Newspaper Page Text
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This section of the produce display at
DOOR OF POWER TO
Professor Work, of Cornell,
Tells Fruit Growers the
Future of Agriculturists
Rests With Themselves.
Tho future of the American farmer and
his protection against the encroachments
of tho trusts, the lailioads ami the high
cost of living rests with co-operation.
This was mndo clear at the convention
of tho Vegetable Growers' Association of
America, in Horticultural Hall today.
Co-operation, theoretical and practical,
was the topic of discussion at today's scs
sla. Tho entire morning was devoted to
a discussion of co-operative organiza
tions of farmers, vegetable growers and
agriculturists in general. Profs3or Paul
Work, of Cornell, an authority on co
operation, who has madf a study of
agricultural co-operatlvo societies In this
country and abroad, led in the discussion,
assisted by Professor T. C. Johnson, of
Norfolk, Va. Delegates from Oregon,
Virginia, Connecticut, New York, New
Jersey and even Canada testified to tha
success of co-operation In their own
States and localities
"Co-operation is the surest hope of tho
American farmer and vegetable gardener
for the future." sid Professor Work.
"The day of the little farmer whose farm
was his kingdom and who was so Inde
pendent it hurt him i done Hi- wan a
fine figure In fiction, one of the nationnl
figures at which we used to point w th
J J t pride. During tho frontior days his stub-
clency made him i m st valuable UiU'-n,
but the time has come when hla rugged
frontier virtues and open handed, care
free lavlshness must give wa to adapta
bility and business acumen, and tho care
ful agricultural specialist must supplant
the -breaker of land and htwer of timber
in tho management of land, our greatest
CO-OPERATION MEANS POWER.
"If all farmers are ever to enjoy pros
prelty and returns proportionate with
. . their deserts, they must w In them through
'4- co-operation ro-operatlon in buying has
J been tried in many communities and has
resulted uniformly in a savins of f:om
2fi per cent to 5i per cent, in tho cost
of farm supplies After form produce
leaves the farmer's hands It increases
from 100 ppr cent, to WM per cent in valuo
before it reaches the consumer If the
farmer were organized he could easily
pcure a big haro of this Or he could
split the difference with the consumer,
greatly reduce the cost of living and still
receive much more for his produce.
"By his united weight he could exert
a tremendous Influence in behalf of need
ed legislation, good roads, educational
r work, etc What the Individual must beg
for the united community can demand.
If all the farmers In this country wr
united, there i nothing w hlch they justly
deserve which they cmld not obtain
The session this morning was attended,
en masse, by the pupils of the Women's
School of Horticulture, Amh'er. Pa. The
students were In charge of Miss Jessie
f( " f. Morgan.
One of the most remarkable Instances
( pf cooperation was pointed wt by Pro-
f feasor Jobnsgn. wh told of me worb
of the Virginia. Produce Kifhango and
f ' the hotbed grow. is of Virginia. These
iwn organizations, Doctor Johnson said.
are organised not on the t ais of a stock
companv. but are trul co-operative In
the sense that profits are divided on the
amount of business done bv each member,
and not on the amount of stock owned
by each man. "This is not on1 efficient
and just, but democratic as well." said
Professor Johnson "We permit an ac
cumulation of a surplus In the treasuries
of the organisations which we keep for
a rainy day " These two organizations,
the speaker said, are doing an annual
business which ranges far Into the mil
This afternoon -was taken up entirely
with a business meeting The reports
of committees were heard and ths else.
tlon of officers took place. The Commit,
tee on Weights and Measures wg asked
to make a fetudy and report upon a uni
form si stem of weights and measures.
baskets, bass and sacks throughout the
The annual banquet of the association
will be held this evening at the Walton.
Tomorrow will be devoted to an lascec
tlon of Philadelphia's wholesale and re.
tall markets and a trip to New Jersey
farms. The convention will adjourn to
morrow POSTMASTERS APPOINTED
WASHINGTON ot S The President
this afternoon nominated the following
At Wooster O, Welv H Zaugg. at
Merdota. Ill Erall J Hess in place of
f 3 Schmltz. whose nomination was
withdrawn this afternoon at t"hlco, LaL.
