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A FEW FUTILE KICKS
Obstruct the Appropriation Ordi
nance Briefly in Council
AND THE EEFORMERS SIT DOWN.
Only One of Them Totes Against the Final
Passage, After Much Talk.
A FILIBUSTER AND A RECONSIDERATION
The Common branch of Pittsburg Coun
cils met in special session yesterday after
soon for the consideration ot the appropria
tion ordinance. The document was sub
mitted to Councils on behalf of the Finance
Committee by Chairman Magee, and on
motion -was -placed on second and third read
ins fr nnal passage nnder a suspension of
the rules. "When the reading had proceeded
to "Exhibit Q," which included the esti
mated receipts and expenditures, Mr. Fer
guson objected to the item of salaries being
passed upon, without being itemized, giving
the amount of salary appropriated to each
employe of the city.
Mr. W. A. Masree stated that the item,
$70,250, included all the city offices snch as
Controller, Mayor, Treasurer, City Clerk,
Board of Assessors and others, including
their clerks (not provided in the regular de
Mr. Ferguson thought the information
desired should be freely given. He did n&t
suspect anything wrong with the appropri
ation, but wanted to have a clear under
standing of every dollar to be expended be
fore lie would vote for the ordinance. To
get this information, he moved that an
itemized list of the city officers and em
ployes be printed and supplied to each mem
ber of Council before further consideration
of the ordinance.
The motion was seconded by Mr. Benzie
hansen, who stated that he was p. member
of tha EUance Committee, and had been
present when the ordinance had been
adopted from the sub-committee; but it had
been introduced late at night, and the mem
bers had no opportunity to properly
Mr. Bigham thought the new appropria
tion was xery fair, being only $350 greater
for salaries than last year, and he thought
that was getting off very easy.
THE TBOUBLE AND THE BEMEDT.
Mr. Culbertson thought that every mem
ber ot Council should have an understand
ing of the ordinance before passing upon it,
so that he could vote intelligently and be
able to give his constituents an intelligent
explanation of its features. He supported
Mr. Ferguson's motion.
Mr. Magee replied that every intelligent
member of Councils should know all about
the receipts, expenses, city offices, and other
points of that kind. It was as much the
duty of every member of Council to do this
as it was of the Finance Committee, who
received no compensation for it
"When the vote was taken on the motion
it was carried by 17 to 15.
Mr. Magee then moved to adjourn, as it
would take a long time to furnish the fig
ures and tables demanded, and it would
take until after the month of March to get
the ordinance passed.
Mr. Benziehausen interrupted the sneaker
by insinuating that the committee had held
Mr. Magee denied this, and repeated
what he ha"d said about the duties of mem
bers of councils.
Mr. Duncan thought the question raised
was not a proper one, in view of the fact
that all the city employes and their salaries
had been reported to Councils only two
-weeks ago. He moved to reconsider the
vote on Mr. Ferguson's motion.
Mr. Benziehausen said he was for reform
and would move to reduce the millage for
1SS9 to 10 mills, taking the 2 mills off by
reducing the salaries of all the city officials
and employes. This motion was not
Mr. Carnahan was astonished to find that
only 5350 had been added to salaries, and
thought that a very fair figure. He quoted
the appropriation lor interest and taxes and
city loans, which this vear is $741,415, and
which he remembered a few years ago was
over $l,000,000,as a sample of the fairness of
the appropriation; and yet, during the past
year the city government had been reorgan
ized and the city had increased over 10,000.
Mr. Ferguson said that all the salaries
were not fixed by ordinance, and the Chair
replied that they were either fixed by ordi
nance or act of legislature.
Mr. Magee said, if the gentleman from
the Seventeenth ward had any information
to show that one dollar was to be spent
illegally, be should give it He referred
to Mr. Ferguson's questions as ''meaning
nothing before they were asked, or after
they were answered."
Mr. Bigham said if Council had this list
they could not change a cent on it, as every
figure is fixed bylaw.
Mr. Ferguson and Mr. "Wright sparred
over this question of who was behind the
times, the minority or the majority? Mr.
Ferguson said the tactics that rusned the
bill through last year were being used again.
Mr. Sleggert said he only wanted to know
where the money went Councilmen who
were not in the charmed circle had no
chance to learn.
The motion to reconsider was passed by a
vote of 19 to 13, and the item was approved.
Mr. Benziehausen wanted to strike out
salaries altogether, but he was ruled out
The next item, ?249,000, brought on an
other fight It contained a proviso that
10,000 be used to buy land for engine
houses in the Thirty-first and Thirty-second
wards. Mr. Duncan moved to strike out
this clause. Mr. Binder, of the Thirty-first
ward, protested. The Thirty-first ward
seeded an engine house, and was promised
one last year. It didn't get it and now he
wanted the promise in the bill. Mr. Big
ham, ot the Thirty-second ward, also pro
tested. Mr. Duncan said the clause should be
stricken out, because it was a rider on the
appropriation bill. The Chair, Mr. Binder
And Mr. Bigham had put in all of last meet
ing preparing for this little matter.
President Holliday called Mr. Carr to the
chair and took the floor. First disclaiming
any personal motives, he advocated the
510,000 item, and wound up by saying, that
before the meeting Mr. Duncan had said
that if the Chair would agree upon an ap
propriation for the Thirteenth ward, he
(Mr. Duncan) would vote for the item la
the bill; if not, it would be struck out
Mr. Duncan retorted with the assertion
that President Holliday had used his posi
tion as chairman of the sub-committee to
take care of his own ward and let the rest of
the city suffer. As for his private ct n versa
tion, if the gentleman wanted to lug that in,
that was a matter for himself.
Mr. Duncan's motion was lost
KICKING AGAINST POLICE ALSO.
The police appropriation of $309,000 was
also objected to by Mr. Ferguson. It was
an increase of 11,000, and he wanted to
know where it was to be spent Mr. Magee
said it was for station houses to be built
Mr. Ferguson didn't like this. In 1886
the police appropriation was $160,000; this
year it was $309,000.
Mr. Magee read an itemized statement of
the appropriation. Mr. Ferguson said that
was what was wanted., and was a good rea
son for having all snch schedules printed
for the use of the membars. He was sure it
would be interesting reading.
Mr. Carnahan wanted to know what Mr.
Ferguson thought of oats at 40 cents a
bushel, as in the schedule; he had paid 75
cents. Mr. Ferguson said they were for "a
blooded horse,' and was promptly called
town by the Chair. Thea he saoved to
postpone for printing the schedules. The
motion was lost
Mr. Benziehausen wanted the Electricity
Bureau of $40,000 explained. Mr. Binder
objected to the gentleman speaking away
from his own seat, and the Chair sustained
the objection. Mr, Ferguson at once wanted
this ruling applied to men of whom he said
that they were running around the room so
Mr. Benziehausen (from his own seat)
asked for an explaination. Mr. Magee be
gan to give it Mr. Ferguson was talking
to another member, and the Chair suggested
that he listen and thus save the expense of
S anting the schedule, to which suggestion
r. Ferguson meekly replied: "Thank
Mr. Culbrrtsou wanted the Health Bureau
schedule, and Mr. Ferguson objected to the
item of $700 for office furniture. He took
advantage of the chance to say that the
health inspectors did not attend to their
duties. "When told that the bureau has six
rooms in its care, he withdrew his objec
tions. Mr. Ferguson objected to the Building
Inspector's item because it only included
one buggy; he wanted the Assistant In
spector to have a buggy, too. He was told
that this was for the Assistant the Inspector
being provided for, and said he tos satisfied.
