Newspaper Page Text
Mr '.H'J I
.in iii 11 11 mm imwi wumwi
L E D GE rv
VOL. I NO. 21
PRICE ONE CENT
PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1014.
CoPtRtani, IBM, r tn Pcwto LtMt Cohnkt.
THREE MEN LIVED
IN CITY CAVE FITTED
DP IN HOUSE STYLE
STIRRED TO WRATH
BY GRAFT CHARGE
SUPPLIES OF POTASH
AND SEEDS REDUCED
BY EUROPEAN WAR
fci I nil 1 ML . .
Fancy Rugs, Hangings and
Fine Couches Had Even
Applied to Have Gas Installed.
An elaborately furnlshe dnpnrtment In
a cave at 29th and Clearfield streets has
been dismantled by the police, and to
day the hole Is being niled In. follow-In?
the arrest of three men who occupied
the place for two months.
Virtually everv comfort of the home
had been Installed In the cave, and ap
plication had been made to the t O. I
for Kns connections.
This prisoner nro Ifcnrv Webster, of
Boston, the "boss": Charles Anderson, of
MM North 3-M street, and Hussell Whalen.
who said lit- had no other home but the
invp. Webster was sentenced by Mag
istrate Grells. nt the Kails of Schuylkill
station, to three months In the Hous.
of Correction, and the others were held
In $30) bill fot court on vagrancy charges
Uetcctlves discovered the underground
mansion while searching for thieves who
have ben stealing milk and bread In
the vlclnltv for weeks. Thev found no
evidence that the three men In a cave
had nnythlng to do with the thefts, but
decided that they neve open to arrest
anyhow. When Webster was arraigned
he demanded a lawyer, and declared that
In Boston the public had the right to
use vacant lots. He contended that the
same system should npplv here.
Sergeant Adams and Policemen Whit
worth. Prcndcrgast and Stow man made
the arrest. Thev were guarding the milk
of Falls of Schuylkill houscholdets and
watching for thlees when they saw a
man dodge across the vacant lot and the.i
suddenly disappear, following his tracks
they came to a small hole In the ground
that had been carefully concealed with
weeds and old tins.
The blueco.iti then stamped around and
noticed that the ground gave back a
hollow sound. Then they squeezed into
the hole The sight that struck their
eyes reminded them of th Adventures
of Alice In Wonderland. They were In
mi apartment 12 feet square by ? feet
It was tastefully furnished with fancy
rues, a refrigerator, table and chnlrs
ard fine couches. The apartment was
divided b hangings Into two rooms. In
one corner stood a pick and shovel, and
there were indications that the occupants
had planned enlargements to their sub
PREPARING THE PROGRAM
FOR PEACE CONFERENCE
Preliminaries nt Aguascalientes TJn-
,dev "Way, With, Outlook Gloomy.
"AGUAPCAMENTES, State of Aguas
calientes, Mexico, Oct. . The first meet
ing of Constitutionalist army generals,
representing First Chief Venu.stlano Cat
lanza and General Francisco Villa. wno
held here today preliminary to the na
tional peace convention, which will oper.
later in the week. While the program
for the conference is being drawn un.
war activities among both the Carrnn
ilstas and the Villaistas aie going on.
The outlook for an ndjustmtnt of the
factional troubles Is gloomy. General
Villa Is here In person to emforc his de
mands, and it seems certain that he will
lsiue an ultimatum to the Carranza gov-
inment demanding thui it carry out the
pledges of the Constitutionalist party I
chief of which is land distribution among
So high Is the feeling among the dele
Rates that an actual clash in the con
entlon would not be unexpected.
