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priLlfMBD BTIBT WBTHriaDAY, AT
NTAHLIftiIKU IN I H t .
ru laitft (MreuUtloit or any Newapapar
In Nartb CentraJ FeunaylvaDl.
Terms of Sabscription. .
tr io advance, or within e nontha.M.99 (Ml
If a ii after .1 and before monthi 9 60
(.t)4 attar tbe eipiratioa of Month... 3 Oil
Rates ol Advertising,
Tr ,nint ndrertieoinenU, per iqnaraof lOHneior
cm, 3 titnei or leaa $1 60
Ki.r ch njbsqun1 inaertlon
triiioiftrnt.iri' and Uxeoutrri' noticea.. t 6t
Auditor' nnticK I i
C iutiim and Ktmyi 1 60
lHf)!ution notice... I 00
l-.ifeiiionl Cardi, 6 tinea or lM,l jeer..., ft 00
t'fftl noticei, per line tO
I ( piar 00 I I col w mo b 00
I r'lfare... )& 00 I i odumaM TO 00
S fitir-rea 30 00 1 eolouiB- 150
0. D. GOODLANDER,
11:1:7s Clcartielil. P.
J J. LIXGLE,
..A T T O It N E Y - A T -LA W,
Ids Phlliptburg, C entre Co., Pa. y:pd
JJOLAND D. SWOOl'K,'
ATTOKNKY AT LAW,
CurwcDrville, Clearfield oonnly, Pi.
oct. I. ': if.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
4Cffiii in lite Opr HoiIIa. - potf, '7H tf.
r:. & W. BAKUKTT,
ArroRNitys a!u Counhk.lobs at Law,
Jnt.u.rj JO. IS78.
ATTOttNEY AT LAW,
jpT" nflln one dimr rait uf Shiir Hoone,
r.M. M. McCUiiLOUU!!,
ATTOKNKY AT LAW,
(tfR.-a in MafCB.fl truilding, Second Hr?t. np
oiif) the Court llciusa. Jt?ft.'78 If.
LAW. & COLLECTION OFFICE,
t'li-arf'pl l Ci'jnt.T, Pt'no'a. 76;
ATTOUNEY AT LAW,
lifr:,'e in 0)rra llowf. ep lS.-lj
IMITIT v. wrLsox,
Cl.f.AIIFIKI.1), . - PK.NN'A.
rVJ'Office to the M.u. oil BulMine;. orrr lh.
r,uni; Nriiuiiul I'.ank. n.Brl'4 ml.
nil.l.lAN L. WALIitR. DAVID k. R BR BR.
uRwr r. wALLAca. jimin w. araiflLar.
II r ALLACB Si KKEHS,
I j (Suieeaiiuri lo Wallftow A Pieliinjc,
A T T OR N K Y S - A T - L A V ,
I . 1 7T Clcarllcl.l, Pa.
AITOKNUY AT LAW,
'''!irv uv.r ilid Ci'untr NA!it,ail Djuk
June 2A, 7Htf.
!. H. Ul RI'.Ar.
JUliKAY & UOULON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
,vf-tnj,e in l'io'i Prra lluu.r, iweud fioor.
riLUAU A. II AOEIiTY,
.4 TTOIVS-K I'-A T- LA II
oPflCK over T. A. Plerk Co.'i Klore,
COWill aiiefid to all legl builne.a with
frumjaoeM uad liiielli. r.bilill.if.
".lari b. m'bnallt. daribl w. N'ooaor.
cEN'ALLY 4 iloCUiiDY
rr-CT-Lrafral butinei attandud to proiaptly wlthj
OlBca ub Socond itreet, abgye ih Pint
Nuiiniirtl Uunk. JB:t:70
i DISTRICT ATTORNEY,
All leel Im.innx rntra.ti J lo til. eere will re
rrive ,,riiapt atlenlloo.
aTl)ln'e in lh Ci'Uit lli.uao.
O. K. I.VMKR,
A I' T O R N E Y - A T - L A V ,
Reel K.tate and Collectioa Agent,
Will proinbllv attend to all legal buiinae, aa
trnt.,l ti hie ear.
Artr-llllce la Pie'i Opera ll .nro. Janl'T".
JOHN h. CUTTLR,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
..n Hral r.elaia Ageut, llcarflcld. Pa.
liri.-. ob Ibtrd itreet, bet.Cberrj A Walnat.
a-ar Keipeotfoliy offera bl lerfteea In telling
anj buying landa Ib OlearAeld and adjoining
f UBtlea and with aa eiperteneeoi OTer twenty
v ara e a aarTayor, flatter bltnielf that he eaa
r-rt'lor lattafaeltoB. I Feb SS:3:lf,
R K. M. SCnEURER,
Off! or la rrfldtnce on Flrit it.
April 24, 1873. ClrarAflll; Pa.
TR Y. A. MEANS,
PJIYSICIAN A SURGEON,
DI'B0I3 CITY, I'A.
Will attend profeialonal oall promptly. angl0'70
JJIt. T. J. IIOTER,
IIIYSICIAN AND S U K O K O N ,
lil.ie m Market Street, ClearBeld. Pa.
'r-Offica hunri: I to 13 a. and 1 to p. .
yyi. J. KAY Y RIG LEY,
ffarOfflo adjoinlag the re'ldenno of Jtmet
Wri'lee, K.., oa Beeoad ol, Cli.r0.IJ, Pa.
Q C. JH.VKIN3, M. D.,
I" 1 1 Y S I C I A N A N I) S C G E O N ,
iifteoa at re.ld.neo, aoraeror Stela and Pile
"le. Jab tit, lUI-tf.
JR. a. B. VAN VALZAII,
'FK'K IH imiDFrtlir, CORNER Or FIRST
AND PIN H STRRKTrt.
0k hi'Bra- froai II to t P. M.
May II, l7o.
Jjlt 1. 1 UUltCUFIKLI),
Late Sargeot of the Ml koglaeil. PeaaiilranU
ValaBUara, bating roieraee froai lha Ana,
e'er, hla prefaatloaal larrleee lo UeelUiea.
rrofeavtBal aallt proaplly BWeaded ta.
tooead fWooi. bemortyooled by
w-Weodk (aprt,'4 u
GEO. B. GOODLANDEB, Editor 4 Proprietor.
VOL. 55-WIIOLE NO.
ion pmsriNi; ur evkiiy dkscrip
I .inn neatl. x.34 .1 t tl
We have printed a large number of the new
PEE BILL, fcpd nil) od the rwrsipt of twenty
0 iwnr mail pv t ny addr
ILLIAM M II EN KY, Justice
Of TBI PBACB AND SmtTKIIKK. L I'M. IKK
CITY. Collection! nade and n.ony prtiirpily
paid oer. Article! of ifritmfDt Aii'l decda ol
eonreyanoe aeatly ixruU.f end warranifd cor
rant or no r barge, fiyy'li
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Juatle oj the Puoi Mid Bcrlvent-r,
tMawCollMtnnt made and
'" ((ikuhd r. o.j ---
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
FOR II El. I. TOWJIItllll1.
Ma; t, IHT8-I ,
Square Timber & Timber Lnnds,
jll'7l Cl.KARFIKLD. PA.
Land Surveyor and Civil Engineo
itAll bti.inrai will be atteaJe ti ,romitlr
Dro IS, 18H ly.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
ipeiM'lll eierote jobi in hie lint rirtinit!y and
U a workmanlike manner. .fr4,117
17 KAN K FIELDING '
WILLIAM a riKiLER,
No. 17lh, 1S0 If.
