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' CLEARFIELD REPUBLICAN,'
roiuaaiB ivanr vbdiiioat, it
ERTAUL1IUED IK l9fe
Th Urgeat Circulation mt any Newaianr
In North Central Peniiaylvanla.
Terms of Subscription.
Tf paid In advanea, or within I bod to OO
If paid after 1 and before montbe 3 AO
If paid after tbe aspiration ot 6 montha... 3 M
Bates ot Advertising.
Transient advertieemeuti, per aqaareof 10 Hnaaor
lflti, 8 timea or leee $1 60
Kr iuh eabeeqnent I mart ion aft
Alinlnlitratore'and KieeuUri' notleea., S &0
Auditor! nollea I 60
Cationa and Kit tray a 1 aO
Oimolutlon nottooa t 00
Prcifanional Carda, 6 linee or laia,l year.... I 00
Local ntieei,per Una SO
I ii1uar. .t8 00 I i oolutnn.. lit OA
S iuareaw It 00 I column- 70 00
aiuaraa.H 20 1)0 1 oolumn. 120 00
O. B. GOODLANDKR,
JJ W. SMITH,
11:1:78 Clearfield, Pa.
J J. I.INGLE,
ATTORNEY-AT - LAW,
1:11 Phlllpsburg, Centre Co., Pa. y;pd
IJOLANP D. SWOOPB,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Corwrn.rille, Clearfield oounty, Pa.
Mt. , '78-tf.
ATTORNBY AT LAW,
we-Oflloe In tbe Opera IIoun. oct, '78-tf.
i R. k W. BARRETT,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
January SO, 1878.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
4-OOo. in tb. Court Houm. Uj".'"
Til. M. McCL'LLOUim,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offi.-e In Haionlo building, Second itreet, op
posite tho Court IIoum. Jeo, 70-tt-
LAW & COLLECTION OFFICE,
Clcorflold Counlx. Penn'o. Hj
2 T. BHOCKBANK.
ATTORNKY AT LAW,
Offloa In Opera Iloute. ap 3&,T7-lj
yiLLlAM A. HAGEHTY.
iMrWill attend to all lagil builnam with
pmruptDciK and fldalily. fcbll,'8fl-lf.
WILLIAM A. WAl.t.AV.
H RBT P. WALLA'H.
PATin L. iRiaa.
JODH W. WR14I.RT.
TALLACE & KREBS,
V T (Kgimion to Wallooe A rioldin.l
A T T O R N E Y S- A T-L A W ,
inl'7T t'liwrUeld, Pa.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Olttce In Pio'i 0ra Ilouto.
Juno 20, '78tf.
O ;. Mo(iKE,
DuBoi8, Clearfield County, Fenn'a.
arWUI oltond promptlv to oil leKa) buninou
rotru.tcd to hi. ooro. joo2l,'H0.
Pr.ok Fielding.. W. D. Biglor....8. V. Wll.on.
I ELDING, IUI5LER A WILSON,
ATTORNEYS - AT - LAW,
runit In Plo'l Optra Hou.o. (mebl-t.
TIIOR. a. HliaOAT.
MURRAY Si CiOUDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
drofto la Pie'i Oporn Uouoo, ireond floor.
lOHKPIl . n'onallt.
oakiil w. m uoaor.
cENALLY 4 McCURDY
( Irorncld, pa.
fa-Legal bnsinoii attendod to promptly wlthj
nllit)r. Offiro on Sooond Itrort, abovo ibo First
Nallonal Bank. n:l:7
A T T O R N E Y - A T - L A W ,
Roa) EiUto and Colloetloo Agent,
Will promptly attend to all legal buiineel on
tru.led to hie earo.
y-OBcjo In Ple'i Opera lluoeo. Janl'it.
J F. MuKENRICR,
All legal buiineel entraitod to hli oaro will ro
otivo prumpt atteatlon.
-Ofllno In tbo Conrt Houio.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
tint Real I'Jtato Agent, Clrarfleld, Pa.
Offlno on Third .treet, bet. Cherry Walnot.
"Reipoetfolly offere hie lerrlooe In eelltng
and haying landl la Clearfield and adjoining
ouontloat and with an otporioneool over twenty
y.ari aa a nrvoyor, flottori himeelf (hot ho eaa
render eotlafaetlon. IVeb. 38:0S:tf,
f hjjslflans ffanls.
J-R. E. M. BCIIEURER,
Offloa In reildenoa oa Ftret It
April 14, 1872. Clearfield, Pa.
jyi. W. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON,
DCBOI8 CITY, PA.
Will attend profoeitonal oalle promptly. an(lt'7t
JR. T. J. BOTF.R,
fllYHIClAN AND SURGEON,
OHoa on Market Klroot, Clearfield, Pa.
MrOlfioo boon i 8 to 13 a. m., and 1 to S p. at.
JR. J. KAY WRIGLEY,
Mr-Olnro adjoining the reildenoo of James
Wngl.y, Kih., on IWJ Hi., ClearflelJ, Pa.
jyi. a. B. VAN VALZAH,
OFFICE IN HK11HKNCK, CORNER OF FIRST
AND PINK DTRKKT.
pO- OOeo boure-rroai II to I P. If.
May II, 187o.
yv I. 1. BURCUF1KLD,
Law Snrgeoa of the lid Koglmeat, Paaaiylemila
Volanloora, aaolag ratarnod from tho Army,
offer kli profoealoaal aorftooi to thooiUaou
orrrore4ilooial oalla promptly attended U.
Dmeo oa Noaoad aoraot, formerlyooewpled by
Dr.Woodl. . aptA.'MU
1 OH PHINTINO Of KVKRY DS8CRIP
U llol neatly aioentod al thla oflo.
00. E. G00XLASSER, Editor
VOL. 51-WH0LE NO.
TI'tiTK EH' ok L'ONATAIIl.fcH' KKE"
Wo have printed a Inrge namber of tho now
KKI BILL, and will oa tho receipt of tweoty
ve oenta, mall o wot to any addnai. mrSI
WILLIAM M. 1IENUY, Justice
or tub Pbaob Aaptkaiaa.Ll:kLiKR
CITY. Collection, made and money promptly
paid over. Article, of egreetnent and dead of
eonveyanoe neatly exeouled ana war ran tea eor
raot or no eharai, -"Jy'T
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Juatlce of tha Peace and Scrivener,
fcdjj Collection! made and money promptly
pfttd 0?.f. IBD22 IIU
((JUTKHD P. O.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
FOR B KM. TuWSiHlP. . .
Hay , 1878-1;
&iuaru Timber & Timber LnnilH,
JoU'7 CLEARFIELD, PA.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
oWill oiecute jobe In hii line promptly end
In a workmanlike manner. apr4,A7
JOUN A. STADLER,
BAKER, M.rkel St., Clearfield, Pa.
Fre.h "Breed, Ruik, Roll!, Plel and Cakel
on band or made to order. A general euortment
of Confeettonirlca, Frolle and Nute In etook.
Ice Cream and Oy.tere In eeeion. halona nearly
otipn.ito the Poitnfflee. Prlcee moderate.
WEAVER. &. BETTS,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Logs,
AND LUJJttKR OF ALL KINDS.
jT-ir-Offioa on Saoond itreat, in rear of atora
room of George Wearer A Co. f JanO, '70-tf,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
Oaoeola Mill! P. O.
'II offlrial bu.lneH ontrnrlod to him will bo
promptly attended to. mch29, '7o.
f TARRY SNYDER,
11 BARFIKR AND HAIRDRE8EER.
Shop on Market St., oppoilta Court Ilouie.
A clean towel for every ooatomer.
