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tions desired, will be continued till forbid and charged ac
tording to these terms.
NEW GOODS ! NEW GOODS!!
I D. P. GWIN'S CHEAP STORE
ID. P. GIVIN has just returned from Philadelphia with
th.e largest and most beautiful assortment of
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS
Ever brought to Huntingdon. Consisting of the most
rashionable Dress Goods for Ladies and Gentlemen; Black
land Fancy Silks, all Wool Delaines, (all colors,)
tains, Braise Delanes, Braises all colors; Debaize, Level'
Cloth, Alpacca, Plain and Silk Warp, Printed Berages, Bril
liants, Plain and Colored Ginghams, Lawns and Prints of
Also, a large lot of Dress Trimmings, Fringes, More-An
tique Ribbon, Gimps, Buttons, Braids,Crapes, Ribbons,
Reed and Brass Hoops, Silk and Linen andkerchiefs, Neck-
Ties, Stocks, Zepher, French Working Cotton, Linen and
Cotton Floss, Tidy Yarn, &c.
Also, the best and cheapest assortment of Collars and
Undersleves in town ; Barred and Plain Jaconet, Mull Mus
lin, Swiss, Plain, Figured and dotted Skirts, Belts, Mar
sallies for Capes, and a variety of White Goods too numer
ous to mention.
SPRING SHAWLS, THIBET SHAWLS, 3IANTILLAS, &c
Also, Cloths, Cassimors, Cassinets, K. Jean, Cot. Drills,
binslino, Tickings. Nankeen, Table Diapers, 4.e.
Also a large lot of Bonnets, Flats, and Hats, at low pri
BOOTS and SHOES, the largest and cheapest assortment
HARDWARE, QUEENSWARE, BUCKETS, CHURNS,
TUBS, BUTTER BOWLS, BROOMS, BRUSHES, 4:c. CAR
PETS and OIL CLOTH. FISH, SALT, SUGAR, COFFEE,
TEA, MOLASSES, and all goods usually kept in acouutry
My old customers, and as many new ones as can crowd
in, are respectfully requested to call and examine my goods.
.air All kinds of Country Produce taken in exchange, at
the Highest Market Prices,
April 21, 1858,
IcENV STORE !-NEW GOODS ! !-
FISHER. aSr, IiteDIUWRICIE having re
opened the METRoroLrmv, formerly known as "Saxton's,"
take pleasure in announcing to their many friends, that
they have received a new and well selected Stock of GOODS,
which they feel confident will satisfy the demands of the
public, and will prove unexceptionable in Style and Quality.
The line of Dress Goods embraces Robes
A'Quille, in Organdies, Lawns, Percales, Sze., Chaleys, Be
rages, Brilliants, all Wool DeLames, Cravella, Mohair, Dan
ubian, Tamise and Lavella Cloths, Deßage Lustres, .42pae-
Caft, Prints, Ginghams, . _
We have a fine assortment of Summer
Fliawls, Mantillas, Dress Trimmings, Fringes, Antique's,
Ribbons, Mitts, Gloves, Gauntlets, Hosiery, Ladies Collars,
Handkerchiefs, Buttons, Floss, Sewing Silk, Whalebones
for Skirts, Reed lloops, Brass ditto, Skirt Cord, &e.
Also—Tickings, Osnaburg, Bleached and
Unbleached Muslims, all prices; Colored and White Cain
brics, Barred and Swiss Mullins, Victoria - Lawns, Naiu
sooks, Tarletou, and many other articles which comprise
the line of 'WHITE and DOMBSTIC GOODS.
We have French Cloths, Fancy Cassimers, Satinets, Jeans,
Tweeds, Cottonades : Linens, Denims_and Blne Drills.
Hats, Caps, and Bonnets, of every variety
and Style. Also, a large assortment of all kinds of Straw
A Good Stock of G fIOCERIES, HARDWARE, QUEENS
WARE, BOOTS and SHOES, WOOD and WILLOW-WARE,
which will be sold Cheap.
We also deal in PLASTER, FISH, SALT, and all kinds
of GRAINS, and possess facilities in this branch of trade
unequalled by any. We deliver all packages or parcels of
Merchandise free of charge at the Depots of the Broad Top
and Pennsylvania Railroads'.
COME ONE, COME ALL, and be convinced that the Me
tropolitan is the place to secure titshionable and desirable
goods, disposed of at the lowest rates.
April 14, 1858.
