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ir yo -want Board, Room, Hemes OP
Help, advertise la THE DISPATCH.
Purchasers can be fonad far everything
ottered For Sale In THE DISPATCH.
THE DISPATCH la the beat adrerttalnff
medium In Western Pennsylvania. Try lu
are always m easgtly .xrayoaa'ast-
advertised in THE DISPATCH.
state cam bo sold tferMgh adrer.
' ' ATMHia
FORTY-FO UKTJi TEAR.
A Principal Discovery' Made in
; the Washington County
DRILLING VERY UNCERTAIN
Some Few Phenomenal Wells, and
Many With Ko Gas Whateyer.
WILL POtJB IEAES STOP THE FW?
Certainty That There is Mock Gaa Below
the Coal Stratnm Extension of the
Hickory District Corroborated One
Awfcl Smell, and Another That Might
, Hate Been The Remarkuhle Canons
burs District Contradictions bet nt
Rest Fire Weils Wasted to Get Ono
Great Gnsber of S00 Pounds Pressure
Good Undeveloped Coniieaons Tcrri-
' torr What Larger Mains Woo Id Ac
complishEconomics in Mill Furnaces
Superintendent BndUe'a Ominous Opinion.
The Dispatch special commissioner
gives his second and mighty interesting
chapter of information he has found in the
adjacent natural gas territory. The Wash
ington county field is quite clearly and ex
haustively treated. Its unquestionably ex
cellent undeveloped territory makes a prob
lematical section. But the enormous cost
of development there is fully set forth. A
well-posted man in the midst of the field
thinks that it may continue frith pressure
enough to reach Pittsburg for three or four
years yet, but ot longer. "However, he
says nothing about the known advantages
of enlarged pipe lines.
Because the "Washington county natural
gas field was the one in which most interest
centered, that was the one which I first vis
ited. The Bridgeport and Rochester fields
are exhausted, as most people who read the
newspapers know. The Wheeling Natural
Gas Company, a Pittsburg organization;
the Manufacturers' Natural Gas Company
of West Virginia, composed more largely
of Wheeling capitalists; the Boyal Natural
Gas Company, which supplied Steubenville.
O., and other points, depended most upon
the Washington county territory for their
It had been published that each of the
places supplied by these companies was
suffering so much from a shortage in supply
that many manufacturing firms had been
compelled to go back to coal. It was then
necessary. Jo .mate -inquiry-- as to
the facte- of the shortage. That
teak rae to Wheeling. There I
found th,at the Wheeling Natural Gas
Company did not supply any manufacto
ries in that city. It has only the right to
supply private houses. But it attempted
to supply the factories and mills in Martin's
Perry, Bridgeport and Bellaire.
FORCED BACK TO COAL.
In each of these places I found that there
was so much complaint in regard to the
supply of natural gas that the factories
were either contemplating a return to coal,
or had already returned to that fuel.
To carry gas to Wheeling, or to Steuben
ville and Bellaire, requires a greater length
of pipe than to bring it to Pittsburg from
either the Murrysville or the Washington
county fields. It must, therefore, start un
der a higher pressure in order to reach its
The first gas district I visited was the
Hickory field. It had been said that the
Hickory field was exhausted. It was not
true. The Wheeling Natural Gas Company
has 118 wells in that district; but only 29
are of sufficient rock pressure to keep them
in the line. The pipeage capacity is limited,
and the only way to carry it is under high
pressure. So long as new wells of high-rock
pressure can be found the gas will reach the
end of the line.
"Washington county hasfourgasproducing
nds. The first one is the Gantz, in which
oil is more often found than gas. It requires
deeper drilling than in the Murrysville dis
trict to get any gas at all. Very few of the
wells are "stayers;" that is, they become ex
hausted, utterly and entirely, within two or
EEOAKDINO COAL AND GAS.
In the Hickory and the Canonsburg dis
tricts the surface is above the coal belt, as
the following list of wells will show:
WelMn Hickory territory begun October 12,
1SS5, completed February 1Q, 1SS6. at a depth of
2.0S91 eet; coal found at GO feet. This well was
deepened two years later to 2,211 feet, passing
through the last sand rock. It started with a
rock'pressure of over 500 pounds, and is still in
the line with a pressure of about 100 pounds.
The S. Willlson well No. 3 had coal at 73 feet.
The Simpson well was cut out of the line In
less than a year. The Dr. M. Eaton well struck
gas at 2,238 feet, and was deepened to 2.509 feet
through the last gas sand, and is now cut out of
the line, being of no account.
In the S. Willlson well No. 2, coal was found
at a depth of 23S feet, ana gas at 2,270 feet. It
was necessary to deepen the well to 2,407 feet.
It Is still in the line. The Slater well, drilled to
2,257 feet, has exhausted the first gas sand, and
was cut out of the line last week for drilling
Id the Thompson No. 1 coal was found at
248 feet, and paving gas at 2.217 feet. In the
Thompson No. 2 coal was fonnd at 260 feet: in
the Thompson No. 3 it was reached at 195 feet.
The Thompson 1 o. 3wasdeepened to 2.393 feet,
through the last gas sand, and was then shot,
a rare thing to do In a gas well. It is still in
The Johnston No.1, about a half mile from
Hickory, was drilled to a depth of 2.217 feet,
and found no gas, or not enongb, at any rate,
to pay for piping It In the Acheson No. 1 coal
was found at 160 feet and a good flow of gas at
2,210 feet Tho Morgan No. 2 struck coal at
285 feet, and gives a good supply of gas at a
depth of 2,450 feet
THST "WTEEE MISTAKES'.
The fact that gas is found below the coal
stratum is clearly demonstrated by this, and
the reason I have enumerated these wells is
because several persons, whose names I can
not use, have said that gas could never be
lioand. where coal existed. Another "ex
pert," u he claimed himself to be, said that
sulphur water was never found below the
coal veins. Both of these statements are
clearly disproved by the facts.
Of course I went to Hickory district first
It required two horses, a buggy and a boy
to get there. It was said that the Hickory
field had been extended, and that several
new gas wells had been brought in.
