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PIHUl)FLrillA, Tlll'IKDAY, SI'.IMKMin.lt 2 t, 101 t
EVENING LEDGERPHIkADELPHIA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1914.
The Knife in the Rowels of Reform
THOMAS B. T. MACKLEI3K voted In Select
Council to overrldo tho Mayor's veto of
tno Municipal Court grab. Mr. MncUleer Is
employed by tlio Municipal Court nt a salary
of $250 tho month. Of course, he was quite
competent to tale a judicial view of the
question. It Is even possible that he could
have been Influenced by argument or fact to
voto against tho source of his salary. But
he was not so Influenced; not a bit of it. On
the contrary, he stood "with the boys," first,
lost and nil the tlmo.
Mr. Macklcer is but ono of many whoso
Jobs depend on their votes. It Is never safe
for tho people to confide their interests to
men whoso own interests are paramount. If
any citizen wants to know why the reform
Administration is hampered at every turn by
Councils, ho has only to discover the means
of livelihood of certain "representatives of
the people." They owo their sinecures to tho
contractor bosses, to the Organization, and
the Organization is their first and only love.
When the public asks who and what they
are, theso sweetly coo, "We aro Republicans."
And tho remarkable thing is that so many
people believe them.
"Twill Be Dry in OIc Virginia
VIRGINIA has pane dry by a declsivo
majority. The light there 1ms been going
on for years, the real battle having been to
persuade tho Legislature to submit the ques
tion to a general vote. When that much was
won the rest was cany for tho Prohibi
tionists. It would be Idle to deny that In
tho rural districts of the South prohibition
has achieved some splendid results, and It
would be Just ns futile to question Its failure
In the cities. "Blind pics," "blind tigers,"
"speak-easies" have flourished. Violation of
the law in most of the larger towns it open
and notorious. Making vice a crime by
statute can never be n great success. Locat
option is the real remedy for the liquor prob
lem, for it restricts prohibition to localities
where enforcement of the law Is practically
Militarism No Worse Than Nuvnlisni
HE German people are quite rlcht In
. resenting a great deal of the unreason
able criticism of tho Fatherland. It would
be a pity if fair-minded men could have no
love for a nation which In the last h.tlf
century has amazed tho world by its mate
rial accomplishments. That England and her
Allies have been Jealous nf cjermnn achieve
ment is too obv ions to require comment. It
would be entirely illogical, therefore, for
American citizens to grow bitter oor Gor
man militarism and not consider England's
navalism. German preparation on land hus
not been ono whit more destructive of tho
peace of the world than England's prepared
ness on the oceans. It is six of one and half
a dozen of the other. The Kaiser's long reign
of peace is at least presumptive eWdence of
his sincere aversion to war. The I-'athrrland
Is entitled to n fair show, and there is every
Indication that it will got It.
Vital History Should Bo Tmiht
CURRENT events should be studied in the
schools in order to make pant history
moro real to the pupils, and in order .ilx.i to
promote among them such a civic intPillgenca
as good citizenship requires. Curient (vents
are history, and history is nothing ex, ,.pt a
it considers civics and economics in those
phases and aspect of the war which belong
to American economic history, tho ho
have u great educational opportunity which
should not bo neglected. To enlighten th
young people in the questions that have to
do with American dependence and independ
ence in commerce and industry is to teach
them tho economic resources and pussihlli
ties of their country: and to snow them how
these questions are affected by the European
war is not to violate neutrality, but merely
to give due recognition to th f!w nf events
In the history of their own country.
Courage is tho Conquest of Frur
WE DO not conquer the world bv studding
the blood of others Victories are won by
the tors of our own blood, Bueh is the
vicarious law of progress. To do right when
there is every inducement to do winng
To have the courage ,.f standing alone Is
the attribute of a strong man (V.ijrag. and
fear are related as innocence U to virtue.
One makes possible the other Th'ie inn be
no real courage without fear, 'mirage is
the conquest of fear: virtue is Innocence un
der temptation. The hatilenvu) of cvrry life
Is the soul. Drowning writes, "When the
right begins within himself a man's worth
something" Life is not promenade
through streets of cheering crowds, but a
hard march over rough roads.
Running away from the battleground of
one's own soul may be set down as a great
Re-enter Mexican Itcvolulinn
THE long expected lias happened. The in.
tolerable tension is over." This morning
H. O. Wells' words on the European explo
sion apply as tltly to Mexico. Villa's break
With his "First Chief is now "official." He
has dropped the mukk Mexico is nut to be
without its habitual revolution. Men familiar
with tho situation in Mexico hate long ex
pected just this move. All Villa's protesta
tions of loyalty could not alter the fact that
('arranxa was not the man the Northern
General and his ncopU wan' J o e hi (he
National Palace. Jeatouslos and ambitions
aside, thero have been Blgns of profound dif
ferences between tho great natural divisions
of Northern and Southern Mexico lhat spelt
conflict. Villa's revolution may be an at
tempt to put himself or his man In tho chair
nt Mexico City and his Ideas into oporatlon.