Alio dealer in
Hot llraudi of Tobarco and Clara.
ri.art.ld. Pe. mtT Iv, '7.
JAMES H. TURNER,
jrBTICE OF THE PEACE,
rIle hae prepared bimielf with all the
oeceitery blank furui under tbo Penalon and
Bounty lawe, ae well al blank Deedi, ete. All
legal matter! entructed to nil care will reooivo
prompt attention. May Ttb, I87 tf.
2 Market tttreet, Cienrdeld, Pa.,
NANrrACTOnan Attn dralir ir
llarneim, Bridles, Raddla, Collars, and
llorse Furnishing Goods.
r-AII klnde of repairing promptly attended
to. Saddlera Hardware, Hone Bruihn, Carry
Combi, Ao., alwsye on bend and for Bale at the
lowelt oaih prioo. 1 March 1, 1071.
Q. H. HALL,
RACTICAL TUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD. FENN'A.
rPuaipi alwayi on hand and made ta order
an abort noUea. P. pea bored on ranaonabla tarat.
All work warrantad to render latlif nation . and
delivered if deitred. nayMtl jpd
fail very iStaUle.
rHE ondenigned beci leave to Inform tbapub
X I'" tbat be now folly prepaiW to aaouino
data all in tbe way of tarni-nine, Uv.aet, Bngjtiai.
Had diet and Haroeai. on tbe aborteit notioa and
an reaconabla term a, Reiidenoaon Locoat straet,
between Third and Fourth.
UKO. W. OVARII ART.
learnald, Feb. 4,1874.
GLEN HOPE, PBNN'A. 1
THE nderitined, having laaaed thll eotn-1
modiona H.itel, In the villaite of Qlen Hope. 1
li now prepared to accommodate all who nay
all. My table and bar aball be auppliad with
tbe beat tha market aflorde.
UKO HUB W. DOTTS, Jr.
Ulan Bupa. IV, Marflb J6, 17U tr.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
PRALBB IB ,
C.KAH AMTON, Pa.
Alio, oxtonalvo maouraetnror and dealer In flquaro
Timber and Hawed Lnmborof all klnde.
MTOrdori aolieited and all bltli prntrptly
E. A. BIGLER & CO,,
and manufacturer! of
ALL Kli l OF tAWCI) l.IIMHGR,
l-I'TI CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
S. I. SNYDER, .
ijN PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER
rS,iJy aan aaALia u
oaSfcWtttchoa, Clocks and Jewelry,
Oroiaa'l Sum, AforAil Ariel,
All klnil of repairing la my lino promptly at-
ended to. April II, 1874,
ENCOURAGK JIOMK INDUSTRY.
'pi IE nndardfoed, having aitaMiahad a Nor
X aery on tbe 'Pike, about half way between
Cirar field and CnrwrnaviHn, la prepared to fur
niob all bindi of FRUIT TKKKtS, (itandard aad
dwarf,) Ertrfrreoot. Btarnhliary, Orape Vlnaa,
Unnaebtrry , Law um U I ack berry. Sira wberry,
and Raipberry Vinea. Alio, Hiberian Crab Treea,
Qulm, and early enarlel Khnbarb, tte. Ordera
promptly attended to, Addreaa,
J. D. WRKiHT,
aaplo M. Cnrwenarille. Pa.
F. M, CAED0N & ER0.,
On Market 8t, .no door weft M Maniloa Hoqt.,
Oar arrangemea'1 Ire rf tho aioel eomplete
oharaoter tor fural.bing tbo poblio with Freib
MeaU of all kind, and of tbe very belt quality.
We alio deal la all kildl of Agrleulwral Imple
ment!, whleb we keep on eihlotllon hr tbo ben
efit of tho publl. Cell around whoa la Iowa,
aad Uko a look at thing., or addreii aa
F. M. CARDON A BR0.
Clearfield, Pa., July 14, 1871-tf.
CltarHfld lnntrantt Jfrnry.
iAUtl RRRR. CAaanLL V. BIPDI.8.
Kf.lll HI MILK, Jftttl;
Keproaelt tho following aad other Irot-elaat Co'a
Lieerpool Loadoa k Slobo-H. K Rr l l.
l.ToetalBg oa mutual A oaok alani...H t,on,Aft.
Pboiall, of Hartford, Conn Mtt.oai
Iaaoranna Co. of North Amorlea
North Brltlih A Meroaatllo U.S. Br. I,7l,88
bVetlloh Oommeroiat V. I. Braaoh.... 87tt,l4t
Watortewa - TIM.tlo
Traoeleri (Lire A Aridoat. ....... ....... 4,MS.M
Ola oa Marhal al., op p. Cart Hoaoo, Cloaf
(old. Pa. Jna. 4, 1-tf.
sr. gothabd rram.
COMPLETION OF THE LONGEST
TUNNEL IN THE WORLD
A diHpauh from Berno, Switzerland,
itnnonncos that tbe work of piercing
Mount St. Gothurd waa satixlactorily
completod at 'Jo clock on numlity morn
in4, l'ubruury 2Uth, 18S0, amid great
ri'iuiuiiiL'a. 1 he contract tor tbo con
Btrnctlon ol tho St. Gotbard tunnel was
awarded to II. Louis Kiivrc, of Geneva,
oh AufjuBlTth, 1Hi2. It wtw one ot
tbo conditions ol tbe contract that the
perforation should boeotmilotod witbiu
eight yeara from tbat date, with a largo
premium in case ot tho completion ol
the work in a shorter time, and with
a not leas lieu vy penalty in cbho of do-
lay. It will be seen, tliorelbro, that
tho contractor has kept insido of his
limit by some months, ilia opinion.
that thoi parfrtratinn tmnlri h annotn.
pliHhotl in a considerably less period.
would doubtlues haro been justibed but
lor tbe lact that prouress was iio
quontly impeded by tbo caving in ol
the roek and by the eruption of wator
from tho fissures in the strata. Despite
these dilficultiea, which were sometimes
serious, and always great consumers
ol lime, Al. huvro bus tbo satisfaction
of having horod tbo longest tunnel in
the world by over a mile in less time
by over live years than was required
to boro tho ilont Ccnis tunnel, now
tho second greatest work of tbo kind.
This rapid achievement is a triumph
lor the improved drilling machinery ol
modern invention which has been em
ployed npon tbo St. Gothard tunnel
from the beginning. Comparison ol
tbo tbreo lurgcxt tunnels shows that
Mont Ccnis, length H mile, letta a few
yards, cost $ 15,UUU,000,wn constructed
in tbe thirteen years from 1857 to
1870; tho lloositc tunnel, 'Si miles, cost
$13,0110,000, was finished in eleven
years from tho timo tho work was
properly begun ; and tbo St. Gothard,
length 01 miles, has been borod in less
than seven years and a half. The
contract prices sum up tho total osti
malo cost ol e"J,700,000. This amount
was to cover all expenses, whothor
direct or accessory, and all risks and
contingencies from whatever cause
arising, II tins partot tno contract is
held to, tho St. Gothard will be much
tho ebeupest of the threo tunnels in
cost of construction, in addition to its
other and sutlicieut distinctions.
Tbo project of tunneling Mount St.
Gothard may be said to have grown
out of tho successful piercing of Mont
Ccnis. L'ntil that work was accom
plished, most of tbo travel and trans,
port of merchandise between Italy and
fSwitr.orland, Northeastern Franco,
Woslern and Central Germany and
Northern Enropo were accomplished
over the Alpine passon, which had
their northern termini in Switzerland.
Tims tho threo great carriage roads,
tho Simplon, tho tSlugen and the til.
