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EVENING LEDGETf-THILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 15. 1014.
turod from the French, and that 40,000
prisoners and a largo number of gains
had fallen Into the hands of the Germans.)
LONDON GOES WILD OVER
VON KLUK'S SURRENDER
LONDON, Sept. IS.
All London Is elated at the news,
received from Dieppe, that General
von Kluk nnd 14,000 men have been
cut off from the rest of the German
army and were forced to surrender.
It Is considered certain that the Brit
Ish troops under Sir John French par
tlclpated In the capture.
Tho report was doubted at first be
cause of the small number of prison
ers, but It Is pointed out that tho army
of General von Kluk was on the ex
treme German right on Septembers and
that It has stood the brunt of the rapid
pursuit by the Anglo-French troops. In
the last few days Von Kluk's troops
have beenhnstenlnR up the northern
aide of thd Alsno River In an effort to
avoid being cut' off, and to reach the
armies under General von Bticlow and
General von Ilauson.
During Its entire flight It has been
harried by the British troops and the
new French army, which has formed
on tho British left. Report of r-rls-oners
captured and of enormous losses
In killed and wounded since September
will account for a large number of
tho laige army which ho had under his
command when he was tho right Hank
of tho huge wing the Germans made
toward IVtris. That this army, driven
back by forces to Its south and west,
poorly fed nnd weak from tack of
sleep, had dwindled until 14,000 repre
sents Its number, or at least Its main
body, Is easily credible.
With retreat tluough northern Bel
glum cut off mid their line of commu
nication along the iftilrond to Xamur
from Ilhelnis threatened at Mezleres b
the French Sixth Army from the wot
the Germans are today concentrating
In tho region covered by tho head
waters of tho River Alsne, west of tin
forest of Argonne.
In the stand there, which the latest
accounts lead one to bcllovo has al
ready begun, will be combined the
armies of General von Buelow, of Gen
eral von Ilaussen nnd that under
Grand Duko Albrecht of Wurttom-burg.
The left of this concentrated force
Is in touch with the nrmy of Crown
Prince Frederick Wllhelm before Verdun.
FRENCH CENTRE OCCUPIES
RHEIMS AS HEADQUARTERS
WASHINGTON, Sept. 15 Nugonte-L'Abesse, Vitry and Bretnnnt
The French War Office today sent ! The headquarters of one of our armies
were cstabl.shcd today in the city of
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. to the French Embassy in Washington
official news of the occupation of
Rhelms as the headquarters by one of
the French armies, and of the aban
donment by the Germans of their at
tack on the fort of Troyon on tho
Meuse. The advance of the allies was
The dispatch read:
"On the 13th our offensive movement
was continued along tho entire front.
Montdidier and Koye. on our left
wing, have been occupied by the French
cavalry. From Amiens the German
"Tho Geiman Hoops In the Argonne
were yesterday north of a line from
Trlancourt to Issnncouit, having aban
doned the attack on the Troyon fort
of the Meue.
"Last evening French Lorraine had
been completely evacuated by the
Germans, who were withdrawing to
wn: d Saarbourg. Dreuze and Chateau
"In Gnllcln the lighting that has been
going on for ten days ended in a great
success for the Russians. One hun-
forces are retiring toward St. Quentin i dred guns, 30,000 prisoners, including
and Pcronne. ' 300 olllcer's, were taken by the Rus-
"Thcse forces were defensively or- slans from September S to 10. On tho
ganlzed yesterday to tho east of whole front the Austrians are retlr
Rheims on the line of the old forts lng "
ALLIES' SWIFT PURSUIT
OF GERMANS CONTINUES
BORDEAUX, Sept. 15.
The French War Otllce afternoon an
nouncement declares that nt no point
have the Germans been able to make
a serious stand against the pursuing
French columns. They are giving bat
tle, chiefly in the nature of rear guard
actions, covered by artillery, but it is
plain that the objective of tho Ger
mans is to reorganize their scattered
columns and attempt a defense in the
intrenched lines prepared by the sap
pers north of the Aisne.
