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Vol., No. 13. EntereC atPlttsburgPottofnce,
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P1TTSBUBG. SUNDAY, JUNE 9. 1SS3.
A WEEK'S -WOKE.
"Yesterday ended the first week's work for
the relief of Johnstown. - As that has been
ihe main occupation of Pittsburg, it is sat
isfactory that the retrospect shows that a
great deal has been accomplished.
A week ago to-day the first news from the
ruined town was published. The thirty-six
hours after the date of the calamity had
"been ocenpied in reaching there over a
country in which railroad tracks and bridges
were swept away, and even the country
wads flooded and made almost impassable.
Bat, even with the uncertainty thus pre
vailing, Pittsburg had $100000 worth of
money and supplies ready, and the task of
.Retting it there and rescuing the sufferers
from want was commenced.
The amount that has been accomplished
in a week's time is certainly encouraging.
' All the living have been rescued, fed and
clothed. The injured have received medi
cal treatment and the danger of famine
thoroughly guarded against. Much has
been done in the, way or clearing up the
town and preventing pestilence; and
' although there is a. great deal remaining to
"be dose in this line, it is creditable that
voluntary labor has put the matter in prog-'i
This is a good week's record. If the suc
ceedingjreek's work is equally good the
mopsfpressing requirements will be nearly
fH . TEE (JOVE-SOB MOVES.
' The Pittsburg Belief Committee has at
last been driven both by the exhaustion of
' its funds and the Governor's inactionto
notify that official that it can furnish no
more funds except for the relief of tHe
sufferers. This appears like rather extreme
action, but it is proved by the result to
have'been the action needed to move the
chief Executive to something approaching
The Governor, having first traveled to
Philadelphia to consult with Mayor Filler,
.announces that he will go to Johnstown to
day. It is to be hoped that he will see
enough there to warrant him in doing some
thing. So far, his achievements have con
sisted in preventing contributions from
reaching the stricken city, without taking
the trouble to go there and see if they are
needed. After reaching the spot, as he
might have done a week ago, it is to be
hoped that he will be able to perceive the
necessity of permitting the money of the
Eastern cities to reach the object to which
it was contributed, and calling the Legis
lature together to make the necessary ap
propriations for sanitary work;
For the reputation both of the Governor
and of the State, it is desirable that he shall
not longer stand in the way of necessary
THE BEST DEFEHSE.
With regard to the policy of fortification
against invasion by sea, Mr. Xabouchere
makes some remarks in the London Truth
which have the virtue of pertinence, ap
plied to the United States. He points out
that a power which retains command of the
tea thus makes invasion of its ports impos
sible. On the other baud, if that command
is lost, fortification will not save it from at
tack. "An enemy bent on invading En
gland," says Mr. Laboucbere, "would not
steer to Portsmouth or Sandwich as landing
places, but one of those scores of unfortified
harbors which exist on our coast" This is
equally true of the United States. To for
tify the whole coast is impossible. There
is much more to be done in the way of pro-
"tecting the country by the construction of
first-class fighting vessels, dynamite cruisers
and torpedo boats than there is by building
j fortifications, which could be easily avoided
by the invaders. Our work is decidedly
more in the direction of constructing a first
class navy than in building useless and ex
There is a touch of decidedly small-sized
sectionalism in the commentsof the Atlanta
Constitution upon the fact that lynch law
was resorted to at Johnstown to check the
r . depredations of corpse robbers. The Con-
' slitulion utilizes this fact to assert that
Judge Lynch is sot a Southern product,
"".but that "his home is in the North, in the
jj9pGod-Jearing Commonwealth of Pennsyl-
r .The fact is that within the last half dozen
i T?ars' I"'6 tere has "been almost monthly
'j?wnchtrig n the West and South, there have
, JlieenYexactly two cases of lynching in this
V vicinity. One of them was the lynching at
Cumberland, Maryland, which is geograph-
caiiyjabouinern city, ana too jyncning
.i9rnlli'.1Nnfi flvliV, hun'B Tnn Wl.
tuT" .'?"!v 11 .- -
vu at Johnstown under circumstaBces I
unprecedented character,' When law Ta tie
usual form was necessarily suspended and.
wben there were no otner meant ct guarding
either the bodies ol the dead or the desti
tute living from the moit despicable of rolA
Even under those circumstances it has
already become apparent that this method
of checking crime is one that is almost cer
tain to produce abuses, and it has been
completely abandoned at Johnstown. "With
out endeavoring to charge the evil of lynch
ing upon any especial section, it is evident
that when a people under ordinary circum
stances cannot rito efficient enforcement to
their regular laws, and prefer instead to re
sort to mob law, they are little above the
lawless anil uncivilized stage.
The journal that will take advantage of a
calamity, like that at Johnstown to import
sectional criticisms of the acts to which a
totally ruined community may resort in
desperation, presents a remarkablelezample
of the pettiness of sectional feeling.
THE STATE MUST ACT.
The Dispatch this morning publishes a j
sharp letteron the subject of the application
of the funds for the relief of Conemaugh
Valley. "We do not agree with several of
the points made by our.correspondent ; but
the letter has the equal merit of strikingly
setting forth the inability of the State gov
ernment so far to comprehend its obligations,
and the imperative duty which rests upon
it of at once awakening to the proper official
Briefly, the correspondent insists, and
with entire truth, that the prompt and' gen
erous contributions of the past week are
meant wholly for the use and relief of the
sufferers of the Conemaugh-Valley. The
writer protests with force against tha idea
that they are intended as a fund for sanitary
operations in which the whole of "Western
Pennsylvania Is concerned. It is the duty
of the State itself, the communication holds,
to remove obstructions from the course of
its water-ways, to preserve its waters from
carrying contagion; to care for the health
of the people at large.
This is true, and expresses forciblypoints
which have already been urged in these
columns. It is also clear that the Governor
of Pennsylvania should, long before this,
have seen and acted upon it by calling an
immediate session of the Legislature to ap
propriate the necessary moneys. tut, as it
is apparently the misfortune of the Sate'
that its executive head has not been able to
apprehend the scope of his functions and
the pressing needs of the situation. Tub
Dispatch holds that the active men in the
field, the citizens who organized to meet the
emergency, are not to be censured, but to be
praised for their Dromptness and vigor in
discharging an obvious duty, which, if left
undone, would'be productive of' horrors
scarcely less than those of the original dis
aster. The debris has to be cleared away,
and the rivers protected, or there will be
pestilence. This was a first doty to the sur
vivors of the Conemaugh as well as a duty ta
the people of the three States through' which
the waters flow. It would not watt on the
dilatory Governor of Pennsylvania, but
manifestly had to be performed at once.
There wa no other course open than the one
so vigorously taken.
Bnt, while dissenting distinctly from the
too narrow views of the' correspondent as to
what has been done, we are sure every one
will see the timeliness of an understanding
that this money which was given for relief
of the survivors shall be surely applied to
that purpose; and that the State shall meet
the cost ot the duties 'which properly belong
we hope that Governor Beaver has
at last awakened to the situation; that the
Legislature will soon be in session; and that
sufficient money will without delay be ap
propriated to reimburse the Belief Commit
tee for what moneys it has paid out for work
which the State should have undertaken, as
well as to complete the task of setting things
completely to rights.