The story was true, because I found the
Bussell well, two and a half miles west of
Hickory, oonnected with the supply pipe
line, and wasting gas through imperfect
joints at a rate that would supply several
houses, not to speak of an iron mill. The
Bussell well is in a hollow. On the hillside
above it is theJKinncman well. The Bus
sell well is owned by the Wheeling Natural
Gas Company. The Kinneman well is
owned by the Boyal Company. The Bus
sell has 600 pounds rock pressure, and is
down 2,300 feet. The Kinneman has about
the same pressure, but is about 100 feet
deeper, because it is located on a hillside.
GAS ODOES AND OTHERS.
A circuitous drive was necessary to reach
the Kinneman well. Washington county gas
absolutely stinks; no milder term suits it
As I walked through the woods to where the
well was located I became certain that it was
not only gas that greeted my nostrils. I was
more convinced of the fact when I saw a
-polecat seated upon a log, and eyeing me
with considerable curiosity. My curiosity
was equally great, and my circumspection
and circumlocutions were greater. If the
polecat would remain quietly where it was
I had not the least idea of disturbing it I
didn't; and we passed peaceably and ami
cably by each other.
On the other side of the hollow from the
Bussell well is the Connors well. It was
only down 800 feet when I saw it, but it is
possible that it is now in.
The value of the trip consisted in this:
That I had visited territory which was an
extension of the Hickory field. The Hick
ory field is located on the fifth anticlinal.
The new wells are nearly five miles
BEYOND THE LIMIT , ,
of developed territory. That they indicate
a rock pressure of over 500 pounds proves
that there is territory there which may be of
Weary and dreary indeed was that drive,
yet it was not altogether unprofitable, since
I got precisely the information I was after.
The Canonsbursr field is also on the fifth
anticlinal. I went there next "Go away
from home to hear the news" is an old ad
ace. I am afraid the editor of the Canons
burg JVbtes doesn't go away from home, or
else he deliberately shuts his eyes and ears.
He told me that Canonsburg No. 1, the
well which was the pioneer in the territory,
had been abandoned. I went out to the well.
Instead of being abandoned it was furnish
ing all the gas needed for the Canonsburg
Iron Company; all that was needed for the
Morganxa Beform School; furnished
through an inch pipe enough gas to bore
another well, and had over 200 pounds pres
sure left to "blow it out"
One well alone furnishes all the gas
needed for domestic purposes in Canons
burg. It is sent into the town under 25
pounds pressure until it reaches the last reg
ulators, where it is heated and sent out
under five pounds pressure, and goes into
the distributing pipes at one pound pres
sure. ABUNDANT, TET TTNDEVELOPED.
There, is an abundance of goad ess terri
tory still undeveloped around Canonsburg.
The Burnside well, with a rock pressure of
800 pounds, owned by the Manufacturers'
Natural Gas Company, lies only two and
one-half miles north of. town. The trouble
has been that the gas companies bored their
wells, good and bad, too close to the pipe
lines alreadv laid. They avoided, as long
as possible, the seeking of new territory, or
putting down wells where it would require
the laying of long lines of new pipe.
In the Canonsburg field is one of the
strongest rock pressure wells which was
ever struck. It is nearly 800 pounds
pressure, and the volume is nearly sufficient
to furnish the whole of the Southside. One
of the stockholders of the company re
marked to one of the officials:
"That's a big well, isn't it?"
"Yes." replied the official: "but von for
get that we put down five wells before we
got this one, and each well cost $6,000."
That is the difficulty with the Washing
ton county field. There is no certainty
about boring for gas. It may be obtained,
and it mav not; and there is some reluct
ance to lay pipe for only two or three new
wells, however strong they may be
LAEGEE HAINS WOULD DO IT.
In conversation with another stockholder
of the Manufacturers' Gas Company, how
ever a well-posted Pittsburg gentleman
another fact was broucht out It came with
sucb distinctness that it will not and ought
not to be overlooked in this connection.
Said the gentleman in question: "The Man
ufacturers' Gas Company is now piping such
satisfactory quantities bi its fuel through
very small pipes as to demonstrate beyond
Jill peradventure that, if this company
should adopt the method already nursued by
other companies notablv in their pipeage
from the Murrysville field and enlarge its
pipe line dimensions, a pressure and quan
tity might thus be supplied at the Pittsburg
end ample to provide for a manifold in
crease of consumers. For example, as other
companies have clearly proven, the laying
of a" 20, 2G or 30-inch main where onlv a 12
or 16-inch main had belore been tried has
enormously increased the distribution pres
sure -without increasing the sources of sup
ply at all.
WHEBE MISTAKES TVEBE MADE.
"Yet all the results of the most recent in
vestigation show good ground for the" belief
mat, lor awnne yet at ail events, both the
supply and the pressure from the Washing
ton connty field may be increased. Like
several other gas companies, the Manufac
turers' laid mains of too small capacity at
-it was at Canonsburg that I learned more
of the economies of the use of natural gas
iimu a urn anywuere else. -MX. JJUOKe, the
superintendent of the Canonsburg Iron and
Steel Company, called my attention to the
Tact that no extra gas was being burned.
Not a semblance of flame came from
any stack in the mill, yet every department,
puddling furnaces, annealing furnaces, con
verters, and whatever other kind of work
requires aurnace and heat, was running in
It is because I watch it so closely,
Mr. Bndke, "that I have been able to teach
our men it is not necessary to turn in the
furnace all the gas they can get in order to
secure sufficient heat We bring the gas
into the mill at 25 pounds pressure. If it
were allowed to be turned on in each fur
nace at full pressure, it would onlv bum ;
the stock; tbe furnace.
WOULD GET NO BENEFIT
of the combustion: or at least, bnt Ui
That is where tbe Pittsburg iron manufac
turers are making a mistake. They do not
exercise economy in the use of the gas.
