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ST 4 THE PlTTSBTJRG- ' DISPATCH, SATURDAY, ' MARCH 23, 1889. "f
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I Mje Bippfelj.
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1S46.
Vol. Ho 41. Entered at Pittsburg rostofflce,
November 1, ISS7, as second-class matter.
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PITTSBUBG. SATURDAY. MAR. 23, 1BS9.
To First of April Movers.
Persons changing their residenoe at the first
oX April or before, can have The Dispatch
delivered at their now addresses by ordering
through postal card, telephone or in person at
the Fifth avenne office.
THE SENSIBLE ALTEENATIVE.
If it is permitted to the high officials at
"Washington to exercise at all the graver
Junctions of thought in regard to the Pitts
burg postoffice which seems to loom up in
the proportions of a burning factional issue
the question might be put, "What is the
natter with Larkin?"
It is true Mr. Larkin, the present post
master, is a Democrat; but there is a year or
so of his commission still to run. Nobody
who knows the amiable P. M. will pretend
that he is a "rascal." As even the Jefler
sonian injunction which the spoilsmen of
the Democracy kept dinning into President
Cleveland's ears, to "turn the rascals out,"
manifestly cannot now Be turned around to
apply to Mr. Larkin, it will puzzle the He
publican administration to give a single
civil service reason why he should be eject
ed before his term expires.
To a good many people it must seem that
by permitting the Democrat, whose efficien
cy or honesty is not impugned, to run his
course, the Bepublican administration
would come nearest to the letter and spirit
of the Chicago platform, and of the inau
gural address. Besides, it would give the
eminent leaders of the opposing factions
time to cool and, perchance, to arrive at an
agreement which could not fail to relieve
the mild Mr. Wanamaker from the unpleas
ant duty of bitterly disappointing the one
side or the other.
BTAHIEY MATTHEWS' DEATH.
The death of Justice Stanley Matthews
removes a character, whose very slight
activity in politics compared rather strange
ly with the prominence given to him by the
reports concerning the influences that se
cured his elevation to the Supreme Bench.
Stanley Matthews' legal career was an un
questionably brilliant one, and, notwith
standing the assertion that he was a corpora
tion appointee, it would be hard to point to
any act of his on the Supreme Bench that
justifies the conclusion that he was owned by
certain corporation magnates. A somewhat
remarkable point in his career is its coinci
dence with that of the late Chief Justice
Waite. Sharing the leading positions at
the Ohio bar first one and then the other was
promoted to the highest tribunal of tbe
land, and then at a closer interval both were
removed by the even more supreme authori
THE CBmnTALS' DICTATI0K.
The hanging of the Barretts, who mur
dered a street car driver in St. Paul, Min
nesota, last July, took place yesterday at
that city. It is raised a slight degree be
yond the ordinary run of vulgar murders
by the extraordinary efforts to secure im
munity for the murderers. The effort did
not stop with presenting petitions for their
pardon or commutation; but the Governor is
slated to have received letters, declaring
that if be permitted these men to be hanged,
his own life should pay the penalty.
What hold these men had on the criminal
classes is not apparent; but so far as the out
side view discloses, the theory seemed to be
that tbe government of that State was estab
lished for tbe benefit of protecting the most
desperate and hardened offenders from the
legal consequences of their acts. It is hard
to perceive what other basis there could be
for the demand, except the request that
the wretches who murdered their victim for
a few dollars should be preserved from ex
ecution. Of course, unless government is to be sur
rendered to the sway of the professional
thugs and robbers, the threat against the
Governor must insure the execution of the
men. It is a subject of gratification that
such an effort should fail; but the criminal
classes of St Paul certainly have attained
eminence in their claim to dictate the action
of the executive.
A MEDICAL DICTUM.
An Eastern physician is qnoted as saying
that ladies who are in the habit of going to
matinees suffer from neuralgia and rheuma
tism. This disclosure of the debilitating
effects of the matinee habit is surprising and
apparently revolutionary. Exactly why
matinees should be more productive of these
excruciating ailments, than going to evening
performances, does not appear on the face of
the returns. The suspicion is naturally
created that the doctor in question has had
his own-nervous system deranged by troubles
in buying tickets or securing seats at mati
nee performances; but it is evident that if
he .succeeds in shutting off female attend
ance at matinees he will shut off the
matinees also. Whether afternoon theat
rical performances should be suppressed on
hygienic, social or moral principles may be
an interesting question, but the scientific
dictum would have had more weight if it
had been that ladies got neuralgia and
rheumatism by going out anywhere in pa
per shoes and gossamer underclothing.
SALT TBTJST AST) TAEOT.
Tbe report concerning the formation of a
salt combination or trust has caused a great
deal of comment lately, particularly in low
tariff journals. The organization itself is
of the usual variety, being neither better
nor worse than any one of its half-dozen pre
decessors. Tint "the disposition of the free
, trade element to charge it to the tariff ren-
aders it pertinent to point out two lacts. . ,;
last fall, every Democratic paper paraded
among its list of trusts created by the tariff
an alleged Salt Trust Their acclamations
over the fact that a trust is now being or
ganized, reveals the fact thattheir list was as
unreliable in alleging that a Salt Trust ex
isted at that time, as it was in alleging the
existence of a "general steel trust" and a
"general iron trust"
Secondly, the fact in this case is that the
present effort is a movement of the English
1 Salt Trust, which finds it necessary to use this
measure to shut off the competition of the
American salt producers. When Ameri
can salt has to be put up, so as to prevent its
breaking the English combination, it is
plain that the tariff has no more to do with
it than it has -with the petroleum, cotton
seed oil or alleged beef combinations.
It is worth while to remember that this
experiment has been tried again and again
in the salt business, and while it has some
times met with temporary success, the laws
of trade have always revenged themselves.
Twenty years ago there was a combination
comprising the essential features of a trust
or a pool in the salt business ; but it broke
itself up by calling new concerns into op
eration. The attempt has been renewed at
times, one of the contracts calling forth
the very plain doctrine from the Ohio Su
preme Court, that all such combinations
are outlawed. The lesson has been more
plainly taught in this industry than in any
other, that unless the combinations find
some means of excluding new establish
ments, their efforts to artificially enhance
prices must bring the penalty of increased
production and resulting depression.
