Newspaper Page Text
NO WAR NOW.
Germany's Agents in Samoa
Called Down by Bismarck
for Being Too Previous.
THEIR ZEAL APPRECIATED,
But He Says They Vent Too
Far in Subjecting Foreign
ers to Martial law,
BAYAED SCOBES A POKT,
And Jingoism Suffers a Severe Ee-
lapse at the Seat of War, the
United States Senate.
JOHN SHERMAN, THE STATESMAN,
A Central Figure, Towering Above the
Fearful Carnage Wrought by
WHITSEriSM MEETS WITH A BACKSET
Jingoism can rest again for awhile. The
war is over. Bismarck telegraphs Mr.
Bayard that the German authorities in
Samoa Trent a little too far in their martial
law proclamation, and they shall not do so
again. It is for President Cleveland and
Secretary Bayard to smile now and the fire
eaters in the Senate can be content with the
knowledge that they've had their day.
Further information is awaited by the
Beichstae before it proceeds to talk war
tEFECUL TELEGJUM TO TEE DISPATCH.
Washington, February 1. Jingo
speeches, jingo resolutions and jingoism
generally received a serious and yet wel
come backset to-day, from Germany, in the
information contained in a message trans
mitted to the Senate and House by the Pres
ident, which was in effect that the German
Government had discovered the German
authorities in Samoa had gone beyond their
instructions, and that they must resnme'the
statu quo ante bellum.
The opinion is practically unanimous that
this puts an end to the whole difficulty, and
now nearly everybody is saying, "I told you
so," meaning that they knew all the time
that a little bit of firmness -on- thepart of
the United States Government would com
pel Bismarck to call off his dogs at once.
The less impulsive and better informed of
the statesmen appear to think, however,
that Bismarck at no time intended to fight,
as be is too shrewd not to know that the
Samoan Islands were not worth fighting for.
The Administration on Top.
It is also generally agreed that the out
come of the tempest in a teapot leaves Bay
ard and the President immensely in the ad
vantage, notwithstanding the Whitneyism
that affected everybody a few days ago; and
that Sherman's calm grasp of the question
in the Senate stands out gloriously as real
statesmanship in contrast with the bellig
erent vaporings of such as Beagan, Frye
and Dolph. Xow that the war is over,
some of these speeches will be very funny
Senator Sherman said to The Dispatch
correspondent to day, after the receipt of
the President's message: "It is nothing
more than I expected. I could not believe
that the German Government was fully
aware of the extent to which its officials had
proceeded in Samoa, and was convinced
that when it did understand the true condi
tion of aflairs it would issne orders in har
mony with the agreement between the coun
tries interested, unless we, in turn, should
provoke them to belligerence by intemper
ate utterances. I think we will soon reach
a clear, mutual understanding, and that
this will be the end of the disagreeable in
cident Some Important Document.
Following is the President's message sent
to Congress to-day:
February 1 Supplementary to my previous
messages on the subject, I have now the
honor to transmit a report from the Secretary
of State relating to affairs in Samoa.
Mr. Bayard to the PreslBent:
As the question of German action and Amer
ican rights in Samoa is under consideration by
the Congress, I beg leave to transmit herewith,
with a view to their being laid before Congress,
copies ol correspondence touching affairs in
Samoa which has taken place since January 80,
the date of your laat message to Congress on
the subject This consists of a telegram to this
Department from Mr Blacklock, Vice Consul
of the United States at Apia, dated Auckland,
January 31, and a paraphrase of my telegraphic
instruction of the same date to our Minister at
Berlin, of which a copy was also sent to the
Charge d'Affairs at London; and my note of
the same date to Count Arco Valley.
To-day 1 was waited upon by the German
Minister at this capital, who read me a note
from his Government which I transcribed
from his dictation, and now inclose a copy of
The inclosed telegram from Mr. Black
Auckland, January 31.
German Consul declares Germany at war
with Samoa, under martial law.
Bayard to Feudlcton.
The paraphrase of the note to Minister
Pendleton is as follows:
Mr. Bayard instructs the Minister of the
United States at Berlin to inform the German
Government that advices from Apia state that
the German Consul has declared Germany to
be at itar with Mataafa, and Samoa to be under
martial law. Mr. Bayard informs Minister
Pendleton that the German Minister at this
capital, under instructions from Prince Bis
roarck, had already acquainted this Govern
ment of tbe declaration of war by Germany
against Mataafa, and had accompanied the no
tification with the statement that Germany
would of course abide by the agreements with
America and England touching Samoa, and
preserve under all circumstances the rights of
this Government established by treaty. But,
in view of the advices from Apia, Mr. Bayard
instructs Mr. Pendleton to say that this Gov
ernment assumed that the German officials in
Samoa would be Instructed carefully to retrain
from interference with American citizens and
property there, since no declaration of martial
law could extend German jurisdiction sou to
include control of Americans in Samoa. Such
a pretension could not be recognized or con
ceded by this Government
Bayard to Arco Tnlley.