"It is my belief," continued Mr. Budke
"that we will have plenty of gas for years
to come at this place. You have seen "some
of our gas fields, bnt you haven't seen all
of them. There are thousands of acres that
will give gas yet, but I fear that it will not
be under sufficiently strong pressure to pipe
it-to Pittsburg. I am one of the stock
holders of the Manufacturers' Gas Com
pany. Mr. Charles Meyran, you know is
the President ot it I think we can send
gas toiPittsburg for three or four years, but
I am afraid it will not be loncer."
In the next article I will tell of the Mur J
rysville field: It is the one upon which
Pittsburg has most depended, and upon
which its dependence must still be largely
placed. O. T. Dawson.
ALL IN .RUINS NOW.
The Finest Pottery In the World Destroyed
by Fire, Caused by a Gas Explosion
The Loss Folly a Quarter
of a Million. ,
:CrZCIAI.Tn.rOBAM TO THE DISPATCH. I '
East Livebpool, November 18. The
magnificent new vitrious china works of
Knowles, Taylor & Knowles, of this city,
were entirely destroyed by fire this evening,
starting from an explosion of gas escaping
from a pipe in the warehouse, near the ele
vator. In an hour the finest pottery in the
world was in ruins, nothing remaining but
the blackened kilns and a few feet of broken
walls at the base. One workman named
James Nicholson, fell through a skylight on
the roof of the kiln shed, and was seriously
hurt The factory was well-provided with
hose, and the fire could have been extin
guished, but for some cause the water pres
T These china works were the only ones In
the West making vitrious china and art
goods. They have been in operation
steadily for several months, and from
$80,000 to $100,000 worth of stock was ou
hand. The plant cost $130,000 to $150,000.
It was all paid for, and there was not a
dollar of mortgage debt on the place. The
total loss is fully $250,000, and the in
surance is only the scanty sum of
$30,000 placed as lollows: Phcenix, of Hart
ford, Commercial Union, of London, Hart
ford, of 'Connecticut, Fire Association, of
Philadelphia. $5,000 each; Queen, of Liver
pool, $7,000; Providence, of Bhode Island,
Taylor said to-night it was a mistake to
have so little insurance, but the plant was
considered fire proof. The works will be re
built at once, but it will take at least a year
to put the plant in the shape it was before
the fire to-day. The three white granite fac
tories of the same firm were not injured and
work will co on as usual to-morrow. Be
sides the china works two frame buildings
adjoining were consumed. The fire is a se
vere blow to East Liverpool, as it will throw
a large number of hands out of employ
ment HELPED BI JAI G0DLD.
The Widow of Maurice B. Flynn Wins nn
I SPECIAL TZLEOBAM TO THE PlgPATCH.l
Kichmond, Va., November 18. The
widow of Maurice B. Flynn has won.
When the city electric railway property,
which was mostly owned by ber husband be
came tangled in litigation, it seemed that
she would lose her interests, but unexpect
edly Mr. Jay Gould's lawyer appeared on
the scene, and stated tb.'.t Mr. Gould meant
to stand bv her and see that she was pro
tected, if it cost a million dollars.
From that time her prospects improved,
and to-day the announcement is made that
the papers giving her possession of the entire
property have been signed by all.the parties
to the suits except Mr. Henry Steers, who
was expected to sign.
WINDOM ON BINE DEPOSITS.
Ho Doesn't Acree With Ex-Secretary .Fair-
child, Bat IaTlndecided What to Do.
rSFXCUX. TELEGRAM TO TUX DISPATCH.I
Washington, November 18. Secretary
Windom said to-night ttjat if is not true, as
reported, that he has decided to 'withdraw
all United State deposits from the banks of
the large cities. He admits, however, that
he is considering the advisability of reduc
ing the amount on deposit in these banks,
am applying it to the purchase of bonds.
Mr. Windom does not believe in the sound
ness of the policy inaugurated by Secretary
Fairchild, of keeping such large snms on
deposit, but says he has not fully determined
what course to pursue. The total amount
of deposits at present is in the neighbor
hood of $47,000,000.
JEFF DAT1S MUCH WORSE.
No One bnt tbe Doctor, Bis Wife and Nnrse
Allowed to See II I m.
IS FECIAL TELEO RAM TO THE DtSrATCn. '
New Obleans, November 18. Mr. Jef
ferson Davis was much worse to-day. He
was restless all last night, and weak this
morning, in consequence oi a fever that
came on early in the morning, and his tem
perature rose to 101. In tbe evening the
fever passed off, leaving him somewhat bet
ter than he had been in the morning, bnt
worse as compared with yesterday.
No one but the doctor, his wife, and Mrs.
Penner, who is assisting in nursing him,
were allowed to enter his room.
BIG OIL DEAL COMPLETED.
A Company With 30,000 Acres Leased nnd
SS0O.O00 Capital Stock.
FrNDLAY, November 18. The independ
ent oil deal in the Ohio field, reported a few
days since, has been completed. It em
braces the reorganization of the Geyser Oil
Company, with a capital stock of 5800,000
and leases on 30,000 acres of valuable oil
land. The principal movers in the deal are
Ohio and Pennsylvania oil men.
A pioe line to some convenient shipping
point is contemplated, and it is probable
that refineries will be erected in the field.
AT tYOEK FOR THEMSELTES.
Virginia Colored Men to Ask Congress for a
National Election lmw.
ISrlCTAL. TELKORAM TO TOE SISfItCB.1
Petersburg, Va., November 18. A
conference of the most prominent colored
men in the State will be held in Kichmond
on December 17, to consider the condition
of colored men in Virginia, politically and
otherwise. A call has been issued for repre
sentatives from every county in the State.
A committee wiil probably be appointed
to visit Washington and trv to influence
Congress to pass a National election law.
8TABBED IN THE SH0DLDEE:
Serious Result of a Qonrrel Between Two
If FECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.!
McKeespoet, November 18. While at
work in the National Tube Works to-night
at 9 o'clock, two Germans had an altercation,
when William Kettle pulled a pocket-knife
with a long blade and stabbed Pred Krill
in the shoulder. The blade went in full
length and inflicted a dangerous wound.