Or It may mean the sotting up of an Inde
pendent Northern republic. At any rate It
means more months of turmoil and destruc
tion. Whether this will ho worth tha price
depends on Villa's sincerity In his stand for
a non-mllltnry government and tho redis
tribution of tho land.
Meanwhile, Vera Cruz becomes onco more
a knotty problem.
No Stultification for a Mess of Pottago
AT WATSONTOWN yesterday "Doctor
xxOrunibnugh nesurcd his ntidlenco that
even the competent business administration
fell short tlnless sustained by high moral
purpose." Mornl principles como first. It
docs not profit a man or 11 f tato anything If
tho wholo world Is gained and tho soul is
lost. It Is only nt this lute dnto In social
history that the contrary doctrine is being
preached. It Is only now that a mess of
pottage Is being dangled before tho eyes of
the people of Pennsylvania In tho expecta
tion that It will tempt them Into stultifica
tion of their collectlvo conscience. Doctor
Hmnibuugh understands tho aspirations of
this people and the deep purpose underlying
their efforts. It "s only Pcnrosclsm which
Imagines that morality Is not nn Issue.
Stand Up for Pennsylvania
STAND up for Pennsylvania," says Doctor
lirumbaugh, who has always stood up
for her himself and to whom the public Is
looking with full confidence for further serv
ices of tho same kind. Stand up for Penn
sylvania: Aye, tako away from her tho re
proach which designing men have fastened
on her. Sweep out the antl-morallsts, who,
by a conspiracy of plunder, have managed
to get control of tho ofllces. Clcanso tho
atmosphere, which is pure in all else but
A great State, magnificent In Its resources,
more magnificent in its accomplishments; a
verltablo nation among nations, generous in
the complexity of its endeavor, tho industrial
prldo of the hemisphere: a State founded by
a man with a vllon, a moral vision; a Com
monwealth which owes its greatness to
tho stern principles of right which ani
mated and inspired its curly and subsequent
Only one blot Is on her banner, only one
stain attaches to her name. Pcnrosclsm. fit
successor to Qunylsm, Is the State's solo
humiliation. Discipline It, c::clso It, drive It
out: Stand up for Pennsylvania!
Dr. Bacon Overrules the Mayor
AN EXAMINER'S report, confirmed by
XxJudgo AudonrletJ, declares that Dr. AVI1
llnm D. Racon was never elected to Select
Council from the 14th Ward. The exnmlner
found thnt Dr. Philip II. Moore, fusion candi
date, received a majority of the votes cast.
By tho ue of dilatory writs In the courts.
Doctor Racon continues to hold the office
which does not belong to him. It will prob
ably be January before his appeal can bo
disposed of by the Supreme Court.
Doctor Bacon Is also a dual officeholder.
He Is n real estate assessor, a position which
puts $3000 a year Into his pocket.
The Mnyoi's veto of the Municipal Court
grab was defeated by one vote. Doctor
Bncon cast it
'"He Watched anil Wept"
TANY a crainfv parson bus run his godly
race remote ironi towns wmioiu "h
wishing to chain. hit place Ills content
ment with his l"t nnd his devotion to tho peo
ple of his parlrh are almost incomprehensible
to men more nmb'tlous for position and
power. There was such a man. perhnps. who
enme into your life There was such a man.
perhaps, who molded the community whero
you once lived nearer to christian Ideals.
A man he was to all the country dear
. , . . In his duty prompt nt every call,
He watched and wept, ho prayed and folt.
He was the burden-bearer and burden
sharer of his people. Ho was a soldier of
the cross, risking his health and exhaust
ing his strength In censeless toll nnd self
forgetful perfounance of duty. He oame to
his white hairs rind bent Usurp prematurely,
and there were those who spoke of him then
an n "broken-down minister" of no further
use. Rut the angels had kept the srroll, nnd
the record of his deeds nnd chnractcr had
been written In human hearts forever. From
the modest little pnrronage In tho village,
with lilacs in tho door yard, he was called,
not to a larger salarv or a city pulpit, but
to the golden city nnd a mansion prepared
of old for his coming.
The hardships of peace proved too much
fur General Villa,
The submarines havo a way of getting
Dn't despise consolations however email
tli scrapple season U almost ready to open.