Mr. Mullen said Mr. Ferguson surprised
him. The Chair said Mr. Ferguson was lia
ble to surprise anyone. Mr. Mullen ob
jected to the Building Inspector having a
buggy, because he used it more for election
eering than for going about to look after the
buildings. The item was approved.
A CITY ON WHEELS.
Mr. Ferguson objected to a buggy for the
Plumbing Inspectors. If this thing was
kept up, he said, it would be necessary to
take the city out to a 50-acre lot to get room
for the city buggies. The item was ap
proved. Mr. Benziehausen wanted to add $5,000 to
the city property itqm to build publicclosets
in City Hall, but was voted down.
The next fight was over the public light
ing item of $121,000. Mr. Ferguson told of
how he had tried to get lamp posts for the
Seventeenth ward, and had tailed. A num
ber of motions to reduce the figures were
made, and lost, and then the item was ap
proved. "Schedule A," the street improvements,
was taken up, and went smoothly until the
item of $81,147 50 for repaving Forbes street
was reached. Mr. Mullen asked why all the
streets to be improved led to the Fourteenth
ward, and this started the ball. He moved
to strike the item out
Mr. Culbertson thought the Bast End cot
too much. He told of the poor condition ot
Penn avenue in the Lawrenceville district,
and referred to tBe appropriation to repair
the east end ot that avenue.
The motion to strike out was lost, and
then a halt dozen members started, to get a
slice of that S81,000. Mr. Ferguson moved
to reduce Forbes street to $40,000, Mr; Dun
can moved to reduce it to $20,000 and to
$30,000, and Mr. Ferguson moved to cutit to
$10,000. All these motions were lost, several
of them by tie votes. Mr. "Waggoner moved
to add $11,744 to improve Taylor avenue,
the horrible condition of that street having
come out in the debate; but this motion was
Toted down. The item was then approved.
The estimated receipts were read and ap
proved, and the bill was placed on final pas
sage. It was adopted by 33 ayes to 1 no.
Mr. -Ferguson, in voting aye, said he might
as well swallow it gracefully, and Mr. Ben
ziehausen explained that while he voted
aye, he still believed the rate of taxation
too high. The vote was as follows:
Ayes Messrs. Banm, Bigham, Binder, Brown.
Carnahan. Carr, lonley, Donanoe, Unncan,
Dnnn. Elliott, Ferguson, Fox, Hajrmaler, Hague,
Helmold. Johnston, Reams, Lydon. Magee, Mo
schell, McCurry, MacUonlgle, McGnlre, Nie
mann, Pitcalrn. Benziehausen. bteccert. "Wag
goner. W Ightman. W hlte. Wright, Holliday.
. ay Mr. Thomas Mallln.
Mr. Waggoner offered a resolution di
recting the Chief of the Department ot Pub
lic works to repair Taylor avenue out of the
Highway fund. This was adopted and.
STIMULANTS TO FAITH.
Headquarter! Opened for Tracts on Divine
Ilcallnc and Kindred Topics.
On the fourth floor of the Hamilton
building there has lately been opened a
tract repository that, while supplying work
ers in any line among the unconverted,
makes a specialty ot meeting the growing
demand for literature on the subjects of
"Divine healing, deepening of spiritual life
or fullness found in Christ and the second
coming of oar Lord."
"With the tracts are kept wall banners,
scrolls, mottoes, Bibles, concordances and
religious books by people well known in
Pittsburg, such as Captain Kelso Carter,
Mr. Simpson, Mrs. Baxter and the Misses
Sisson and Judd. As the object is simply
to be of help to workers and seekers of
truth, all literature is sold at lowest
A DETECTIVE AS A TRAMP.
A Buffalo Man's Original Method of Serv
ing a Summons.
Detective Akers, of the Municipal Court,
relates au amusing story of how he once
served a summons on a wary woman who
was habitually out when inquired after. It
may tend also to show to what straits the
authorities are sometimes reduced. This
woman had been warnedand was continually
on the lookout If the king had called he
couldn't have seen her.
"So one day." says Akers, "I took off my
collar and necktie and wrapping an old red
bandana around my neck I pulled a slouch
hat over my eyes and knocked at the door.
"When the servant opened the door I asked
for something to eat,, and was kindly in
vited in and was given some food. While
I was eating itthe lady of the house walked
by, and my chance had come. I shoved the
summons into her hand and made for the
door, not quick enough. though to escape
the torrent of abuse she showered on me."
PARIS EXPOSITION, -gJSSi
fortably and economically, and where to go
ana waoi io tee tvnen you gei mere, tola tn
detail by Henry Haynic, whose first letter from
Paris on the subject appear in to-morrow'
New Assortment Men's Glovea
English craven tan leather. Berrin Freres,
andFisk, Clark & Elagg's latest spring
colorings. Men's furnishing department
JOS. HOBITE & CO.'S
Penn Avenue Stores.
New Suede glove, buttons and mousque
taires; the best, 75c up.
Boggs & Buhl, Allegheny.
BEAIi ESTATE SAVINGS BANK, MHL,
401 SmlthDcld Street, cor. Fourth Arenac.
Capital, $100,000. Surplus, $38,000. ,
Deposits of $1 and upward received and
interest allowed at 4 per cent , its
27-inch India silk bargains to-morrow, at
65 and 75 cents, that will be a pleasant sur
prise to all India silk buvers.
Boggs & Buhl.
As a dressing and color restorer, Parker's
Hair Balsam never fails to .satisfy.
Parker's Ginger Tonio alleviates suffering.
Not a few pieces, but thousands -of yards
in these two great lots new and elegant 27
inch India silks at 65 and 75 cents, on sale
to-morrow. Boggs & Buhl.
Pratt' Cloalnsr Ont Sale of Books.
Big bargains in books, albums and Bibles
to-day, corner Wood and Diamoml sts.
Best in America at $1; real kid and all the
new shades; fitted if you desire; new em
broidery; see thea Saturday. . T. ,' ,
. f - ' Rrmos A: vtrrwr..
r t "
-" '.. i. -
. b . ' -
MR. CHILUECS SPEAKS.
