Newspaper Page Text
&. Florence W
I Erring Aviator, May
I Toko Him Back
P Uns AUernativo ot
If He Asks
I ,. and ood to look upon.
Ranlth four ""lorot a happy mnrrlcJ
JJfn. nf " f u of the " W9re
&", wMehtt; wd'0"orolot her domicile,
&J!SrriridX t.paltI into the
tttt b"". "J1.I.J wife.
lotion oi "" M 0f nn hour, between
Ha tl ort "?.- j,g, of her husband
WiV0 ,? of two women, .he
rumorpnoJed from a Doctor
55 mv,r .s; Tho vu of uiu.
pn nu" -. itydn The veil 01 mu-
'? 'n' 'S and the Rood man whoso
at U torn Mine . for her nnd
'rtIV .Tn Mlde and the Rood mnn wmo
ijai U torn M'u" " ,y for her nnd
,;nmbwmrr8u.?dnlJr the dopo
."Jf.rthta? of many women.
tea -'-'... xviATon
.. .....rlanrn which Mrs
B tM "" B44 unltlmoro avenue, was
Bwiw M ". wcck8 ngo when her
rX:Jt Harvey "Wilbur Kays, nn aviator.
F2nhl climax of her disillusionment by
SSm oft U I. b.lled. with a man..
M'': .. MI nha was facing the
l.,.fln brought about by thla "perlenco
P5 "..0f.ML cIMdVen from
!etl!il.t the errant husband Injected a
&W-n. call To 7.ure .,., w.fo that
la Mi not i"f"t '" , ,,, ,.,.
1,-""' han-t beVn 'w,Vh that
.? " . . v and I can"t et
Si. .a ih. kids ko without a Christmas.
Ira uhmed to come back after what .has
ISd. tut r.l look, after you Take
Hi BSilltr apnruiium. - --
fitand I'll 'end you money every week."
B Wit li a wlfo to do In n case llko this 7
Will she tans mm one i
UL .... m uuflnnit thnt Immediately
ijom In the minds of those Interested In
IKrt.Kv.'s Pllfht ,.
$ A rtUin WuUlU Ilcver IUHO 1 ivuiiiuii uuvn,
b tt matter-of-fact way In which she
'miMm the case, "but Mr. Kays has not
tatked me to take him back I think he
Bolt M Mhamcu to anu bo i cannoi say
k ... 111 .In 1 feltntlt.l hqvn Irt halA n
.mil "' uw .w...M ..w,u (..v ..
folk with him beforo I made up my mind.
Iuacenain mm uu vua iiul iiihibbu whuii
It vent away from me.
i mi hid btn lhini: with this woman for
ti months beforo I knew It. Ho mih nl-
js Kina ana gvneruus, unu u wuuimi cuuiu
ftotlulp llklnir him Whenever ho stayed
frrJLjr from mo at nlsht ho said It was
iweejsarj for him to bo down at the navy
ijiri, whtre there was a valuable airship
;0f course. I believed him.
Tien these two women cnllcd on mo one
iEornlnr. They told mo how ho smoked
t5' nd how ho was plnnnlnff to rdn away
tli a mtnlcurlst who worked In tho eamo
puce inai iney uiu inex ioiu mo now no
liu vmi iiviiift n net uuniuunn u-
fniUntcd and found that It was true
J LOVES HIM STILIj
"I lore him still. But I do not love the
oa that those other women loved. They
fondly the devil In him they did not get
let rttl man. I aid
' &i mauled her younsest child. Kenu.
tyd two months, up to her, and the other
itm, OlUtta, Zelda and Veral, clustered
suiM htr knee. They are beautiful blond
fttiJrin. with no -particular feeling of af-
StrtV.n for their father.
Tooat like him at all." said seven-rear-
bii OUeeta emphatically.
J nt mother Immediately came to the de-
hctt ot the absent man
rDon't say that." she said, renmvlne-lv.
LTtSa TO Rood to you. Last Chrlstmaa."
11 conUnoed. "ho went out and spent bov-
Ew nunarea uoiiarn on them. Ho R-ave
P .s,v i u iiuru praciicniuy nnoui ain
Ktyi totally Irreconcllablo with the things
lihtuyi When sho declares that she loves
1W husband It Is as though sho said 'Tiring
i nan ot ice water." Whero another
kVOOUn WntlM h rnH.air.it nn.l .IIuImII
ifeota Indulgence In teara and recriminations.