Meanwhile it is well to be reasonable with
the relief committees. Their first duty is to
provide ample sustenance for the sufferers.
They cannot be supposed to be in shape for
an equitable distribution of funds in seven
days from the disaster. They must see,
first of all, that no one is left hungry, un
clothed, or unhoused. They must not leave
the debris and the dead choking- the streets
of Johnstown or spreading pestilence by air
and water. These prime necessities they
are meeting with vigor. The inaction of
the State officials leaves only public contri
butions to work with. These contributions
must continue there is and there will
be urgent need for them until
public spirit drives the Governor to
call the Legislature together and make
appropriation!. "When these are made, and
State funds become available, the very first
use of them shonld be to refund to the Belief'
Committee for the further use -of the? suffer
ing survivors every penny expended until
then by the committee in doing the sanitary
work which the State itself should have
promptly undertaken. Por a long while
yet, even after thewrect in the Conemaugh
Valley is cleared away, destitution will
reign there, unless the helping hand liberal
ly applied is constantly and intelligently
outstretched to the survivors.
BEFORH FOE EEVEKUE OHIT.
When it was announced the other day
that the New York Stock Exchange had re
solved to abolish the ticker service .The
Dispatch predicted that the change would
not last long. It was hardly to be expected J
that it would last only two days, bnt that is
the actual result The Exchange found
that it was killing the speculation which
yielded its profits as much as it was hamper
ing the bucket shops; and, therefore, it was
quickly restored. ,
The fact 'that the whole effort Is simply for
the purpose of obtaining the exclusive profits
of stock gambling, is shown by the announce
ment with reference to the restoration of
ticker service. The Gold and Stock Tele
graph Company, or Jay Gonld's concern,
will have a monopoly of the ticker service,
and the quotations to the brokers of the Ex
change will be sent out a few" moments
before.those to other concerns. This means
that the Exchange, while pursuing its regu
lar policy of building up monopolies for
Gould, is principally anxious to secure all
the profits that it can from the speculations
of the public upon the fluctuations of stocks.
This leaves the great moral purpose of the
Stock Exchange to abolish bucket jhop
gambling in its true light of an attempt to
abolish the gambling which does not yield
revenue to the Stock Exchange.
EXCITING TO THE ATaryATrg
The cartoon in. last week's Judge, which
represents President Harrison in the char
acter of "Ben, the Conqueror," may be
.based upon .a moderate degree of fact,, but it
would not be strange if it should make some
rather lively feeling among the Bepublican
leaders, who are set presented in a very
favorable light by that cartoon.
The picture is an adaptation of Gereeae'a
the midst of a group of lions, and tiirers
Which he has subdued. Possibly the Presi
dent has reduced the menagerie to order,
bnt when Piatt, Allison, Alger, Sherman,
Wanamaker, Edmunds, Evarts, Blaine and
Morton are represented m the animals
crouching at his feet, and cowering at his
command, we can hardly blame" those
statesmen for regarding tfirsT'effort" of-th'e
pictorial organ in anything bnt a favorable
This sheet is supposed to be tolerably
near the President, both by political and
family connection; therefore, the intima
tion that the President had reduced the ani
mals to discipline, assumes the aspect of an
official declaration. As to the question of
fact, there is room for a good deal ot discus
sion. If we are not mistaken, there -has
been a good deal of snarling, if not vocifer
ous yelping, with regard to the distribution
or the meat and bones of patronage. Even
ifAhe facts were as represented, there U still
theqnestionofgood policy -as to whether
the wild beast tamer who has reduced the
ferocious animals to good order, will preserve
his mastery by stirring them ip again.
It would hardly be more natural if the
pictorial effort of Tudge should have the
effect of making the beasts get up on their
hind legs and 'of reducing the menagerie to
a new state of anarchy.
Ix is asserted by the Atlanta Constitution
that while there may be differences in the
Democratic parties on the tariff, the silver
question, the civil service and the internal
revenue,-"back of all of it is the funda
mental principle of Democracy." "What
the fundamental principal of Democracy is,
(Which ignores all these questions, might be
rather hard to guess; if it was not the essen
tial platform.of the Constitution that "this
is a white man's Government."
The Anglomaniacs in New York are
reported to bewail the fact that that city has
not any.Eotten row. This suggests the
thought that an effort was made to sunplv
the lack at the Centennial ball. .If that was
not a rotten row, New York will never have
It is stated by the London correspondent
of the New York Tribune that John C.New
can easily save $100,000 from the fees of the
Consul General's office in four years. This
is a good deal more than John C. New
could get out of the Profits of an Indianap
olis newspaper in the same time; "but it
would be interesting to have a statement of
the fees, which, under the law, are able to.
yield a fortune in that time.
The undertakers who have succeeded in
getting into a quarrel at Johnstown prefer
to be known as funeral directors. They
hid fair to be most successful in directing the
funeral of their reputation for knowing
when to abjure personal quarrels.
, "While New York is very free in request
ing other parts of the country to contribute
to its monument fund, it must be credited
with being equally free in devoting its
funds to the needy elsewhere. The $250,000
which it has contributed for the relief of
the Johnstown sufferers will do a great deal
of good when Governor Beaver makes up
his mind to let Johnstown have the money.
The report that Mrs. Cleveland is learn
ing to play the violin indicates the desire of
that lady to preserve an interest in her hus
band's occupation. Mr, Cleveland exhibit
ed his ability to play a very good; second
fiddle dnring the last campaign.
The Amalgamated Association enjoyed
its annual play day with its usual hearty
spirit As the association appears to con
trol the industrial situation this year, it can
afford to take its pleasure with no anxiety
for the future. In fact the fixing of the
scale for this season appears to be one pro
longated picnie for the Amalgamated Asso
ciation. CONCEEirrao the hissing of Kyrle Bel
lew, at Chicago, an awful doubt is sug
gested whether the reason why Chicago
hisses Kyrle Bellow is because he is im
moral or because he tells of it
Goteenoe Foeakxb's determination
that it is necessary for him to run for a
third term is represented to the President
as cairying with it the necessity of his hav.
ing the distribution of a number of fat
offices. Possibly the President may reply,
with Tallvrand's bon mpt: "I do' not tee
The reduotion of the estimates of loss at
Johnstown to a total of 5,000 is a grateful
one, It is not as much as the estimate of
8,000 to 10,000; but 6,000 lives lost in a single
calamity is awful enough.
The Chicago Tribune says that "Mr.
Blaine comes out of the Samoan complica
tion with flying colors and absolutely un
impaired health." Are we to understand
our cotemporary that when Mr. Blaine does
not come out of a complication with flying
colors his health is generally impaired?
Land speculators who try to make a
profit out of the Johnstown disaster must
have souls that would make a mustard seed
look enormous by comparison.
The Czar of Bussia has declared that
Bussia has but one friend, and this friend
is Montenegro; which bases its friendship
on a lively expectation ot favors to come.