TRY TILE NEW STORE,
On Hill Street opposite Miles d Dorris' Office
SUGAR and MOLASSES,
COFFEE, T 1 and CHOCOLATE,
FLOUR, FISH, SALT and VINEGAR,
COI`.:FECTIONERIES, CIGARS and TOBACCO,
SPICES OF THE BEST, AND ALL KINDS,
and every other article usually found in a Grocery Store
ALSO— Drugs, Chemicals, Dye Stuffs,
Paints, Varnishes, Oils and Spts. Turpentine,
Fluid, Alcohol, Glass and Putty,
BEST WINE and BRANDY for medical purposes.
ALL THE BEST PATENT MEDICINES,
and a large number of articles too numerous to mention,
The public generally will please call and examine for
themselves and learn our prices.
M'MANIGILL & SMITH.
Huntingdon, May 25,1858.
The subscriber respectfully announces to his friends
and the public generally, that he has leased that old and
well established TAVERN STAND, known as the
Ifuntivgdon Flower„ on the corner of Hill and B ru
Charles Street, in the Borough of Huntingdon.— e
He has fitted up the House in such a style as to
tender it very comfortable for lodging Strangers and Tray
HIS TABLE will always be stored with the best the sea
son can afford, to suit the tastes and appetites of his guests.
HIS BAR will always be filled with Choice Liquors, and
HIS STABLE always attended by careful and attentive
Ala-He hopes by strict attention to business and a spirit
of accommodation, to merit and receive a liberal share of
May 12, ISSS-13
A TTENTION ALL !
A SPLENDID STOCK OF BOOTS AND SIIOES,
FOR LADIES AND GENTLEMEN,
MISSES, BOYS AND CIIILDREN.
For Men and Boys' Fine Boots, call at
WESTBROOK'S Boot and Shoe Store.
For Ladies and Misses Gaiters and Shoes, call at
For Children's Shoes of all kinds, call
For Men and Boys' Coarse Boots and Shoes, call at
For Morocco Leather, call at
For any thing you want in my lino,
For Ladies' Gaiters at prices from $l.OO to $2.25, call on
Huntingdon, May 5, 1858
ALEXANDRIA FOUNDRY !
The Alexandria Foundry has been • ,
bought by R. C. MCGILL, and is in blast, 411 1 11 :1 i
and have all kinds of Castings, Stoves, Ma-1 6 - w V., l l 4 tfrii •
chines, Plows, Kettles, &c., &c., which he 311:01ida
will sell at the lowest prices. All kinds
of Country Produce and old Metal taken in exchange for
Castings, at market prices.
April 7, 1858. 11. C. MCGILL.
ir t e:Tr",;; ; ' - COUNTRY DEALERS can
1JK14 , " 1 buy CLOTHING from me in Huntingdon at
WHOLESALE as cheap as they can in the
cities, all I have a wholesale store in Philadelphia..
Huntingdon, April 14, 1858. H. ROMAN.
VARNISH ! VARNISH !
ALL RINDS, warranted good, for sale at
BROWN'S Hardware Store,
April 28, 1858-tf.
LADIES, ATTENTION !—.llly assort
ment of beautiful dress goods is now open, and ready
for inspection. Every article of dress you may desire, can
lqo found at my store. D. P. GAVIN.
A Large Stock, just received, and for sale at
BRICKER'S El AMNIOTIC STORE
T HE MAMMOTH STORE
. test Styles of Ladles' Dress e
4a- RRICKER'S Mammoth Store is the
• place to got the we rill of your money, in Dry Goods,
rdwaro, Groceries, &c., &c., &c.
OANE FISHING RODS—A Superior
IL) Article—at LOVE & DicDIVITT'S.
DOUGLASS & SHERWOOD'S Pat
ent Extension Skirts, for sale only by
FISHER & I1Ic1111(RTRIE.
Are requested to call and examine the 'Hardware,
c., at BRICKER'S MAMMOTH STORE.
VT Of the beet, alwa.ye; ready for customers, at
J. BRICKER'S MAMMOTH STORE
2 do. 3 do.
$ 37% $ 50
75 1 00
1 50 2 00
D. P. GWEN
c itittf VlifttXV . . •
THINGS I LOVE.
I love a smiling . countenance,
A heart sincere and kind—
A man who loves his fellow man,
And plainly speaks his mind—
Who gives his word in friendship's name,
Nor swerves from what he says,
Who loves a brother for his worth, .
