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THE " PITTSBimQ- " DISPATCH, SUNDAY, AUGUST 25, 1889."
ERNEST H. HEINRICHS.
WSITXEX TOB THE DISPATCH.
OME few thousand
years ago there
lived a very power
ful King who had
One of them was
very old and ugly
looking, while the
other was young
and as beautiful as
the morning star.
All the princes and
noblemen in the
world were in love
with her. From
day to day a long
procession of young I
.ii . r . . .
auu minusome men could be seen wenaing
their way toward the King's castle. They
all came to pay their respects to the King
and his beautiful daughter, and everyone
was anxious to marry the lovely Princess,
but the King refused to allow ier to be
married before her sister.
" 'What does it matter," he would say,
whether the girl is uglr; she is a King's
daughter, and as good'as the other even if
she is not quite so nice looking."
Thus it happened that all the anxious
lovers of the beautilul Princess made their
journey in vain, because none of them cared
to have anything to do with the ugly sister.
Affairs had gone along in this manner lor
many years, and nearly all the Princes of
the world had been at the King's court.
One day, however, it was in the middle of
the winter, a youns man appeared at the
castle quite alone. "When he was taken be
fore the King he stated that his home was
thousands of miles awav. but havmc heard
of the beautiful Princess he had come to ask
her hand in marriage. The King replied as
he had done before that he would intro
duce him to his beautiful daughter, but
M f7a. & tiki 3j
The Prince Fuitt the Wizard.
that he would not allow her to
married until her ugly sister was
provided for. Then the lovely
young lady was called into the
room. When the Prince saw her he fell at
once in love with her, and he realized that he
could not return homeunless the beautiful girl
accompanied him. But the same feeling of
love had also been awakened within the
heart of the Princess. No sooner did she
behold the handsome youth than her love
flew out to him and she resolved then and
there that she would either become the
joung man's wife or else die.
Ttc Prince stayed around the castle for
several days thinking aud scheming how he
niieht get to see and talk to the beautiful
lady. But as the Princess was equally
anxious to meethim, bis suspense was con
siderably shortened, and one night while
the young man' was fondly gazing up at the
King's daughter's window, he suddenly
noticed a piece of paper tailing right in
front of him. Picking it up the Prince read
these words: "Go to the Wizard of the
Cloudless Sky aud do as he bids you!"
The ardent young man immediately went
his way and inquired where the wizard
could be found. After a long search be
found a cave at the very summit of a high
mountain. Here the wizard lived. The young
j. nnce at once explained now he happened
to come there, but the wizard had evidently
"Here, my friend, is a horse for yon," he
said. "Take it and lead it down the hill
into the town where the King and his daugh
ters live. In the rear of the castle is an old
oat tree; tie the animal to that tree and
leave it there until 12 o'clock at night But
nhen the clock strikes the midnight hour be
prepared to mount the horse and ride three
times around the castle walls. If you can
get around the castle three times before the
12 chimes from the big clock of the castle
she said, "until you find a horse with a
young man and a young lady on his back.
Take the young lady away, carry her to the
Enchanted Cavern and await my arrival."
The winged monster at once disappeared,
and not long after the two fugitives saw the
ugly vision swoop down upon them. Before
the Prince knew what was the matter he
saw his beloved Princess carried away
through the air. For a moment he thought
he had lost his senses because the whole af
fair had onlv occupied five seconds." Then
he thought about what ought to be done
next, and he immediately recalled the wiz
ard. "I will go to him and ask his advice in the
matter," be said, and so he did.
When the wizard had listened to the manner
in which the Princess had been stolen and
by whom he replied:
"That is the work of her ugly sister, who is
jealous of the beautilul lady on account of
her good looks. The monster who stole her
was one of the Princess' menials, and he has
taken her to the Enchanted Cavern. Now,
if you will follow my bidding you shall res
"All right," said the Prince, "what must
"Follow me to my stable and I will give
you another horse, the fleetest animal in the
world. Let the horse run its own gait and
its own road, and in three hours you will be
at the Enchanted Cavern. Then hide your
horse by giving him one of these pills, which
will make him invisible to everyone except
yourself. That being accomplished, drink
the contents of this little flask. It contains
the elixir of witchcraft, and while you are
under its influence no witch, demon or
monster can harm you. You may then
boldly enter the Enchanted Cavern and
tate the Princess away. Now hurry, but
mind you of one thing before you go." The
influence of the elixir will only last hve
minutes, and in that time you must accom
plish all you want to do. or else your lady
.love will be forever lost to you!"
The Prince thanked the kind wizard, and
hurried to the Enchanted Cavern. He gave
his horse the pill, which made him invisible,
then he drank his elixir of witchcraft, and
he entered the cavern. On all sides he saw
witches and monsters of all kinds, but when
ever they saw him coming they fled for their
lives. At last he got into a small room
where he observed the beautilul Princess
lying like dead in a large stone coffin. With
the greatest exertions he succeeded in getting
her out and carrving her away But at
every step the witches find monsters of the
cavern followed him. In the meantime the
five minutes were nearly elapsed, and the
nearer the allotted time was ud the more
witches came around him. While
they could not touch him, they
tried nevertheless to frighten him by iuak
ing hideous faces. But the young Prin-.v
carried hie valuable load fearlessly through
the cavern and he gained the fresh air just
the tenth part of a second before the five
minutes were over. Quickly he ran to his
horse and then once more the race for life
beean. The horse ran straight for the wiz
ard of the cloudless sky, who received them
all with open arms. The Princess, who had
by this time become nearly exhausted from
her exciting experiences during the last day,
stayed here to get some rest. After a while,
however, the Prince and Princess took their
QUEEN OF THE ARENA.
The Eoyal Hippodrome of Empress
Elizabeth of Austria.
A DARING AND ROMPING GIRL.
How She Won a Prince's Heart Away From
Her Elder Sister.
