Newspaper Page Text
TUB . .
lOBBD tVBBV VBDaaanAV. AT
tUTABLIIHED I H 181.
Tin largeet Circulation efauy Newspaper
In North Central Panne) Iranla.
Terms of Subscription.
tf netd Ib edranee, or within montas...t9
: ' . . . i i i- . . . a
If paid after Ibt expiration of 1 monthl... 3 OO
Ratei ot Advertising.
Transient advertissasnts, per square of 10 llaooor
!, 8 timea orleaB 11 80
For each aubsequent Insertion- , 80
Administrators' tod ttsoeatcre' nolteea...... I 0
Auditors' aotiees H H .. S 0
Cautions and K.lrays. t 80
liissolutlon notices I 00
Profeeaiooel Carde, ft llnoa or leeB.l year...- ft 00
Local aotines. per liot 0
I ou.uere IS 00 oolumn.. 10 00
1 XUBrlM..M....10 00 I i eoluma.... 70 00
I aquaret.. 10 00 1 oolumn.. IN 00
Q. B. O00DLANIIKK,
jj w. SMITH,
tt:l:TS Clearfield, Pa.
J J. LIXGLE,
A.TTORNEY-AT - LAW,
1 : IS Phlllp.barg, Centre Co.. Pa. 7 Pd
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curwensrille, Clearfield oounty, Pa.
not. 0, '78-lf.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
-Offloe In tbo Oper House. oeuV78tf.
1 R. & W. BARRETT,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
January 90, 1878.
ATTOBNKY AT LAW,
srOlnca In the Court Hooee. UtII,'"
Til. M. McCULLOUGII,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, I
(in :e in lionle building, Second MrM, op
im.iu. tba Court llouu. Je28,'78 ir.
I.AAV 4 COLLECTION OFFICE,
,;t CkardeM Connur, Penn'a. 7ij
J T. BROCK BANK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
CLEARFIELD, PA. I
OCoa in Optra Homo. ap U'V lj
yiLLIAM A. HAGEIiTY,
.raj-Will attrod to all logil buin wltb
promploert and fidelity. febll,'BO-tf.
wiLi.ua a. waLLAra.
HARBT P. WALLAra.
DAVin a. ibbib.
JOBR W. WRIOLBT.
WALLACE & KREBR,
(Suiooaion to Wallaoo A Fialdloa,)
ianl'77 Clcarflelol, P.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
't lirnrr In r Optra Unupa.
I Juno 28, '7Stf.
g L. Mc(iEE,
.1 TTORJTE 1 -.J T- I.Jt ',
DuBois, Clearfield County, Penn'a.
ar-Will attond prempllj to all legal builneM
eotra.tod to hll oaro. Jaa3l,'H0.
TBOrl. M. MURRAT. OTRn flOSBOl.
rURRAY & (iORI)ON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
4f Offioa Ib Pie'i Optra Uoait, itoond floor.
rORBPN I. K'BaALLT. OAR1BL W. H'OPBOT.
fcENALLY & McCURDY
payLtgil baalntti atttndod to promptly witbj
ddtlity. Offlto on Second etreot, aboro tbo Pint
National Bank. jan:l:TI
Real SiUto and Collection Agent,
Will promptly attend to all legal bnliaeee aa
truited to bii earn.
""-Office in Pto'l Optra HonH. Jan I '71.
J F. McKENRICR,
All learml hutlneai tntrotted to kll eara will ra
etivo prompt attention.
aj-Offloo In tbo Coart llonee.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Hit) Real Katata Aa-ent, Clearfield, Pa.
OSoa ob Tbird nrool, btkCkarry A Walnnl,
r-Reipeetfelly offora bie atrrieat Ib atlllng
and buying landa la Clearfield aad adjoining
oeaatleai BBd witb aa oiperioBoooi ovartvoBlT
y.art at a aarTayor, flattora klmaaU that he eaa
raneor aatlilaotloa. IFea. laiaaitr,
Jn. n. jot. ooununnn,
Offlaa Ib reaidtnrt on Firat it.
April 34, 1871. Claertleld, Pa.
jyi. W. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN k SURGEON,
DUBOIS CITY, PA.
Will attend profeaalonal oalla promptly. aagl070
Yyi- T. J. BOTER,
r-HYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
OSea oa Market Strati, Oleartell, Pa.
marOBce koarai I t II a. ., aad t X I p.
jQR. J. KAY WRIGLEY,
ar-Oflloa adjolBlag tba reaideaca af Janet
Wrigley, K,., oa getoad St., Clearfield, Pa.
R. II. B. VAN VA1.ZAH,
I LKAKl'ltLII, PesNN-A.
OFFICE IN HKSIDENCK, COftNRR OF FIRST
AND PINE STREETS.
p OBoe kowra-From II to t P. M.
May II, 187ft.
R J. P. BURCH FIELD,
Late Sargoon of tho S3 J eUglmeat, PeBBeylaaala
Volaateara, haelag rotaraed from Iba Arm.
afara kit profeeaienal terrlata ta tkeelUaeaa
taaT-Proftaaloaal oaUa premptly aUaadedta.
osoe aa getoad street, formerlyeeaapiea ay
Dr. Weode. (aprd.'MM
ARNOLD HAS ADVANCED
Prices of Shingles.
CanraaeelDe, Jaa. t, Ti ll.
I Oil PRINTbBO of BVBRT DISCRIP
' ttaa aaatlf uaeated at thle eca.
: ' 1 '
GEO. B. GOODLAKDEB, Editor ti Proprietor. PRINCIPLE$, NOT MEN. TEBMS-12 per annum in Advanoe.
VOL. 54-WHOLE NO. 2,663. CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 17, 1880. NEW SERIES-V0L. 21, NO. 11.
tf Wa barn prlnUd a larga nam bar of tb
KKI 11 ILL, and will on tha receipt of twwi:--In
Mltia. m ft MOT t an addrM. -arM
WILLIAM M. HENRY, Juhtioe
or m Pbaci ahi Somrmii, LUMBER
CITY. Cul.Mttfona niada and mont? promptly
paid orar. ArtlolM of armQt and ddi of
aoavtjanon t.tij aiMUtad ana varrftniea cor
root r no ebarta. 1'iJj'TI
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Juetloe of tbo Peeoe aod Scrivener,
toavCollortlonl aiada and aJ promptlj
folTBBD r. 0.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
FOB BILL TOWBIIir.
M 8, 187B lj
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
Jill'7 CLEARFIELD, PA.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
km-WIU hmuU Jobo Ib kll lino promptlj and
1b a worbmanliko manoor. apr4,87
JOHN A. STAPLER,
BAKER, Uarkot St., Cleattild, Pa.
Froib Broad, Ruik, Roll!, Plal and Cahoi
on band or mada to ordor. A gonoral Maortmant
of Coofootlonarloi, Frolli aad Nti la itok.
loo Cream and Oyntoro in onion. Saloon aaarlj
oppoiiu tbo PoitulBoo. Prieaa aiodorato.
WEAVER. & BETTS,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND LUMBER OF ALL KINDS.
,ITJ-Office on Swond alroat, ia rear of atora
room of (laorgo Wearer A Co. f JaliO. "8 lf.
JUSTICE OF TUB PEACE
Oaeeola Mllli P. O.
All oBolal bnilneaa aatraatod to him will bo
DromotiT attended to. meblfl, 78.
BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER.
Shop on Market St., opposite Court lloajt.
A eleaa towel for every ouiteaser.