Benjamin i Hudspeth st Long Island
' CWi N Y , Ja. nes V. Kelly,
PHILADELPHIA-MADE VEGETABLES SHOWN IN NATIONAL EXHIBIT
Horticultural Hall this week came from the fertile farms in the Bustleton and other produce districts near Philadelphia, where scientific methods arc used.
who is president of the National Vegetable Growers' Association. At the right is shown a group of young women each holding one of the
SAFETY OF GERMAN LINER
PUZZLE TO WASHINGTON
Kronprinzessin Cecille in Danger of
Being Ice Bound or Captured.
WASHINGTON. Oct S -At the request
of the Gel man Ambnssadoi, tho State
Department today took up tho question
of moving the KronprlnzrsMn Crcllle. the
Hamburg-American Hntr now Interned a'.
Bar Harbor, .Maine, to Boston or New
York for the winter
The liner. It is katd. cann t remain
whore she is "'n account of thf dniiKr
from Icp and she ennnot bo moved south
ward without passing outside th three
mile limit, where she will be liable to
capture by the British. The State De
partment has been requested by Germany
to solve the problem In some manner
that will Insure the safety of tho
steamship, and acting Secrtir of Mute
Lansing today took charge of the case.
JAPAN'S ASSURANCE CLOSES
JALUIT ISLAND INCIDENT
Pledge of Temporary Occupation Sat
isfies State Department.
WASHINGTON, Oct. S With tho re
ceipt of assurances from Japan that tho
Marshall Islands would be held only dur
ing the war, the Incident was today de
clared by State Department officials to
This Government, however, will watoh
with Interest to see If Japan fulfills Its
promises because of failure to llvo up
f the declaration that It would confine
operations In the present war to tho
NAVY HAS NEW EXPLOSIVE
Said to Be Twice ns Powerful ns That
Now Used in Torpedoes.
WASHINGTON. Oct. S -A new highly
destructive explosive, with which the
Navv Department has been experiment
ing for several months, has proved Its
eiadency. officers of the navy said today.
Tho explosive is ot unnamed, and Its
Ingredients nnd nature aro being closely
The tests thus far have Involved only
torpedoes, but the substance will be tried
In projectiles at the next target practice.
Tc3ts of the explosive It was declared.
Indicated that It is twice a.s powerful
as that now being used In torpedoes
STATE AID FOR PLANTERS
Senntor Bankhead Proposes Lonns to
Take Up Cotton Crop.
WASHINGTON. Oct S -Senator Bank
head, of Alabama, today In the Senate
admitted that the salvation of the cotton
growers would have to be obtained from
the State Governments rather than the
Nationnl Government He suggested that
each State should buy one-half of the
cotton crop of individual planters A
loan, he said, rould he Issued In the
form of scrip ranging as low as 10, but
no Interest would be paid on denomina
tions lower than JIM The banks could
exchange small denominations for 1C0
bonds of tho State, bearing interest at
4 per cent Cotton farmers could use this
scrip to discharge df bu to the mtrchonts.
who could pass tho stIp along to the
banks in settlement of their debts
In order to curtail the cotton crop next
j'wir. Senator Bankhead proposed a tax
of CO cents a bale on all cotton produced
nest year and of 25 eenfci an acre on
land planted to cotton.
DANIELS THANK LEVY
Grateful for Offer to Sell Monttcello
to the Government.
WASHINGTON, 0.t. S -Secretary
Daniels, of the Navy Department, today
wrote to Representative Levy, of New
York, owner of Thomas Jefferson's home
"Montlcello." praising the New York
member far preserving the historlo man
sion. Secretary Daniels' letter concludes with
words of commendation to Representa
tive Levy for his willingness to relinquish
the ownership of the property to the
United States Government Mr Levy
hopes to get JSW.6W for the property.
ARTS AND LETTERS ACADEMY
BUI For Its Incorporation Favorably
Reported Jn House,
WASHINGTON. Oct. S -The House
Committee on Library today recommend'
ed favorable action on a bill to Incorpo.
