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m 5Zim? S
It K CUJlTlS, rmmniwT.
f Btctttttt ; John C Martin. Trfurer:
.lidlngton, Philip 8 Collin, John 13. Wll-
Ctucs I! K Ccnti. Chairman.
I. Wll ALKY Kwcntke rMltor
ibl'lU C. UtARTlN General niiln Manager
Published dally tit Vx.tit.tc I.rwirn Building,
Indp?ndncc squire, rhlladplphia
Lrvarn CrTnit........... .Broad and Chtnut Strjyta
AtMvtic ClTfi. ........ rrei-l7nlon Building
New Voiik.. 1T0-A, Metropolitan Tower
G)H04no.. 817 Home lnurance Building
LoxnoN..., ...... .8 Waterloo riace. Tall Mall, S. W.
Itnnisriciiri nnnRjio The PnfHof Building
Wjhhjiiotoi BrnFAO...., The Pot Building
Nrw Tonic BcneAU The Time Building
Iirnuv ncniuc... 00 FrledrlchstraMo
Ijmkjs noKiD 2 Tall Mall Kant, S. W.
Paris Bdbead 82 Hue Louis la Grand
B carrier. Dab.t Ontt, rlx cent. By mall. potpn!d
mitlde of Philadelphia except whero forelpn poMaga
M required. Dab.t Onlt. one month, twenty-tUe cents!
Daili onlt. one year, three dollars. All mall eubscrlp.
lions payable In acUnnce.
BFIA, 3000 WAI.WJT KEY5T0NK MAIM 3000
E7 Address oil communffnfions fo Evening
Ledger, Independence Square, Philadelphia.
INTMID AT IHB rillLADELnllA rOSTOIFICK AS BECOND
CLASS MAIL MATTER.
PHtLADELTniA, WED.NFStlAY, OCTOIIEB 7, 1911
' "The Hands of Esnn"
THE Organization In Philadelphia conducts
a business. It is good business policy to
pay tho chtofa of tho departments higher
calories than their subordinates. Tho man
higher up is entitled to moro In any well
regulated schema of enterprise and adven
ture. Harry O. Ransley, president of Select
Council, is provided with an ofllce that pays
$6000 tho year.
Gcorgo McCurdy, president of Common
Council, is provided with an ofllce that pays
$8000 tho year.
Tho littlo follows aro rowarded more mea
grely according to their works.
The taxpayer does not get a fair deal al
ways from Councils. Ho Is, In fact, very
Perhaps Councilmen who owe their bread
and butter to tho powers that provide them
with sinecures are not half so anxious to
please tho taxpayers or servo them faithfully
as they are to win the approbation of promi
nent contractors In surface and underground
Clayton Bill Lacks Lustre
THE Clayton anti-trust bill has passed
through so many vicissitudes and given
so much trouble to everybody concerned In
its making that doubtless the Administration
will be glad to have It out of the way as
soon as such a consummation can be reached.
Senator Reed rises In his wrath and de
clares In effect that he will continue the fight
for carrying out the original Wilson pro
gram. This from a Democrat.
Lust April the President Issued a mani
festo. Congress must stay in session all
summer If that were found necessary In
order to get his program of trust legislation
into the form of statutes. The summer has
gone. The CIaton bill, a composite of sev
eral measures, has run the gamut of hot
debates In House and Senate, of wrangles in
conference, or filibustering tactics.
And now? Senntor Reed ponderously rises
nnd says that the bill as passed by tho Sen
ate and sent back to the House is a weak
surrender to the trusts. Senator Mnrtino Is
sure it is a weak surrender to tho labor
unions. Samuel Gompers smiles serenely, and
his ancient foes have dug no cyclone cellars.
Perhaps ono of tho reasons why the Clay
ton bill lacks a glorious lustre Is that It
conjoins two somewhat different subjects,
the trust problem itself and tho issue be
tween capital and labor.
New Baseball Worlds
A GOOD many people besides the two
world's series teams aro thinking noth
ing but baseball these- days. Ladies bound
storewards with the pocketbook And tempta
tion and lines of ticket buyers In their way,
and the gallant polico disperse tho youthful
"squatters" with tho efficiency of European
bureaucrats. Meanwhile the "common pee
pul" spend their leisure and a good deal
more In figuring out pools on tickets and
pools on results.
The players themselves gather, silent, for
battle. When the series begins, literary men
of all the teams will get out their fountain
pens; but just now there is a hush before
the shock. The Uraves arrive a little dizzy
from the climb, while Cornelius McGlllicuddy
girds his Alexandrian loins and keeps an eye
peeled to starboard for new worlds to con
quer. If it were not for professional etiquette
and all that sort of thing, the Athletics
might be dancing on the "Feds'" pennant
winner week after next.