Alto dealer lo
licit llranda of Tobacco and t'l((are.
ri....i4 p 10. "70.
Jl'STICE OF TUB PEACE,
W allareton, Pa.
saa-ne baa nrenarod himaolf with all tbt
otoet.ary blank forme ander tbe Paaaioa and
Boooty lawa, aa well aa blank Daeda, eta. All
legal mature animated to hit tore will rereirt
prompt attention. Way 7th, ISlO-lf.
Market Htreet, ticarneio, ra.,
MAavrAcroaaa Aao dbalbb la
Harness, Bridles, Saddles, Collars, and
Iiorse-r urmsning uooas.
aJTAII kiadt of repairing promptly attended
u.jn ' li . . J .. U n .u n.niki. Hurt
Comba, At., alwaya on hand and for Bale at the
lowed taah prlet. March ID, 1870
Q. H. HALL,
RACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLBARFIBLD, PENN'A.
-Pampa alwaya ob hand aad made to order
ob Ihort aotico. Pipes bored on reasonable terma.
All work warraated ta reader aatiafaetloB, Bad
dtllrtred If dtatrtd. myltilypd
rpHK nndirilpMd bgi Inrtto I mora tbopitv
dU all In tbt wmj of furniibinf II -.mi, Bur );,,
BftddlM nnd BnrnoM, (b iborUat aotio and
n rmnnihli tormt. HMidMeo on Ltmitt itmt,
iMtwoon Third aod ronrth.
OBO. W. QKARHART.
Hoarilald. fob. 4, 1ST.
OLEN nOPB, PENN'A.
Tnt wndcrtiKned, having lea Bed tbla 'eoaj
modioBB Hotel, Ib tbo Tillage of (lien Hope,
ia now prepared to aoeomnjodate ail who may
tall. My table and bar aball be eapplled with
tbe belt the marke t affords.
OKORHE W. DOTTS, Jr.
Illea Dope, Pa., March 10, 1B7S tf.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
DR AlalM II
Alw.osloailrn nannftMtarr and dalar fn Poar
it 9 Mr ana Bind innibroi an Rio at.
p9Ot&M oMaltod and nil bill pronptlj
E. A. BIGLER & CO.,
and maaafaolnrtrs of
AM. KIN IMl OF 8AWCI) I.I1MHER,
T'Tl CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
S. I. SNYDER,
A ALRR IR
L Watch ob, Clocks and Jewelry,
Ornkam't Jtvta, Mark Mtri,
CLEAN FIKt.n, PA.
All kind of repairing ta mj Hn ttronptlr nt-
Mdtd to. April , inn.
EaNCOUJIAQR HOME INDU8TRY.
TUB vndanticMd, baTtnf ttab!lihd a Vmt
Mry oa lh 'tik; aboal btvlf way botvoM
Ckarfluld and Car ?. It. ! rpard ta Hr
niib all bindi at VHUIT THKKft. (tandard and
dwarf.) KrrrrrMni, BhrnbbwjTp Orapa Vtaat,
Uooibrry, Lawton BlatMrrj Huawharry,
aod Raupbarry VttitM. Alto. Btbarlftia Crab Tma,
Qui dm, aod ttrlj toarltt Rhobtrb, 4i, Ordtrt
pronptlj aiUndstl to. Add ran.
J. U. WHIIiHT,
Mpl9 CnrwantrlUa, Pa.
F. M. CARD0N & BB0.,
Oa Market 8b, aae door wee of Meaeie Hoaaa,
Oar arranremantt are rf the meet eomnlote
eharaoter tor roralebiag the aablie wlta rreeh
Meau or all Itad, ana ar tee very won aoaiity.
Waalto deal la all blade of Airiealtaral Imala.
meau, wblah wa Beef ea eibtbitiea for the baa
alt of the pablta. Call aroaed when la taws,
and take a took at Ulaga, at ea-araea ai
K. M. lAKUUA el J1HU.
ClearSald, Pa., inly 14, lllt tt '
f ltarfitld lnntmnt Jrmcy,
CAaaau, a, simls.
KERR ft BlltULE, Jttnl;
RepraeMt tha fbllowlaf aad atbar Irft-elaaa Oo'a
Llrrrrool Laadoa A aloba-D, R. Br.J4.8el.8l
Lyeemlag-etj mataal Aeaak pl... t.OOO.OOO
Pkeala,of Hartford, Oaaa 1,114,089
Ineareac Oa. of Monk America ,4.U,lt4
Monk Brltlah A MereaBUIe U.S. Br. 1,781,881
Srouiak Comaaeretel U. i. Braaob.... 170,148
Watartawa .....HH TS4,8lft
Tratelara (Life A A..!d.at. .............. 4,Ma,4M
OBoe aa Market St., app. Ceart lleaaa, Clear-
sell, ra. JBM4, TV-It.
BY M. L. McQUOWN. "
' The many reports roceivod ft re bold
over for the next issue.
Our schools ttro suffering Irom lbs
effects of mild weather.
Hurnaido borouKh pays its teachers
the sting sum of ( IS per month.
New Washington talks of grading
her school. It now has over eighty
. . ....
"Tbe secret of securing order is to
secure interest. An idlo child cannot
Tbo postage on tbe pamphlot pro
cecdings of tbo Institute sent out,
amounted to 116.
The schools of CI ir aril township have
just closed a term of seven months,
and have iu every inntanro been suo
cessful. A very creditable exercise in Gym
nastics was conducted by John C. Bar
clay, teacher of New Washington
school, during tho time ol our visit.
Nearly all the male teachers of Bell
towuakip were ratting during tbe days
we spont in that township, and conse
quently their schools were not visitod.
A, l,.m lt,..l, W W ltw.lo,. ,i
Joiwe Hutton, members of the Board
ol JNew oshinglon borough, accom
panied us to tbo public school of that
Messrs. T. C. Keenan, J. H. Rowlos,
VA. Farrell and Alex. McDonald, mem
bers of tho Ponn township School
Board, havo roccntly made a visiting
tour to the schools in their jurisdic
Oorvisitingtour for 1879 80 closos
this week. No one can form any idea
of the arduous labor oonnoctod with
traveling tho county this year. We
shall speak more fully of the work
done in our next.
The School Board ot Clearfield bor-
ough have added one moro year to the
graduating course in the Leonard
Graded School. It now requires three
years to graduate after leaving the
Directors cannot be too careful about
letting tbe school houses in their dis
tricts to persons without the necessary
qualifications in which to hold Sum
mer scbools. leacbcrs with certifi
cates should have the preference in all
Drults for the payment ol the State
appropriations to the several school
districts ol tho county, have been re
turned by the btute I reasuror unpaid.
l bis is to be regretted very much, as
many districts are groatly embarrassed
Wo found in nearly all the schools
of Burnsido township well prepared
monthly statements, Bnowing the con
dition of tbo schools at tho close of
each month. Pine Grove, Shepherd
and East Ridgo have a very creditable
showing in this diroction.
Some malicious person, or persons
broke into tho Harmony school bouse,
in Burnside township, not long since,
and appropriated to their own use the
nroom, clock and other articles belong
ing to tbe school. The party guilty
of so moan an act should be made
suffer the penalty.
Every person Is highly pleased with
tbe success of the schools in tbe upper
end of tbe county. Tho young teach
ers especially have done good work,
and much credit is reflected upon the
New Washington Normal IoBtitutofor
having contributed such well-trained
persons to the profession ol teaching.
