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1 : T A II I. H B D III 1 S 1 T .
lur lar;eet Circulation or any Newopapei
hi North Ceutral Penuaylvanla.
Taring of Subscription.
H i,iJ Id adrenoa, or within I taoathe....! IM)
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i aid after the expiratloa of I monthi... I OU
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r ,'i'ifltit ndrertiaemente, par iqaaraof lOUaaior
e ;i, liuiw or leea i .
K.. reach eubaequanlinoortlon.. It
V Ir-iiniatralora'and KaooutPra'nottooe S &0
..ti.litora' aotloee H .,.. A
c.utiona and Kutraye I 66
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a. D. OOODLANDER,
j j w. SMITH,
iH:7 flrarflrld, Pa.
J J. LINGLE,
ATTORNEY -AT - LAW,
1:13 Phlllpabtirff, Centra Co., Pa. y:pd
JOLANI) D. SWOOPE,
' ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curwrnarill,,, Clearfield eonnty, Pa.
ool. V, '71-If.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
' i rT. o In "Old We.tornl building," (up ilalr).
(lot. . I.tf.
"J SUA EL TEST,
ATTOENRY at law,
rO!Be oaa door aait of Bhaw Honae.
yl. M. McCULLOUOII,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
"ft .'a In lluaonie bulldiBg, Saoond atrat, np
i,te the Court liouio. Je2S,'78-tf.
I, AW & COLLECTION OFFICE,
Clrarfiold CounCrr-Penn'a. Toy
T. BROCK BANK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Pavin L. Krkb,
Viu. K. Wailacs.
it) Optra llimn
v.. A. W.LACa
II , h t F. Wallace,.
WALLACE A KHEBS,
. T T O R N E Y S - A T - L A W ,
il s Clearfield, Pa.
iMlTll V. WILSON,
l l.lMRt'IBLI), - - PENN'A.
.iV'OiiUa In tba Meamld Building, oner tba
I' ui.i j National hank. toarZe-SO.
Ai rOllXEY AT LAW,
office over ill.1 Oounly Natlooal Dank.
Judo III, '7Stf.
jRANIv C. HARRIS, ,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
r'.rilciaes Ll.ra and Foe Inauranoe Cooipaaii
I-Offloa In tba Opera Ilouae.-
iiidh. n. aiaaaT oraoa soar.oa.
IJURRA Y & CiORDON,
Vl'TORNEYS AT LAW,
Jr Offico la Tit'l Opera llouae, eeoond Boor.
yil.LlAM A. HA&ERTY,
OKi ICK over T. A. I'lcrk Co.'a More,
,tMVl attend to all legal buaineaa wltb
jcinptoeea and fidelity, febl I,'e0-tf.
iotra a. a'aaa llt D&aiaL w. a'ccaDT.
pE.VALLY A McCUltDY
X ATTORN EYS-AT-LAW,
4T-Lgl baaineaa attended to promptly wllhj
.telity. Offloa on Heotnd atroat, above the Firat
National Hank. jan:l:7B
J P. McKENKICR,
All legal bualaeai animated to bll oara will ra
cpito prompt attention.
TOffi In tba Cunrt Ilouie.
A T T O R N E Y - A T - L A W ,
Heal Eatsta and Coilectloa ATant,
I I.KAKHIl.l.l), PA.,
Will promptly attend to all legal buaineea aa
IroMed tn bie oara.
jMr-OHice In I'ie'a Oj.ara llB(e. Jaal'70.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY" AT LAW.
tivl Ileal P.atate Ag;all, tlearOeld. Pa.
Offlfi on Tbird atraet. bet.Ckarre A Walnat.
-Raapootfolly onere bla eerrtoaa la aelllag
and buying landa In Qlearaold aad attjeinlDg
tiontleai and with aaeiporieaoeoletorlweau
y.ara aa a anrrayor, Qattera hlmaelf that ha aaa
render aallafaetloa. Feb. It-.HM,
jQR E. M. SCHEURKIl,
Otlira In maiden on Firat at. (
April !l, 1ST1. Cleardeld, Pa. '
jyj V. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON,
di:bois cut, pa.
M ill attend profeaaionelealle promptly. auflt'T
n. T. J. DOT Ell,.
I'HYSICIAN AND SUROEOK,
OSea oa Market Street, Cleardeld, Pa.
r-0Bioe hoarai I te II a. at , and I to I p.
yyl J.KAY WUICJLEY,
rrrOfflra aoinlac the reildonoa af Jaaiea
t'rif py, Kp., on Keo.ind St., Cleaineld, Pa.
,M C. JENKINS, M.I).,
1' HY S 1 1' I A NANDSl'KG K O N,
CI RWKNSVILI.K, PA.,
' IB eee at reaidence, earner of State and Pine
Jaa. aih, Itml tf.
R. II. R VAN VAI-ZAn,
C l.r.AHFIl;l.l, PKNN'A.
MTICK IN HEIIiFNCR. COHNKR OF FIRUt
AND PINK SrilBKM.
CBce hoan From 11 to I P. M.
Day II, 17.
jyi. J. 1'. Iil'RCU FIELD,
Uta S.ret.n af the 1.11 Rejlaiaal, Peaaaylaaala
Velaataera, haaia re taraed from tha Army,
olT.ra hla profaealenal aerrleea lothealUiaei
ef Cleardeld aoanty. a
-Profeatloaal ealll areaiplly Altaneled la.
Odloa aa Seeead atraet, formerly aeeapled hy
' .. . '
OEO. B. GOODLASDEB, Editor 4 Proprietor, PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. TEEMS-$2 per annum inTaT"
VOL. 55-WIIOLE NO. 2,740. CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1881. NEW SERIES-VOL. 22, NO. 48.
mm 1 " IMMIIIMaagMWBHHMnMBaHaMMia
CASH op TRADE.
Curwenarllla, Pa., Jan. t, "Ti-tf.
(OITKIID P. 0.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
roa aKLL towaaair.
May 8, 1878 1y
SUHre Timber & Timber Lands,
Jeim CLEARFIELD, PA.
Land Survevor and Civil Engineer,
"All buaineaa will be attende : to promptly.
Dec. IS, 1SB0 ly.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
a-Will aiaeate Joba In hla line pron tly and
In a workmanlike manner. apr4,07
: . AND
WILLIAM D. I1KJLER,
Nor. 17th, l0 If.
WEAVER , BETTS,
Roa! Estate. Square Timber, Saw Logs,
AND Ll'MUEK OF ALL KINDS.
5P Office on Second tret, fa rtir o itore
room of (ioorge Wnnr A Cj. f j-nB, '7 8-If.
Jl MTICE OF TUB PEACE
Oaaeola Milla P. O.
All official buaineaa ontrueted to him will ba
promptly atlanded to. moh2tt, '78.
JAMES H. TURNER,
Jl'STICK OF TUB Pit ACS,
p0-ll b4 prpr6tl t,iu.alf with .11 the
OMCKary blank lur mi uolr Ibi PuiiiioD und
Buuoty I.k, wall blkok L)il, to. Ail
irg.l nititcn etilrnt. to bit car will tree.-
prompt attontiua. Mi? lib, 187V-tf.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
KEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
jMrPampi ftlwaji on htvud and mad to order
o ihorl notioa. Pipti bored oo raaaonabl term.