Weeding Camden's Front Yard
CAMDEN'S front yard is entitled to an
overhauling. Tho petition of the Harbor
Improvement Commission of Camden for
deeper water along the Delaware River front
has been approved by the Board of Engineers
for Rivers and Harbors. The recommenda.
tlon should be conclusive so far as Congress
is concerned; particularly as Camden is pre
pared to pay part of the cost with Us own
"Safety First" Means Everybody's
J,X QAFETY flrs" means other people's safety
.i O as well as one's own. It Is ennrt
t "o dvlce, but from the number of recent street
accidents in Philadelphia due to its neglect
there Is apparently considerable need of
backing it up with compulsion.
The carelessness of a great many automo-
bile drivers is comparable only to what
Judge Sulzberger calls the "deliberate neg.
hbcikjo a wuunciis in rawing to pass meas.
ures regulating the speed of vehicles driven
on our Btreets. If Councils will not rectify
Its grievous fault of omission, declares the
Judge, then it is for the grand jury and the
petit Jury to do so.
It is to be hoped that the discussion of ac
cident prevention at today's meeting of th
Mayor and his cabinet wilt be followed by
the needed legislation in Councils. "Safety
first!" The slogan should not be merely
it caution to pedestrians to dodge and get
out of the way
Optimism With a Heal Reason
UNITED and optimistic, with Increasing
accessions from the supporters tost in
int. the Republican party of Massachusetts
Is campaigning under progressive leadership.
Its spirit U expressed in the address of Con
gressman Winslow bfore the State conven
tion: In a memorable platform written by Synitoi
EVENING LEDOEK PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1014.
Hoar In 1891 Massachusetts Republicans de
clared thus ns tmo of their principles: "Iteform
of old abuses; leadership along loftier pathst
minds ever open to the sunlight and the morn
ing, ever open to new truth nnd new duty ns
the new years bring their lessons."
Today the Republican pa'ty Is ncqulrlng
li'adcishlp along loftier paths " It has a mind
"open to the sunllsM and to the morning, open
tn new truth and new duty." Its lost support
ers aro returning;, proud of their part In the
awakening, nnd loyal nnd earnest for thoso
principles which are ours today.
The Hoslcm livening Transcript comments
There Is Undoubtedly n place In the Republi
can pa'ty today for any original Progressive
who was honest In his protest. With
out doubt the I(rmlillnn nartv h.is nrmvn and
broadened within the past two years, and If the
Progressives clnlm a share In the credit for
such change there will bo few to quarrel with
In Massachusetts the Republican party Is
Vindicating Itself and winning renewed con
fidence. The Republican party In Pennsyl
vania can do the same thing. It has merely
to repudiate Penroselsm.
Women Arc Entitled to Vote
WOMEN are entitled to tho ballot.
Why prate that their place Is In tho
home, when more than 8,000,000 of them In
this country nlono have been driven by the
onrush of industry and civilization into store,
factory and field?
They havo their sweat-shop problems. They
stand In crowded cars. Rapid transit Is for
them as welt ns men. Tho groggerles that
sap tho virility of their masculine partners
strlko deep also Into their souls.
Real, vital, vibrant aro all social questions
to women. Their Intuition guides them
straight. They sense the right path, while
men with their interminable logic grope In
Tho character of tho nation is in Its' moth
ers. In cradles they carve out our destinies.
Great women breed great men. They arc the
forerunners of achievement.
Not competent to vote! Men have had
their colleges for centuries, women scarcely
for decades, yet the scores of Institutions now
devoted to them solely are 0; tribute at once
to their determination and their ability.
They are more. They are the pledge of a
new, nggresslvo nnd Intelligent element in
tho battle for moral and political progre-s.
Will women get the ballot? Thero is no
power that can prevent It. Wonderfully
Providence works to invigorate civilization.
Another Prowler Trapped
THE mills of the gods are no more certain
and no more thorough than Federal Jus
tice. Criminals and swindlers, big nnd little,
may slip through some State or county net;
but It Is the exception when they escapo tho
United States police dragnet.
Tho last of the Storey cotton swindlers has
been captured, after a chase of nine years.
Tho trap closed on Howard when he must
havo thought his escapo an old accomplished
fact. It Is another feather In the cap of nn
excellent servant in an exceptional service.
Lining Up the Prison Vote
THE eternal fitness of things who exem
plifies It so well as the Penrose worker?
Every day adds a new proof. Each proof out
does the other. The episode of the saloon win
dow and tho Senator's portrait fades Into pal
lid insignificance besldo the adventure of tho
Varo deputy sheriff who varied his official
routine with a littlo electioneering. He pin
ned buttons on people, Penrose buttons. He
pinned them on anybody ho could get. But
tho only victims he has rounded up so far
are thirteen prisoners bound for Huntingdon;
and they were manacled. Tho gentleman Is
a real addition to the machine lighting force.
