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Q. B. GOODLANPF.il,
TJ W. SMITH,
:!;:;S Clearfield. Pa.
J J. LIXGLE,
ATTORNEY -AT - LAW,
1 11 Phlllpnburff, Outre Co., Pa. v:pd
ATTOKNKV AT LAW,
Curwenivtlle, Clearfield count, Pa.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
rJfr-OOiee In tbe Open llouee. ocltl, '79-tf.
Q It. 4 W. BAKKETT,
Vitornkvs and Counselors at Law,
January 30, 1978.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OB one door eett of Shew Tioaae.
fM. M. McCULLOUGH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ofli in Mn,onio hnfldiog, Pocond atrwt, op.
.f.tv Ihe Court Houm. je2A,'7tl-tf.
Clrrfiold Count., Peon'ft. 75y
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
iidjue in Op.rt Home. sp 26,'77-ljr
gMlTII V. WILSON,
CLEARFIELD, . . l'ENN'A.
TT-Offlre In tne Mnionlo Building, over the
CkuMj N.ttonel beult. Ltuer24-80.
.II.LIAM A. WALI.Aua. DATIb L. KftRII.
RKT r. WALLAL't. JOHH W. WRIflLIY.
TALLACE & KHEBS,
I (Socoeeiore to WallAoe k Fielding)
j..ir7r ClearHeld, P..
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
mliL-e irr ill. Ciuutj N.tionel Ilaolt.
rajN. h. MiaaiT.
JL'IiRAY & GOKDON,
iATTORNKYS AT LAW,
jPfOfflea la Pie'e Opera Home, eeooud floor.
"ILL1AM A. UA&EUTY,
.1 TTO f (.1' 1 l T-L.I H',
iikkicp. ortr T. A. Fleck Co.'. ilore,
,rTWill . ed to all leiel buiineee with
pruuptoeee .ad Bdelity.
I 'R I. a'aiALlT. PAIIIL W. K'CCIOT
oENALLY 4 McCUKDY
SLeft.1 baaineae attended to promptly withj
""'j. vuioe vb oeoonu aireei, aaoTe :ne Ktrit
.auonai nana. J.nil:7l
T T O R NE Y - A T - L A W ,
Reel Ratate and Celleetlon Agrnt,
U'itl promptly attend to all legal buiineaa ea
tni.ted to bia eare.
TOllee la Pie'a Opera llou.e. Jan I '71.
JOHN L CUTTLK,
ATTOItNEY AT LAW.
ltd Heal Katale Ageut, Clearfield, Pa.
ine oa I bird atreet, bet. Uberrj A walnut.
ffReapootfally offer, ble .ortieeeln eelliDf
aM buying lande la Olearleld aod a'Veinlng
a uutlea i and with aa eaperieaoa at over twenty
'r aa a aarreyor, aattara blmaelf tbat bo eaa
r-ndar aallafaotloa. Feb. laiitf,
U. K. M. SCI1EUIIER.
OIBoe la roeidenea oa Flrat at.
April 14, 1171. Clrarteld, Pa.
jyi. W. A. MEANS,
1'IIYSICIAN 4 8UHOEON,
DI1D0IS CITY, PA.
a ill .IIibJ i.n.ru...l..ll..UK.ll. ...lA'.A
) It. T. J. BOTEIt,
OSo. oa Market Street, Cle.rS.ld, Pa.
;-Oa boarat I to II a. at., and 1 to I p. aa,
JjH. J, KAY WKIGLEY,
00re adjoialag the reeideane of Janiae
"I i.J, hae.. oa soeoad sL. Claarle Id. Pa.
J C. JENKINS, M. P.,
f'l YSIUIAN AND SURGEON,
? "Se at reaideaea ooraer of lute aad Plao
Jaa. alb. Ibll.tf.
t- H. B. VAN VALZAH.
'! LI.EAKHItl.l,. PENN'A.
"Hct IN REXIDKSCK, CORNER OF FIRST
" PISH BTRKKTH.
f Olee ao.ra-Freai II la I P. H.
May It, 1ST.
)" J. P. BURCH FIELD,
t,ao of the .td teglaaoat, Peaaaylranla
laateon, b.n.( ... t,rm Ihe A nay,
bla profaatleaal aerrloaa lo IbaeiUa...
""''"'"'"'alii promptly aluaaed la.
r. hatla, r-t, )M,ui , ciearlald,
I Haaeo " '
GEO, B. O00DLANDER, Editor 4 Proprietor,
VOL. 55-WHOLE NO.
I OH PKINT1N
tl tion neatly .(Hi
NCI OF EVERY DE8CRIP
eeoled at tbie oltlee
JIIMTICEtt' I'OSJNTAHl ICS' Hi Kit
W have printed a large number of tbo bow
PEE HILL, end .III on the receipt of twenty.
I.o oonta. mall e nnpy to ery addreM. eiris
WILLIAM M. HENRY, Justice
Or THl PlACI AKDScMTltVaa, LI' Mi; UK
CITY. Collectiooi mad and money prompt I j
paid over. Artielea of agreement and dead of
oonveyanee neatly ai Muted and warranted eor
raet ur do charge. lijv'71
JOHN b. THOMPSON,
Juatlce of the Peaoe and 8ori verier,
4L.Co11eotiooa mada and none promptly
paid oer. foblJ'Tltf
(out kmc r. 0.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
Pon BKLL TOWNRDIP.
May 8, 187Sly
Square Timber & Timber Lands),
Jell'7 CLEARFIELD, l'A.
Land Surveyor and Civil Euginee r
p&'KW buaineei will b attonde I to promptly.
Deo. 15, 1880-ly.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
uWlll execute Jobi in hie llnr promptly and
in ft workmanlike menner. epr4,n7
WILLIAM I). BIG LEU,
Kot. lTth, ISSO-tf.
P. McKEN RICK,
All legal buainoea rntruatd to bla oare will re.
oeive prompt attention.
B-OBre lu the Court liouia.
JOUN A. STADLEIl,
BAKER, Market St.. CIcartMd, P..
Fre.b Ilread, Ruak, Kolla, Plea and Cake,
oa hand or made to order. A general aaeortment
of Confeotionariea, Fruila and Note In atock.
toe Lreatn and uyatera in aeoaon. Saloon aearly
opnneiio ine rnitomce. frioea moderate.
WEAVER &. BETTS,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Logs;
AND LUMBER 9? ALL KINDS.
jr-tr-OOoa on Beeond itreet. is rear of itora
room of Ueorge Weaver A Co. jaott, '78-tf.
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
Oaceola Mill, P. O.
All ofllolal bualneaa entreated to him will be
promptly attended to. meh2v, '78,
LX BARBBK AND UAIRDKE88ER
Shop od Market St., eppotita Court Iluuae.
A clean towel for evarj euatomer.