The remainder of the "correspondence,"
as transmitted by the President, reads as
Depabtjunt of Stats J
January 81, 1SS9. $
Mr. Bayard to Count Arco Valley Informs
him of the receipt of a telegram from Mr. Black
lock and says: Notknowing what construction
might be given to his authority by the German
Consul at Samoa, in said proclamation of
martial law, I deemed it expedient at once to
communicate to our Minister at Berlin Inform
ing him of the precise language of the tele
gram from Mr. Blacklock, and stating that the
declaration of a state of war by the German
Empire against Mataafa and his party in
Samoa had been previously communicated
through you, and that Prince Bismarck, in hU
instructions to you, also stated that the German
Government would of coarse abide by the
agreement with America and England with
respect to Samoa, and pay dne regard in all
instructions to the rights of those powers
established by treaty Our Minister at Berlin
was therefore Instructed to make it known at
the German Foreign Office that the United
States assumes that German officials In Samoa
wonld be. instructed scrupulously to abstain
from all interference with American citizens
and their property in Samoa, and that no in
crease or expansion of German jurisdiction
over American citizens or their property would
be caused by the German declaration of martial
law, nor would such jurisdiction be recognized
or conceded by the United States.
Jnst a Little Too Speedy.
Count Arco Valley to Mr. Bayard, under
instrnclions from the Prince Chancellor,
As a state of war was declared against Ma
taafa, the commander of the German squadron
Issued a proclamation by which the f ureigners
cstalishedin Samoa were subjected to martial
law. International law would to a certain ex
tent not prevent such a measure, but as Prince
Bismarck is of the opinion that our military
authority has gono too far in this Instance, the
military commander has received telegraph
orders to withdraw the part of the .proclama
tion concerning foreigners. In negotiating with
Mataafa our Consul at Samoa has asked that
the administration of the Islands of Samoa
might be temporarily handed over to hlm,wbich
demand not being in conformity to our previous
promise regarding the neutrality and indepen
dence of Samoa, Mr. Knappe has been ordered
by telegram to withdraw immediately his com
mand. The papers relating to the harbor of Pago
Pago, which Senator Sherman announced
in the Senate this morning that he had re
ceived from Secretary Bayard, are of inter
est in view of the prominence given at pres
ent by Samoan affairs.
Bayard to Sherman.
Secretary Bayard's letier to Senator Sher
man is as follows:
v Depabtment of State, ?
Washington, Febrnary 1, 18S9. s
Hon. John Sherman, Chairman Committee on
Foreign Relations. United States faenate:
Dear Sir Observing that the question of
rights of the United States at Pago Pago har
bor, Samoa, is under discussion in the Senate.
I inclose for such use as you 'may deem proper
a copy of the deed of transfer of that harbor to
the United States in 1S78, a copy of which was
sent to the Navy Department at the time of Its
receipt here. With it are two notes of Mr.
Goward, who was the United States commer
cial agent at that station, which are explana
tory of the transfer.
Very respectfully yours.
T. F. Bayard.
The deed referred to was made out on
board the United States steamship Adams,
harbor jof Pago Pago, and reads as follows:
To Whom It May Co ueerai
Be it known that we, She undersigned, being
July authorized and empowered by the Talmau
and Faipule- of the Samoan Government do
hereby, on this the 5th day of August 1878.
transfer to the Government of tbe United
States the piivilege of using the port of Pago
Paso and the shores thereof, in accordance
with the provisions of a treaty of friendship
and commerce concluded at Washington, in
tbe United States of America, between the
United States and Samoa, on the 17th day of
January, 1S78. TaihuaMaFaifule.
Witness Gtstavcs Goward.
Who the Witnesses Were.
A letter from Mr. Goward to Assistant
Secretary Kives, dated January 31, 1889,
says that the four persons signing this in
strument were appointed as commissioners
on behalf of the Samoan authorities in view
of the fact that they were individual owners
of property along the shore of the harbor of
Pago Pago. Continuing, the letter says:
In my opinion this instrument might be re
garded as transferring to the United States
title to the land. At the time I was not author
ized or prepared to accept an absolute title in
fee simple, not knotting how far the United
States Government desired to proceed in tbe
matter, t or tnat reason tnc pnraseologv cm
plojcd was that ued in the treat, leaving
thereby the interpretation of the same to the
Goat Island is selected as the place for rais
ing the flag commemorating this event in con
sideration of the fact that it commanded a
view of the whole harbor, with the intention of
not confining tbe United States Government in
its selection of any particular part of the shore
for use as a coaling station during the period
covered by tbo language of the treaty, viz.:
"Jen years or more."
WAR COULDYT BE DECLARED.
Nobody at. Samoa Asatnst Whom the Ger
mans Could Take a bland.
Berlin; February L The North Ger
man Gazette, referring to the reports from
The declaration of war in an international
sense on the part of the German Consnl or the
commanding officer in bamoa is improbable,
first because no instructions to that effect have
been given bj tbe Government, and second,
because there is no opponent in tbe islands
against whom war could be declared. Tamase'e
is a friend of tbe Germans. Mataafa is not
recognized as ruler by Germany. To declare
war against him would be tantamountto recog
nizing his sovereignty. The German forces
may, on the basis of self-defense and
reprisals, be engaged in actual war
fare, which, however, would not involve
tbe consequences of an international
war. When, some years ago, the German officer
bchmidt was shot by Carlists, nobody dreamed
of declaring war against tbe friendly Govern
ment of bpaln, but our ships tried to capture
the Carlist force as a reprisal. The affair in
bamoa is analagous. The German forces, as a
protective measure and by way of reprisal.
without awaiting instructions, punish the
Mataatites. Whether such has been the case
remains uncertain. At any rate, such action
would not amount to a declaration of war.