Gothard, innnopoliced by fur the larger
part of tho transit, though other loss
notable passes, and particularly that
of tho Al on t Cents, mai utained an active
competition. The opening ol tbo Mont
Coma tunnel in 1870 put an end to the
profitable monopoly of the Swiss high
ways, and was a serious blow to both
Italy and Switzorland. The lact wits
recognized at onco that something
must bo dono to open a now and diroct
railway routo across tho Alps. Tho
flint proposal was to follow tho lino ql
tho bimlon road, and not only waa n
company formed, but the work of grad
ing was begun in acnordanoe with that
plan. It became evident, however,
that the Simlon route would not ac
complish what Italy and Switaerland
desired, sinco it would be, liko the
Mont Conis road, directly tributary to
the interests of France. That projoct
was abandoned, and tho choice then
lay between theSplugen and St. Goth
ard routes. The Ibrmer reqnired a
tunnol ol only four miles in length, and
was much favored on that account ;
but tho fatal objection waa that, like
the Simlon road, it must pass down
the Valley of tho Upper llliino and
along tho Austrian frontier, honco be
ing liablo to interruption and control
by a hostile force in the evont of Euro
pean complications from which Switz
erland should not bo able to koep froo,
as a neutral, Tha St. Gothard route
bad a nine-mile tunnel to be bored, but
it had tho advantage, chief ot all In
the Interests of tho countries which
proposed to construct it, of beginning
id the very heart of the Swiss Con fed
oracy, passing wholly on Swiss soil, far
removed from tho castorn and western
frontiers, to Lago Maggiore and the
Lake of Lugano, where connections
would bo made with tec Italian lines
and the port ot Genoa.
For these reasons tho St. Gothard
lino was adopted, and in 1H71 the
Swiss, Italian and German Govorn
menu concluded a treaty determining
tbo poiuts relativo to tba routo, con
struction and connections.
The threo contracting powers agroed
to contribute to tbo enterprise. 86,000,
000 francs, as follows : Italy, 4r(000,
000 ; Switzerland, 20,000,000 ; Ger.
many, 20,000,000. The Italian and
Swiss Railway Companies held a con
leronce, a company was organized, and
in 1M7'A, aa otHtnH, M Pavr mmu ike
successful bidder among; those who
proposed to undertake the construction.
In tho Fall ot 1872, the plans and
preparations having boon completed,
the actual work was begnn. The oross
suction of the St. Gothard is (he tame
as that of tho Frojus or Mout Conis
tnnnol, and the same technical meth
ods ot excavation wore followed. The
engineer possessed several advantages,
however, over the engineer ot tho Mont
Conis line. II o had the exporienoe of
that groat work as a guido ; improved
and tested machinery from the start;
whereas machinery was not employed
in the Mont Cenis at all until the fifth
yoar of the construction, and the use
of dynamite and other explosives not
known until the Mont Cenis waa tar
advanced. It was possible, moreover,
to sink a considerable numbor of shafts
along tho lino of the St. Gothard in
caso it bocamo nocossary, but tha oc
casion did not arise. Very litllo hard
labor was employed; almost none after
tbo first two years, the Dubois Francis
perforators were first used, making an
avorago advance of 6.63 lineal loot per
day. They wero aaoceeded by Fer-
rnnv'a anif tli. riailv arlvanf-M . In.
nreaned In 10 11 font. Th.n f 1, a m. I
chines of two or threo inventors were
placed and worked together on the
same carriage, to tost their capacity.
My thiol mean the utmost oi tha ad
vance possible was secured, and experi
mental result were obtained which
will be of groat value in further enter
prises ot tunnoling. It ia estimated
that rovetement waa neeessary for
about one half tho longth of the tun
nol. The difficulties in the way of
caving ana oi water eruptions were
much groater than wore met with in
the prosecutions of tha work on the
Mont Conia routo, which was specially
free from iprlngs. lTp to January 1,
1877, the heading of tha SL Gothard,
which was driven on the top abnnt
citrlit foot snuare, bad been carried 18,
238 foot, and it was then predicted
that the tunnel would be completed in
tbo Hummer of 187U. -
The line of the tunnel loaves the St.
Gotbard carriage road to the left at
Alrolo, passes northwest under the
Itastulhorn, the St. Anna glacier, tho
village of Andormatt, the river Reusa
at about the Dovil's liridge, and comes
out at Goschonon, at the level oi tbat
villnge and tba carriage road.
The St. Gothard Railway will form
tho shortest line of transit between tbe
Valley of the Rhine and the Moditer
raneaji, and it baa been well said that
when the geographical relations of the
countries t aorvea to connect aro con.
sidored, togothor with the vast political.
military and commercial interests
which will bo affected by it, it may
Bulely bo characterized as tbe great
artery ol Avurujiue... iutiuubiuuai mu
and circulation, and as the most im
portant work of material improvement
yet projectod on tbat continent.
POLITENESS BY THE BOOK.
One of tbe most common complaints
against children ia tba they aro lack
ing in good manners. The laot that
many ot the complainors aro porsons
who would not be selected aa models
ot perfection in etiquette has nothing
to uo witn it. it is oiton tne caso mat
very rude and impolito adults spend
much of their time in snarling at
children and telling thorn to "behave."
Tbe injunction to "behave1' is some
times accompanied with a emack and
at othor times only with tho promise
of ono. Perhaps those disagreeable
persons who vox tbo children into
fruitless endeavors at reformation of
oonduct aro tbomselvos deeply sensible
of thoir own shortcomings. Having
boon negloctod in their youth, and, it
trainod at all, trained in some other
way than that in which they should
have gono, they want to see tho rising
generation made models of true polite
ness, hoi id eomlort may now bo min
istered to the souls of persons who are
woary with tho worry of trying to
make youngsters behave themselves.
It will cheer these worried souls to
know that organized effort has tukun
slin.io in St. Louis to reform children
by rule and compass from tho ways of
unruly boorwbiioiia. 1 ho school Hoard
of that city bus resolved to add a course
of lessons in etiquette to tba regular
curriculum of the pnblio schools
Manuals of politeness are to bo furn
ished, and some of tho boot readers
will road aloud from these, tbe teachor
lollowing in a brief oral exposition with
practice in the various branches. Tbe
studios in etiquette are to cover a wide
range. General precepts aro to be
particularized into auch details aa
dress, carriago and bearing, conversa
tion, table mannora, riding and driving,
school deportment and tho rules of be
havior laid down by George Washing
ton. Thore can hardly be a more en
larged field for study and practice
than this involves ; nor ia there any
field of education in which there is
greater scope for the ingenuity of tbe
urbane teachor. Much deponda on
the teacher, and far more on bor man
ner than on the matter of her instruc
tion. A teacher who undertakes to
"hear a recitation" in politeness, after
tho wooden manner in which a large
proportion of the recitations are
"hoard," will make tho thing intensely
ridiculous. An acidulous ponton whoso
habit ia to enforce lessons by scolding
them into tho children will make her
victims hate politonese and despise tbe
vory nome of it. The Instructor who
drills tbe classes in tho mere observ
ance of polite forme and phrases may
succeed in rescuing tbe aubolara from
the extremity of boorinhneaa, but will
fail in imparting to them any of the
graces of genuine good breeding. The
teacher whose custom it la to bark and
bito at tho poor chidrua iu ordor to
drive instruction into their unwilling
minds will find himself a laughing stock
aa be roads off from his politeness book
some pleasant injunction to courteous
Thoro is a grual deal of so-called
politeness which is only of the books,
bookish. It is stilted, empty, formal
and unsatisfactory. It is well that
children spoak when tboy are apokon
to, do as thoy are bidden, salute their
betters in an elegant manner, koep
their persons cloan and do unto others
as thoy would have others do to
them. But tbe mechanical ritual of
all these things may be made a con
tinual horror. Some teachers and
parents keep childron in a constant
state of worry by saying, aa thoy twoak
the ears of the poor creature or with
the knuckle rap thorn on tbe head :
"Sit up, thore I" or "Behave now, will
yon ?" Many otherwise exoellent poo
plo introduce this sort of etiquette drill
at the table, until the rigorous way in
wbicb the lambs are made to bleat out
"please" and "thank you" is enough to
destroy the appetite ot anybody who
S radices and values true politonoas.