Hots manufactured In Philadelphia ore
known all over tho world and they cover n
multitude of sinner
Senator I'enrose never has anything to
i- about morality, but Dr. Brumbaugh (s
full f it,
As a matter of fact, the Delaware could
mi along without the Government, but tho
i imminent could not got alone without the
K." h side complains that the other la
ijiiilty of Inhuman cruelty In the conduct of
ti.e war, German character Is not on un
known quantity and a nation docs not change
its qualities over night, War Is war. Per
i aps the Allies do complain too much.
There has been too rnuert other excitement
fi-r the people to pay much attention to tho
anti'trust bills, but the conference ("lay.
ton measure Ksema to he about as sensi
ble as could reasonably hs expected in the
It is an era of Indiscreet diplomats. Our
own scrUce seems to have no claims for
sujierlorUy. In fact, the rivalry amonu
envoys to say wrong things at the psycho
logical moment indicates that we must exert
ourselves If we oxpout to hold the cham
pionship, . ' j hi
The success of th3 buya-bale-of-catton
muwmint in the youth has been remarkable.
It the people man ud of the Government step
to the front in an industrial crisis of this
kind, not only are the results accomplished
better but the underlying principles of our
constitutional system are preserved.
PASSED BY THE CENSOR
THERE arrived In Philadelphia this week
ft copy of tho "Courier of Tolltlcnl Exiles,"
tho oITlclftl paper of thoso sent to Siberia by
tho Car. It Is printed In Russian, but for
obvious reasons la published In tho capital
city of Russia's ally, France. Tho Courier
contains tho first aitthontlo account of tho
death of Dszhcparldze, ono of tho 160 Social
Democratic members of tho second Duma,
who were exiled to Siberia for nmxlng their
signatures to tho famous Vlborg manifesto
n Russian declaration of Independence.
Laying nsldo entirely the pathetic human
side of tho story, tho account of the last
hours of tho Russian sounds strangely out of
harmony with tho honeyed words of tho Czar,
addressed to his "Dear Jews" nnd "My Loyal
Poles." In part, tho Courier says:
"At 8 o'clock In tho evening the train
approached a small station, Yamskaya, whero
wo wcro to change trains. 'All out,' shouted
tho head of tho convoy, opening tho doors,
DsKheparldzo rose together with tho others,
but Immediately fell to tho ground, crying,
'I cannot, I am all In.' Tzerctell nnd Mncha
radzo picked him up and placed him on a
dirty rug nearby.
"'How dnro you Bit down, you dog?'
shouted a gendarme, whereupon his com
rades picked him up nnd carried him out of
tho car to tho station platform. Wo had to
wait fully an hour for tho arrival of tho
train for Kursk. Surrounded by a host of
gendnrmes, beneath tho open sky, In tho hor
rlblo cold and but tho scant prison dailies
on our backs, wo waited in tho snow, shiv
ering, hungry nnd trembling for our lives
lest ono of tho gendarmes tnko n fancy to
shoot us. Dszhcparldzo nlono wan permitted
to sit down on tho ground. Bosldo him
stood his wife with her 2-year-old child In
her arms. After our arrival at the Kursk
depot we were dispatched to tho prison.
"All of us, 45 men In all, wcro locked up
In a cell 12 feot by S. All n'.ong tho floor lay
tho victims of Russian barbarism. Not only
was It impossible to pass from ono end of
tho cell to tho other, but It wns impossible
for ono to stretch out on the floor. In a hnlf
hour tho air in tho room became Intolerable.
Ono of us took a chanco and attempted to
open a little window, but tho soldier on duty
ordered him back to tho floor. In nn hour
Dszhcparldzo began to snore heavily. Wo
pounded at tho doors and demanded that
somo of us bo transfened to another coll. At
midnight tho warden of tho prison, Knlml
koff, cntcrod and ordered that members of tho
Imperial Duma be given room In another cell
nearby. That night Dszhcparldzo died with
out having received any medical attention."
JAMES O'DONNELL BENNETT was tho
most vitriolic dramatic critic in Chicago,
whero lie sat in theatrical Judgment for tho
Record-Herald. Ho was feared by actors
and managers alike, yot, when It wns learned
that he had been captured by the Germans
in Belgium nnd was threatened with death
as a spy, even his enemies In the profession
were sorry. Of course, he was released,
hence this story.
Tho other night two actors who hnd felt
the sting of Bennett's pen stood In front of
the Garrlck Theatro discussing tho war. Ono
referred to Bennett's visit to tho scene of
"Wouldn't it ho awful." exclaimed the other
with heartfelt worry, "if bo didn't like tho
way they fought!"