The Beichstag to-day discussed the naval
estimates. In the course of the debate Herr
Bichter asked for the particulars relating to
Samoa; also relating to the health of the
naval forces at Zanzibar. Admiral Heus
ner replied that until the arrival of reports
from Samoa, which were expected the mid
dle of the month, it would be impossible to
give the information desired. The health of
the crews at Zanzibar, he said, was perfectly
On the strength of the North German
Gazette article on Samoa, it is argued here
that the German commander is not justified
in searching foreign vessels for contraband
of war. t
NOTHING OUT OP THE WAT.
Germany Not Doing; Wrong by Chancing- the
Personnel of Her Spies.
Washington', February 1. The an
nouncement that the German Government
has ordered a military attache to tbe Ger
man legation at Washington to take notes
of American military affairs is not regarded
with nny concern by State Department
officials, inasmuch as that legation has al-
( Uontintted on teventh page.) I
A CABINET IN CHAOS.
Allison's Refusal to Serve Has Com
pletely Smashed the Slate.
BLAIHE IS BDEIED IN THK RUINS,
Unless the Effects of the Stornf Can he
Stayed In Some Manner.
M'EIXLEY, OHIO'S TARIFF CHAMPION,
And John C. Hew Are How Among the Possibilities of
Allison's declination of the Treasury De
partment will necessitate a complete change
in General Harrison's Cabinet The President-elect's
friends are very angry at the
Iowa Senator. They assert that he is
troubled with the big-head. Blaine's ap
pointment hinged on Allison's acceptance
and may he reconsidered. Several new men
are now regarded as as favorites.
SPECIAL TILIOBAH TO Till DISPATCH.l
Indianapolis, Febrnary 1. It looks as
though General Harrison's Cabinet has been
smashed even before it was completed. Al
lison has refused to go into it, and Allison
was to that Cabinet like a keystone to an
arch. The whole combination had been
built to fit the Senator from Iowa, and his
declination changes all the circumstances
that have controlled the choice of the other
men, so far as they have been chosen, and
there is every reason to suppose that prac
tically the whole Cabinet had been selected
and up to last night General Harrison really
thought that his worry over it was ended.
It wai nearly midnight when he was in
formed that Senator Allison had declined
the Treasury Department, the news coming
to him from information received here by
one of the newspaper men No later than
a few honrs before he had expressed to
different friends his confidence that in spite
of the dubious reports from Washington
Senator Allison would accept the portfolio.
Although Allison would not give a positive
answer when he was here on Monday, the
understanding on General Harrison's part
when be left was that he would accept
General Harrison told this the same after
noon to a few friends, and expressed his
gratification and relief at what he consid
ered to be the end of worry about the Cabinet
IN HOI WATEB.
To-day he has maintained his policy of
silence, but from his friends it is learned
that Allison's refusal was a blow to him, and
from an unexpected quarter. John C. New
says that General Harrison "is in hot
water." Judge Woods expresses the situ
ation by saying that "all plans as to the
Cabinet are badly disarranged." Privately,
tbe expressions of opinion as to Senator Al
lison's action are piquant and not entirely
complimentary to the Senator from Iowa.
General Harrison's friends declare that
tbe trouble is that Allison is suffering from
an aggravated case of enlargement of the
cranium, arising from the presence of a
Presidental beein his bonnet, and that he
has gone back on General Harrison, because
he feared that to ally himself so closely
with the administration might attach him
in the public mind to ihe fortunes of his
chief, and prevent him from doing any
thing to help himself set the Presidental
nomination in 1892. General Harrison's
friends,, while they admit that Senator
Allison Is a big enough man to be wanted
very badly for the Cabinet, declare that he
is over-estimating himself when he counts
upon being a sure successor to General
HIS FONDEST "WISH.
According to General Harrison's friends,
the desire of the President-elect to get Alli
son into his Cabinet was due not so much to
Allison's actual ability, as to his location,
geographically, and his conservative posi
tion upon financial questions. The western
idea has been a hobby with General Harri
son ever since he has been in politics. He
has looked forward to the time when the
control of the Bepublican party would be
centered in tbe west and the dominating in
fluence in the government of the nation
should be removed from the Atlantic coast.
He has especially desired to remove the
Treasury Department from Eastern control,
not only on account of his general ideas as
to the advancement of Western influence,
but because he believes that a man from the
Fast will be too much governed by preju
dices arising from Wall street and other
money centers to have an impartial judg
ment upon hnancial questions auecting tbe
West particularly. At the same time it
was necessary ior him to choose a man of
sufficient standing before the country to re
move any risk of antagonism being aroused
that would work political disasters to the
party in New York State.
SHEBMAN NOT AVAILABLE.