JOHN A. STADLER,
DAKER, Market bt., CIvAff.rl.l, Pa.
Freeh Brevl, Ruak, llolll, Pie and Cnkr.
od hand or tuaite ta order. A general aMcrttnenl
or Coufactinnarles, Frulu aod Nate in eturk.
le C'reaio and Oy.lere in eeaion. SalocD ocarlj
ifilfieit the Poeludi. Prieef moderate.
WEAVER & BETTS,
Real Esta!e, Square Timber,Saw Legs,
AND 1 1' Alb UK OF AIL KINDS.
VOffioa ob Keotid ptrcat, la raar of tore
rt'-'ia or Uaoro Wraver A Co. Janlt 'JS if.
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
Oaoaola Mill, P. O. '
All official batlnae antrailed to him will he
pri'oiptl; attended to. moh2ll, '74.
BARBKH AND IIAIKUKHbBKH
Shop on Market St.. oppoiit Court Huoia.
A clean towal for every curlomer.
Alio dealer in
Het llranda of Tiibatro and C'ara
lft1lr, P. wt HI, -
JAMES H. TURNER,
JU81I;B OF TUB PEACE,
M allaretou. Pa.
Jtror-IW hat prepared hiinielf with all Ibe
niwi-arj blank firtm noder ibe PrBaluo and
ll-funty lawi, aa well blank Leetl, ele. A I
Iraral mat tan enlraited to bi ear will rreelve
prutnpt aitenllea. ilay 7tb, Ift7'.'-U.
Market Kiraet, Cluarlteld, Pa.,
HAarpACTpaia adb dhalbb ii
Harnett bridlet, Saddles, Collars, and
AtAU kiadi of repairing promptly attended
to. tiaddleri' Hardware, Horae Brutbu, t'eir
Cum!, Ac, always on band and for aale -i ibe
lweteh prtoe. March IV, Iftftt.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NBAR CLEAKFIKL.D, f KNN'A.
MVomp alwaya on hand and made to order
n abort notioe. Pipea hurod on reaionable lerrna.
All work warranted to reader atifactton, and
delivered il deiired. my3d:lyid
C IIOl'.M A kl N(. I hereby Infom my pa
troni, and naDKlnd in general, that 1 have
rftnnved my ho making ebi to tho ron tn
t.rahom'a row, over li. I. Hnyder'a jewelry itore,
and that I am prepared to do all hinria of work
ib my line cheaper than any other t6p tn town.
All work warranted a g d aa ean he lne any
where elae. Pnei lively tl.it ta the cht-npet hup
in Clvarueld. ' JU.-S. 11. OhhltlNu.
Deo. II, 18,8 tf.
rlHB anderalgaod hogi leate ta Intorm thepab
X It aat he ia aow fully prepare" to accoumo.
date all la the wayof furniihiog U..aaa, Hureiri,
rjaddlea aod Harneaa, on the ahorteal Dot lor and
to naaonable termi. Ret id en o on Locaat ftreet,
eetweon iniro and rounn.
UKO. W. UEAK1IART.
"l.arSald. Feb. 4.
THOMAS H. FORCEE
Aleo, ezteBBlTO nanafa'tarar and dealer Id So, Bare
liBDar aatl Hawed LaBtDorot all Blade.
"Orderl eolleited aad at! hille promptly
Watches, Clocka and Jewelry,
Qrmkmm't few, JTarAel Areel,
l EANr-IKLI), PA.
Alt kinde of repairing In my Una promptly at-
enaea to. job. lei, 87b.
ilrnrllfltt Innurnttrt Afttiry.
JAMRB RRRB, CARRi'LI. L. BIDDtB
HLIlIt V niDDI.i:, AStnt.
Rrpraeeal the following aai other nretlen Co'a
Llrrrpool Londoa A I) lr.be T. R Dr. ll HR a.
Lfoomlng oa aalaelAoaih pleat..... Mnti too
I'hoaii, of Hartford, Ceaa t
In. or. ore Co. of North Aioerl-a ,! 7A
Norlh Rrlll.h A MoreeMlle II S. Br.. I.7M.MX
Meotil.h Coruoi.rH. I-U. . Kraneh.... H7H.I
Traeelerl ( Life A Aeeldratl ,..',
tlffceoD Market St., oi.p. Coart lloaea, fh-ee-
eld. Pa. Jane I, '7, tf
West End Drug Store,
IN I) R A HAM'S ROW,
lltalf way beiweea Moron,', ai,d fleek'e
rpill aoaVrtlgaed haaopornd ap S Dreg Slaro.
J. with fall eapply of petloelly pero aod
lr..b Draft. Mrdlrie.., Chrailoals and Tl ol
Arliele, Theto llrage hava boo erlaeted wlik
groat rare aad ara guoreateed to bo prrteetly
para aad raliabla. t UI gia my p.reon.1 ailoo.
Uoa ta IbU departeiaal, ad will atvrorlalt, gla
aay ad. lea aod lakanBatlaa ia rrg.rd lewe lir.aoi
froaarobwao. DR. f. J. tot Kit,
Claartolel, Pa, Dee. I, tUt-H.
MY LITTLE SAINT.
A tioJot whr-re 1 At roe ! tided aiorn
(hew Po-Mnitr t iBrit. .1 ii it luvt lha Kail,
Ani day's new rl ry in the ) w.i bi-rn.
I liki-d lo fo m iiMrvel ; nt lha lHt,
Borne yorgrou pMgcm.t m th puhlicwar,
IM ohai ioip, riMiy wodinv lioin a fnt,
Hi Ii 1 d, AM' g on Itio murninjr fry
'llirir flint ol g tM and iilar trapping ( na;,
Two rbildirp. bbea in yrt jet likifit "U,
t'IH and fifi'ifr? tlrk, itnml B tbc otld
Blmt n!i(fci"5 c-irpdv bluer ttinn Ihntrfceti
kitrh hli a liltla bttktl up, and iaeb
Crltd, ' Walticrvl ! jin( gntbvred, frtfb tod
Bui oi. itn-w neitr, with ir.fily beiitKBt cceht
Thiuit ak frf-r po'r !rvcd hair, and Mbiiuar
Of bbnra, lifi, ib'i buncrlar than I.
An! H e turned 1 mw (my riddU rad)
A gi'Mfn g'nry ri urw) l-r inocnil bait.
Hirma B.tmick in ChihtbxtH't Appint,
Tii r hi oTtr ri v r. syntusi w ii at it tosts
his Akm,;. i',v)ii:n.
How do (lie Ini mi l's pny 1 Tiny pay
ill lliu t'liliunced jiliccit uf tho ltudiIh
tu.y tiny. I'miup ibo prok'ctivo nys
lem, tiiuniifii'-tureH uro eoiidticlt'd hi a
I 'em whii h tin' emimniKTK in obliged tu
niultu it.khI. Tlieri) would be no micli
Iiim) m.dcr a liuo symem. Freedom
ooiild Kliilm tho huidi'im id' the inanu
luelurei'x inuliiiulri ; it would prevent
ihiil over erowdiiit; of tupitHl into
ieiniihi(ly pn.fiiuhlo lines which the
bounty i-ymein induces, and which is
loduy the chief luuco of tho rotion
iifcs ol mil 11 j' ol our iliiliixtries ; it
would t'onipil Mi-uter nielhoris; it
woiilil j;ivu a fciipe to Ameiioan in
ireniiity j it would open to our muiiu
lui'Iiiiei's the muikeis of Mexico, ol
I he South Americun Stutes jrive them
a loir t'liancc tho world over. Hut
undt r tho restiii tivo SYstim thero is a
eoiiriluiit loss and tho protection ii.ls
tuenineivi'seiuiiii unit it must be made
Hood hv tho unprotected consumer.
l hu lui nur is pro eminently the tin-
iinwriiE farmer is made to pat
How is he niudo lo puy ? How do
the iniiiiului lui-ers connive to extort
from him tho tin, twetilv, thirtv.
loriy per cent., or hulever itmuv be,
which they find it tie cei-fitty to add to
uio iialurul price ol tlio Kiiods r Hy
iiieuns of the tariff. They bur tho wuv
uruinst ooil( mmiuliicturcd under nu
turul eonditii.iiB, cit her excluding them
Horn the niui let iilioettier, or so load
ini theiu with duties that tho prices
nre iitrccii up to tiurt s eusv to boat.
