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THE PITTSBUKG- DISPATCH, STJNDAY, APRIL 14, 1889.-
iThe Wonderful Ring.
ERSEST H. HEINBICHS.
rwEITTEX FOK THE DISPATCH.
THE miller who
had lived beside
the little forest
stream all his life
had got very old
and feeble, and he
realized that he
could not lire in
this world mnch
longer. So one (lay
he called his two
sons to him and
"Boys, I am get
ting old, and I an
Terr little use for this world now. Th
pleasures of this life are not the same to nv
as they used to be. I don't take much inter
est in them. AH I want is to have a little
room where I can rest my weary bones until
the dav comes for me to die. 2fow what 1
want to do is this: I will give you the mill
and everything belonging to it, and yon can
work it for all it is worth and all the profit
shall be yours. All I want you to promise
me is to keep me for the rest of my days.
Are you satisfied with that?
John, the eldest, bowed his head as a sign
of agreement, but Pelii, the younger boy,
"Father, the mill is hardly large enough
for John and me, and I don't think that
tie could make much of a fortune for both
of us, 1.0 1 am going to make John a propo
sition. I am going away to seek my fortune
in some other country, ana n ne promises
me faithfully to tieat you well to the end of
vour davs, I will give him mv share of the
mill. But if he does not, and I hear of it
when I return, then he must give up to me
the whole mill, and I will punish him into
the bargain. "What do you say to that,
John?" . x, .
"Xou need have no fear that I will not look
well alter father; believe me, I will do my
best, and if father should still live when
vou return, he will say so himself."
" "All right," replied Felir, "I believe you
mv brother, and jour assurance makes it all
the lighter for me to go away, because I
know that father is well taken care of."
The nest morning saw Felix turn his
back upon the old mill. He was a young
fellow, who was fond of adventure, and his
heart had alwavs delighted in brave deeds of
warriors and hemes. It was his dearest
wish to see something of the world himself,
and on that account the quiet, uneventful
existence in the old mill did not suit him
verv well. He wanted to go away, because
hisexcitable nature could not rest in con
tentment with nothing else to cheer him ex
cept the clatter of the old ricketv mill
wheel. He had no clear idea as to what he
would do when he got among strangers and
into strange places, but he had a heart full
of hope for a bright future, and he was
fully confident that something would turn
up in his iavor wherever he went.
So it happened that he traveled through a
great many lands and he saw a good many
strange and wonderinl things, that caused
his eyes to open in wonder and astonish
ment! One day he was walking through a
big forest when he noticed a very ancient
dame dragging herself along the road with
an enormous load of wood on her back.
Felix felt compassion for the old lady and
lie immediately resolved to carry the load of
wood for her. He quickly hurried after her
and when he overtook the dame he said:
"I guess that load, is rather heavy for
vou, ma'm, wouldn't it be easier for you if
i put it on my back and carry it''"
The woman seemed to be well pleased with
the young man's kind offer and she at once
dropped the wood to the ground.
"Yes, young man," she replied; "if you
think vou are strong enough, all right, pick
it up, but mind you don't promise what you
cannot fulfill. I have a long way to go and
it is all up hill walking."
Felix onlv lausrlied at the old lad v.
"You don't1 mean to sav that I could nof
carry a load of wood that does not seem to
lie too heavy for you?"
"I don't know," snapped the woman.
"Many a voung man thought he could do a
lot, bnt when he tried he did not succeed.
But, there! don't stand there talking. Pick
tip the wood and follow me."
Felix, although somewhat taken aback at
the old woman's peremptory speech, picked
up the load and walked behind her. He
had not gone many yards, however, when
he iound out that he had undertaken a very
heavy task. The load seemed to press down
upon him so heavily as if every piece of
wood had been transformed into lead. Still
he never murmured. He did not want to
have the old woman think that he was not
ns strong as she. At last he saw an old log
house before him under a number of oak
trees. Arrived there, the old woman bade
him to put down his load and go inside.
She soon followed him.
"2ow, young man," she said, "I will
give you a reward for your kindness, and I
suppose you think that you deserve it Sit
down at that table there and eat "Whoever
cats from my table he never will feel hungry
again, and whoever drinks from my cups he
will never be thirsty again, no matter how
long he lives!"
"Is that so?" asked Felix. ""Well, I am
glad of it, because I have often been as
hungry as a hunter, and I would have been
glad if I had only a piece of bread to chew
at "But where did you get these wonderful
things to cat, eld ladv?"
"I am 2Teris, the Vonderful "Woman of
the "Woods, and I am acquainted with all
the good qualities of the trees, the shrubs,
the grass and the brooks. I can concoct a
Boup that will change you into a roaring
lion, and I can bake a pancake from the
roots of 3 forest plant that will change your
form into a rabbi. I can give you a drink
of water that will cause you to
cry tears which will drop from your eye
lids as the most priceless diamonds,
and I can make you up a drink that will
cause you to perspire the ugliest suakes
from all parts of yourbody. lam a woman
"who rewards the kindhearted and good
natured a millionfold for the smallest trifle
they do; bnt I am also a woman who is in
exorable in punishing the wicked, especial
ly those who laugh at the aged and make
fun of the poor and feeble. I was pleased
at your readiness to offer your service to me
and carry that load of wood, and I mein to
"pay your kindness. Have you finished
your meal and have you drank your wine?
f, All right then; now let me give you some
thing else. T.ike this ring that I have here
and wear it around vour thumb. That ring
u a wonaerful power. It can undo everv
charm of witchcraft and magic, and it will
change the spell of sorcerr from anyone you
touch with it. Ifow gooefby, my young lel
Jow make good use of the gilt and it will
make your fortune."
-'Felix, who had' been listening to the
soman like in a dream, mechanically took
the magic ring out of the woman's hand.
Then he put it on his thumb and bidding
iferis goodby he retraced his steps down the
hill. After he had walked for about two
days, he began to feel the wonderful effect
of the dinner he had in Keris' log house.
He did not feel in the least hungry or
thirsty, in fact he seemed to be so strong and
vigorous, that tiredness and fatigue was
something he did not know any more.