Alio dealer to
Heat Ilranda of Tobacco and Clpara.
fleai-Oitid, p. mhf 9t
JAMES H. TURNER,
JUSTICE OP THE PEACE,
"IIa hu prepared hinaelf with all th
neeeaiary blank forma under tbe Fenilon and
Uonntv Imwi, ai well aa blank Deeda, ate. A
legal natun antrm ted to bn eare will receive
prompt atteoliwD. Hay 7lh, 187i-tf.
Market Htrcet, I If arfield, Pa.,
If A Ml' FACTO aiR AND DIALIH IM
Jarnest Bridtctt Riddles, Collars, and
JFAU kind of repairing promptlj attended
to. Saddlera' Hardware, Horn Hruabea, Curry
Cdtnba, ke., alwava on haod and for eala at tbe
lowcit oaob priee. Alarck IV, IU'V.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PKNN'A.
-T-Pumpi alwavi on hand and nade to order
en .ihort notice, ripea bored on reasonable tern a.
All work warranted to render a at (if action, an
aeltvared tt rtealred. nv36:vnd
rp II S anderaiftned begt leave to Intortn the pub
X Ha that he ta now fully prepared to aAtomooo-
uate an in me way ot turalibing H.aea, Unggtei,
Had dlea and Harneaa, on the ahorteat notiee and
an reasonable terni. Heildenoeon Locutt itreet,
mnnvai lanu ana runrii.
UKO. W. OIARHART.
Ileerllold. Feb. 4, 1874.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
Alao, eitenalee manafaetarer and dealer In Ranare
Tl.l . I u . , L . .... . 1
,wm bum Dwew oaaaar at all atnde.
Ordera aollolud and all bllla promptly
8. I. SNYDER,
ARB BBALB1 la
, Watches, Clocks and Jewelry,
Oraiaa'a Am, Jbortel AVeel,
All kind! of repairing la By line promptly at-
enoea Ml. JaB. let, 1B7V.
fltarttfld InMtiranct .Iftnry.
JAMRl IRBB. CABBOLL L. IIODLB.
Repraaeattba folwwlaf aad ether tret-laet Ce'l
Llrrrpoel LeBdoa AS Olobe O. 8. Br.4t.H0l.Kl
Lyenalag na eautael Aeaah plane..... A.enil.tliO
I'baenii, of Hartford, Conn t,8?4,tlBS
Inauranee Co. of North America 8,t.1M74
North Brltlah A MereaaUle V. 8. Br 1,7,
"Wottl.h Ceatmerolal U. 8. Braaoh.... 879,146
Hal. now. 784.818
Traeelera (Life A Aeeideetl ,6i.4S
one oa Market St., app. Ceart Hoaee. Clear
leld. Pa. . Jaaa I, '78 tr.
West End Drug Store,
IN GRAHAM'S ROW,
(Half way betwrea Moaeop'e and Fleek'a
THl eaderelgaee baa epeaed ap a Drag Store,
wile e fall .apply of perfectly pure and
Ireaa Drago, Medirlaea, Cheaaleale and Tollel
Artielaa. Tbeee Droia haae eeea eeleeted with
great eare end are gaaraaleed to he perfeetly
pare aad reli.ble. 1 will giro my pereonal aitee
lloa ae I bla dmrtaaaat, aad wUI ebeerfetlr gtre
aay ad, tea aa4 la ten. at Ma ta regard aa medieuaea
free of akarge. DK. 1. 1. U1.
u lean aid. re. Doe. 1, laaa-u.
THE WINTEn SNOW.
Pimw to tlte nmici, ton to tit Iron,
Hnow like Mar ihuwrri thrnwn ou thn hrtrote,
Hnow like wbite iilniinrua fiimn; from the skim.
Now kifniox our eheak aa onward it fliea,
Nuw upaard borne on (be wild trtopcit'a wiog,
Nw melting in the air li to foam on a river.
Now iwelling the tiJo of unue er.vntal 'prlng,
Tb at fluwi to tbn ocean that fluwtth forever,
Nuw wrcitbing it white and beautiful loo It i
Around the hare Irowa of tbt furge-beaten rocki.
Now rfitlnjf awhile on a mountrtltioai oreit,
Nuw JiphiiIhok in dew ua the ouwd'i raiui breait,
Now failiiie miofl on a wild eiiitlo'i baok
Now blinding the oourae of tbo uiarioer'a track,
'"w Bteuvinx iue aairia oi a vapnroui fiioua
Nuw veilitiK the earth in a beautiful ibroud
Now rarltinr in dew on a fair l'lj lip.
Now lippinc where a luvcr mi;ht trtiuble to lip,
.-ow-ciHpiD) in uidiIi around ber brtKht balr,
rtow wuitnig m ouri on Bor lomneal m lair.
Ob, mow, mow, iparkling mow,
Ilorald of misery, hunger and wue,
Full many a w retell, mantled In ruga,
Mar pilbiw bin head on the i.tllowksm ftniri;
And lb" ilnrerlt'g beigar tuny halt in the itreet
A Dd in like tl-y niuutin tin cold i tiding ihett;
Hbivo ujcrcyi oh, bright ui spurkling now,
Have moruy oo tho who hiive no where to gn,
Ob, fir, fly awitv od thy while tilver wing,
And die on tbe busom of beautiful Spring.
A GOVERNMENT PROBLEM OF
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS STAND
ING, AND STILL UNSOLVED.
THE (iE.NTU.es STILL UNHAPPY.
'J'bu editor of tlio f'ltilaildiibia Rec
ord has flail a blank cartridge at
Moimonism. II ih i iu J mtiun reads
well, but he Btiggi'Htd no remedy.
Read what bo nays :
In ntU'iniitiiiL' to 8iiiiprc38 Mormon-
im on the ai.count ot tlio tixiMtence ol
liolynamy in Vlnb, Now Mexico, Wy
oming and t'lHowhei'u iu tlio great I'ur
Went tlio Civil (iovornnient is brotiL'bt
lace to litce with the momentous prob
lem ol 'ccclcsiiuttu ul utithonty and tbe
rights ot conscience. However patent
ly immoral or essentially irreligious
this inatitiilion ot'pluritl murringes may
tie in onr concepiitin til' it, there can
bo no doubt of the ginoerity of the
real ninhs of the iiiii-uided pooplo
who adhere to it. Apurl from Ibis
iimliiulioii, it must !c conceded that
-McirmiHiiHiii h.m a riht not only to
tolertitioii lint to Tirntoftion, t ith tbo
subject of primary and paramount al
legiance to rpirilual authority, no mat
ter how imperions its claims may be,
neither the Statejior the I'nion has any
warrant, in either written or unwrit-
law, to interfere. Government,
Local or National, ct.n properly deal
only with practical results. Actual
lull-actions of tbo regulations it estab
lishes for tho pence and order of soci.
ely and inr tbe security of the individ
ual may bo punished, but tlio civil
power can rightfully wnj,'0 no crusade
upon mere principles, tiowover mis
chievous in their tendencies and how
ever menancinpr by reason of being
thoroughly syslomattzcdund organized.
It litiwl wait lor some overt act. There
can be no persecution for opinions.