Ho has succeeded beyond hope In linking up
his candidate with an appropriate propa
ganda. The only thing he Is worrying about
is whether the thirteen will got out of prison
In time to vote.
Rockefeller's Firt Aid to Millinery
THE Rockefeller millions are nothing if not
varied In their activities. While they
investigate industrial conflict with one hand
and supply tho materials in Colorado with
tho othor, they aro carrying on such thor
oughly commendable work as the surgical
experiments of Doctor Carrel and the estab
lishment of a hugo bird sanctunry in Louis
iana. In tho case of tho 85,000 acres which
the Rockefeller millions are consecrating to
tho furtherance of wild-bird life they are
doing a work badly neglected. Tho Govern
ment prohibits the Importation of certain
bird plumes, but what constructive stops
has It taken to see that the bupply of natlvo
birds Is built up to the point where madamo
may once more indulge in feathery orna
mentation? Humorous vs. Lugubrious Books
DEVOTEES of Edgar Allan Poe revere Oc
tober 7, his anniversary, and for a month
or so after that date, according to the usual
custom, flowers will be seen growing and
blooming around ills humble grave in tho
littlo cemetery on Fayette street, Baltimore.
It was a peculiarity of Poo that when he
was most melancholy he read the most lugu
brlous books, and being a sort of Mark Tap
ley he was happiest when he was most mis
erable. Rut Poe's rule would not be a good
one for the average man to adopt. Espe
cially not In these days of war and terror.
Don't read Schopenhauer, Hartman. Byron,
nor even the misanthropic Poo himself. Read
Sterne's "Tristram Shandy," Thackeray's
"Nowcomes," "Innocents Abroad," "Barry
Lyndon," and for quiet, restful humor read
any of the works of Anthony Trollope. Rut
whatever you read, by all means adopt a
reading habit the antithesis of Poo's.
The Gray Book of poor little Belgium has
at least a fitting cover
If Senator Norris' resolution goes through,
America will begin to believe in the adage:
There Is always a Lorimer in the Senate,
The Blllards must be a great relief to the
New Haven. It's a long time sinc.e the road
has appeared in court without occupying the
Today the weather man gets his wish and
the long spell of clear, bright weather seems
as much in danger as Senator Penrose's time
The refusal of the Auditor General to
approve the expensa bills of the Panama
Exposition Commission, which he calls
"unduly extended," casta a new light on
President HadUy, of Yale, may find prayer
only an indulgence In tke luxury of express
ing one's emotions in public; but there is
somethirg to be said for it as a substitute
for cannon balls. .
THE HANDS OF ESAU
Second Article Shows how Councilmen are Bribed with Public Money to Bctrny
Both City and Taxpayer Dual Office-holding One Factor in the Organization's
Exploitation of Philadelphia A Simple Picture of the Machine at Work.
"The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands arc the hands of tisati."
"Republics abound in young civilians who believe that taws make the city; that
commerce, education and rcllplon may be voted tn or out. Itut the wise know that
the form of government which prevails is the expression of What cultivation exists
In the population which permits it." Emerson.
Iictter government In Philadelphia Is being slowly strangled. Thc gaunt fingers of
"The Organization," Philadelphia's Tammany, twisting viciously through a pliable majority tn
Councils, are pressing hard on ts windpipe. Unless pried off by the people themselves,
strangulation must ensue.
In the modest palaces behind the myriad ttco-story red brick fronts of working Phila
delphia dwell the real beneficiaries of better government. They pay the taxes. It ts for
them to say if better government shall fait, for their support alone means better government.
The worst that can be said of people who toll is that they arc sometimes too tired to study a
public subject SOMETIMES, NOT ALWAYS.
Thirty years ago David II. Lane, a lieu
tenant of tho Into United States Senator
Quay, put tho Uullltt law through the Stato
Legislature to curb the power of Jim
MeMatics, then tho local boss of Philadel
phia. Instead of a Councils vested with both
executive nnd legislative functions, Phila
delphia was given n Councils possessing leg
islative powers alone, nnd Its former execu
tive functions were passed over to the Mnyor.
This shifting of a bunch of keys from the
right trousers pocket to tho left trousers
pocket masqueraded ns a great civic reform,
which may explain why Mr. Lane, n highly
educated citizen, is now commonly called
"the Sago of the Organization.
A distinguished resident, honestly con
vinced that the Bullitt law Is Philadelphia's
Mngna Charta It has been reiterated so
often ns to becomo a local habit of thought
recently closed his argument by saying: "You
cannot deny that four members from tho
Union League and four citizens from other
business organizations, outnumbering two to
one tho four named by the political bosses,
picked Edwin H. Fltler for Mnyor."