Mte the American Academy of Arts and
The members are men of national repu
tation In their several activities. They
are chosen from the members of the
National Institute of Arts and Letters, by
which the academy was established In
CARDEN INCIDENT CLOSED
WASHINGTON Oct S.-The Carden In
cldent Is closed, so far as this Govern
ment is concerned. State Department
ofttclals today said that it has been de
cided not to puh the matter any further
and that the Interview attributed to Sir
Lionel Carden. BrltUh Minister to Brazil
In which he attacked the President a pol
icy In Mexico, will be allowed to rest
undisturbed. Ambassador Spnng-Rlce
has been unofficially notified to this effect.
EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER
GERMANY LOSES SIX,
AUSTRIA FIVE, SHIPS
IN DAY'S DIRE TOLL
Kaiser's Gunboats Destroyed
in North Sea and Kiao
Chau Bay Austrians Vic
tims of Own Mines.
LONDON, Oct. S.
Eleven warships wero sunk October 6
either by submarines or floating mines,
according to dispatches from all over tho
warring world. The British submarine E-9
distinguished herself again; the mines tho
Austrians Btrawed In tho Adriatic -were
deadly to themselves.
Submarine E-9, under command of Lieu
tenant Commander Max K. Horton, mado
another raid Into German waters oft tho
mouth of tho River Ems and succeeded
In sinking a German torpedoboat de
stroyer. It was this same submnrlne under the
same commander which made a similar
dash and sank the German cruiser Hcla
off Heligoland September 19 As on tho
former occasion the E-9 has safely re
turned to her homo port.
Tho action took place at I o'clock on
October 1 and was witnessed by the Dutch
coast guards on the Dutch Island Scliler
monnlkoog, In the North Sea, off the
province of Trlesland
The weather was clear and the sea
calm, and tho destrover could plainly bo
seen cruising before the mouth of the
Ems. Suddenly the observers saw a high
column of water rise near the bow of
the destrojor The vessel Immediately
turned over and sank In three minutes.
A German cruiser nnd torpedoboats
came quickly to the rescue of tho crew of
the Ill-fated destroyer, who could be seen
swimming about In the vicinity of the dis
aster or clinging to the wreckage of their
As Schlermonnlkoog Is close to tho
Island of Borkum. where the Germans
have a naval base, and within 60 miles
of Heligoland and the naval arsenal at
Wllhelmshaven. th dash of the submarine
Is considered here a particularly daring
Besides this German vessel another Ger
man torpedoboat destroyer was sunk by
a Brlttsh submarine, according to a dis
patch from Harwlck.
AUSTRIAN WARCRAFT BLOWN UP.
The Mcssagero, of Rome, publishes a
dlsratch from Ancono, In Italy, on the
Adriatic, stating that four Austrian tor
pedoboats and two Austrian torpedoboat
destroyers hnve been lost off the coast
of Dalmatla as a result of coming In
contact with mines
The Ancona dispatch adds that most of
tho crews of the sis vessels lost their
The German cruiser Cormorant and two
other German gunboats had been sunk
In Klao-Chau Bay, according to a dispatch
from Tokio The Jnpanese army has oc
cupied the Slian-tung Itullroad ns far
west as China.
Mirles drifting In thn Baltic are pre
venting all sailing from Denmark nnd
Germany by way of Gjedser and
$200 BEQUEATHED TO CHURCH
Will of Harriet Barrett Mentions
Penribburg, Pa,, Institution,
A bequest of jyo hIU be received by
the Lutheran Church of Pennsburg, Pa.,
from the 53oGQ estate of Harriet Barrett,
late of 1063 North Marshall street. nc
cording to the will admitted to -robate
today. The balance of the estatb Is be
queathed to relatives.
The will of Mary McCallln. SI North
37th street, bequeaths sums of 1100 to
each of the conferences of St. Vincent
de Paul, St. James and St. Agatha's
Churches. The remainder of the ?100
estate Is distributed In private bequests
Other wills admitted to probate ore:
Gertrude Taylor, Chestnut Hill, whose
estate amounts to PUX; Elizabeth F.
Gordon. Wayne, Pa.. JU.O0Q; John P. Fru
goli, 100 Wallace street. $TO0O; Jennie E.
Frost, 79 South Broad street. JU00, Re
becca Taggart. U13 South Eighteenth
street 2600; Quontln Cressman, 1304
South 60th street, M0.
LINER LANDS 16 BRIDES
285 Passengers, One Stowaway, Gar
lic and Spaghetti From Italy.