Kven the worst intentions nro not pun
ishable unless accompanied by aoiuo
attempt to execute them. Our law of
conspiracy is cavctully guarded against
abuse in tho hands of tbo magistracy,
anusomeluing must bo done in pur
suance of an unlawful combination bo
fore its participants become indictable.
Section 3 ot tbo fourth article of the
federal Constitution ompowors Con
gress to "make all needful rules and
regulations respecting tbo territory or
oilier property belonging to the United
states:' aim section 4 ol tlio same ar
tide prescribes that "tho United States
shall guarantee toevery Stato a Itepub
bean lorm ol Government. The first
of tho ten amendments, which became
operative almostconcurrentlv with the
adoption of the Constitution, declares
that "Congress hIiuII make no law re
specting an establishment ol religion
or prohibiting the free exercise thero-
of." A thoughtful consideration of
tlio scopo and import ol tbeso features
oi tno organic law ot tho l.iuon can
hardly lull to emphasize tho difficulties
and doubts which environ tho wholo
.Mormon question. Tho Territorial
"rules and regulations" must not be
such as to coutravone religious frue-
dom. Nor can conditions iiivolvini!
such interference bo justly aflixed to
tbo admission ot new states framed
from tho Terrilorios, provided tho plnn
ol liovernnient proposed lie Kepubli-
can in form.
It is a manifest nelilio prineivii to
aver that any specified system ol belief
and practice touching religious matters,
no matter bow monstrous or absurd,
is in tact irreligious, and therefore not
entitled to "true eiercise" as a religion.
The adoption hy the civil authority ot
of such a censorship of creeds would
be a direct step toward, a religious
"establishment." It would bo to in-
slilti to a religious test at once. Criteria
of this sort may ho formulated by a
Church, but not by the United Slates.
The attitude ot tho American polity
is one of entire impartiality, and indeed
neutrality, toward all professedly re
ligious sects. It does not undertake
to define what religion is, nor to mark
the boundaries beyond which lies irro
ligion. Tho rights of cotiBciunce and
the liberty ot opinion belong aliko to
the Catholic and those representatives
ot tho poles of religious thought, the
Agnostic, (.linstian, Jew ana ileist
are equal in tho presence ot our public
law. iietween I'.piscopuhan, i'rcxtiy
teiinn, Baptist, .Methodist, Unitarian
ana uuaker tho iVation makes nodil
fcrcnee, tbosgh the Stale may thus
discriminate if a sufficient majority of
its voters so ortlain. A limitation, dis
sent and negation as to tho dogmas of
theology stand upon the same piano,
An cnliro divestiiuro of failh, a com-
pleto denial of the sacerdotal, can bo
nut under Federal outlawry no more
than orthodoxy ot tlio mostpronounced
and conservative description.
As women, by somo strango and per-
vorso fatality, is in ono way or another
at tno nollom ot all tho troublo in tho
world, so in this Mormon imbroglio
tno Kernel ol tbo controversy is tho
question of wives. This tho Stato has
aa undoubted right lo regulato; but it
is a moot point whether such power
ran no constitutionally exercised hy
tno general Uovcrnmctit. W ives are
good thing, and vert' bandy to have
about tho house : but there may bo
too much ol a good thing. In none of
he llnrly co-lit Mutes ol the Union is
any male person allowed more than
ono wife at a time. All without cx
ecplion, have statutes against bigamy.
n ore u not lor the notable tact that a
great many mon tlo not marry at all.
and havo no desiro oven lor so much
as one wife, it might be suspected tbat
nvy nan something to do with tbo
urrent uncharitable feeltna toward
tbe many-spotiBod Latter- Day Saints.
Asa consideration of natural olhics,
usiraelly flowed, anil without regard
ecclesiastical ordinance or civic
statutes, a good deal may be said in
lavor either ul single or plural matri
mony. The circumstance that in civ
ilised countriua tbe number ol mon is
about equal lo that ol women might
be taken as an argument from Nature
in ho half of tho one wile plan, wero it
not for tho pur.iling fact that whero
the patriarchal system has been in
vogue tbo female sox preponderate ; tho
supply iu each case thus answering
tho demand. This interesting problem
of sociology may bo loll to the evolu
tionists to solvo. The polygamist can
claim that the Lovilical luw, which tho
leading Cliristain denominations have
adopted lrom Judaism, does not pro
hibit a plurality of wives. It may ho
furthermore allegod against monogamy
that it is almost universally supple
mented by tho social evil.
An apology for tho temporizing
courso ol tho Government toward
Mormonism lor tho last quarter of a
contury may bo roniid in tho intrinsic
difficulty of tho question. Polygamy
is as knotty as it is naughty. A bill
of indictment cannot bo framed to in
cludo au ontiro community. Prosecu
tions ot Individual polygamisls fail
through defect of necessary legal evi
dence or from the refusal of juries to
convict. For this it is not easy to do
viso a remedy. The timo is coming
whon something decisivo will havo to
be done ; but what that something is
no statesmanship has v'ct been able to
discover. Mcunwhilo Mormonism
marches on, and fixes its hold more
strongly with the lnpso of every hour
upon vast tracts ol our domain.
"CHEEK" AAV "CMC."
While a cortnin amount of cheek as
as well as chic is ossential to success,
particularly in tbe lino of tho profes
sions, it may bo questioned whether
tho assumption ol ability or knowl-
edgo is not occasionally carried so far
as to react disastrously upon the pros
pects of a young man's career. It is
true that merit does not always meet
with recognition, ar.d that tbo public
will not invuriahly find out thoso who
can best render tho vunoiiu kinds ol
service which men have occasion to
seek lrom their fellows. Modesty may
bo too extreme, and be who has an ex
cess of it often stands in his own light.
Since there is no inherent force in the
laculty or attainment that constitutes
litness for a Hpecial work to bring such
work and tho woikman by somo oc
cult reciprocal attraction together,
there must usually bo a blowing of the
trumpet in order to adviso tho world
whero to look in any particular case
for tho needed man. This blowing,
however, is a delicate and exceedingly
hazardous resort when tho man under
takes to do it in his own behalf llirect
sell-praise is universally doomed in tho
highest degroo undignified and inde
corous. A really proud and high-sonl-ed
man shrinks from anything ap
proaching it. ISoasting, even by im
plication, is repugnant to genuine self
respect, and tho spirit which induces
an indulgence in it is very fur from tho
temper of true self-assertion. It be
trays, morcovor, a lack ol senso. Men
take it everywhere as a badgo of weak
ness as well as of tolly. It acts as a
boomerang upon its purpose, begets
distrust and establishes a presumption
against tho uttoror tbat it Is exceed
ingly difficult, although ho may in fact
bo an nblo mon, to entirely overcome.
