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PERIL TO GUAM
SEEN IN JAPAN'S
ENTRY' INTO WAR
Strategic Importance of Lit
tle Island Now Used as
Cable Station Pointed Out
Should Japan selzo tho Island posses
sions of Germany In tho Pacific, sho will,
at ono stroke, gain nn Immense atratcglo
advantage In caso of conflict with tho
United States. Germany would not be tho
only loser, and our trade routes to
and from tho Orient, cither by way of
San Francisco or tho Panama Canal,
would be Imperilled as they nre not now
to tho same degree. We have plenty of
cause for concern. Bo writes a specialist
not so Bure of Jopan's pacific Intentions
In tho Pacific, and his especial concern Is
over Guam, our little cable station In tha
mid-ocean. Ho notes that wo took tho
Island with tho thought of turning It Into
a coaling station for our ships bound to
and from the United States to tho Phil.
Ipplnes. A few years later Guam logic
ally became a halting place for tho trans
pacific cables, and now that It will lie
right In the trade routo of our modern
ships of commerce apccdlng to and from
tha l-'ar East via tho Panama Canal thh
lonely Island 'Will havo a renewed signifi
cance to us. To protect our future mer
chant craft and to give us a strategic
point of vantago In the vast Pacific, Guam
becomes again what It was in tho distant
day of Spain's sccrot, selfish trading be
tween the Philippines and tho kingdom of
Mexico and Peru plus a modern purpose
quite undreamed of In tho centuries gone.
GUAM TO BE FORTIFIED.
We are going to fortify Guam so that
It will be able to resist any assault that
a foe's squadrons may make. At tho same
time the Island will be turned Into an ad
vance naval base of supply and tho har
bor of San Luis a Apra .win become a
EVENING LEDGEB-frHILAJPELPHIA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1914.
JOIINHON-On September 17, 1014, WUt
1,1AM St.. husband of Ssllle M Johnson an
nn rr thn lata ClinrlM and Johanna. Johnson.
Tuner! nervlees on Sunday, ?t 2 p. m at
his late resilience, ztzi uaiuora m. inter
mrnt nt Fernwood Cemetery
JUIIOK. THEODOIl JUDGE, 01 rears, 013
KELLY. On Heplcmber IB, lfll4, , JOHNV
hunhnnrt nf Marv A. Klly (nee Hlmrtsonl.
Relative and friends, also Leo-Columbus Bo
rtety, are Invited to attend funeral, on flat
.v t H!.tn n. m.. from his late. resMenr.
2f0.1 N. Lawrence st. Folemn Hsinilem Mas '3
ut St. Edward's Church, nt in a. m pro 9
clsely. Interment llordentown. N, J. ,,
HBaHKl.-un crpieniiier ii, miy, ju in,
husband of Mary Kennedy. Funeral on Mon
day, at SM'l a "i. iruin io- eiciipiu
w.i tihMnrlelnhla Fnlemn Iltffh Maim
Ht. A-ratha'-j Church, at 10 a. m. Interment 3
at Cathedral cemetery.
KI.KNTNEK. LAZER KLENTNER.CO yean,
2700 Fletcher st.
KUEN. On September 10, 1011. SAHAH A.
wire, of char.es. I. Kuen. in the ftld yea
of her age Relatives and 'rlend nre. In- i
vlted to attend tlio funeral rervlcea, oil fj
cntnrrlnv a ternoon tho 1' til lnat.. at 3 u
o'clock, nt lier late residence. Mountain JJ
and I'rospeci aves., jicirow i-nrit, norm os
Oolc t.ane -tatlnn, P and It. It Interment
nrlvnte I" Ivy Kill Cemeterv
tviTllHtlMAS. At bin resldenee. ml
llhawn t , rox Chase, on September 15, ij
1U14, JOSKPH, husband of Amanda leather 4
man. uue noi.co oi mo junerai win ca
i i.mnKT.r. itArtmr
ALOo ri, oerEourn si
LIDDELU 8 year.
THE CZAR'S COSSACKS, FEARLESS HORSEMEN, WHO HOPE TO SWEEP THROUGH GERMANY ON TO BERLIN
Photo Brown Bros.
TugPotomac, Finest in Navy,
Rescued From Newfound
land Ice Floes by Resource
ful Amateur Engineering.
Tho United States naval tup Potomac,
which was solidly frozen In tho New
foundland Ice fields last January and
given up for lost, was turned over to tho
Government at the Brooklyn Navy Yard
a few weeks ago through the efforts of
haven where whole fleets of our biggest zro c- Gould, of the United States Con-
dreadnoughts can lie at anchor awaiting sular Service.
thu call to distant duty. This call will Mr- Gould, Consul ut Hay of Islands,
cither come by way of wlreleBs or will F- saved tho powerful ocean-going
trace Its path over tho contours of tho tuff Potomac from becoming a total loss
Pacific's denths and brine Its message "" .l.ur"cu ncr YCI t0 ls Government
through the sunken cables In tho form of
mirror flnshos or the zigzag dots and
dashes upon tho recorded tape. Or, on tho
other hand, ready transports will bo
hnstoned to the shores of China, with bat
talions of marines prepared for any emer
gency. Indeed, Agana will see such an array of
lighting men as It has never dreamed of
since the curliest days of Spanish domi
nance. W'p arc to assemble thero all of
the marines -wc now havo In tho Philip
pines, and upon thcte soldiers of the sea i
will fall tho burden of defending tho
Wand. They will Lc both Infantry and
pcaconst nrt'llerymcn, and theirs will bo
tlie duty of manning the batteries, big
guns and smaller ones, that aro to con-
BUIUIU U MUUl'lCIll UllUUCIItJ IUI llll) I
practically unscathed, but a fow days
ago ho returned to his post not ono
penny tho richer ns a roivnrrl fnr Viin
clever engineering work. United States
propel ty cannot be salvaged and tho Gov
ernment pays' no extra reward for gal
lant work performed by Its employes.
Tho saving of tho Potomac was a dar
ing engineering feat. The rescue of tho
tug was effected only after the most
dllllcult kind of work in tho Ice fields off
ON EnitAND OF MErtCV.
The Potomac, tho llnest tug In tho
navy, was dispatched to Newfoundland
from Norfolk, Va., January tS to cut out
the American schooner Hiram Lowell, of
Bucksport, Me., which va8 fast In tho
Ice. The crew of the Potomac also re-
najl force that may be brought against , eclved orders to liberate tho schooner
them In short, Guam Is to be a naval
station In its entirety, and upon tho ma
rines, as "t propel ly should, will rest the
ri"5prns,lblllty of ma'ntalnlng the perma
nent defenses and Of using them to good
effect in the hour of battle.