All work warranted to rtndar aatiifaetion, and
dUvrd if ditrd. mjla-ilypd
. Livery Ktable.
JTim HDdnlgDd bflxi loav to Intorm thapnb
1 He that a i now fully prepar' to aeeommo-
dau all In tho way of forolahinn lt..if, BaggUa,
ttkddltt and llarnoa. on tb iborttit nottea and
n raaionahl trioi. Haaidenc on Lornit atraet,
Vtwn Tblri and Fourth.
OKU. W. OEAHI1ART.
1lBiirt,ll. Fob 4. 1874.
I. o. map ....w. a. tuoKftrr
RAT) A HAGERTY,
PIKK, LIFE AND ACCIDBNT INSl'HANCK
StfCBIeaiB Qtaham Bulldlnit, Market ilreet.
Clearfield, ..... I'enn'a.
June IS, liiBI-lf.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
Alfo.eitenatra manafactorcr and dalr In Rquar
Timber and 8a ad Lumber of all kind.
AaT-Ordora eolloltad and all bill promptly
8. I, SNYDER,
nil iPTTPir. WiTPnMl IfBR
Watohosj Clocks and Jewelry,
OmXmm't Jfo, Mnrkit Strut,
All klnda of repairing In my line promptly at
anded to. Jan. lit, 187V.
ENCOUKAGK JIOM K INDUSTRY
TUB nnderalgned, baring tnabliaheJ a Nur
aery on the 'Pike, atuut half wny t.etwern
Clrarfinld and Onrweneillr, ia prepared to fur
nixh all kinda of KKl IT THKKS, (Mandnrd and
dwarf,) KverKrteai, Sbrulbery, iiave Vlt.aa,
Oooelrry, J.nwton Ulackhprry, htrawhfrry,
aol Kaapberry Vinea. Aiao, 8iherian Crab Tren,
guinea, and early car)vt Rhubarb, As. Order
promptly attvndid to. Addreaa,
J. 1. WRIOIIT,
ipJ0 68-y Curweoivllla, Pfc.
CAB B M L L. BJnDLB.
Clonrlicld Insurance ARcnoy.
KKHH eV ItllHH.K, Jtmli,
Krnreaent the following aa I other 8rat.e1aaa Co',
Li.m-ol London A Olcha V. II. nr.H, l,9
Lveotnlnga Dutn.l Afteah plana.... o.onll.oilil
I'hianil, or lUnford, Conn !.! BSJ
Inauranoe Co. of North Amerii-a rt,e!tS.II7a
North lliitl.h A Mercantile II. 8. II r l,7Ht
aootll'h Conitnereiel Li. 8. Branch.... 7.U
Trarcleia (Life A Accident) e,aMa
Olftce oa Market fct., e.p. tVart llouae. '.'li ar
Kali. I'a. June I. '7 II
WILLIAM 0. HELMB0LD,
Palton lllark,t'urutntflllr, Va.
Companicj Eeprcfeuted i
Commereial Unia Ina. Co., A .V,.7M S
Firrinen'B Pand Ina. Co .A.aala I.Kin.OIT W
i f, A..M. I H20.HS7 V
Trarelera- Aecidenl Ina C . Aiaeta . .SI,lVi it
Northern Ina. Co. of Near lore, Aa ta Jto, on
Inaoranne plaerd oa all kinda of property at
Car.enarille, Pa, F.h. H. lsl-lf.
THE MUTUAL BENEFIT
MFK INSl'HANCE COMPANY,
ffewark, K. J.
iwrnul-nnATItll IMS. ri'RKI.Y MI IJ-AL.
Aaarra, Jaa. I, aa -.rt.lned
by Kaanlnlnff peeiwni,
jfr9tj - ea.jra.Ho as
I.IAIH iti; "aa atefdhy theaaine. I.;'."J
Spanra hy Maaaeha'a 8t.n.l.rd.
Pi arn a by Near York 8l.ad.rd... ..m.!J S
All prllelaa aonforfeltahla after aecoad
yean loweipeaaea i lera.dleldi.ede de.
elered aad paid erery yr.r atnee era
laallen I eeaple aarplua I aarrender aaluea
t.pl liberal hraaer promptly eljoaled
1,11111 C. DROVKIt, Pnaeinanr.
JAMKa B. PKARH'iN, Vlca Paaeinaar.
En I, Dcaaiae. f-. Taae. Mai aaarr.Traaa.
PtiTTKH A KK!, f lata Aaata, ill " el
an! alrtar, Philadelphia, I'a.
R. M. MT.AI.I.V,8peelelA,anl. OHo. la
Moeaop'a h.lldla, Maikal atraet, Olearleld, Pa.
(I h IMI.
For th CumniiD Ran iLicm
JAMES A. GARFIELD,
ir Hiaa hart h. wimqrht.
Bowd la trif and hap dfprciiflj
Th wif), tb mother, frinudi unj a n atton,
Lay lhalrown loved ohUf to reit.
At a youth, hi waa an hum hi lot,
Orphaned and poor, though rtflh In mlatt,
Hi widnwsd mother liitla ihouKbt,
liia word, thould yet tb fut of a nation kind.
O! that a life ao nobly lived,
A fame ao nobly won,
Could by tba bate uaaaaln'a band
At nnnntiiie b cut down,
Ab, Wirfleld! though I boa
Cant tak tby part oo more
Aa Uecera), tStalraman and Ruler of a Kaltun,
Vet tb Kit thou life on an 4 o'er.
Thy Itfeabftll Torm of blitury'a bright parei.
Chfriabed by the arTretiona
And memory of a Nation.
Hie work ihall life after him.
W ho anted hi eountry to nobly, ao well,
Crowned with tb bighat honor h atanda,
Wbile with upliltcd benrt and band,
II vow that be, to th bt
Of hie ability, pruterli tbli people.
All wua hope and jy that dy,
Vet aoarocly bid bia reio b-gun
W hrn lb orofl bell w Rr.i ;
Two long man th of pain and au Raring,
Atixioua tiope and weary ir,
Loving heart i and tearful feoe,
An t moan ofOofnn, all In ra o,
Tried to rtM ore the aullercr there.
Ono bliaaful dream and a pang of pa n
lie laid bia hanil upon bia bvart,
And Preiident (.artleld pitraed away.
Leare bim then In an honored grave,
In a memory that if Indelible.
Of the higheat mid tb mt'tyred brav,
y lib a nam that ia latallibl.
Li THtt an, Pa.
YORK TO II'A' CV.V TEXA'IA h.
Having jiubliHlicd & portion of tho
procecdini'ii of tlio York town coloura
tion lust week, we continno it in thin
irimio, as n iralter of history:
Yorktowm, Octolier 18, lSHl.
