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THE HUNTINGDON GLOBE, A DEMOCRATIC FAMILY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS, &C.
CircUlation—the largest in the county
Wednesday, August 13, 1858.
FOR JUDGE OF SUPREME COURT,
M. A. PORTER, of Philadelphia.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
IiVESTI.EY FROST, of Payette Co.
PRINTING IN DRY COLORS
Having purchased the right of this
county for printing in Dry Colors, we in
form our friends and enemies that we are
now prepared to accommodate all with the
most beautiful Posters, Bills, Cards, Cir
culars, &c. Call at the "Globe Job Office"
and examine specimens.
Bar See advertisement of Prof. Wood's
Hair Restorative in another column.
.136''See advertisement of Dr. Sanford's
Liver Invigorator in another column.
A PROFITABLE COSF.-Mr. JAS. Mom', of
Portstown, has a cow with three calves, all
of good size and lively. Last year and the
year previous, he had two calves, each time,
by-the same cow—making seven within two
,The Young Men's Temperance Asso
ciation, of Unity, will have a celebration on
Saturday_next, in the vicinity of the Unity
_Church, Henderson township. Several speak
ers will be in attendance. The friends of
the cause are invited to attend.
DEMOCRATIC COUNTY CONVENTION.—This
body - Trill meet in the Court House this after
noon at V I o'clock, and from the character
and- spirit of the delegates already in town,
we predict a harmonious Convention and the
formation of a good and strong ticket, which
we shall give in our next.
TIM CROWD IN TowN.—On Monday and
yesterday our town was crowded with per
sons having business in Court,—and with
others of the Democratic and Opposition par
ties, who were delegates and lookers-on.—
The crowd promises to be as great to-day.
Lecompton is dead. The people of
Kansras_ have declared against the "swindle"
by a large majority. Kansas will next pre
sent a free Constitution, approved by her
citizens, and will ask for admission into the
Union. Who will say, reject her? Bucha
nan will be too anxious to have the question
settled forever, to object to her immediate
GOOD I3IPROYEMENTS.-Our borough fathers
are now engaged in doing what should have
been done years ago ; making some substan
tial improvements on Main street. They de
serve, and will receive, the thanks of all in
terested, which includes visitors as well as
our immediate citizens. Mr. HENRY CORN
rßoßs'r has charge of the work,—they could
not have placed it in better bands.
GOOD BREAD.-Mr. JOHN BUMBAUCIE, Sr.,
has commenced the Baking business, on Rail
Road street, at the stand lately occupied by
E. C. SOMMERS. We have had presented us,
as a sample, Bread and Cakes furnished cus
tomers, and considering ourself and house
hold goad judges of such articles, would say
that better cannot be furnished from any es
tablishment. Mrs. BUMRAUGH superintends
the baking, and our- citizens may rely upon
receiving at all times, Bread and Cakes fresh
THE COUNTY FAIR.—At a meeting of the
Huntingdon County Agricultural Society,
held at the Court House, last evening, Tues
day, Wednesday and Thursday, October sth,
Gth and 7th, were agreed upon as the time
for holding the County Fair, and Hunting
don as the Place. A premium list was adopt
ed and will be published next week. Gen.
G. W. SPEER, T.IIEO. H. CREME; Esq., and
Gen. MILES GREEN, were chosen electors to
participate in the election of officers for the
Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania, in
• OPPOSITION COUNTY CONVENTION.—The Op
position Delegate County Convention; com
posed of Republicans, American Republicans,
and Americans, met in this place on yester
day. Several candidates for the Legislature
were named before the Convention, when
Col. WHARTON, after making a rather cutting
speech, withdrew his name from the list of
candidates. The Convention then proceeded
'to ballot for a ticket, which resulted in the
choice of the following named gentlemen:
Congressional Conferees—lnstructed for
Gen. JOHN WILLIA3ISON :—B. E. McMurtrie,
Gen: Watson and P. C. Swoope.
Assenzbly—R. B. Wigton, of Cromwell.
Commissioner—John Flenner, of Oneida.
Director of Poor—David Clarkson, of Cass-
Auditor—Thomas Graffius i of Birming
Coroner—Wm. K. Rahm, of Huntingdon.
