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PICTURES OF SAMOA.
"Wonderful Transition From Pagan
ism to Christianity
-DUBISG THE PAST FIPII TEAES,
Intelligence, Chivalry and. Integrity of the
BIODHT LIFE IN THE HALUA MISSION
ICOBRSSrOKPXXCX OF THE BISPATCH.1
May 17 "Yes, I was
born in Samoa, and
lay English parents
were among the ear
liest missionaries to
that group, where they
spent the best 20 years
of their lives, constant
ly engaged in the noble
work of converting and
civilizing those sav
ages. They went there
over 50 years ago, and
all of their children,
six of us, were born on
those islands. My
toother was the first white woman ever seen
The speaker was the Eer. Charles Har
butt, the present pastor of the First Congre
gational Church of Bridgton, in "Western
Maine, whom I found in his study at the
Bridgton House, surrounded not only
with books and pictures, but also
with Saxnoan curiosities of various kinds,
mostly relics of heathen day. These
comprised weapons, utensils, articles of
cress, rude ornaments, etc., together with an
insignia of rovalty in the manner of a scar
let cord about three feet long, made of mi
nute feathers, ingeniously fastened to a piece
of string, to make which'must hare involved
the killing of thousands of a certain kind of
bird in whose entire plumage only two or
three red feathers are found. I had come to
pet from the good minister some glimpses of
life on those far-away islands, now (he focus
of the world's gaze, and he cheerfully res
ponded to my expressed wish.
A WOXDEBFUIi CHA2TGE.
"I .see you have your eye on that iron
wood war club, and that egg-shaped piece
of polished sandstone labeled 'Idol,' " con
tinued Mr. Harbutt "2o doubt you are
thinking of what a wonderful transition the
last half century has wrought in those
islands. Yes? Well, I should say it hasl
"Why, when mv parents and the other mem
bers of that brave, God-serving band began
their missionary work on those islands,
under the auspices of the London Mission
ary Society, the natives were idolatrous
eatages. My father, Rev. "William
Harbutt, in the cosrse of his 20
rears' sojourn, was several times in
danger of his life. The natives were much
the same as those of the other groups of the
Polynesian Xslands, albeit they areas a
race superior to the average South Sea
islander. They claim never to have been
cannibals, yet most likely they were. At
any rate they were true savages, lightly
valuing human life, socially bestial and
givu to all sorts of heathen abominations.
"Why, their Terr idolatry was so loose and
crude that -while in the abstract they be
lieved in a supreme being, together -with
lesser gods, it didn't matter what object or
shape they worshiped. They would pick
tip a rough" stone or piece of wood whenever
their religious fancy seized them and kneel
down and worship it. Kow look at them.
"Well clothed, well educated, polite, morally
correct and worshipers of the true God.
Throughout the islands are flourishing
schools and churches, the teachers and pas
tors oV which are for the most part natives."
"e all the Samoans Christians?" I
A CHEISTIAX COUXTET.
"In the general sense of the term, yes. I
doubt If there are a dozen heathens out of
their entire population. Of this population
nearly 3,000 out fit the 35,000 are Catholics;
all the rest are Protestants; while of the
total number of people from fi.OOO to 6.000
are regular members of Christian churches.
And it is worthy ot note that these churches
are self-supporting, the members not only
paying all the church expenses, but also
contributing 56,000 annually for foreign
missions in other islands. Now, I don't
propose to iterate -what by this time is so
generally known concerning the climate,
productions, topography, etc.ot the Samoan
Islands, except to corroborate, lrom per
sonal knowledge, what the newspapers say
as to the natural intelligence, chivalry, kind
heartedness and integrity of the Samoans,
the loveliness of the climate and scenery,
and the fertility of the soil, from which is
produced so jrreat a variety of trees, fruits
and vegetables, such as banyans, .palms,
nndna- bamboo, anauli. rattan, wild
orange, lemon, lime, plantain, taro, mulberry,
tacia, pineapple, viapple, guava, mango,
citron, wild susrar cane, etc There is also
plenty of poultry and pigeons, and horses,
cattle and swine have been introduced."
The Samoans'have thus far succeeded in
preserving their independence, and it is the
judgment of Bev. Mr. Harbutt that their
Lone Bay and Village, Tuiutta.
continued prosperity and advancement
virtually depend on their self-government,
wholly untrammeled by foreign dictation.
They have lad on the whole a peaceful
iistory. However, a bitter war prevailed
from 1837 to 1847 in all the islands except
Tutuilla and Keanua, thereby seriously re
tarding the mission work, and latterly, as
everybody knows, there has been a renewal
of internecine troubles, pending which the
Germans deposed Malietoa, and are now try
ing to overthrow the present king, good,
pious, versatile, brilliant Mataafa, and put
the rebel, Tamasese, upon the throne.
A CASE TOE nrTCKFERESTCE.
"Our Government his done well in
awakening from its lethargy and showing
its teeth," said Mr. Harbutt "I know
what I am talking about when I say that
Germany meant mischief, and would even
now do mischief if we would only stand
meekly still and let her have her own way.
And inasmuch as my parents were English,
and a portion of my life was passed in dear
old England, I would be too glad to see the
British Government join heart and hand
with the United States in the Samoan mat
ter, especially as it was by her people that
the great work of civilizing, Christianizing
and enligntening those savages was done.
Germany's interests are purely mercenary.
"With her II is simply a matter of money. Of
the nearly $500,000 amount of traffic doneby
the 25,000 native Samoans, in the various
stores, the Germans have nearly the whole.
Xiook at the three great German mercantile
iirms of Deutsche Handels, Plantagen
Gellschaft and H. M. Huge & Co., all at
Apia, where the late troubles and terrible
marine disaster have occurred. There are
also lesser German stores, and some English
and American ones, but the three I have
mentioned hold pretty much the monopoly.
"Their chief article of shipment is copra,
the sun-dried cocoanut from which is ob-
?nn3 a. valnable nil. Th-r nlsn rir
p(romhitlves' cotton, coffee and many
other Articles of tropical growth, oth wild
and cultivated. For all ot these tie Samo
ans receive European goods agricultural
and mechanical implements, arms and
ammunition, flress fabrics, medicines,fancy
articles; yes, and even booty ot treasures of
art and vcrtu. For, as I have said, the na
tives are a fine race, intelligent, manly,
chivalrous, industrious, quick and eager to
learn, make good mechanics and husband
men; while in morality and religion they
compare faTorably with more powerful and
pretentious people. Both sexes wear a
loose, thin but modest dress, peculiar to the
country. The houses ot the islanders are of
breadfruit trees, one-story and thatched
with wild sugar-cane or ponderain leaves.
