Newspaper Page Text
rvsLitiav itiit WBPBBaB.tr,
OTAULIIUBO IN 1S9T.
BY H. L. McQUOWS".""
Prof. A. R. Read is serving is tem
porary Principal of tho Osceola publio
Chestnut Ridge In Pike township Is
in need of a good male teacher salary
$30 per month.
Morris and Ponn townships recently
adopted tho new Lippincott Readers
for uso in their schools.
Itir UrKC Circulation f any Newapapsr
In North Central Pennsylvania.
Terms of Subscription.
;, Aid Id advanoa, or within I moBthi..9 OO
If attar 1 ud before I nontba 9 60
( ,itii aftar tba aspiration of I months... 3 M)
Ratei ot Advertising,
f jnmnt adwtliamanU, par ftqaaraof 10 Una or
3 tituea orUat fl 50
I raach aabquent in.artion. 69
V li:tinitrfttort' and Eiaeutrra'not.oa..,M, I 66
,.,lit.ri' notieei MM t ftO
0 iuti'n nd Rir. 1 60
Involution notlw... 00
l',..feiionl Cf K I Mom or Wm,1 ;nr,... 00
. ml nnttmi, par liti 10
1 Mo.re M 00 1 1 eolumB..
! fll;urei.w .,! 00 i aolnmn. .... TO 00
1 i(uara. ....20 00 1 1 aolntnn..... ...... 110 00
0. B. GOODLANDKR,
tt w. SMITH,
I Tl ClearUeld, P..
ATTORNEY - AT -LAW,
l is I'hlllpiburg, Centra Co., Pa. y:pd
OLAND D. SWOOPE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
CurwctHtill., Clearfleld county, Pa.
oeL 9, '78-lf.
ATTGrlJiEV AT LAW,
1 ve in "ilia wettornl banding," (up .lair),
on. , "7S ir.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
07-Office on. door ca.t of Bbaw Don
Til. M. McCULLOUGII,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
1 ffi -e in ala.onie building, Second street, op.
l -.-itp lb. Court Houee. j2n,'78-tf.
T ('. ARNOLD,
4 COLLECTION OFFICE,
Clt-arfieH County, Penn'a. T5y
ATTORN K( AT LAW,
1 i: Op.ra llou-e.
ap JS77 1y
. W U.I.ACe
..D&vm L. Kiti.a,'.
..'. K. M ali... .
rAI.I.ACE & KRKHS,
A TTO R N E YS-A T
ol 1 Clearfield, Pa.
L A W
i.vilTll V. WILSON,
1 !.i:tHFIKLD, - . PENN'A.
?J-m!t. tn It. Ma.onla BailJIng, or.r Ibe
(.....nil ..tluiial Hank. Iw.r'JI-eU.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
..! r over r ha County National Bank.
June Jo, 'I8tf.
j;i(.XK G. HA KRIS,
ATTORNKY AT LAW,
ClM AHFIBLD, Pam'A.
I ir.t L'in.i Life and Fiia Insurance Companlee
?o?-Ofnee In Iba Oprra nome.-
ir V a. Ml BMAT CTBUB BOBEOB.
UliRAY i CORDON,
ttornkys at law,
r 0ffl?u in Pie'a Opera Uouaa, aaeood floor.
TILLI.M A. I1AGERTY,
ni l' H i: over T. A. I'lerk A Co.'a Mora,
i-Will alleud to all legal bu.ln.ii with
I 'oiu-tnrM and flj.lit.
rra a. a kxallt..
dabibl w. nVrBOT,
KN ALIA' A
4 learneia, ri.
:Al,fal boaineaa attended to promptly with)
t- ii'r. otfioa on Second a tract, above tba Firat
t rid bank. jan:l:7l
J K. McICRNRICR,
AM leja) l.uiiaeM entraated to bla oart will ra-
vno i-ri-inpt aiteniiou.
"tOtflrT in tha Conrt II ohm.
Heal EmUU and Collection Agent,
V.'tll promptlj attend to all legnl builnaaa aa
'.11 '"il to hia earn.
.'Office In Pta'a Optra Uoufa. janl'71.
JnilN Ij. CUTTLK,
t-t Iteal r.etate Afetit, ClearHcld. Pa.
'fW ob Third atraat, bat.Cbarrj A WaJnnt.
: Keipeotfalljr offera hia aarvteaa In eelltag
.1 buying lan da In Clearfield and adjoining
- urtloa 1 and with an experience olotert went
1 nit aa inrvayor, Batter blmaelf that ha ean
render allefaotloo. L-h 3 tf.
E. M. SCIIEURER,
Oflir. In rrldenoa ea Firat at.
ri!14, 171. Clearl.ld, Pa.
I)U W. A. MEANS,
I'll YSICI-AN A SURGEON,
DUBOIS CITV, PA.
I l.ttrnil prora.iionalealli promptly. aug!0'7
1)1!. T. J. 1IOIER,
I'll YSICI AN AND SURGEON,
nitre on Market Street, Clearlald, Pa.
''(Tire h'lurat I ta IS a. m., and I lo I p.
li. J. KAY WRIGLEY,
.OIIi eoiolag tba re.ldenre ar Jamal
"!', K.q., on Heeond lit, Clearlald, Pa.
Ju. :i,';i tl.
(j C JKNK1N8, M. D.,
I'll YS1 Ct A N ANDSURGEON,
CI KWKN8VILLK, PA.,
' f al rrtidiace, eerier or St.te and Pine
' Jan. aib, IMI.tf.
J)l! II. U. VAN VALZAH,
l I llAHHfcl.D, PKNN'A.
'I' l: IX KESIIlFNCE, CORNER OF FIRST
AN1) HXIt bTJlKall.-l.
' file. b.iore-From It to S P. M.
Mar II, mi.
II. J. !'. BURCI1 FIELD,
"aeon of tb. I.d Regiment, Penal; Wanla
ill aror.nleaal aarTleal la tbe.illl.nl
v"fr,r.ion.loall. aremplly atuad.d la.
J'L " S.aond Ureal, (oraerl; .eeapled b
" apra.'M U
GEO. B. Q00DLA5DEB, Editor
VOL 55-WHOLE NO.
(OUT tip f, o.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
MB BRLL TOWRIB1P,
Square Timber & Timber Lnndu,
lell'71 CLEARFIELD, PA.
Land Survevor and Civil Engineer,
"All bu.ineaa will he atteade! to promptly,
bae. 15, ISSO-ly.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
VfA-Will .zaeuta Joba in bit tin. promptly and
In a worknianlika manner. arr4,67
WILLIAM D. BKiLEII,
Nor. 17tb, 1890 tf.
WEAVER & BETTS,
Real Esta'.e, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND LI .MHKK OF ALL KINDS.
p-p-OlBci on Hwond itrtet. In rr of atora
room of Otorije Wenvr A Co. jnl, 78 tf.
JUSTICE OP TUB PEACE
Oieeola M1II1 p. O. !
All officii I baiinafi tt.tranti to him will h
prOLDjitlT ittendatl to, mch2, '70.
LI. BAH1IER AND HA1RDHKSHKH.
Kbp on Market St.. opponita Court Hna.
.'It-an towel for aer eimoiner.
Alio dealer in
ltet Hi audi if Tubai co and C'ara.
fU-.rfi.l4 P. rp t. 'TS
JAMES H. TURNER,
JI'ISTICK OF THE PEAT B,
jbQ-Ut hat prepare 1 bimvelf with all the
nMei.arj blunk frmi under tba PmaiuB and
Bounty lawa, aa well aa blank Der.li. etc. All
legal waiter! entrusted lo hia care will receive
prompt attention. Ma; 7th, IMi'-tl.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKKR,
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
rVPumpa alwaya on hand and tnade to order
an abort notice. Pipot bored on reaaonahle terma
All work warranted to render latiafaction, and
delivered if dealred. aySiilypd
- Ijivery fttiibl?.