It Is believed that First Chief Tar
ranza will not come here from Mexico
CORN CROP ABOVE NORMAL
Condition on October 1 Exceeds the
WASHINGTON. Oct 7 The condition
of the corn crop, October 1. was 715 per
cent, of normal, compared with 71 7 per
cent, on September 1. KJ3 per rent, on
October 1. las. year and 71 9. the ten- ,
vear aveiage on Oetober 1. nccoiding to
the monthly general crop report of the
Department of Agriculture today
INDICTMENTS BELIEVED NEAR
Attorney General Names Counsel for
New Hnven Prosecutions.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 7.-Barly return
of Indictments against New Haven Rail
road ofllclals by the Grand Jury now in
ression in New lork was forecast today
J.y a statement Issued by Attorney Gen- !
eral Gregory announcing the appointment
of two attorneys to prosecute any in
dictments found as a result of this in
vestigation. James W. Osborne of New York, has
fceen employed na special assistant to
the Attorney General In charge of the
prosecution of an officials indicted for
the New Haven looting. The appoint-
mont gt 17 1. Hatta ftf Austin rPev A
former law' partner of the Attorney Gen-
era), as assistant to Osborne was alw
nnnonnred. Frank II. Swacker. a sne-
clal assistant to the Attorney General
and on of the men who aided Mr. Greg
ory In the New Haven Investigation, wirt
be associated with Osborne and BetU.
,. - . -.
SEEK PRESIDENT'S AID
Men Ask Indorsement
Wade Pool Plan.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 7 Cotton men
from North Carolina, repretentlng the
Tanners' Union of that State, appealed to
President Wilson todav to Indorse the
propose! of Festus J. Wade, a St Louis
banker, who would organize a "cotton
pool." fn which the national banks would
khare. to capitalize the cotton orops.
The President told bis callers that he
Itllevea the situation would be met and
that disaster would be averted He did
not commit himself, however, to any
WAVES YIELD DEATH MESSAGE
Parewell of Victims of Wreck Last
November Pouud in Bottle.
FORT WILLIAM. Ont . Oct. 7 -"November
9. 1912, steamer Leafleld. No.
HtHM. Pure well to all. In God we trust."
TUU manage signed "otilcr" was
found in n bottle on the shore of Lake
Bupurlor, near here half burled in the
Mpd. A teamehlp of that name, owned
f tl Algoma Central Steamship Line
yrtut list in a great storm last Novem
ber, au aooaru perished.
ji?fgpgfcj .? . r-a .djHgHHiflf tgi WiltMM &3MmM SM&vAf&K fW""
; WsVmm TW&r" r IMF 4ki
WARSHIPS WILL GUARD
GERMAN LINER CECILIE
"Gold Ship" nt Portland to be Moved
NEW YORK, Oct. T.-Guarded by a I
battleship and a torpedoboat and towed j
by a naval collier the North German I
Lloyd steamship Kronprlnzessln Cecllle, I
which is Interned at FortHinu, Jle., on
account of the war, probably will seek
winter quarters In Boston or some other
port to escape the ice in Portland harbor
The problem of moving her without
running the risk of seizure by British
cruisers outside the three-mile distan e
presents a dinicult situation for the
"RECALLED? 0. NO!" SAYS
TALKATIVE TURKISH ENVOY
A. Rustem Bey Off for Home on
NEW VOItK. Oct. T.-A Hustein He,
tm, Turkish Ambassador to the Vnited
States, left tuduy on the Stampalia for
Naples, from which point he is expected
to go to Constantinople.
The Ambassador said that hu was on
leave of absence and did not know when
he would rutuni.
"I cannot say anything further," said
the Ambassador, "than I have suld My
head is quite empty of any further Ideas.
The onl news that I have la that the
foreign postottlces In Turkey wore dupe
away with on October 1 without any out
The Ambassador said thero was no
truth In the report that Turkey was pro
ceeding against the Black Sea fleet of
PRESIDENT'S KIN "BLUFFS"
WAY OUT OF WAR ZONE
Mrs. Anna Wilson Howe Makes I
Bold Dash in Auto.
NEW YORK. Oct. 7.-Lots of nerve and !
much bluffing were used by Mrs. Anna
AVIIson Howe cousin of President Wilson.