The Czar is doubtless impressed with the
idea that in future European complications,
he "will have to play it alone.
PB0MINBNT PEOPLE PARAGRAPHED.
"Buffalo Bill" has become "GuIUaume le
BuW in the French newspapers.
WlXLIAtt J. Floee jjce, as usual at this time
ot year, is killing the young salmon in the
Bestigoucbe river, Canada,
Couxr Heuteioii iHAnssaa. ot Austria,
who died a few days ago, has left bis whole
fortune, about 55,00 to the Vienna Univer
sity. MBS. Haebisox said to a friend the other
day that she had decided to pass a few days at
the seashore before her departure for Deer
Park. She has several Invitations from friends
owning cottages on the shore, but she has not
yet announced where she will go. She has a
great dislike for publicity;
B.iskabck, In the coarse of a speech in the
BelcbsUgtbe other day, said: "There have
'been times wben I thought It possible to bold
foreign stock. But afterward I found that the
possesion of snch stock" was calculated to some
extent to' mislead me In my judgment of the
policy of the Government whose securities-I
hold, and so I tbinlc it is now about 14 years
since I got rid on principle of all such bonds. I
now only wish to Interest myself in my own
country and not in foreign securities'
A Representative Boston
from the Detroit Free Prets.i
A post mortem on a Boston woman who died
of a broken heart showed notblmr wrong with
that organ whatever. Her feelings had been
broken, not her heart
A Revised Version.
;jsflMlHweoUTritJirae,'l-vl' ; iy ,
&Ia s Mht -.! grf yj-.ttMM?i e
Or thq Black CloSd Over' Johnstown Is the
Revelation of Htimau Nntaro Bt It Best.,
IT is hardlo belfeyo that It Js now ten days,
clnce the dam at South Pork gavo-way, so vivid
and absorbing are the scenes of that terrible
Friday still. Everybody, I imagine; finds it im
possible to keep away from the subject A
good deal ot the savor has been extracted from
life for the time being. How can cue take
pleasure in material-. 'things while so many
hearts are bleeding and so many eyes are
streaming close at hanU Blood is thicker than
water; the kinship of nationality and neigh
borhood is potential in such a Crisis as this.
We are deeply distressed at the blotting out of
thousands of useful and lovely lives, the more
so because they are so near to us, at our doors
almost; but If five hundred times as many lives
had been sacrificed to -ood or sword or famine
in tb e far In dies or In China we would have dis
missed the news with a word or two: "How hor
rible," maybe, or "fjlves"' are Valued cheaply
there," and never thought upon the massacre
Here the death-dealing monster struck so
near to us; the horrid remnants of destruction
floating under onr very eyes and the sympa
thetic quivering ot" many abont us told how far
and bow deep the anguish reachedthat the
man who could not" catch the pathos of the
hour must have been atoneor steel tohltheart's
Now that the bitterness of tho affliction, the
primal horror of the catastrophe have passed
there Is some interest Jn'examinlng events that
have succeeded tho great one which made the
name of Johnstown pitifully musical all the
It is Interesting to notice whqtbeeu are
that jumped Into the lead ia the relief of the
devastated city. In such an emergency as that
which confronted Pittsburg the day after
Johnstown had been washed oat, it is only one
class of men that can come to the front The men
who were equal to the occasion were without
exception virile, intense and aggressive. Lead
ers from tbelr birth. Those ot lesser force were
plentiful to follow, buttthe leaders, the actual
movers of men, of necessity were" fow. They
were enough, too. No. need exists to explain
why Captain W. B- Jones. Mr. William Fllnn
and Mr. J. B, Scott General Hastings and
others maybe are the leaders. They are all
men ot force, the two former more generally
known for administrative power, perhaps.
But althongh' these leaders have long been
recognized, in Pittsburg, yet at first thought
one might very reasonably have thought of
other men --whose private business might
have been supposed to have fewer claims upon
them. If the need :for really large caliber di
rectors of the work of rescue and relief had
been less. I have no doubt that men of smaller
size would have been now In charge.
It is as if you were to insert an advertisement
in Thb Dispatch for a man of a certain de
scription. There would lie lots of respondents
who would not suit of course, but by and by
the right man would appear. When a catas
trophe, like that at ' Johnstown occurs
it carries with it a specification ot the man
needed for the occasion. In such a case as that
of Johnstown the qualities desired in the man
for the hour are on the surface. The very
f orco of natural circumstances will drive the
unsuitable material away and open an avenue
for the right man. Sometimes it happens that
the interference of man will delay the consum
mation of the process of selection. It is Impos
sible to always escape the interference of im
beciles: and a wooden-headed official or two
mutt always be Included in the .calculation ot
problems sl this kind. Pennsylvania hardly
recognized this fact early enough, bat she is
fairly awaro of its importance now,
Axotheb thing for which we ought to be
thankful to great crises for doing, is the cer
tain demonstration they make of inefficiency,
cowardice and pettiness in all sorts of men.
No citizen is so high bat the test ot a great
emergency may lay blm low. Nor can a man
be of such low. degree that his response to the
bugle call of a mighty opportunity may not ele
vate him to the highest station.
Doubtless when the records are all in there
will be found there many a name glistening in
golden merit that never shone bsfore, and
many a name we had, thought to see will be
Talking of the records, could not a" glorious
roll be made of the heroes who appeared lika
meteors, to shine and then perchance die, amid
the music of the monstrous flood, the crash of
falling houses, the piercing shrieks and the
awful Bights in the doomed town? The girl
who patiently waited, pinned in the gigantic
pyre that the flood formed and kindled at the
railroad bridge, while the rescuers and the
flames raced for her life, who, when the heat
of an awful death Was scorching her pale
cheek, and tho last of her would-bo rescuers
was beaten oif, reached out her band and said
to him gently, "Thank you," as she gave him
her handkerchief. There was a beroinel Not a
wail of despair, not a' weak peal of fearful
cries, not a word of all the supplication she
might have made but she met death with
more bravery than it lakes a soldier to face a
Even the babes were heroic. They lisped
words of comfort .to distracted parents, and
met the perils of the passage through the
tumultuous flood with" talmly clasped hands
and minds serene. Sorely this was in the mercy
How many heroes there were, who can say?
Countless stories of superb self-sacrifice have
been told, lq part the excess of women vic
tims among the dead'niay. be accounted for on
the ground that they are. always more unselfish
than men. To "save her loved ones, many a
woman lost the last chance to preserve her life
when the flood came.
But among those who went 'to succor the
saved and recover' the dead were many in
whom one -would hardly expect to see the
broad, bright light of charity -and unselfish
courage shine, ten who have not been known
to spend a thought upon anyone's existence but
their own Defbre, felt the appeal of the Johns
town victims, and went over 'to help them.
Young men whose hands had known the con
tact of nothing harder, than a tennis racqnet,or
who had spent a thought upon no more serious
snbjects than a game of pool; men of an elder
age, whose souls had teemed glued to money
bags or the material pleasures of a lazy life;
men ot fasbioD, men of learning, all sorts and
conditions 'of menjt responded o the call of
help. Andwhen theyreached Johnstown there
was no mistaking them for-idle visitors; they
helped to carry and bary the dead; to bind up
the wounded, and cheerfully "lent their backs
and their brains to the pack-horse service of
So even this hideous calamity has something
of a silver lining in the revelation of human
nature at .its best u places not always to be
looked for. " -JHepbuen Joints.
laOUgHT. HE SOLD JOPLE.