'plIK nnderalgueti bega leave to liiiorm thepob
X ho that ba ta bow fully prepar to acoommo
data all in tha way of furniabint H..aea, Buxitiea,
8addlaa and llarnaii, on tha aborteit notice and
tn reasonable tarma. Realdenca OB Lceuat itrcet,
at ween inira and rourtb.
OEO. W. QKARIIART
Olaarfleld. Peb. 4, IS74.
B. C. BEAR ,
..V. 1. B tOKKTT
EAT) A HAOKRTY,
FIRE, LIFB AND ACCIDENT IXSI RANCE
MT( (Bra in Oraban Building, Market ilreet,
Clearfleld, ..... Pifnn'a.
June li, Uil-lt
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
C.RAIt ANTON, Pa.
Alto, eitenaira manufaclnrer and dealer In Rquara
11 u oar ana nawea itumoaroi an ainua.
Order a loll cited and alt bllli promptly
ilTI DIALKI IM
Watchog, Clocks and Jewelry,
ffralan'f Row, itnriit Stmt,
I l.I'.ARKIIll.l), PA.
All ind. of repairing In ma line promptly at
ended to. .lan. Ul, l7.
ENCOURAGE HOME INDUSTRY
It II B andentgned, having oitabliabed a Nur
cry on lha Tike, about half way bet warn
Cloai fluid and Curwenivilte, la prepared o fur
Bih all kinda of FRUIT TRUES, (alandard and
dwarf,) Urcrj-raena, BhruMiery, (irepe Vinea,
Uoiueberry, Lawton Ulat-ktinrry, hlrawherry,
and Raftpberry Vinea. A'to, Hiberian Crab Tree-,
Quince, and early acarlet Rhubarb, if. Ordtra
promptly attended to. AddroM,
J. 1. WRMHT,
aef30 flfl.y CnrwenvTille, Pa,
CABBoLL fc. Btnni.B.
Clearfield Insurance Apenoy.
at: 11 it n it 1 inn. k, dgtnm,
Rrpreeent tbe following an I otber Bra.elaH Co'a
Lirrrpool London A Ulobe-U. 8. Mr..l4..lnl.8ll
Lveomlng on mulonl A ea.h plan....H a,flllo.oi)il
l'h,rml, of llarifnrd.Conn 1.1124 0J
tn.uranpe Co. of North America g, 4.1.1. A7.
North Brill. h A Mrreaollle U. 8. Br. l.T".3
8iHKi.b Commerei.l-L'. H. Uranoh 7V,I4
Traralera I Life A Aeldtnt) 4,.,.U5.4
Ofllre on aterh.t M., 0(-p. Court Ilnnre. Mtar.
II. Id. Pa. Jon. I. '7 tl.
WILLIAM 0. HELMBOLD,
I'allon Illark, furirruttlllr. Pa
Companici Eeprofontcd i
Commerel.l tnl-n In.. Co., A...U .IM.7J
V,o.en'. Fend In.. Co.. Allele l.llln.OIT DO
I'nloa ln.are ('O .A...U I JMT
Tra.elera' Aiwidenl In. Co . A...U.. ,l.ll" iH
Northern Ina. Ce.of New Yorh A.'ll 4, on
In.oranoa plaoad on all kind, ef property at
Cnr-.n.rllle, Pa, Feb. II, Hnl tf.
THE MUTUAL BENEFIT
1,1 FK lNSl'HANC'K COMTANY,
Kevrark, N. 1.
INCilRPORATED IMS. Pl'RKLY MUTUAL.
Antra, Jan. I, ll, a. alrr.rl.ln.d
br Kiaialnlng Comoiinloe.r.
ef Meeiecbue.111, Ohio and N.w
J.rM, .U.M,HII U
Li.aii.irira, a. itak-d by (ha roie.ll,ll 1,4.1.1 M
Sl Bil.tra by Maj.Vhu'l 8l.nd.rd. .U,J 0"
I, nl-lt a k New Vera Standard... ,,. I
All pi-llolei nonforfeitable aner areoad
yer loeapea.e.i Urge dlrld.nd. do.
elar.d and paid erary year ilnca erg.n.
iiallon I ample mrplu. I .arrend.r rata..
m t liberal lo.pea promptly arljarted
I.EWIH C. ORIIVER, Pen.inaaT.
JAMR8 B. PKARHoN, Vira l'aaamaaT.
En I, lir.aaiaa.f.r y. Tao. MraTT,Trai.
, POTTER KKVK8, Flate Ageall, HI al
ol atreei, Pblladalpbl., l a.
H. M. M'fcNAI.I.V. ipaelalAg.nl. OBea la
Uoiaop'l balldlag, Maikal .Irael, flMrleld, I'a,
rRKftiftKxT flinri kld'b riroBiTS bvbb.
Hi ! rtt,trf HTp'r btrreif,
W hy itnd witb tooted bUda,
Until th olhi draw 'r ani tni.
And y btgini to fnde f
Wby tBl yt itl I, walitnff,
For tthpnrt mora to enioa 1
Tba Boldcn nnrn il patlng
W lit ja idlt.duubl1
Tintt Id ynar ih.rf.nrd iliklt,
And tithar In ibe itriinf
The DiRht U fMt prutohiog
And foon Bill W'laa aRtn.
Tba Mifiar rll for rt-Mrrt.
And bll Ha eoma tn vain ?
Shall ihvarr lit tbi-re unjr! hired
And vtiia nuon tba plain F
Coma dWn frrm bill and moon lain
In mornirfc'i taly Blow,
Nor wait ant. I iba dial
Pointi to th noon below;
Ard nnie th itrorrer tinew,
Nor fint in bant or oold,
Anil pftvie nut t il Ibe tvllrg
Draw round ita wealth of gold.
Mount up the hatajhta of niijjin,
And ernh each error low j
Keep I irli do words of knowleltra
That human he.rta ibuuli kaow.
Pa faithful to ihy mitiion,
Jn lerviee of by Lord,
Arid then a golden ehnplet
Hhall ba tby junt reward.
A BRIEF SKETCH
Democrallc Candlilate forSl.ilo
The f'ullowinn sketch of Hon. Uran'o
Nnblo, Iho Democratic cnniliilato fur
Klule Treasuier, noniiiintcd ul tho
Slttto Ciinvenliiin held in Williumnport,
WcdncKilnv, Septcmbur liHlh, is luken
from tho Erie Observer, r'ow men have
a better record ol honorublo btmineba.
stoning iniocrity, and ho is tiro emi
nently a bell mudu man ono of the
"Tho Observer han not often referred
to tho Democratic candidate lor An-
Kemhiy in thin city, tho Hon. Orange
iSohlu, but wo leel tig much nilerestin
hismiieer-ri ai that of nny other fundi,
date. It haH always Heemed toils that
tlio people ol r,ne wmiM elect Mr.
Noblu by an nrerwhcliniiifr majority,
in tho city, and even by a paity vote
tie hiioiiki no tnniiipliuntly elected.
