Newspaper Page Text
PUDLIG LEDGER COMPANY
, emus it k. ounns, ritsiD-r.
Churte II. Ludlngton, Vice President: John
C. Martin, Secretary nnd Treasurer! Philip S.
Collins, John B. Williams, Directors.
editorial board i
Ctscs It K. Curtis, Chairman.
P. n. WHALEY Editor
JOHN C. MARTIN,. General Easiness Manager
Published dlly at Pdbi.io I.Rnacn Rulldlng,
Independence Square, Philadelphia.
Vntxm CiNTtuL.... Broad ami Chestnut Streets
ATLANTIC) Cm. .......... .I'rfss-ttifon Building
Nxir Yosic.i. ....... ..200 Metropolitan Toner
Drrr.iiT. . .. ....... ........ .82(1 Font Bulldlnc
BT tomali,l4t.409 Olabc-Democrat IlulMlns
Cmcioo. ............ ... 120.2 Tribune lluilJInc
WAtntNSTOir BcntAn.. niecs nulldlnx
Mw Yoaic DccuD The Times llutldlne
Bmm BmtrAD.,,,, CO Frledrlchstrasso
Londov ncitno ....... .Murconl House, strand
Pints ncnSAD.. 32 Ilus Louis le Urand
N subscription terms
By rnrrler. six cents per week. By mall.
postpaid outside of Philadelphia, except where.
foreign postage Is required, one month, tuenty-
five cents! onn veftr. three dollars.
subscriptions payable In adtance.
Koticb Subscribers wishing address changed
must give oW as welt as 'new address.
BELL. S000 WALNUT
Kr.YSTO.NE, MAIN 3000
C Address all communication to ri?nnp
Ledger, lndevndenc SQuare, Philadelphia.
tEHTESED AT Tll rilll.ltlHI.riltA rosTOFMCI At
BECO.ND-CLASS MAIL MATTKlt.
TUB AVERAGE NET PAID DAILY CIR
CULATION OP THE EVENINO LEDGER
FOR JULY WAS 121,009.
ftdltdtlphil, TliunJij, AdiuiI 21, 1916.
hold it true, whale' er befall',
I feel it when I morrow most;
'Tit better to have loved and lost,
Than never to have loved at all.
Wo can almost plcturo tho gentle
ness of tho Serblam If they ever get Into
It Is announced that Mr. Bryan Is
to talk during the campaign. It would
havo been real nows If wo had been told
that ho wouldn't.
Tho Gorman sixteen and a lmlMnch
gun has been outclassed by tho new
twenty-Inch gun now being constructed
by tho French. It will shortly mako
its appearance Klrghls.
So terrible Is this now gun that Us
effect is evidently folt long beforo It ar
rives on tho battlefield.
Tho settlement of the strike sltua
tloa seems to be well on tho road toward
taxing tho people of this country an extra
fifty million or ad. Somo time tho people
themselves are going to strike, and then
there will be something doing, suro
enough. Tho ballot box will cure this
high cost of living or hand it a Jolt even
tually. "Wo trust that tho eminent gentle
men who havo been selected to represent
this country as members of tho Interna
tional Joint commission which Is to settlo
our differences with Mexico will find tho
work to their liking and tho results worth
while. Tho troublo is that by tho time
they ore In agreement with tho do facto
Government there Is likely to ba another
do facto Government. Tho lady is apt
to go Insnno who insists on wearing a
dress to match her chameleon.
Tho country Is tied to a barrel of
dynamite, and has tho exqulslto agony of
watching tho President, tho Brotherhoods
and tho railroad presidents' squabblo as
to which bucket of water to use In put
ting out tho time fuse. When the sput
tering gets too close to tho dynamite all
three buckets will bo poured on it. In a
good melodrama of tho older day and in
good moving pictures tho rescue never
comes until tho very last minute. But
tho railroad presidents and Mr. Wilson
wo right in Insisting that hereafter tho
victim is not to be tied down.
It Is doubtful whether Mr. Hirst is
more pesslmlstio concerning British
credit than the New York Times and
World aro concerning tho industrial
capacity of Europe after tho war. These
Democratic organs aro convinced the mil
lions of soldiers who havo been trained
In efficiency by military discipline and
the millions of women at home who havo
become efficient in industry are not going
to be able to produce very much in times
of peace. Maybo not, but they are pro
duce, .a, ratler substantial output in
time of war, are they not?
