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THE PITTSBTTKG- DISPATCH, SUNDAY, AUGUST 25, 1889.
BAD MONEY MAKERS.
Criminals Whose Operations Are
Closely Watched By the Men of
UNCLE SAM'S SECRET SERVICE.
Chief Bell's Euse to Capture a Kucli
CIECULATION OP SPUMOUS HOXET
ISrXCIAL COKBXSrOXDXXCX OF THX DI6FATCn.l
"Wjlshixgtojt, D.C.. August 23. The
making of money hy the Government has
been described a thousand times how the
paper is rolled from
pulp at Dal ton, Mass.,
and a mysterious silk
thread woven into it,
which combination is
abont the only thing a
imitate; how each
plate is engraved in
four pieces, no one
man making a whole
Lucy IngersolL plate, in fear that he
will repeat the operation; how the four
pieces are placed together and an impres
'sion taken from the whole on a solt roller;
how an impression is made from this on a
plate of soft steel, which is afterward
hardened; how each sheet of paper is
counted, and how the plate printers ink and
wipeoflthe plate by hand, with all the
safeguards thrown about the process to pre
vent an operator in any way securing a bill
or the means of making one.
The great obstacle in the way of continu
ous, brazen and successful counterfeiting is
the Secret Service of the Treasury Depart
ment. It is composed of a chief, a few
clerks and a minimum of about 50 detec
tives, which is sometimes considerably in
creased when work piles up on them as it
did a month or two ago, when, within a few
weeks no less than 15 counterfeiters were
caught, all for passing a ten-dollar "Web
ster head" Treasury note, nrinted from a
plate whose history probably has no
JL DANGEROUS COUITTEEFEIT.
It was in February, 1680, that this note
appeared at Chicago, and the arrest on sus
picion soon followed ot Terrence Mullen, of
Chicaco, and Jim Keneally, of St. Louis.
Mullen had been arrested in 1876 with
others for a conspiracy to steal the body of
Abraham Lincoln from its tomb at Spring
field, and hold it for the ransom of Ben
iioyd.a noted Uhicago
counterfeiter, who had
been convicted and
sentenced for a year.
These arrests led to the
arrest of John Bow
dre, alias John Hill,
in May, 1880,on a flat
boat in the Mississippi
river, near St Louis,
with $19,030 of these
tens in his possession,
2,278 sheets of paper
cut the size of the
note, and a steel plate
for printing upon the
Tater a rood imitation
of fiber. Rota Rtuio.
Bowdre was imprisoned, and throuzh him
it was learned that James Guyon, alias
Hank, alias Hamilton,had stolen the plates
and 540,000 of the "dangerous" tens. It
was as though Guyon and the plates and
money had dropped out of existence; for
more than seven years nothing was heard of
them until last February it was flashed
from a dozen bancs in as many western
cities, almost simultaneously, that the
"Webster head" had again appeared. Sure
enough it was the counterfeit ot 1880, of
which Gnyon held the monopoly, asain in
BELL TAKES THE FIELD.
At once Chief Bell, of the secret service,
concentrated his men and took the field
himself. A dozen arrests soon followed, ail
of them persons who had purchased the
notes from others. Through an attorney
who defended some of these men it was
learned that .Nelson Driggs and his wife,
Gertrude, who kept a roadhouse near Day
ton, O., were "middle men" for the sale of
the money. Chief Bell secured an introduc
tion to Driggs as "Andrew McWilllaros," a
crooked attorney-at-law, of Hartford, Conn.
His plans to make his identity good were
ingenious and thorough. He was received
without suspicion as one who wished to deal
in the "queer," and then ensued weeks of
cunning fencine and diplomacy on both
sides, a description of which would fill a
The manner in which Chief Bell ingra
tiated himself into the good graces of the
two would have been
worthy of Vidocq.
Driggs met hie wife in
prison, and when they
had served their time,
married her, though
she was less than one
third of his age. She
was susceptible to flat
tery, like most people,
anil "Rpll'o nimM.
jU ' Th V.l tongue soon left no
A ft I shadow of suspicion in
w ucr uiiuu turn ue was
. J other tban he repre
ss sented himself. He
soon discovered that
the Drincinal in the
transaction was to be no other than the mys
terious Guyon himself, a life-long counter
feiter, tbe man who had the "Webster
head" plate and who had got away with
$40,000 of the bills when Bowdre was ar
rested, who operated constantly and had
never been caught.
STKIKIJf O THE BARGAIN.
After weeks of finesse Bell and Guvon
met. The latter talked of everything but
money. He was "sizing up" the supposi
titious attorney, who wished to buy counter
feit money. At last everybody was satis
fied and the baigain was struck. "McWill
JSams" was to buy $25,000, more or less, of
the tens, at 22J cents on tbe dollar. Every
precaution was taken to prevent trickery in
tbe transfer. On the day it was to be made
two of the tin cans containing the bills were
put in possession of the Driggs. The old
man was to deliver the first, and wbile he
went for the second Gerty was to OQunt it
and get the good money for it. Meanwhile
Guyon was to produce the remainder from
some spot not known even to the Driggses.
so fearful were they that "Mac" would
trick them in some way.
The first can was delivered and paid for in
a back room ot tbe hotel, and when Driggs
went for the second be was quietly taken in
custody by Bell's assistants, who were hid
den outside, and the chief himself suavely
informed Gerty that she was his prisoner.