ucoesa or fuilure in teaching politeness
depends more on wholher tbe teacher
is or is not polite, than on the particu
lar manna) of etiquette whioh a School
Hoard mar select. There are fine arts
and true graces in real politeness which
somo boors can never master. There
is a refinement and an elegance in it
which is inborn with many people. If
instruction in the art is attempted with
the right spirit and the proper aort of
people there ia hope that it may be
moasuiably successful. ' But there are
some crusty and ill favored impartcrs
ot instruction who should forever be
excused from all attempts at teaching
tne doctrines orpractioee ot etiquette.
IIijiiboi.dt and Taylob. Bayard
Taylor, in 18(6, had the good fortune
to interview Humboldt in bis residence
at Berlin. "Yon have traveled much
and aeon many ruins," said Humboldt,
taking Taylor's hand at parting.
"Now you have aeon one ruin more."
"Not a ruin," Taylor replied, "but a
pyramid." "For I preaaed the hand,"
saya Taylor in his report of the inter
view, "which had touched the banda
of Fredorio the Great, and Forater, the
oompanion ol Capt, Cook, Klopstock
and Schillor, of I'itt, Napoleon, Joso
phine, and marshals of empire, J offer-
son, Hamilton, Wioland.Ilorder, Goethe,
Uuvler, Laflaoe, uuy .Lubsbo, Jloeth-
ovon, waller Scott, in abort, ot every
great man whom Europe has prod need
tor three quarters ol a century. I
looked Into the eyes which bad aeon
this living history ot tbe world pass by,
scene after soene, till the actors retired,
one by one, to return no mora," and
whioh, he might have added, bad
scientifically studied terrestrial nature
in all latitudes and both hemisphere,
from the Andes to tha Himalayas.
The old age of Humboldt waa full of
power and intellectual achievement
An advooat of cremation urgod as
one great point ia its favor : tbat "it
would save many a dtd person from
being bnried alivr."
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10, 1880.
8TART1N& A PAPER.
A STORY OF TWO HUMORISTS.
Till ADVfNTURI Of MARK TWAIN AND
DAN. Ill QUILLt IN NEVADA A
CORK OF tlARB AUO.
(From tho Carldl (Nor.) Appeal,
It was nearly twontv years ago when
Dan Do Quillo and Mark Twain at
tempted to start a raperin Mondocino
oounty. They tqok the type and
material of their recently del u net estab
lishment in Han Francisco, and loading
the stuff on a big wagon, struck out
into tbe country to retrieve their tor.
tune. They packed tholr type just as
it stood In the lorms, tiod uu tne
articles with stout cords by a process
well known to printers, and, packing
them closely in boxes, vowod to estab
lish a newspaper somewhere whioh
ovum uw riitr amu'i eAuuuun. s
politics and history of the Pacific
(Joast. Had not an unlortunale circum
stance taken place, It ia evident that
tbe newspaper which they contem
plated founding would have beon alive
to-day. J heir ourney over tbe moun
tains was utterly uneventful until thoy
reached Simpson 'a Station, a spot well
known to old travolora on tbat routo.
lloro thoy mot a party of emigrants
making fur Lower California, and the
hitter had with them a small mountain
howitzer which they had brought with
them across the plains.
iwain took a great lancy to this
gun, and ottered titty dollars lor It.wilb
two kegs of powdor. The emigrants
were glad enough to part with it, lis
they concluded the time lor its us had
passed. Dan thought tho purchase ol
tho artillery and military supplies was
a reckless piece ot extravagance, and
said as much, but Mark replied;
"When we start oar paper wo must
llro a salute. A nowspapor office with
artillery lias a big bulgo on tbo bust
noss. .No well-regulated office in Cal
ifornia should be without t. howitzer.
If a man comes In for a retraction, we
can blow him into the next county.
tho howitzor iroos.
Thissilenced argument, and the next
day the two journalist took tho road
with their printing outfit and artillery.
The next night they camped in a
mountain ravine, fifteen miles trom
Simpson's, and, after building the usual
camp firo, fell asleep. About eleven
o'clock the horses wakened them by
prancing about, and tbe two journalists
wero led to tho conclusion that a party
of Indians was making arrangements
for a night attack. Jn the clear moon
light human forms could bo distin
guished about half amilo away, at the
toot of tho ravino. The idea of encoun
tering Indians had never entered the
beads of tbe two fortune-seekers, and
they had no arms. Suddenly Twain
brightened up, remarking:
"i ne howitzer r
"We've got nothing but powdor,"
"Well, powdor'II scara 'em ; and
we'll load Lor up."
ine piece waa immediately loaded
wltb a trootl blur vharo:o. and tbo two
men felt quite certain that tho Indians,
lioaring tho roar of the gun, would
boat no unconditional retreat. The
piece was hardly loaded and pluood in
position wbon about forty redskina
came charging up the ravine.
1 wain seized a brand trom the camp
fire and was about to lay it on tbo
touch-hole, when Dan yelled "Hold
on I" as ho rammed something into
the mouth of tho piece and remarked :
" Turn er loon.
Tho roar of the howitzer echoed
through the lonely forest, and the sav
age, with frantio cries of pain, roolod
down the ravino in wild confusion.
"What in h I did you put in 7"
asked Mark. '
"A oolnmn ot solid nonpareil and a
couple ol stioks of your spring poetry."
ine poetry did the business, Dan.
Got ono of your geological articles
ready for the next charge, and I guoss
it'll lot the red devils out for tho pres
ent campaign." ,
i he savages again advanced. Mark
attendod to tho powdor, and Dan as
sorted the shot, so to apeak.
"jeema 1'ipos song, 'My Mountain
nome.'" ' 8 7
"An aoroelio by John R. Ridge, in
"It II paralyze em."
"Frank i'ixley on the Constitution-
half a column of leaded brevier."
"II it bit 'em, tbe day ia won." '
"Your leador on 'Law and Order.' "
"Save it a a last rosort."
Dan pulled the type out of the boxes
and stuffed column after column in the
howitzer's month as the savagoa came
charging on. Another round from the
gun and the redskins rolled over each
other like boulders swept away by a
mountain cloud burst. Mark, in an
eostacy of delight, pulled an American
flag out of bis effects, nailed it to the
tail-board of the wagon, and waa about
to make a speech, when the dusky
figures of tbo Iocs wore once more soon
moving to the attack.
Tho pioce was again loaded, and this
time with a double charge. Mark's
leader on "Law and Order ;" the puff
ol an auction bonae, by trod. Mcurel
lish, "and a sickener." Dan said : Frank
Grose's verso on "Rebel loll;" an
agricultural article by Sam. Scbaugb,
bowing the chemical properties of
corn juice as an educational lever ;
maiden poetical effort by Oliver Uar
por, and some verses by Col. Ceremony
and Frank Soule completed tbe load.
"That poetry reaching 'em first will
throw 'em into confusion, and my
editorial coming on the beela of the
rest will result in a lasting demoralisa
tion. It will be like the last cavalry
charge of the French troops at the
battlo of Austerliti."
