grant Street Synagogue
from the patronage of many of the latter's
members, and it is more than likely that
this effort at church discipline will make a
rupture upon the hill which nothing but the
return of the company, the payment of its
bills and its indorsement by theecclesiastical
authorities will assuage.
In one place there were a number of
young girls who were holding an im
promptu indignation meeting on the man
ner in whichlhe opera company had been
frozen out by the icy hand of " theological
denunciation. They were in sympathy with
the players with one exception, that of a
young lady whose brother had lost 512
loaned to one of the operatic performers.
Even she was divided in opinion whether to
condemn the man who borrowed the money
or the place of worship, of which she was a
devout member, for making it necessary for
the dramatic company to tkip.
The company is now supposed to be in
Philadelphia, whence it came, and the
church fight occasioned by the opposition to
its representations will probably be re
garded as too good an advertisement to be
wasted, so that Mr. Pinkelpearl's prognosti
cation of its return will probably prove
THE WORST FEARED.
Rev. Dr. Thomas' Illness More Serious
Than Generally Supposed.
Pears are entertained that Eev. Dr. H. E.
Thomas, pastor ot the Fifth Avenue Welsh
Congregationalht Church, may not recover
from the affliction that has prostrated him
for several months past at his home in Idle
wood. He was at first treated for sciatica,but
or late it seems the doctorshave been puzzled
iu their diagnosis. Judge Ewing thought
it possible, from what he had heard, that
Dr. Thomas might recover, but he feared an
Dr. Thomas is a man of note, whose death
would be a loss to any community. He ex
cels, both as a speaker and writer, and is in
the prime of intellectual manhood, being
under 60 years of age.
Postponed n Usual.
The case of Dr. "William B. Dickson,
charged with quackery, was yesterday after
noon continued by Alderman McKenna
until 4 o'clock Tuesday, November 26.
Alderman McKenna continued the cases of
the mnsenm men, Carlisle, O'Neil and
"Walthauer, indefinitely. Carlisle has not
yetrelurned to the city, and Assistant Su
perintendent O'Mara was kept away by ill
ness in his family.
Co mine This Wny.
The Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad
will extend its tracks to Steubenville and
Wheeling, and the management say that
the extension will be made during Jbe com
ing year. The railroad company has ac
quired a controlling interest m the "Wheel
ing, Lake Erie and Pittsburg Coal Com
panj, and proposes to build on east, seek-
injjtto find an outlet iu that direction.
BBBwMdiiittiiitiMifa-kit u3,i f, ihfumi- niii 'r irndfjlhmn iTMMMSKKmU
IAKKIN FOE MAT0B.
The Postmaster to bo Borons a a Candidate
of the County Democracy A Pretty
Fight to be Waged.
In these piping times of war between the
different factions of both political parties, a
new candidate has been sprung upon the
public for Mayoralty honors. This is Post
master John B. Larkin, who, it is expected,
will be relieved from his present position
within the next 60 days. In connection
with the appearance of his rotund form into
the municipal fight, one of the liveliest
fights between the local Democracy has
It leaked out yesterday that the leaders of
the Randall club and the County Democracy
werejjumping upon each other's necks on ac
count of the Johnston victory. All kinds oi
threats hare been made by the latter against
the former for alleged knifing of Harry
Beltzhoover. This is to be carried into the
Larkin camp, and the Postmaster is to be
made a target for Connty Democracy shots.
It is a well known fact that both organiza
tions entered into a combination to elect
Johnston and Beltzhoover. The latter is a
member of Dennis Boyle's organization,
and congratulated himself that he was to get
the undivided support of the Bandall club.
Tne agreement was that if thelatter took care
of Beltzhoover, the County Democracy
would do the square thing for Johnston. It
is also deplored that Beltzhoover had
missed connection when the votes were
counted, while Johnston was elected. The
County Democracy people now allege that
the Bandallites traded Beltzhoover, and on
this account he was snowed nnder by Heber
McDowell, who has a large personal fol
lowing in the club.
A number of Beltzboover's friends in the
County Democracy got together and thought
the best way to ease the feelings of their
defeated candidate was to have him ap
pointed County Detective under John
ston. They went to the new
District Attorney, and in the usual plain
and dignified way asked that Harry be
given the position. They had not one
thought that their request would be refused
on account of the hearty support tbey had
given Johnston. Their eyes stuck out like
Tim O'Leary's white hat on a rainy day,
when Mr. Johnston informed them that he
had already promised the place to a per
sonal friend. Among those who bad been
urging Beltzhoover's claims for the position
of detective was Councilman Thomas Mul
lin, of the Thirtieth ward. Mr. Mulliu had
spent considerable time working up votes
for Johnston, and thought his claims should
be considered. The new District Attorney
was obstinate, however, and refused to
break bis promise. Councilman Mullin
said he would make it warm for somebody
before the matter was settled, and among
those whom he has enlisted iu the cause are
Patrick Foley, William Brennan and Den
nis Boyle. The quartet say they will make
it lively for the new Democratic candidate,
who is still attending to business at the
postofSce waiting for Mr. Wanamaker to
HIT WITH A BRICK.
Robert W. Patterson's Sknll Cracked An
other Possible Murder Ont Pecn Ave
nue Ills Assailant In Jail.
A probable murder occurred yesterday
afternoon in Lawrenceville. Eobert W.
Patterson was hit upon the head with a
brick and his skull severely crushed. He
lies at the West Penn Hospital in a critical
Patterson is an engineer and boarded
with Mrs. Smith on Thirty-fourth street
For some time he has been on bad terms
with Florence Smith, a -son of Mrs. Smith.