I heraelf excoedlngly pretty and
IWra. Apparently sho fs nil that man could
Miin oi woman, and yet the fact that she
1W Mn deserted does not rankle.
OP cunmtis tvpr
-li ktQ llkfl thnt." Hhn Hnlil 1lnmnltnnnllt.
a. -. -..w ... Hlt.lllU.IUIWUj
. float know how tn Rrri,m nnrl rrv T
JtaUruted chlelly In getting a position
P wife and mother who Is dependent on
LBV tor tvty cont ,a In an unenviable
Wton. That's whero I am now.
I hve never been to a cabaret. Mr
XK7i WOUld Tint Ut friM rn In . !. .
Uffi' Dul ,f m voleo H still good
" hope It Is I would go on tho stage If
ftK'.J0'" t0 ,ve tho children the
Bitn they need."
f t tm&11 mnMa I. . -m .. . . ...
ri . i,lom of ah place half an olive
IWiik 5 ' Pers. then pour In about
ISC? chicken asplo Jelly, a layer of
IRffSOB Inftat ml...l ...i.l . ' .l
whk i ,iMu wun cram, men an
ISiarl)r'r.Cf chlcken asplo Jelly. When
VukiL, . "" " "tuco lear wun a tea
li!j1f.,in!ir!nllLa,dr"aJn' . .
IJWsudwk to threo pints clear stock add
mJ vwt,"ulun "oivea in com water.
SSI trn kit. ... - .
""'" "nq sneiia or two eggs ana
Jolt. mAA l .. ..,. ......
E1W.4. . . " "" biock, i-ui inio a.
ETviVJ lth 0"e tablespoonful of catsup,
5 tttletpoonful of vinegar, ono table-
in .i,i """rjr, uiyiiio. marjoram
SWiriy, a jeaf of mace, two cloves.
aii""'" " "ait. aei over a slow nre,
K""tll It bolls. Set aside to settle:
- -v-j,i a coarse ciotn ana coou
<), TtttUj & VUdattiay
Uy sale gf tbv Kt
.,, .. 'a note, basts lo
"Udla, ta and white,
" brown and white,
my ,ui4 wblu, THa and
h, bUtk Vad white,
?'T ".id. ctuunpague,
W-M ltd H buck. Kry
-' ' staadard U U.
IK boot shop if A
FAMILY TO WHICH
vawMiiMtgatB, . 7. HHl
.aaaSjBjBj.. nflBS53B I lru, jW nf&iaL.
rjja-.-fflr'J' .tVL-! n d i r -- -9BjtisisjHsisjBjsBbK3susinF
Mm. Hnrvoy W. Knys
.Veic and Delicious Uses
LEOTILS as a "meat substitute" used to
J be considered an economical food, and,
perhaps, were somewhat despised for that
season This small legume, however, has
now come to be quite a luxury, for It has
more than trebled In prlrti since the out
break of tho war. Most of the lenllli which
wo consume In this country are raised In
Kgypt, nnd naturally Imparts from that
section of the globo have been considerably
reduced Consequently, the supply of lentils
Is slowly diminishing, and unless wo can
succeed In growing lentils In the warmer
sections of the United States this food may
come to bo In tho same class as mushrooms
For tho present, however. It Is still possi
ble to buy tho same nutritious lentils. Kven
at tho higher price they aro worth buying
lentils contain about thirty per cent of pro
tein, fifty per cent of starch and very llttlo
waste, which mokes them oven more nutri
tious than dried beans, which contain 22 H
per cent of protein. Lentils can be cooked
llko beans for puree, or they may bo baked
a-j tho central dish for a substantial lunch
eon or supper.
Pour cupfuls of lentils, four cupfuls of
water, one-half cupful of diced salt pork,
ono small onion, one heaping teaapoonfut
of salt, ono-half teaspoontul of pepper
I'lck nnd wash lentils nnd soak them In
cold writer over night. In tho morning pour
off the water nnd put the lentils In a sauce
pan, covering with eight cupfuls of cold
water When the water bolls the lentils will
rise to the top. Then romovo them with a
skimmer nnd add diced pork and onion
and placo In a baking dish. Add pepper and
salt to a quart of boiling water and pour
over tho lentils. Uake In a moderate oven
for nbout four and a half hours. This Is n
dish which can bo mado excellently In tho
tireless cooker, nn It can be started In the
morning nnd left In the cooker until eve
ning. If preferred, start lato In the after
noon, leave In tho flroless cooker all night
and servo as a luncheon dish.