As to the ponnection of such schemes with
the tariff, there is no plainer doctrine than
that declared by the New York Tri&une,
that "the Americans who enter into such a
combination are not the friends but the
worst enemies of the protective system. If
they carry out the plan ascribed to them,
they at least will have no right to complain
if a Congress representing American con
sumers should sweep away every cent of the
duty on foreign salt"
THE ALLEN TAX PB0P0SAL.
Representative Dravo, in a communica
tion to The Dispatch this morning, says
strongly everything that can be said for the
extraordinary bill taxing alien labor. But
Mr, Dravo is candid enough to admit that
the proposition involves difficulties which
the framers of the measure scarcely pretend
to have fully considered, much less over
come, by the step they suggest
As pointed out in these columns yester
day, no one can dispute either the danger
from the immigration which does not con
template citizenship, or the inconsistency
and injustice of allowing the importation of
cheap contract labor while avowing the
policy of protection to home industry. But
the Federal Government has grappled with
the latter issue. The importation of labor
under contract is prohibited under severe
penalties. All needed on that score is an
honest, determined enforcement of tbe law.
Representative Dravo is of opinion that
if an amendment is made to the tax bill ex
empting immigrants who declare their in
tentions to become citizens, it will operate
sufficiently so as to meet the other objection.
He thinks this test will distinguish between
the undesirable and the desirable immi
grants, leaving the first subject to the pro
posed tax, the second free from it. This
argues a remarkable faith, on the part of
Mr. Dravo, in the truthfulness of the ob
noxious class. With the prospect of facing
starvation by being excluded' from work, or
of returning to the country they left, what
proportion of the undesirable immigrants
would hesitate long about a mere declara
tion of intention to apply for citizenship?
It needs no deep discernment to see that by
leaving this loop-hole open to protect the
desirable class, the undesirable would be
first to take advantage of it. Of course, the
whole bill would at once become inopera
tive. The member from Beaver frankly states
that he "expected severe, possibly savage,
criticism for sustaining the bill. If its in
troduction and support were to be attributed
to mere demagogy, such might result
But Mr. Dravo is not a demagogue; and
judicious checks upon immigration are oc
cupying wide and serious attention as a
necessary thing. The only criticism that
can justly be made on the bill now at Har
risburg is that it is a blundering and hastily
considered attempt to have the State of
Pennsylvania deal with a problem which
the national Government alone can cope
with, and which, even from Congress, will
require a careful and-thorough inquiry into
economic questions, before an efficient law
can be framed.
As a "started' for thought, the
Harrisburg measure may be passed
lightly over; but the Legislature is hardly
the proper place for exploiting crude theo
ries. ATTACKED FBOH BOTH SIDES.
It is an interesting fact that Postmaster
General Wanamaker has- been the target of
more attacks than any member of the Cab
inet He was generally assailed by the
Democratic press as having secured office
by his campaign contributions, and neither
his upright character nor his unquestioned
business ability were"permitted to condone
that ofiense in the opinion of his political
opponents. Against this is the fact that so
far at least his administration has shown
the most promise of being run solely on
But that fact promises to bring down at
tacks on Mr. Wanamaker from the other
quarter. When Mr. Wanamaker declared
that there would be no politics in his de
partment but that the idlers must go,
it was instructive to notice how rap
idly the opinion began to crystalize
among Bepublican politicians that Mr.
Wanamaker's stay at the Postoffice Depart
ment must be brief. When he declined to
take a Kansas Congressman's orders to ap
point a certain postmaster off-hand, without
knowing who the other candidates were, the
Congressional mind became excited, and
threats of war against such an administra
tion were heard. Finally, when Mr. Wana
maker tramples on the principles of parti
san politics by actually urging that a
Democrat be retained as Minister to
Turkey, for such a trivial reason as that he
is remarkably fitted to discharge the busi
ness of the post, the cup of his Iniquities is
pretty nearly running over. Mr. Wana
maker starts out with being the object of
attack by Democratic politicians, and is
now becoming the target for the Bepubli
can politicians. This augurs well for the
satisfactory character of his services to the
great mass of the American people.
AS EGOISTIC CS0C0DLLE.
When bile gets the better of Dion Bouci
canlt, the actor and dramatist, as it not in
frequently does, he generally indulges him
self in a burst of abuse of some person or
thing. In one of these splenetio moods re
cently he attacked the -newspapers and
especially. the dramatic critics, saying that
ito them was chiefly due tfie" deterioration or
actors of the present day. There was some
truth in what he said, and a great deal of
nonsense. It was brilliantly phrased, how
ever, as all that Mr. Boucicault writes is,
and it has served -the writer's purpose well.
Everybody knows Willie Winter, the soft
and sympathetic being who writes beautiful
pieces about play acting in the New York
Tribune. His status as an egoistic senti
mentalist of the crocodilian order is high.
But nobody would have dreamed what
depths of nnsalted self-esteem could be
sounded in his nature, till he undertook to
answer "Mr. Boucicault and other censors
of the American newspaper in its relation
to dramatic art" More than this, in the
supplement to Harper's Weekly, of which
this great replyoccupies nine long columns,
the ridiculous lack of knowledge, the preju
dice and bad judgment of Mr. Winter are
What can be said for a critic who classes
among the good actors who have arisen
since 1850 Mrs. Langtry and omits Miss
Ada Dyas? Or of an intelligent man who
denies that honest and competent criticism
is to be found in the newspapers of any
American cities except nine which he de
liberately designate? The ignorance of the
critic is only equaled by the insolence of
the man. It will be a pretty spectacle to
see this inflated egoist used as a mop by
Mr. Boucicault The pity of it is that the
Messrs. Harper should have allowed such
a paltry ignoramus to exude twaddle upon
their broad pages.