Thu model of the monument to be
erected was hero before thorn. Thir
teen female iiiurca, rcproKetilini; the
thirteen colonien, Bocm to support upon
their shoulders a column inscribed with
the tiuiiK's ot thirty eiirht Htatea and
crowned by a tiyurooi I.iberlj'. This
ombodica the ill tu that Irom the thir
teen Colonies j;rew tho thirt) -eiirht
Stales and sprung the trut st and nioBt
thorouL'h and l'i'iiiuiio liberty over en
joyed by any people. On the lour hides
ol tho bafo, turn furry injr out the orig
inal design of tho ('oimni'titiil CoiifrresH,
tiro oinblems ol tho itlliunco between
tbo United Htutes and II m Mint Chris,
lian Majesty and a siit'tini t nurrutiro
of tho surrender of Kurl Cornwnllis,
and now, as tho appropriate opening
of this celebration, the coriior siono of
the monument would bo laid with all
tbo rrrand and solemn ceremonies befit
ting so groat an occasion by tho order
of the Ancient Krio and Accepted
Masons, of which Wunhington hiinsvll
was a chief member.
The brethren of tho Mystic Tie, un
der tho direction of the Grand Muster
of Virginia, then proceeded to lay the
cornerstono according to the pro
gramme. Tho chair occupied hy the
Grand Muntcr on the occasion wits the
ono which Ijord Ilottetourt, when loyal
Governor of the Old Ilominion, pre.
senled to the Grand Lodge of Virginia,
and in which General Washington sat
whcnGrand Muster of VirginiaMasons.
Tho sash and apron worn by Grand
Muster Peyton S. Coles, of Virginia,
wcro worked hy Mrs. Lafayette, and
presented to Washington in 1781 at
Mount Vernon. The gavol was made
from a portion of the tjuartor-deck of
the United States frigute Lawrence,
flagship et Commodore Perry at the
battle and victory of Lako Eric, Sep.
tcmber 10, 181X
Judgo li. I!. Woliford, of Virginia,
tho Musonio orator, thon made an elo
quent address, at the conclusion of
which the ceremonies, closed.
Immediately altorward President
Arthnr and party left for tho stoomer
Tbo steamer bearing tho French
Commission, Secrolary llluine and
others was in tho stream somo two
hours and a half before they were first
discovered on shore, and while the
corner stono was being laid Seerolnry
Bluino came to the Government dock
and sent word to the authorises in
chargo, but it was too late, as the cer
emonies woro completed, and the party
ro turned to the Tallapoosa.
There woro tho usual drills at tho
camps to day, and they wero witnessed
hy thousands of spectators. Nearly
all the troops have arrived on tho
grounds. Tho First Jleluwaro Eat
tallion, numbering about ,100 men,
came this morning. Tho Ninth Mas
sachusetts Regiment reached York
town from Richmond about 4:31) this
morning. Their behavior on entering
tho camp was such as to cause Gen.
Hancock to make oflicial compluint to
General Grubb, tho officer of tho duy,
who has tho mutter under considera
tion. Tho Fist Virginia Regiment and
tho Richmond Light Inluntry Ulues
did not arrive until late this afternoon,
having been doluined en route three
hours. Tho throe hundred vocalists
who wero to sing tho national songs
set down in tho programme for the
day wero also on the train wilta tho
Richmond troops, and wero likewise
detained, so that ibis part of tho pro
gramme was omitted much to tho dis
appointment of the people
General Grubb, of New Jersey, on
lortuined many of the principal olll
cers of tho Kedtrul army at a banquet
Tho pyrotechnic- display tonight
was a success in every particular. All
tho way ships in the harbor were
brilliantly illuminated, presenting a
beautiful sight. On tha flagship,
Franklin, the lights wero so arrungeti
as to show tho outlines ot the ship and
rigging with magnificent elicit. There
wero also other designs, ono being a
schooner apparently under sail. In
addition to this thero was a yacht
anchored in the haibor Irom which
there was a constant stream of rock
ets, etc. Tho night was dork, and
the display was therefore tho more
Yobktown, Va., October 10. At
10.49 this morning Secretury Dliiino
and tho French and German delega
tions, in lull uniform, arrived at La
fayotto Hull, on entering which tho
Marino Ilatid, of Washington, dis
coursed music. They passed through
an nielo on ono sido of which there
was a lino of military o Ulcers, with
Senators, Congressmen and other per
sons of distinction on tho other sido.
At tho end of tho ball tho President
was met by Secretary Hlaino, and In a
few moments the party started for tho
grand stand, President Arthur and
Secretary Hunt leading. They were
rrceihtU with Cheers f 'hoy appeared
upon the plstlorm. Next carno Seo
rilary Blaine, escorting tho Franco
delegr.tion, followed by tho German
delegation. General Sherman ilh
his staff, in nniform wore next in lino,
General Hancock and slafT following.
General Hancock had his little boy by
the hand as ho walked to the stund,
and was given three choors.
The ocromonioe were opened with
prayer by llishop Harris. The Toin-j
dexter Ccntonniul Hymn was then
sung by the choruses from Ballimoro,
Richmond and Washington.
President Arthur was then infra
duccd by Secrolary llluine and deliv.
cred an address.
MaxOulrcy then, in behalf of the
rrenon delegation, was introduced by
Socrotary lllaine, and dolivorcd a brief
The Marquis Dcliochamboau made
a graceful speech in French, in which
Huron Steuben responded in German
in an appropriate speech, which wus
uuuij njifiai,uL-u. iuuic nolo UCII-
crous cheers lor tho distinguished
guests. Tho Centennial ode was sung
oy tuo cnorus.
Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, of Massa
chusetts, thon delivered his oration,
which was listened to with great in
terest and at its conclusion bo wus
At tho conclusion of tho ceremonies
at tho Washington Monument thero
was a reception in Lafayette Hall, to
wnicn mo general public wasadmitted.
Hundreds of peoplo thronged tho
building. Secretary Blaiuo acted ns
master of tho corcmonies and Hon. J.
If. Hswlcy introduced tho peoplo to
tho President. Tho reception lusted
about half an hour, and there woro
hundreds of people in lino when the
President left tho building. Among
those who shook hands with tho Pres
ident wns tho widow of ex-President
"OIIS STOCKS T"
I see that a Frenchman baa got a
patent for canned cnorgy, obsoived
Mrs. Spoopondvko, as she picked up a
lot of cut steel beads on a needle and
begun sewing them on medalinns for
Got a what.' interrogated Mr.
Spoopondyko, who was blacking his
"Yes. IIu can put strength up in
bundles and send it anywhere, so they
can run ships and things without steam.
Ho sent ever so much over to Scot
"What circna bill have you been
reading now?'' qtioried Mr. Spoopen
dyke" glaring at his wile.
"It's so," sho replied, "i saw il in
thu Jiagle. He does it up like pre
serves and it lasts ever so long, and it's
just as Iresh and strong when they
open it as it wus at flist " '
"Who put it up? What aro you
talking uboul V
"A Frenchman. Ho gets a lot of
strength and fixes it with eleclricit).
and you can put it anywhere. I'm
going to get some and take it. I'll be
just us good as going in the country,
and maybo it'll help my headaches. I
suppose tho Government will buy a lot
of it lor trumps."
"You've gone oraxy again?" demand
ed Mr. Sponpendyke. "Wbut d'yo
mean by putting Btrength in boxes?