THE MISSION 6EMI&ABV.
"One of the most interesting objects in
the group," continued Mr. Harbutt, "is the
college, or, more strictly speaking, the
Samoan Mission Seminary. It is situated
at Malua, and was founded in 1844 by Rev.
Dr. George Turner and Bev. Charles
Hardie, under the auspices of the London
Missionary Society. Starting with a class
of 25, it has nnder instruction, or rather had
up to May, 1882, an aggregate of 832 men,
572 women, and 227ouths. in all 1.681.
The teachers are chiefly English, but
of the students the great majority have
been and still arc Samoan, although
there are representatives of 19 other
islands in the Pacific. Of those graduated
from this institution between 200 and 300
are to-day ordained pastors in active service,
and supported by the villages where they
labor. The students board and lodge them-
Class Room of Malua and Cottages of the
selves, and are no expense to the Mission
ary Society. For more than 25 years al
most all the local expenses for stationery,
medicine, tools, prizes, etc., have been met
by the Congregational Sabbath schools at
Hobarttown, Tasmania. On its roll of stu
dents to-day are about 150, of whom about
four-sevenths are men, two-sevenths women,
and the rest youths.
"The mission is prettily situated, with a
beach frontage of. half a mile, with stone
embankment, the rest of its boundary-being
a 20-feet-wide road.lined on either side with
2,000 cocoanut trees. On the grounds are
nearly 3,000 cocoanut trees in fruit, each
student having the care and use of npward
of 20. There are also some 2,000 breadfruit
trees, all bearing, and these too are divided
among the young men, which, with their
banana, yam and tare plantations, give
them an abundant supply of food all the
year. Its 300 acres are stocked with a large
supply of food lor students for generations
to come. There are 26 stone honses, in
cluding class room and tutors' residences,
and 25 other cottages. This property is
worth to the London Missionary Society
10,000, and is annually increasing in
Miss Gordon Cummings, who, cruising in
a French man-of-war, visited this institu
tion, gives the following account of student
"It would be difficult to imagine a
healthier, happier life than that ot" these
students. At the first glimmer of the
lovely tropical dawn the college bell rings
to mark the hour for household prayer.
There is probably not a house in
Samoa where the family does not
assemble daily for morninc and evening
prayer. Then all the students go out,
cither to work in the garden o? to fish in the
lagoon. At 8 the bell rings again to warn
them that it is time to bathe and breakfast,
to be ready for their class at 9. Classes and
lectures continue till 4, when they are again
free to go fishing, gardening, carpentering,
or whatever they prefer. At sunset each
family meets for evening prayer; then the
men study by themselves till 9:30, when the
curlew bell warns them to put out their
"The first mission work done in these
islands was in 1830 by Messrs. "Williams
and Barff, from England. In 1832 Mr.
'Williams again visited the group and rein
forced the mission by the addition of several
teachers, who were located on different parts
of the islands. This was followed by other
visits and increased forces at intervals of
about one year. The work continued to
flourish. A church was formed at Sapapalii
in 1837; soon after churches were also formed
in Manono, Nepolu and Tutuilo. By-and-by
a printing press was introduced and the
Bible translated and printed in the native
tongue. Later on, from the same press were
issued various religious works doctrinal,
biographical and historical; also elementary
works on arithmetic, geography and as
tronomy." Chables O. Sxickney.
A S0YEL SCHEME.
A Sexr York Company CIrnns Windows on
A company has recently been started in
25"ew York whose sole purpose is to keep
windows clean, and persons who are observ
ant may have noticed neatly-uniformed
men carrying ladders and buckets which are
painted in alternate stripes ot red and
white, dodging in and out ol the crowds;
entering buildings and departing from them,
in a business-like way, and always seeming
to know just where to go next.
The company at present employs about a
dozen of these men, andone meets them
everywhere. They are paid a commission
on the number of windows they clean, but
in order to prevent them from slighting
their work so as to get over the ground more
readily they are subject to fines whenever
the customers of the corporation complain
that their windows are not properly cleaned.
The company solicits patronage by means
of canvassers, and charges a small amount
each month for cleaning one window once a
week. The price is increased per window,
and is said to return a very considerable in
A CDEE FOE HAY FEYEE.
Applying Enbber Bacs Fall of Ico to the
Dr. B. O. Hinnear, a Boston specialist in
the treatment of hay fever, during a talk in
New York, Tuesday, before the Academy of
Anthropology, referred to hay fever as a
nervous disease. His theory is that it pro
ceeds from excessive circulation at the cen
ters of the nerves affected, thus affecting the
glands. "An excess of nerve force in any
part of the body contracts the blood vessels
in that part. Any application that can
reduce this force tends to restore the circu
lation to a normal condition. Another
kind of hay fever dilates the blood vessels,
especially those within the skull, bringing
ou a feverish skin." Treatment with ice is
Dr. Kinnear's cure. It is applied in rubber
bags to the spine, but whether at the neck,
behind the. abdomen, or all along the spine
depends upon whether the patient suffers
from contractile or expansile hay lever. Dr.
Kinnear says he worked out his hypothesis
in practice with results entirely satisfactory,
curing hay fever, catarrh, asthma, -sneezing
spasms and kindred troubles with unfailing
Women Who LIoTor Fan.
St. IiOUls Globe Democrat.7
"I really cannot recall one woman of my
extensive acquaintance," said a St. Lotus
lady, "who will not tell little stories fibs
and such absurd ones, too, that she doesn't
exnect them to be believed: in fact, often
tells them in the face of knowledge that her
auditors know they are m nude of truth as
a MU uaa u at tuur,"
CAREER OF A SfflftER.
Emma Keyada Tells tbo Story of Her
BEE EAKLI STRUGGLES I0E FAME.
The Strict Eeghne That' Must be Followed
by a Prima Desna.
ADYICB TO TOUNG AMERICAN GIELS
TooEjtEsroNDrscE or im nisrATca.1
Pabis, May 1. How or when I first
thought of devoting myself to an operatic
career I can hardly remember. Prom my
earliest years music was my passion, unless
than my pastime, as a child; and it was my
serions work for the rest of my life up to
the present time.
My first appearance on any stage was
made at Grass Valley, Cal., at a concert
given for the benefit of a local charity,
Wrapped in the American flag and stand
ing on a table I sang the "Star Spangled
Banner" to the apparent satisfaction of the
audience. I was then just 3 years old.