Tammany has made a material addition
to its membership by voting to admit Grover
Cleveland. It is to be hoped that this will
conduce materially to Mr. Cleveland's per
sonal comfort, which was once very much
diminished by strained relations with that
Stanley Matthews' reported retire
ment was overruled by a higher authority,
and the President now has an opportunity
to show how much fonndation there was in
the report concerning his successor. By the
appointment of a Supreme Court Justice
and the two Inter-State Commerce Commis
sioners, which he will have at his disposal
during the next year, the President will be
able to show his position on corporation is
sues sooner than was expected.
Some innocent people are speaking of the
acquittal of Kerr, Jake Sharp's partner, as
a defeat of Colonel Fellows. The people
who think Fellows is beaten when boodlers
go free, do not know what he is there for.
The negative recommendation on a bill
in the Legislature to fix the weight of
a ton of anthracite coal at 2,000 pounds, is
indorsed by the Philadelphia Ledger be
cause the act of 1871 hxed it at 2,240 pounds.
But there is a harassing doubt in the
minds of coal consumers whether the act of
1871 fixed it so as to stay. The acts of the
coal dealers are sometimes alleged to have
taken about 540 pound3 off the legal
Mb. Cleveland's debut as an after
dinner orator is alleged to he threatening
the supremacy of Chauncey M. Depew. Is
it possible that the ex-President has the
English mission in his mind's eye?
It is reported that the white-winged dove
of harmony now hovers over the relations be
tween the Blaine family and Senator Ed
munds. The basis for this opinion is that
the Vermont Senator moved the confirma
tion of the Secretary of State and also of the
Secretary's son. This looks like the fulfill
ment of the prophecy of the lion and the
lamb lying down together with the lamb
occupying his usual quarters inside the
Would not the advisability of Mr.
Wherry's resolution to invest the State sink
ing fund in United States bonds depend
upon the premium at which those bonds can
The assurances of promotion for Colonel
Stewart, a Pittshnrger, who has efficiently
and satisfactorily acted as Consul at Ant
werp, and whose merits have been recog
nized by Democratic as well as Bepublican
Secretaries of State, shows that 'Western
Pennsylvanians are not to' be forgotten in
the distribution of diplomatic honors. The
selection of Colonel Stewart for tbe Sand
wich Islands would certainly be a good one.
The wheat boom is the latest change in
that uncertain market. It plainly repre
sents, not the action of snpply and demand,
but the manipulations of some big operator.
Kujieeous esteemed cotemporaries are
worrying themselves over the word to be
used to describe the new process for execut
ing murderers by electricity. The general
verdict against such words as "electro
thanatos" and "electrocised," warrants the
expectation that they will eventually settle
down to the use ef plain English and call it
"killed bv electric shock."
These seems to be a belief among the
local Bepublican politicians that the real
issue which was at stake last fall was the
possession of the Pittsburg postoffice.
"IF consumers had only coppered the
scheme of the big Copper Trustl" exclaims
thePhiiadelphiaPress. Butthe results seem
to show that consumers did copper the Trust
by refusing to buy copper at its prices, and
as a consequence the Trust is in the stew
boiled in its own copper kettle.
The Emperor of Austria has given orders
that his son's name shall never again be spoken
in his hearing.
Ex Settatob Bbadbtjby, of Maine, has al
most reached his 8Sth year, in perfect mental
and physical health.
Among Mr. Irving' pensioners are a family
which, when he was a very young and a very
poor actor in Scotland, once invited iim to a
Christmas dinner, and took occasion at the
same time to present him with a suit of clothes
prepared for the occasion, and offered with
much delicate kindness.
Pbof. Mommsen attended the recent sitting
of the Academic des Inscriptions et Belles
Lettres in Paris. He was entitled to be pres
ent by his character as a foreign corresponding
member of the French Academy, and in spite
of his being so decided a "Prussian" was wel
comed with great enthusiasm by his learned
colleagues. The Paris newspapers compare
him with M. Renan.
Amelia B. EnwAsns. the novelist, is en
gaged making selections for the Boston Mu
seum of Fine Arts from 100 tons of sculpture
from Bubastis which recently reached Liver
pool, England. One selection whichls soon to
he forwarded to Boston is a colossal head of
Hathor in excellent condition. It is said to be
of greater weight than the entire colossus of
It is said that when the Shah last visited En
gland he was taken to Newgate and shown,
among other objects of vertu, the gallows. In
this engine he evinced the greatest interest,
and, expressing a desire to see how it worked,
asked the governor to hang a man. The Gov
ernor explained that he had not a man ready
for the experiment, whereupon 'the Shah ex-
nMuhl, Antjkfnvit. T7ftne. una nfftiiM, "I
he wid.'pointlng to nku'te.JNefrgsxtoTsy; l I
A Moving Anecdote The Readers of Dime
Novels Not All Boys A Dos: of Sense.
Moving? Everybody seems to be moving,
about to move, or to have moved.
A couple of days ago, after a certain family
had safely accomplished its removal with all
tbe furniture from one house to another, and
when the children's bed time was approaching,
a little tot who has barely learned to speak ap-
proacnea paterfamilias and said: "Bay, popper,
let's go homer'
You think, and most of us think, that the
Cheap novels usually called "blood and thun
der," and which sell fori cents or a dime, are
read exclusively by schoolboys, the terrors of
the office and Juveniles in general. Anyway
if a man or woman ever takes to exciting his
or her soul with cheap and dreadful literature
it is popularly regardeaas an exception to the
rule. But is it such an exception?
Fob example, only last week a wealthy and
remarkably well-known merchant found his
yonngest son who works in his father's office
greedily devouring tho awful details of the life
and death of "Deadwood Dick" or some other
hero of juvenile fiction. The worthy old mer
chant confiscated all the dime novels In his
son's possession and bade him buy no more.
The chief book-keeper of this eminently
respectable merchant told me yesterday that
since the latter obtained the lurid tales from
his son he has been addicted to reading them
himself on all possible occasions.
Is examining the desk of abrothernewspaper
man the other day in tho vain hope of finding
some smoking tobacco I unearthed about a
dozen dime novels of the most ferocious and
untamed stamp. They were all thumbed, and
torn with much handling.