"The first town I'strike now shall be the
place where I will try my luck in all earn
est. Xow'that I can do without eating and
drinking I ought to be able to make lots of
Thus Felix encouraged himself while he
continued his way. During the evening he
arrived in a verylarge city and no sooner
jd he got inside the gate, he heard every-
ody talking about a very extraordinary
tory. The tacts were these:
The King df the city had a confidential
ervant, who was a wizard, and who had the
-ccret po'rer to change any human being
nto the shape of an animal. This wizard,
o the story went, was in love with the
King's daughter, whom he wanted to marry.
ihe King, however, when he heard of the-
matter, got so mad with his servant that he
wanted to have him killed. Bnt before the
enraged monarch could accomplish this de-
sign the wizard-servant changed the King
into a donkey, and in that shape it was said
the King was running about the royal cas
tle. Bnt that was not all yet. The young
Princess, however, liked the servant even
less than her father, and when he came and
asked her to marry him she refused him
point blank. This made the wizard very
angry, and he told the young ladv if he did
not get a more satisfactory and pleasing
reply from her he would also change her
into an animal.
But all his threats were of no avail, and
the younc lady could not be moved by the
wizard to share her life with his. He prom
ised her mountains of gold, shiploads of
dresses and carloads of diamonds, but it
helped him nothing.
All this had thrown the city into a terri
ble excitement, but everybody was afraid to
kill the servant who had caused all this
trouble, because he might turn the whole
town into a menagerie if he got mad at
It was just at this period of events when
Felix arrived on the scene. No sooner had
he heard the state of affairs, when he se
solved to try the quality of his ring. He
went to his room in the hotel where he
was staying, and here he put the ring
around his thumb.
No sooner had he done so than behold!
Neris. the "Wonderful Woman from the
"Woods, stood before him.
"You have called me, and I am here to
do your bidding. Don't be afraid to speak,
lor'l will help you." These were the words
the woman addressed to Felix, and he at
once told her of the calamity which was
terrorizing the people of the town.
"Is that all, my friend? H'm, we will
easily help you in this. Get up at 5 o'clock
to-morrow morning" and walk outside of the
city gate until you get to the river. "When
you arrive at the bank of the stream walk
300 steps to the left, then 300 steps to the
right and then again 300 steps to the left
"When you get to that place you will find a
wonderfully handsome horse." You take that
horse and lead it into town, right up to the
castle. Everybody will admire the animal
and quite a lot of people will follow you.
"When you get to the castle the wizard
servant will be standing in the yard. He
is a ereat lover of horses and when he comes
to look at the animal, ask him to buy it If
he refuses,, beg him to try and ride it once,
he may hesitate for a few minutes, but be
persistent Then, when be is on the horse's
back and he has his feet in the stirrups, just
touch the horse's flank with your ring. No
sooner will vou have done so and the ani
mal will gallop away with its rider, never
to return again."
Of course when you have done that your
task is casv. Find the Kinir, and touching
him with the ring, the spell of the wizard's
witchcraft will be broken and he will regain
his human shape.
Felix thanked the kind-hearted Neris and
he followed her instructions to the very
letter. "When he had accomplished every
thing by aid of the "wonderful ring," tfie
people in the city went almost crazy with
delight The Kinr was especially glad be
cause he had not liked himself much in the
shape of a donkey and the Princess
cried tears of joy when she heard that she
was saved from the yoke of becoming the
wile of a hateful wizard servant
Felix was made a lord by the grateful
King, and he rose from that position until
he became himself the King's son-in-law by
marrying the beautiful Princess.
Alter some years he went home to see his
father, and when he found him still alive
and John a good, honest miller, he took
them both along to his own errand castle in
THE MJYES OP SAMOA.
A Cnrions Knee of Mabognny Colored
People of Amphibious flnblts.
Cor. Boston TImesO
The natives of the Samoan Islands are a
fine race of people, not quite so gentle look
ing as the Sandwich Islanders, but beauti
fully formed and with a nobility of carriage
that would teach an actor a valuable lesson
in stage bearing. Their color is a bright
mahogany; their features are regular and
often really handsome. The men in some
cases were tall, and generally such perfect
types of manhood as to cause us to wonder
why poor civilized people couldn't be blessed
with the same fine physique. "We seldom
have so much symmetry, for some reason.
These islanders are not notable for extensive
dressing; one yard of cotton cloth would
make an-elegant costume for either man or
The men are like fish, the water being as
natural an element as the air. They dive
in and tumble about quite regardless of
their draperies. The little boys made lots
of amusement for us by diving into the
water after money which the passengers
threw out to them, and it was remarkable
with what accuracy the little beggars would
grab the coins in their mouths, although
several feet below the surface and entirely
out of sight Bnt they" would come up
every time with the money between their
gleaming white teeth and shout for more.
Their hair is black and fine, and curly, and
the women have a curious fashion, not un
like their more civilized sisters, of tinging
the ends of the hair wiih a bleaching prepa
ration made of cocoanut oiI,burningita sort
of golden color which is rather becoming
Kefornm Nerd More Tlinn n Dny
To bring tlicm about, and are always more
complete and lasting when they proceed with
steady regularity to a consummation. Few
of the observant among us can have failed to
notice that permanently healthful changes in
the human nystem arc not wroucbt by abrupt
and violent means, and that those are the
mot salutary medicines which are pro
gressive. Hostetter's btnmach Bitters is the
chief of these. Dyspepsia, a disease of obsti
nate character, is obliterated by it.
HIGH-LIFE IN ERIN.
The Entertainment Furnished Visit
ors to an Irish Estate.
REASONABLE ENJOYMENT PLENTIP
Model Farms That Begulre a large Corps
of Expert Managers.
HOW PHEASANTS ARE BRED AND KILLED
rCOKRESrONDENCK OP TBI DISPATCH.:
Limerick, Ibeland, April 1. At
Irish castles there is much entertainment of
the informal sort, as compared with stately
parties and receptions-of a "season" in Lon
don; and this is what alone really renders
L life in the countrv endurable to the nobil
ity. There is no estate here which has not
either grouse, partridge, pheasant or rabbit
shooting, or the more exacting and brill
iant, because participated in by the ladies,
riding after the hounds at stag, or fox hunt,
to offer as entertainment, indeed the chief
entertainment in Great Britain, to invited
guests. To nobility and gentry of genuine
quality all these pleasures, while rigidly
conventional in spots, are made deliciously
informal among themselves.