The Island Is about 30 miles long and
has an average width of less than seven,
but even ho it might seem like o. pretty
big undertak ns to deferd the whole of
thf coast line. It would, Indeed, call for
a good many more guns and lighting men
If It were not for what nature has dono
towaid s'mpllfylng the problem. Gen
erally the shores of Guam are forbidding,
the volcanic cliffs rising abruptly right
out of the sea to he'ghts varying from COO
to more than COO feet. An enemy could
find mi place of lodgment or a likely
beach for landing except within the limits
covered by tho butteries that will, be
planted about San Luis d'Apra. And
thero the work of the marines will bo
made easier by tho narrowness of tho
fi igle channel that leads from tho sea
through the menacing reefs Into the shel
t' red ha en.
ISOLATION A PROTECTION
The isolation of Guam, lying 1300 miles
east of tho Philippines, is unother source
of piotection, because any threatening
squadron must come equally far if not
farther ftoni Us own base of operations
and the nearest drydocks It can com
mand. To Invito grave injury at such a
distance from facilities of repair is not
tlie courpo likely to bo pursued by a
tli'iimhtful commander, and heie again
natuto has helped to mako Guam just so
much moic effective for our purpose as
a n.iwil advance base from which our
fighting ships In tho fur Pacific can be
dispatched to the bost strategla ad-
antai,o for tho scouring of u vldo zone
In that part of tho world.
Climatically attain is much superior to
tli" Philippines and our tnailues at
Asaim mih 1,0 substantial gainers by
heir transfi'i from Cavlto. Tho hottest
laij of the summer seldom register a
teniporattiiP in the shndo of more than
f.' degrees Falnenhclt, vhllo tho lu.wi
aoiKp rungo dm lug tho cooler months
It scucch ever less thun SO degrees. Ly
"u In thi- swucp of the northeast trade
winds, there Is always a refreshing
nr.e.. and tlie nights of tlie hottest days
!T .V. a c'Peruturo calling for sub
Muntlal c-ocilng. Tho climate Is like-
nnii-ii moio salubrious and In vigor-"'-
thm that of tho Philippines be
taub, ijuanvs shores nre washed by the
ii uf the north equatorial current. In
n,,i i, lemiipiaturo conditions are
Nut nil thla utmospherlo stability, eo
" pi.ik. is olioet by the Belsmlo rest-
miu, of this plntiuclo of a mountain
l"l riding frnin Mm KaiI nt ftl.c n ,nlnn
Ti?.',r. ,'!ous,"'da of fathoms down. Un-
Uoubtedl Ciimin Is of volcanic origin,
hiLi,. . ,"--'',,, wmtouia show; and its
i v i,H"i'- ls lbout 130 ret bovi
'' lev 1 1 Scarcely ilnv nn it . ,!
ufureS 'H,U,?ul flomo B"h' tremor, ami
ih'-J, " ' ?..?'011 be.com Indifferent to
o'ec.U,!,",Ut,u,!0 rthquakea. However,
a ,itt.wh."e ,no disturbance becomes
buii.ii,,, a l "v violent, am then
mudiin.a aio toppled Into ruins and the
tl, .;,," !" duiing the period of
le "" u,?, ,Rk0 u' 'neJldno thus In the
.?. ""iilmaaut way.
II, o'" 'he imve3, lle 110t0S that
lled a'l 3, for so th0 "aUC3 ure
"NttaV.,'" distinct Improvement
s-W u. L? s- f,om wl,om thcy
I'ynab iv .! '""" They are unques-
J"ed I Tu,uX I1.'"1 IJC0'110 ,hat cn-
fnr suIlaU.n f thelr own wl"
that bLZ0' " ma"y P-lcu,arb t
musters 8-,to Ulem b the'r Spanish
ua ni tn r- m" ,"acIlan discovered
iHtlon ,.f 'i.the i3lalld boasted a popu-
"thL,qS S WM) aQU,", "lvdedPinto
the avaitri i 8l''Jrato kingdoms within
! mu, c.nr,a of u trifle more than
ton V?rl,mla Whc" w took posses-
Vdmift,,,am" "'hahltants num.
too inurt ,,. .l0W" persons. Disease and
cadful ch,,lrma,rf.1,aKa ,,ad woktll the
Prove sLitVee- w,Ul out efforts to 1m
nlreV,!f " ana hospital and medical
ba lnreUau'a by " u" hlrthrato
Wily hC it.1 rarked,y ani th mor
t u aUo been reduced,
Georglo Campbell, which was also held
in the Ice, but the latter vessel was do
B.royed the day the tug lfft Norfolk.
Thr Potomuc r'neod ynv of Tsln-iiig
on February S and two days later sailed
n search of tho H.ram Lowell. Imme
diately tho rescuing tug run Into ico
and was blown out to sea In a blizzard, to
become caught In tho lco herself. Consul
Gould had given the captain of tho tug
explicit directions us to the locat'on of
tho Lowell, and vvhen he did not hear
from her In a tew days he ordered look
outs along the coast to keep a sharp
watch for the Potomac on Fb 'u y
9 ho received a report that sho was fust
in the In dri U' 1 The
next day, Tcbruary 10, tho tug was re
ported at rtocho Harbor, at tho entrance
to Bonne Bay.
Immod atcly Consul Gould secured 40
men and dispatched two tons of food to
the crew of tno tug. It was necessary for
the 10 men to make two trips with tho
fooJ, as each carrier was ablo to carry
only about 30 pounds over tho jagged Ice.
Mr Gould was confined to his hod nt
Bay of Islands with a badly Injured foot,
but when ho learned of the location of the
Potoinio and her predicament he left
for Bonne Bav, traveling on snowshoes,
and arriving February 17.
Upon his arrival he found that the offi
cers and crew had abandoned tho Poto
mac, leaving everything but light effects
aboard the seemingly doomed craft. It
was necessary to get tho crew of the tug
bad; to Bay of Islands, and for three
days tho consul put tho 37 men through
a course In snowshoeing, ns the trip had
to be made afoot, and over the snow
covered mountains. After a two weeks'
snowshoe trip tho party arrived at Bay
of Islands, February i'S, having been just
ORDURED TO IUJSCUn TUG
On the day of his arrival back at Bay
of Islands with tho crew of tho Potomuu,
he wired tho Secretary of the Navy of
the condition of affairs, and he was
ordered, by telegraph, to savo the
Potomac. It was a most unusual order,
as tho Navy Department had no reason
to believe that Consul Gould knew any
thing about seafaring life. Naval experts
of Newfoundland declared It would be
impossible to Bave the vessel; that she
was sure to be crushed by the Ice in the
Straits of Belle Isle.
"But I had sailed my own sloop con
siderably In those waters In tho two years
I have been stationed ut Bay of Islands,
and felt that tho Potomac wasn't going
through tho Straits of Bello Isle." de
clared Mr. Gould In Boston the other day.
"My knowledge of her position in tho
Ice, n close study of the drift of the Ico
and tho other conditions that prevailed
gave me confidence that the Potomac
could be saved."