In escaping from Paris to Havre during
n all-night run In an automobile over
roads that were guarded by bentrles, ae.
online to J. H. Clarke, a European sales
moil ai An niltnmnhllr. wimnonii ttrlwi V. n .
man for an automobile company, who has
Juj-t arrived from trm Kuropean war zone.
IIo said the only way Mrs. Ilotvo could '
get to Havre to catch the French liner
France fur this country was by using a
Mrs Howe left Paris at 6 p. m. for
a iuli k dash to the coast. She en
gaged the chauffeur with the understand
ing he would have to use plenty of nerve
8"!,i bl,, bl" 1y tlimu8' the line of sen
i"fa- V."e" "'" l ... 'T"71', u V"L
I'rlnce Mural, an officer in tho French
. , ! U ft.
(llflj, WPS aiaM VW .i;4ll lHav MO
Howe's car had made the dip, because
the Prim-e had tried three times In vain
to accomplish lh sain feat.
MAN OF MYSTERY CARUSO?
Bediamonded Passenger on Liner
From Italy Said to be Singer,
NEW YORK. Oct. 7 -A mysterious pas.
senger who arrived from (jenoa today
on the lltiur Reglna 4'italla was declared
by the ship's purser to b Hnrico Caruso,
the fain-jus tenor He wore ; bracelet
and many diamonds The passenger's
name was not on the snip's list.
Learn to Speak the Brogue
&li Frederick Bridge, the popular organ
lit of Westminster Abbey, Is wen known
for his lovibl good hum w. At times, how
ever, and undr provocation, he can
mingle a tract of acid i,ualit with hla
An instance of thLs occurred during a
rehearsal of one of Dvorak's operas, con
taining ta Chorus In Hell. This par
tlcu'ar number was not rendered to Sir
Frederick's satisfaction, despite hU re
peated admonition to the male voices.
Finally, throwing down hU baton in de
spair, the Irate conductor xoiaitd:
"Really, guitlamen, you ought to make It
cund more like the real thing Just
think bow foolish you'll fel when jou
get to the place if you cannot spak the
language-" T. P Weekly,
vance c. Mccormick
Democratic candidate for Governor, speaking at Ninth and Westmoreland streets at noon.
M'CORMICK TELLS WORKMEN
PENROSE IS ONLY ISSUE
Addresses Fnctory Employes rind De
nounces Methods of the Boss.
Penrose nnd Penroselsm, Is the only
Issue In the campaign In this State, de
claied Vance C. McCormlck, candidate
for Governor at the first of his Philadel
phia noonday worklngmen's meetings, at
the Surpass Leather Works, Ninth and
Westmoreland streets today.
Mr. McCormlck reviewed in detail, the
work of Penrose In the Legislature In
holding up child labor and workmen's
compensation bills, bills providing shorter
hours for women nnd local option legis
lation. Dean Lewis, the Washington party can
didate for Governor, who wlthdiew In
MeCormick's fuvor, introduced McCor
mlck. Doctor Lewis said that theie were
onl two things for the voteis of Phila
delphia to understand: First, are the
I voters to back Penroselsm. after the way
I the last Legislature was throttled when
i progressive bills were Introduced? for
, these same people are backing Brum
l bnugli. The tight In this State is to erad
icate Penrose and Penroselsm.
Mr. McCormlck challenged Doctor
Brumbaugh to deelaie where he stood
legarding Penroselsm. "I would also like
to know why Doctor Brumbaugh does not
practice what he preaches," he said.
"Doctor Brumbaugh's fight for prohibi
tion, If elected Governor, would be worth
Just about as much as his attempt to put
certnln things in the plutform at the
meeting in Pittsburgh.
"The i i'.isom this State has no money
for public Improvement Is that the money
that should hlp build hospitals and the
like are lining the pockets of Penrose fol
lowers, for fat salaries which they never
FIREMEN OF STATE REBUKE
WUNDER FOR AIDING PENROSE
Declare Their Secretary Had No
Authority to Support Candidate.