The free and easv hospitality of a hunt
breakfast, with its toothsome cold meats and
salads, its bitter ale, beer and liquors, laid
and partaken of in the dining room with no
ceremony whatever while the ladies are
being cared for by her ladyship in the draw
ing room show you that even men with
titles a yard long may reach, anywhere in
the world, that genial human level which so
distinguishes the ereat American free
A great many social obligations are can
celed in the pleasantest of ways by the hos
pitality at Irish castles. Lord This, Duke
That or Earl the Other, has entertained mi
lord, or lady, or both, in England, or upon
the continent The visit is returned here,
invariably for definitely understood periods
of one, two, or three weeks.
Aside from the shooting for the gentle
men, and hunting for the ladies and gentle
men, there are many means of reasonable
enjoyment Even where there is little or
no riding after the hounds, the pleasant
Irish roads and lanes often swarm with
grand cavalcades of horse-women and men,
who thus make pilgrimages to points from
which the unsurpassed scenery can be en
joyed; the drives are the finest in the world,
and most brilliant intercourse is had be
tween castle and castle. "Within and with
out the great establishment itself, is always
provision for almost every imaginable sport.
Billiards and tenpins are as great favorites
with ladies as with gentlemen. There is
always a superb cricket field; the tennis
courts are nowhere excelled; nearly every
castle demesne has its well-stocked streams
of trout, and its reaches of natural or arti
ficial lakes for sailing and rowing.
Nor is this castle life lacking in sump
tuous entertainment, for which no expense
or effort is spared. Though most of these
places are situated remotely from Belfast,
Dublin and Cork, and always miles from
the lesser railway stations, it is not an un
common thing for extraordinary dishes to
be served at dinners of special occasions.
which, on telegraphic orders, are prepared
in London and shipped by channel and rail
a distance of from 200 to 300 miles. There
are other features which are interesting as
studies but unpleasant in fact The rela
tion: between these idle,highly-fed and aris
tocratic cavaliers and ladies are frequently
such as to invite that sightlessness for
which servants of the nobility are especially
distinguished; the liquor and wine drink
ing which otten rounds out a day's jollities,
as often continue in an all-night debauch;
while the "No." room of every one of
these establishments is a place where every
night the most desperate and abominable
gambling takes place.
To return to the castle life of the servants,
one discovers most grotesque mimicry, save
in bad habits and character, of aristocracy
above stairs. Among the servants there
are what might be called an upper and a
lower house. Precedence is as severe a
master and scourge here as with the nobili
ty themselves. The hours for servants'
meals are: Breakfast, 8; lunch, 11; dinner,
1; tea, 5; and supper from 9 to 10. The
upper house includes the steward, butler,
housekeeper, head cook, the valets and the
ladies' maids. These usually take all their
meals by themselves, in either the steward's
or houskeeper's room, where they also occa
sionally lounge and do their necessary cor
respondence. The lower bouse comprises all other house
servants of whom the under butler, or as
sistant cook, takes precedence. In many
houses all the servants dine together; the
upper servants assembling in the house
keeper's room, from which they solemnly
march to the servants' dining hall, the lower
servants remaining standing until their
betters are seated, the butler at the head of
the table. No conversation whatever is per
mitted while the joint is being partaken of.
The lugubrious silence and austerity of this
gathering are inconceivably ludicrous.
When the meat course is finished, the upper
servants rise. The lower servants follow
with military alacrity. The former, in their
proper order of precedence, then like auto--matic
puppets march back into" the steward's
room, where, in the greatest pnnctillio, pud
ding and dessert are served. Meanwhile
the lower servants, relievea of the presence
of these their severest masters, fall to small
tale, cheese and small beer to their heart's
SOME MODEL FARMS.
In a previous article I have shown that
from 30 to 40 servants are employed at these
castles about the household and the stables
alone. The larger establishments require
an equal number out of doors in various ca
pacities about the great demesnes. First
there is the "agent," who has general charge
of the estate, indeed often the entire control
of the property. Frequently with him are
a half dozen accountants and clerks. The
next man below him is the bailiff. His
province is to look after the home farm and
cattle. This is no sinecure, for on some of
the greatest estates farming and grazing are
conducted on a large scale; and this is
entirely exclusive of fancy farming and
gardening, in which nearly everyone
of the nobility indulges. Some
times enclosed by the inner walls
enclosing the castle itself, though
oftener at some little distance away in well
ordered arrangement, will be found out
buildings, graneries, machinery storage
houses, mill houses where grain is threshed,
logs are sawed and feed is ground by steam,
and covered enclosures for young stock in
number and capaciousness quite surprising
to even one accustomed to the provision for
the same by the most noted American
farmers. A host of hangers-on find lazy
employment here. Then upon a demesne
of several thousand acres there will be a
head gamekeeper who will be allowed a
dozen men to assist him in breeding and
caring for the game and in protecting it
from the inroads of poachers who are olten
of better quality, and. far more daring, than
the village shaugran or vagabond.
FORESTRY A SCIENCE.
Some of the finest forests in the world are
upon these estates. Each requires a head
forester with a half dozen men under him.
Anyone familiar with the operations in a
great American city park will readily
understand how these may be kept busy.
New trees are being constantly planted.
Too heavy growths are thinned out Every
sound tree-trunk is sold to be cut in deals;
every unsound one finds ready sale lor lnel.
If a river run through a demesne, several
men are required lor constantly beautifying
its bankR, and keeping the poachers away
from its fish. The roads and driveways
alone of a fine demesne require as much at
tention as the driveways jof Central Park, I
New York. Then there is a Blaster sawyer 1
and his men for cutting posts, repairing
gates and fences. There are painters,
glaziers, carpenters, a number of whom are
kept in service, and busy the year round.
The head gardener requires a half dozen
assistants. And if a guest, your coachman's
call of "Gate!" "Gate!" will, in a ride
about an ordinary estate, bring to the lodge
gates of different entrances fully a half
dozen bronzed old lodge-keepers from out of
flower-embedded, ivy-covered lodges.
Every one of these are army "pensioners;"
heroes bold, at their British army pension
and 10 a year, whose lives fade out here- in
these shadowy nooks among the hares and
pheasants with perhaps one gate-call and a
pot o beer a day to keep their scattering
useless wits together.