Allison was just such a man, and there is
probably only one other man in the West
who who would fill tbe bill so far as placat
ing the Fast is concerned. That is John
Sherman, who has been from the first for
other evident reasons not available for the
Treasury Department The matter of the
appointment of Allison has now been on the
books for nearly two months, and General
Harrison's friends say that Allison has al
lowed it during all that time to be under
stood that while reluctant to leave the Sen
ate, he would go into the Cabinet if General
Harrison should finally insist upon it.
Now, they say, at the last moment, when
the rest of the Cabinet has been selected to
fit into his acceptance of the Treasury De
partment, he backs out and endeavors to in
duce tbe President-elect to take Clarkson as
a substitute. This not only throws into
confusion all of the plans of the President
elect as to the personality of the Cabinet,
but may make it impossible for him to carry
out his'ideas of making his a Western ad
ministration, and especially of removing
control of the Treasury to the West. The
appointment of Clarkson, General Harri
son's friends say. is not to be thought of.
He has not the ability nor the reputation
for the Treasury Department, and there are
plenty of just as good men for the other de
partments without accepting the nomina
tion made by a man who has treated the
President-elect in an unfair, if not a treach
erous manner. '
Exactly how far the withdrawal of Alli
son will influence the make-up of the rest of
the Cabinet is not positively known, but
those here who are closest with the President-elect
say that even the appointment of
Blaine has hinged in a measure upon the
acceptance of Allison, and that whatever
tender has been made to him was accom
panied by conditions that may not now
hold good. It is alleged that what has been
called the tender of the State portfolio to
Blaine was s left-hand sort of an offer, any
how, and that Blaine's acceptance of it was
more prompt than had been expected.
In support of this theory, it is cited that
as soon as it began to be alleged in Wash
ington that Allison had decided not to ac
cept, there was a long conference between
Blaine and the Iowa Senator at Blaine's
rooms one night, and that it is known here
from private despatches from Washington
that all of the friends of Blaine have been
trying to brace Allison up to accept tbe
place, and that by their instigation leading
papers have persistently announced that
Allison had already accepted, and have
none everyining vo piacc .o-mton in a posi- i
j .u. i i i;.-. .
tion where he should feel himself compelled
to accept J
The anti-Bloinite Hoosiers cannot con
ceive why Blaine, and Blajne's friends
Allison accept the Treasury Department iff
hinge upon the action of the1 Iowa Sena
tor. Anotber significant thing is that with
in a few days and since the announcement
of Blaine's acceptance the pressure brought
to bear against Blaine here has been re
pbotest Against bivAine.
Men who haTe heretofore kept their hands
off the Cabinet business have been to the
President-elect to urge him not to take
Blaine. Some of his warmest friends and
supporters are included among these, and it
is said to be unlikely that they would do
this if they did not have an understanding
that there was a qualification about the ten
der of the portfolio to Blaine,)
On the other hand the friends of Blaine
here are inclined to bo gleeful rather than
sad over the withdrawal o Allison and
claim that it will result in making Blaine
more than ever dominant in ihe administra
tion. They predict that within a few days
General Harrison will find it necessary
to summon Mr. Blaine here to help him ont
of the hole into which Senator Allison has
What effect the declination of Senator
Allison will haveupon the chances of New
York upon the Treasury is problematical.
There seem to be but two men left in the
West whom Harrison might be expected to
choose for that place. Tbese are John C.
New and William McKinley. New has all
along declared that he would not accept any
office, and no later than last night General
Harrison said that it was ont of the ques
tion for any Indiana man to be taken into
the Cabinet That, however, was before he
learned that Allison bad declined.
New talk was rather lively about the
hotels to-day and one well-known Bepubli
can politician made a bet of 540 to 100 that
New would be the next Secretary of the
Treasury. Ohio men are claiming that
McKinley's chances are excellent, but they
seem to base their claims chiefly upon glit
It is agreed that Warner Miller is almost
certain to be Secretary of Agriculture, in
case the office is created, but it is not
thought that that wonld bar New York out
from having another man in the Cabinet
The talk about Miller is based principally
upon a remark made by General Harrison
some time ago, in referring to what he
should do if the agriculture department bill
became a law, and it is possible that events
since then may have changed his mind; if
so, the changing is most likely to have been
to tbe advantagefof Miller.
Senator Dwight M. Sabin, of Minnesota,
accompanied by George E, Davis, the "Lit
tie Boss" of Chicago, a member of tbe Na
tional Bepublican Committee, visited Gen
eral Harrison to-day, and stepped out of
town very quietly afterward. Before he
saw General Harrison, Senator Sabin told
the reporters that he was not a candidate for
the Cabinet or anything else and had come
here simply to pay his respects to General
Harrison. -From the quiet way in which he
left town it is surmised that his reception by
General Harrison was ot the coldlv-cordial
variety that the President-elect keeps on
tap for the politicianswho invite themselves
here and precede their coming with an
nouncements in locapapers that they have
been specially summoned to confer with
General Harrison, Reports telegraphed here
ahead of the Minnesota Senator's coming
hinted all sorts of important things about
the conference to which it was said thai
Senator gabln had been summoned. Gen
eral Harrison has expressed great annoyance
at this sort of thing in the case of some other
men who have come to see him recently.