First of all tho work was divided Into.
threo Jobs. It was necessary to get men
aboard the Potomac nnd keep them there,
so half a dozen were engaged to board
the Icebound craft, build and maintain
fires In her boilers and prevent tho loot
ing of the tug. A shore crew was secured
to provide fuel, and several hundreds of
cords of green and dried blrchwood was
carried on board for consumption. The
Newfoundlander went aboard March 17
and did excellent work until May 5, when
Mr Gould appeared on the scene In
QUELLS MUTINY ON POTOMAC.
Upon his arrival, however, tho crew
mutinied. They apparently foresaw tlio
escape of tlio tug with the breaking up
of tho lee, and they made unieasonablu
demands They were not satisfied with
the pay agreed upon, although tho wages
might bo cousldcied extraordinary. How
ever, he stood them off all alone until
May 21, when they surrendered.
Tlie second part of the expedition con
sisted In making arrangements to hue
a vessel pkk up thu Potomac the inoiiu nt
Bell Isle, whero she would bo crushed by
tho gigantic mountains of Ice.
The other part of tho general plan con
sisted of getting coal to tho Potomac,
nnd a small schooner was secured at Port
nux Busqucs and laden with 100 tons of
ronl. This schooner was equipped with
everything that would bo needed aboard
the Potomac, but dltliculty was encoun
tered In securing a crow. Finally Mr.
Gould secured un engineer, and eighteen
men who were willing to risk their lives
In the tlcacherous lco fields, and after
traveling 100 miles through tho lco the
schooner got to within three miles of tho
Then ensued n three weeks' battle with
the Ice. but on May C, the relief expedition
got alontrsld.j nnd tho schooner remained
near tho Government boat until
May 21 when the mutiny aboard tho lat
ter ended and the work of. transferring tho
coal wns beiun. It was nccessarv to
haul tbo coal over the Ice for three dnvs.
On Mav 24 Htem was gotten un and the
next dav. Mnv 23. Conoul Gould took
charge of the pilot house.
TURNED ovrcrt TO NAVY YATtD.
"It wns found thnt the engines of tho
Potomac were hardly tlam"i,pil " relates
Consul Gould, "nn'1 wo lmni"'1lctplv made
hurviorl nlnnn to gt clear of thi Ico, which
wp did flint dnv. six dayH Int-"- v arrlvd
t Port mix Bp.xiiiii'S, nnd no time was
lfit In overhnnllng the IioIIts nnd mn-
ehlwrv Wf then took on rpM nnd olinr
provisions nnd sailed fnr tb" Unltd St-ts
on .Tun" s. under our own steam and with
"Wo brought the Potomac Into New
York Harbor on Juno 9, and T officially
turned her over to tho naval officers at
the Brooklyn Navy yard. She was Im
mediately placed In drydock, nnd after
ward sent to the Portsmouth, N. II. Navy
Yard for repairs Her machinery how
ever was in excellent condlt'on. and her
hull practically undamaged, but there was
plenty of ooportun'ty for minor repairs."
That ended Consul Gould's connection
with tho Potomac, although he was called
to Washington, where ho mado his official
rcpoit to Secretary of tho Navy Daniels
and received tho compliments nnd thanks
of that official for the work ho had per
formed. But there wus no pecuniary le
wnrd for Mr. Gould. The men whom ho
hired In Newfoundland benefited more
TROOPS NOTED FOR
1 STRIKING COURAGE
Will Reinforce British in
France Complement of
140,000 Ready for Serv
ice. "Bobs" Praises Loy
alty. Britain's natlvo forces In India, some
of whom are to bo brought to France
i to reinforce the British army, number
1W.0O0 men, with whom about 70,000 white
soldiers nro mingled, so that .no largo
lorco of ntitlvcs Is left ulono ut any
point. Tho nntlvci are oiganlzed Into
forty regiments of cavalry mid 154 bat
talions of Infantry, rath having seven
teen British and sixteen natlvo officers.
The natlvo officers arc all company, or
cquadron officers, tho British occupying
the higher positions. Uaclt cavalry regi
ment Is divided Into four squadrons, and
each Infuntry battalion into four double
As a further precaution against native
troops breaking out Into mutiny, thero
Is no .native artillery, excopt twelve
The backbone of tho native army Is
composed of Sikhs and Gurkhas, the two
elements faortd In recruiting mid espe
cially relied on by the British olllceis.
fu the early days tho natlvo troops wero
mainly Sepoys, from tho Hindu prov
ince of Bengal. It was the Sepoys who
mutinied In 18.17 and massacred many
onions, jnt siKiis, who had been con-
to the stall It rcfusod to lie down, ap
parently realizing that It ought to be
delivering mall, and so It continued to
stnggcr around In a circle In tho barn
yard until It dropped dead In the afternoon.
THE TACITURN JOFFRE
Qualities of Him Who Is Hated as
Like William tho Silent and Moltko,
who wus "silent In seven languages,"
General Joffre Is notably taciturn, and
he lias been silent through n laborious
military carter of 41 years. He Is now
61, but still In the full vigor of his
strength of body and mind and by far
tho most noteworthy figure which this
surprls.ng war has so far disclosed.
Clomenccau shnrply criticised him and
the others of tho General Staff, but he,
too, hns reversed his judgment s'nee tho
mobilization proved their foresight and
complete organ zallon of tho military io
sourtes. A little more at d General Joff.e
will be tho Incamat on of tho soul of
France In her llfe-and-dcath struggle.
Jolfic Was a llrst-ycur military engi
neer at the rtleult Ecole Polytechnlquc,
and only 17 years of ago when hto war
of 1S70 binko out. Ho enlisted and ought
like th'' res. ti thf bitter end. He came
out ;i IlPiiU'inint aid lias employed, when
peace iolluul, on the plans for tlm new
fortlllcat ons nf Par s. Marshal Mai
Mahon wjio was hlmbelf noi a ta kor.
notltcd his ..aim silence amid the ohter
officers In a visit to one of the forts,
nnd unexpectedly saluted him "My com
plimen'.s, captain'" So ho was a captain
at 2.', long before him time; and l'e was
sent to organlzo the defenses on Pontar-
uor, just ivnerc tne uermans, if th y
break through at Belfort, may now sweep
down mom? tho Swiss frontier. Th n
ho went out to build forts at Tonkin: but !
Admit al Courbet, who was In charge,
iu iigniirig tit me neau or tho Hoops,
scented the horn commander, and set him
He was kept fighting, next In Dahomey,
and ho was tho first to enter TImbuctoo
speaking never a wo-d. He was slle t
in MudagUbtar, whrc he fortified Diego
Suarez mightily. Back in France, he
-was made a professor ut the Higher War
AOIN, On September 15, 1014. KAMIY R,
hunband or ftutli A, Agin and eon of the
late Barry f). and Mary Agin, aged 41 years,
runeral services on Saturday, at 1 p tn at
his late residence, ails c et. Interment
private, at Hillside Cemetery.
Al.KVATA. PASQUALB ALBVATA. 1 yar.
h I I'lerce xt.
