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- Indian, and did not for a moment relax
from a military attitude.
"Washington's exact height was 6 feet 2
inches in his boots. He was then a little
ame from striking his knee against a tree.
His eve was so gray that it looked almost
white, and he had a troubled look on his
colorless face. He had a piece of woolen
tied around his throat, and was quite
hoarse. Perhaps the throat trouble irom
which he finally died had its origin about
"Washington's boots were enormous.
They were Ko. 13. His ordinary walking
shoes were 2fo. 11. His hands were large
in proportion, and he could not buy a
glove to fit him, and had to have his gloves
made to order. His mouth was his strong
feature, the lips being always tightly com
pressed. That day they were compressed so
tightly as to be painful to look at.
"At that time he weighed 200 pounds,
and there was no surplus flesh about him.
He was tremendously muscled, and the
tame of his great strength was everywhere.
His large tent, when wrapped up with the
Vles, was so heavy that it required two
men to place it in the camp wagon. Wash
ington would lift it with one hand and
throw it in the wagon as easily as if it were
a pair of saddlebags. He could hold a
musket with one hand and shoot with pre
cision as easily as other men did with a
horse pistol. His lnngs were his weak
point and his rpice was never strong.
"He ras at that time in the prime of life,
His hair was a chestnnt brown, his cheeks
were prominent and his head was not large
in contrast to every other part of his body,
which seemed large and bony at all points.
His finger joints and wrists were so large as
to be genuine curiosities. As to habits at
that period I found out much that might be
interesting. He was an enormous eater, but
was content with bread and meat, if he had
plenty of it But hunger seemed to put him
in a rage. It was his habit to take a drink
of rum or whisky on awakening in the
'Of course all this was changed when he
grew old. I saw him at Alexandria a year
before he died. His hair was very gray
and bis form was slightly bent His chest
was very thin. He had false teeth which
did not fit and pushed his nnderlip out
ward." His facial characteristics, with the excep
tion of the double chin seen in the silhou
ette which was made from life, were appar
ently the same throughout his life. In
some of his younger portraits the head is
curiously narrow. Doubtless this character
istic, however, was an interpretation of the
Zt is a carious fact that though. Washing
ton was painted by many persons, and
though he was not in h'is day without
enemies, there are few caricatures of him in
existence which were purposely made as
such. Among the relics at the Metropolitan
Museum, however, there are numerous weU
lntentioned portraits which assume the air
ot caricatures. Among these are several
engravings of him habited in a toga and
representing his apotheosis while he is sur
rounded by strange forms, etc Several
medals also give him a curious appearance.
There are also several curious portraits
at the museum done by Japanese artists.
In most of these the methods ot Europe
and America are imitated.
X Itrmnrknblo Fact Cited Washington
Very Nervons The Inaugural Costnmea
of American Manufacture Women En
thusiastic One of the most remarkable points in con
nection with the inauguration of Washing
ton was that the first President was adminis
tered the oath of office by a man who had no
personal or political sympathy with him
whatever; who was, in fact, opposed to re
publican institutions. Chancellor Robert
Livingston, of New York, who administered
the official oath to Washington, was a man
as utterly unrepublican as could possibly be
found in a republic He had never been
warmly in favor
t" albeit it was
j no faith whaterer-'ili "'government of
the people, bv the people, for the people"
Chancellor Booert Livingston was an aris
tocrat by breeding and an Englishman by
theory; he was only a United States citizen,
as it were, under protest
This man it was who handed the Bible to
the freedom-loving, England-defying pa
triot, who had been elected unanimously the
first President of the greatest of all republi
can governments. A stranger, stronger
contrast between the man himself and the
position he held than was exhibited in Rob
of the separation of th, '.pronaDly at JUciLee's xtocKsj, at tne place
from the "mothee-obun' f ?ere e umo tjompanyinienaea to erect
tint a. stenmotW: r and 1. . ,orl. "" omngiss, xviuK oi tne x-eia-
ert B. Livingston had never been presented
by mortal man. In two respects, and two
only, did Chancellor Livingston and Presi
dent Washington resemble each other in
their personal dignity and spotless personal
character, but politically they were as far
apart as the poles.
Throughout the inaugural ceremonies the
Chancellor was more composed.and sell-con-trolled
than the President. In fact, Wash
ington had an attack of "stage fright" dur
ing the ceremonies, and was once on the
verge of innning away in a panic He was
. accustomed to controlling an army from
his horse or from his tent. He was used to
command alike soldiers and , slaves.
But he was not in the habit of
dealing with a multitude ot civil
ians. He was not a trained orator, and
when he faced the admiring throng of his
own countrymen he trembled something he
had sever done before the British. His face
grew ashy pale. He almost fainted. Had
it not been for the moral and physical sup
port given him by his few most- intimate
friends General Knox and Charles Lee
George "Washington would never hare gone
through the routine of his inauguration.
In his own diary, Washington writes of
"having little hope of fulfilling the too flat
tering expectations of his countrymen." He
spoke of himself with almost painful mod
esty as regards his official capabilities to his
Private Secretary, Charles Thompson, and
his friend Colonel Humphreys, while to his
intimate confident, Bev. Joseph Coling
broke. he indicted a letter fnll of fore
bodings as to his probable failure as Presi
dent XS AMTJ8ING TXCIDENT.
Even on April SO, when the hall was
ready and Washington dressed and waiting,
the people all along the line were impa
tient, anxious and alarmed. An hour and
a half went by; while Congress discussed
laws and doctrines? By no means; but
whether the President was to be received
sitting or standing. One reads the account
of those days with a smile, there was some
thing so infinitely amusing in it all. Said
John Adams: "Gentlemen I wish for the
direction of the Senate The President
will, I suppose, address the Congress. How
shall I behave? How shall we receive it?
Shall it be standing or sitting?" That
opened the discussion, which went on, wax
ing warmer and warmer, while the Presi
dent waited at home and the people, as we
said, in the streets. Bichard Henry Lee,
of "Virginia, had been in the House of
Commons and in the House of Lords, and
he said that "the Lords sat and he Com
mons stood on the delivery of the King's
speech." Ealph Izard saw a reason for
that, however, and was quick to point it
out-tbe Commons stood because, arrived at
the House of Lords, there was nothing to
sit on. John Adams appealed to, remarked
with chagrin, that he, too, had been in Par
liament, but that "there had always been
tuch a crowd, and ladies along, he could
sot see how it was." Even when the mem
bers went to meet the President at his house
ome stayed behind to discuss these aqd
' il .. -1 M. .1.- Z H A? -
f .Anotner point auoufc uiciuHuguiauuu ux
iWiishinrton deserves special mention. He
Knade it a point to be inaugurated as the first
,'Amencan irreslaent wearing a suit ot
kclothes wholly of American manufacture.
; His coat and waistcoat were of American
' cloth, cis white silk stockings were made in
his native State, Virginia; he bought his
shoe buckles in New York. Even the
Ptpowder in us nair was oi American msnn-
eture. In every detail of apparel, as well
gii in ererj detail of character, the first and ,
greatest American President, was all
John Adams, the first Vice President,
was also attired like his chief, entirely from
head to foot in American fabrics. Chancel
lor Livingston, on the contrary, had im
ported his broadcloth suit, like his political
sentiments, from England.