Alas! He and many other equally flno
looklng, gray-haired personages In tho club
windows nrc still living In the days of Mayor
Fltler. "War to an old soldier means only
the battles ho fought In "them wcro tho
days." We nil know that Mnyor Fltler was
an honest, able man. but we also know that
the politicians fooled him. Much printer's
Ink bled In Philadelphia telling how tho
chnstcned Boss McManes took a delegation
to tho national convention of a great party
nnd cast Its vote solid for Fltler for Presi
dent of the United States, to tho amusement
of the entire country.
And afterward occasionally camo other
Mayors of tho Fitter type, but regularly came
bosses of tho McMnnes type, for Councils
has always been the spawning ground of
great nnd littlo political fish. The Into Sen
ator Quay used Davo Martin to beat
McManes, nnd then, because Martin refused
to nominate Boles Penrose for Mayor oh,
yes, tho same Mr. Penrose who wants to stay
In the United States Senate Quay set up tho
late Israel "W. Durham, who In turn was
succeeded by Jim McNlchol and tho Varos.
Of course, all this Is ancient history. But
it shows conclusively that tho Bullitt law
diminished rather than Increased oppor
tunity for better government. If a Mayor
spunked up nnd broko away from tho boss
who "made him," Councils wns there to
spank him good. If by any chance tho peo
plo revolted and put their own Mnyor in
ofllce, ns In tho case of Mr. Blankenburg,
Councils was thero to block, hinder and
embarrass his good work.
In England, franchises nro bestowed by
Parliament. Tho cities havo no power of
control or regulation. This takes tho chief
source of corruption away from Councils and
lodges It at Westminster. Thero aro no
frnnchlso hunters and comparatively few
contractors around the town halls. None have
financial Interests sufficiently great to war
rant their active participation In local poli
tics. Franchise hunters nnd contractors
contro their activities at Parliament, where
at least they are under the national bell
glass, nnd are not sustained at tho price of
corrupting the administration of tho towns
Consequently Councils In England nro
filled with men of high character, imbued
with a serious sens-o of responsibility. Big
men, representing both capital nnd labor, aro
proud to serve, nnd thoy are usually kept In
olllco as long as thoy will stay. Thpy get
no pay for their services, direct or indirect.
Tho Mayor of an English city Is chosen by
the Councils. For a man to enter Councils
it Is not necessary for him to obtain per
mission from some under political boss who
has his headquarters over a saloon. Nor Is
It necessary even to bo a contributor to a
campaign fund. Any ten of his neighbors
can put a good man in nomination by sign
ing a petition.
Now let us look at home; scan with enro
our own 47 Select and 84 Common Council
men, a total of 131 on Joint vote. To control
tho Philadelphia Councils the bosses aro
always sure of S3 Select and El Common
Councilmen, or a three-fifths vote, enough to
legally carry any measure over the Mayor's
veto. This 60 per cent, majority, in the vor
nacular of Broad and Chestnut streets, must
bo "a lead pipe cinch"; men who havo com-
The phrase, "tho art that preserves all art,"
refers to printing. It is found on tho facado
of the house in Haarlem, Holland, formerly
occupied by Laurent Koster, who Is credited,
among other things, with being tho inventor
of printing. First mention of this Inscription
was made In 1628. It reads:
Ara Artium Omnium
Hie Prlmum Inventa
Circa Annum MCCCCXL.
"Catching a Tartar" originated In Ireland.
An Irish soldier fighting against the Turks
shouted to his olllcer that he had caught a
"Then bring him along," ordered the ofllcer.
"Begorry, he wqn't come."
"Then come along yourself."
"Bedad, an' so Ol would, but ha won't let
And thus he "caught a Tartar."
The "Cromwelllan Board of Aldermen"
existed in New York city in 1871-75. They
asserted that they had been elected Alder
men and sought to obtain possession of the
council chamber, hence their nickname.
The Island of the Seven Cities is a mystic
realm, founded by seven bishops who quitted
Spain during the dominion of the Moors and
founded seven cities. The legend bays that
many visited the island, but no one has ever
left its hospitable shores.
The word "father" as applied to rivers is of
ancient origin MacauUy uses the phrase,
"O Tiber. Father Tiber, to whom the Romana
pray " The Thames is also known as "Father
Thames" and the Mississippi as th "father
pletcly lost tho sense of civic righteousness;
men without shame, who, under orders, would
voto for, or against nny project; men who
nro nofmen at nil, but serfs wearing collars
stamped ".McNlchol" or "Varo" as tho caso
In tho business world control of a prop
erty amounts to Its owncrsshlp. No financier
ever bothers about tho minority stockholders.