Meanwhile, the allies have taken
many prisoners. Entire regiments are
reported to have been cut off from tho
main rreatlng columns and captured
held out with a single exception. The
Germans have been endeavoring to
smother the Verdun forts as, with that
strong point in their hands, they would
control the main lino of railway eat
and west and would bo able greatly to
relieve the pressure at various points
to the west.
It is officially stated, however, that
tho efforts of tho Germans have proven
a failure, and that the main columns
of the Crown Prince's army are now
being forced toward Stenay and Lux
emburg. It is not believed here that another
decisive battle is possible for several
days. The Germans aro short of im-
V.'ith the rolling Dacfe of the German tide that swept all over northern France and south and southeast ,of the Marne and Paris itself, almost to
the upper Seine, on September C, the new line of contact between the German armies and the allies is now practically that of the last weeks of August.
Toward the north and northwest of Paris the Germans have abandoned Amiens and nearby towns, and moving north from their battle line on the Aisne,
have retreated toward St. Quentin. In the centre they have retreated from Rheims, which they had fallen back to from the Valley of the Marne, and have
given up their positions south of the Argonne, while the French have practically regained the frontier near Nancy and the passes in the Vosges, and have
also retaken some of the border towns in Alsace, near Belfort. At Verdun, Berlin reports renewed bombardment, but the French report the Germans under
the Crown Prince as moving north.
TROPHIES FROM THE MARNE
DELIGHT PARIS CROWDS
Claims Capture of Several
Corps, Contradicting Re
ports of Russian Success
orbing the cltv on their way to the
woM'in i 'nc cutratlnn camps.
AT AUSTRIAN REAR;
munition and they will have dlfllculty
So swift has been the pursuit of the i reforming tholr exhausted army. Their
British-French forces on the left that , rear guard, however, is putting up a
at some points the pursuig column, strong defense, and it may bo ablo to
rushing along paralleling roads, have i withstand the efforts of the allies to
been able to reach the crossroads ahead j break through tho lines and separate
nf the Germans and cut them off and , its units.
compel their surrender. The total
number of the prisoners has not yet
been reported to headquarters.
It is declared here that important
developments may bo expected from
Belgium in the near future The Ger-
That the army of tho German Crown mans are withdrawing all of their
Prince is being hard pressed in th
effort to drive It north and thus re
lieve Verdun is known here.
Tho Germans tried to envelop tho
eeven forts that He between Verdun
and Toul. These, however, have all
forces from the west and tho evacua.
tlon of Brussels Is reported
Continued successes aro reported
from JUorralne, where two French
armies are reported to bo advancing
j on Saarburg.
GERMAN WAR OFFICE DENIES
REPORTS OF GREAT DEFEAT
BERLIN, Sept. 15. ' Prince had an interview wth the
The following ofllclal announcement French commander, during which thu
was given out this morning by the lutter tendered his sword in token of
General Staff. defeat. The Crown Prince was furious
"In the western theatre of war the because he had been informed that tl
riirht wing of our army has been en- ; trench had used dum-dum bullets, con-
Reformation at Przemysl.
Cossacks, Swimming Vis
tula, Fire Provision Ships.
gaged in heavy but undecisive battles.
The French, who endeavored to break
through our lines, were victoriously
"At other points where there has
been fighting no decisive results have
The efforts of the French to break
through the German lines and Isolate
some of the armies have failed, it is
announced. No details of the general
fighting at any point are obtainable
Jt U learned that, after the surren
der of Longwy. the German Crown
.HOLLAND STRICTLY NEUTRAL,
a urn HFI MINA DECLARES
"W -. . , TW
Openlngr States uenerai, uuecu de
plores Economic pressure.