THE original manuscript of Arnold Ben
nett's "The Regent," also known us "Tho
Old Adam," Is now In this country, tho prop
erty of Edgar fVIwyn, the dramatist. How
Selwyn smuggled the manuscript out of Ben
nett's house at Thorpe-le-Sokon, In Essex,
England, Is an Inteiestlng tale. Mrs. Ben
nett Is tho feminlno Cerberus who guards
original manuscripts with a zest and care
verging on the tanntic. No manuscript has
ever been known to leave her posscs-slnn bo
fore. Bennett and Seiwyn were discussing
things In general when the former offered tho
desired manuscript to the dramatist.
"But how will I get it past your wife?"
queried tho American.
"Hero it Is: just put It under your coat
nnd walk out," responded tho Briton.
"But It's n bulky pnekngo nnd she'll see It."
"If sho stops you glvo her this." ropllod
Bennett. And seizing n pen ho wrote on tho
cover of the bundle: "This manuscript be
longs to Edgar Seiwyn and Ik tho property
of no woman."
And thnt Is how the manuscript wns smug
gled out of the Bennett homo.
IT WAS In tho Pneono Mountains the last
week-end. A number of legal HghtB, mem
bers of the I.ehlgh County bar. Including
Judge Frntik M Troxler. were holding a
friendly debate on the fine points of tho
law. Two men of the Poconns passed by.
"Aro nil those lawyers?" queried tho llrst.
"Most of them are," replied tho second,
"and tho others are Judges."
THE piesent attempt on tho pnrt of Russia
to stop alcoholism in the army Is not tho
first of its kind by any means. Czar Alex
ander made every effort to stop tho drinking
habits of soldiers nnd especially of olllcers.
Whenever n cate of Inebriety came under his
observation tho punishment was swift and
severe. One evening nn officer of tho impo
jlal guards had dined neither wisely nor
well, and was showing decided symptoms of
Intoxication. Knowing the fate thut would
await him if caught, he took a droshhy to
drive to regimental quarters.
Suddenly, to his undisguised terror, ho SOW
approaching the carriage of tlio Emperor.
Motioning the carriages to stop, tho Csor ex
"Major, what aro you doing hr?"
"Your Majesty." replied the still quick -wltted
officer. "I am Just tutting a drunken
offlror to the guardhouse."
The reply so pleased tho Emperor that Iw
pardoned the ofllcer there and then.
An authority describes o "Hnhorolan' as
"a person, man or woman, who does ru4 go
Into society, but who is happy-go-lucky, un.
conventional, now flush, now short of money;
who. having money, spends it freely, and,
having none, hopes for it in the near future;
who makes tho best of even thing an4 takes
life as it comes Your true Bohemian Is a
philosopher, ami, in spile of Ills unearned
tlonality. he Is ut loaiit as likely to be re
spectable as a leader In conventional sueLetj."
The "dav of the camel" was November 4.
656. when Tnlha and Xobehr, rebellious Arab
chieftains, were rousted to doath by the
Caliph All. Ayesha, tho widow of Moham
med, is wiid to hue looked on from tho bai
of a camel, whence its name.
Estotiland was an Arctic country cxlMing
only in the imaginations of olden geogra
phers. It was placed by them In the spot
now occupied on the maps by Newfoundland.
Labrador and the Hudson Bay district It
was alleged to have beeu discovered by two
Frlcsland fishermen, driven out of their
courso by adverse winds. In 1497 Cnbot set
sail to tho mystlo continent and discovered
Newfoundland. Milton, In "Paradlso Lost,"
refers to this land: "Tho snow from cold
Tho term "Qnlway Jury" originated In
Ireland In 1035, during state trials held to
decldo tho right of tho English crown to
Mnyo, Hllgo, Lcltrlm. Roscommon and Qnl
way'. Tho four first named decided In favor
of tho king, with Oalway opposing. In con
Bcquenco the Sheriff of Qnlway was fined
$5000 and each of tho Jurors $20,000.
The exclamation, "God save tho mark," or
iginated in an Irish superstition. If a person,
on telling of an Injury sustained by somo ono
else, touched tho corresponding spot on his
own porson, ho wns able to avert similar
"injury by exclaiming "God save tho mark."
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
Tho llttlo taxpayer appeared worried. Ho
owed one cent and was nervoui nnd uneasy.
"If I wero as easily affected by debt nn
he," said tho ruler of tho land and sea, "I'd
hove St. Vitus' dance."
Which explains to some extent tho differ
ence between the Individual and tho State.
On the llaltlcficld
"We shall conquer," exclaimed tho general
to IiIm troops. "Our hearts are In tho fight."
"But," queried the troops, "aro wo In It?"
A Literary Color Sclicnio
Most poets aro bluo becauso thoy aro not
There's No Accounting for Tasto
"Dies In n policeman's nrms." Newspaper
"What foolish things n fellow will do when
he's In love."
"Oh, Margy, has ho proposed?"