Yesterday the two men had some words
which resulted in Patterson leaving the
house in an angry mood. Smith followed
him. At Thirty-fourth and Butler streets,
it is alleged, he picked up a large brick
and struck Patterson in the back of the
head .with it Patterson fell to the ground
in an insensible condition. Officer Pal
mer was a witness to the affair
and picked Patterson up. He took
him to Dr. Clark's office, where he was
attended to and then removed to the West
Penn Hospital. His skull was severely
crushed, and his recovery is considered very
Smith is a man 23 years old. He was
arrested late in the afternoon at his mother's
home by Officers Palmer and McAndrews
and sent to the Seventeenth ward police
station charged with felonious assault and
battery. The cause of the trouble between
the men could not be learned.
K0T TROUBLED BI EEP0RTS.
Candidate Gonrley's. Friends Laugh at an
"It is not upon one side only that gossip
about the coming Mayoralty canvass has
awakened interest within the past few
days," said a friend of Mr. Gonrley, and a
well-known Bepublican at that, yesterday.
"The agitation will strengthen Gourley
most assuredly. He has been in public life
here for 25 years, and nobody can lay a
single charge against him. He is capable.
In manners he is pleasing and unaffectedly
kind in his comings and his goings with all
classes. It is stupid to say he ever made a
speech declaring 51 per day enough for
workingmen. That old falsehood, repeat
edly exposed, will work in Gourley'sTavor.
not against him. It was invented
out of the whole cloth by a Greenbacker,
apropos of a meeting in Springdale up
the West Penn road in the campaign ot
1880, printed as a roorback by the Demo
crats at the same time they were working the
Morey letter against Garfield, and exposed
and denied the same week by' a committee
ot six of the most prominent men of Spring
dale, who sat on the platform the night ot
the meeting. If it is only by such stupid
canards as that Gourley is to be beaten,"
continued his friend, "it will be found that
more sympathy and support will be cre
ated for him by such baseless reports than
there will be friends alienated. Gourley has
no real enemies, but thousands of friends."
The reporter was here shown a document
signed by Jacob H. Walter, J. K. Parkhill,
John B. Holmes, D. M. Clements, G. W.
Johnson and H. G. G. Fink, all prominent
men of Springdale (and all of whom sat on
the platform), denouncing the report against
Gourley as an entire falsehood. This should
set the matter at rest
HITHER AND THITHER.
W. L. Elkins, the traction road mag
nate, E. T. Matnews, of Philadelphia, who is
Identified with Mr. Elkins' financial under
takings, and Isaafe S. Hamilton, a civil engi
neer, of Baltimore, journeyed on to Chicago
last night Mr. Elkins said that traction roads
were only a success in large cities. With
others he would have no connection. The
Broadway traction road would have work com
menced on it in the earl; spring, and regarding
the Baltimore line, which would extend Irom
Patterson Park to Druid Hill Park, operating
would be commenced on it about the same
time. Mr. Hamilton, the engineer in charge of
it was goincto Chicago to obtain information
about similar roads operating there. Mr.
Elkins said that tbc Pittsbnnr roads were
doing "fairly well." and that 'they would im
prove with time." He bad to say. however,
with regard to them, that tbey were as suc
cessful as any sach roads in existence. Re
garding the reduction of East End lares Mr.
Elkins said that he did not want to saT any
thing about them: they were lor the considera
tion of directors, but he could say that with re
gard to the increased traffic which would ensue
when the park was opened that "When the
park was thrown open they would be prepared
to carry the people there." Begardlng Globe
Refining Company matters, he said that his
brother, not be, was concerned in them.
General Henderson, the California
Congressman, went through the city to Wash
ing! on yesterday. He said that though Joe
Cannon would have the sympathy of the West
em Representatives tor the Speakership, he
thought Reed, of Maine, would obtain the
A Leo. Weil, Esq., the widely known
corporation and trust attorney, has just re
turned to the city after spending two months
in London on professional business.
Mr. Charles A. Greegan, one of the
Panhandle Railroad" Stenographers, has re
turned from Cincinnati where ho ha been in
specting ties for the past week.
A FIRM'S EXTREMITY
Becomes Home Industry's Chance in
the Congealing Business;
THE CHAUTAUQUA LAKE C0MFANY
Will Make Its Own Ice in the Future Be
TOO MUCH LOSS IN BAILR0AD DELAIS
A man with hirsute' more or less dishev
eled came, to The Dispatch office yester
day and stated that the Chautauqua Lake
Ice Company acd the railway companies
had fallen out, and that in future Chau
tauqua Lake ice would be made to order in
Pittsburg. "Keep mum," said he, "so iar
as my name is concerned, but if you don't
believe me just ask W. F. Wilson, Secre
tary and Treasurer of the company, what he
knows about it"
Accordingly the mammoth building of
the company'on Thirteenth street was vis
ited. "Who told you?" was Mr. Wilson's
reply to the question. He was told that the
informant insisted on being incog., when,
with some irritation visible in counte
nance and voice, Mr. Wilson stated that
the company had decided to make
some ice for itself, but he insisted
for a time on knowing the authority
for the statement that it was on account oi
friction between the railway companies and
the ice company. The informant had stated
that relations between the congealed water
goods company and the transportation com
panies have been strained to the snapping
point on account of rates being so high that
ice could no longer be brought to Pittsburg
at a price upon which a profit could be
When everything failed Mr. Wilson stated
that the company had decided to make ice,
but he was reticent on the subject of there
being any quarrel between his company and
the railway companies.
ONE HUKDEED TONS PEB DAT.
He said, however, that arrangements had
been made to make for the present 100 tons
of ice per day; further, that owing to the
inability to get cars when they were
wanted the company had been put to
loss and inconvenience, and it was gleaned
from the talk, though Mr. Wilson did not
express it in terms, that much annoyance
and loss have been caused by cars not hav
ing been put into position for unloading un
til stock had lost greatly in weight in warm
weather. It couldn't be "put on ice," and
melted in consequence to such an extent
that profits sometimes become too narrow to
It having been stated that a controversy
as to rates had been the rock on which the
parties in interest had split, Mr. Wilson
was pressed on this point, out an expression
could not be squeezed out of him. He par
ried the question by stating that the ice
companies had been put to great straits to
make ends meet of late. They couldn't
splice them, and they were averse to doing
business for fun, leaving it to be understood
could do the work cheaper than nature, plus
the cost of carriage and the vagaries of
transportation companies who might want
the stimulus of a bonus to put cars promptly
where they were wanted.