Kettle was arrested and tviII be held to
await the result of Krill's injuries.
H0ESB ASD DR1TEE DE0WNED.
An Indiana .Physician's Soo Foaod Dead Un
der Strange Circumstances.
WabAsh, Ind., November 18. This
morning some farmers discovered the dead
body of Dr. Stradler'g son, Monson, in the
river near this city. His horse was lying
near by, also drawned in shallow water.
Tbe anair is very mysterious and in an
ont-of-thc-way place. It is supposed that
he had a companion, and the river is being
ALL WATCH BRAZIL.
Europe's Keen and Greedy Eyes
Taking in the New Situation.
WILL GERMANY DARE INTERFERE?
Poll Articles of Government, as Proclaimed
THEHINISTEB TO WASHINGTON IIELDS.
Merchants in Hew York Are Informed Abead cf toe
A covert insinuation about Brazil comes
from a semi-official organ in Germany, It
hints at chaos and German interference.
Just how the exiled Emperor was deposed
and set'afloat is told for the first time. The
articles of proclamation of the Republic are
enumerated. Washington and New York
Brazilian officials are convinced.
London, November 18. A number of
private telegrams, received in Lisbon to-day
from Bio de Janeiro, differ as to the name of
the steamer whicb is conveying Dom Pedro
to the former port They state, however,
that the Emperor was the object of sympa
thetic -demonstrations, both on the part of
the 'people "and the Provisional Govern
ment. The Duke of Nemonrs, father of Count
D'Eu, son-in-law of Dom Pedro, has tele-
THE CriT OP BIO
graphed to Queen Victoria at Balmoral that
the exiled Emperor and his family em
barked at Bio de Janeiro without beingsub
jected to any disagreeable experiences.
Dr. Barboza, the new Brazilian Minister
of Finance, has telegraphed to the Brazilian
Minister here to the following effect: "The
Government is constituted as the United
States ofBrazil. The monarchy .is deposed,
and Doni Pedro and his family have left the
A Mi PROVINCES COEEALED.
"The Provinces have signified their ad
hesion to the Government Tranquillity
and general satisfaction prevail. Toe Re
public will strictly respect all State en
gagements, obligations and contracts."
Dom Pedro submitted to the terms im
posed by the new Government, and agreed
to leave the country within 24 hours after
he received the notice at his summer palace
at Petropolis. He was offered $2,C00,000 in
cash, and provision for the rest of his hie in
the form of an annual pension of $450,000
which is to be provided for in the civil list
of the new Bepublic. He promptly ac
cepted the offer and went to Bio
de Janeiro with his family Saturday nigh$
to embark for Lisbon. The family,
at 3 o'clock yesterday morning, boarded
the Brazilian gunboat Pnrnahyba, which
was still flying the imperial flag in the har
bor. The Parnahyba transferred the impe
rial party to the Alagoas, which steamed
out of the harbor in the forenoon, convoyed
by the cruiser Biachuelo ana the gunboat
BOUND FOR LISBON.
Dom Pedro and his family go into per
petual exile, their absence from the country
being regarded by the leaders of the repub
lic an essentia! to the peace and welfare of
the new Government
The new flag of the United States of
Brazil, which takes the place of the Im
perial emblem with its crown and coffee leaf,
is composed of green and gold stripes, with
a blue field on which are emblazoned 19
stars. To-day it is hoisted everywhere, and
is recognized in every province.
The Cologne Oaze'tte, alluding to German
interests in Brazil, says: "A great part of
the population of Southern Brazil is faith
fully attached to tbe Fatherland and cher
ishes German traditions.
POSSIBLE CHAOS, AND WHY.
Vlt is hardly likely that the Bepublic will
succeed in saving this enormous State from
chaos. The political destiny of Southern
Brazil has special claims upon German in
terests and sympathy. It may, therefore,
seriouidv afiect German relations with
The Brazilian Minister in Vienna states
that General Da Ponseca, when intrusted
with the command of the garrison at Bio
Janeiro, became fired by the example
set by General Boulanger, and con
ceived the idea of seizing the
Government He gave nightly recep
tions to the officers, and commiserated them
on the miserable pay which they received.
He promised that they should receive an
advance, if the monarchy was abolished.
HOW THEY WORKED TT.
The officers talked with the men. and
pointed out that their pay was in arrears,
while the throne swallowed tbe
money. This becoming known,
the Prime Minister advised the
Emperor to increase the pay of the officers.
Dom Pedro consented to do this on condi
tion that the garrison was changed. But
the Prime Minister, knowing this to be im
possible, allowed the matter to drop.
Thus the situation rested till Thnrsdav
night, when General Da Fonsecn'stutioned
bodies of troops in every part of the city in
readiness for the revolution.
It is reported that several financial houses
in Vienna knew that a revolution was pend
ing in Brazil iwo days before the Bepublic
THEY BELIEVE IT MW.
Tbe Brazilian minister and Others In
Washlneton Convinced They Don't
Reslsv, Thong-b Great Prob
lems for tbe New
Washington, November 18. The Bra
zilian Minister this evening received two
telegrams from Brazil, one from the Minis
ter of Foreign Affairs, -and the other from
theMinislernf Finance- They were simply
confirmatory of tbe press reports: Dr. Va-
if W.1'jz,jS'" ,,j2i
NOVEMBER 19, 1889;
ilente, the Brazilian Minister, to-night denied
the truth of the reports that he had re
signed. It is understood to be the intention
of the Brazilians here in an official capacity
to await the pleasure of the newly organized
In the course of a conversation to-day a
prominent citizen of Brazil said he was
convinced that the men who led the
revolution could not retain their leader
ship. They are unknown to fame, and
without followers in their own country.
There are two courses open to the Revolu
tionists. Thev might perceive their own
weakness, and call a convention, which
would bring together the really representa
tive men of the country, like
Seratva and Dantes, and this
convention would naturally consider
the problem of providing a satisfactory
form of government and settle the question
as towhether Brazil is yet ready for a Re
public, or whether the Imperial family bad
better be recalled.