Admiral Mayo with a battle fleet
escorting thirty transports has begun an
attempt to make a landing on the coast
somewhere between Capo Hatteras and
Eastport, Me. He has until September
1 to do It. Admiral Helm, with a fleet
of battleships, is attempting to sink the
transports and capture the invading war.
ships. This is the war game In which
the navy is now engaged. The invading
fleet was successful last year. It is
likely to be successful this year, for the
task before the defending ships is greater
than they can be expected to perform.
It Is virtually Impossible for a small fleet
to defend 600 miles of coast against a
No one knows whether Infantile
paralysis is communicated by milk. The
order of the chief milk inspector, how
eyery that no milk be sold in the city
from farms which cannot produce a
clean bill of health has been Issued in
the proper spirit of precaution. If we
close every possible avenue of contami
nation we can check the spread of the
disease. If only pure milk is offered to
the children the chances are that they
will be better able to resist infection than
if germ-laden food is given to them, even
If the germs be only those of ordinary
ailments. The milk dealers are acting
with fine public spirit In co-operating
With the authorities.
To say that disregard of the pro
prieties does not pay Is to put right liv
ing on a low plane. Indeed. , Vet there are
persons who can be touched by no higher
motive than that of selfish material In
terest Assuming that the published ac
counts of Tuesday night's shooting In
Fulrmoutit Park are correct, the man
wbo U supposed to have sought only to
(gratify his taste for feminine society in
nn. unconventional way has become a
wu4wrer. Ilia disregard of the conven
ttotvi, If JwVof the common moralities,
jBiHt iv-f e trea to lead hts to
use a ulttol when exposdro was Im
minent. Ho may noVer bo brought to
justice, but he wilt carry tho brand upon
his conscience wherover ho goes. Tho
price that has been exacted from him Is
what every man who pursues his course
Is liable to bo called upon to pay. If
the men do not know any better than
to oxposo themselves to such tlsks, tho
young women who go out at night In
unllghtcd automobiles ought to count tho
cost hofoio they exposo themselves to
what may happen.
GET RID OF THE DUST
AMONG nil tho things that aro "so big
ou can't bco them," the blanket of
pulverized filth which 1IC3 over cities has
no rival, at once for harmfutness nnd for
unpardonablo neglect. It U tho great
outdoor nursery for germs of all kinds.
It not only has been shown to bo nn In
variable factor In causing a number of
diseases, but It nets as a universal lrrl
tant upon tho noses nnd throats of tho
community and lowers tho general health
perhaps Its most sinister plmso In tho
long run, because thl3 general Impairing
of vitality cannot bo easily defined or
translated Into statistical Information.
"Contagion Is spread by flics and dust,"
Prof. Arnold Netter siys of Infantile
paralysis. Ho Is a leading Buropean au
thority on that disease. And again, "Tho
germ penetrates tho body toward tho
nervous centers by way of tho noso nnd
tho back of tho mouth." Contagion Is
spread by dust, and tho dust Irritates
noses and throats, Alls them with mucus
and prepares them for a ready acceptance
of tho germ.
Proof of tho condition Is obtalnablo by
any ono with tho energy to take tho ele
vator to tho top of any high building In
almost any largo city. From there, lato
on a clear afternoon, he can sco tho
clean blue sky ho had forgotten in tho
street below and, clearly defined, a brown
ish, greenish hazo of poison over and
among tho housetops. It Is tho sweep
ings of several hundred thousand build
ings and many miles of streets, mixed
with tho smoko of factories and with
enough of tho fumes of oily waste to
give It body and Immobility In tho face
of what slight brcezo there may be on an
This Is not a sad condition which Is
always with city dwellers. Pittsburgh Is
still called tho "Smoky City," but tho
term Is becoming meaningless. Reforms
havo reduced tho smoke nulsanco by 7G
per cent there. This phase of the evil can
bo eliminated everywhere, though It
would tako somo time.