Af.TINO. SUSAN ALTINO, 00 years. 1851
AYI.MKIt On September 12. 1014. MAHY
AYLMDTl. Uuo notice of the funeral will bo
given, from her late residence, 4015 Waivta
t., West Philadelphia.
BALDWIN. At his residence. 211 North Ma
ple ave., Lanxlowne, Pa., on September '3,
mi. jin i.. oAuuwin, agea Til years.
I.VJiri'. On September 17, 1014, WILLIAM
I i .Mil, iigi"j i"i ymiB ru"i't, on .nur
lay, at ! i m . from 1212 Pouth 4flth et.,
West Philadelphia. Interment at Jtontroeo
JIA.KMt. Suddenly, on September 14, 1014,
CLKMLNT fi. MAJOlt, In Ills 47th ea. Fu
nernl services on Thureila at 8 ii. n .it
ai27 Ulchmond et. Interment at Lceaburg.
N J on rli ay. September 18.
MAXWKI.L At llnmmnnlim. N. J., on Sep
tember 17. HI14. WILLIAM M MAXWELL,
ogt'I 71 Jean Services on Sunday at .'1
p. in., at the residence of his son-in-law,
Howard U. Krcnnli. Interment private at
arprnmojnt Cemetery. Hnmmonton N. J.
MAI Lit1" September 15, 1014, CAKOLIHE)
M.. widow of C'hnrles F Mayers rtela ivea
and friends aro Invited to attend funeral
services, Friday mnrnlnir precisely at It
o'clock, at her late rce'dente. I4AT North
20th et Interment private
McCANDIKS On September 17. 1014,
ELIZA, daughter of the late Hutchinson and
Elizabeth McCandless, Hged (IS years. Tlio
relatives mm lnenoa oi tne family are In- i.
Mted to ittnd tlio funeral services, on Mon- V
day, the Blt. at 2 r. m , at her brother', r
residence. Thomas If. McCundlets, 2140 North
2. ot . Philadelphia Interment private, at j
Nor'h Cedar Hill Cemetery. i
JIcC VKT.NEV. On September 14, ltl4, JO '
PKHH I. eon or tho lato John and Marv A.
McCartney, funeral on Friday, at 8.30 a. .
m.. from 2S.1I X. Hancock st Solemn 1e
mitem Mass at Our Ladv of VUltaitr.,.
Church, nt 111 a. m. Interment at Holy Crops
Funeral tervlces and Interment prluto. , .iietia r."i'-uii oepirmuer ip, IOIf, ,
Providence (ft. I ) papers please copy. I l',:,islf H"n J' Alexander and Margaret
IJAKTON. On, September 17. 1014, KMILY MncV,HV0 1eiwBarmS RnmhirnT t?m
C, wile of Harry Barton, of w'oadlyntie, on Say.,f1l!Ji,aI.A,?2ift,iim,,tIS0,m,C07 Ii'tlKO '
K. J. Funeral serMces on Saturday, at 2 W'J'.'r'SL ul,k ."m l1,g, Mat. at BtI ' i
r. ih. Msnr. t n out-- . - lirldcet s Church, at I) .10 a. m. Inform nf-
-.. ., -- ,, iuu nmub u I'tULdBU
. --.- inn; iu 11 i ; ri iv 11 r iiti v th n wi i -rtu ii..v. - t t
that, ho did. notwithstanding that at an iototo helned to suhdui h. s7nZ ,n, , 'uu', ?"". 'Tcam ""-'---vcl? e.en"
n,. n ...i i... "I.-"" r"' -".".: ---" u- . ""K.-. oi mvision unci or a
CLOSED SEASON FOP
STURGEO ' PROPOSED
expense of only J30.000 to the government,
no fuveu ii vessel viiiuea. at oeiwecn J1W.- imnn. .... -i
000 and '2CO0.000. . ; """""
. SIKHS NATURAL FIGHTING MEN.
j The Sikhs are generally tall and well
( built, and natural lighting men. "The
Sikh," says the Encyclopedia Brltannlca.
"i3 a fighting man and his best (fuadtics
nro shown In tho army, width is his
natural pro.esslon. Hardy, btuve and
slow-wltUd, obediuu to discipline, at-
tacneu to un o.iKtiw ..t iu.i..t'3 tno inn-Mi
soldier of the cast. In vic.ory he retains
his s.eadlneis, and in dele it he win d.e
at h.s post lather than jled."
There nie only 2.0u imj ijlkhs In India
out of the 300,000 000 peop.e there, but
there aro 30.000 Sikhs In tho British army.
There ls no Sikh tribe, but the name sig
nifies a religion, an olfshoot from Drah
manism dating from the fifteenth cen
tury. The Sikhs nre found in three tribes
In tho Punjab and the Nnithwest Presi
dency. Thoy are fatalists nnd their faith
is a higher type than Uinliinanism.
GUHKIIAS ALL KIFLLMKN.
Tho Gurkhas are little fellows, but
splendid fighters as their record In tho
Afghan wars will show. They are not
from India proper, but from Nepal, an In
dependent htate In the IIIinaluas, north
east of India. Nepal bus been trlendly
to tho British for many yeais and tho
aurkhns arc not discouraged from en
listing In the British army. Nepal has n
stundlng nrmy of liej own, Jo.OiO strong.
There aro 20 000 of them in the army of
India, in ten regiments of two battalions
each, nil riflemen. Tlu-y aro tho descend
ants of Hrnhmans who were iIttt-i from
the plains of India by the Moslems cen
turies ngn. and their fulth Is a foi in of
Tho other natlvo tioops of India nro
picked men from tlio northern part of
the country. Those of tin- touth are
no longer woiked with as armv mate
rial Outside of the Sikhs and GuiKlius
tlje native regiments aro of different
faiths and aro brigaded with white
PRAISED I3Y ROBERTS.
Lord Roberts, who wrote a book on
WASHINGTON ept Iff. - Hugh M.
Smith, chief of the Bureau of Fisheries,
has recommende-d to Secretary of Com
merce Redfield that every State in whose
waters sturgeon exist or havo existed pro
hibit their capture or salo for a period
of at least ten years.
"Owing to tho decimation of tho schools
of breeding tlsh and to peculiarities in
spawning habits It has been found Im
possible to Inaugurate a sturgeon cul
turo anywhere In this country." said
Commissioner Smith. "Attempts at arti
ficial propagation have proved utter fail
ures wherever tried. Tlio expenditure of
considerable money has sometimes failed
to yield a single batch of eggs suitable for
"A possible relief may be afforded
through the transplanting In our wateis
of joung sturgeon fioin other countries.
A supply of oung fish of a very desir
able species Inhabiting tlie Dauubn and
tho Caspian Sea has been offered by the
'These target and Inoffensho fish of
our seaboards, const livers and Interior
wateia wero for years considered to bo
not only valueless but nuisances, and
whenever they became entangled In tho
fishermen's nets thoy wero knocked on
the head and thrown back Into tho
water. Even In the present generation
wc bave seen tho shores of the Potomac
River In tho vicinity of Mount Vernon
lined with the decomposing ca-tasscs of
these magnificent fish, witnesses to the
cruelty, stupidity und profligacy of man,
The samo thing lias been observed every
where In the country.