"There are many reason why Mr.
iiMc Miould be elected. Ho did not
seek thoofliie, but was nominated by
Democrats, becnuso ho is a wot thy
man anil regarded at a strong candi
date. Tho lullowing rkutch Jitihlished
somo tinio ago in the Herald, contains
that which should bo borno in mind bv
Erie peoplo in making tip their tickets
on election iluy :
"Mr. Noblo camo to oureity in ISO I,
having first purchasi'd of Mr. (iray
tho elegattt residence Binco oecupieJ by
his laniily. Largely through his in
lltienco n colony of wealthy oil men
selected Kne ax their homo at tho
sumo lime, among whom may he
named U. T. Chiin liill, L. L. Lnmb, L.
II. Hull, Rev L. Reed, and Horace
Noble, nil of whom bavo proven good
ii ml progressive cilir.ens. I'p lo that
date Eiio had been derisively known
as the "sleepy borough," and her rapid
advance ainco then has unquestionably
been duo to a very great extent to tho
impulso given by this Colony Irom the
"Tho Keystone National Dank, ol
which Mr. Noblo has been from tho
(list I'resideiit mid principal slock
holder, was started in December, 18111,
and it will not bo disputed that this
institution, by its liborahly and sound
management, has been ol incalculable
valuo to the city. When tho bank was
opened, Erie county money was at a
discount of ten to filteen per cent.
Every business man had a large
amount on hand which ho was obliged
to keep florcd in his safe or sell at
disastrous shavo, and nioclianics and
otherB who happened to get hold ol
tho notes in pay for their work, had lo
get rid ol it in tho best way the'
could ut a fearful sacrifice. Mr. Noble,
with his usual sympathy for the masses,
resolved to make tho money as good
as greenbacks. Tho bank was pro
bihited by its charter Irom taking any
action in the cuse, but .Mr. Noblo, mak
ing it tho medium of bin operations,
risked his private fortune nn tho effort
lo tho extent of $I(jO,000. Uy this
step our county money was mado to
pass aa freely as United Ktatei cur
roney, and the people of tho city and
county wcro saved incalculable loss
"In 18(15 Mr. Noblo bought out tho
Day Stato Iron Works, of which he
mill owns ono hull'. This concern has
been steadily operated in hard times
as well as good, and has given employ
ment tn many worthy mechanics. Its
capital is 1100,0(10, and it has an aver
age of a hundred and thirty employes.
The INohlo lllock wasliuilt In IrHrU,
al a costof 8 135,000, and tho Keyatono
Hank building at a cost of 10,000, tho
same year, tho former wholly by Mr.
oble, and tlio lulter by uia inspira
tion. "In 1807, In company with Messrs.
McCurtcr, Brown and Shannon, ho
erected tho nistelovatorntoiir harbor,
which was tho inception nt Iho im
mense grain trado which now centres
hero. Ilo in the owner of one-third
of the blast furnnce, erected in 1HU0,
at a total cost of over f 100,000, and
was a hndingstockholderin the rolling
mill up lo the time of its financial dis
aster. Ho was also an original stock
holder ol iho Uurdett Organ Factory,
of tho Dune Savings Hank and Second
National Dunk, ol iho wood pulp mill,
and of several minor enterprises which
are unnecessary to name.
' Dining the Inst year he purchased
Iho machinery of the Whitney Sewing
Machino Company at Patterson, N. J.,
which has been removed to our city,
and recently put into operation, with
tho expectation ol doing a prosperous
business and giving employment to a
largo fotco of mechanics.
"Altogether the various institutions
with which Mr. Noblo is connected
furnishes work lo between four and
five hundred men, and bread lo fully
two tlrousand people.
"When tho enlargement ol the canal
was under discussion, Mr. Noblo wis
otio of a parly organised to purchase
it and oontmue il in operation with an
increased capacity, in this way they
wcro ihwarttil by tlio nnexpoelod aula
of tho improvement, and but tor that
it would bo open to day ana aiiorning
tho means of support to hundreds ol
our citiaeng. lie has also been the
earnost advocato ot railroad to tho
oil and coul regions, hits twice sub
set ibed liberally toward building ono,
and has not j ot abandoned tho hopo of
an ultimate independent connection ny
rail with tho rich markets ol tho In
terior. JIai, Jlr. iNonio been anoweu
to carry out his plans lorenlarging tho
trado ol Erle.otir population would ho
double and our importance as a busi
ness centre would be Increased threj
told. "What othorcltionol hno bastlono
more In proportion to his meam forils
benefit what ono has tlono as muoh f
Would it nut bo the depth of inffntti
time for IhuDiiBinoMHmcn, the mechnn
lea, tho properly owners of the city to
relufle linn their votes lor any position
to which ho miirlil be nnminuted ? In
the case of such a man, party and
creed should bo forgotten, and the
whole community should bo euger to
aiiow mat moy appreciate bis services.
' Mr. iS'ohlo is extonHively ennged
in ino 011 DURincss tn the llradturd
region, bcin the owner of moro than
thirty producinir well", tho iron work
of which was entirely purchased of
nno manuiuc turcrH. Uu wus a iivw:r
oiis contributor to the city library,
wuon 11 was established, has given
bounteously toourchnrches and chan
tablo institutions, and his purse is al
ways open to every good object.
"These facts and many moro that
might be added of a similar nfflffro.
miow the extent to which J.ne is in
dehted to Mr. Xoblo. and tho claims
ho has upon tho support of our people
01 an panics.
Kmiilin!, Tlmt we, the lpmnmtie party
of I'enniylvniiiji, in Oinventioii iiHNt-iuhlid,
1st For the pn-wrviitioti of thr ('oti.titu
tion of the I'nilcd Slat.t. Iioiiip rule, IVfTdotn
nf elect ioiw; for n-KiHtiinee to revolutionary
chiiiiceA, tendiujr to ioi,Molidiitio.wnr empire ;
nyiiiiiHt the election of any pewon to the
PrcNidenrvn third time; nunst the pn-wnee
of trooimut the wills; jtjri.insl the uppnpriu
tion of puhlie money fortuiy purpone hot the
NtipHrt of government ; (mains! Hums li-Kislii-timi,
wliich dfhjmilK lalxir lo build tip mo
nonly. 2d, That the DenifKratie party, iw of old,
favors n constitutional eurrenev of gold mid
silver, and of paper eonvertihle into coin,
liepudiation in idl forniK, and coalition with
repudiatont, merit the condemnation of hon-
wt TM'nple. The refund of a licpuhliean nd-
nuniHtratioii to accede to the Democratic dc
ninnd for 11 further reduction in the rate of,
ititcrent on the National deht Htihjeetn the !
(.oveninient ton need Icmh cxim-hhc of millions 1
of dollars Httiiually.
3d. That in view of the exposure of ex
tensive frauds in the Postal mid TreaMirv
1 1"1"""""!" under the hmt IVileral iuliuiiiitra-
tirrll, tlll-Hnpli ili'tnnilll prrilllpt lltui lllll'.lltt'
in priirMTiitinli ol the tlili'viw ; thi'irNiii-iTHH-I'nl
nM-nitinna tnvp that tlicro will Im nn
ri'liirta in tho limiiiiKt'iiu-lit of the Ib-part-
UllMltH Of till1 1'VlllTUl pIVITItllll'Ilt HitllllUt 0
nwi'.-piiiy rhaniri' thi'triii. HiiHi're ci il wrvi.i-n-l'oriu
will Infill with n return to the Jell'er
Mollimi tfj.t for oHiee-hoMerM of honertt v. eila-
Dini.v anil laitluiiint'H to the l;ourtitiitiiiu.
mi nnu iiiiiiuioiit-ss lo (lie V.OUSIIIIU1I u.