One of the most interesting occupants of
these great estates is the pheasant I have
some good friends among the gamekeepers,
and thus got on close terms with the pheas
ant Somebody, an Irishman, perhaps, has
called it "the sacred Ibis of Great Britain."
It is certainly worshiped; and where in the
world else is there so matchlessly beautiful
a bird, at the same time so delicious on
leaving the grill, the oven or the pot? Tens
of thousands arc sometimes yearly bred in
the great wooded demesnes about the castles.
They are half domesticated, and are fed oats
and corn near their haunts, every one of
which is known to the keepers. In order to
secure the largest possible supply of eggs,
during the last of February the birds are
"starved" by non-feeding for a few days.
Great "figure 4" traps are set near their
haunts. Thin trails of oats are scattered be
tween. They follow these to the traps,
which are sprung with strings in the hands
of keepers at a little distance, any number
desired being thus caught They'are then
taken to the "areas," as the keepers call
them. These are simply great wooded spaces
in the grounds, inclosed by fences of wire
netting, provided with nesting places,
where the birds are well watered and
fed daily. They begin laying by April.
The eggs are carefully daily gathered not
only lrom the nests in the "areas," but
from those of the unimprisoned birds. The
latter is not a difficult task to the wise
keepers; for it is a singular fact that not
withstanding the pheasants' wild nature,
they nest most freely in shrub clumps along
edges of walks and drives. The keepers
tell me they love the sound and sense of
companionship, though themselves wonder
fully secretive and sly. Hundreds of dozens
of pheasants' eggs are annually sold to
gentry for domestic learing for a shilling
each or 5 per 100.
THE HATCHING PROCESS.
The pheasant, which lays from. 20 to 30
eggs each, is not a good mother, and "do
mestic setting hens" are bought up from
the peasantry at 2 shillings each in scores.
The hatchery, always excellently walled
and protected, consists of a long" series of
arched compartment with sliding doors
which descend and close in the hen tightly,
leaving several small apertures for light
and air. The hen is removed from the nest
daily, fed and watered, and carefully put
back on her own nest, great care being
taken that it is not fouled, or the eggs mis
placed, and all vermin are eradicated. At
the end of three weeks the pheasant chicks
have hatched. The hen is now placed in a
conical, hand-made rush or willow coop,
with free ingress or egress for the brood,
which is closed in at night and let out at 4
o'clock every morning. They are fed hard
boiled chopped eggs, mixed with oat and
cornmeal, a sort of food the chief material
of which is boiled and dried horse flesh,
ground biscuit and oyster shells. Several
men are now required for their care, and for
three months the entire collection of coops
is changed like a camp daily to new ground,
and each day a trifle nearer the cover or
forest. The food is gradually changed to
oats and cracked raw corn. The moment the
young birds show signs of skulking they
are removed from the domestic hen mothers
and coons to the "areas." and in Julv thev
are set at liberty within the grounds and
forest of the demesne.
Titled crack shots regard pheasant shoot
ing as very great sport tWhat I have seen
of it looks like murder. The death-dealing
guns crack rapidly in the hands of the
friends of Milord. This goes on all day.
with an hour for a lunch of Irish stew ana
beer at 2, when the "beaters" are furnished
a liberal amount of bread, cheese and beer;
and their assistants, who follow the hunters
with carts and donkeys, by night have often
gathered up 1,000 slaughtered birds. These
are shipped direct to London to dealers who
provide hampers and tags, and pay the
lordly murderers from 4 to 6 shillings per
brace. From 20,000 to 0,000 pheasants
from one Irish estate thus frequently reach
the London market
Edgar L. "Wakeman.
THE SPEED OF THOUGHT.
How Lone It Takes lor an Idea to Reach
Some of the readers have no doubt fre
quently made use of the expression "quick
as thought," but have any of them ever
stopped to consider how quick thought is?
A writer in the Nineteenth Century has
made some interesting calculations regard
ing the comparative length of time it takes
to call to mind various every-day facts.
It takes about two-fifths of a second to
call to mind the country in which a well
known town is situated, or the language in
which a familiar author wrote. "We can
think of the name of next month in half
the time we need to think ol the name of
last month. It tikes on the average one
third of a second to add numbers consist
ing of one digit, and half a second to multi
ply them. Such experiments give us con
siderable insight into the mind.
Those used to reckoning can add two to
three in less time than others; those
familiar with literature can remember more
quickly than others that Shakespeare wrote
'"'Hamlet" It takes longer to mention a
month when a season has been given than
to say to what month a season belongs.
The time taken up in choosing a motion,
the "will time," can be measured as well as
the time taken up in perceiving. If I do not
know which of two cojored lights is to be
presented, and must lift my right hand it it
be red and my left if it be blue, I need about
one-thirteenth of a second to initiate the
correct motion. I have also been able to
register the sound waves made in the air by
speaking, and thus have determined that in
order to call up the name belonging to a
printed word I need about one-ninth of a
second, to a letter one-sixth of a second, to a
picture one-quarler of a second, and to a
color one-third of a second.
A letter can be seen more auicklv than a
word, but we are so used to reading aloud
that the process has become quiteautomatic,
and a word can be read with greater ease
and in less time than a letter can be named.
The same experiments made on other per
sons give times umeriug dui little lrom my
own. Mental, processes, however, take place
more slowly in children, in the aged and in
Benulifnl Engraving Free.
"Will They Consent?" is a magnifi
cent engraving, 19x24 inches. It is an
exact copy of an original painting by Kwall,
which was sold for $5,000.
This elegant engraving represents a young
lady standing in a beautiful room, sur
rounded by all that is luxurious, near a
half-open door, while the young man, her
lover, is seen in an adjoining room asking
the consent of her parents for their daughter
in marriage. It must be seen to be appre
ciated. This costly engraving will be given away
free, to every person purchasing a small
box of Wax Starch.
This starch is something entirely new.and
is without a doubt the greatest starch in
vention of the nineteenth century (at least
everybody says so that has used it). It
supersedes everything heretofore used or
known to science in the laundry art Un
like any other starch, as it is made with
pure white wax. It is the first and only
starch jn the world that makes ironing
easj- and restores old summer dresses and
skirts to their natural whiteness, and im
parts to linen beautiful and lasting finish
as when new.