THE PADS OF TAEIODS EOIAL WOMElf
J II WWJW3l
j. 17V 4
: i )v
Flight Prom the Witch't Cave.
departure for the young man's home, where
they at last safely arrived.
The ugly Princess was so mad because she
could not kill her sister, that she locked
herself into the Enchanted Cavern never to
oome out again. But nobody ever said that
he was sorry not to be able to see her.
A & ,
r f$m? i
i ' "
A Race for a Wife.
tower have been struck the young Princess
will be with you ready to fly with you to the
end of the world; but it vou fail to get
around in time she will be lost to you for
ver and you will die, because your enemies
will be on your track."
The Prince promised to follow the in
structions of the wizard to the letter, and,
taking the horse's bridle, he hurried down
the hill. Everything was done as the in
habitant of the cave had said. He found
the oak tree, and tied the animal to one of
the branches. Then he went away until
midnight. As soon as the sound of the
first chime resounded from the midnight
hour he commenced his race. Never was
such riding seen before. The young man
spurred the horse into a gait, the celerity of
which bid fair to rival lightning. But the
wall around the castle was long, and haste
was necessary. However, just as the echo
of the twelfth stroke died awav in the dis
tance he arrived for the third time at the
old oak tree, and behold there the beauti
uJ Princess stood awaiting him. She im
mediately jumped up behind him, and an
other race commenced even faster than the
one around the castle.
But just before the fugitives started ofl a
window from the royal castle was opened
and the ugly face of the other Princess ap
peared. "Kahah!" she muttered through her,
teeth, "my beautiful sister wants to escape
with the young Prince; but hold on, my
two doves, you will not get very far." Then
she closed the window again.
The usly Princess, however, wis a very
powerful witch, who had a whole army of
demons, monsters and goblins at her com
mand ready to do her bidding at a mo
ment's notice. After she closed the window
she went into the middle of her room, and,
stamping with her right foot three times on
the floor, an awful monster with claws and
wings appeared before her.
"Go out on the high road to the forest,"
OUR C0USTKI11BN ABROAD.
Some Absurd Actions of American Traveler!
Acroea tbe Atlantic.
Springfield (Mass.) Union. I
A story that would be ludicrous but for
the disgust that an American must feel upon
reading it is going the rounds of two young
men from a Western State who are doing
Europe. Not that they had the remotest
idea of gaining any benefit from the trip
or that they really saw anything worth
looking at the second time, for the paint
ings in the Louvre and the galleries of the
Luxembourg were no more to them than
chromos given away with packages of poor
tea. They could not understand even "The
An intelligent New Yorker took them in
hand and every morning arose early and
laid out a route for the day, but the Expo
sition made them tired and thejr saw in the
Champs Elysees only a place in which to
sit down and talk over thier comrades at
home. The New Yorker finally lost
patience and said that he was tired of hurl
ing the glories of France against the "jelly
fish souls of these two galvanized mummies
from the West" He said that he had asked
them why they came to Europe and they
did not know.
Another story is told of a General from
Maine who was doin? Enrone with his wifo
and daughter a few years ago. At the door
of St. Peter's at Borne he met an acquaint
ance from his native State who offered him
a eppy of the Bangor Whig. St. Peter's
haa no charm for the American after that
He took the paper eagerly and sat upon the
steps reading while the wife and daughters
inspected the cathedral
CLEYER LITTLE CARL.
He Blake HI Wants Known Without Dis
Little Carl called on a neighbor, and
after inquiring into the health of the fami
ily, he asked: "How are your grapes get
"They, are doing well. Some of them
are beginning to ripen," replied the ladv.
"well, my mamma said I musn't ask for
any, but if yea offered me some I might
Of course they were offered.
A Smoke Consumer Wanted.
An invention, about to be tried in Pitts
burg, is claimed to produce perfect combus
tion of fuel, so that no smoke is emitted.
An invention that would produce perfect
combustion of a cheap cigar and a rank
cigarette so that no smoke would be emitted,
would be more gladly welcomed.
Beauties Born In Summer.
New York World.!
It is a strange physiological fact that
handsome men and pretty women are usu
ally "summer children," and come into the
world with the flowers and sunshine about
them. .Nearly every one of the-world's-
rwnrrTEN roa the dispatch.!
Since the days of Nero and his starring
tour in Greece, royal amateurs have grown
more and more shy in the display of their
talents. An occasional duke may fiddle at
a charity concert, but the real imperial stars
only glitter before a very select, though
often boisterous circle of intimes, and the
exploits of their youth are not heard of by
the outside world till their hair has become
sprinkled with eray, and the very thought
of tights and spangles would seem an insult
to their dignity.
It used to be an old joke in the profession
that Manager Abbey had engaged Queen
Victoria for a tour of the United States as
Rosalind in "As You Like It" Jumbo
had just left her, seduced by American dol
lars, and she mourned for her playmate
they had had such happy days together,
romping around the park which surrounds
Buckingham Palace, rolling over each other
in the grass, till with the Queen's increasing
bulk it was feared that some day she might
injure Jumbo, and they were separated.
She would have done anything to follow
him, but they could not find a suitable lead
I don't know whether any enterprising
American manager ever made the Empress
of Austria an offer or not, but an old
Countess from the heart of hearts of the Vi
ennese aristocracy has told me that the title
of Empress of the Arena was more fitted to
her than the title of Empress of Austria.
But the old Countess was a friend of the
Empress' mother-in-law, who hated her, so
there was malice there
A EOMPIJfQ OIUL.