4th. That in theailniinistralmn of the piv-
rniiient of rennHvlviini.i tlio Hcimlilican
party lias enerninmeil. praclieeil anil shielileil
stNiiiatiiin of the State Treasury anil misuse
of the puhlie funds, lirils-rv of the Ii-kihIu-tors,
undue I'aior to eoqsirat ions anil monopo
lies, nn uuiien-ssarily hiuh rate of interest on
tho State loans, a shameless prostitution
ol the itariloniiiK iMiuer, a svslem of
wholesale waste and i ul:it ion in the ordi
nary f xirnditures of the (iiiveriilueut, and n
hrirrtiHsinu-nml plundering exorcise of mllnici
al franchises and aliunrs of Irs-al trust.
5th. That the arrogant, rornint and per
sonal domination controlling the Kcrmhhcan
party in litis State, and hinmrcssihi' houestv
anil imlcKntlcncc in that ornmation, dicta
ten the policy, the platform and the eandl
date of its lusl State Convention. In view of
these facts we hereby re-allirm the follow ing
rtttolution ot the itrniocnilie State tonvrn
tion of 1711; ''That the recent at tempt under
the iorsoual direction of ruling Keptitilienn
leiulerft to delnuteh the liOirislatiire bv whole
sale lirilH-ry and enrriiption, and take from
the commonwealth lour millions ol dollars.
for which its liability had never been ascer
tained, is a fresh and alarming cviilrnce of
the aiuzreruivenesa ol corporate tsiwer in cot
lusion with political rings, and should receive
the signal condemnation of the people at the
ofn. Utat the nemoeratie iiarty of Penn
sylvania, regardful of the State's honor and
its interests, pledges itself lo the just appli
cation of the public moneys to the puhlie ser
vice : to economy id governmental exiiendi-
tures, that the people may lie lightly hardened
and the purity ol the admuiiHtnition pre
served ; to the altolition of nil nselerw ollices
and the lopping otr ol nil supernumerary
ollieials; to the lowest praelinihle rate of in
tertttt on State loans, without regard for the
advantage of syndicates or sM-eulators ; to
sleepless vigilance against the growth and
exactions of nionojstlies ; to watchful guard
of the public interest ngainst the pretensions
of the great transportation companies, to the
abuse of the fundamental luw governing ul!
classes within the border of the Stale ; ton
vigorous collection of all taxes lawfully laid
usn corronuionncliarlcrct!ordoing business
in I'eunsvlvaniu ; tn investigation into, cor
rection of and punishment for the frauds anil
wastes which have lor years iienneatcd the
vurions departments of the Slate government
under Itepubliean control.
ith. I but no monopoly has exclusive npht
in the force of nature ; in grants of eminent
Ibtniiin; in the dill'usion of inhumation
among the ieople by telegraph and osMoein-
tlons tor tarnishing (listtutcticn tn the pn-w ;
or by the grant of privileges all'ecting Hie
daily business of the citizen, can, or ought
rightfully, toexist nnileronr Ibrm of govern
ment. These are at all times to lie subject
to such legislative, regulation and control us
the rights and interests of the Msitile demand.
That the delegated fiower of Congress to
regulate Commerce among the States, and the
li-scrvcd power of the State to regulate Ibe
same within Hie borders, should lie forthwith
exercised to prevent unjust discriminations
oy common earners ngmnst indiv iilituls
and localities; nnd all the provisions of the
Constitution of Pennsylvania, relative to Die
exercise and abuse of eorisirate I'riinchisi-s
nnd the ilut ie. of common mrrierst tot he public
should lie entorced, without delay, by uppnr
pruite legislation. That all governmental
jmiwit should lie used in restraint of monos
litw and not in aid of them; and simple and
siss-dy remedies should lie provided by legis
lative eiiHetinent bv w hich liny ciliaen lniureil
in hia business, mav, ill State and l-'erlrral
i-olirls, by due process of law have quick,
certain nnd adeipiate li-dress lor eorisirate
wrongs. That vested rights must lie protect
ed and resiieetod, and great corporations
warring ls-tweon Ihcmsrlvi, to the injury of
the public interests nnd their shareholders,
must he regulated and isintrolled by w iscnnil
effect nn! law s.
Tlmt franchises, the projs'rtyof the people,
shall Is' granted and exercised solely for the
public Is-nelit, and subject to immediate nnd
nlrsolutp forfeiture by due pns-css of law,
when used for oppression or extortion, or
when otherwise abused; no eorsmilion can
lie nlsive the people or the law. We thus re
affirm the ancient dis'trines of the llemo
cratie party, and most cordially invite our
fellow-citlxi-ns, of whatever party nflllialiom
tn ioin with lis in carrying out the principals
nnd policy we hereby announce, and to the
advocacy of which we pledge ourselves until
the right shall prevail.
llrwlrrti. That all gom! citizens, regardless
of partynflilintionssiiH'erely mourn the death
of the' Inle President nnd that we. as repre
sentatives of innrethan tour hundred thousand
llemorratic voters, express their individual
and collective grief at the misfortune which
has Is'fallen the Kepnhlie, their sorrow nnd
sympathy with the domestic affliction of the
Presidents stricken houecnolil, nnlt tneir
execration of his assassin And of the foul
DEATH OFVIl.J.a. HOLLAND.
Niw Yoiik, October 12 Dr. J. (i.
Holland, tho well known author, died
suddenly this morning, though ha had
beon in failing health tor the past lour
years, lr. Joaion u. iionann was
born In Holenorlown, lliimpsinro i n ,
.Massachusetts, July 21, 1813. At 25
years of ago he graduated in medicine,
and practiced at Springfield (or three
years. tsuliaeqiionliy no necamo a
teacher In a pnvato school al Kicii
mond, Virginia; was then chosen Su
perintendent of l'ublio Schools at
Yicksburg, Mississippi, and next en
tered upon an editorial position on tho
Kpringtiold( Maas.)7IrniWi'(YTn, of which
he subsequently became a joint owner
with Samuel llowtls. In his literary
wotk wcro included a history of Mass
achusetts, VThe Timothy Tilcomh
Letters," and several novels and
poems. Dr. Holland was one of the
projectors ol ,S'eritWr Magnzinr, and
continued lug connection with It op to
the tuns of his deatb.
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1881.
SPEECH OF Till (IIIEAT tlllKF COLOHOW
ON Till SITUATION AS RgpaohrccD
AT LONO RAMI! lit 111 I.I, NYE.
HVicn'ors and Countrymen : Wo are
congregated to day in -our new corral.
The palefuco has rounded us up once
moro and led us ono notch nearer the
Wo aro tho courageous fragment of
what was onro the mighty L ie nation.
Now wo aro cutout and herded on a
now reservation like a hunch of Texas
steers lor tho Chicago market.
Warriors, I glory in your prowess,
your valor, your wild, untamed thirst
lor gore and rest. I sro beforo mo tho
most ferocious hand of boelsteak des
troyors that the world has over seen.
I am proud of your ice, rd.
You woro told by iho whito father
at Wushington lo pack your shuwl
straps and mnvo to tho now rancho in
the fur west, so that Colorado whito
bean cultivators could have tho graves
of our ancestors to ruiso corky radishes
ana watermelons on. ito told us that
wo might go lo tho now reservation
and dio of ennui if wo choose, while
tho average Colorado granger dug up
mo Dories ot our people regardless ol
Then did you dig tip the tomahawk
and oury the pipe ol pcaco r
luu you Brandish vour meat ux and
piungo it into tho liver ol vour pale
luci d foo?
Not that I remember of.
Did you sound tho war cry of tho
nation nnu warn tlio American people
10 stumi duck or you will jar tho en
tiro national fabric?