Several men had been set to watch Guyon.
Three of them followed him to an adjacent
wood on their hands and knees through a
field of oats. They were close on his heels
as he kneeled down Reside an old stump of
a tree to get the money. He could have been
captured many times, bnt the purpose was
to capture him with some of the money in
As he was uncovering the tin cans a ter
rific shriek came from the direction of the
hntil. It was the scream of Gerty when put
under arrest. Instinctively Guyon'a
trained car told him there was trouble. He
spranz to his feet aud ran like a deer.
Donella, one of the detectives, called on him
to halt and throw up his hands. He did,
but it was behind a tree, and be threw up
lii hand quick as lightning and shot
Douella, tearing a piece from the side of
his bead. Donella dropped, Guyon sprang
away through tbe underbrush, and that is
the last seen of him, though Chief Bell
vows he will have htm behind the bars atno
distant day. Over $20,000 of the "Webster
licult." were captured, but they wereota
later issue than the 40.000, and it Is not
known that any of tbem had been passed,
but the plate is not captured, and so the
romantic history of that ten year's old plate
is not yet ended.
During a visit to Cincinnati with Gerty
Driggs, Bell induced that lady to introduce
him to old Mary Brown, who keeps a ques
tionable resort, aud
who gives change in
counterfeit money to
her patrons, who, of
course, in such cir
cumstances will never
"squeal." Bell suc
ceeded in getting Mary
into his toils, and as
soon as he had arrest
ed the Driggses, tele
graphed to an assist
ant in Cincinnati, and
old Mary was also
taken in. Thomai W. Jfanion.
A!T TTSXUCKY CULPRIT.
Old Nelson Drfezs has been a lifelong
counterfeiter, and vet has been peculiarly
unlucky. Since 1845 he has been most of
tbe time in prison, and new when nearly 80
years old will doubtless be sent up for the
remainder of his life. One of his jobs was
a counterfeit five of the Traders' National
Bank of Chicago. He got the plate en
graved, and printed no less than $225,000 as
a "first edition." But somehow he was
always caught soon after he began opera
tions. Some stupid fellow to whom he sold
money would run into the arms ol a detec
tive and then give away his principal to
soften the rigorof his own probable sentence.
In the very interesting portrait gallery
that is found in the ante-room which leads
to the sanctum of the Chief of the Secret
Service is a frame of "beauties" having
probably as ugly a lot of mugs as can be
found grouped together in any rogues' gal
lery of the universe. Among these a
former distinguished Pennsylvanian holds a
conspicuous place. The Hon. Thomas W.
Manion was once a
member ot the House
of Representatives of
from that step in his
downward career it
was a very short stride
to tbe office of chief
counterfeiter of agang
which was captured
vears ago in West
Y T J served a term in
V I prison and since his
I Tu liberation has never
been heard from,
Miles Ogle. though his face conld
not possibly have been disguised, it was so
QOEEK OF THE COXIACKEBS.
Lucy Ingersoll, of Illinois, was one of the
"Queens" of the counterfeiters. She man
aged a numerous gang, more tban a dozen
of whom were captured with herself, and all
of whose portraits now encircle her own in
a special group in the Secret Service Gal
lery. Probably no smarter all-round counter
feiter ever lived than John Peter McCart
ney, who is now nearly 65 years old and yet
livesjust now in prison to practice his
art, for it was a genuine art with him.
Brockway may have been more refined, but
he was less versatile. Born on a farm, when
he was a young man Pete fell in with a
family named Johnston, of whom the
famous Charlie Johnston was one, and one
of the females of which afterward married
the notorious Miles Ogle, bnrglar, counter
feiter and murderer, one of the most expert
and desperate rogues that ever lived. Mc
Cartney tried his hand at "raising" notes.
Then he learned engraving and became an
expert engraver. He made plates and
presses himself and brought out some of the
most perfect specimens of counterfeiting
ever produced. No engraver was ever more
rapid in his work. He once produced a
famous plate within two weeks, thongh six
months is considered fair time for such
work. He was a good dentist, practiced
medicine successfully, lectured on "How to
Detect Counterfeits" and passed counter
feits and bogus coin in change at the doors
of balls where he spoke, acted as a treasury
expert and agent of the Secret Service, was
an artist, mule driver, cattle dealer and
gentleman of leisure by turns.
EVEN THE POLICE 10VED HIM.
Innumerable times he was in prison, usu
ally broke out or bought bis way out, pur
chased his freedom scores of times when
arrested, and was really a sort of favorite of
the police to an extent that they always
regretted bis capture. On one" occasion
during the war he was arrested in West
Virginia for passing
counterfeit money in
camp and was for
warded to the old Cap
itol prison in this
city. On the way,
handcuffed as he was,
the train running 35
miles per hour, he
sneaked to tbe rear
ulatlorm. learjed off.
luckily fell in a pile of pravel. broke two
ribs, bnt escaped, hammered his handcuffs
off with a stone, patched himself up and
began counterfeiting again. His career and
the careers of Miles Ogle, Charley Johnston
and Charles Ulrich are so long and varied
that each would fill a large volume with
exciting narration. TJlrich and McCartney
are two of the most noted engravers who
have ever been engaged in the "coney"
A CROOKED COTJTLE.