Adam Broth, Esq., Secretary of the
School Board of New Washington, and
Aaron Newcomer, Secretary of the
Board of Greenwood township, were
elected to the office of Justioe of tho
Peaoe at the February olectlon. This
is tho fifth term and twenty first year
tho lormor gentleman has sorvod in
The proceedings of the Bloom
township Local luntuto hold at Green
ville, March 6th, are beforo us, and we
regret very much that we cannot have
them inserted in dotail. From tbe pro
ceedings we learn that W. 8. Lnthor
was made the presiding officer, and
Etlie M. Faust served as Secretary.
The Address of Welcome waa deliv
ered by Susan Leech, a pupil of the
Greenville school. One of the pleas
ing features ol the Institute, was the
active part taken by Messrs. C. A.
Wood, Goo. Irwin and Wm. Dnlo, citi
zens of that community. Tbe ques
tion: Resolved, that there should be a
legal standard of- qualification for the
right ol suffrage, was very ably dis
cussed at the evening session by W. S.
Luther and C. A. Wpodsonlhaprtro-ia.
uvu, aim ra. iule and A. A. De
Larme on the negative. Tbe meeting
did a great doal of good towards build
ing up publio somimont in that com
munity, and we hope it may be follow
ed with more oi tbe same kind. Mr.
L. E. Gelnett, the toucher in charge,
labored earnestly for its success.
The followlBg are the aamaa ef tba saembers of
tbe late Teaebtr'a Inatitale anlntentieaelly omit
ted, IB the pamphlet proeeedioga, aad whleei we
promiiod to pobUah is to It "Column" Ibis weak :
Sophia MetJoreni, Pcaa i Clara A Reed.SroMi
wood, Flstreed I W. F. Dale, Ualiob, Jeneerillei
Ida M. aearharl, Baeoerie, No. 4 i K. R. Porter,
Oolltk, Oak Orore, Melko B. Hoffmen, Cheat,
McMarreyi Iltariatta Irwin, BartMido, Caebi
Rosa LaPort, Woodward, Hanbara Maggie
Amerman, taioa, Rocktoa Independent! J. L.
Lighlner, Pens, Penan lie) Jeaala Naf, Ferga.
too, Friendship Jarome Wllenn, Bradford, Jack
ets Meble MoUoorge, Clearfield, Primary ( gut
Palcbla, Woodward, Belaeme.
. vraaotoaa in irrjurpAeo. .
Joba L. Pierce, Bradford I M. W. Johatoa,
Jamea Bteronaon, Greenwood 1 Jamae Jobaaoa,
Jordnai Holaad Kenady.CeTlaglea t LesiOonh.
Ila, Milea Koad, William Qrahem, 8. F. Rowlaa,
Laareaoei Willlaaa R. Brown, Hoary Bnydor,
Jamea L. Leery, tJeorgo 8. Young, Clearfield i
Oeorge Bhlrey, Ulrardi Daniel Uilobiag, Jaaaee
Laaaberry, Bradford ladepaadeot, Joba Fallen,
Lewis Irwia, Joba Bulla, Uoakaat flemael Mo
Kaarick, Plhei Joseph S ameer, V. N. Hpoattr,
Pito Independent Hon. John Pattoa, Gerwoaa
lllei Joba B. Weld, Banana Tbemat Nome,
Kaoth Straw, Fergana aUward Parrel, Peak.
A. T. Sorjrer, Ltwreaea towathlp A. D.
Wins, Look Hates Normal Bohael I tf. A. War
lag, Csatre aoaaly, Pa. L. I. Weber, Phlllpa
barg, Pe.j Bilas Reeaa, Palat Leokoet, Oeatre
ooaaty, Pa. A. I Uearbart, Seedy Hidga, C.a.
ire eowelT, Pa. Sadk) A. Uallaber, Now Wntt
laglea! U. . Parlor, A. M. Head, L.wreaea
toweehlp Laella Bargwia, Fraakha, Veaaoge
ooaaty, Pa., B. J. Driakaaier, Wllllamaport, Pa.;
Mallaea Barley, Tyreaa, Pe. A. A. Marray,
Slrard lawaBklpi W. K Baker, Sept. of Ualiag
doe, Pe. M.J. Bhaw, FUmlag, Centra aoaaly,
Pel James A. Flea lor, Maaieeabarg, Ooairo
eoaaty, l'a. J oka W, Bell, Bower, OloarltM
ooaaty, Pa; Nellie Bird, Carrie Lateaeka, Ilia
keaaabraaa, Aliee Bird, Fealald, Pa. Kau Alia.
maa, Altaaaa, Pa. Joka H. MelHIegoe, Maat
legdoa, Pa.) Joba I. Methlet, Mabaaay City,
I'e.i Jeaioa A. MeQaewa, ladlaaa, fa.i Kdmaad
Bark, Pkiladelpbla, Pa. Aetkoay II lie, Natkaa
lel llippe, Laaibar City Mattla WlUee, Mrt.J.
R. Wlieoa, Weadlaal, Pa.
ANNALS OF THE WAR.
Chapter of Unwritten History--The
Gettysburg campaign i ne atory
of tha Second Curps on the
March and In Batl e.
Hanoook'i HeroiBin .Under Fire.
A Graphic llecllnlefthextlrrlng Dcedaof
an fvaoiiui iray.
ar Jon enaaaAL ar. claib a. ui aoi.nao.
From tbe Phibtdalphla Timet.
In all the four years ol its existence
tbe men of tho Army of tbe Potomac
never bailed an order with more de-
lieht than that one wbiob withdrow
us from before Fredericksburg and
sent us North. When on that lovely
Summor evening in June, 1863, we
looked for the last time on Marye's
heights and the monument ot Vt aah
invton's mother, which bad been shat
tored and broken by the shells ol both
armies, and stood out there on the
plain back ot the city as though pro
testing against this fratricidal strife, a
mute and sorrowlul JNiobe weeping lor
tbe mislortiincs ol her children, every
heart beat with a quickened throb and
all the men rejoiced to leave the scenes
of tbe last six months. We withdraw
from tbe line of the river after the
sbados of night had lallen over the
landscape ; and it seemed to be an ap
propriate hour, lor bad not tbe great
army while here been in shadow, with
out a ray of sunshine to gladden our
Bouls? and we had boon hero so long
we were beginning to be forgotten as
the Army ot tha Potomac, and letters
camo to us marked "Army of the Rap
pahannock." As we marched away in
the darkness our joy was not unuiin
glod with sorrow, for was thero a
veteran in the ranks who did not leave
behind tbo jrraves of noble and well
beloved comrades who bad fought bo-
side bim from tbe beginning of the
great strueele? Wo did not march
uway with all the army. Whon our
camp-fires which on thisnigbt burned
with unusual brightness went oot and
left the Valley of the iiappahannock
in darkness, the living army was gone
to bo sure, but twenty-five thousand of
our members lajr, over on the other
side ol the rivor the boroes of Fred
ericksburg and Chuncollorsville. An
army of occupation, indeed, the corps
of honor, forming a great aod perma
nent camp the bivouac of the dead.
A MARCH TO VICTORY.
Thoughts ot sadness soon gave way
to those of a more buoyant nature ; we
felt when the head of the column turn
ed toward the Capital the road we trod
would lead lo victory. Ihemarcbto
Gettysburg was one of tho longest and
most severe we bad yet experienced.