. AN EXCmmTIME.
The WeK.Yirglnla'WfciVlntnre, la Joint As.
sembly, Fails to Untangle thA Guber
natorial HnotKennn'a Friends
More Hopeful Than Ever.
tSFECIAL TELEQltAM TO TIIK DISPATCH.
Chableston, W. Va., February 1.
There was a regular monkey-and-parrot time
in the joint assembly, this afternoon, the
occasion being the opening of the vote on
State officers. A very lively debate was
carried on between the Democratic and Be
publican members, and for a short time a
general row seemed imminent Judge
Fleming's notice of contest was presented,
which was the besinning of the trouble,
the Bepublicans claiming that tbe joint as
sembly had nothing to bo with the contest
until after the result had been declared on
the face of tbe returns.
A resolution was finally adopted by a
strict party vote that the returns should be
opened, but the result should not be de
clared until after the contest was decided.
President Carr was excused from voting, on
the ground that he might be considered an
interested party. A resolution was offered
by Senator Maxwell that the returns be
opened and published, which opened another
discussion, pending which the joint as
sembly dissolved and each House adjourned
There is little change in the Senatorial
situation, although Senator Henna has
gained another vote. Dorr, of Webster, is
now the only straight Democratic member
standing out, but Kenna's friends have lost
all hope of winning him and are said to have
turned their attention to the Union Labor
members, who to day voted for J. W. Gos
horn on the first ballot and for A. B. Barbee
on the second. Two ballots were taken and
on each Kenna received 40, and Goff 39,
Dorr voting for John J. Davis.
The Kenna men claim that hi) election is
only a question of time, but it is generally
believed on all sides that there will be no
flection before Monday.
DELICIOUS TROUT FROM SCOTLAND.
An Allotment of Loch Levcn's Delicious Fish
for Western Waters.
SPECIAL TELEGn AM TO till DISPATCH.l
Washington, February 1. Mr. James
V. Dong of Pittsburg, Commissioner of
Fisheries for Pennsylvania, has just com
pleted arrangements wiih Hon. Marshall
McDonald, of the Unite'l States Commis
sion, for transferring an allotment of Loch
Leven trout from the Government station
at Northville, Mich., to the western hatch
ery in Pennsylvania. The United States
Fish Commission imported a large lot of
these popular ana aeucicus hsn Irom Scot
land within the last year, and their intro
duction and growth in the States will be
watched with interest
Mr. Long is quite an enthusiast regarding
the successful work of the Pennsylvania
Commission, and is bound to have all the
good things that may be (obtained from the
Government for the fisheries department of
his native State. '
A PRETTY PIECE OP FREIGHT.
Little 3-Ycnr-Old Lljzlo HamphrcTS
Shipped From Jersey Clly to Pittsburg.
ISPICIXL TXLXGBAH TO W CISPiTCn.l
New York, February 1. As pretty a
parcel of freight as has passed over the Erie
Bailroad for some time wis received at the
company's depot in Jersey City this morn
ing. It was little Lizzie Humphreys, only
3 years old, who was being sent from her
home to relatives in Pittsburg.
She was wholly unattended, but properly
tagged. From her appearance she had found
very many who had contributed to her com
fort She was duly lorwarded.
GAIL HAMILTON JsnJ&
the contrUmtort to the Sunday Utue ofTnz
- - rvr "-r.' "i-
TlTQH 1 TrTT tftf-fc . tin-
iireaa ner clever
tame m to-morrows usiu.
COULDN'T EE STOPPED
,The Oklahoma Bill Passed by the
House With Big Room to Sparer
The British Extradition Treaty Rejected
by the Senate.
HOW CLAIMS DRAG THROUGH THE HOUSE
An Eighth Cabinet Place Likely to he at Gen. Har
The Oklahoma hill passed the House yes
terday by an overwhelming majority, much
to the surprise of a few who were positive it
couldn't get tbrongh, despite the fact that
it was sheared of its most objectionable
features. In the Senate the British extradi
tion treaty was rejected by a yote of 38 to
15. An eighth Cabinet place is likely to be
placed at the disposal of President Har
rison. 1SPICUL TELEGBAK TO THS DUrATCB.1
"Washington, February 1. Attorneys,
agents and lobbyists of the Oklahoma
boomers were on the floor ot the House
bright and early this morning, with the
arrival of the first of the members, and be
gan operations to Insure the passage of their
bill. Whether their work had its effect, or
whether tbe bill had an assured majority
before can onlj' be guessed at, but it is cer
tain the measure had a much larger majority
(148 to 102) than was anticipated by it's
iriends after the close vote on the substitute
offered by Judge Barnes last evening.
The most bitter enemies of the bill were,
however, forced to admit that it had been
divested of most of its objectionable features.
It is quite probable that the Senate will not
agree to the bill, even as it is modified, and
that the question will have to be again dis
cussed in all its phases by another Congress.
One of the most remarkable features of
the manipulation of this bill is the position
Assumed in regard to it by the Government
and the majority in the House of Bepre-
seniaiives. xne Attorney uenerai was
asked to decide the character of the owner
ship of the land by the Indians. His de
cision was that they owned it in fee simple,
but had no right to sell or lease it
Having by this means depreciated the
value of the property, Congress steps in and
proposes to purchase the land at its own
price, the law officers of the administration
having decided that it can be sold to no
THE SIBLEI HEIRS' CLAIM.