It'-s an ill wind that blows no one good,
may be a musty proverb, but it seems ap
plicable in the" present case. If we can
make ice cheaper than can the hyperborean
gods, with freight added, it will put bread
and butter into mouths that heretofore were
forced to earn it in a more rigorous climate,
and at the same time add to the wealth of
The machine used is the one that was on
exhibition at the Exposition, and the ice
will be made in the building on Thirteenth
street The manufacture of artificial ice is
not a new thing, and and in some Western
cities is carried on extensively. In Coving
ton the ice men are in the habit of placing
various objects in the ice before the process
of making begins. Butchers put in pieces
of meat, and place the block of ice in the
window for an advertisement Flowers look
very pretty congealed in a mass of clear ice,
and" so do many other articles.
EET. MB. EEILLI DENIES IT,
BntBisbop Fhelan Believes Bishop TnlffK
Bev. K.J. Beilly, of Altoona,3Bishop
Tuigg's private secretary, is said to have
denied the story of the Bishop's resigning
the government of the diocese. For the
purpose of getting an authoritative statement
on the subject, a Dispatch reporter visited
Coadjutor Bishop Phelan at his residence
last night Bishop Phelen was at first ad-verse-to
talking on the subject, but finally
,-I understand that Bishop Tuigg has re
signed, and if he has, his resignation will
be accepted, because his illness prevents
him from governing the diocese properly.
No pressure has been brought to bear on
Bishop Tulgg, however, and none will be.
It has been the opinion of both laymen and
priests that it would be better for him to re
sign, and I believe the statement that he
has done so. It will be at least a month
before anything definite about his resigna
tion is known. He may still be allowed to
retain the title of bishop, but he will be
relieved of all active management in the
diocese, and it will devolve upon me. I
was appointed coadjutor with the right of
succession, and I need no authority from
Home to take charge. I am, as you may
know, Titular Bishop of a diocese in Asia
Minor, but I will let that go, as a man
cannot be titular bishop of two dioceses at
Bishop Phelan was also asked about the
reported action of the Catholic Congress in
Baltimore, in taking the ban off secret
societies, and he said that, as the Congress
was composed of laymen, its members had
no power in the matter. He spoke as if he
did not believe the report, and said that he
thought no such action would be taken.
A 15-F00T STAGE EXPECTED.
A Tow of 32 Coalboats to Start for St. Louis
Things along the river are quiet just at
present, the coal being nearly all out But
one shipment remains to be made, and it
will go to-day. There are 32 coalboats in the
lot, and will be taken down by the Percy
Kelsy and the Charley Brown. This coal
may lie all winter at St Louis, as it is in
tended for the Southern market
The river is rising, and a 15-foot stage is
expected to-day. Biver men may protest to
the Secretary of War against the bridge
which the West Virginia and Ironton Bail
road proposes building across the Ohio river
near the mouth of the Big Sandy. They
claim that they were not consulted in the
Carpenter Shop Burned.
The carpenter shop attached to Carnegie
6 Phipps' mill at the foot of Twenty-ninth
street was discovered to be on fire at 10
o'clock last night, and an alarm from box
69 was sent in. The entire building, to
gether with a lot ot valuable tools, was de
stroyed, entailing a loss of 1,500. The origin
oi the fire is not known. While on the way
to the fire one of the horses attached to No.
7 engine was injured by slipping on a rail.
Lookout for Snenk Thieves.
These pests of society seem to be again at
work around Shadyside and other places,
and it is well for everyone to be on the
watch, and use every precautfon against
them. In these prosperous times people are
apt to accumulate a great many valuable
articles in their houses, and the opportunity
is afforded to the light-fingered gentry to
get a good hauL Families run a great risk
iu keeping valuable articles about their
houses. It would be much wiser for them
to send their valuables 'to the Safe Deposit
Company of Pittsburg,, where they can
have them securely stored at a small cost
HAD ENOUGH OF NATURAL GAS.
The Star Iron Work Are Using Coal la
tbo Heating Faraaces.
Some manufacturers have evidently had
enough of the trouble due to the uncertainty
of the natural gas supply. Lindsay & Mc
Cutcheon, of the Star Iron Works, Alle
gheny, have rebuilt the heating furnaces in
connection with the six-inch and nine-inch
rolls, so as to use coal. Bricklayers are at
work on another, and by next month all the
heating furnaces will be ready for
coal. The men seemed to prefer
the coal to the gas, claiming
that when using coal they can reckon on
their work, barring accidents to the machin
ery, whereas with the gas they are liable to
be thrown idle at any time. The manage
ment of the Star Works say that auring
nine months of the past two years they have
suffered from a scarcity of gas. Both pud
dling departments and 41 furnaces are still
using gas, owing to the hours of work being
changed. The night turn charges the. first
heat at 1 o'clock in the afternoon, and it
takes them until 10 o'clock at night to make
five heats, the day turn commencing im
At Carnegie, Phipps & Co.'s Twenty
ninth street mills, the puddlers are averag
ing half time, by reason of their refusing to
commence work at 10 o'clock night Both
the firm and the men are sufferers, the firm
being unable to turn out all the muck iron
it can handle.
M0N0NGAHELA TALLEI MINING.
The Garfleld Mines Reported as Startlngrtn
To-day at the 3-Cent Bate.
It was reported yesterday that the Gar
field mines one of those concerned in the
Monongabela Valley strike would resume
work to-day at the rate demanded, viz: 3
cents per bushel. The miners regard this as
the thin edge of the wedge that will open up
to them the whole district at the same rate.