In thinking of war we are ant to look
only at tbe battles ; to hear the dread
sound of strife ; see the deadly, gaping
wounds, and are roady to crown the
survivora or give bonor to those who
fell ; but the hardships of the march,
the heats of Summer, the colds ot
Winter, the ontire absenoe of every
comfort and luxury in active service is
overlooked or forgotten by those who
do not participate. jNapoloon, when
retreating from Moscow, lost many of
bis mea by the excessive cold ; directly
opposite was our experience on the
way to uettysburg. un one day, 1
think tbe second out from Falmouth,
our corps lost more than a dozen men
from sunstroke they fell dead by the
waysido. un another day we crossed
tbe battle-field of Bull Run, where the
yoar before Pope bad mot with dis
astrous defeat. No effort bad been
made to bury the dead properly ; a lit
tle earth, which the rain had long ago
washed away, bad been thrown over
them where tbey tell, and their bodies.
or rather their skeletons, now lay ex
posed to view, ia some part ot tbe
field they were in groups, in other
places singly and in all possible posi
tions. One cavalryman lay outstretch
ed with skeleton band still grasping
his mated sword. Another, ball cov
ered with earth, the flesh still clinging
to his lifeless bones and hand extended
as if to greet us. We rested for. a
short time on the field and one of the
regiments of our brigrade (tbe Twenty
eighth Massachusetts) baited on tbe
very spot on which thoy bad fought
tbe year previously, and recognised
the various article lying around as
belonging to their own dead.
The route of tbe Second corps to
Gettysburg was ovor two hundred
miloa in length. Some days we march
ed fifteen on otbors eighteen miles, and
on one day (June 2'J) this corps com
pleted the longest march made by any
infantry during the war leaving Fred
erick City, Md., in the morning and
halting at 11 o'clock P. M. two miles
beyond Unlontown, a distance of
thirty-four miles. When 1 look back
over the almost snore of years to this
march of tbe Socond corps and think
of the perfect discipline in the ranks,
the cheerfulness with which the en
listed men, with their load of filly -seven
pounds weight muskot and
ammunition, knapsack and cartridge
box, shelter tent and blanket, cantoen
and rations trudged along under tho
broiling sun of tbe bottom month in
our yoar ; how bravely they straggled
while on tho march, uo act was com
mitted which could bring dishonor up
on them as men, as citizens or soldiers,
my noart nils with admiration, and I
offer a flowing measure of praise to my
comradoswhoareyetaliveand to those
who are no more. Tbore is not an in
habitant on all that line of march who
can tell of a single act of vandalism by
any ol tha men, aueh aa we are wont
to bear ol other armies. In tha, rich
and cultivated country throngh which
w passed lifo and property wero ro
spectod as much as though we were in
the halcyon days of peace. Old and
young earn to the roadside lo see the
army pass, and know thoy were safe
from insult or molestation. The fiolds
of ripening grain waved untramplod
when tbe corps had gone by, the men
evon going out of their way to avoid
the gardens lest tbey should step upon
the lowers. Tbe perfection of disci
pline in tbe army at this period was ex
traordinary. The armies that fought
the war of 1861 differed very widly
from tbt armies of other nations. We
had no hoards of Cossacks, no regi
ments of Baahi-Baiouks to burn and
destroy, to Insnlt lb agod or crush the
defenseless. When Hancock, at Will
iamsborg, said to his brigade, "Gentle
man, charge I" be did not call bis
troops out of tboir name. Our army
waa literally an army of gentlemen.
'i ACROSS TUB POTOMAO
And 10 wo passed on to Thorough
fare gap, to Edwards' ferry, lo Fred
erick, Md., to Unlontown and Tansy
town, where, on the morning of July
1. the Socond corns waa massed, and
where Gonoral Meade's headquarters
bad boen established. W bile the corps
were tiling into tbe fields lo tbe right
ana lett ol tbe road and tattling down
for rest and to wait for orders, Gen
eral Hancock rode over to Gen. Meade
and entered Into conversation with him
At they wore talking a mounted offlcor
dasbod up, bringing the intelligence
that fighting had begun at Gettysburg
thirteen miles distant. J ho news
was meagre otily that tbore was
fighting. That was all ; yot it caused
a general surprise, unaware as we wero
oi mo near proximity oi mo enomy,
and wasenoneb to send a thrill through-
out tho vetorun ranks. Tbo road that
leads to Gettysburg is scanned with
anxious oyes, nnd soon, away in the
distance, rises a cloud ol dust, which
comes nesrer and Dearer, and another
mossengor from tbe front is with us.
He tolls us that Reynolds is killod or
mortally woundod ; that tho First and
Eleventh corps sro fighting and the
battle is against ns, it is now l o clock,
too late for the gooond corps to reach
tho field that day to take part in steam
ruing tha tidn of rebel victory ; but not
so with tbeir commander. Moade
orders Hancock to proceed to tho front
and take command of til tho troops
there assembled. This was ton min-
utos past 1 o'clock, and within twenty
minutes Hancock, with his staff, was
on the road to Gettysburg. He goes
like Dosaix at Marengo, to snatch vic
tory lrom tbe taws ol delest. (A
strange coincidence. Nearly a century
nctoro inegrnndiaincroi iron. Hancock,
then a soldior of Washington, started
from this same little village of Tanoy-
town to escort some of the prisoners of
liurgoyne to -Y alloy forgo.) The
Second corps promptly foliowod Gon.
Hancock and required no uriring to
koep the men up. Tbe regiments
moved forward solidly and rapidly and
not a straggler was to bo seen. I never
saw men cover thirteen miles so quick
ly; but as tbey hurried along a halt
was ordered, the ranks opened, and an
abulance passed containing tbe dtad
body ot tbe heroic (ienoral John r .
ICeynolds. 1 ho the corps pushed oa
to within a few miles of the battle
ground, where it camped that night
and arrived on tho field early tho next
HANCOCK TO Till FRONT.
As General Hancock proceeded to
tho front bo rodo part ot tbe way in
an ambulance, so that be might ex
amine tha maps of tbe oounlry, bis
side, Major Mitchell, galloping aboaJ
to announce his coming to General
Howard, whom be found on Uemotery
bill, and to whom ho told bis errand,
giving bim to understand that General
Hancock was coming up to take com
mand. At half past 3 o'clock General
Hancock rode up to General Howard,
informed bim that be had como to take
oommand and aaked him if he wished
to see his written orders. Howard
answered: "No! no I Hancock, go
ahead !" At this momont our defeat
seemed lo bo complete. Our troops
wero flowing through the streets of
tho town in great disorder, closely
pursued by the Confederates, the re
treat fast becoming a rout, and in a
vory few minutes the onomy would be
in possession of Comotry hill, tbe key
to tbe position ; and the battle of Get
tysburg would bars gone into history
as t rebol victory. But what a ohange
camo over tho scene in tbe next half
hour. The presence of Hancock, like
that of Sheridan, was magnetic. Order
came out of chaos. Tbo flying troops
halt, and again faco tho enemy. Tho
battalions of Howard's corps that were
retreating down tho Baltimore piko,
are called back, and with a cheer go
into position on tbe crest of Cemetery
hill, whore tho division of Nteinwebr
had already been stationed. Wads
worth's division and battory are sent
to hold Culp's bill, and Geary, with
tho White Star division, goos on tho
double-quick to occupy the liigh ground
toward Round Top. Confidence is re
stored, tbo enemy chocked, and being
deceived by these dispositions, cease
Gonoral Hancock was fully awaro
that General Meade bad dotormincd to
fight tbe battle on tbe line oi Pipe
oreek ; but noting the topographical
advantages of the ground around Get
tysburg, be determined to advise Gen.