Two years later I sang at a concert given in
Virginia City, before an audience largely
composed of successful miners. They show
ered on me not only flowers and bonbons,
but also $20 gold pieces, then a novelty, in
such numbers that the skirt of my little
frock, which I gathered up to hold my treas
ures, was speedily filled. Then, as new
offerings were thrown to me, I was sadly
puzzled what to do with them. But a bright
idea struck me. J. pulled off my shoes and
filled them in turn.
I was 8 years old when I assumed my first
dramatic character. It was that of the Em
press Josephine in a private performance of
My education was by no means relin
quished in favor of acting and singing. I
was a pupil at the Mills Seminary,' and
graduated there three years after the death
of my mother. I took lessons in both vocal
and instrumental music during my stay at
HEE FIEST ENGAGEMENT.
The story of ho w I came to sail for Europe
with a class of 12 other young ladies, under
the auspices of. Dr. Ebell, an American by
birth and half Indian by blood, who was at
the head of a young ladies' institute at Ber
lin, has already been told, and how Dr.
Ebell died of rheumatism of the heart just
before we landed, leaving the whole party
stranded on a foreign shore without a
director. Mrs. Church, the chaperone of
the American girls, had come abroad to
study painting. She, as well as my
self contrived to get back part of the sum
we had placed in Dr. Ebell s hands for oar
expenses, and with the advice of Prof.
Ehrlich, of Berlin, we set off for Vienna,
where I placed myself under the professional
care of Mme. Marchesi. I studied under
that excellent teacher for nearly three years,
devoting ten months of that time to the
practice of vocalises only, and taking four
and sometimes five lessons per week. When
my studies were ended I had learned 20
operas in Italian.
The first engagement offered me was by
Prof. Hulsen, who arranged to have me ap
pear in opera in Berlin. I was to receive
the grade of "Karamersangerinu." But to
accept this offer I was compelled to study
my roles anew in German. I set to work
and in three weeks had entirely memorized
four operas in German. But the strain was
too much for my constitution. I broke
down utterly, was compelled to cancel my
engagement, and went to Nice, where I re
mained seriously ill for six months.
"When I regained my health I signed an
engagement to appear in Italian opera in
London, under the auspices of Colonel Ma
pleton, at Her Majesty's Theater. My first
appearance on any stage was made in "La
Somnambula," an opera I have always held
in especial affection, and the heroine of
which has ever since been considered one of
my best impersonations.
HATTK'S BAD XTJCK.
That season was rendered noteworthy by
the theft of the jewels of one of my fellow
singers, Mme. Minnie Hank. She never
recovered them, though Colonel Mapleson
persuaded her to appear as CanTien, "wear
ing all her remaining ornaments, by telling
her tbat the thieves were known, and they
would be in the house to look after the rest
of the trinkets, and that he would then have
them arrested. But they did not come, and
so never fell into the clutches of the police.
In the September of that year I sang in
Trieste, appearing in "La Somuamhula" and
in "Lucia di Lammermoor." The latter
opera was given 13 times. Mr. Alexauder
Thayer, then the American Consul at
Trieste, gave me, at that time, a very cu
rious and valuable document. It is a
prayer set to music by Beethoven, and is, I
believe, completely unknown to the world,
never having been either published or sung
in public. I have often desired to intro
duce jt into some one of my ODeratic roles.
Then that winter I fulfilled my first Italian
engagement. It was in Florence, and I was
to appear at one of the smaller theaters, re
ceiving $60 for each performance. But be
fore my engagement was ended the demand
for seats was so great that the manager trans
ferred his company and myself to the large
opera house, the Pagliano, where I sang for
15 nights at a salary ot $200 per night, a
very large amount ior a debutante to re
ceive in Italy. I next went to Leghorn,
where I had the great pleasure of singing
for the first time before an audience of my
own country people, for there were three
American ships then stationed in the harbor,
the Trenton, the Lancaster and the "Wyom
ing, and their officers manifested a great
deal of kindly interest in my career.
A BEILLIANT SEASON.
""I think that the later events of my career
are familiar to the lovers of musie in the
United States. I refer to my engagement at
the Opera Comique in Paris, where I made
my first appearance in the "Pearl of Brazil,"
by Pelicien David, the Romance of the
Mysoli, from that opera remaining one of my
greatest successes in concert singing; to 'my
performances at the Italian Opera in the
same city, where I sang Lucia di Lammer
moor 14 times, with the famous Spanish
tenor, Gayarre, as the Edgardo; and to my
two tours in the United States, one in opera
and the other in concert.
Isaugin Lisbon at the Royal Opera
House during the winter of 1887.8 with very
great success. But I think that the season
that has just closed has been the most
brilliant of my whole career. It began last
September with a series of representations
in the principal Italian cities, after which I
fulfilled an engagement at 'the Royal Opera
House at Madrid. I met there with marked
success, and was warmly received, both pro
fessionally and socially. As I pen these
lines-I am preparing for another short tour
in Spain, having been engaged to appear in
Italian opera at sevinc ana Jalaga.
The first time that the Queen Begent
Christina has visited the theater since the
death of her husband was on the occasion of
my appearance in "Lakme." She after
ward invited me to sing for her at a private
soiree at the palace, and gave me a very
beautiful bracelet set with diamonds and
pearls. I was greatly struck with and in
terested in all tbat I heard concerning
Queen Christina during my stay in Spain.
Not only did she charm me by tho gracious
fascination ot her manners and her conver
sation, but I was told much respecting the
good she had done and is still doing
throughout the kingdom. She is a high
minded, irtellectnal lady of spotless char
acter and rigidly irreproachable manners,
and the influence of her example on the
court society can hardly be overestimated;
wherever she goes she wins all hearts
among the subjects of her little son.
The Royal Opera House of Madrid, the
Teatro Iteale, holds an exceptional place
among the theaters of Europe. It is the
wealthiest of them all, and instead 'of re
ceiving a, subsidy from the Government it
Lpaxs annually a handsome premium. The,
very first artists of the day appear upon Its
boards, Xasini and Gayarre, for instance,
singing there for weeks at a time.