'When fishermen awakened to the fact
that the eggs of the sturgeon were valu
able as caviar and the flesh as food,
another senseless chapter In the history
nf this nsh was written. There followed
tho most reckless and senseless fishing
Imaginable, with the result that In a com
paratively few years the best and most
productive waters were depleted, and
wliat should have been mado a peimanent
fishery of great profit was destroyed.
Even after the great value of tho stur
geon began to be appreciated by every
one the immature and unmarketable fish
incidentally caught in seines, gill nets nnd
pound nets rcceiicd no protection what
ever In most waters and wero ruthlessly
destroyed as nuisances, the decline of tlie
surgeon being thus doubly accelerated.
For example, on the Atlantic coast the
catch of sturgeon fell from ".Ooo.ooo pounds
In leKi thun 1 .rfiO.oflO In IS venrs On tbM
Pacific coast a catch of over 3,000,ouo , able Incident Is reported from the village
pounds annually in the early 90s was fol-
have been dependable corps d'armee. Ho carro to have the i CMtxbr,
confidence of all as a strategist and or
ganizerand with all the medical hos
tility to the army, he was never re
proatnod w th icaction or not being fuith-
iui to tno lepUDllc. u hen t io nomina
tion of gent'i-dl-ln-chlof h d to be made
y the H gher War Coune I, Gel o al
Pau. who last hi" arm at S dan, -oin'id
with his remaining hand to JofTre on !
iho nomlna on -as uiianl.uous, says t .e
New Vot1 rn ng Post.
Thn pi 'I no' s little of poisons, b t
. !:". ill t I e la v of tbiee years' . -m
I puliory s , !, ihch h'a Fnved F a ee. '
was din- .i ly to Generil 'of re's fore-
"gilt. An! 'l-eso ,hrec .-oiks of his ctm-
m rll.rl llnlfi. . nrln . -. 1 .1 .. . 1.
! ...u,. .... i. uiiu luiiuuunce in ni uni-
veiaa. nine win leu now rai his s.Ienct
will lead to victory; ,but. nt 1 now no
newspaper correspondent even knows
where Grneral-in-Chlef Joftre nnd his
headquarters were placed yesterday or
today, or shill be tomo row. "Joffre's
head'Uiutera?" said a military man who
may have known and may not; "it's a
The Popo who has just died would have
liked that figure of speech for he more
than once expressed his op nlon that even
hist monks talked too much. Perhaps this
all hut universal 1 war will drift sutteiing
humanity towards a new tra whcio s -lotico
shall be appreciated as strengt .
.Min mis I'lne. let It DC nfod while it
lasts, the s lent man Is the Frenc' man.
DEATHS OF A DAY
EDWARD J. HALL
Vice President of the American Tele
phone and Telegraph Company.
U'ATKINS, X Y. Sept. IS -Kdwatd 1.
Hall, "fathei uf tlu long dlhtauce tele
phone" and a vice president or tlio Amer
ican Tolephonf and Telojraph Company,
died heie eistirda. He came here from
New York eoiu- weeks ago for his health.
.Mr. Hall's death was sudden and unexpected.
1417 Uat Husquehamia. avo.
BEKCKMAN. IIARP.T DEECKMAN.
years, on rtonn t'niup st.
Ill.OCII. On September 17, 1014. IGN'ATZ.
humiund of Laii liloch. In h.s 71st Joir.
Relatives and friends, also Itnprnport Lodge
No. .'I.',. I. O. r. S of I ; Ha h nol I.odne,
No. 8. I O. 13. U nre lm.tcd to attend
the runeral, on Sunday, at 10 'i m , from
tho parlor of Krraniiei Aolifr K Bon. I MM
ntnmonJ st Ini'rment at Adath Jeshurun
Cemetery. Kindly oml" Mowers.
IlltOWN. SAUAII BKOW.N. 32 years. 3I4S
CANAVIN. On September 10. 1014,
CHAKLES C liuiban I or Murtha O C.tna
vln (nee Moore). Funr.il on Saturday al
2 p. m.. from 171J Sigel st Interment at
F1' m, m,l r meterv
CJIAHMETMtl WAI.TK11 CHAU.METSKI.
1 a u motnh !. N fan e .
CLAHK. On September 14. 1014. rtlAXIC
eon of Kranlv nnd i-nl,el CIdili. Kun..-u nn
Friday, at 1 p. m frnm Ills ate residence
242' Ajpen st. Intermt nt IVrmfHHl Ceni'trv
COHKN. On Scpfmber IS, 1014. ISAAC
CU11KN, eon ot the Htc Jacob and Sarah
Cohen, .n ItLi filth year. Itclat.ics and
frlcndj. also Meridian Sun LodKC, No. 1,S,
F. and A. M., nro Invited to attend the u
neral services, on r rldaj. at "J p m.. nt his
Into tesldcnce. 1431 Diamond at. Interment
COI.LINf FltANCIS COLLINS. 3 years.
Hilth and Lesser nve
CONLIN. At Akron, Pa., on September 10,
1014 CATHAltlNE. l e of William Conlln
axed 04 eurs. Funeral cm buturduy. at 10 .'13
a. m from the Phllatelphla and Ileadlns
Terminal, on the arrival of the tialn from
Akron, I'a. Interment at Calvary Cemetery.
Can-den N. J.
CONHOW On September 14. 1014. DAVID
1 CONHOW, aced Ci vears. Lato residence,
.'24 League St. Dut- notice it funeral v I, le
CUMJIINOS On September 10. 1014. HUGH,
son n Jame. an' Ca'lnrlnt- Cum
neral on Saturdny, at 7..I0 a. m.. from his
tiarenta- rcsloneo. SV'i Church lane. Orman
town Mass ut St. Vln-enfa Church, at U
m. Interment nt Old Cathedral Cemeterv
Wpttm neter Cemeterv.
Mi-I.AI filll.lN. On September 17 1014. ES
TELLE K.. daughter of Conly nnd Leona
l". MrLuughlln, nnd .'rnnddaughter of S. Vlr-
flnla and the 1-ie Thomas E Ilerger, aged
7 years funeral crlees on .Monday, at a
p. m.. nt her parents' nsldencc, 1721 Mo-
i'lellan st. Interment private.
AIIM.EK. SAHAH MILLEIt. 35 yeara. 1103
Fit. water st
MOOD. On 3ntcmhcr is. 1014, THOMAS.
husband of Ifarrlrt Mood aned m jears.
Funeral senlce on Frlda-. at 1 p m., at
Mil Sepilia at Intoitnciit Oakland Cemo-
JIOUKK On September 11, 1014. S.JENNIB,
ule ..f Tho mi, I. ln,re an 1 -.nughler or
Iho late Nathan V nnd Sarah M Iitrh,
aged "7 le.us Puneiul n Saturday, at X
p m , inini uui-oanu s ri-iueun n MarpI'
Ueiowart. C. I'a Interment Media Cemi
Aio"rrin. Victoria MOREscni. ei
jtiirs, 0.1.' n. Hlrtenhouse n.