Try it and bs convinced of the whole
Ask for Wax Starch and obtain this
The Wax Starch Co.,
THE DUTIES OF LIFE.
Kev. Geonje Hodges Discourses on the
Necessity for a Purpose to
INSURE PERMANENT SUCCESS.
Work, Companionship and Cnltnre Essen
tial to True Happiness.
ONE IDEAL IIEE ALWAYS BEFORE IJS
rWnlTTEN FOB THE DISPATCH.
I remember an imposing picture by Dob
son the Dobson whose "Good Shepherd"
everybody knows a picture called "The
Plough." A young boy is just getting his
first good grip of the handles of a plough.
His father stands beside him pointing out
the direction of the furrow. The boy is
looking out ahead over the line he is to
make. It is a picture of purpose.
There are several of Toby Bosenthal's
pictures in Pittsburg. I was looking at
one the other day. A young emigrant is
starting out for Oklahoma, or whatever took
the place of that new land when the painter
made the picture. He stands amid his bales
of baggage, father on one side and mother
on the other, listening to their last words of
counsel, looking out into the distance and
the future. It is another picture of pur
pose. The important thing about a purpose is
its direction as it is the important thing
about a journey. The natural question
about a journey is, where are you going?
The natural question about, a purpose is,
what is it which you wish to do or to be?
The Master started once, we are told, upon
a journey to Jerusalem. That was the
purpose of His journey. He was going to
Jerusalem. They asked Napoleon one day,
as he stood upon the coast of Syria, if he
would not visit the Holy City, and he
avowed that Jerusalem did not enter into
his line of operations. Napoleon was not
going to Jerusalem.
Hither and thither, upon all sorts of
errands, men are making journeys up and
down the world, with faces turned toward
Jerusalem or away from it It makes a
good deal of difference whether a man's
lace is turned away from' Jerusalem or
toward it Whethei a purpose is right or
wrong, worthy or unworthy, is determined
by its direction.
Now, the direction of purpose is deter
mined by our idea of what constitutes suc
cess. For all purposes aim at suc
cess. And as the kind of pur
pose which a man has makes
all manner of difference in his life,
so there are few questions to which it is
more important to get a right answer than
just this: What is your ideal of success?
Or, to put the question in another and a
blunter way: What sort of man or woman
do you account the most successful? Sup
pose that the old fairy tale could for once
come true, and yon could have one wish.
You could wish once, and whatever you
asked for, you would get it What would
be your wish? That will show the direction
of your purpose. Because that will reveal
your idea of what constitutes success.
TWO KINDS OP SUCCESS.
Kow, it is immensely needful that we
should be distinctly aware of the wide dif
ference between two kinds of success: The
temporary and the permanent. Many mis
takes in the career of men and nations have
resulted from a failure to distinguish be
tween the temporary and the permanent.
Sometimes the most unfortunate thing
that can happen to a man is to succeed.
Because success may stand in the way of
success. Success1 may came too soon, and
by making the victor contented with his
vantage may discourage effort toward
worthier success. Or success may mean
emphasis upon a side of life which lowers
one's ideal, which hides true success entire
ly. As wheTe success financial may obscure
the vision of success spiritual; or as where a
success in politics may bar the way to a suc
cess in statesmanship. Success may mean
And, on the other hand, failure may
mean success. As in a game of chess, a
player will sacrifice an important piece, and
put himself at a disadvantage for a moment
in order that in the end he may gain much
more than he has lost True success always
costs sacrifice. It is a universal law that
no great good can be attained without pain
and toil. All things which are worth any
thing have to be paid for. The more they
are worth, the more we must expect to pay.
That is, permanent success can be won only
by temporary failure. We must be willing
to give up some ease and. pleasure for a
time, it we will gain anjr lasting pleasure
or win any prize worth winning.
It makes all the difference in the world
toward which kind of success the purpose
of a man's life is directed toward the tem
porary or the permanent
ONLY ONE PERMANENT SUCCESS.
But where is permanent success to be dis
covered ? Is it in riches, which take to
themselves wings, which moth and rust may
corrupt and thieves may steal? Is it in
pleasure, which will presently pall upon
the senses and fade into vacancy and vain
regret ? Is it in power, or fame, which will
inevitably pass out of your hand into an
other's, and you be none the happier or bet
ter for it? No: not in any of these thintrs.
These are only temporary. If the direction
of your purpose is toward such ends as
these, you will certainly find at last that
they are but pitfalls in the path of failure.
There is one permanent- success, and only
one, and that is the possession of an un
stained character. There is only on5 thing
in all this world wr-'rth striving alter, only
one thing worth the sacrifice of all which
we account precious, one thing worth living
for and worth dying for, and that is the ap
proving benediction of God our Father.
That alone, of all things in this world, lasts.
Aim at the best success. Look up and
not down. Hake your purpose high. Set
your affection upon things above, not on
things on the earth. For the things
which are seen the joyB which you can
taste, the praises you can hear, the coins you
can count the things of sense are temporal;
they will pass away: while only the things
unseen the craces, the virtues, faith, hope,
love, the blessing of our heavenly Father
only those are eternal. Heaven and earth
shall pass away, but these things never.
Only these are permanently worth while.
But on the way toward success permanent
lies success temporary. The essential thing
is to aim at the permanent. Then the tem-
porary will not harm you. It will help you.
You will make the temporary a great stair
way of ascent toward the permanent With
the better in your mind al the time all else
will bend toward it. All roads will lead
that way. He makes a success of life
who succeeds in being a good, honest
Christian. But Christian character is not
best now in the deserts or mountains, but
among men. Then become Christians by a
continual translation of the temporary into
the permanent Money is translated into
generosity, into helpfulness; social position
into influence; talent into opportunity; time
into eternity. If you are upon a journey,
and you want to reach a certain mountain
jvhich lifts its head in the distance before
you, .you will get there by passing this
corner, and reaching that farmhouse, and
going through that village yonder beyond
these lies the mountain. You are upon the
journey of your life. Yon want to gain the
blessing of the Father in heaven. Yon will
get to that by striving to do this duty and
that duty, as they come, sanctifying them
all by the sacred purpose for which you do
them. Beyond the duties of life lies the
benediction of God.