Not it my memory still continues to
Ion did not ra nils 20 the nalcfuco.
lou (I id n t wain over him and tram
him into tho dirt very much. At least
il you did tho facts have not been cor
rectly brought to my notice.
Instead of piling up a lot of ghastly
fragments of Caucasians, you simply
packed your night uhirts and your
tooth brushes and lit out for the new
1 giizo upon j-on with singular prido.
The chunk ol swelling pride that is at
this moment agituluig my gizzard and
.r.... n l-
j HtnV" ',,r u" u '"Uy as big as
a cook stove
If I hud a son seven years old w ho
hadn't moro nervo and moro sand than
this feeble relic ol tho I'te nation has
to da', I would tuko him out behind
tho tdraw pile and biiiin him with a
Do you call lo mind the days when
wo used to go over into North Turk
and surprise a patty of prospectors,
and scoot them up Iho golden stair ho
fbro breakfast f Havo you forgotten
the timo when wo stolo enough grub
to uocp House and then sold our ra
tions to tho pulcfuco for tho latest
stylo of firearms? I don't think 1
oversaw such a change. It breaks mo
up nnd saddens me.
Wo are settled hero now 500 miles
from any where and among total strung
its. Wo are at least 300 miles from
telegraphic and whisky facilities, and
in tho midst of tho Mormon church.
Our squaws may have crudo and at
times eironcotis notions about tho so
ciul rolutions, and they may have been
moro or less extemporaneous and im
promptu, as it were, in relation to tho
matter ot marriage, slill they havo
never fallen into the groveling customs
of tho pleaginous Mormon.
Wo moy have led a crooked nnd pe
culiar life, in somo respects, but wo
havo never been Mormons.
As 1 said beforo wo havo como hero
without a murmur. Wo just packed
up tho rosewood piano and tho house
hold collection ot insects that had be
come attached to ns, and moved liko a
lot of soro eyed emigrants I seo about
mo warriors who might bo powurlul
t hiols of a great nation, but instead of
that you stand around hero with your
shirt tuils sticking through little rustic
apertures in your overalls.
Children of tho forest, your raco is
nearly run. You will scatter a few
polished soup bonos and bacon rinds
over this reservation and then dio.
You will probably dio of gout. If
somo good, able bodied pilgrim would
make a drainago tube out of a length
ot gus pipo and lap tho whole tribe lor
luuilublo pus ho would win my undy
I am done. You bavo heard mo
cackle. You havo listened to my me
Now dry up and simmer down.
SPOOPESD YKE'S PICTURE
"Well, my dear," suid Mr. Sponpon
dvko, with a nail in his mouth, and
balancing himself wuvenugly on a din
trig room chair, "all yoit'vu got to do
now is to get your piclnro ready, ami
I'll show you how lo hang tho thing."
"Its aw nil sweet ot you, pet, said
Mrs. Spoopendyko, alternately rub
bing Iho liumo of a very hectic chromo
nnd sucking Iho thumb she had been
hammering for tho lust twenty min
tiles. "It's awful sweet and thought
fill of you, dear, to oiler your assistance
at such a time, for 1 do believo 1 never
would havo got a nail driven in Hint
"Ol course you wouldn't, my dear,"
laughed .Spoopendyko. "W bovver saw
a woman that could drivo a nail? You
couldn't drive a gulviiniied carpet lark
in a leven pound bladder ot putty.
And speaking of driving nails, I'd like
to know it you're ever going lo hand
up that hammer, or meal pounder, or
wliutovor yon ve oeen using. Jlntik
I c an ilrivo nails with my elbow f"
"It's tho stovo handle, love," and
Mrs. Spoopendyko meekly handed up
a mysturous looking implement with a
wooden handle at ono end and tho un
der juw ot a shoemaker's plyers at the
"Oh, It's a stovo hook, Is it T" said
Mr. Spoopendyko, regarding tho weap
on with a sinster expression. "Now,
if you'd handed mo up a dog iron, or a
pair ol steelyards, I'd havo been right at
home, but a slovo hook I Reully, my
dear, I'd rather undertake to drive a
nail wuh a scythe handle.
"Hut tho wall's so soil and lovely,
dear, it really drives them beautifully
it they would only stick, said Mrs.
S loopendy ko, reassu red ly .
"Only slick ?" said Mr. Spoopendyko
contemptuously ; "now I'll bet you
nover wet the mucihigo nn a single
nail beforo yon started it. Thai's why
they didn't stick lor you ouch I suf
fering Moses I Aro you going tn stand
serenely by and sco mo beat my
Knuckles into a shapeless pulp with
this dod gustod measly murhnspiko?
"I'oor dear," said Mrs. Spoopen
dyko, consolingly. "You do act so im
patient and at tho first trial, loo.
Maybe it struck something hard in
tho plaster. Try another place that's
the way 1 managed that.
"Oh, yes," said Mr. Spoopendyko,
"that's the way you managed that,
and you havo punched boles enough
in hero to play crihbago In. Will you
gimtno another nail ; Hon t you seo
1'vo knocked this ono flat, and can't
pry it up again r
"Can't vott unnrv it un ucain !" eiac
uluted Mrs. Spoopendyko in a very
gentle voice, handing him another
nail. "Can't unpry it up again ! Well,
ii mat Hin t grammar r
"Oh, ain't il?" said Mr. Spoopen
dyko, with a most boirilicd emilo.
"Of course it ain't, you old fcniulo semi
nary with a cracked bell in your cu
pola I Am I going to school to you,
or am I driving nails?"
"Well, clear," sighed Mrs. Spoopon
dyke, "you're surely not driving nails."
"No, you can just bet I'm not driv.
ing nails, and you can bet I ain't
agoing to try no moro nails neither.
And you can bet," continued Mr.
Spoopendyko, with still densifying in
tensity, and a wardanco flourish us ho
leaped to the floor, "and you can just
hot your high muck a muck, if you set
that measly old chromo of yours on
tho sido tablo, 1 11 throw this dod gasted
thing so tar through it that it won't
get back in a century Brooklyn Enrjte.
An attempt has been made In crcato
a faiso impression in several ways
about Mr. Noble's nomination. Wo
havo only spaco lo mention two of
these errors, first, Hon. William L.
Scott's numo has been used in opposi
tion to Mr. Noblo. That gentleman
personally took no part in tho contest,
and there is no evidence that ho au
thonxed anybody else to speak for liim.
Second, it has been asserted that Mr.
Noble was Senator Wallace's candidate.
That is untrno. Mr. Wullaeo took no
part in Iho matter. Neither did Mr.
Kantian. Jlr. .oblo wus no man s
candidate, but tho frco choice ot tho
delegates to tho Slato Convention.
Since tho hno r.cemnq Herald hasro-
fused to put up tho Democratic count v
or Stuto ticket, and announced that it
is an independent paper, let no ono ac
cept its utterances as Democratic. It
no longer prolesses to bo a Democratic
organ, nor to speak for the party. It
repudiates both the county and tho
Statu organization, and its course shows
it desires tho Republicans to succeed.
lint it cannot injure any one, now that
its position is umlersUioil.
II is onl- a few days since Mr. Noblo
was nominated lor Sluto Treasurer,
lint already wo could fill columns with
complimentary notices Irom the news,
papers of all parties, showing that tho
nomination is satisfactory and is en
thusiastically received throughout tho
Slate, unil Mr. Noble's election every
where predicted. (July ono item con
tuining a slur has como under our
notice, and that win in yesterday's
l-.no Herald. 1 1 is too small lo notlco ;
only il shows thatsinco that paper has
taken itself without tho palo of tho
party and bucomo 'Independent,' it has
practically irono clean over to tho op
position, and abuses both tho Demo
cratic County and State nominees moro
than tho straight Republican organs.