COSTLY CULltalES.—Some of the expen
sive and splendid. churches in the Fifth ave
nue, New York, have had to be abandoned
for the want of funds. It is now all the
rage to build costly churches in that aristo
cratic avenue. Dr.., Gardner Spring's new
church, on Murray Hill, in that avenue, will
cost $200,000, and Archbishop Hughes' new
cathedral will cost not much short of a mil
lion of dollars.
The Atlantic Telegraph Cable--The Great 1
Triumph of the Age.
In common with the citizens of our_ entire
country, we hail with delight, the achieve
ment of the greatest triumph which the world
has ever witnessed. For many months has
the attention of the public been directed to
the movements of those energetic and perse
vering individuals, who, with indomitable ac
tivity and zeal, retained, without abatement,
their confidence and belief in the ultimate ,
Isuccess of their project.
Notwithstanding the disappointments-and
drawbacks experienced in their first attempts
to connect the old world with the new by a,.
chain of electric wire, the idea of faltering
in the prosecution of their labors was never
encouraged for a moment, and with renewed
vigor, they entered upon the third and last
trial, determined that the feat should be ac
complished. The happiness of our citizens
at the successful termination of the arduous
and important enterprise, is far beyond that
ever experienced at any similar event in the
history of the world, and it only awaits the
transmission of the first message to show
their true joy and satisfaction.
As a contemporary remarks, its conse
quences can scarcely be conjectured, much
less adequately conceived. Every kind of
trade will feel its effects. Mercantile men
will be obliged to be more intuitive, or learn
to think more rapidly than heretofore. The
centralization of markets will commence, and
the journalism of telegraphic communication
will be an inseparable interest to every busi
This conquest of the sea is a grand and
proud event, and he whose energy- won it, is
greater than the ancient monarch would have
been had. he succeeded in chaining it. The
storms of the Atlantic are so terrible, that
the most powerful ship only serves to show
how weak the structures built by hands are
in the fury of winds and waves, but now one
may call to - his friend through two thousand
miles of blinding Atlantic storms, and be an
swered instantly. The achievement is al
most inconceivably great.
TRINITY BAY, August 5.
The Atlantic Cable has been successfully
The United States steam frigate Niagara
arrived yesterday. •
The cable will be landed to-day.
The signals are perfect throughout.
LETTER FROM CYRUS W. FIELD.
TRINITY BAY, N. F., Aug. 5.
The Atlantic Telegraph Fleet sailed from
Queenstown on Saturday, July 17th, and met
in mid-ocean on the 28th.
The cable was spliced at 1 o'clock r. at., on
Thursday the 29th, and the vessels then sepa
rated, the Agamemnon and Valorous bound
to Valencia, Ireland, and the Niagara and
Gorgon for this place, where the latter arrived
yesterday, and this morning the end of the
cable will be landed. It is 1698 . nautical or
1950 statute miles from the telegraph house,
dtrthe head of Valencia harbor, and the tele
graph house, Bay of Bulls' Arm, Trinity Bay,
and for more than two-thirds of this distance
the water is over two miles in depth. The
cable has been paid from the Agamemnon at
about the same speed as from the Niagara.
The electrical signals are sent and received
through the whole cable perfect.
The machinery for paying out the cable
worked most satisfactorily, and was not stop
ped for a single moment.
Captain Hudson, of the Niagara, Messrs.
Everett and Woodhouse, the engineers, elec
tricians, and officers of the ship, and, in fact,
every man on board the telegraph fleet, ex
erted himself to the utmost to make the ex
pedition successful, and by the blessing of
Divine Providence succeeded.
After the end of the cable has been landed,
and connected with the land wire telegraph,
and the Niagara discharged some cargo be
longing to the company, she will go to St.
John's for coal, and thence proceed at once
to New York. CYRUS W. FIELD.
ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE PRESIDENT.
BEDFORD SPRINGS, Aug. 5.
The first intimation of the success of the
Atlantic Telegraph enterprise was received
by President Buchanan in a despatch from
the Philadelphia Agency of the Associated
* The following despatch from Cyrus W.
Field, Esq., to the President, was subsequent
ly received :
ON BOARD THE U. S. S. NIAGARA,I
TRINITY BAY, Aug. 5, '5B.
To the President of the United States:
DEAR SlR:—The Atlantic Telegraph Cable
on board the U. S. frigate Niagara and H.
B. M. steamer Agamemnon, was
mid-ocean on Thursday, July 29th, and has
been successfully laid. As soon as the two
ends are connected with the land lines,Queen
Victoria will send a message to you, and the
cable be kept free until after your reply has
With great respect, I remain, your obedient
servant. . CYRUS W. FIELD.