One of the most curious stories of the
operations of counterfeiters is that of Gae
tano Busso aud his wife Bose. They were
liberated from the Cambridge, Mass., jail
in 1877, after a short term, and immediate
ly went to London, England. There they
sought an old acquaintance, Louie Orlando,
an expert photographer and engraver, who
photographed and engraved for them plates
of a $5 and $1 silver certificate. With
the plates they went to Paris, and there
bought a press, ink and paper for COO francs
and printed $30,000. Having accomplished
their work, they returned tbe press to its
former owner, complaining that it did not
work satisfactorily and received back all of
its price except 90 francs charged for its
use. Destroying the plates, they prepared
for their return.
Rosa Busso was required to carry the
money. When she demurred Orlando and
her husband threatened to kill her and she
finally consented to
sew the notes in sheets
in a new gown con
structed for that pur
pose. They arrived
safely in London, but
Bosa was so fright
ened at her narrow es
cape from discovery
at the hands of the
custom officers, that
she absolutely refused
to be the medium for
transporting the notes
to America. While
she was asleep Louie
and Gaetano chloroformed her, took her
money and jewelry, ali the sheets of counter
feits and sliipoed for America. They ar
rived safely in New York, but when they
were about to begin operations
ROSA APPEARED UPON THE SCENE
and threatened an exposure unless Bhe were
taken in on an equal footing. She had bor
rowed money from an Italian friend in Lon
don and had taken the steamer which fol
lowed that in which Busso and Orlando
sailed. Elaborate preparations were made
for shoving the stuff. They had left for
London in November, 1887, and in Jane,
1888, were ready for a $30,000 transaction, so
little time does it require to become rich by
counterfeiting if one is not caught Alas I
before one month had passed Gaetano and
Bosa, Louie Orlando, August Busso and
wife, Salvator Di Giovonni and Angelina,
his wife, and Bobert J. Traynor were ar
rested, speedily convicted and sentenced to
terms of from 4 to 12 years.
One of the tricks of counterfeiters is to
fet off, or secure a mitigation of sentence,
y promising to give valuable information
and possibly to betray the whereabouts of
other counterfeiters. In this way Miles
Ogle pulled tbe wool over the eyes ofao
shrewd a District Attorney as Bucher
Swopp, ot the Western ditMct of Pennsyl-
vanla. Miles was arrested at Pittsburg in
1873, and vowed to Swope that if let off on
light bail he would give information that
would result in the total
ABOLITION OF COUNTEEFEITINO,
and having received Swope's promise he
gave out a mass of the so-called secrets of
counterfeiting, which sounded well, but
amounted to nothing at all, and told in ad
dition where a few scrub counterfeiters
conld be found. He forfeited his small bail,
bought a farm near Cincinnati and soon
had on the market another dangerous coun
terfeit In 1877, however, he and William
Johnston, one of Pete McCartney's old
friends, were arrested on their way from
Cincinnati to Pittsburg, with a valise in
their possession containing plates and tools,
convicted and sentenced to eight years in
the Allegheny penitentiary.
the career oi urocit- -
way. the attorney, one
of the most expert and
feiters, whose pardon
was a year ago a mat
ter of discussion on ac- i
count of extreme ill- J--!J
health. Brockway s
last counterfeit was so
?aou iaai il vas sun- s n.v I ,f i
posed to have been jP smtsi !'Js
printed from a gen- . Sj
nine tilate. though it J I NPV
was shown that the
plate was engraved by
an employe of the William E. Brockway.
American Bank Note Company.
To what extent counterfeiting is practiced,
and what amount of counterfeit money is in
circulation, no one knows. An offender
once caught is spotted forever after, and his
career is full of danger. How many coun
terfeiters are engaged in the business who
are never caught at all? What amount of
counterfeit paper money and bogus coin is
in circulation as yet unrecognized? A coun
terfeit bill which is not particularly good
may travel about for months and answer
every purpose of good money in many hands
before it reaches a taker who recognizes its
spurious character. How long will a good
A SERIOUS OBSTACLE.
With paper money the great obstacle in
the way of successful counterfeiting is the
expense of the plant Each plate for a
genuine bill costs about $2,000, and -the cost
of a counterfeit can hardly be less. Then
there is the press and paper and ink and
tools for engraving, all expensive. No
press ever captured has been of a kind on
which good work was possible. All have
been clumsy and primitive.
iiut are these all tbe
implements at work?
Is it not possible there
are 100 presses grind
ing out counterteit
II fepl aL a a f AlA
.irtltf uuia huii:u arc ui me
plate printing? Is it
not possible there are
IilanU with geometric
athe, plate printing
press, operated by en
gravers and printers
as expert as any in the
Bureau of Eneravme
Thomas P. JfcCartnej.and Printing, with
ink and paper indistinguishable from that
used for gen nine bills, turning out counter
feits by the million, which areas good as
Ah, the silken thread woven in the genu
ine paper, you say.
Yes, on that little silk thread bangs a vast
deal, but who knows if no imitation has
been produced? Whoknowsthe silk thread
process is a secret? Let me tell you there are
bills at the Treasury, and other bills have
been presented there, which have baffled the
efforts of the most expert detectors in the
cauntry to tell whether they are genuine or
bogus. The experts disagreed and still dis
agreeexperts of equal cunning.
The subject is a fascinating one, and the
problem one which governments will be
compelled to give more attention to in the
fnture than in the past E. W. L.