Mestlo to tight there, lie knew that
this lino, the crest of Cemetery Ridge,
lib uulp s bill on the right, J;onnd
Top on the left, and Cemetery bill in
the centre, could not be bettered. So,
when ordor bad taken tbe place ot
confusion and our lines onco more In
tact, be tent his senior aide, Major
Mitchell, back to tell General Meade
that in bis judgment Gettysburg waa
the place to fight our battle. Major
Mitchell lound benoral Meade In tho
evening, near Taneytown, and com
municated those views, lion. Meade
llstoned attentively and on theso rep
resentations he fortunately concluded
to abandon his idea of fighting on the
line of Pipe crock and deliver tho
battle at Uettysonrg, anil turning to
General Both Williams, bis Adjutant
General, be said : "Order up all the
troops; we will fight there." Tbe
morning of July 2, and tho second day
of the hattle, dawned clear and bright,
and found Hancock posting the Second
corps on Comelry Ridge. As yet no
one in that carps, with the exception
of the General and his staff, had beard
a shot firod. As we approached Get
tysburg the day before, tho sounds of
"hf. nw.intr f n thn flirertinn nf t i.e.
or tbo lorinalmn ol Ihu country,
where wholly inaudiblo, Those who
came upon the field alter nightfall bad
no idea ot the whereabouts of tbe
enemy ; but as the daylight increased
and objects bocame visiblo we saw
tbeir lines nearly a mile distant on
Seminary Ridge, and away lo our loll
rost Little Round Top, and still fnrthor
on Round Top. As the day wore on,
and not a shot or ahoatilosonnd broke
tbe stillness of the morning, it became
evidonl that the enemy were not yot
ready to renew tho fight Our corps
had not into position, and in a wood
jnst back of our line the birds caroled
and sang loud and long. Uur horses
qulotly browsed in the rich grass, and
the mon lay In groups peacefully en
joying rest aftor the rapid march of
the day betore. ma troops mat ar
nvod upon the field or changed their
position did so leisurely and unmolos
ted. Sickles came up and went Into
position on our left and Geary took bis
division ovor lo Culp's hill. About 10
o'clock picket firing was heard out to
ward little Koand i op, continuing at
intervals until long after noon, at limes
becoming quite sharp. Hut 3 0 dock
came and still no indications of the
A SPLXNDID SPECTACLE.
The btyt had partly recovered from
their fatigue and were actually begin
ning lo enjoy life ; tome ol them In
dulged in a auiet gstno of eucboro.
while others toasted tbeir hard tack or
fried R little bacon at the small fires In
the rear ot tbt lines. Shortly after 3
o clock a movement was apparent on
our left. From where wt (Caldwell's
division) lay, tbt whole country in our
front, and far to our loll, away to tbo
poach orchard and to Little Round Top,
waa in full view. Oor division stood
in brigade columns, and when it be
came tvidont that something was
going to take place the boys dropped
tboir curds regardless ol what was
trump ovon tbe men who held both
bowers and the aoo and nil gathered
on tbe meat favorahlo position to wit
ness the oponing of tho ball. Soon tho
long lines of the Third corps sro seen
advancing, and how splendidly thoy
march. It looks like a dress parade,
a review. On, on, thoy go, out toward
tho poach orchard, but not a shot is
fired. A little while longer and soino
one culls out, "Tbore !" and points to
whero a puff of amoko is seen arising
against tbe dark eroon of the woods.
Another and anothor clould until tbe
whole face of the forost is envelonod
and the dread sound of the artillery
oomcs loud and quick ; shells are seen
bursting in all directions alone tbe lines.
The bright colors ol tho regiments are
conspicuous marks, and tho sholls
burst amnnd tbera in Rrewt numbara.
The musketry begins, the infantry be
come engaged, and the battle extends
along tbo whole front of Sickles' corps.
now tbesounos came from Liittieitound
Top, and tho sorako rises among tho
trees and all tho high and wooded
ground to tho left of tho peach orchard
seems to be tbo sceno of strife. An
hour passes and our troops give way,
nnd aro falling back ; but slowly, very
slowly, evory inch of ground is fought
tor. 1 bo third corps Is not In tho
habit ot giving it up, and tboy hold
their own well, butthoodds are against
tbcm and they are forced to retire.
Now bolp is called for, and Hancock
tells Caldwell to bave bis division
ready. "Fall In I" and the men run to
tholr places. "Take arms ! and tbe
lour brigades of Zook, Cross, Biook
and Kelley are ready for the fray.
There is yot a few minutes to spare
oeioro starling ana me tune is occupi
ed in ono of tho most imprcssivo religi
ous ceremonies I have over witnessed.
The Irish Brigade, which bad been
commanded formerly by Gen. Thomas
rrancis Meagher, and whose green flag
bud been unfurled in evory battle in
which tbo army of the Potomac had
boen engagod, from the first Bull Run
to Appomattox, and was now com
manded by Colonel Patrick Kolly, of
highly eighth New iork,tormod apart
of this division. Tbo brigade stood in
column of regiments, closed in mass.
As tbe large majority ot its members
wore Catholics tbe chaplain of tbe bri-
gado, Rev. William Corly, proposed to
give a general absolution to all the
men before going Into tho fight. While
this is customary in the armies of
Catholic countries of Europe, it was
perhaps the first time it was ever wit
nessed on this continent, unless, indeed,
tho grim old warrior, Ponce de Leon,
aa he tramped through the ovcri'lados
of Florida in tbe search of the Fount
ain of Youth, or De Soto on his march
to tbo Mississippi, indulged in this act
of devotion. Falhor Corloy stood upon
a largo rock in front ot tbe brigade ;
addressing tbe men, he explained what
he was about to do, saying that each
one could receive tbe benefit of the
absolution by making a sincere act of
oontntion and nrmly resolving to cm
brace the first opportunity of oonfton
ing thoir sins, urging them to do tboir
duly woll, and reminding them of the
hlL'h and sacred nature of their trust as
soldiers and the noblo object for which
thoy fought, ending by saying that tho
Catholio Church refuses Christian
burial to the soldior who turns his back
upon the foe or desorts bis flag. The
brigade was standing at "Ordor arms."
As be closed his address every man
full on his knees, with bead bowed
down. Then stretching his right band
toward tho brigade Father Corley pro
nounced tbe words of the absolution :
"Dominus nostor Jesus Christus vos
absolvat, et ego, auctoritalo ipsius, vos
absolvo ab cmni vinculo excommuni
cationis, et intordicti in quantum pos
sum et vos indigetis, deinde ego absolvo
vos a peccatis voalris in nomine Putris,
et Filio et Spirilus Saucto, Amen."
The scene was more than impressive,
it was awe-inspiring. Near by stood
Hancock, surrounded by a brilliant
throng ofoffloers, who bad gathered to
witness this very unusual occurrence,
and while there was profound silence
in the ranks of the Socond corps, yet
ovor to tho left, out by tbe peach or
chard and Little Round Top, where
Weed and Vincent and Haslett wero
dying, the roar of tba battle rose and
swelled and reechoed through the
woods, making music moro sublime
than ever sounded through cathedral
aislo. Thn act seemed to be in har
mony with all the surroundings. I do
not think there was a man iu the bri
gade who did not offer up a heartfelt
prayer, r or some it was moir mat ;
thoy knelt there in thoir grave clothes
in less than half an hour many of
them wore numbered with the dead of
July 2. Who can doubt that their
prayors wore good f What was wsnt
ing in the eloquence ot the priest to
move them to repelance was supplied
in the incidents of the fight. That heart
would bo incorrieiblc, Indoed, that tho
scream of a Whitwortb bolt, added to
Father Corly's touching appeal, would
not move to contrition.