From Solomon Jr.
It doesn't pay to tie too forward, especially
In a head-on collision.
"Now mind, Mary, if a sentry asks you
who you aro, you must Immediately answer,
"Yes'm: but what nm I to say If ho asks
mo how baby is?" Punch.
Puzzled Diner What have you got for din
ner?" Walter RonstbeeffrlcnsFeedchlckonstewcd
lnmbhnBhodbakcdimdfrledpotntoe s J a m p tt d
dlngmllktenandcoffeo. Diner Give mo the third, fourth, fifth,
sixth, eighteenth and nineteenth syllables.
One Word, Please
Where'er 1 go theto haunts ma
A ttoid of Mrntigrst sound:
It mocks nt mo nnd taunts mo
And chases me around.
When I am getting sleepy,
About the morning bell.
The 7eiihrs sing to mo, "P-K-J-M-Y-S-L!"
In enily dawn,
Acro-o tho lawn.
The crickets blirllly swell
When spurs of tiooper rowel
Their horses In attack.
That town without a vowel
Gets up nnd Flams 'em buck.
When other hnnilels skimpy
Such consonants lepol,
1 dearlv love to hymn P-R..-M-Y-B-L!
In sound It Is
Tlio bullets' will,
Wheio s-erfs at last tebel
Ah. mo! tho miihlc voibal
Thnt IIch within tho word!
Its cnnsonnntal burble.
Hfitn anything 1'vo heard.
Vh 11 guests me getting gnpy
You ling old boredom's knell
Ilv bidding them, "now, say P-R-K-M-Y-S-L!"
it In lugs the biuz
t'f beet., It does
The di oiilng of a shell!
John U'Keefo in Now Ynik World.
Hur.-o oT a French Color
The Groom Well, Bill, you won't eo tho
giiv'iinr'H horse any moro; they've taken him
for tho niniy.
The Gardener Oh! 1 supports now he's
going lo he what tho Fmnrhies call a "horse
de comlxit." London Opinion.
Mr. Newlvwed Did you sew tho button on
mv pnat. darling?
Mis. Newlywed--No, love, I couldn't find
the button, nnd so I Just (.owed up tho but
Tim Lntecr Kvil
Mr. Borem- Hhall we tnlk or danco?
Mifcs Wrerelgh I'm very tiled. Lot in
dance. Itiistun Transcript.
A Culinary Sliurlocl; H0I11103
"Walter, give inn tho menu."
"We have none, but I can toll you what wo
"You must havo a Jolly good memory."
"Nut nt all, I simply look nt tho tnblo
cloth." 1'elo Mole.
Talcs of Tlirco Cilioa
There was n joting man In N. V.
Who never would cat with a FY.
Haul he. "All my liro
I han ft with a nifo
Itoasi beef, Mai and mutton and I'V.
A fisherman from Terre JJauto
(nice brnggrd of u Hsh ho had eauto;
Hut the ilfrhei man s dnuter
Knew more than sho nuior,
And cried, "It was one that you haute!"
There was a young fellow In Rutto
Who V.CIU 011 a butleful time,
NeKt morning in lud.
H put I'n on hU head
And inuiiiiured; "ohwhydldidutto!
New York World,
Ray An l'ng uh there was another hoarder
At tho farmhouse, yuu had somebody to
Fb -Hut as there wero only tho two of
US there v.ub nobody to talU about Judge,
TUB SW13UIE1! AT 13I-SIN0IIU
Above the WvwdisU shore a bar of gold
Shoua in the gray the tolored torches light
Among the clouds ruso, azure, chr oolite
Hame, glow and ilKKtr in the young licutao
hold. tjh.ldlan-tltucd waves me ewlft enfold
With glituriuB prug of pearls; i where
Has lett a biting coldness I tako flight.
This uarms my blood ami muKes my heart
Am I In sky. in water, or In air?
For all seems ono I glide through lucent
Through turquoise blue, through chang
ing hues of icd -Vermilion,
.. .nii. nlld rose, and the glare
Of luby Pre. on golden stars I Pan,
Then float 'mid tangled rainbows in an
Muuiiuu JtrunUa 3i la Scrlbner's.
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
WHEN you como to think of It, It Is ratner
rcmnrkablo that wo havo had .our old
friends the minstrels with us for moro than
CO years. They have weathered every Inno
vation In theatricals! tho decline and fall of
tho stock ventures l tho advent of tho travel
ing companies, comic opera, vnudovlllo and
now oven moving pictures. And thoy aro
going on, bul not telling tho samo old Jokes,
night nftor night.