THE LONE FISHERMAN.
Mr. Wolfe makes a formidable open
ing of his campaign, and if a big meet
ing, a long speech and a full report of
his speech can muko his campaign
boom, bo will mnko a full figure in tho
Suite canvass. Considering tho I net
thut ho was nominated only by him
self, as ho admits, his movement has
already attained respectable stature.
Thero was imminent dungcr when
mado that it would fall still-born ; ho
nrna .4..a..rl ,.l h ....... t.. C
"'."T"" u"-""" u,i
tho bold politicians who have been
patting him on tho hack, and il looked
very much for a timo asjf the nomi
nee ot ono Republican was tn hnvo
only about tho support of ono Repub
bean, 1 1 is already apparent that
thero is a Wolio purty. Old Simon
Cameron is reported to havo said that
it won't command ten thousand voles
outside of Philadelphia. Ilut len thou
sand such votes aro a good many ;
quite enough if they are all Republican
votes to mnko it reasonably certain
thut Mr. Haily, at lenst, will not be
tho next Treasurer. Hut If len thou.
sand votes outsidenl Philadelphia loom
tip now, thero ts very good reason to
beliovo that thero will bo moro by
election day. Ten thousand nro a
good many lor tho seed of a new parly
scattered by ono man a few days ago.
ims increuso and multiplication is a
sign of a vigorous seed und a fine har
vest. W o know thut a good many of
tho weak brethren hereabouts who
halted when Wollo pressed on against
their Cameron foe, are quite sick about
their pusillanimity to day. They had
not enough lailh in tho virluo ol their
eauso to trust that it would float its
bold champions. They weakuned ;
and aro sorry, when ihey seo tho buoy
ancy with which their abandoned bark
is bearing its lono captain on to glory.
Tiiinkinii Hack. How great, how
wonderful, how mysterious tho power
of association. A little flower, a loc k
of hair, a familiar name, a snatch
of on old song, brings a flood tido of
sacred memories nnd blessed associa
tions pouring In upon tho mind. Tho
ibfliieiico of such times is most pro
cious. It renews, rejoices and snncti-
Acs one's life. Hy Its mysterious power
it brings the past into the present and
reviews tho scenes ol other days. It
roralls one's earliest recollections so
vividly thai wo gcm to bo again a
boy. Wo aro almost sum of it, as wo
sit and dream and dream, caused by
healing tho notes of a hymn borno lo
us on tho pn-sing brerzo. It comes
soltly, sweetly, soothingly. Only one
lino reaches our cars; it is: "Nearer
my (lod to Thee, Nearer to Thou," Il
wus our mother's Invorito song. Wo
can seo Iho sweet saintly expression
of her fueo as slip used to titter those
words, melodious words. Wo enn see
our brothers and sisters gathered
around her knees; thoold school houso;
Iho lamiliar fields of our father's farm;
and later on, tho dear old Academy
and College where wo spent such pleas
ant times. Ex.
It's hard to think that our girls are
growing up untruthful, but it really
ppearsalut l. YYhlD a I'hiladolphia
gill was seated at the piano, entertain
ing her lover by singing, "Tho Violet
I rlucked Irom Mother s Grnvo, ihnt
samo mother's voice camo sounding
down sluirs; "You, Matilda Jane,
come up hero and toko off my corsots
Immediately. II you roloo lazy toscw
your own, you shan't wear mine,"
It's a mighty mean man who, when
you haven't seen him for a few years
anil meet bim away Irom home, and
yon appear glad to sco him, and you
remind him of the old times you've
had togother, will say: "les, jolly
good times, were'nt they f Du you
remember that 15 1 losii.d you, and
ncvor saw again T"
A G Ft I CULTURAL.
Contribution, to tbia department thould be ad
ra..ed to J. liLAia llaaii, Clrarll.ld, Pa.
Tho regular meeting of the Clear
field County Crango will bo held in
Mechanic's Hull, Clearfield, on Thurs
day alUrnoon, November 3d.
J. W. Lang, of W'aldo county, Mo.
once suid lliut farmers' Clubs, tuutkel
days, cheap untrummelcd transporta
tion, diffusion of knowledge and co op
eration aro among the most potent
means ot ridding productive industry
ot those parasites now sapping its life
Tho necessity of keeping a portion
of ono crop until another is matured
will bo fully appreciated this year,
f armors bavo been put ofT their guard
by iho uniform exccllenco of crops in
former yoars. Especially is this true
in regard to tho corn crop, which has
been tho main dependents for feeding.
Tho lesson learned this year from tho
scarcity of both fodder and grain, will
undoubtedly bo put in practice by
many who have horvtoloro been in tho
habit of depending solely upon one
year s crop.
JV I'llEYEXr 1.AM11 rlllMXHYS PIMM
A Lcipsic journal, which makes a
ipccialty of mutters relating to glass,
gives u method which il asserts will
prevent chimneys from cracking. The
treatment will not only render lamp-
chimneys, tumblers, and liko articles
moro durable, but may bo applied with
advantage lo crockery, stoneware, por
celain, etc. Tho chimneys, tumblers,
etc , aro put into a pot tilled with cold
water, to which somo common table
salt has been added. Tho water is
well boiled over a fire, and then allow
ed to cool slowly. When tho articles
aro taken out and washed, they will
ho lotind to resist afterward nny sud
den changes of temperature. Tho pro
cess is simply ono of annealing, and
tho slower the pooling part of il is con
dueled tho moro effective will bo tho
A THAI' FOIt KHEKV-KII.UXIl IHIt.S.
Tho Lynchburg Yirtjinian describes
un ingenious trap devised by a Vir
ginia farmer to capture shoep-killitig
dogs. Having suffered severely from
the dcprctlulions of dogs upon his
sheep fold, ho built mound a iitimbei-
of sheep that dogs had killed an in
closnro of rails twclvo feet high and
about ten feet square at tho ground,
tho sides ot tho trap sloping inward
until an opening was left about live
feet square. Any dog could easily
climb such a sloping fence nnd enter
Iho pen, bnt not even a greyhound
could jump out of it. In threo nights
the farmer captured fotty-six dogs, in
cluding fiftoen or twenty thut had
never been seen beforo in that neigh
borhood. This, nlier thero had been
public slaughter of all dogs suspect
ed of shocp-killing, eavo one, whose
master could not bo convinced of his
uniit, x (iu u un nun uuut jur ma
especial benefit, and it caught him tho
c ', . . . ' "
....lit i. ..li. f.
XOYFL HAT thai:
Uoforo housing my now crop of corn
I built a box in one corner of my barn
of thick plank ten inches wide, eight
or ten feet long, and made another tho
samo length small enough to slip into
it from the outsido of tho barn by cut
ting a place largo enough to insert it.
1 bored two inch augur holes in Iho
sido of tho boxes at intervals so that
they would exactly meet when tho
oer:..;., :.. ..i ...
H'S""' OIIA SDB SlipilCU lO IIS OIUCC.
housed mv new eron on it nnd in
a few duvs 1 drew out my box und
found thero were rats in it. I stopped
tho uugur holes and carried it out in
tho field and called an old negro man
to help mo kill them. I got a stick,
set tho box on ono end, opened tho
bottom hole and at it wo went, and
when wo got through wo counted up
and had thirty. flro grown rats. So I
returned the box lo its pluco and con
tinticd my operations unlit 1 hail effect
ually thinned out tho rat crop. You
seo they Would always find tho box
under iho corn and adopt it us a den
ning place Cornxjiniident of American
11'ltY TO URIYF. A UF.X.