An Abominable Legacy.
A tendency to rheumatism Is undoubtedly
Inherited. Unlike many other legacies. It re
mains in the family. The most effectual means
of checking this tendency; or of removing In
cipient rheumatism, whether pre-existant In
the blood or not is to resort to Hostetter's
Stomach Bitters as soon as the premonitory
twinges are felt Nullifying tbe influences of
cold, exposure and fatigue, the Bitters not only
fortifies tbe system against their hurtful con
sequences, but subjDgates malaria, liver and
kidney complaint dyspepsia and nerve dis
quietude. LECUNEU dc SCHOENBERGER'S BAR
GAIN UST NO. a.
Special Sal of Second Hand Pianos and
1 Frederick Blum piano ; $20 00
1 Thomas Loud 25 00
1 Lights & Newton 50 00
1 Fischer 50 00
1 Chickering 90 00
1 Bacon & Baven , 100 00
1 Central Piano Co 150 00
1 Marshall & Withauer 150 00
1 Stanley & Sons 165 00
1 Lynch & Gomien 175 00
lMellor& Hoene 175 00
1 Chickering ,- 185 00
1 Thompson & Co. Organ...". 20 00
lPrince & Co ; 20 00
1 Peloubet, Pelton & Co 50 00
1 Estey .-. t 75 00
1 Estey 85 00
1 Sboninger. 75 00
1 Mason & Hamlin 85 00
All instruments fully warranted stool
and cover included easy payments. Don't
lorget the name and number.
LECHNER & SCHOENBEROER,
69 Fifth avenue.
General agents for Kranich & Bach
Pianos. ' sum
LAST EXCURSION TO ATLANTIC CITY
Via the B. fc O. R. iL,
Thursday, August 29.- Bate, $10 for the
round trip.tickets good for ten days; good to
stop at Washington City returning. Trains
will leave depot at 8 A. m. and 920 P. SI.
An Invigorating Beverage.
A glass of pure beer is both beneficial and
delightful to a warm and tired mortal. The
well-known brand of "Iron City Beer,"
brewed exclusively bv Messrs. Frauenheim
& Yilsack is such'a beverage. It is made
carefully, from the purest materials, and is
wholesome aud nutritious. Ask for it
All open and ready for purchasers. The
largest line ever opened west of New York
City to be found at Edward Groetzinger's
carpet palace, 627 and 629 Penn avenue.
Closing Oat Sate
Of summer dress goods, black and colored
silks, surahs, cashmeres, serges, henriettas,
French challis and satins at extraordinary
low prices, to close this season's stock, at
H. J. Lynch' j, 438 and 440 Market street
FOR a finely cut, neat-fitting suit leave
your order with Walter Anderson, 700
Smithfield street, whose stock of English
suitings and Scotch tweeds is the finest in
the market; imported exclusively for his
W. S. Bell & Co. have removed to their
new rooms, No. 431 Wood st. (former loca
tion). A complete assortment of cameras,
dry plates aud all kinds of photographic
material on hand.
Hate your Turkish and hair mattresses
renovated, furniture repaired and uphol
stered at Ha ugh Ss Keenan's, 33 and 34
Water street 'Phone 1626.
The FrenchJBobes we have just opened at
$12.60 and $13.50 each are the handsomest
and best value that will be shown this falL
Hugtts & Hacks.
Cabinet photos, 89c per dor. Lies' Pop
ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st TTSu
Something Abont tbe Manufacture,
Use and Abase of Glucose.
ANALYSES OP BB0WN SDGAK.
A Repulsive Insect Peculiar to tha Sugar
nOST MAKING "WITHOUT BUS! BEES
rwsrrrzir fob thi disfatcb.1
It is probable that the cravings of the
sweet tooth of the ancient Hebrews was sat
isfied with a more or less perfect prepara
tion of cane sugar. The reason for this sup
position is the occurrence in tbe Bible -of a
Hebrew word which is sometimes translated
"calamus" and sometimes "sweet cane."
Independent of this it is probable that tbe
Chinese have known of sugar since very
early times; and, to look over the history ot
a number of products, dietary and other
wise, this will not appear improbable, as
such history shows that this exclusive race
were, long years ago, acquainted with many
natural and manufactured products of
which other coeval races had no knowledge.
Some very early historians, however, make
mention of "honey of reed3," "saccharon,"
etc., which probably refers to cane sugar.
Sugar cane was found growing wild in the
West Indies and in South America nt the
time these countries were discovered;but
the natives did not appear to have any idea
of extracting the sweets contained until
after the Spanish and Portuguese coloniza
tion. It did not take long, however, to es
tablish the sugar industry, lor it is on record
that in 1535, less than 50 years after the dis
covery of the West Indies, there were 30
sugar'mills in St Domingo.
Until a few years ago the sugar cane was
the only source of the commercial sugar;
for, though it was discovered in the last cen-
Sugar Insect Eighty Magnified.
tnry that a sugar of very good sweetening
power could be made from beets, the pro
cesses of manufacture were not sufficiently
developed to permit of its being made com
mercially. Sugar making from beet roots
has, under governmental encouragement,
risen to be a great industry in Germany.
This form of sugar is but slightly inferior to
sugar made from cane, aud it is not, as usu
ally supposed, a form of glucose. .
