Newspaper Page Text
THE PITTSBUKG DISPATCH, WEDNESDAY, FEBKTTAKY 13, 1889.
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1846L
VoL 44, No. 6. Entered ai Pittsburg I'ost
cEice, November 11. 18S7, as eeeona-ciass matter.
Business Office--97 and99 Fifth Avenue.
Kews Booms and Publishing: Hou6e--75,
77 and 70 Diamond Street.
Tills paper bating mora than Double the
circulation of any other in the State ouulile
of Philadelphia, its advantages as an adver
tising medium will be apparent.
TERMS OF T1IE DISPATCH.
rOSTAGE FREE IX THE UXITED STATES.
DAILY DlErATCH, OlioVcar. 1 800
DAILY DISPATCH, Per Quarter 200
Daily Dispatch. OncMonth ,u
Daily Dispatch, Including bunday, on
year. 10 00
Daily Dispatch, Including Sunday, per
Daily Dispatch, Including Sunday, one
ECltSAY DisrATcn, oneycar S50
VTEeklt Dispatch, one year - 123
The Daily Dispatch is delivered by carriers at
IS cents per week, or including thebunday edition,
at 20 cents per week.
PITTSBURG, WEDNESDAY, FEE 13, 1889.
BOGUS BUTTEB FRAUDS.
The report that vigorous prosecutions
have been commenced against the dealers in
"strictly first-class creamery butter" of the
oleomargarine stripe promises lively times
in that trade. A hundred dealers are said
to be in a fair way of undergoing the civil
and criminal penalties for that deception.
If there were any disposition to sell oleo
margarine for what it really is, as a cheap
substitute for butter, the public would sup
port an amendment of the law prohibiting
its sale, ftut the fact is clearly established
that the old fraud is kept up, and that deal
ers sell oleomargine for the profit to be ob
tained by buying it as oleomargine at 11
cents and selling it, as butter, at 28 and SO
cents per pound.
When the business is purged of its de
ception and false pretenses it will be legiti
mate enough. Until then the vigorous en
forcement of the law will be a protection to
consumers against being cheated.
HAED TIMES FOE MILLERS.
It is calculated to impress everyone with
the emptiness of human endeavor, to find
the organ of the Minneapolis millers mourn
ing over the impossibility of keeping wheat
down and the consequent shrinkage of the
millers' margins. Considering the steady
decline of wheat from the speculative prices
of last fall while flour has not undergone
one-half the relative decline, this wail at
failure to realize the millers millenium of
cheap wheat and dear flour, discounts the
most ambitious efforts of the horse-leechs'
daughters. The expectation of advancing
flour from the price which was originally
based on $1 10 wheat, if the price goes
above a dollar in Chicago, may be interfered
with by the refusal of the ungrateful pub
lic to buy high-priced flour, and the
stupidity of foreign consumers in buying
flour from other countries. So that the
millers are once more threatened with the
hardship of having to content themselves
with ordinary profits just like common peo
ple. TEE ACME OF STAGE REALISM.
Some allusion has already been made in
our columns to the latest development in
theatrical realism, the introduction of real
burglars into a drama, the strongest situa
tion in which is the blowing of a safe. This
step is in the line suggested by the tank
which has dominated melodrama of recent
manufacture. It surpasses the stolid reser
voir, however, by exhibiting some possibili
ties in the way of dramatic realism which
the boldest of our tank-and-terror authors
have never dared to handle.
If the Simon-pure burglars hare made a
drama of admitted "weakness strong, might
not some other feeble compositions be gal
vanized into life by the injection of other
criminal characters? Murder is a favorite
incident in melodrama, and it seems logical,
in view of the burglars' success, to presume
that a real red-handed slaughterer of his
fellow man would give a delicious verisimil
itude to a mimic tragedy upon the stage.
It would read well on the bills if the an
nouncement were made that John Smith,
who murdered Tom Jones in December,
1878, in Chicago, would appear in the
matchless role of Bulldog Joe, and in each
act of "The Slums of Kew York" murder a
man in cold blood and with all the latest
It is easy to see that similar improve
ments in the way of realism might be made
in the immoral society plays which have
bad such a vogue of late. In fact there is a
tendency among actors and actresses of
doubtful reputation to appear in plays
which permit them to apply this principle.
It would only be a short step further to take
notorious offenders against morality and set
them in plays of the gross sort that Paris
ians extol and we deprecate, but pay our dol
lars to see.
A TOOTHLESS TRUST.
The telegrams of yesterday with regard to
the "Pig Iron Trust," as it is called by the
dispatch, is evidently calculated to create a
misapprehension. It would be a public
question of a good deal of moment if any
attempt were made by the Metal Exchange
to monopolize the whole industry or even
to control its sale. Xo such attempt is
made simply because it is impossible. A
clear understanding of the announcement
"that contracts are being made with furnace
companies for a period of years, each com
pany agreeing that it will not place any
iron against which warrants are to be issued
in the hands of any other warrant com
pany," will make It plain that the effort is
only to monopolize the business of issuing
warrants on stored metal. Even that at
tempt can easily be overset by starting a
competing warrant company," if the business
should become very profitable; so that there
is not much fear of a monopoly in this en
terprise. If it were as clear from any danger
of turning pig iron into a football for busi
ness gambling, its utter harmlessness conld
be vouched for.
inTCHUTG TO BE LEGALIZED.
It is always gratifying to notice any as
piration of the "West to become less wild
and woolly. As we take it a petition re
cently handed up to the Kansas legislature
by the members of an organization called
the National Anti-Horse-Thief Association
is a sign of a desire on the petitioners' part
to adopt more civilized methods.
As everybody knows it has long been the
custom in Kansas to hang a horse thief as
soon as caught, and to suspend judicial in
quiry until the criminal's suspense to a con
venient tree has, been accomplished. This
summary proceeding commonly known as
lynching has been illegal in name, but no
body has been punished for indulging in it
except in cases where the lynchee's Iriends
have been numerous enough to repeat the
exercise at the expense of the lynchers.
But sanguinary Kansas is tired of the in
sinuations of lawlessness which more con
servative sections of the country have often
made. The National Anti-Horse Thief As
sociation, apparently representing the cul
tured classes of Kansas, has accordingly
petitioned the State Legislature to legalize
the lynching of horse thieves by the passage
of an appropriate statute. Advices from
Topeka seem to leave no- doubt that the
legislators will accede to their petitioners
request, A lynching bee in the near future
will bo as solemn and lawful a proceeding
as a sitting of the Supreme Court. We
presume tht officials suitable to the case
will be appointed by the State to conduct
lynchings. It can be readily seen that an
expert adjuster of the rope, which plays a
pressing and conclusive part in the perform
ance, will be an improvement upon the ex
citedandpossiblynervous executioner. Even
the gentleman to be lynched will rtcognize
this. In other ways doubtless lynching
will gain and gradually acquire the nature
of an exact science.