LETTER FROM PRES'T BUCHANAN TO
CYRUS W. FIELD, ESQ
[Through the courtesy of President Bu
chanan, the agent of the Associated Press is
enabled to furnish the press and the public
with the following despatch, to Cyrus W.
Field, in response to the official announce
ment of the success of the enterprise:]
BEDFORD SPRINGS, Aug. 6.
Cyrus W. Field, Esq., Trinity Bay, N. F.:
M DEAR‘SIR :—I congratulate you with
all my heart on, the success of the great en
terprise with - which your name is so honor
ably connected. Under theblessing of Divine
Providence, I trust it may prove instrumen
tal in promoting perpetual peace and friend
ship between the kindred nations.
I. have not yet received the Queen's des
patch. Yours, very respectfully,
The Successful Landing of the Cable at
both Termini—The Line in Good Work
ing Order--Mr. Field's Statement.
TRINITY BAT - , August 7.
The Atlantic Cable was successfully land
ed here yesterday morning, and is in perfect
order. The Agamemnon has landed her end
of the Cable, and we are now receiving sig
nals from the telegraph house at Valencia
Bay, Ireland. The United States steamer
Niagara, and Her Brittanie IVlajesty's team-
ers Gordon and Porcupine, will leave for St.
John's, Newfoundland, to-morrow. Due no
tice will be given when the Atlantic Tele
graph Line will be open for public business.
- . CYRUS W. FIELD.
The time is now at hand, when teachers
are .to be selected for the Common Schools,
for the ensuing year. The subject' of this
1 article may interest a few persons both in the.
1 teacher's rank and out of it. It is one with
which I have not meddled, heretofore, except
' in a few extreme cases where deity demanded
direct _interference. It properly belongs to
the directors, who generally have more know
ledge of. circumstances—of persons accused,
and their accusers, than I have or can have.
Habitual drunkards, who drink and get drunk
whenever and wherever they have the oppor
tunity, have been employed, in a few in
stances, by directors, and tolerated to an'in
jurious,extent. Nine persons, of these quali
fications, have been rejected during the last
two years,•and not one will be tolerated-here
_Besides these we have a number ? , of
young men who possess good - qualifie,agions,
and whose energy, tact, and social qualifica
tions would render them esteemedOn their
respective communities, were it not --for the
"one bad habit," viz: that ofspending their
time—their evenings, Saturdays and Sundays
in village bar-rooms, drinking-to excess and
going to their schools stupified -and unfit for fr
My right to interfere with moderate drink
ers will be questioned ; but there is a .path of
duty somewhere, and when discovered should
be pursued regardless of consequences.—
Where the habits of the teacher, in this par
ticular, will not interfere with his duty in the
school-room; or be materially detrimental, as
an example to others, no interference.on my
part shall reflect upon the rights, privileges
or feelings of any one: but excess in drinking
will always be doubly injurious ; first, by
stupifying the active exertions of the teacher,
and second, by being a dreadful example to
those who are acquiring habits, and forming
characters for life; and duty in this matter
must be done. A discussion of this subject
is not intended to reflect upon our profession
at large. As a body of men, teachers are
more temperate than any other, save minis
ters of the Gospel: they are more temperate
than the members of other professions, col
lectively. At a future time, I intend to pre
pare some remarks upon the influences thrown
around childhood; and if I mistake not there
is an undiscovered reality which ought to
startle the sensibilities of those who have
children to educate. ' ALBERT OWEN,
The Organs by the Ears.
The Washington Union's recent diatribes
against Dougias and the Democracy of Illi
nois are thus commented on by its ally, the
New York Herald:
Our Washington philosopher says that they
will do no such thing ; but we are not sure
of that. According to our past experience
with those turbulent Kansas people, a. new
charter is the very next thin.. °
to which they
will proceed after rejecting the Lecompton
Constitution. And suppose they do this, and
ask, at the next session of Congress, to be ad
mitted under the same fraction of population
which would have been suffmient.for their
admission under Lecompton, what then ? Is
it not easy to perceive as the light of the
noonday sun, that their rejection will re-open
the whole of this Kansas agitation throughout
the North with a, tenfold increased bitterness
and that, on the other hand, a quiet act of
admission Will settle the whole business at
once and forever, and leave to neither North
ern nor Southern agitators a single peg to
Why, then, this sudden indignation of our
Washington cotemporary against Mr. Doug
las upon this point? It strikes us that• this
truumped-up indictment concerning a new Con
stitution for Kansas is too shallow and mis
chievous in its tendencies, and somewhat: too
vicious and malignant in its spirit, to beton
sidered for a moment as representing either
the views or wishes of the Administration.