Think energy is some kind of a dod
gasted fish ? S'poso you cun put main
strength up in a bottle like a measly
shrimp? If you're going to read why
don't you read straight ?"
"Why, I did. He has got some kind
of a machine, and ho makes energy so
it will Inst, and then he solders it up
in tins, or something, so you cun keep
it in tho house. I'm going to have
some and do the washing."
"Does it strengthen up tho mind of
a dod gasted idiot?" blurted Mr. Sponp.
ondyko. "C'Bn it make a measly Spoop
endyko woman talk aonso?"
"Tho paper don't suy ; but if it is all
they claim for it, it will boa great help
in house, cleaning and moving the Btep
ladder around when you want to, hang
pictures. And then it saves boiling
beef tea. Oh, yon ought to read
"D'ye moan to tell me that they're
selling musclo by tho keg? Want mo
to understand that some frog cater is
keeping industry on draught!' Think
I'm an ass?"
"Thai's what tho luiijle says," re
joined Mrs. Sponpondyko, with a wom
an's implicit reliance an anything in
print. "And they can make it in any
quantity cheap, so wo can have all wo
want. I wish you'd get some right off,
and I'll try it on tho F'riday's sweep
ing." "Quit I" howled Mr. Sponpondyko.
' Stop making an idiot asylum of your
self! S'poso you oan muko mo b'lievo
that house cleaning comes in jugs?
Think I'm going to believe that a
week's wash romca in a box like
mtnily pills? P'rhaps you want mo
to think that your dod guttled stuff
will pay the rent and run my busi
ness? Next timo you strike a corn
salvo yon read it nnderstnndingly ye
hear! Energy by tho pint! Strength
hy the yard! Got thul rip sewed up
in my punts?" a
"Yes, denr," murmured Mrs. Sponp
endyke, meekly, and Mr. Spoopen
dyke, having arruyed himself, plunged
out of tho house and made tor the
"iiollo, Hpoopendyke I" sainted his
friend Specklcjum, "seo thia thing in
the paper about tho Frenchman who
is boxing up energy?"
"Yes, cerininly," replied Spoopen
dyke, ."und I'vo been all tho morning
trying to explain it to my wife, but
these women can't understand such
things. "Row's stocks?" Brooklyn
Tlic Two MeN Inhiiie. An old In
dian oiko asked a while man to givo
him Mino tobacco for his pipe. The
man gavo him a hundlul of looso to.
bacen from bis nickct. Tho next duy
ho came buck and asked for tho white
man. "For," said bo, "1 found a quar
ter of a dollar among tho tobacco."
"Why don't you keep it?" asked a
"I'vo got a good man and a had man
here," said tho Indian, pointing to his
breast; 'and tbo good man say, 'It is
not mine, givo it back to tho owner.1
Tho bad mnn say, 'Nover mind, you
got it, aim it is your own now.' f ho
good man sny, 'No, no I you must not
keep It.' So I don't know what to do,
and I think to go to sleep, hut the
good and bad men keep talking all
night, and trouble me ; and now I
bring the money back, I feel good."
Like tho old Indian, we have all a
good and a bad man within. The bad
man is Temptation, tho good man Is
Conscience, and they keep talking for
and against many things that we do
everyday. Who wins? That is the
question; and the answer decides a
child's character for this life and the
lilo to come. Who wins? Stand np
for duty; down with sin. Wrestle
with Temptation manfully, Never,
never viva up the war till you win.
A boy in a country school was read
inglhe following sentonoo: "Tho light
houso is a landmark by day and a bea
con by night," and rendered It thus:
"The lighthouse it a landlord by day
and deacn hy night."
No remedy except I'lit'i docs al
ways coincide with tho n' mtiUcatrix
TUB CASK OF MX. PARS ELL.
Tbo arrest ot Charles Stewart Par
net! marks a point in tho Irish revolu
tion which wo will do woll, as Ameri
cans, to consider carefully. It is to bo
considered, moreover, entirely inde
pendent of tho rhita, agrarian outrages
and other disorders thut occur so fre
quently in Ireland. Parnoll is not even
accused of complicity in those ; be is
only "suspected" of so exorcising bis
freedom of speech and debnto us to
"incito" others to them. Even Mr.
Gladstone doos not impugn his motives.
Ho is a member of that British Parlia
ment in which that freedom of speoch
in favor of the rodrcBS of grievances
exorcised by him is supposed to be
guaranteed hy the fundamental law.
Ho is not arrested under any law of
the British ompit but under a spocial
"cooroion aof '.arerorary force, by
which be is likewise deprived of thut
appeal to tho writ of huboas corpus
guaranteed to every British subject by
the Bill of Rights. Is not this a
slrungo position of affairs to be
taken by "the lreest government on
on tho globe?" Docb il not justify tho
excitement in Dublin, which, as the
dispatches significantly suy, exceeds
anything ever witnessed sinco tho
taking ot the r.u. tiler Aro not Jlr.
I'urnell and his friends justified in ad
vance In any and every measure thoy
may take tosccuro bia freedom ? What
said stern old Philips when ho was ar
rested by the arbitrary act ot King
Charles 1.? "To have my liberty, which
is tho soul of my lifo, taken from mo
by power, and to havo my body pent
up in gaol, without remedy by law,
and to be so adjudged! If this ho
law, why do wo talk of liborly t Vt hy
do wo troubloour ourselves to dispute
about purchases, property of goods,
und tho like? Wbut may a man cull
his own, if not tho liberty ol his per
In fact it is now evident that the first
question before tho Irish people is not
tho lund laws at till, but tho coercion
net. It is not tho readjustment of
rents but tho restitution of personal
liborty. The situation resembles In
miitiyrcspcctslliatcrisisin the English
revolution ol llilll, when the King, to
enforce respect to his urbitrury meas
ures, bogun to urrest and imprison all
whoonposod them, and tho blur Cham
ber took the place of tho courts and of
justice. 1 liroalcning was succeeded
by acts, and at once tho Parliament
ceused to argtio and remoriBtrato and
prepared for a resistance which should
ho commensurate with tho power
which Bought to oppress them. All
other issues were put asido until this,
tho mum issue, was settled and de
termined. The question of existenco
und liberty takes precedence of that
of law and order and of tenant right.
.Not tho Senate, but tho home is in
vaded; not privilege, but personul
liberty is uunieil. Vi lien Mr John
-.l lot. member of I'urliumcnt, wus ar
rested in 1G27 for tbo inemorahlo
speech in which ho arraigned tho
promior ot tho day, tuo mmoot biick
inghatn, whom be likened to Scjanus,
tho House of Commons resolved that
they would "pass to no other business
until righted in their liberties." This
manly action conquered then, and it
will conquer now il tho Irish nation
resolve that they will pass to no other
business until the "suspects" are re
stored to their freedom and tho obnox
ious coercion act repealed. Such a
position as that will bo understood and
rospeeled. It will open tho eyes of
tho British people to what thoir gov
ernment is doing. It will unite prop
erty, reputation and learning on the
sido of individual personal rights and
givo to Mr. Parnell tno invincible sup
port ot constitutional party untainted
with any suspicions ot disloyalty. Mr.