But perhaps the most "striking, because
the most beautiful and poetical, feature of
the inauguration of our first Presidentwas
the intense enthusiasm manifested by the
women of the country and the city in the
A French emigre, a Parisian lady oi high
rank, the Countess de Languedoc, was in
Hew York Citvat that time, and of course
attended the inauguration. She never took
her eyes from Washington's face daring the
entire ceremony, and Irom that day onward
vowed there was only one man in the world
worth a woman. Another lady from the
even then flourishing town of Boston,
stayed in the streets of New Yoi kail the
night before the inauguration from sheer
lack of accommodations elsewhere, but ex
pressed herself more than repaid for all her
exposure and fatigue by having seen Wash
ington. Many and many a woman would
share her feelings this day. A very large
percentage of those who beheld the inaugu
ration were women.
WASHINGTON AS SURVEYOR.
Hts Trip to the Forks of tbe Ohio in 1753
A Winter Journey Fall of Hardship
Bli Narrow Eacnpe.
The perilous journey of George "Washing
ton to the forks oi tbe Ohio is interesting at
this time. The Ohio Land Company, with
a royal charter, in 1649 began to make ar
rangements for establishing a colony on the
Ohio, either to the northward of that river
or between the Kanawha and the Mononga
hela. This company was composed of dis
tinguished Virginians, two of whom bore
the name of Washington. Acting under
the orders of the company, Christopher Gist,
in 1750, made a thorough exploration of the
land along the Ohio, from the mouth of the
Allegheny to tbe vicinity of Louisville
The proposed colony, however, was never
established. The mere exploration of the
country by the Virginians aroused tbe
French to such exertions that the company
saw at once that it would be unsafe to make
The French left their headquarters at
Presque Isle, now Erie, and descended
French creek, erecting Port Le Bceuf at the
mouth of that stream. When news reached
Vireinia in the spring of 1753 thatDu
Quesne, the Governor of Canada, had dis
patched a military force to occupy the Alle
gheny Velley and colonize the country, the
Virginians were thoroughly aroused. Gov
ernor Dinwiddie, before proceeding to hos
tilities, decided to remonstrate with the
French, and George Washington, then a
surveyor, only 21 years of age, was se
lected to carry the official paper to the
commandant, giving warning against fur
ther intrusion. He sat out on his perilous
mission from Fredericksburg, Va. Oc
tober 31, and arrived at Will's Creek, now
Cumberland, Md., November 14, having
picked up on his way there Christopher
Gist, who'was to act as guide; a French in
terpreter and four other men. From Will's
Creek the party passed through the mount
ains to the Yougbiogheny river and down
that stream and the Monongahela to the site
of Pittsburg. The story ot the journey
through the wilderness has often been told
and need only be briefly recounted here. It
was on the 27th of November, 1753, that the
future President first gazed upon the waters
of tbe Ohio, then flowing through grand
iorests between rngged hills abounding in
"As I got down before the canoe," says he
in his journal, "I spent some time in view
ing the rivers and the. land in the fork,
which I think extremely well situated for a
fort as it has' the absolute command of
both rivers. Abont two miles
from this, on the southeast side of the river
'wares, we called upon to invite him to
council at Logstown."
X STOKT OP HAEDSH P.
Logstown was a Shawnee village on the
Ohio, 17 miles below Pittsburg, where Tan
acharison, the Half King, dwelt. Wash
ington remained there until November 30,
when he set out for Venango, accompanied
by the friendly Half King. He reached Le
Bceuf December 12 after a tiresome jonrney,
and was courteously received by the French
commander, who, however, made a very un
satisfactory reply to Governor Dinwiddle's
letter. He said that he had been com
manded by his superior to eject every En
glishman trom the Ohio Valley, and meant
to carrv out his orders. Washington took
note ot the strength of the fortification and.
ot tbe preparations tnat were mating to
send a fleet of boats down the riverto fortify
the forks of the Ohio.
The story of his return through the wil
derness is briefly bnt graphically told by
Bid path as follows:
"Washington returned to Venango, and
then, with Gist as his sole companion, left
the river and struck into the woods. It was
one of the most solitary marches ever made
by man. There in the desolatewilderness
was the future President of the United
States. Clad in the robe of an Indian, with
gun inland and knapsack strapped to his
shoulders; straggling through interminable
snows; sleeping with frozen clothes on a
bed of pine brush; breaking through the
treacherous ice of rapid streams; guided by
day by a pocket compass and at night by the
north star, seen at intervals through the
leafless trees; fired at by a prowling savage
from his covert not 15 steps away; thrown
Irom a raft into the rushing Allegheny;
escaping to an island and lodging there un
til the river was frozen over; plunging again
into tbe forest; reaching Gist's settlement
and then Potomac the strong-limbed yonng
ambassador came back without wound or
scar to the capital of Virginia. For his
flesh was not made to be torn with bullets or
eaten by wolves. The defiant dispatch of
St Pierre was laid before Governor Din
widdie, and the first public service of Wash
ington was accomplished."
' WASHINGTON AS A 10YER.
The Father of His Country to Bliss Bettle
The letter, of which the following is a
copy, yellow with age and worn apart at the
edge of the folds, is in the possession of
Governor Lee It is a missive in which
Washington speaks of love,' and it goes to
show what is well known to history, that he
who was "first in war, first in peace, first in
the hearts of his countrymen," was not a
ladies' favorite. It was written when Wash
ington was only 20 years of age
According to many accounts, this modest
youth made three attempts before he could
get a lady to accept him. It is said that he
in vain" addressed Miss Bettie Fantleroy,
Miss Mary Cary Ambler, and Miss Lucy
Grimes, and finally found success, and hap
piness too, in his courtship of the Widow
The Father of His Country, as he turned
out to be, imposing as was his character
and presence, was rather a solemn looking
personage, and at the date when Miss
Fantleroy declined his attentions, was long
and lean and red from open-air life and ex
ercise as a surveyor and Indian hunter.
"Whether this letter was to the father or
some other near relative of the girl; whether
Washington ever renewed his suit, as he
wrote he" would do, and what became of bis
lady love,,re all interesting questions.
Mat 2a 1752.
Sru I should have been down long before
this, but my business In Fredericksburg de
tained roe somewhat longer than I expected,
and Immediate y upon my return from hence I
was taken with a violent pleurisy which has re
duced me very low, but propose a oon as I re
cover my strength to wait upon Miss Bettle in
hopes of a reconsideration of the former cruel
sentence, and to see if I cannot obtain adecls
Ion In my favor. I have enclosed a letter to
her which I shall be jnncb obliged to yon for
the delivery of it. 1 have nothing to add but
my best respects to yonr good lady and fami
ly, and that I am. sir,
Your most obedient, humble servant,
G. WASHCf GTOS.
William Fantleroy, Br., Esq., Sp Richmond.
Historical Facts- From Tombstones
and Musty English Records.