Neither do the political bosses of Philadel
phia concern themselves over tho 40 per cent,
minority, some 18 Select nnd 33 Common
Councilmen It varies nmong whom aro high
class, worthy men. They look upon theso
few pityingly ns outsiders; men who don't
know tho advantages of self-interest, nnd
sometimes they let them talk so tho public
can say, "Indeed! There are good men In
Loyal Is a fine, splendid word, meaning
faithful and true. It wns novcr Intended as
a weapon to turn men away from tho courso
of right. Perverted out of Its proper usagu
It Is commonly employed by politicians when
a subservient Councilman under some good
Influenco becomes recalcitrant and unexpect
edly rebels. "You must be loyal to tho Or
ganization," says tho boss, adding the threat,
"or It will go hard with you." Which brings
us fnco to face with tho amazing methods
employed In Philadelphia for keeping tho
mnjorlty controlling Councils in lino with
tho policies of tho bosses.
Until some years ago each "loyal Council
man" was rewarded nround Christmas with
a mysterious $300 gift. It occasionally camo
In gold, tho greatest talisman man knows.
Philadelphia Councilmen get no salary, tho
ono particular In which they resemble tho
Councilmen of nn English city. But tho cus
tom of annual gifts from private funds was
finally discontinued, for It was palpably un
necessary where there wero public funds
nvnllablo with which to reward private serv
Icos. Enter tho dual offlco holding plnn, of
which ho following aro examples
Word. N'ntno. Position. Salary.
2. Hnrry C. Rnnplev. Pres.MprrnnMtrt Ann,-.,!,... citnnrt
I. H'ra. J. JIfirrlncton... .Clerk Heir, will "iimi
n. Thn. .1. Mrfllnnls Heal Hst. Ascsor..
B. Jan. WlllnM Ileal Hst. Assessor..
J 3. John r. riaherty Clerk Q. S. Court...
J i, (3o. p. TVAutrechy.... Clerk Record. Deeds
in. rMuard Iluchhnlz Ileal Hat. Assessor..
21. Thoi, s. T. Jlackleer-.TIpntarf Jttin. Court
3li. Wm. I:, rinley Heal It. Assessor..
it. Win. D. Bacon Heal Est. Assessor..
10. Geo. McCurdy, Trcs.... Chief nnd Real t.
Dep. Sheriffs Off. ?C00O
7. nichnnl A. Cooper Miscellaneous Clerk
Municipal Court... 1200
20. Thos. .1. Morton, M. D. .Coroner's Physician. 2500
2rt. Cleo. II. Kelley IVo Clerk Mun. Ct. . 1600
30. llobcrt S. Mcelroy. ...i:.ec. Clerk Sheriff's
30. T. Crawford Cook Tipstaff Q. S. Court 2000
Tho foregoing nro a. few of tho payments
for servlco In Councils that ride tho waves
in tho sunlight. But down in tho depths,
where the rays of publicity do not penetrate,
never rising to break tho surface, aro tho
secret payments for service; jobs of nil kinds
for all sorts of kin; here a clerkship for a
brother-in-law, there ono for a nephew; a
placo as stenographer for a woman relatlvo
or a friend; a low assessment for a big prop
erty ownor; tho dlschargo of a prisoner from
a Magistrate's court; advance information on
the location of a new parkway, or a pledge
of the next nomination for tho Stato Legis
lature or even Congress. Tho bed of the
deep sea of prnctlcal politics teems with
strange life, and tho clinging darkness of its
waters nro eternal night, bavo to tho political
donors nnd tho individual beneficiaries of tho
Thero Is one remedy for our two-chambered
Councils, and that Is Its comploto re
organization by tho Legislature. Councils
does not In nny senso ropresont tho tax
payers. In the 22d "Ward in 1913 thero wero
11,720 registered voters, and In tho 9th AVard
there aro 9S3 registered voters, yet each ward
has ono Select Councilman. Seemingly a
voto in tho 9th Ward is worth twelve times
as much as a voto in tho 22d "Ward, so far
as representation in tho Select Council is
concerned. Tho disproportion is nearly as
great In Common Council, where, If tho 22d
"Ward was represented on the same basis as
tho 9th Ward, it would havo twelve repre
sentatives instead of four.
New York city has a singlo-chambered
council In a Hoard of Aldermen, which it
wants to get rid of. Possibly Philadelphia
also could do without Its Councils at any
rate tho public welfare would never buffer In
tho total eclipse of somo of its interesting
HUM OF HUMAN CITIES
The relation of housing conditions to morals
and henco to tho law courts Is occupying tho
attention of other cities besides Philadfnhia
Though it is a smaller clt Sacramento. Cat
has as evil conditions to face, ft flruis ill
smelling slums and tho squeezing of the poor
of the city Into Insanitary, badly lighted
worse ventilated and overcrowded tenements'
And It finds a largo contingent of lawbreak:
crs drawn from this class of people
The children in particular present' a nltiabin
phase of this problem. They make ir, in
large part th'e cases comlngbefor'the
courts, and they show criminality and sick
ness beginning at the fountain springs of fe
The Sacramento Bee prints on editorial arti
cle by the chief probation olllcer of the local
Juvenile Court dealing with this aspect
Mr- Wilson cites case after case cf delin
quents and young petty criminals, ns well as
wayward girls, brought into court from slum
life and showing evidence that the lack of
proper home surroundings, food, clothing nnd
proper onterulnment, or too intimate contact
with men and women already corrupted had
been instrumental in their degradation Ha
"The question has been asked: Do the
housing conditions in Sacramento City affect
the work of the Juvenile Court and thereby
cause added expense to the county? As chief
probation olllcer of this county, coming in
close contact with the family life of the city
I can emphatically state that bad housing
increases the dependency and delinquency
cases to an alarming degree, consequently
increasing the county expenses.