One of the Ways In Which Legislation Is
Made to Drag Along1.
(EPrCUU. TILICnAM TO TBX DISPATCH. .
Washington, -February 1. A good
specimen of many claims before Congress
for reference to the Court of Claims Is that
of the Sibley heirs, which occupied the time
of the House this afternoon, following the
passage of the 'Oklahoma bill. In 1858
Major Henry H. Sibley, of the army, pat
ented a tent that was adopted by the Gov
ernment, and for which a royalty of 55 was
paid on each tent used. When the war
broke out Sibley deserted to the ranks of
the Confederates, and after' the war, pre
vious to the time when his claim -for royalty
was outlawed, he was debarred by his trea
soqabG; act ion " from'-prosecuting his claim.
AfterhiscTeathea few years ago, his wife
and children instituted this claim for all
the tents used during tbe war, which were
over 40,000 in number, though their claim
covers only half the royalty, as a local part
ner oi Sibley, who had purchased a half in
terest in the patent has already collected
his claim of over 100,000.
One of the chief arguments of the oppo
nents of the claim was that as Sibley had
no standing on aoraunt of his disloyalty, his
heirs could have no standing in regard to
his claim. The supporters of the majority
report argued that as Mrs. Sibley was un
doubtedly loyal the disloyalty ot her hus
band should not debar her from her right to
recover the ro j alty. Bepresentative Jack
son, ot New Castle, Pa., made one of the
strongest pleas against the reference of the
claim which were presented during the de
bate, and was warmly congratulated by
members when he sat down. Bepresenta
tives McCullogh and Buckalew, of Penn
sylvania, also spolce torciblyon the same
side. A point of no quorum caused the com
mittee ot the whole House to rise, and the
bill was therefore passed by temporarily.
The bill has passed the Senate, but may
lodge in the House, as it did in the Forty
BADLY LEFT BEHIND.
The British Extradition Treaty Worse
Beaten Than Was Expected.
Washington, February 1. The Senate
further debated the British extradition
treaty neariyhree hours to-day, and it was
finally rejected. It had been supposed by
some tbatjrith the objectionable political
offenses section stricken out. it might pass,
especially as it was conceded on all sides
that a treaty for the extradition ot em
bezzlers and forgers was greatly to be de
sired by the United States. But, as was
pointed out in the debate this afternoon, the
striking out of the objectionable clause
would not remove that subject from the field
of negotiation; nor would the reference of
the treaty to a committee with the under
standing that it should not be reported, dis
pose of it
If the treaty as amended were ratified, it
would be relegated to the realm of diplom
acy, where the representatives of the other
contracting power might insist upon having
the rejected clause inserted again. And a
treaty, it was shown, cannot torever slumber
in a committee's archives without giving of
fense. So that in order to definitely dispose
of a treaty which contained any objection
able features whatever, it must be rejected.
An earnest effort was made by friends of
the treaty to save it from rejection, but their
labors were in vain, and the final vote
against it was greater than had been ex
pected 38 to 15.
ANOTHER PLACE TO FILL,
Eight Cabinet Niches Likely to bo at the
Disposal of the New President.
rsrxciAL telegbau to the dispatch.!
Washington, Febrnary 1. The action
of the House conferees to-day in receding
from their position on the Agricultural De
partment bill, insures the passage of that
measure unless the President veto it, which
he is not likely to do, and that will give
President Harrison one more Cabinet office
to fill than any of his predecessor have had,
unless President Cleveland should take ihe
notion to give Commissioner Coleman the
empty honor of holding the office for a few
Bepresentative Hatch, of Missouri, the
author of the bill, expected to be made the
first Secretary of Agriculture, and doubt
less he would have had the honor had not
Cleveland been defeated. No one yet has
applied for the position in the Cabinet of
Harrison, as far as can be learned, though
Senator Palmer, of Michigan, has been
mentioned as eminently well adapted for the
Another Deed Similar to tbe Clayton Crime
Threatened In Florida Tbe Assoi
sins Balked by tbe Proper
Action of the Governor.
Jacksonville, February L Hon.
Frank W. Tope, who was the Independent
Bepnblican candidate for Governor in 1884,
has been threatened with assassination in
Madison county, and' the whole country
thereabouts is in a state of great excitement
Mr. Pope makes his borne in Jacksonville,
but "refugeed"' in Madison during the epi
demic. He is disliked there on account of
his political affiliations, past and present.
He has recently been employed by F. S.
Goodrich, the defeated Bepublican candi
date for Congress in this district, to repre
sent him in taking evidence throughout the
district In support of his contest ior the seat.
Early this week, Captain Ernst Wiltz,
United States Commissioner, went to Madi
son to hear testimony, and Mrl Pope ap
peared before him.
The news that Pope and Wiltz were en
gaged in this occupation spread around the
county with amazing rapidity, and such
exaggerated reports were circulated by hot
headed individnals that feelings of the
more reckless people were worked upon and
a deliberate attempt was made last night to
assassinate Pope right in the city of Madi
son. The more conservative citizens were in
formed of the mov and rallied to Mr.