The udvunco which the consumer ptiys
on t no uiipoiieii ontis jroes to the
(liivemnient ; the advance which he
p" on lhu dniiioticgiiuils (roes lothu
Let us put Ihi.i into riu'iires : A pair
ol first-class forciirti-niudo blunkels
tun bo lunded in New York 83. Tbr.c
dollars iothe natural price for tho urti
cle. Tho duty on such u pair ol blank
ets isadoulileduty ; uOeenls per pound
pceific, and 35 per cent, ad Viitorrm.
The whole liuru.-., say, to $2. Tuo
pioteciion pine ol the blankets be
comes $5 TheeoiiHiimer muft puy $5
a pair lor fuieiirrcniado blankets, i. e.,
t'd lor thubhinketHund $2 for tho (iov
ernineiit. Now, he infill not object
to this latter contribution to tho Na
tional Treasury, albeit a lax ol two
thirds lhu vuluo of the article is a
heavy one. Hut ho muni pay t j a pair
for homu made blankets as buloro, and
91 as a tribute to t lie inanuluoiurer.
FACTS AND FK1URIS.
Even yet wo do not (let tho whole
sitnilicancoot this arrantremeiit. The
double duty on blunkels from 20
to 50 cents per pound specific, and 35
per cent, ad valorem is practically
prohibitory. The protection, ail va
lurcm, eouietimeH lin'irin lo 120 per
cent, n nai I i lie consequence. I he
tax laid and defended us a "revenue"
tax produces nu revenue ; but tho peo
ple pay just the sume, the money go
'"r! ulloyeiher to sueiuiii the manu
facturer. Thus, in 1ST!), the vuluo ol
blankets imported was only 11453
T he duty collected thereon wus 1 1,233,
rlinwin an uverugo lux of 80 percent.
Wo consume t-uiiii-ltiiiiir fike 820,000,
000 win lb of blunkels uniiuully. We
pay, Ibeietore, lo the doxen manu
iiiciurers of MusxHchuhcttR slid Rhode
Llundun Ui 1. 1 mliuleol 8li,(l(IO (HlO
It will not bo claimed lliut the duly
on tho toioin conintotlily ia ulway s
1 lie exact tneuellro ol the Ions on the
domestic mitiiulacttire which lhu con
sumer in obliged to in ike up. Whore
llie iniliisliy is loo vijriiiuus lor rentnc
lion, the duly signifies nolhiiii;. The
duller, on imported whettt, bui ley and
oats have ohvciu-lv no iiiflueiico on
lhu tuimcr's prices; ho sells in the
open muikel ol lhu world. Where
I no 1 1 mil clioii is t'xci'twivv, the
proimeo td ahnoiiuul piolils iuiluees u
eiowtlin, id tapiit.1 into tho Industry
allet ted, and orieis are cut down bv
the coinpetiiioii below the protective
margin. Afain, 1 here me dislinclions
as lo ptttlein, style and quality, which
the lull IT cuiitml niret; the fuiviijo
(jnoiis are prelerreU at an advanced
price, and tho domestic manufacturer
is tbereloru unable to exact the lull
amount of tribute indicated by the
duty, ltnt l hul the turilT ruises prices
m tome lucui-tiru nay, in a (iirrir uieuri
uiu culini t bo qiieoiloiitd. That II
is for. And it would sc. m a Inoni
inoderulu caiiiiiHlu to averutru lhu ad
Vance to two-tbinia of the duly on the
corror-pniiuiii,; loruin coinmodiiy.
Appljii'H tins teijiiced rcale, the ro
suit we reach are sulllciuully suppress
'1 be home production of cotton fa
brics muf put down fur l.SiJat 3j0,
OOU.OOU. Au rau-eduty ueuili-liuiiior
tauoti, "A p. r rent. Tiihulo to iiihiiu-
iBi'lurvrs, ut two thirds lbs duly, S8V
uun.utio. llie ti'.veriiniitit revenue
from cotton in 1873, was (G,57,002.
A olio; Due dollar lur the (iovernnient.
1 1 1 i i till) dollars torthe miinulacturers.
i'or 1870, luo valuo of our woolen
irmiiill.. liners ia ealirnaled at 8233,-
liOthlHIO. Averiii;e duty on imported
woolens, 07 'jpceiit Tribute lo tnaiiu-
lui tuivrs, at 44 'st cenU, 8121 S20.000.
Tbo (itivernmetil reveuue frum the
tariff on the wisden 'aroods wus, tor
I8ISI. 810 KliH.SUO Uatin: One dollar
lor the Urn eminent, seven dollars lor
And so wo iniht iro on indefinitely.
MCifilTIH TAXKD NOT LUXURIES.
It will beobst'ivod that tho chum..
of i omniiHlilit a we bare taken lor lllus-
iralion are tho-e wnli h include a (real
mass of common necessaries. It if one I
ol theniiiiiydivicesol Prolet tioiiiots to
aik as it the larilt wi iglied moslheav
ly on loreign Injuries. Tho literature
issued by tho Protectionist publishers
of Philadelphia abounds in most coin-
mcntlai'lu niorsligitig over tho enerva
ting influences ol Ibe luxuriea of Spain
no ins vanities ol r ruiico. Unhappily
u does not lit the cam. Too ilu V on
diamond is only t.m jl ceni.j on lace
no morn Uian tidily Bio on lhu poor
man's blaukol.oiie hundred if nc I
If we take the report ol lite National
Hunan of Hiutirtitf lor 18711, and soloc.
Iri.in Ilia labia of d PUivrtsi duller,
paid onlf those which go uvttr 8H W
cent., lbs lift ao made ought, oo thu
protoclioa thaory, bt MrapvMd ohiefly
of cnorvating luxuricn and dflmoruliz.
ing finnrii'o. laitaoT Tho tlrm arii
rlo we Htriko In rico, 85"oi'nl. A win
plcto list would ho wi'uriimmo. Tho
l.il lowing in a I'uir roproountution :
TABLI RIKiWIKA rnMMnniTirg !( WHICH A DUTV
or huhr tham nrrr pro rlir. wu
PAID ia IS7II
CommoiJiiii: Dutiti paid ad wlottm.
l.'heBalrRli, drugi.ttrdioliiM, A...9S, IS& 121, Afl.
Callooe and other eolton,
Note, Ao ,
' It, it, 0
H 13, oj, mi
M mere I oil.
I'elnre aod floitua, .
S.riia eol wfaee
Mola.ece end augr
Other woolea good,
40, Brt, Hi'
, as. in. .i5
ill, dil, 70, 12a
VO, 1112, 34U
t3, 60, 70
ll, I 4
Perfumery and pipes, firecrackers.
saidinoa and playing cards these are
llie UemoruliiiUL; luxuries I mm which
the I'eiiiioYlvoiiian slutesmoii would
protect this young and Bimccptible peo
ple. Very well, liut wl.y ' protict"
us from blunkels and diugiets ? Ia
spool throud demoinl.zin, I Would
steel rails miikc iisifl'einiiiulo ? Would
window glus and caliio, slttrch unil
tuhlu sail, vinegar, umbrellas, hair
cloth and puint underuiiiio our repub
lican virtues, and awutiD us into tho
vorlex of arialocralio debiiuehory ?