.MOiKi.NEIt. On September 17, 1014. RICH
i'.lt c. MuKUM..: In p, and o neowie G.
Murcner mee Hirts.ly agr-'d 48 years. Fu
neral ieriRC3 on Sunda. at 2 p. m., at 'J04U
Nuith .'th bt lntciment private Olennood
MUIU'IIV. MICHAEL MURPHY. 70 years,
'.'ii.-i it ,en at
O'N'KII.L. On September 11 1014. CHARLES
F.. sen of Mary O'Nctd (neo Costello) and
the late Oioie O'Neill, aged Zi years. Fu
neral on Friday, nt S -!0 a m.. from 221 S.
Sydenl-in- st Solemn Requiem Mass at St.
Patritk's Church at 10 a. m. Interment at i
,t Aiii-urai t-emeiery.
l'AHI.S. On September If). 1014. ELIZA- fl
in.111, -jaugnier or aioii anil rillzabetn
1'ahlb. a-fel Jl ears. lmcral serv.cea on
Sunday, at i 10 p. ni., at ' 21 N -rth 7th t.
Ii.teiment f.i i ount Ccmcterj-.
I'KEI.INn. CASANDRA PEELING. 85
ica h. 1 i s. :ri .r
1 tc-.1" ;,n,.veP-omber 15. 1014, of dlph-
J'l3- iOHS (- en of Philip and Anna .
I'fan of Ju.'S Ella st.. ugi-d 5 years. No -v
l'OT'IS EDWARD POTTS. 13 year. 20135J
. Uiil'-I Hi
I'KADEU On September 15. 1014. ANHMSBfl
n. mi4. .roifx ni.,L ..:,.- ""t --. ":."" ovrvices, i
. . - -x. -- . -li-'i.n "'ii i i tu;l i . rrt n r k. i.a .ioti
. iiuioono oi lie inte jiarv curnou mee relr-..n, .. j !,. li'.imi;;,.. .'.'," "... "'?: !?" Vr
at tho Chureh nf St Thomas Aqulna nt It N j T?1I ., fv- h,Ti,.Sl1-iyVndwP3m
; rn Inter-ent it r-,th'r.-)! r-meterv Iclnilf s'rvi n, nn JvS"'.? o"'" f-"l
n .N.rO" September 14, 1014. CATH- i.t tho .ncra.'nf ,,,'":?,,St. 3 JlJSl'fi
, : f- and IntetTnrn, .,n-ly private "',, !,,M'fe-ftJ,dSi? SSSHug'u&S. g& H
T1 ' ruo
er" I "2rt N
i-ii -nv on Septemrer 15
.ii, "an oT vn-n 'i-i- ,,
"" "."n or ? i'ke tm M-f T
r .-r nf ,i r,,,.,,,.,, ,,, )l(,
rl nnrrn-.' - r- r. I "
nr -r t irrr niv r m
noyc irvjjTY o-i Per.te.i,er l" inn el-
II! T ' 'ev r .Tpl. - n,., i"h
Derehue) ni notice of ti- f-ii nl tv'il 'v.
(men frem h-r late re-Id nee iJM Cnth-e-'n.
IlKI'OOAN TT.I.EN DRUOGAN 70 veir.
I -' h r T - M fit ft
'J.',''".7':.lt " "ep'ember 1.1. 1011. GEOR-i,i.ir-.A.
w'low o' I.Hwrencf Di'e--er -i-
)lr" ,. I'""eer-i on Krldat. nt 2 p. m 'roni
' enan-fo n Interment ut FcrnwooJ
ETT..CK CATHARINE EASTI.ACK .1
I1IIVKH, On September 15. 1014. WJL' IAM
II nuphdnd rr V, 'e -"hner fitee o'T-innnb,i
r'l ran ' William and the late Louisa.
I hner (nee HUM Funeral rervl-- at his
lite rcelden'i 17'fl Wylle st. on Frldav at
'.' p m Interment at Oreen Mount feme- i
KII'VIRIIS At Arltendale. Va.. on Penlem. '
Iwr . 1', 1014 EVELVN VIRC.INIA IMl.
,it iin-f.i., i. i .iwnr.is r-i.
.11.1.. U I, Inn. r' Ifm.Kn T.H., X
iired (, ,Vi s ";... ","." V"".,!',
7.1 .. . ".,'"t3. r uuurai irun4
........ ,, .i .,r,T-na. , nuicn Lower soieburv.
,". "V ,r' -Tit I . at 11 a m.
KthsT. '--- nr:-N 70 e'. n' South;
Hll)il FO On September 1.-.. 1014 FRANK.
f sea -it tan.
' r .. - . , tn ,ro j ,;,j
! n 1 . ..... 1tn. .k-
1 r r - t - I ' ,h - nrt nt 1ft n w
'r lent , i l Cros Ctm.
r r '
ArUn.lp C.,li- ,7
ESTHER ESKIN. 34 years. 3122
"Forty-one Years In India." sneak
. 1 1.1.......1. in.i.. 1 .. ..
highly of the native troops as they nro I -"uua c.u..ru auuus nail was a
now oriranlred, thourrh he tlld not think
much of the SenoNS of early dais.
"I have a thorouch belief In and ad
miration for Gurkhas. Sikhs Doctras.
Rajputs. Jats and selected Mohometnns,"
soys "Bobs" In his book. "I thoroughly
nppreclato their soldierly finalities. Tjrl
gaded wtlh British troops I would bo
proud to lead thorn against any Curnpean
The Sikhs are especially noted for their
devotion, apd one of them made a shield
of his body to save Lord Koberts In one
of the Afghan battles.
SICK HORSE ANAWERED CALL
Reported for Duty When Mail Train
Whistles Died Later,
HILLSDALE. Sept. 14 -Quite a rematk-
lowed by a few hundred thousand pounds
in later years of the samo decade, with
no improvement since that. On tho Great
Lakes the y eld dec'lned more than 99 per
tent. In IS years. In tlie American waters
of the Lake of the Woods, one of the
most recent grounds, tor the fp!oratlon
uf sturgeon, the catch doci eased over 93
per cent, in ID yeais. notwithstanding; a
muro active iro&Ci.utluii of tho fibbing
"Tne sturgeon fishery in American
waters as a whoU- 1 cached Its climax
about li30. For two ur three years the
annual catch wus mooooo to 15,0lW.Oj0
pounji. At tho present thno the annual
Thurston Pulver, a rural carrier, has
used one hore on his route with which
ho has cueied nearly IC.C00 miles
few days ago, at er one of its ttlps, the "t'
norse wus laKcn suh nnd a veterinaiy
suld It could not recoer.
The rext inouiin;. when Pulver stilted
for the poatott-cu with another ioie to
Set his mnil for the route, he left -he
sick ho lylns in a stall untied think.