Till WORK OF BLAUQHTIR.
The mans published by the Govern
ment make tbe line of Caldwell's di-
. , i. . I r , -1 . i .
hink this iB a mistake. 1 bolievo it
was nearly five before wo started. The
division moved off by the left flank
and marched rapidly. Wt bad hardly
got under way when the tnetny'i bat
lories opened and shells began falling
all around us. The ground on which
thlsedivision faced the enemy the after
noon of Ibe 2d had already boen fought
ovor again and again, and the aeids
and woods were strewn with killed
and wounded. Anderson and MoLaws
bad driven our troops from the poach
orchard, and tbe line on which Sickles
had placed tbe Tbird corps had been
in a great part abandoned. Ai wo
arrived on the rising ground to the
Iclt of tho peach orchard, tba brigade
of De Trobriand had been pushed back
out of tbe woods and across the wheat
fluid, aftor a most gallant fight. As
our division advanoed many of tbt
shattered regiments or tbe 1 bird corps
passed to the rear through the inter
vals in our line. They retired in good
ordor, with colors flying. To the left
of the wheat field Cross doployed bit
brigade, Kelly passed to tha right and
Brook to tha left. Tho brigades were
still in column of regiments when tboy
appoarod In front ot tbo enemy, and
tbe columns deployed on the aonoie
quick and forming line advanced to
find the Confederates. Wt bad not
far to look. At wt approaohed the
crest of tbt rugged bill, from bobind
tbe bugt bouldert thai wart every
where scattered around tbe men of
Longstroot's corps rose up and poured
Into our ranks a moat destructive Are.
The tudden meeting astonished as, tbe
linoa being not moro than thirty feet
apart when the Bring opened. 1 can
not imagine why the robt allowed na
to get so near belort tiring, unless tbey
thought w would give way under
the weiKbl and impulse ol tbt attack
If this was tbeir idea they were badly
mistaken. Onr mon promptly retnru-
ed the firo, and for ten or fifteen min
utes the work of death went on. Tbore
was no cheering, no time lost in un
necessary movements. Kvory man
there, both Union and rebol, were vet
erans, and knew just what wat wanted.
They stood there face to faoe, loading
and firing, and tooloso that every shot
told. In a short time the brigades of
Cross and Brook began forcing tho
enemy back, and after firing for ubont
ten minutos Colonel Kelly gsve llm
order to charge. Tho men, rushing
forward with a cheer, were among the
Johnnies in a lew moinonts.
A SUCCESSFUL RUSE.
Here took place a rather extra
ordinary scene. In an instantour mon
and their opponents wore mingled to
gether. In charging we bad literally
ran right In among them, firing in
stantly ceased ud we found ihoro
were as many ot the enemy as there
were of ourselves. Officers and men
looked for a lime utterly bowildored ;
all tbo fighting had slopped, yet the
Groybacks still retained thoir arms
and showod no disposition to surrendor.
At this moment a Union omcer called
out in a loud voice : "Tbe Confederate
troops will lay down tbeir arms and
go to the rear I" This ended ascene that
was becoming ombarrasBing. iho
Confederates promptly obeyed, and a
large number ot what I think were
some of Kershaw's brigade became
our prisoners. In front of Kol
ly 's brigado we lound that the
enomy had suffered much more loan
we bad. Whon engaged our lino was
below theirs, as thoy stood on the
crest of tbe bill. Thoy fired down
while our mon fired upward, and our
firo was more effective. On tbeir line
wo found many dead, but fow wounded
they wore nearly an bit in tne bead
or upper part of the body. Behind
ono rock 1 counted live dead bodios.
This was some of the most severe
fighting our division bad ever done,
and so close that tbe officers used their
revolvers. During tho fight my regi
ment held tho cxtremo right of tho
division, and from wbero we stood I
could see the peach orchard, and none
of our troops wore between that point
and us a distance of moro than a
quarter of a milo. As wa wero engaged
a column of troops passod through this
interval, going into our rear, sna
formed a line of battle facing tbe wheat
field. The hour that this column
moved in hero is put down on the Gov
ernment maps as 7 o'clock. I think
this it Incorrect ; it could not nave
boen so lute. And now we find that
whilo our division had been, in a man
ner, victorious in chucking tbe impetu
ous attack at this point, and had taken
many prisoners, wo are ourselves in
vory serious trouble a line of battle
in our rear and anotbor in oor front,
both moving to attack us at once. As
wo got roady to repol the attack in
front, Wofford's Goorgia troopB Btriko
us in tho rear. The brigades of Cross
and Brook are more fortunate just now
than those ot Zook and Kelly. Tbe
Confederate lines in our roar did not
extend far enough to cover tbo two
first, bat Kelly and Zook were com
pletely surrounded, and the only wsy
out of the trap was to pass down be
tween tbe two rebel lines, so the two
brigades started on a double-quick
firing as they ran toward Little
Round Top, tho only opening through
which we could escape.
TIIROUOn AST ALLEY OT DEATH.
Passing through this alley of death,
where tho bullets came thick as hail,
we not away with a largo part of the
division, but tbe lost was terrible. In
the ball hour that wt woro undor tire
fourteen hundred mon were lost. Of
tbe four brigado commanders, two
were killed General 8. II. Zook and
Colonel E. E. Cross. Cross fell almost
at tbe first fire and Zook a few minutes
afterward. On the morning of that
day, General Hancock said to Colonel
Cross : " 1 uis it tne last tune yuu win
fight as a Colonel ; to day will make
you a Brigadier Weneral. t rosi an-
uwered nrmly and aadiy, as though ne
felt sure ol what bo said : "No ; it is
loo late, General, I will never wear tbe
star. To-day I shall bo killed." Just
after Zook fell, Colonel. Richard P.
Roberts, wbo sucoeeded to tbe com
mand of the brigade, was shot through
the heart. He wasa gallant and much
beloved officer, and he loft a sick bed
whon ho beard ot Lee moving into
Pennsylvania, and weak and emaciated,
be found bis regiment only two dsys
before he was killod. Some of tbe men
who loll in tho wheat field during the
retreat nf tbisdivision, and wero forced
to lie there botwoon the two fires, fared
badly. One man of my regiment fell
shot through the log, and wbilt he lay
tbert was hit live or six times, n uen
it became evident that we had to fall
back, our woundod, with visions of
Andorsonville and Libby before them,
begged piteously to bo taken along
many of them keeping with ns, wholly
unaided. Sergeant Thomas Grey was
shot through the stomach and, with
entrails protruding, managed to drag
himsell along and succeeded in escap
ing with us.
It wat now gelling law ; me sun
wheat field was to bave more victims.