If the present leaders refused to adopt
this course then they would be obliged to
assume, more and more arbitrarily, the di
rection of affairs, and the result would be a
Detnila Telling How the Bloodless Revo
lution Was Brought About Articles
of the Government Decree Dom
Pedro's Splendid Behavior.
Bio de Janeibo, November 18. The Be
publio will allow the deposed Emperor 800
comes de reis per annum during his life.
The fi ve articles of the Government decree
First The Republic is proclaimed.
Second The Pr ovine of Brazil, united by
federation, conipose the United States of
DE JANEIBO .AS SEEN FROM THE
Third Each State will form its own local
Fourth Each State will send a representa
tive to tbe Congress, which will convene shortly,
and tbe final decision of which the provisional
Government will await.
Fifth Meantime the Governors of the States
willadopt.meana to maintain-Order, and protect
citizens' rizhts. The nation's internal and ex-
texnal relation. wJlKbe presented -meanwhll a
by tbe provisional Government.
Senhor Patrocinio .has been imprisoned
r for conspiring against' the Bepublic. The
Governors named by the Provisional Gov
ernment are all military men.
How it all came about is told as follows:
The city awoke on Friday to hear the Be
public proclaimed. General Da Fonseca,
Senhor Constant and others proceeded to Pe
tropolis in the morning, and informed the
Emperor that he had been dethroned. Dom
Pedro, supported by his family, received the
deputation with absolute composure. Gen
eral Da Fonseca was the spokesman. He
said that Brazil had advanced far enough in
the path of civilization to dispense with the
Monarchy. The country, while grateful to
the Emperor for his patriotic services, was
firmly resolved to recognize only the Be
public Dom Pedro made a dignified reply. He
declined to abdicate, but said he would
yield to force.
The Imperial family were allowed one
hour to prepare for their departure. Car
riages escorted by soldiers were waiting to
take them to the outer harbor,
where a man-of-war was lying
under steam. The captain had been
instructed to sail as soon as the imperial
family had embarked. He had received
sealed orders, instructing him what route to
take. It is only supposed that Lisbon is
the destination of the vessel.
ALL IS CONFIRMED.
Latest Cable Advices to New York Mer
chants Say the Sitnatlon Has Been
Accepted Tbe Consul General
0 Una Vet Received no
Newa From tbe
rsFECIAL TELEGHAM TO TOE DISPATCH. I
New York, November 18. Nearly all
downtown merchants interested in the Bra
zilian trade had definite cable news from the
centers of the new republic to-day. A sin
gular exception was Salvador DeMendonca,
the Brazilian Consul General. He had
been in Washington for a number of days.
He returned this morning, made a flying
visit to his office in State street, and started
back to Washington at 3:40 o'clock in the
afternoon. Before leaving he said he bad
not received any official notice of the
change of Government in Brazil. "I will
continue to transact tbe business of the con
sulate," he added, "just as if nothing had
happened. I am not surprised because the
new Government has not communicated
with me. The new Government, provis
ional or whatever it is, has doubtless been
busy about other matters." He said that
the Brazilian delegates to the Pan-American
Congress have decided not to attend its
essions until instructions are reieived from
the home Government.
Baron Thomsen, whose business interests
are almost entirely in Brazil, and who has
just returned from London, was among the
coffee people to-day. "It is the general im
pression -of Brazilians in this city," he
said, "and it is my own opinion also, that
Jimperor was fully acquainted witn
what was coming. His ready resignation
and quick sailing away confirms this. I
believe that it he had objected to the change,
a large part of the populace would have
stood by him. The Emperor 'was a great
favorite with the people, and it was well
that no hands were laid upon him. He had
frequently offered to resign in favor of a
republic if the people desired it"
Captain Lachlan, of the Brazilian Steam
ship Company, said that there had been no
cancellation of cargo or passenger engage- I
ments lor tbe steamship sailing to-morrow.
The cables irom Bio to the- Cofiee Ex
change showed no changes in the prices on
exchange. The transactions were 81,250
bags. It was a six-hour session. At Satur
day's two-honr session 81,750 bags were
-sold. There were moderate bnt steady ad
vances, with heavv selling; big -firms cred
ited with big holdings. The December op
tion closed up H cent a pound, tbe January
option was1 up nearly cent at tfie close,
and the March option, showed a net advaaee
of nearly 13 ceatfor the day.,"- s pi.
KNIGHTS IN POLITICS.
Great Power Placed in the Hands of
the General Executive Board.
THET CAN ADVISE AS THET.TVILL.
The Most Important Actios Tit laa Been
Taken by the Awessly.
GEOEGE'S SHGLE-TAXTHEOEI AMfTID
The cf I Calls for Interesting Informatics in
' Census Eetarai.
Henry George's single-tax theory was
yesterday adopted by the Knights of Labor
General Assembly as the fourth plank in
the order's platform. The assemnly also
passed a set of resolutions asking' that cer
tain information of interest to laboring men
be incorporated in the census reports. The
General Executive Board was given great
political influence. " t
israelii, telxokax to the dispatch. i
Atlanta, November 18. The Knights
of Labor took up the land question to-day,
and after some discussion as to the best
methods to get at.jtSeir ideas, promulgated
the following as taw fourth plank in their
That land. Including an the natural sources
of wealth, is the heritage of all the people, and
should not be subject to speculative traffic
Occupancy and use should be the only title to
the possession of land. The taxes upon land
ISLAND OP CORBEAS.
should be levied upon its full value for use,
exclusive of improvements, and should be suf
ficient to make for the community all the Un
Tbe following resolntlons were adopted :
Whereas, Tbe accnmalation of vast for
tunes In the bands of a few", and the growth of
a plutocracy threatening the stability and -at-:
istence of free Jnstitutioea. readers tmpartoat
a jLauwicuge. ot ecopogMSf ooaqmaann so
Kfceretore be' It.
f ""' -r,:?. . 'sPU siaiiii ji -aasaa
Besolved, By the General Assembly of the
Knights of Labor, that it is oar Judgment that
tbe next census of the United States should
show what proportion of the peoplo of this
country occupy their own homes and farms;
what proportion have their property free frost
debt, and, of tbe homes and farms under
mortgage, what percentage of the value is so
Resolved, That the General Secretary Treas
urer be and is hereby instructed to transmit a
copy of these resolutions to tbe President of
theUnlted States and the Hon. John W. Noble,
Secretary of tbe Interior, Washington, D. C.