And votes him honest praise.
I love a calm and steadfast look,
A free and easy grace,
A brow where anger never sits,
Nor passion leaves its trace;
An intellectual kindly glance,
A temper sweet and mild,
A dignity of outward mien
With spirit reconciled.
I love the rich and beautiful,
The sacred and divine,
The sun that sheds its golden light,.
The stars that brightly shine,
The kindness and the sympathy
True friendship loth impart,
The love that time can never change,
Deep planted in the heart.
I love, in autumn's fading hours,
When fruit hangs on the boughs,
When hollow winds sigh o'er the earth,
And nature seeks repose,
To sit in contemplative mood
And gaze upon the scene,
To think of happy moments fled,
Of bright days that have been,
I love all things that raise the heart,
The wise, and pure, and free,
The good, and great, and virtuous,
Wherever they may be—
Yes, everything that God hath made
To elevate and bless,
To make earth's joys and pleasures more,
Life's cares and sorrows less.
[Reported for the Huntingdon Globe.]
Delivered by A. B. BRUMBAUGH, of Hunting
don count✓, at the close of the first quarter
of the Summer Session of the Lancaster
County Xormal School, Tune 18 - , 1858.
Subject—CHRISTIANITY A CIVILIZING AGENT
Man, when first created, was endowed with
superiority over all the other works of crea
tion. He bore the very impress of Heaven,
but inherited none of the perfections of his
Creator. The- power of feeling with which
he was endowed was peculiar to his organi
zation alone. The emotions of joy, hope,
wonder and beauty; the obligations of mo
rality and religion : and the affections of
sympathy and love, all of which are express
ed in the animal, rational and spiritual sus
ceptibilities, were inherent in his nature. -
The first is that power of feeling which
has its source in the animal constitution.—
If man's ability for feeling were limited to
this susceptibility alone, all those elevating
and ennobling emotions which dignify him,
and proclaim him superior to the brute crea
tion, would be excluded; all his feelings be
impulsive and transitory ; his better nature
be lost in, and absorbed by the animal pas
sions : and he be left to grovel in sensuali
ty and lust. Thus degenerating slowly but
steadily from that state of purity and holiness
in which he was at first created ; until he
would bear a thousand times more the image
of a demon, than of God. Then this power
of feeling is not, in itself, effectual in the ad
vancement of the cause of truth, and right;
and must, therefore, be restrained by a mu
tual counteraction of an opposing feeling.—
This counteraction is found in the endow
ment of rationality, which is also established
in the constitutional nature : and, therefore,
not connected with the moral or spiritual in
its origin, as it necessarily grows up in man's
inherent organization. Yet it is entirely dis
tinct from the former, which seeks merely
the indulgence of the instincts and passions ;
while the latter seeks something higher, more
noble, more elevating; something by which
he may catch the living sentiment of beauty,
as it floats by upon the balmy breeze, or
glides down the purling streamlet.
This power of feeling inspires man with a
love of the beautiful. By it he catches the
peculiar sentiment of all around him—sees
visions and hears sweet voices on every side;
admires the soul-cheering loveliness of the
sunset; the serene star of evening; the cloud
embossed firmament: and may so elevate his
feelings that the broad inexhausted domain
of nature may seem to him to be inspired
with a living soul, which reveals itself in
every feature, by expressions of the deepest
emotion; and causes his soul to respond in
sympathy, as he feels that which is arising
within to be kindred to that which is glow
ing without. Thus it is that flowers are
made to have a language, which expresses
the sentiment of the heart ; the trees to
speak ; all nature to rise in grandeur and
sublimity : and man enabled through the
natural to catch the sentiment of the super
natural, and read everywhere the uttered
feelings of an approving or an offended God.