This is especially true as applied to
professional mon. There is no im
propriety whatever in a mau's staling
that ho is a good liorseshocr, u good
driver, or an expert woodsawyor or
bootblack, provided he tolls the truth
in saying so. But what would bo
thought of a person who should ullego
ol bimsclt that he was an able lawyer,
a superior physician or an eloquent
preacher l So lar as tho medical pro.
tension is concerned, it is, indeed, a dis
tinctive point of its ethics not even to
advertise in tbo newspapers. Special
ists do this sometimes, and lor that
very reason they oro lrcniiently mis
taken for quacks. The lawyer hangs
out his banner on tho outer wall of his
ofilco in the shapo of a sign annoiiuc
ing his name and calling, and he mat-
go so. far as to put a card to the same
oltect in some journal ; but tho clo. gy
man very seldom does so much as
Tbo very namo pretender has bo-
como the synonym ot a humbug. It
carries the idea ot falsity. There are
other kinds of pretence than bald, out
right sell laudation, shallow and hail
taught intruders into the hiL'licr voca
lions of lilo are rarely at a loss for
methods of pushing their claims for
notice. A temporary success may be
won in this way now and then, but it
soon comes to an ignoble end. If
person ot this sort happens to be a
lawyer ho is ready for the most part
to answer oil-hand tbe proloundost and
most complex questions in jiinsnru
donee. lie will never tell you be does
not know. A thorough master of tho
law is apt, on tho other band, to re
servo his decision on tho simplest point
inai may tie propounded to liim, and
to first verify his opinion by recurring
to the authorities before announcing
it. Tho young lawyer olten marvels
at the dullness of the Judgo who takes
several weeks lo decide a perfectly
plain case, when for himsolt tivo min
utes would be enough. It is thu suinn
way not infroiiuenlly with the medical
student in regard to his professors, and
in tho theological seminaries there aro
scores of fresh young men who clearly
comprehend tbo atonement, jttstiflca
tion by litith, predestination and free
will, tho problem of tho origin of evil,
and ail tno oilier doctrines and mys
teries that eminont divines havo res
tied with for tho last 18(10 years.
If tho community is to be disappoint
ed in a man it would see in to need no
argument to show that it would be a
great deal better for him for tho dis
covery to bo mado that he amounts lo
moro than ho was at first luken for
instead of less. J'hilailclphia Jircnrd.
What wb Meed. What wo want is
stronger men : not mon of more doli-
cato habits, or moro fastidious tastes.
W e want men of prophetic insight, and
proplictio earnestness, and prophetic
during men with something of tho
old prophetic flro. We want men of
clear head, and large hoarl, and strong
u mon ol resislless logic and low.
oring imagination ; and it lo all these
bo added tho ready hand and tho vig
orous arm, so much the better. We
want men with tho wroslling thews
which throw tho world. Wo want
men In be leaders of mon, not minis-
ten to the entertainment ol women.
Wo want men ot strong likos, and
strong dislikes, for do not thoso men
the intensity of forco with which they
ill engage in their work the amount
ol earnestness and energy they will
bring to it.
"Why, Bridgot," said her mistress.
wbo wished to rally the girl for the
amusement of her company upon tho
fantastic ornamenting of a plate of
butter. "Why. Dridget, did you tlo
this T Yon are quite an artist; how did
yon do it?" "Indade, mnm, it waamy
ell that did It," replied Urn I get. "l-n t
it pritty, mum f 1 did It with your fine
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
PA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 26, 1881.
A rillLADELMIii COOKERY
Tho Philadelphia) Times mentions
tho Cooking school lately started in
that city : 4
Mrs. S. T. Horor, toucher of tho Js'ow
Century Cooking school, gavo a practi
cal exhibition before a largo audience,
principally of mature housekeepers, at
tho Spring Garden institute, of the
advantages ol systoinatio culinary
work. Ik'foiutbe neatly-tUtirod blondo
lady and her rosy-chsaked auxiliary
mado thoir appearento, Mr. A. M.
Spanglcr delivered an amusing and at
the sumo timo instructive discourso on
tho work of skillful and unskilllul
housekeepers, When bo concluded
ono of his sullies amid :bo applauso of
bis hearers, Mrs. lioror. whiie-upronod
and whito-capped, stoppjd briskly for
ward, along with the ."'iplo-cheekod
yonn; assistant before Tfier.tloncd, and
settled right down tobusincht in amat-
ter-ol lact way.
airs. Jtorer rcmarKca: "it ivas tonir
ago said, 'Let mo make the songs of a
nation and I care not who nakes its
laws.' Wo say in thoso modcri times.
Let us make tho cooks of a nulon and
wo care not who makes its apttbeca-
rics. bbo said thai perhaps ai many
men wero driven lo tho dramsiop by
tho want of good living as (ran nuy
other cause. "If we wish to keep
tho man from tho dramshoj and
tho woman of the liouso Iron kill
ing herself with opium and cllorul,
wo must teach ber such ways o' pro
paring food as will mako it palatible."
What Mrs. lioror proposod to thow
by demonstration was the preparaion,
at prices as low us possible, of ktteles
Iroiu inexpensive tnatetmls as wej as
those ot u higher cost. Mr. Spanjler
hero remarked that tho ultimato ohoct
was tho starting ot a class in the iisti-
Lulo building or somo other placi, to
havo evening schools at a lower pice
I nun mo tiirard street school, tbo
oxpenso would bo five dollars an e'en-
ing lor tbo wholo, and tho moro lhat
joined the chcapor it would ha for
Mrs. Itorer then procooded will tho
practical part ol her lecture. There
was a handsome gas stove in tho fore
ground, closo by tho Btovo a table
upon which Iho materials were miigled
lor the various dishes, and in the lack
ground was a blackboard, givinp tho
proportions for each of the following
viands: Soup stock, pressed meas for
soup, bread mutton chops, potatopuirs,
snow pudding, bread, and two wtys ol
making, coffee. Tho last nainec she
explained hy using tho French per
colating process and tho old-faslioned
method of boiling. Tho produits of
these two systems were handed around
among tho audience, and tho general
verdict was in lavor of the Flench
When Mrs. lioror was cmphamzing
tno necessity ol bay loaves in the soup
a slock man aroso and inquired what
they wero. llo bad nover seen them
and presumed many others had not.
Mrs. Itorer said they decorated figs.
Tboy could bo bought inthosloros, and
a half pound, worth fourteen cents,
would last lour years. Two leave
wore to be used at a time. Hoto books
wero in requisition, buttho trouble ap
peared to bo that the lecturess spoke
loo rapidly. W hen it oamo to frying
mutton chops sho gave tho advice :
"Always suvo every litllo particloof
bread loll lrom tho table, Uuvo a box
to keep it in. Brown it well. .Xovor
buy cracker crumbs; bread answers
just as well."
"In breaking up egis, always add
water to the eggs if you are going to
dip anything into bread crumbs alter-
ward, they go twice aB tar.
"Always skim soup stock very care
fully. Grease is iinwholosnmo and
nauseating. Buttoral a high tempera
turo produces acids very injurious."
In frying tho mutton chops they
wero placed in a pertoratod sheet iron
basket arrangement. Somo in the au-
dienco saw that a very large amount
of lurd had boon melted in another
vessel upon tbo gas Btovo, Into which
tho pcrlorated ono was to bo dipped
Mrs. Itorer was asked why so much
lard was used. She said it was less
greasy by having lard enough to cover
the meat than having just a litllo, and
Ihe latter plan took double tho amount,
"So in thn old way of boiling coffee,"
remarked Mrs. Holer, "you bad to go
into tho garret to get the best ol It.