Pope's assistance. These latter were sup
ported by the Sheriff who had received or
ders from Governor Fleming, who had been
notified, and who promptly gave instruc
tions to the authorities to surround Mr.
Pope with every possible security.
The Governor yesterday afternoon re
ceived information that lynching would
be attempted last night. Sheriff Parramore
immediately collected a posse and sur
rounded the house which Mr. Pope was oc
cupying. This demoralized the would-be
lynchers, wno were surprised to see that
their murderous scheme had been foiled.
Mr. Pope remained in tbe house all night,
but it is feared lynchers will take him off
his guard, and a strict watch is being kept
by the Sheriff and posse. To-night excite
ment runs high and another attack is
feared. Pope has just telegraphed to a
friend here: "Don't worry. Am all right
so far." He was born and raised in Mad
ison, and the popular feeling there is very
bitter against Inm on account of his political
record. He is game, 'however, and will
face the consequences.
A MXSTERI0DS EPIDEMIC
Rapidly Carrying Off Whole Families of
Kentucky Little Ones,
rSFZCIAL TELEOEAlf TO TUB DISPATCD.
Marion, Kt., 'February 1. Terrible but
true reports come from Webster county of a
strange and fatal disease. Doctors have
been'unable to do the afflicted any good, and
have never agreed among themselves as to
what the disease is. It first made its ap
pearance in the neighborhood of Yates'
sawmill, situated between two creeks, into
which, for a number of years, slabs and
other refuse have been cast and allowed
to remain and decav in large quantities,
thus poisoning the atmosphere for a
considerable distance around. From this
Jioint the disease has spread to the adjoin
ng neighborhoods, until up to date 23 per
sons, mostly children, have died. One fam
ily has lost seven out of nine. Only one
person, and he an adult has recovered or
thoueht to be recovering, and he is said to
be blizd. The rest have all died, death
usually occurring from six to 12 hours after
the attack, and in many cases before a phy
sician could be procured.
Physicians first pronounced it cerebro
spinal meningitis,, but later on it was the
opinion that it fs spotted fever, tho?e dying
raoidlv turnuiL' .blaclc ftr death. Three
I physiciansHt is said, had fled thcnelghbor-
nooa, not neing aole to fie or any service,
and not wishing to jeopardize their lives
without hope of doing good.
JIM WANTS A SHARE.
An Attempt to Break tho Will of tbe Late
Uncle John Robinson.
ISrzCIAL TELEGKAM TO THE DISPTCD.i
Cincinnati, February 1. James Bob
inson, a discarded brother of the late
"Uncle" John Jtobinson, the famous show
man, brought suit in court to-day to set
aside his brother's will, which leaves all of
his million-dollar estate to his sons. The
grounds presented for setting the will aside
are that it was made while his mind was
impaired, and that he was unduly .influ
enced. It will be hard to convince a jury
in Hamilton county that anybody was
able to unduly influence Uncle John at any
time in his lire, bnt it ihe plaintiff succeeds
in setting the will aside his avowed purpose
men is to prove tnat uncle John nas no
legitimate living heirs in tbe line ot descent.
In case he succeeds in this, the only heirs to
the estate will be in the ascending line,
prominent in which is James Bobinson, the
The suit is sensational in its possibilities.
In case the will should be set aside, then the
second suit to prove the testator has no leg
itimate descendants will in the nature of the
case be sensatioual. James Bobinson was
once in the employ of his brother John, bnt
a quarrel occurred between the brothers,
which was never made up.
SHOCKED THEIR MODESTY.
Boston 'Prudes Object to Pnbllc Inspection
of Some Excellent Art Studies.
SPECIAL TXLEOBAM TO THX DISPATCH.1
Boston, February 1. Some excellent
studies in nude art have been removed from
the Art Museum at the request of some per
sons whose sense of propriety was shocked.
These photos were recently brought from
Paris by Mr. A. H. Munsell, who has
closed a three years' study at tbe Beanx
Artes under Qustave Boulanger. They are
large photos of Boulanger's paintings, 60
in number, and were placed in the Art
Museum for the benefit of the students who
are interested in the work of the French
masters. Among these pictures were a
number of nudes, notably a series of paint
ings of women in tne Turkish bathsrand a
Pompeiian scene, where the interest centers
in a woman whose robes are just to be
wound abouther after the bath.
These pictures attracted the attention of
some person or persons whose sense of pro
priety was shocked thereby, and who feared
the influence they might have on the young
students who frequent the museum for pur
poses of study.
F0EAKER IS ANGRI AGAIN.
This Time Attorney General Watson Is
Object ol His Scorn.
SPECIAL TELEOEAM TO TOE DISPATCH. 1
Columbus, O., February 1. An evening
paper publishes a statement to the effect that
Governor Foraker and Attorney General
Watson a day or two since had a stormy
time in the Governor's office, and that the
Governor told him finally that he did not
care to see him any more in his office, and
practically ordered him out. An effort has
been made to get at the sonrceof the trouble,
but so far it has not been snccessfnl, as both
parties refuse to be interviewed on the oc
currence. It is, however, understood that Watson
became officious in the White Cap business
and ran around over the State telling what
he was going to do, and it was not liked
very well by tbe Governor, who had the
matter in hand and wanted what credit
there was for disposing of the subject.