Parnell, in his present situation, may
comfort himself with tho assttr
ance that ho stands not only with
Daniel OConnell but where John
llampdon and Sir John Eliot also Btood.
Said the latter, knowing himself to bo
in poril of arrest : "May 1, as a froo-
mon, use tho just liberty ol our ances
tors to expostulate our rights; or must
in sorrow, complain ol tho unliappt-
neBSof tho timcswhich leftus, it might
Bccm, unworthy to onjoy the privileges
of those older ?" In thoso duys of tho
violent exorciso of arbitrury power and
strained prerogative prot clients wore
diligently sought alter by the learned
lawyers of tho parliamentary party,
and Seldnn found ono in Glanvillo, cit
ing tho dictum of a jiidiro in the reign
of Henry VI.: "If the King command
mo to arrest a inun, and 1 arrest him,
be shull have an action of false im
prisonment against mo, though it were
done in the King's prosence." In spite
oftheso warnings Flint was ajjain im
prisoned, and (lied in tho Tower, as
nullum soys, "tho most illustrious con
fessor in tho cause of liberty which
thut timo produced. Ho did not luy
down his life in vain. Tho duy of retri
billion came. Sir. Gladstone knows
English history loo well not to profit
by llio warning.
Our sympathy lor Mr. Parnell is tho
more aelivo sinco tho peoplo of Mary.
land know full well the meaning of
arbitrury arrests, without warrnnt and
without law. 1 be learned, unuertho
Iteniihhcun regime, toundcrstand what
it means to ho deprived of the protoo-
tion ol tho wrilot hubrus corpus, to bo
denied tho right of siilfrage, to havo
their Legislature dissolved by the
sword and the bayonet, and to languish
in foreign prisons, hopeless of release.
I hey know the hardship and the
iniquity of theso things, and sympa
thise with Mr. Parnell becansool them.
They recognixo tho similarity of his
case with that of Sit John Kliot, and
wish him tho sumo sort of consolation
which that noblo and enlightened pa
triot found, when, writing to his chil
dren of his trials, ho said : "I will not
be to stoical as not to think them evils ;
1 will not do that prejudice to virtue
by detraction of her adversary. They
aro evils;-so 1 do contest them;
but of thut nature, and followed, so
neighboring upon good, as they aro no
cause of sorrow but of Joy." It was
while in tho Tower that this largo
hearted man wroto his "Apology lor
Somites," a death song, in which ho
felt himself in hit image of the Grecian
philosopher, and thus painted hit own
portrait in colors which aro imperisha
ble: "To be made poor and naked;
to bo imprisoned and restrained; nay,
not to beat all ; not to havo tho proper
use of anything; not to have knowl
edge of society ; not to havobelngand
existence; hit faculties confiscate, his
fnendt debarred bis presence; himself
leiirived tho world. 1 will not tell
you all this suffered by your Socrates,
und all suffered in your service; lor
you, most excellent Athenians, for
your children, your posterity ; to pro
serve your rights and libcrtica, that as
thoy were me inheritance oi your
fathers, from yoa they might dotcend
to yotirsont." Bnltimort Uasctte.
Beet think thore la no tilace like
comb honey -comb.
FACTS ABOUT SL EE P.
Sir Philip Sidney culls sleep "the
poor man's woallh,"and ho might bavo
added, It is every man t health. Men
havo often, according to their own no
tions, attempted tn limit or extend tho
hours of bleep. Thus, tho "immortal
Alfred," of England, divided the duy
into three portions ot eight hours each,
assigning one for refreshment and the
health ot tho body, by sleep, diet and
exorciso ; another for business, and tbo
third for study and devotion. Bishop
Taylor considered three hours, und
uicbard isaxtor lour hours sleep, suf
ficient for any man.
"Nature reqolree dre,
Cuatom x'rea aeven,
LariDeea takea nine
And aiekedneaa eleron."
The error into which those and oth
ers have fallen, arises not onlr from
the fact that in this, at well at in oihor
things, every man it a law to himself,
but from the varying amount required
in each individual easo at different
timcB, deponding upon tho amount of
renovation required by tho nervous
and muscular systems.
John Wesley, tho distinguished
founder of Methodism, w ho atluiiicd
iho ago of eighty-eight, and who com
manded sleep ou hurschuck, buys very
properly in toiue eutiout remurks ho
hus left on sleep, that no one measure
will do for all, nor will tho mmo amount
of sleep suflice even for tiio same per
son at all times.
A person debilitated by sickness re
quires moro ot "tired nuture t sweet
roBtorcr," than ono ip vigorous health.
Moro sleep is also necessary when the
strength and spirits aro exhausted by
hard luoor or severe montul ellorls.
Whatever may be tho case with some
few persons ot a poculiar constitution,
it is ovidenl that heulth and vigor can
scarcely bo cxpoctod to continue long
without six hours sleep in tho four and
twenty. Wesley adds that during his
long life bo never knew any individual
who retained vigorous health lor a
wholo ycur, with a less quantity of
sleep than this.
Thore uro some remarkable cubcs on
record of devintionslor tho customary
amount of sleep. Many persons have
reached an advanced u'u without ever
having had moro than ono or two
hours' sleep out of twenty-four. Thero
is ono easo of a man, who, throughout
his whole life never slept more limn
fifteen minutes at ono time.
Frederick, ol Prussia, and Nupoleon,
as a gonerol thing, only devoted three
or four hours to sleep.
The influence of habit in promoting
or preventing sleep is remarkable.
Somo persons can only sloep in tho
dark. Wo knew a woman who slept
habitually with a candle burning in
her bed room and who invuriubly
awoko if tho light went out. WehaveJ
heard ol a boiler-maker who could go
to sleep in a boiler wbilotbo workmen
wcro constantly hammering tho rivots.
Couriers on long journeys nap on
horseback, and coachmen on the boxes.
Franklin is said to havo slept nearly
ao hour swiming on hit back.
Tho following calculation is interest
ing : Suppose ono boy, aged ten years,
determines to rise at tivo o'clock tbo
year round. Anothor, of tho same
uge, indolent and ol case, rises at eight
every morning. If they both live to
bo seventy yours old, the ono will have
gained over tho other, during the in
tervening period of sixty yoats, sixty
fivo thousand soven hundred and forty
five hours, which Is equal to two
thousand, soven hundred and thirty
nine and ono third days, or just seven
and a halt years. If a similar calcu
lation wero applied to tho wholo coun
try, how many millions of years of in
dividual usefulness would it provo to
bo lost to society 1 Gleanings fur the
KEEP YOUR JIEAIIT WARM.
Winter it at hand.
"Keen t!ava the wind,
And oauld the aorthera bleat."
The autumn leaves aro beatitilul in
their bright colort of crimson and pur
plo and gold ; but it is tbo beauty of
Cold ! Tho dayt grow cold, and cold
grows the nighta. Soon tho ground
and rivers will be frozen hurd. How
bright and bow chuorlul now becomes
tho hlaxing, glowing, open wood fires !