A riltsbure Son of n British Liberal Leader
on the Pigott Forgeries Churchill na a
Americans are interested to know what ef
fect the Pigott forgeries will have on the
Tory Government Mr. C E, Childers, fc
son of one of the chief Liberal leaders, ha
become thoroughly Americanized, but he
still retains a lively interest in English
politics. Acquainted, from his youth up,
with the English people, his opinion as to
their sense of justice ought to be worth
something. Said Mr. Childers to. a Dis
tatch reporter yesterday:
There Is no question In my mind that If an
appeal was made to the country at this moment
the Salisbury Government would be over
turned, but unfortunately no such desirable re
sult is in store. The Government still has a
majority in the Commons of 100 that will vote
for it The Tory representatives are like so
many dummies. They will vote in a solid body
without stopping to inquire into the merits of
the question at issue. ThislS one reason why
it is so bard to break up a Tory Gorernment
It is much easier to overturn the Liberals.
They think for themselves, and vote as they
However, if the Parnellltes can show that the
Government had a hand in concocting the
forged letters, I believe even the Tory sense of
justice would not allow them to support Salis
bury. My own opinion is that the Tory leaders
are guilty with the Times; but this is a diffi
cult matter to prove. I know the disclosure of
the forgeries has deeply stirred the English
people. Many of the bitter opponents of home
rule will begin to learn for the first time that
the Irish leaders are not the advocates ot the
shillalah and dynamite to accomplish their pur
poses. A reaction must set in, and If a vote of
censuro is introduced in Parliament shouldn't
be surprised If Salisbury's majority would-be
so small that he would be compelled to resign.
Nothing would please me better than to see
Gladstone restored to the Premiership. 1 have
a brother who is a Unionist, but I have alajs
been a Liberal. A few more Timet forgeries
will boom the home rule cause.
It must be admitted Salisbury is a smart
man. He had to earn his own living for a num
ber of years, and he deserves credit for that. I
went to school, when quite young, with Lord
Randolph Churchill. It was a boys' school,
and we ranged in age from 10 to 15 years. In
those days Churchill was arrogant and dis
agreeable. He gave no promise whatever of
future greatness, and he was not even reckoned
among the bricht scholars. He was indiffer
ent in his studies; but then you can't predict
what kind of a man a boy will make.
A BOOM FOR COMMERCIAL UEIOJf.
The Honso Passes the Joint Resolution
Without a Dissenting Voice.
"Washington, March 1. The House
to-day, on motion of Mr. .Anderson, of Iowa,
passed the resolution to promote commer
cial union with Canada. This joint resolu
tion was introduced by Mr. Hitt, of Illi
nois, and was reported unanimously from
the Committee on Foreign Affairs. It pro
vides that whenever it shall be duly certi
fied to the President that the Government of
Canada has declared a desire to establish a
commercial union with the United
States having a uniform revenue
system, like internal taxes, to
be collected, und like imported duties to be
imposed on articles brought into either
country from other nations, with no duties
upon trade between the United States and
Canada, he shall appoint three commission
ers to meet those who may be likewise
designated to represent the Government of
Canada, to.prepare a plan for the assimila
tion of the import duties and internal reve
nue taxes of the two countries, and an
equitable division of receipts in a commer
cial union; and said commissioners shall
report to the President, who shall lay the
report before Congress. In its report on the
resolution the Committee on Foreign Affairs
Our commeiclal relations with Canada have
recently awakened a deeper Interest and re
ceived a more thorough discussion than ever
before on both sides of the border. The ten'
dency of nublic opinion Js plainly toward the
enlargement of trade between the two coun
tries. In Canada the movement has advanced
from what was a few years ago an effort for
partial reciprocity, to a wide expression m
favor of unrestricted Intercourse and commer
cial union. The Chambers of Commerce and
Boards of Trade of the leading cities of Canada
and more than 50 farmers' institutes
and conventions have adopted resolutions
declaring In favor of commercial union, or un
restricted trade between the two countries.
The answer made by their opponents and those
most closely attached to Enclish rule has been
that the United States has given no indication
that it would receive, or even consider any pro
posal, however friendly in spirit or however
favorable to us in Its terms it might be. Your
committee believe that the power herein con
ferred upon the President can do no harm, that
it will be wisely nsed. and will lead to benefi
cent results, promoting the independence,
prosperity and peace of two great peoples.
Mr. Hitt said that without delaying the
House by a speech now, he would print
some of the many reasons for wider com
mercial relations with Canada, the similar
ity of the present tariff system of. the two
countries and the facility of assimilation;
the enormous increase ot our exports from
Canada from $50,0JO,O00 to $70,000,000 or
$80,000,000 per annum, certain to result; the
practicability of preventing all frauds under
a common tariff and internal revenue; the
great saving to both countries, and greatly
increased prosperity to both, the guarantee
of peace and harmony in the future. Since
he introduced this resolution it had been
widely considered and disenssed favorably,
and the Committee on Foreign Affairs had
reported it favorably, without a dissenting
LIQUOR MEN RATTLED.
Thcj Will Not bo Hoodwinked With tboFree
"The liquor men are becoming rattled,"
said one of them yesterday. "The strong
prohibition sentiment expressed every
where by friends and foes alike overwhelms
us. "We are making a game fight; but we
realize we are contending against heavy
"It is the indifferent man that will defeat
us, if we do go down. There are a great
many business men who are afraid to take
sides in the issue. "When approached they
claim it is to their best interests to assume
a neutral position. They have no desire to
be boycotted. I don't blauie tbem at all for
looking ont for number one first
"Then there is a class of barroom loafers
who expect to work us between now and
election time tor free drinks. They threaten
us and say. 'Duff up, or we will vote against
yon." "Well, we can't be bulldozed. These
fellows would vote against us anyhow. If
they have to pay for their drinks they will
become so dry before next June rolls around
that nothing under the skies wonld keep
them from voting against prohibition. I
have had enough experience with these fel
lows to know them thoroughly."
STILL THEY GO.
Tho Crowds for Washington Contlnno to
The rush to "Washington over the B. & O.
and Pennsylvania roads still continues.
Last night the Union depot was crowded
with Pittsburgers trying to get sleeping
berths. Many of them were unable to
secure quarters, and were glad to take a
seat in a common coach.
All the trains from the"Westwere jammed
with people. Last evening three heavy
sections of the fast line were run.
Among the Pittsburgers who started last
night were Major Samuel Harper, Quarter
Master Brown, of the Eighteenth
Begiment; Dr. Xognn, Boger O'Mara,
John McTighe, Ben Vandergrift, ex
Congressman Sballenberger; of Bochester;
Lieutenant Bickhold, of the Fifteenth
Begiment and a host of others. Dr.
McCandless left for a three weeks' sojourn
CHINESE BANKS KSfesS
odt of the Celestials, their system of credit,
boolhrcptng, exchanges and clearinghouses,
rxhaustirelv described in to-morrow's Dis
patch biPranl: G. Carpenter,
ABIcXotNew Neckwear, 2$ Cent,
Xight colorings; also, at 50 cents to $1 50;
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THE WMING DEMON;
A Eemarkable Variable Star With a
BEAUTIES OF A WINTER'S HIGHT.