But what can bo done what must bo
done at onco In Philadelphia to produce
in ono day an lmmenso Improvement is
tho proper "laying" and removal of tho
dust. Every street and sidewalk In the
city should bo sprinkled each morning
beforo attempts aro mado to cart tno
dust and refuse away. Tho sweeping
that goes on Is now often simply a rcdls
trlbutlon of dust. Dust Is swept oft tho
sidewalks Into tho street, or, rather, It Is
swept up into tho air. Temporarily, of
course, sidewalk and doorstep look clean.
Tho same process goes on In tho street
between sldowalks. The revolving brushes
of the dust wagons aro the signal for a
neighborhood to close windows and for
pedestrians to close their eyes. For they
simply All tho air with clouds of dust, and
what tho sweepers later shovel up and
cart away Is probably not one-half of tho
poisonous matter that our children
This could all bo obviated by thorough
sprinkling. In emergency measures the
Health Director has had a freo hand,
and it has not required new legisla
tion to enable him to tako new precau
tions. The police can bo sent to each
householdor with verbal and printed In
structions to water the sidewalks before
sweeping. Tho householders should be
shown that it is also their duty to help
out the city street sprinklers by using
hose in front of their houses, or, if they
have no hose, by pouring bucketfuls of
water over me rew square yards of
asphalt adjoining their sidewalks. This
would be little to require by law; It would
be as little to request of residents.
THE LONG WAY ROUND
ELEVEN nations embattled in the Bal
kans are struggling to decide whether
Germany shall dominate England in the
world's commerce. Two other nations are
making momentous decisions. Of this he
roio number each has Its separate inter
est, and the ancient quarrels of tho two
Balkan wars are approaching a new set
tlement. In this case, as in many others, while
Interest is centered on one spot, it would
be injudicious to believe that the war
can be decided there. If this war were
capable of such an outcome, Germany
must have won long ago, in the desola
tions of Serbia, in the long marches 'of
Itussia, in Belgium and in France. The
hopes of the Entente lie in the vastness
of their war, Rumania and Greece might
4oIn the Teutonic Empires, and. terrible
as the disaster would be, the war would
still continue on three fronts.
What the Entente tries now to do is to
strike a balance. Bulgaria must be over
run to make up for Serbia. Turkey should
be annihilated to compensate for Belgium.
In Russia the pendulum swings back and
forth and the victories ore even. On the
western front, since December, 1914, the
Germans have lost rather than gained.
And every blow from Russia, Italy or the
Balkans tends slowly a,ud inevitably to
strangle the second Germany. It is said
that Berlin must be reached fhmmrh
Vienna, It is equally true that it can ba
reacted through CoMtanteSi
EVENING LEDGER-HIIADELPHIA, THUESDAY, AUGUST 24,
Tom Daly's Column
And here the last of the pinch-hitters
Edgar A. Guest,
the genial pilot of the "Breakfast Tabic
Chat" column in the Detroit Free Press.
Ud has a number of books of verse to hts
a edit ami another, "A ltcap o' LMn',"
ulll be brought out by llclllv & Itritton
At DrcaUfast Time
My Pa be ents his breakfast In a funny
sort of vnv,
Wo hardly ever see him at tho first meal
of the day,
Ma putn his food beforo him nnd ho settles
In his place
An' then he props the paper up nnd wo can't
seo his face :
Wo hear him blow his coffee nnd we hear
him chew his toast.
But It's for the morning paper that ho seems
to care the most.
Ma says that mighty grateful little children
might to bo
To the folks that fired the evening as tho
proper time for lea.
She says If meals were only served to people
onco a day
An' that wan In tho morning Just before Ta
We'd never know how father looked when
ho was In his place,
Coz he'd nlunvs have tho morning paper
stuck beforo his face.
He drinks his coffee steamln' hot, an' passes
Ma his cup
To have It filled a second time, an' never
onco looks up.
He never has a word to say, but Just sits
thcro nnd rends,
An when sho sees his hand stuck out Ma
glvoi him what ho needs.
She guesses what It Is ho wants, coa It's no
uso to ask.
Pa's got to read his paper an' sometimes
that's quite a task.
Ono morning wo had brenkfnst an' his
feature- we could see,
But his fnco wns long an' solemn an' ho
didn't speak to me.
An' wo couldn't get him laughln' nn' wo
couldn't mako him smile,
An' he said the toast wbb soggy an' the
coffee hlmply -v lie.