THE TVOEDS AS THEEE EOADS.
The duties of life gather for the most part
about the three words, work, companion
ship and culture. Through these three
roads we may gain the only end worth pur
posingwe may win Christian character.
Whoever would please God must set be
fore himself the distinct purpose of success
A man's work is his vocation, which
means his calling. He who calls us to our
work is God. He who gives us opportuni
ties for work of different kinds, making one
man love machinery, making another man
love books, making women love their homes
and so pointing out what kinll of work we
ought to do, is God. God works, and we
work. He who gathers in the grain, works
with the God of the harvest, and at the
same kind of labor. He who tends an en
gine, works with the God of iron
and fire. He who keeps the books
of commerce, works with the God of
the winds and the waves, of the steam and
the lightning. A microscope is only an ad
dition to the natural powerof the eye. And
our work is only an addition to God's work.
We carry God's work on. "We are fellow
laborers with God.'' This ennobles work,
and gives it a religious meaning. When
you do your daily labor best, you" are help
ing God most. It is God Himself who
would have every man work for all that is
in him, and make it his purpose to succeed
in business. It is God Himself who would
have everjr man continually on the alert to
do his business better; whatever the task,
no matter how humble, to know all about it
that anybody else knows and then find out
one thing more, to do it as well as anybody
else can do it, and then go out and do it two
degree better. God has made us with
the ability to grow. He does not mean
us to plod along like horses, doing
just the same thing day after day and day
after day, and to-morrow no better than yes
terday. This is a part of religion. This is
what Christianity means. This is one of
the reasons why the faith of Christ uplifts
and inspires men because, whether it be
always put into just so many words or not,
it means just this. A young man's first
duty is to try to find out what God wants
"him to ajjist Him in what he can do best
and then he ought to strive to rise till he
can get to be God's first assistant, helping
more in that especial work than any other
EVEBT HOME TOUCHED.
Again, whoever would please God must
purpose to succeed in the grace of compan
ionship. This touches everybody's home.
God, our heavenly father, who has set the
people of the earth in families, of Whom
the whole family in heaven and earth is
named, who sent His son to become our
brother, and so ordered it that by His birth
and nurture the mark of consecration
should be set upon every human home. He
has -made our life in the family a part of
our religion. As God, who works, thereby
sanctifies our work; so God, who loves,
sanctifies love. God would have your home
the abiding place of kappiness and helpful
ness. It is a very practical truth that ,it
ought to be one of the purposes of every
man's life to have a home to have a place
which he can call his own. But nooody
deserves a home who does not know how to
use it The most sacred place upon the sur
face of this planet is the home. The first
and emphatic duty of every man and
woman is their duty to their home.
The homeliest work is dignified
and sweetened when it is made
a contribution toward the happiness
of the home. Something is wrong when
business takes time which belongs to the
home. Even the church has no right to the
time which anybody owes to their home, the
best church work is home work. The best
services which any. man or woman can ren
der to-day to church or State is the making
of a Christian home. The love and loyalty
of the husband and wife, their diligence to
make home delightful for their children,
and the children's avowing affections if
this is not an absolute essential element in
religion, I do not know what true religion
You must not think that you are pleasing
God our Father, unless you have and keep
within your heart a definite and emphatic
purposeso to order your speech and conduct,
that, so far as lies in you, the spirit of cour
tesy and kindness, the spirit of charity and
love, the spirit of loyalty, the spirit of'help
fulness, and the spirit ot holiness shall have
dominion in your home.
A THIBD EMPHATIC DUTY.
And whoever would please God must aim
also at a third success. He must purpose to
succeed in culture. This is only another
way of saying that the.third emphatic duty
of the Christian life is to make the most of
Make it your distinct and religious pur
pose to develop youiself upon all sides.
Strive daily to learn more, to do more, and
to be more. Do not neglect anything which
can minister to Culture.
Culture is often interpreted, I am afraid,
to mean a "very narrow and partial thing.
Intellectual alertness, wide reading, varied
experiences, the acquisition of an accent,
accurate knowledge of the ways of the
social world, mean culture to a good many
people, xo oecuiturea is to possess the two
desirable and charming graces of good talk
ing and good dressing. That is a part of
culture a, small part that is one side of
culture a lesser side. That is what one
gets by culture of certain elements of human
nature. And we need that kind of culture
just as much of it as we 'can have. But
culture is the bringing outand developing of
all that is good in us. He has most culture
who is developed on the most sides of his
being. He has the best culture who is cul
tured on the best side. The prize-fighter,
Sullivan, has culture of a certain kind,
physical culture. I suppose that in other
directions, he could hardly be called cul
tured. A man who eats with his knife
could hardly be called a cultured man. He
would be deficient upon the social side. A
man who never prays could Jiardly
be called a cultured man. , He
would be deficient upon the spiritual
side. In that important direction of his
being he would be undeveloped, uncultured.
There is no high culture apirt from religion.
Whoever is not a Christian, whoever has
not the spirit of reverence, whoever takes
no interest in the nigh themes which en-
fage the thoughts of the religious, whoever
as in him no response to spiritual impres
sions, he is simply uneducated, undevel
oped, in the direction of the worthiest possi
bilities of man. He is in the spirit such a
man, and the man who cannot read nor
write, and the man who does not know how
to behave himself at a dinner table, all be
long together. They are all uncultured.
Make it your purpose to gain culture.
Do not leave undeveloped any ability which
God has riven you. Be the best man, be
the best woman upon every side.
If you keep one great, ideal life before
your eyes, the life of the Master, it you
love wH.it He loved and hate what He
hated, and try to think His thoughts and
do what He said, and to attain to some dis
tant measure of His spirit, you cannot help
gaining; you cannot help getting to be more
of a genuine man. more of a true and worthy
woman; yon cannot help making the most
of the best part of yourself.
OSTKICHES AS WALTZEES.
HoW tbe Huge Birds Gracefully Dance for
Tbelr Own Dirrslon.
San Francisco Call. J
"Ostriches, like cattle, are liable to stam
pede," said a Cape Town man now at the
Palace Hotel, "but ihe funniest thing they
do is to waltz."
"How, pray, is that done,?"