At the moment of writing it could not be
ascertained who the proprietors of these
mines are, but, it would seem that if they
can see their way to pay an additional -cent
for the output, that those operators,
who, but last week, so pronouncedly de
clared that the market would not afford the
increase, cannot any longer maintain that
position. It is to be hoped that, whether
the matter be settled by a general conces
sion, or a compromise, that the miners will
be at work again within a very short time.
So many manufacturers are now turning
their attention to ooal versus natural gas
that it is possible the outlook for the season
may be better than foreshadowed by opera
tors. NO DATE FOE THE SUITS.
District Attorney Ljon Does Not Know
When Action Will Be Taken.
District Attorney Lyon stated yesterday
to a Dispatch reporter that he had not yet
entered the suits iu the Jeannette importa
tion case. When asked when he would do
so he said:
"I do not now know when we will enter
the suits. In a matter of this kind you can
not do in the same time as you could walk
across the street. The Government is slow
about moving in the matter, but the action
will be taken some time in the future.
There is nothing more in the case than THE
Dispatch published on Sunday."
In Honor of Malone.
The steel department o( Shoenberger's
mill will be idle on Wednesday on account
ot the funeral ot Morris Malone, an em
ploye. One hundred men will be in at
tendance. Wages Increased.
The teamsters in the employ of Marshall,
Kennedy & Co., abont 25 in number, were
notified yesterday of a 10 per cent increase
wai wouia db given mem in iue wages.
A PAUPEE IHMIGEANT.
How the Department of Charities Temper
Justice With Mercy.
A pauper immigrant turned up at the
Department of Charities yesterday. A
Germau named John Malaritch, 20 years of
age, applied for admission to the Poor Farm
to be treated for sickness. He came to this
country on May 10, from Inchanember, TJn-
dergrein, Germany, and went to Calumet,
Mich., where he went to work iu the iron
mines. A companion there had sent him
$150, with which to pay his expenses, he
haying been a pauper with no money of his
Work was slack at Calumet and he was
thrown out of employment. Having an
acquaintance in this city he came here and
secured work in a Lawrenceville mill about
three months ago. He took sick and was
removed from his friend's house at 4820
Butler street to the West Penn Hospital.
On last Sunday he was discharged as cured,
but without money and without friends,
feeling sick again he went to a doctor who
referred .him to Chief Elliott, saying he
needed medical attention.
The chief took pity on him and had a per
mit made out for him for admission to the
medical department of the Home, and he
was sent there yesterday afternoon.
THE TUENEES BLOWOUT.
The Dedication of Tbeir Hall on Thanks
giving Will be Well Done.
A meeting of the Allegheny County
Butchers' Association is called by Fred
Beilstein, President, fer Thursday evening,
November 21, at City Hall, to perfect ar
rangements for the grand parade on Thanks
giving Day. All members of the associa
tion and all butchers of Allegheny county
are earnestly desired to be present at this
The new Turner Hall on Canal street, Al
legheny, just completed at a cost of $35,000,
is to be dedicated on Thanksgiving Day,
and the event is expected to be one of the
great affairs of the season. Turners and
singers' societies from Cleveland, Wheeling,
Altoona, and, in fact, from all the region
around Pittsburg for qot less than 150 miles
are to be represented at these dedicatory
It is expected that fully 50,000 people
will be in line in the great Thanksgiving
parade. Jacob Bicbter is to act as Chief
Marshal and Andy Kachthaler as Adjutant
in the butchers' division of the parade.
Work on tbe New Wlug of RiTerslde to be
Stopped for the Winter.
Work on the new south wing ot the
Biverside Penitentiary, will in a few days
be suspended until next spring. The new
addition is now substantially complete; the
laying of the floors and general finishing is
about all that remains to be done. The iron
material used in its construction was manu
factured by the convicts. There are 500
cells in the new wing, the dimensions of
each being 7x8 feet. The dimensions of the
structure are 467 feet in length, 52 feet in
width and 75 feet in height The west wing
occupies the same amount of space, but has
640 cells, making them necessarily much
smaller. The yard in front of the new wing
has been laid out and in the spring, choice
flower beds will be planted.
EA1SIKG THE BLOCKADE.
Tbe B. fc O. and P. & W. Bracing
and Doing Quicker Work.
The freight blockade on the Baltimore
and Ohio Ballroad is gradually easing up,
and freight is being moved much faster at
present than it has been for some time past.
The Pittsburg and Western Ballroad, which
takes freight irom the Baltimore and Ohio
yards at Glenwood, is making great efforts
to clear the blockade existing at that point
The whole line is expected to be clear in a
few days, and traffic, which ia very heavy
at present, will move freely.
A LARGE INCREASE.
Travel on the Citizens' Traction Line
Picked Up Forty Per Cent.
AMUAL MEETINGS YESTERDAY.
Nothing Done Abont Eedncln? Through
Fares to Five Cents.
NEW MOTIYE POWEE FOE THE P., A. & M
The annual meetings of the Citizens'
Traction Company and tbe Citizens' Passen
ger Bailway Company were held last even
ing in their offices in the Jackson building.
Nothing but the ordinary routine of busi
ness was transacted. There was no discus
sion or action taken about .reducing the fare
to 5 cents via the former line from Pittsburg
to Bast Liberty. The meeting of the latter
company was one of form only.
As to the Traction company's meeting,
the following report was presented to the
stockholders by Secretary Charles M.
Number of passengers carried during
theyear ending October 31, 18S9.... 9,173,775
Numberof passengers carried during
Passenger increase 42 per cent, or. . 2,731,303
Eeceipts, October 31.18S9 $400 912 62
Beceipts, October 31, 1883 333,168 27
Increase 33 per cent or S 133,743 35
The stockholders were much pleased at
the report of the earnings for the year, and
immediately proceeded to ballot for new di
rectors. The old board were re-elected.
They are as follows:
John G. Holmes, James Verner, James J.