An Honest Grower "Mistakes Lawrence
Bnrreit for a Frnlt Grower.
From the Chicago Tuajs. j ,
Edwin Booth and Lawrence' Barrett are en
route from Ban Francisco to New York. TheF
stopped at the Grand pacific a few hours yes
terday. After dinner Barrett spent some tin: e
about the corridors. At the hotel a hundred
or so nurserymen are holding a convention and
it is in the offlce that.the electioneering is done.
Barrett was about to light a cigar when a nice
looking old man accosted him with a hearty
greeting and asked if he was enjoying himself
The great actor Supposed the stranger was
one of bis admiring constituents and a cheerful
conversation took place.. Suddenly the
stranger remarked that it would be a pretty
good year for fruit
"T-e-s," Mr. Barrett.replied, somewhat mys
tified. By the way, did you ever tell the Hunts
vine f Ala.) folksf
Sell them! No, air, nor the inhabitants ot
Weft, you still got your settings!"
"They will be retouched during the sum
mer." - -v- -
"That's business. So many folks don't un
derstand It. Trees should always be dipped in
a paddle made, by stirring up water, earth and
a little fertilizer to the consistency of thick
cream. The item of adding the water when the
bole is nearly filled is of special importance
that is, if"
"Well.'Ibld yon good-day."
"What! you ain't going to miss the last ses
'Good heaveas 1 ain't you one of ust"
"I dWt thfak I ara'-aadtne tragedian
walked away. The abashed ,raaa aM he'd
climb a Httit. h tMa't .t?ltrSnVw
aeated CHsH .-M'iy mautjiMgrswea';
Parallels B ween the Dtstrootien ffroMbt
"by the Writer From go a 111 Vork Bam
and the Rain of Ashes From Vesuvius
rompeUV fopalniloa Lew Than 32,800,
Me Vnllcy'a 30,000.
.New York Vrortd.J
Tho destruction of Herculaneua and Pompeii
has stood np to date as the most terrible
calamity which ever swept down on a city. For
tho last 2,000 yers the world, has looked upon
the fiery extinction of the old town of Pompeii,
which nestled at the base of Vesuvius on the
sonny Bay ot Jtfaples, as the crowning blow of
dUaiterin the-storyof human mortality.
But the late horror in the Pennsylvania
valley is really a greater misfortune than that
wblia befell the old Carapanian town 79 years
after the birth ot Christ if the number of vic
tims or the extent of territory devastated hy
the destroying element be Considered. To
makoa comparison between Pompeii and
Johnstown may serve to bring borne more viv
idly to the minds of many the extent of the
terrible calamity which occurred last Friday in
the Keystone State. The entire area of Pompeii
was not more than two miles in circumference,
and its shape was that of an irregular ova
Its site was somewhat different from, that of
the town as it is known to-day by the excava
tions. This difference in location Is due to the
alteration in the ground by volcanic action
and earthquakes. Something of that terrible
irony of fata which brought two elements, one
of which is usually employed for combating
tbe other, into connection with regard to the
desolation wrought at Johnstown is also sug
gested by this location of Pompeii
Seated on tbe Bay ' .Naples, with water al
most at their doors, the unfortunate Pompei
ans were smothered and roasted under the
scorching rain clashes which fell upon them.
Johnstown, on tbe other hand, high up among
the mountains and remote from tbe sea, was
whelmed beneath the flood of water which
tore down -upon tho, small town .and carried it
away in a wild, tumultuous whirlpool. Then.
frpm this watery grave burst' 'forth deadly
tongues of fire to, continue tbe ravages of a
tearful destruction upon the miserable inhabi
tants. ..The most Interesting comparison, however. Is
the fates of tbe gay and festive i'ompelans
who at the very time wben death rained down
upon them from the sky of Are stretched above
their doomed city were engaged in luxurious
idlings in the baths and excited delight aftbe
amphitheatrical spectacles and tbe frugal
hard-working country-folk of Johnstown is not
In tbe territory devastated but in tbe numbers
wntcu went to sweii tno aeatn use oi toe vic
tims. The data from which tbe population of
Pompeii may be gatbered are somewhat Insuf
ficient and as a result tbe census is put at
widely differing figures. It was once generally
supposed to be between 20,00(1 and 80,000. But
the careful estimate of Fidrelii, who has super
intended tbe excavation or tbe buried town,
puts tbe population of tbe city at the time of
the terrible outpour of Vesuvius at no more
than 12.000 souls.
Tuts is probably a liberal estimate, and there
is every reason to suppose that it was less.
Many of Pompeii's 12,000 escaped Indeed, tbey
bad tenfold tbe facilities for escape than bad
the people of Johnstown. The latest returns
from tbe flooded town of Johnstown rate tbe
deaths at 13,000 or 15,000. Probably when the
entire number of tbe unfortunates who per
ished in that bell of water Is ascertained it will
be found in excess of these figures rather than
below them. For instead of starting with a
big number and gradually whittling it down as
the truth was known, every day has brought a
larger figure as that which truly indicated tho
death-roll. Only SCO human" skeletons have
been found in tbe Pompellan excavations. The
quota of dead bodies found at Johnstown al
ready number as many thousands.
An TJncnTlable Position.
There is little doubt, then, that the obscure
town in Conemaugh valley, which a week ago
was unknown, has tbe unenviable position of
heading the list In the-roll-call of tbe world's
disasters, and Pompeii, which has held this
mournful prestige ot disaster's biggest mark,
must henceforth, be mentioned as inferior, to
the Pennsylvania town in misfortune and ca
lamity. One mournful advantage Johnstown
has over tbe small Carapanian town which
flourished 2,000 years ago. It will not be two
millenniums before the victims are discovered.
The sad survivors are gradually recovering and
Identifying their dead, and mournful -lines of
tearful relatives follow the steady' procession
to the huge pit which yawns for Johnstown's
it is an unparalleled tale of horror and one
that Is enough for tbe world's history without
ever being supplemented by another. Out of
tbe dark mist of horror which, envelopes the
whole blood curdling Incident are acts of tbe
finest heroism, and tbe same humanity which
weeps and sympathizes with the helpless Johns?
.town people, can also feel a pride in the heroio
fiber which was shown in men-and women In
the lowliest walks of life.
Mrs. Ogle, staying at her desk and clicking a
note of warning over the friendly wire, while
tbe wave of destruction was bearing swiftly
down upon her, is a figure that shonld be mon
umental in tUe heroics of history. So, too,
that Paul Bevere who sped along upon bis
panting horse snouting a thrilling warning to
all wbum he met Pompeii was not without its
heroes, and tbe Koman sentinels found dead
upon their ppst showed a sublime sense of
duty, but here, too, it would seem as it the
modern town had surpassed Its predecessor of
old and was in tbe foremost place for nobility
of human deeds as it is in the bar ot history as
the awiul butt of destiny and overwhelming
A Primitive People,
From the Detroit free Press.