Tho advantage and economy of a
gas stove, especially iu hot weather,
wero set forth, and a few hits at tbo
gas trust wero interspersed. While tho
audience wero laughing Mr. Korer
withdrew, and Mr. Spungler mounted
a clittir and nsked how many tlesirod
to join tho class, itoni appeal unco
about half of tho audionco desired to
bo further inducted into tho mysteries
of cooking as it should be." Tho ladies
flocked upon the stago and sampled tho
cold preserved beet, the pudding anil
the potato putts.
U ORUO 11 a OF R USUI A .V EA1L E.
HOW SOME OP THE POOR VICTIMS LIVE
UNTIL llllIV'KN TO AlAUNEBS AND TO
A writer in tho London Standard
says : Un his arrival tho prisoner is
dnvon straight to the police ward,
where ho is inspected hy tho Ispravnik,
a polico ollicer who is absolute lord and
master ol tho district. Ibis represen
tutivo of tho government requires him
to answer the lidlowingqiiestions : His
name ? How old ? Married or single f
w hero Horn I Address ol parents, or
relations, or menus r Answers to all
which are entered in the books. A
solemn written promise is then exaotcd
of him that ho will not givo cssons of
any kind, or try to teach any ono ;
that every letter ho writes will go
through tho Ispravnik s bands, and
lhat he will follow no occupation ex
cept slioeniaking, carpentering or field
labor, llo is then told hois Iroel
but at the same time is solemnly warn
ed that should ho attempt to pass the
limits of tho town ho shall bo (hot
down like a dog rather than Ifo allowed
to escape, and should ho be taken alivo
shall bo sent off to Knslern Siberia
without lurthor formality than that of
the lspravnik's personal order.
I he poor fellow takes his little bun
dle, and, fully realising tbat ho bus
now bidden larewcu lo tno culture and
material comfort of his past life, ho
walks out into tho cheerless street. A
group of exiles, all pale and omaeialod,
aro there to greet him, take him to
somo of their miserable lodgings, and
feverishly demand news lrom homo,
Tho new comer gates on them as ono
in a dream, some aro melancholy mad,
others nervously irritable, and the re
mainder have evidently tried to And
solace in drink. They live in commu
nities of two and threes, have food, a
scanty provision of clothes, money, and
books in common, and consider it their
sacred duly to help each other in ovor)'
emergency, wilhoot distinction of sex,
rank or age. The nobis by birth gel
sixteen shillings a month lrom the gov-
ernment for their maintenance and
commoners only ten, although many
of thorn arc married, and sent into exilo
with young families. Daily a gen
darmo visils their lodings, inspects the
premises when and how ho pleases, and
now and then makes somo-mystcrious
entry in his note book. Should any of
iticir numoor carry a warm dinner, a
pair of newly-mended boots.or a chango
of linen to somo passing exilo lodged
for tho momont in tho polico ward, it
is just as likely as not marked nirainst
him as a crime. It is a crime to come
and sco a friend off, or accompany him
a littlo on tho way. In fact should tho
Ispravnik tool out ot sorts tho effects
of cards or drink he votos his bad
temper on tho exiles ; and aB cards and
drink aro tho favorito amusements in
thcBO dreary regions crimes are mark
ed do,wn against tho exiles in astonish
r.ig numbers, and a report of thorn sent
regularly to tho govornor of tho pro
Winter lusts eight months, a period
during which tho surrounding country
presents tho uppcarauco of a noiseless,
iitelcHS, frozen marsh no roads, no
communication with tbo outer world,
no means of escape I n courso of time
almost every individual exile is attack
ed by nervous convulsions, followed by
prolongod apathy and prostration.
I hoy begin to quarrel, and oven lo
hate each other. Some of thorn con
trive to forge false passports, and by a
miraclo, as it wore, make thoir escupo,
but the groat majority of thoso victims
ol tho Third Soclion cither go mad,
commit suicide, or dio of delirium tre
mens, their history, when tho timo
comes for it to be studied and publish
ed, will disclose a torriblo talo ol human
suffering and adminlsteiiul ovils and
shortcomings not likely to find their
equivalent in contemporary history of
any other European Stato
MORE COUA' TO THE ACRE.
Tho farmers in tho Middlo and At
lantlo States, says tho Germantown
Telegraph, aro beginning to study out
tho expediency of raising morocoreals
to the aero than tboy havo borotoforo
boon doing. They soo vory clearly
that it can be done, and in the case ol
maize or Indian corn, especially so. It
is true lhat tho labor bestowed will be
somewhat greater; but when they con
sider that a vory largo portion of this
labor is done with machinery, it does
not present tho snmo drawback that it
did lormorly. Besides, thoro is no
crop that shows tho benefit of good
culture so much as corn. H cannot
stand well iu its own dolence against
tho rapid growth of a multitude of
greedy, rampant weeds ; hence its
gratiludo when tlio invading enemies
aro thrust out, and it is allowed to go
on us way rejoicing.
In referring to a heavy yield of corn
growa by Xathan (i. Pierco, in Mary
land, during tbe year just closod, ho
furnishes for publication tho statement
that one hundred and ten bushels wero
tho product por aero, or rather that
number of bushels, allowing seventy
tivo pounds of ears to equal one bushel
of shelled corn. But to remove ull
causes for cavil, he sets down tho not
yield, notwithstanding this allowance,
ut ono hundred bushels per acre. This
seems to bo a liberal ostimato, and
farmers in general will no doubt admit
it to bo so. Ilis modo of culture is to
plow tho ground, which was a gravelly
loam, about tho firHt of May, harrow it
in the usual manner, and treat it to
nine hundred pounds of a standard fer
tilizer por aero ; again well-harrow tho
land, make the rows three feet apart,
then a "small amount" of fertilizer
scattered in each row, and on May 10
drop three grains of corn (tho Lost
Nation variety) two feet apart iu the
rows ; cultivate and hoo tho crop four
times, cutting out ono of tho three
plants and removing all tho suckers
and weeds until tho timo arrives for
cutting and removing to tho barn for
Tbis ib only what every good farmer
ought to bestow upon a crop of corn.
There is nothing out of tho way about
it At all ; henco, thoro is no lust reason,
with an ordinarily favorable season,
that tho result should not be the same,
in tho production ol the crop generally.
now to has thermom
eters. "Old Weathercock" writes to tho St.