Ing that tho rose would nevet be ablu
to walk aaraln. The outer door to tho
barn was left open also. Shortly after
getting to work on his mall in thn nni.
office Pulver was called outside and
leading personality In the comparatively
brief history of tho development of the
Bell telephone I'ommereially and, more
than any othei individual, active In tho
growth of tho on0' distance telephone
throiiBhout the country, his name was
neu to unknown to the public at large
because Mf a lifelong aversion to publi
city. He was born at Perth Amboy, ,v. j..
where his father was a manufacturer, tu
October, lsJ3. The boy attended Buffalo
e'ementary srhools ami then entered
Vale, being ura4u.ited from the Sheffield
i-teietitiilc School In 73, or two ears
bifoio Alexander Qraham Bell perfected
Tlv liuentlon of tho telephone was of
much Intel est to hini. When In U77 the
parent company of tho Boll comnnnv .
organized he dectdcil to get into the new
ludu-try a-ui a year later he organ 'zed a
local opeiat'ng comparv In Buffalo hold
in,' the otllces of vice president and nnn-
jleld does not exceed l.OOO.iW pound., and iih.Wu.ui Bin f? ."f JiUn?Knl. at
everMvhero theie Is a steady downward , rai ' e '" 'ront ot thc "-hl"S
trend In the catch. The scarcity of stur- I 'Tlui .., hn,, honr.t .,, . ..,
1 --------- w. ..v . man
On Xcw Venr's Pay, 1SS5. Theodore ..
1 ail now pre'dpnt of Tel Jt Tmi - 1.1.1
a co ference, as n n up. of whl-h .Mr.
nun 100s over tne
cr -- W"llnm ,t
1 l-.-.,vr ",v -'-IH-nlv. on fi'pm-er t7.
ini4 rinni i:s II.. hutl.an.l nf Jeanette
Kelditeln as. , 71 ears R'iIim
frenil. nlmi lar.rapn-t I.i,lee N- '!.1 I 11
I . S nf I ar Invlte.i to attend the funeral
on Sunday at 10 to 0 m . frnm his 't-e -tlenee.
ivjii s-nrih Ontario st. Interment
Ai-eMi lehuriin Cemetery
IIlVf'Alt un Sentemher IS. 1011, of
tvphe. I f,., r tl li'R TIMTTII helm I 'wife
of Wllh-ir ' P-.nirn- and .lauahter of Mr and
Mrt. Chrl-N phr llrnzer. Punoral sen ire
nt her pas.nte- re.lil-me .".(11 "Mh aie An
bury Park V r on Krldaj- tnnrnlnt; at II rtn
oilrxh Inte-ment n-liate at Neivark V I
I'lN'K ANN1C TINE. 2 years, sna Heok
I'l'-HEi: -On September 14, 1014, MARY,
'..' . Uwr. K V"I'''J r' ""' 'e lt- Ml 'nn!
I hi r rel'ithe -nd 'rlend 1 e Invited to
t-f, 1, - the itneral. on Sotiirduv at ' o'eloel.
,. ,r. .rr . .. fnf -i-j --fimrade st
The remains mav be cn-ed after S o'eloeu
'ir',' V "' 'ferment a North Cedar
r7p,T,Jo"T'.;'n(!,!RPn KO-EsTKR.43 years.
rittsKii. on September IS, 1014. EMILY
.. .. . .......r . rm,rr. r t'ner -' on
.-.., ..riiuv ai 1 p ni.. imm ner
iV.ij' Wharton st. Interment
ae.l S eirs F-mera! rervUea 011 F"rldav
ti tj ... Cta.l.n ti n ..-.! o. i t " -
nvton ave imermcnt t Uellcvuo Ccni
0 r r? ulhs OAUU 7 yturn r,io
r'? WBYl-7".nB,ET "B-WER"" vears,
fjfl'OT n lentemher IB. 1014. CHARIE'3
husbnd ot Sarn-i Oerst aged firi y.nrs Hel
atlies and friends are InMted to attend tho
funeral ,r'le on PrlJav afterno.in at '
oMoek. nt h'- lite resl cme. 711 N. S7th st
Inlermont tiletli nrhn. ' "" ''
01' I.. On September 14.' 1814. nt his lax
residence ati.1 North 41st it. PETER hui.
r.1. w'..,1",;,;!"- ue po,ke - " '
r'w.r,i,,rM,"EHT nnRKN' - "" -"
fiItr''V On September 1.1. ion catii.
AI'IV lllVlvHMil IITIvjN. "'., LATJl
ert flapkbea ' Oreen inee ir eel ,,i ,n
Kara I-vrwrai , w-Wav 8 i,to h.r is Rl A
a m 'ren- her late resdn e 4T Webster
fPr. ''""'en Intc me, a f'trreiftms,
(i,r:y"rlAnY -".-.BspBitQ. 1
V ' ' ' n"'" I. On ".ul.mb.r ( in.. .....
;;." .S'-'iMf -h- 1.1. T r:,,r... D. "n"
f-n -- l r -o l-en, th. re I I ni. r
v . iv- V n n .. " -
11 -UN on
ItnfjritS On M- mlav. t-eptemt-er 14. 1B14.
I.. f -. ,1. I.',, .lA . ..k. -. It.- .-.'
J,!i" .5". "yr-'e and Hannah Lewis Ulster
fy?i"ow "' Wlllum H Kosers Interrrent
"SyiTo?.0 ROMANO. 8 .'.ar..
K?k !f,T 7Zn ,sPfml;er 13. inn. E.MMA M..
Th'?r.L?Tv ..". n"ot- Funeral eenl.M on
inurtday, a' S '0 p m.. h j .
rw." ,?!0 IinUc" Interment at Mount
ii 1. "mi.ttry
nirii K," September 17. 1014. ELIZA
livJv. .. ;'"Shter of Tran Is D and Ellis
fi?. ,tulerf- I uneral eervkea on Saturday
mornlne. at 10 o'cltk k, at iho resld nco of
her parents. 311 Preston st I-itrment private.
?i, .r"r""n femt i-". Krl-nds may view
remains on I rlduj eienlni,- from 7 until 9
S41oorVs!:I'OL'IS SALV-'N - "8
SV.,l;V,f .h", "Ttember 17. 1HI4. EDWARD.
Son pf the lat, f-rank and -. ,h c 7-
lieral en M n.'av at n a m . fium the resl
ii'!.V j( ' - 1- th-r. Ilirurl - lui t 1ST
SS, ,,r" se t Mn-s of Requiem jt Holy
.4.11.". '.h' ,r ' R! ' lla ni. I iicrmcnt New
1 Bthedral L'tmettn
lii.i i-.ie. on September 1.1. 1014
I ana J D.
1 juti a- at
her ' n th, r-jn-n
uh '1st st.