Do not make the mistake to thins: that
she was a modern Theodora a saw-dust
heroine lifted to the throne, by no means
her father was the Duke Maximillian of
Bavaria. Her eldest sister was engaged to
be married to tho young .Emperor of Aus
tria, so, of course, absorbed all theattention,
and the Princess Elizabeth was lelt to her
self and an English governess whom she
easily ruled. Her rompish nature expended
itself in all sorts of boyish sports. She was
always trying to make her monkey drive
her team of milk-white goats, or would hold
a young pig on her donkey's back, while
the other children shrieked with laughter at
her mad pranks. "When I grow up I'm
going to be a circus-rider," she would say,
little dreaming that she was going to be an
The fun of her youth developed later into
a passion for hunting, racing and yachting,
wbichshe followed with more than dilettante
Modern Queens seem scarcely to know
what to do with themselves. It never seems
to enter their heads to only reign and
govern, and we have no more Cleopatras
and Catherine of Bussias. Having been
from their youth accustomed to their posi
tions, social success does not seem to them a
triumph, so they usually settle down to
quiet domesticity and child-boaring. or else
become wild over the encouragement of
their personal fads, which in these quiet
days are much more likely to be guinea pigs
DELIGHTS OP EMPRESSES AND QUEENS.
The passion of the Empress of Austria is
The delight of the Empress of Russia is
Queen Victoria is never so happy as when
sitting by a death-bed.
Nothing delights the Queen of Italy more
than to add another pearl to her necklace.
The Empress Frederick is a miser.
The Empress of Germany is a religious
The Queen of Portugal is the most extrav
agant dresser in Europe.
The Empress Eugenie is the saddest wo
man. The Queen of Spain is the proudest
And the Queen of Greece is the finest
The last named has a pond lined with
pure white marble, rivaling the famous rose
marble bath of Ismail Pasha, where Cora
Pearl used to bath in champagne. In
former times a favorite pastime of the Queen
of Greece was to bar the doors of this en
chanted garden, and with her ladles-in-waiting
and maids act impromptu scenes
from Greek mythology.
The Queen of Portugal loves the same
sport, but in a more rugged manner and
dashes into the fiercest breakers like a man.
Indeed, several times she has been decorated
for her bravery.
As I have said, the Empress of Austria
was not bred for the throne, it was her elder
sister, who expected to leave a dukedom for
an empire. Indeed the affaichad gone far
enough for the papers to be ready to sign,
and the young Emperor had come in person
me vaBiio to see uis uriue. ie was alone
in the great historical hall when the madcap
Princess Elizabeth, not knowing anyone was
there, came into the room in a short white
frock, and her lovely curls reaching below
her waist She paused abashed ou the
threshold, making an enchanting picture,
and burst into a rippling laugh as she fled.
He gave chase, and an hour later was found
romping with her in tbe rose garden. It is
saidthat her sister in her rage spanked her,
but in a few months was obliged to humble
herself and address the despised child as
"Your Imperial Majesty"
At this time she was of that peculiar
freshness of beauty which always makes one
think of things good to eat; childish, yet
voluptuous, the type both men and women
feel drawn to, wishing to touch, to kiss, to
caress. The young monarch fell madly in
love with her and overpowered all reason
and counsel. Every influence was brought
to bear on him, her youth, her lack of edu
cation, the unfitness of her temperament for
me wruuc ii tuuugut ui nouiing out ner
smile, her laugh, her lips. The sister was
forgotten and he conquered.
Viennese society is the most formal, the
most exclusive and, aristocratic in the world
Bud refused to accept this young hoyden as
its queen. A princely wit has said: "Lhu
manite commence par le Baron," but this,
court was still more rigid, for it was neces
sary to prove eight successive generations of
nobility on both father and mother's side to
be socially admitted even into its outer cir
cle. She was snubbed and slighted on every
possible occasion, and even by the imperial
family. So she drew within herself and
loved her dogs and horses and the cultiva
tion of her athletic powers.
She felt stifled with the formality of the
court this select herd which felt itself so
above the rest of the world, yet whose
greatest amusement was vulgar gossip. The
court geography she could never learn, and
the chase for scandal did not interest her.
She preferred a mad gallop on her favor
ite horse, with the wind in her teeth and
her hair flying behind her. Even in court
dress she liked to let it hang down beneath
her crown, and would only consent to have
it twined with jewels. It has been de
scribed to me as giving her a peculiar soft,
shy look, these masses of hair hanging to
her feet Her figure waslithe and slender,
her eyes bright andjiquid, like some gen
tle animal's. She loved to dress in soft
fringes, furs, feathers and swan's-down. At
this time she was thought the handsomest
woman in Europe.
The infinite number of gossiping card par
ties forming the only diversion of eight-barreled
Viennese society, which, .prefers gam'
ing to dancing, found stories to circulate of
"tbiyshorteoiTiinffft nf their nn-rprMo-n'D MT.Afiw.'
duchess, her husband's mother, tried in
every way to ruin her, but could not suc
ceed, for this wild girl was a good girl and
her only missteps were against sham - and
snobbishness and bars to freedom of speech
and originality of character.
A PEITATE CIBCTJS.
Bhe retired into a very small circle of in
timate friends and mingled with the court
as little as possible. She had a very large
forest park enclosed with high walls. In
this were bear-pits, cages for ferocious ani
mals. Bare birds sune in the trees and
fine domestic breeds grazed on the lawns. It
is said that she could subdue the most sav
age beast with a glance of her eye and
would walk the grounds with a lion or tiger
beside her, simply holding him by the
mane. In the center of the park was a
clearing with a race course and also a cov
ered amphitheater. A court lady told me
of hearing Her Majesty say many times
how she would have injoyed the savage
sports of the colosseum, the fights between
wild animals, the great hunts of beast and
Here the Empress would ride for hours,
changing herhorses,exhausted from fatigue,
then, becoming more and more excited,
would call her companions Io the circus,
where, altering their costumes for more ap
propriate ones, a performance would take
place never witnessed by anyone outside
this imperial stock company. The servants
were turned out of the buildings, even out
of the park, and the gates double barred.
