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WHO OANNOT UK DKI'IUVr.ll OV TIIEIlt
Persons iii tho sorvloo of tlio United
Stntcs, or of thu Stnte, ennnot liu do
p rived of their vote.
DEKAC1SO M8T8 OK VOTEIIS.
Any person who slinll niter, deface
or destroy, or tuur any list of votirs,
jonwho shall, on election duy, intcrforo
'with Uiyt,of tho' oflicora of election, or
Vltli any qualified voters, shnll bo sub
ject to line and imprisonment.
When thoro are more nnines on a
ticket for a particular ollico than thero
aro persons to bo elected to that olllce,
such votes must bo altogether rejected.
For example, if four persons arc voted
for upon one ticket for School Direc
tors when but three are to bo elected,
such ticket cannot bo counted at all in
computing tho vote for School Direc
tors, nor wlicro four persons aro voted
for tinder tho general heading of
"Sclwol-Dircctors, whero three aro for
full terms and ono to fill a vacancy.
uuukcs, inspectors auu works an
annual officers. Overseers aro appoint
ed ior mo particular election only.
Monoy bet upon tho event of an olec
tion and deposited with a stakeholder
may bo recovered back if demand bo
made beforo tho money is paid over to
tho winner, though after the result of
tho election is known.
An olection ofiicer is liablo in dam
ages for refusing a vote from improper
! Hosidcnco is a question of intention
but' to constititto a change of residence
'fiomo act must bo dono in pursuance of
Tho folding of elections at the place
fixed by law is mandatory, and cannot
jhujiuw ira uiuiuuil.
In Jaso of the destruction of a desig.
.liated building on tho ovo of an clec
tioin the election might bo held on tli
eamq or contiguous ground as a matter
ot necessity j but in all cases tho ne
cessity nlust bo absolute, discarding all
mere ideas of convenience.
A certificate of naturalization cannot
(bo impeached collaterally ; until vacat
ed for fraud by tho Court issuing it, it
is cvnviuaivc oi mo iaci or liiuur.in.a
Tho Supremo Court of the State,
lfJG7, With tho Chief Justice dissenting,
dpciuud that whero a majority of the
votes aro cast for a disqualified person
the next m vote is not to bo returned
TO PUNISH B2IBEE7 AND FRAUD.
AM ACT to prevent bribery and fraud
at nominating elections, nominating
cuuvunuons, returning uoaras, conn
ly or executive committees, and
election of delegates to nominating
conventions, in ino several counties
in this Commonwealth.
Section 1. lie it enacted, etc., That
liereatten it a candidate for any olneo
witnin tins commonwealth shall, di
rectly or indirectly, give, promise, of-
for or promise to give, to any elector
any gilt or reward in money, goods or
othervaluable thing, or any office.
emolument or employment, on eondi
tion, express or implied, that such
elector shall cast, give, retain or witli
hold ins vote or uso his influence at a
liomuiatvig election, or cast, give or
substitute another to cast or give his
yoto or: iTsefhis infliieuco at a nominat
ing convention for or against tho
nomination of any particular candi
aato tor nomination so as to procuro
such person to bo voted for, at any
election to take place, the person so
hiring, procuring, influencing, abetting,
endeavoring or offering, either directly
or iudirectly through otlurs, their aid
ers or abettors, to procuro tho person
to be voted for by such electors, shall
bo guilty of a misdemeanor, and. on
convictioif, shall bo sentenced to pay a
fine notexceeding threo hundred dol
lars and be imprisoned for a period not
exceeding three months.
.'SkcTfof 2. If any elector authorized
T . ."n ....1.1" f .
w ityw ufc imjf imiiiiu uiecuou alter
warllito. take place within this Com
monweaUh, for any office, shall, direct
ly or indirectly, accept or reeoivo from
any person desiring to bo nominated
as a candidate for office, or from the
friends of any such person, any gift or
reward in money, goods or any Biich
person, any rift or reward in monev.
goods orjnuy other valuable thing, or
nnv nflinn " nm,.l.,i.. .....I..-
agreement or promise, express or inv
jjucu, lieu, sucn elector snail give or
withhold. 'hut .vote for tho nomination
of such person as candidate for office
at such election, or shall accent or re
ceivetho promise of anv person that
he Hiall l hereafter receive any gift or
reward in money, goods, position or
other valuable thing if ho will vote for
tno nomination ot such a person as
candidate for olhce, and shall thereafter
voto for tho nomination of such per
son, ho shall bo guilty of a misdeinea
nprA and, on convietion, shall pay i
lipo, not exceeding threo hundred dot
tare and bo imprisoned for a term of
time not exceeding three months.