Circuit Judge George' Hosmer I was travel
ing through the northern portion pf Maine this
spring and was obliged to seek shelter from a
storm in'a house of a native. Inside I found
the strange combination of a sewing machine
and a spinning wheel running at the same time.
The people were French and. their house was
100 miles from any railroad. They rais. their
own sheep, shear the wool and make cloth of it
rather than buy the manufactured article.
A Bright Insane Person.
yrom the Minneapolis Tribune,
A crazy Detroiter is creating a sensation by
bugging defenseless women on the streets at
night He is very bright for, an insane person,
however. He hugs them at night when it Is too
dark to see their faces.
The lawn fete season Is here at last
And tbe girts at tbe boys shy glances cast,
To catch them.
And they'll lure' from their pockets their hard
With lee cream, candy, and all such tratb.
And tbe boys will find out, but alasl too late,
Tnat their pockets have met, with a busted fate.
To be In style . at Caps May this year, your
bathing suit should be made from (new) Jersey
Dumblet I .can't see how a bank cashier
from tbe South can skip toCanadaand live in such
a different atmosphere.
Smartley-Ob, no matter where a cashier comes
from, he's used to ifX it and the cold (cash).
President Lipc, I have now been in office
a little over three months, and would like to know
what you think of my work so' tar?
Uge Well, taking it all in all, I must say yon
have done very well lndccdV but, Benny, your ap
pointments recall to my mind the title of a novel
I once read.
President-TVhat is it? .
liige "A family Aflalr."
Yorr ask me, for you know I'm wise,
To tell you if lean, v.
How in this beated weather, .
A heavy gentleman
Can keep bis collar standing up,
Well, tne best way 1 can think of now
Is to wear a celluloid.
EsoLtSHMAN These drop-a-nickel-in-tbe-
slot weighing machines are the most generous
tblngV lever saw.
Cousin What do yon mean?
ZnelliUinan-'Why they give you pounds for a
When is it proper to wear a derby bat, and
when shonld a stovepipe be woror
A derby Is proper at .any time, but a stovepipe
should be only worn when smoking.
WHAT ft blessing it would be If new-born
babes could be made .to understand1 that "little
ones should be seen and not heard.'
It a man should catch a little flsh
That w.elgbed about three pounds.
How mn'ch would the fih's,welgbt iaereass,
'When the story had gone the rounds?
Nioht bad spread her mantle over all.
The birds had ceased their songs to slag,
Tbe flowers slept peacefully Iff thelr.beds, ,
And bells had hashed their ting-a-llng.
And as I slept I dreamed that I
A. Wm tormented bv'wisav fcss. .. s, .
UMWTI1 . .Ljl J,
The 3fted at Washington-VlpUUs is the
Strcets-SomB PrecffaUenary MeasBree
Suggested The Pathetic Story of Tan
ICOB8ESP0KDBXCB OT TBS Mf WTCH-1
TVAsmfcaTOW, Jane 7. Four (states and te
District of Columbia swept with terrific flood?,
millions of property destroyed,letween 15,000
and 20,000 lives sacrificed. This is tbe story
that is on every lip. The frish for offlce, the
movements of the President and his family,
the Samoan question, the complications In
Haytl, the. Canadian and Behrfngsca fisheries
questions become trivial to" the last degree,
.and no one can discuss them for a moment, in
the face of this awful succession ot catastro
phe. Por, if it were not .for the great and
overshadowing tragedy of the Conemaugh val
ley, the destruction and suffering" in a doze'n
Other places would call for the sympathy and
assistance of tbe people ot tho world. Here
in Washington and vicinity a number
are drowned, thousands are rendered home
less, or, what is almost as bad, thrown out
pf work, yet so absorbed have we all been in
contemplation of tbe unparalleled .occurrence
in tbe valley of the Conemaugh that we hardly
give onr own people a passins: thought. An old.
fashioned, but yeta very busy and valuable water
highway Is destroyed in tbe breaking for tboq
sandsOf;feet of the Chesapeake and ObloCanil.
One span of the-picturesque Cham ftrtdge is
knocked oat of place. A span of tbe.ugly but
historical Long bridge- was swept oat to old
ocean. Wharves,- coaf dumps, boat houses, tugs,
seows. steamers, schooners and smaller crate
were hurled down tho river and crushed to
pieces. Embankments oq the flats, which have
cost millions of dollars, are badly damaged.
Hundreds, of thousands of dollars in values
were destroyed in the cellars and first floors ot
dwellings and business houses. Yet you In
Pittsburg; and the people of the ontsido world
generally, have taken and will take no note of
this; it Is so insignificant when compared with
tbe awful scene at yqpr own doors.
The Copilot Afloat.
Think ot it!. All of the southern portion of
tbe National Capital Is' transformed into a
veritable Venice, barring the marble, palaces,
the graceful gondolas, and tbe ollve-ekinned.
black eyed houns in their pictureso.no and rav
ishing costumes. Tbe streets were concerted
into canatythey were traversed in boats,the In
habitants were driven to the secondaries of
their dwellings. Big fish were caught within a
stone's throw of the Grand Opera House. A
tremendous carp was captured in the ladies'
waiting room of tbe Pennsylvania Bailfoad
station, right on the spot where the crazy assas
sin Gulteau fired the fatal ball through tbe
body of President Garfield. Washington mon
ument was surrounded, and tbe flood extended
half way from that memorial shaft to the doors
of tho White House. If the Potomac bad been
the single river flooded I would have been send
ing columns about the occurrence, instead "of
keeping silence in the face of pages of heart
breaking matter descriptive of tbe great disas
ter of tbe Conemaugh valley. The fact thattbe
sacrifice of hundreds of lives and the loss of
millions in property in other places go almost
unnoticed, emphasizes tremendously the
breadth and depth ot tbe devastation and holo
caust ot the Conemaugh.
A PhllosophlenI View.
Who is to blamef I am advised that the
most orthodox teachers have ceased to attribute
earthquakes and volcanic eruptions and floods
to a "visitation of God." If men will build
dwellings in tbe shadow of a volcano they must
expect,to run for it, and perhaps be caught if
their legs are not long enough. If we build
towns or bouses below tbe mark of tbe highest
possible water, in, time of flood we mast expect
Just what must naturally happen. If our de
fenses against tbe antaeonlstlc laws of natnre
are.so weak as to be admittedly liable to be
swept away, we must every day of our lives
face a possible or a probable death as stoically
as we can. While It strikes me at this distance
that if I were a member ot tbe South Fork
Fishing Club 1 would put up the last dollar ot
my fortune to repair the ruin wrought to that
small degree possible, yet I do not see tbat tbe
dub is morally more responsible tbanany Intelli
gent citizen of the valley of the Conemaugh.
Anyone who bad a suspicion of the weakness of
tbe fatal dam was guilty of neglect so "censur
able that I hesitate to use the proper descrip
tive word, tor not raising so tremendous a row
about it as to lead either to the dam's strength
ening or its destruction. But it is easy to crit
icise after tbe deed Is done. Had I lived In the
Taney x wouia nave oeen as criminally 'careless
as anyone. And so. would you.