Grand dukes were the grooms and clowns,
and the Empress of Austria the queen of
the arena. All this is, of course, tbe barest
hearsay. For years it was kept so quiet
that even many members of the intimate
court circle did not dream of its existence,
and it is only during the last few years that
rumors of it have reached the outer world
itself long a thing of the past
The manners of the Empress are very nat
ural and unconventional and she is very
charitable. Two summers ago she cruised
to England and staved at a fishine village,
living at a little hotel over a shop.
She could ride all day without fatigue,
sleep on the ground, refresh herself with a
bit of black bread and a dash of sour wine
at a peasant's hut and then climb mountains
till her attendants were almost dead with
fatigue. I speak of her always in the past
time, for everything is changed now, the
grief over her domestic tragedy has left her
much broKen, she does not care for society
and can desire no diversion from her old
pleasures, she is nervous and trembling.
She has been one of tbe most individual
women in Europe,but as her greatest powers
were her physical beauty and endurance the
loss of them leaves her most helpless and
unhappy. In her family life she has been a
noble character deepty wronged in many,
ways. Olive Weston.
THE SWISS SPOKTS.
Interesting National Games of. the
AN OLD CUSTOM RE-ESTABLISHED.
Wonderful Wrestling by Hardy Alpine
DESCRIBED Br AN AMERICA! CONSDL.
THE BABY AND THE BUG.
Tbe Former Got What He Wanted and Still
A Boston, journal says: "Among the
passengers on the St. Louis express yester
day, was a woman very much over-dressed,
accompanied by a bright-looking-nurse girl
and a self-willed, tyrannical boy of about 3
"The boy aroused the indignation of the
passengers by his continual shrieks and
kicks and screams, and his viciousness to
ward his patient nurse. He tore her bon
net, scratched her hands, and finally spat in
her face, without a word of remonstrance
from the mother.
"Whenever the nurse manifested any
firmness, the mother chided her sharply.
Finally the mother composed herself for a
nap, and about the time the boy had slapped
the nurse for the fifth time, a wasp came
sailing in and flew on the window of the
nurse's seat The boy at once tried to catch
"The nurse caught his hand and said
" 'Harry mnstn't touch. Bug will bite
"Harry screamed savagely, and began to
xics ana pound the nurse.
"The mother, without opening her eyes or
lifting her head, cried out sharplv:
" 'Why do you tease that child" so, Mary?
Let him have what he wants at once.'
" 'But ma'am it's a'
" 'Let him have it, I sav.'
"Thus encouraged, Harry clutched at the
wasp and caught it The scream that fol
lowed brought tears of joy to the passengers'
"The mother awoke again.
" 'Maryl' she cried, 'let him have it'
"Mary turned in her seat and said con
fusedlv: "'lie's got it, ma'am!'"
HOW TO CONSTRUCT A HOTEL.
A Recipe for Making a Loto Story of the
Pnnxsutawney Spirit 3
A Canoe township correspondent wants to
know how to write a short love story. Write
it like all the rest of them are written.
First, let your hero fall desperately in love
with your heroine. Then manage to have
him struck ou the head-by a pile driver or
something.of that sort. After which he
will be carried in an insensible condition to
the residence of her whom his soul loveth.
In about three weeks he will open his eyes
and exclaim: "Where am I?"
And the herione, who has been nursing
him all the while, will answer in sweet.soft
tones: "You are here with me Charley.and
I am so glad." Then he rapidly recovers
andthey get married. You can put in the
variations to suit yourself", using either ac
cident or tvphoid lever with which to pros
trate your hero. But you must down him
somehow. That is imperative.
sated bi a whiski bottle.
It Was In tbe Zllnn'a Pocket When a Snake
Tried to Bite Him.
A gentleman of this place, whose name we
withhold on account of his hi eh standing as
a member of the Corn Cob Club, was saved
from a horrible death one day last week by
whisky, without taking the cork out of the
bottle. He was out on a huckleberry moun
tain, and had taten some liquor along as an
antidote for snake bite. He carried it in
his hip pocket.
Growing leg weary, he was in the act of
sitting down, when a large rattler, which
was coiled up just behind him, struck vici
OUSir. Its fanes came in rnntunt xrith the
bottle, and did no harm. Had the bottle con
tained water the result would have been the
same, but he would not have had it in his
ICOItRESFOXDEXCE OF THE'DXSFATCH.I
Ztjbt,ch, August 10. One can gain no
better idea of the inner life and character of
a people than by a study of their games and
amusements. And certainly the rugged,
sturdy, indomitable endurance of the Swiss
finds no better illustration than in the sports
with which, in hundreds of remote villages
and hamlets, lying far away in obscure
vales, or perched high up in mountain re
gions, accessible only by footpaths, they are
wont to while away the leisure honrs of
Sunday afternoons, of holidays, or of the
long summer evenings, after their day
of toil is over. Each canton has
its own peculiar games of athletic
agility and strength, games the origin of
which, in many instances, reaches back into
a long-forgotten past, and many of which,
curiously enongh, bear a singular re
semblance to those in which some of the
tribes of North American Indians are wont
to excel. The dwellers in the cities, on the
other hand, have their trained band of gym
nasts, or turners, who form no despicable
rivals to the wilder sons of the mountains,
and who make up, ia their wonderful
agility, for the comparatively untrained
brute-force of the others.
For a period of 23 years past, however,no
opportunity has been afforded to these two
formidable competitors to meet and test
their respective strength in open combat.
The idea of orsanizing Buch a meeting was
first suggested six years ago, when the Swiss
National Exhibition was held here, but in
viewof the numerous other festivals alreadv
arranged for that year it was allowed to fafl
through, and it was consequently reserved
for the year 1889 to witness the renewal of
this interesting national custom, till now
unknown to all of the rising generation of
Switzerland. The two-days festival just
closed has aroused a storm of enthusiasm, and
has met with a popular success which justi
fies a belief that the custom now revived
will be henceforth held in honored annual
A THRILLING NOVELTY.