IRON AND STEEL.
The (rrcalest necessity of this age
is iron. And on this the tariff duty.
o mr irom over rating, actually tin
der rates tlio lax which t he nianulac
lurcr levies from the lx-nplo. This is
ohown beyond niiestiou by a coinpuii
son of price-lists Tho duty on pig
iron is t a ton ; ttiu auvuncu in price
ol American over lorcign pig iron has
varied during the last ten years from
87 lo 823. Figuring the tribute, how.
over, at no moio than the duty, wo
huvo this result for tho single item of
pig iion: The hnm proiluciion of
pig iron tor 18711 was 2,301 215 Ions.
I' lie." imports amouniud In 87 2711 tons.
Tux puid to Pennsylvania, ut 87 u ton,
Slli.lOSull!) Tax paid to lhu United
.Slates, 801:1.032. Katie: For the
Governinont 81, for the iron men
There is nothing which should in
terest the lurmer more than tho tax on
tcel rails. U is ureal problem tn-duv
i llie problem of cheap transportation.
and sluel rails have moro to do with
that than almost any other one thin?.
Steel rails coal, in England, in 1879,
824 a ton. The traimportation expen
ses wore about 83. Natural price for
American market, 827. The duty is
828. Production price, 855. Tho im
portation was scarcely worth mention
z,bil tons. The profit to the steel
rail ring was so great that they were
uble to pay ono of their number over a
million dollais to abstain Irom manu
fiicture. Tho production for 1879 wus
499,817 tons. Total robbery, at 828
per ton, 813,994,676. The Govern
ment rovenuo from tho same source
wus 872, OIU. Kntio: For the Gov
eminent 81, lor the stool rail ring 8192.
THE SUM TOTAL.
Let us conclude this brief roviow
Willi an eiiimulo in bulk.
Tbo totals of annual manufactures
for the periods of the last three census
returns were: 81 019 606,016 in the
yesr 1850; 81.885,801,678 .n the vesr
1800. a gain of 85 per cent.; 81 2:12,
325.442 fiir ibe year 1870. a gain of
125 percent If the census for 1880
reveals the aTorsga rale ot increase,
we shall have lor llio valu.i of nutim
factored goods lor this year tho mug
nificcnt sum ot 88 000,0(10,000. . The
Protectionist asnurus us that our man
ufactures are making such tistounding
strides; although whoro they can
stride lo, when the tariff cuU ihcm off
Irom Ibo foreign markets, it isdiflieult
to sco. huy tho rule of increase, ui
lowing lor the lalo yours of commer
cial depression, has been bin 50 9 ceiii
put the whole product for 1880 at 86,
000,0011,000. It is not wotth while
disturbing tho round llgures lo allow
for export tho magnificent export ol
which the Protectionist so triumphant.
ly boasts. It is only 1 "d cent, on the
sluiiHleil protiiiet. lne consumer
paid, in 1880, for 86.000,000,0110 worth
uf iliimo.tic manufactured goods. Hut
it is eonlclHIcil Hint the pricisol
largo proportion of these articles are
not uUoelcU tiy tho tariff. Allow thai
ut down the figures to 83.00(1.000.000.
The average ol duties paid lor 18iD is
put ottloialiy at 43 a cent. Calculate
tho proti'tiirin tribute at 25 'Scent,
final, 1750 OUO 0011,
Tins, at a very moderate calculation,
is the rfirm con ot the I'roteclivo ays
tern 8750.000.000 a year: or 815 u
year tor every man, Woman and child
in lhu United .Slates.
In ls70, the number of men and
women engsircd In laiming occupa
lions was D, 9:12,0(10 suppnin lhu
number to huvu increased lo 7 000 000
t hen the annual ''I'mteclion" lux on
these is 8107 per enuita
This 8750,000,000 ia not what the
people pay to the (iovsrnment, bo it
clearly understood. Tho Government
ttets by our "liovuniio Tariff"' about
ai50.0 i0.000. Tho 8750,000,001) goes
entirely lo ine protecteu t lasses.
For what 7 ror tbo crippling ol
our native industries lor tbo d pit-
lion ot our natural resources. Ihesc
rndo sslimalca only touch tho direcf
cost the money we actually pay out
ol pocket lor ino ngaturea and the
Mood letting, vt Hat wo really lose by
lbs distortion of our industiial enor
gica is beyond calculation.
lha iTotcfliouiai iioiiils lo the won
derful reduction of tho National l)elt
under the Protective tariff syaietn.
From tbo close of the war to dale we
bare puid off 8770,000 000 : about as
much as wo pay-every year to the
f ur every Hollar turned In at Ibe
Custom Housa for rrianur-, five dollars
aro extorted from the people as frifiiifr
lor the support ol our pauper Industrie.
A woman was drowned tho other
uuy while boing baptized, ami if any
panigrophir rines in a hoary pun
about tbo dei eased dying ol dip tluory,
he should le aururtly talked lo.
Before ws decide whether drunken
ness ia a vice or an amiable weakness,
we want to know whether the drunk
arJ ia a man of ptoperiy or a trani .
Tba p umber- ia the on fri.nd who
sti kutU closer lhau a brolbor, and I
sneksib you tor a good deal mors thas
real good bruiiwr would.
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
PA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1881.
THE PAH.L'RE OP Stlril ATTESI t'TS PE
TESIoltlATION OP CHICKENS AND
Tt'RKEYS-VIKVVS OP A PROM
Ftum Ikt ,V.M York Vea.y oet.
Air. Ilulsey W. Knapp, well known
pnulleror of Was hirgton market, was
questioned tho other morning by a re
porter of the Evening Post as to llie
success of tho a'tetnpta to ruiso chick
ens and of late turkeys, by artificial
means, a scheme which promised some
years ago to revolutionize tho poultry
industry in this coiniry. At present
the supply of poultry is said to bo in
sufficient for th demand, "You come
lo a bad quartet) li.r news of this
sclicme," said M Knapp, 44lor I al
wais iliseourittihe attempt to do
hotter than nature !' went lo France
to study the matter, fur if it can bo
niudo to succeed it will make an im
mense fortune, as it libs aireudy done
in Puiis. 1 was dvligaled with what
I saw thero, and tho matter at firm
sight seems to bo so fas inating that I
do not wonder that new men huro are
always ruudy to take Im.d of it as soon
us those who have bought dour expe
rience aro only tooglat to gel out ot it.
Even clergymen and ai turs aro bitten
with tho desire to irarstdrm so many
pounds of corn into so many pounds of
spring chicken. The now successlul
niaiuiirer (Mackuyu) spent about
81,000 io confirm ting hutching. mu.
chines ami artihcial mothers in Oonueti
lioiil, but be found thnt tho stage paid
better, und his expi-n-avo devices may
now be bought torlliovuluu ot old tin.
Enthusiasts will toil )ou that by tho
new discovery, chickeis may bu made
out of corn with abioluto certainly.
In I'm is this lias been tlnno: but tho
cuidiiions uro cutir. ly dilloreiil here.