The production of glucose, a variety of
sugar, lrom the starch of potatoes, grain,
eta, by the action of sulphuric acid, was
known of early in the last century, but the
knowledge was not put to commercial uses
until a few years ago.
Sugar in one form or another is one of the
most widely distributed of vegetable sub
stances. In the form of sucrose or cane
sugar, it is present in and manufactured
from tbe following substances: sugar cane,
certain grasses, sorghum, stalks of maize or
Indian corn, certain roots, as carrots, pars
nips, beets, etc, the sap of sugar maple, the
sap of certain palms, as cocoanut, wild date,
etc Each of these various plants imparts
to the sugar obtained from it more or less
of a characteristic taste, though this can be,
and sometimes is, eliminated.
SOMETHING ABOUT GLUCOSE.
Intimately mixed up with cane sugar in
nature (and, I am sorry to say, also in
commerce) is another sweet substance
called glucose. Artificial glucose is made
from any cheap form of starch by the action
of dilute sulphuric acid or oil of vitriol.
This is now carried on industrially on a
large scale, the product being used to a con
siderable extent to adulterate and cheapen
sugar and confectionery, and to an enormous
extent as a cheap substitute for malt in tbe
manufacture ot beer and other malt
liquors. This substitnlion would be ex
cusable if it were not that glucose often
contains arsenic that has been deposited in
it from the oil of vitriol used in its manu
facture. Sugar is prepared from the cane by pass
ing the stalks, stripped of their leaves,
through rollers, thereby expressing the juice
containing the sugar, which is aiterward
crystallized out. After this crystallization
or extraction of the sugar, a "mother liquor"
is left behind. This mother liquor consti
tutes molasses in the base of the preparation
of raw sugar, and treacle or golden syrup in
the preparation of refined sugar. Both mo
lasses and treacle contain but little cane
sugar and a great deal of glucose; the latter
being produced from the former by the ac
tion of heat
The refining of sugar simply consists of
various processes by which the" natural im
purities are extracted. Essentially the
method followed is one of filtration, first
through coarse cloth; then through bone
black, the beds of which are 50 feet thick,
to remove the color, so that the resultant
sugar crystals, when formed, will be white.
The physiological action of sugar is that
of a fat former and heat producer. With
the object of ascertaining the impurities in
the sugars of commerce, a series of analyse,
microscopical and chemical, were made.
The average results of the examination for
impurities in 14 samples of brown sugar, as
sold in the market, yielded the following
Fragments of cane found in 14 samples.
Bacteria found in 14 samples.
Insects f onnd in 13 samples.
Glucose In adnlterative quantities found in
Arsenic found In 1 sample.
Foreign mineral matters found in 14 samples.
Starch found in 1 sample.
Sand found in 0 sample.
Whiting found in 0 sample.
A. SWEET MOBSETj.
The fragments of cane and bacteria are
probably not injurious when taken into the
stomach. The sugar insect,as shown in thecnt
is a formidable looking little animal which,
under the microscope, resembles nothing so
much as a louse, though very much smaller
than the latter, being barely visible to the
unaided eye as a mere speck. Its body is
oval, and from its under surface eight legs
project each of them being armed at its ex
tremity with a formidable hook. Any one1
who has a microscope can find them in al
most any samole of brown sugar by dissolv
ing a teaspoonful of the sugar in tepid water
in a large wineglass and allowing it to settle
for an hour or two. Then, if the sediment
or the matter floating on the surface of the
solution be examined under a microscoDe (a
pocket lens is not quite strong enough) tbe
mites may be seen squirming in a contused
mass of organic and mineral filth. One look
is usually sufficient to make any cleanly per?
sou lorever alter iorego me sugar mat is
brown. True, it is not likely that any
VERT SERIOUS RESULTS
ever follow tbe swallowing of even large
qnantities of these insects: yet the idea Is
'sot pleasant, to say the least, and it Is prob-
aoietnai manyoi tne symptoms attributed
to intestinal worms in children are in reality
due to these mites. Locally, they are prob
ably influential in the causation of the
grocer's itch. They belong to the same fam
ily as the regular itch insect, and much re
semble it in general repnlsiveness of appear
ance. One has the same, creepy, itchy sen
sation in examining it One lady to whom
the writer showed several specimens, said:
"I have eaten my last grain of brown sugar;
I would feel as if I were swallowing a paper
ol tacks, if I were ever again to take a
mouthful of the stuff."
As to tbe glucose found, it is not a very
serious matter in itself, for though of less
sweetening power than pure sugar, it is
healthy enough and exists in many foods;
but it is a sophistication, nevertheless, and
an imposition on the public, unless the
sugar containing it is sold correspondingly
cheap. The chief danger, however, lies in
the fact that some of the commercial glu
cose contains arsenic lett in it by the oil of
vitriol used in its manufacture.
ARSENIC IN SUGAR.
The arsenic found in one sample was
probably from this source. The quantity
found, however, was not sufficient to pro
duce any barm unless the sugar containing
it was partaken of in quantities larger than
is usual and for a long period of time, in
which case it would tend to accumulate iu
the system and ultimately produce poison
ous effects. Some glucose is present in all
sugars, but the before-mentioned instances
were those only in which it was present in
such quantities as to indicate that it had
been added as an adulteration.
The mineral matters found were not of an
injurious character, though adding to the
weight and profits. Sand, that traditional
adulterant of sugar, was conspicuous by its
absence in the samples analyzed. The
starch found was, of course, not injurious,
though it was an adulteration.