For the third and last time tbe
faithful howitzer belched its typograph
ical compliment to the advancing foe.
The havoo waa terrible. There waa a
wild yell from acore of throats, and
then tho low groans of the dying floated
up the ravino on the gentle wind. The
two men walked over the Hold of
slaughter and counted fifteen aborigi
nals lying in heaps. The bodies were
horribly rnntilated with nonpareil,
bourgeois, "caps," rniecry dashoa, and
"My leader Cooked that ' man's
goose," said Maik, pointing to a savage
banging over the limb of a oedar.
"My ceological article did tbe busi
ness for him," rojoined Dan, nodding
careloasly at an Indian, whose bead
was lying twenty yards away."
"The pen is mightier than the
"Yon bet. Hurrah for Faust and
"la there any type left 7"
"Not a pound."
Ten days later ihe two Journalistic
tramp reached Virginia City, weary,
disoouragod and footsore, ana socursd
places on ths Entirpriie.
A few days ago Dan received tbe
following trom his form or partner :
Hartford, Conn, Jan. 1, 1880.
Deab Daw: I send you tha oon
gratnlationBofths New Year. Poyrm
recollect the time we exterminated the
tribe of unlottored (?) savage in Mon
docino oounty f 11 you can spare the
time, i wish you would make a pil
grimage to that bistorio spot, gather
the ghostly relics togothor, and plant
a tablet (not too expensive and at your
own expense) to the momory of the
departod. Have a shooting-stick lying
across a long dow, with our monogram
and coat of arms entwinod, and some
appropriate epitaph carved on lb
stone ; an extract from Carl Bchurz1
viowa on the "neaoe rtolinv" miirht rln
Kncloeed is a dollar and a half for yon r
inciacnial expense ; you can deadhead
traveling expenses, l ours,
P. 8. Send me a thitrh-bone of the
laucn chiot by next express. JI. T.
Dan will attend to the matter in tho
Sprinir. The old howitzer used on the
llll .WW B .1 U MM lAMMMOIUU.
A CUB A If EARTHQUAKE.
Account tram the Western part of
uuoa report recurrent earthquake
shocks in Veulta, Abajo and Havana,
bicb oocurrod on tbe 25th ult., and
did great damage, rrom ban Diego,
Santiago de las Vegas, Finer del Kio,
Cionfucgoe, Mariel and elsewborecome
accounts of earthquakes and public
torror. San Cristobal, the apparent
centre of the disturbance, is a town of
about a thousand inhabitants and one
hundred bouses. It ia seventy-five
miles from Havana and seventeen miles
from Majana Bay on tho South coast,
A visit discloses tbe fact tbat the
concussion there Thursday Feb. 25th,
nearly tumbled tne place to ruins. The
church stands tottoring, with its por
tico aismaniiea in ironi, its pillar
razed, its cupola awry, its windowa
shattered and its altar disturbed. Tho
priest escaped from his bouso while the
walls wero tailing. 1 be lelctrranh of
fice is half demolished. The Govern
ment and municipal buildings are un
tenable. A primitive and cumbersome
jail, filled with prisoner and thoir
guards, is dismembered in every part.
The prcsonce of mind of tho inmates
was unique. The prisoners instantly
Icapod for liberty and tbe guard aa
promptly intorposod. One convict was
shot dead after omerging through a
crevice made by the earthquake and
bursting open an outer door. Three
guards wero wounded in the melee.
Fourteen other of tbe inmate are In
tbo hospital with injuries sustained
from tailing beams and masonry.
Till PATH Or Till lARTnuVAKI.
The dwellings suffered on a line dis
tinctly traceable through the town,
intersecting the afore-mentioned build-
ngs and leaving others almost unharm
ed, though most of them were
badly built of adobo. An Ameri
can from l'ortland, Me., was nearly
crushed under bis kitchen chimney. A
small stream run past Han Cristobal,
and tbe railroad bridge that span it
had its foundations so shaken tbat
trains now cross at a snail-like pace
until repaint can bo made. On the
verge of this stream several fissure are
discernible, being trom three to ten
ncbes wido and from forty to one
hundred ieot long. The inhabitants
aver tbat on tho morning after the
earthquake those fissures emitted
sulphurous vapors, and that the stream
itself was strongly impregnated with
sulphur and suit,
A militnry guard and committee of
engineers wero dispatched to can uris-
tobal by the Uovernmont, and tbeir
decision is understood to be that no in
jured structures shall be repaired, but
all roust come flown and be rebuilt.
Moanwhile scores of residents are leav
ing a spot tbat is now deemed to be
accursed. The wildest theories are
rife, based on superstitions three cen
turies old. In the oonntrv dozens ot
evil influences are held to he account
bio, while in Havana tha New York
Gas Company'a fresh trenches aro de
nounced by negro preachers, who pro
phecy a speedy apocalypse, procoded
by swallowing up of the earth. ' The
Captain General and bis army are in
tbe centre of tbe island. Meantimo
the Government has taken measure
ot temporary relict tor those who have
De excluded rrom their nome at Ban
Cristobal and elsewhere.
Woman's Softinino Influinox.
"It's oslonishin'," remarked the old
forty-niner, thia morning as he noddod
over his glass to our reporter, "it's aa
tonisbin' what a coward a man is at
borne a reg'lar orawlin' sneak, by
Jove I I've traveled a good bit and
bold up my end iu most ot the campa
on tbe coast sence '49, l'vo got three
bullet Inside o me. I've ahot and
been shot at, an' never beard any
body aav 1 hadn't as food frit
aa moat follers that's goin'. Bat
at home I'm kyote. Afore I'd
let the old woman know that bor hot
biscuits wasn't A No. 1 when it's like
stiff amalgam, I'd fill myself as full
as a retort. I've done it lots of times.
Most o' my tooth is gone from tuggin'
on beefsteaks that the old woman has
fried. D'ye think I roar out and cuss
when I go ovor a chair in tba dark 7
No, eir. While I'm rubbin' my shins
bo.rio kol. Ika ., I'm. lib-.
wise sweatin' tur fear the old woman
haa been woke op by the upset. It
didn't uae to be so," aighod the poor
fellow, thoughtfully rubbing bis shin
ing scalp. "When we was first hitch
ed I thought I was superintendent, but
after a year or two of argyin' tbe pint
I settled down to shovin' tbe ear at
low wages. I kin lick any man o' my
age and else," cried tbe old gentleman,
banging the saloon table with his
wrinkled fist "I'll shoot knife, stand
up or rough and tumble for coin, but
when 1 bang my hat on the peg in th
ball an' take off my muddy boots, aa'
hear the old woman aak it that's mo, 1
tell you the starch comes right out o'
Still Ciibatinu thi Indian. A
Minnesota paper says: An amusing
application of the wonders of the tel
ephone as an assistant dctoctive of
crimes, oome to u from Julian, sev
eral horses were recently stolen In
that neighborhood, and suspicion fell
upon a osrtaio Indian aa the thief.
Some one having introduoed a tele
phone np there, tbe aame waa being
exhibited, when it oocurrod to the
owner ot the hones to get ths Indian
to ooro in and bear the "Ureal npirlt"
talk. Tbe Indian took one of tbe cup
and waa thrilled with astonishment at
being apparently so near the Great
Keeper of tbe happy hunting grosnds.
Alter some little time spent in wonder
ment, the Indian waa solemnly oom
mandod by ths Great Spirit to "Give
np those stolen honest" Dropping
the oup as if hs bad been shot, ths In
dian immediately confossod to having
stolen the horse, and tremblingly
promised, If bis life was spared, to re
store the "cabal los" at once, and be
did so.' i '
An eagle on ten-dollar gold pieoC
is worth Ave bnndred In ths air.