The "Hornet" players came from the land
of the famous cheese, the Emmenthal, and
the game, which is peculiar to that locality,
proved a thrilling novelty even to most of
the other Swiss in attendance. The "Hornet"
is a disc of box wood, three or four inches
in diameter, thinned off at the outer rim, and
an inch or two thick at the center. A curved
piece of pine or ash, some three feet in
length, fashioned like the runner of a sled
and provided with short pointed feet to
make it stand upright, is firmly planted on
the ground at one end of the field, its ele
vated point forward, and upon this point
the disc or "Hornet" is placed, standing on
its rim, edge forward, a bit of clay being
used to keep it in its place. One side of the
contestants now takes the field, armed with
thin board shields some 18 inches sanare.
and provided with a sort ot gridiron handle;
the other side, which has the innings.stands
ready behind the disc, each man carrying a
pole some three feet long, of well tempered
oak, and an inch or so in thickness, at the
further end of which there is a solid knob
of box wood of the size of a large apple.
The first striker stept up behind the
sleigh-runner, carefully measures his dis
tance, swings his pole with a careful aim,
and with all his strength, and lol the disc
goes whizzing off into space with the sharp
buzz of the insect alter which it is named,
and with such velocity as to render its
course entirely invisible to the untrained
eye of the spectator. But the sharp eyes of
the opponents in the field are following it,
and almost ere it has left its place, their
wooden shields are seen vertically shootin?
up, high up into the air to stop it The
feat seems all but incredible, yet, notwith
standing the elevation and velocity of the
disc, it is pretty sure to encounter one or the
other of theses well-aimed obstacles in its
airy flight, striking it broadside with a
sharp cutting report like the sound of a pis
tol snot, and then falling idly into the earth.
This counts one for the outs; should it, on
the other hand, reach the earth unhindered,
one is scored for the strikers. The wonder
ful strength and dexterity which these Em
menthaler men brought to bear in their re
cent display of the game may be judged
from the fact that, in several instances, the
"Hornet" was knocked 60 feet high, and
landed 1,000 feet off, And that the struggle
was so closely matched that it was found
necessary to divide the honors and award
each side a goblet, and also a prize to the
best striker of each.
tion was 61 to 39 per cent A study of the
two types as they enter the arena, shake
hands, take their grip of each other's short
hose, and begin the struggle, is extremely
Tbe judges call out two names, and, as
the parties jump up from among tie crowd
of athletes squatting or lying around the
edge of the sawdust arena, all eyes are
turned upon them to study their respective
physiques, and speculate as to the probable
winner. Here comes a short, stout built
man of about 30, with low forehead, close
cropped hair, a tanned face that is mild
and kindly in expression, broad shoulders,
and a stooping, shuffling gait He looks
like a cross between an Oshkosh lumber
man and a Washington Market butcher;
auu uiuves into toe ring wiiu someuunj; oi
the sluggishness of an ox disturbed in its
midday nap. He has on a coarse large
checked cotton shirt, pants of rough brown
serge, and heavy slippers.
AGILITY AGAINST MUSCLE.
To meet him, there springs litheiy forward
a well-built young fellow of 25 or 26, bare
headed, in white shirt and trousers and laced
wrestling shoes, his mien erect, his manner
confident and his clear complexion and
white bared arms, showing him to be a city
product The linen short hose are quickly
dinned, the contestants shake hands, reach
out and graip each other, generally Tiy the
under or lower side of the short "hose, and
the desperate struggle commences. At
times the strain seems greater than bone and
muscle can possibly withstand; in another
moment, without relaxing their grasp, the
two stand motionless, bendintr forward their
heads, touching each other like gladiators
at bay, watching for their opportunity.
Then a sudden shake, another struggle
and the Turner finds himself lifted horizon
tally by sheer strength to the height of his
opponent's shoulders and thrown down
again, but only, in turn, to save himself by
his marvelous ability, and to spring like a
tiger anew to the attack, amid the deafening
yens and plaudits or the excited bystanders.
And so these tactics are repeated in endless
variations until one of the combatants is
felled or a draw is declared, when the hand
shaking is repeated, and the weary, perspir
ing and not unfrequently bleeding combat
ants retire, only to be immediately followed
At a signal the wrestlers finally withdraw,
there is a pause and then a man strides into
the ring, bearing upon a thin flag staff,
about six feet long, a red silk flag, upon one
side of which is embroidered in gold the
legend "Aelpler Bruderschaft, Stans," on
the other "Gott schuetze unsere Alpen."
He is a man of about 40, of medium stature.
and spare build, clad in square-cut long
jacket and baggy, corduroy trousers, and
there is a patch of Edelweiss and Alpine
roses visible in the band of his broad
brimmed felt hat.
A FEAT OP STEENGTH.
He is one of the noted flag-swingers from
his canton, and he lifts his hat modestly to
the assemblage and begins swinging the
the flag, passing it with lightning rapidity
through every variety of movement, now
flinging it 20 feet into the air, catching it
with unerring precision as it descends,
passing it now behind him, now under his
feet, then high into the air again, yet keep
ing it in a horizontal position throughout
the entire performance. This feat of
strength and dexterity is peculiar to the
men of TTri and Nidwalden, and is an
nually performed on the "Sennenchilbi"
on the first Sunday in October by four
officers of a religious fraternity known as
the"Sennenbruderschaft," dating from the
year 1593, and embracing the four town
ships of Altorf, Buerglen. Spyrigen aud
TJnterschaechen. "On the Sunday named,"
says a recent writer, "the flag is swung and
fluttered in some open spot, under direction
of the Captain of the order, in the presence
of numerous maidens, and to the music of
the "Sennenmarch.' "
Stone throwing, ball throwing and a game
lAVn 1G "Stfttl-.ln" llt.1 .4.1. 3-
EVERY DAY SCIENCE.
Development of Atlantic Express Pas
PHOTOGRAPHING IN COLORS.