Boll the beans for half an hour, then re
move tho sklti and mash tho benns with n
wooden Bpoon until thoroughly smooth
I'laco In a saucepan with enough butter to
bring to n creamy consistency, and add n
dash of sugar, pepper and salt. Then put In
a buttered mold and keep tho mold hot
Just a look at tho
ory and you'd
is clean and sani
tary tho cows are
healthy the air
is pure the pas
turage is excellent
the creamery is
vibrates with the
ness and purity
that aro found in
evory pound of
nU rhone.Mirkit 37(1
Key.tono Phone, Main 17U
Look for the "Mtrlfoll"
vrasperair-ttzht. doit- and
eitor-procf-at year xrocert.
ft coma to you
nausaye ht.h hom th.
farm in pound parehmtnt pachag.
Farm nt Southborough, Maf
trd Cards t rsirQiin
to Ordsr .
THE NEEDLE LOVERS SHOP
II. C. ntEKMAN
IS1 S. llh St. MUSI nn- w-nnn.'
ASK FOR and GET
Cheap ubtitutc cot YOU nine prlco
I"" m0mT AnoronrUU mail .Cnnto. I
-. .ft. ni.'niM No'tltla. I
IrciS50 for Christmas fl.,,I1l
fn.n Xr n-Unllrul IUnd-lll.ml-
EVENING- LEDGEK-PHILADELPHIA MONBAY, DECEMBER IT,
nnd her children
for Beans and Lentils
until serving, then turn out on platter and
garnish with parsley.
Mere Is another method of creaming
beans I.lmas or any other variety of beans
(except string benns) can bo used
Two cupful of beam, ono cupful of white
sauce, two eggs, popper, salt, breadcrumbs
Soak tho beans In cold water overnight,
tn (he morning boll them In n smalt quan
tity of salted water and simmer until beans
nro completely broken If the water bolls
away add more About one hour beforo
serving prepare tho dish Hub tho beans
through n colander, mix with the whlto
sauce and then add well-beaten eggs and
seasoning Ileut thoroughly for one minute,
then pour Into a buttered baking dish.
sprinkle with breadcrumbs nnd bake
hot oven till a golden brown
The l.Tfnlnc Lrdtrr will print, firo ot
rliaiso, nntlrss of rfrent Nrlhs nl In
tnrouth proper rhunnels Aildrs "llntna
New llaMes," Kirnlnr I.iMrr, (10 Chestnut
street. Nim and address nnd. when possi
ble, telephone number of sender must o
companx each notlro so sent
VltKUNIl, XIr and Mrs Henry M Jr, 928
Wynnewood road, Overbrook. a son
MIM.r.It, Mr nnd Mrs Jacob, 311 Cnntrell
street, a son, 8 lbs G nn
HCIINimnt, Mr and Mrs Abraham, 934
North Franklin street n son
VVISMNOIU, Mr and Mrs. Albert 1839
West Montgomery nvenue. a daughter
RWKSROBINSON & CRAWFORDSKni
AT ALL OUR STORES G
WHERE QUALITY COUNTS
When you buy "Gold Seal" you
tet the purest, freshest, sweetest
utter made from the richest
Fancy Creamery Butter,
exceedingly good value at
Absolutely Pure Butter of good
GOLD SEAL $Q.75
12-lb. bag 62c
Do your baking with "Gold
Seal" Flour and you will get the
best results. "Gold Seat" Flour
will please you and our prices will
save you money.
There are many other money
saving specials to be had at "Our
Stores." It will pay you to pay us
ROBINSON & CRAWFORD
Th Starts for particular pmopl:
Throughout tho city and tuburb:
Barred by your
Does a pimply, unattractive itcln
shut you out from the full enjoy
ment of the summer's pleasures?