Then Ma said, "What's tho matter7 Why aro
you so cross nnd glum?"
An' Pa almost took her head oft coz the
paper didn't come.
How Amateur Mechanics Work
"What do you do when anything goes
wrong with your car?"
"I tinker with tho carburetor."
"Does that remedy tho difficulty?"
"It never has, but 1 always tinker with
it anyhow In the hone that nosslblv that
may be the cause of the trouble."
We All Get It
It doesn't mako much dlfterenco
Whether you bo rich or poor.
At somo tlmo somo one shouts at you:
"Say, can't you shut tho door?"
A Fishing Gag
"Been fishing yet?"
"So, I'm not nt ull llko tho biggest fish."
"I don't understand you."
"I can't get away."
A man must ram his hour of peaco,
Must pay for It with hours of strife and
Must win by toll the evening's sweet re
leaso Tho rest that may bo portioned for his
The Idler never knows It; never can:
Peaco Is tho glory cv er of a man.
A man must win contentment for his soul,
Must battlo for It bravely day by clay,
The peaco ho seeks is not a near-by gonl,
To claim It he must tread a rucired wnv.
The shirker never knows n tranquil breast.
Peaco but rewards tho man who docs his
On Pay Days
"Everybody seems to havo an automo
bllo In this town "
"Yes, stranger, about the only thing that
walks regularly hero nowadays Is tho
Oh. I have traveled troubled ways
An' rugged roads nnd dreary
And I havo folt
Tho raindrops pelt
My battered framo nnd weary.
I've Journeyid highways strango and new
Beset with mire and stone,
uut wheresoe er
I'vo been I no'cr
Havo thought I was alone.
What though no friendly face was near
To aid mo In my plight,
And no ono camo
Who knew my name
To comfort me at night,
I've known the whisper of the trees
Tho brooks that murmured low,
And every bird
That I havo heard
Has talked a tongue I know.
There Is a fellowship divine
In everything that lives;
I'vo never seen
A thing so mean
But what somo Joy It gives,
I'vo never known a road so bare
Or so bestrewn with strife
But what I've found
By sight or sound
Some evidence of life.
"Pa, what Is money mania?"
"An Incurable disease, my boy, and your
mother has It."
Can't Keep Ahead
"There's no pleasure In driving a motor
car any more."
"No. It doesn't make any difference how
fast you drive there's always some one
with a faster car coming along to give you
the horn and make you get over to let him
"Don't be afraid -of a great name, my
"Because In this life you will find that
tho unknown, quiet chap who is doing his
best every minute to succeed Is a harder
chap to beat than the famous, overconfi
dent fellow, who Is only halt trying."
Economy Is nothing more
Than saving up, my friend,
A little of the golden store .
That you have made to spend.
"Brown knows human nature all right"
"Yesterday he said to n- 'Has your wife
planned your vacation yet?' "
A Mark of Distinction Nowadays
"I've got a very distinguished friend I
want you to meet."
"What's his mark of distinction!"
"lie's one of the few fellows In town
nowadays who aren't making a lot of
"It takes all sorts of people to make the
"Yes j our jgtt and the wrong sorts;"
"Have you anything to say why sen
tence should not be passed on you I" asked
"Not a word. I made speeches the last
Sf" S 1 WM "' "wd they didn't
to m" " eooi' "plle4 the
THE VOICE OF
A Suggestion That the Money to Pay the Railroad Workers Better
Wages Be Got By Squeezing the Water Out
of the Capitalization
This department Is tree to all readers who
utsh to express their npltiloiis on subjrctrt of
nrrf7it Interest. It In an open fonnn. and the
JXcnlnu J.eduer axsumrv no rLapontibUttu or
the tints of Its correspondents, l.rtters must
be slatted bv the name and addrcso of the
writer, not ncccasarll't lor publication, but as ci
ouarautee ol aood lalth.
SQUEEZE OUT THE WATER
To the Editor of tho Evening Ledger:
Sir I havo read with Intercut your edi
torial "Heavy Taxation by Edict." Your
analysis of tho matter looks very plauslblo
on tho face of tho fact, but It does not go far
enough. The $50 000.000 In incrca&ed labor
cost to tho railroads can only bo shifted to
tho public In case you Increase tho rates on
traffic. Let us suppose that this $50,000,
000 bo simply taken out of tho dividends
of tho stockholders of tho railroads Then
no ono Is affected but thoso stockholders,
which are numerically but a very Infln
itestlmal percentnso ot tho general public.