HARltlSBIRG, Oct. 7 -The nctlon of
W. Wunder. of Reading, recording
secretary of the State Firemen's Asso
ciation, in officially advocating the nom
ination of Senator Penrose last spring
was severely condemned today by a reso
lution adopted by the association
Wunder sent letters last spring to mem-
bers of the State Association, as the asso-
clatlon's recording secretary, urging Pen
rose's "nomination and re-election-" Pen
rose Is an honorary member of the body,
and Wunder said Penrose was always
ready to do anything be could to help
Fred 13 Lewis, of Allentown, candi
date of the Washington party for Secre
tary of Internal Affairs, Introduced the
resolution today, which was adopted
unanimously on a viva voce vote. It says
Wunder'a action "is cleat (y an attempt
to introduce politics into the association,"
and that statements Wunder made in his
letter regarding Penrose deserving praise
for firemen's pension legislation are "both
misleading ami untrue." It also says
that, while Wunder'a home is In Reading,
the letters were prepared and posted In
Wunder's action is then "seterely con
demned as a pernicious art, reflecting upon
the association and creating the Impres
sion that the officers of the association
ran be uied as henchmen and their of
Hces in the association used for the benefit
of political bosses."
The association amended Jts by-laws so
that If any officer shall use hU office
for political purposes In the future he
shall forfeit it.
Officers were elected as follows:
I'rl.iBt. 1II1 Humphreys, of Flitsbursn.
Vice fiMlildiiti, Samul T. Pallllps, of lit
Carnud. John gaupp, of Steeltoa; O. 31eyr,
Ji.. at SuiMlmuji-'oo. ai U'JIUam Bosal), of
FUcoj-JiOK Scrury, W. W. WuiuUr. of
"rrpoaduit itcretary. Fred. W. Hay. cl
FlaaniUI fee reiary Jrin A Haas, of Ptiil
cdelpbla Treaur A U JUlcbtafeacn. of Atlentowo.
i AapUla, the lUv, Samuel U, ttla, of
272,871 QUALIFIED TO VOTE
IN ELECTION IN THE CITY
Official Figures for Three Registra
tion Days Are Announced.
The otliclal figures for the three days'
registration for the November geneial
election arc announced today by the
Board of Registration Commissioners.
Those qualified to vote number 272.S71.
The heaviest registration took place on
September 3. Accoidlng to tlio olficlal
figures, PS.ISj voteis registered on that
day. On the second day's registration,
September 15, S4.323 persons were regis
tered. The thltd and last day's registra
tion, on October 3, numbered &U.361.
The registration in the W wards was
Ward. Sept. .'I. . 15. Oct. .1.
First H1 1144 l7
fecund 1750 7St ,'.ll
Thin! 13U7 5HI :s:il
Fourth WTU f.5S ;I7N
Hfth 337U Kit) , ,'HB
Sixth 'JSU .174 JtJ.I
Seventh I'.'MI 17M 14M
Eighth 1012 3I MO
Ninth Kurt -Iltt
T.nth 11WI 1U7 lH'i'i
Eleventh Tli't 111, 2!)0
TuvKtll 'JU.1 4'IJ Stl
Thirteenth ... IT,",! W K'U
Fourteenth 1017 licio Mil
Fifteenth 'JI2I Mill '.'IS7
Flxtienth U7U lion 4i;
Seventeenth Tin IKS 711
Eighteenth IMI t.'ils I71U
Nineteenth 444!i is'T -171
Twentieth :;.VS(I SIM L'l'f.S
Tn enty-llrst 185.'. Wot! at)l.l
Twentv-a"coid a7Ui lio.-, .vtio
THenty-thlrd UIS7 1W7 2'J7t
Tenty-(otirth tiS'K 2S77 .'!rw
Twenty-fifth .Wt jan.i
Twenty-sixth .'WIS S7u '.'111
Ti"enty-eventh tsjl Ills U!i:i
Twenty-eljhth 2711 .'tt'.".' n.Jt
Tnenty-nlnth 21,1'J w!i 1,1'J
Thirtieth tins- wu 1S7S
Thirty-first I'jSO nzr. 2IM
Tlilrty-seeund 1!)S(1 2ISU 2711