This student oj "Fly-foolish-man-or-I-will-kill-thee"
literature Is 'a gentle, placid writer
with a taste untainted with bloodthirstiness.
But he is passionately fond of feeling his hair
But it remained for a woman to give me the
most Interesting and novel information as to
the personnel of the dime-novel-reading con
tingent She said: "Why, most women that I
know have a sneaking love for tales of advent
ure; and they don't mind if there is a spice of
horror thrown into the mess, either. I think
young married women are the greatest readers
of dime novels, but in the very best society of
this country I. know many maids as well as
matrons who like a story paper, or a straight
out 'blood and thunder' novel, better than
'Robert Elsmere' or the respectable maga.
A GEEAT mastiff the other day followed one
ot the servants from a house in a suburban
village as she stepped out to do some small
errand. The dog is very big, but has a reputa
tion for good humor and rare sense. The
servant girl was German and bad only been in
the service of the owner of the mastiff a few
days, but she wasn't afraid of her companion,
who quietly trotted behind her to the store and
was still near her as she returned.
When she came back she accidentally passed
the gate of her employer's garden, and was
going on, when the great mastiff canght hold
of her dress and pulled it sharply. She was a
little scared, but as the dog kept pulling, she
gave way, and was gradually drawn inside the
right gate. She jaw she had been led to her
proper destination by tbe dog, and made no
more resistance, though the dog did not let go
of her dress.
Her dress was a little torn when she got in
side the house, but she went directly into the
parlor, where sat her mistress, exclaiming with
bands above her head: "MeinGott, that dog
PfiOBBITION NOT A SUCCESS.
A Party in Rhode Island Necessary to Pre
vent the Repeal of the Law.
Peovidence, R. 1, March 22. Tho State
Convention of the Fourth party, the Law En
forcement party, or the Anti-Resubmlssionists,
as they are called, was held in Blackstone Hall
this morning.. Thero was a fair representation
of country towns, and the recent origin of the
movement considered. The nominations,
which were made with much enthusiasm, were:
For Governor, James H, Chace, of Lincoln;
Lieutenant Governor, Franklin Metcalf, of
Cbarlestown; Secretary of State, J. Barclay
Foster, of Westerly; Attorney General, H.
Rogers, of Providence; General Treasurer, E.
A. Green, of Lincoln.
The platform opens with a recital ot the
adoption of the prohibitory amendment in
April, 1888, the laws passed to carry into effect
tbe purpose of the amendment, claiming that
no earnest effort has yet been made to enforce
the law in the State as a whole, and that the
laws on the statute book are just beginning to
"Themembeis of the majority party in the
Legislature, elected on a platform pledging
them to impartial and effectual enforcement
of tbe prohibitory law, having now, in viola
tion of tbe spirit of solemn party pledge, voted
to resubmit to popular vote the fifth amend
ment, wo declare our opposition to the resub
mission of the prohibitory amendment to
a popular vote at the present time, and demand
the passage of more stringent laws for the
enforcement of the prohibition amendment"
1 IN 1,069,487,620.
The h Road Maybe Slow, bn tit is a Miracle
From tbe New York Evening Ban 1
In the pithy plea which Jay Gould made for his
elevated system yesterday appeared one state
ment of fact so extraordinary as to merit
Mr. Gould said that up to the beginning of
the current year the Manhattan system had car
ried . 1,069.487,620 passengers a total, we may
notice, by the way, that approaches the esti
mated population of the globe and out of this
vast traffic only one person was killed in the
It is a fact, as Mr. Gould says, that this record
has no parallel in any country or time. Of
course, the journey of each passenger was
brief, but this circumstance, involving as it did
hurried exits and entrances, adds to the marvel
rather than detracts from it And on a mileage
basis the percentage of fatality would still be
unique forlowness of rate.
The existing rapid transit facilities of the
city are shamefully inadequate. But we can
afford to be fair to the elevated. It is slow,
Irregular, and intolerably crowded. But it has
been a miracle of safety.
THE POPE W0FT LEAVE EOME.
Cardinal Gibbons Says His Holiness Isn't
Coming to America.
Baltimore, March 22. In reference to the
remark of Cardinal Parocchi, at a banquet in
Rome Tuesday, that if the Pope should find it
necessary to leave Europe at some future day,
he would receive an honorable hospitality from
the American Bishops, Cardinal Gibbons said
to-day that Cardinal Parocchi' s expression was
no doubt meant as a tribute to the hospitable
spirit of the American bishops, clergy and
"For," said Cardinal Gibbons, "there was
.scarcely any foundation for the statement so
often made, that tbe Pope would leave Rome.
The papary Is too intimately connected by past
associations and memorable events to make the.
Popo'a-reraoval from Rome at all probable?
The same reports were circulated as long ago
as tbe time of Archbishop Eccleston."
They Will Get Something.
From the Chicago Tribune. J
There can be no harm in rejoicing mildly over
the fact that the postofflces in Illinois, at least,
will be given to Illinois men.
In Cnltored Boston.
From the Chicago Inter-Ocean.
The Boston station houses' "drunks" are
booked as dipsomaniacs.
DEATHS OP A DAY.
Charles B. Barrett.
rnttADELrniA. March 22. Ex-Postofflce In
spector Charles 13. Barrett died suddenly at hi
home In this city, ol apoplexy. Sir. Barrett was
about 70 years old, and he had been Postoffice In
spector for over 12 years. At the beginning of the
civil war PresldentLlncoln appointed him a mem
ber of the Board of Enrollment of the Torty
fonrth district. He was ranked as a lieutenant of
cavalry, and was honorably discharged at the
close or the war. He was made postal Inspector
in 1879, which position be held until relieved, two
- 'A. II. McCnllocb.
1 CBAMBIKSBUSO, March 22. A. H..McCnliocn,
iomerly General Passenger Agent of the Cam
berlhndtValteylBsIlroad, died 5 here yesterday,7
aged 76 years. He had Been in me: serrioe., of, tae
;. . 4-A a wn vsi catMit ivt uuu sss
mtxjKbimjsrs? j ys Jr-reif'.-gg:
Mr. Dravo More Folly Explain HU Ssp
port ot the Alien Tax Bill He Does Not
Claim That ft Is Perfect.