"We congratulate our fellow countrymen
in Kansas on this fresh evidence of their
desire to take up the banner of civilization,
and we hope that the horse thieves will ap
preciate the novel pleasure of being lynched
according to statute law.
PROTECTION LA THE SUBURBS. -The
murder of Mr. St. Clair, while de
lending his store in "Wilkinsburg from bur
glars, ought to impress the residents in that
borough with the insecurity of life and prop
erty under existing circumstances. It
seems that burglars have shown a great par
tiality for our suburban neighbor of late.
They visited their victim, Mr. St. Clair.sev
erat times and stole as much of his property
as they could before they took his life.
As far as we know "Wilkinsburg is pros
perous, and populous as it is, like most
suburbs, does not possess any police force
beyond the constables, who cannot be ex
pected to perform the nocturnal duties of
watchmen. The burglarious fraternity are
always well posted on such matters. The
presence of a single armed guardian in the
little borough would have inspired more
wholesome dislike for "Wilkinsburg in the
bosoms of habitual criminals, than the
casual capture of a youthful thief by the
citizens themselves seems to have done.
This is a warning to "Wilkinsburg and
other boroughs like it to protect themselves
with a police force; even if it be a very
modest one. The expense of such a pro
vision is but trivial compared with the loss of
such a valuable life as Mr. St, Clair's. A
county police force might be a protection
and preventive of crime in the suburbs. If
that is not practicable, it is plain that the
suburbs mnst furnish their own patrols.
HOT THE BIGHT FLAK.
The estimate of the City Engineerof Alle
gheny, on the expense of raising the street
so as to let the railroads pass under them,
puts the total cost at 51,150,000. It might
be well worth that sum to Allegheny, or to
any other city of its size, to get the railways
saiely out of the way below the level o the
streets. Cut before discussing that question
it is pertinent to point out that the pub
lished summary of the estimate implies
another plan than the one which would
naturally be adopted, and to indicate the
probability that the best plan for such a
work would be considerably more economi
cal than the one on which the City Engineer
has given his estimate.
Thus $750,000 of the estimate is given for
"filling the blocks up to grade" and "rais
ing buildings." This, together with some
of the items included in the other $400,000,
indicates the engineer's idea that it will be
necessary to fill up the roadways solid to
the elevation proposed. Nothing could be
more unnecessary or unwise. "When we are
confronted with the alternative of rail
ways elevated above the streets or streets
elevated above the railways, we ought
to be able to recognize that if a structure
can be made to support heavy freight trains
with a high momentum, a structure at equal
or less cost can be made to support ordinary
street traffic. Such a structure reaching
from street line to street line, say at the
level of the present second stories, could ac
commodate the public that uses the city
streets. This would naturally result in the
conversion of the second stories into shops
and of the present first floors into ware
rooms; but it would not necessitate either
filling up the streets or raising the build
ings. The present streets could still be made
of great use for heavy teaming to and from
the warerooms on what would then be the
basement floor; and the change might not
only relieve the streets of the dangers of
grade railway crossings, but also lessen the
annoyances from overcrowding by teams
which would use the lower grade of streets
throughout the crowded districts.,
Several of the problems of street traffic
might be solved by such a plan. It is cer
tainly worth a fuller consideration than is
likely to be obtained by saddling it with
estimates based on a wholly different, more
expensive and much less desirable method
of raising the grades of the streets.
RESTRAINTS ON THE PULPIT.
It has been for some time apparent that
the pulpit must not attack forms of wrong
that are powerful in its own church. For a
clergyman whose organization contained
Standard Oil men to denounce monopolies
would be suicidal; if fhepastorof a Vander
bilt church should dare to say that selling
bogus stock values is a sin, it would be rec
ognized as a direct attack on the material
prosperity of the church. The pulpit, ac
cording to this theory, must not oppose any
of the sins that are powerful in its particu
lar church, or it will promptly lose its finan
cial support. In a good many churches
that would be a greater disaster than to lose
But all previous records in the way of
ordering the pulpit to close its eyes to any
of the wrongs that have vested rights in the
immediate vicinity are eclipsed by the fuss
raised in the New York Senate over a
prayer offered by the chaplain for deliver
ance from "the political gamblers who buy
up the votes of ignorant immigrants who
comprise such a large portion of the popu
lation of cities." Senators Grady and Mur
phy, legislative lights from New York City,
immediately made haste to put on the cap
by moving to dispense with this clergyman's
prayers in the future.
The idea that any clergyman should pre
sume to pray against the bribery of ignor
ant voters was as much of an attack on the
vested interests of the New Yorkpoliticians
as a sermon against monopolies and extor
tion would be an assault upon the chari
table and religious P.ockafeller. But there
was more than this. To pray for divine aid
in such a matter was, evidently, according
to the Grady-Murphy view, trying to bring
a foreign element into the fight, and a for
eign element that cannot be bribed would
be wholly useless to these powers of New
It is rapidly getting toward the point
where the pulpit will be forbidden to either
pray or preach against vice, or any evil of
any sort, and its province will be confined
to incuiciting a negative religion that will
not interfere with any of the vested in
iquities. But judging from Sunday night's
sermon at St. Mary's Churoh, one pulpit
will talk out fearlessly while Rev. Morgan
Sheedy occupies it.
The fact that at Me Vlcker's Theater in
Chicago, the sign was out one day last week,
"Good seats for every attraction," while at
Hooley's the sign was, "Not even .standing
room," is noted by a writer on the Chicago
Ttmes, with the further statement that Mary
Anderson was the attraction at the former
place and "A Brass Monkey" at the latter.
The Chicago conclusion is not stated at full
length; but outsiders can easily perceive
that the contrast does not demonstrate the
standing of the different attractions so much
as the natural affinity of the Chicagoan for
dramatic treatmeal of subjects kindred to
The joke of Edgerton's indignation at
losing his month's salary is only equaled by
the funny side of a reform President's at
tempt to fix a friend of his permanently in
the soft situation of Civil Service Commis-
Neither the "agreement between gen
tlemen" nor the inter-State commerce law
is able to prevent the transcontinental
lines from cutting on the excessively high
Pacific coast immigrant rates. This'may be
explained on the ground that these lines
never thought it worth while to obey the
law, and an agreement between gentlemen
does not include any Pacific railway men.
The man who came into the Sixth ward
independent meeting last night with an
offer to sell thirty votes for a hundred dol
lars appears to have realized the old proverb
about taking his hogs to the wrong market.
After Dan Lamont has distributed him
self around among all the places to which
the correspondents have assigned him.be will
make good the claims of versatility that
haye been made for him by his admirers
while he guarded the approach to the
fountain of patronage.
Mark Twain is reported to be oppressed
with a fear that ho will lose his fortune; but
there is said to be more ground for-fearing a
calamity of that sort to the people who deal
Pasteur's hope that he has found a
prophylactic for the prevention of diphtheria
indicates a rate of progress which may make
it necessary for the twentieth century to in
vent a lot of new diseases to kill off those
who have conquered all the fatal ailments
of the nineteenth.
Coleman's labors in behalf of the Ag
ricultural Department are crowned by the
proud elevation of that political granger to
the rank of Cabinet Minister for twenty
Colonel Elliot F. Shephabd has
bought $250 worth of tickets to the inaugur
ation ball. The good Colonel feels that he
is entitled to this dip into the dissipations
of the giddy world, after his labors in sup
pressing the wickedness of Sunday stages on
The report that Johu C New will be the
Dan Manning of he coming administration
is a covert and unjustifiable attack on tho
memory of Mr. Manning.
Blizzabds have so far been much more
abundant in the signal service predictions
than in trie real atmosphere. Perhaps the
bureau is trying to get ahead so that when
it permits some regular howlers to strike us
without preliminary notice, things will be
The flag fuss in the Legislature yester
day indicates that our statesmen must be
rather hard up for subjects to make fools of
Fotjb mills for the rate of taxation by the
county with 12 mills by the city makes a, re
duction of some moment in the rate levied
on our taxpayers; but they will probably
find their tax bills just as large as ever
when it comes to paying them.
The oil boom which was started day be
fore yesterday appears to have been a case
of soda water out of season.
Gail Hamilton's energetic labors in
the line of scalping Mr. George "William
Curtis is a gentle warning to President Har
rison that he had better not be remiss in his
duty touching the distribution of Cabinet
PERSONAL FACTS AND FANCIES.
Spubgeon, the great London preacher, has
a correspondence that averages 500 letters a
day. He is obliged to employ three secretaries
to answer the communications that come to
him from all parts of the world.
Domingo, the Spanish painter, long resident
in Pans, "for whose work Immense prices have
ruled these many years, has had the honor of
painting the baby King of Spain and his
mother, the Queen Regent, receiving for the
"At the recent election in Pans 668,097 electors
were registered, hut only 435,860 votes were
cast. Although Boulanger beat M. Jacques by
81,550 plurality, and even had a clear majority
ol 54.432 over all opposition, he still lacked 40,.
279 votes of a bare majority of all the registered
voters. There were about 133,000 Parisian
voters who did not care enough about Boulan
gerism to go to the polls and vote either for or
The Japanese students now at Roanoke Col
lege are the first representatives of their nation
to enter a Virginia institution. These boys,
Hidei Fuknoka and Toyoskiro Terashima, are
sons of distinguished officers of their Govern
mentViscount Takachika Fukuoka, member
of the Imperial Privy Council and ex-Minister
of State for Education, and Count Munenori
Terasbima, Vice President of the Privy Coun
cil and formerly Minister to the United States.
England is agitated over the sad fact that
Prince Albert Victor has not sufficient pocket
money. His father, the Prince of Wales, who
has never possessed a large enough income for
his tastes, is sorry for the boy. A council was
recently held to discuss measures for the en
largement of the young Prince's means. The
most acceptable plan to the members of tho
council was to increase the rents of the ten
ants on the estates of the Duchy of Cornwall.
How long will tho British submit to this sort of
Curious stories come from Ponce de Leon
Hotel, in St. Augustine. Mr. Flagler's expen
diture there cow amounts to nearly 6,000,000.
Early in January there were only 12 guests in
the .hotel. Mr. Flagler, however, does not
seem discouraged. He has just bought tho
railroad running from St. Augustine to Palat
ka and from St. Augustine to Jacksonville.
Last Sunday he changed both of these to
broad-gauge roads, and shortened the schedule
more than one-half. Ho is going to buUd a
bridge over the St. Johns, so that the vestibule
trains can run into St Augustine from New
York without transfer. He is building an
Opera House in St. Augustine at a cost of $300,
000, a magnificent church, and a union depot
that will cost about 200.000.
Mrs. Wiird 1VII1 Not Appeal In Vain.
From the New York World. 1
Mrs. Humphry Ward will not appeal In vain
to the sympathies of the American public in
her protest against the dramatization of
''Robert Elsmere." We have a healthy preju
dice against a play on words.
-THE TOPICAL TALKER.
Olodern Scenery Is a Novelty HereGround
less. Alarm About a Pictured Tank
Curiosity Is a Dangerous Thing, So It a
Photographic Album Sometimes.
So unusual is it to see a play mounted in
modern style In Pittsburg though it must be
said that the scenery now In stock at the Bijou
Theater is far better than anything given us be-forebylocalmanagers-that"Fascination"could
rest upon its scenery alone to draw audiences.
In the necessarily "brief notice "Of the play in
The DISPATcn yesterday an injustice was
done to Colonel Sinn, the proprietor of tho
ulay, and his Brooklyn Park Theater scene
painter. 8eymour D. Parker. Tho box scenes.
representing rooms of a very sumptuous char
acter, are examples of the latest development
in scenic art. The room In Rota Delamere't
house is a very tasteful piece of color, oven to
the smallest details.
Fob the information of a great many people
who have been led by the lithographs and bUls
to suspect "Fascination" of having a tank con
cealed about it, I may state that the river scene
is devoid of "real water," but has some very
clever illusions which are effective enough. It
is a healthy sign of the public's education that
the mention of a tank ofcreal water in connec
tion with a drama is enough to keep a great
many people away from the theater during that
Curiosity is a bad thing any way, but when
a fellow is painting a door ho ought to fight
very shy of letting his curieslty get the better
A friend of mine paid avislt the other day to
a house that is being built for him. The house
Is in tho hands of the painters now and my
friend called the boss painter aside to tell him
something or other. An apprentice was put
ting a first coat of paint on the doors which
opened into the ball where my friend and the
boss painter were talking. There were two pots
of paint by the apprentice's side, one contain
ing the light brown paint he was to use on tho
doors and another fuU of red paint.
The apprentice, having an evil conscience
possibly, strained bis ears to catch what his
master was saying, but continued painting the
door. Suddenly my friend happened to glance"
at the door, and, seeing something extraordin
ary there, said to the boss: "What on earth is
that boy painting that door red for?"
The boss looked at the door and made a dash
for the boy. He caught the youngster by the
coat collar, but it was too late. Three panels
out of four had glaring coats of red paint. The
juvenile artist had allowed his brush to wander
into the wrong pot, while he sought to catch
the conversation going on near him.
Another dangerous thing to do unless you
give your full mind to it is to examine the
photographic album of a person you don't
know very well when that person is at your
Becently a young man of my acquaintance
found himself at a loss to carry on a conversa
tion with his hostess, who Is a young -married
woman, and he himself had the daring to take
up a photograph album and commence to turn
the pages. His hostess sat near enough to see
the photographs and naturally enough She
made a runulng comment upon them, explain
lngwho the people pictured were.
It the young man had kept his mind as well
as his eyes riveted on the book there would
have been no trouble. But his attention ran
off at the beck of some recollection and ho
turned over leaf after leaf mechanically.
Presently he camo to the picture of a pretty
girl, and he ventured half absent-mindedly,
half intending to pay a compliment: "Your
sister, I presume?"
"No, sir," was the qniet reply, "that's baby's
nurse we put it in to please baby."
This ought to have warned the young man
of his danger, but it didn't. The next page
but one disclosed the picture of a young man
with a self-satisfied smirk on his face and
"A face like that," remarked the young man
struggling to hide a yawn, "always makes me
think of agents' furnishing store. He seems
to be saving: Those are our very best at
All the young matron replied to this was:
"Indeedl Do you think sot" But there was such
an ugly emphasis on the indeed that tho young
man looked up In time to notice that a flush
was still on his hostess' face and an angry light
in her eyes. He guessed he'd put his foot in it,
and took care to make no more remarks till
the album was closed again.
By stealth later in the evening he brought a
friend to the album and asked him who the
young man with a smirk and bangs might be.
"Why, don't you know your host? That
photo was taken beforo ho was married," was
tho unsatisfactory reply.
THE MILirAEI SYSTEM OF EUEOPE.
How It Fnts the Nations of the Old World
at Grent Disadvantage.
From the Boston Herald. "I
An English statistician finds that the annual
outgo of Europe for its military system to-day
is equivalent to 1,750,000,000. If tho loss of the
productive labor of the men in arms is added
to this sum, the annual expense would be
$2,150,000,000. It IS shown by comparison that
the annual expense of the standing armies of
Europe in 1660 had been but 550,000,000. In 30
years time the expense has increased three
fold. This great SUm is raised by taxing each
nation, and the taxes fall upon the land and
the industries of the people principally upon
the industries. European nations are thus
handicapped, almost to the extent of the cost
of their military equipment, from competition
with a country like our own. The advantage
of a country where a standing army is not
necessary stands out in a strong light. In the
race of civilization, communities as heavily
burdened as the great European nations are at '
present by their military equipment are at a
great disadvantage, and from the present out
look the disadvantage is constantly increasing.
THE QUEER TASTES
Of Some of the Diners In the French Res
taurants of New York.
From the New York Ban. J
Some of the French restaurants of New York
have set apart one evening for music with the
dinner. The band is made up of two or three
violins and a bass viol. In one of these restau
rants, patronized freely by judges, lawyers and
newspaper men, there is a most accommodat
ing leader. But he is somewhat puzzled by
what he calls the peculiar taste of the restau
rant's particular coterie of diners. The three
selections that take with them are Coopin's
"Funeral March," Rossini's "Stabat Mater,"
and the Pilgrim's chorus from "Tannhauser,"
all solemn, and apparently anvthing but suita
ble with rich Burgundy and hilarious fizz.
Sometimes the leader has to repeat these selec
tions. The judges, lawyers and newspaper
men give rapt attention, and, with the coffee
and cigars, tell of the palaces and great cathe
drals at Rome and abroad in which they have
listened to the grand strains.
A Well-Known -Young Couple Married at
the Sixth Church.
Miss Ada Byron McCracken, daughter of B.
McCracken, the Liberty street merchant, was
married last evening to Mr. Alex. L. Stewart,
of Porter fe Donaldson's. Tho ceremony was
performed by Rev. John P. Patterson, pastor
of the'Sixth Presbyterian Church, where the
wedding took place. The ushers were J. P.
Mahan, JSmes Scully and Wm. Mcllroy. The
groomsman was Thos. A. Dunn. The bride
wore a green gray cloth traveling costume with
bonnet to match.
After the ceremony the young couple took
tho 9 o'clock train for Philadelphia, where they
will spend a week. After that they will go to
New York, Washington and Baltimore. Upon
their return they will take up their residence
at No. 559 Fifth avenue.
No Cnuoe for Alarm. ,
From the New York Telegram.
A mince pie which a notable boutekeeperiOf
Kansas, DX, had just baked, one day last week,
exploded with such violence as to kill a cat.
Useful as such mince pies might be in New
York, there is no occasion for alarm on the
part of the Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals. Restaurant mince pie
never develops any energy.
Busk for War.
Wa snnfGTON.February 12,-Senator Spooner
is reported to be the next prominent pilgrim to
Indianapolis. He Will leave Washington later
In the week, and it Is understood he goes to
Impress upon General Harrison the availability
ot Governor Busk, of Wisconsin, as Secretary
BAILWAY. feeighT BATES.
Tbo Western Roads Are Having Troublo'ln
Chicago, February 11 The Western
Freight Association met to-day to consider how
best to readjust and equalize through rates
from Iowa points to the seaboard, the rates
having become disarranged by enforcement of
the commissioners' schedule in Iowa. A com
mittee of seven was appointed to formulate a
plan and report to-morrow afternoon. The ob
ject is to remove the discrimination against
Chicago caused by the reduction in Iowa rates.
Tho Vestern Railway Weighing Association
met to-day to decide what should be done with
the question of livo stock transportation from
the Missouri river. The system of billing live
stock by weight Instead of chargfngby the car
load was inaugurated "January L The Kansas
Railroad Commissioners have ordered the
restoration of carload rates in that State,
causing a good deal of confusion. It was agreed
that carload rates should be charged only on
local shipments in the State of Kansas, and
that the weighing system should be continued
on all inter-State traflie and between all points
east of the river.
The sub-committee oft classification, which
has been in session in this city about ten days,
adjourned to-day for two months. A set of
general rules was adopted, and it was agreed
that a number of classes under which the va
rious articles of freight are to be grouped shall
be 12. The next meeting of the committee will
be held at Old Point Comfort in April.
MADE Affjffl) OP DESPAIR. .
A Disheartened Woman Shoots Herself
Becnnse She Couldn't Rise.
Special Telegram to the Dispatch.
St. Louis, February 12,-Mrs. Rachel Willis,
full of despair over her own ignorance and her
blighted ambitions, Bhot herself and ended all
the worry of trying to be what she was not. She
had longed to be a poetess, an author. She had
the fever of composition. She was full of
romance -and Bentiment, but her life was
oounaed Dy very narrow Hues. She had no ad
vantages in early life. Born on a farm, she,
had the AnllPatinrt ftf n ffl-tnai'a .Iqrlrvhf-i.,. TT.
husband, who came wheu life was growing to
be a very heavy burden, was a temporary re
lief. He was higher intellectually than was
she, and his companionship promised an ex
tension of her mental range.
After fite years of that companionship she
seems to have found it lacking in tnat benefit
she hoped to obtain, and so resolved to end her
life. This morning a bullet fired by her own
hand put an end to her life. She left a note
stating that her act was caused by her in
ability to succeed as a writer. She leaves one
CHINESE WELCOMED IN RUSSIA.
One Placo Where John is Thought to be nn
Immigrant Worth Having.
From the New York Sun.
If John Chinaman reads the Russian news
papers he must be pleased to observe that there
are white men who think him an immigrant
north having. The ivoioe Vremya and some
other journals are urging that Johu Is just the
man to help develop new countries; that he
can even be Russified, and that he should be
invited to settle in large numbers in Asiatic
Russia. They think, howover, that John should
bring his wife along with him to Siberia, that
his children should be educated in Russian
schools, and they have such faith in his capaci
ty for assimilation with other races as to sup
pose that in time he would fut off his cne,
put on Western clothes, and become a dutiful
subject pf the Czar,
No doubt the Russians, with tho blood of
many peoples in their veins, cousins on the one
band of Poles and Germans and on the other
of Tartars and Mongols, can work this trans
formation in John if anybody can.
AID FOB A STEAMSHIP LINE.
South American Merchants Will Assist an
Important Yankee Enterprise.
St. Louis, February 12. The Mississippi
River aud Ocean Navigation Company, of this
city, who contemplate the construction of a
line of double hull, light draft, centerboard,
adjustable-keel steamers, to run direct between
St. Louis and other inland river cities in this
country and Central and South American
ports, received advices to-day from their agent
at Maracaibo, Venezuela, that 150,000 shares of
the company's stock hnve been subscribed for
by the merchants of Maracaibo, La Uuavra,
Porto Cabello and Island uf Cnracoa, and that
merchants at other ports on the coast, par
ticularly those connected with the great coffee
trade of that country, are becoming Interested
in tho enterprise and will aid it with their
TAXATION TOO HIGH.
Akron's Expcndltnres for the Ijnnt
lcars to be Investigated.
Akron, February 12. For some time a news
paper agitation of local taxation has been go
ing on,-and charges of extravagance in the con
duct of city government have been made, the
total tax rate now being 30 8-10 mills in city
sewer districts. One week ago the City Council
took notice of the criticisms on It by having
read a burlesque resolution which proposed
stoppage of all city improvements. Last night
another tack was taken and another resolution
passed for the appointment of joint committee
nn tho part of the County Commissioners, the
Board of Education and the City Council for an
investigation of local expenditures for past
NO C0L0E LINE IN THEIES.
Brooklyn Liquor" Denier Refuse to Bar
Colored Men Prom Their Bali.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
New York, February 12. The United
Liquor Dealers' Association of Brooklyn will
have a ball in Palace Rink, next Monday even
ing. William Brown, a, negro saloon keeper,
was anxious to attend, but fearing that his
presence might be objectionable, wrote to
President Oliver about the matter.
The President laid Mr. Brown's letter before
the association, which decided that Mr. Brown
could not only attend the hall, but that he and
bis friends might do all in their power to make
it a success.
Tho Condition That Confronts Us.
From the New Xork World,
A condition, not a theory, confronts us, fellow-countrymen.
For the first time within the
memory of most men the diplomatic relations
between this country and England are wholly
in control of charges d'affaires. Now there is
nothing fundamentally unreliable about a
healthy charge d'affaires, but IS it not tempting
fate to place our relations with Great Britain in
the hands of men whose after-dinner .speeches
are Beldom reported in the newspapers.
A Few More Appointments.
Washington, February 12. The President
to-day sent the following nominations to the
Senate: Eugene E, White, of Arkansas, to be
au Indian inspector; -Lieutenant Edward M.
Heyl, to be Inspector General with rank of
colonel; Major Henry W. Lawton to be In
spector General with rank of lieutenant colonel;
Captain Joseph P. Sanger to bo Inspector
General with the rank of major.
Rnther Severe Upon Royalty.
From the New York "World.
A statistician asserts that 20 princes and
princesses of the reigning families of Enrope
have been treated for mental disorders. The
nineteenth century has been very severe upon
the royal think-tank.
The average number of teeth is 32.
The weight of the circulating blood is 28
TnE average weight of an adult is 150 pounds
The brain of a man exceeds twice that of
any other animal.
A man man breathes about 20 times a min
ute, and 1,200 in an hour.
The average weight of a skeleton is about 14
pounds. Number Oi oones 240.
One thousand ounces of blood pass
through tho kidneys in one hour.
A han breathes about IS pints of air in a
minute, or upward of 7 hogsheads a day.
The average weight of the brain of a man Is
Zy pounds; of a woman, 2 pounds and 11
Five hundred and fortt pounds, or 1
hogshead and 1 pints of blood pass through
the heart in one hour.
ITHE average height of an Englishman is 5
net 9 inches; of a. Frenchman, 5 feet 4 inches;
of a Belgian, 5 feet 6 Inches.
"The heart sends nearly 10 pounds of blood
through the veins and arteries each beat, and
makes 4 beats while we breathe once. '
(ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTT-FIVt MILL
ION cells are in the lungs, which would cover a
surface 30 times greater thah the human body.
The average of the pulse in infancy is 120 per
minute: in manhood. 80: at 60 vears. Go. The
dulse oi females la more frequent than that of
The Dangers Attending the Reckless Use of
Them Physicians and Druggist May do
Much Toward Remedying the Evil
Careful Administration of the Lawn'
Regulating the Balo of Poisons Needed.
From the New York Ban.
Opium, laudanum, paregoric, morphine.
soothing uyrup, Dover's powders, bromides,
antipyrln, chloral, and cocaine are doing a de
structive work. In their legitimate use as tem
porary easements of unbearable physical suf
fering thev are among the greatest boons of
civilization. But, unfortunately, when a
physician prescibes a dose o( one of these
powerful agents ho knows that not only will
the dose be taken by his patient at that time,
but also that tho prescription will be saved and
used again by the patient on his own responsi
bility. Of coarse thefe are druggists who are by to
means particular to whom they sell these
things. They will renew over and over again
the supply from an old prescription, when they
must know that the baleful drug Is being used
merely as food for a morbid appetite. The
morphine-pill box la worn out and anpther
substituted again and again. They see tho
laudanum bottle coming day by day for In
creased doses, when they must know that It is
ministering to a craving more destructive than
the thirst for rum. They supply bromide or
cocaine to people who they know are not un
der the care of physicians, but are employing
these sedatives and anodynes as the drunkard
does his liquor not merely using, but abusing.
The Work of Cocnlne.
told a well-known physician the story of bis
wife's dissipation. Day by day she had become
more Indifferent to her family duties. Her
house was neglected. Her children were run
ning the streets uncared for. Her money was
spent in some mysterious way. At first he
suspected that she had become addicted to
drink. He had watched her carefully and
searched high and low for Intoxicants, but
every Inquiry was baffled. He had her watched
witn like result. She would be found at times
apparently in drunken stupor. Home, children,
husband, friends were sacrificed to some bale
ful secret habit which eluded his mo3t vigilant
efforts to discover. At last the revelation
came. It was an old prescription of tho family
physician for the comparatively new narcotic,
The enslaved woman bad first taken the drug
in sickness. She found the effects so agreeable
that she saved the prescription. After the
sickness had passed, she took the drug as a re
lief from household cares and weanness. It
was an easy thing to send a child to the drug
store with the prescription. The little bottles
of colorless and almost tasteless liquid attract
ed no attention, and so she went on month
after month; of course more and more was
needed. It took the place of healthful sleep,
and then of nourishing food and drink. Final
ly it wrecked a system that was once robust.
First for Pain, Then for Pleasure.
No doubt this Is the story of many physicians'
prescriptions of opiates that are taken at first
to allay pain, to soothe the suffering, to deaden
tho torture of surgical operations, but that
subsequently are surreptitiously used for mere
pleasure or tranquility, regardless of the
danger that attends the continued use of these
Here Is another case reported by a physician:
A young mother observed that her child was
drowsy and ll6tless. The nurse never had any
iroume witn it The child would He for hours
in apathetic wakefulness. The parents were
no fools. They watched the nnrse, and they
fojintl her out dosing the child with an anodyne
obtained on an old prescription. This is an old
trick of nurses, who often have no hesitation
in inflicting incurable damage upon the system
of a child merely to save themselves the trouble
of attending it. Such a nurse ought to be pros
ecuted for assault in fact, they do commit the
most dangerous kind of assault, compared with
which a mere blow with the fist would bo
Meddling With Health.
Although a man would not think of meddling
with his watch or clock, or any piece of mech
anism, but would intrust its repair only to a
competent workman, ho often meddles with his
own health and physical constitution In the
most reckless way. He will take medicines
that are only of uso in some entirely different
circumstances on the mere guess that his
symptoms are the same as those for which the
medicine was originally prepared. Women are
particularly prone to do this. They fearlessly
.fill up old medicine bottles, land uso them in
cases where there is not the slightest analogy
to the case for which the medicine was origin
ally prepared. They make the most reckless
diagnosis. They exchange Information as to
what the doctors did for their children under
what to them seem similar circumstances, and
which may be entirely different. They may not
know the difference hatween A nrimmnn nnnp-li
and membraneous croup, but they will tackle
the most dreadful disease with the most inap
propriate remedy. By the time the doctor
comes, the patient has been already experi
mented upon, and has risked death by delay
or by the struggle with hurtful medicaments.
A Dangerous Feature.
The dangerous feature about the self-administration
or opiates is that the subject keeps on
taking the drug while partially deprived of its
use of the power of reason or the benefit of
memory. The legitimate use of such agents re
quires the greatest care and caution. Tbey
must be adapted to the system of the recipient
and to the special occasion. What would be
"harmless to a person at one time would be dan
gerous at another. It is well knowu that nar
cotic poisons are cumulative: that they go on
piling up in the system like steam collecting in a
boiler. No harm is done until at last the ex
ploding point is reached.
This aDDarentlv crowine propensity of ceonle
to prescribe for themselves Bhould be checked.
The drugstore contains elements of destruction
quite as dangerous as the gunpowder shop or
the Saloon, and not the least dangerous equip
ment is the pile of old prescriptions. People
cannot be too strongly impressed with ths fact
that opiates are hnrtf ul when used in excess, or
when administered by unskillful bands. Intel
ligent physicians and conscientious druggists
may do much to this end. Something may be
done by careful administration of the laws
regulating the sale of poisons. But not the
least dangerous element In the baleful business
is the Indiscriminate use of old prescriptions
and self-doctoring by the ignorant.
ST. VALENTINE'S DAYIN INDIANAPOLIS
Berore you break your fast at morn
On cakes of wheat or Indian corn
And sucn-Uke simple things that please
The palates of the small HcKees
Before your coffee cup you drain,
Bcmembcr James Ulllesple Blaine!
I ask not whether you'll be mine
You bet I'll be your Valentine.
New York, Gentle Harrison, helped you to win.
And on the ground floor she is bound to come in.
'Twlxt Miller and Piatt iryou can't drawthe line,
What's the matter with both being your Valen
tine? List to the old, old story
In the Conservatory,
Here's Foraker the Gory,
Whose Cheek Is twelve by nine;
And Reld, whose high ambition
Seeks not so much position
As merely the permission
To be your Valentine.
Pray don't shrink from yonr Alger So;
F6r see, he has a quid prtt quo.
And will, If you'll be benign,
Pay cash to bo your Valentine. .
Don't fondly hope to flee alone
Not while there's life in Bill Mahone;
He'll pull the coattalls off your spine,
To be your Southern Valentine,
O Benny, you, In days of old,
To mind your p's and q's were toldl
But now you need not Piatt obey.
If you'll bat mind your Matty Quay,
"Who comes with outstretched hand to clasp
Yours In his firm and mailed grasp.
And guide It where the letters twlno
That write him down your Valentine.
If In despair your hat you seize
And wander out among the trees;
Depew and Evarta will combine
To be your New York Valentine.
On the Juniper street and Thirteenth street side
Are striped goods and plain beside:
And on Market street corner you will and.
Crochet bed spreads of the finest kind;
Near the women's waiting room hosen be.
And a counter for men's suspendery;
I have everything in the dry goods l(ne,
Ob, come to my shop, my Valentine I
. -VoAn Wanamaler,
Berore the cup or sleep yon drain,
Kemember James Gillespie Blaine!
1 ask you not whither you'll be mine
You bet I'll be your Valentine.
But before you go to. bed at night.
And creep within your sheets or white;
Before you sink to slumbers dim,
Bemember Jim, remember Jim I
au from met.
KEW YORK'S LATEST GOSSIP.
A Protest la Order.
NEW YOBK BUREAU 8PICULS.1
New Yokk, February 12.-The Llederknnz
Society, the wealthiest German club in the
country, has declaied war against the city
police. The Liederkranz gave its thirty-sixth J
annual mask ball at the Metropolitan Opera
House Thursday night, at an expense of $12,
000. The Sfeinways, the Oelricbs and all the
rest of New York's" German 400 were there.
The ball started off with a boom at 11 o'clock.
Two hours later tho boom was squelched by
the appearance of 40 uniformed policemen and
15 detectives. There was little fun after that,
for tho policemen walked up and down tho
dancing floor and supper rooms, swinging their
big night sticks and threatening to arTest the
first waiter who sold wine. One policeman got
so drunk and obstreperous that he had to be
removed. Another policeman was caught be
hind a door drinking champagne that he bad
confiscated. Another policeman, placed on
guard to prevent the sale of wine, allowed
champagne to be sold upon condition that he
received a $2 tip for every bottle passed. All
this and much moie the law committee of tho
Liederkranz has related in papers of protest,
which will be laid before Mayor Grant and the
police commissioners. Special proceedings are
threatened against Captain Reilly, of the pre
cinct in which the ball was held.
Holding the Fort.
"Washington E. Connor, a wealthy broker, is
at war with the Central Railway of New Jersey.
The Central's tracks skirt the grounds of Mr.
.Connor's country place at Low Moor. The
railway company recently tried to buy of Mr.
Connor enough land for an additional track.
Mr. Connor refused to sell, and took steps to
enjoin the company from laying a track on his
land. The railway company at once sent to
Low Moor a train loaded with track-layers and
sleepers and steel rails, and before Mr. Connor
conld summon assistance the track was laid.
Mr. Connor engaged a force of men to tear up
the track. The railroad company heard of it
and backed the heaviest locomotive on the
road and a freight train down on the threat
ened bit of road. The locomotive and the
freight train still hold down the Jersey Central
track on Mr. Connor's property.
The Pig Iron Trust ClesingUp.
The announcement was made on the Metal
Exchange this morning that the Pig Iron Trust
has nearly completed arrangements for secur
ing control of the American market. The con
tracts of the trust with the furnace companies
stipate that no company shatl place iron
against which warrants are to be issued in the
hands of any other warrant company. It is
also stipulated that the producer Is to pay
yardage at the rate of 25 cents per ton and 2
cents per month carrying charges. The grad
ing will be guaranteed by the company. The
storage yards will be in convenient localities
and placed in the hands of the trustees at a
Stolo Dally to Flay the'Horses.
Philip OhI, entry clerk in a wholesale silk
and button house, has stolen $2,500 worth of
ribbons and buttons within the last year to pay
his expenses at tho race track. Every night be
carried away in his pocket about S10 worth of
small merchandise to the pawnbroker's, and
every Saturday holiday he lost all he had at the
race track. When arrested he had 72 pawn
tickets and five pool tickets in his pocket.
Insurance Saved In Time.
Martin Althaus, the Knight Templar who
hanged himself in Brooklyn night before last,
carried a Ufe insurance for $1,000 in the Ma
sonic Mutual. He was $S in arrears, and, ac
cording to the laws of the society, his widow
would be entitled to no benefit. A smart
friend of the family discovered this yesterday
morning. He hurried over to the.ofnce of tho
Masonic Mutual, whore no news of Althaus'
suicide had been received, and paid his dead
friend's dues, receiving a receipt which will
enable Mrs. Althaus to get the S1,0C0 insur
ance, which she would have otherwise lost.
Friendship Pays Its Price.
Charles E. Barnes, gentleman of leisure and
novelist in three languages, will pass the rest
of this week in the Tombs. HO went into
conrt yeSteiday to testify that his friend, Ed
ward Metcalf, was not a burglar. He mads
something of a Stir with his fine clothes, long
hair and literary ways. Upon leaving the
stand hosat down very close to Mr. Metcalf,
the suspected burglar. In fact, be sat so sus
piciously close to him that a court officer,
thinking something was up, pulled Metcalf
away from him. Five cigars and a flask of
whisky, in transit from the novelist's hand to
Metcalf's pocket, lay on the bench between the
men. The Judge saw tho whisky and the
cigars, and immediately ordered the novelist
off to the tombs for contempt of court.
ETIQUETTE AT CHDECfl FAIES.
It Is not correct to charge less that J3 on the
El for articles on tho fair tables.
DO not keep !15 in your inside pocket unless
you are willing to be thought mean.
It is never proper to make a man take a
chance in a flush framed mirror at the point of
Do not be ostentatious in your display of
wealth at a church fair. This is a vice of ex
Every well regulated table should have Its
"steerer," just as in the game of bunko, to as
sist people to find what they do not want.
Fashionable people never take more than
five glasses of lemonade at once, or expect to
find more than one lemon in eight gallons.
Bargain counters are never to be found at
well-conducted fairs, and economy is a gross
'breach of the etiquette which there obtains.
When a kind-hearted member of the con
gregation has donated a $40 clock to the fair it
is not good form to ask him to buy it back for
In small country towns it Is not considered
right to charge admission to the fair, but a
small fee is exacted of persons desirous 61 go-
It Is not becoming in a man to leave a church
fair with more gold in his pockets than he
wonld there have after a "holdup" bj the ban
ditti of Texas.
If you pay five cent3 for a "grab" keep your
temper if you get a handful of paper and pew
ter spoons instead of the t rencn ormolu clock
Persons acquainted with the etiquette of
church f airs will wrap up a pincushion the
minuto the visitor says he doesn't want It.
This kind of coercion Is permissible.
Be considerate of otheis. If you have bought
a match safe for $25 and you hear that some
body else wants it, let some one else have it at?
cost. This kind of virtue is Its own reward.
If there is a savage bulldog up to be voted
into the possession of the most, popular man at
the fair, you may with perfect propriety vote
against your dearest friend oreven your fian
A beaixy well brought uq person will never
carry an enormous appetite with him to the fair
table d'hote. Remember the causo of charity
and don't eat more tharr half of what Is put
It is not considered good form to win in a
raffle. Very few of our best people ever do
this, and persons who observe the convention
alities of society should eschew forever the
Do not leave your pocketbook in the cloak
room, and be sure that no loose ctiango is left
in your overcoat pocket. The latest accepted
rules of cloakroom etiquette give the contents
of overcoat pockets to the charity for which
the fair is given. ,
Do not think it witty after you have been
shown the flower booth and basket booth to ask
to be shown the Edwin Booth. The writer
tried that once, and the rosy-cheeked damsel
who should have smiled said that Edwin
Booth wasn't there.
Be sure to patronize the postofflce and re
member that it is a sign 6f Ill-breeding to grow
angry because the letter, you receive is offen
sively personal. Offensive personality is re
quired by the etiquette that obtains iu the post
office department of a church fair.
In the cause ot charity it is perfectly
proper to 'make others ridiculous, so that
if there are two rich dndes from whom
you would like to realize substantial aid
get up a vote for the greatest donkey In town,
leading the list with the names of the gentle
men in qusstlon. They will then appear aud
squander their substance In riotous voting, un
less they.comblnQ and call it off.
Two cows died irom eating too many
rotten potatoes down in Baldwin county,
New York City's deaths and births about
balance each other. Last week there were 807
births and 818 deaths.
The town of Mills City, Va., has re
cently bad its name changed and now rejoices
in the title of "flew York, Jr.."
There are musical soirees every Snnday
at the palace of tho Emperor of Germany, the
programme being executed by generals, col
onels, majors, captains and lieutenants.
A feature of the late eclipse of the moon
at Downieville, CoL, was a gorgeous rainbow
ring that surrounded the moon. Inclosed
were seven brilliant stars of tha first magni
Mrs. Cornelius .Vanderbilt, when she
gives dinner parties, uses a solid gold dinner
service Set with uncut gems and with some
courses Dresden aud Sevres plates worth mora
than $100 apiece.
The great car drivers strike in New
York cost the city over $500,000; 6,500 men lost
578,000 wages; the railroad companies lost S20oV
100; tho theaters. $60,000; the stores in the shop- )
ping districts, $150,000 and yat it was a failure.
As the result of an election wager,
Charles Hindman, of Chicago, is now engaged
in a weary tramp from that city to Washington
via New Orleans. He is now somewhere in tha
interior of Georgia. Mr. Hindman has worn
out three pairs of shoes since he began his
It is against the law in Mexico for any
one to read a newspaper aloud; bat no one
cares for that, as few people want to read them
anyhow. You can get more news in Mexico by
sitting down half an hour at a popular cafe
than you could get by reading a Mexican paper
for a month.
A very pretty incident occurred at
Athens, Ga., the other day. At an afternoon
prayer meeting held at a private house, as a
hymn was being sung, a little canary bird,
which had been quiet during the meeting,
joined in with the singing, and continued his
soft, mellow notes until the song had been fin
ished. A young man of Cobb county, Ga.,
visited Atlanta recently and spent the night
seeing the sights. When he got back home ha
was telling his folks of what he saw. "Tha
election lights was just the prettiest thing yon
ever saw, and I went to that big, fine building
and rode up in the evaporator." He Is going
again and take his friends.
Among the countries in which wqman"
suffrage in one form or another prevails are:
England, Scotland, Wales, Sweden, Russia,
Austria-Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia, Italy,
British Burmah, Madras Presidency, Bombay
Presidency, Russian Asia, Tasmania, Iceland,
New Zealand, Victoria, New South Wales,
Queensland and South Australia.
Queen Victoria is so fond of fresh air
that she is in the habit of sleeping with open
windows even in the dead of winter. The
Empress Maria Theresa, of Austria, was mors
peculiar in this respect. Her writing table,
even in winter, was close to the open window
and the falling snow often drifted In and fell on
the paper on which she Wrote. It frequently
happened that the hands of the hairdresser
were partly frozen while attending to Her
The disappearance and rescue of Captain
Pruden in Montana, who was lost from camp
recently, in company with a Government mule,
wa3 an exciting and pecular adventure. Pruden
was found by Fire Wolf, one of the Cheyenne
scouts sent out to look for him. He bad been,
lost ten nays, and in all that time had nothing
to eat. The mule was set free to graze every
day, and at night returned to the place where
Pruden was, and by its warmth kept the man
That old soldiers are treated well in
Maine is hown by the following facts:TheMama
State treasurer, land agent, bank examiner, in
surance commissioner, reporter of decisions,
superintendent of public buildings, one rail
road commissioner, secretary of the Senate,
beside the pension clerk, one clerk in the State
Treasury, one in secretary of State's office,
clerk in the adjutant general's office, messen
ger of tho Governor and council, messenger of
the House of Representatives and most of tha
messengers, workmen and watchmen about tha
State House were ail soldiers in the lata war.
Says a writer in a Chicago paper: "Tha
ministers of New York teem to be. on tha
whole, obscure. 1 hare on many occasions
asked well-informed people, "Can you give ma
tho names of a dozen NeW York clergymen!
I have sometimes Bet 'tnfiirambor at ten, but
never that I now recall have I been able to find
a person in Chicago or elsewhere who could
name to me at once ten New York clergymen.
And yet in this city of New York are I know
not how many churches." It may seem unkind
to quote the remark, "Not to have known
them argues thyself unknown," but it is ap
propriate. An electrical attachment has been de
vised which may be applied- to an ordinary
clock for awaking a sleeper at any given time
the contrivance thus taking the place of tha
ordinary alarm clock that needs to be wound
up the night before it is to give forth its sound.
This electrical clock is so constructed that it
can be set to any given five minutes of each
hour, the bell beginning to ring at that time,
and continuing to nns; until the switch is
turned to cut off the electric current. There
is, of course, no call for winding an alarm
where this device Is employed, it being only
necessary on going to bed to turn the switch,
thus allowing the circuit to be completed at the
time the bell is to ring. In this arrangement
the clock and battery are made in a compact
form, the cell of the battery bMng enclosed in
the clock case.
The Microscopical Journal says that in
order to draw pictures by means of the camera
luclda without straining the eyes, it is essential
that the microscopical image and the paper
and easel be uniformly illuminated. If the
image has. in comparison with the paper, too
strong a light, the pencil will be seen with dif
ficulty, if at all on the contrary, if the paper,
in comparison with the image, be too strongly
Illuminated, the delicate outlines of the latter
will prove indistinct. This difficulty may ba
remedied by throwing either the Image or tha
paper into the shadow, and both may be dona
simply with the hand, or by a properly con
structed screen of paper, or by a disk of paste
board set up at some distance, and tbe like. A
few trials made with the microscope with dif
ferent degrees of magnification will be found to
afford the necessary experience for managing
the light in a satisfactory manner. It is, of
course, essential, in tracing the outlines of tha
Image, under the camera, that the pencil em
ployed be not too hard, and the lines should be)
REVERIES OF A PHILOSOPHER.
An intermittent ache is like a serial
story continued next week.
Men lose less sleep from troubled con
sciences than from poor cooking.
The third party may be useful in politics,
but It can be dispensed with In courtship.
Troubles are said to come in pairs, bat the
first or all human troubles came In apples.
Tbe fortune-hunter is not so much taken
with pretty faces as with handsome figures say
Some people are glad that we are having
an open winter, but they should remember that
spring won't come till the open winter Is closed.
The professional juror would experience
fewer trials In life ir he pursued some other busk
ncss; but he hasn't a mind to do anything else.
Now idiots their cents are spending
'Tls hard to tell with what design) -For
envelopes anil stamps and sending
To friends the "comic" valentine.
A FEBBUASY DAY.
At mora the feathery snowflakes filled tia
At noon great clonds of dust began to fly.
At eve the sun came out; 'twas warm and fair.
At night the stars shone In a cloudless sky.
Not the Fighting Kind. Smith Yes,
yon see strange things In a smoking car.
Jones No doubt of that.
S.Tbere was tbls morning. Two men got Into
a dreadful quarrel. ,,
S.Yes; they called each other by the vUest of
names, sneaks, skins, chumps, snooze rs, soakers,
and so forth. I thought every moment they would
J. And didn't they fight?
B. No; you see they were png lllsts. ,
Eeal Life. Country editor What are
von busy with, my dear?
Country editor's wire I am writing some cook
ing recipes for your Housewife's column.
C. E. Ob, yes. Giving us something nice this
C E.'s W.-Yes. I atn Just giving directions
how to boll a Westphalia ham in sherry and scire
It with appropriate garnlshlngs. I have also a
new method for making pate de fol gras.
C.E. Indeedl Well, after yon get through,
dear, I wish yon wonld fry that liver and pork
that bought for dinner, for I'm feeling mighty
Alt from (Ac Sotton CovrUr.
? : tfjfftrwr ,ii- wa :&fe