TMrty-thlrd JTP3 Silfi :ttn.1
Thirty-fourth 2T10J K0S.1 ::i
Thlrty-tlfth r.17 7U7 SIS
Tl irly-slxth HiSI 2IW 2H17
Tlilrty-fnth 1744 IKS! 172"
ThlrO'-elKhth SO. assi ftisif)
Thirty-ninth .Vms 25.17 211
Fortieth 2770 2573 S.177
I'oilv-llrst 1122 lOW 1221
F rty--cona 17fBI 2I3'.I 2rot
ForH-thlnl 2f!7 lTP.M .t-Vi'l
Fortv-fourth 2071 2iMl 2.1.',
Torty-flfth ir,m 1SJS 152T
Fnrt-Blxth 2r.is :itT7 4'tli
Forty-jevenlh inril k;ki ntnj
Forty-eighth 1702 1212 IIDS
TEAR DOWN "GRANDSTANDS"
ON ROOFS NEAR SHIBE PARK
Property Owners Were Planning to
Charge S2 a Seat,
Two inspectors of the Department of
Ttulldinsj Inspection left the City Hall
this afternoon to teor down grandstand'''
which property owners had constructed
on the roofs of dwellings near Shlbe
Park. Owners of tho stands had planned
to charge t- admission for the world's
Word reached Chief Clarke, of the De
partment of Building Inspection today,
that residents in the vicinity of Twen
tletlt and Somerset streets had placed
benches and chairs on the roofs of their
house?. Notices were sent to property
owners several days ago warning them
not to permit crowds on their roofs.
As Pat Expected
Some time ago an IrUhman and an eng
lishman went to the captain of a ship
and asked for the privilege of worMnst
their w'ay across the ocean. The captain
consented, but asked Pat for references.
while taking the KnglUlunan on without
A few days later the pair were washing
the deck and just aa the Englishman was
leaning over the side to pull up a bucket
of water he was caught In a huge wave
and carried away.
"Captain." said Pat, going to that offi
cial, "maybe yz romlmUr that whin Ol
came on this ship yez asked me for riter
inces an' 1st that Englishman come on
without thlm "
"Yee," replied the captain, reflectively
"What about It'"
' Xothln' " answered Pat, triumphantly
"only he has gone off wid yer bucket"
MIDDLE-AGED HORSE GETS
FIRST RIDE IN AUTOMOBILE
Animal, Not Used to Luxury, In Hos
pital From Experience-.
A mlddle-aBcd horse, who spends his
days attached to a huckster's wncon and
who Is, theiefore, unused to luxury, had
nn unexpected rldo in n large tourlne car
early this morning. The rldo was In
Point Breeze Park, near the Penrose
Fero" road, but It cannot be said the
anlmul was overjoyed, as It Is now In tho
Tho horse was drawing Its wagon at a
htendy pace when hit by an automobile.
The force of the Impact landed the nnl
mal on top of the automobile, which con
tinued some distance before being brought
to n standstill. The occupants of the car
were arrested on a charge of reckless
driving. They were John Hnggerty,
driver of the car, and Mamie Haggerty,
both of SOI South Thirteenth street;
Martha Hasson, Sixteenth and Ellsworth
streets; Mary and Harry Lutz, both of
121 ClrcJnwIch street, and Harry It. Block,
217 South 53d street.
HOT COFFEE FALLS ON BABY
Mother nnd Child Hushed to Hospital
in Passing Auto,
Picking up a pot of hot coffee, which
his mother placed on the table when
called to the front door this morning,
Hj'nmn Chemsky, 3 years old, of 'jzz
North Third street, poured the contents
ever his face and body.
Hearing the child's screams, the mother
rushed Into the kitchen and found the
little fellow rolling on tho lloor in pain.
Throwing a rug about her son, ho
picked him up and statted for the Roose
velt Hospital, several squares distant.