Paul Pioneer-Prat : "There seems to
be so many erroneous notices among
the amateur meteorologists ot tho city
about minimum temporntiiro of the
twenty lour hours, and how to obtain
it correctly, that a few lines lrom an
'old woathorcock,' I trust, will not bo
altogether lost. In the nrst place, then
tho temperature of tho wall of any
hour of Iho night or day, is not the
true temperature of the circulating air
and is ot no tiso to science. A wood
wall radiates its heat moro rapidly than
a brick or a stone, and tho amateur
scientist who hangs his thermometer
on a wood wall can force bis mercury
down below tho amateur who selects a
brick wall. Tho proper way to ex-
posoyotir thermometer is to surround
it with a light wood frame covered
with slats, liko shutter work, and roof
cd over. This will protect it from tho
direct rays ot tho sun and reflected
heat. Kun a light wood bar across the
centre of your instrument shelter, to
which you can attach thermometers,
which should be, when properly ex
posed on tbo north side ol tho building,
and tho thermometer at least one foot
from all objects. II these directions
aro followed, erroneous reports of ex
tromo cold weather will not find thoir
way into print so often. It is not a
very lunny thing for tho press lo ro
port 2(iQ below scro, when 15 repro-
sentstho tomporatureol the circulating
air. It gives persons abroad wrong
impressions ol your climate.
Weslkt'b Wit. A dovotod Metho
dist, it Is said, asked John Wesley what
be thought as to his marrying a cer
tain woman well known to both, Wes
ley advised him not to think of it.
W by, said tho other, "sho is a mem
ber of your church, isn't she?" "Yes,"
was tho reply. "And you think she is
truly a Christian woman V "Yos,"
said Wosloy, "1 believe she is." "Woll,
then why not marry ber?'' "Uecauso,"
replied Wesley "because, my friend,
the Lord can livo with a great many
poopio mat you and i ran l.
It was in a restaurant the other
night that a waiter was apologising fur
the dilapidated stato of his napkin.
"Don't mention it," responded tho cus
tomer, sadly. "1 don't mind tho boles
in tho least. That part of your napkin
is always sure to bo clean." And for
tho next ten minutes nothing could be
heard but the butter combing its hair
out in the pantry.
A bashful young clergyman, rising
to preach for the first time, announced
bis text in thiswise; "And Immedi
ately the cork wept and Petor went
out and crew bitterly."
XEW RAILROAD DEPOT.
THE HANDSOME AND COMPLETE STRUCT
IRE THAT IB TO UK ERECTED IN
Thudesignsfor tlicoxtcriorof the new
passengor station ol tho Pennsylvania
uailrcad Company, at tho corner ot
Merrick and Filbert streets, indicate
that it will be oneoi the most imposing
structures in Philadelphia, mid the
plans for the interior assuro passengers
that nothing will bo left undone wiiicb
can add to their com lor I and conven
ience Tho company owns tho ontiro
squaro, which fronts dllb tect on Mer
rick street, and rrfns back 123 feet to
I'll teen th street. Iho station will oc
cupy tho corner of Merick and Filbert
streets, with a front P.I3 feel on Mer
rick, bo that it will cover nearly two
thirds of -the equaitK It will he nf
four Btories, with a tower over 100
feet in height on each corner. Tbe
stylo of tho architecture is Gothic and
the material entering into tho con
struction of tho outer walls pressed
brick, ornamental brick and terra
cotta tho latter furnished by tho
Perth Amboy Terra Cotta Company,
and of a color similar to fire brick. The
tiso of terra cotta will admit of a great
deal of simple ornamentation in tho
columns and tho different floors will bo
marked by lines of fancy brick,
Tho first floor will be occupied by
tho inward and outward baggage
rooms, and tho ticket offices, of which
there will bo two, ontirely distinct
from each other ono for local and the
otbor for through passongors an ar
rangement that will materially shorten
tho delays ol local passengers, who
aro generally in search ot information
both as to routes and timo. highly
four feet of tho width of tbo building
will be given to throo passage woys,
two twenty loot wide and ono twenty
lour feet. Passengers arriving in car
riages will drivo directly into tlio build
ing, and alight in front of tho stair
way leading to the waiting rooms ou
tho secontl floor. Tboy will procure
thoir tickets and tho baggago will bo
deposited in tbo baggage room at tho
corner of Fifteenth and Filbert streets,
which will bn arranged so as to bo ap
proached from throo sides. Two stair
ways, eleven feet wide, will lead to tbo
second floor, but two elevators will be
running constantly to accnininoduto
thoso who find even a single short
flight of stairs too much. Tho lower
story will be sixteon feet high. Arriv
ing passengers will leave the station
on tho opposite side, descending to the
I street by u singlo broad flight of stairs
into a lobby thirty foot by thirty-two,
from which they will reach Merrick
street through tho southern entrance.
Tho two stairways, divided by tho
ticket ollico, converge at a landing
half way up, and lend to the general
waiting-room, through which all pas
songors will pass ou their way to
tho trains. This is a spacious room
51 feet in width by 80 in longth, with
a lolly ceiling ot glass, tho altitude of
the room being 44 feet. An abrupt
turn to tno leu on entering tbo
general waiting room will conduct
ladies lo tho ladies waitine-room
which, with the dining-room will oc
cupy the entire tront of the second
floor. Tho ladies room is of tho sumo
length ns tho general waiting-room
but zuiect in width, with a private
room opening out of it on the Filbort
street corder, 2uxlC. Adoor from the
ladies' room leads lo the dinintr-room
which is of tho same width and only
eight leet shorter than the general
waiting room. Entrance to thedining
room win do had trom tho general
waiting-room through tho restaurant
at tho lurthor end, opposite tho main
entrance. In tho rostaurant, 23 feet
wido by 01 long, will bo a lunch conn
tcr, with small tables opposite. Tho
news stand and telegraph ofilco will be
on either side ol the entrance. Tho
height of the second story is 31 feet,
the general waiting-room being two
stories in height. Tbo third and lourth
stories will bo mainly devoted to the
offices necessary for tho Confpanr'e
officials, and they will bo reached by a
ganery running around tho waiting
room. Tho kitchen will, however, oc
cupy a large part of the spaco towards
Market Btreet, and a private elevator
win connect it with tho ground floor.
Hack of tho restaurant will bo a lartro
barber shop, 17x31 feet, and ovor that
will bo halh-rooms, where passengers
win una an me conveniences ot a room
in uny hotel, and will thus ho spared
the inconvenience ofgoingtoany hotel
for no other purpose tipin to take a
bath and make a chango of clothes.
Over tlio restaurant will bo private
Four entrances with wide doors will
afford tho means of communication
with Ihotrainshed, tho lobby between
tbo doors and tho gates being forty
leol. An ornamental iron bridge
across Filtcenth street will mnrk the
head of the train houso, and tho rear
end ot tho trains will como lo tho east
ern line of tho street. Tho train shod
itself will bo somewhat liko that of
West Philadelphia, with eight tracks,
but closo together undor one roof with
two urches. Tha shod extends one
square from Fifteenth to Sixteenth
stroet.aud tho walls aro fifteen feet high.
The exterior of the shed will bo faced
brick, but tho interior will bo finished
with ornamental brick.