A Little Prevention Needed.
Ignorance, carelessness and cupidity are the
cause of .nearly all ourwoes, . We bnlld our
nomes regardless of a zuture. JSach person who
acquires a lot wants to begin to make money
out of it as soon and as fass as possible. Here
in" Washington a little forethought would nave
caused tbe city fathers to prescribe tbat the
whole southern portion of the city should be
graded to the height of F street, Instead of
tbat of Pennsylvania avenue, or less, and until
that is done tbe city will be In danger from
floods and from malaria. In time of high water
the contents of tbe sewers are sweptback and
up through the sewer drops into ho city.
Wben a proposition was made some years ago
toregrade this section a great bowl Went, up
from tbe property owners. It would cost too
much. Everything, even to the risk of Jife .t
self, must be subservient to making of as much
profit out of as small an outlay as possible.
The loss by floods to Washington would
have built up tbe city high and. dry that
It could be thoroughly! sewered, and. would
have built all around it a sea wall such! as
would rival the grand masonry of tbe ancients.
And so it is everywhere. I am certain tbat te
towns of tbe Conemaugh Valley will be rebuilt
on the same lines as before, and tbat portion
n I.A.M -will Ka HnrAmt a. ura kl.l .
Individual rapacity is an absolute bar to tcev
production ot tneiaeai city, just as it makes
the 'deal man nothing more than a dream of
social conjurors. When all things are done for
the common good instead of for Individual
profit we shall have cities and towns hand'omer
than tbe New Jerusalem, and defy flood and
storm and disease, in so far as disease is a re.
suit of a lack of sanitary precautions.
Allsmeloss Old Warrior.
It Is not alone in great disasters that pathetic
scenes present themselves. One occurred to
day just In front of the building In which Is the
bureau of T- Dispatch, exactly opposite
tbe Treasury, where millions of money lie un
used. An old man of three score years and
ten came hobbling painfully up the street
Tears wore streamiug'from his eyes. A gentle
man who stood by went to him and inquired
the cause of bis distress.
"Ah, sir, I cannot .tell you,'he sobbed.
"Pardon my weakness. It will over in a mo
, Seeing he was so frail as to be hardly able to
walk, tbe gentleman Insisted on his entering
tbe store and taking a seat Soon bo was calm
enough to tell tbe cause of his tears. Making
his way along tbe street be became so weak be
feared he was about to faint and stepped Into
me (juice ui a uubct 10 rest a inwaent. xie naa
hardly taken his seat when be was brutally
driven into the street bv the "bouncer" of tbe
hotel. At this a sense of bis complete helpless
ness and desolation overcame him and be could
not repress his sobs. Proceeding with- tremu
lous voice, tbe old man said:
"Why, sir, as you see. I am a man of liberal
education. I have lived all my life in
(giving the name or a city of JJew England),
and have always lived comfortably. I became
a crlnple from wounds got In tbe army and am
unable to work. 1 have lew relatives. My only
child, a daughter, lost her husband, was left
without means of support and could do nottj.
ins for me.' I determined to come here and
seek entrance to one of tbe soldiers' homes, r
bad a little money left and took- lodglug at a
cbeap boarding house. One day while in the
back yard pf this little hotel I was kicked on
tbe knee by a mule. I was sent o the hospital,
and was discharged as nearly cured as I ever
will be two days' ago. 1 had 1 cent in my
pocket Witb that I bought a halt rotten
banana yesterday, and tbat is all I have had to'
eat since I left tbe hospital."
A little collection was made which netted
tho old man soveral dollars, and he was assisted
to the street once more. As he lifted his. eyes
he saw tbe dome ot tbe Capitol looming np
grandly at the other end of tbe avenue. Halt-
lng ms nana towara ic no ezciaimea:
"Would you believe it sir, the man before
Son was four years a-Bepresentative from his
tate and sat in an honored seat in that
' He gave his name and that of. several of bis
coteraporariu", and investicatioa proves that
be told tbe troth. There is not a donbt of bis
honesty. He was an ex-Bepresentatlve of the
United States before tbe war, and was starving
in tbe streets of Wasblneton, His kind,
hearted benefactor assisted him (0 the cars.
He was on his way to.tbo War Department to
secure admission to the Home at Hampton.
"Were you a soldier, sir?" be asked of the
eentleman as they waited for a car.
"Yes, but I was a Confederate," was the re-
P "Great Godr' exclaimed theoldmanlsn'tlt
strange that I should receive charity, and the
Ant cbarilvever received In my life, from a
, Confederate soldierf God bless yoo, sir."
Of aella claoBs Wit.
: Trota the Philadelphia Ledger.)
Should General Grant be put on the sew two
oeat stamp it will give btt enemies a ehaaae to
: de what the- have never dona yet-Hok htm. -
tJWH:rrijrWW.':';, - ' ,, . -yK
ST" k fca-l --"-- -- fea - fata " - lAavViiLaM
. .. . ,7.Ar-W !. - i . . -- rr - .-j. I
A PAX ,1 ePTIAM.
Killed by aRaway Hersr.
' frw'YiBX, J we 8, A frightened horse
tore'ttwtf loose from a grocer's wagoa at City
Hall Park this morplng, and ran down the
most orowded' parts of Park Row. At the
Brooklyn bridge a polieeman tried to stop it
Tbe horse turned into tbe passenger entrance
to the bridge and fell on tbe smooth pave
ment, Mrs. Mary Ellison failed to get out ol
tbe struggling annual's way and was struck on
the head and Instantly killed by the horse's
hoofs. Her little -,girt was uninjured and
rescued by a gateman. Mr. Ellison is a well-to-do
Among the Flitter.
Mrs. James Brown Potter, JTyrleBellew and
IS, Bermudez, Chief Justice of Louisiana,
sailed for Havre to-day, on the steamship La
Gascogne. Dr. George B. Lorlng, United
gtates Minister to Portugal, sailed for Boath
ampton on the Elbe.
Why the Superintendent Is Absent To-Day.
Postmaster General Wanamaker had a talk
with. Postmaster Van'Cott this morning con
cerning the needs of the New York Postofflce.
Latejr be asked every member of the tnvestlga
tlqg commission which was set to work In the
Postofflce a few days since. Just how much tbe
commission bad accomplished. Tbe members
said tbe commission bad not accomplished
muoh pf anything yet After making a tour of
the departments, the Postmaster General went
to luncheon with Colonel Sbepard, whose guest
newU be' Ml next Monday noon. Mr- Wana
maker has instructed his private secretary, who
la with -him here, to take copious notes of all
tbe commissioners tell him concerning the Hew
YorR Postofflce. Mr. Wanamaker expects that
his family will arrive here from Europe to
morrow or Monday.
Nabbed by German Soldiers.
Otto Blssel has asked Secretary of State
Blaine, by letter, to demand tbe release of his
20-year-old son, Paul Blssel, from tbe German
Government. Mr. Blssel says tbat he came to
Amrricawhen Paul was bat 0 years old, and
remained here without interruption np to a few
months ago. Then the whole Blssel -family
made a pleasure trip to Germany, They started
for home a short time since by way of Bremen.