Resolved, That all local assemblies be urged
to at once adopt resolutions requesting Con
pressmen from their districts to use their In
fluence, to have these facts collected and pub
lished. Tbe resolutions were adopted, with the
further recommendation that the members of
the order make efforts to have similar reso
lutions passed in the several State Legisla
tures which may convene at an early date.
THE KNIQHTS IN POLITICS.
question of the feasibility of the
Knights taking part in polities was the one
most discussed. The Law Committee had
reported as favoring no action at present,
but this report was upset The discussion
was decidedly lively at times, all the
prominent men in the order taking part It
was finally decided that power be given tbe
General Executive Board to take the
report of the Legislative Committee, exam
ine it in detail, and publish to the order,
from time to time, such information as will
be of benefit to them in voting for the dif
ferent candidates for legislative honors. This
gives the General Executive Board almost
unlimited power over the political action
of the members, and is regarded as the most
important action yet taken.
The eight-hour question comes up to
morrow. A LIKEHA&'S LIFE 1MPEKILED,
A Cincinnati Workman Rendered Hetplesa
by Touching; an Are Lamp.
Cincinnati, November 18. An electric
lineman jiamed Lundrlgan, while trimming
the arc lamp in front of Havlin's Theater
on Central avenue this morning, received
tbe current of the arc circuit . His feet
swung loose from the ladder, and he hung
helpless, one hand grasping the lamp and
the bther the ladder by which he had as
cended. The employes of tbe theater and of
neighboring stores watched his sufferings
helplessly until a bystander climbed a pole
on the opposite side or the street and turned
the cut-off key.
Lundrigan fell 12 ieet from the wire,
almost lifeless, but by the vigorous use of
restorative measures he was soon enabled to
walk to a Car. Beyond his terrible nervous
sufferings he will probably recover In a few
MRS. STOWE'S JIIND CLODDED.
The Fires of Gedlns, Dead, and She is Onco
More ns a Cblld.
ISPEC1AI.TILXGBAKTO TUB DISPATCH.I
Haetpoed, Conn. November 18. Mrs.
Harriet Beecher Stowe is.slightlydemented.
The fires of genins are dead, and the once
brilliant mind is choked with their ashes.
The heart -once filled with bright dreams
and sunshine is now haunted by ghosts and
shadows. She has become again a child,
and day by day she wanders arourfd under
the bare boughs of the autumn trees, gath
ering their dead leaves.
She is quite harmless, and, in fact, so in
sidious has been the approach of the dis
ease that not over 200 people in Hartford
are aware of her condition.
PITE BODIES IN A WELL.
A Tendetta tho Snpposed Cnase of the
Harder of a Whole Family.
Bome, November 18. The' bloodless
bodies of a man. and his wife asd their
three sons were found to-day in a well Bear
Foggia. All tbe members of a Amiiy re
siding in the vicinity have besa arrested g
suspicion of being concerned ia Mm anWr.
A vendetta had existed bstwum" mm tore
Mutt.; . . i.
Hams, of Beaver, IJltely to Be IMarsb
Tbe Sarveyorsfclp la Some Bonbt
Will Raran Get the Castoms
TEOlt Jl STAFF COSBXSrOXnZXT.
Washington, November 8. It was ex
pecten there would be some activity among
the offices in Western Pennsylvania to-daj:
but tbe time passed without the announce
ment of any appointment, though that of
Mr. X. D. Harrah, of Beaver county, for
the Marshalship of the. Western District,
was virtually made. The Attorney-General
was simply not ready to give out tbe formal
'announcement Other changes will follow
soon, and it is possible that one-or two- may
afford something more of a surprise than
that of Harrah, whose selection for the
Marshal's office was announced three months
ago in The Dispatch.
Tbe four years term of Arbuckle, Col
lector of Customs at Erie, expired yester
day, and the appointment of his successor
will doubtless be made very soon.
The term ot Mr. D., O. Barr, Surveyor of
the Port a PJttsburg, will not expire until
March,23'.of.uext year, as his commission
wnj'issu'ed'on that dav in 1886. His enn-
firmation by the Senate did not occur until
May 20, 188ft To wait until the expiration
of ibnr years from either date before ap
pointing'nis'successor wonld be such an act
of cruelty to tbe latter that it is possible a
new Surveyor may not be outside tbe prob
abilities of tbe near future.
Hon. John F. Dravo, of Beaver, is still
actively prosecuting his campaign for the
place, and he and his friends are said to be
sanguine of his appointment, notwithstand
ing the fact that Mr. Harrab, the new
Marshal, is a resident of the same town
with Mr. Dravo, and that it would seem,
somewhat improbable that two such prom
inent offices, both, with headauarters at
Pittsburg, should be given to the "State of
It Is whispered and the whisper is very
loudthat a well-known gentleman of Alle
gheny is booked for the customs division;
and, irthc whisper be true, even MrvDravo
would not be a more popular appointment
Senator Quay had thought to go to Phila
delphia this evening to further confer with
the Republicans there in regard to appoint
ments, but is yet undecided when he will
go, or if he will go atalL
Hon. Thomas M. Bayne is not seeking, as
has been reported, the Chairmanship ot the
Committee on Bivers and Harbors. In
fact, he is not seeking any chairmanship.
His friends in the House, however, are very
anxioM to see him placed well to the head
ot'the Committee On Ways and Means, and
some are even urging that he should be
made Chairman of that committee, as ita
work Is exactly? to His taste, and no man on,
the floor is-better fitted for the position than
PHIL AEM0DS UKDER AEEE3T.