But man, being-merely a particle of dust,
as it were, caught up from the earth, and
fashioned after the image of God, is endowed
with this power of feeling. - Yet it is neces
sary for him, in order to be perfect in his or
ganization, to have his intellectual faculties
well trained and developed by the universal
laws as laid down in the order of nature.—
The laws should ever be followed, not only
in this, but in. all moral reform ; but more
especially in the great work of civilization :
and the establishing of a foundation upon
which to rear a temple through which the
souls of men may pass from earth to heaven,
to bask forever in the smiles of him who
died to redeem them from the curse of a
It is by knowledge that the wings of intel
lect are expanded ; all the senses opened up
to the glorious wonders of creation; all mys
tery unfolded ; the veil uplifted and man en
abled, as he turns over, one by one, the
leaves of the groat book of creation, filled on
every page with sparkling characters of Ws-
d047230wer and love, to learn lessons of truth
the most sublime, to see images of the most
e.s.quisite beauty and unspeakable loveliness ;
AO' causes him to tune his lyre to things
.ahove, and pour out the emotions of his
heart in wild, .holy and tameless strains.—
Yea, it is through this that he is enabled to
realize the presence of the great Jehovah in
every object in nature, and caused to feel an
entire dependence upon Him ; casting him
self down and worshipping in grand nature's
temple, inscribed to the living God. Here is
the source of all beauty, truth and right:
thus the true God is known, an occasion
given for faith, love and worship ; and the
spirit made willing to yield itself joyfully to
a full devotedness as a blessed activity for
This leads to the spiritual part of man,
which is a spark of that divine intelligence,
through which he bears the image of his
Creator; and by which he is enabled to hold
sweet communion with him. This power of
feeling inspires man with a love for the "Lord
of Glory," and fills the soul with rapture at
every manifestation of his grace, as it de
scends by the gentle dews of his spirit, caus
ing the feelings of religious onfidence, divine
gratitude and love, adoration and praise, to
break forth from the soul, like those which
flowed from the heart of "good old David,"
as he stood, methinks, gazing upward view
ing that All-encompassing Spirit, from which
not even the wings of the morning could save
him ; when lie threw himself with confidence
into the arms of that Fatherly Spirit, and
exclaimed, "How precious are thy thoughts
unto me, 0 God! how great is the sum of
them !" Thus, when man casts himself upon
his crucified Saviour, as the only source of
hope and help ; all those purely christian sen
timents conic forth, and his spirit glows with
emotions akin to none but those of bright
seraphs around the throne of God.
When man is thus filled with a love for the
true Saviour, he is a perfect being; prepared
to enlist under the banner of King Immanuel,
and march forward to advance the cause of
civilization by the agency of christianity, now.
established in his nature; but founded upon
that inspired volume—that word of eternal
truth—the Bible. Well may we call it in
spired ; for it is a revelation from God, handed
down to us, through many generations ; and
now become the anchor of the Christian's
hope--the very basis of Christianity. Yea,
it is a Most beautiful temple containing an
altar and one God ; but illuminated by a
thousand varied lights ; and studded with
myriads of different ornaments.
At the commencement of the new era, the
world was shrouded in darkness. The sky
of civilization was dark and lowering. The
illuminating power was almost swept away.
Idolatry had spread throughout the length
and breadth of the land. Only here and
there could be seen a twinkling star shining
through the darkness. But behold the
" Bright Morning Star" has arisen ! The
immaculate Son of God has come into the
world to redeem it—to illuminate it,—and
again plant the seeds of civilization. But he
was not allowed to remain long to nourish
the tender plant, before he was led to Calva
ry's rugged brow, there to seal his work with
his own blood. Oh what a scene! The Son
of the Most High, expiring upon the cross !
Nature, unable to look upon the features of
her dying Lord, draws a veil over the scene!
All the bright lights of Heaven are darken
ed ; for the Son of Righteousness is under
eclipse ! All save the throne of the Eternal
is enveloped in gloom. But it will not con
tinue long Nay, look up! Rejoice ! The
gloom is removed—the battle over—the vic
tory won—salvation finished, and the Saviour
reigns, again, in Paradise. While his body
was sleeping in the silent tomb, angels guard
ed around, and gave a mild sublimity . to the
spot by the soft shadow of their wings.—
When the third day dawned, methinks, the
morning ray, as it floated slowly to the West,
wore a smile like that known only when
"The morning stars sang together,
Sons of God shouted for joy.". Then sweet
music floated through the air, and lovely
sounds were wafted upon the breeze; for the
Redeemer was about to rise triutnphant in
glory, honor and immortality. The jubilee
of earth had come. The Saviour arose and
in forty days ascended, in his own instinctive
might, to take his seat at the right hand of
Ills blessed mission was now ended.—
Christianity, the most beautiful emanation
that ever shone upon the earth, now went
forth with civilization, like a divine halo,
surrounding it, divulging, like a sunbeam,
first throughout the East, then advancing to
ward the West, causing civilization to spring
up wherever it entered. Since that time,
wherever Christianity has been established,
the darkness has been dispelled, and civili
zation followed as a natural consequence.—
The two go "hand in hand." Christianity
opens the way—civilization smooths it. Be
hold the former, in its march through the
world! It advances like a bright meteor, il
luminating every object upon which its rays
fall,—studding the sky of civilization with
many bright suns. To it we, as a nation,
owe our glory and greatness. In every na
tion, as soon as Christianity was established
in the hearts of the people it became a civi
lized nation. Such has been the case, and
such will be the case. If we would establish
Christianity upon the shores of British India,
we would soon see idolatry and superstition
chasing each other until her shores would be
free, and she would arise and shine, perhaps,
.the fairest among the fair. England may
send her armies there and cut down the in
habitants by millions, but she can never es
tablish Christianity by such means. If she
would send faithfitl soldiers there, girded
with the armor of faith, the helmet of salva
tion and the sword of the spirit, ere long
these poor benighted heathens would become
civilized, enlightened and saved from that
eternal doom that now awaits them. Chris
tianity is the only agency by which civiliza
tion can be sustained. And it is only in
proportion as a nation is Christian and the
Bible held as infallible, that it is civilized..