LIFE IX TBS PALACES.
TBI HAPPINESS Of QUBENS TREII SAD
There ia nothing of whioh we hear
sooner than thia. , Whon we are chil
dren our nurses charm us, and make us
envious with their marvelous stories
of life in tho palaces. Can we ever
forget the I'rince Charming and what
tbs I'riuoess wore her dress the color
ot th sun : bow she rode in a carriage
ornamented all over with big rubios ;
that bor sceptre waa a Binglo diamond ;
and ber crown made ot stars snatched
from heavon f i
Later the Almanack dt Gotha recalls
these golden fables of our infancy, and
we seo again tbe queens with thoir
blonde hair and bright eyes, their
tEelr" "clottSs enreivi't?' Iralfrnl? irom
their naked shoulders. They smile with
tho smile ot tranquil goddesses : they
are beautiful among tho beautiful,
happy among the happy ; bofore them
one bows or goes upon his knees ; the
earth is made sweet by tbo caress of
their feet j mon only breathe as tbey
nod ; joy ia evorywbere about them.
L, sovereign l u, rulers i loon wnat
derniny has done fur you.
Vueon Victoria reached the throne
adorable, charming I Crowned al West
minster when just sixteen, she married
the husband of bor choice ono of
those Coburg, who were the hand
somest men of their time. She loved
so passionatoly that she poisoned hor
own lifo and tbat ot her husband, who
was a martyr to bor idolatry. 11 cr
jealous imagination saw infidolity
everywhere and always; ladies once
her dear Inends became odious to nor.
She drove away tho ladies of honor,
and, at a court ball, she slappod the
face of a protty girl to whom Prince
Albert had addressed a few words.
A day oame when death called this
husband, so fondly loved, and on that
day died, also, England's (juoen. Tho
heart had gone out of the body of tbo
woman, and nothing was icit. every
thing seemed to have been brusquely
torn away, and so groat waa her
despair, and so long did it last that
years afterwards, they disenssod a
regency in parliament- Ihe motion
was defeated ; but after that tbe living
corpse of her who bad been Victoria
came, from time to timo, to open par
liament, lowered themselves belbro the
eternal grief ot this old woman, tor
thoy aaw still tbe crown oi lite uuecn
above tbe widow'a cap. But she nevor
smiled save when, perchance, the namo
ot Prince Albert waa mentioned.
The Queen ot Belgium has an only
aon. Tbe child ol ten yeara is
as sweet and exquisite aa a cherub.
Tbia royal infant ia sick. It is night,
and he suffers, lor ho burns with fever.
He tries to smother bis cries with pain.
The queen, notwithstanding her agony,
worn out with long watching, and
obeying the supplications of her ladies,
retires Tor a littlo repose. But sho can
not, aleen. . She leaves her bed and re
turns in haste to her son. doc ap
proaches softly. Tho Prinoo appears
to be soundly sleeping. His broathmg
is equal and easy. The pale of Marie
Henrietta lightens witn nappincex.
Her boy ia then saved, since he can
sloop. Sho goes on. lhcn tbo royal
baby calls to tbe doctor, i ne aoctor
bonds over him. "Do not tell mother,"
he says, i "It makes ber so happy to
think that I sloop."
That child will nevor be a King.
To-morrow, In tho ovoning, bo is dead.
. . , . . 1 tJl -!
It is ten years since xne .neigmn
I'rince is dead, and no other child haa
coma tbe to (juecn. At Brussels they
seldom see ber. Sho is always with
herself. If she goes out she bears
nothing. Her hair is white. Her dress
is always black. ' Her ladies of honor
are old and ugly, and made still more
ugly by the snaui ot mis court in
lethargy. Ho one daro smile before
ths Queen, who still weens, who weeps
always, and who cries, "For me there
is nothing more in iniswonu r
A 1 alone the Umpross oi itusaia
plunge into the intoxication oi ber
tears. She know that for a long timo
th true crown of tbo Empress is not
what she wears. She has always with
her the portrait of the Emperor the
likeness of the man who love her no
more. , 1
Margaret of Italy dies slowly with a
terrible malady. She knows that her
days are numbered.
The Empress Eugenie lies upon the
ground with seven spoars driven right
throagh her heart Throne, husband,
son, boauty -all are gone.
For having touched the crown oi
Spain, two young Queena rail a It
struck by lightning. Tba Duchosa
Aoata flies to Italy aud wastes, in sick
ness and agony, to death, Mercodos,
that Queen of eighteen years, for whom
life seemed so loll, is cold as marble in
th tomb, - i . ' ; .
Christina of Austria, boars nothing
but the noise of the pistol, sees noth
ing but the gleam of the daggor.
Maximlllian went to Mexico, ana
paid tor bis ambition with his lite.
When tbe grave olosed over him it
held alio the world for Charlotta.
filno.. tliAt. kar proMant. ia thi. pant tier
brain ia blinded and shs does not ovon
knew that she suffers. Trannlaied
from itVencA. , -. - ,
TUK MUSTANGS IN TEA'AU.
Tbe word mas tang is a corruption
of at eater a, the Mexican name -for
wild bora. Many yeara ago thcro
were thousands, no doubt millions, of
those animals In Texas, in ltM'.i, and
for several years thereafter, thoy were
numerous In tbe region between the
Neueea ltiver and the Kio Grande.
They wore found further north, but
UUK in BUCU UUIIIUOm. AUIIHVUOO UOIUB
of wild bono could be seen grazing
oa tha mine. When tbey saw any
one approaching the leader would often
move to tue iront ana man reoon
noiaanoa. If thinga did not ettit him,
be wnuld Rive his head a peculiar toss;
whoel, anil sound th note of alarm.
The demonstration would be follow
ed by a prompt movement on tb part of
th herd, aomoumes to the Iront, but
more usually to tbe rear. They would
wheel Into line, change front, move in
lint or hi column with a much pre
cision and order aa oavalry. - It was
wonderful to witness bow well they
were drilled and disciplined. In tho
ovent a retreat waa ordered tbe leader
would move ia tb rear for a wbila
If any lagged or straggled they were
very apt to foel bis teetb, if not his
keels. On soma occasions a movement
to tb front was ordered. ' It was a
charge ia line or in column, proudly
beaded by tbe leader. This wa th
case sometime when mounted men
were in sight The Texas Rangers
operatlngtn that country were followed
bv DAck-mule in charge of a tmard.
It wa neoeaeary at time to form m
hollow square, plan th mules inside,
and to throw out kirmlshe to firs
Into ths animals. If the leaders oould
TEEMS $2 per annum in Adv&ooe.
SERIES - V0L. 21, NO. 10.
bo struck, the chargo would be broken
The horso would retiro at once.
The mustangs wore hunted by Mexi
cans, and the finost ones singled out
and lassoed. IVholo herds were driven
at a run into pens having -extended
wings, which contracted aa they ap-
Eroachod the gate, As many as five
undred mustangs havo been penned
at one "run.!' They wore .old at ul
most uoihing, five dolluts being a high
prico for a choice horse. Tbtvo nius
tangent wore a wild set,' often no belter
than Indians ; somo ol them wero
honest, good men. They wero guilty
of many murders and robberies. Tho
Comanohee made visits to that region.