Then think of this:
To use Reiinol Soap means that
each time )ou cleanse your face
you give it a "beauty treatment"
with the soothing, healing Reslnol
medication. If aided, in severe
cases, by a little Resinol Ointment,
this uwaliy leaves the complexion
naturally clear and fresh. It is
equally effective In" protecting deli
cate skins from the effects of sum
mer" sun, heat and dust. All
druggists set! Reinol Ointment and
By LUCREZIA BOM
rrlma Donna ef lbs Msttorolltsn Opera
TIIK hands are atwnys very much In evi
dence. Tho woman of culture and re
finement strives to Veep them In a perfect
condition by applying lotion, to make th
skin soft nnd white nnd by giving the nalli
ino caro necessary to
keep them well
uroomed And shapely
Small wonder then
that she becomes an
noyed and discouraged
when the nails become
brittle and break ofr
A single broken nail
spoils the appenrance
of the entire hand
You may be sure
mm nriuie nails Is n
certain sign that the
nail structure requires
Immediately to fe,l
the nails with vaseline, almond oil. ollvo
oil or cold cream Use (crease all the time,
and cleanse the (Inner tips with It Instead
of uslna; eosp it win Rivo the nails that
pink, satiny nppearnnco which la so desir
able. livery nluht soak tho nails In almost oil
which lias been slightly heated with great
care that it does not ratcti tiro The llnuld
should bo put Into a cup to a depth sufficient
to cover the finger tips Soak them In tho
oil for at least ten minutes, then thp lingers
should be wiped, hut not washed
After washing the hands, alwavs rub a
small portion of cold cream about the nails.
then carefully remove every particle of the
In extreme cases of brltllo nails. It Is
3 t am
Our Store Will Not
Open Until 11 A.M.
In order to hnvo cvrry
thinir in efficient rcmlini'ss
for this wonderful stilo.
We Have Bought the Entire
B&WM Stock a great Sacrifice
Thousands of Ultra-Fashionable Garments Will Be Placed on Sale Tuesday Morning at 1 1 o'Clock
B- At y2
A Timely and Fortunate Purchae Which Will Save Thousands of Dollars for Our Customers and Crowd Our Store as Never Before!
The Emporium, one of the largest nnd most exclusive stores located in the henrt of tho Metropolis, 35th nnd Broadway,
meeting with reverses, shortly after opening, wns forced to close its doors, and,- recognizing our financial strength and enormous
outlet, have turned over to us their magnificent stock nt n grent sucrificc.
Cntcrinc to Now York's most fashionnhlo women, tho Emporium's I impossibility to handlo nil of the stock bought at onco; hence, every tiny
stock of coats, suits, dresses, blouses, skirts and millinery represents nil fresh supplies will replenish the racks nnd tables that each days selllnff
that is elegant, exclusive nnd authentic.
Not only have wo bought their entire stock on tho floor, but have nlso
included scores of now shipments from tho hnnds of tho cleverest designers
and tailors of Now York, which tho Emporium had not oven unpacked.
So vnst is the quantity of morchandiso involved that it is n physical
The Emporium's Stoclc of
Worth $8.50 $i
tO $Z.5lU ai
Dress Sklrtw, of velour nlaiils, broad
cloths, velvets, satin tafTetns, fancies
and velours In plain colors.
Fine ChltTon Velvet, velour plaid, chlfTon
broadcloth, silk, satin nnd other dress
skirts in tho smartest models Em
porium's prices 15 and t7 Cf
$20 our prico P -
Dress Skirts, of sorgo, poplin, wool plaid
and satin: pockets and belt, nnd tai
lored models; all sizes; Emporium's
prices $5.98 and $0.08 rto rr
our prico iDA.IO
FltANIv & BBDKK TIllltD I'l.OOIt
The Emporium' Stock of
$5 & $6 WAISTS
Georgette crepes nnd cropo do chine
waists in white, flesh, mais, rose and
peach. A beautiful assortment of ex
KiiANic & si:duii i'irst floor
200 Garments Crowded Info Omit Subway
Compelled to Transfer Them From Our Second and Third
Floor stoeMs and ssacrsoce
$7.98 to $10.98
Illsh-clastt tergos and silks ot
all kinds In numerous pretty styles
Frank & sder Bargain Subway
well to tla the finger tips In oil tor th
night. Take small plecea of absorbent
cotton, saturate them with almond oil and
bind them over the nails with strips ot
muslin or antiseptics gauie. After two
weeks of this treatment you will notlca a
marked Improvement In the nails.