The Bible is the standard of eternal truth,
from which Christianity receives ita supplies.
HUNTINGDON, PA., AUGUST 11, 1858.
It is a fountain where the thirsty may drink,
and the darkness of the depressed spirits be
driven away, like a cloud on the viewless
tongue of the morning wind. It has gone
forth like a mighty giant, "Ransacked crea
tion, to lay its treasures on Jehovah's altar,
and woven a garland for the bleeding brow
of Immanuel, the flowers of which have been
culled from the gardens of a universe."
TO CHE PEOPLE OF PENNSYLVA
FELLOW-CITIZENS:—The, Trustees of the
"Farm's& High School of Pennsylvania,"
anxious to interest you in the important trust
—for your benefit—committed to their care,
propose to present for your consideration the
objects, present condition, and present wants
of the Institution.
An object, steadily and prominently in
view, - is to add dignity to manual labor by
associating manual labor with the acquisition
of scientific knowledge. Cast your eyes over
the length and breadth of our Commonwealth.
Observe various pursuits, professions and oc
cupations. Note the estimation in which they
are respectively held, and the influence they
severally exert upon the community, and say
whether their standing and influence are not
mainly dependant upon the relative intelli
gence of those who fill them. How trite,
and yet how true, that Knowledge is Power!
Associate labor with ignorance, and you
degrade it; your sons an your daughters
are lead to eschew it,—to look upon all who
earn their bread by the labor of their hands
as unworthy of their companionship. Asso
ciate it with intelligence, and you raise it to
that high and elevated stand which it should
occupy as the main spring of human happi
ness, as the grand source of man's comforts.
Another object—to many of no less impor
tance—is to afford the farmer, the mechanic,
the merchant, and others, an opportunity of
giving their sons a thorough, scientific, prac
tical education, at a. comparatively moderate
expense,—an expense within the means of
the great mass of our farmers and business
men. This is to be effected by requiring of
every student, irrespective of his own or his
father's wealth, to labor a certain portion of
every day in the field, the barn, the garden,
or the shop, as the season or circumstances
Manual, as well as intellectual labor, will
be required of all :—to excel in both, being
equally honorable, and alike necessary to the
attainment of the highest honors of the Insti
tution: the student, as well in the field as in
the study will press forward with high hopes
and joyous expectations.
In boyhood, there is no stimulous so great,
no incentive so powerful, as ambition. Man
ual labor schools have failed, and always will
fail of success, where labor is associated with
the necessities of poverty, in contrast with
the impunities and privileges of wealth ;
where one class labor because their parents
are poor, and another class - do not labor, be
cause their parents are rich. To insure suc
cess, all must start together on terms of per
fect equality, with no standard but skill in
labor, and attainments in learning to elevate
or degrade. The boy must be made to feel
that he is the architect of his own fame, as it
is well that he should be of his own fortune:
—a lesson which lies at the very foundation
of success throughout the whole voyage of
An actual distaste for manual labor; the
low repute in which it is held ; habits of idle
ness from this cause ; dissipation arising
from lack of excitement ; ignorance of the
applications of science to the business of life;
are among the evils of our present system of
collegiate education—evils which this Insti
tution proposes greatly to lessen, if not re
move. The education is to be practical as
well as scientific. It is designed to make
business men. How many students pass
through the whole routine of a collegiate
course acquiring little else than abstract ideas.