Sk crioN H. If any elector shall, di
rectly or indirectly, offer to give his
vote or ins inuiieiieo at any nominat
ing election, delegate election or nomi
iiutiiig- convention, to any person
dfesirjngto be nominated as a candi
date for office, or to tho friends of
any such person, in consideration that
tor such voto or lnfliieneo lie is to re
I i p.
ceivo any giu or reward m money.
guuns or oiner valuable tiling, or any
office or employment, he bhalllio guilty
of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction,
shall pay a fine not exceeding threo
hundred dollars and undergo a period
of imprisonment not exceeding threo
Section 4. If any person not nuali
lied to voto at a general olection shall
voto at a nominating election held by
unjr jjuuuuui jmriy, or ii any person
shall procure, advise or induce such
disqualified person to so vote, or if any
person shall 'voto at moro than ono
election district, orothorwiso voto moro
than onco on the same day for tho nom
iiiation'of a candidate, or shall fraudu
lontlyi voto moro than one ticket for
tho samo candidate at tho samo time,
or if any person shall adviso or pro
cure 'another so to do, ho or they shall
uuvguiiiy ui- a inisucmeauor, ami, on
conviction, slinll bo lined not exceed
nig tho sum of two hundred dollars
and imprisoned for a term of time not
' Section i 5. In all eas s where a per
son' iri.elcctod or choKeu or shall art ns
a delegate to a convention to make
nominations for office, and shnll re
ceive, ncoept or solicit any bribe in
monoy, gomls or thing of value, or any
office or position, as nu inducement to
make or juin in any nomination for
jipy t Jiempp to bo. voted for as an
officer or candidate for office, or shall,
in like manner and for like reason,
agree to abstain from voting for any
particular person, shall bo guilty of a
misdemeanor, mid, on conviction, shall
ho sentenced to pay a lino of jiot moro
than ono hundred dollars and bo im
prisoned not exceeding three months.
Section C. Any person elected,
clioieu or noting as a member of tho
county or executive committee of any
paity, or as a judge of a return board
to count up or east the votes polled nt
primary election held to mako nomi
nations for office, or any person un
pointed a clerk of such return board
who shall, directly or indirectly, no-
cept,receivo or solicit money, office, ap
pointment, omplowncnt, testimonial
reward or other thing of value, or the
pronnso of all or cither ot them, to in
lluence his voto or action in tho dis
chargo, performance or non-perfor
mance of any act. duty or obligation
pertaining to such office, shall bo
guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on con
viction thereof, shall bo sentenced to
pay a fino of not moro than ono hun
died dollars, and to bo imprisoned for
n timo not execcdiuu three months.
Any person or persons who shall, dl
rcctly or indirectly, by offer or promise
ot money, olhce, appointment, employ
mont, testimonial, reward or Other
thing of value, or who shall, by threats
or intimidation, endeavor to lnfliieneo
a member of a county or executive
committco of any party, a judgo or
clork of any return board, in tho dis
charge, performance o'r non-perform.
nnco of any act, duty or obligation
pertaining to such olhce, shall bo gutl
ty ot a misdemeanor, and, on convio
tion thereof, shall bo sentenced to pay
a fino of two hundred dollars and to
undergo imprisonment not exceeding
Approved the 8th day of June, A.