THE HAGUE, Sept 15.
he course of her speech opening the
General to-day, Queen Wlllielmlna
j that the strict neutrality of Hol
h"it be ma'nteined
fJe'y expressed her deep eym
huth the peoples whose counfefijs
i la war, She said that
trary to the rules of war JJh face
was flushed with wrath as he grasped
the sword and, contrary to all military
custom, broke it over his knee.
"I must take your sword, hut you
fought us dishonorably," said the Ger
man commander angrily. "Tour sol
diers used dum-dum bullets against
The French commander denied that
his troops had used soft-nosed bullets,
but the German soldiers are reported
to have found soma of these bullet
I among the munitions of the fortress.
land is bearing willingly the extraordi
nary burden laid on it by the mobillza
tion that ha been made necessary by
the situation. Holland is, she declared,
receiving with open arms all the refugees
seeking safety within her boundaries.
Her Majesty emphasised the economic
pressure which has bstn brought to bear
upon Holland and appealed to her sub
jects to exercise the utmost care to avoid
semblance of favoring any of the belliger
ents in t ade upon the contmuan . vt
which depends the national existence.
21 Full Trains of War Material Rep
resents Half of Booty.
PAWS, Sept. 13.
31nci Saturday, besides a. continuous
stu'nm nf tal,. motor wagons, private
nutnmobllos and properly equipped motor
umluilnnees convctig wounded to the
hnpltnls, P.uislnns have witnessed the
constant arrival of Gorman war material
captured nt the battle of the Marne
Twenty-one full tialns of such booty al
ready have roached Paris, nnd this Is
said to represent barely half the total
it is fstimntcd that CO cannon, 30 mi
trailleuses, 40 ammunition wagons and
time aeroplanes have already nrrlvcd.
Exultant roars rise from the crowds who
I for hours nwult the pa.sslng of the nu-
3JEKL.1N. Se-pt , lo oy wireless via .ty- ' m(.Iniis batches of Gcrmun prisoners tra
vlllo. N. V.).
General Hindenbcig. the German com
mands In Enst Truss'. i, has tekgraphd
Emperor William that the Vtlna (Rus.slan
army), consisting of tho second, thud,
fourth and twentieth corps, two leseivu
divisions and Ave cavalry divisions. hae
been completely defeated. The rtussinn
casualties are heavy. The number of pi 1s
oners is Increasing, and the destruction of
tho army continues Enormous spoils of
war have been captured.
The Grodno arnn had been defeated at
lck. it comprised, in addition to tho ' Relentless Pursuit to Prevent
SSd corps, n remnant or tne sistu corps
and part of the third Siberian corps. (As
an arm oorps consists nf 40,000 men it
is probable that in the Vllna army there
were at least 175.0OO soldiers and in the
Grodno army about 50 000).
This message contradicts official state
ments from PotroBrad of Uennan dis
asters In Est Poland.
It was ottlcially announced today that
Uenerai Itennonkampf had deflated tho
Germans in a 10-hour battle in East
Prussia and driven them back toward
Koenigsherg with heavy losses
The battle took place near Gohlapp
(eight miles east southeast of Koenlgs
btrg) and was fiercely contested.
The official statoment follows:
After a steady withdrawal for sev
eral days before superior forces of
the Germans, the Russians retelvd
heavy reinforcements nnd drove the
enem back. Reiormlne, the foe
again took the offensive and attacked
our positions at Goldapp. They
stormed our positions with bajont
charges In the face of a withering
fire, but were repeatedly repulsed.
Finally, after a. bloody conflict that
lasted l' hours the em-my iHriated.
Our troops are in hot pursuit. The
victory was due to tho cltvtr stiat
egy of General Itennenkampf, who
diew tho enemy's troops out until
ttiey were too weak to ovtnoma us.
In again assuming the offensive In East
Pmssta, first line troops were withdrawn
from tho Austrian theatre of war and
sent to the aid of General Rennenkampf,
whose columns have been hard pressed.