L On the small tender which carries passengers
to the trans-Atlantic steamships from the Bra.
men docks, two German officers seized Paul
Blssel.. They said tbat he had gone to America
originally to escape military draft and they
were under instructions to imprison hitp. In
the midst of Mr. Blssel's remonstrances tbe ten
der started back to land with tbe officers and
yonng Bissel. A few minutes later the steam
Ship on which Mr. and Mrs. Bissel were steamed
off to New York, '
Sundny Schools' All Pleknfeklng.
About 800 children from tbe Plymouth
Church Sunday School went up tbe Sound on
a picnic excursion this morning. Dr. Lyman
Abbott, Henry Ward Seecher's successor, Dr.
W.'Edward Beecher and about 100 teachers
and assistants helped tbe children sins and eat
and kept them from falling overboard. Next
Saturday Mr, Talmage will give 'his Sunday
school a steamboat excursion up the Sound.
Attempt to Assassinate an Alderman.
An unknown man tried to shoot Alderman
Berry Bheehaa. of Bridgeport Conn., this
morning. Tbe Alderman was drinking sod
water in'a drug store when the shot was fired.
Tbe bullet passed through his front hair. Had
be not tipned back bis head to facilitate tbe
disappearance of the soda water, tbe bullet
would have entered his skull Just above the
ear. Alderman Sbeeban has received a-num
ber of White Cap notices lately, warning him
to desist votlni: tor tbe measure to increase the
City Attorney's salary from foOO to $2,500 per
annum. He bad voted tor tbe Increase, and
believes the shot was fired by some disgruntled
Tbe Brlchtoo Bines' Parade.
Tbe Brighton Blues held tbelr first out-door
parade of this season on tbe Ft Wadsworth
parade grounds .to-day. The Blues are a com
pany of 33 Staten Island girls, under IS years;
wbo wear blue and scarlet dresses, military
helmets, apd carry real guns. 'They have been
drilled by Sergeants from tbe FC Wadsworth
garrison to wbeel, present; dress, and salute
like regulars. Tbe Blues are members of the
Staten Island 4UQ. Tbey never parade save
under the eyes of Ave or six chaperons. Tbe
Bines were formerly more numerous than they
now are. The publicity which thelrfad gave
them caused many members of tbe company to
SHAKI ON THB SPJ3LLIX6.
Some Strange Signs Observedon the Street
From the Boston Transcript. 1
Within a stone's throw of the B. and P. Sta
tion in Washington Is a small restaurant which
announces "Chockht 10c." And on F street In
that city, Is a store on whose awning is printed,
In very large letters, "Ladles' Coffee Cafe."
A friend sends this copy of a placard In the
window of one of our largest drygoods stores,
as one of the "signs of tbe times." "Gant de
Suede Glove?." This Is as good as tbe "Eau de
yoloane Water" which used to serve as an in-
tance of value of having even a small smatter-
g oi a zoreign tongue.
Bat Will They Do lit
tbe Toronto Empire.
emnlovment of women as census takers
in theVUnited States Is suggested. The specta
cle of lone woman telling her exact age to an
other woman could not fall to have a beneficial
moral effect upon the whole community.
TO PURIFY WATER.
BorLnfO, sterilizes water, and within 30 min
utes will here killed harmful bacteria.
DBtrps and other agents acting chemically,
If used lri"amoonts which are commonly safe,
do not sterilizb water.
Thb prolonged heat which water undergoes
in the usual process of distillation destroys all
germs which may bo in the water undergoing
Obmkaby fllMW, even If satisfactory as
strainers, fail to1, remove all bacteria from
drinking water. So far from lessening tbe
number In the original water, the filtering sub
stance may allow k more rapid multiplication
than these mlcro-organlshis would ordinarily
undergo in the un'jlltered water on standing,
and the germs of disease, even if held back by
the Altering snbstanec, may be harbored in all
Thb finer the substrtnee through which the,
water passes, and the Jower'the pressure, the
more perfect is tbe action of the - filter in hold
ing bacsrthe bacteria.
Op all substances thus fVr furnished for do
mestic filters, porous rebaiced porcelain care
fully selected, I haje founa to be the best. If
thick and strong enough to fallow the use of a
large surface, and the substance remain per-
fecMwithout flaw or Meaa)l tnis may yieia a
fair flow of clear water, free Urom all Mcteriaj
yet under our ordinary crotob pressure of one
atmosphere or less, this yieldl is only in rapid
drops, unless the apparatus be complex.
To insure "the permanency of
filter should be occasionally st;
out by steaming or by other' mi
i; for, under
prolonged pressure, various If
can go through, and in the
matter collected on the filter
micro-organisms can retain abig:
decree of vi-
tallty for weeks longer than I ha-
tbem to live in pure water.
Where filtering is really necesejry.lt I In
general best for the community tbaftt be done
carefully on a largo scale tbroainvsandbeds
upon which a fine layer of organifea&dlaor
'ganlc matter is expressly produce by sedi
mentation, because of its vaInablectlon in
holding back the great majority of thefactarla.
Abas water filter Is less deelrablc&than a
. pure water In & natural state. Wheal there
fore; filtraWefl Is employed because of refJ dan
ger of infection, jfce filtered waterakeeW.ac.a
rale, be farthsrsnore boiled, as the eaMf ab-
iimi 9 MtHIB will. && Qt0BQtfifiSB QOvfl Ber"
thaAMMBMtetia of disease Baa so
JfBB9B- VfPPBT SSBBJl BffJBBBlBja, BBJBOB jBnfBSfBBJf
t :$WN COIBMSATIOKIsrjf
. -It est 5,O0O to cable a speech by th
President of Chill to Eorope. ,
A very popular wedding present now at
Hutchinson, Kan-is a barrel of salt.
- Four hundred monuments have been
erected on tbe Gettysburg battlefield. ;
A ram recently sheared at Metamora,
Mich yielded 36J4 pounds of wool at one clip.
A blue racer was killed near Decatur,
Mich., the other day which measured 11 feet
and 4 Inches lnfcngth.
Under the laws of China the adult who
loses his temper in a discussion is sent to laa
for five days to cool off,
A-15-year-oId boy of Fitchville. Conn!.
has trained sir sheep to harness and drive
them, dally about the village.
A Western journal communicates the
interesting fart that pie parties, much in vogue
in that section, are usually followed by pepsin
One of the "sure cures of consumption"
sold in Philadelphia was analyzed the other'
day, and found to consist of rum, molasses and
extract of dandelion.
A. sewing circle at Somesville, SfethaW
bought an organ for the church, provideda
hearse, built sidewalks and raised S50O to' pat
an iron fence around the cemetery.
Lebanon, Conn., refuses to accept tho
old homestead of -her revolutionary governor
as a free gift because tbe taxes on it areW
per year and the town would have to pay them.