When a woman has a hen to drivo
into the coop, sho tukes bold of her
skirts with both hands, shakes them
quietly to tho delinquent, and says:
Shoo, there I" Tbo hen takes ono look
at tho object to convinco herself that
it is a woman, and then slurts majesti
cally into tho coop. A man doesn't do
that way. Ho goes out doors and
says: "It is singular nobody con drivo
a hen but mo," und picking up a stick
of wood, hurls it at tho offend, ng biped
and observes: "del in there, you thief."
Tho hen Immediately loses her reason
and dashes to Iho other end of the
anl. Tho man straightway dashes
alter her. Sho comes back with tier
head down, her wings out, and follow
ed by an assortment of stovo wood,
fruit c nns and cinders, and a very mad
man in Iho rear. Then sho skims un
dor tho barn, and over a fence or tow,
and around tho houso, and hack again
to Iho coop, and all the while talking
as only an excited hen can tulk, and
all tho whilo followol by things con
venient for handling, and a man whoso
coat is on tho saw-hack, and whoso
hut is on tho ground, and whoso per
spirution has no limit. Hy this lime
tho other hens have como out to tuko 1
a bnnd in tho tlehato and help d oil go
missiles, and Iho man savs ovory hen
nn iho pluco shall ho sold in tho morn
ing, and puts on his things and goes
down tho street, and tho woman bus
every ono of theso hens housed and
counted in two minutes Mobile Reg
iler. a rri.Etri.TriiF.
Tho ctilluro of apples was briefly
discussed at a recent meeting of Law
renco Grange. Tho interior quality of
the present crop, caused in pari by iho
depredation of insects was a matter of
general comment. A number of mom
bors remarked of tho very general un
soundness and tho great loss incident
thereto, and a few remedies were sug
gested, for enemies which infest Hie
fruit, ). R. Read recommended a boun
tilul application of suit. Ho bad ex
perimented with ono tree whoso Iruit
had beretof'oro been very imported.
Around this trco ho scattered a quan
tity of salt, and, as a result, tbo fruit
this year is of a superior quality. To
prevent worms eating the leaves of
trees and shrubs, 1. W. Thompson
used tur water, applied by sprinkling
over the leaves. In regard to raising
fruit trees, L. Denning compared pres
ent with former theories. Ho said:
A former mistake was in planting in
sheltered pistes, facing South. Now
wo nnd that a northern exposure is
better. A great point in the cnltiva
linn of an orchard is undortlraining.
rormorly, it was the custom toculu-
TEEMS $2 per annum in Advance.
SERIES - V0L. 22, NO. VI
i.. I... .1 : .1 :i . i .c-
vio uy iu.ov. iog iuu son cowuru nn
trees. Wo know now thul tho length
ui iuu ruuia is mi groat an inu ueigui
of tho trco, nnd that it is a mistuko to
uncover tho cxpremities of Iho roots.
Slo who would grow fruit profitably
must learn how to contend successfully
with its insect enemies." In locating
on orchard, E. M. Davis recommended
tho 6toniest nnd steepest port ot tho
farm. Ho has an orchard situatod on
very rough lund, in which tho fruit is
much superior to that on another part
oi mo lurm. Jio auvisca luo selection
ol varieties which w ill bear shipping,
and said that nn orchard should not be
plowed after tho trocs had commenced
bearing, but that hogs should have
ThlS Subject Will bo resumed at a
future session of tho Grango.
IIFXKFIT OF DKOVUHT.
Many years ago, when a portion ol
New England suffered severely from a
long continued drought, thero appear
ed in tho Transcrid, published at Port
land, Mo., tho following interesting
"Everybody says this is a most to
markuble season, the dryest that over
the country knew, Slill wo aro taught
thut everything has its uses; and a dry
timo is not lo be considered an exeep
tion to tho rule. As tho drought is
now with us in all its severity, it is a
good timo lo set ubout tho discovery
and duo appreciation of its compensa
tions: II it turns out to bo a blessing
in disguise, wo shall be all tho buppier
for a knowledge of the fact. Drought
is nature's plan for reinvigorating the
siirfiico soil, a substitute for subsoil
plowing, so much neglected by some
iarmcrs. Hy repeated cropping, the
surface soil becomes exhausted of its
fertilizing materials, but away down
in tho earth thero ure grout stores of
these indispensiblo elements of vegeta
ble products. How to reach them is
tho question. Man might if he would,
but in most cases he is too lazy or too
self conceited to bo at tho pains. So
tho good Creator, in bis beneficonco,
sends a drouth to draw up the phos
phates, silicates, carbonates and salts,
und thus restore tho fertility of tho
cultivated soil. This is accomplished
hy sun power, liko all tho great move
ments of nature's forces. Tho sun's
rays evaporate the water in tho sur
luce of soil, und thus crcato a vacuum
that is at ont o filled with water rising
from tlio subsoil extending deeper
and deeper us the drought continues
and tho moisture is exhaled R circu
lation of water ill the earth the revcrso
of that which takes place in wet
weather. Now this water which comes I
from tho depths of tho earth, has ac
quired in ils passugo thither, by he
lming imbued wuh carbonic acids
from the decomposition of vegetable
matter in tho soil, a power ot readily
dissolving mineruls which it did not
posscpg when it first fell from tho
clouds. Consequently, when it is drawn
up during the drought, it brings with
it, in solution, salts of lime and mag-
nosta, of potash and soda just the
. , . . . a i . ml
j ll, ns' J1'" tbo '"P"""'1"18 b
exhausted. I.very drop of water is a
line bnclri.f. lot Ho l,n(h et
- v - -' r- - -
store houso of tho earth and drawn up
again by tho sun's rays, filled with the
fertilizing elements necessary to vogo
tution. Tho water on reaching the
surface is evaporated ; the sails remain
to reinvigorato the Boil. Thus while
vegetation appears to bo withering in
tho heat, tho great forces of nuturo aro
beneficially employed in bringing to
tho surface, from tho depths of the
earth, whero olso they would bo tor
over unemployed, tho elements of fu
FOhHEIt roitXAXD coltx FOliDF.lt.
Susonahlo suggestions for farmers
who keep milch cows, aro always in
James Hurtihatn, dairy farmer near
Elmira, N. Y., as reported by the Hus
bandman, keeps twenty cows, and bcIIb
their milk in tho city. Last year ho
planted ten acres of corn in lulls about
a foot apart in tho row the space be
tween about threo feet nino inches.
Besides this four acres wcro planted
in tho same way, except that tho
spaces between tho hills ono way were
divided and Iho hills placed half way,
making tho planting just twico as
thick as lor un ordinary corn crop. In
addition to all this, he had ton acres ot
corn planted in tho ordinary checks,
about threo feet nino inches between
hills. His meadow measured just seven
acres, and tho crop was light. This
provision was for twenty cows and
threo horses steadily kept, but changes
in tho dairy often placed a great num
ber of cows on tho furm. Now for Iho
feeding. Let it bo understood first,
that tho hay cut was no moro than
sullicicnl to supply tho horses through
Winter. Tho green corn stulks and
ears Mr, Hurnham begun feeding tho
first day of August, for iho drouth had
begun to shorten pasturage, and al
any risk bo wus determined to keep
up milk production, from that day
all through Autumn, tho cows had
each day ono full teed of corn, and
after a short supply ot pumpkins wcro
gono, two feeds. Then when Winter
como Ihey wcro fed all they would
eat corn and ears clean through to
grass along in May, and the corn was
not all used up. As lo tho hay thero
is hit a considerable portion of tho
crop, perhaps moro than a quarter ol
all that was stored last year.