It is understood here, however, tnat these
operations are iiitendeu sniehy to hold
the Germans in East Prussia Jn check
and prevent them being withdrawn to
go to the assistance of the Austrians.
UERI.IN Ry way of Amsterdam),
German advices contradict tho news of
Geneial RennenUampfa successful ad
vance. It is announced that In East Prussia the
German advance continues und that the
Russians bave now been driven back at
points across their main frontier The
German forces have taken many prisoners
end numerous cannon.
The Ritdlt1on.il lists of casualties as pub
lished contain no new names of high, qf
FOOD SENT TO WAR ZONE
French Government Already Reor
ganizing Devastated Territory,
BORDEAUX. Sept. 1
The Government has decided to reor
gantze the departments which have been
evacuated by tho enemy to the north and
east of Paris
ITALY, ON BRINK
OF WAR, PREPARED
Army Is Ready, Fleet Mo
bilized and Coaled Rad
icals Clamor for Entrance
AUSTRIANS NOW CLAIM
VICTORY NEAR LEMBERG
PETROQRAD, Sept. 13.
Sweeping across tho Vistula River and
striking at the rear of the Austrian
aimy, struggling to save Itself from an
nihilation. Russian troops have destroyed
a large part of the commissary supplies
of the enemy, according to an olllclal
announcement made hero toJay. Tho
Russians aro threatening the entire line
of communication of tho Auhtilans and
may succeed in preventing them from
Hy their sudden stroke directed from
Russian Poland over tho Vistula, tht.
Russlans have compelled the Austrians,
who had fortified positions on the San
River, to fnll back to cscnpu being out
il.mked. The Russians aie now trussing
the San in force. They have captured 100
guns und taken 20,000 prisoners.
It i stuud that thu great mass of
the Austrians who escaped slaughter In
the Hh-litiiig that has been in progres
in Eastern Oallcla from tho Dniester to
the Russian Poland frontier have reached
lha west bank of the San River and are
reforming. TBey will endeavor to hold
the great fortress of Przemysl and tho
lailway lino tending northward to
Jaroslav Przeinsl Is a first-class forti
fication filled with supplies of all kinds,
but it tan only prove a rullylng point for
the Austrians, us tho Russians are con
tinuing ft relentless puisult.
General Ruzsky has reported to the
War Oltlcs that among tho troops retir
ing u.-on Pwrmsyl are about 15,000 Ger
mans who were sent to help tho Aus
trians. Ho declares that they will be un
able to tako active part In the fighting
after entering Przemsyl, as ho will com
plotoly invebt that stronghold and prevent
The destruction of the Austrian supplies
was one or tne most neroio expioita yet
accomplished by the Russian troops. A
company of Cossacks swam the Vistula
miller tne cover oj uarmuiaa ww saccecuea
tn blowing up or setting fire to two
steamboats, seventeen pontoons, eighteen
barges and a large number of smaller
boats and rafts. The greater part of tho
supplies had not jet been unloaded, but
the I'ossacks completed their task by
burning all tho military equipment that
they could find ashore.
The blow struck at the Austrians by tha
ro-saiks Is expected to have tremendous
effect Among tho supplies destroyed was
a great quantity of ammunition as well as
The Trieste and Trlent leglments which
were sont to the front In Gullclu havo
been decimated, according to advices
from Rome. Most of these regiments
were made up of Italians from the Aus
trian prointos that are settled by the
Italians The lowest estimate of the
Iohsos of Italians alone Is 15 000.
II n ti t r tit a PftntfOl Wi,11fH bnvb
For the people of those devastated re- "'' telegraphic advices received
glons provisions are belnic shipped daily i theie from Petrograd are to the effect
In that tht sevenieun uj uaiuo oi tne
by railway and barge, especially
an,we. to the demands of tho Nievre , "-' en-led with th. Wtowtar.ulE
and Haute Vienne A supply of cattlo prisoners ttken, 150.000, field guns cap
,. i . u-,1 ,iQ. c.,m thA hA,H, , .,! n fortress artillery captured.