"Imagine a father and mother with four or
five children living in two or three poorly
iigiiieu auu vcuiuanju ruoms, vrowaea in
with othrr famlMo. In slmtlar insanitary" ron. I
dltions. What chance have people jn PUch
surroundings to bring their children up to
lead moral and wholesome l'ves?
"Wo find that young peoplo taken from
llieso homes and held t tho detontiftn homo
for a period of time often nre greatly Im
proved In health and appearance. It shows
that the children respond to sanitary condi
tions, good food and environment."
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin.
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State and Nation.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir The reading public In Philadelphia Is not
much different In Its tasto for clean reading'
matter from what It was In Franklin's time.
Ho puts It on record that Bradford had printed
an address from the Houso to tho Governor in
a coarse, blundering manner nnd that his firm
reprinted It elegantly nnd correctly 'They
wero sensible of the difference," ho continues,
"and voted ua their printers for the year en-
If tho DvnvtNO Lnnonn keeps on as it has
begun, and gives the public a clean paper,
readers will becomo "srnslblo of tho dlffcrcnco
between It nnd thoso papers which resort to tho
inlsetnble practice of "raltroadlns" news, somo
times unloading almost unreadable stuff upon
their subscribers. This "railroading" Is nn of
fenso to tho readers, nnd should bo abolished,
SAMUEL W. HOSKINO.
Philadelphia, October G.
ALL EUROPEANS OUR BROTHERS
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir How can wo expect a Just nod to listen
to our prayer for peaco If our hearts aro filled
with Ill-will nnd even hatred toward some of
the European nations; If wo permit our passions
to bo aroused by sensational and misleading
newspaper articles, and if wo participate In
tho killing by allowing our manufacturers to
sell dynamite, rifles nnd other war material to
Wo hope that upon the people of the Unltod
States will eventually devolve the honor and
snered privilege to act ns mediator, but wo will
prove unfit for this IiIrIi ofllce unless we cease
harboring Ill-feeling nnd nnlmbjslty, nnd foster
tho spirit of honest neutrality nnd goodwill to
ward nil European people, considering nnd
treating them ns our friends and brothers.
Philadelphia, Octobor S. E. K.
TOO MUCH PEACE IN MEXICO
To the Editor of the Evcnlnp Ledger:
Sir Ol'm n folghtlng Olrlshninn, begorry, an'
ns f,ooch Ol wnnt to pro-test oglnst tho prlvl
lonco r.v pence which is now piovnllln' ovor this
count liry of ours. Wurra, wmra! To think
that the Ixamplo av Trlsldent Wilson should
have been followed by thlm Jllxlcnn spalpeens,
Cnrrnnzl nnd Villa! Ol was Joost athlnkln'
uhnt folne Irish lads thlm 3II.lcans would
make wld their folghtln' spirits, whin Ol see by
the pnppis thot they aro going to mldlete.
If this poaro business continues, bejabers,
Ol'll go back to Owld Erin, where a glntlcman
kin still folght another without bavin' Andrew
Carr-nlggy knock his head off with a dove av
Peace Mlt. DOOLEY, JR.
Philadelphia, Octobor 1.
VILLA AS DICTATOR
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir E. XV. IT., in his letter published Monday,
says "Glvo Villa a Chance." A ennnco for
what? A chnnco for tho Presidency? Or a
chnnco to bo tho power behind tho President's
chair? I "suppose it will be ages before Mexico
has anything but dictatorships of ono kind or
nnother. I don't know what Mexican Is fit for
tho job, but certainly not Villa. His Idea of
the way to secure a peaceful Mexico Is to
flsht for It. II. T. CANDEIt.
Philadelphia, October 4.
CAN TIIEY KEEP IT UP?
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Tho question raised by G. S. M. regard
ing tho Braves' recoid for the last half of tho
season Is Interesting. On July 5 tho Braves
had won 2 nnd lost 40 of their games. Their
perrentngo for the next Gfi games was .750. How
long will they play at that rate? The rest of
this week nnd next? TRANSIENT.