NEW YORK, dct 8 The liner San
Giovanni arrived today from Italy with
27 first cabin passengers. Including six
teen brides, 2E3 steerage passengers, one
stowaway and a cargo of garlic and
DANIELS' NEPHEW SHOT
IN MEXICO AS SPY
Former Federal General Says Court-
martini Decreed His Death.
NEW ORLEANS, La., Oct. 8.-Scolt
Burwcll, nephow of Secretary of tho
Navy Daniels, wns found guilty by a
drum-head court-martial and shot for be
ing n spy of the United States Govern
ment, under ordors to buy artillery
mules f,or the Amorican landing forces.
at Tamplco and Tuxpam, according to
General Emlllo Qulroly Gomez.
Tho general Is hero with a large dele
gation of formar Federal array officers
from Mexico, nnd says Burwell was
tortured and then shot on orders Issued
by Genera Perez Castro, who was re
cently captured by Constitutionalists and
General Gomez says Burwell and com
panions were captured 40 miles south of
Tamplco, Burwell having 53500 with which
to buy mules for a contracting company.
The charge was mndo that tho animals
wero for the American Government. He
was tortured In an effort to extort a con
fession. He was executed Just after the
American landing at Vera Cruz Inst
VILLA'S YAQUIS AGAIN
REPULSED IN S0N0RA
Driven Bock After Demolishing
Building by Artillery.
NACO, Ariz., Oct 8. After making two
unsuccessful attacks on tho Carranzlstas
late Inst night. General Maytorena's Yaqul
Indians wore driven back to their po
sitions at Molina early today. Thoy suf
fered heavv losses in their night attacks,
and on their retreat many were ridden
down bv General Hill's cavalry.
Before the attacks by the Yaquls the
Villa artillery threw several shells Into
Naco, Sonora, demolishing a building In
the centre of the town Tho Villa
artillery Is being directed by Captnln
Mbhlow, who has seen service In the
German nrmy. It seems to be superior
to that of tho Carranza forces, but for
some reason Is used very little. This
may ba duo to a lack of ammunition.
During tho night fighting all the Amer
ican troops In this neighborhood wero
stationed on the border, but only a few
stray bullets crossed the American line.
SILLIMAN PAINTS MEXICAN
CONDITIONS AT WORST
Returning to Post After Dealing
Blow to Washington Optimism.
WASHINGTON, Oct. S - With an
abruptness that matches his sudden ap
pearance. United States Consul John R.
Silllman will slip out of Washington to
day, bound for Mexico City. It Is under
stood he has destroyed tho optimism of
the Administration that the present
troubles In Mexico are evanascent, and
that a settlement can bo brought about
without further disturbing the situation.
Mr. Silllman had a final Interview with
both tho President and Secretnry Br an
It Is understood that Mr. Silllman told
the President and Secretary of State
flatly that there la no peace In sight
in Mexico, and that the breach between
Generals Carranza and Villa was grow
ing ever wider. It waa reliably reported
that hn pointed out that conditions In
Mexico were chaotic and that American
and foreign Interests wero In greater
jeopardy than ever before The absence
of a responsible Government and the Im
possibility of establishing one under
present conditions, It Is alleged, maka
the situation seemingly Impossible.
MAN REAL MURDERER. SAYS
MRS. CARMAN'S ATTORNEY
Defense Promises Series of Surprises
MINEOLA, L I.. Oct, 8 -That a sur
prise will be sprung when Mrs. Florence
Carman Is put on trial for the murder
of Mrs Louise Bailey waa revealed today
when George M. Levy, the prisoner's at
torney, declared he would prove a man
and not a woman committed the murder.
Ho said the evidence for the defense
would be startling and would prove his
client's innocenoe He also expected to
establish the identity of the real mur
derer. "Persons who have followed all the de
velopments of the case from the start
are going to be amazed by a series of
facts which we will develop with con
cluelve proof." said Levy "Not only will
we show the man who did the killing, but
we will show why he did It. The testi
mony Is going to bear rather hard on
certain persona, but no one will be
The trial Is scheduled to begin next
Monday, but it probably will be post
poned until October 19.
Baptist Union Elects Officers
WILMINGTON, Del., Oct. 8The Del
aware Baptist Union Association, In ses
sion here, today elected the Rev. W. 11.