Should the people of Kansas reject the -Le
compton Constitution and forthwith adopt
another one, republican in form, and lay it
before Congress in December next, and ask
to be admitted under it as a State, we believe
that the President,.instead of resisting, - will
encourage the act of admission as the i
plest, shortest, and most decisive way of get
-1 ting rid of this Kansas nuisance, finally, '
pletely, and forever.
Can it be that the Union has lugged in this
particular question by the ears for the pur
pose of embarrassing and defeating Douglas
in Illinois ? We can hardly believe it ; and
yet it follows - that, as the Union denounces
Mr. Douglas as an outsider, it can have no
desire for- his success. But why desire his
defeat? It will certainly be the loss-of Illi
nois to the Democratic party, not only now,
but henceforward to 1860. The policy of
conciliation is the course of wisdom. Allow
a little time and a margin of forbearance to
Mr. Douglas. Attempt not to crush him by
pulling the Democratic house down- over his
head, but rather encourage him against the
black Republicans, and .may save the
State to the party. and thus practically initiate
the great work of Democratic reunion through-.
out the Union. North and South the broken
fragments of the party appear to be as well
disposed to come together as after the great
exciting battle upon the compromise mea
sures of 1850.
The Kansas Election
LEAVENIVORTII CITY, August 4, via Boone
ville, August 7.—Complete returns from Lea
venworth county give a majority of 1,748
against the bill.
Partial returns from Shawnee, Johnson,
and Franklin counties increase the majority
against the bill to 4,704.
- 'The total vote of these counties, as received,
is 6,846. It is thought the whole vote of the
Territory will reach 13,000, and the oppo
nents of the bill claim a majority of 0,000-
Topeka cast 246 votes against the bill, and
10 for it.
Lecompton 122 against, and 27 for it.
Nothing has yet been received from the
Southern and Western counties.
CORRESPONDENCE OP THE GLOBE.
BEDFORD Sruni - ps, Aug, '5B.
DEAR. GLOBE :—On Tue'Silay of last, week
my friend G. and myself were safely linded
at the pretty and improving little town of
Bedford. The roads were-Very goed,lind the
stage not being crowded, contributed much
to our speed and comfort. Gov. Porter and
his beautiful daughter were the only occu
pants of the stage save 0. and myself.
At Bedford we exchanged the stage for the
more comfortable quarters of "Bedford hotel,' l
the proprietor of-which; John Hafer, Esq., is
decidedly the most courteous, gentlemanly,
and I might add, the best looking landlord
I've had .the good fortune to meet wits• in
Bedford county. This is the place to stop.
President Buchanan, with about two hun
dred guests were dimiered by Mr. Hafer on.
Saturday. But to return to.the day of our
arrival. After assuring myself that I was
actually within the proximity of a mile and
a-half of the delightful "Springs," I conclu
ded to hail a hack and be transported thither.
The transportation was delightful, the hack
was full, and the scenery, sublimely beauti,
ful. But the great, towering hill was passed;
our sight was no longer obscured, and lo !
there fell upon our delighted vision an un-'
paralleled scene of beauty and magnificence.
The buildings are large enough to accommo
date four hundred guests; the promenades
are delightful. Clusters' of trees here and
there, form beautiful shades and retreats for
frequent communions with our best and most
interesting friends,—the newspapers.
. The Springs are numerous, all containing
highly medicimil properties, the principal of
which is a saline chalybeate, celebrated for
its efficacy in curing bilious, dyspeptic and
cutaneous affections : G. says 'tis better than,
and makes a splendid substitute for, the
" pure vernacular."
In front of the large brick building (a re
cent.addition and a noble structure) is a cir
cular spot of green, studded with various
trees, and having infthe centre a fountain
which continually sends up a "tiny thread"
of laughing water, which falls again, merrily,
to the earth. But, sir, 'tis in vain that the
tame pen attempts to portray what can only
be conceived of, and fearing that I may be
charged with attempting too much, I will
stick my pen in my inkstand, extend to you
my 'KZ., and bid you good-bye.
MONMOUTU, Warren co., 111., 1
August 4th, 1858.