Philadelphia, October 5.
"Of the First Rank"
From tho Detroit Free Press.
Philadelphia has a now nftornoon newspaper
of the Hist rank in tho Evg.vino LEDOEn.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
Hero nnd thero seems to bo considerable sur
prise at the discovery that Cannon and Krupp
artillery wero not mado merely for show pur
poses. Detroit Fteo Press.
The state of Mexican finances is disheartening
enough; but no more so than our own outlook
during tho revolution, when it required $40 in
Continental paper to purchase one gold dollar.
New York Evening Post.
Ono of tho consequences of the censorship, and
ono of Its primo purposes, too, is to keep tho
folks at homo from knoulng the full liorrots of
war, lost the knowledge movo them Into clam
oring tor peace. Tho ceiisoibhip is tho wnrrtor's
tacit confession of his crlino against humanity.
Tho days of governing tho New York, New
Haven and Hartford Railroad Company by such
n town meeting board of directors as In the old
clays permitted Mr. Mellon to do the talking and
voted for that which ho dejlied are on the
wane. Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
One of the worst features of this war Is evil
Influence of tho blind censorship. English and
French alike must know that, If they deslro
to promote and stimulate beliof In forolgo lands
In their combined power, tho suppression of all
trustworthy Information Is poor policy. New
Tho differences about "conditional contra
band" goods In transit between neutial nations
which the British government and our own have
nut on record need not be taken too serlouslv.
Unless tho war Hhould bo prolonged to the
point where Germany's dearth of supplies be.
comes llko that of the late southern Confed
eracy In 1661-5. tho issuo Is not likely to become
Important. cnicago ucrani.
There Is this much to bo snld for President
Wilson's insistence on the enactment of legisla
tion providing for the acquisition of mci chant
vessels by Government purchase, that an Ameri
can merchant marine may never bo created
In nny other way. Through taxation the Gov
ernment can command the capital which its
owners seem reluctant to provide for the es
tablishment of a shipping industry, and through
taxation tho Government can stand excessive
costs of operation which private enterprise, de
pendent on profits, could not endure. New
You havo heard the old story of the per
sistent salesman who mado successive ef
forts to Interview tho nssistnnt-muuager, the
manager, the purchasing agent and tho vice
president of one of his most promising "pros
pects." As ho called at tho ofllce of each ho
was advised that tho personage within was
too busy to see him.
In desperation, and goaded on by tho criti
cism of his own employers on his apparent
inability to mako a sale with this particular
llrm, ho sent in his card to its president. On
learning that tho president and tho real
owner of the business was the only man in
the entire organization who was not "too
busy" to be seen, the salesman nearly fainted
And so, in a day's work we havo this bug
bear of ofllt'iousuess to contend with. Mora
than anything els.e it is the thing that'dis
hcartons tho man who lias something of
merit to sell. Often tho person who refuses
to see a man who calls upon him and otfers
the excuse of "too busy" Is passing by a
good opportunity to add to his own funli
of knowledge. , ulm
One of the most wonderful salesmen in
the world judging by his income told nn
assemblage of business men tlmt he had .
ceivod the greater part of his belling eduoa"
tlon from interviews he had held with salea
men calling upon him when he imd occurilei
a post on the buying end of the business
The efficient man cultUates the art of ar
unrt nf rilunnelnc ,.t o .i....i " 17 'lU'CKiy
iiviuis v . iiuuii ui un interview nni..iri..
7;T ,'. ?k r ?"?'" Presented by ,
ii the rTasnn fnr r,, 'w:t,..m.0,'1- Therein
fair hearing. lo B-Ve al a ! .
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
" Beware of Greeks"
"Coulter certainly Is generous with that
car of his. Ho has offered to teach me how
to run it and lend It to me for an entire
"Yes? Ho lent tt to mo tho last time a
part was wearing out. Of course, I had to
replace It when tho thing broke down."
For Milady Only '
Lady, the summer's gone;
The heavens glow with a wondrous bluo
that rivals even tho eyes of you,
And tho woods are decked in a wealth of
And tho year is pressing on.
Lady, tho winds aro bold;
Twas many a long and dreary year slneo
wo had observed your dainty car
TIs good to sec but tho winter's near
And the stylo of your colffuro's cold.
Lady, the winter nears;
And tho latest thing In tho colffuro stylo'
is sweet and slmplo and does beguile,'
But lady, list to our plea awhile
What of your shell-llko ears?
Some Financial Difference
She I have set my heart on n weddlnB
trip nround tho world.
lie i. tnougnt you nna set it on marrying ,t
Isn't it astonishing how much pallenca
somo people have with themselves?
The Finish of That Lamb
Mary had a littlo lamb
Of which sho lost all track:
And many years had passed away
Beforo she got It back.