JLwas rather surprised with the success I
met with there in "La Somnambula," the
sweet, simple melodies and patheiio story of
that opera being often voted old-fashioned
in other countries. But the Spaniards, who
attended a bull fight in thefternoon, would
go to the opera in the evening to hear "La
Somnambula" and would listen to the recital
of Amina't woes with tears streaming down
their cheeks. One evening the celebrated
bullfighter Mazzentini came behind the
scenes during a representation and offered
to me the compliment of a special bull fight
to be gotten up in my honor. But I de
clined with thanks. I have always been too
fond of animals to think for a moment of
accepting an invitation to witness such
Dunne my last engagement in Borne I
was, with my husband, accorded the favor
oi a private auuienco oi uit -tujju. jus
Holiness received me most graciously and
spoke with infinite kindness of the dramatic
profession. I shall never forget that im
I received a singular anonymous letter
some -weeks ago while at Venice, warning
me not to go to Spezia, where an engage
ment for me was then pending, as the
Opera Honse there was to be blown up with
dynamite on the evening of one of my rep
resentations. I laughed at the letter, threw
it aside, and took no heed of it, especially
as the negotiations with the manager at
Spezia came to naught, and I accepted a
Barcelona engagement instead. But a gang
of men, provided with dynamite bombs,
were discovered and arrested in the Spezia
Opera House a few weeks later, and con
fessed that their intention had been to blow
up the building while a performance was
going on. The warning letter that I had
received has since been published in fac
simile in several of the Italian papers.
I have been asked to give some details re
specting the regime that I follow on the day
E receding an evening's performance. In the
rst place, and I consider this Ddint essen
tial, I never talk. Anything that I have to
say must be uttered in a whisper, and I
speak as little as possible. I rise at 7:30
and take my bath. Breakfast, consisting of
tea, bread and sirloin steak, is served at
8:30. Then A go to mass, and afterward
drive for two hours and walk for one hour
more, unless the weather is stormy, fresh air
and exercise being very essential lor me. I
dine at 3, taking strong, clear broth, an
other sirloin steak, rice, baked potatoes and
roast chicken, but no salad, concluding with
stowed prunes or baked apples and cream.
I take one glass of good claret
during the repast Afterdinner I go to bed
for two hours and try if possible to go to
sleep. I dress at home, and usually arrive
at the theater just five minutes before the
curtain rises. After the performance I take
a supper composed of soup and beef and a
single glass ot beer. I am very careful to
avoid overheating either in my rooms or my
dress. I never wear flannel underwear, and
rely greatly for my health and strength, not
only on nourishing food, but on constant
exercise in the open air. Some Italian pro
fessors of singing insist upon their pupils re
maining in bed during the entire day pre
ceding an appearance in public. But it
would be impossible for me to follow such a
regime; I should break down under it in a
ADVICE TO ASPIBANTS.
To my young countrywomen who contem
plate embracing the career of a professional
singer, I can only repeat what has often
been said before: they must study hard and
patiently for at least three years. Also they
must, during that period, live well, as abun
dant and generous nourishment is necessary
to sustain the strength of a student as well
as that of a prima donna. Above all they
should have some funds at hand for their
support while awaiting engagements. A
lucrative engagement does not often await
the young singer as soon as she has gradu
ated. Then, too. there are the possibilities
of illness to be considered. Twice in my
career have I been compelled to remit mv
efforts on account of sickness; once when i
lay ill for six months at Nice, and the other
when my first appearance at the Opera
Comique in Paris was put off for weeks,
owing to an obstinate attack of bronchitis
from which I was suffering. So it is as well
to have some reserve fund to fall back upon
in case of contingencies. And above all,
the advice of Dr. Johnson to Miss Barney,
the author of "Evelina," should be remem
bered and followed, "be a good girl, my
dear." Emma Nevada.
A Hawk-Thnt Took Clmrco of an Orphan
The first public exhibition of a "Happy
Family" in England was given about 0
years ago, when they were shown a monkey,
a cat, several rats, and three or four pigeons
in one cage. The monkey was on excellent
terms with the cat, so long as puss would
allow him to warm himself by cuddling her.
Otherwise he would show his vexation by
slyly giving her tail a nip with his teeth.
The birds perched on the cat's back and
pecked at her fur, and the rats were as
friendly with their natural enemy as if she
were one of their own sort
A lady, walking on the Isle of "Wight,
observed a little kitten curled up on a
mossy bank, taking a mid-day nap. As
she stopped to stroke it, a hawk swooped
down, and pouncing upon the kitten, hid it
The lady, fearing for the life of the kit
ten, tried to rescue it, but the hawk firmly
faced her, stood at bay, and refused to
move. She hastened to'a-fishernian's cot
tage and told the inmates of the impending
"It's always so," said they, laughing,
"that hawk always comes down if any one
goes near the kitten. He has taken to it,
and stays near at hand to watch whenever
it goes to sleep."
The lady, greatlyjnterested.made further
inquiries, and learned that the kitten's
mother died, after which the nursling was
missed for several days. One day the hawk
was seen about the cottage picking up
scraps of meat and carrying them to the
roof of the cottage.
The fisherman climbed up and found the
lost kitten nestled in a hole in the thatch,
and thriving under the care of its strange
foster-father. It was brought down and re
stored to the cottage. But the hawk would
not resign his charge, and was always at
hand to rcscne the kitten from the caresses
AN INTEBESTING SUGGESTION.
How a Balloon Could be Made Serviceable
In Exploring Central Africa.
From tne New York San.i
An aeronaut now in this city makes an
interesting suggestion. "Has anybody,"
he says, "ever used the balloon in the ex
ploration of Central Africa or proved that
it would not be serviceable? Look at
Stanley struggling for years amid forests,
swamps, and savage tribes, yet unable to
makelus way into the interior, but would
it not be possible for a skillful aeronaut to
take him in a balloon from the eastern
coast of Africa, proceed in the direction of
Ujiji, and from thee toward the sources of
the Nile,surveying the country as they went
along? They would sweep across tne con
tinent at the rate ol 400 or 500 miles a day,
so that but a short time would be needed for
the long journey, and they would meet
with no obstruction from swamps, forests, or
"The balloon would easily carry all the
provisions and water required by the party
during the trip, and the aeronauts might
travel only during the day, descending for
rest at night Years ago Prof. "Wise re-
Seatedly made voyages of 1,000 miles in his
alloon and competent- skyflyers might
now be found towilvc the Alrlcan problem
throngh a voyage in xii :iir-hip. It 15 the
only wtiy to do it, and I shall tell Stanley
so when he gets back here to lrjture:" It
is to be-understood that the aeronaut who
make the foregoing remarks ii as en
UmeiMt "ml h$ favorite tbjet.