'. rVnfn on L. S ,inn Mb'v-- Pa
Ml Sfortah ' J.,., J.-,,f-- ' "TlllTH. lortmrlj tM
"" 1 t"B N J . Qtfeil 111 years K n.
i.W On 1 September 15. 1B14. at Woodhqrv.
: J rtli a ivMow nt John n f"
e.l S ?irs P-inera! rervUes 011 F"rlrtay
v Un r , .1 1 Mi
hi ILvl-I'li. .imiihur .if the
IIueIiu Funral r lv, c
"- 111 , .it the r. .lnei. , ,
law, Utri,. ' ! n. VI I
I' ' I I , 1 r 1.
'iWvnJ "0n Repumber ic. 1014 Howard
iiiih'T ot ','',. v S-J' ',"" ri 'enca
iiu it lh 1 itr I 1" ni- nth- 1 1 irrtl wrv
Ices on I'rliU). at .'To p m . at grand-
"vCn,,SIn't,ern,e,VprA';ii.,aney M ,"rma"-
s"!r,n!-s.iIIV,ul' K,)l"-U ,0 "-" 8"
SII.li;itIAN ClOLDIE SILBERMAN. 60
MMtlN. FANNIE SIMON 5d vears. 140
S1.X1'.!aI,,'t91 September II tOU. I AM.
HER1 BlNHER. in hU Mth s-ar Puneral
sir- :-e, at the Ciun h t the 1,0.. I Shepherd,
Roseniont. fa., on Thui u , ,..
term nt at th. i'hureh of tho ?. .i.,.,.,,.. &.-
etrv. unn Ma-vr. Pa
i'-'inEj.'l?-''! V '' "- JR. tn- l'" r--'''" " '
l.lmer c.. Jrlinn.,,, Tiill...... .. 1.. ,.. .
at Tulljtonu i'.i!ieier.
srillilll.. On September Pi. lull. pHU IP
the TMh star of hj4 aia fi,"rui t"
" 11 in r la 11
An . r 1 11. 1 1 rnt ut ' 1 1
"li lr-; ' W, rrtjld.nee J1 Cherry
t.. CannU-n N. J. Spt II l-m 1 '' 1
hn-banl . f Var Sullivan is I T ear
Ja lr-AT,UM,'-B !L'LLlAN. SO
1 i-Wi' M'AAXA TALllol VJ -car.,
TjIL.idOPIA TAHRA. 6 vears 4.1-14 M.
T".vl 1'""7U i"eittr IT. tin I Jon?. I ,
L f J"l,'irilB Ulld 111. lat. Ji.hr, It.
Tatr tn hU mh vial Fun. lal a. i i n on
Sunfi ai s p ni ai H. i.u. i vf n
broiler-m.l i ivi Hi I ri .. it Mel in
- . ... inuriHvm it Frnvt.i.ui i , 1. 1
1 I.IIIC im.MtN Tult , e.rs. T33
TpE:,-r.TCn,0'.N? TEESE. 57 vears. 1313
t.n rurtitivrliind i,t
TOJI,l'HT S-.r. K TOI.BERT 80 nui,
1,1 - 'I uof-N wt
Tlf"V t-Ttivn TltKINAV. 31
Hrii "l 1 li-lin ,v '
MARV I' . i'. ' . i ' vi i.
IM 1 1
uli. uhnnlil Iwi'imihi frrn snH tn tins . ml i Keuu aim t lie ueuiuud 101 tueir llesh unit i . ..
r."" -'-"..: ".:t:: .vr ,.,.? : .,.; r Z. . .1,. ,.i: . :-. -?"- nisuo as it dropped its man at
ma irtt, u-, .u-n , ii, ..... f.; --" -; "'',"' " ,"" '" the little station and knew that It ua I
V.83 cnari.reu. ii nu rcu inui iivn "...ij o.v, imvi in u. jr umer in.e 0 aa ta ,ha T,0snir.o mi,' . -J
th-5 I'otomac should afloat her enelnt ii. cither In America or elsewhere. A horja got So unahted mad ?t X-t Si
mlht bo useless because of their lonir mature female nturseon ofteu brimts th. "fev.-??f ,"p "na'ld' madi lu "aY Sl-V
S-nteml-er 17 ini .... --.-. " n,.r.. .. ... . ,v,-
lean 'Mf phone and Tt-v.-raph Com-wiy. St 9 ., ' ?? T-'T oi r.i VLoui?v ' '' ' V ,". !'. 1'.". h ","4' Ji
A year .arlter l-v. an pi-rim-ntal f: T.gFfZ Inurn.' rB?Su IVIIITMIIIIB O,, hW'X ,-. ,'rlw ., i
Iouk db-iuiKO line had .een tried out be- n i-m!Li .P .. ' .if-JUti PrrkiloE ft'h'i. - u 1
tween New York aril Hotton. Mr Hall "ai-viT0'?.8,. rffi--- .- TU ' nSXSLJL X -",-"- - --nei. .'
took up the devilopm nt of the Ions ills- '-,jr'- -o"l r.ru ')",, V,iud-,UiWi, K -JTll I" i ioii," '.' .. ..i
tance telephone line .thu.l..tlcll? and I l.. ."n't T '""--- iWWJ J -rfi " " lMt"U""1 "' 'vy ,u'- 1
within two months v. directing the work ii i kii - vn tofh i....o ".!" iVt0- p"- l HH MFiiA i
of tho firM long distance line between " n. iTh ',VKnfcD "AUSI---- vtar L.,,'?A,.??,u,llW,-"n- """" " ,1
New York and lUilladelphia. HEU EKson.Iharriet ,lv...VE.Da. ,. "' .-ttL ' L p: ..!.- .'. ".- 1
--m. -rrti. "-' r lull. (1,1 ft ... vv
Inartlvlty and the aevero cold, and Mi
that ease there was danger of her brUK
driven easterly or through the Straits ot
Ibherman (160,, and It U a poor fish that
cannot be Bold for 120 to 130 on the riven
of the fast coast"
HKI.II.lOl s NOTICES
FiUlk (1,1 l
V.l.,!! -on -.".' t 2 B n .0.Vi
OSlOmCa Btlrl nn.
tlently waited for the lon-r trip over the
route to begin.
After tio fahrut aninjaj waa led back
f.ai"r.utJ: jy '. ;: ".-.-' --- .4 lks-a it. iffr.;. j- magda.
Henry Berkowltt. All um SerU Se?ai w!ii bl 4Jilf'". Du nolle, of the fu.
l& Rat b t. Maver. M i toy rtiornlnif. Thn jvvrrvuartv - .
St I1u.b," bl- iuul Hear be.kon'i. J jm'jVSJjNB JE?FERSO.V 1)
im i till i
Vtl-H -MtLLV WILt S3 y r ."i Varth
tll p JAMS WILI.IU SI
n.l fn . ,i in.tti iiit - t
M'lT W I ri laj tvenli.jt
her Uie r,i n.. hii n i i .
Internj-Eir I - v , at I. ... . .
'-VJLK fVL',d --l-KKK. U ,t.
ii mi j -"