When the surface, of the nails, shows
ridges, and there Is a general appearance
of coarseness, I advise soaking the fingers
every night In almond otl. The eamo bath
may be used over and over again.
After you have bathed your finger tips
with the almond oil, take an orange stick,
dip It Into vaseline, and apply It under
the cuticle rim about the nails and at the
comers. He generous In the use of the
vaseline, nnd then put on a pair of old
gloves, slashed hero and there to permit
n. free circulation of air.
The greatest rare should be taken when
bathing the hands. Use only such sonp ns
does not dry the skin, and after each wash
Ing a little grease must be rubbed over the
baso of the nails After wiping the. nails
with n soft towel. Uso the burnisher: It will
help smooth out the ridges In the nails
while they are pliable
If your balls are flecked with white spots
they should be nibbed at night with a mix
ture of cquat parts of turpentine nnd myrrh
This can be removed the next morning with
relishing powders should be little used
on nails that are brittle, as they nre exces
sively drying A tinted cream Is better.
Wear old gloves when doing housework,
for this Is one of the best precautions
against drvlng the skin nnd causing the
nails to become brlttlo If It la necessary
to plunge the hands into strong soap water,
rub them generously with grease afterward
Vollow this by cleansing them thoroughly
with a bland soap and warm water Pry
tho hands and rub them with a mixture of
one-third glvcerln nnd two-thirds rose
water, and apply cold cream or vaseline to
the base of tho nails
An etcellent nourishing cream for the
nails contnlns the following Ingredients:
Otl nf srft almomls
. . . U mines
SHOP HERE DRESS SMARTLY SAVE MONEY
OHOUltS PIIOMPTL.T FILLED WIIK.V
FOlt FULL AMOUNT SATISFACTION
Additional Entrance from
and Less the
The Emporium's Stock of Highest Grade
Emporium's S 19.50 Suits
Emporium's $55.00 Suits
Emporium's $59.50 Suits
Emporium's $G5.00 Suits
Inxliutlnir Knullilll nml Hllk vnlvets.
rlntliH veluur ln lalno , mnKiilflcently fur
trimmed nml tallleur mciilols
Emporium's $15.00 Coats
Emporium's $19.50 Coats
Emporium's $55.00 Coats
Uoix-poualy fur-trlmmeit coals ami vvrnpH,
Including mole-trimmed n.il pluuli, veli.um
in pastel nnd dark colorliiK. Kenulno lJo
IIvI.ih. velour de nord, etc
Emporium's $19.50 Dresses
Emporium's S57.50 Dresses
Emporium's $69.50 Dresses
Oeorgettea. velvctn, sat(n, finest orBii,
etc.. In elaborato nnd plain model for
street, afternoon nnd evening wear.
Sold by the Emporium at $150,
$125, $100 and $85, will be
Garments of the most elegant and
only by exclusive metropolitan shops.
Coats that were
Hundreds of beautiful Frank &
prices that we would not have named until tho season's end, if tho J
Emrjorium stock didn't compel us to close out a blj pa.rt of our regular
stock. Included are luxurious fur and
plushes, two-tone corduroys. Scores of
Our Own Fine
Worth to $25
Stunnlne fur-trimmed and plain-tailored models in fine wool poplins and some
K UARUAIN SUBWAV
The wag and resin should be put Into a
china cup nnd Immersed In hot water until
they are melted 1 do not allow thtm to be
come hot As the mixture softens, add the
nil, alum and salt The carmine Is put In
last. Itemove from the heat and bent unlit
creamy. Rub this cream Into the nails fre
quently, and before long you will cense to
be troubled by brittle nails.
Work one-half cupful of butter until
creamy and add ono cupful of sugar grad
ually, while beating constantly; then add
the yolks ot five eggs nnd one whole egg
well-beaten Mix nnd sift ono nnd three
fourths cupfuls of flour, threo nnd three
fourths tenspoonful of baking powder nnd
one-fourth of n tcaspoonful of salt Add
alternately with one-half cupful of milk
to first mixture Turn Into a buttered nnd
floured cnko tin nnd bake In a moderate
oven fifty minutes llemove from pan to
rake cooler, cover with mocha frosting,
and sprinkle with Jordan nlmoniK
l'ut a tablespoon of butter In a stew
pan over the firo nnd then fry In It threo
chopped onions. When a golden brown add
n cup ot tomatoes, n carrot, throe or four
wholo cloves, salt nnd pepper to season
l'ut In a dessertspoon sugar, n bay leaf,
sprig of thvme nnd n, aunrt of water Cook
until the carrot Is quite soft, then add any
cold fish, bones nnd nil, or thin slices of
raw fish and simmer twenty minutes Toast
smalt pieces of brr.id. enough to cover the
bottom of tho soup tureen Add ono-half
glass of whlto wlno lo the soup, strain over
the toast and serve.