Then, too, It becomes a question of whether
the earning power of the rallroids could
consistently be asked to btand this shrink
age. It Is my understanding that tho
stocks of railroad companies havo been
"watered" to tho extent of nbout $2,500,
000,000. That Is. tho railroads nro asking
permission (and obtaining It) from tho
Government to charge a rate that will en
able them to pay at least 5 per cent. In
terest on this watered stock, for which
no equivalent actual investment was ever
made. Five per cent Interest on $2,500,000.
000 13 5125.000,000.
Why would it not bo a better proposition,
as far as tho general publ o Is concerned,
to havo tho President nppolnt an Investigat
ing commission to determine Just how much
of these watered stocks nnd other securi
ties are outstanding, declare them fraudu
lent and then relievo tho railroads of tho
oxpenso ot paying interest on them.
Then let tho Intorstato Commerce Com
mission ndjust tho present traffic rates
accordingly to offset this economy This
would then permit the payment of tho $50,
000,000 annually in wages to the employes
without Increasing tho burden on tho gen
eral public and would make it possible to
save the public an additional $75,000,000.
A. W. WYLIll
Philadelphia, August 22.
A Government commission Is now en
gaged In appraising the railroads of tho
country to discover whether they aro over
capitalized. The purpose la to discover
what tho property Is worth so that tho
Interstate Commerce Commission may know
how much should bo earned by the frelghr
and passenger service In order to pay a
fair return on the Investment Editor of
the Evenino Ledqeh
THE WORLD IS OUT OF JOINT
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir While fully believing In the doctrlno
that tho laborer Is worthy of his hlro and
that the employer frequently appropriates
more than his share of tho profits resulting
from the products of labor, jet It appears
to me that this country is rapidly approach
ing that stage when the employe will ba the
dictator and the employer subservient to
This thought Is not suggested alone by
the threatened railroad strike now agitat
ing the country, but by the trend of the
controversy between capital and labor which
has been going on for years, and is a prob
lem the solution of which may well occupy
tho thoughts of our greatest minds.
For with compensation acts, strike agi
tators and strikes. Investigations, antago
nistic and often oppressive legislation, what
else can capital do but throw up the sponge
and tell the Government to assume full
responsibility and manage affairs to suit
Itself? A condition which In all probabil
ity would prove no more satisfactory than
that under which we are now laboring.
Now, whlio holding all this to be true,
yet Is It not a fact that capital or our
men of wealth are themselves largely re
sponsible for the unrest and dlssatUfactlon
in the world of labor? They build for them
selves magnificent homes, adorned and fur
nished in all the style and grandeur art
can conceive and money can buy Their
wives and daughters are bedecked with
Jewels and live Jives of luxury and ease,
while those of others, perhaps more ricaly
endowed In those virtus and graces per
taining to- a true and noble womanhood, are.
coeaud to Jive of toll and drudaery, p$r
mlttcd to seo but little. If nny, of llfo's
los nnd pleasures Thus compelling us
to admit that there must bo something rad
ically wrong somewhero nnd that matters
must necessarily ho adjusted upon n moro
iqultnhlo basis before thoro can bo abso
lute reconciliation between tho two oppos
ing forces. NEUTRAL.
Allentoun, Pa, August 21.
CHILDREN AND THE MOVIES
To tho Editor of tho Evening Ledger:
Sir Our representative has just returned
from an nutomobllo trip through tho city,
which ho mado to seo what provisions,
If any, had been mado to guard tho chil
dren from contact with Infantllo paraly
sis So far as he can find, no effort on tho
part of tho Board of Health has been
made to counteract theso gatherings other
than barring them from certain clean, sani
tary places, such as tho moving-picture thea
ter.). Ho would suggest tho,t the Evcnino
LnooEit take up this matter and seo how
tho Board of Health can Justify Its
Inconsistent course of barring children from
moving-picture theaters, which nro sprayed
with n disinfectant onco in every 21 hours,
and where tho children do not come In closo
contnet with each other, and then on tho
other hand allowing such gatherings as a
number of children In closo trolley car3,
whero they aro bound for somo picnic
grounds. In Buch a center as Starr Garden
Park.' where they aro not only In absoluto
contact, but whero they uso a community
THE INTERSTATE FILMS CO.