Thero the lutid is valuable, and they
cannot duvolo lurr.ro Holds lo a tuw
hundred chickens; the Froiich cluuato
is sounilbrin that, lhu murkets of Paris
cannot bo supplied from the .South
with produce which ripens or matures
bob. re that of the neighborhood of
Paris ; thu price ol chiokons is so high
and labor so cheap that inoro caro can
bo given with profit to ono spring
chicken than onu of our poultry rui
sets could give to a doztn. Hero we
have plumy of land ; the chmuto south
of us is so fur advanced in warmth
that even with steam we cannot ruiso
poultry ahead ol tlio Suulh, und the
margin of profit is so small that one
luiluru with a large batch ol chickens
sweeps away Ibo pndits from severul
"When persons winded mo to go
into tho prijuct 1 flccmiod, and was
culled an old logy. Ouu man socnt a
fortune on tho etiternriso in Now Jer
sey, and at first wus hailed as a public
ounuiactor. What wus tbo result ol
all this outlay and work 7 llu man
aged to batch quaiililii'B ol youngchick
eus every Fobruury, but, although be
could lutlon Ihem hy placing them in
boxes and forcing a fattening mixture
down ihcirthrouis, ho could not make,
them grow; they had no exercise:
they remained puny little things, and
another detect soon appeared ; though
fut, they woro tough and stringy.
The breeder sent lots of them to me,
and they looked fut and tender ; but
my customers complained that they
could not bo young for they wore
tough' and tasteless, and that I must
have sold them aged dwarts under the
name ol Mpringehic kens. It wus found
almoin lily necessary lo let Ihem run out
of doors as soon as tbo weather allow
ed it, and by the time that they wore
ready lor murkol the Southern chick
ens were heru and could bo sold fiir
less than those. The upshot ot the
business ia that Ibis breudor has sold
out and another man baa now taken
hold ol a small part of bis old establish
incut to try other methods of making
it a success. As to lui-ii.tf lurkuys in
that manner, it will fall moro dl-us-
truufly than tho chicken business,
Siae and weight uiu wanted in turkeys,
and that reminds inn" continued Mr,
Knapp, "that thu newspapers ought to
impress the country people with tho
nuccfsity ol improving their poultry
slock ; breeding in and in is ruining
poultry ; every year tho stock wu ro
euivo is deteriorating, and this is Ibe
cause. 1 could givoyon some striking
exuiuples Irom my experience ot tony
yours id tho bunnoss ISoiiiu years ago
so poultuturs thought that ducks acre
g.iilig to disappear Irom bills ut tare alto
gether ; they were tasteless, worthless
mrds which people uvoidud. On Long
Inland a lunner made uxperiinenls in
breutlitig with an old miiscovy tlrako.
lo'Jgh us an alligator, and the common
duck. The result wus supetb, and bus
changed tbo whole duck industry. If
lhu lurmurs of Hoiithurn Now Jersey,
the sandy country best suited to lur
keys, would gut lioin thu West a tew
hundred wildlurkuys we should huvean
immediutu improvement, lsconosuch
turkeys now us wu had twenty years
ngo. Tbo breast is narrow and the
hotly runs to length ; it ia all neck and
logs, and can be bought by the yard.
Unode Island sends us tlio best turkuys,
nui lliey tuo not what they used lo be
lt instead of attempting to beat, nit-
lure ut bur own game, the ritdi men
who huvo money to r-putid would de
vote it lo better tireediug, there would
he an improvement. 1 do not despitir
ol aioing iminunsu larms wholly de
voted to raising hitler poultry than
we jet nave
Hut 1 wish lo speak of Venice of a
hot summers early eve, when tho
lengthening shadows cross its network
it green wuters and, climbing fust up
its marble facades, give quaint gloom
and suggestive mystery to the many
picture-quo portuls with their medio
Tul sculptures and inviting coolness,
sometimes leading the eye lo inviting
patches ol brilliant green in verdant
courtyards, but olleuer into passages
and balladui k and grim with the stains
ol many humid centuries indeep tinted
on inn squo det ay. At this hour Yen
no becomes doubly amphibious. Her
canal, are alive with lur initio popula-
um, men and ooys, anil very many
little maidens, loo, in t loth fig leaves,
spurting in the waters like so many
lurk skinned folynesians 1 bey dive,
they uambul, they shout, they splash,
they mako tho eld walls and slimy
waters merry witn Iheir erica and
laughter, while their nude, whila bod
in come out against them In shiny,
tripping roliel, like ao many figures ot
a lar away primitive world where in
nocence still rules supremo. Mothers
sit knre deep in Water on their bouse
steps, either holding their six monllis-
Id balnea, while they kick, and flash.
and coo delightedly on their own ac
count at nulling Ihcm-elvea thus early
in tile In Iheir native element, or else
lliey let older nine lesrsr, Willi ropes
around their bodies, securely fastened
either lo ihemsclvee or the door-rings,
to be bauled In quickly tn case of an
emergency. To aid tbeta tull farther
in their nauticul exploits, these infants
are supplied with breastboards on
which lo float until they letrn lo swim,
which feat ia sonn accomplished. For
at this season Venetian parents tuko
their babies Into tho canals for this
purpnBO as systematically as tbo land's
poop I u theirs into the parka to learn
lo walk. And it is surprising and
amusing lo see how familiarly and
eagerly they tuko to tho treacherous
waters, which are to them what green
sward and sidewalks aro to terra tinna
children. Indeed, at this lime of duy
it requires some extra skill on tho part
of the gondolier to pick his way through
i no swimming, tloulinir. plunitlng pop
ulation, as thick in spots as shoals of
mackerel in their season, screamiiiir
a"d hu"lli"J? " mother ' the grille
as vigorously as if sporting on shore.
vt hero there is bo much rollicking na
kednesa about, slulwurt tnodula ot tnon
as nude, saving their waist cloths, us
tho classical gods, and little gills -and
boys rnglesH, or next to it, at first
blush on encountering Ihem in these
watery streots ol a largo city in broad
duy light, juBlas one docs Broadway
pedestriuns as the leisure hours of duy
coma on, lha inexperienced eye is
somewhat startled, but soon gets ac
customed to regard tho sight as a very
novel und amusing episode ot Vuiieliun
On ono occasion having entered a
palace on tho Grand Uutiul, thero wus
so many baihing from its steps that
the gondolier hud to pause tor somo
lime, before ho could upprouch, for
thcin lo cieur the way, and wo made
u t ri ii hi 1 1 Ii u I entry between the drip
ping files ol balbers us if it wero tbo
m"st proper tinng in the win Id to do,
and nobody loll ushuincd on one side,
1 am cerluiti. Salt water everywhere
is a great It Viler il conventional ideas
of modi sty, we all know, but with the
background of onico it gets an extra
renaissant touch. Imuginulion can
easily transform these warm living
bodies into the slono cupids, umorini,
satyrs, gods and gisidesHca, and all tbo
other heathen clussicul population,
curved in the long streets ot palaces,
us having just stepped down Irom
their pedestals, niches und eutublutitres
lor a moment a wash and not lo lose
the bathing season. Somo ot llio ca
nals might ho sweeter, it is truo, but
theru is none the less tun tor that
And it is not always tun, either. Not
a season passes but some of tho chil
dren either slip from their boards or
get entungled in their ropes and aro
drowned. Almost in my sight tho
parents of ono boy, having bullied him
out, wont up to dinner, leaving him to
dre-.o. and follow. Waiting some time
and finding that be did not uppeur,
they grew anxious and decended to
search for him, only lo discover that
ho hud pushed off on his board on his
own account, slipped fiom it and wus
drowned, Hut such incidents no moru
keep children out of the canals here in
hot weather thun boys out of the
streets in America because now and
then ono is run over and killed. It is
eortainly ao very convenient to bath
ers to be able lo disrobe in their own
bedrooms or front entries and tako a
header into suit water from their own
doorways that I am not surprised to
sco all Vonico on u sultry day turned
impromptu into one great bathing es
tablishment, gratis to all classes, Tho
effect is very amphibious and droll;
und only plebian Venice can show its
population cooling tiff in this fashion
without ceremony in its canal streets
in tho oiliest of lion costumes when
thu dog slur rages Venice Correspond
ence Acid York Timii.