Xo tbe Editor of The Dlspateht
House blU M0, taxing alien labor, seeks to
deal with a difficult and, unsolved problem, and
hence I fully anpreciate your editorial criti
cism in to-day's issue of The Dispatch. The
bill is not what I could desire. I found it on
the calendar of the House when It was too late
in the session to undertake a recast; but I have
strong convictions of the enormous evil arising
from the increasing influx of foreigners with
mercenary motives solely, having no compre
hension of the nature or sympathy with our
institutions coming to - remain only long
enough to secure sufficient means to return
whence they came. In an economic view they
add nothing to the prosperity or the activities
of trade. They build no houses: they furnish
no homes; they purchase no merchandise to
any appreciable extent; the vast majority live
in filth and self-enforced poverty, that their
gains may be more rapid and their return the
As in Fayette county, they pay no tax; their
children, when not old enough to work, crowd
our schools; they fill our prisons and protract
the sessions of our courts, increasing very
largely the costs of local government
Recognizing the evils of indiscriminate im
migration tho bill, Imperfect as it is, seeks to
secure two important ends. First and prima
rily, to make a start in the direction of re
straining undesirable immigration. . All re
form must have a commencement The aim
is to start the movement in the right direc
tion. Second Tbe bill seeks revenue for local
government to meet increased cost of adminis
tration brought about by the presence of the
parties to be taxed. Tbe provisions of the bill
impose no burdens upon, and places no ob
structions, in the way of moral and intelligent
foreigners who come to stay, to uphold our in
stitutions and love our flag. All such are pre
pared to declare their purpose as soon as they
arrive. They are already American citizens,
save only the legal form ot naturalization; a
declaration of their intentions exempts them
from the restrictions sought to be imposed
upon a class who have no such qualification
and no such purposes.
I am pleased at the fairness and tone of The
Dispatch editorial. I was prepared to have
the press rake me fore and att for my advocacy
oi mis measure, vv nue aavene. even Bavage,
criticism, would have no terrors in the face of
duty and convictions, yet it is very pleasant,
when one is groping his way in tbe dark
wrestling with difficult and unsolved problems,
seeking the right as the right may be discov
ered, to be treated, at least, considerately.
True this is a national question, and yet tbe
State may lead the way to the extent of State
authority. The bill is a venture, an experi
mentan attempt to redeem promises better
to save America for Americans, native or
adopted. If in practical working it develops
merit, future legislation can amend and per
fect If it works ill then repeal.
John F. Dbavo.
PrrTSBUBG, March 22, lb89.
Thanks, for tho Correction.
To the Editor of Tbe Vlspatcb:
"Ecce Homo" was written by Prof. Secleyj
professor of modern history, Cambridge, En
gland. I was one of his pupils, andWe used to
chalk "Kcco Homo" on his desk. Renan wrote
"La Vie de Jesn," which every one ought to
Walteb E. Koch, M. A. (Castas.)
Oscar S, White Ash. Pa. It is willow.
THE OCCUlMLW OF JUPITEE.
Professor Brashear Anticipates an Inter
esting Astronomical Event.
An interesting astronomical phenomenon
will occur on the morning of tbe 21th (Sunday),
viz, an occultatlon of the planet Jupiter by the
moon. Unfortunately it will be daylight at the
time of the immersion of the planet, but it can
be seen with a good opera glass or spy glass.
As it will be of Interest to amateur astrono
mers, of whom there are are a goodly number
in our two cities, I append the times below,
There is to the astronomer very considerable
interest in observing an occultatlon of a large
planet When a fixed star is occulted orpassed
over by the moon, it is instantly extinguished,
but a planet having considerable of a disc re
quires time to be covered by the moon in its
eastward journey around the earth, and the
contrast of color and other interesting phenom
ena may be studied. The third moon of Jupiter
will be occulted about ten minutes before the
planet which in itself will be interesting, but
will require a faiily good-sized telescope say
2K inches aperture to show it well.
The estimated time of the immersion, or be
ginning of the occultatlon, is 626 o'clock Sun
day morning. The emersion, i, e., tbe reap
pearance of the planet will occur SS minutes
later. This is Pittsburg mean time, so that 20
minutes 'must be added to the above figures.
1 should be ad to receive any notes from ob
servers who may witness the phenomena.
A cablegram reached me last week that Dr.
Terby, of France, had discovered a strange1
white spot on the rings of Saturn. This was
confirmed by Dr. MacLeod, of Montreal.
Observations were made on the night of the
receiDt of tbe telegram, and though the seeing
was poor, the light spot could be seen. On
Saturday night last Prof. Vey and I made ob
servations with tho large telescope of the Al
legheny Observatory, and both observers saw
the whitish appearance without difficulty, but
both concluded that, as it borders' close by the
line of the dark shadow of the ball on the
rings, it is probably the effect of contrast and
not a change in tbe condition of the ring
system. J. A. Bbashzab.
MUST BE GOOD WORKMEN.
Military Records Alone Won't Secure Po
sllians Under Secretary Tracy.
Washington, March 21 Secretary Tracy
has defined his intentions in the matter of re
taining or reinstating navy yard employes in
tbe following letter, addressed to an employe
in tbe Bureau of Yards and Docks, Washing
ton Navy Yard:
I have your letter of the 19th lnst. concerning
yonr discharge from the position of clerk in the
Bnrean of Yards and Docks in the Washington
N avr Yard, in which yon state yonr record as a
soldier, and also that this record was the . sole
cause of yonr appointment. In reply, and to cor
rect erroneous impressions concerning the same,
I have to state that yon were discharged upon the
recommendation of the Chief of thcliuieau of
Yards and Hocks for Inefficiency In the tierfonn-
ance of your duties. At the time of my approval
of the recommendation for your dismissal 1 was
not aware of your military record, and It Is a cause
of deep regret that such a result should happen to
a soldier, but nevertheless It is necessary to tbe
roper transaction of the business of tbe Navy
department that persons holding positions there
under shall be able to discharge their duties In a
manner satisfactory to toelr superior officers.