SUNDAY, MAT 12,
Something About tke Evolution of
the Tigs in Clover Puzzle.
NATURAL GAS SUPPLY FAILING.
Many Recent Improvements In Electric
SCIENTIFIC AKD LNDUSTElAL KOMS
ipssexasD ran tite pisfItch.i
Headers of The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects, relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechan
ical, civil and electrical engineering and
the sciences can have their queries answered
through this column.
The Inventive Age .gives an interesting
account of different toys devised by 0. M.
Crandall, the lucky inventor of the "Pigs
in Clover," in the course of which Mr. Cran
dall is quoted as 'saying: "In my model
room, which is my 'sanctum sanctorum,' I
have kept for the last five years on my work
bench constantly conspicuous to my view,
a large marble as a reminder that at some
time it must be worked into a toy. Some
time ago I conceived the circular table and
fences. But my idea at that time was a
large table about two feet in diameter to be
used as a parlor game and to be furnithed
with a pedestal and base. The table was to
be attached to the pedestal by a ball and
socket joint, which would enable the opera
tor to tilt the ttble at will by the use of
both hands. For greater convenience as a
model the size was reduced, my time being
too much occupied to allow me to resume it
before; and in my experiments with this
model I caught the idea of "Pigs in Clover
and speedily reduced it to a practioal toy.
The first order for the toy was from a New
York house for 100 gross, 25 to be sent on for
the spring trade and the balance to be kept
for the holiday trade, little thinking what a
cyclone was hovering around the meek little
pigs. Soon four factories were turning out
300 gross per day, and yet the demand in
New York alone could not be satisfied, and
now the toy is making the round of the civ
Natural Gns Resources.
The Hon. Andrew Carnegie, jn a recent
address before the Franklin Institute, takes
anything but a sanguine view of the ques
tion of the continuance of the supply of
natural gas. He states that the Murrys
ville district of Pennsylvania, which was
once the most important, shows a greatly re
duced pressure at the wells. "Where once
the gas rushed forth with 450 pounds pres
sure per square inch, only 200 pounds is
now found. The principal field, the Grape
ville, is being rapidly drained. Measures
are being adopted to limit the consumDtion.
and one of these is to charge for the gas by
meter, by which a saying of nearly one-half
will be effected. It is also probable that the
principal manufacturing companies will
soon resort to the use of dross or slack under
boilers instead of natural gas, which will
still further decrease its consumption. Nat
ural gas is likely to become more and more
valuable, and its use will probably be re
stricted to more" important purposes than
that of making steam, in which case the
supply will be sufficient for many years to
come. Under any conditions, it is unlikely
that the district will ever revert to the use
of coal as a fuel for manufacturing pur
poses; a substitute, made from slack at the
various mines, and conveyed to consumers
through the pipes of the present natural gas
companies, would no doubt be provided.
CroH-Fertlllzntlon of Flowers.
In a course of experiments undertaken by
the Massachusetts Agricultural College,
pollen was taken from a carnation flower of
a magenta color, and after being kept in a
dry place for five days was applied to the
stigmatic surfaces of a yellow flower. From
27 seeds resulting from this crossing ID
plants were grown, all but one of which pro
duced double flowers. Five of them bore
yellow flowers of varions lighter and deeper
shades, eight bore magenta flowers, four
bore scarlet flowers ana two white-striped
flowers. On another occasion the pollen
used was taken from a flower of the same
variety, a yellow-striped one, and the seed
lings all showed yellow-striped flowers, al
though they varied somewhat in shade.
This points to the conclusion tbat for the
production of varieties distinct in color,
cross-fertilization is necessary.
The Photographic Times makes mention
of a new medium for the protection of glass
negatives and positives from injury by
dampness, friction or moist printing paper.
As it dissolves pyroxiline, it cannot be used
for collodion plates; but it is perfectly ap
plicable to gelatine negatives. No heating
is required, the preparation is merely flowed
over the surface and dried in an ordinary
temperature.. The result is a protective film
of extreme hardness;which perfectly resists
the action of all moisture. A negative thus
varnished, after being thoroughly dried,
may be immersed in hot water 120 F., and
wiped dry with a rag without injury. The
varnish is excellent for transferred bromide
prints, but it is mainly intended for "ivory"
film negatives, tor which purpose it is
admirable. It will not crack or soften,
dust, water and foreign matter will not ad
here to it, and retouching is facilitated by its
Protection of Trees From Borers.
The .Rural New- Yorker advocates for the
protection of trees from borers, the use of a
mixture of white lead and raw linseed col
ored with cheap mineral paint and lamp
black to imitate closely the color of the
bark. The young trees should be painted
in the spring just as soon as transplanted,
and every year thereafter in early May.
The paint Is applied from a little below the
soil to a foot above. In four or five years
the bark will peel off after the paint has
been applied. When this occurs, if before
July, it is better to remove what bark still
clings and at once give another coating of
the paint This plan has stood the test of
Slniplo Compensatlns Brake Dynamo-Meter.
A compensation brake dynamo-meter o
remarkable simplicity has been employed in
England by Profs. Ayrton and Perry in
testing small electric motors. It consists
simply of a grooved pulley, over which- a
rope passes weighted at each end. At the
end with the lighter weight the rope has a
knot in it, which acts as an excellent com
pensator, as should the heavier weight tend
to fall th.s knot is pressed into the groove,
increasing the friction, and vice versa. For
flat pulleys a piece of belting with a lace
running through it a few times at the point
occupied by the knot in the case of the rope,
may be used.
Hypnotizing by the Phonograph.
It is stated that Dr. Pinel, of Paris,
has successfully hypnotized several sub
jects by means of the phonograph.
All the commands given were as read
ily obeyed as those conveyed In the or
dinary manner. Dr.. Pinel 's deduction,
from these experiments is that the theory of
a magnetic current passing from the operator
to the subject is entirely erroneous, and that
the real cause of thephenomenaot hypnotism
is nervous derangement on the part of those
subject to tbent.
New Detective Camera.
The latest design for a detective' camera
is by a well-known amateur photographer.