HENRY M. IIOYT,
AN ACT to rcgulato tho holding of,
and to prevent lrauds in, tho pri
mary elections of tho several polit
ical parties in tho Commonwealth of
Section 1. lie it enacted, etc., that
from and after the passago of this act'
it shall bo lawful, and .it is hereby
made the duties ot the Judges, Inspec
tors and Clerks or other officers of the
primary elections, meetings or caucus
held for tho purpose of nominating
candidates for State, city and county
offices within tho Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, before entering upon the
dischargo of their duties, soveially to
iuko aim suoscrioe to an oatu or at
firmation in tho presence of each other,
in form as follows, namely : "I (A. B.j
do that 1 will, ns Judge, Inspec.
tor or Clerk (as tho case may bo) at
the ensuing election, impartially and
laituiuiiy perform my duties, in ac
cordance with the laws and Constitu
tion of tho Commonwealth of Penn
sylvania, and in accordance with tho
rules and regulations adopted by the
party ot the county ot
ior tno government ot tho said pri
mary elections, meetings or caucus, to
tho best of my judgment and abilities."
Tho oath or affirmation shall be first
administered to tho Judge by ono of
the Inspectors : then the Judgo so
qualified shall administer tho oath or
affirmation to the Inspectors and
Clerks, and may administer the oath
to any elector offering to vote, as to
his qualifications to vote at such elec
Section 2. If any Judge. Insncc-
tor, Clerk, or other officer of a primary
election as aforesaid, shall presume to
act in such capacity before tho taking1
anu suoscrioiiig to tno oath or allirma
tion required by this act, ho shall, on
conviction, be fined not exceeding two
nuuurcu dollars; and it any Judge,
inspector, uierK or other olncer, when
in the discharge of his duties as such.
shall wilfully disregard or violate the,
provisions oi any rule tuny made by
tno sam party oi coun
IV ior tno croveriimoiit nt Ihn tirnnnrv
elections of the party, he shall, on con
viction, be fined not exceeding two
hundred dollars j and if any Judge or
inspector ot a primary election as
aforesaid, shall knowingly reject the
voto ot any person entitled to vote un
der the rules of the said party,
or shall knowingly receive the voto ol
any person or persons not qualified as
aforesaid, shall, on conviction, bo fined
not exceeding two hundred dollars j
and if any Judge, Inspector, Clerk or
other officer of a primary election as
aforesaid, shall be guilty of any will
fill fraud in the discharge of his du
ties, by destroying or defacing ballots,
adding ballots to tho poll, other than
those lawfully voted, by stuffing the
oauoi-oox. by false counting, by mak
nig iaiso returns, or by any act or
thing whatsoever, tho person 60 of
fending shall bo deemed guilty of a
misdemeanor, and, upon conviction.
snail be lined not exceeding five hun
dred dollars, or imprisoned not ex
ceeding one year, or both, or either, at
tno discretion ol tho (Joint.
All acts or parts of acts of Asscm-
bly inconsistent with this act aro here
by repealed, except in counties or cit
ies where special acts are in force for
the same purpose. 1'rovided, That
the provisions of this act shall entail
no expense to the counties or cities.
Approved the 20th day of June. A.
D. 1881. HENRY M. IIOYT.
To define tho necessary and proper ex-
and election of Senators, Ropresenta
lives, State, Judicial. Jlunicioal and
County officers, and to authorizo tho
Section 1. lie it enacted, Ac, That
no person who shall iierealter bo a can
didato for tho nomination, or for elec
tion to tho Senate or House of Repre
sentatives, or to any office of tho judi
ciary, or any state, municipal or county
office in this commonwealth, shnll pay
or contribute, either directly or indi
rectly, any money or other valuable
thing, or knowingly allow it to bo
done by others for him, either for tho
nomination, election or appointment,
except necessary expenses as follows,
First. For printing and traveling
Second. For dissemination of infor
mation to the public.
Third For political meetings, dem
onstrations and conventions.