TESTJSO HER IXXOCEXCE.
A poor, palo seamstress was arraign
ed for thelt. (She appeared at tho bar
with her baby of cloven months on her
arm. She wont to gel some work one
duy and stole three gold coins of ten
franca each. Tbu money was missed
soon utter she left her employer, and a
servant was sent to her room to claim
il. The servant found her about to
quit the room with the three gold coins
in her hand. She suid to the servant,
' I am going to carry Ihem back lo
you." Nevertheless she was carried
io tho Commissioner of Police, and he
ordered her to bo sent to tho Police
Court for Iriul. She was too poor lo
otiguije a lawyer, and when osked by
tho Judge what she bud to say tor her
self, she replied: "Tho day i went to
my employer's 1 cai rietl my child with
mu. It wus in my arms, as it is now.
1 wusu't paving attention to it. There
were several gold Coins on tbo mantel
piece, and, unknown to me, il siretcli
ed out its little hand and suited three
pieces, which I did not observe until I
got tiomo 1 at once put on my bon
net, und was going back to my cm
p. oyer to reiurn Ihem, when 1 was ar
rested. This is the solemn truth, as I
hope for Heaven's mercy."
The Court could not hilicvo this
story. They nphrujdcd the mother for
her impudence in endeavoring to palm
..II such a manliest Ho lor tho truth
They besought her, 'or her own suke,
to retract so absurd a tale, lor it could
Lave no t -fleet but to ohligo the Court
lo aenlonee her lo a much severerpun
i-hi'teut than I hey wero disposed to
inflict upon onu so young and evident
ly so deep in poverty.
These appeals had no effect, except
lo strengthen ttiu poor woman s pern
nuciotis adherence lo her original sto
ry. As this firmness wassuslaiued bv
thnt look ol innocense which the aiosl
adroit criminal can never oounlerfeit.
the Court was at some loss to discover
what decision justice demanded. To
relieve their embarrassment one of the
judges proposed to renew the scene
lescribed by the mother. I hreo gold
coins were placed on the clerk's table.
1 ne mother was requested lo assume
the position in which she stood at her
employer's house. Thero was then a
breathless pnuso in Court. '1 ho baby
soon discovered the bright coins, eyed
them lor a moim-nl, amilcrt, and then
stretched forth its tiny band and
clutched I hem in its fingers with a
miser's eugenics. The mother was
at ont o at quitted. Pnri$ Exchange.
Miss Kutrell, "a palo, polilo young
lady," lias been sworn in as clerk ol
i ho Nevada Legislature, and Judge
lluwley mado her swear to support
the Constitution and law.; not lo bear
arms against her country, and adjured
Ii. r that alio waa ineligible if she bad
taken part in a duel. Should think
the "hare arms" part might trouble
tier, if she has plump, dimpled ones.
General Clingham said, in an inter
view wilh a New York reporter the
ui her day, that living is so cheap in
North Carolina that it is more econom
ical lo teed a man than to bury him
Thero is ao many references to
"klckora" in the Senatorial cnirlest in
the Pennsylvania Lrgialaluro that the
Oil City Derrick looks upon tbe dark
hern as a tnuls.
nuxTiya the elk.
Tho Uradlord Era, of January 12ih,
publishes an interesting article on the
days ot Elk hunting, which will be
read with interest. It ia as follows:
"It is now many ycurs since that
largest species of tho dear family, tho
elk. roamed about among tbo mourn
tainsand wildsof M'Kean county. Hot
tiers who aro familiar w itu tbo events
and traditions of tbo Tana valley as
far back in the pastas a half century
ngo, have still somo recollection of the
elk in this section. Within the past
twenty years lurmors along the East
and West brunches ot the Tuna whilo
plowing or grubbing have turned up
tbejurge anllera of the oik. Likodoer,
the elk had paths and runs which thoy
followed, and which woro well known
to tho hunters. The sections of North
western Pennsylvania most celebrated
tor elk wero along the Sinnemahonlng
and tbo vicinity of where Hidgwuy
now stands. It was in that ncichbor
hootl, while tbo great forests were yet
in their pristine glory, that lhu Seneca
and ' Cornplanter Indians chased the
monster animals and slew tbem princi
pally for their hides and horns. There
wus an elk path from near Kiilgway
through the Kinsua country, which
emerged in the East branch of the
Tuna valley near Lewis run. It then
continued northward to Ibis city and
up the West branch, lo the point whero
tho Washington street park is located,
where there was an "elk lick" renown
ed among the Sonoca hunters. Many
of the luckless animals have met their
death at that point Irom ibe Indians
who concealed themselves and lay in
wuit, at certuin seasons of tho year,
tor thegamo. Elk were usually about
thusizool a homo, and their antlers
Inquciilly measured six lect from lip
tulip, lhu Ik-shot lha uminul wus
coal so and not very compact. Indians
cared lilllo lor tho meat, as tbero was
but very small parta of the carcass
which they regarded worth preserving.
Tbo moro tender and palatable flesh of
the deer and bear, which was easily
found, suited tho red man's taste much
bolter. The horns ol tho elk, however,
woro regarded as a desirahlo trophy
and piece of furniture iu Ibo rudu
abode of tbo sons of the forest. A po
culiurity of thu elk skin, w hich wus
tho leading Incentive to tba eager
hunter, was that after being cured it
remuined soft and the red brown hair
quite firm, i bo elk did not possess
Ibe intelligence or flcetnessot llie deer.
It wus said lo bo quite stupid, and al
though moving very rapidly along the
lamihur path, when closely pressed did
not attempt, aa tbo dour Ircqiicntly
does, to elude its pursuers by suddenly
turning from its course und seeking a
stream to destroy tho trail or ibo
heavy underbrush for concealment.
1 be elk a medium of defunso was not
its largo horns, but forefeet, ltwua
not agroasive, but fought desperately
when cornered Indians usually chased
the animal with dusrs, and when la
tiguedor tightly driven, tho elk would
station itself upon a rock or elevated
point, and keep off the dogs with Ha
weapons ot warfare. It elevated itself
with wonderful agility, and throw
force intoa blow from its forefeet that
was dangerous to the health and life
of a venturesome dog. In Ibismannor
the dogs and elk stood, neither yielding
a point to the other, until tbu hunter
reached the scone, when Ibe elk'a lilo
was soon tut short. About tilteen
years ago, J im Jacobs, tho old Seneca
bear hunter, struck tbo trail of an elk
along the Sinncmahoniiig. Ho called
several other Indians to bis assistance,
and, with dogs, the Senecaa followed
tbo trail for several days and chased
the els, probably Ibe lust of his race,
through a blinding snow alorm down
into tho northern section uf Clarion
county. The animal was hungry and
despentto, and when surrounded by
tho dogs lought fiercely lor hours.
On the arrival of the Indiana they at
tempted to capture the animal alive,
and passed nearly an entire day in pul
ling various tricks and devices iniocx
edition only to be thwarted. Finally
the elk was sbot and carried with
great pride by the Senecaa lo Ibe rod
erralion. In Pennsylvania tbo elk is
a thing ol the past, and the animal en
tirely extinct. .