THE KORTHAMPTOH WASHINGTONS
His Family Escutcheon Suggested the Stars
iTAET, THE EOSE OP EPEINQ FOREST
The county of. Northamptonshire in En
gland is noted for having furnished En
glish history some of the most stirring
pages, for containing some of the oldest
ecclesiastical and military monuments in
the United Kingdom, and, with no less de;
gree of self-congratulation, for having been
the home of members of the "Washington
family, especially the birthplace of Sir John
Washington, known to Ihe student of En
glish and American history as the "emi
grant" who went to Virginia in 1657 and
became the grandfather of the "father of
lm country." The body ot Lawrence
Washington, the lather of Sir John, lies
buried in the quaint quiet church at Bring
toq, near the town of Northampton, and tin
the old-fashioned tomb-slab are the arms
from which the design of the seal of George
Washington was taken, which, it is said,
"suggested the stars and stripes of
the American ensign." The dis
covery that tbe Washington family had re
sided at the little village of Brington was
not known until some 25 or 30 years ago,
when the Bev. John Nassau Simpkinson,
rector of the village, delivered a lecture
upon the subject, and afterward wrote a
novel entitled: "The Washingtons; a Tale
of a Country Parish in the 'Seventeenth
Century." The Bev. Mr. Simpkinson was
at that time a great favorite with the Amer
ican colony in. London, and every Fourth of
July he went to the metropolis and spoke
on his favorite subject. As 'a novel, the
Bev. Mr. Simpkinson's book on "The
Washingtons" must be considered a failure.
The heroine is Amy Washington, bnt the
only interest she inspires in the reader's
mind is when she visits Lord Spencer's
halls and banquets, and thus gives the
learned rector an exense for describing
rural lire in a bygone age. Still, the book
contains 60 or 70 pages of valuable "notes"
on the Washingtons of Sulgrave and Brine-
ton, and the work is prefaced with excellent
views of the little church of Brington and
the small honse in Brington supposed to
have been occupied by the Washingtons.
X SINGULAE COINCIDENCE.
By a singular coincidence from the ad
joining parish of Warden sprung the
family of Lord North, the great antagonist
of Washington, and Prime Minister during
the Amencan war. And more interesting
still, tbe cradle of theFranlclin family isnot
ten miles away from the once home of Wash
ington's ancestors. Franklin's grandfather
was a blacksmith and small proprietor at
Ecton a little village abont two miles out
side of the town of Northampton where
his family had lived on a Ireehold of about
30 acres for full 300 years, beyond which the
records did not extend.
The Northampton Washingtons came
originally from Warton in Lancashire.
The father of the first Lawrence Washing
ton (of Sulgrave) was John Washington of
that place. His un cle was Sir Thomas Xet
son, one of the great London merchants,
who, in the time of Henry VH. and Henry
VJJ.I., developed the wool trade of the coun
try. Lawrence Washington was by pro
fession a barrister, and was probably in
duced to settle in Northamptonshire th'at he
might superintend his uncle's transactions
with the sheep proprietors in that county.
Lawrence became a man of influence; in
1532 he was elected Mayor of Northampton.
At the time of the desolation of the monas
teries; occupying an important position and
identified with the principles of the refor
mation, he obtained a grant of the manor
and lands of Sulgrave, together with other
estates, which till then had belonged to the
monastery ot ot. Andrews atNortnanip'on.
Sulgrave remained in the family until 1620,
and was commonly designated "Washing
Though written manv years ago, the de
scription of Sulgrave by Washington Irv
ing, when on his pilgrimage to the ancestral
homes of the Washingtons, is said to fairly
describe the Sulgrave of to-day. "It was a
quiet, rural neighborhood," said he, "where
the farm houses were quaintand antiquated,
A part of the manor-house remained, and
was inhabited by a farmer,
THE WASHINGTON CREST.
"The Washington crest, in colored glass,
was to be seen in the window of what was
now the battery. The window on which
the old family arms were blazoned had been
removed to the residence of the actual pro
prietor of the manor." In the pavement of
the parish chnrch of Sulgrave is a stone
slab, bearing the effigies on brasses of Law
rence Washington, gentleman, and Annie,
his wife, and their 4 sons and 11 daughters.
The inscription, in black letter, is dated
1564. These are the oniy memorials, extant
at Sulgrave, the parish reeister having been
destroyed. The Washingtons held Sulgrave
for three generation!', ranking among the
nobility and gentry of the county. When
their fortunes appear to have failed, and
Lawrence Washington, the then proprietor,
had to sell the estate, Lawrence, with his
brother Bobert, then retired to the'parish of
Brington, courting, it would seem, the pro
tection of the Spencer family. The rela
tionship between the two families accounts
for Lord Spencer offering an asylum to the
The Washingtons did not stay at Little
Brington many years. The depression ot
their fortune was temporary, They recov
ered position and wealth by a singular mar
riage. The eldest son of the family had
married a half sister of George Villiera, af
terward Dnke of Buckingham, an alliance
which at that time was not beyond the pre
tensions of the Washingtons. They appear
in consequence soon to have risen again to
affluence and prosperity, and removed to
Brington in 1606. Lawrence Washington,
on the fatal termination of the sale of the
Sulgrave estate in 1610, remoyed
with his numerous family to London, and
the house at Brington was then occu
pied by his brother Bobert. Bobert and
his wife spent the remainder of their days
there, both dying in 1622, justifying the
words found on their epitaph, "After they
lived lovingly together many years in this
parish." Where Lawrence died is not
clear, bnt he died 1616 and was buried at
TOMBS OP THE WASHINGTONS.
There are two tombstones,- one in tho
chancel covering the, grave of Lawrence
Washington, and the other in tbe nave
marking the last resting place of Elizabeth
and Martha Washington.
The inscription on one grave reads as
Here lies interred ye bodies of Eliza B.
Washington, widdowe who changea this life for
imtnortallitie ye 19th of March 1622. As also
ye body of Robert Washington, gent; her late
husband, second sonne of Robert Washington
of Sulgrave, In ye county of North, esqr. who
depted this life ye 10th of March 1622 after they
lovingly lived together.
Above the inscription is chiseled in stone
the arms of the Washington and Butler
On the other is inscribed the following:
Here lieth the bodi of Lawrence Washington,
Sonne and beir of Robert Washington of Sol
grave In the countie of Northampton, E'qnler,
who married Margaret, the eldest daughter of
William Butler in the conntie of Sussex,
Esnuier who had by her 6 sons 9 daughters,
which Lawrenco deceased the 13 December
A. Dnl 1616.
Thrse that by chance or choyce
Or this hast sight
Know life to death resigned
As daye to-night
But as the sunns returned
Revives the day
So Christ shall us
Though tumde to dost fc clay.
Below the inscription there
a orasj i
shield let into the stone which has a still. I
greater interest It representfthe Washing
ton family escutcheon argent two bars
gules; in chief three mullets of the second
as is described in heraldic phraseology, the
signification of which will be better under
stood in simple language namely, on a
shield of silver (or white) two red bars, and
in chief (the upper part of the shield)
three stars also red. In this shield, there
fore, we have the origin of the national flag
of America. Of course the emigrant would
take the family escutcheon with him, and
hand it down in his family; and it is
claimed that the.Stars and Stripes were in
deed copied from Washington's signet ring.