Taking it as a whole, brown sugar is too
filthy for use as human food.
Analyses of white granulated sugars, how
ever, indicate a much better coudition of
things. Of 12 samples examined all were
pure. The reason probably is that in crys
tallization no impurities are taken up, and
afterward it is Jifficult to mix in an adul
terant that cannot be readily detected. The
uneranulated white sugar, commonly called
"pulverized, "was adulterated to a greater
extent tban either the brown or the granu
lated white. Out of five samples, all con
tained more than 20 per cent of insoluble
matter, chiefly chalk.
Molasses and syrup weie both reasonably
pure, as were also four out of five specimens
of comb honey examined. Three samples
ot "clarified" honey analyzed were pure
that is, pure artificial glucose The only
honey there was about them was the por
tions of comb floating around in one speci
men. They were flavored with products of
the chemical laboratory. All honey made
by the bee contains pollen grains of the
flowers from which the honey is extracted,
and as the pollen of each flower is charac
teristic it is an easy matter to tell from
what plants any given sample of honey is
made Thus, in white clover, honey, white
clover pollen will predominate.
As stated above, four out of five speci
mens of comb honey were pure. Now the
other one of the five was an interesting
piece of American ingenuity. To look at it
was a luscious morsel to behold ; when a
spoon was stuck into it the rich contents of
the cells ran out and made the analyst's
mouth water. When he wrapped his tongue
around it, he was firm in the conviction
that he had never tasted anything quite so
nice. Yet the proof of the pudding was not
in the eating. Analysis showed that a bee
had never been within smelling distance of
that honey. The comb was made ot paraf
fine, and the syrup was made of glucose,
with some cane sugar added. Not a trace
of pollen was to be found, nor a honey
crystal. No deleterious substances were
detected and it is not probable that this
"honey" (?) was any less wholesome than
the pure bee-made article. . This brand is
extensively shipped all over Europe, and as
it looks even better than genuine honey, it
has an extensive sale. But, ye gods, what
wonder the average European is snspicious
of American products! What wonder that
the idea is prevalent in Germany that
"Americans teed their hogs on tnchinse
to increase their weight?" as I once heard a
Chevalier Q. Jackson, M. D.
M. G. Cohen, formerly corner Fifth ave.
and Market st, sells diamonds, watches,
jewelry, silverware, clocks, bronzes, etc., at
lower prices than any jeweler in the city.
Don't forget my new store, 533 Smith
Mr. George Lun, Tony Pastor's stage
manager for the past ten years, will arrive
iu the city to-day.
The New World's Museum, Allegheny,
will open the season to-morrow at 1 P. M.
Fifty-two years old next Wednesday and
weighs 40 pounds, 36 inches high, is Che
Man, the famous Chinese dwarf.
Manager James Geary arrived in the city
this morning with George Sun's New
Pbantasma and Kefined Concert Co. and a
carload ot curiosities for his New World's
Museum, Allegheny City, preparatory to
opening the season to-morrow.
FAIR AT YOUNGSTOWN.
Excursion Via tha Pennsylvania Lines.
The Pennsylvania Company will sell ex
cursion tickets from Pittsburg to Youngs
town, account of Mahoning and Sbenango
Valley Fair, at rate of $2 30, from Septem
ber 2 to 6, good returning until September
7. Bate includes admission to the Fair.
At the Exposition.
There may be very little space left for ex
hibitors at the Exposition, but there is no
lnct of the finest whiskies and liquors at
John McCnllough's, 523 Liberty, foot of
Fifth avenue. It is not everybody knows a
good thing when he has it; but if you have
some of John McCnllough's "Prince Be
gent" or "Windsor Castle" whisky you
may be sure you have the best 523 Liberty,
foot of Filth avenue.
Last Excursion to the Ocean.
The B. & O. B. B. will sell excursion
tickets to Atlantic City next Thursday.
August 29. Bate $10 for the round trip,
tickets good for ten days. Trains will leave
depot at 8 a. m. and 9:20 P. M. Secure your
parlor and sleeping car accommodations.
No advance asked on our new fall Hen
riettas; same excellent values as formerly at
old prices, 50c, 75c and $1 a yard; all fall
colors. Huous & HACKE.
It Won't Last Forever,
So get them at once. 13.pabinet photos for
$1 at Stewart & Co.'s, 90 Federal street, Al
legheny. Cabinet photos, 89c per doz. Lies' Pop
ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st ttsu
LATE KEWS IN BEIEP.
Postmaster General Wanamaker Is ex
pected to return to Washington next Monday.
Second Assistant Postmaster General White-
neia is also expected to return on Monday.
The Treasnrv IlAnartmftnt has informnrl &
Boston correspondent that tbe Chinese act of
Meptember 13, 1888, does not take effect till the
date ot the exchange of ratifications, which
date has not yet arrli ed.
Yesterday morning Fred S. Nichols, living
on Grove street Winchester, Mass., while de
lirous from typhoid fever, got out of bed, pro
cured a revolver from a bureau drawer and
sbot his nurse, a Miss Smith, through the bean,
killing her. Before be could be secured he
fired two shots at his father, but without effect
Miss Smith was a trained nurse from Boston.