EDITOR G LODE—Dear Sir:—The weather
is very warm here at present, and has been
for soiree time; and with the hot weather a
great deal of rain has fallen. The wheat
harvest is over, though a great many of the
farmers did not cut their crop at all, and
many only in part. The oats are very near
ly a total failure from the rust, a thing un
precedented here before. The potatoes and
garden vegetables are doing, generally, very
well. The corn looks promising now, though
much of it was planted late, and will have
some risk to run with frost in the fall. The
health of the county, generally, continues
very good. Money is rather scarce at pre
sent, or rather, a great many are in debt ;
some, with no means of getting out, while
others are troubled to get their stock turned
into money, with which to pay small debts;
but no doubt, this present embarrassment
will have a good effect in the future, by
keeping people from going so extravagantly
into debt; with some it will be but too dearly
bought, still, it is no use to complain or fore
You will see, by the papers, that the politi
cal cauldron is beginning to boil some in our
State. The "little giant" is at work in good
earnest, battling against the "Negro Equali
ty" party with us as strongly as ever. The
opposition here were making large calcula
tions on defeating him in his election to the
United States Senate next winter, but they
are beginning to see plainly that he has the
"inside track," and where he will lose one
Lecompton Democrat, he will gain five Old-
Line,Whigs and seven Anti-Nebraska Demo
crats 'who left the party or stood aloof from
it, because they believed that Douglas was
anxious for the spread of slavery, and only
used-the cloak of "non-intervention by Con
gress," to enable the South to carry slavery
into Kansas. Now, when they see flow nobly
he has battled for principle, they are ready
to stand by him to. the last. The few sore
headed office-holders who oppose him at Chi
cago, are doing all in their power to break
him down, but the people of Illinois Will sus
tain. him, and, thank God, the people can
take such things into their own hands, and
they will do it. The prospect is better now,
for the success of the Democracy in this
State, than any time since our very worthy
old Chief Magistrate got off the track and
the Cincinnati Platform, together, and un
dertook to bring Kansas into the Union with
Lecompton. We are sorry ho took the course
he did, but if he was honest, no wonder he
feels a little put out at those of his own
household who oppose him, but Presidents
should remember, as well as others, that
sometimes "it is our• best friends who tell us
of our faults."' Had the President been able
to give up his project of admitting Kansas
with the Lecompton Constitution, the Democ
racy would have been able to have rendered
a better account of themselves at the coming
elections; in the Northern States, at least; as
it is, in those States where the Democracy en
dorsed Lecompton, I fear they will find
"Jordan a hard road to travel." But enough
said on politics. Yours, &c., P. J.
'Celebration at Barre:
It was our privilege, on Saturday fast,.
again to share in the innocent amusements
and festiiities of a Sunday School celebra
-1:love to see the father whose locks are
whitened with the frosts of many winters,
the fond mother, the hopeful youth, the con
fiding maiden, and rosy cheeked children, all
assembled to participate in celebrating one
of the most glorious institutions-with which
the youth of our country are blessed.
The Barre Sunday School; under the care
of their worthy superintendent, Mr. I. McEl
roy; met in their school room at 10 A.' M.,
where the exercises were commenced by
singing a hymn, and engaging in prayer, led
by one of the 'orators of the day. A proces
sion was then formed and marched to a most
beautiful grove, near at hand, singing, as we
marched along, the well-known hymn com
mencing, "Children of the Heavenly King."
We soon arrived at - the spot selected, which
had been nicely fitted up for the occasion.—
The speakers' stand gave plain evidence of
the taste and artistic skill of some of the
gentlemen in the vicinity—as I was told the
ladies left that part entirely to the sterner
sex. After all Were comfortably seated, Gen.
Miles Green, Esq., was called to the Chair,
and upon taking his seat, made some very
appropriate remarks to all present, stating,
in his pleas - ant manner, that ever since the
days of his boyhood, his heart has been with
the Sunday School cause. Rev. Clever. then
delivered a plain and instructive discourse
to the scholars and parents. He showed,
very pointedly, the great good parents would
both receive and impart by attending the
Sabbath School. At the close of his address,
the children were permitted to enjoy them
selves in the grove while the table was being
prepared. In a short time they were again
called together, and marched in an orderly
manner to the table, which was loaded with
such a variety of excellent food, as only those
who have graduated—not in a female senzi
nary—but in the culinary department, know
how to prepare. After a blessing had been
invoked by Rev. Clever, the children were
helped by their teachers to as much as they
desired ; and when they retired, the table
*Ei s again spread, and all heartily invited to
partake of the good things prepared. An
other hour was spent in "wandering," when
the signal was given and all were soon seat
ed before the speakers' stand. J. Wesley
Olewine, of Petersburg, was introduced to
the audience, and delivered a short address
upon the history of Sabbath Schools. J. D.