The stripes on tbe Washington shield are
alternate gules (red) on a white (silver)
ground', as are those of the flag, and the
"mullets" in chief have the parallel pecul
iarity of being five-pointed, while six points
are sometimes known, The "mullet" in
heraldry is a star (generally) five points,
and is always formed of straight lines,
while the "estoile" is a star of six or more
points, with wavy rays. The crescent in the
center of the shield is the heraldic sign used
by the second son of the family the shield
is that ot Bobert.
THE PABISH BEOISTEB
records that a child of .Lawrence "Washing
ton, named Gregory, was baptized and
bnried at Brington, 1606-7. It also contains
1618. Mr. Lawrence Washington was buried
tbeXV. dav of December.
162a Mr. Philip Curtis and Miss Amy Wash
ington were married August 8.
162Z Mr. Robert Washington was buried
March ye 11th.
Mrs. Elizabeth Washington, widow, was
buried March yo 20th.
These constitute the records of -ihe "Wash
ington family in the chnrch at Great Bring
ton, but they do not comprise the whole of
what is of interest in the neighborhood.
Bobert Washington died childless. Law
rence Washington left four sons and eight
daughters, The sons were William, John,
Bobert and Lawrence. Bobert is supposed
to have died yonng; the surviving sons
were William, John and Lawrence. Will
iam, by his marriage, as previously stated,
brought up again the fortunes of his family.
All three are freauentiy in the AJtb'on
household books, where William is always
styled Sir William, John is first entered
as Mr. Washington, and is so styled in Jan
nary, 1722-23, bnt in the following March,
and ever afterward, he is called Sir John
Washington. He must have been knighted
in the interval by James I. This Sir John
Washington was the emigrant and direct
ancestor of George. Of the "emigrant,"
prior to his leaving England, not much has
been discovered. He appears, however,
above all others of the family, to have been
on intimate terms with the Spencers to the
very eve of the Civil War. When the Civil
War broke out the Washingtons took the
side of the king and fought for him with
that bravery of devotion which ever ap
pears to have been a characteristic of the
family. The name of
SIB HENRY WASHINGTON
is well-known to those who are acquainted
with the history of the Civil War; how he
led the storming party to Bristol and de
fended Worcester. We have it on the co
temporary authority of Lloyd that this Col
onel Washington was so well known for his
bravery that it became a proverb in the
army when a difficulty arose, "Away with it,
quoth Washington." Sir John had a place
at conrt, produced there by his friend, the
great Duke of Buckingham, through whom
he supposes he obtained his manor at South
Cave in Yorkshire, where he last resided
prior to departing for Virginia in 1657.
Washington Irving supposes that he and
his brother Lawrence went to Virginia in
consequence of being implicated in the
royalist conspiracy in 1656. Whether all or
any of Sir John's sons went with him there
are no means of knowing. The South Cave
estate remained in the Washington family
for some generations later, as is shown by
the parish register, but the record is incom
plete, part of the register having been de
stroyed. There is considerable testimony to sustain
the statement that the armor of the Wash
ington family, as emblazoned on the tomb
slabs in Brington church, suggested the
stars and stripes of the American flag. An
Englishman, Mr. A. T. Story, who has
made a study of the subject, says: ""It will
be noticed that the points of resemblance
between the sheild and the flag extend even
to the number of the points of the star, it in
both cases beintr five-pointell. and not. as is
more common, six-pointed. We have it on
undoubted authority that the Virginia
Washingtons bore, as their arms, the fa
miliar red bars and mullets (in heraldry,
the rowels of a spur) to be seen in so many
church windows of the Northamptonshire
and Warwickshire borders; among other
places, at Fawsley, the seat of the Knight
leys, once famous in connection with the
Puritans and the struggle for religious lib
erty. 'Edmonson's Heraldry' gives the fol
lowing ob one of the armorial bearings of
the Washingtons: 'In Buckinghamshire,
Kent, Warwickshire and Northamptonshire,
argent, two bars gnles, in chief three mul
lets of the second; crest, a raven with wings
indorsed proper, issuing out of a ducal coro
net, or.' This was the variety used by Gen
eral Washington, and is still to be seen at
tached to the commissions of some of the
earlier officers of the army of Independ
ence." EABLY EMIGRANTS.
The history of the family in this country
dates from the immigration of the brothers,
John and Lawrence, irom Yorkshire to Vir
ginia in 1657. John brought over his wife
and 'two children, according to good au
thority, and bought a tract of land at
Bridge's Creek, near the Potomac. His
wife and children died subsequently, and
he married Anne Pope, by whom he had
four children. One of them .Elizabeth,,
married Thomas Lanier.
The first son of John, Lawrence, had
three children. John, Augustine and Mil
dred. John had seven children, four of
whom left issne. It was the second son of
Lawrence, Augustine, who was the father of
John's 'daughter, Catharine, married
Colonel Fielding Lewis. On her death
Colonel Lewis married her cousin, Betty
Washington, sister of George, and had a
Augustine's sister, Mildred, nfarried
twice, and from her were descended the
Thornton and Willis families, of Virginia.
Her three daughters by her first husband,
Mr. Gregory, married three brothers named
Augustine Washington married twice;
first, Jane Butler, in 1715, who died in 1728,
and then Mary Ball, mother of George.
By his first wife Augustine had four chil
dren, two of whom, Lawrenceand Augustine,
left issne. By his second wife he had six
children, four of whom left issue. These
children, in their order of birth, were named
George, Betty, Samuel, John Augustine,
Charles and Mildred, the last of whom died
in her infancy.
Of the General's half brothers were many
descendants, and aside from families bear
ing the name of Washington may be men
tioned the Spotswoods, of Virginia; Finches,
of Brooklyn; Swaynes, of New York, and
Manpins, of Maryland.
General Washington's sister Betty had
six children, and her daughter Betty, who
married Charles Carter, nad 16 children;
John Augustine, his full brother, had 5
children, growing to manhood, and Colonel
Charles, his youngest brother, had 4. The
General's brother, Colonel Samuel, married
five time and left issue by two of the mar
riages. Bnshrod, a son of John Augnstine, was
the lavorite nephew of General Washington.
George Corbin Washington, a grandson
of the same brother, was one of the most
prominent of the family representatives,
and was a leading candidate for the nomi
nation of the Presidency which General-,
Winfield Scott secured. He served in Con
cress from 1827-33 and again in 1835-37. Hi
was the nearest of kin at the time of his
death through the marriage of cousins. His
mother was Jane, daughter of Augustine,
half brother of the General, and his father
was William Augnstine, a son of John
When General Washington was looking
about to see to whom he should bequeath
his property, scheduled at $530,000, a much
more siguincant lortune man tne- same
amount would appear la these days, he -had J ,
a wide field of kin before him from which
TJNDKB DIFFERENT NAMES.
Besides his many kinsmen who bear the
name of Washington there are numerous
others scattered over the country under
other names. The Washingtons for the
most part have clung to Virginia and the
neighboring State, but they are also found
in Tennessee, Eentucky, Texas and Cali
fornia. Among the families who do not bear the
name but which have the blood in their
veins derived from these sources may be
mentioned tbe following: '
Issue of Betty Washington-Families of
Reed, of Baltimore; Swathmev, of Maryland;
Bassett,of Wakefield. Va.; Lewis, of Baltl
more, Md.; Virginia, Missouri, Marietta, Ohio,
and Hoboken, N, J.; Steele, of Ohio: Hereford,
of Ohio; Lovell, or Ohio and West Virginia;
Carter, of Virginia; Paige, of Akron. O.; Ring,
of Cleveland, 0.: Gate wood, ot the Indian Ter
ritory; Hail, of Cleveland. O.; Empire, of North
Carolina; Scbroedcr, of Clinton, Mo.; Bond, of
Ellzabetb, N. J., and Mitchell, of Virginia.