Donnell, Wilson McCandless, Murray A Ver
ner.C. L. Magee and H. S. A. Stewart
After organizing, the board elected the
following named officers:
President, John Q. Holmes; Vice President
H. 8. A Stewart: Secretary. Charles SI. Gorm
ley; Treasurer, Nathaniel Holmes; Solicitors,
George C. Wilson and F. M, Magee.
The following directory was elected at the
meeting of the Citizens' Company. John G.
Holmes, James Verner, H. S. A. Stewart,
James J. Donnell, Wilson McCandless,
Murry A. Verner and C. L. Magee. Joseph
S. Brown was elected President and Mr.
Donnell Secretary and Treasurer.
After the meetings Mr. C. L. Magee said:
'We did nothing about the 5-centfare ques
tion, and I do not know that anything will
be done about it This is a matter for the
directors to take hold of, and we had no
time for it to-night.
The annual meeting of the Pittsburg
Traction Company was held in the afternoon
at the power house, foot of Washington
street. The old officers and Board of Direc
tors were re-elected. They are as follows:
President George W. Elkins; Vice Presi
dent C.L. Magee; Secretary, George L. Mc
Farlane: Treasurer, W. McCandless; Directors,
G.W. Elkins. W. H. Kemble, P.A.B. Widener,
W. L. Elkins, of Philadelphia; Thomas S.
Bigelow, Joseph W. Craig and C. L. Magee, of
It was expected that the board of di
rectors would transact considerable business
after organizing, but nothing was done.
Among the matters supposed to come up
was that of making a 5 cent fare through to
East Liberty. The officials of the road
denied that they had any intention of
so doing, and said a 5 cent fare
would not pay. Although the traffic is'
very heavy the expense is considerable and
the earnings are not as large as some per
sons imagine. The annual reports will not
be read until the meeting in January. An
other matter was the award of the contract
for the new electrio cars to be used on the
Oakland loop. The branch will be running
by March 15 or April 1. The tracks down
Atwood street have been laid and the con
tracts for the cars will be let within'1 a few
weeks. The cars will be manufactured by
the J. G. Brill Company, of Philadelphia.
The cable cars were built there, and Mr.
Brill is also making the ladies' or "trailer"
cars which will be put on about December
15. The present "trailers," or horse cars,
will be sold, as the company will have no
further use for them.
OLD CAES NOT SUITABLE.
The reason the old cars are being dispensed
with is on account of not being suitable
for the short curves. They swing with a
jolting motion, and the roots are too low.
The new cars will not be exclusively for the
use of ladies and their escorts, but an at
tempt will be made to have the male pas
sengers occupy the large cars. If they per
sist in riding in the new "trailers" they
will be allowed to do so.
Another rnmor bobbed up yesterday that
the Fifth avenue line was negotiating for
the Central and Second avenue roads. This
was denied, especially regarding the latter.
At tbe meeting of the Pittsburg, Alle
gheny and Manchester Bailway Company,
to be held to-day, the subject of changing
the motive power of the road will come up
for discussion. The question of purchasing
or building a bridge over the Allegheny
river will also be considered, and it is on
this latter subject that interest chiefly cen
ters. The stockholders of the road cannot
be prevailed upon to give decided opinions
either lor or against buying or building,
one gentleman merely stating that the meet
ing would be entirely harmonious. As
matters stand now, the street car company is
paying ?G,000 a year for the privilege of
crossing the Suspension bridge, and is will
ing to pay 510,000 a year 'to cross with a
WILLING TO BUT THE BBIDOE.
It is also willing to buy the bridge out
right tor 5750,000 or to secure a controlling
interest on a basis oi that price. One stock
holder of the street car company, who re
fused to let his name be used, said that the
bridce company was now paying a dividend
of 17 per cent on its capital stock, and that
if the street car company built a bridgeof
its own near the suspension, and put down a
free footway for the public, the-17 per cent
dividend would be materially reduced. The
free footway alone would take from 515,000
to $20,000 a year away from the revenue,
and this added to the 6,000 rent from the
street car company would make about 8 per
cent of the total bridge rdvenues.
Commodore Kountz, when asked if there
was any chance of the 6-cent fare being re
duced to 5 cents, said: "No. The residents
of Allegheny do not, as a general thing, pay
more than 5 cents, as they all buy tickets.
The extra cent adds very little to the reve
nues of the company, and is merely put on
to force the public to buy tickets that the
conductors of the road might not be al
together at liberty in handling its money."
Since the talk of making the road a cable
or electric line, some of the conductors and
drivers have been quietly figuring an an in
crease of wages, but are by no means all of
one mind on the question of an advance
being granted. Some of them arc of the
opinion that the-company will expect them
to work on the motor line for the same
wages they are nowgetting, but others think
that the advance will be granted as a matter
of course. The L. A 6003, "K. of L., to
which they belong, has as yet taken no,
definite action on the subject, but the men
are said to be agitating the matter.
Tbe Train Dispatching; System.
The chief train dispatchers of the Pennsyl
vania Company started yesterday on a tour
for the purpose of investigating the different
systems under which different train dis
patchers work. Their object is to correct
errors and select the best system and estab
lish a'uniform system throughout the entire
If yon suffer from looseness of bowels, or
fever and ague, Angostura Bitters will cure
Pbepabe for the holidays. Cabinet
photos fl per doz. Extra panel picture at
Lies' Popular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st
Attend the sale at KaabU ft'MiMiw's,
85 Fifth art. , ,
T "VTC jfart.iamL2e-A -.
4. -r , r J
Jams Larkin Arrested for 8m!cImAb
lions He Is Supposed lo be the Han Who
Worked tbe Room Racket.