Nutt, of Chester, moderator, the Rev
J. Y. Irwin, of Wilmington, vice modera
tor, and the Rev H. M B. Dare, of
(North Chester, sta'ed clerk.
BY HIDDEN FORTS
IN EAST PRUSSIA
Fighting Still Violent on
Polish Border, But Czar's
Troops Slow in Invasion of
PETROGRAD, Oct. 8.
Fighting continues with tho utmost vio
lence on tho East Prussian frontier,
where the Germans occupy strong posi
tions In the Tchernegnnja region They
hnve uncovered here. It Is stated, a se
ries of hidden redoubts which are a part
of their llrst dofense line and In which
aro mounted heavy guns.
The entire battle line Is of great
strategic advantngo because of tho
marshy nature of the lnnd and the many
MTiall lakes and streams that abound
thero. In consequence tho Russian ad
vance Is of necessity very slow. The
Russian llnee nro ngaln being heavily
reinforced, nnd additional regiments of
nrtlllcry are being rushed to tho front.
The War OlTlco statement says:
Tho Russian attack on tho Germans
driven from Suwalkl Is increasing In
strength. Naval guns havo been
brought up to shell the fortified posi
tions occupied by the encm In tho
Mazurlan Lako legion. This wns
necessary bocause tho German guns
had a longer range than our rogular
Held artillery could cope with.
A Berlin ofticlal summary says that
German reinforcements from Koenlgs
beig Beem to have checked the Russian
movement Into East PniBsla, and asserts
that tho next big bnttle between Gor
man and Russian soldiers will ba fought
on Polish soli, not German, ns tho Ger
mnns seem to bo massed In force Just
north of Suwalkl.
NEW EPISCOPAL BISHOPS
Chosen for DloceBes of Three West
ern States and Cuba.
MINNEAPOLIS, Oct. S-At a meeting
of the House of Bishops of tho Episcopal
Church of the United States tho follow
ing Bishops wero elected today:
To be Bishop of Utah, tho Rov. Paul
Jones, of Salt Lake City; to bo Bishop
of Nevada, the Rev. George Coolldge
Hunting, of Berkeley, Cal.; to be Bishop
of Spokane, tho Rev. Herman Pag3, of
Chicago: to be Bishop of Cuba, the Rev.
Hiram R. Hulz, of New York.
MAN, 67, WILL WED WOMAN, 01
Marriage Follows Acquaintanceship
of More Than Quarter Century.
An ncnualntanceship of moro than 25
yoars will tonight culminate In the mar
riage of Garry C Clayton. 67 years old,
of 721 North 33th street, and Mrs. Emma
V. Llghtfoot, 61 years old, of Wlldwood,
The ceremony will bo performed by the
Rev Dr. G. W. Bnbcock. 4M North 41st
street. After a honeymoon tho couplo
will make their homo in West Philadel
phia, Mr Clayton's first wife died In this
city a year ago. Mrs Llghtfoot waa mar
ried twice. Her first husband died ten
years ago and the second at Wlldwood
two j ears ago.
EXAMINATIONS FOB $3000 POST
New Civil Service Schedule Includes
A now schedule of examination to be
held by the Civil Service 'Commission,
made public today, includes tho test for
tho 3000 post of Superintendent of the
Philadelphia Hospital for Contagious Dis
eases, for which thoro was only one ap
plicant at the examination scheduled last
month. Tho examination for that place
will be held November B.
Examinations for hospital nurses vary
ing in salaries from $600 to 11200 a jear.
are also Included.
BATH HOUSES TOO LAX
As Result of Child's Death, Coroner
Urges Stricter Regulations.
Regulation for Turkish and Russian
bath houses wero suggested today by
Coroner Knight at the Inquest Into the
death of 6-year-old Benjamin Moshay,
416 Lancaster avenue. In Mt. Slnal Hos
pital as the result of being scalded In
tho bath at 919 Monroe street. The Coro
ner's Jury rendered a verdict of accidental
death due to scalds.
Samuel Schocked, 817 Passyunk avenue,
an attendant In the bath house, who had
been held, was exonerated. It was tes
tified that he threw water on hot bricks
to make steam, and that too much vapor
resulted, the child being scalded. Coro
ner Knight declared that the regulations
for bath houses are not sutUclently rigid.