Issue of Colsnel Samuel Families of Bedln
ger, of Missouri and Arkansas; Brown, of Mis
souri; McPherson, of Virginia; Moncnre, of
Smith, of Vermont, Arkansas and Mississippi;
Tallmadge, of Columbus, O., and Washington,
D. 0.; Gany, of California: Park, of Virginia;
Shrewsbury, of Virginia; Packett, of West Vir
ginia; Weir, ot Virginia, and Hunter, of New
Issue of John Augnstine Families of Her
bert, of Hanover county, Virginia; Howard, ot
Richmond county. West Virginia; Alexander,
of West Virginia; Flncfi, of Virginia, and Chew
and Willi.', of Charleston. W. Va.
Issue of Colonel Charles Fart ot tne Ball
family, of Virginia and Washington, D. C.. In
cluding old Ebenezer Burges Ball, of Wasbing
ton, The Balls are, however, also descended
from tho family of Washington's mother.
These branches are onlv thoso of the paternal
side. The descendants of tbe General's mother
and of bis wife by ber first husband are also en
titled to consideration.
The mother of "Washington must certainly
share in his glory. Yet his maternal ances
try has been, as a rule, overlooked, so that
a correspondent asks: "Had Washington no
The first President was blessed with an
eicentional mother, to whose early care and
training he attributed much of hfs develop
ment ot character and success. Mary Wash
ington came from a good family, whose his
tory in this country dates to Colonel Will
Jam Ball, who came from England in 1650
and settled at the mouth of the Corotoman
river, in Lancaster county, Virginia, and
who left many descendants.
Her father was Colonel Joseph Ball, of
Epping Forest, who was married twice. His
first wife was Miss Rogers, by whom he had
a son, Joseph, and four daughters, Eliza
beth, Hannah, Anne and Esther. The male
line is extinct, but there is issue living of
the daughters, who married men named
Carnegie, -Travers, Conway and Chinn.
By his second marriage Colonel Ball had
the mother of Washington, Mary.
Although she did not marry until she was
26 years of age she mnst have.been a beauti
ful young woman. Unfortunately there is
no satisfactory portrait of ber extant. She
was called the "Rose of Epping Forest,"
and the "Belle of Northern Neck."
She was a woman ot dignity and .pleasant
address, of intellectual vigor, strength of
resolntion and inflexible firmness where
principle was involved.
The great Lafayette remarked that she
belonged rather to the age of Sparta or
Borne than to modern times.
Before Washington set off for his inaug
uration he took a final farevull of bis
mother. She died in the early part of Sep
tember, 1789, having lived to see her son
An instance of the affection in which she
was held by her son was shown at the York
town ball, of which so much has been writ
ten. She was then in her 80th year and de
sired privacy, but yielding to the solicitation
of her son she went to gratify him. She
entered leaning on his arm. This oconrred
after the capture of Cornwallis, and there
was a brilliant gathering of French and
Continental officers present, who all did
honor to mother and son.
THE BALI, FAMILY.
The Ball family to-day, who claim to be
the nearest of kin to Washington, ore de
scendants of her uncle, Captain William
.Bail, and of her aunt, Hannah Fox, nee
Bali, through the marriage of cousins, and
of ColAnel Charles Washington, full brother
of General Washington, and further down
through the marriage of the issne of Colonel
Charles Francis Washington to Colonel
Colonel Ebenezer Burges Ball, of Wash
ington, and George Washington Ball, of
Alexandria, Va., are equally near of kin.
The issue of the last named are Charles
Fayette Ball, B. Mason Ball, paymaster on
the United States steamer Yantic; B. Ran
dolph Ball, Lientenant in the army; Mary
R., Xiandonia, Elizabeth and Fannie R.
From the same close line of descent came
the families of Thompson and Littleton, of
Although the descendants of the estimable
wife of the President cannot be classed
among his kin. yet they are entitled to con
sideration, and they have had representa
tion on such occasions as the Centennial
She was a widow, with two children living
of the four she had by her first husband,
Daniel Parke Cnstis, when General Wash
ington married her. Their names were
John Parke Cnstis and Martha Parke Cns
tis, both of whom have descendants living.
Martha married Thomas Peter, merehant of
Georgetown. John Parke Custis was an
aid-de-camp of his stepfather.
Among their descendants may be men
tioned the families of Kennon, Rogers, of.
Maryland; Goldborough, Peter, of Elliot
City, Md.; Mackubin, of the same place;
Lee, of Lexington, West Point and Bourke's
Station, Va., and Upshur, of Astoria, Ore.,
and New York City; Morehead, Allegheny
City, Pa., and Hunt, of Helena, M. T.
They Cfaoso Mnmm' Extra Dry.
ISFECIAI. TELEGRAM TO TBE DISPATCH. 1
New Yobk, April 30. Contrary to ru
mor that the Banquet and Ball Committee
would disregard the most popular brands of
champagne lor tne centennial celebration
at theirgrand ball and banquet, the commit
tee showed its good judgment by selecting
tbe famous vintage of G. H. Mumm & Co. '8
1884Extra Dry as the prominent brand to be
served at both entertainments. At the
grand reception given to the President at
the magnificent rooms of the Lawyers' Club
this celebrated vintage of Mnmm's Extra
Dry was also served and proved the favorite
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Doable-Headed Baby Cnrrlnsea
For twins, 'and a variety of 80 styles single
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Fine watches a specialty; low prices a
certainty at Hanch's, So. 295 Fifth ave.
The largest stock of fashionable suitings
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434 Wood st. TV8U
Carriages of various styles Three
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Walk and be Happy.
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La PebIiA del Fumab are a high grade
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5 . s r- i rr-z !- -i CV im
THE DEWS OF
A Circumstantial Account of the Last
Hoars of the Life of
THE FATHER OP 'HIS COUNTRY.
His Patal Bide Through a.Terrible Storm
of Bain and Snow.
MRS. WASHINGTON'S ANXIOUS EFFORTS
JRThe following circumstantial account of
the last illness and death of General George
Washington was noted by Tobias Lear on
the Sunday following his death, which hap
pened on Saturday evening, December 14,
1793, between the hours of 10 and 11.
On Thursday, December 13, the General
rode out to his farms at about 10 o'clock,and
did not return home till past 3. Soon after
he went out the weather became very bad,
rain, hail and snow falling alternately, with
a cold wind. When he came in I carried
some letters to him to frank, intending to
send them to the postoffice. He franked the
letters, but said the weather was too bad to
send a servant to the office thai evening. I
observed to him that I was afraid he had got
wet; he said no, his great coat had kept him
dry. But his neck appeared to be wet; the
snow was hanging on his hair. He came to
dinner without changing his dress. In the
evening he appeared as well as usual.