Knowledge—if it deserve the name—the use
of which in its application to the every day
wants of life, they never learn.
From the study of the philosophy of the
mechanical powers, we propose to lead the
class, for illustration, to their actual applica
tion in the various operations of the farm :
from their recitation in Geology, not only to
a carefully arranged cabinet, but to the actu
al collecting of the numerous specimens with
which the varied strata in the vicinity of the
Farmers' High School abound ; from their
lessons in Botany, to the cultivated fields,
the nursery, and the botanical garden; thro'
the fertile valleys to the neighboring forests
and mountain ranges: and even in their ram
bles for pleasure through the arboretum, we
would introduce them to an actual personal
and practical knowledge of every tree which
this climate can be made to produce. Such
acquaintance with the productions of Nature
will make them feel, wherever on earth's sur
face their lot may be cast, not as among
strangers, but amid the friends of their
The farm consists of 400 acres-360 of
which have been cleared. The soil is fresh,
and susceptible of the very highest degree of
culture and productiveness. A comfortable
farm-house, a large and well arranged barn,
corn-cribs, work-shop, tool-rooms, boiler-shed,
with apparatus for steaming food for cattle,
and other farm buildings have been erected.
An extensive, carefully selected, and well-ar
ranged nursery has been prepared, orchard
and vineyard planted, and garden grounds
arranged. The College buildings, sufficient
ly large for the accommodation of nearly 400
Students, Professors and their families, are
under contract. One wing, capable of ac
commodating from seventy-five to one hun
dred students, is so far advanced as to afford
assurance that the first class can be admitted
during the coming winter. The residue of
the entire building, the contractors hope to be
able to place under roof the present season.
Boys of 16 years old and upwards, quali
fied by a good common school ediicationi•Will
be received from every county in the propor
tion of its taxable inhabitants, if application
be made in accordance with the regulations
which will be shortly adopted and published.
Vacancies, arising from failure of applica
tions from any county, will be filled from the
surplus applications from other counties.—
The charges for tuition, boarding, fuel, light,
washing, and books, have been fixed for the
first year at one hundred dollars. The Trus
tees hope that the time is not far distant
when they can greatly lessen this compara
tively moderate charge.
The entire course will be four years. One
fourth of the number which the Institution
is designed to accommodate, will be received
in the first instance, and a similar number
every succeeding year.
We propose to teach Mathematics, Natural
Philosophy, Agricultural Chemistry, Agri
culture, and Agricultural History, Horticul
ture, Veterinary Practice, Geology, Botony,
Entomology, Civil Polity, Ethics, and all
branches requisite to a thorough practical and
scientific English education, which can be ac
quired in a four years' course. In short, we
propose to afford facilities for the acquisition
of such an education as will qualify for the
discharge of any duty our country may re
quire of her citizens.
But independent of the benefits which the
Farmers' High School of Pennsylvnia, as an
educational institution, will afford to its in
mates, there are other advantages directly
flowing from it, in which every man requir
ing food and raiment will participate.—
Amon . .. c' these are the benefits derived from
the Institution as an experimental farm.
Experience is the foundation of knowledge.
Induction from the results of Experience is
Science. Inductions from the Experience of
the past and present age in agricutural, is
Agricultural Science. A full and accurate
knowledge of these results—of this science
—is all to which the individual farmer, as a
general rule, should aspire. If he leave the
attainments of science for the uncertain field
of-experiment, he is much more likely to fail
than to succeed : and should he succeed in
the first experiment, his success having arisen,
as it may, from fortuitous circumstances of
season, affords but slight assurance of success
in the second. Experiments in agriculturale
are therefore, too expensive for the ordinary
farmer. If this were not so, however, experi
ments by individual farmers, as they are pub
lished in many of our periodicals, are wholly
unreliable, and are calculated rather to mis
lead than to direct. This class of experiment
ers publish only their success,—not their fail
ure. The farmer,' seduced from the beaten
path by the result of a single experiment, un
der other circumstances of season, signally
fails. He loses, it may be, his crop, and he
and his neighbors are lead to attribute the
result to what they are pleased to denominate
the fallacy of " book farming."
Experiments in agriculture which, lead-to
scientific knowledge, are those only, present
ed from year to year, through every diversi
ty of season, whether hot or cold,- wet or dry.