He proposes to eeskut it with tw skat-
iers; ose. havinira.7Mte from 1.199th
,l aeeead upward, wobm he
the leasee, ami the other, with a range from
1.100th ot a second downward, would be
'placed in front of the leas and aet as a
hood. He reeomcnds a plate-holder for
the new films capable of carrying two or
J? An electric theodolite, which indicates
with mathematical precision the position of
an enemy's ship, whether at anchor or in
movement, has been set tip at Maddalena,
Caprera. The battery which defends the
island is situated in a valley separated from
the sea by a high hill. Os this is ' placed
electrio machinery communicating with the
battery. By an ingenious arrangement the
point at which the aim should be directed
is Indicated to the gunners, who do not see
the enemy, but aim high, the balls passing
over the hill. The enemy, having no means
of ascertaining the position of the hidden
battery, cannot return the fire. The in
ventor of this device is one of the heads of
the engineers' department of the Italian
New Uses of Photography.
Prof. John Trowbridge, in the May
Scribner't, suggests that, by way of throw
ing additional light on the much-vexed
question of elasticity, careful photographs
be made of steel and timber at the point of
rupture nnder a breaking load. The sug
gestion is a valuable one, for when, by the
aid of photography, a medical man can de
tect an incipient ernption on the skin that
is not visible to the naked eye, it is but fair
to assume that by photography much could
be learned concerning the changes going on
in the physical condition of metals sub
jected to strains exceeding their elastic
Destruction of KaU.
The Smithsonian Institution, Washing
ton, D. C, has a special quarter for live
animals, which for a long time has been in
fested with rats. Captain Weedin, who has
charge of the animals, has made a valuable
discovery, by means of which he is rapidly
getting rid of the pest. He noticed that the
rats persistently raided -the stock of sun
flower seeds, which were used for food for
certain of the birds, and acting on the hint
he baited his rat-traps with the seeds. The
bait acted like a charm, and next morning
every trap held from 10 to 15 rats.
Horses In Street Car Traffic.
Jt is estimated that the nnmber of horses
and mules employed for street car service in
this country and Canada is in round num
bers 115,000, 1 being the smallest number
owned by any one company, 7,684 the larg
est, and 165 the average. The general aver
age of'feed per animal is. 27$ pounds, and
the average for Kentucky is 45 pounds.
The daily consumption of food Is approx
imately 1,600 tons, or 584,000 tons per an
num, and the cost of feed per animal varies
from 17 to 50 cents per day, according to lo
cality and season of the year.
Inflammability of Liniment.
It has wisely been suggested that as lini
ment is composed largely of naphtha, and
those who use it chiefly for rheumatic
pains are apt to crouch near the fire while
tne application is being made, a warning
printed on the label of the bottle, explain
ing the volatility and exceeding inflamma
bility of the contents might prevent the re
currence of painful and even fatal accidents.
Adaptability of the Electric Motor.
Among the points of interest noted in
connection with the huge industrial parade
in New York, on May 1 may be noted the
float of a well-known firm of confectioners,
on which chocolate confections were made
and thrown to the crowd. The machinery
was driven by an electrio motor, which was
supplied with current by storage batteries
placed in the body of the truck.
Testing the Freshness f Xsss.
An old, but infallible method of testing
the freshness of eggs is now advocated.
When a perfectly fresh egg is placed to the
ear and violently shaken no sound is heard;
but if the egg is stale it gives forth a knock
ing sound, as if the contents were not
enough to fill the shell. The staler the egg
the more pronounced are the osculation and
Electricity In Mines.
Incandescent lights are now used in the
underground workings of the Anaconda
mine, Montana, where candles are a thing
of the past Electrio lights will also be
used in the hoisting works, blacksmith
shops and all shops and buildings about the
mine. The mining superintendent says
they are safer, better and cheaper than
Electric Tanning. ""
Leather is now tanned by electricity. The
process consists in subjecting the hides in
contact with ordinary tanning materials
(without acids) to the action of a current
of electricity on a revolving drum. The
saving m time is very great two to four
days instead of three to nine months while
the cost is reduced to 4 cents instead of 8.
Preservation of Wire Hope.
The life of a wire rope maybe doubled by
the application of graphite mixed with
grease, which prevents rusting and saves
the rope from abrasion when coming in con
taot with hard substances. The graphite
finds its way into the .space between the
wires, and is kept there by the grease.
Apparatus for Firemen.
The Paris firemen are now provided with
cylinders of oxygen under pressure, to be
used for the prompt relief of persons suffo
cated during fire.
America has 10,000 electric motors in use;
England only 200.
VAGARIES OP MNHANSHIP.
How Circumstances Combine to Change a
A prominent business man in this city,
calledipon to sign 100 letters every day,
will tell you that his signature never varies
from the standard fixed by himself in the
morning, and yet I know that that man will
write for an hour with the enjoyment of a
writing master; interrupted by some person
who irritates himy he will write for an hour
with the heavy-poking stick movement of a
newspaper man; interrupted again by a
man who brings him good news, and his
pen will slip over the paperwith a light,un
Sometimes the whole signature is signed
without raising the pen, again the same is
written with great care at each initial.
Taking the 100 letters, no man could swear
that they were signed by the same man.
First Carpet-beater Husky Shanghnessy
(on the return to (theWanderer) Tbi3
work, after lunch) hero loss o' sleep is
Now, then, Jimmv, breakin me all up!
let's finish up this
last one in a hurry!
Are yoa ready ?
Second Osr pet
im let 'argot
g Jw I I l)w Jfif
BY A .CLERGYMAN.
iwarrnjr tor thx dispatch.
EAEHESTHESS is the right band and
conviction is the left hand of the successful
laborer for Christ. Nothing can be. done in
religion withont these two. Indeed, this
is true in any calling. "It were better,"
remarks Mrs.' Browning, "to pursue a
frivolous trade by serious means than a
sublime trade frivolously ; better -dance at
fairs on a tight-rope until children drop
their gingerbread for joy (ban pky at art
as boys play at swords."
When we deal rfith eternal verities the
being of God, the soul -of man, the swift
coming judgment day, the everlasting ver
dift shall we not touch these high themes
as the priests in the Jewish temple handled
the sacred utensilspf the altar and the ark
with reverent fingers ? It is an awfnl thing
to stand, like the Hebrew prophet, between
the living sad the dead as every Christian
does, whether clerical or lay. To-day let
us be fired by conviction and moved by
earnestness in all our work.
Are we not reminded by the recent Wash
ington Centennial celebration of those words
ot the Bunker Hill hero ? who said to the
embattled farmers, as the Bed Coats marched
up the slope: "Boys, don't fire until you
see the white of their eyes'" No wasting of
powder to-day. Make every shot tell. A
lofty purpose will lead every Christian to
cry this mornin?, -with Wellington at
Waterloo: "Up, guards, and at theml",
A Spurious Peace.