Philadelphia, August 22.
NATIONAL TOINT OP VIEW
Up to the present time Chairman McCor
mlck has undoubtedly developed a more
trenchant literary stylo than that of Chair
man Wilcox. Washington Star.
Hasn't our noble Democratic Administra
tion kep"t us out of war with Mexico? Has It
not Insisted on letting Mexicans do all the
horrid fighting and wounding and killing?
' rrv &: . v. H??sr-i
Having paid an increased rent, and eaten
a hlghei -priced meal, and read a higher
priced book, and examined a priceless
pocketbnok, In this period of Dcmocratlo
prosperity, wo think wo know what the poet
meant when he said. "Sweet aro tho uses of
adversity." Brooklyn Times. .
THE MERCHANT SUBMARINE
Out from a far, beleaguered land
Girdled with great ships swift and gray
Tho U-boat shot with silent speed
Upon Its brave, appointed way.
A moment, and Its wet-kissed back
Lapsed from the golden-glinting sun
And swept down through the boft abyss
Where fish In shy, wild legions run
Leviathan, from where he dreamed,
Lifted his huge age-weeded head,
And churned tho bottom of the sea
To roaring silver as he (led
Above the sloping continent
Of old Atlantis, whoso dark sky
Is now the wide and washing deep,
They saw the mad Thing meteor by
Those captains and adventurers
Who dandle nereids on the knee
And only fear lest Gabriel's blast
Will call them from their ocean-glee:
They all sent up a ghostly shout
AS there they sat, each like a klpg
Sea-phophor8 shook the settled calms,
Stirred by the aqueous echoing
They stained the Vast with milky Are, ,
And creatures wearing stars aroso
In nebylae and galaxies.
Then settled back to bright repose
In deepening valleys forests glowed
Purple and red and ancient blue,
Where polyps blossomed upward mouths
And God's mistaken Guesses grew
The U-boat climbed a rcwjky Udgej
It sloped and sloped to thinner gray
Until it burst up into dawn
And the sweet miracle of day;
The sailors threw the hatches wide
And drank the open air again.
It seemed like soaring' into space;
They felt Jlka 4UwnboJi4 neat
Harry Kfasep. la U Nir York MtlL
... s&xsx ZlxsZfM'A
-V.. KiraEe - . .-... jeMaWJafJWhWKr
What Do You Know?
OucriM ot central Interest will be answered
In Hits column. Ten questions, the answers to
which every wcll'infonntd person should know,
ore uthed dally.
1. What I the liuntrr'H moon?
2. About nliut wan tlio whits population In
Mi country rast.nt tlio Mississippi In
3. M 1m N Von Ilatorkl?
1. Vilio xnlil ."tli? railroad could Knvn Sl.OOft
uuu ii uijr y rronomlri nun rnidency"
D. Wlmt la tlie "trnsllilB temperature"?
B. What nro the "red flift" und tlio
7. Who won Ilon Hmiheiir?
8. Wni ISIrlmnl AViiKnrr nnlrd for nnv oilier
urthltlfH than the urltlnc of operas?
D. What Sliitn Is called the ".Mother of l'resl
dentJi"., 10. In t lie course of the list few centuries linn
the rate of Interest on money risen or
Answers to Yesterday's Quiz
1. About 23 Mr. rent of Infantllo pnrabl
im are fntul. lint the llrurei Iiiivf
varied In different localities lirtnccn 'ii
ami ait per cent.
2. A kesuulccnfrmilul: Ono hundred nnd fif
3. i:iKln I.ce: rluilrm.in of the national con
ference committee of the ralhwij.
4. Concn-HH llnll: Mth nnd Cliextnut MrcetM
nxcil M the National Concress until 181)1).
iislilni:ioii limuzuratcd tliero In 1VJ3
mid Admix In 17U7,
C. Arlinnn. Ddm.ire. Nevada. New Mevlro
nnd Ujomlmt hme- onlv one Ueprcrntn-
;io culi In ('nnnress nnd, of toure, nil
lime, tnu Srnatnrx.