A sign of "Booms To Let" adorned the
front of Mrs. McSteen's boarding house at
No. 2212 Penn avenue yesterday afternoon
when, at about X o'clock, a well-dressed
young man, wearing a neat suit of clothing
and light overcoat, acd carrying a new, tan
colored valise and gold-headed silk um
brella, rang the' bell. Mrs. McSteen an
swered the summons, and was asked by the
young man if he could have the privilege of
looking at one of her furnished rooms. He
said he was a traveling agent fqr Proctor &
Gamble's soap manufactory, and would
probably be located in the city for several
weeks. He wanted a room to himself where
he could spend his leisure time and do his
accounting, but was not particular whether
it was a front or back room,
second or third floor, and
was willing to pay a fair
price for suitable accommodations. Such
an easjly-pleased person was a very desira
ble on to Mrs. McSteen, and she lost no
time in showing him through her house and
acquainting him with her terms. She
found, however, that he was not so easily
pleased as to price after all, and when he
said her prices for a room for a single per
son were too high, she offered to give him a
room with another boarder at a reduced
figure. He looked at the room and inquired
all about the habits and business of its
other occupant, and finally concluded that
it was just what he wanted. He said heJ
would take the room and would have his
baggage brought at once, but first he wished
to do some writing and would use the room
for that purpose.
Mrs. McSteen assented and withdrew,
leaving her new boarder to himself. A few
minutes later a daughter of Mrs. McSteen,
in passing the new boarder's room, heard a
rattling of keys, as if the inmate was trying
to open a trunk. She quickly notified her
mother of her suspicions, and that lady ran
to the room and tried the door, but it was
locked on the inside. Mrs. McSteen, know
ing that the young man had brought noth
ing with him but an apparently empty va
lise, made up her mind at once that be was
trying to open the trunk of the original ten
ant of the room. She threw her weight
against the door and burst it open just in
time to catch the young man in the act, but
as the door flew open she fell to the floor,
and he, jumping over her prostrate form,
ran down the stairs and attempted to open
the front door. He failed to work the door,
however, and in his desperation opened the
parlor door, knocking Miss McSteen down
as he ran, and, throwing up a iront window,
he jumped to the pavement
The women in the house followed him to
the street screaming and a man on the street,
seeing the young lellow running, took in
the situation, and knocked him down in
front of No. 7 engine house. He jumped up
and started off again, but one of the firemen
ran out and neld him until Officer Sam
Miller came up and placed him under ar
rest. He was taken to Central station in a
As there have been a number of robberies
committed in this way recently Inspector
McAleese sent for one of the victims, Mrs.
Kate Giblin, who keeps a boarding house at
the corner of Chatham and Webster streets.
Her house was robbed of anumberof articles
on Halloween by a young man who acted
just as this one did. When she went into
the station, she picked him out of a half
dozen placed in line, and identified him as
the man who had worked the game. Lieu
tenant Boyd also identified him as a sneak
He gave his name as James Larkins,
aged 24 years, and claimed residence in this
city. Inspector McAleese thinks he will be
able to prove a dozen of cases against the
young man as he answers perfectly the de
scription given by parties who have been
The police say Larkins is not the right
name of the young man, but that he is
James McVickers, who has a record in po
lice circles, at is expectea tnat it large
number of cases similar to that in which he
figured yesterday will be placed to his credit
Inspector McAleese is desirous that all per
sons who have been victimized in this man
ner will call at Central station to identify
See! Heart Bart
?445 oct parlor organ, new.
5556 oct parlor organ, new.
5205 oct parlor organ, sec. hand.
525 5 oct parlor organ, sec. hand.
5100 7 oct square piano, sec. hand.
$1307 oct square, piano, sec hand.
5175 7 oct upright piano; new.
Please cut this out and put it in your hat
for future reference,Jand remember when you
buy from other dealers at the outrageous
prices they ask, you are making the rich
richer and enslaving yourself.
Our store open every night till 9 P. M.
Echols, McMubbat &-Co.,
123 Sandnsky street,
(Telephode Building.) Allegheny, Pa.
For One Day Only.
Just for to-day" we jump all bounds and
hold a special sale of overcoats and suits at
ten dollars. Call this a ten dollar sale, but
we want to dispose of 500 fine overcoats and
500 fine suits to-day at ten dollars. The goods
we offer exceed anything ever seen at that
price, and lay claim to being'regular 520 to
524 garments, but to-day sees their sale at
510. Don't miss it The overcoaU are the
celebrated chinchillas, kerseys, meltons
and castors, the suits are Bound Brook, che
viots, Athlone woolens, English cassimeres
and glove worsteds. Ten dollars to-day
only. P- C. C. C,
Cor. Grant and Diamond sts., opp. the new
Thompson' Guide to Music Baying-.
Every musician in Pittsburg should have
this publication. It is a large 60-paged
catalogue, fall sheet music size, containing
illustrations and prices of nearly every
musical instrument, from a double-tongued
jewsbarp to a fine piano. Also, a complete
list of over 6,000 pieces of popular sheet
music. Also, a special list of popular
music books by well-known publishers
The special net prices printed in this cata
logue will open your eyes. We send this
complete, including Will L. Thompson's
latent song and chorus, on receipt of 10 cts.
in postage stamps.
W. L. Thompson & Co..
East Liverpool, O.
Extra For To-Day-
ToBtartabig rush for the men's cape
coats we will sell for to-day only 75 hand
some brown checked cassimere cape coats
for the ridiculous price of 57. Becollect 57
is the price for a stylish C3pe coat to-day at
our great store. P. C. C. C.f
CorGrant and Diamond sts., opp. the new
White guipure de Gene laces with Tan
dvke points 3 inches deep 10 cents yard and,
up to finest imported at popular prices.
Boggs & Buhl.
At 30c a Yard.
60-inch novelty stripe suitings.
Jos. Hobne & Co.'s
Penn Avenue stores.
Greatest Bargain Ribbon Sate
On record begins Tuesday. All fancy
shades for holiday fancy work, narrow
Hosne & Wabd, 41 Fifth avenue.
Knable & Sinister
Will start great reduction sale in all de
cartments on Wednesday.