Boraethinsr About the Great Mysterious
Nebula of Orion.
THE PLANET SIRIDS, THE SUN'S RITAL
twiu'iTjm ion TitB wsPATCB.l
It may probably be considered an unfor
tunate circumstance that the most interests
ing constellations and brilliant stars are to
be seen in the winter, and the amateur as
tronomer who is unwilling to brave the cold
blasts in order to study the beauties of the
winter sky-must miss a great treat.
As the motion of the celestial sphere is not
clearly understood by everyone, a lew
words of explanation may be appropriate.
If we stand in an open space on a clear
night and watch for a short time we see
stars rising in the east and setting in the
west, and those in the south moving west
ward, while if we turn our eyes to the north
we notice that if we take a point in the
heavens about half way from the north
point to the point overhead, stars above this
point arevmoving toward the left, and stars
below toward the right, while those on the
left are moving downward, and those on the
THE POLE BTAK
In fact, stars in this region never set, but
describe small circles about a point in the
celestial sphere elevated, in our latitude,
about forty degrees above the north point
Thispoint is called thenorthpole of the celes
tial sphere, and is marked by a star of the
second magnitude, Polaris, or the Pole star,
which is known to everybody. This star is
only a degree and a halt from the true pole,
so that it describes a very small circle and
thus appears stationary.
All the stars revolve in circles around
this pole, but some of them move in circles
so large, on account of their distance from
the pole, that portions of their orbits lie
below the horizon and these stars rise
and set. Of course this motion is
all apparent, and is due to the rotation of
the earth, which is accomplished in 23 hours,
56 minutes, 40.9 seconds. How. since the
sun's revolution about the earth takes 24j
hours (.the time is longer than the time ot the
earth's rotation time onacconntot the re
tarding influence of the earth's annual revo
lution about the sun) the stars gain on the
sun each revolution by an amount equal to
the difference between 21 hours and 23 hours,
26 minutes, 4.09 seconds, or 3 minutes, 65.91
seconds, so that eaoh evening a given star
will rise about 4 minutes earlier than it did
the previous evening. This amounts to 2
hqurs a month, so that the aspect of the
starry vault changes continually with the
A HEIGHT "WINTEE'S NIGHT.
It happens that the portion of the-celestial
sphere we see on a winter evening contains
more stars of the first and second magnitude
than any other portion, and it is due to this
that the winter sky appears more brilliant
than the summer, as well as to the fact that
the atmosphere is probably clearer on a
cold winter night The Greely expedition
fonnd that near the North Pole stars fully
one magnitude below the limit; of visibility
in our country could be seen.
If we stand facing the south about 7:30 in
the evening in the latter part of February
we see a grand array of stars: A little to
the west of soutb, and about half way from
the horizon to the zenith is seen an oblong
formed by four conspicuous stars, about 10
degrees long by 6 wide. The distance from
the horizon to the zenith is 90 degrees,
which will serve as a standard for compar
ison. This oblong marks the constellation
Orion. Orion was a mighty hunter in the
Greek mvthology, and when he died they
placed him among the stars. A row of three
stars crossing the center of the oblong
diagonally marks the belt of Orion, and
below the central one of these stars' a
vertical row of three smaller stars is seen,
making bis sword.
NEBULA OP OBION.
If the middle one of these three stars be
examined, it will be seen to be surrounded
by a haze. This is the great nebula of
Orion, one of the most wonderful objects in
the heavens, and plainly visible to the
naked eye on a clear moonless night As
tronomers have turned their great telescopes
npon it, in the hope of resolying it into a
mass of stars, bnt they have been unsuc
cessful, and spectrum analysis now leads us
to believe the great nebula is a mass ot glow
ing vapor. The supporters of the nebular
hypothesis looked to this body as an exam
ple of the way in which a system of 'worlds
was to be formed out of.an immense mass
of "fire mist" according to their theory, but
it does not behave just as the mass of fire
mist ought to. Orion possesses many other
object of interest, especially for the tele
scopist, but they cannot be enumerated here.
The star in the upper left-hand corner of
the oblong of Orion Is Betelgeuse. Twenty
six degrees east of this star is seen another
bright star, Procyon, in the constellation
Canis Minor, the Little Dog; lower down,
26 from Procyon and the same from Betel
geuse, is Sirias, the Dog star, the three
torming an equilateral triangle 2G on a
BEATS THE SUN.
Sirius is the brightest fixed star in the
heavens. He is two and one-half times as
bright as tho average first magnitude star,
and mnst be vastly larger or more brilliant
than our sun, since his distance is so great
that it takes light, traveling at the rate of
186,000 miles per second, more than 15 years
to reach us. .
There was a mystery about Sirius for a
long time. He was observed to move about
in a strange way. For a few years he wonld
move in one direction, then be would move
in another direction. It was suggested that
the motion was due to a companion star,
which did not give enough light to be visi
ble, but which revolved around Sirius and
fulled him in one direction and another,
t was even calculated in which direction
he ought to be from Sirius. This idea was
justified by the discovery, in 1862, of a
tenth magnitude star in about the calculated
position. This faint star must be of great
size to so affect Sirius, but its surface has
probably a low light-giving power.
THE DOG DATS.
The ancients seemed to consider Sirius
responsible for the extreme heat of summer,
since'they named 40 days near the middle
of summer the "dog davs," when Sirius was
not visible in the zooming or evening. On
March 1 Sirius sets ubout 1 A. M . He sets
earlier and earlier until he sets so soon after
the sun as not to bo visible, and cannot be
seen for 40 days, after which he rises a short
time be'ore the sun in the morning. These
40 days were called the "dog days."
Almost directly overhead is seen a bright
star. This is Capella, the leading star in
the constellation of Auriga, the Charioteer.
It is associated with four other smaller
stars, forming a somewhat Irregular penta
gon. -Toward the Bast, and about one-third
the way from the horizon to the zenith, is
Begnlus. The well-known sickle is seen
extending northward and upward from
Begulus at the end of the handle.
There is a remarkable variable star which
will amply repay the little trouble required
to find it Imagine a line drawn from the
Pole star to Capella; turn off to the West at
right angles to this line, and at half its
length is seen a moderately bright star.
THE "WINKING DEMON.
This isB Persei, or Algol, the celebrated
"Winking Demon; or, another way to find it:
about one-thirl the way from the zenith to
tbe northwest point is seen a bending' row of
stars, the convex side toward tbe western
horizon. South and. west of this tow, which
marks the constellation Perseus, is Algol,
sseeebrted with three other smaller stow to
form a, rhomboid. Now the peculiarity
vjir i it, ". j. - w -: y ; m
- ir it .i j -s - s; - - j j
Si A TYTTR n A V TU"AT?nTTr WO.
i " i x r - Mf
ux uo-.ixi j. , J,iJ.,v-. -,
about this star is that ita'light is variable:
After shining like areliable star of the sec
ond magnitude for 2 days and 14 hours, he
begins to grow fainter, until, at the end
of Zi hours, he is .of only the
fourth magnitude. He then grows brighter
and at the end of another 3 hours is again
of the second magnitude. The periodof
variation is about 2 days,-20bonrs, 49 min
utes, and so, when the time of any mini
mum, as the darkening1 is called, is known,
following minima may easily be calculated.