Paul Haimont was held for extradition at
New York by United States Commissioner Os
borne yesterday on the charge of being impli
cated in tbe robbery of lS3,U00r. from a firm of
Parisian bankers by a clerk named Noll. Noll
was recently arrested here and sent back to
France with his pretty wife. On arrival or tbe
necessary papers from Washington Haimont
will be sent back.
Simpson fc Watkins, anthracite coal opera
tors in the Carbondale district of Pennsylva
nia, have tiled with the Inter-State Commerce
Commission, through their counsel, Franklin
B. Gowen, of Philadelphia, a complaint against
the New Yort, Lake Erie and Western Rail
road Company charging unjust discrimination
against the complainants' in freight rates and
The sensation at New Orleans yesterday
was the disappearance of a prominent young
lawyer aud notary, Alphonse Phillips. His ab
sence from the city, beyond the reach of his
creditors, has been a matter of gossiD for some
weeks, but the matter came before tbe people
yetterday iu a suit hied by one of his clients,
demanding an accounting for funds left In his
custody, it is alleged be has permanently ab
sented himself, and a garnishee of funds in a
national bank was Issued. Tbe funds in his
hands unaccounted for amount it is claimed,
to 80,000 or $100,000. Phillips was an official of
the Mexican Lottery Company, out of which be
made a handsome sum. tie was also promi
nent in politics and a member of the Legisla
ture. Late Thursday night Mrs. C. E. Kemp, wife
of a prominent mining man of Helena, Mont,
disappeared. The police yesterday discovered
her body in a ditch in the hills. Mrs. Kemp
had been for some time deranged, and Thurs
day night quietly stepped out of the house in
her night clothes. Before the body was found
the husband discovered a note on a bureau
which said: "1 feel my mind is going: watch
me every minute." About three years aeothe
unfortunate woman procured a pistol, and just
as she was about to shoot herself her only
daughter, a beautiful girl of 18. rushed up to
her. In tbe struggle to secure possession the
weapon was exploded and tho daughter was
shot dying Instantly. Since then tbe mother
has had lucid intervals, and when she inquired
for her daughter was told she was spending the
season in Europe. At different times tbe
mother has started to go to her daughter, and
It is supposed it was in carrying out one of
these attempts that she wandered toward the
mountains, trll into the ditch and was drowned.
The family Is a prominent one.
Week of August 26, 1SS9.
HART AND IRVING
and an aggregation of Vaudeville talent; 15
stars, besides a crowded hall of curiosities, in
W. J. SAPP (skeleton)
a Alii vjiiNua.
and many others.
ST. GEORGE'S HALL FOR BOYS AND
young men, St George's, Md., near Balti
more, Prof. J. C. Klnear, A. M., Principal. Col
lege or business. Unsurpassed m advantages,
comfort and situation. fcOO to $275 a year.
HOLY GHOST COLLEGE
Complete preparatory, commercial and
collegiate departments, reopens WEDNES
DAY. SEPTEMBER4; new students examined
Monday, September 2. Apply to Rev. John
T. MUBPHT, a S. Sp., President jy!7-28
JL NAZARETH HALL.
Moravian Boarding School tor Boys at Naza
reth, Pa. Founded 178a, Reopens September
MOUNT 8TE. URSULE. OAKLAND THE
Ursuline Academy reopens on SEP
jljIBER 2; boarders and day scholars re
ceived. For further particulars apply to
a STE. GERTRUDE,
TWO CHOICE SCHOOLS.
BROOKE HALL, for girls and young
ladles. SHORTLIDGE MEDIA ACADEMY,
for boys and young men. 8WITH1N C.
8H0RTL1DGE. A. M. (Harvard graduate),
Media, Pa., near Philadelphia. aul-8
NEW YORK MILITARY ACADEMY,
Cornwall-on-Hudson. Courses of study In
civil engineering, English and classics. Labor
atory, drawing room and field work. Beautiful
Duildlnirs. grounds, location. COL C J.
WRIGHT, B. 8., A. M, Supt; BELDEN F.
HYATT. Comd't of Cadets. jelO-U
ROCK HILL COLLEGE, ELUCOTT CITY,
Md.; conducted by the brothers of tbe
Christian Schools; scientific, classical and com
mercial courses: the modern languages and
drawing are taught without extra charge;
studies will be resumed on the first Monday of
September. For particulars address
aul6-23 BROTHER DENIS, President
MT. ST. ALOYSIUS,
The scholastic year of tbe Mountain Acad
emy, under tbe direction of the Sisters of
Mercy will commence its fall term September
2. Tuition for five months, including French
and music, S10Q. Loretto is famed as a health
resort and like Cressoo, is a sanitarium of
unquestionable excellence. The reputation of
the Sisters of Mercy as instructors is world
wide. For particulars address the Directress
of the Academy. au22-95-3u
MT. DE CHANTAL,
Near Wheeling, W. Va.,
(SISTERS OF THE VISITATION.)
A school of more than national reputation,
offers exceptional advantages for thorough ed
ucation of yonng ladies in all departments. Li
brary of 6,000 volumes. Fine philosophical,
chemical and astronomical apparatus.
Musical department specially noted. Corps
of piano teachers trained by a leading professor
from Conservatory of Stutgart Vocal culture
according to the method of the old Italian mas
ters. Location unsurpassed for beauty and health.