Peace in a family, peace in a church,
peace in a community, is blessed. Hut
there is a spurious peace the peace of sloth,
of apathy. Such peace is death. Mr. Spur
geon compares it to rust, and agitators, both
in church and State, he says, "help to scour
the vessels and keep them from becoming
rusty." A good, honest controversy is not
a bad thing occasionally. It acts in morals
as a thunder storm does in natnre, drives
out miasma and puts tonic in the atmos
phere. We would not advise a fight although
there are some hen-pecked husbands in the
family, and some sleepy members in the
church, and some abuses in the community,
which it should seem that nothing else will
cure. Anyhow, we are not to love peace
more than truth, more than justice, more
Don't invite war but don't run from it
A Passage From Talmage.
Oub quaint friend De Witt Talmage is
nothing if not dramatic Here is a passage
in which he likens life to a sermon. Our
birth is the text Youth the introduction.
During manhood we lay down a few propo
sitions and prove them. Some passages are
dull and some are sprightly. Then come
inferences and application. At 70 we say,
"Fifthly and lastly." The doxology 'is
sung. The benediction is pronounced. The
book is closed. It is getting cold. Frost
on the window-pane. Audience gone. Shut
up the church. Sexton goes home with the
key on his shoulder.
Napoleon Awed by a Woman.
There were few human beings that Na
poleon I was afraid of; but he was afraid of
Madame de Stael, the brilliant litterateur,
who exemplied the truth of Bulwer's line
The pea is mightier than the sword.
Speaking of her, lie said: "She carries a
quiver full of arrows that would hit a man '
though seated on a rainbow." For years
he persecuted hen Finally, thinking it
wisest to get her on his side, he sent his
brother to invite her to come to Paris and
advise him as to a constitutional govern
ment Her queenly reply was:
"Tell the Emperor that for 12 years he
has done without either me or the constitu
tion, and tbat I believe he has as little re
gard for the one as he has for the other."
A Dark Picture.
These is a popular chart of the religious
faiths of mankind, which had its origin in a
deeply earnest soul in Chicago. By means
of small squares of various colors, each
square representing 1,000,000 people, the
small proportion of Christian people to the
great mass of the heathen population is
vividly represented to the eve; 391,000,000
of nominal Christians and 1,026,000,000 of
practical heathen. There is no reason to
doubt the facts, and they are appalling. If
only true Christians had been contrasted
with all not Christians, the picture would
have been darker still; and it would have
been yet darker in the time of Christ and of
the A'postles. Then but an almost invisi
ble spot would have shone out from the
blackness. But, after all, is it a true pic
ture? Does it not ignore the fact that 50
missionary societies with thousands of mis
sionaries, spending $7,000000 a year, are
starring that blackness? The great dark
region should be represented with little
fires kindled all through it and rays of
light spreading everywhere. Only thus is
the fact seen as it Is. Only thus are
Christ and the Gospel honored, and the
church encouraged to go on to greater
works and larger victories. How can we
go on with courage if the weapons of our
wariare have hitherto failed us; 11 tne
gospel we preach-has been unsuccessful and
the enemy is stronger than when the battle
begun? We are most inspired and en
thused with zeal and courage, most ready
for self-denial and work when we see clearly
the magnitude of the work to be done, and,
at the same time, realize that we are under
a leader who has proved His power, and
proclaiming a gospel which ever has been
andstilfis triumphing over its 'foes, and
BILE POISONED BLOOD.
Nearly every one is occasionally troubled
with bilious attacks, more especially In the
spring months, after the system has been sur
feited with hearty food during the winter. The
action of the Liver is interfered with, causing
an overflow of bile Into the blood. The blood
carries this bile into every part of the system,
causing yellow skin, yellow eyes, liver spots,
etc and often serioas cases ot bilious fever
originate from this bile poisoned blood. A.
few doses of Burdock Blood Bitters, taken on
appearance of bilious symptoms, will remove
them and protect the system from a probable
Run Down In the Spring.
Tam miner Bnrdock Blood Bit
ters for Sick Headache and Bil
iousness. It is the best medicine 1
ever took. I was so run down this
spring from overwork that my
husband urged ma to see a doctor.
I was scarcely able to stand and
concluded to try B. B-BIttersflrst;
tbe first bottle is not yet finished,
but I can go about my work with
pleasure already. I shall take an
Mbs. Johit DorrNSttV,
cars of Edward Doolet,
15 Lyman street, Springfield,
I tell you for tho benefit of oth
ers what Burdock lllnod Bitters
ha., dono for me. I n.ive been a
sufferer for years from Lirer Com
plaint and weak stomach. At
times I was so bad that 1 would
apply to our family physician for
relief, which wouldbe butteapor
ary.Last falllhad anunusuallr bad
spell. Myjnother bought a bottle
of Burdock Blood Bitten, and It
gave me great relief. It helped
me mora than anything I bava
ever taken. It Is ateo excellent
for constipation. Mrs. Lizzie
GutrBBjIckesbcrg, Perry Cik. Pa.
LAST SPRING, ,
Dasc spring mv health itccstre Tory poor.' I
haa no appetito and mr liver troubled me. I
used several medicines, but obtained no relief
until I was finally persuaded to try Burdock
Bleed Bitters; TatomeiHoiBo eared me.
aegenyKelriag the ywpeee for which if wiil
seat we. ,
DEAR keys W JOB can add verr
much to home happiness, especiaUy U TOh
have a mother who Is not verj strong, or a
grandpa or grandma who is aged and feeble,
by being thoaghtfal and mannerly. There
is a right way to open and shut the door; a
right way to move frea ose part of the
room to another; a right way to sit down, to
rise, to hold a book a right way to do
everything that is wortk dig at all.
And yet we have kaown children to give
their parents sad hearts by the neglect of
these little home duties. It is more easy to
do these things right thaaJ do them wrong.
One very ugly habit se-ae yoang people
have is that otcalling aload ttrenameof a
brother or sister, or even of a father or, a
mother, who may be in another room, or
upstairs, or in tie yard. A polite person
will always go to the one whose attwUands
required and speak In a low saifmeimt
tone of voice. t p
The home might be made far mere pleA-v
ant Dy ooservance of many of taete iJifue
matters. Our Little Pen-nU 5M
XII. f -r . - .
actings oi ueaa winas. 1
The worst calamity that could befalUi
short-sighted creatures would be for God, to:
let us have our own way. In the vo vaee fo1
life we should choose nothing but smooth,,
6eas and lair winds and full cargoes and?