A heavy fall of snow took place on Fri
day, which prevented the General Irom
riding out, as usual. He had taken cold
undoubtedly from being so much exposed
the day before, and complained'of having a
sore throat; he had a hoarseness, which in
creased in the evening, but he made light of
it, as he wonld never take anything to carry
on a cold, always observing, ".Let it go as
it came." In the evening, the papers
bavin? come from the rjostoffice. he sat in
the room with Mrs. Washington and myself
reading them till abont 9 o'clock, and when
he met with anything which he thought
diverting 'or interesting he would read it
aloud. He desired me to read to him the
debates of the Virginia Assembly on tbe
election of a Senator and Governor, which I
did. On bis retiring to bed he appeared to
be in perfect health, except the cold, which
he considered as trifling. He had been re
markably cheerful all -the evening.
THE FIBST ATTACK.
About 2 or 3 o'clock on Saturday morning
he awoke Mrs. Washington and informed
her that he was very unwell and had an
ague. She observed that he could scarcely
speak and breathed with difficulty, and she
wished to get up and call a servant, but the
General would not permit her lest she should
take cold. As soon as the day appeared the
woman, Caroline, went into the room to
make a fire, and the girl desired that Mr.
Bawlins, one of the overseers, who was used
to bleeding the people, might be sent for to
bleed him before the doctor could arrive. I
was sent for, and went to the General's
chamber, where Mrs.) Washington was up,
and related to me his being taken ill be
tween 2 and 3 o'clock, as before stated.
I found him breathing with difficulty and
hardly able to utter a word intelligibly. I
went out instantly and wrote a line to Dr.
Plask and sent itwith all speed. Immedi
ately I returned to the General's chamber,
where I found him in the same situation I
had left him. A mixture of molasses, vine
gar and butter was prepared, but he could
not swallow a drop. Whenever he at
tempted it he was distressed, convulsed and
almost suffocated. Mr. Bawlins came in
soon after sunrise and prepared to bleed
him. When the arm was ready the General,
observing that Bawlins appeared agitated,
said, with difficulty: "Don't be afraid,"
and after the incision had been made he ob
served the orifice was not large enough.
However, the blood ran pretty freely.
Mrs. Washington, not knowing whether
bleeding was proper in the General's condi
tion, begged teat much might not be taken
from him, and desired me to stop it. When
I was about to untie the strine the General
put up his hand to prevent it, and as soon
as he conld speak, said: "More."
MBS., WASHINGTON'S FEAES.
Mrs. Washington, still uneasy lest too
much blood should be taken, it was stopped
after about half a pint had been taken.
Finding that no relief was obtained from
bleeding and nothing could be swallowed, I
proposed bathing the throat externally with
sal volatile, which was done. A piece of
flannel was then put,, around his neck. His
'feet were also soaked in warm water, but it
gave no relief. By Mrs. Washington's re
quest I dispatched a messenger for Dr.
Brown at Port Tobacco. Abont 9 o'clock
Dr. Craik arrived and put a blister of cau
tharides on the throat of the General and
took more blood, and had some vinegar and
hot water set in a teapot for him to-draw in
the fumes from the nozzle. He also had tea
and vinegar mixed and used as a gargle, H
but when be held back his head to let it run
down it almost produced suffocation. When
the mixture came out of his mouth some
phlegm followed it, and he would attempt
to cough, which the, doctor encouraged, but
About 11 o'clock Dr. DicK was sent for.
Dr. Craik bled the General again; no effect
was produced, and he continued in the same
state, unable to swallow anything. Dr.
Dick came in about 3 o'clock, and Dr.
Brown arrived soon after, when, after con
sultation, the General was bled again; the
blood ran slowly, appeared very thick,
and did not produce any symptoms of faint
At 4 o'clock the General could swallow a
little. Calomel and tartar emetic were ad
ministered without effect. About 4:30
o'clock he desired me to ask Jlrs. Washing
ton to come to his bedside, when he desired
her to go down to his room and take from
his desk two wills, which she would find
there, and bring tnem to him, which she
did. Upon looking at one, whUh he ob
served was useless, he desired her to burn
it, which she did, and then took the other
and put it away. After this was done I
returned again to his bedside and took his
hand. He said to me: "I hnd JL am going;
my breath cannot continue long. I be
lieved from the first attack it wouldbe fatal.
Do you arrange and record all my military
letters and papers; arrange my accounts and
settle my books, as yon knew more about
them than any one else, and let Mr. Rawlins
finish recording my other letters, which he
IHE CLOSING SCENES.
He asked when Mr. Lewis would return.
I told him I Relieved abont the 20th of the
month. He made no reply to it. The
physicians acain came in (between 5 and 6
o'clock), and when they came to his bedside
Dr. Craik asked him if he would sit up In
the bed. Hi held out his hand to me and
was raised rip, when he said to the physi
cians: "I feel myself going yon had better not
take any more tronble about me, but let me
go off quietly; I cannot last long."
They found what had been done was with
out effect; he lay down again and they re
tired, excenting Dr. Craik. He then said
to him: "Doctor, I die hard, bnt I am not
afraid to go; I believed from my first attack
that I should not survive it; my breath can
not last long."
The doctor pressed his hand,but could not
utter a word; he retired from the bedside
and sat by the fire, absorbed in grief. Abont
8 o'clock the physicians again came into
tho room and applied blisters to his legs,
bnt went out without a ray of hope.
From this . time "bo appeared to breathe
with less difficulty than he had done but
was very restless, continually changing his
Sosition to endeavor to get ease. VI aided
im all in my power, and was gratified in
believing he felt it, for he would looVt upon
me with eyes speaking gratitude, bui was
unable to utter a word without great dis
tress. Abont 10 o'clock He made several attempts
to speak to me. At length .he said: 'Tain
just going. Have me decently burled, and do
not let mv body be tint into the vault in.
less than twodays after I am dead." I';
bowed awest. He leeked at ae agate; aad
said: 'Do you understand me?" I replied,
"Yesysir." '"Tis well," safd he- About
Iff minutes before he expired his breathing;
became much easier; he lay quietlv; he
withdrew his hand from minend fait his
own pulse. I spoke to Dr. Crlik, who sat
by the fire; he came to the bedside. The
General's hand fell from his wrist; I took
it in mine and placed it on his breast. Dr..
Craik placed his hands over his eyes, and
he expired without a struggle or a sigb.
While we were 'fixed in silent grief Mrs.
Washington asked in a firm and collected
voice, "Is he gone?"
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NOT TOO LATE.
Hiss Drayer. azed sixteen years, daughter of
Mr. Wm. H. Drayer, a well known shoe dealer,
had been afflicted with Club Foot fourteen
years, causing great distress and annoyance to
herself and family. Tbere was such a contrac
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her limb, and although she wore the usual
high heel shoe, it was impossible for her to
bring her heel to the ground when walking.
After suffering on in this condition for four
teen years, she consulted one of the surgeons
of the Polypathic Sareical Institute, and was
convinced that it was not too late to be
cured, An operation was performed, and the
deformity entirely removed, and although it is
now three years since the operation, ber cure
has remained permanent. She walks perfectly.
and has no farther asoforahlgh heel shoe.