1 ho foregoing expenses mav be in.
curred, either m person or through
other individuals or committees of or
ganizations duly constituted for tho
purpose, but nothing contained in this
net shall bo so construed as to author-
zo the payment of money or other vnl-
unblo thing for tho voto or influence of
any elector, either duecilvor indirect.
ly, at primary, township, general or
special elections, nominating conven
tions, or for any corrupt purposes what
ever incident to an election i and nil
iidicial. state, county nud inunicii'iil
officers hereafter elected shall, beforo
entering upon the duties of their re
spective offices, take and subscribe, tho
oath prescribed by section first, of arti
cle seven, of the constitution of this
Section 2. Uvery person violating
either of tho provisions of this net shall
bo guilty of a misdemeanor, nud on
conviction shall bo subieot to fino not
exceeding one thousand dollars, and to
imprisonment not exceeding ono year.
or both, or either, at the discretion of
Ai'i'itovKi) Tho 18th day of April,
A. I)., 1874. J. F. IlAimiAHM.
THE COLUMBIAN AND DEMOCRAT,
TUB T1IAUMATUIUJICAI. HTUKV
OptlimiH Archltcctiin Hnitrtwiclicu.
A Salmagundi of Factt, fiction, and J'Mlosoithv.
Bring tnlenam to thou the rmly a HchoiA
Book Wrttrri In their IndlKrlmtnatt
utf of Sfxiulpedatlans. Alto
the t'otlv of TVricMncr lv.
WI1ITTKN II T FIIANCIS 1IE0K, I. S.
Our schools will not be nlile to nchteve
the beat results posslblo till the public Ink
n deeper Interest In tlicm tlmn tlicy yet
have. Wlicro tliu public manifests the
deepest interest In popular education there
nro to be found tlio heat teachers, the, best
work nnd the lilpceat pay. The best
teacher will do Indifferent work In districts
wlicro parents tako no moro Interest In tli
schools tlinn to see that their children arc
thero occasionally. It Is a wonderful stlin
ulus to a teacher wlicro his patrons tnke an
Intelligent Interest In his work i but wltl
'out this stimulus the teacher becomes ns
reckless ns the public, In order to Inter.
est them In our work wo must enlighten
tlicm on tho systems of Instruction pur
sued In our schools, nnd I bcllcvo that the
public enn bo interested In these matters
If tlicy bo presented in tho right wny. The
best wny, however, not to Interest them
would he to discuss these things ns tlicy
nro presented In Mental Philosophy. Tench
crs themselves, I find, as n rule, tako lit
tie Interest In such discussions. Wo must
then, present our methods of teaching to
"teachers nnd tho public In lines of thought
to which nil nro ncciistomcd. I believe
that every Bystem of Instruction should ho
based on a knowledge of tho development
of tho mind, Its functions nud Its phenom
unu, jusv us mucn as i uciievo Hint every
system oi inrmitig snould bo based on a
knowledge of nil tho means used In farm
Ing ; but from a study of the mind nnd ex.
pcrlcnco I hnve learned that there aro very
few who Have tho ability or the Incllna
tion to nppreclato or follow out the long
concatenation of arguments ncccssnrv In
psychological discussion, unless they
nave linn n more than ordlunry opportuni
ty for tho nccutnulntlon of knowledge or
mental training. I would not he under.
stood to say that tho public docs not know
enough to understand these things, hut
thnt the public arc too practical to be In
tercstcd in psychology. If our teachers
were as practical ns tho public, it would ho
nil tho better for our schools. Our sys
tcms of teaching should he practical nnd
should he explained In langtingo nnd argil
mcnts that aro understood by practical
people. Therefore, If I wero asked ;for nd
vice I would say to all who hnve anything
to say on teaching i nlm your fowling
pieces low. You will ho tho surer to hit
the' teachers, and you may sot tho public
probing for shot. In the nbsenco nnd by
tin request of thu county superintendent, I
conducted n district institute for him in
Jnckson township. After conducting an
exercise in rapid adding, I presented to
the assemblage, in a. very informal manner,
tho method used by mn in tho Academy to
teach urlthmctlc, and I was moro than
gratified to observe tho Interest it elicited.
hat I there said in regard to arithmetic I
shall In this paper apply to nil branches,
m one taught so plainly ns did Christ in
his parables. Tho parable succeeds In
arousing nn interest where all other
methods have failed. Since I have such
an illustrious precedent and because I
know of no parable or fable to fit the case
in hand, I slinll make one, for which bold
nttempt I fenl that you will pardon me.
With this explanation beforo the curtains
wo come to our story.
THE BTOny OF 0M1MCS auciiitkotus.