Toe Makl-Mllllonalre Pork Packer la
Chares ofSeraeant-at-ArBis Canady.
rSrXClAL TIXXOSAJt TO TWA DISrATCH.1
Chicago, November 16 Phil Armour,
the multi-millionaire pork packer, is under
arrest Sergeant-at-Anas Canady, o(
the United States Senate, arrived
in town this morning, armed
with -an attachment for Arraoar,
citing him to appear before the committee of
the Senate investigating the dressed
beef interest of the country. "Whea
Wifl. aonnjit(ea wg.. iaqaking fate tbe,
flagad ' Wsf adasb ia g tare, . Arsyjfcgaflaaa,
be- Peeai Ssaate.-nfetetned -'Senator'
Vet Sad served te-day, is the result
Caaady informed the millionaire that
if lie failed to respond, to the
attachment- by refusing to go to Washing
ton, marines and soldiers enough wonld 'be
sent here to take him by force.
Armour was greatly concerned, bnt sat at
his desk as usual all" day, while Canady sat
a few feet away. Toward evening, when
Armour left, ostensibly for home, In
his carnage, Canady too enjoyed a
ride down the boulevard. It is thought that
to-morrow Armour will endeavor Va shake
his companion by writ of habeas corpus.
Failing in this, Armour's friends de
clare he will not give up the secrets
of his-business, and will defy the Senate's
power by every method possible. He might
even take a trip to Canada or Europe.
Canady also has subpeenas for the other
Chicago packers wbojciused to appear be-
lore tne commission.
lEAYELING ON FOEtiED CHECKS.
A Toanar Swindler Wanted by New Hasf.
lUrs Bank Omclals.
New Yobk, November 18. New Hamp
shire Bank officials are anxious to lay their
hands upon a young swindler who goes by
the name of Lewis French, and who
has. been cheating people in this city.
He is supposed to be ia the South,
this week. Last week he met a truest of the
Fifth Avenue Hotel, who cashed for him a
check for $210 on the Pittsfield National
Bank. It was drawn to French's order,
and signed H. A. Tuttle. Tbe guest turned
the cheek over to the hotel cashier and it
came back pronounced a forgery.
a. tew days later tbe same Mew Hamp
shire bank received another check, in the
same handwriting, for 5510. it was sent on
by a Florida bank, whose cashier had hon
ored it, -purported to be drawn by Osgood
Sargent, of Duncock, to the order of Noah
Goss, of Epsom. French is alleged to have
a supply of blank checks on New Hamp
shire banks with him in the South.
PAENELL SUCH SDEPEISED.
The Mother Never Told Her Sob That She
London, November 18. Mr. Parnell
states that he was greatly surprised when
he read in the newspapers the reports which
spoke of the poverty of his mother,
and that he immediately cabled to his
agent in New York to supply her
with funds. He had no reason to suppose
that his mother was pressed for money, as
on previous occasions, when she desired
help she had always applied for and obtained
a "prompt remittance or the sum required.
He had received a number of letters from
her recently and in none of them did she
complain of a want of money.
KANSAS PARSERS IN DISTRESS.
SnBtrina nnd Starvation Tfcrcatea the Fee
pie of a Whole County.
Topeka, Kan., November 18. The
County Commissioners of Stevens county
have issued an appeal for aid for the desti
tute population, of tbe county. Tbe appeal
states that the crops of the last year were a
total failure; that the whole farming popula
tion is in a destitute condition, and that im
mediate aid most be furnished or starvation
and terrible suffering must essae-
The appeal is addressed only ta the pros
perous residents of Kansas.
ENFORCE THE ALIEN LABOR LAW.
Mr. Bateheller's Order Kerds th Al
leged Importation ef CaaaaHaas.
Washington, November 18. Com
plaints having bees made to the Treasury
Department that the alien labor contract
law is being Violated at Detroit by Cana
dian laborers who cress the Use every day
to aarferk labor in the TJalteel States and
ratarm to their homes at sight, Acting See
retary.fiatelM&lr to-dsy refwred the matter
to (be Cstieetac ef Cbosm at Detroit vitfe
laaaSaWsauaAtkaskal man aasaaffj fcaBamat! tiaaasat aaBlmUVIaaafaaaaat taaf ikat
asaaaajaaiaarsaiBBBBB, aaay tjaanai atUSSi nmaa aajea f jsaaaaaaajraj. can sjassaj
JNIri JmsB" SssianH J araaPHima '1a"r-" .v .
(king car msm
e Eastern Express Wrecfced'oih09,
Pennsy flear the Union Depot.!
JUSUHl kkucKKK CAITT UECOYfi&S
- V P
The Twenty Passensers on BoariWffewl
More or less Injured
as uuaena Mia ajuea u junp Bianco a son ilastv
Before toe Accident
The smoking car of the Eastern express.
on the Pennsylvania road, last night,' was
overturned at the Penn Incline. The coacbli
took fire, and Joseph Brucker, of ChicagSJsi
was so badly burned and crushed that-he'j
cannot recover. All of the 20 pasengtrsjj
were more or less bruised, some of thea3
seriously. The cause of the trreek -isjnotl
Th,e Eastern Express, or No. 6, .leMthal
depot on time last night, at 7115, ouugvef
minutes later was brought to an abrupt hlt
at the Penn Incline by the overturnfngjofl
the smoker, or second-class carriage OlltSea
20 or more people in the car, six were 'mo raj!
or less injured. Their names are:
Joseph Beuckeh, about 30 years, a passes
b uviuuuiwtiuuij.iow Aurs, eurotuG to man
noma at .trreloerg. near Daden-BadetwaGeN
many, badly barned abont tbe lower, lfmbsTfl
right side and hands. Doubtful as to wnetherj
Loins Hoowtth. a years, single. oi."22l
Thirty-sixth street, an employe in Messrs; Car-Si
nczie, trnipps s. iw.'s worx; cat about the bead H
and chest. His injuries not regarded as set
EDWARD Wxlltaws. a?ed GO vean aniif
wife Sarah, aged 69 years, resident at 720 Fif tal
avenue, jir. wuiiams sprained across bacKl
xieponea wax ootn would De all rtiht in a les
days. Thev were on their hit ta KiimTVA ..an
RiciiAF.n LEvinrnK of 1.119 Ria rEm
Philadelphia, aged S3 years; married andVsufJ
lering irom a contusion ox toe nzntifo
Was retnrnlnz home. i a
Maboabxt McTiohe, 24 years old, doseaSsl
Lately employed at Albion HoteL StiSforiwl
Irom a contusion on the back. Was on ber.wayl
to England. All of the above will recover.wlasj
wo cLccpusa ui jur. oracser. aoous waoae re
covery grave tears are entertained.