Pollcemon Jackson, of the Third street
and Falrmount nvenuo station, stopped
a passing auto and had the mother and
baby rushed to the hospital. Physicians
nt the hospital say the child has a chance
IRON CROSS FOR AIRMEN,
Men Rewarded for Aiding Attack on
LONDON. Oct. 7.
Tho Dally Standard has received a
dispatch by indirect route from Its
special correspondent In Berlin, under
date of October 1, saying that tho Kaiser
has confotred the Iron Cross on the
commander and each of the crew of the
German naval airship Schuekelanz Jl for
services rendered to the Fatherland by
"the magnificent uerlal reconnoltering that
led to the destruction of the three British
cruisers" recently torpedoed In the North
Seu by German submarines
"Inside Stuff" on
the World Series
Readers of the Evening Ledger
will have the benefit of an expert
discussion of each game played for
the championship in baseball, from
the pen of
the greatest ball player of them all
Mr. Collins has made a reputation
as a writer only second to his re
nown as a ball player. He knows
the game, and he knows how to
tell about it. Be sure to buy
THE EVENING LEDGER
throughout the World's Series
games. Order from your news
New Jersey Delegates Deny
That Anti-cruelty Societies
of Their State Mulct New
ATLANTIC C1TT, N. J., Oct. 7.-Tho
nssertlon of Thomtuj M. McCarthy, of
New York, thnt New Jersey anti-cruelty
organizations are corrupt and prey upon
New Tork drivers crossing the Hudson
River for a graft In fines, provoked n
flame of wrath In the rlatlonal conven
tion of tho American Humane Associa
Women delegates from New Jersey
societies rose In protest, warmly sec
onded by Frank B. Rutherford and other
Phlladclphlans In the convention.
"I don't know tho gentleman, but ho
has been maliciously misinformed about
Now Jersey societies," exclaimed Mrs,
S. O, Van Hoesen, n Plalnfleld police
woman, attired In a dark blue Cossack
gown and a Jaunty velvet hat with long
feather, "Wo don't graft In rlalnfleld
and we will not stand for such an alle
gation." "The speaker evidently refers to the
Jersey City Society," said President Long,
ui kite iiewntK aaucieiy lor iiic jrrcvcn
tlon of Cruelty to Animals. "Jersey City
handles the New York drivers before they
"I was speaking of the conviction held
In New York by owners of horses who
have been mulcted for the most trivial
reasons," Mr. McCarthy responded.
Ho said thnt the New York Depart
ment of Health "was rotten to the core."
"We will admit that the Now Jersey
S. P. C. A. Is corrupt, because It Is vir
tually a dead letter, but wo dofy any
body to prove we graft fines In New
ark," shouted a delegate from that city.
Nobody had a word to say for Jersey
Frank Rutherford, of Philadelphia,
rpeaklns as "a friend of New Jersey,"
demanded that the New Yorker prove his
charges or withdraw them, Mr. McCarthy
promised to do so if given time, but the
convention voted, with the women wav
ing a Chautauqua salute, to erase all
refcrenoo to tho charges from Its min
utes. A dozen speakers denounced aa absurd
tho contention of Pennsylvania's State
Veterinarian and others that drinking
fountains for horses spread glanders.
"Pennsylvania women will never sur
render until this foolish ban has been
annulled," eald Mrs. Mary Lovell, of
A newspaper clipping declnrlng that n
colonel of French cavalry traveling In
cognito had been Identified In Philadel
phia after buying 14,000 horses for the use
of the Allies, threw the convention Into
another uproa. A dozen delegates of
fered to subscribe funds for the employ
ment of detectives.
"Why down't our Government get busy
and save American-bred horses from
slaughter abroad?" demanded New Eng
land representatives. "Our Government
knows what Is going on," retorted Judge
WllklnB, of Brooklyn. "Why, our
Government permits tho shipment of
arma out of the country for purposes of
war." That ended thefmntter.