In the year of our blessed Saviour 370,
on the calends of Mnrch, in tho reign of
the peaceful Gratianus, In tho province of
unllla'Iran&padnna, In the city of Medio
lanum (Milan), was horn our hero, Optl
iiiuo xiiuiiiiixius, Known in ino .Levant as
Arlstos Archltckton. It Is related that at
his birth occurred prodigies ns remarkable
as those which alarmed tho folks nt Mecca
when the prophet of All was born. All
.If I f i . .
uiiiipiuaicu and ugly structures were top.
pieuirom tlielr bases. Tho child which
wus men nom was destined to rear struc
tures which should surpass even those of
the Imperial City in beauty, grandeur nnd
symmetry. Many of tho old men in whose
minds lurked traces of the nnclent Polythe-
ism believed that Apollo visited tho eartli
in the body of Optimus. While yet n babe
his fond parents marked Hint he was
charmed by the beuutltul and symmetrical.
wiiue uie ugly nnd unsymmctrica! set him
to crying. When yet In frocks lie out.
stripped all of twice his ago in the con
struction of playhouses of mud nnd stones.
lie, ll is snlil, would make the air ring
wiiu sunuis et derision ut thu uncouth
domes ot hU playmntes. Evervthlnir he
inucneu, even, in these luvenal enmcs. lie
decoiated with n charm for much older
persons. His soul loved harmony and his
hands could produce harmony. As his
strength increased to enable him to hnndle
tools, ho was constantly engaged in whit
tling, carving, chiseling, pinning nr.d ham
merlngj and the productions of his hands.
nt this time, were marvelous for their beau-
ty. Many of these sninll images were pre.
served in ono of the churches of Medlola.
num, nnd had Optimus executed nothing
elso he would havu been famous all over
both Empires. These, and his future
works, wero nil that the stranger who vis-
ited Mcdlolnnum could talk about. Thcv.
mas, wero carried olf with nil the treas
ures of the city, when It was sacked by tho
llarbarlans under Attlla, and it is said that
these llurharians not only cherished these
little images more thnu tho treasures of
gold nnd silver, but nclually worslilnned
mem as tho handiwork of ono of their
Gods n fact that proves that not only mu
ic, uui ino uenutirui,- "hath charms to
"uuiu iiiu Biivngo oreast." upllmus was
at an early ngo taken Into the service of
tho youthful Vulentlulanus, successor to
Qratlanus. Lot us notice, right hero, that
aieuioianum, tho "Athens of tho West,"
or "initio Home," which "stands In a sea
of green trees, us Venice stands In n sea of
green waters," nnd which readied its
.v-iiuii luiuiig mu iiieumo oi our ncro, was
for ono hundred years (4th century) tho
capital of tho Homan Empire. I have
sometimes thought, thnt whoever It was
that wrote tho wonderful stories of Aaron,
or Hnroun Al llasclitd, such as Alladdiu
nnd his lantern, must liavo had 111 intnil
this period of Hits history of Mcdiolnnuiiij
for It Is related that several wealthy fain
Hies having spent the summer at Naples
and Puteoll nnd upon returning to their
natlvo city and being unable to recognize
their respecllve domiciles nnd thinking
that tho evil lleast was sporting with them,
set to praying to the Holy Virgin to he do
livcred from tho tolls of Satan, whereupon
ono Janus, cried out t "It Is not tho devil,
oh, friends I Hut Optimus Architects, who
has wrought this great change." On nil
sides, where had been ugly nnd defaced
structures, wero lofty columns, triumphal
arches, cathedrals reaching to the stars,
theatres, hypacthral colonuades, public
bath houses, bridges, terraces, schools,
public Institutions for charity, palaces for
those of the purple, museums, caitles, hos.
pltals, such as had not been built sinco the
timo of Phidias und the building of the
Parthenon und yet on all sides were busy
thousands under thu command of our
hero. Homo wero rolling up huge masses
of rock or bringing up largo beams of
wood. Others wero smoothing the sur
faces of these, or plying hammer, chisel,
plane, saw, nx, shovel, pick, or raising tho
largo stones on high by menus ot mnsslvo
machinery, This, with tho votcc of him
who urged tho weary calllo to greater ef
forts, tho commands of tho overseers nnd
tho merry songs of tho llght-henrtcd work
men nmclo ono long monotonous strain
from tho rising of tho sun to Ids descent
Into the ocean.