RII I NVP the J'rinee of Bumoriitt, eon
DILI. II I bj tributes a laugh-provoking
tketehforto-morrovfi iuue 0 Tax Dispatch.
TM HI THE WOODS
Foothola .frer Camps.
Even if ij&'ive
MORE JUGS THAN BIBLES.
Cameron, Forest and Potter For, and
Elk Against the Amendment.
HOT COi'PEE HAS THE CALL OS WHISKT.
A Trip Into the Lumber Regions Temper
ance In the Camps Whisky as a Stimu
lantA Lumber Kins; Talks The Ger
man Tote Acalnst the Prohibition A
Change of Spirit la Forest County The
Brooks Law as an Educator W. CTU.
Work In Cameron Good Influences at
Work In Potter County Blue Ribbon In
Of the four northwestern counties en
gaged in the production of lumber Forest,'
Elk, Cameron and Potter only one will
vote against constitutional amendment
That is Flk. The aggregate vote of the
fonr connecting connties is scarcely as large
as one of the populous connties adjacent to
Pittsburg, so that in ascertaining the views
of lumbermen upon the question, THE DIS
PATCH'S Special Commissioner has grouped
them all together in one article. Thus far
our canvass of counties shows th following
Actrrezate of votes for Harrison. Cleveland
MOM OtJE SPECIAL C03DUSSIOXXS.)
Driftwood, February L It is a fact
that jugs are more plentiful that Bibles in
lumber camps. But it is also a fact that
the Constitutional amendment is not by
any means unpopular in this lumber region
of Northwestern Pennsylvania. People
generally suppose that the whisky vote will
be large in that district, measuring their
opinion by the tastes and necessities of a
class of men who are roughened and hard
ened by the life of exposure they live? and
freed from the restraints of society by their
sparsely-settled surroundings. Hext June's
election will, in all "probability, contain a
few surprises alongthis line.
Of four such counties that I succeeded, by
hard traveling, in covering last night and
to-day, only one was found to be arrayed
against the proposed amendment. That is
Elk. Contiguous with one another are the
counties of Forest, Flk, Cameron and Pot
ter. Lumbering is tbe chief industry of all
four, and upon it fully one-half of their
combined population depends for a livli
hood. AN IMMENSE business.
Lumbering is still an extensive business
in this part of the State. Just now the
woods in all directions resound with the
blows of the ax or the explosions of dyna
mite caps. I came in the busiest part of
the year. Until a week or two ago idleness
had been the result of the open winter, and
from these forests the fear had gone out to
the large cities that if there was no winter
there would be fully as much scarcity in
timber next summer as in ice. But with an
average depth of six inches of snow for the
past ten days a vast quantity of logs ara
being hauled out of the woods to the slides
and shot over the mountain sides to the
creeks, booms and sawmills below.
All the camps in Cameron and 'Elk conn
ties are full. .The logs are floated down the
Sinnemahonins: Creek to the west fork of
the Susquehanna river and thence to the
booms at Loch Haven and Williamsport
In Forest and Potter counties they go the
other way, down the Allegheny valley.
TEMPEEANCE IN THE CAMPS.
As may be gathered from intimations in
the foregoing, temperance societies do not
hold regular meetings in the camps of lum
bermen. They do not exist there at all. A
camp has seldom fewer than 20 members and
often as high as 80. These men generally
live in one shanty, put up in temporary
fashion to last only as long as the timber
holds out in that part of the woods. Tha
men eat and loiter downstairs. Upstairs
are their bunks. The axmen and the haulers
regard whisky as a necessary stimulant for
such hard work and exposure as theirs.
But, upon investigation, I find that per
haps the majority of them also recognize the
evils of its excessive use. This will make
votes for the amendment. I heard several
of the hardest drinkers, just down from the
camps, say that the country would be better
without it, and Instead of whisky plenty of
strong hot coffee would do justasmuch good
out in the woods.
Mr. J. Henry Cochran, a Williamsport
capitalist, owning extensive lumber inter
ests in the mountains bacE from the Low
Grade Division of the Allegheny "Valley
Bailroad, happened to be in Driftwood to
day. He told me that he has for some time
past caused inquiries to be made among the
camps, and from the answers he has re
ceived he firmly believes a very large pro
portion of the men in them will vote against
liquor. He says they are not nearly so
heavy drinkers as some people imagine.
From interviews with a number of per
sons who know every mountain peak and
every farm fence in Elk county, and who
represent both political and social parties,
the indications all seem to point to a ma
jority of from 100 to 300 against Constitu
tional amendment In 1873 Elk voted
against local option by 571 majority, and
tbe difference between that figure and the
probable majority against the amendment
represents the increase in temperance popa-
Continued on Eighth Fage.
In favor of I 8.9SS
In favor of 8J91
In favor of 1,345
In favor of 1.601
In favor of 6,630
In favor of 7,525
In favor of 4,134
In favor of 7.SS2
In favor of 8.587
In favor ol 7,645
In favor of 13.219