Cold, cold ; truo it is, ns has been
written, that disappointment is the lot
of mortality, that man was made to
motirn. To every ono comes his own
griels anil sorrows. Of cut ly ftiends
many are dead, alow estranged, while
somo aro precious beyond price or ex
pression. One thing should be observed uhovo
all others, amid the mtitutions and sor
rows of lilo. It is to keep your own
heart warm. Bo true, he generous, bo
alleetionale yourself. Utherwiso thero
remains no sweetness, no Kesl in life,
and yon die hctore your time and your
spirit becomes extinct while you are
still in the tlesh, and your blood,
though sluggish, stilt creeps through
Keep your own heart warm. Cling
to tlrJ memory ot tho deud. Cling to
tho lovo of the living, So shull you
shed tho sunlight of heaven over your
mortal career on yourscll and on
olliers. Tho heart that has always
been warm shull bolvltinltsbciii.il.
eonco long after it has ceased to beut.
Just tux Mak. The Tact that Hon.
Orango Noble is wealthy and ono ol
the leading men ot line, led us to sup
pose thut ho was about as stylish in
hit manners as big politicians generally
are ; but sinco tho meeting of tho State
Committee recenty, at which ho wus
presont, we bavo got quite a different
impression. Ho it represented ns a
very plain, quiet and unassuming man,
and would in dross and appcaranco bo
taken for a prominoiyt, fai mer. S: tins-
"I knew ho was no saint," sold the
parson's wile, referring to a party who
occasionally attended church, but whose
piety her husband had been in tho
habit of extolling. "No saint, my
dear? I don'tunderstandyou." "Don't,
eh f Well, 1 sat in tho new pew next
to him this morning, and when ho
mado believe to get down to pray, his
knee joints crcakod like thu rusty
hmget of an old barn-door."
The Buffalo Commrtnnl Advertiser
mentions what may be safely set down
as the worst case of spelling of recent
record. It occurred in a "notis" of a
"scllybrashun" to be held on the shores
of ' Lake Kary," and mentioned the
occasion at a "gublo." Thit word
troubled tho editor a good deal, but
with rare perspicuity ho at length
resolved it into "jubilee."
"Howcanyou tell if an egg is bad ?"
Ono way tn trli Istotasloit. if it makes
yoa so sick you want to die to get nd
ot the taste you can feel pretty suro
it i a bad egg.
B LI CAN.
AXOTJIEIl YOUTHFUL TRAIX
It was night Night in Arkansas
It was night in several oilier Slates as
well; but Arkansas is tho ono with
which wo have to deal at this writing.
It being our turn to deal. A lightning
express was booming along at tho ruto
of sixty miles an hour. Kvery car was
lull, many standing in the aisles with
that meekness and patience only seen
on an American ruilroad, lo accommo
date tho fellow who wauls four scats
ull lo himself.
Tho lumps bla7.cd fitfully over tho
passengers' dusters, which scorned to
fit fully at well us travoling dusters
The conductor had passed through
(which was moro than ho would allow
any ono elso to do without tho requi
silo pass), punching peoplo into wuke-
luiness in order that no mignt punch
their tickets. Tho train hoy had filled
the passoni;ors' hips with books, to
keep them bouncing in their seats
while going over rough places.
A brukemnn put his head in and
shouted, "Tho next stopping place
is 1" the nnmo of the station
being lost in the slumming of tho door.
Tho boy who is always dry, had mado
Ins tiny. second pilgrimage lo tho wa
ter tank. And the woman who wants
air hud just torn off hor lust remaining
linger null in trying to get her window
I his was on a railroad in tho Stuto
of Arkansas. Suddenly tho car door
opens. A you tli I ul figure appears,
holding something in bis hand upon
which the light glitters, lie presents
it in a significant manner und cries:
"fiow, gentlemen, your money "
Filly men turn pole und cry, "Don't
shoot !" Twenty females terrain with
ono voice and some faint. Thero is a
hasty ihrus'.ini; of watches and pocket-
books beneath cushions and into hoots.
Strong men finht for a pluco under
the scuts where they ennsccreto them
selves. "Gentlemen." tiL'ain cries the
boyish voico, ringing high and clear
above tho screams of wi men and tho
din of tho train (gusps for mercy from
some of the men), "lei mo sell you somo
of this excellent tropical fruit'," und ho
extends in his dexter bund a banana!
It wus the train hov. nursuinir his
uselul and harmless vocation. Alluona
CUT Til EM BOTH OUT.
"She wus a magnificent creature. Ilcr
eyes wero as blue ond glowing as tho
Bky when tho sun is in bis glory, and
nor cneeas wcro as rosy as tho sky
when tho sun smiles und sets bohind a
cloudless horizon. This mBntulicont
L'irl had never been in lovo." Such iB
the glowing description of Miss Lucy
Swivcll, 'as furnished by tho Little
Rock (Ark.) (jiizettt. That inurnul
further informs its readers thut Miss
Swivoll has been teaching school on
tno river below tho city; that she
boarded at tho houso of Honrr Mucklo,
a widowor nnd the loading citixon of
tho neighborhood, and that both John
ond (ieorgo Mucklo, tons of tho old
man, woro rivals for her hand. Last
week bolh of tho younir mon, who
groduotod together at a Northern Col
lege in Juno, proposed mnrrioco lo Miss
Swivel!. Sho told each to appear ho
foro her at noon on Monday. They
obeyed. Sho said that sho loved John
and adored George, so they must enter
into somo contest for tho prize. Would
they walk twenty miles in ten hours?
Tho lover who could mako the hotter
time wus to have her. Neither would
win unless tho specified ground should
bo covered in the specified timo. Tho
lane at the house was a half milo long.
The young men Btartod. At tho ex
piration of three hours Mr. Mucklo ap-
proacueu, with Iho lair teacher on his
arm. "Wail a minttto my dovotcd
Bons," said tho old mnn, "euch of you
hnvo shown your affection for your
' Step mother! oxehuniod George.
"Step mother!" echoed John.
"Yes, Htep mother, for whilo- vou
were wnlking, I married tho girl."
RiKKOT op the pRotidtiT Tho New
York Times remarks : "Tho droucht
has cost this country hundreds of mill
ions of dollars and reduced the pur
chasing capacity of largo classes. It
hat been a silent loss, not at once plain
to all, but to bo felt by cvory person
in tho country. It is not improbable
thut lint sovoro blow will civo the first
check to tho. wild speculation which
hus been coina on in stocks, products.
und ruilroad securities. Tho shock
wns sure to come, and it will ho first
felt by tbo most uncertain values, such
us tho enormous extensions ot rail
roads in tho Southwest. Thoso aro
mainly planned for a generation ahead,
and will bo valuable, properties when
population has poured into thoso un
settled districts. Thoy could not long
stand a financial shock. They
will moot the usual fate ot such ven
tures in this country. They will ruin
the originators and first shareholders
hut will dovuiop lame districts of wild
land. Their values as securities havo
boon pressed hy constant speculation
fur beyond their legitimate rale, and
they must sink at thoy have risen
Tho farmer who has lost this year
no per cent, ol his products, and has
not as yet been able to recoup himself
ny higher prices, will lieirin seriously
to object paying from !!0 lo 00 percent.
tax on his clothing or machinery or
iiiiniture lor tno suke ol tilling a tress
ury which already bus more than it
knows what to do with. All classes
who suller from tho drought laborers,
men living on wages and salaries, con
sumers of ovcry kind will ask why
their daily expenses should bo increas
ed under a system ol taxation which
helps tho lew and injures the many.