While the fact of a person having a good record
as a soldier wOl be considered among the best of
recommendations for retention In or appointment
to a position nnder the Navy Department, ability
to perform satisfactorily the duties or the position
which he holds or to which he aspires must be a
condition precedent to favorable consideration of
an application for retention or appointment.
THE CHAMPION HDNGRI MAN
Cannot Get Enough to Eat at Home and
Robs the Neighbors' Larders.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
Elliott City, Ms., March 22. About three
months ago the residents of this city com
plained that their larders were being plun
dered. .Neither money nor goods were touched,
but everything in the shape of food was cleaned
out For over a month the police searched for
tbe thief, who was finally canght while regal
ing himself in a neighbors' kitchen. His name
is John Darby, and he has a wife and family.
After a preliminary hearing be was sent to
the county jail pending his trial by tbe court.
He has now been in the institution two months,
and the warden says he has proved the most
expensive 'prisoner the State has ever bar.
bored. His appetite is enormons. Though
weighing only ISO pounds, he is tall and gaunt,
measuring 6 feet 1 inch. It seems impossible
to satisfy his cravings, and his attacks upon
his neighbors' larders are now explained. His
regular daily meals are four times greater in
the way of amount of food than those of any
A Doubtful Market.
From the Toronto Empire. I
Two car loads of eggs consigned to local
dealers arrived in Toronto on Tuesday from
the United States. What is the matter with
the Canadian henT Where is the market of
60,000,000 which was 'hankering" to the extent
of 10 cents a dozen for the Canadian eggT
When the American farmer ships his eggs Into
Canada because he gets a better price than in
his own markets, the theory which Mr.Erastus
Wiman held before Canadian farmers to tempt
them into annexation to his adopted country
must have been wild indeed. The Canadian
hen is still living, but the enticing tale con
nected with it is (b)ended.
Thpra'a 8nmttM New.
? 5SasSs:,.i5 -.,
----- -"- 1
GOTHAM'S GOSSIP GRIST.
Steamships Delayed by Heavy Fogs.
fNXW TOBK BUBIUW SrXCIALS.l
New Yobk, March 22,-The steamships
which were delayed outside the bar by the
recent-bad weather and fog came Into port this
morning. One. was the Wisconsin, ot the
Gulon Line, which arrived off Sandy Hook at
10 o'clock Wednesday night and was prevented
from getting any further by the fog. Her
passengers suffered from the strain due to tbe
30 hours' delay. The Indiana, from Liverpool,
was delayed even longer. The Ward Line
steamship Manhattan, from Havana, reached
the Hook last night and had to come to anchor
there on account of the fog. The other de
layed vessels which arrived to-kay were the
State of Nevada from Glasgow, tbe Alexandria
from Messina, the Seneca from New Orleans,
the England from London, and the Lake Su
perior from Liverpool.
- Free Trade Wanted by Artists.
A number of artists of this city who are not
afraid to compete with the pauper painters of
Europe and some of their friends got together
at the Fifth Avenne Hotel, Thursday night,
and organized tbe National Free Art League,
the purpose of which is to secure the abolition
of the tariff on works of art J. Carrol Beck
wlth, who presided, said the object of the
League was to make a perpetual protest against
the 30 per cent tariff on art H. R. Butler said
that art was on the free list up to 1861, when a
duty of 10 per cent was put on it as a source of
revenue. March 3, 18S3, this duty was Increased
to 30 per cent, apparently by mistake, for tbe
Increase was asked by none. America, he ad
ded, is the only civilized country in tbe world
which imposes a duty on art, except Spain,
which charges a nominal duty per pound.
Kenyon Cox hoped the League would have no
political color. An executive committee of 12
Ice Mast be Kept Up.
Notwithstanding the considerable cold
weather which toward the close Interrupted
the mildness of the winter, and which, at the
time, was reported to have mado ice of average
thickness in the upper Hudson, the ice dealers
are already announcing that the shortness of
the crop will compel them to Increase the price
to CO cents a hundred pounds. A meeting ot
ice dealers will shortly be held to determine
what the price will be this summer. The short
age at Hudson and Newburgb is estimated at
63 per cent as compared with las( year's crop,
and the ice is also said to be of poor quallly.
From other gathering points come similar re
ports, and there is not an Ice dealer but pre
dicts a dear summer for Ice, if not a famine.
Only $200 for a Big Toe.
While David Czaeske, a barber, was passing
along Broadway, Brooklyn, in November, a keg
of beer fell from one of brewer William Ul
mer's wagons and crushed his big toe. At his
suit for 5.000 damages, he claims that tbe acci
dent was due to tbe carelessness of the brewer's
employes, and experts were called to show how
beer wagons should be loaded. They decided
that they should be so loaded that tEe kegs
wouldn't fall off. The jury cave the plaintiff
$200, which seemed so little for a big toe that
his attorneys offered to set the verdict aside
and take a new trial. The offer was not ac
cepted. Not on a Political Mission.
Russell Harrison arrived from Washington,
this morning. He says he's here for the pur
pose of consulting wlthW. J. Arkell about
Prank Leslie' Illustrated Newspaper, In which
be has an interest, and not for any political
Wns a Friend of Cleveland's.
William Woodward, Jr.. the cotton ex
change broker, who died suddenly of apoplexy,
Wednesday night, was an intimate friend of
ex-President Cleveland, and, it is said, that it
was owing to bis representations that Mr.
Cleveland concluded to make New York bis
home. Mr. and Mrs. Cleveland dined with Mr.
Woodward last Friday, and afterward went to
the opera with him and his wife.
TO BENEFIT A CHUECH.
A. Grand Musical Entertainment Is Given
at East Liberty Hall.
A grand musical entertainment was held last
night by members of the Fourth M. P. Church,
in East Liberty Hall. The proceeds of the en
tertainment are for the benefit ot the church.
The choir of the Second M. P. Church and
several well-known vocal and instrumental
musicians assisted in the rendition of tbe many
parts of a well-selected programme.