SAY BRITISH ARE CRUEL
German Red .Cross iNurse Writes of
A letter received by Mrs. Arthur
Mudra, wife of Dr. Arthur Mudra, tho
German Consul In Philadelphia, from his
sister, who Is In the German Red Cross at
EIberfeld,( In Rhine-Prussia, reads In part
"Lost night we had n train load of
English prisoners, all members of the
Red Cross. They looked awful, one
could easily believe the stories of their
beaatly crimes after having seen and
spoken to them. They had nil sorts of
mortal Instruments sewed Into the lining
of their jackets, and with thoso Instru
ments they had tormented nnd crip
pled our soldiers. The guards accom
panying those prisoners trembled with
rage and disgust when they spoke of it.
"Some of our wounded who had fought
"s'" mo .ciitsiisii nave just ueen re
ceived. They tell the most horrible and
shocking tales of atrocities committed by
the English. Their cruelty has been
worse than that of tho Belgians. The
English Red Cross Is worse, Its members
ore beaats In human -shape nnd commit
tho most unspeakable atrocities on the
battlefields instead of helping the wound-
cu. mere is one unanimous feeling of
rage and contempt against the English."
WASHINGTON, Oct. 7.
For Eastern Pennsylvania Cloudy
tonight; Thursday partly oloudy and
slightly warmer; gentle east and south
For New Jersey-Cloudy tonight; Thurs.
day partly cloudy and warmer In Interior.
A moderately cool area spread over the
Atlantic slope from Delaware Bay north
ward last night, and waa accompanied by
Increasing cloudiness, with traces of rain
In a few scattered localities. Light rain
occurred yesterday In the upper Ohio
oasln. and In general cloudiness has In
creased over the eastern half of the coun
try during the laat hours. Showers and
thunderstorms continue In tho upper Mis
slsslppl Valley, the northwestern portion
of tho Lake region, and tho central end
norifieru piauie amies.
U. S. Weather Bureau Bulletin
Obiervatleni mid. nH a. ra. E..tern time.
Station. 8 a.m. n't. fall. Wind . i, w...t.
.. tsa ut a ;"A"""
A. I lintU nli
liUmarc. N."d! 42 42
lloaton. JJiu. ... 4 42
Buttalo. N y
. M ea
b y io asjsj
-iflvtna. u. .
Denver. Col . .
Da Uointi. la
Puluth. Minn . no CO
Oilinton. Tex. 78 70
Itatteria. N. C. M Hi
Ileltna, Mont . 28 ii
Huron. 6. D. . . B2 K
Jacksonville. Fli, 72 72
Kanaaa Cltr.ato. M OS
Loulitiru, Kj- . ct Si
Mimphla. Tcno. 04 M
New Orleans. . 72 72
Nw York . . .H H
M Plill, KVh n .
Oklahoma. 6lc . '. 64 62
f&uaaaipDU . .VI
Phoenix. Arl ... 62
Portland. 1I. ..,
Portland. Or. . .
Ouebc, Can. . .
St. LouH. Mo .
St Paul, Minn,
tialt Lake, Utah.
S. rantan. Pi
i ciTr '
. . M 62 .I i
4ifc 44 41 fc b
Head of Vegetable Growers'
Association Warns Farmers
of Necessity of Increasing
"The European war has cut off entirely
the supply of potash In the United States.
Thero Is at present on hand In this coun
try only 30 per cent, of tho usuat stock.
The same Is true' of seeds. If the war
continues for another yenr, the situation
as far as potash and seeds are concerned
will become most serious unless tho
American agriculturists take the hint and
get down to the production of potash and
seeds themselves. If this could bo accom
plished, wo will end our dependence upon
Europe In fertilizing and planting our
This was tho statement mado by It. U
Watts, president of tho Vegetable Grow
ers' Association of America nt tho sec
ond Bcsslon of tho association now hold
ing Its seventh annual convention In Hor
There is n slrlklncr sentiment nmnnir
the delegates not to take all novel pro
posals for granted, and to adopt only
thoso methods which have proved suc
cessful elsewhere or which show some
deflnlto promises of succoss. A state
ment to this effect was made nt yes
terday's session by It. L, Watts, presi
dent of the association In his annual ad
dress to the convention. Tho same feel
ing Is shown b'y Professor Paul Work, of
Cornell, a prominent flguro at tho con
vention and a recognized authority on
VALUE OF CO-OPERATION".