Secretary Crater Back at Desk
TRENTON, N J.. Oct. 8.-Secretary of
State Crater, who has been 111 for several
weeka suffering with appendicitis, was
at hla desk again In the State House
here today. A number of State officials
called to pay their respects.
The portrait is that of Dean R. V. Watts, of the Pennsylvania State College,
. . . .
GERMAN DASH THWARTED
THROUGH ANTWERP BREACH
Garrison Holds Broken Defenses
LONDON, Oct. 8.
German forces that attempted to nd
vanco upon Antworp through tho breach
In the outer line of forts havo been
forced back by the Belgian garrison with
heavy losses. It was stated In a Rotter
dam dispatch to tho Star.
Tho Germans still hold Tcrmonde and
Alost, but they havo lost Lcndelonde.
Along the right bank of the Dcndre, It
Is said, tho Germans havo been forced
to tnko tho defensive. They have estab
lished a fortified camp at Asscho, which
they aro using for a pivot.
GERMANY ROBBED OF SENSE
OF HUMOR, SAYS PINER0
That Explains "Calumnies" in Amer
ica, Dramatist Believes.
LONDON, Oct. 8.
"One of the greatest misfortunes this
war has brought upon 'the fatherland' Is
tho loss of Its sense of humor," said Sir
Arthur Plnero, the English dramatist
"It Is this lack of humor that Is respon
sible for the German campaign of
calumnies In America As far as that Is
concerned I trust the native Intelligence
of the Amorican citizen. Ho can't be
Sir Arthur observes that he had receiv
ed many letters from prominent Ameri
cans containing expressions of regret that
the United States was obliged to stand
outside "this great effort to assert tha
rights of civilization "
"Do you think the United Stntes should
enter the struggle with the Allies?" Sir
"One can't tench the American peo
ple where tholr Interests Ho. But It Is
a great comfort to the English people
to feel that nothing has occurred to dis
turb tho friendliness of our relations."
Regarding tho effects of tho war on
Intellectual culture, Plnero predicted:
"I am firmly convinced that culture
not tho Prussian variety of course will
be benefited, nnd so will the equally im
portant culture of the rest of tho civilized
world. The Oermana' culture for many
years past led them nowhere because of
their overweening military ambitions
that havo clogged Us progress. Freed
from these falsa gods, tho Germans
eventually may really find their place
In the intellectual nun at leaBt.
"I think this groat war will do vast
good to the arts of nil the countries ar
fected. We shall have less cynicism,
larger admiration and appreciation of
what Is sound and good in life, a clearer
and moro direct vision of what life really
Interest Greater Hero Than Abroad,
Says Richard Croker.
NEW YORK. Oct. 8. That the war has
more effect upon Americans than upon
Kngllshmen l tho opinion of Richard
Croker, ex-chief of Tammany nail.
"Thore'B more excltemem acout the war
over here than there Is on the other
side," he said. "I mean that the effect
on the people Is more evident In New York
than It Is In London,"
BOAST COSTS HIM S10
Magistrate Changes Sentence When
Motorist Tells of Speedlness,
Eight disgruntled motorists appeared be
fore Magistrate Beaton at his ofllcr.
Thirteenth nnd Vine streets, after hear
ings on summons which accused them of
speeding. Seven were discharged with
the costs of (3 50, but the eighth teased
tho man who arrested him and was fined
J13.50 He was ST. P McGonlgle, IH North
Twelfth street, accused of driving K miles
an hour on Broad street, near Vine.
McGonlgle saw tha others escaping with
light fines and grow confident when his
turn come. He was ordered to pay $3 50.
"You had to go some to get me, nil right,"
ho said when sentence was pronounced.
Tho Magistrate sat up quickly. "That
fine Is J13C0," he said McGonlgle paid
It and left.
MAKING ROOM FOR PARKWAY
Contracts Let by City for Demolition
of Seventy Buildings.
Contracts wero awarded today by
Director Cook, of the Department of
Public Works, for the demolition and re
moval of 70 dwellings along the line of
The raxing of the hulldlngs will coat
the city $1210. The contractors will de
stroy the buildings and remove and re
tain possession of all materials
CONTESTS BROTHER'S WILL
Emma R. Booth Objects to Probate
by W. P. Noll's Executors.