0. IIucIkKIii! decrl:ln or hlieepsKIn nude p.
iihlo hv ilrc-,hlnz It with all or bnlnii
former used by Indian nnd frontiers.
iiien. lint now uxed nlmobt cxrluMirly
7, Sedan ch-ilra: Introduced hi Knxland In ev-
eiiteentli renlurst a chair Inclosed nnd
covered, rnrrlrd on Poles by tno men,
v ho uulked front nnd inch.
8. Up Mi-Wcni kpoken nrtiNe th.it U not idn-
0. Coral! n horny deposit of many kinds of
polinji red conil h , hroiit'lit up from
ternine E ,,"l"' ch,",y 'ron '" 31e.ll-
10. "Hundred I In, from March 20. 1818.
hen .Vipnlroii rrurhed 1'nrN after hi
e-mne frjuii , lllln. null .lime SK. when
lie wan Dually deposed, The period In"
eluded the lulls of Waterloo.
C;,F' T. JIany Mthern States mado the
quallncatlons for voting ory stringent, there
being property as well as educational tests
The effect was to disfranchise thousands
of negroes. As thou3and3 of white men
would also have been disfranchised, tho so
called Grandfather Clauso was made part
of the Constitutions. It provided that a
man could vote In spite of inability to meet
tho aforesaid qualifications, provided his
grandfather had been a legal voter previous
to a fixed date, the date named being al
ways previous to the enfranchisement of
negroes by Federal constitutional amend
ment. I3y this means virtually no white
men were disfranchised, but tho maiorltv
of negroes lost their right to vote. The
Grandfather Clause was declared uncon.
stitutlonal by the Supremo Court of tha
United States last year.
A Question for a PIij'Bician
Editor of "What Do You. Know." Some.
where In Philadelphia there Is a place where
a birthmark can be removed. Will yoS
kindly let me know in your paper where
such a place is? c' "y. It
If such operations are performed ' it la
certain that reputable physicians would be
well-informed as to who Is competent to
perform them. One should certain y first
ask a physician's advice In ail such matters.
W. G. V According to the censim nt
1910, the total forelgn-bom vvhlte nomila
"on of he United States IwIjWd'
Of these. J,351,t00 wera (m, ' i '
Taking the U.W.sWlVU'Z cint'X
percentages from the various countries were
W AUtr&Ul ???
Russia and Finland, lb; other iuntriesU
Europe. 6.6; Mexico, 1 o ; 'all othecounWes"
gressman David J Lewi rT . l bJf Con
a candidate for iUlrtton. "L F aq. ,a
in ermont will 9ttfrg
dtor Townsend. of lIlchiKan i ,?n"
for re-election? and I b ISSitaLS""?
fond. . YSWa
.A"RT?ATvTT Itud at
rvW J-VflUJU 4j
"Perkin Warbeck, Called J
Duke of York of th l! l.h
T?dmltted and I
- - scanty
By JOHN ELFKETH WATKPN, J
TV TRAUT.Y ovorv i. .. ... MJS J-
in picture ov uzzrs
xower ot jjonuon thoso lw ... , "Ui
ward IV who were alleged to hll. il
murdered by order of their i, , "SI
ou.w vi ..aiur, wno constitute iu
self King Klchard III. "lute''Wi)
Indeed, for cold-blooded cnii.ii . t
nrd III ranks In history with M..3
ciuemada ami Ivan tho Terrlhl. 1
tnatlntf ntfnnrrnrl 1n....i .. Bill
Henry, Karl of Richmond. ,?n.,! h'
throno and constituted m. .nea ,
Henry VII. It wns shortlv .f
tho tlmo ot Columbu-j's discovery f i
lea, that thcro appeared in Cork w .""J
' i "6o wno SO Mnu-t i
resembled tho Into Kim? ... $1
ther of tho princes In tho tower tw
.. ....... VU....U,, iiuucu as that , t
arch's brother, tho Duko of Claren!"!
nosed to havo boon mtir,w...i ,r;
boforo. But this man of mysterVSl
oath beforo tho Mayor of Cork tha 7!
wns not tho Duke, wheroupon tn.-Ji
tilaco, still Insisting that he muotlft,
blood, hailed him as n natural ?,,
IUchnrd III. But this allegation L3
nromnttv dented bv ll, .WIJM
. .. "o winer, it ni
averred that ho wns tho son of the Dnk. t
of York, tho younger of the two prtno I
In tho tower aforementioned, it nZ
being estimated by mon who know ,!!
dates that tho llttlo Duko of York cooil
not havo loft a son of that nee ii .!'
decided that tho stranger was tho Ikh
of York himself, which theory alter sort!1
hesitation ho rnrrnlinrn,i wv... .