Iho way 31 r. Uurnhum saved his
corn fodder is worthy of nolo. Ho
c ut the corn when Iho ears wcro fairly
beginning to glaze, and set up in shocks
exactly as if ho had intended to husk
the crop Alter curing suitably in the
field ho bound stalks in convenient
bundles fur handling and drew to iho
burn where a bay about 3S feet long
snd 22 feet wido mado storsgo room.
In this ho placed a layer of bundles
tho stalks and unhuskod cars and
then a layer of wheat straw a foot or
moro lliitk, theso layers alternated up
lo the roof, except thai oat straw was
used after the other was exhausted.
Out of this big mow came nil tho fod
der used by cows and horses, except
occasionally a bandlul of bay to the
latter, or to the cows a little off their
feed. Toward Spring it becamo nec
essary lo strip olf the largest ears lo
avoid waste, and later, when it was
thought that good hsy would ho a
proper preparation tor tho cows to go
to grass, the courso fodder was with,
held entirely, and in threo days there
was a decrease of thirty ono quarts in
Iho milk yield, and tho cows wcro
turned lo grass to restoro Iho loss.
This is tho story of Mr. Hnrnham's
corn fodder. He says bo would not
tinder any circumstances plant thicker
than ho did last year, and that doub
ling the hills one way in lha row, ho
thinks is about right to get tho best
fodder and the most value from tho
area planted. About a dozen of bis
cows were Bold for beef in the courso
of tho Winter, and their places filled
by purchases. All bis cows bo thinks
aro fat enough to mnko good beef,
Tho vacant schools in Hoggs town
ship havo been filled by the employ,
ment of Krtioet Albert to teach tits
Eagle Eye school and Olive M. Way
Mnt Lilor uinco. t an hnvaof Ibn file..
. .. V r" . .
, ujQi School undertook to amuse
!Ibom.v,, durimr school hours with a
niatol which wasaccidcntlv discharged.
tho ball passing through tho fleshy
part ot the leg of the junior lad, pro
ducing an agravating wound and a
startling sensation in tho school.
Another warning, etc.
sums from org yisitatios book.
Tbo Curwensville schools wcro in
spected by tho County Superintendent
October 18th, and were found to be in
n rlniit-ialiinrr rendition. Prof. Tlrntn.
i iu, na9 rrangod a courso of study
l0 R0 itlt0 cffuct jn an tho schools,
which provides lor the granting of a
Diploma to all High School pupils who
rsnl,.l il in linrxr. nr morn
I Tbo Directors aro negligent about
visiting the schools. Parents ditto.
A full set ot Mitchell's New Outline
Maps bavo been placed in tho inter
mediate School room by tbo Directors.
One hundred and thirty seven pupils
are enrolled in all tho schools, raging
in age from 7 to 18 yoars.
Tho copy books wore found in ex
cellent condition. The pupils having
the best in tho High School afo Rosa
Killlcburgor, Gertie liilger and Lizzie
Dulo. In Iho Intermediate School,
Karl flemingand Minnie Buoy.
New plank walks bavo bocn laid on
tho school grounds, and new outbuild
ings erected, an improvement that
reflects credit upon the authorities.
As tho timo forvisiting the schools of
tho county has begun, we ontor upon
that part of our work with the hope of
finding tho schools belter than ever
beloro. Uur object in making tins ex
tended inspection tour is to ascertain
whether or not the teachers in charge
of tho schools aro discharging their
several duties ina way that is intended
to improve and develop tho minds and
morals of thoso under their core. When
wo visit your school wo will expect to
1st. Tho school organized according
tn the courso ot study provided in the
"Toucher's Hand Book."
2d. Your methods of instruction in
accordance with tbe hints and sugges
tions accompanying this course of
3d. Tho primary classes well drilled
in general lessons as recommended in
tlio "Teachor's Uand-Book."
4th. Tbo school room well ventila
ted, clean and suitably decorated.
5th. Your roport book, form of re
port to parents, manuscript of pupils
examination, copy-books, study and
recitation progrummo at the teacnera
desk ready for inspection.
lilh. We expect to nnd your pupns
with clean faces, combed hair, and ex
hibiting cood manners, (no staring to
the neglectof tbcirstudies,) morals and
a hich de'ereo of culture.
7th. A call-boll In yonr room and
your classes called and dismissed after
the manner of a skilled workman.
8th. You placing moro premiums upon
ideas than irorrfj and giving more at
tention to the development of tho
thought power ot the pupils than to tho
moro recitul of abstract and complica
You teaching roading to young pu
pils by tho "word method," and tho
constant use of the black-board in
making suitable explanations in all
branches ol study. Wo do not want
to find pupils roading in tho fifth reader
who should be in tbe third.
lOtb. All the pupils who have suf
ficient ago and advancement study nil
tho common school branches.
11th. No teachers who will have to
apologizo lor tho omission of any parts
of tho abovo requirements.
mi: of XEn'srAFEEs ix sviwoin.
Tho nineteenth century is a lightning-footed
ago, and in order that the
teacher and his pupils may not bo left
behind, it is noccssnry that they may
bo "up and doing."
Tbe great demand in our schools is
for moro goneral information, and
every teacher should do all in bis power
to induce his pupils to investigate and
to think. Many of our pupils can re
peat definitions, rules, dates, axioms,
etc., who can explain tho primary
working of the Government in which
they livo, or give tho reason for tho
simple phenomena of nature that are
of every day occurrence.
In order lo got pupils of different
disposition! interested in our general
exorcises, we must nso a great deal of
ingenuity In our selections, lor a great
variety of subjects will be necessary
to tho reaching of all the pupils.
Iho sunject oi literature is gaining
the attention ot many of our teachers.
Lot us discuss briefly the methods by
which wo can gel our pupils Intorestcd
in literary pursuits.
Select choico poetry or prose ana
have ft portion read at morning exer
cises, sometimes by tho teachor and
sometimes by tho pupils. Do not stop
with tho reading but get as many
thoughts reproduced by tho school as
possible, and then let tho loacbcrmake
furthor comment. After reading selec
tions from a standard author, a skoleh
of bis life should be road and pupils
should give tho leading points from
memory. Continue this study ol
biography in tho reading classes ; have
questions for Iho next day and en
courago and assist pupils in gaining
the required information. This habit
of regular and continued investigation
is of incalculable value to any porson.
Pupils will soon become interested in
the lives of great man and tha lessons
learned ran not fail to elevate the
standard of morality. A good morning
cxerciso consists in having pupils to tell
somothing thoy bavo read. Hut few
will have anything at first, but others,
not wishing to bo behind, will begin
"to read up," and still bettor, to remem
ber what is read. Hut thero will ba
many who, from timidity or caroloss
ness, will take no part in such exer
cises, io got these to profit by the
exercises requires tbo teacher's in
genuity and knowledge of human na
ture. Thoy must bo dealt with care
fully at first, and tho teacher should
remember lhat they havo feelings
which be should respect. To give
pupils a start, cut short items from the
papers and distribute them among the
pupils, allowing them to rise al their
scats and road them. The pupili will
very soon seo that the teacher takes
an interest In thorn, and tho beginning
of a great good is mado.
W e sometimes spend a Friday even
ing in goneral newspaper reading.
Several papers aro brought to school
and wo really enjoy the news report
ing better than any literary exorcise
Hut that which creates tha most ex.
citement in our IJuery Department.
Miscellaneous questions are planed
nn the black-board in the evening, and
tho answers are callod for in the morn
ing. Somool the queries siren below
have not only excited the school to
hard study, but they have gotten up ft
great Interest in the town and sur