Ten acres of pleasure grounds. Board excel
lent For catalogues and references to patrons in
all tho principal cities, address
se9-q78-su THE DIRECTRESS.
Ar C M T C T 200 PEB CENT
We want an agent in every town and city to
sell a popular and low-priced book that goes
like "hot caEes" and sells at sight Sample book
with special price list aud terms to agents sent
for 10c stamps or silver. Territory assigned to
live parties, who can easily make $10 per day. No
previous training needed. Ladles ard boys can
sell this easily.
N. A. GILBERT k CO., Publishers,
an!8-64-su Enosbnrg Falls, Vt
ARillll Morphine ana WUikr UoMU p&fc
f J 111 U leal; cured. Treatment Kit op trial
IIP llllfl free. Confidentially address n. L.
St SAMPSON ST., ALLEGHENY, PA.
SDecially Adapted for Cemetery Lots.
Under tho Direction of-----B.H, GTJTjIOE: & CO.
WEEK BEGINNING MONDAY, AUGUST 26,
MATINEES WEDNESDAY and SATURDAY. THE COMEDIAN,
IN HIS LAUGHING COMEDY,
nvmss bessie s-ajstsoilt
AND THE FOLLOWING COMPANY:
Mr. Karry Kortaine, Mr.
Mr. Arthur Moulton, Mr.
Mr. W. S. Stedman, Mr.
Mr. Gilbert Gregory, Mr.
Mr. Thos. Keirnan, Mr.
Mr. James Carroll, Mr.
Under the Baton of William Withers, Jr.
COSTUMES, SONGS, DANCES, ENTIRELY NEW.
SAM. P. COX, Manager.
DI IiII DDIOETQ. RE8EBTED SEATS,
DlUUU r'KIULo. 7"53 50 and 25o.
Sept 2. LIZZIE EVANS. IN FINE FEATHERS.
E. D. WILT, Lessee and Manager.
WEEK COMMENCING AUGUST 26.
Only Matinee Saturday.
A GRAND REVIVAL OF
"W. A. MESTAYEK,
The Superb Contralto.
JOS. OTT, JAMES TIEBNEY,
E. A. E AGLETOK, MATT OTT,
EMILY SOLDENE, LILLLAN TYSON",
DOT PABKHTJBST and others.
A Revelry In Music, Comedy,
YOU WOULDN'T KNOW IT.
Week Sept S-FRED WARDE. au25-50
Cor. Serenth are. and New Grant st
BUMMER NIGHT RECEPTION
Music by the Royal Italian and Mozart Or
chestras. Admission, 50c au25-32
It is now an established fact that we are closing
out our vast stock of goods to quit business, an&in
order to get through rapidly the prices must be
made to suit the people. This is just what we are
doing, as hundreds who have already taken the ad
vantage of this sale can testify. Seeing is believing.
Call at our store and you will not be disappointed,
as you will then see the finest assortment in the city
of Lamps, Glass, China and Queensware, Cltande
liers, Clocks, Bronzes, das Fixtures, Cut Glass
ware, Articles for Use. and Ornament,, Wedding
and Birthday Presents, etc Allof the latest styles.
And bear in mind nothing wiU be reserved. All
TheJ.P.SmlthLamps Glass andChina Co
935 Penn Ave., Between Ninth and Tenth Sts.
P. S. Rogers' Best Triple Plated Dinner Knives
at $1 24 per set.
DO YOU KNOW
That among the greater number of people in the city the old style of buyinj has
fallen iuto, as President Cleveland once remarked, "a state of Innoc
uous Desuetude," that is to say, it is one of the past means of buying goods, and
we think so too, for since we inaugurated th'e Credit System of Payments, which
gives a first chance to all who wish to complete the furnishing of their homes, we
can see it, for our trade is increasing ranidly every day, and even now, when our
business is supposed to be unusually duu, we are as busy as a hive of bees.
Now, one word in regard to our Fall stock. It is complete in every detail,
and, of course, admits of the cheapest and best designs in the market Just take)
a glance over some articles to be found here.
Carpets, Oil Cloths, Mattings, Lace Curtains, Chenille and'Turcoman Por
tiere Curtains, Draperies ot all kinds, bedroom, dining room, kitchen and office
Furniture; Stoves and Ranges, which we positively guarantee to be perfect cook
ers and bakers, and a host ot other things too numerous to mention, and remem
ber, we give you LOTS OF TIME 10 PAY FOB THEM.
Visitors to the city during the Exposition would do well to examine our
Miss Louise Eissing,
Miss Annetta Zellna,
Miss Hose Cliismean,
Miss Marie Hilton,
Miss Emily Beaumont
Miss Mamie Curtis,
COMMENCING MONDAY, AUG. 26.
Every Afternoon and Evening.
Grand Opening of the Begular Season!
THE DISTINGUISHED ARTISTE,
Accompanied by MR. ROBERT NEIL and
Macnlflcent Company, In the Great
London and New York Success,
WORLD AGAINST HER
The Grandest Production the Stage has known
Week September 2-PETE BAKER. au25
Monday Evening, August 26.
Matinees, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Mis Flora Moore,
Miss Lillie Weston,
and her Trained Dogs,
M. J. Fen ton.
Johnson and Mack,
Miss Estella Sylria,
Larry aud Lizzie Smith.
Sept. 2 Davene's Allied Attractions.
CAN YOU ASK?
ER BROS. & CO.