The results of every crop must be noted and
registered with accuracy. Where will this
be done ? where can this be done, excepting
at an institution such as you have in the Far
mers' High School, with a portion of her
lands set apart and designated as "the ex
perimental farm," in charge of scientific
practical men, whose duty and whose delight
it will be, to institute, to register, and to pub
lish from year to year, for your benefit, their
experiments, whether successful or unsuccess
Wheat, the staple of Pennsylvania, has in
some sections of th'e State, entirely, and in
others partially failed. No remedy has yet
been discovered against the ravages of the
midge ; and yet we are not without hope in
the fact that the science of Entomlogy is yet
in its infancy ; and that some new variety of
wheat maybe found or produced by cross
foundation, exempt, by early maturity or
otherwise, from the ravages of the insect.—
But can we reasonably hope, until we raise
up and place in the field of labor experimen
ters qualified for the faithful discharge of so
high and important a trust ?
Great benefits will also be derivable from
the Institution as a chemical laboratory, for
the analyzation of soils and manures. For
this purpose, in several of the States, an ag
ricultural chemist is appointed and support
ed at public expense. In the rapid advance
of chemical science, it is not for us to say
what attainment may be reached by the ag
ricultural chemist in ascertaining the defects
and directing to the means of supplying the
wants of particular soils; but this we can
say, with confident assurance, that chemis
try affords the only reliable safeguard against
imposition and fraud in the sale of the whole
class of artificial manures.
As a veterinary school, this Institution
will be invaluable in diffusing in that highly
useful and much needed branch of science,
a knowledge of the anatomy, structure and
constitution of animals, and the prevention
and cure of diseases to which they are sub
ject. Thousands of horses and other valua
ble domestic animals, are lost in Pennsylva
nia every year, from the professional igno
rance which prevails upon this subject. In
France, England, and Germany, veterinary
schools are common, and are well Supported,
and prove highly beneficial to the communi
As affording to all who desire it, an oppor
tunity of seeing and examining the machines
and implements used in agriculture or horti
culture ; ascertaining their uses and the soils
to which they are respectively adapted, the
Institution will be highly beneficial. For
information, the farmer now goes to a State
Agricultural Exhibition. Seeing, around him,
none but strangers, be experiences a• feeling
of solitude in the 'wilderness of society. He
views a vast number and variety of machines
and implements of husbandry, and after all
his examination and enquiry, he comes away,
feeling that he has acquired little, if any in
formation deserving the name of knowledge.
He turns, it may be, into an agricultural
warehouse. Beset by men whose business
it id to sell,' he' looks upon' no implement—if
he accepts their represehtations—not exactly
suited to his wants.
How different" his situation at the Farmers'
High School! Come whenever be may,
within the bounds of the Commonwealth, he
Editor and Proprietor.
there meets his own or his neighbor's son,
who greets hiM, with hearty welcome, saying
—Come and see our implements of husband
ry presented by manufacturers; from every
section of the State, as a means of introdu
cing them to public notice: Coixiii and see
the work they have done,—come and see the
work they are doing, and notice the soil to
which they are adapted. Thus guided by a
friend, the visit is extended from the iteiple:-
ment-hall to the books containing the regis
try of experiments,—these are left, to view;
on the experimental farm, the unregistered
results of the growing crop. Hence they
wend their way to the farm designed for pro
fitable culture—to the garden, the nursery,.
the orchard, the vineyard. Every hour of
time, every step of progress imparts knowl=
edge and affords delight.
When may these benefits—these blessing
—be enjoyed? Not soon, fellow-citizens;
we are compelled to say, unless you volun
tarily subscribe at least $25,000 in aid of the
Institution, the payment of which will secure
an appropriation of the like amount from the
We have received, in cash, as follows :
From the Pennsylvania State Agricultural
Society, $lO 000
From the citizens of Centre county,
to secure location, 10,000
From the State, by absolute appropria
which sum has been economically expended
in the equipment of the farm, the erection of
buildings, &c., not one cent having been paid
to any Trustee, either as a remuneration for
time, or reimbursement of travelling expen
ses. A legacy of $5OOO, by the late Elliot
Cresson, not yet realized, is shortly expected.
At least fifty thousand dollars, in addition, is
absolutely necessary to complete and equip
this Institution, the government of which—:
through the agency of the County .Agricul
tural Societies to which any of you may be;
long—is in your hands. •
To secure the advantages enumerated, and
many others, to yourselves and your children,
will you subscribe the sum required, one-half
payable on the Ist November, 1858, and the
residue on the Ist May, 1859 ?