Speaking of the valuo of co-operation
Professor Work said this morning:
"There Is a lot of talk about co-opera--tlon
which takes for granted things that
cannot be done. It is a big Job to get
the products of the farm to tho person
that uses It. The work of tho middle
man in this respect has to bo done.
When an agricultural community enters
upon co-operation it should begin with
simple activities. To do grading, pack
ing, shipping and selling hundreds of
thousands of dollars worth of products
every year Is difficult. It Is it complex
proposition awl it demands cxporience
not only on the part of tho directors
and managers of tho co-operative asso
ciation, but also on tho part of tho
members. They must bo absolutely loyal
to the association. If a community will
get together for some simple things like
standardizing packages, buying seeds,
fertilizers and supplies, or for nothing
more than holding meetings and ex
changing experiences and observations,
it can accomplish a great deal of
good. That gets them acquainted with
each other until they learn to trust each
other. Then they aro ready for the big
ger things of co-operation. A great deal
along the lines of co-operation could bo
accomplished In the control of market
facilities, for as a group vegetable grow
ers can exercise a tremendous control
unon this lmnortnnt n.irt nt thlr Sn.l.
Thl3 morning's session was a popular
open meeting. The subject discussed was
"Soil Problems for Vegetable Growers."
The principal speaker was Dr. Jacob Lip
man, director of the New Jersey Agri
cultural Experiment Station at Now
Brunswick, N. J.
Doctor Llptnan In his address mode a
severe criticism of the manner In which
the soil of the United States has been
taken care of and said that a great deal
of waste, which could be eliminated by
proper mothods of fertilization, is
threatening seriously the productive
capacity of the soil of this country.
"Tho American farmer and market
gardener," said Doctor Llpman, "Is coming
to realize for the first time the necessity
of soil study and the fact that the doll
has certain vital needs which he must
satisfy If it Is to continue to serve him
and bring forth its fruits In their sea-
sons, in generations past we have,
farmed our lands with the reckless
prodigality of a drunken spendthrift, ex
hausting all and restoring nothing, and
when the farms of one neighborhood
were exhausted, moving on ever west
ward to new lands of virgin, unbroken
"Millions, probably hundred of millions,
of dollars' worth of fertile soil, our great
est national asset, have been used up and
rendered barren by wasteful methods,
Now we are beginning to feel the pinch,
and our farmers are turning to soil
study and soil culture as the only means
by which we can continue to feed our
continually increasing population.
"For generations American farmers
have been plowing their land in deep
channels and gutters without regard to
wash tie or AnnBo tu...--2 . . "
., ' ." , ov. .iiuusinu, or ions
of our best and most fertile soil havo
rermaiLe1 firom 8loplns ,anla because
slJlTi 'Pfr P0"nf down into tho Mis
sissippi, never to return. In the past
WnearVe,R?ld.ro atlen to crop routiori
and fertilization, but have raised crop
"i S3 ot Mne grain n
"The common method of disposal of
W.te.prvducts nnd traw on our farm,
1,J.h,,',"1 has bum them. Land
nV8.bUrnea over eeld0,n ' worth any
ih5 .h" CrP Prodl"tlon afterward In
these three ways hundreds of millions or
dollars' worth of potential national weaUh
have been wasted In the past We aw
Just awakening to the realization of thf!
and looking about for means to stop it
If we are to continue to feed our in-
"&Tn they must be t"
Howard W . Selby. secretary of the con.
ve" n. wishes Particularly to Invite ?he
Public to attend the sessloS of the vegE
table growers, particularly on Thursday
Professor Kino-,, ....!
to have "taken pTacVTast n.g'ht was