UhiUi were toileted for the possibility 1000 plca, transport wagons taken, 4000, . ad from Port Noloth, on the west .
i of a sicse of Parts. and aeroplanes captured. 7. coast. J
ROMD, Sept. 15.
Domestic politics and foreign diplomacy
are exerting tremendous pressure against
tho Italian Government In tho present
war crisis of Kuropo, some groups de
manding war and others insisting upon
neutrality and peace.
The committee of direction of the Radi
cal patty, at a meeting attended by mem
bers of Parliament, has adopted a resolu
tion calling on tho Government "to con
sider whether tho grave but Inevitable
task is not Imposed to change from neu
trality to active participation In the con
flict." This resolution Is highly significant at
this time, and nroused high Interest in all
In Its preamble, the resolution declares
that Italy's interests In the Adriatic must
bo safeguarded, and that Italy should co
operate to prevent the war from being
Fettled In a manner that win determine
tho predominance of military tendencies.
Accoidlng to the Glornalo d'ltnlla, which
has been lukewarm toward the allieB,
there are three groups now playing tho
main roles In Internal political affairs. Tho
first of these, represented by the Govern
ment and supported by a majority of the
Constitutionalist party, is favorable to
neutrality until the intorcsts of the coun
try are In danger, but meanwhile favors
strengthening the army.
Tho second group Is represented by
bomo Constitutionalists and several form
er Cabinet members, Including former
Premier L.uzzatl, and Socialists, who favor
neutrality to tho end of tho wnr. tho pre
serving of economic energies, of tho coun
trv and tho maintenance hy the Govern
ment of Its own system of foreign policy.
The third group consists of reformers,
moderate Socialists, mombers of tho mil
itary clique, radicals, republicans and na
tionalists, who favor the abandonment of
neutrality in order to realize mo om as
plratloni to redeem the Italian provinces
on tho Adriatic littoral still under foreign
The prss Is divided, some of the papers
contending for the Immediate abandon
ment of neutrality. Others express tho
opinion that dissolution of tho present
Cabinet and the selection of a nationalist
ministry would throw the Government
In the meantime, Germany and Austria
have not altogether abandoned their ef
forts to have Italy live up to her obliga
tions under the Triple Alliance. Mean
while. Great Britain and Franco have
made strong representations to the Italian
Government against her participation in
the strife The Government is struggling
with might and main to keep at peace,
but sudden developments of an untoward
nature may throw her Into war any day.
BORDEAUX, Sept. 15.
Prince Tasca de Cuto, an Italian so
cialist deputy, is quoted today by the
Temps as follows:
"Opinion In Italy Is unanimous In de
manding the realization of the antl-
triple alllince program, nvery one to
day believes that Italy must absolutely
separate her policy and destiny from the
'The Italian army Is ready for an
eventualities. Our fleet Is mobilised and
coaled, thanks to arrangements with
England. We aro now neutral only In
appearance The action of Italy must
definitely turn the scale In favor of tho
GERMANS IN SOUTH AFRICA
DEFEATED BY TERRITORIALS
Surprise Invaders After Forced
March, Losing One Man.
CAPETOWN, S. A , Sept. 15.
A force from Gorman Southwost Africa,
which Invaded Namuqualand, was de
feated by the South African RIHer at
Stelnkopf Monday and forced to sur
render. The faouth Afrkan Rlflus sur
prised the Germans after making two
night marches and won the battle with
the loss of only one man killed
Stelnkopf IKookfontetnj Is SO miles in-
Vienna Asserts Capture of 10,000
Russians and Numerous Guns. t
NEW YORK. Sept. 15.-Dr. Fritz Klsch
orauer, Austrian Consul, today teccived
tho following wlrelesf message from
Count Iierchtold, tho Austrian Minister
of Foreign Affairs:
"The battle at Lcmbcrg was successful.