Your pecuniary interests require it.
The good of the community requires it:
Benevolence to your fellow men requires'
The honor of Pennsylvania requires it.
She was among the first of the United States
to incorporate an Agricultural High School,:
and she is now liable to be distanced by
many much younger, and less wealthy States:
That you can, not only raise $25,000 to
complete and equip the Institution, but $lOO,-
000 to endow it, if but a few among you, in,
different sections of the State, will first set
an example of liberality, and then say :
" Come, neighbors, help in the completion of
this great enterprize ;" is fully and satisfac- -
torily demonstrated by subscriptions, for this
very purpose, recorded upon the books of the
Institution, with the name and post-office ad- -
dress of every subscriber, summing up as
By citizens of Centre county, $7,166'
64 Clinton county, 1500'
Huntingdon county, 585
Mifflin county, 610'
" Agricultural Soc'y of Allegheny co., 500
44 64 (4 Erie county;
and Girard Union, 200
" citizens of Delaware county, 220
The counties of Centre, Clinton, Hunting
don and Mifflin suffered perhaps more severe
ly last year from the ravages of the wheat
midge than any district of similar extent in
the State, and therefore their delegates, at
the annual meeting in September, promised'
little. Yet, while suffering from the destruc
tion of their principal crop, they have felt
rich enough to subscribe $9,861, as above .
stated, of which $3,580 have been actually'
paid into the Treasury, in addition to sloo'
by the Erie Agricultural Society, $lOO by the'
Girard Union Agricultural Society of Erie
county, and $220 by citizens of Delaware
county, making $4OOO, entitling the Institu
tion to a like sum from the State.
In view of a great undertaking, - destOed
for the common benefit of man—deSighed to
ameliorate, improve, and elevate his condi
tion, it is a DUTY to feel rich ;—to feel as the
widow felt when she did that act which has
conic down to us with the commendation of
:Him who stood over against the temple, as
an example worthy of our imitation.
We wholly mistake your character, fellow r
citizens, if you allow the Farmers' High
School of Pennsylvania, thus situated, to:
languish for the want of the $15,000 required
to complete the buildings. Nay, we mistake
your impulses, fellow-citizensl if you do not
promptly supply a sum sufficient to fit it with'
all necessary appliances and means of in-:
struction, and to give full assurance' that
speedy success must and will attend it.
Trustees Ex- Officio.—WlLLlAM F. PACKER . ,
WILLIAM M. MESTER, DAVID TAGGART.
Trustees Elected.—FßED. WATTS, Cumber
land county; JAMES MILES, Erie county; J.
M'K. SNODGRASS, Allegheny county; A; 0.
HIESTER, Dauphin county; Joni STROfEM,
Lancaster county; A. L. ELWYN, Philadel
phia county; JNO. P. EYRE, Delaward . coun
ty; WILLIAM JESSUP, Susquehanna' county;
H. N. M'ALLISTER, Centre county.-
Use Plenty of Gravy.
Dr. Dixon, in a late number of the'Scalzsd,
in an article on "Diet," assumes the . position
that "the use of oil would decrease the vic
tims of consumption nine -tenths,- and', that
this is the whole secret of the' use' of ood4iver
oil," and quotes the following summary of
observations on this subject, - made by Dr.
1. Of all the persons between the ages of
fifteen and twenty-two years, morn than one
fifth eat no fat meat
2. Of persons at the agi offerty-five; all
excepting less than one in fifty, habitually
use fat meat.
3. Of persons who, between the'ageS of fif
teen and twenty-two,- avoid fat meat, a few
acquire an appetite for it,• and' live to a good
old age, while the greater portion: die with
phthisis before thirty-five.
4. Of persons dying with phthisis,•between
the ages of twelve and forty-fiie, , nine-tenths
at least, have never used fat meat..
Most individuals who avoid fat meat, also
use little butter or oily gravies ;• though
many compensate for this want,• in part, at
least, by a free use of those articles; and also
milk, eggs, and various . saccharine sub
stances. But they eonstnute an imperfect
substitute for fat meat, without which, sooner
or later, the body is almost sure to show the
effects of deficient calorification. •
xiey'A runaway slave was discovered in the
attic of a Methodist Church, at Washington,
D. C., on a recent Sunday morning. He had
lived there four or five months, unsuspeoted,
had used up the communion wine, and picked
up his food by nightly sorties into neighbor