JloKS FOR lioi sr. I't.ANTS A corre
spondent of tho Country GcnUnnan
writes: "A good many kinds of die
culeiit growing plants during tbeir sea
son ol rapid growth require when
growing in pots a great (inutility of
moisture at tho rootd. This is the
ease wilh such kinds as carnations,
bouvardius, heliotropes, goraniumssnd
roses, especially it grown in a bouae
heated by artilieiul means, and a mini
mum ot 50 maintained. A good many
lailures with rosea during winter aro
caused by not supplying sufficient wa
ter lo the roots when growing. For
years I made Una mistuke myself, but
us we are daily learning tbo nature
and requirements ol plants botter, 1
find thut too much water cannot be
given roses growing in a high tempera
ture, having plenty of healthy foliage,
so long as tliuie is sumcionl porosity
in tbo soil to prevent saturation. Dry
noBH at tlio roots is often tho cause tit
mildew on plunlH, and is also the cause
of the plunla producing tniicr!e tbudB.
Where plums are placed id warm
rooms, it is a good plan to covor the
sui luce ol the pots, or it growing in
shallow branches, ibo surface of the
bed, with moss, which may either be
llie green moss found growing on
slumps and stones in tbo moist parts
of the woods, or sphagnium moss
lound in swamps; this latter ia tho
kind I generally use, but the other is
the prettiest lor bouse plaots.
A Costly Itoax. When Dtonvaiua
captured Croton, tbe largest city of
Magna umcia, a. c. Aai, be plundered
the Templo of Juno ol its splendid
treasures, among which waa a robe,
skilfully wrought and sumptuously
decorated, the votive offering of a Syba
rite named Alkimrnes. Jjlonysius sold
this robo to the Carthaginians for tbe
liiodiifioiia pi ice ol 120 talents or about
8135 000. Tins may appear an Incredi
bio sum: but the rohs wasprobaiy dedi
oalcd tn the recently-introduced Hull
enio uciiies, whom the Carthaginians
were parlicaariy anxious lo propitiate.
tn the hope of evening or alleviating
the frightful pestilence wherewith they
had been an often amilten ; and tbe
honor done to tbe new gods would be
mainly estimated according to the
magnitude ol tbe sum laid out.
A Wisconsin fanner, twenty-three
years ago, planted a piece ol waste
land, anlil lor cultivation, with black
walnut trees. Tbe trees are now from
sixteen to twenty inches through, and
have been sold lor izr.uoo.
A newspaper commenting oo tbe
fact that a larmer nearly lost bis life
hy sinking in a quagmire, adds : "Men
who do not subscribe for a paper must
expect to be sucked ia every now and
TEEMS $2 per annum in Advance.
SERIES-V0L. 22, NO.
STUD Y ASD PREACH.
Spurgeon throws on his early minis
terial life a ray of light which may he
ol service lo young men who would
like to begin and are wondering what
to do and how to do it. lie says:
"iiy college eourso w as alter this lush
ion: I was for three years a Cambridge
man, though i never entered tbo uni
versity. I could not bavo obtained a
degree, because 1 was a Nonconform,
isl : and, moreover, il was a belter
thing for mo to pursue my studies un
der an admirublo scholar and tender
friend and preach at the same time.
1 must have been a singular looking
youth on wet evenings. During the
last year offmy alay in Cambridge,
when 1 bad given up my oflico as
usher, 1 was wont to sally lorth overy
night in the week, except Saturday,
and walk three, five or porbapa eight
miles o!uv and , back Basin on niv
preaching work, and whon it rained 1
dressed myself in waterproof loggings
and a mackintosh coat and a bat with
a waterproof covering, and I carried a
dark lantern to show mo tho way
across the fields. I had many adven
tures, but what I had itath-
ered by my studios during the duy I
Tiandcd otil to a company of villagers
during tho evening, and was greatly
profited by the exercise. I always
lound it good to say my lesson alter I
had learned il. Children do ao, and it
ia equally good for preachers, especial
ly if they say their lesson by heart.
Tbero is no way of learning
lo preach which can be compared lo
preaching ilatll. If you want lo swim
you must get into tho water, and if
you at first make a sorry exhibition,
never mind, lor it is by swimming as
you can that yon learn to swim as you
should. 11 once wo ought to bo lenient
with beginners, lor (.buy will do better
by and by. If young speakers in Cain
bridgo hud been discouraged and
silenced I might not have lound my
way here, and, thcrelorc, 1 hopo I
shall be the last to bring forth a wet
blanket tor any who sincerely speak
for Christ, however humble may be
Niagara in Midwinter A letter
from tho great cataract, penned on
Now Year Day, says : "The continued
cold weather hero bus caused enor
mous quantities of ico to accumulate.
Tho Ilorseshoo Full is frozen solid for
200 feet from cither shore, in conse
quence ot which tho Clillon Water
Works Company buve ceased opera
tions. They cannot control enough
Water to keep their machinery in mo
tion, their reservoirs have run dry,
and tho town is without water siiqily.
The massive mounds ofstuluclites, the
formidable icicles suspended from theliuo past year.
cription. Tho ice mountains keen
working their way upward, and now
reach a height of about 120 feet. Tbe
spray boa mado wondurlul formations.
The pretty cedars are so loaded wilh
ice that they droop nearly to the
ground. Tbe grand old trees on Goat
island In t respect 1 ark aro complete
ly frosted over, and groan under their
heavy coat ot Ice. Heavy ice contin
ues running over the Falls into tbe
river below, and threatens evory mo
ment to form an ice bridgo. Ail the
ico houses in the vicinity aro nearly
filled wilh clear ico, 'from twolvo to
lotirleen inches thick. Numbers of
visitors, principally from Now York
and Boston, have found Ihoir way
here to onjoy tbo scenery."
Which Horn f Tbu Gentiles in
Utah, to uso their own elegant and x
pressivo phrase, "havs tbe bulls by the
bonis instead ol the tail," or think lliey
bavo.now tbat Governor Murray baa re
fused a certificate of election to Delo
gate Cannon. Tbe refusal is based
upon tbe claim, first that Cannon is
not a citizen, tbore being no record 01
hia naluralixalion discoverable, and
second, upon tbe fact that being a
polygumist, Cannon is living in viola
tion of the law of 1862 which makes
plural marriago a felony. Tbe dele
gate will contest the scat which tbe
Governor gives to Campbell, Cannon's
opponent. It is curious tbul the Gen
tiles, now rejoicing so loudly over their
grip on thu horns of tbo bull, did not
tuko it long ago. It ought to buve
been as easy to know that Cannon is
not a citizen when ho offered himself
lor Congress first as was when bo offer
ed himself last, and anybody wiio
could read must have known thon as
well as now that being a polyguuiisl
bu was violating tho law of the coun
try while pretuiidinj to servo under it.
There is no reason to fear that in seis
ing the bull by the horns the Gentiles
will again only be tossed over tho lenco
for their pains.
Hot Sand a Good Bed prllow.
Tho comfort which a hot-water bag or
even a hot brick may afford a person
on retiring, chilled, is very gieat, and
beyond this, tbo uso ot somo such
warmth-producing appliance is uselul
as a health preservative and rcstora
tiro. Hut ono ol tbe most convenient
articles to ho usod as a bed warmer,
nd in a sick room, is a sit nil hug. (ret
somo clean, flue Bund, dry il thorough
ly in a kotllo on a stove, make a bag
alKiut eight inches square of flannel
fill it with tbo dry sand, sow the open
ing carefully together, and cover the
bug with cotton or linen cloth, lb
will prevent the sand from sifting onl
and will also enable you to neat the
bag quickly by placing it in the oven,
or on the lop of the stove. After once
asing ibis you will never again at
tempt to warm the feet or bands of a
sick or well person with a bottle of Dot
water or a brick, l he sand bold tbo
beat a long time, and the baa can be
tucked up to tue bark without burling
an invalid. It is a good plan to make
two or three of tbo bags and keep
loom ready lor use.