ACCOMPANIED HT TOSTAL-MONBT OIlDHIt
GUARANTEED OH MONHY ItEFUNDED
Elevsoth Bt. Subway Station
Every garment bears tho originnl Emporium label nnd prico tag
you pay one-half or less.
As this nil is written, n host of receiving clerks aro working doublo
speed on the first big shipments that will bo ready for the snle which starts
Tuesday morning tit 11 o'clock.
luxurious qualities In styles shown
rnem jpor jr&iapMa tuneBiraiiice
$15 to $25) $
Seder standard quality coats at
plush trimmed styles in velour,
models ami colors.
EVEN SANTA CLAUS HIT
Christmns Trees Costlier Be-
cnuao of Smaller Product
nnd Freight Congestion
The high cost of living Is now tAklnft" ft
whack at Santa Claus.
Or, In other words, Christmas trees hara
Parents could organise Into societies nnd
no doubt reduce tho prices by a boycott,
but what father ot small children would
have tho nerve to do this?
Like everything else, Christmas tr
have a perfectly good nllbl. And It Is not
the war. Scarcity of trees, the high price
of labor, the scarcity of freight cars and,
the embargoes Imirased by various rails
roads, causing difficulty to get shipments
through, aro reawns given for the advance.
Trees this year will be twenty-five ta
ntty per cent higher than last season. At
present they aro selling at I OS to $120 ft
hundred, wholesale, whereas this time-last
j ear they brought 65 to $100. The
wholesalo prices wilt bring the retail price
tn 12 25, $2.(0 and $3 a tree of the same
grade sold nt $1.2E to $1 last season.
Thero are only ninety-four cars of Christ
mas trees nt the Nineteenth street and
Indiana nvenue freight jnrds of the Phila
delphia nnd Heading Hallway, where moat
of Philadelphia's trees come In. This tlma
Inst venr there vvero 160 cars, making; a
shortnge of sixty-five cars.
Many denlera In Malno and other north
eru .Slates cut thousands of trees, but are
tumble to obtain cars to ship thorn to th
markets Another reason for the scarcity
Is the Kgyptlnu moth, which has done (treat
ilnm.vge to the trees In Malno nnd New
Hampshire, devastating miles ot them.
Hnvo been cnRnRrxl nntl
properly trained so that
1 u i c k, intelligent nnd
courteous service is as
sured to nil.
From tho Emporium Stock
30 Ilollvin Coats with Seal Collars; Em
porium's price JG9.50 our tQK
Imported Velour Coats with largo
fur collars; pnstel shade:; Emporl-,
urn's price $39.50 (t 1 Q EY
our price pli.sJt?
Velvet and Velour Suits; gorgeously
price $75 our price POJ
15 Skunk and Hudson Seal Trimmed Vel
vet Suits; Emporium's rt" Q ftZ
price $15 our price.. P 7 J
22 Hudson Seal Trimmed Velvet and
Velour Suits; pcau do cygne and
Skinner's satin lined; Emporium's
ftS .-.Z $17,50
Pay Just y2 for
A brilliant array nf exclusive models. In
trimmed mid untrlmmed hats. Kacli bear
InK the original prico tickets from 120 on
down to SI 00 You pay Just U Hie marked
prices. The Emporium had already reduced
rites on many of these hats, so you will
e buylnc at Usu than H value In many
We are including in this sale 500 of
our own Trimmed Hats, J f Q pj
worth up to SG.95, at. . P JL esCD
broadcloths, roatelumbs, zibelines, silk.
wits isp? m
Beautiful Slw8 of Pearh
5 and 10 Dollars
i h Lot At in
mm FR4WK.J& SEDER m
h S.lTOSlIA. w
III II I II) M J'l''jgJlPMfflfF"fP,'''HF'W"""",''' ' S ffl