Of courso tho littlo lamb had growl
Till it was fat nnd tall;
And though her nppetlto wa3 large
Sho did not get it all.
In fact, that sho was eating it
Poor Mary never knew;
For sho had told tho waiter man J'
To bring her chicken stow,
"Paw, what's" a sobriquet?"
"A respectablo person's nickname, my son."
Tho shipwrecked sailor had a crust;
'Twas qulto too hard to oat;
He knew, ere ho could feed, ho must
Contrive to mnko it sweet.
Ho set tho cabin door ajar
And gavo It qulto a slam;
And by this means tho hungry tar
At last got at the jamb.
"You ought to bo ashamed of yourself,"
said tho Judge severely to tho six-foot pris
oner, "striking a man half your size."
"Well, I gave him a fair chance. I stood
him on a chair."
The Turkey Trot
At somo near day,
Quite soon we pray,
A. Rustem Bey
Will sail away.
His talk ho knew
Was ballv rot.
So now ho'll do
Tho "Turkey" trot.
The War and Delicatessen
Tho war has lasted two months, yet a 11m
burger sandwich can still bo bought for 10
1 Strong Resemblance
WIssahlckon Many of these great victories
in Europo remind mo of disappointed ofllce
seekers. Falrmount What's tho similarity?
WIssahlckon They nro unconfirmed.
"My friend," said tho Impecunious one,
"please lend me $10. This Is nn emergency."
"Awfully sotry," wns tho reply, "but I am
not supplied with emergency currency."
What's in a Name?
Totllng Speaking of bird dogs, what do you
think of that one?
Dlmllng That's no bird dog. That's a pug.
Totllng That's what you think, but its
owner has named him "Robin."
"Brown October ale" has been called to
The Sweet Girls
Women who run for ofllce should bo known
as candy dates.
And It Was
"That," remarked a soldier of the Scotd
Greys, after applying the brown paint brush
to his mount, "Is a horso of nnother color."
May Not Succeed
And now tho Germans threaten to turn In
Take Your Clioico
The wounded soldier man was III,
And so they sent him back from Lille.
Though ho obiected rmltn n .v,n
They would not let him stay at Lii'le.
So, as wo said, ho wllly-nllly
uont to some other place from Lille.
It May Ro Needed
. WMat 'V, plty tne Ancient and Honorable
Artillery Company of Boston has to go away
beforo tho world's series. It might be of as.
Bistanco to tho Braves In tho frontal attack
on the Whlto Elephants.
"See here," said th- Irato subscriber, "if
you praise this fellow Brown again I'm
through. He's a dead beat."
i'1, k.10W '.'.'. and -1 dldn,t Pralse Mm." re
plied the editor of the Hayvlllo Chronicle.
I called him a noted man, and ho Is. I hold
six of his notes myself."
One of tho densest mysteries of tho present
European war is how tho Kniser can be
dying at Berlin nnd illrrptlm- tim nr,atinna
of the German army In Eastern Prussia
against tho Russians at the same time.
"My wife will pay 10 cents carfare to ride
downtown and save 3 cents at a bargain
sale," said the young married man. oarga,n
i harV8 nthlK to worry about," replied
the old M. M.. "until sho learns to forget
about the spool of silk she started out to get
and buys a $20 hat Instead."
THE BABBLING FOOL
Woman Is man's helpmate-that Is. she
helps him spend all he earns
Woman's creation was an error in tactics
Masterly retreats were invented by Adam as
a consequence. ' -rvua" Ba
When lovely woman stoops to folly thera
aro plenty willing to help her pick 'it up
Woman, being "a contradiction at best
cannot help contradicting. '
rHe." i10". no tnrl "ke a woman scorned.
Most of them are here on earth """""
Widows' weeds grow only in the garden of
flowe sny' men Pre'er wda to
Byron believed neither "a woman nor an
epitaph." Yet there are somo of the lattTr
which tell the truth, to wit: tter
Here Ilea Arabella Day,
Who, on the thirty-first of May
Began to hold her tongue.
The weaker sex usually takes advantage
of the stronger sex's well-known weaknels
for tho weaker sex. "WKuess
The Scarlet Woman usually J3 not as red
as the is painted. s Tea
Woman's eyes may be the mirror of her soul
?WngIyM S CnVeX' "e ai,t ' ".tort
"The love that Ilea In woman s eyes" sane
the poet, but the cold type couldn't inE..
the emphasis he placed on ii. n ' ,nilIte
emphasis he placed on "lies.
WAyB8uTLmrlf.a '"f5t.r "death.
UWB 13 JIU lUtrriap In Vlnn
A suffragette i. r ".Tttr aea"i-
lady and can't be a ' i " r won't be
Woman but there aren't tnnn.i, ..
j in inq uictwnary to do her justice" ,,ul
jalliMrtni ,n nrtirwyrt.