.'.u.i.u. Anus He Jc-
knowlcdged himself to be Richard PUntj.
cession, King; Richard IV of Engtanl
xno peopio or Ireland flocked to hii
standard. Many great nobles, coming fror,i
England, subjected him to rigid croul
questionings anu wont back to LonJoi
convinced of tho truth of hl3 allegation
Nows of tho Identification reached i
cars of Charles VIII of France, w''t
being a bitter enemy of Henry 1 e(
England, invited tho young pretender It
i-aris, wncro no was received with ronl
honors. Shortly afterward Henry TO
besieged Boulogno and go thjs Frendi J
iv-iiig m suon a tigni ri:e mat ho kiH
to ngrco to a treaty banishing the il
leged Richard IV. Ero that young muf
next went to Scotland, where King Jaoq .
IV fell on his neck and had him du!
inarrica to nis relative, Catharine Con
don, daughter of tho Earl of Huntly. hl
was to survive him and later marry time i
other husbands. But Henry of Englul
forced tho pretender out of Scotland ml 1
ho turned against that monarch, Iotj4
Ing England at tho head of an nsy 5
or Hcotcn soidiors. -Repulsed, he not
entered Cornwall and, leading 7000 to
nlshmen, marched upon London, ioS
lng another defeat. Ho escaped to t
monastery, but being promised a t
don if hu would surrender, dellvcndM
solf Into tho hands of Henry TO rfc
('tis said by torture) exacted fronbla
nn alleged confession that ho was nottil
Duko of York, but one Perkin Wif
beck, son of tho Controller of Icvrnj,
In Plcardy, nnd that after an advents
ous career In Antwerp, Portugal ltd
other countries ho had entered the serf!
Ice of one Peter Vacz do Cogna, a
eyed knight who had shown him tt,
world. This alleged confession wai, el
course, circulated widely by the Kltt'i
Tho Duko of York's aunt, the Dowtger
Duchess of Burgundy, Edward IV i!f
tor, hearing tho story of this man w,
mystery with distrust, sent for him, wl
after subjecting him to a rigid crorf'
questioning, throw herself Into his ana
nnd accented him ns her "beloved nepbtl
HOW TO AVOID MILITARISM
After the Federal amendment ftU
through perhaps tho younger set of in
voters can Btlll be gently drawn awr froa
tho pitfall of militarism by the enactment
of n law requiring all good-looklnj jWJ
men to wear uniforms anyway. Ohio Stw
JIAHKET ABOVE MTfj
11)13 to HU)
10e. 15C :3c
Mentation "Public OpUUprfJ
UlA?l Ne?t vVeek-SGSSUE IIAT&UWi
in ' UlLi UVWHS.UUC 4--
J2U MAIIKET STBSET
VrAUUAu f.'S M.
CI.CO II UORt.J.
HOUSE OF TIIK um-ub.-" """;:
rp n a n oPENiNa Mon.. Aug.
SEAT SALE OPENS TODAY j
JOHN COHT roe"
In a New "T? T. O R A B E LLAI
OiwretU J-' y..V..f..t; HTof
A UIBTlWUUiaiiijw "jjjj;. y -
LIGHT Ul'UllA. (Aiu'-t- M -m
Popular Wed. Matinee. Be"t EMWIil
B. F. KEITH'S THEATER
'NOT ONE DUI.li Mw" . a
Bert Kalmar & Brovn-Jessi
in "Nuuar.ni'Mn'"' .. t c
s v;q , o5ii"" "--,,., ., 0 iia
at B, l!SO owe -i -
"The (Joioniai xww,
TUB btwi. -
20 liiu r a -"
.. . T MARKET AgttlSl
CHARLES 1.AT - ""SMi
TOMOKHOW "WwkMM ot M"Jj
T V CHESTNUT fW
Arcadia && &JM
nKaaB. SfftW lM- Jt