Two minima are here given: March 2, 9:45
P. ar.; March 5, 6.30 p. ii.
TROUBLE AHEAD. .
It will be advisable to identify th8 star
from the directions given st about 950 in
the evening, and then wateff for it at the
proper hour in its changed position due to
the earth's rotation.
Astronomers are not agreed as to what
causes this remarkable periodic diminution
of the star's light, but tbe general opinion
is that a large dark body is revolving
around the star at a frightful speed, and
partiallv eclipses,the star. at every revolu
tion. The period seems:, to be shortening
gradually, and if this is so the satellite is
approaching the primary, and will ulti
mately strike it. The force ot such a col
lision would be sufficient to make the united
bodies shine out with wonderful brilliancy.
There are many variable stars in the heavens,
but thefr variations are not so great or so
frequent as those of Algol. The Arabians
seemed to be aware of this winking property
of the star, since they gave it the name Al
gol, or the Demon. E. Y. L.
A MARKET PLACE IN INDIA.
Some ot tbe Queer Things Seen and (Sold In
the Bnzaars of the East.
A letter from Darjeeling, India, to the
Glasgow Mail, describes the market place
of that town as follows: Tbe noise of the
bazaar at noon can be heard for a mile.
The old proverb, "It takes two to make a
bargain," has no honor here; it never takes
less than 20, and all feel bound to shout,
push, struggle, and gesticulate. The crowd
numbers many thousands, and these jolly
hill men appear to be the most good-natured
people in tbe world,rivalling in that respect
eveu the Japanese. Every man carries a
knife that would disembowel an elephant,
but no one quarrels. Bvery woman is
loaded with silver and gold jewelry, but no
one is ever robbed.
Here along a sunny wall are 20 or 30 bar
bers busily engaged in cutting and trim
ming the unkempt locks of the men,
mostly Thibetan traders who have trampled
across the -mountains, the hair lying in
heaps in front of them, horribly suggestive
ot gregarines and other small game. Bound
the corner we come upon a lot of Bhootea
women, with great crocks full of snow
white enrds, the favorite dainty of the place,
which they serve out to their customers in
square vessels ingeniously twisted out of
plantain leaves. Near them are some Lep
cha lads playing shuttlecock with the soles
of their feet, which they turn upward in
the nimblest fashion. Then we come upon
some stalls for tea which is boiled up with
molasses, a gruesome compound; and now
we come upon an open market, jostled as we
go by a huge giant, a Buddhist Lama, who,
followed by an acolyte as dirty as himself,
bellows aloud for alms.
All over the market are traders, squatted
on the ground in front of their wares, the
most heterogeneous assortment of goods im
aginable goats, pigs?poultry. tea, tobacco,
beads from Venice, grain of all sorts, sweet
meats, cords, the bloodiest meat I ever saw,
killed at the back as required, and brought
in dripping, piles of cotton and wool goods,
yaks' tails.Drass Buddhas,ironmongery,pot
tery, old bottles, tinned meats, tape, cotton,
needles, wooden spoons, oil, umbrellas, and
feeding bottles, all blend in one great laby
rinth of yelling confusion.
The Orlfftnal Skull Believed to Have Been
New Haven Palladium.
Much interest has been shown among the
residents of Madison and Guilford in the
recent finding by Emory Horse of "Walling
ford of a skeleton buried in the bank on his
property near East river and named on the
Coast Survey maps as the Highlands.
Mr. Morse has recently been at work
building a sea wall on the property, and-in
leveling tbe ground back from the wall cut
away a portion of thebankandfoundthe skel
eton. The backbone, ribs and small bones
crumbled into dust on being exposed to tho.
air, but the larger bones and skull remained
intact, and show that the mortal to whom
the bones originally belonged was fully 7
feet tall. The high cheek" bones indicate
that the man was an Indian, The skeleton
had probably rested in the old bank for at
In the fight which gave the names to
Bloody Cove and Sachem's Head, all the
Indians perished, the last being the great
Sachem, who once made his escape, but was
shot in the water. The body of the Sachem
was recovered and the head cut off, and for
several days was kept in a crotoh of a tree on
the rocks above. Smcft then tho place has
been known as Sachem's Head. The body
and head were, according to tradition, after
ward buried in, it sand bank on the shore,
about three miles from the scene of his
death. As the spot where the skeleton was
recently found is just three miles from
Sachem's Head, and otherwise agrees with
the old legend, there are many who believe
that the old bones are without doubt,
those of the famous old Indian sachem.
The skull and other bones are now in Sir.
'Morse's possession at his home in "Walling-
Hotr a Mighty Good Thine ! Blade la a
A cheese that makes the epicure's palate
bob with delight is "Brie," or "Fromage
Coulomiers," as one of the brands is called.
Brie is the name of the province in France
where this cheese is made. Those French
peasants, in making this delightful cheese,
set tho 'milk for 12 hours, then skim it.
Twelve hours later the skimmed milk is
curdled with rennet Twenty-four hours
after curdling the curd and cream, in equal
parts, are put together in moulds, spoonful
The tin mold, which is topless and bot
tomless, rests on a straw mat single straws
laid side by side to cover a surface of about
12 inches, and this is held together bv a
woof of two or three threads. This mat lies
on a thin board, resting on an inclined shelf,
to drain off the whey. After two days it is
turned out upon another straw mat, which
rests upon a mat of osier, and lightly
sprinkled with salt. It is then turned every
day until cured. It never feels tho heat of
fire. After this it will keep a year, provided
you .can keep it away from the mouths of
people wno Know a gooa ming wnen tney
"THF I II V OF SOCBON," by Maurice
int. Uiu I Thompson, beginsln to-morrow's
DJSPATCB. II is a powerful story of
piratical days in the Oulf of Mexico. AU who
delight in pure fiction, based on American
historical events, should not fail to read "The
Hosiery, spring styles, 25e, 35 np to 52 00
a pair, and cashmere stockings nt 25c and
35, 40 and 50c. Boaos & Buhl,
THE attention of amateur decorators is
solicited to call and examine our line of fine
white china for decorating, which is now
complete. It embraces a number of new
Siecialties which are to be had nowhere
se. Positively the hafldsomst line of ele
gant vases everhown. Chables Eeizen
stein, 152 and 154 'Federal Bt, Allegheny.
Mosquetaire, 8-buttou length; all tbe new
shades, $1 50; compare them with $2 gloves;
new embroidery. ' Boggs & Buhl, "
Brief Sketch of the -Grbwih of This
W,0RK OP P10HEER FASTOBS
And the Monuments That Dave Been Reared
-by Their Successors.