"So bees, when eprlng.tlmo Is bciiin,
Ply tlielr warm labor In tlio sun,
What time along tlio flowery mead
Their nation's Infants' hopo they lead j
Or with clear honey chargo each cell,
And mako tlio hlvo with sweetness smell.
Tlio workers of their loads relieve,
Or cliaso the drones, that (forgo nnd thieve.
With toll tho busy sceno ferments,
And fragranco breathes from tliymy scents."
Knelt Lib. I.)
iMcdlolnnum became a sort of Mecca for
tho lovers of tho beautiful, nnd It was n
common snylng by citizen nnd alien that
all that was beautiful in Medlolanum was
the work of Optimus Archltcctus. Even
grent Homer has recognized that "man
was born to suiter nnd to die." Optimus
could, nlas, not escape tho grim messenger,
As ho became old, and tho clny refused
prompt obedience to his will nnd his eyes
no longer gavo him correct perceptions
every ono lamented that so great a man
should leave them and their beautiful city.
the verdant fields and green forests of the
vicinity, through which ho loved to' be
carried In his sella portatorla or litter, on
the shoulders of lis slaves and depart to
tho green pastures, tho crystal lakes nnd
rivers nnd tho clear sky of Elysium. They
watched his Infirmity with the greatest
anxiety. "If he has to go," said one,
could ho not, at least, leavo his cenlus
his skill with us? Could ho not instruct
tho precocious youth of tho city In thosd
things in which ho ulone is
Tho suggestion seemed a good oue, and n
delegation of the most Influential citizens
wnltcd on the now vcncrnblc old man nnd
unnounccd this to him. Tho old mnn was
tickled nt the suggestion, but he hnd never
taught, and snld ho, ''there is no book on
architecture that Is just the thing." How
could there bo slnco ho excelled nil others'
in this ? Ho would first have to write n
book. Ho employed, it Is snld, moro than
n scoro of nmanuenscs for six months in
writing the book.nnd It is furthermore snld
mat tno whole world for oneo stopped to
watch his progress. Never beforo was
thero such rejoicing in that city as when
the completion of tho book wnsnnnnunced
One old lady, who hnd n boy who just us.
sumcd the toga and who was to bo one of
Optimus' pupils, died for joy. An old
man, in leaping for joy,' dashed his brains
out ngninst tlio ceiling. Numerous mis.
haps not so serious as 'theso two, occurred
hix months moro nnd u hundred slnves
wero employed in making copies. The
time for the opening of the school wus an
nounced, nnd the rush was so great from
both Empires that not only the houses but
the streets were packed with youth, eacer
10 oecomo a disciple of Optimus. Thou-
sands had.to be-reject.cd. One youth who
was taken was offered .1000 of gold for
his chnncc, but he rejected the offer with
uisunin; and why should lie not? for ho
was to bo taught by tho greatest builder
the world hud known, and for nil anyone
men Know, would become equally great.
liio method of instruction ns followed
uy one so eminently qualified, must be of
Interest to nil. Among the effects of one,
of those strnngo men who ndhcro to things,
simply because they arc old, I found two
very quaint nnd very old-volumes,' printed
by Christopher Vardalfar, of Medlolanum
(Milan), who, you are aware, was the first
printer of nny importance in Europe, nnd a
copy of whoso Decameron sold In 1811 for
11,400. Theso books bear the date
MCDLXXVI, just four centuries beforo the
Declaration of Independence, which bus
hnd tho printing press for those four cen
turies and ever since for a foster mother.