All my offorta to nm down to Ita dark
origin tho Ilbol that minstrel Jokes aro ven
crablo resulted in failure. Somo of tho best
Joken I recall woro first passed over tho foot
lights by a minstrel company. Only aftor
tljey became public proporty did thoy find
their way Into periodicals.
HAVING becomo a vonernblo Institution
many years ago, thero naturally aroso
a dlsputo as to tho place whero negro min
strelsy had lta birth. Trobably not so many
cities as claimed Homer for their own con
tended, but certainly Philadelphia and Now
York had their advocates.
I nm wilting to admit a prejudlco In favor
of thla city, and an no other plnco on tho
globo ever supported minstrelsy for so long
a tlmo wo seem to havo something of a pro
prietary right in this form of.cntertnlnmont.
Tho beginning was very modest. Beforo
tho word had been heard In connection with
such nn entertainment thoro wero black-faced
acts on tho American otngo. Ono of tho
first big hits was mntlo by Thomno B. Rico
In his "Jim Crow," which has got Into tho
vocabulary of tho langungo. No ono could
call that nondescript act minstrelsy as wo
havo known it, yot it had its Influence
THEN camo black-faced banjo acts, such
ns Billy Whltlock used to do; others simi
lar to Qeorgo Washington Dixon's "Zip
Coon," nnd still minstrels did not appear on
tho sccno. All of theso acts wcro familiar to
Philadelphia theatro-goers in tho 80s and
early -10s. Dixon resided here for a tlmo,
and during the cpldcmio of cholera In 1832
published a weekly "Cholera Gazette." Ho
sang "Zip Coon" at tho Tivoll Garden, on
Market street west of Thirteenth, nnd ovory
boy In tho city was whistling tho refrain.
Billy Whltlock In his autobiography gives
a version of his connection with tho organi
zation of tho mlnstrol show. During tho
winter of 1840 ho nnd his partner, Master
John Diamond, whoso real namo was Frank
Lynch, wero playing at tho Walnut Street
Theatre, and when tho night for their benefit
approached Whltlock conceived tho idea of
intt educing a novelty.
Whltlock asked Dick Myers, a violinist, if
he would piny tho violin with them and form
a trio on their benefit, and Myers agreed. So,
on thnt occasion, for tho first tlmo in public,
Whltlock said, banjolsts wero accompanied
on the stage by a violinist. And even that
does not look like a minstrel show, does it?
Yet it was from this germ that tho big, sable
semicircle which wo recall with pleasure
grew Into the minstrels.
IN Its early form minstrelsy was essential
ly musical. Tho first band of minstrels
thnt traveled around the country had Master
OIo Bull as one of Its members. Thero were
Virginia Perenuders and Now Orleans Ser
enades, and while all the acts wero done In
blackface, they wero of a musical character.
They gave somo clever travesties on the
Italian opera, which was then attracting tho
attention of tho musically Inclined, nnd from
nil accounts theso burlesques wero not only
bright and witty, but wero ndmlrnbly set, so
fur as musical numbers wont.
Ono of the first minstrel troupes which
performed In this city was tho New Orleans
Perennders. They wero here In 1849, nnd
probably earlier, and they gave a perform
ance in old Musical Fund Hall. In tho com
pany wns Nelson Knenss, a song writer nnd
musical composer, whose songs wore sung all
over the country nt tho time. There mny still
lie persons who recall the strains of "I Hear
the Hoofs," "Go Way Black Man," "Rosa
Clare" and "Nelly Was a Lady." I feel con
fident thnt the last named at least will bo
remembered, for it was sung In tho days of
Carncro-s' Minstrels, In the llttlo Eleventh
Street Opera House.
THERE were also In the company Max
Zorer. George Swalne, Thomas Rurko,
Master Ole Bull, J. H. Collins, Snm Sanford
and J. C. Rnlner. Sanford, whose real namo
wns Lindsay, took his stage name from an
other performer, Jim Sanford. His uncle,
William Lindsay, nlso was In the huMncss.
Sanford mny be raid to have been respon
sible for tho vogue negro minstrelsy hns had
In Philadelphia. Ho opened Snnford's Opern
House, nt Twelfth and Chestnut streets, In
IKi'iIt. When tho plnco was burned ho took
the old church building on Eleventh street,
which had already been transformed Into a
playhouse by Cartre. This was the begin
ning of tho history of the Eleventh Street
Opera House, whero minstrelsy was pre
served for more than half a century.
IN SANFORD'S company nt the tlmo was
Jullen. ns he appeared on the hills, but the
singer mihs-equently revealed himself as Ira
D. Snnkey when ho engaged In evnngollstlo
woik with Dwlght L. Moody.
Tho last tlmo I saw Sam Sanford was al
most 50 ycais ago. when he danced Rob Rid
ley nt tho Walnut Street Theatre with Prim
rote and West's Minstrels. He wns then a
very old man, but very nimble on his feet.