Our forces, which were placed along and
south of tho Grodek road, beat back tho
enemy after live days' lighting and cap
tured 10,000 Rusians and numerous guns.
Cut It wns Impossible to make full usu
of the Miccess because our left wing
near Rawn wns endaugeied by over
whelming Russian forces, not to speak
of new Russian forces matching ngalnst
General Dankl's army and Into the sec
tion between this army and tho LemberK
"On nccount of tho strength of the
enemy It was found necessary to collect
our armies, now fighting heroically with
little rest for three days, Into a favorable
position and prepare them for new action."
INDUCE TURKEY TO
Porte Heeds Warning That
Aid to Germany Would
End the Independence of
CONSTANTINOPLE (by way of Rome),
Turkey lias finally decided to remain
neutral nnd will not support Germany,
according to repoits current In official
circles here today.
This action was decided on following
a straight warning from 1-ngland that
If Turkey participated In tho war It
would bo eliminated forever as an Inde
pendent nation. The news of Kranco
Rrltlsh victories In the recent fighting
was also a factor,
It Is stated that In return for her neu
trality Turkey will demand that the Pow
ers recognize her right to abolish the
extra-territorial conventions heretofore
given to the Powers.
GERMAN BAN ON ALCOHOL
Minister of Agriculture Orders Manu
facture Decreased 40 Per Cent,
LONDON, Sept. 15.
A dispatch from Rotterdam sajs thnt
tho German Minister of Agriculture has
Issued a circular ordering tho manufac
ture of alcohol decreased 10 per cent., and
recommending that farmers conserve food
supplies ty drying potatoes on a largo
Instructions are being given In the
country districts as to the use of potato
meal for the manufacture of bread. The
Minister says that the cereal crop was
not as good as had ben expected.
TO JOIN BATTLE
Belgians Force Invaders tQ
Evacuate Many Cities.
Kaiser s Army Suffered
Great Losses During Retreat.
ANTWERP, Sept. 15.
Brussels has been evacuated by the
Li AJost has also Jatn Jtecd f the
I rt?fnMn vrtMH k-.,1 a- -...I...- ... 1
..vtitnui o Auii.-ca uiiu iruiu vunuus Otner
cities and towns held by tho Germans
come reports of tho rapid withdrawal of
the Invading forces, who are rushing to
Join tho main German army, who have
been pushed back to n. Una extending
north of Louvaln to Mnllnes.
Tho 20,000 troops which occupied Alost,
about 20 miles enst of Brussels, Joined the
great forco which occupied tho Belgian
capital, under tho command of General
Von Der Goltz, and the combined army
has taken up a position In the vicinity
The energetic advance of tho Belgian
troops will, in all probability, allow them
to reoccupy Brussels In a day or so.
Tho evacuation of Brussels nnd all of
the other towns and cities to tho north
nnd west of tho capital was tho outcome
of a four-day battle, tho extent and re
sult of which was withheld by tho Bel
glum Government until today.
The extent of tho Belgian victory over
the Germans wns so great and its effect
on tho fortunes of the Germans in
Franco so direct, that tho campaign hers
Is entitled to be given consideration as
nearly equal In military Importance to
those In France and on tho Russian
Tho German army of boys and old men,
on whom wns placed tho task of guard
ing tho German lines of communication
through Belgium, were reinforced by
marines, but they failed to hold the
After a four-day battle, In which the
Germans slowly gave ground, they evacu
ated Brusels. General Von Der Goltz,
the German Military Governor of that
city. Issued a proclamation. Informing the
peoplo of the evacuation, thanking them
for their peaceful attitude during the
occupation and warning them ngalnst
hostile act3 against the retreating
Tho Belgian military officials attribute
tho German retreat to the necessity of
covering the retreat of their other
armies In France through the Belgian
and German Luxemburg nnd by way of
The German losses In tho last four davi
aro estimated nt not less than 10,000 killed
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