"Linotypes" are photographic prints
mounted on linen. Washes of color are ap
plied to the back Ot the prints, so that they can
be used .as colored transparencies with excel
Two steel blocks, one weighing 150,000
and the other 170,000 pounds, to form a part of
tne armament or an Italian iron-clad, were re
cently shipped from tha Gruson Foundry at
Lyons, Keb., claims the champion wolf
hunter in the person of L. D. HIgley. who in the
past three weeks has killed 63 of the "var
mints' The bounty on their scalps will net
the hunter 210.
-Dn J. -aft, Dean of the Dental school
at Ann Arbor; MIcb., Is the proud and haopy
possessor of a jaw taken from a 2,600-year-old
tomb at Borne on which "oridgework" was
done, similar in character to tbat done by the
dentistsof tbe present day.
A Portland, Ore., man pulled out his
pocketbook, wben tbe wind seized tbe contents
and scattered them broadcast, and 1950 in bills
were blown about tbe streets. Fortunately
everybody In tbe vicinity proved to be honest,
and tho money was all recovered.
A remarkable phenomenon was wit
nessed at Cardiff lately. After a fall of rain It
was noticed that tbe pools of water in the
thoroughfares were tinged with red. The
phenomenon is what Is known as "bloody rain,"
and was In ancient times regarded as a sure
precursor of plague.
A curious discovery has just been made
in England, In the neighborhood of one of tho
Spltbead forts. While at gunnery practice,
some man-of-war's men engaged in grappling:
for shot f nnd a Impounder gun, which tarns
out to.be at least 100 hundred years old. How
the gnn got where It was found is a mystery.
The famous Leaning Tower of Pisa haa
been put up for sale by lottery. Tbe munici
pality of, Pisa, having become greatly strait
ened for money on account of expensive im
provements, offers tbe tower for sale in order
to prevent the Town Hall from being seized,
and has adopted tbe method of a lottery so as
to get the' highest price possible.
Prof. Fresenius, of Wiesbaden, after a
long series of chemical analysis, declared that
an egg contains as much nourishment as a
pound and an ounce of cherries, a pound and a
quarter of grapes, a pound and a half of russet
apples, two pounds of goose berries and four
pounds of pears, and that 111 pounds of grapes,
127 pnnnd&of ros-et apples, 1W pounds of pears
and 827 pounds of plums are equal in nourish
ment to 100 pounds of potatoes.
James L. Babcockrthe Chicagoan who
Is to receive over $500,000 of bis late uncle's es
tate upon condition that he marries within the
next five years, is in Savannah, Ga. Every
mail still brings him assorted offers of tbe
hands and hearts of ardent maids and wiaowa.
A Savannah girl offers to marry him, accept a
moderate dower and start for Parit immedi
ately after the ceremony, never more to annoy
him. Mr.Babcockis resolved to win tbe halt
million legacy, bat has not vet chosen the ladr
who will assist him. .5..
Another device. :orjlBUtbod.hawbs?
added to those hefefoTofefproposed tc-prevt-rc
the burning ot cotton when being conveyed lit
vessels. Tbe safeguard now brought forward
consists in wrapping each bale ot cotton in
wire gauze instead of tha usual covering of
lute bagging. It has been.lt is claimed, sub
jected to all kinds of tests,lnclndlng books and
compressions, and it is alleged has proved
itselt equal In all respects to jute bagging, tbe
cost ot the new material at present being about
tbe same as tbat of jute bagging. Tbe principle
involved is tbat flame will not pass through.
very small holes, according to tbe well-known
construction of the Davy safety lamp.
A canal has just been constructed m
Belgium In which, instead of locks, the boats
are hoisted by elevators from one level to
another. The canal extends from tbe coal re
gion In tbe interior of Belgium to Brussels,
crossing- several otber canals at the same
grade, so that Belgian coal can be brought di
rectly by boats to Paris, as well as to the prin
cipal towns in Belgium and Holland. As tha
line passes over a rather hilly country, various
ascents and descents must be made, and to
save the long delays Incidental to passing lock,
the change of grade Is made by means of
hydraulic elevators. The boats, which measure
about 7p tons, are towed at the tow level into
an immense tank, with gates, which Is sub
merged in the canal. The gates are then closed,
and tne tank, which, rests ou tbe pistons of a
huge hydraulic elevator, is raised to the upper
level, when connection is made with tbe next
section ot the canal by means of doable gates,
and the boat proceeds on Its way.
JJfUNY MEN'S FANCIES.
It is better to have had the baseball cham
pionship and lost It than never to have had It at
all -but not much better.
When a young doctor gets his first case
people are always glad for htm bnt they are sorry
for the patient. BomtnlUt Journal.
A new mixed drink, is called a "business .
brace, " but Its practical tendency Is more that of
a bnslncss lafpcadtT.Ualtimort American.
Maud So you are going to marry your
Isabella-Yes. Pa savs that if be runs away
with the bank's funds the money will still be in
the family. J rudge.
Blind man (to tailor) I am looking for
something for a suit.
Tailor Yes, sir. What color would yon prefer?
"Well, I should say blind man's buff would bo
si appropriate as anything." Boston Herald.
She Wanted to Baid tbe Club. Old
Maid -.Officer. I want you to raid that club e tas'j
corner. ; '-IS
Officer Same old garnet Old they stare-ay.-
"So, they polled down the blind wben I went
past." Texat Stftingt, .
Flossie is 6 years old. "Mamma;" she!??
asked one day;. "If I get married will I: hare-to)"
have a husband tlsepaj" -l . ."'
"Yes." replied fho mother, with an amused
"And ifl don't get married will! have to be an
old maid like Aunt Kate?"
"Mamma" -after a pause "it's a tough world
for us women, ain't it?" Btnglumton JleputlU
Her Seasons for Leaving. Mistress of
the bouse (to domestic who has given warning!-
I am sorry, Ann, tbat our ways do not suit you, .
Did you expect ns to treat yoa as one of the
Domestic (from. Boston)-So. madam. I thing
I could have nut on with that, lint I cannot re
main here at the sacrifice of my lntellectnalltw
Ton harsnoconvof Kmerson In tbe house, art
there has not been a can of baked beans oa te)
table since I ama. Chicago Tribune.
A MEDLEY gOXO.
"The moon was shining-silver bright"
All hlnndVu lrr the untrodden snow"
. "When freedom from her mountain height" '
."An hour passed on, the Turk awoke."
"A bumble bee went thundering by,'
"To "hover in the sulphur smoke,"
"And spresdjts pail upon the sky."
His echoing ax the settler swung,"
"Se-sa)ad of blh degree," .
'And deen tha nsarlr eaves among" "
He heard, 'o woodman spare that tret'
"Oh, ever thus, from childhood's bon?."
"Bv torch and trumpet tastarrayee,"
aeatyoa ivy-mantiea to.ww,',- .
The bull-frog croaks his, serenade."
"Mv iote is Ilka tbe red, red, roe:"4
Ve bebt ring with postetnw, y,
!-9trwy Bodkin. brok leasee,"
n4 , l am wa ?v
ana it repress i:mk: ireeMkest' ; m
"w-j-asu ,ji4.ftn.f -'. 'ass-scat,'1
,T -V ..