BESDLT Olf A JOXT.
The accident occurred about M$;ySd2
south, of the brewery switches, whsehfiwii
situated under the Penn Incline. The trail!
puuea siowjy out oi the depot oa tlatesMl
naa proceeaea as tar as tne point indie
wnen, without warning, a jolt wag t ex
perienced, and the smoker turned bver.tejj
the ngbt, bringing the rear trnk-witsTjUTj
while the front set of wheels remained iiso3
sition on the track. The smoker, ia fllii2l
cut loose in front and rear and was theved
forward, and partially off the trstekHibyf
the impetus of the cars behiadl
it The baggage cars in advance .ofl
it were hauled away by the esiae...tl
baggage car immediately in froat ot.tfcSl
smoker being derailed at the tame tia
the smoker was overturned. The 30 1
gers in the car at the time were'l
against" the sides, sustaining sen'Sfil
injuries, bst with the exceptlea oftfi
oonvevea to me wen rcn m
wbkfcer tMijaadwee (
ceaaiaax." their josraer. Ia
the car -tarsia over: it took rBJI
tfie stove. The women faisad Jfjaiy
were unable to help themselves, wfcSemil
men, recovmg from the. shock, made a J
lortneaoor. j&eanwniie tne passe)
the other coaches had alighted sad, l
witn tne yardmen ana clerks, who J
near at tne time, began to render t
to those imprisoned in the barsiaar.i
'Among those who were fbremaat- wereX
Hess, of this city, a passenger vst PsdMrnaK
puis, Whose bands
PTEKE BADLY BTrENED
in assisunir tne imprisoned womemi
from tbe wreckage, and Clerk Fr
JNeaL who, seizing an ax, was iastrnaseasMl
in releasing Jir. -Dructer, wnose isatjsi
been caneht between the car and &eni
Mr. Near s timely assistance was at)t
soon. Air. ruccer occupies a .
cent to tha sloTe whfoh. whm tha av w
turned, gave loose its .fiery contests,! W
poured down upon Mr. Brucker as fresl
fastened to the side of the car. As it isMw
gentleman is so oacuy burned as tarsar,K
doubtful if he will recover. Willing
were not wanting la helping the re9t;of(the
imprisoned and soon they were rosea ad.id
those of them who needed treatmistfwass
sent to the West Penn HosBitaL H
The cause of the accidest ceBlsVistjfill
ascertained. The car left the tMekfaVSj
switch, which, on examination nrcved assatl
closed, or cleared for the train tQ-iss?$OinJ
ot tne ue oars connecting tne two rails (
tne switch, was fractured; the break
indicating that it bad been partially 1
before, as evidenced by the rust. Oth
the switch seemed to be there a Wy
Mr. Brucker was so severely baraaVi
it was deemed necessary to suassoa miiiisll
assistance previous to removing hiss, tat; Mas!
nospitai, ana accordingly ne was cesvyai
into the brewery switcher's office waeaJgWM
'j. xx. xiixon and . n. namutoa m
his limbs in bandsges, and made his
comfortable as possible under the cam
stances. Subsequently he was carries!
the West Penn Hospital.
MB. HTJSSEX'S EXPEBTENCX ;
Mr.'C. T. Van Hussen. of Freedemtt
who was in the smoker when it overturn ada
described his sensations to a LMSF.ilCXfs4
porter. "We left the depot at s4e'w5sij
of speed, and I had just moved iats ijMt
aaat waaa-a, nuwi niauwuaau tuaim a ,
ing, the car gave a lurch, and I was A
or rnsa sarin vnan wiinnnr qvs in mr-ajet'm aaaaa
ia the right side, finally cominar to reat'atl
point near the roof. As soon as X recovstsdj
my wits, I struggled up, and made fer,tti
aoor, wnere i. saw anotuer passenger sJra
forcing his war throueh. Mr.BraekerT
sitting near the stove, which set smite
tne trimmings and woodwork of the
I 'was so scared I did not &stst
to see now many mere wi
in the car. but I -believe there were .-aw
women. As I clambered out I saw talarsj
getting higher,, but before it had gowjijlsrl
tne yardmen and clerks in tbe sued en
water in buckets and soon had it out';
when last seen Mr. Hussen occupied
seat in another smoker, hitched on ia)asaj
of that wrecked, and was investiatMM
witn calm philosophy, the contents otBa
The parts of the disconnected traiavw
hauled back to the depot, where the.tfajSJ
was maae up anew, and finally leJaai
ward, as tne tint section of xio. 4 the J
Line co minutes behind tune. Three i
E. N. Aiken, a hraieman on the.
gfaeny Valley Bailroad, had his armf Vhm
injured at Standard station yesterday eviaVj
ing. Ho was brought to the WestPtnaJl
where it was dressed. Dr. Herron ssjdlatalil
bethought the arm would be, saved, yl
muscies were oauiy lacerated.
A man, whose name could not be -
tained. was ran over at Bonn statlesU
evening by the" Wall accommodstfe aada
badly injured about the bead that aMastl
Dut aye minutes alter nis conveys him
"West Pean Hospital. He was atWtlp
years old, had 120 in his inside siitu "Bs1
was dressed In s pair of mm
treBsets and wore a blue
Dr. Hemm, of the WestPwM. j
Mm JMSMtsi m Steve, mhV
k eeetrpisd, sd eeta are ewaasadliija
nWMvra CWMT, iJsWrw Jfes
3m.; v ,J-i,tii