Aa Caldwell retired, Aycrt camo up
and wenlin with his Regulars another
effort to gain the wooded crest that
extended lrom Liltlt Round Top to
ward tbe peach orchard. As he ad
vanced bo must had struck the flank
of the Confederates that had but short
time before ponrcd destruction into the
roar of Caldwell's division. Avert
doubled them up, driving everything
before bim to tomtwbert near tbe
point from whence we bad just been
driven. Then MoCandless took up the
fight and, with tht Pennsylvania Re
serves, sucooodod in gaining and hold
ing some of the lost ground. Tho fight
ing at tliis point, during the tvening
of July 2d, waa of most sanguinary
character, each tide fighting with
droadlul earnestness. Four or five of
our best divisions had charged ovot
tho tame spot and were met evory
time by the choice troopsVif tht enemy
both determined lo bald tbt rldgt in
front ot the wheat field. Gen. 11 u lord
says of the first day's fight : "There
seems to be no directing hesd." This
might be appliod to the fighting ot ike
left on tbe socond day. If tbera waa
any directing head it was not especially
visible. Until toward dark tbt ngbt
had certainly gone against us, and the
battle had extended along tbe line, to
the right, almost half way to the
cemetery. The evening and ourjiros
pecti grew dark together. Tbt Third
oorpt nad been driven back, broken
and ibattered, its commandarwoundod
and carried from tht Hold, tbt troops
that had gooe to it support tared no
belter, and every man felt that tha
situation waa grave. 1
HANCOCK TO THI BESCVI.
However, all wm not yet lost. Meade
bad again thought ot Hancock, and at
yesterday be tent him to atop the
rent of tbe First and Eleventh corpt,
so to-day he onion, him to assume com
mand on the left. Once more be is in
the fight. A half hour of daylight
yet remains, but It is long enough to
onable him to rally somo ot our scat
tered troops fact them once mor e to
the front, gather reinforcements, drive
back tho enemy, and rostoronur broken
lines. At Wutorloo, Wellington pe
titioned to God for "night or llliicht r."
At Gettysburg, on this evening, we
hud no lilucber to pray for. Our whole
force was up; but, while omitting the
last part ot tbo -boglishnjan s pruyor,
wo had every reason to adopt the first
portion. As the fight was closing
upon tho lei l el our army, r.well was
striking a torrilio and successful blow
on tbe right. We reformed our divis
ion on the Taneytown road, and after
tbo rough handling we bad recoived
had aome difficulty in getting things
in Boapt. aa in wam ibo. mmkimi.
away to the right and rear we heard
tho yells ot tbo Louisiana ligors as
they rushed ovor our works at Culp's
hill. This was the most anxious hour
of all in the great battle. We bad
boen driven on the left and on the
right the robs had effected a lodgment
in our works, ono our strongest posi
tions, and wero, in fact, in our roar,
without any adequato force to opposo
thorn. Anotbor hour of daylight, and
unless some miracle had intervened
we would bave most likely have loft
Gettysburg without wailing to bid tho
inhabitants good evening. But fortu
nately for us there was no Joshua
around Leo's headquarters, so tbe sun
went down ou almanac time, utterly
regardless of tho little troubles that
wo were trying to settle. Darkness
fell upon the sceno and prevonted the
Johnnies from taking further advan
tage ot their success, giving usa chance
to repair our disasters.
Fow of us slept during this night.
Our division wont back and was put
in position on Cemetery nidge by Gen
eral Hancock, who all the night long
labored to strengthen this line. Tho
men gathered rocks and fence rails
and used them to orsct a light breast
work. Had tbo necessary tools been
disliibuted to the troops wo could
have entrenched this lino and mado it
formidable, but we could not find a
pick or a shovel, and the works that
wo did attompt were very light, scarcly
sufficient to stop a musket bull. Dur
ing the whole night mounted officers
f;alloped to and fro, and troops wore
lurried to important points. At the
first fuint gray of the morning of July
3d, the fight resumed on Culp's bill,
where darkness had interrupted it ino
t . i a i .1 :l I
Incessant We know that Hlocum was
trying lo drive the Johnnies out of our
works, which tbey bad slept in and
occupied without invitation tho night
betore. Uulp s hill was anout a mue
Irom where we lay, and we could hear
the cheers ot Geary's men, which
came lo us on the morning air, min
gled with some rebel bullets, which
baa missed me mark lor wnicn tney
were intendod and, almost spent, Trent
singing over our beads. As tho day
advanced sounds ot the artillery min
gled with the musketry, and we know
that a bard fight was in progress.
The mon of our line almost beld tbeir
breath with anxiety. About 9 o'clock
tbe firing suddenly ceased. A tre
mendous cheer went up, and a minute
later evory man in the army know
that we were again in possession of
Culp's bill. Tbou came a tew hours ot
peace, a perfuct calm. From Cemo
tery bill to Round Top not a move
ment had been observed or a shot Hied
all the morning.
ON SEMINARY BIDOB.
A boat noon wt oould tee consider
able activity along Seminary Ridge.
Battery after battory appeared along
tbo edge of the woods. Guns were
unlimbered, placed in position and the
horses taken to tho rear. On our side,
officers sat around in groups and,
through field glasses, anxiously watch
ed these movements in our front and
wondered what it all meant. Shortly
after 1 o'clock, however, wo knew all
about It. The headquarter wagons
had just come up and General Gibbons
had invited Hancock ana turn to par
take ot some lunch. Tho bread that
was handed around if it evory was
oaten was consumed without batter, ,
for ns the ordorly was passing the lat
ter article to the gontlemen, a shell
from Seminary Ridge out him in two.
Instantly tho air was filled with burst
ing sholls; the batteries that we had
been watching for the Inst two hours
going Into position in our front did
not optn singly or spasmodically, i no
whole hundred and twonty guns,
which now began to play upon us,
scorned to be discharged simultane
ously, as though by electricity. And
then for noarly two hours the storm
of dostb went on. I have road many
aocoonta of this artillery duel, but tbe
most graphic description by the most
ablo writers falls far short of tho reality.
No lohL-uo or pen can find language
strong enough to convoy any idoa of
iu awrulnees. Btreams oi screaming
projectiles poured through tht hot air,
tellinrr and hnroliner Mrrwl.ei ,.M?f'
and borse were torn limb from limb;
caissons explodod one aftor anothor in
rapid succession, blowing the gnnncrt
to piece. No spot within our lines
waa free from this frightful iron rain.
The infantry hugged close to the earth
and sought every slight shellor that
our light earthworks afforded. 1 1 was
literally a storm of shot and shell that
tho oldest soldier there those wbo
had taken part in almost every battle
of tht war bad not yet witnessed.
That awful, rushing sonnd of the flying
missiles, which causes the firmest hearts
to quail, is everywhere.
At this tumultuous moment we wit
ness a deed of heroism such as we are
ant to attribute only to tht night ot
olden time. Hancock, mounted and
accompanied by hisstaff, Msj. Mitchell,
Captain Harry Jlingham, tapt. Isaac
Parkor and Capt. E. I'. Branson, with
tbe oorpt flag flying In the hands of
thrive Irishman, Private Jsmot Wells,
of the Sixth Now York Cavalry .started
at the right of his line, where it joins
the Tanoylown road, and sowly road
along the terriblo crest to theextrome
left of his position, while shot snd shell
roared and crashed around him. and
every moment tore great gaps in the
ranks at bit tidt.
"Stormed at with abet aad atoll,
Baldly tkey rede, aad well." , ,
It wat a gallant deed and withal not
a reckless exposure of life, for the
presence and calm demeanor of the
commandor as ha passed through the
lines of bis moo set them an example
which an hour later bore good fruit
and nerved their stoat htaria to win
the greatest and moot decisive battle
ever tongbt on this continent, for an
hour after the firing began our batter
iet replied vigorously and then coated
altogether, but tbe rebel shells osrae
a numerous at ever. Then, for over
a half hour, not a toil wat ttto s tiring
on onr line we might btve been an
niirni oeioro, anu irora vuun until iouk - . --- - - , j;,i
afterdaylight the tiring w.s heavy and " lrd d".