The members of Lion's Orchestra then
?layed a very beautiful introductory selection,
he choir then sang, "Awake, jEoiian Lyre";
Miss Lula A. Butler recited "Christmas Day In
tjhe Workhouse"; Mr. F. W. Butler executed
a beautiful solo, "Out ot tbe Deep"; Messrs.
John and Isaac Rosser rendered a duet en
titled, "See the Pale Moon." The concert was
concluded by a cantata, called "Crown of Ke
ward,"in which Miss Emma McManigl and ten
other young ladles took part
Prof. Richard Frosser acted as director,
and Mr. O. F. Marshell as accompanist.
The hall was filled to Its capacity and the en
tertainment proved a great success.
TWO EITAL SOCIETIES.
The Pittsbnrg Academy Societies nave an
The Emanon and Knickerbocker, rival lit
erary societies of the Pittsburg Academy,
held a literary contest in the Liberty Street M.
E. Church last evening. Each society had its
champions and the audience wa3 allowed to
judge for itself. Tbe programme coqsisted ot
original orations by A. Hays and Everett Phil
lips, and readings by Miss Annie Blackadore
and Lillian Cready.
Then there was a debate on the subject,
"That a General European War Would be
Beneficial to the United States," with Harry
Bobbins in the affirmative, and A. G. Smith in
the negative, followed by essays by Miss Busle
Bryar and Jessie K. Moore, recitations by
Maggie Minlck and Loella Blocklnger, a vocal
solo by Miss Bell Tomer and a violin solo by
Miss Margaret Martin. The society papers
were read by Ira Fix and John R. Speer.
A SUCCESSFUL C0UESE.
The Flunl Y. M. C. A. Entertainment for the
Winter Last Evening.
The last entertainment of the winter course
given by the Young Men's Christian Associa
tion, of this city, at the Second Presbyterian
Church was held last evening. Mr. Henry T.
Bryant opened tbe programme with vcntrilo
qutal oddities. Mr. D. W. Robertson played a
eleigbbell aolo. Mr. Bryant cave "A Little
Nonsense." A tnmbleronicnn solo wbs per
formed by Mr. Robertson. More nonsense by
Mr. Bryant and a sleighbell solo concluded the
The course of entertainments given this
winter have been very successful, both in at
tendance and the quality. The church In which
they were given was crowded every night It
has shown the necessity of the association hav
ing a larger ball of its own for tbe accommoda
tion of members and guests.
A SELECT MASQUESAPE.
The Misses Morelnnd, of Forbes Street, En
tcrtnln n Enchre Clnb.
Ths Misses Moreland, of Forbes street Oak
land, gave a masquerade yesterday evening to
the members of tbe Bellefield Euchre Clnb,
among which are tho Misses Moreland. The
affair was very informal, as only about 10 per
sons were present ,
Catorer.Knhn furnished tbe refreshments,
while Monselur Frank presided at the piano la
order to give the dancers a chance.
Some very artistic and uniqne costumes were
worn, and the affair was thoroughly enjoyed by
all on account of its novelty.
A Pleased Andlrncr.
The railway branch of the Y. M. C. A. gave
an entertainment last evening in the railroad
ward of the West Penn Hospital. Nobody was
present but tbe patients. Messrs. Taylor and
Miller, Miss Butler and the three children of
Mr. Taylor presented an Interesting pro
gramme. A Saccesafnl Concert..
A musical and literary entertainment was
given-last night in tbe Butler street M. E.
Church by the Young People's Society of
Christian Endeavor. Rev. Dr. Norcross, prin
cipal of tbe Pittsburg Female College, deliv
ered an address
A Cotillon ia the Slerrett Schaob-
The youBg'people of Sbadyside gave a cotil
lon last evening at the Sterrett Schoolbease. In
HsSjaftftweaeVt There were over M0 eoaptes pres
e and Geraert t Gaeatbet1 Orohostra.fttr-
tifSkM TrffiQ Mlssslg
snVsrtll VXrVBsTwVvsr .
It only requires 21 hours to convert
corn Into sausage at Wichita.
Around Eangely lakes, in
sleighing is still being enjoyed.
The cattle in the vicinity of Westphalia,
Kan., are "dying of brain fever."
A Chicago woman has published a story
Of which the scene Is laid In heaven.
Several members of the faculty of
Dartmouth College voted against prohibition
the other day, while two-thirds of thebovi
voted for it. '
ABnrlington, Iowa, man who had been
reporter, editor, sheriff and chief of police by
turns, was bsnkoed out of eaOOO the other day
by a very shallow davice.
Nine persons were carried a distance of
1,000 yards, and four of thtm killed outright,
by an avalanche near St Michel, Savoy, a weet
ago, and on the same day another avalanche
destroyed the village of NrroIletinthe same
An Indiana citizen, though he made
his living from the sale of drugs,alwa'ys refused
medical advice, and even in his last sickness
would not consent to see a doctor. Friends
finally though insisted on calling in a physi
cian, who found the sufferer pulseless and
An Englishman has produced a piece ol
mechanism containing 100 figures representing
horses, cannon, artillery, infantry and a hand
of 52 men, each with an instrument A tiny
windmill turned by the current from burning
candles furnishes the power to move all the fig
John Smith, of Falls township. Ohio.
who lately purchased a monument and coffin
for himself, last week made further prepara
tion for his burial by buyingagrave and paying
for the digging of it He has a shroud on hand,
and now boasts that he has in his possession
receipts for all his funeral expenses."
Two Congregational churches in Maine
have a pastor between them. Both desired his
services at the same hour, but as that was im-
Eossible the matter was compromised by
aving the pastor's wife officiate at one of the
churches. And tbe church at which she of
ficiates thinks it has the best of the bargain.
An old lady who lives in Whitechapel,
London, spends a weekly shilling as follows:
Her rental is paid for her, and her weekly al
lowance consists of relief tickets for cwt of
coal, one 4-lb loaf , 2 oz of tea, Xllj sugar, and
Is, which Is spent as follows: Clothing card,
2d: oil and wood, 1; meat, 3d; soap, Id; butter,
2Kd; vegetables. ld; apples (for dnmpllng).