Her father says: "For the benefit of others I
nereDy certiiy tnat tne loregomg statement
concerning my daughter's condition is true and
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THE DUFFY MALT WHISKEY CO.,
Boehaitar, N. Y. -'
PENNSYLVANIA KAILKOAU-ON- ANOi
after November 26. lSftt. trains leara Union
Station, Pittsburg, as follows, Eastern Standard,!
MAIW LINE EASTWARD-
New York aod Chicago Limited of Pullman VeJ
tlDnie amy at r.u a. in.
Atlantic Exoress dally for the East. 3:C0 a.m.
Mail train, daily, except Sunday, 6:53 a. m. Sua-l
cay, mail, a:wa. m.
ay express dally at sou a. m.
jnau express aaiiy at j:w p. m.
Philadelphia express dally at i:X p,
Eastern express dally at7:13p. m.
Fast Line dallv at 9:00 D. m.
Greensburg express 5:10 p. m. week days.
rry express 11:00 a. m. week days.
1 thrauffh tr&lna connect at Jerse
AU through trains connect at Jersey Cltrwiat
Doata ot "urooaiyn Annex' ' zor isrooKiyn, .a . j
avoiding double ferriage and Jonrney through N. y
Trains arrive at Union Station as follows: ; ,
M'lll Train, dally 8:25 P.O.
Western Express, dally.. 7:45a. m.
Pacific Express, dally .........12:45p. m.,---
Chicago Limited Express, dally........ 8:30 p.m. I
Fast Line, dally ll:5Jp?ia. .S
SOUTHWEST PENN RAILWAY. ""
For Unlontown, a:U and osSa. m. and 4:23 p.
Vfvir :cs&t - i
m., witnoot cnange ot ears; i.uu p. m., connect ,
lng at Greensburg. Trains arrive from Union
town at 9:45 a. m.. 12:20. 6:15 and 8:20 p. m.
W13I PENNSYLVANIA DIVISION. r.
From FEDERAL ST. STATION; Allegheny City,
Mall train, connecting for BlalrsrlUe... 6:4a a. m.
Express, for Ulalrsvliie, connecting for
Batter 3:13 p.m.
Butler Accom 8:20 a, m 2:25 and 5:45 p.m.
Sprlngaaie Accom u:wa. m. ana o:zup,m.'
1 reeport Accom,
.4.-00. 8:15 and 10:30 p.m.. ,.
un zjunaay.. ............
North Anoilo Accom. ....10:
UriWsnu v;ovp. in. , a
50a.m. and 5:00p.m. - T
mmodatlon r ,
Allezhenv Junction Accommodation
connecting for Butler. 8:20 a. m
Blalrmrille Accommodation 11:30
Trains arrive at FEDERAL STREET STATION
Kxpress. connecting from Butler 10.35 a. m.
Mall Train. ...2:35 p. m.
uutier Accom- s:a. m., :iiaisip, m.
BlalrsvlUe Accommodation ..9:52 p. m.
ureenori Accom.v:a.m.. ia, iguana uowp. m.
North Aoollo Acco
un snnaay iu:ioa. m. ano.7nvp. m.
..6:37a. m and 3:ozp. m.
Accom. .....8:40 a. m. and:40D m.
31 U.3U.HU A 11.CLML 11V131UA.
Trains leave Union station. Plttsourg. as follows: .
For Monongahela City, West Brownsville and '
Unlontown. 11 a. m. For Monongahela City and'
West Brownsville, 7:05 and 11 a. m. and 4:40 p. m.
On Sunday, 1:01 p. m. For Monongahela City, 5:19
p. m., wees aays.
DravosburgAe., weekday. J.20p. nv
West Elizabeth Accommodation. 1
AtSU and 11:3S n. m Snndar. 9:40 D. m.
Ticket offices Corner Fourth avenue and Try
street and Union station.
CHA3.E.PUGH, J. B. WOOD,
General Manager. GenH Pass'r Agent ,
TJENNSlLVANIA COMPANY'S LINES .jV
Jl. JfeDruary 10, 1889, central standard Time. r-.
- xia.in3 urjrAjax wm w.
AS louowsirom umoui3uuuu:juctflKiKubUi:v '"
a. m., a izsu, a inju, ai:u except saiuruay. uzu f-
S. m.: Toledo. 7:25a. m., d 12:20, d iroand except n
tie and Yonngstown, 7:05 a. m.. 12 .20, 3:45p.m.;
Younntown and Nllea. d 12.20 n. m. : MeadviUe.
Erie and Ashtabula. 7:05 a. m., 12.-20 p. m. ; N lies' - ( t t
and Jamestown, 3:45 p.m.: Masslllon, 4:10p.m.; -V
Wheeling and Bellalre. 6:10a.m., 12:35, 3:30 p.m.; A"
Beaver Falls. 4.-00, 5:05 p. m., S 8:20 a. m. ; LeeU- V
dale. 5:30 a. m.
ALLEGHKmr Rochester. :30 a. m.: Beaver
Falls, 8:13, 11910 a.m.: Enon. 3 .-00 p. m. : Leeta
dale, 10:00, 11:45 a. m., 23CO, iiX, 4t4S. 1:30, 7 an 9.-09 ..
p. m.; Conway, J0O1 p.m.; Fair (Jakj, dUMO avt
m.:LeetsdaIe,S 8:20 p.m.. -"SS1
TRAIN 3 ARBIVI Union station from Chtcagu, J ' .
except Monday 1:50, d6:00, d6:35 a,m., d 7:35 p.
m.: Toledo, except Monday 1:50, d6:S5a.m., 7:33
S, m., Crestline, 2:10 p. m.: YoUngstown and
ew Castle, 9:10a.m., 13, 7:35. 10:15 p. m.:Nlles
andYonncstown. d 7:35 p. m. ;CleTeland, d 5:50 a.
m., 2:25, 7:45 p. m.: Wheeling and Bellalre, 9:00
a. m 2:25, fcfi p. m.; Erie and Ashtabula, 1:25.
10:15 p. m.r MassUIon, 10:00 a. m.; Nlles and
Jamestown. 9:10 a. m.; .Beaver Fall.-, 7:30 a. m.,
1:10 p. ra., 3 8:25 p. m.: Leetsdale. 10:) p.m.
ARRIVE ALLEGHENY-From Enon, 80 a.
m.: Conway, 6:50; Rochester. 9:40 a. m.: Bearer
Falls. 7:10a. m., 6:40 p. m.: Leetsdale. 5:50, 6:15.
7:45 a. m.. 12:00, 1:45, 1:30, 6:30,,rf p. in.: Fair
Oaks, S 8:55 a- m.; Leetsdale, S 63 p. n:: Heater
Falls. SS:J5 p.m.
B. Sunday only; d, dally; other trains, except
PITTSBURO AND LAKE ERIE RAILROAD
COMPANi-Schedule la effect February 2i,
liSa Central time:
P. & U E. K. H.-ltePABT-For Cleveland, 525,
7:40A. M.. 130, 4:15, 9-30V. V. For Cincinnati,
Chicago and St. Louis. 8:25 a. m., 1:20, IMr. X.