Knable & Shusteb, 35 Fiftl
Like the-breath of life to tired humanity
is a glass of Wain wright's pure beer. .(.Kept
bv all dealers. xxsea
uBsrHnM UWrffKnt .
At great sale a "Wednesday, D
Mdaeed Hosiery redteed. v
IN TEE OIL HELM.'
Petroleum, at Preeeat Wortk More
Than Gas, aid as Easily Gotten
The Depp Farm Well's Ploir Still Worth
More Than $1,000 Per Week.
WELLS GOLNG DOWN MAS PIII5BUE0
While "experts" are defining oil territory
in the Chartiers field and have settled upon
its superficial area at present as ly, square
miles, it is interesting to keep trace of drill
development Moon township people are
inclined to ask why they are not put into
the territory, and there is no well defined
reason why tbey should not be so considered.
In this section if anything definite bas been
settled it is that you can't always tell any
thing definite about the strata that contains
petroleum. The Allegheny chain belongs
to primordial time, and what may have oc
curred since then can only be guessed, even
The Ewing's -mills or Montour run dis
trict was condemned some time ago, and it
certainly didn'tpay the gas companies much
in tbe way of dividends, but it seems likely
to have a future as a petroleum producing
field. The Depp farm well below Ewing's
mills is about eight weeks old. and although
it has slowed up from its initial work of
300 barrels a day it is still making 175 bar
rels and since it was struck has yielded
some 510,000 worth of grease, three times
the cost of boring. The" Ewiug-Dorrington
well in the Knopf farm did not get much
showfto tell what it might have made, as
salt water came in, and in attempting to go
deeper a bit was irrevocally stuck necessi
tating the boring of anew hole.
WELLB GOIKO DOW2T.
Development in Montour run is growing
apace. There are two more wells being
drilled in the Depp farm by tbe Ft Pitt
Company. On the Byrne farm, near the
mouth of Moon run. One lias been located
on the McClelland farm, but drilling has
not been commenced. Tbe Imperial Coal
Company is preparing to drill on the old
Ewing farm. Ewing & Dorrington are
boring two wells on the Knopf farm, and
operation are about read v to be commenced
on the Schmid farm. All this Indicates
considerable activity for a territory called
worthless two months ago.
Considerable interest was manifested in
the Davis well yesterday in the Crafton
field, butthe mud was so deep and so dis
heartening tnat only those who had a direct
interest iu it had courage to attempt a pil
grimage in that direction. Said a man who
has had considerable experience in the oil
business: "The Arbuckle-Jamison well,
while a good thing for the country, I pre
dict with confidence will not be worth a
dollar to the owners. You want to know
why. I will tell you. Tbey will, in order to
make sure of getting all the oil in the farm
for themselves, bore "half a dozen holes at
the least perhaps more, and the majority
will be dry ones, and the cost will absorb
all the profit from the gusher.
MOSEY SPERT IK BOEING.
There has been more money spent in bor
ing for oil than all the oil ever gotten has
paid for, but nevertheless the industry has
been a grand thing for the country, for
while it has brought great wealth to but
few, it has given the many employment
and has built cities. Natural gas may fail
as a general fuel, but it has made Pittsburg
rich, and its use will in time stop the waste
of coal. It will not be many years until
the 24,000,000 cubic feet of gas now wasted
daily will be utilized, and the public fur
nished with fuel as cheap as they now get
the natural article. Pittsburg may again
be enveloped wltb the smoky pall that once
gave her par( of her distinction, but not for
long. The late criminal watte of fuel and
accompanying dirt and misery will not be
perpetuated while cleanliness aad profit can
be made go hand in hand."
Mr. B. H. Smith and others were on the
point of establishing a great coke plant and
furnishing fnelgas when it was demontrated
that the natural article could be had itwas
thought at the time for almost nothing and
millions ot rusting capital are awaiting the
This "Week 1. .
' Dress Fronts and Sashes.
Elegant fronts and sashes in silk net and
fringe combined. Bashes at S3 to Uf fronts at
fa 50 to $11
Small 1 nrs in very great variety. Real and
imitation Beaver MnSs and Fichus, Monkey,
Persian Lamb, Alaska Mink and Seal Mofli,
Capes ana Fichus at very reasonable prices.
Choice new effects and novelties in Curtains
and Drapery, Flash and Tapestry Table Covers
and Fancy Jacquard work. Felt Silk and
.flush Table Covers, Mats, Tidies and Scarfs.
We ask no fancy prices in this department.
54-inch All-Wool Plaid Costume Cloths. These
are very striking in effect, and wonld be excel
lent value at tl per yard. We offer tnem at 75c
43-Inch French Serges in very effective
stripes. These are an excellent bargain at 75c
. 61-inch Camel Hair Plaids and Stripes worth
tSperyard a month ago. We are enabled to
offer yon tnese at Jl KJJ.
55-Inch Tricutine in medium weight These
are good value at Jl 50U We offer the balance
of this line at SI per yard.
All the jew ideas to be found in our Trim
ming Boom. Van Dyke Point in all grades.
Fine Gimps and Laces; Gimp de Gene; Toscs
Drapery Net in black and evening shades at SI,
SI 25 up to S3 25 per yard.
BIBER & EASTON.
505 and 507 MARKET STREET.
B. J. HORHEE & CO,
61, 68 AND 65 WERT. TWENTY-THOtD ST.,
LABGEST EXHIBIT OF
ARTISTIC FUBNITUBE IN AMZRICA.
Ten Show Booms filled with the latest pro
ductions of the Furniture and Upholstery
Art from the recognized m&nufactariag cen
ters of the world.
Novelties of London production.
Novelties of Paris production.
Novelties of Vienna production.
Oar own importation.
Novelties of American production, Including
those oi our own manufacture.