High prices and hurd times will enforce
tho call for a readjustment ol the tariff,
Taxes aro felt w hen every producer is
"S A-A-V, father, I learned aoinnlhing
new at school to day." "What was it ?"
"I learned to say 'Yes, sir,' and 'No,
sir. "Did you? "l-a-as.
A laborer in Uusaia gets a-iirlit cents
a day and "finds himself:" Finds him.
sell mighty hungry, pretty olten, wo
Tho clum bat a larger mouth, in
prortrtion to lit tize, than a human
boing, yet a clum never talks snouts its
Nover judge a bed by Its cover or
the beauty ot it. hat soemt to
templing may prove a pillow tham.
General Mackenzie hat been ordered
from bis command In Arizona to the
Department of the Missouri,
Tho great secret of Pcrcna is that
it always coincides with the rif mh
eatrix nafiim, (Nature.)
Contribution, lo lh!a department ahould be ad.
Ire.aed tn J. IlLAia Hkad, t'learnold, P..
. LEVEL VVLTVKi: OF HOED CJWVS.
As to tho economy of hilling, the
economy it in level culture. If the
plow bo used tho first and second timo
o( cultivation, and the earth bo turned
from tbo crop each way, it destroys all
tbo weeds, except in tho small squaro
occupied by growing plants. It no
manure containing weed aeeds be
plated in tho bill Uiere will be but little
trouble in keeping thowcodt out; and
if, tho lust time of cultivation, tho cul
tivator bo used, tho land will be lovol
ed off and the woods so completely
destroyed that thero will bo bat very
little to bo done with the hand boo.
Careful experiments have proved
that corn which is hilled will blow
down more than that which has level
culture. This can be accounted for hy
tho fuel that corn roots run very near
tho surfuco, and when hills are made
they aro confined to tho space covered
by tho hill; but in level culture the
roots run from ono row to the other,
thus making the corn stund slrong, at
nature intended, and in no way liable
to blow down, except by an unusually
In hilling potutocs, a now set of loots
aro formed every timo tho hill it in
creased In height. Whcrovcr roots
appear there smull potatoos soon begin
to form. Thoso that form after tho
last billing will bo very near the top
of the ground, at the peak of the hill,
which tho first heavy rain washes
away and leaves tho potatoes exposed.
to tiio a i r. mo real fuctt are that
moro potutocs will grow out of ground
by billing tbun by level culturo, pro
viding the potatoes aro planted as they
should bo. Potutocs that are not to
bo hilled should be planted deeper than
those thut are to be hilled. Tbitsivos
room for tho bill in which the potatoes
uro lo grow to form below the turfuco,
and, as the land It kept lovel, there is
no danger of tho potatoes boms wash
ed out by the first heavy shower or
suffering from tho drought tho first
good sunny day alter a ruin, as is often
tiio case w ith thoso that aro hilled. If
thero is any crop grown that ought
not to be hilled, it is potutoea ; yet it is
almost the universal practiao among
small furniors to hill, and many ol
them to a tlcgreo that destroys more
than hnlf the crop.
As tho potuln grows best in cool.
moist weuther, any method of culture
winch encouraires coolness and moist
ure in beneficial, whilo, on tho contra
ry, any method of culturo which en
courages dryness nnd heat is injurious.
II tins reasoning Do correct, thon it
must bo a Imittcd thut hilling potatoes
is wrong, for it seems impossible that
any ono can fail to see that land which
is hilled oilers moro surlaco to tbo sun
and air, and thut, whilo t' o hills whoro
Iho potatoes nro expected to crow will
easily dry through, tho hollows bo
tweon, having hart til tho pnlvnriiad
ourlh scrnpod off, bake so hard that
tho moisture Irom below is rapidly con
ducted up to tho air. Thus in two
ways tho ground is losing its coolness
and moisturo by hilling.
in tho level culturo the land it kont
loose, and thus the tun lias compara
tively iiiuo power to araw up the
moisturo, and as long as tho ground iB
Kepi pulverized it cutnot bako. rivorv
rain that comes, howover small, roachos
the roots of the potatoes, and is not
carried off, as is tho cano where the
land is hilled, ilepcutcd oxporiments
have proved that, when potatoos aro
properly planted, lovel culturo on land
thai is not wot will produco twice the
amount of potatoes at thoso that are
hilled, tho treatment otherwise boinir
the samo. Potatoes that aro not to be
hilled should not he planted near tbo
surface, nor should they bo planted on
tho top of tho manure that is put in
me inn, it Bnouiu oo on the ton of tho
seed. In levol culturo tho toed should
bo put in at least lour inches below Hie
level of Iho surlaco of iho ground; but,
when covered, left in a depression, to
bo levoled up at tho first hooing. In
this way large crops can bo obtained
even in seasons as dry as thit ono has
Tho prejudice against lovel culture
for Indian corn is not so great as that
for potatoes, yet tho billing process
oven in growing corn is practiced to an
extent thul rcducos tho amount grown
mi iunoiaiiu iniiiiy inousunus ot ousncis
every year. Tho fact that tho promi-
uin crops ol corn aro almost invariably
grown by level culturo speuks in lan
guage not lo bo mistaken. We havo
never yet Been soventy five bushels to
tho aero grown where tho land was
hilled very much ; but wo havo soon
over u bundled bunhcls to tho aero
where level culluro was practiced.
SMALL FARMS AM) lllll (HOI'S.
Twonty years oco the Stuto of Mis
sissippi always famous lor its cotton
yield contained about forty thousand
plantations, averaging throo bundled
und seventy norcs oacb ; now she has
nearly twice as many, but the aver
ago sizo is only halt thut of 1800,
Tho number of acres under cultivation
is less than in lsiiO, for scarcely any
rough lund has been cleared, and somo
plantations have been injured by bro
ken levees, and yet tho ootlon crop ia
about twico as largo as it was in tho
good old times. No better proof could
be wanted to estnblish tho desirability
ot decreasing tho sizo of farms and in
creasing the number of owners; hut
tho lesson should bo learned clsowhore
as well as in tho South. Wholo coun
ties iu tho United Suites are wretched
ly poor because every farmer is trying
to hundlo a "quarter section" ono
hundred and sixty acres with only
enough cnpilul and working force to
properly till a quarter at much toil.
A tanner with two poor horses, two
had ploughs, a boy or two or a hired
man, can get no moro money out of a
hundred oicl sixty acres ol land than
from Inrty, but ycur after year he will
try to do it and succeed in only getting
pooler. The big form of California
nave been tho subject of much envious
talk, but the class of California farm
ers, asido from capitalists, that mako
most money is composed ot the men
who havo clustered in colonioa where
scarcely a single estato exceeds forty
acres. Any poor farmer with a large
furm would be belter off if ho woro to
oven givo away half hit land, for then
he Woul I he compelled to restrict him
self lo space that could not yield him
loss, if worked at all, and would not
put bis pocket and muscle to tho ruinous
strain tbut, they aro now enduring.