"The leader of the herd, generally an old
male ostrich, evidently thinks that his fol
lowers should have some diversion on a long
march from one pasture to another, so he
begins by slowly but gracefully turning
round and round. In five minutes the whole
flock is doing the same, and it is quite a
sight; their long plumes waving in the wind
until they conclude to quit and go on their
way. Music, of course, has nothing to do
with their dancing."
Crave Them a Thorough Trial.
Hon. E. A. Moore, Member of Assembly.
Richmond County. N. Y , writes:
ASSEMBLY CUAMBEK, ALBANY, N. Y.,
April 11, 1887.
"Ihave two afflictions which sometimes make
life a burden. One Is dyspepsia, the other Is
rheumatism. I heard that Brandretb's Pills,
taken one or two a night on an empty stomach,
would cure rheumatic pains. I gave them a
thorough trial for three weeks, taking one or
two every nleht. To my delight, not only was
I cured of rheumatism, hut dyspepsia, costive
ness and biliousness. They did not interfere
with my diet or business, and I really think
them an Incomparable blood purifier and ca
THE FIRESIDE SPHIM
A Collection of Enigmatical Ms for
Address communications for this department
to E. B. Chadboubn, LewUttm, Maine.
651 numeeicai, chabads.
A Christian and a lto 4
About a whole contended.
And in the contest, e'er 'twas o'er,
Much angry breath expended.
Said C, "'Tis mine without a doubt,
I know it's sort of leather.
And here upon it's leg held out
Is mark made by its tether."
"Not so," said 1 to , "'tis mine;
I raised It a large stock In,
I knew It by its half -cropped wing,
Its crest, and mode of stalkin'."
Thus differing, the case at once.
Went into court (the Justice's),
And witnesses in long array
Each bronght to prove it must be his.
The case was heard amid great suspense.
And each did lengthy talking,
While whole put in Its frequent gab,
While round.the area stalking.
As oft we see a lawyer pace
The floor, when trying to plan It,
To make reply, to win a case.
XBOUT SOME WHOLB 0E OANHET.
The Justice said it was a tie.
As near as he could figure.
And he would put the total by.
Till grown a little bigger,
When he would pay the costs in full;
To which "all hands" assented:.
So 3 to 6 on it was-lnrned.
And all went home.contented.
Meanwhile old Christmas came around,
And neither being winner.
On nelther's table was there found
The whole served up for dinner.
One poor letter stands alone.
Heaves a sigh for company:
To Its left another's come
"B usb." both whisper, as they see
At their right the last of three;
Voice is given, the tale Is told
Lonely man, your fate behold:
Remove the central letters from the words
in the first column to make those in the second.
The syncopated letters name a great preacher
and lecturer, now dead.
1. A blank book. L A chemical.
2. Inexperience. 2. The jaw.
3. Poetry. 3. Motto on a ring.
4. Denominations. 4. Places.
5. Fains. 5. Trifles.
6. A lance. 6, A mineral.
7. Amarlnegrowth. 7. A combustible.
Once wholes were known and admired.
And their sweet music seemed Inspired;
But. though so well beloved of yore.
Their charming tones are heard no more.
Their rival came Piano Forte
And they were doomed to pass away.
And first, like whole, are banished too,
Because folks wish what Is new;
So thirds of first and thirds of whole
Bo not as erst entrance the soul:
The touch that once gave them their glory
Is now transferred to seeond-vory.
PBOFER. NAME OF TWO 'WOKBS.
On the far Western plains
The deer, bison, ana bear
May be still seen in droves
When no hunter comes there.
Mv friend has a sheep ranch
In charge of Donald McKay,
As quaint an old Scotchman
, As you'll see any day.
The prongborns were plenty
Last year in the fall.
When the hunters left home,
Armed with rifle and ball.
Tbey bunted for horns.
But the prongborns were shy;
And not one could they get.
Were they never so sly.
On the home run they saw one,
And at once tbey gave chase;
The barn doors stood open
The deer entered the place.
Old Donald was Joyous.
He rushed in with a swoop;
He banged the doors quickly: now
We'll "barn an antelope oop."
A Frenchman's the cause of this story.
France better without him had been;
He was an egotist, eager for glory;
Still a greater general never was seen.
555 LOVE IN THE KITCHEN.
It was Saturday morning, and Patty was In
the kitchen mixing her dough for the morn
ing's baking, when who should call but her be
loved Jason? It put Patty in no amicable mood
to receive a call even from him at that time of
the day and week, and pushing a chair into the
corner, she bade him sit down where be would
be out of the way.
Jason meekly did as he was bidden, and sat
demnrely with his thumbs in bis vest pockets,
bis right foot crossed over bis left leg. and his
left foot on the side round of his chair.
"Can't jeou pat yourself into a less awkward
position J" suggested the fretful Patty.
Jason planted both feet squarely on the floor
and sat bolt upright, his arms crossed on bis
breast and his eyes firmly fixed on the object
of his heart's adoration.
"Oh! do stare at something beside me," the
bnsy housemaid went on.
Jason turned his naze from the lovely Patty
to the shining tins that stood in a long row in
front of the kitchen range, filled with shapely
masses of unbaked bread that would an hour
or so later be taken from the oven, their light
and snowy masses paying tribute to Patty's
skill in the culinary art.
Some moments followed in which silence and
the fragrant odor of cooking viands reigned
"3ay," finally broke in Jason, "what Is the
difference between me and the loaves you have
set to rise?"
"I knead my bread Saturday morning,"
auickly resoonded Patty, "but I don't need you
till Saturday night,"
"Haw. haw." laughed Jason. "Guess again."
"One is only halt baked and the other isn't
baked at all," snapped Patty.
"Wrong again," drawled out Jason.
"Well, answer it yourself then," said Patty.
"So you give it up, do you? Well, one Is
(but I leave the reader to guess how Jason
answered bis own conundrum.)
E. W. HABEI3.
557 EHTMING ANSTVEBS.
An answer of one word is required for each
line, and they all rhyme.!
I'm one of a foreign nation.
And sadlr bereft of reason;
A kind of discoloration,
I grow and ripen m season.
A terrible aggravation,
Causing much weary repining;
Fond of show and admiration,
I carry loads without whining.
Charles L Houston.
558 A FAIBY TALE.
Within my walls of silver
A little fairy lives.