Hygiene Rapidly Becoming One of the
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL NOTES.
known as "Stoeckeln" ( littla stakes made
up the remainder of the two days' sports,
not to mention a constant round of table
festivities and bouts, at which canton toasted
canton, town toasted town, while all joined
in pledging renewed fidelity to their com
mon mother Helvetia, and to her significant
watchword: "One for all; all for one."
Geoboe L. Catlin.
REMEDIES MONET CAN'T BUT.
The Earlswood Totter.
famous beauties of to-dzv fcni . inmmer I as she was both darine and indiscreet and
birthday. I scorned to conceal her BaliUke. She Arek
1 ,J I
Our mashers are still Improving. They
no longer enter 'the ball room .with their
"hands iU their Dockets. Thev h ..lAntori
a mode of progression more in harmony witfi
NO USE TOR OCTLISTS.
The contestants in this struggle repre
sented two little Emmenthal hamlets,
Heimiswyl and Erfinpen, both in the neigh
borhood of Berne. Their wonderfnl eye
sieht, as shown in following the flight of
the whizzing disc, elicited from the lips of
a jocose oculist present tbe remark: "I
shall never get any practice from these
people." A bystander asked one of the
Emmenthalers, a lusty, stubby young her
cules, in barehead and shirtsletvcs:
"But when do you play this game at
homer uertaiuiy every ounaay during the
"Oh, no," was the reply, "it requires a
broad field, and we can't afford to trample
down our grass for it We never play it
until after Bettag (in November), and then
we play it every fair Sunday until the grass
comes again. We don't take evervbody,
The "Hornet" game, it mav be added, is
of very remote antiquity, and a most inter
esting description of it as played in the an
cient time, will be found in Bitzius' inter
esting romance entitled "Uli, der Knecht"
A less novel, but equally exciting sport
is the peculiar wrestling known in the Ur
Cantons as "swinging," probably from the
peculiar swinging motion forced upon the
contestants in the most desperate phrases of
the struggle. No less a person than ex
President Schenk, of Switzerland, has re
marked: "I prefer wrestling and swinging
to all other gymnastic exercises, while Dr.
Schaerer, who has published a book on the
subject, remarks that "the Swiss proudly
mentions 'swinging' as his most ancient and
peculiar national sport" Up to very re
cently, however, it has never spread beyond
its birthplace in the Berner Oberland and
' A NATIONAL SPOBT.
In Nidwalden it was for a time prohibited
by law as too dangerous, but the prohibi
tion is now obsolete. In 1853 it was first
introduced as a national sport and since
then it has constantly grown in popularity.
That it is not without danger may be in
ferred from the fact than no less a person
than Dr. Kroenlein. President of the TJni-
Lversity of Zurich, and one of tbe best known
ot living surgeons, was engaged Dy tbe
Zurich Turners to be in attendance during
their two days' swinging contest with tbe
short-haired, bull-necked sons of the Alps,
who had come down to take up their gauge
Swinging is distingnished from ordinary
wrestling in that, in the former, contestants
cannot lay hold of each other as they please,
but must begin by gripping hold'of each
other's short-hose, made, for the purpose, of
stout brown linen in the form of bathing
tights, and worn over the ordinary pants.
The victory consists in throwing an oppo
nent upon his back so that both shoulders
touch tbe ground. In this trial of strength,
the mountaineers with their wonderful en
durance and brute force, undoubtedly have,
in the long run, the advantage over the
trained and agile turners of the cities. In a
match between the two last year the propor-
Proceas of Making Them Unown to
Only One Pernon at a Time.
In villages among the mountains of Vir
ginia and Pennsylvania, where habits of life
and thought have remained almost unal
tered for two centuries, an odd custom
still prevails which may be new to our
readers. Prescriptions for the cure of dif
ferent ailments weak eyes, scrofula, con
sumption, cancer and hydrophobia have
been handed down in the sam6 family from
one generation to another.
These prescriptions are never known to
more than one person at a time, and it be
comes his duty to make theremedyand give
it away. According to popufar superstition,
if he imparts the secret, or takes money or
any recompense for the medicine, its virtue
is gone. Many of these lotions and cor
dials possess undoubted efficacy, haying
been originally distilled from simples and
eanns -oy men who were forced to go to
nature for cure, and who came,. to under
stand some of her resources better than we
A similar superstition exists among the
Hungarian peasants, with regard to the
amulets which they wear to protect them
from lightning, poison, or sudden death.
The amulet must be given; as soon as it is
sold it becomes worthless.
The same idea formed the basis of the
custom among the ancient Irish of bakin a
cake at every meal for the possible .guest
who might chance to come in. When the
meal was finished, too, a few crumbs were
thrown ouUof-doors and on the hearth for
any invisible creature, whether good or
evil spirit, who might be hungry.
Beaders of The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechani
cal, civil and electrical engineering and the
sciences can have their queries answered
through this column.
rPEIFAEID TOR TITS D1SPATCH.1
The Teutonic, says the Engineer, is the
finest steamship afloat This circumstance
would alone suffice to invest her with spe
cial importance. But it does not stand by
itself, and the conditions under which she
has been built lend additional interest to
the ship and her performance. The passen
ger trade between this country and England
is carried on under somewhat peculiar con
ditions. The actual length of the voyage is
2,780 miles in the summer, and 2,880 miles
in the winter, when the course steered is
more southerly to avoid ice. It isjust short
enough to permit a maximum speed being
maintained. If the distance was only 1,000
greater than it is, no ship could be made to
carry coal enough to run at 20 miles an
hour, and at the same time earn a profit for
her owners. No space would be left for
cargo. The passenger traffic between the
two countries is enormous now, and is daily
growing larger. Those who voyage back
ward and forward across the Atlantic have
plenty of money, and are quite content to
pay well if they are served well. These
causes have all worked to the same end in
the development of what may be called
express passenger steamers.