Tho grosses aro the most numorons
and most widely distributed class of
plants in tha world. J here it not a
toil, however wot or dry, in which
some aro not indigenous, although
those best suited for permanent pa
lure thrive best under cultivation, and
are comparatively limited in number,
BY U. l MoQUOWa.
GOING TO SCHOOL.
BY XlflLY 3. Bl'OBKC.
Barefoot hay and little ilri,
8b. with roey eb.ak aad earl,
II la, a forehead broera with tat,
Sturdy Hula farmer-men.
Old atraw bat, with broken rim,
la th. laaal thai traubloa him,
Aa the dioaer-pall he awtnge.
Full of mother'a obolceat UuBfl,
Happy lllll. pair are they,
Chatdni blithely an tha way,
In tba muralni freeh and aoot,
Uolui to the diatriet eebeol.
From the ahady fara-toaea dear,
Mothr watebee, call aa mora
tine oan follow out of eta nt
They are (una, (heir haarl'a dellht.
Can yoa aaa them alulae, there,
On the benebea hard and bare,
Tlr feet ewioelnf to and fro,
Conning o'er ber leaaoaa lew f
ftittlnf, at the aooa of eohool,
By tb. x urf lias elreemlet aool,
'alone, the hrakea and beading traee,
, a'eting np their bread and eheeaa I
Or, with merry langh and ffhoat,
When the boya and glrla go out,
Booka aad poeoile eaet away, .
He them Jump, and awing, and play .
Hark I tba feral, aa Ihe paae,
Hap, aod rap, and rap eg .ia,
Hu.hing la with oheeke aglow,
Half reluetanUy they go.
tillde tba huay hoare away,
Till the warm auo'a weateriog ray
tilanla aeroaa the open door,
And the hear, ef aebool ara a'ar.
Tlappy. healthy girl and boy,
Full of almple, eareleeejoy,
Fre. from tyreal Faahioa'e rale,
tiulog to th. diatriet eohool.
In the boay Boon of life,
'Mid tie roelleae faeer elrife,
A a your pelhwaya ahall dlrida,
From the roof-tree wandetiog wide,
Memorira oflheae m.rning hoare,
fi'ing of blrda, and aoent of Bowerf,
Bleat of lamba, and eong af rill,
Will eom.awaetly a'ar yoa etill,
And your tbeulita go yearaing beek
O'er that almple childhood traok,
When the iongeat road yon knew
Waa Ibe one that led yoa la tba
Boboel-houee, jnat a mile away,
Wbor. tb. bireh and rule h.ld away.
Nothing it over done boautilully
which is done in pride. Ruskin.
Fourteen hundred pupils are attend
ing the Johnstown publio schools.
An effort is being made, by the
principal of the Curwonsville schools,
to increase the school library.
"Arbor Hay" should be generally ob
served, especially in all district whore
progress is the lictfcAirorJ. See notice
in locul column.
Owing to tho change in the time of
holding the Huntingdon County Teach
ers' Institute, T. H. Murray, hsq., waa
compelled to cancel his engagement to
lecture before that body.
A Franklin county school teacher
throw a stick at a boy who was mis
behaving himself, and the stick struk
the lad in the left eye. lie will
probably lose the sight of it.
Miss I.ydick, a titter of Dr. J. M.
Lydiek, of Troutville, and who wat en
gaged to teach the Bethlehem school
iu Bell township, died very sudodnly of
diphtheria, at the homoof her mother
in Indiana county.
Miss Mamio A. Irvin, who will read
several evening! at our next County
Institute, baa been employed to read
and give instruction in elocution at the
Huntingdon County Institute in lNo-
Gkoorapuical "W here ia the Island
of Java situated 7" asked an Austin
school teacher of a small, rather for
lorn looking boy. "I dunno.sir." Don't
know where coifoo comet from ?" "Yet
we borrow i t ready parched from
the noxt door neighbor."
The State appropriation to schools
this year ia contidorahly lest than for
many previous. The appropriation it
based on the number of taxable a
returned by the County Commissioners
after the tri ennial assessment, and this
year the rate per taxable hat been cut
down from 84 cent to a fraction ever
ThoSuporintondontof Clarion county
requires the Director to tend him a,
copy of the certificate of all teacher
employed, in order that he may detect
any changes that may have been made
in the grades aa given by bim. several
Instances have come to our notice of
such a practice in our county. No
subsequent examination, however, will
be granted to persons who are given
to tuch habits.
Somo tcaehort of tho county have
not yot providod themselves with th
course of study and plan for graduating
pupils in our common schools. If this
provet to bo a willful neglect (that
pupils aro to bo deprived of aocopting
tho proposition we have made lor re
ceiving somo reward for their labor,)
we shall certainly roraind tuch teach
ers of their inditforenoe at a time and
in a manner least expected.
Teaching is a grand and glorious
work, but it does not follow that it it
wholly pleasant. It bat it sorrows,
iu pains. It Is a work so great and
sacred that one needs at time to be
very patient. Tho great God tend
grief to many a human heart not to
punish it, but to caute it to grow.
Those who teach often need to be,
and what can teach to well a sorrow.
Only lot tho chastening be rightly ac
cepted. Tho work of filling vacancies in the
schools is about completed. Mrs. R. II.
MoGarvoy of Mcl'herron will tooh
the Utahville school and W. K. Leath
ers of Mt. Kuglo, Centre county, the
Uttgertv K'ltoads, in Boccaria town
ship. Mr. John Savage will teach the
Fden school in Goshen township, Lou,
Heiscy the Hubert and Emma Hhircy
Maplo Cornerin Union township; Mis
Olive M. Way the Bethlehem and
Ernest Albert the Eaglo Eyo in Bogga
township; Miss Mary Novling the
Franklin and Mis Jennie Black the
Trouttlale in Boll townthip. Fairview
in Graham, Morrisdale Mine in Morris,
Chestnut liidge in Pike and Salom tn
Brady are yot to bo supplied.
Dr. Uigbee, Superintendent of Pub
lio Instruction of thia State, write in
antwor to a loiter of inquiry in regard
to the admission of tome now pupil
into tho Soldiers' Orphans' Schools, a
follows: "Wo cannot grant order for
tho admission of any more children to
any of tho schools, because the fact of
our having too many pupil in now for
the amount of money appropriated.
Should we continue the present num
ber to the close ot tho school year.
(May 31st, 1882,)we would exceed the
appropriation at least 120,000. Thit
we feel that wo dare not do, ana in
order to avoid it, must withhold ad
mission and lot the aggregate diminish
by discbaigea'on age and 'on order.'"
The loiter it dated October 7th, 1881.
what is rnoRovansEsst
Learning the book la not thorough
nous. Learning infinite it not thorough
ness. We moan by thoroughness tb
mtstoring of principles and tbeir ap
plication. Th demon ol to-called
"thoroughness" doe untold mischief.
It leads to burdening the mind of th
learner with a mas ol useless details.
In it name tbecbild mind it crammed
with abstraction. This principle need
tobe carefully considered. A pupil who
has mattered tb principle of arith
metio, and who can readily apply them,
ia thorough, though ha may not bav
worked one-tenth oi th Implt,
and may not be able to recite a unglt