A contest over the probating of the
document alleged to be the will of Wil
liam P Noll, who died In the German
town "Wtal haa been Instituted by
Lmma R Bogtb, a sister of tho decedent
The estate Is valued at J3100. A hearing
will bo held before KegUtor oX Wilta
Sheehao next Thursday.
CZAR'S FOES MASS
FOR GREAT CONFLICT
ON VISTULA'S BANKS
Junction of Austrians and
Germans Within Polish
Borders Arrests Russian
Aggressive Against Cra
cow. BERLIN, Oct. 8.
Ofllclnl announcement of a Junction of
Austrian and German forces along the
Vistula, In the campaign against Rus
sia, was mado here today. Tho state
"A great part of General Von Hlnden
burg's army has effected a Junction with
the Austrians before Ivangorod on the
Vistula, where the Russians are concen
trating on tho right bank. Near Suwalkl
only a small part of General Von Hlnden
burg's army has been left, but this has
succeeded In preventing n Russian ad
vance toward East Prussia, despite tho
numerical superiority of the Russians."
(ThlB Is a denial of the Russian state
ment that rolnforcemonts have been re
ceived by the Germans who have been
oporatlng around Suwalkl. It bears out
tho thoory, however, that tho attack on
tho Suwalkl district wns only a covering
movement for tho concentration of great
masses of German troops along tho Vis
tula.) Capturo of 7500 Russian prisoners Is an
nounced In another report from the Gen
eral Staff on operations In tho eastern
theatro of war. The report follows:
"Attacks by the Russians in the gov
ernment of Suwalkl have been repulsed,
the enemy losing 2700 prisoners and nine
machine guns. In minor successful en
gagements In Poland we captured 4S0O
prisoners west of Ivangorod."
PnTROGRAD, Oct. 8.
The main Russian army in southern
Poland has taken the offensive against
tho Austro-German forcefl along the
Vistula River, it was announced today.
Skirmishing between cavalry detachments
has been In progress for nearly a week
as a curtain raiser to n great confllot,
and now the artillery has been brought
The eastward march of tho Germans
nnd Austrians along tha Vistula has been
unoppoeed up to the present, except for
flttackB by the Cossacks, but now the In
vaders havo reached tho ground selected
by the Russians for the first battle, nnd
It has begun. .
Though the CoesackB operating In
Gallcta havo reached the region of Cracow
In their raids, It was admitted today that
no tlege of Cracow would be attempted
until after tha battlo that has begun
north of tho Vistula. Because of the
number of men that will be engaged In
that conflict before Its termination, It
possibly may bo several months before
tho Issue Is decided.
An offlcial explanation of the with
drawal of the Russians in Gallcla from
the line of tho River Donajec waa Issued
today. It waa stated that the combined
Austro-German nrmy occupied a very
strongly entrenched line extending from
Klelce In Russian Poland south through
Sorguetn near Tarnow to Nou Sandea
The Russian advance guard felt out this
position and discovered that It was ao
strong that to tako It by frontal assaults
would result In frightful losses to the
attacking army. In consequence the Rus
sians withdrew in order to force tho
Austrians to accept battle In the open
The ruse was successful it waa stated,
and a now battle is now In progress
along linea far more favorable to tho
Russians. Tho fighting Is declared to be
particularly tevero In tho vicinity of the
Vistula THv. li.o, .u. ..1- -
The Petrograd omdal statement con
tinues: Five of the forts at Prremysl have
been silenced by our guns. It is ap
parent that the Gallelan stronghold
will have to yield or be destroyed.
Our heavy artillery haa completely
destroyed two forts and fire Is now
raging in three parts of the town
within the forts.
t'ossacks success In Hungary is teady
according to report from the front. A
detachment that dashed through the Car
pathians west of Sanok captured a mili
tary train carrying troops and guns.
BRITISH SEIZE TWO SHIPS
American Steamship Among War
Frizes at Hongkong.
HONGKONG. Oct .
The German steamship Tannenfels and
the American fctearashlp Rio Posig have
been brought in hero by British ships as
JulfMHl1!.l iilfl ,i