"quick trips" and safe harbors. God is
wiser than we are, and He no more consults
us than I consult my grape vines when J.
send a gardener to prune off the surplus
When Christ directed His disciples to cross
the lake of Galilee on a certain night, Hedid
not give them the control of the weather.
He knew that a storm was coming, but He
did not tell them. They found it out for
themselves before they had gone very far;
and Peter, who was an "old hand" on that
lake, had never known a rougher night or a
surgier sea. The wind is right in their teeth,
and the waves hammer the bow of their
fishing smack like iron sledges. With all
their sturdy pulls at the oars, they make but
little headway. They are learning some
lessons that night; and so are some of my
readers who are just now passing through
storms of trouble and enveloped by the dark
ness of a mysterious Providence. They are
learning the blessings of headwinds. T. L.
Pretty and Pathetic.
Although the belief in magicians and
genii passes with childhood, there -occurs
now and then something that recalls it very
vividly. Quite as wonderful, in its way, as
any of the feats which Alladdin accom
plished with his lamp, is a pretty and1-'
pathetic story, published in the Daily Tele-,
graph, of London: '
A hospital for sick children in the east end
of London should at least, one would think, bo
as good a building, as well fitted foritspurpose,
as the stable at the west end. Yet, the work of
which this story tells was carried on In a
tumble-down old wharf warehouse, such a
place as the readers of Dickens can easily
picture to themselves. It might have formed
Sartofthe business premises of the famous
tr.Qnllp, and, for certain, none of the gay
procession thronging Hyde Park would have
suffered bne of their Iee horses to abide in it
a single night. But it bad to do for the sick
children simply because there was no money to
build a better place. And then one day, np tha
rickety stairs, holding on by the rope that
served as a banister, came a shabby, gruff old
man, asking, in a tone that seemed to threaten
an action for damages, it this were a children's
hospital, and if they did not want a proper hos
pital T" The Secretary, with faint hopes of a
guinea, answered these questions and received
a check for 1,U00! They went oyer the place,
and when this unexpected angel of blessing
had seen the children he came back, and asked
again for pen and ink, and wrote a second
thousand! Then with his coat buttoned, he
was about to go. but one story after another of '
healing and child heroism flowed from the Sec
retary's lips, until, with a gruff Hal the coat
was thrown back once more, the magic book
produced, and a third thousand laid beside tha
others. 1 found my way up and I can find my
way down. Good davP The' man of shabbr
coat and gruff voice was gone, bat the Secre- x
tary had the new building in his hand. , V
A Remarkable Fner. - v"'"7 J
The announcement that the family of A.
us juy. i. u. v 00a, me popular x.ngusa
naturalist, whose books and lectures have
been so much enjoyed, is left almost penni
less, has led to the publication of surprising
facts in regard to other popular persons.
The English pension list, to which special
attention has been called by the Society of
Authors, among those receiving grants re
cently on account of "indigent circum
stances," includes the names of Sir John
Steell, the artist, of Miss Gordon Camming,
of Mr. John Bell, the sculptor, of three
daughters of Principal Tulloch, of three
sisters of John Leech, the famous caricatur
ist, and of the widow of Prof. Balfour Stew
art. It is almost incredible that the talent
indicated by such names has not earned a
,t. t. -rrr.-i .L , -r. ... ' JlSr
THE old truths of life and faith no more be
come threadbare to the soul that holds them
precious, than do, to the man who loves them,
the old haunts by the ocean, the old walk on
the hills, the old face among friends. S. Clan
A MAID servant was sauntering through one
of our city parks, a few days since, '"minding"
an obstreperous child of 5 or 6 years. The little
terror snarled and sputtered ail along the walk.
His attendant conscientiously endeavored
to gratify him, without avail. Sba suggested
this, she proposed that, she offered, reasoned,
entreated. It was useless. At last she cried:
"Whatdoyeuwantt" "I want,' repHed the
child, "I want (a pause) I don't know what I
want, but anything tbat 1 can't have!" There
are a good many children or a larger growth,
and of both sexes, whose likeness is reflected
in tbat glass.
"I have no more Influence than a farthing
rush light," said one English workman to an
other. "Well," was the reply, "a rush light
does much. It may burn a haystacker for tho
matter of that a house. It can help onq to read
a chapter in God's word. Go vour way and let
your little rush light so shine before men .that
they may glorify your Father in heaven."
If you suffer from Headache, Nausea, Ditia
ness, Faintncss, Alternate Costiveness and
Diarrhoea, Yellow Complexion, Weakness, Ach
ing Shoulders or any other symptom'of bilious
ness or Liver Complaint, procure a bottle of
B. B. B , which will correct the clogged condi
tion of the Liver, cleanse the blood of all Im
purities and tone- up the entire system. It Is
an acknowledged fact by all who have used
BURDOCK BLOOD BITTERS THAT ONE
BOTTLE CONTAINS MOBE CTJBATTVB
PROPERTIES THAN GALLONS OF ANT
OTHEB MEDICINE KNOWN.
A Horrible Condition.
I was in a horrible' condition from
dyspepsh and a combination of other
complaints. In the morning when I
got out of bed it seemed as if I could
not stand up on account of dizxlness.
Hearing Burdock Blood Bitters high
ly recommended, I am now using the
first bottle, and, although not having
used quite a fall bottle, the dizziness
has entirely disappeared and I am
much better of my other complaints.
X have tried many other medicines,
with no relief.
Mbs. Mary Chatwcit,
SOS E. Ransom St, Kalamazoo. Mich.
I had been troubled with liver
Complaint, Indigestion and Palpita
tion of the Heart for fira or six years
and could get nothing to do me any
good until I tried B.U.B. inseaia
bottles and now I am a sound man. I
feel better than I ever did in my Uf e.'
My digestion became an ngnt ana x ,-j
nave no moretrouoiawimniTnean. .
I feel Terr- tmtetal toward B. B. B.
and feel like recommending it every- ,
whr Ymim restHctfallv. FraSK
TTinvir'"? Kw Straitsville. Perrr"
Zhaya been taUng Burdock Blood Blttrrs '
and using It In my family this spring, Tor
tareayc-irs I baro had tha dyspepsia.' Itjeta , '
bottle or two of your Bitters aad they a
cri me, d I sever felt better ia my Mt.&It'
ia a asm mi far yimm1 aad boat Mdkk.
lllowwot. w r- " Msssm."" .
v , .
Jt. ' '