The rViunla of llio Specie
from the Ohio Rtata Journal
l tne a 111111 n long tlmo to trot hack Into
the lns of Ids regiil.tr woik after a vaca
tion, but a woman without a moment's delay
resumes the chaido on tho red nuts In tho ic.
frlgerntor with all tho zeal and verve with
which she left off.
What Is the mnt-t powerful phrabo in the
I put tho question to a gnthetlng nf folks
whoso presence thero indicated their fa
miliarity with the literature of history.
Of rourio, 'the phrates that havo thun
dered down through tho years predominated.
"Glvo mo liberty or glo mo death Don't
give up tho ship"' Lincoln's ennobling
"All that I nm I owe to my mother" the
offerings seemed interminable.
t'p rose a modest -appearing young
woman. "Friends." sho said, "are we not
up too far among the mountain tops? These
suggestions are real thiillera, I confess, and
I certainly shall not attempt to detract from
their magnificent grandeur. But give me a
phrase that makes mo happy each day.
Isn't that the right conception of 'power
ful'?" Wo admitted It wus. Then she ex-plained-
"I am employed In an office where the
former boss was a erltnhle grouch. And.
of course, his grouch was contagious. Every
body seemed scared: afraid to move out of
a circumscribed path. Naturally, en
thusiasm and initiative both lay dormant.
That the highest efficiency was not secured
from tho employes was attested when this
man was relieved of the office's management
by the company's president,
"In came a new man. The first mornln
ho walked brlskty down tho long aisle- dm
tween our desks, but not too briskly to glvS
a bright, cheery 'Good morning to each of usi
You would have thought that a bomb ot
ouhshlno had exploded. Typewriters wero
pounded harder, clerks moved about faster
nnd tho office boy actually ran. Tho best
part of It is that ho kopt it up, day nftor day!
In fact, ho's doing It yet. And wo all sweatl
by him. It Isn't tho 'Good morning,' friends.
It's tho fact that theso slmplo words show
us that wo work with him rather than for)
him. And 'Oood morning' started it all."
You omploycrs who nrrlvo In tho mornlnrf
with yesterday's troublos still bearing 0i
down, try a elmplo "Good morning" to thoso
who servo you.
It will accelerate your own red corpuscle
as much aa theirs. 3
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions flint Reflect Public Opin
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State nnd Nntion.
To the Editor of the Eventno Ledger!
Slr-"Done In Philadelphia" promises to bd
an Interesting feature of tho Evcnimo Lbdoeb,
but many of your rcadors, I bollevo, would Ilka
to see the revlows line a llttlo bettor with his
tory than tho Bradford nrtlclo did a fow day
ago. A bettor view of Franklin can bo had
than tho following extract gives by reading
Franklin's story of tho occurrence mentioned!
How Franklin managed to get this offlco
and how he turned tho tables on Bradford
by bribing the postboys to neglect Brad
ford's Mercury and tnko caro of his Qn
zotto Is very characteristic of tho great
philosopher, who was not all philanthropist
whero business was concerned.
Franklin says that Samuel Kolmor and David
Harry hnd both failed and left tho city, and
"there remained now no other printer In Phila
delphia but tho old Bradford, but ho was rich
and easy, did a llttlo business by straggling
hands, but was not anxious about it. Howovery
as ho held tho postofllce, It was imagined ha
hnd better opportunities for obtaining tho nowa,
his papor wns thought a bettor distributer of
advertising than mlno. and therefore had more
which was profitable to him nnd a dlsadvan
tage to mo. For though I did Indeed recelva
nnd Pond papers by tho post, yet tho publlq
opinion wri otherwise; for what I did snj
was by bribing tho Tldcrs, who took them prN
vatcly, Bradford being unkind enough to forbid
It, which occasioned somo resentment on my
pnrt, nnd I thought so mennly ofthe practlcn
thnt when I afterwards enmo Into his position
I took caro never to repeat It."
As to another point: Wnllnco's History of th
nraclford Family shows the location of A,
Bradford's ofllces. SAMUEL W. HOSKINS.
Phllndolphla, September 22, 1914.
ADMIRATION FOR THE GERMAN PEOPLE
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Americans In tholr nttltuds toward tlio
present European war are not going to try to
jutlgo the German people. They are going to
render tholr Judgment, and nto doing so now,
on the question of Prusslnn militarism. That
was tho great fact behind all this conflict,
Nowhero In this country Is thero very much
hostility to tho German people. We havo (13
great a liking for them an for nny people la
tho world. We admire nnd arc greatly In
debted to their achievements In all tho arts
of pence. American publlo opinion has no an
tipathy towatd them, only criticism of tho feu
dal Ideal of government that aro held by tha
ruling class, and any nttompt to stato the mat
ter otherwise, such as some wrltors hnvc lately
made, Is a rank Injustice to tho people of this
country. J. K. VARNUM.