For Bsffalo. 10:20 a. M.. 4:159:30 P. x. For Sala
manca, 7:40 a. m., nao, "9.30 r. M. For Beaver
Falls, 5:25, 1:10, 10:20 A. M.. '130. 3:30, 4:15, 5:20,
6:30 P, M. For Chartlers, 5:25, JS. aOJ7ao,
7:15, 8:40, 9:U5, 9:25, 10:20 A. M., 12:05, 12:4V11:25,
1:45, 3:30. 4:45, '5:10. 5: 8:20, 10:30 r. JL
ABR1VK From Cleveland. 3.30 A. v.. 1:00,
3:40. S90 P. K. From Cincinnati. Chicago and
St. Louis. 1.-00. S:03 P. M. From .Buffalo. 5:30 A.
M '1.-00, 5:40 r. M. From Salamanca, '1:00, "8OT
P. II. From Youngstown, 5:3(1, 'SioO, 9:20 A. M.,
1:00. 5:40, 8.-00 P. M. From Beaver Falls, 5:3,
6:50, 7:20, 03) A. M., 'hOO. 1:35; 5:40, "8X1. P. H.
From Chartlers, 5:10, 5:22,5:30. 16:42, 6:50,7)3,
7:30, 8:30, 9:20, 10:10 Ai if., 12:00 noon, 12:30. 1:12,
las. 3:42, 4:00, 4:33, 8:00. 5:10. 5:4a sTisr. sc
P., McK. 4Y.B. B.-DEPABT-ForNew Haven,
5:30A, M.,3:30P.M. For West Newton, 5:30 ATM.,
3:30 and 5:25 P. if. For New Haven, 7il0 A. If.,
Sundays, only. ,
ABiuvE From New Haven. 10:00 A.ic-,5rf8r.
It. From West Newton, 6:13, '10:00 A. M.,"5:05r.H.
For McKeesport and Elizabeth, 5:20 A. i. 3:30,
4:05, 5:2 P. II.. 17:10 A.M.
From Elizabeth and McKeesport, JdJ-A.X.,
7:30. o:ooa. .. 'S.-UoF. IL
Dallv. ISnndnvs onlv.
V noLBROOK. General Snnerintendenl
A. E. uiiAKa, uenerai rassengerAgenht
City ticket office, 401 Smlthfield street. ? ?.
BALTIMORE AND OHIO KA1LKOAD
Sclicdato In effect November 29. 1SS3. "For b
Washington. V. C. Baltimore, Philadelphia and Jt g
New York, '11:30 a.m., and '1001p.m. For Wash- -Ington,
D. C,, Baltimore. Philadelphia and New
York, t7:00 a. in. For Cumberland.- t7:00,
11:30 a. m.. and '1030 p m. For Connellsvllle,
t7:00 and '11:30 a, m., tl.-OO, t4:00and 10:20 p. m. '
For Unlontown, t7:00,tlld0a.m., tl:0Oand'l:OOp.
p. For ML Pleasant, t7rtO and tUdOa.m tl:OJ
and t4:00 p. m. For Washington, Pa.. 100,
W:.TOa. m.,3:33, 15:30 and 8:30p. m. For Wheel
ing, 1:30. t9:30a.m-, "3.33, Sa p. m. ForCtn
elnnatl and St. Louis, 7:30a. m 8:30p. m. For
Colurabns, 7:30a. m., 8:30 p. m. For Newark?
7:30, :S0a. m., 3:35, JOp. m. For Chicago,
7:30, 19:30 a. m.. 3:35 and '8:30 p. m. Trains ar
rive from New-York. Philadelphia, Baltimore and
tvaamngioiz, -tiw &.m.ajiu u p. m. irom.,
flnlnmhnn. CfnKlnns.il andChlcacro. 1:45a. tn. and'
9:10 p.m. From Wheeling. 1:45, 10:50 a. m:.p,
KM. 9:10n. m. Through sleeping cars to Baltl-1 ,
more, Washington and Cincinnati.
For Wheeling, Columbus and Cincinnati. II:
p m (Saturday only). ConnellsvlUo ac at" 13:
Dallv. IDaRrexcest Sunday. SSundav onlT.
Tho i'lttsbnre Transfer Company will calls for.
and check baggage trom hotels and residence
noon orders left at B. JtO. Ticket Ufflce,
mn avenue ana ivooa street
W. M. CLEMENTS,
CIIAS. O. SCULli
Gen. Pass. Act"
nrrrsiiuRO and castle shannijn-.k.ikji
X Co. Winter Time Table. Un and after October
14. lsss, until further notice, trains wlU'rantas
louows on every aay except aunaay,
lows on ere:
W.W I UUUUAji YMMIU1I
-- Tit UnnrtaW VPaaUa-
ng mtsDurg o:is- a.fm.
7 :15a.m., 9:30a. m 11:30a.m., 1:40p.m., 3:40 p.m..
5:10p.m. 6:30 p. m 9:30 p. m., ll:30p,m. Ar-
jingion s:u a. m.. ssu a. m a.u a, m.. lvcv i
ton 5:45 a. m.. 6:30 a. m 8
1:00p.m., -: p.m., 4:2) p.m.
, 5:50 p.m..
7:15 p. m., 10:30 p. m. Sunday trains, leaving
Pittsburg 10 a. m., 12:50 p. m.. 2:30 p. m., 5:13
3-30 n. m.
Arlington 9:10 a.- m Bia,
M p. m., 40 p. ni., 6:30.1 m.
juiiN JAHN. Supt.
AXjIjCUIUUI I V AALKI JSAltiKUAU j
'trains leave Onion Station (Eastern Standard
time): Klttannlng Ac 6:55 a. m.: Niagara Ex;,
dally. 8:45 a. nu, Hulton Ac. 10:10 a. m.: Valley
Camp Ac., 1IK p. m.: Oil City and DaBols Ex
press,2:00 p.m. ; Bulttn Ac., l.-OOp.m. : Klttannlng
Ac., 4:03p.m.; Braeburn EaL.5aT0p.in.: Klttaan
lngAe..530p.m.: Braeburn Ac., 6 J3 p. m.: :Hul
ton Ac, 7:a p.. m.: Buffalo Ex., dauy.
8Sn. m.rllnlton Ac. 9:43 p. m.; Braeburn Ac.
Ilfttfn vn Phnnh tMln, KM.hnnL 11H0D.IO.
and 833 p. m. Pullman Sleeping Cars between ,
Pittsburg and Buffalo. E. H. UTLEY. O. F. :
r. A,: UAVlll UCVAKUU. ueo.
fti wn-aTfflt?f KAlLWAxV.
Jl Trains (Cet'l Stan'd time)
A.. ...---:- . , , ;
A47ITO. I ""0.f
7:10 a nli
4.-0U pm '
Day Er. Ak'n.ToL, CI 'n. Kane
Chicago Express (dallyl
ana ureenruia rb
and Foxborg Ac.
sunouauon....... jr "riw,,-
act! and ifner to Chicago dally,
imt ENGLISH REMEDY.)?
2Scts. a box.
Qg. ALL PRTJQ43-1
n. m." .f.
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y ,- - ur . fjntja ., i t. ,. ,. t " ""rt.'ff7.M
- . 1-niM..rtjiVBJsaMj3itetr!s: