Newspaper Page Text
Startling News From Samoa
Stirs the Senate to a Sense -
of Its Serious Duty.
IT LOOKS MORE LIKE WAR.
The Police Force at Apia De
, clared Placed Under Ger
man Control, and
ALL VESSELS OYEBHAULED
In Search of Articles Contraband of
War, the Richmond Being
HALF A MILLION TOE DEFENSE
Toted by the Senate, and the Charleston
Ordered Pitted Oat at Once
for Active Service.
MAETIAL LAW IS OFFICIALLY DECLARED
Senators Reagan and Frye agreed fully
yesterday that the situation in Samoa is se
rious enough to warrant all that has been
said of it, and more. During the debate in
the Senate a dispatch was received and read,
stating that the Germans had taken control
of the Apian police force, and were search
ing all vessels arriving at that port The
amendment pending and the diplomatic
and consular bill were at once passed. Sec
retary Whitney has ordered the Charleston
fitted out at once for active service. Consul
Sewell fears a conflict has already taken
place between Germans and Americans.
Altogether the Samoan situation is appar
ently very critical.
rsFxcui. TEuomv to the disfatcii.j
"Washington, January 51. While the
discussion of the Samoan question in the
Senate to-day was quite as dispassionate as
yesterday, on the part of the Bepublicans,
who feel that the settlement of the difficulty
will inevitably be left for the new adminis
tration, there was evidently a firm deter
mination that something ought to be done.
Mr. Frye, of Maine, made the absorbing
speech of the day. Mr. Frye is admitted to
be one of the ablest and clearest minds of
the Senate. He is certainly one of its
tersest speakers, and
is always listened to
He urged eloquently the
appropriation of at least a sufficient sum to
establish coaling stations on the islands, the
right for which is granted by treaty, bnt he
confessed that he was not ready to deal with
the question, that he would go to the farthest
extreme to insure the protection of citizens
of the United States in Samoa, and to assure
the continued autonomy of the islands.
A Bomb Exploded. '
Just as Mr. Frye had finished speaking,
press dispatches were handed to him telling
of the orders to German authorities in the
Samoan Islands to search all arriving
vessels for contraband goods, that the
steamer Richmond had been searched, that
the police force of the islands was under
German control, and that the Samoan
Times had been suppressed.
There was profound silence in the chamber
as the Senator read the news in an im
pressive voice. The galleries were well
filled, though the diplomatic gallery was
entirely empty. The reading was followed
by a sensational buzz in the galleries, but
the Senators received it in solemn silence.
The dispatches were assumed to be true,
and it was apparent that in the minds of
everyone the complication had taken a more
serious complexion than at any previous
"That means war," was the whisper that
flew about the galleries in everybody's
mouth. Then Senator Call, of Florida, the
prosy and interminable, rose to speak on the
question, and the crowd retired to discuss
the situation in the corridors or repair to
the House to listen to the lively squabble
over the Oklahoma bill.
Expected to Wnko Them Up.
It is an opinion quite generally expressed
that the news of to day will hasten some de
cisive action on the part of the House and
Senate. Under other circumstances the dis
position of the House would have been to
stave off the whole question and let Presi
dent Harrison and his Cabinet advisers
wrestle with it. Now everybody appears to
be reaching the conclusion that if anything
is to be done it must be done at once. It is
realized that Germany has already virtually
taken control of the islands, and that she
will probably not retrace her steps unless
compelled to do so at the cannon's mouth.
The bill appropriating money for the estab.
lishmentof a coaling station at Pago Pago
will go to the House at once and be passed
there, and then steps will be immediately
taken to make the money effective. That
will test the extent of the purpose of the
Germans. If there should be any interfer
ence war will be the result.
Tbe Reports Mar Not be True.
Many do not give credence to the alarm
ing dispatch read by Senator Frye, and ex
press a conviction that when all the truth is
known it will be found that Germany has
not so far overridden her agreement with
this country as appears from what has come
Mr. Eeagan 'agreed with Mr. Frye that
there was not a fourth-rate European power
that would have stood the insults which the
United States Governinent has stood from
Germany. He was sorry, he said, to see a
disposition to shrink from meeting the duty
of the Government. The consular agent of
the United States at Samoa, the officers and
crews'of American ships there, and the
"United States citizens residing there, could
not fail to be humiliated by the fact that
their Government had permitted Germany
to trample upon their rights and upon the
rights of Samoa, in the face of the treaty
stipulations and understandings.
Tlie Troth Should be Known.
Instead of trying to cover them up, said
Mr. Eeagan, wisdom and prudence and
the interests of the country, required the
tacts to be met If the Government of the
United States had assumed obligations to
Samoa, it should execute thenf If it owed
duties to its citizens there it should perform
those duties. If the flag of the United
States had been insulted, if property of
United States citizens in,Samoa had been
placed at the mercy of German traders
through the action of the German Govern
ment, the fact ought to be recognized; and
one of two things ought to be done. If the
rights of the United States were to be
abruptly abandoned, the American Consul
nod the commanders of American ships
ought to be called home, and not subjected
to insult and degradation, and whatever
rights the United States had there ought to
be abandoned or else the rights which be
longed to this country ought to be asserted
squarely and manfully.
Text of the Dispatch.
The Press dispatch, dated Auckland,
which caused such a sensation, was as fol
lows: Advices from Samoa state that the German
officials have given notice that all vessels arriv
ing' there will be searched for articles con
traband of war. The Germans have suppressed
the Samoan Times. A passenger on the British
steamer V'ainn, who visited Mataafa's camp,
was placed under arrest, but was subsequently
released in compliance with a demand of the
British Consul. A proclamation has been
Issued placing the Apia police force under
German control. Mataafa's followers number
6,000. They are strongly entrenched and other
Samoans are rapidly joining them. Upon the
arrival of the steamer Richmond she was
boarded and searched by the Germans.
The Amendments Passed.
The Senate, after a few words more from
Messrs. Eeagan and Frye, adopted the
amendments to tbe consular and diplomatic
bill, reported by the Committee on Foreign
Eelations, appropriating 5500,000 to protect
American interests in Samoa, and $100,000
for the coaling station at Pago Pago, the
money to be immediately available. The
amendment raising to the rank of Ambassa
dors the Ministers to England. France, Ger
many and Eussia, was rejected yeas 25,
nay 26 and the bill was passed.
On motion of Mr Eiddleberger the Sen
ate then proceeded, in executive session, to
consider tbe British extradition treaty, out
adjourned four hours afterward, leaving it
It is said that the President will send
another message to Congress in a few days,
containing the latest official information on
the Samoan subject.
This was the regular meeting day of the
House Foreign Affairs Committee, which
has the Samoan question before it, but no
quorum appearing before the hour of the
meeting of the House, nothing was done.
The committee to which the Samoan affair
has been referred has been increased from
three to five members, and consists of Messrs.
McCreary, Eussell, Shipman, Morev and
HIS BOLD STAND.
Captain Heavy, ol the Steamer Adams,
Defended American nod Samoan
Rights Germans Defeated
in nn Attempt to De
stroy a Bridge.
San Francisco, January 31. Com
mander E. P. Heavy, of the United States
steamer Adams, which arrived here from
Samoa via Honolulu yesterday, in an fnter
vie wjtqdayjsaidi. -
"There was a irreat deal of commotion -when I
was at Apia. I went down there with all kinds
of orders suited to a time of peace, but, when
war broke out, I threw the orders to the wind.
They would do in time of peace, but were not
applicable to tho condition of affairs then.
"When I saw Brandeis, tho German Minister,
leading 500 natives m support of Tamascse, I
wrote him a letter asking him to desist. I said:
"I am here to protect American citizens and
property, and I will not wait idly by and see
j on plunging the country into trouble, when
their lives and property mav be destroyed. If
you do not desist. I snail take such measures of
protection as I deem the circumstances de
mand." Ho sent word back that no Americans or
American property would bo molested. In a
little while though, much the same tactics were
repeated. There was a meeting of the consuls
aboard the German ship Adler, and at the
meeting I said to the Germans: "Now just let
the natives fight it out between themselves."
Oh, no! They couldn't do that, they said. They
had proclaimed Tamesese King, and they
couldn't leave him now to fight it out alone.
Then I said I would take a hand in
this. "If you persist in aiding Tamesese and
fighting for him, I will participate," and I
pulled the Adams in ahead of the Adler, and
would have done my part in the fray if the
Germans had decided they mnst have it. I
made up my mind that the Adams could throw
some shells too. At this they eased down and
promised should be "hands off." Next there
were notices posted by the Germans stating
that the bridge over the river at Apia, and
separatinc all tbe back country where the na
tives were, would be taken up. I tore these
notices off. I said there should be no demoli
tion of bridges.
Then I ordered my carpenters up the next
morning, and meantime wordhavinz cot out all
around, scores of natives came to aid in repair
in'; and maintaining the bridge. 1 also threw
some marines ashore to protect it It is not
necessary to say that the bridge was not de
stroyed. The Adams left Samoa December 7,
and was not present during the recent battle
between the Germans and Mataafa's forces.
A DOG THAT CAN BARE.
The New Man-of-War Charleston Can be
Ready to Fight In Thirty Days.
San Francisco, January 31 The
working force on the steel cruiser Charles
ton has been largely increased, but whether
owing to instructions from "Washington or
not is not stated. There are at present 450
men employed on the vessel. Her engines
and machinery are all in and her boilers
are being cemented. Carpenters are busy
fitting up the saloons and staterooms.
Painters are hard at work giving her iron
sides a coat of dark slate color, and black
smiths and mechanics are to be seen crowd
ing her decks. "When completed the
Charleston will be, taken to Mare Isljjfd to
have her armament placed on board. TChis
is much heavier than any German man-of-war
at present in Samoan waters.
It was not expected that the trial trip of
tbe Charleston would take place before the
middle of March, but the present activity
indicates that she will be ready consider
ably sooner. Superintendent Dickie, of the
Union Iron "Works, was asked how soon the
vessel could go to sea in fighting trim if
"Well, she might get away in 30 days if
it was absolutely necessary to have her
ready by that time."
The cruiser San Francisco, now building
at the Union Iron Works, will be completed
in a much shorter timethan was the Charles
ton. The Captain estimates that it will re
quire eight months to complete this vessel.
GERMANY WANTS TO KNOW.
A Man Sent to Get Information as to Onr
Washington, January 31. The Post
to-morrow will print the following:
A private cablegram received in Washington
last night annonnces that the German Govern
ment has ordered a military attache
named Kir Eckhardstein to report here
at once to the German Minister. His
business it is announced is to investigate and
report to the War Department everything of
Interest concerning ibe American army and
navy fortifications, equipments, etc.
MARTIAL LAW IN FORCE.
Official Information to That Effect Received
at Washington From Samoa Bayard
Talks Tartly on tho Situation
Washington, January 31. It is under
stood that Consul General Sewall, who has
been detained in Washington for some time
bythe Senate Foreign Eelations Committee,
expects to leave here on Friday or Saturday
for Samoa. Secretary Bayard was this even
ing shown the dispatch from Auckland,
stating that Germany had given notice that
all vessels arriving at Samoa will be searched
for contraband goods. He said the Depart
ment had to-day received a dispatch from
Consul Blacklock, stating that war had been
declared against Mataafa and that martial
law had been proclaimed by the German
Consul at Apia. He did not know whether
the state of 'martial law referred to included
all of Samoa or only Apia.
Eeference was made to criticisms of the
Department of State, and the Secretary
said: "I would like the gentlemen who have
been criticising everything done by the
State Department to show one instance in
which I have broken the law or permitted it
to be violated. I do not know of such an
instance. There has been a great deal of
misrepresentation, and in time our country
men will see that the State Department has
done everything that could be done."
THE BATAED IDEA.
"I see," said Mr. Bayard, "that Mr. Sher
man stated in the Senate that no American
had been injured in Samoa. That is so.and
I have yet to learn that any American has
been injured or any of their rights, as de
fined by law and treaty, taken away. Our
policy has been fixed and steady in direction
of the preservation of American rights. The
German Government has constantly given
assurance that Germany would not violate
anv American rights, and Prince Uisrr.arct,
in his last letter to Count Arco Valley, re
news his assurances that Germany will scru
pulously respect these rights.
"The department," said the Secretary,
"cannot stop the fighting in Samoa. We
cannot prevent rival commercial companies
quarreling and fighting. It is not for us to
try and give every country a stable govern
ment." Secretary Bayard said that he had not yet
received the proposition which Count Arco
Valley had informed him Prince Bismarck
had sent for a conference between Germany
and the United States in regard to Samoa.
He could not, therefore, say whether or not
it was for an entirely new negotiation or for
a renewal of the conference suspended
about a year ago, at which the Secretary
said he had endeavored to bring about an
understanding between Germany and the
"United States to better the condition of the
A gentleman who is' well acquainted with
Samoan affairs said to-night that matters
had reached a very serious state, and he
would not be surprised to hear that a con
flict had taken place between Germans and
the Americans. The natives had beaten
Germans repeatedly, and, according to the
Auckland dispatch (which he regarded as
entirely reliable), and Germany now pro
posed to whip them by preventing arms
being sent in. The newspapers read by
Americans had been suppressed, and the
Germans had taken open control of the
police of Apia.
The American residents contributed to the
fund for the support of the municipal police,
and it was bad enough to have them under
the direction of Tamasese, but under Ger
man control was infinitely worse. He said
it might appearjin unusual nd..bold4b,ins
for-ns-to say that we would protect' the in
dependence of a cnntry sbfaV away, but
our national honor, and our obligations re
quired that we should come to it.
IT TOLD THE TRUTH.
The Germans Suppress a Samoan Paper for
Being; Fair and Impartial.
San Francisco, January 31. The
Somoai Times newspaper, which the Auck
land cable states that the Germans have
suppressed, was published at Apia by an
English subject named Cusack. A number
of copies of the paper were taken in this
city, and ever since the trouble began in
Samoa the paper was sought for for an in
telligent summary of the happenings in the
islands. The opinions expressed by the
paper were conservative, and the journal
was regarded as publishing unbiased re
views of the happenings in the recent battle
between the Germans and the Samoans.
The Times declared that the latter did
not fire until the Germans had fired a
number of shots and had killed two of
the natives. The Germans have not been
friendly to Cusack, and it is related by the
correspondent at Apia that on the night of
December 17 a number of sailors from the
German men-of-war Olga and Adler went
ashore at Apia, and one of the chief sub
jects of their search was Cusack. The cor
Cusack had on several occasions criticised
the Germans in bis editorial columns for their
general conduct in Samoa, thereby incurring
their hatred. When the German sailors came
on shore they began to look for him, and he
was obliged to go to the British Consulate for
protection. They, of course, did not venture
to follow him there.
BEWELL FEARS THE WORST.
Ho Will Return to Samoa at Once, Unless
rSFECIAI. TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.1
Washington, January 31. Consul Gen
eral Sewell returned to this city this morn
ing after a brief visit to his home in Maine.
He starts to-morrow for Samoa via San
Francisco, unless he receives further
orders from the State Department. He has
no instructions from the department, and
his relations with the department are not of
the most cordial character, but he considers
it his duty to return to his post, and will de
part without further communication.
Mr. Sewell said that he expected to hear
in a few days that the result of the vigorous
policy inaugurated by the Germans has re
sulted in a conflict between German and
READY FOR A FIGHT.
Whitney Wants the Charleston Completed
nt Onco Witlioat Regard to Cost.
San Francisco, January 31. A pub
lished statement is made here this afternoon
that the Union Iron Works have received a
dispatch from Secretary Whitney ordering
them to get the new cruiser Charleston
ready for sea within 20 days, if possible, at
no matter what extra cost.
THE SLOPE WANTS GORE.
Pacific Papers are Ready and Willing to
Fight for Samoa.
San Fhancisco, January 31. The Pa
cific coast papers are devoting a great deal
of space to the Samoan question, and gener
ally demand that American interests on the
islands be fully maintained at whatever
cost, if only on account of American ship
ping interests in the Pacific. On the
strength of the latest news from Samoa,
taken with Bismarck's letter of January 13
regarding Germans in Samoa, San Fran
cisco papers urge .immediate action on the
Continued on Six h Page.
THE KEY IS'ALLISOJf.
Upon tre Iowa Senator Depends the
Entire Makeup of -the Cabinet,
BARKER'S FORCE SNUBBED AGAIN.
His Financial Views Not in Consonance
With Those of jankers.
ALLISON SAID TO' HATE DECLINED.
Senator Sherman's Friends WoiLing Qoittly Against
Senator Allison remainsythe keystone of
the Cabinet arch. With him as- Secretary
of the Treasury the affair would, be able to
stand alone. Leave Allison out and the
side walls come down with a crash. Harri
son says Allison won't be lc$ out, A New
York paper that claims to speak authora
tively says he has declined with thanks, and
Allison himself won't tallc. Sherman's
friends are now trying to keep Alger out of
rSPECTAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCn.l
Indianapolis, January 31. The Irish
American Eepublicans, who have been
seeking to teenre the choice of Wharton
Barker for a place in General Harrison's
Cabinet made what will probably be their
last call upon the President-elect to-day, and
have come away very sore. They were fore
warned, it is said, that theirpetitions were
to be ignored, but ,they went to-day to get
the news directly from General Harrison.
Senator-elect Higgin3, it seems, didn't
confine his conversation, yesterday, entirely
to urging upon General Harrisim the claims
of the border States for representation in
the Cabinet, and the pre-eminent qualifica
tions of General James H. Wilson for Sec
retary of War. He also, it is Said, brought
up the matter of Wharton Barker's claims
for recognition, and put in a good word for
the Philadelphian. General Harrison, it is
said, expressed himself very agreeably
about Mr. Barker and the aid that he had
given to the party, not only in Delaware
but elsewhere, but added that when it came
to a question of appointing him Secretary
oi me xreasury me situation was uuutmi.
HARRISON SATS 'TIS ALLISON.
"Mr. Barker," he said, "has peculiar
views upon some questions of finance; these
views differ with the views held b.v the great
mass of the bankers and financial men of
the country, who may be presumed to have
the most accurate knowledge in such mat
ters. It is impossible for me to put Mr.
Barker in the Treasury under such circum
stances. Beside that, I don't mind saying
to you that Senator Allison is to be the next
Secretary of the Treasury, unless something
which is entirely unexpected happens."
Dr.. P. Carroll, of Philadelphia; J. F.
Scanlon, of Chicago, and D. T. Sullivan,
the Irish-American Eepublicans who called
to-day to talk over the matter of Mr. Bar
ker's claims, were very pleasantly received,
but the information they got was'snbstan
tially the same as that received by Senator
Higgins the day before. One of them after
ward, referring to the appointment of Mr.
Blaine and the apparent genenl,n;',e-up of
the Cabinet, .said, disgustedly: -4t's the
same old story; there is lots of talk and all
that, but the machine gets there just the
HOW BARKER CARRIED DELAWARE.
The story told of Wharton Barker's con
nection with the Delaware campaign last
fall is interesting. Senator Higgins, it is
said, was convinced that it was possible to
carry the State, so far as the Legislative
ticket was concerned at any rate, and
nressed the idea upon the Bepublican na
tional leaders. Few took anv stock in Mr.
Higgins' talk, and Senator Quay especially
refused to believe that there was the re
motest possibility of carrying out the
scheme. As a last resort, Wharton Barker
was appealed to, and it was chiefly through
aid secured by him that the Eepublicans
succeeded in carrying the Legislature. Af
ter the battle, it is alleged, Senator Quay
all at once manifested a great interest in
Delaware, and attempted to take a share in
the choice of a Bepublican Senator, en
deavoring to secure some one to beat Mr.
General Harrison's remark to Senator
Higgins as to the remote possibility that
Allison might not after all be Secretary of
the Treasury, is understood to refer to the
complications that have arisen in Iowa as to
the filling of the vacancy in the Senate in
case Allison leaves that body.
LARRABEE HOLDS THE KEV.
Governor Larrabee seemingly holds the key
to the Cabinet, and if he remains recalci
trant and persists in saying that he will not
appoint Clarkson, or any friend of Clark
son, to the Senate if Allison goes out, the
Cabinet is likely to be quite different from
the President-elect's present conception of it.
With Allison out the politicians here be
lieve that Cabinet-maker Harrison would
have to begin his work all over, again.
Everybody iB inclined to think, however,
that when it comes down to a final decision
Allison will say yes, and that his present
uncertainty is largely a bluff, intended to
scare Governor Larrabee "by the prospect of
making him responsible for leaving out
Iowa from the Cabinet.
ALGER'S BOOM PETERING OUT.
Scnntor Sherman's Friends Evidently Get
tins InThpirWork With Effect.
rSFECIAI- TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.1
Washington, January 31. The boom
for Alger for Secretary of War, which has
been very lively for a (ev days, seems to be
petering out, and it looks as though there
would be very little left of it by the end of
the week. It is probable it was simply a
boom by the friends of Alger, such as they
arranged at great expense in the Chicago
convention, and that the boomers did not
take into consideration the evident fact that
the choice of Alger would be the snrest pos
sible way to gain the lasting enmity of
Senator Sherman for the administration of
President Harrison. Had it not been for the
lavish use of money by the friends of Alger
in the Chicago convention, Sherman would
have been the nominee of theartv.
The negro vote of the South, which was
naturally and by instruction almost solid
for Sherman, was bought wholesale by the
Alger purse possibly without the knowl
edge of the General, but it was bought all
the same. This was known to everyone
who attended that convention, and second
hand to the world. Such an appointment
would meet the bitterest denunciation from
the friends of Sherman, and therefore it is
the opinion that it is not to be thought of
for a moment that it is a possible appoint
ment for Harrison to make.
ANNOUNCED WITH AUTHOEITI.
A New York Newspaper Says It Knows
What It's Tnlklng About.
rEFECIAL TELEGRAM TO TBI DISPATCH. 1
New York, January 31. The Commer
cial Advertiser claims this afternoon to be
in a position to announce positively that
James G. Blaine has been offered, and has
accepted, the position of Secretary of Slate
in President Harrison's Cabinet, and that
John "Wanamaker, of Pennsylvania, has
accepted the position of Postmaster General.
This is the first announcement of these facts.
This information is received from one of the
most prominentEepublicaus in.this country,
and his authority is a direct communication
from Indianapolis. The Advertiser says:
Mr. Blaine and Mr. Wanamalcer have written
letters accepting the portfolios, and are pre-
garlng to move to Washington in March,
enator Allison has been offered the position of
Secretary of the Treasury, but he has positively
declined. He went to Indianapolis recently,
and after a long consultation Senator Allison
said that he couldn't accept the position, but
urged the appointment of J. S. Clarkson, of
Iowa. He said that the people of his State de
sired Mr. Clarkson to go into the Cabinet, and
this was also his personal desire. General Har
rison used ovcry argument to induce Senator
Allison to change his mind, but the Senator
firmly and calmly declined to do so. The pros
sure to accept the position hasn't been taken
off Senator Allison, and many persons say that
he will finally yield. Direct information from
Indianapolis, however, enables the Advertiser
to announce that Mr. Allison has declined the
honor for once and all. Sir. Allison is an as
pirant for Presidental honors, and his intimate
friends say that it would be suicidal for him to
accept a portfolio under the incoming Presi
dent. Mr. Harrison has left the matter open
for a certain time, hoping that Senator Allison
may change his mind.
SATS IIE WON'T HATE IT.
Allison's Friends AH Aronnd Say lie
Declined tbe Trensnrv Portfolio.
Washington, January 31. A promi
nent public man who is in a position to
speak knowingly said to-night: "Senator
Allison to-day communicated to his near
friends that he had written a letter to the
President-elect peremptorily declining the
appointment of Secretary of the Treasury.
There is no doubt of the accuracy of this."
A telegram from Indianapolis says: Two
telegrams have been received in this city
since sundown by prominent politicians.
Ohe came from Washington, the other
from New York, and both indicate
that Senator Allison has finally and
conclusively decided to decline the proffered
Treasury portfolio. Whether information
of this character has yet reached General
Harrison cannot be ascertained.
If these telegrams are correct in their con
jectures, it is conceded here that Allison's
declination will necessitate an entire
remodeling of the Cabinet slate.
In this connection a very promi
nent gentleman who was here last
week left behind him a piece of confidential
information that may now prove an impor
tant indication. He said: "I am reliably
told that Vice Presidentelect Morton,
some days after his return from Indian
apolis, told his intimate friends that if
Allison declined the Treasury it would be
offered to ex-Senator Tom Piatt." A promi
nent gentleman, in discussing this phase of
the dilemma to-night, predicted that
the Treasury would now be of
fered, to William McKinley, of Ohio.
It has been pretty well authenticated
here that when Mr. Morton left Indianapolis
he carried with him an offer of the naval
portfolio for Mr. Piatt, and that gentleman
declined it, being unwilling to accept any
thiug short of the Treasury.
The Sentiment In Favor of Reciprocity With
tho United Slates Growing Rapidly
In Cannda Tho Liberals
SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCII.l
Ottawa, January 31. An immense
crowd turned out to-day to hear Lord Stan
ley's first message on opening the Dominion
Parliament. The scene in the Senate cham
ber was a brilliant one, probably the finest
ever witnessed here on a similar occasion.
Tho recently elected member for Joliette,
Mit Nevea, who ran on the unrestricted re
ciprocity ticket, 'was received with deafen
ing applause when he entered the Commons
chamber to take his seat.
. Another convert to the movement in
favor of closer relations with the United
States was made to-day, one of the Govern
ment supporters in Parliament having
croesed the floor of the House to inform the
Liberal leader, Hon. Mr. Laurier, that he
would for the future vote with him on the
On good anthority I learn that a resolu
tion will be introduced shortly calling upon
the Government to take immediate steps to
ascertain upon what conditions the United
States will enter into an arrangement by
which the natural products and manufact
ured goods of the United States and Canada
will be admitted, one from the other, on the
lines of unrestricted reciprocity. The Gov
ernment will also be requested to negotiate
for a reciprocal arrangement for coasting
trade and for the registry of vessels built in
one country for the other.
Since last session the Government's ma
jority has been reduced 8 votes, and it is
generally believed before the present session
closes a, number of those who last year sup
ported Sir John MacDonald will join the
Liberals in the fight for closer relations with
the United States.
A NEW CABINET OFFICE.
By Passing the New Agricultural Bill
York May be Saved.
ISrECIAI. TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.1
Washington, January ."ft. President
Cleveland will have the privilege In a few
we"eks, of appointing an eighth member of
his Cabinet, but he will no doubt leave this
duty unfilled, and General Harrison will
make the appointment when he gets into
the White House. The conferees on the bill
making an executive department of the
Agricultural Bureau came to an agreement
to-day. They have been in conflict all
winter. As usual, when conferees agree, the
representatives of the House receded from
their position and the Senate is, victorious.
The bill as agreed to simply converts the
Agricultural Bureau into an executive de
partment, without including in it any of the
various Government bureaus. At it passed
tbe House the bill provides for the transfer
of the signal office from the War .Depart
ment to the new bureau. The Senate
knocked this out and the House conferees
have been compelled to agree with the
The most prominent Bepublican name
mentioned in connection with the new Cab
ierit is that of Senator Palmer, of Michigan,
Chairman of the Committee on Argicul
ture. Mr Palmer, however, would not ac
cept the place if offered.
A GREAT DEATH DEALER.
Captain Znlinskl's Dynamite Will be Pur
chased by the Government.
IEPECIAI. TELEGRAM TO THE DISr-ATCH.1
New York, January 31. Captain
Zalinski rigged up his dynamite gun at
Port Lafayette to-day and fired it off several
times for the edification of the Duke De
Dorcal, who is a cousin of tbe Queen of
Spain; Captain Varela, military attache of
the Spanish Legation at Washington, and
Captain Vriondo, of the Spanish navy.
They had all come on from Washington to
see the gun. A 500-pound shell
was fired with entirely satisfactory
results. The explosion of the shell
threw up a great column of water, which
Captain Zalinski declared was the largest
and most beautiful he had ever seen. The
two other shots fired were both good shots.
One of the shells, weighing 600 pounds, was
thrown considerably over a mile. The
other, weighing 200 pounds, was thrown
nearly two miles. This is the greatest dis
tance a shell has yet been thrown by a
It was said at Fort Lafayette to-day that
the results of the official tests, although
riot yet officially declared, were satisfactory
to the Examining Board and the board
would recommend that the Government
accept the guns. '
TMED IT ONCE MOEE.
Another Attempt for Second-Class
Legislation for Allegheny.
SOME VERY PECULIAR PROVISIONS
Of the New Bills Which Are Said to he
STREET RAILROAD BILLS KNOCKED OUT
The Grangers' Dressed Meat Bill Killed on the Score
of False Pretense.
Two new bills introduced into the Legis
lature yesterday to secure for Allegheny
City legislation necessary to a municipality
of the second class. Some of the provisions
are decidedly peculiar, but they are said to
be constitutional. The bills introduced
giving street railroad companies extraordi
nary powers were negatively reported by
the committee, as was the grangers dressed
CFBOJI A STAFF CORRESPONDENT.
Harrisburo, January 31. The Alle
gheny delegation, marshaled by City So
licitor Elphinstone, were on hand bright
and fresh to-day with two new bills to meet
the requirements of Allegheny. One of
them was the bill providing for the manner
in which a city of the third class shall enter
the second class. The objectionable features
of the former measure are said to be en
tirely eliminated from this measure, and it
is now as constitutional as it can be made.
The other measure brought here by the
representatives of the Allegheny City Coun
cils is a re-enactment of the act governing
cities of the second class, the Pittsburg
charter, with certain amendments.
IN A GREAT HURRY.
The gentlemen preferred to present tbe
matter in the form of a bill, instead of in
the form of amendments to the existing act,
as the latter would have been compelled to
take a low place on the calendar, while the
former was reported from the Municipal
Corporations Committee to-night as the
original bill amended. The title, of course,
will have to be changed.
The gentlemen point out these as the
amendments to the act for the government
of cities of the second class, or the Pitts
burg charter. Police magistrates are to be
appointed by the Mayor, and it is not ob
ligatory that the minority party shall be
represented in the appointments. Concern
ing city printing, it is provided that adver
tisements shall appear in three newspapers,
one of which may be German. The ques
tion of who is the lowest responsible bidder
is left entirely to the discretion of Councils,
the provisions that the printing be given to
the papers of the largest circulation being
one clause accounted tor.
This amendment is backed by some Pitts
burg newspapermen who cannot compete
forofficial patronage on the basis of circu
lation. Another amendment abolishes the
last recorded sale as the basis for the valua
tion of property by assessors. Property
must be reassessed at its cash value at time
Mr.tEobinson' reported this Tl'anftae
ciaismcation Dill to-night 'and endeavored
to have'them made a special order for sec
ond, reading to-morrow and third reading
Tuesday. Unanimous consent was required,
and the special order was blocked by an ob
jectjbn from Mr. Brooks, of Philadelphia.
He, however, discovered that the matter
wasn't the thing he had been loaded for and
withdrew his objection. Mr. Dravo, of
Beaver, then went on record as an objector,
and though Mr. Stewart, of the Allegheny
delegation, labored with him, he refused to
recede from his position, with the result
that the bills will have to come nn in their
regular order. Simpson.
APPROVED BY THE G0YEBN0K.
He Notifies the Senate That He Favors the
ISPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCII.l
Harrisburo, January 31. In the Sen
ate to-day a communication was read from
the Governor announcing the approval of
the prohibitory amendment, with the ex
planation that the constitution did not re
quire him to sign constitutional amend
ments, and that he.did not want his actions
to be taken as a precedent.
The constitutional amendment abolishing
the poll tax was made a special order for
next Wednesday morning.
Mr. Brown, of York, introduced a bill
providing that where a grand jury directs
that the county pay the costs that the direc
tion shall be limited to those witnesses as
the District Attorney certifies were sub
poenaed, were present and were necessary in
the trial of the case; also repealing the 13th
section of the act of 1791, which makes the
county chargeable for the costs in cases
where persons are brought before magis
trates charged with a crime and the charge
The following bills were passed finally:
Providing female physicians for Insane hos
pitals. Permitting judgments to be entered bypro
tbonotaries. Increasing the amount of real and personal
property that may be held by religions and
To establish a nautical school.
PASSED SECOND BEADING.
Tbelnter-Munlcipnl Bill Prosresslng Slowly
but to h Successful End.
FROM A STAFF CORRESPONDENT.
Harrisburo, January 31. The House
labored to-night on the inter-municipal bill
until after 10 o'clock, when the bill passed
second reading. This is the measure for the
government of third-class cities.
The matter had been thoroughly consid
ered in committee, and the Bepublican ma
jority under Chairman Andrews Stood like
a rock against the amendments proposed by
Mr. Fow, of Philadelphia, and other Demo
crats. One after the other they were bowled
out, and the bill stands, with an unimpor
tant exception, as it left the committee.
TIIE STATE P0CKETB00E OPEN.
The General Appropriation Bill Belna; Pre
pared br the Committee.
FROM A STAFF CORRESPONDENT.
Hakrisburo, January 31. The Appro
priations Committee listened to reports of
Eastenp sub-committees to-day, and voted to
give the Philadelphia House of Befuge
$70,000 for the coming two years. The sum
asked was 100,000.
The general appropriations bill was re
ported to-day for the purpose of giving it a
place on the calendar and was immediately
The special appropriation of $8,000 for the
Huntingdon Reformatory was passed finally
by the House.
THE PRICE OP A DRINK
Is Not to be Chnngcd In Cities Availing;
Themselves of the Intermanlclpal Bill.
CFROU A STAFF CORRESPONDENT.
Harrisbohg, January 31. Bepresenta
tive Flickinger this evening introduced a
bill to make the license fees in cities of the
third class and the division of these fees
between city, county and Statefthe same as
Continued on Sixth Page.
IN YEEY BAD SHAPE.
The Oklahoma BUI Fast Losing- Eve:
Vestige of Dishonesty Tbe lobby Dis
gustedJobbers Lose All In
terest In Its Passage Bound
for the Boneyard.
tSPECIAI. TELEGRAM TO THE DtS PATCH. 1
Washington, January 31. What was
intended to be the great job of the session
has been so pounded and thumped that its
ambitious beginning can be hardly recog
nized, and how much of a job still lurks
under cover of the original bill and its
many amendments probably not one mem
ber of Congress could explain to-night. The
Oklahoma bill is in bad shape. The lobby
ists, who were bright with hope up to yester
day, are- intensely disgusted to-night, and
seem to care little about the result.
The Payson amendment, adopted to-day,
disposes of one ot the most objectionable
features of the bill, that of the purchase and
location of town sites. This was the feature
wanted by the jobbers. It gave syndi
cates the right to locate and purchase town
sites at $20 per acre, with the liberty to sell
them at any price per lot they pleased.
Powerful syndicates had been organized in
Kansas City, Cincinnati and New York to
pounce down on the town sites the moment
the territory should be acquired, get up a
gigantic boom, scatter their agents all over
the East, and send them to Europe to sell
town lots at from 100 to $X0 per lot. They
would have scooped millions if the bill had
passed as was originally intended, and as
Chairman Springer reported it and seemed
willing it shonld pass.'
Under the Payson amendment the sales
of town sites will be controlled bv the Sec
retary of the Interior. The question now is
onithe adoption of the substitute offered bv
Judge Barnes, of Georgia. Barnes has
been the champion of tbe Indians in this
movement to steal millions of acres of their
territory, and his substitute virtually pro
vides that the consent of the Indians shall
be gained before the territory is acquired,
while the bill acquires the territory first
and asks the consent of the Indians after
ward. The substitute onlv lacked three votes
of adoption, and the motion of O'Ferrall, of
Virginia, to reconsider, showed that he had
voted in the negative for the purpose of
making that motion, so that there were
really only two of a majority against the
adoption of the substitute.
Frightened at the narrow escape of the
bill, and fearing to let the motion to recon
sider come to a test, the friends of the bill
secured an adjournment. Whatever may be
the fate ot the bill, it is now divested ot the
most dishonest features. It looks, however,
as though it was doomed to goto the bone
yard of bills which die on their course
A PECULIAR LICENSE LAW.
Liquor Dealers to be Assessed for the Main
tenance of Panpors and Criminals.
tSFECIAL TELEGRAM TO TIIE DISPATCH.l
Albany, January 31. Assemblyman
Maynard introduced one of the most novel
bills of the session this morning. It pro
poses to change the whole license and tap
system of the State. Any man who wants a
license may get it by applying to the near
est Justice of the Peace, who must grant it
upon the filing of a proper bond and the
payment of the cost ot making out the pa
pers. No other charge for license is to be
made1, and any man that, csn file proper
bonds may-fake out his ilcen&& ' '
The bill goes on to say that "all jus
tices, constables, sheriffs, .poor mas
ters, superintendents of the poor,
superintendents of inebriate asylums and
superintendents of lunatic asylums must
annually report all the costs and expenses
in consequence of the sale of intoxicating
drinks to the Board ot Supervisors or
their officers for collection of taxes
in their districts, and the cost
is to be assessed on the manufactur
ers and dealers in intoxicating drinks
in addition to their other taxes. This cost
of the liquor traffic is to be assessed on the
liquor dealers and manufacturers in pro
portion to the amount of property each of
The poor liquor dealers under this bill
would have to pay only a fraction of the
fees that the rich dealers would have to pay.
There is no indication of this bill having a
large number of supporters.
THE BIG LUMBER FAILURE.
A Number of Other Firms Seriously Involved
in the Crash.
rSFECIAI. TELEOEAM TO THE DISPATCII.l
Wilijamsport, January 31. The
failure of Charles B. Buries has proved to
be one of the worst lumber crashes that has
occurred since the assignment of the famous
Peter Herdick. This firm has conducted a
very extensive business, their dealings with
Eastern parties particularly being very
large. They had agencies in Philadelphia
and Baltimore, and were among the heaviest
shippers from this city. The Conrad failure
in Philadelphia had a serious effect on the
Buries, but for a time they managed to
meet demands. The pressure, however, was
too great to be maintained, and an assign
ment has been made to Fletcher Coleman,
a large manufacturer of this city. A state
ment of the assets and liabilities has not
yet been made, but as near as can be ascer
tained SloO.OOO to $175,000 will not meet
It has been stated by those close to the
firm that they may be able with a little
time to pay SO cents on the dollar, although
even this is regarded as extremely doubtful.
This failure has seriously embarrassed
several other extensive dealers, notably C.
C. Buggies & Co., William Atkinson and
several other Philadelphia firms. Buries
has been considered financially sound, be
ing rated first-class. As a result their
failure has created great surprise. Creditors
here seem willing to allow them every pos
NOW WE WILL FIGHT.
Prince Bismarck Treats a New Jersey
Court With Cold Contempt.
SFECIAI. TELEORAM TO TIIE DISPATCH.l
New .York, January 31. Henry Klar
baum on November 17 told ErhardtHerr
that he expected his regular remittance of
$70 pension allowed him by the German
Government within a week. On the strength
of this Herr loaned him $70. Klarbaum
didn't return the money, and Herr had him
indicted for obtaining money under false
pretenses. The case was called to-day in the
Court of Sessions in Jersey City. Prose
cutor Winfield told Justice Lippincott that
he had sent a subpoena to Prince Bismarck,
in Germany, to appear in court or send word
whether Klarbaum was really getting a pen
sion from the German Government With
out the testimony of Bismarck the prosecu
tor had no case. He therefore moved a
nolle prosequi, and Klarbaum was dis
charged. LEGITIME IS GAINING.
Five More Insurgent Towns Occupied by the
Troops of the President.
rSPECIAL TILEORA1I TO THE DISPATCH.
New York, January 31. The Haytian
legation received an official cable dispatch
to-day, via Jamaica and Galveston, dated
Port-au-Prince, January 27, announcing
that the insurgent towns, Yalliere, Hinche,
St, Michell, Marmalade and Grande Saline
have been occupied by the. troops of Presi
few FCII CUNTT11I K
uvL.UUIIL.UIllll I UlUliU
PA the Prospects of the Suc-
-cess of the Constitutional '
EX-CHIEF JUSTICE GORDON
Says liquor Men "Will Not EeceiYe
Compensation for Property.
JEFFERSON COTOTI FOR PROHIBITION.
Au Interview With Hon. I. G. Gordon
Local Option as a Temperance Eda
cator Prohibition Difficult to Enforce
In AH Parts of the State Some Illustra
tions The Amendment Will Be Adopted
The Feeling In Philadelphia Legal
Fcntnres Claims by Liquor Men for
Compensation Will Not Stand A Ponder
The recently retired Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, Hon. L G.
Gordon, has been interviewed by The Dis
patch's Special Commissioner on the Con
stitutional amendment question. Although
the distinguished jurist pronounces himself
in favor of the issue, he questions in a de
cidedly interesting manner whether local
option would not be more suitable for this
State than absolute prohibition. Judge
Gordon originated local option laws away
back in 1844. His present home, Jefferson
county, will vote for the amendment. Thus
far our canvas3 of counties shows the follow
Counties. 2, - 3
Armstrong.... In favor of 8.986 Adopted
Bedford In favor of 8.191 Adopted
Cambria Against 11,702 Defeated
Clarion Fairlvsure 6.W5 Adopted
Fayette Veryd'btful H263 Adopted
Greene. In favor of 6,630 Adopted
Jefferson....... Infavorof 7,523 Adopted
Somerset...... Infavorof 7,382 Adopted
Venango Infavorof 8.587 Adopted
Warren Infavorof 7,615 Adopted
Washington ... In favor of 13.219 Adopted
Aggregate of votes for Harrison. Cleveland
TROIt OCR SFECIAI. COXHISSIONEB.
BrookvUjLi:, January 31. Two legal
giants of national renown have their castles
among the undulating hills of Jefferson
county. One ia Chief Justice Isaasc Gg;
Gordon, 'who, on the first ot the present
month, retired, from the Supreme Court of
Pennsylvania, after 15 years continuous
service on that berlch. The other is Hon.
George A. Jenks, Solicitor General of the
United States. The latter gentleman only
pays a flying visit to Brookville once a
month, and is probably too busily engaged
in Washington just now suggesting policies
in the Samoan affair to waste thought on
Constitutional amendment in the State
where he was only known as a country
lawyer but a mighty able one at that.
Judge Gordon, however, is now living
quietly in his pretty home in this town.
His health is good, and the masterly mind
that has interpreted the law on a score of
the most important principles ever raised
in the country is still as bright and active
as ever. The Judge has entered into a law
partnership with his son, Cadmus Z. Gor
don, one ot the most prominent attorneys at
the Jefferson county bar.
I.OCAT, OPTION'S FATHER.
It was in the library of Judge Gordon's
residence this morning that he talked to me
in a most interesting strain about Constitu
tional amendment prospects and about leg
islation generally against the liquor traffic.
After his long experience in the highest
tribunal of the Commonwealth, he has come
to the conclusion that not only is liquor the
greatest curse ot the land, morally and
socially, but from an economic and finan
cial standpoint, he believes there is so
other agency that is doing us so much
"Bnt I have always been a temperance
advocate," said the distinguished jurist. "I
suppose I was one of the first in tbe State
of Pennsylvania to secure legislation
against traffic in liquor. Along in 1844 or
1843, 1 was practicing law in Clearfield
county. The people became restless under
evils resulting froni intemperance, and a
number of us petitioned the Legislature at
Harrisburg to pass a law giving Clearfield
the right to vote for or against license.
Lewis Smith, who represented Clearfield at
the time, introduced the bill and it was
passed. Watching the success of the idea
in Clearfield, other counties applied to the
Legislature in the next few years for
the same law to permit them to vote
also on the liquor question. Allegheny
county was one of these. They were all
local laws, but in the districts in which
they operated were eminently successful. I
believe several townships in Allegheny
county voted against license under these
different bills. But the old Supreme Court,
some years before the war, decided the laws
unconstitutional. Then came up the gen
eral local option law in 1873. That was de
cided Constitutional by the Supreme Court,
but the Legislature repealed it the follow
WHICH 13 BETTER?
"Had the local option law of 1873 been
allowed to stand," continued Judge Gor
don, "I believe that by this time Pennsyl
vania would be enjoying almost thorough
immunity from saloons, and that temper
ance education among the masses would
now be about as perfect a3 absolute prohibi
tion will ever make it."
"But are you not also in. favor of the
Constitutional amendment plan?" I asked.
Without a bit of hesitation the ex-Chief
Certainly I am. The proposed amendment la
a cood thing. Somethinc mnst be done to stop
this wholesale use of liquors as beverages, and
if tbe people demand that prohibition be a
part of their constitution, let it be made so.
Nevertheless, local option has always been my
favorite way of prohibiting the sale and manu
facture of liqnor. It seems to me that it salts
this Stats better than absolute prohibition,
because in some portions of Pennsylvania It
will be almost impossible to enforce the con
stitutional amendment when It Is passed:
among such districts are the counties ot
Continued on Fifth -Page.
. i juCl2&-CL