Philadelphia, September 22, 1914.
IN REFERENCE TO "PORK"
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir You state In jour editorial that Senator
Penrose voted for "pork." It Is easy enough to
criticise men In public life, but when a man
hns to go heforo tho people nnd get their votes
he would be a fool If he did not try to earn
their favor. Popular government means having
populnr candidates. JUSTICE.
Philadelphia, September 23, 1914.
THE STREETS OF PHILADELPHIA
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Lnt winter Philadelphia hnd the fnotf
oft tho streets dnya beforo New York was nbls
to clear her highways. But why Is It that
Philadelphia enn never get tho dirt off her
streets? Tlieio are thousands of citizens who
would he felad to have you answer this ques
tion. W B. ISSZBAXD.
Philadelphia, September 21, 19H.
FOLLOW VIRGINIA'S EXAMPLE
To thn Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Virginia hns gono dry. I think It would
he a fine thing for Pennsylvania to do likewise,
Local option may be nil right, but It Is a well
known fact that gang politics nnd liquor alwnjs
go together. PROHIBITIONIST.
Camden. September 2i. 1914.
THINKS PENROSE A WEAK GIANT
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir You nio quite right. In the minority1
Senator I'enrose is nbout ns weak a representa
tive of the interests of this Stnto ns could b
reasonably expected. Tho war he wanted with
Mexico would have done nn good, because l'en
rosclsm keeps Its followers at homo to vote.
September 23, 1914.
A Victory For Scicnco
Krnm the Pn unnnh Newe.
Whnt modern medical science cnu accomplish
Is shown by the evident fact that the battla
ngninst the bubonic plague nt Now Orleans, has
Fifty years ago tho outbreak of the plagnj
thero would have cruised even more widespread
and IntPiiso uuousluerH than did Its recent
appearance, and no doubt the list of de.id
would hnvo been very lengthy. Reports from
New Orleans now nro that there Is not a IngI
ense of bubonic plnguo under ticatmcnt In the
city. , ,
Thnt ,ln(n , m.nn tttn, nthnp C1API1 Will HOt
nppenr, but It is evldenco that the medical
nuthoiitlo.M know how to stamp out the plagu
mid ih it thlb country need never fear that It
will sptcml from city to city and State to
State, killing hundreds nnd caiitlns terror
eory where. The victory of tho medicine nvm
bus been accomplished without the mirranlrtj
tint would accompany a victory m tn- battle
field, but It is Just as worthy of prnlte.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
The country Is heavily Indebted to Senator
Buitun nnd his allies for a grcut lcbny won
In Its behalf. Indianapolis New a
if tho prohibition movement hhouhl u.iin hal
way in this section. It will be .llr. f.l "' "'
ly against tlio luewery-flnnnccil .nh"n in i'
ties ut. against the beverages uhuli it ili-in-n"-.
-New York World.
President Wilson does well to inalxt "I'ori a
timo lipiwrm the I'uloradn mine "I'ei ''"' "
their strlliliw laborns. Tho mine "I" "it '". , '
h.no to show etronger obJictin " " "
the have If thoy expect the publi " Jl
tlilzo with them 111 their refusul of Its te-'
Now York Trlmme
Feioclty may bead ferocity. Is hP1r.,tottll;4
r.prUal for Rhelms with tlmt and -1'-'' "'"
torch if the Allies reach Uqrmuin .1 ''''
not unlikely that they will? If the ..1 n" "" J
of Germany feel that they must HkIiI ii
eneno's weapons If they ie t hi 1 "l'" k
a. terrible example to follow -New "lurk i""1
DIsciiMlon of tho pending rivers mid h-o
bill throws light on tho current Mi-,'.- "' . ,
i-minem by lomimssloiib of experts u
thut. no matter how mum ; x,,e,l,!(llLV'opiiiion
tluro will always be work fo: public n'' ,
und the sturdy common eeiuo uf im
One year ago the Impressive fumrai f ''J
CUynor touk Jace at Trinity t hu.ch
then many. It not most. 01 mi i"" - - j
he was devoted have been-it may b; r al
ne was iwvoicu ium: .--- - ...mal
reusoii-chaiued Ills political i''l ,
friend urc In many cumi The ", of
proj.ct has been stalled Trujy in : ,
Mayoi of New York noes poi ia -,J " i-
alnUttr reputation of ertat dl-nlty fr ; . M
plrlng man, but It Is a ,riv 4'd 01 -"" S
tope New lorR iieraiu. 1