A Wisi Plan. Every man should
mind bis own business, and only tbat
It is hard lolcll bun so in plain words;
yd it ia one of the simplest rules ot
conduct, and tho most usuful that man
kind ran adopt in their intercourse
wit h each other. 1 here is a great deal
of Paul Pry in the human heart, or
wondertul Innuisilivencss in regard to
tbe personal and privato affairs ot
friends and neighbors. This spirit
makes more mischief in the community
than almost any otbor cause, aud ere
ales more malice, envy and jealousy
than ran be overcome in a century.
Let every man Kind bi own busmen
and there will not be half lb trouble
in the world tbat there I al present.
A bng ha turned up in Asia Minor
wbicb foods upon tbe egg of the lo
cust. Where a cluster ol locust eggs
is examined tbe destroying Insect ap
pears in lb midst of tbem. Locusts
from time Unsjiemorial have mado
themselves disliked in Asia, and the
now bug, wbicb as believed to deposit
it eggs In the live locaat body, has
garal sympathy aod ncooragmnt.
BT II. L. sIcCUOWN.
Tho Lumber City publio schools are
holding evening exhibitions, tho ob
ject being to secure a school library.
Tbo School Hoard of Osceola bor
ough hat jutt lent in subscription for
the Pennsylvania School Journal for
the year 1881.
We now travel, on an average, 90
miles, and visit sixteen schools per
week. Four wocka of continuous la
bor will complete tho work.
Tho names of all the pupils in the
county, ir sent us, who attend every
day of the school term, will bo pub
lished in tho "Roll of Honor."
Remember that Hon. Henry Ilouik
will deliver an educational lecture in
the Court House. Clearfield, on Tues
day evening, February 6t.li. Let all
Wo huvo endeavored, with the lim
ited time wo hare had, to make all due
arrangements for ibe reception of Hon.
lleiuy llouck ut the various appoint
ments selected for Local Jnslilultis,
and have every reason to believe that
tho meetings will bo a complete suc
cess. The local committees have sent
out good programmes, and now it only
remains for our leacbera lo do their
pan. Attend tho meetings, and re
ceive the instruction therefrom.
That person should not teach who
is not perlt ctly lumiluir with tho tbrco
lold character of tho human constitu
tion, and w ho is not capublo of discor-
enug tbo exact mentul condition of
tho Intellectual plant placed in his
bands. The body should not be in ad
vance of tho mind, nor the mind or in
tellecltial faculties in advance of tho
moral sensibihiits. Promptittido and
skill in action should keep pace with
AMUNO TUK DISTRICTS.
Three pupils of tbo new school,
taught by Miss Lila Reams, havo died
during the year.
Mr. Shngarts received the contract
for building tho now school hnnso in
tho Ilartslelt district.
Jonathan Shaffer. Secretary, und Mr.
Joseph Seyler, Jr., accompanied us
wnue visiting in me township.
Tho School Board contemplates lur
Dishing several houses with patent
furniluro during tho year 1881.
Mr. Fred. Kohler has just returned
trom a tour through Virginia. Mr. K.
is a member of tho School Hoard.
Tho Salem school house has been
seated wilh now patent lurniture and
otherwise improved, inuking it as com
fortable and attrac tive as a new houso.
The Trustees of the new Mothodist
church ut Lutlirrsburg havo kindly
consented to give tho same for tho
Local Inslituto, February 4th and 6th.
Miss Sadio Morgan, the popular
teacher of the Ituduker school, receiv
ed twelve handsome presents from bor
pupils during their Christmas festival.
Tho new borough of Iu Bois will
start wilh eight schools.
Considerable new furniture has been
udded to the school property during
iieuuing is tatigtii in all too priuuiry
schools by tho "word" method, and
very successful, loo.
P. 8. Weber, Esq., Ibe gentlemanly
Secretary ol the School Board, accoin
panied us on our inspection tour and
delivered some excellent educational
talks to tho pnpils.
Next month Du Bon borough will
bo compolled to elect six Directors and
Sandy township four, making a total
ol ten new men wiio will take charge
of tbe school affairs on Juno 1st,
r, - .! . ; . .
Concert recitntion can bo used in
tho school room to much advantage,
but they must be used with great dis
cretion, and within reasonable limits.
Concurt recitations aro done to death
by many tcuchers, who use them be
causo they aro easy and tho children
like them, and who keep on using them
for no bettor reason until they havo
caused serious detriment to the school's
grade ol scholarship. For it is impos
sible to make tba concert recitation a
test of individual acquirement, it ia
impossible lo prevent the idle pupils
from sheltering themselves behind it,
relying upon the noise of the recita
tion to conceal tho fact that thoy only
follow where other lead, that they do
not repeat half Iho lesson or seulence,
and perhaps, Lave no understanding
ol it whatever.
Tbe concert method is especially
adapted to young children. They Ilk
it, tbo excitement of it and llio noiso
pleaso them. It also helps very shy
children who find il so bard to speak
out bcloro the class or school. Then
il enables tho teacher to instruct many
more pupils at the same time than by
any other way, filty or sixty being
tested during the same lime that six
could bo taught individually. Then il
gives the skillful teacher an opportu
nity towwork upon the omotional na
luro ol children and rouse an vnlbusi.
asm thut could bo wakened in no other
wny. Besides, tho noiso of the con
certed exerciao is a help to the memo-
ncsot lilllo ones, tbo body of sound
making an inprcssion on the ear that
aids greally tbe recollection ot words.
And this bring us to the remark
that as concert recitations aro aids to
tho memory rather than tho under
standing, they should be used for mem
orizing mainly. When the teacher
wishes to teach his school a verso or
verbatim rulo, or lo drill thom on
something aireudy learned, he should
use the concert method, first calling
tor an individual repetition of tbe line
or sentence, then lor a repetition in
concert, and so on, until tbo whole
school has maatcrcd tbe lesson. For
this memorizing wnrk, nothing more'
effective than ennrort reciting could
probably bo found.
Who are teacher' favorite? W
hear two or three bright, careless boy
or girls, "she (or be) i the teacher's
favorite. He (or she) can do a be
has a mind to and the teacher will not
notice it. Now, we all have our favor
ites and totcher cannot help having
tucirs, nuiin me iiliool-room all should
b treated tho same, if all are equally
Rindiou and obedient. A child Vho
tries lo please ber teacher in all things,
whether she be brilliant or not, cannot
bnlp finding a warm and tender place
in a teachur'a heart. But we do not
think a teacher should ver hold op
such a child as Ibis in comparison with
others or a an example. "Compari
son are odious" and tbe child sooa be
comes disliked hy ber playmate and
i mad onoomtortable by It, Tbero
ara a fuw teacher, w are sorry to
ssy, who will pet and londle the chil
dren of wealthy parents, Ihn canin
those le favored In worldly posses
sions much envy and bitternras of
spirit. Il ia needles to add oo true
man or woman will do this. A teacher
is often ccusd of "showing panialily"
when she has no thought of doing such
a thing. A teacher need to be care
ful and watchful ia th treatment of
ber favorites. In fact she should show
no favoritism in th school room. She
must learn tbe art of concealing her
feeling ; all ah needs to do i to ad
minister jualic titlAuiit and imrwr-