Thoy would pouncoupon tho mustang
or, set thom afoot to kill them, as ca
price dictated. The Comanche wanted
the mustang to rido and to oat. llor.ie-
flesh is a great delicacy with them.
under the mane. I ho section in ques
tion was very hot in those days lor
Americans. A Texan was considered
an hereditary enemy by both mustang,
era and Indians, ilia only protection
was the riflo and six-shooter and a
horse ot strength and bottom. Texas
Uo was tall, lean and a stranger.
He didn't soem to care a cent whether
his relations seen him or not, but
when he faced Justice Duffy at tho
bar of the Jefferson Market Polico
Court he sought to dislodgo the mud
that had gathered in inseparublo
masses on thoends of his flowing locks
and made ineffectual eftortatoataigbten
out the tails of his coat, which the
boy a bad cut oil while bo lay in the
ashbox couch at nigbt. A Bigh escaped
his lips, his jaw dropped, aud ho mur
"I ain't bin yar long, Mister."
"Don't mister tbo Court, eir," order
ed His Honor.
"Is this yar a Court?''
"Yes, sir, and I want you to respect
"Lot's look 'roun' a minit', Mister,
will ye. Durned of this don't beat all
I've ever seed. Say, Mister, how much
docs a Court like this yar cost?"
Tbe Court was growing angry and
sjioko in stern tones.
"What is your business, sir?"
"Fisherman, Mistor,an' I como ."
"Don't M istor tho Court, sir," ordered
"Yos, sir, but I war about to any I
como from Dover, Mo., if you hain't
no objections. Now whar yon trom ?"
"What are you doing horo thou ?"
asked tbo Court, heedless of his ques
tion. "Come yar to fish in tho Hudson for
shad, halibut, haddock and ."
"They don't abound in the Hudson,
sir." 1 .
"Then I'll ketch piko, pickerel, polly
wogs, porch or suthin'. Pleaso let mo
go, Mister, I'm all alone In this world
"Ah, a 'lone fisherman,' "
"That's war yer right Mister."
"loucungo. buicT ilia Honor.
Tho strunger lull to try his luck in
the waters of tho Hudson.
From Kitchen to Tiironk. We
road of peculiar things happening in
lilu, and a wise man should bo suprised
at nothing. , In like manner a comely
and modest woman hosoflco a fortune
in her faco if sho knows how beauty
should bocomo hor. To wit: "During
the troubles in the reign of King
Charles I., a country girl camo up to
london in search ot a place aa servant
maid ; but not succeeding, she applied
herself to carrying out boor from a
brow-houso, and was ono of thoso then
called tub-women. The brewor, ob
serving a well-looking girl in this low
occupation, took her into his family as
bis servant, and alter a while, she bo
having with so much prudonco and
deoorum, homairicd her; ho died when
she was yet a young woman and left
her a largo fortune. The business ol
th brewory waa dropped, and the
young woman waa recommended to
Mr. Hyde, a gentleman of skill in
the law to sottlo her affairs. Hyde
(who waa afterwards the Great Karl
of Clarendon), finding tbe widow'a lor
tune very considerable, married her.
Of this marriago thcro was no other
issue than A daughter, who was niter
wards the wife of James II., and
mothor of Mary and Anno, Queens ot
Haps and Mishaps. An exchatigo
remarks: "Joseph lisilcy, of Lancas
ter, Wis, advised bis son to break his
engagement with Jennio Farrel, and
marry her pretty sister. Jennie re
sentfully set fire to the old man's barn,
and has gone to stato prison, while
her sister has bocomo young Bailey's
"Mamma," said a wicked youngster,
"am I your canoe?" "No, my child,
why do you' ask ?" "Oh, bocuuso you
always say you like to see poople pad
dle their own canoe ; and 1 didn't
know but may be I was yours." The
boy wont out of the door with more
reference to speed thsn grace.
"So yoa want to marry my daughter,
do you 7" aaid the lather to twenty
iwoyoara' growth of trembling man
hood. "Yea, sir i Hike hor, and and-"
"How can you annport hor 7 What
salary do yon got r "O, my salary'B
small, nut i d como and and live with
you I " ; I . I i - ! '
' Evidently having Tom Hendricks
in bis mind's eye, the Detroit Free
Vreti saya: Lpts of men will put up
with the hind platform of a street car
for the sake of harmony, but ask thom
to take the Vice Presidency and they
teel maul ted. ."
"Why am 1 mado a sandwich ?'
said young Snohson plaintivoly, as a
lady sat down either side of him in the
horse car. . "Recauso we are better
than you aro," aaid on of th damsels,
swsotly ; and Snobson mustard oourago
to squeczo out to the platform. .
About thi tim of year Augustus
hogins to wonder whether Amanda
Jano would prefer an arrow-pierced
heart festooned with lace curtains, or
a pair of dovoa sitting on a rose bush
bending gracefully over a church
' California Chinaman get so exeiled
when gambling tbat they wager their
wive agalnstafew dimes. hx. Show
ing, again, what a poor idoa a gambler
usually has ol the value ot money.
There is a woman in Wisconsin woo
bas boon married fifty-eight yuan and
who has never missed building tho
kitchen fire. Her busband Is probably
to oldest Ore escapt on record.
. A Bow book Is entitled "A Woman
Alter All." j That It Tbe same old
story. Shs never would be contented
wltb a sqnar divide.
BY U. L. MoQUOWlf.
Did you receive your copy of Initl
tute proceeding! 1
Luthersburir talks of a (elect school
of a high grade the coming Summer.
W. T. Shannon, one of Brady town
ship' ex tcachem, has recently been
admitted to tho ministry.
The oil excitement at Stump creek
has not interforod in the least with
the sohools of that flection.
Teachers in sondinir thoir term re
ports should enclose them in an offlolal
envelope, suited in size to tho report.
West Liberty school in Sandy town
ship, taught by W. . Mct'ullough,
has had 04 per cent, of attendance
during each month of the term.
Johnson school in Jordan township
raised a sum sufficient to purchase a
largo school map of Pennsylvania, and
theschoolisgrestly benefited thereby.
We acknowlodgo tbo kind favors ol
Dnvid Reams. Jacob Maiewine, An
drew Liddle, Major 1. in lo r, and Dr.
I.ydick while visiting school in lirady
ilev. W. 11. Noreroaa, formerly of
Now Washington Circuit, and teachor
otUtethlehcm school, in Boll township,
is Low Principal of. tbo Bonezotte
schools, in Elk oounty.
Messrs. 8. E. Hays, K. K. .Tlmcson,
J. J. Brock bank and A. A. Delurme.
all Brady township teachers, will at
icTi5oi lh cJinVrTSTfTm la'oV." ""." '
lirook's school, in Sandy township,
taught by W. O. Liddle, boosts ol the
finest decorated room in the township,
All tbo school rooms ol' Brady town
ship aro docorated. Tho preference,
however, is given te f.ast branch and
Dev. Forosman, who will assume
control of tho Kylcrtown select school,
attended tho Millursvilio Slate Normal
School, is a graduate of Lalnyette
College, and a teachor of four years'
experience. His assistant, Mr, Emigh,
is a professional teacher in ourcounty.
Doctors seem to bo nt a premium
when it comes to the oflico ol School
Director. Tho following M. D.'s woro
chosen at tho recent election; Dr. A.
D. Bennett,, Now Washington; Dr.
Fred Todd.Houtzdalo: Dr.l). R.Good,
Osceola : Dr. Smathers, DnBoia ; Dr.
E. II. Edwards, Jaynesvillo.
Tho Hubert school, in Union town
ship, has suffered much recently from
Unit arcadlul disease, diphtheria, two
ot it brightest pupils,(littlo daughters
of J. E. Oswald) died on Monday even-
ng, ecu. .'.id. uno at bix and the
other at seven o'clock P.M. They
woro both laid to rest in ono grave on
tho Wednesday following.