Tho plans drawn for tho station
wore designed by Wilson llros. A ;,.,
under the direction of Joseph W. Wil
son, engineer of bridges and buildings
oi tno l ennsyivnnia uaitroad, and the
worn oi construction is proceeding
under tho supervision of William 1L
Brown, engineer ol maintenance of
way. The cost will be about a quarter
of a million, cxclusivo of tho ground.
It is probable that tho 1st of May will
see the work completed.
While every American has heard of
Mount Vernon, probably not ono in a
hundred knows whence it derived the
namo. J heunlorttinato uukool lion-
moulli had a privato Secretary named
Vernon, a prudent, sensible man of
business, who, alter the Duke's death,
found favor in influential quarters, and
under William 111. became Secretary
of Slate, llo left a son, Edward, born
lC8t, who, greatly against his lather's
wishes, entered tho Navy, and, serving
ilh early distinction, rose to tho ran
of Admiral. In 1722 ha was re
turned to tho House ol Commons, and
having, in July, 1739, declared there
the Perto Ucllo might be reduced with
six soil of tho lino, and that be would
stake bis lilo and reputation on the
success of the expedition, ho was sent
off with a squadron to do it, succcdrd,
and gave his men 110,000, which had
just arrived to pay the Spanish troops.
On returning home, he received the
thanks ol both Houses and the free
dom of tha City ol London. From
tbat day, however, his star declined.
An expedition to Carthagena, made
two years later, slgnslly failed. Rmol.
TEEMS $2 per annum in Advance.
SERIES-V0L. 22, NO. 1,
lett, at that timo a IS'uval Surgeon,
accompanied the fleet, und bus told
tho story of it in "liodorick Random,"
whore ho compares Vernon nnd Gen.
Wontworth who commanded tho aux
iliary land force, to Cicsur and Pom
Pey. "Tho one," he says, "would not
brook a superior, whilu tho other was
impatient of an enual : so that between
the pndo of one and tho insolence of
the other the enterprise miscarried."
It was in the land forco ulCarthagena
that Lawrence Washington, George's
eider brother by fourteen years, had
served, and opparently ho esteemed
Vernon, as he gavo his namo to his
uouso on tbo Potomac and procured
a midshipman s appointment for Geo.
hut his mother's interposition ulti
mutely provontod tho boy's availing
himself of it, albeit sho hod at first
Men laugh at their wives if they
display a tendency to movo tho furni
ture about ut intervals, making a radi
cal change iu the appearance of a
familiar room ; but tho impulse is a
natural ono. A distinguished physi
cian has said that 'it is wise and whijlo
some to break the uniformity of decora
tion from limo to timo, however simple
it may bo ; it is wholesome not less to
tho hotly than to tho mind.' A
woman passes so much of her timo in
tho houso, sho needs tho harmless
stimulus dorived from these slight
changes. Thoro is a relief to her
mind from the monotony of her daily
round of sweeping, baking, dish-wash-
ing, etc. e rejoice in tbo impetus
winch decorativo art has received and
which makes itself felt in tho most
modest household, if nothing more
than the variety and beauty of dishes.
It is suggestive and pleasing to put a
Cinto butter plato in tho shapo of a
green leaf or a pansy at each plate
and to put cheese and pickets ou the
pretty majolica plates lfffido especially
for them and to adorn tho table wilb
tho flower decorated dishes which arc
dainty enough for a King and cheap
enough for ulmost anybody. It is a
fact easily vciilied that it docs not tire
ono holt so much to wash, wipe nnd
put away a wholo China tea set as it
docs to treat in the same way halt tbo
ntimlaM' ol common 'every day dishes.
Anything which makes a woman's
work pleasant helps her in its perform
How OiMLM is Made. A letter from
Uindoostan savs that opium, which is
there made, is received from that poo
plo. Each nativo has about three-
quarters of an acre of ground. Ills
nuiito aiv mn. unti no mcs iu a most i
..-,. ,..i ,. ? !
jMiiuanu oo io. in tiuiiuair or rco-
rtiary tho plant comes to maturity ; in
that stato tho pods aro lanced in the
aftornoon. Tho opium is allowed to
exude till next morning, when
it is careiuny taken oil by an iron
scrapor. At the samo time procau
tion is exercised to close the incisions
by running tho flngor over tho cuts,
About fivo or six incisions stiflico for
the drawine of the iuico. Tho opium
is placed in brass vessels, slightly tilled,
so as to drain off' the dew or any othor
watery substanco. it ib then manipu
lalcd and placed in now earthen ves
sels, and iB thus kept till it is brought
to tho weighing stations and sold to
tho I'.uglisu government officers. At
ter tho opium has been weighed and
filled into separate jars according to its
quality, they aro sealed up and des
patched to tho factory, where all tho
opium is again mixod up to a cortain
consistency, and made into balls ready
for exportation and salo at Calcutta.
MoPF.itN Snoiirery. Doos her own
work? Does she? What of it? 1
it any disgracof Is she any less of a
true woman, less worthy of respect.
than she who sits in silks and satins
and is vain of flngors that nover labor ?
o listened to this answer a few days
ago, unu ino tono in which u was ut
tered betokened a narrow, itrnoble
mind, better fitted for any place than a
country w nose uiBti lu lions rest on lion
orablo luboras ono of the chief corner
stones. It evinced a falso idea of the
truo basis nf society ol truo womanhood,
of genuine nobility, llshowed the de
testable spirit of citsto, of rank, which
a certain class aro trying to establish
tt casto whoso solo foundation is
money, ami is tho weakest kind ol
rank known to civilization. Mind,
manners, morals, all that entors into
a good character, aro of no account
with theso social snobs; position in
their stilted ranks is bought with gold,
and each additional dollar is another
round in the ladder by which elevation
Mrs. Pa un r i.i,. The mother of Par
noil, tho Irish agitator, who is the
dau.;hlur of Commodore Stewart.
"Old Ironside," of the American navy,
resides in jow Tork, and is President
ot tho Ladies' Land Tongue of that
city. Her daughter, Lucy Parnell,
is a young lady remarkable for
her brightness and great loreo of char
actor, and an intelligent and vigorous
writer. Ono of hor sons is a (leorgia
planter, but is temporarily in New
A New Haven brute saturated cot
ton with alcohol, tied it to a dog's tail
nd then set lire toil, i hedog started
on a run to go under the brutes burn.
I ben it didn t seem so funny to tho
bruto. He madly howled at tho dog
and ran atlor him, but before he could
overluko the animal it got under the
barn, but somehow tho cotton went
nut and didn't set tho barn on fire.
This was poetic justice. Barn was in
sured for twice its value. ifoifoit Tost.
The young people liad just sottlcd
down in their now houso and hod en
gaged a very capablo servant. At the
third breaklast the husband, who was
a railroader, said : "My darling, why
are all those hairs In thn bash f &he
replied: "Pet, It is only a misplaced
"Clara Hi lie is now writing up men's
clothes. Aj. That's all right, provid
ed "writing" is spelled another way.