Whose presence in a household
Great joy and comfort gives.
Sheows no tares of ancer.
And ugly weeds that spoil;
Bnt to sew tears in earments
Shet willingly wUl toil.
Now name this useful fairy.
Her shining palace, too.
Mot clever, nimble sisters.
Who all her bidding do.
512 "Train up a child In the way he should
6i5 A river.
548 Seven-s-even; fiye-fe-IV: six-s-IX.
547 Snakes'-head-lrls, iris; Shaman, Haman,
a man, man.
A Q O N E
I O S
, They are theplace for chops, mj '
Ton needed not that I should tell you to.
The "Egyptian Problem" No. 624 was con,
quered by R, B. Temple and George Ludwle.
Tltusville,Pa.; A. B. Morton, Allegheny City,
Pa.; J. Bosch, Salem, O.; E. S. Urlbben, Fitu-
burg. Pa.; J. M. a, Cumberland, Md.: G.. G.
Dawe. New York Citv; C. H. Bole, Allegheny
City, Pa., and Clyde Taylor, Pittsburg.
AN INTEEESTINO HUNT.
A Sag of Forty-Five Mammal Adjudged
Deserving the Frize.
Vith such words entered as "Tory,"
"Son," and "Friend." the task of the,. judge in
the Mammal Hunt has been no sinecure. His
decisions hare necessirily been somewhat ar
bitrary, but have been made with Impartiality
and as much uniformity as possible. Discard
incr all words not itnAcIfleallv ned tn riUtmiraisri
I classes of mammals, as well as all repetitions.
that of Ocelot, First avenue, Pittsburg, to
whom the prize is awarded.
Ocelot's mammals are as follows: Yak, tenree,
bear, ass, jack, hare, ounce, gnu. seal, boar,
man, buck, horse, eland, caribou, llama, dol
phin, whale, rat, cat, jackal, gibbon, ewe, bat,
gorilla, marten, camel, mustang, goat, tapir,
sable, zebra, ermine, ram, lion, otter, grizzly,
stag, ape, cinet. dog. peba, ratel, mole, puma.
Other hunters deserving special commenda
tion for their skill, though winning no prize,
are John a Fisher, Emma C. B. Stone. T.8.
Flynn, Mrs. Bell C. Fluke, P. O'Brien, Maud
Roenbanm, F. H. Bender, Olive L. Roberts,
Irene Dillon, Thomas G. Taylor. Charley Flau
nery, Hubert R. Johnson, G. R. Wilson. Mrs.
G. L. Sloan, Mrs. Sarah Whelan. Oliver Twfat,
Chas. J. Robertson. Frank Boice, The Girl
Hunter, Curley. J. C. Miller. G. W. Palmer,
Jr., Jennie R. Morrow. Harry Kunzler, Mamia
Roberts, J. C. Balis, U. L. Donaldson, Clyde
Taylor, T. G. Connor, Paul F. Burke, Geo.
Bhie!d,Jr., C.Williams, RP.Furtney. Wm.
8Ineer. W. Moore. E. F. Corwln. A. Hlldbrand.
fMrs.G.L. Sloan, G. E. North, Mrs. A. Wil
liams, h. j. .Kelly, tjauie a. siater. uraco
Megroun, Edith Gilmore. R. G. McDonougb,
T. W. Miller, J. F. Lobangh, Edith Lane,
Emma Van Dyke, Lizzie Griggs, Thomas Yeo.
No other jiartlcipants succeeded in getting
more than 2j mammals.
A purely Vegetable
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filCMhLTtf CTE1 OX Xi l it'jBl
A Scientific and Standard Popular Medical Treatise on
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orders for books or letters for advice should be
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safe remedy for the permanent cure of Impotency,
no matter how lone standing. Nervous Neuralgia
Headache, Nervous Prostration caused by the use
alcohol or tobacco, Sleeplessness, Mental Depress
ion. Softening of the Brain resulting in insanity
and leading to misery, decay and death. Prematura
Old Age, Barrenness, Spermatorrhoea, HarrassinK
Dreams, Premature Decay of Vital Power, caused
by over exertion of the brain, self-abuse or over
indulgence. 75 cents per box or six boxes for
S4.00, sent by mail prepaid on receipt of price.
Six boxes the complete treatment and with
every purchase of six boxes at one time we will
WRITTEN GUARANTEE TO REFUND THE MONEY
if the wafers do not benefit or effect a permanent
cure. Prepared only by the BOSTON MEDICAL
INSTITUTE. For sale only by JOSEPH
FLEMING fc SON. 412 Market Street, Pitts
burgh, Pa., P. 0. Box 37. to whom all communi.
eation should be addressed.
EU C2S33 VW&ZXD S2JUT3.
OricUal, best, oalj gravis ud
reliable pill fctiale. errr7aU. j
Auk tot CkitXutr SngUsHC
Diamond Brand, ia red m-1
UlUo boxes, vcaled with bias rib
bon. At Druffxi't. Accept
no other. All Dills la oiit
board boxes, pink wrappers, aro a danger
on counterfeit. Sena 4c- itamp) for
Earticolari inctMKelIef for Ladle, to
hr Mrnra n1l in AAA !..
thlf bMter Chemical CoH&disonSqPhliaFt
GRAY'S SPECIFIC MEDICINE
LOSS OF MEMORY.
Knll Dirtleulars In pamphlet
sent free. The trenulne Uray's
Speclflc sold by druzftUts only In
yellow wrapper. I'rtce, It per
package, or six forfV. orbTmall
.... .uuln, lf ..vd... 1. .. .J
.... w" -iiiL. v wine u, auUTC99
lnc THE GRAT MEDICINE CO . Buffalo. X. Y
soia in niraDnrg oy a. . jiol.LiAJJD. corner
Smlthfleld anU Liberty ts. apl2S3
J aufferhurfrmn tn f.
I (ecu or yoathrol er
r, early dacmy, lort
Me trcaUM (sealed)
tnanhoml . fftfl. I will
eonulnhur roll particulars tor hmaa can,
PROF. F. C. FOWLER, Moodus, Oonn.
For men! Checks the worst cases in three
days, and cure In five days. Price St 00. at
J. FLEMINU-S DRUGSTOKi;
- a . if JJ6t'