TElNITI THE BIRTHPLACE DP BISIQP3
With tbe march of progress that has" made
so sure the prosperity of Pittsburg since
1800, tbe chnrch and school have not been
the smaller, bnt tbe larger factors. Not the
least in influence, but foremost in all mat
ters educational or philanthropic, the Episco
pal Church has given its support Its chari
table institutions are pre-eminent, and their
management exceptional as organized
methods for the dispensing of .charity. So it
marked an era in the history
of Pittsburg when the Episcopal Church
bought a lot on Wood and Liberty streets,
and there erected the first Protestant Epis
copal church in the city. This was in 1805,
but it was thought that the property of
General Neville, on Chartiers creek, held
the first house of worship. There was.
however, a deed made to the church of J
lots prior to this time, as eany -as libi, dj
the Penns "For a house of 'religious
worship and a burial place." But for some
time this people as well as those who had
begun the work earlier were compelled to
worship in tbe Court House and iu private
Pittsburg attracted to herself many dis
tinguished visitors during the days of her
pioneer history, and they represented vari
ous denominations, Protestant and Catholic,
The spirit of the times, however, was not
conducive to great spiritual growth, but
was characterized by unrest and feverish
excitement. The town seemed to be the center
of attraction to a floating population, many
travelers making their way steadily on to
the far West This was from 1784 to 1810.
The soldiers stationed here added their
share of amusement and dissipation, and al
though the gallant youths were quite as
popular then as now, their amusements
were not always of the highest order, and
the clergy had occasion often to reason with
them upon tbe uncertainty of human exist
ence, a fact they did not seem to consider, in
spite of their vocation.
THE PIONEEB PASTOES.
As in other early churches, so in this one.
The struggle for existence and influence had
to be made. As early as 1797 John Taylor,
a layman and member of the church, was
induced to take orders and serve as their
pastor. He administered the rites of his
ohurch until 1818. Eev. Taylor, aiterward
familiarly known as Father Taylor," had to
succumb to the adversities of poverty and
eke out his somewhat limited income by
teaching school. He was finally succeeded
by Bev. Able Carter, who served them
only until the spring of the next year. In
1824.Mr. John Henry Hopkins, a yonng
lawyer ana member of the vestry, was
made deacon, and elected rertor of the
parish, which office he held until 1831. Af
ter his election, which occurred in 1825, a
new church was built and the congregation
removed to it This church, which stood
upon tbe site of tho present magnificent
Trinify, was torn down in 1870. Trinity
has looked upon the erection of many an
other sister church, but has few rivals in
point of architecture this side or west of the
Alleghenies. It stands, as did their former
church, upon the plot of ground originally
granted by the Penns on the south side of
Sixth avenue between Smithfield and Wood
In the meantime many churches were
formed, and were rapidly admitted into the
diocese of Pittsburg; but the oldest church
is Trinity, and its record is one of which
any ohurch or denomination might well be
proud. For years the record seems scarcely
to have been broken, that those who here
performed the duties of rectors have been
successivelv called to tbe chair ot Bishops.
Bev. Mr. Hopkins in 1870 was made Bishop
of Vermont, succeeded by Bev. Dr. TJpfold,
afterward elected Bishop ot Indiana. Fol
lowing was Dr. T. B. Lyman, afterward
Bishop of North Carolina. Between Dr. T.
B. Lyman and John Scarborough, Bev. C.
E. Swope served as rector. Mr. Scarborough
after succeeded to the Bishopric of New
The "Conference Journal" shows that
Trinity was admitted to the diocese 1818.
The present rector. Bev. Samuel Maxwell,
took charge April 1, 1883. Following was
Sfc Paul, Bev." Thomas Crumpton, rector,
admitted 1832. The present rector took
charge in 1866. St Marks, admitted 1852;
present rector, Bev. James G. Cameron took
charge March 1, 1855. St. Peters, admitted
1859; present rector, Bev. W. B. Mackay,
took charge 1878. St Stephens,
admitted 1864; present rector, Bev.
B. H. Benton, took charge 1885.
St James, admitted 1853; present pastor;
Bev. William Thompson, took charge 1883.
St John's Church, admitted 1857. Em
manuel, admitted 1868; present rector, Bev.
Morison Byllesby, took, charge 1875. St.
Matthews Church, Homestead, admitted
; present rector, Bev. John P. Norman,
took charge J.886. Calvary Church, ad
mitted 1855; present rector, Bev. George
Hodges, took charge in 1889. . Christ Church,
present rector, Bev. Bobert Meech; took
charge in 1874. Church of Good Shepherd,
present rector, Bev. H. D. Waller, took
charge 1883. Grace Church, piesent rector,
Eev. B. J. Coster, took charge early 1868.
St Andrews Church, present rector, Bev. J
tionn uroccar wnue, took cnarge iooj. ot.
Lukes, admitted 1873; present rector, Bev.
Laurens McClurc, took charge 1885.
Of these. Bev. Boyd Vincent has recent
ly been called to be Assistant Bishop in
Southeastern Ohio, and his place will be
filled by the Bev. George Hodger, for
some time assistant rector of Calvary.
Trinity Church, Pittsburg, between Wood
and Smithfield streets. Rev. Samuel Maxwell
rector: Mr. John H. Shoenberger and Mr.
Henry Hale, wardens. Communicants, 511;
Sunday school pupils, 221; salary to rector,
Rt. Pp.tfir'a. Grant and Diamond streets. Her.
"W. B.Mackay, rector: Mr. William Metcalf and
Sunday school puplis, 250; rector's salary, $2,500.
St Andrew's, Ninth, between Pcnu avenue
and Duqucsne way, Rev. John Urocmr White,
D. Director; Mr. Felix R. Brnnot and Mr.
John B. Jackson, wardens. Communicants, 316;
Sunday school pupils, 317; salary to the rector,
St. James, Penn avenue and Sixteenth, Rev.
William Thompson, rector; Mr. J. A. Jackson
and Mr. H. Van Ryd, "wardens. Cominuicants,
16a: Sunday school pupils, 156; rector's salary,
St 'Paul's Church,1 Roberts, Eighth ward,
Rov. Thomas Crumpton, rector; Mr. A. IL Pat
terson and Mr. James Lathwood, wardens.
Communicants, 64; Snuday school pupils, 83;
salary to rector, iiU2 60.
Emmanuel, Korth avenue, Allegheny, Rev.
M. Byllesby, rector; Mr. H. If. Smith and Mr.
Ttiomas Turner, wardens. Present number of
communicants, 176: Sunday school pupils, 201;
salary to rector, $2,185,
St Luke's, Pearl street near Penn, East
"Endyilev. Laurens McClure, rector: Mr. H. J.
Lynch and Mr. Thomas Cballis, wardens. Com
municants, 105; Sunday school pupils, 200; Sal
ary to rector, WOO.
St Mark's, SouthElghteenthstreeLbetween
Carson, Rev. Jas. Cameron, rector; Mr. X). F.
Benbow and Mr. Ceorgo Tliomas, wardens.