J.he White Star company was among the
first to work for high speed and great com
fort The Britannic was in her d iy the finest
passenger steamer on the Atlantic, and she
still remains an admirable vessel, although
she has been superseded to a considerable
extent by larger and faster ships. The
Cunard company's Etruria was, for a con
siderable period, the fastest ship in tbe
world. The Inman company determined
that, if possible, she should be beaten,
asd to this end the company had the two
magnificent ships, the City of New York
and City of Pans, built The Inman and
International company is really American,
and its ships sail under the Stars and
Stripes; but the White Star company is
thoroughly British, and is determined that
its ships shall not be excelled by any other
company in the world. Accordingly two
ships were ordered from Messrs. Harland &
Wolff, of Belfast The first of the two is
the Teutonic The second, the Majestic,
will be a sister ship, and is now receiving
her engines, but she will not be put to work
until next spring. An impression got
abroad that in tbe Teutonic and Majestic
everything would be sacrificed to get speed.
This is entirely erroneous. Nothing has
been civen to cet SDeed. That the Teutonic
is a very fast sliip goes without saying; but
she is much more she is strong and safe in
an unusual degree, and has, moreover, been
carefully constructed for special and valu
able service in time of war.
ployed in connection with that single luterf
est; and if to this number we.add 780,000 a
number representing an average of five .to
tbe mile as the number of personsTieBi
ployed in connection with all those indus
tries which are directly affiliated with and
dspendent on our railway. system, such a3
locomotive and car building establishments,
rail mills, etc., we have a total 0f nearly -1,716,000,
or an average of 11 to to the mita
of railroad. Assuming that each of thesa
would represent a family averaging fiva
persons, wc have an aggregate population
of 8,580,000 nearly one-seventh of the total
for the country at large ef which 98 per
cent are actually dependent on the railway
system for the sustenance of life.
The Tnlne of GoodRoads.
Prof. J. W. Jenks, in his "Boad Legisla-t
tion for the American State," gives somej
very suggestive notes on conditions in Uli
nois. It is there found that a full load cam
be carried on the State roads only threa
months during the year, two-thirds of a load
three months and half a load six months.
Good dirt roads there would reduce the cost
ot hauling one-half, and good permanent
roads, if macadam, three-fourths. The de
fective highways the State now possesses)
cost it an extra $15,000,000 for hauling, and,
depreciate the value of its farms $160,000,4
000. In other words, if it had a good sy
tern of roads the farmers would be benefited
1 160,000,000 in the value of their farms, and
save $15,000,000 annually in hauling.
Sea Water for Street Watering.
This is the subject of a paper recently read;
before tbe Civil and Mechanical Engineers'
Society of England. Inquiries sent to 3
coast towns which had been using sea water
for this ;purpose showed that 23 towns had
abandoned its use for various reasons.
Ramsgate and Folkestone stated that it de-
stroyed all kinds of road material except
wood. Some towns advised its use in sewer
flushing in sufficient volume, but others)
thoughtlt produced gases when brought into
contact with the sewage. The testimony is
in favor of sea water preventing dust on,
roads of flint or gravel, and Berwick-on-.
Tweed highly commends it for this purpose.
It is there found that one cart ol sea water is)
equal to two loads of fresh water in lasting
Electric Matrix Type Slacbues.
These machines are intended to produce 3
mnt.IT flnm n.T.(nl. aAAt....A nlafa. .nr. fi'
cast directly. Each machine is only 30
inches long by 6 inches wide, and is worked
on a table after the fashion of a typewriter.
It is driven by a current from an ordinary
incandescent electric light wire. An aver
age of 25 words perminute is claimed as the)
speed of which the machine is capable.
Prof. Kedzie emphatically points out theft
danger of leaving on the old paper when re
papering a room. No room with such wall
accumulations of paste and. paper can re-
main in a good sanitary condition, and dis-
ease germs are likely to be developed. Hiss'
advice is: "Peel your walis of all old paper
before applying new paper."
A JUYEXILE SOCIALIST.
WHAT MAKES RABBITS GROW.
A Remarkable Fact In Natural History
Discovered by Small Boy.
One day Eugene Field's three boys came
home with a big white rabbit which some
neighbor had given them, and the genial
humorist, fearing damages to his books if
the animal was let loose in the house, told
them to dig a burrow in the back yard and
put their pet in it They did so. Next
morning they came racing to their father's
"Papal papal Cnmf nnf in .. ...J
We've found out how rahhita i.mu-1"
..wat on earth do you mean, children?"
. , l y,.7.u know we Planted bunny last
nl5ll': We", there's a whole lot of little
rabbits there now: ten of 'em all in one
Within the last 40 or 50 years it has been
possible to follow out the subject of hygiene
on a fairly scientific basis, and so to lay a
foundation on which to build a structure
which may one day entitle it to a place
among the more exact sciences. Two cen
turies ago the mortality of London was. 80
per 1,000; at the present day it is under 23.
A century ago ships could barely keep the
sea for scurvy, while jails and hospitals
were in many cases the hotbeds of fatal dis
eases. Now these conditions are rectified,
or at least, the means of rectifying them are
known. Thirty years ago the English troops
at oome aiea at me race oi i'U per l,uuu; now
their death rate is less than one-half this.
In our country, although much progress has
been' made, much remains to be done. Dr.
Billing"!, in his work, for the tenth census of
the United States, estimates the death rate
of the whole country at about 18 per 1,000.
It cannot be questioned that a proper regu
lation ot the universal conditions of human
life throughout the whole country would
reduce this rate to 12 per 1,000, saving every
year, on the basis of the present population,
no fewer than 365,000 lives, which are now
sacrificed to neglected filth, with its at
tendant contamination of the soil on which
we live, of the air we breathe, of the food we
eat. and of the water we drink.