Brown, was then called for, and responded
in an address to the teachers, showing them
the nature of their work, its solemn responsi
bilities, and glorious reward. After the bene
diction was pronounced, all were dismissed
and allowed to spend the remainder of the
day as they pleased. At the hour of SP. M.
we—of Spruce Creek—were escorted to the
cars by the "Juniata Cadets," under the
eomma,nd of Captain Win. I. Hopkins, and
Lieutenant Wm. Wharton. We were soon
hurried home by the iron horse, but shall
long remember the Barre celebration.
Warren co., 111., July 29, '5B.
MR. LEWIS :—Dear Sir:—l thought a com
munication from this section might prove in
teresting to some, if not many, of your read
ers. In regard to the crops of this section of
the State, and in fact the whole State, with
but few exceptions in some of the Southern
counties, there never has, in my experience
of seven years, been anything like so ccnn
plete a failure ; and I am informed that Ohio,
Indiana, and some other States are but little
better. Wheat looked
,extremely well until
in bloom, shortly after which it was struck
with both rust and blight, which injured all
and ruined a great deal entirely. Many far
mers did not cut any, and very few cut all
their wheat. Oats are very much injured
with rust—will not yield a half crop. Corn
looks well where it got a fair start, but it
rained so incessantly that there was not very
much planted, and part of that did not come
up, and part was drowned out. If the frost
keepS off until - late there may be two-thirds
of a crop, or nearly that, in this section; but
I do not think the falling off in corn will be
so general throughout the West as wheat
Politics does not engage much attention
at present. There is some talk of disaffec
tion among Democrats, on the Lecompton
question ; but as far as my observation goes,
it is confined to office holders and hunters.—
The rank and file, of the Democracy remain
true to their principles—to the Cincinnati
Platform—to theirleader, STEPHEN A. Dona-
LAS, and to themselves—and will return him
to the Senate of the 'halted States, and if they
get their will—to the Chair in the White
House, in 1860. J. D. P.
DROWNED.-A man named GEORGE HOUSE
HOLDER was drowned in Plummer's dam, on
Traugh Creek, near Newburg, this county,
on Tuesday of last week. He was fishing in
company with another person ; and before
they started home he said he would take a
wash. After he had been in the water some
time, his comrade, who was on the opposite
side of the creek, heard him call for help,
but before he could render him any assist
ance he had sank to rise no more. His body
was found an hour or so afterwards. He
was a .good swimmer and the place quite
narrow, so it is supposed he was seized with
the cramp, which caused him to sink. He
was a young man, and had only been mar
ried about two months. He leaves a large
number of relatives and friends to mourn his
anilge Douglas and the Germans.
Judge Douglas was waited upon recently o
in Chicago,• by a large deputation of the Ger
mans of that city, and in response to the ad
dress of their spokesman he made the follow
ing among other remarks
I am obliged to you for your kind allusion
to my efforts to strike - down that proscriptiVEY
policy which attempted, a. few years ago, to
invade the social, civil, and religious freedom
of this country. I made thefirst speech ever
pronounced on the American Continent against
that proscriptive system which-. pr6P . o.sed I` , l
strike men down on account of their kirthplace,
or their religion, [lmmense enthusiasm:]--
Of all the acts of injustice ever attempted to
be perpetrated, the greatest was to make the ,
birthplace or the religious creed' a political'
test in the exercise of the elective franchise:-
I hold that this Government was establisli--
ed by the white linen of the continent—men
of European birth or European decent then on
the continent. It was established for the-.
benefits of the white men, to be administered'
by white men, on the white basis. Spain ,
and France, in their colonies on the Ameri-:-
can continent, admitted the negro and Indium
to citizenship with the white man, on an
equality. In the colonies from which this
nation sprung, the political rights were con
fined to the white men ; not merely to Eng
lishmen, or Germans, or Swedes, or Swiss,
but to all white men, all men of European
birth and posterity. Say what you please,.