Communicants, 1M; Sunday school, 155: salary
to rector, $500.
St. John', Butler and Mam streets. Rev. S.
M.Wren, rector; Dr. F. G. Gardner and Mr.
Charles R, Price, wardens. Communicants. 130;
Sunday School pupils, 125; rector's salary. Sl.OUQ.
Christ Korth Diamond street and Union
avenne,Allegheny, Rev. Robert Meecb. rector;
Mr.JonnHaworthand Mr. William Ralston,
wardens. Present communicants, 176; Sunday
school. 69: rector's salary, (2,501
Calvary Church, East Liberty, Rer. George
Hodges, rector; Mr, Samuel Martin ana Mr.
Sunday school, 800; rector's salary, 13,000. "Vj
Grace Church, Rev. R. J. Coster, rector? Mrp
John Bindley and Mr. John Berd, wardens.
Communicants, 73: Sunday scnool pupil. 155;
salary, S3G3 85.
Church of the Uood Shepherd, Hazelwood,
feev. H D. Waller, rector; Mr. J. O. Ceaod
Mr. John Smith, wardens. Communicants 131;
Sunday school pupils, 108; salary, 81,298.
Trinity enures, Plttsfcarg; between Wood
and Smithfield on Sixth avenue. Rev. Samuel
SH Peter's, Grant and Diamond streets. Rev.
W. B. Mackay, rector.
St. Andrew's, Ninth, between Penn avenue
and Dnquesne way, Rev. John Crockar White,
D. D.. rectorv
St James, Penn avenue aod Sixteenth street,
Bev. William Thompson, Tector.
St Paul's. Roberts. Eighth ward. Rev.
Ttromas Crumpton. Tector.
Emmanuel, North avenue, Allesheny, Rev.
M. Bvllesby, rector.
St. Luke's, Pearl street near Penn,EastEnd,
Rev. Laurens McClure, rector.
8t Mark's, Sooth Eiehleenth street, below
Carson, Rey. James G. Cameron. Tector.
St. John's, Butler and Main streets. Rev. 8.
M. Wren, rector. , , t , .
Christ, North Diamond Street and Union
avenue. Allegheny, Rev. Robert Meech, rector.
Calvary Church, East Liberty, Bev. George
Hodges, rector. . .
Church of Good Shepherd, Hazelwood; Rev.
H. D. Waller, rector.
1IAERIAGES OP EBUTIYES.
A Cincinnati Doeler Endeavor Correct
Some Popular Impression.
At the annual meeting of the Misissjppi
Valley Medical Association in St. Bonis, a
paper by Dr. MeKee, of Cincinnati,, was
read on "Consanguinity in Marriage."
The alleged evils growing ont of the mar
riage of relatives, however distant, have
furnished .a fruitful theme, lor social
philosophers for many years, but
the extreme views thev advocate en
counter an occasional check when common
sense is brought to bear on the subject in
the place of theoretical -pre-judgment Dr.
M,cee reasons that man being anatomi
cally, physiologically and sexually au ani
mal, he is subject to the same laws. It is
well known, he proceeds, that in-and-in
breeding is done by cunning breeders to im
prove the stock and put money into their
The Jersey caUle have been bred fon the
past 150 years on a small island 6x11 miles.
We would not raise them for beef and oxen,
yet they command a high price for their
milk and. butter. This was probably the
recommendation of the first cattle on the
island, and this quality improved from
time to time through in-and-in breeding.
The ludicrous is approached when we enu
merate the half a hundred ab
normalities:' among others whoop
ing cough, which are ascribed to
consanguineous marriages. We find cer
tain factors leading to consanguineous mar
riages, viz., portions of country geographic
ally isolated by mountains or sen, render
ing communication with the outside world
difficult; religious or political sects of an
exclusive nature and aristocratio ideas of
position and wealth. As examples, note
the percentage in Scotland, Martha's Vine
yard, the Commune of Batz and among the
Hebrews and Quakers.
The facts deduced by a careful study of
the subject do not warrant us in supposing
that the troubles complained of are a specific
degenerative effect caused ipso facto by con
sanguinity. It would be better lor the off
spring were consanguineous marriage under
medical supervision, but certainly no better
than lor all marriages to be under like su
pervision. Wenre warranted in conclud
ing that consanguineous marriages, no
other objection being present, should not be
opposed upon physiological grounds. a
SCIENTIFIC SCIUrS. -
Air interesting find in the shape of a bowlder
of jade was recently made in Sitka.
Ths mines in -the Argentine Republic are
again attracting capitalists after a ten years'
It may be generally stated that tornadoes do
not occur In the United States west of the 100th
The new course in electricity at Columbia
College will be opened to graduates of all scien
Lake Biwa, in Japan, Is tho largest sheet of
fresh water in that country, having an area of
SOU square miles.
FB02I a general view taken In England, the
natives appear to be increasing in vigor rather
A boctett has been formed for the granting
of premiums for tbe killing of animals preying
upon tbe eider-duck.
Kustneb'3 observations on the aberration of
fixed stars tend toward proving that the alti
tude of the pole is variable.
A hit compound containing aluminum in
a lower state of oxidation corresponding to
ferrous iron has been obtained.
Psor. Waags thinks that sterilized in
fusorial earth would be very much better as a
means of preservation than boric acid.
IN the Berlin Observatory a series of astro
nomical panoramas has been rreparcd to ex.
plain tbe phenomena of solar eclipses.
The necessity for the artificial application of
water is said to be far greater in California
than in the older countries of Europe.
Dew on growing vegetables is said to be pro
duced by tbe condensation of the transpired
moisture from tbe plant on its own leaves.
The so-called annelid tnbes of the Suther
land quartzite are said to be tbe remains ot
terrestrial plants that grew upon sand dunes.
EEaoSTEMnE crystallizes in alcohol in the
form of pearly pellets and in efner In that of
sharp needles, and it Is quite Insoluble in
About 2300 B.C., when Emperor Yan gave
the order for the observation of the meridian
stars. Is thought to be the beginning ot Chinese
The great advantage of high-speed engines
is that the steam has no time to condense, or,
rather, that very little of it is condensed in
comparison with the amount utilized.
Helmholtz has shown that If an invisible
jet of steam be electrified or heated it becomes
visible with bright tints of different colors ac
cording to the potential of the atmosphere.
Hertz's recent experiments prove that
actual magnetic waves are reflected and inter
fere with one another, and that tbe velocity of
such waves is about what is calculated.
A HANDCUFEED GANG.
The Butler County Counterfeiters Taken to
Scrnnton for Trial.
The Butler county gang of counterfeiters
were taken -to Scranton last night for trial
by Deputy Marshal Chambers. They went
by way of Buffalo, where another batch will
be loaded up.
The gang was handcuffed, and they at
tracted a great deal of attention from the
large crowd going to Washington.
A Great Comblnnllon.