Visitors toNew York are cordially invited to
call aad examine our stock and prices. The
central location of our eataMishmont (adjoin
ing Eden Masee) makes it easy at access from
all parts of the city. 'a6-188-TT3U
LOW'S ART STOVES
"THE CHINA' STOHE,"
'Sif SMITHFIELD STREET,
- w -. .--1- "-l-. .. u
f " fsffl S5T
Mnouaeeaent of the fallwe "oT"the satxtraV
gaaraaely toba put inoeee plaauinr
which, fuel gas can be raWe at a'aoiiinal
cost and much of the plant of the present
8" Pipe lines will be found to beiathe
right place. 3fc&.
WONG MAZER HELD;
Feadlna- the Inqoest Into Cktfcerlae Aijesrt
Death From Being- Bnraed-Tk J5y
Only Eight Years Old. ' fT''
The Coroner's inquest on the deathlof
Catherine Apple, the little girl who died
yesterdaymdrnlng from the effects of bnrni
received last Saturday afternoon, will' be&J
held at 10 o'clock this morning. The child's
remains are to be buried at the same "hour,
and in order to secure the parents' testimony
without interfering with the funeral ar
rangements the Coroner took their state
ments last night .
The statement of Bernhart Apple relate i
that he lives on Summit street, Twenty" $
seventh ward. His daughter would have
been S years old on the 28th inst He knew...
nothing about the affair that resulted in;th,
child's death but what he had been "told.
He came home soon after she was brought?
in, and at once sent for Dr. PolterJVh'o
answered promptly. The child toldher
father that Peter Mazer, with whomshe-"i
had been playing, had thrown blazing,
shavings on her dress. She said that Christ
Deithorn, another boy about her age, wasf
there also. Mr. Apple said his family and,
that of the Mazers were on good terms andjf
met frequently. Tfe
Mrs. Apple's testimony was that between r
2 and 3 o'clock Saturday alternoon the lit- '
tie girl had asked to go out to play. Shoi
went out, but in about ten minutes Mrs.
Apple saw her running with her clothes",
ablaze. The lady ran out, and assisted a
neighbor to undress the child and ex-'
tinguish the flames. Christ Deithorn and
Peter Mazer had been burning-a pile of
shavings on a vacant lot near Mrs. Apple's
bouse, and the little girl had gone to tnem.
"When she saw her mother she cried. "Pete
done it; Pete wanted to kill me." Beveral
other witnesses were present when the child
said this. ,
The Coroner ordered the arrest of Peter
Mazer last night, pending the result of the
inquest He Is only 8 years old. Therpolfco
have the investigation of the case in-hand.-
Three Quartett Songs. Worth Tour Learning,
JDB. HDRNE I M
PENN AVENUE STORES,
PmsBtr&G. Tuesday, November 19.18bs
Let four items briefly tell the story tat
our Ladles' and Misses' Cloaks. ! -J
At JlO-Tailor-made Beaver Newmarkets
In Navy and Black. -,"
Half -fitting Ulster of Scotch Cheviot"
in Brown and Gray mixtures. Bell li
Sleeve, loose and half-close fronts. '
ConnemiraS In medium wef?ht tx-ntrr ?
cloths, invisible stripes and plaids, also
plains, stjusu snaaes. jt ,
At SIS-FmaMedinm'WeiffhtBroiilclathL i.'$
In Cadet Blue, Myrtle, Navy and Black,-f
with Black Applique trimming.
At J25-Fine Jacquard Ulsters, vftf
fn TUarV anil Onlit nrl twnantrit ntKf.
Brown, full Bishop sleeves, plash collars
and culft, aad silk cord orsassestti
thebacE - J ' ,
Broadcloth Ulstera, new ssHi tsw)
satin-lined waist, in Cadet Blne.v:
Gobelin. Light Brown, French Gray aad
At 137 Fine French Camel's Baclan
In Black, fine Twilled datin Lining ia
waist and sleeves, finely finished.
These are neither means nor extremes
merely items at random. There ars.
prices lower, prices ilgher and prices1
Four trumpeters for the Jacketera.
, No trumpeters ever heralded more,
A S9 Black Stockinette, . -
Heavy and extra fine quality, braided
lapels and fancy braided collar aad
A 419 Tlnti?kTA.Ra4tA.1T.SMrf
Front Black English Diafossl Cheviot,
reverse and standing: bollxr. V ;
A HB Bumbo Beaver. In new - - t.v;
-xas snaae, , lengtn, taiior-maa-e; ne
bound, satin faced and atlaV
lieeves, standing collar.
A IS Black and Dark" Blue '
Cheviot, loose fitting, surplice aeekVi
or staadinz adjustable collar. aadfl
Sweet voices from the Chilirea's De-'"" '
partment: ? pffti
Pretty Jersey Gretches Sato in very
choice shades, pleated waist, neat silk
embroidering on yoke and en panel at
side frosa 4 years at 95 60 to 13 years at
New Princess Salts, is fine Jersey.
Cloth, Applique trimmed waist, V
shaped plush yoke, plush collar and ;
cufis (years at S7ta 12 rears at 111 ''&
Short waisted. fine wool Cashmerev.2
Gretchens, to be worn with gulmpewerj
choice shades, in all sizes, from 2 year
at 16 to 13 years at B2.
Fine Scotch Plaid Suits: surrab yoke.
velvet collar aad cufis, peasant belts, la"
Hies from 4 to 13 years aad prices HO up
Our fine Parle Robe' sale is the eveat
ot the Dress Goods seeooc Notoafjr
axe the-vaines offered ia them extract
dlnary, but the appreaatlon'bn tne part,
of the people waa mere'taaa we dares' -
to hope for. These hundred or so oft'
robes will not be oa our counters lone rH
at the rate they west oat yesterday-.
"Way aofc bay your Christmas Haadjl
kerchiefs new, aad avoid the crowd oti
the few weeks before the holidays
Ouc heUdav stock 1j now complete...
nr t ra.T!rt.TVhroIdrd HsasV
hoW& frosa 60c to HI aaleee saewj
-JDB. HDRNE k EM
'- . ,