the experience of the world proves that there ,
is such a thing as superior and inferior races_
The experience of the world in all ages
proves that the negro is incapable of self=
government in all climes. [Cheers.] For
this reason our fathers, in making our insti
tutions, confined the governing power to the
white race, excluding no white man, but
making no mixed basis, either with the In
dians or negroes. Look at the difference be
tween the Spanish-American colonies and the
French-American colonies, and the colonies
of which this country was originally compos
ed. Their political amalgamation, and-,de
moralization on and .depredation below the
point of capacity for self-government, has
been the result in every instance ; here the
white basis has been preserved, and we find
the highest mental, physical, moral and so
cial developement that the world has ever
witnessed. [Bravo, and cheers.]
Gentlemen, our duty is, by a stern and in
flexible adherence to this great principle of
self-government, by elevating our race and
preserving the pure principles of Government
upon which all our Institutions rest, to go ,
forward in the mission which the Almighty
has confided to us. We are engaged in a.
fierce political contest in this 'State ; a con
flict involving . greet political principles at
which I have just glanced, but which it will
be my pnrpose in every part of the State,
during the ensuing summer, to discuss freely
before the people in a candid and frank man
ner, in order to take their verdict upon my
acts as their representative in the Senate of
the 'United States. It will be my pleasure,
and I trust it will be yours, to meet you and
all our German fellow-citizens, and discuss
these questions and such others as may be
brought into the contest, freely and frankly,
in a spirit of candor and frankness.
I desire to be heard, because my opinions
end political acts have been misrepresented.
I desire that you shall understand them, and
then, if I am right, sustain me - if I mix
wrong, then select a man who will carry out
your principles better than myself. ["We
could not find
.one," and cheers.] If Mr_
Lincoln Will sustain the honor and advance
the prosperity of Illinois more than myself,
it is your duty--a duty that you owe to your
selves and to your children—to sustain him
in preference to me. ["Never," etc.] If,
on the contrary, you approve the principles
I advocate, and have confidence that I will
carry them out in good faith, and with that
degree of ability you desire and have a right
to expect in the National Councils, I shall
be extremely happy to receive the approval
that your votes will convey, at the next elec
tion. ("You shall receive them," and cheers.]
I again thank you, gentlemen, for this mar
of your friendship.
Scotch: Water Pipes vs. Pennsylvania
Some of the newspapers in this and other
States have commented severely upon the
General Government and its agents, because
a contract has been given' to some Scot&
manufacturers of water pipes, for a. supply
for the acqueduct at Washington. The com
ments have elicited the following reply from
Chief Engineer Meigs, which is sharp and
to the point. He says:
"An advertisement for the materials and
work needed to complete the acqueduct was
published for two months, under the laws of
Congress. This advertisement engaged that
the lowest responsible bidders should have
the contract for the remainder of the iron
pipes, many miles of which had been already
furnished by a citizen of Camden, N. 3., un
der a former contract. The present contract
was awarded to .a citizen of Philadelphia,
Mr. Lawrence Myers. Thus were all parties
treated with equal fairness, and the interests
of the United States, which .pays for the
pipes, protected. The price is low. The
contract is too large to be filled by one man's
means in the required time, and Mr. Myers
negotiates with the great iron masters of
Philadelphia to assist him; but I suppose,
for I know nothing of the matter, he finds
their prices too high for his contract, and
seeks better terms abroad.
"If this be so, who is to blame? Is it the
engineer, who, acting under the laws, invited
fair competition, the contractor who seeks to
make the best terms he can, or the Philadel
phia manufacturers, who allow a Scotch firm
three thousand miles off to undersell them at
their own doors ?
"I hope that the contractor will succeed
in making or .purchasing his pipes in this
country. No one more than myself would
regret to see the capitol supplied with water
through pipes not of our own manufacture,
but certainly I cannot interfere in the private
business of a contractor, and it was my duty
to award the contract to the lowest bidder.—
happens to be a Philadelphian.
" While the offiaeraof the Government have
no right to pay out more of the money . en
trusted to them, in order to secure American
iron, the manufacturers who complain have
a perfect right to abate their prices, so as to
keep the work in this country, and they
would show more patriotism thus, than by
complaining of the contractor whoi follows
hisinterest, or of the engineer who has done
SyltVsTO are prepared to get up in hand
some style, Banners and Flags for Sunday
School and other celebrations, political meet.
ings, &c., with any inscription desired,