In.ant.b W. knew YW Hlocnm was!ir his great service on that field.
army of doad men for all the evidtoct
of lite visible. Suddouly tbo enemy
Btoppod tboirfiro, which bad been
going on.foi jneurly two hours without
intermission, and then tbt long lint
ot their infantry eighteen thousand
strong emerged from tbt woodo and
began their advance.
At this momont silonce reigned
along our whole lino. With arms at
a "nght-sbouldor shilt," tbe divisions
of Longstreot't corps moved forward
with a precision that was wondorfully
beautiful. It it now our turn and tbe
linos that a fow moments before seemed
so still now teemed with animation.
Eighty of our guns open tboir brazen
months ; solid shot and shells are aunt
on their errand ol duHlrueliou in quick
succession. We see them lull in count
less numbers among the advancing
troM. The accuracy of our firo could
not be exoelled ; the missiles strike
right in tbe ranks, Waring and rending
thorn in every direction. The ground
over which tbey pass is strewn with
dead and wounded. But on they come.
Tho gaps in tbo ranks are closed as
soon as made, inoy nave vuree
quarters of a mile to march, exposed
lo our lire, and half the disianco It
in in ly passed, tlnr gunners now load
with cninsicr and thet ll. ciiHup'ttlling;
hulKtilltht V march un. Their gallantry
is oust all nruiso it is sublime. Now
they aro within a hundred yards. Our
intautry rise up and pour round aftor
round into these heroio troops.
Till GALLANT MEN OP THE SOl'TO.
At Waterloo the Old Guard recoiled
beforo a less severe fire. But there
was no recoil in those men of the
South' they marched right on aa
tVmnrh thflir onnWvl death. Thca con-
centrals in if rest numbers and strike
on tbo most advanced part ol our lint.
The craih of. the muskotry and the
cheers ol tho mon blend together. The
Philadelphia brigade occupioa thia
point. Tbey aro fighting on their own
ground and fur their own Slate, and
in tho bloody band to hand engage
ment which ensues, the Confederates,
though lighting with dosporato valor,
tind it impossible to dislodge thorn
they aro rooted to the ground. Seeing
bow utterly hopeless further effort
would be and knowing the impossibil
ity of reaching tbeir iincs should they
attempt to retreat, largo numbers ol
the rebels lay down thoir arms and the
battlo Is won. To the lea of the Phil
dolpbiu brigado wo did not get to such
closo quarters. Seeing the utter an
nihilation ot Pickett's troops, tbe di
vision of Wilcox and others on their
right went to pieces almost before they
got in musket range. A few bore and
there ran away and i.ieu vo regum
thoir linos, but many laid down there
nrma and came iu as prisoners. At
tho most critical moment Hancock
fell, among his men, on the line of
Stannard's Vermont biigado, desper
ately wounded, but ho continued to
direct tho tight until victory wos se
cured' and then he sent Msj. Mitchell
to announce the glad tidings to tbo
commander of tbe army. Said he:
"Tell General Meade that tho troops
under my command havo repulsed the
assault ol the enemy, who are now
flying in all directions in my front."
"Say to Gonoral Hancock," said Meade,
in reply, "I rogreat exceedingly that
be is wounded, and that I tbank him
for the country and myself for the
services he he has rendered to day."
Truly, llio country may Ibantt uenerai
Five thousand prisoners wero sent
to tho roar, and wegathorcd up thirty
three regimental standards in front ol
the Socond corps. The remaining hours
ot daylight during this day were oc
cupied in caring for the wounded,
... .. 4 I , I -1l.:n nTaK
looking over tne neiu aim uiiiig .
the incidents ol the fight. Many noble
oflloars and man were lost on both
sides, and in camp hospitals tbey died
in hundreds during the afternoon and
night. The rebel General ArmiBtead
rliud in this way. As he was being
carried to tho rear bo was met by
Captain Harry Bingham, of Hancock's
stall', who, getting off his borse, asked
him It hO COU1Q UO anviuillg iur mm.
Armistoad requested him to take bis
watch and ipnrt to General Hancock
that tbey might be tent to hit rela
tives. Uis wishot were complied with,
General Hancock sending them to his
friends the first opportunity. Armi
stead was a brave soldior, with a most
chivalnc presence, and camo forward
in front ol bis brigado, waiving his
sword. He was shot through the body
and fell insido our lines, borne of tbe
wounded rebels showed considerable
animosity toward our mon. One of
thorn, who lay mortally wounded in
fmnt of the Sixty-ninth Pennsylvania,
sullenly refused to be taken to the
hospital, saying tnai ne wau w u
right there on the field where lie fell.
Tbe scene after Longstroet'i charge
arnji in dencribable. In front of tbe
Philadelphia brigade the dead lay in
great heaps. Dismounted guns, ruins
of explodod caissons, aoau aim muu
lated mon and horses were piled up
together in every direction.
SCENES ON TUB BATTLE-FIELD.
The Colonel ol one of Pickett'e regi
ments lay doad, his arms clasping tho
body of his brother, who was Msjor of
his regiment. Tbey woro singularly
handsome mon, and greatly resembled
each other. Out on the fiold whore
Longstreot oorpsbad passed thousands
of woundod were lying. W had no
means of reaching those poor tellowa,
and many of them lay there between
the lines until tho morning of the 5th.
On the 4 th we lay quietly all day
awaiting Iho next event- Tbe enemy
could bo seen moving around on
Seminary Ridge. Welcome eupplie
came up and were issued. All hands
felt cheerful, but a degree of unoer
tainty as to whether the baitle was
ovor or whether tho reb were getting '
rcatly for some new movement pre
vented us from celebrating the national
nMtaM.y la, e peopet manner. Onoa
in awhile tho sharpshooters would try
their skill on some of onr people to
let us know thoy were still there. Tb
stench from the dead became intolera
ble, and we tried to escape it by digging
up tbt ground and burying our laces
in the troth earth. On tht morning
ot tht Ath, we lound that the enemy
had gone, and then what a ecsne I 1
think tbe fact waa first discovered by
the troops on Culp's hill, and oh, what
a cheer went op I a cheer that swelled
into a roar and waa taken np by the
bovs on Cemelory bill, rolled along tba
crest to Ronnd Top and back again.
Cheers for the Philadelphia brigade -that
stood a living wall, against which
tho hosts beat in vain. Cheers for
Meade, the soldier "without fear or re
proach," who here began, with a great
victory, bit illustrious career as com
mander of tbe Army of the Potomac.
Cheers lor Hancock, who bad stemmed
the tide of defeat on tbt first day and
solecled the ground on which thit
glorious victory wat achieved, wno on
the second day bad again stopped the
lidt ot rebel victory and restored oir
shattered lines, and on tbe third day
had met and repnlsed the final assault,
on wbicb Lreet all wat ttaatea, ana
won the battle that was really the
death blow to tbe rebellion.
And then wt gathered op wltb tender
cart and consigned to earth oor noble
What will their glory fade f '
Indeed, tbey have not died It) Tain.
The good tbey have accomplished will
live lorever. History will record In
glowing Words their heroic deedt and
Long alter the granite of tbeir mon
uments hare crumbled Into dust j tvtn
when tht Daraeoi the buUttballalv
been forgotten, (he Union tod the
blessings of civil liberty, which tbey
died to perpetuate, tball rtlgo through
out tht land.