Men's clothes olten need righting sp,
by sewing on buttons, mending the
pockets, and so forth ; and it is woman's
work to right them up. Norristoan
Toil por It. If yeu want knowl
edgd you must toil iui tl; il food, yon
must toil for it ; and il pleasure you
must toil for it. foil is the law. Pica
are comes through toil, and not by
sell indulgence and indolence. When
one gels to lovo work his life is a hap
py ono. ,
Washington always returned tho sa
lutoof bis slaves. "Sir," said a gen
tleman one day, "do you descend to
salute a slavo T " W hy, yes," answered
the General, "1 cannot suffer a man
of his condition to exceed ms in good
UY H. L. KcQUOWN.
Tbo public schools of DuBois borough
son lids well.
Those Influences which are at work
doing llie moat good are silent Influ
J. A. Johnson succeeds Mr. J. M.
Postlethwait as Principal of the schools
of DuHois borough.
The. West t'lcarllcld public school
will givo a literary entertainment on
Friday evening, January 2Stb.
Every teacher who desires to im
prove in tho line ot bis profession, will
ho lound ut out Local Institutes.
All pupils who attend school every
day ol the term will have their namo
published in Iho "Boll of Honor."
Miss F.llu Bulslon, ol Warrior's Murk,
Pa., has been appointed teacher of
Ohio school, in Decatur township.
Mr. William Solders, toaehorof Cioss
Koads school, iu Btirnsido township,
is seriously III with tho typhoid fever.
ltrady township and l)u Hois schools
received our timo and attention hist
week, and this week Gulich ond Bco
caria aro being served.
Women aro now eligiblotothooftloe
of School Director, und have been
chosen to that honorable position in a
number of tbo counties of tho State.
Dr. J. W. Potter, President ol tho
Covington township School Board, wo
are informed, haa t,t.vu -ota.ivil t Lie
homo with illness lor Bomo weeks past.
Hon. Henry Ilouck is one of the
finest Institute instructors in the State
ol Pennsylvania, and is a gentleman of
tho highest typo.
Miss A unto Hughes, teacher ot Cen.
tro school, in Decatur township, has
been seriously ill for tho past month.
Sho is new recovering.
Tbo press of tho county has done
much lor our educational interests dur-
ng tho past year. It is ono of tho ac
knowledged agoncies in moulding pub.
to sentiment, and only the observer
can realize the influence it exerts over
Hon. Henry Ilouck has been Deputy
Stato Superintendent for a period of
oui teen years, Jlc has attended ahuul
twenty-livo Institutes annually, and
has un experience in school uilairs
without a parallel. Let all bear him
when bo vit-ils our county.
Our visitations lor tbe week ending
January 15th, were conlincd to Knox,
Jordan and Boccaria townships. Wo
visited 15 schools, traveled 75 miles,
met (J patrons in tho schools. William
A. Bloom and Bobert M. Johnson, di
rectors, accompanied us.
Tho I.titliersbiirg Primary school.
taught by Miss Ella Moore, iB flourish,
ing nicely. There wero -49 pupils en
rolled during last mouth, with an aver
ago attendance of 44. The friends of
education and parents aro kindly in
vited to visit this school.
Since November 1st, we havo visited
1 HI schools, spending, on an overage,
I I hours in each school. In doing this,
wo havo traveled Gjtl milos. Twenty,
seven Directors accompanied us. in
i,-,- . j . n. ,
addition to this, we wrote 117 official
letters, and did au unusual amount ot
A correspondent informs us that
Brady township school teachers were
exceedingly kind to their pupils about
tho holidays. Christmas trees wore
provided for tho pupils of Coal Hill,
Schindcle, liadaker and Troutvillo
schools. This mark of rospect on the
part ot the teacher was highly enjoyed
by tho pupils.
Circulars have been mailcj to all
tho teachers and directors of tho county,
giving particulars of the sories of In- :
slitutes to bo held in the county dur
ing tlio second wock ot February. We
havo thought it best to dovote ono
week to Inslituto work, and then con
tinuo our visitations without interrup
tion. We hope tor the honrty corpor
ation of all teachers and directors iu
order that this effort may be fraught
with good results.
Speak kindly in tlio morning, it will
lighten all tho care of the day, turn
sorrow into gladness, make household,
professional und all other affairs move
along moro 6inootbly, giving peace to
tho ono who thus speaks, and grateful
joy to him wbo hears. Speak kindly
at the evening hour, lor it may be lhat
before tho dawn of another day, some
tenderly loved ono may finish his or
her span of life for this world, and then
it will bo too Into to retract an unkind
word, or even to seek forgiveness for
an injury inflicted upon the heart of a
lovijd friend departed. (iVo. J'. Smith.
Tho Local Committcoat Now Wash
ington i making duo provisions for
tho Institute to bo held at that place,
Friday and Saturday, rebrnary 11th
and 12th, Although it will bo impossi
hlo for Mr. Ilouck to bo tbero, his
place will bo filled by eminent educa
tors from other places. New Wash-.
inglon is a good place lo hold an In
sliluto, and wo aro nf tho opinion that
tho coming ono will bo lor in advance
of any yot held. Tho members ol tho
Committee appointed are putting lorth
all their onergies to mako it a success
ful meeting. Wo know they will
SOME Tllot HUTS.
1. If you would havo no drones in
your school, talk at each recitation to
tho dullest in your class, and uso all
your ingenuity in endeavoring to make
him comprehend. 1 ho others, then,
will tie sure lo understand.
Mako each exercise as attructivo
as possible. Think out your methods
betoreband, and tlliistrato freely.
J. Cultivate soil-control ; never be
led into contusion, and abovo all be in
4. Bo cheerful and milt often. A
teacher with a long faco casts a gloom .
over everything, and eventually chills
young minds and closes young hearts.
o. Usu simple language whon you -
explain lessons. Long words are
thrown away in tne scuooi-room.
6. Thoroughly test each pnpil on '
the lesson, and do not be afraid of re
petition. Iteview every doy.or much
will bo lost. '
7. Do not try 4to leach foe mucA; .;
better teach a little and leach it Kelt.
8. Endeavor to make your pupils '
understand tho meaning of what they
study. Probe tho matter to iho bot
tom, and gol at tho real knowledge of
;i. Cultivate the understanding, and
do not appeal directly to the memory.
iu. i.ay the loundation ot knowlcdgo
firmly and woll. ,
tl. Impart right principles and lead
your pupils to a higher level, to a noblor
range ot thougtit. Endeavor to ac
complish all that skill, intelligence, and
lovo can suggest.
What aow yoa do haow not
Hat thai! hereafter heow,
Wb.a tbe eeed whlra yoa are Bowleg
To a whitened laid ahall grew.
'Tl, a Tick yoang eoll you're tilling,
Thoa era' ter the good eeed well i
Of the wealth of Ihe goldea harreet
Kleratty will I.I I. '
12. Teach your pupils to light man.
fully in lbs warfare of good against
evil, truth against error, and, above all,
let the eternal principles et right and
wrong govern your own life, and form .
a ri of your own character. If you
do this, you will "sow beside all waters,-' '
and eventually bring homeyoarsheaTes
rejoicing." Maine Ed. Journal.