The remedy lies chiefly in the complete
removal of the organic wastes of life before
the beginning of putrefaction, and the ulti
mate disposal of these wastes by methods
now understood, in such a way as to reduce
them to their elements without sucn con
tamination of earth, water or air as now re
acts so fatally on the population. The
process would be simple. The adequate
sanitary improvement would involve drain
age and garbage removal, water supply and
some improvement in ventilation. By drain
age is meant, in this connection, the removal
of filth in sufficient currents of water, and
this is by far the most important thing to be
done. With the prevention of putrefaction
in and about habitations, too, the need for
costly artificial ventilation will be greatly
reduced. It may, therefore, be sately as
serted in the light of what we know of im
provements that have been effected by sim
ple changes of physical conditions that a
proper application of tbe sanitary arts of
the engineer would of itself suffice to save
us the 1,000 lives now daily thrown away,
and to multiply greatly the happiness and
efficiency of myriads whose sickness, though
not mortal, is grievously painful and incapacitating.
Mo Chance for a, Flirtation.
Mr. Partridge (a drummer, blandly) Is
this seat engaged, miss ?
Miss Holly Ha wke Well," I dunno; paw
may find himself too much crowded with
maw and the bundles in the'next seat, and
mebhe he'll want this! ""
Exit Partridge. Puck
While endeavoring to obtain photographic
films, which should approach in sensibility
that of the human retina, it occurred to
M. M. G. Lippmann that some success
might be obtained by a rational and system
atic arrangement of colored glasses. He
carried out a thorough investigation of this
idea, and at a recent meeting of the Acade
mie des Sciences at Paris he cave an inter
esting account of his experiments. M. Lipp
mann operates with an Attout-Tailfer plate.
Before the objective pieces xt colored glass
are successively piacea ior a long enough
period lor the various tinted rays to impress
an image on the film. The final result of
this exposure is to cive a clear photograph,
which green foliage, yellow or red draperies,
etc., instead of giving dark tints and blurred
outlines, are rendered with a delineation and
color value surpassing the finest engraving.
Whatever may be the ultimate value of the
recently-proposed methods, they indicate
work in the right direction, and all similar
research will be welcomed as tending
toward the production of an instrument by
the assistance of which the mysterious phe
nomena of light may be more satisfactorily
investigated. The results of Al. Lippmann's
successive arrangement of colored glasses,
surpass anything that have hitherto been
described, and they appear to herald the
dawn of a new era in photography espe
cially in landscape photography.
Blasrnltode of the Railway Interest.
The following calculations will show how
closely interwoven are the interests of rail
road stockholders and the working classes
oftheeountry. If we estimate that in the
Operation of our railroads tbere are em
ployed in prosperous times an average of
six persons per mile of road, it would show,
a fotal, on the basis of our present mileage,
of knore than 936,000 persons regularly em
A Bit ot Childish Strategy to Gain
Somebody who writes sagely about chil
dren and their affairs says: "Children an
naturally self-denying." Of course we all
know that. Here is an instance: A small girl
of the "Listener's" acquaintance had a visits
from two of her young friends, each some
what larger than herself, the other dayi
Both the visitors brought their dolls, and iil
was proposed that they make.common pro,
perty of all their playthings, including thai
Bolls, and go in lor a general good time.
The plan was accepted by the youngsters
and all went merrily. By-and-by the small ""
hostess, returning to the member of tha'
household who had originally proposed tho
socialistic arrangements of matters under
which they were proceeding so amicably,
said, in her most engaging and honeyed;
"Don't you think that the biggest littla
girl ought to have the biggest doll here?" ,
As the biggest doll was Known to be tha"1
inquirer's, this question was taken as a
proof of rare self-denial on the little girl's
part So the lady said:
"Yes, my dearthat would be very wise."
"And the next biggest girl the next bie-J
"And the 'ittiest girl the 'ittiest doll?"
The child ran away and reported the new
arrangement to the other children; and it
wasn't until later, when th5 pent-up feeli
ings of one of the other little girls gava
way to tears, that it was discovered that
the "littlest doll" was a superb French ar
rangement, which opened and closed its
eyes, and wore a costume got ud in perfect
recklessness of expense. The '"ittiest
girl's" self-denial was a rare bit of
AK EICELLEM EXCUSE.
Why n, Policeman Allowed William Dockey
to SI-eD la the Park. '
Detroit Free Press. I
At midnight the other night a patrolman
found a man lying on the grass under a tree
in the Bandolph street Park,and he aroused '
"Come mister, no one is allowed to sleepy
"But I have a good excuse," replied the
"Wat is it?"
"See that house over there? Well, please
do me the favor to go and ring the bell and'
ask if William Dockey is at home." !
The officer ascended the steps and rang
the belL A head was thrust out of an open '
chamber window and a female voice de-'
"Now. who is there?"
"Madam," replied the officer, "is Wil-,
liam Dockey at home?"
"No, sir, and I don't expect him until,
daylight!" snapped the woman, and at
the same moment a bowlful of water de
scended on the officer's head and half
"Well," said the man pn the grass, as)
thedrippingofficercameup, "yon see how
it is, don't you? I'm Dockey. That's Mrs.
"I think I see," replied the officer. "Xou
can remain neht where von are.
Pi IU REWARD
Sj3(to nronawnowin ooatradlet
lTjWSi 07 proof oar cUnsttat
bVTIk . Acme Blacking j
h-fy """RE LEATHER. $
If 1 I W OUT A Rumoust. Sj
'To jn lira io jntenigral test of tab. by tie follow
fag method i Hng s strip of leather in a bottle of
Acme BlMMng, ud leare it therefor a oar or a
"""P"1-.. T,lke rt out and hang- it np to dry and ex-
"""' wvuiaswuu onnuiuiT, tt e T-rwrniTmTKl I HUM
Hikes any kind of leather
IU beintlf oL rich, GLOSSY POIOSII la SB.
equaled. Ea-cn tabor and axxoyanc.
A Polish tnata a Month for Women, sal
erenFour JHoatha without renonttez.
WOLFF A -RANDOLPH, rauion
Bold hi &o Stores. Qrooen. aad dealers eoanB$v