Ka: flour. Hi. Total. Is. The "meat" means
either bones or the trimmings of fish and meat
from an eating house. She and another old
woman put by one lump coal each week, and
this lasts them through the summer months,
when the coal tickets are not given out.
W. P. Hardy, one of the oldest citizens
of Jaaper county, Ga.. says that about the year
1847 he had his horse shod in Covington, all'
round, for 75 cents. He then drove him to
Texas, had the shoes removed, remained a
year or two, and when he concluded to coma
back to Georgia he had the same shoes put
back, and when he arrived in Georgia his horse
had on two of the shoes, having lost two on
the way. On tbe same trip the axletree of H.
M. Martin's wagon broke In tbe Mississippi
swamp. They cut down a greenpine sapling,
made an axletree, went on to Texas, used is
while there and returned to Georgia and used
it for regular hauling for several years after-
A curious canse of death was recently
recorded in India. A native who was fishing
in a stream caught a flat, eel-like fish, about 15
to 16 inches in length. Being desirous of kill
ing It, he put it into his mouth in order to bite
off its head. The fish, however, scarcely ap
preciating this clumsy attempt at decapitation,
vigorously essayed to make other arrange
ments, in which it was partially successful.
Gifted with a sliminess, which made it very
difficult to hold, it slipped through the man's
fingers into his mouth, and conveyed itself
partly down his gullet Tbe situation now was
badforthefishrbut still worse for the man,
for, owing to the sharp fins on the back of the
fish, it was not possible to withdraw it Tho
man died in great agony within an hour.
A man named Joseph Kline once lived
in the northern part of Franklin county,
Georgia, who had tbe misfortune to be ridden
by witches almost every night They would
whisk him out of tho house, change him to a
large black horse, put a saddle on his back and
ride him rainy miles to attend a diabolical
orlgterand return before dawn. One morning
be arose weary and exhausted--front a long
night's tramp and informed his family that the
witches bad given him a hard ride during the
night and that on his return through tbe Barton-old
fields he struck his forefoot against a
belL Several of his neighbors repaired to the
spot at once and found the belL It had been
displaced by a horse's forefoot only a few
hours before fresh horse tracks were traced
through the old field upon the very route
Kline said be had traveled. Tbe witch doctors
and the necromancers made many unsuccess
ful efforts to break tbe charm that bound tbe
unfortunate man to his destiny. They shot
hair balls and silver bullets at the drawing of
the witch, but she was so agile that she always
passed in front of the picture before tbe ball
reached it and escaped harm.
Ten and a half miles north of Carnes
ville, Ga., is a spot called the Indian ring. It Is
a circle of raised earth with a depression In the
center like many others in this section of the
State. This ring was once the trystingplace o
ghosts and goblins. Horsemen were frequently
arrested in their journey by a hugh barrel
which rolled into the road before them, and
which it was impossible to pass without leap
ing over it At other times a fearful animal
with protruding tongue, fiery eyes, a tail 30 feet -long
and a voice which struck terror to the
heart of man and beast would leap upon the
horse behind the terrified rider and bear him
company several hundred yards. A headless
man, mounted on a large claybank horse, was
often seen in daytime riding through the woods
and passing out ot sight over the brow of tbe
bill. Elmsly Wolf, in passing on foot one
night, was confronted by a man of gigantic
size who emitted light He had an Immense
Roman nose and large glowing eyes, and was
dressed in a strange white robe. His limbs
were loaded with chains that clinked as he
strode back and forth across the ring. Mr.
Wolf fled in terror to the nearest house, and
fell fainting at the door, and was not fully re
stored to health in several weeks.
It is no great self-denial to give up skat.
lng when there is no ice.
Never devote more than six days of the
week to preparing your Easter costume.
Lent is a good season for courtship. Ton
can deny yourself a great deal In the way ot
Signs. In Jersey City, on Central ave
nne F. Stiff, Undertaker. On a street in Byra
cuie B. Graves, Tombstones.
Yon need not deny yourself the pleasure
of giving a dollar to every beggar who accosta'f
TO A BUCKWHEAT CAKE.
Fare thee well, thou thing of batter,
Gone are all thy charms for me.
Spring Is here that's what's the matter.
Hump thyself, skedaddle, fleet
The Wisdom of Tears. Young SneerleigbJ
If l'S as homely as you I'd cut my throat. 1
Old Sharpeley-ilf you'd been as homely ss I as I
long as I you'd have brains enough tonotspoly
the edge or a good razor that way.
""Her First Corn Cakes. Mrs. Youngwife
I would like some cornmeal, Mr. Scales,
mmeiu. All rlc-tat. ma'am. White or yellowr
Mrs. Xoungwlfe White, please. I am going to
make some" cakes, and of course want them to be
as light as possible. '
At the Victoria.-Cashier (to waiter)
What was the matter with that larger heavy gent
that Just left the table there? He said yonhjWUted
him. . , -sfc
Walter I merely asked him If hewantesome
Metropolitan Pridev-Farmer Oateake
Ain't you ashamed o yourseir to be golaJirround
beggin' this way? You're "better argsjjdjthan
Cltytramp-Mebbe, boss; but denyerknowa
gent's got ter be more careful or his looks'wben
he lives in der city.
So Ofiense Intended. De Caneau I
have to mention a very nnpleasantmltter. Miss
saw me whipping my horses the other day.j
Miss Homane-That must hare been a mistake.
De Caneau-Then yon didn't say It?
MissHumsne Ko, Indeed. I think too much of
the brute creation to do It snch an injustice.
Forgot Where He Was. A New York
BUt minister supplied a pulpit In a Canadian
town recently. Be was somewhat absent minded,
and often did the most erratic things.
When the collection plates were brought to the
front without a penny on them he looked wonder- j
lngly at one of the wardens. J 3
Ah!" said the latter.VJ.Mf you onlyhadn'tan-l
nonnced that no CaaaMM fsac-aey woald be taksnj
we'd nave bis. a nig ooiikb raw awauij. iafl