A communication, signed by the
President and Secretary of the Burn-
side borough School Board, informs us
that a Select School, under tho man
agement of Prof. G. W. I nncs, will
open in that placo somo timo in May.
Tho experience and ability ot Mr.
nines aro a sate guido in organizing a
Tho most arduous month's work
since our term of oflico began, closed
with the last duy ol r ebruary . We
visited on every school day in the
month, traveling 307 miles, over al
most impassublo roads; prepared 10
newspaper columns ot educational
news for publication ; wrote 37 official
lottora, and mailed 800 pamphlelVopies
of institute proceedings to tho Direc
tors and teachers in tho county.
Whon tho Institutcprocecdiiigs wore
bound, wo discovered that a great mis
take had unavoidable been made by
the printers in setting up the Directory.
iv o nanucu mem the "roll noon 'with
out giving specific directions, and it
happened that tho name of all the
directors, honorary members, and
thirteen actual teachers wero recorded
separately from tho actual roll of mem
bers, and, therefore, tboy were over
looked by tho printers. We rogret
this vory much, and, in justice to all
tbo faithful ones, wo will publish the
omitted names iu the "educational
column" noxt week.
Items From Late Reports.
C. S. Luther, toaoher of Hickory KhooL ia
ilolton townihip, reporte for month ending Feb
raary Mtb, IsSO: Whole Bomber aarallod, 14
poreent of altealanoe,SI) ; viiiu fromdirootore,
I ; addreoaoe doliterea to leneel, l ; enrage at-
ondaneo, 20; milled BO time. P; Tiiitl from pa-
trona, II , pupila detained by alokaoea, 1. The
parent, maniirit a deep lotereit In ibo lebool by
Tintatioai and aaiiattog taolr ohtldroa In atady.
ing at homo. - -
Wa, Poill.lbw.il. laeeber of Mill Roa school,
lluiton townihip, report, for month andina
February tth, lsS i Wbolonumherearollod, IS i
per oeot. ol attendanoa, vii j Tiiitl from dirootori,
ao.roeiee asiirerea to eonool, I ; average at
tendance, lit i mined no time. 1 1 olliu from aa- -
Ironi, S pupil, detained by eiokneil, 1. Sn
lined but ono toy.
tloargo B. Holt, teacher of Swart! lebool, In
Morrie townihip, report! for monta ending jann-
ary !7!b, less : Whole number enrolled, 18 ; per
oeet. of atleadaaea, 8J i vieiu from dlrootora, It
ad Jreiiee delivered to aohool, O; avenge attend
ance, II minted no time, 1 1 viiiu from patroni,
II; pnaila detained by lickoeii, 1. Oa account
of the iearful muddy roodeead bad weather, and
the greaUui.taoee which my pupil, nave to wolk,
1 bad but two wno attended every day aanagtna
Anna Rodkey, teecher of Johniton aohool, In
Jordan townehip, report! for month ending Feb.
ruery Bib, lssoi Whole number enrolled, IS i
per eont of atlendanoe. 87 ;?vieita from diraotor.,
3, aditrei.ee delivered to icbool, lj avorago at
tendance, 28 mined no time, T I Tiiibl from pa
tron., 1. i pupili detaiaod by eioknen, X.
Sulle Rlihel, teacher of DuBoii Primary irbool,
handy townihip, report! for month ending
February Ml., ISM I Whole number enrolled,
nor cent, o! attendance, so ; vmte from di
rector., 8 i adrire.m delivered toorboot, 1 ; aver
age attendance, tin j mured no timo, IV ( vlolta
frm patroni, I ; pupili detained by eioknen, b,
Tbo icbool, although eompoeed prlaoipally of
email arbol.r!, Ii a vory ploai.nt ono. Nioknoia
U the only drawback.
M.ry K. Kecnan, teacher of Pair Vl.waehiwl,
P.nn township, report! for month ending
l.bru.ry luth, lHSil; Whole number enrolled,
Hi per eon l. of attendance, 4 , vl.lie from dt
melon, ; addreMC. delivered to school, li av.
er.go atteodence, 14 milled BO ttin., 1; eiiita
from pairau., uu ; pupila ti.taiaed by .iokaoi!, as.
ilertha HilJ, Lecher of Lumber Cltrerhnol.
report, for month ending Fehraary llta, 1881 1
Whole numbor enrolled 4. ; per oont. of attond
euee, 81; average attoadanoo, II I mined a. tlm.,
8; viiiu from director!, 1; eiilli from patroni,
1 1 ; ad Jreaoe. delivered to Mheol, I ; papil.de.
tamed by .ickoe.i, I. Four pupil, kav. miaied
ao time daring the foar moa the.
Mlli B. Hofrnae, loaeher of M'Oarrey aohool
ia Cbett townihip, report! for moath .ndiog,
February IJib.lWKi bole near eor carolled, IT i
per cent of attendance, SO ; riiitl from diroeton,
4 i addraMoa dallvored to aohool, I ( avaragw at
tendanoa. IV i mlieea no time,.; vtitta Irom
patroni, 0 ; papil. detained by eieaaeoe, S.
W. L. Road , leeeheo ar WlntorHarB k-heol. In
floitaa towaihln. report, for month aadlag Feb- .
rvary 7th, 1SS0: Whole aumbor enrolled, Xu ;
per eont. of attendance, M vVitti from dirootore,
0 ; aildra.acl delivered to aehool, I average at
leadeaoo, 84 1 miload aa time, IS oitlt. from
patmae, I j pupil! dotaiBod by aleknoia, 4
Plnglelon Dell, learner of Haiti Oreoo whoo!,
Itt Lawreaea tawaehlp, report! for month aadlag
ratiruary lltt, iss. : v. nolo nutaner enrolled.
33 ; pr neat, of aUeadanoa, 86 , vuite from dl
rool.ro, 0 : addrcee delivered to eohool 0) aver-
ego eUendaoeo, 14 i mtoand a. Urn., 1 1 owita
from patroni, II; pupila detained by ileknoail,
tlina J. Bloie. teacher af Oorwenrvllla Dlitrlct
eebonl, roporti for meatbondieg February loth, .
11): Who), n.mber enrolled, SI ; average at-
toadanea. 47 paro.ol.of atteadaaee,e8t mined
no time during mohtn, 10; vi.ua Irom aireetori,
8 1 no f litu from patron, during term. I think
wa aeda ploaiaot and aaooeiiful tern.
W S. araee, teacher f Drlllweod OOB..1, la
Lawrence lown.bip, report, for month ending
Febraary Mtb, 188: Whole aambar enrolled, 14 ;
per eenl. of aUondane., VI; vmlt. from director.,
0 i .ddreieee delivared to ochool, 1 t nvorage at
tandanc, lit mined ao lima, lit oiotta from
patroni a i poplli detained by lickneei, I : whom
numbai or f latota, 14. Tho deareeea ia per eoai.
of atlendanoe waa oaand,by eickaen. Spelling
roaord m good. ,
Lewli Brown, toaoher af Mt. Joy nrhool, In
Lawrwao towaeblp, report. M moath ondlag
Febraary ltb IS.i t Whole namoor .Broiled,
tr), with aa av.rago of M hoy. and luglrli,
total 39; parooatr.go darlog month wae. boyaSb,
glrli 81, mean per cent. 84. During thia month
wo had 18 vt.it. from th. polran. and friend, of
th. school. A great deal of aleknoa. pnraila
bora now la tha way of had eoldi aad eon
throat, whleb hoepi the eehool back aonaiderabla.
Onald hardly ..peat anything elberwln; wile
inch changeable weather.