If A combination of tbe Carpenters' Union,
planing mill owners and lumber dealers has
been made, whereby the former promise to
work on nothing but "stuff" purchased
from local dealers, while the latter will em
ploy none but union men.
Getting Abend ot the Railroads.
Bah Peak Cisco, March 1. The Trans
continental Association having refused to
reduce the rate on canned goods, local ship
pers have chartered a vessel, and will send
an amount equal to 300 carloads of canned
goods around Cape Horn to New York.
GAIL HAMILTON. aZ&.
cusses, in a bright, incisive manner, the rcla.
lions of the salons of society to the slums, and
expatiates upon the laltstad of the "UXT'the
Oar Kid Glovs Bargain 80o and SI,
Begular ?1 25 and SI 75 quality all sizes.
JOS. HOBSB & CO.'S
Penn avenne Stores.
100 silk stockings, own importation, white
soles, 75c, worth ?1 00. See and compare
them. Bogos & Bqnr,, Allegheny.
Try Thera Now.
Don't fail to try Mrs. Harrison's Inaugu
ration cookies, Marvin' newest production,
and one of the daintiest, most delicious
cakes in existence. tts
Hosiery bargains. New spring- stockings,
cotton and s:lk, lisle thread and cashmere,
25c a pair to thefinest. See our hosiery
bargains. Boggs &Btthx, Allegheny.
son f, Houttaiae. .. vv --v.i s., rrmnn rr rrrrT - n niitiMT Tlir
SALYAT1W IS' FREE!
At Least UAs Very Cip ia. All tlie ,
Churches of Pittsfarjj. 4
THE PEWS OPEN TO ?00 FlGPLI,f
And the ExclusiYeiiess of Eaetwirk
tiansNot MiBicked.' ' - v J$
TOE W0BEING MASSES AT fOSMm
I'm glad salvation's freo
lis free for you and me.
That is a hymn frequently asg?
churches. And for Pittsburg churches ttjf
very appropriate. Bnt in New Xork
Philadelphia churches they hum a differest!
sentiment. In the followmir well kaowaj
Mnst I be carried to the sky
On flowery beds of ease?
Ease costs somethine. and New York i
Philadelphia chnrch members do not hesitate.
to pay for it The sensational disclosures
recently published about the efforts of aJ,
uoorlv-clad woman to secnrea.seat in tM:
fashionable sanctuaries of those two cities ii
.1 j. 11.
were rawer aiscouraging ior tue poori f Mi
"Docs the same condition of affairs existSV
in Pittsburg? is the query of.more than one t
correspondent of The Dispatch. EeS'
portorial inqniry yesterday among promi
nent clergymen developed the fact that ifj! .y
does not. On the other band this city has ar '
reputation for its free churches. ,
Itlis to tbe glory of Pittsburg churches," ' 1K
said one of these pastors, "that we are a city f
of mechanics nad hand laborers. That fact -
keeps our gospel both cheap and free. The
wealth and exclusiveness which belong to
commercial centers like New York and
Philadelphia block up church pews against
the poor. Caste is created, extravagance la
church management is aimed at; and the
true purpose of religious societies are lost
sight ot. '
"One little instance will illustrate what I
mean. No minister in Pittsburg or Alle
gheny is paid the high salaries which are
common in Eastern cities. People here j,
cannot afford to pay such salaries. There- i'
fore that is one item of expense kept down,
and one necessity for exorbitant pew rents
avoided. Here the church-going masses
are of that great middle class. They are
toilers, not capitalists. They cannot pay
rents for pews. And for that reason a ma
jority of the churches in these two cities are
free and remarkably well attended."
The "majority of tbe churches" referred
to by the preacher as being free are in the
outer wards. Nearly all the sanctuaries in
the hearts of the two cities have the pew
rental system. Generally, however, the
yearly rentals are reasonablo and within
the reach of the average church-goer. All
are uniformly careful to make
no distinction between pew-holder
and strangers, or poor people who
attend services regularly. It lias come to
be a proverb that there, is less ot exclusive
ness or selfishness in tbe use ot pews at the
churches in Pittsburz where seats are rented
than actually exists in some churches whjra
they are free, yet held by persons in imagi
nary ownership. The writer of this, who
has had an experience ot many years in re
porting sermons at all the churches of Pitt
burg and Allegheny, has found this to be
ALL ABE COUBTEOUS.
In the information seaured yesterday
from clergymen it appeared that at the East
Liberty Presbyterian Church, Pirst Presby
terian Cburch'on Wood street and at many
other prominent stations of that denomina
tion, a rule is in operation that pew holders,
members ofttheir families or neighbors,
quietly report to the ushers upon entering
tbe edifice, Sundays, how many of their
people will be absent, so that strangers can
be provided for in their pews. Unusual
courtesy is observed in the TJ. P. churches
of Drs. Beid and McCrory to seat
non-pewholders. The same statement
reallv applies to all the IT. P. churches.
The Episcopal churches, while long identi
fied with the rental plan, do not permit it
to interfere with the 'hospitality due visit
ors and poor people. Among the Metbo-
dist churches, Christ and North -Avenue
frequently seat outsiders in the rented pews,
and relegate the owners to the rear. Butler
Street Church, with one of the largest con
gregations in that denomination, always has
had, and still has, free seats, the congrega
tion not long since' rejecting by a decided
vote a proposition to rent their pews. The
well-known democraoy among the pews of
Catholic Churches here bring rich, and poor
together oa their knees.
SOME POOE CHUBCHES.
Then if so many churches exist in Alle
gheny county without the rental system
how do they get the money necessary for
current expenses? It is confessedly cler
gymen themselves that there are some very
poor churches in Pittsburg. Many of them
are always deep in debt. And not a few ,
have sometime or another succumbed to the
Sheriff's hammer. As stated above, the
bulk of churchgoers here are the working
classes, and they are not always able to give
much. But there are 'a few free churches
where the revenues are said to be fully as
large, and in some cases even larger, than
they were under the pew rent system. The
free churches are supported entirely by vol
untary contributions. In many of them the
envelope system is employed, eachattendant
contributing a stipulated sunt weekly, ac
cording to his or her ability.
' A NEED OF TUB SOUTH.
Manual Training Schools Wonld Prove a
Blessins la That Section.
A pro'easional gentleman of this city who
has spent a great deal of time in the South
ern States believes that industrial school
would accomplish wonders, in that section,.
Said he to a Dispatch reporter.
"There is no part of tlfe country where
such schools are-more needed or where they
would be likely to prove more beneficial.
There is not so much need of people who
know how to read and write as of those who
know how to work intelligently. The ne
groes and tbe poor whites,are compelled to
seek menial employment beeause they un
derstand nothing else. If all who go to
school there were taught the use of ordinary
mechanical implements, as well as the
lessons of the text books, it would be of the
greatest advantage.to, them. The negroes,
especially, are quicker to learn a trade than
a science, and that is the sort of education
that will be most useini.
"The South needs more and better school
of course, Dut every school established, t
would accomplish vastly more of good if it '
naa an industrial training department. j
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