Hero nro the titles of these books : OPUS-
MAGNUMOPTAMIAltUHITEOTI , and
TI. The former is the one whoso birth cnuscd
such a stir in Mcdiohuium. The latter wus
written after tho death of Optimus, nnd it
is to this volume that I am indebted for
most of my facts.
tacii ooy wns -lupplled, with great ex
pense, with a roll of tho Opusinagnum
Tho nrrangement and treatment of the
subject is in ull respects like our school
books, a tact which sometimes makes me
think that our school hook writers borrow
ed their plans from Optimus, or borrowed
from some ono who borrowed from Optl
mus. At nny rate this matter must have
been handed down from remote antiquity
It was dedicated to one of his slaves, who,
I learn from tho Vita, furnished the old
mnn with sesquipedalians whenever lie
run sliort of these creatures. Then in the
preface, with grent modesty, a quality
which writers of books havu in common
he presents tho plan and merits of his
book, and tho demerits of others. The
subject is then defined. It is divided nnd
each division defined. Theso aro divided
again nnd ngaln, and for every division n
definition. Fifty pages aro thus taken ut).
He next defines nil the tools used In build.
ng, nnd for each thero is a definition that
defines, nono of your circumlocutional-)-definitions.
From tho UOSth to the Gllth
page lie defines the different parts of a build-
Ing nud the different kinds of buildlnes,
I had considerable dllllculty la transiting
this volume and much more iu understand
ing it. You will understand, perhaps,
why this is, by a few examples. I will
pick the easiest ones. In the first exarii
plo I think, ho defines architecture; hero it
is i "Architectonics elucidates tho fubrlca.
tion of constructurcs for perpetual doml-
dilution, (thefabrimtion) of media for tho
transit of Uuviate currents, of aquatic
ducts, of mural environments nnd martial
munitions." I put in the word in Itullcs.
Hero is another tlio easlsst I can find in
part HI i "A column can bo cylindrical or
polygonal. A cylindrical column has Its
sldo circumscribed by a curved surface
produced by a generatrix which continual.
ly osculates a given curvnturo and is In all
positions parallel to its dlrcctilx." This I
would not only consider u poor; but an
imperfect definition. Here is a definition
for n suw i "A saw is an instrument for
severing ligneous substances, and consists
of an attenuated ferric blade with ono
duo serrated, which removes successive
portions by scission or disruption." His
definition of a piano is too cood to omit i
'A plane is nu organuin for levigating Ilg.
nenus ureas for tho construction of mural
projections and slmllltudlnous things, con.
slsting usually of a .ligneous parallelopi.
pedonio stock from tlio inferior surface of
which projects slightly tho ferric sectorial
dgo of tho Iron or chisel which Is relrorso-
ly secured and has an aperture nuterlorily
for tho escape of tho sliavlngs." You
would laugh to hear Ids definition of a hum.
mer or chisel, hut you must imnelno them.
Optimus was not only an Ideal book.muk.
er, hut as you will sec. an Ideal teacher
also. Ho wns what most teachers would
call thorough. He required all the deflnl.
Hons to bo learned by rote, Just as ho and
his slave had concocted them n thlmr lie
could not do himself with Ms roll closed.
Thoywero leltcrated day after day. If
any ono fulled to know them he had to aid
the slaves In carrying Optimus through the
woods for his dully ulrlng. Hero iu tho
bosom of nature, full of freedom, would
BLOOMSBURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA.
I these boys pine for liberty. Tho people on
the street would point Ihelr fingers nt tho
iinforluiiato youths. Tho blamo as now
was all put on tlio boy. He didn't llko II
The young men spent tlielr nights In re.
pealing Ihcso definitions. They retired
Into to troubled dreams, for theso deflnl
lions haunted tlicm In their sleep llko
llnnquo's ghost. In the morning they
wero haggard. They dreaded to meet
their master I they dreaded to narado as n
slave amidst tho derision of the populnce.
One of tho most ambitious took sick, nnd
in his last hours these detestable definition
Haunted nun yen, killed him. Tho rest
struggled on nnd nt the end of two years
was welcomed by these young men wlint
two years beforo would have been lament
cd by tho whole world. What could be
more welcome than tho death of Optimus ?
It Is duo to tlio memory of this great man
to sny Hint ho had expressed it as his In
tcntion to put tools Into the hnnds of these
boys after they had finished tho definitions
In this you will observe that ho icsomhlcd
tho modem teacher. Of ull these boys on
ly ono beenmo nn architect. Ho received
from the populnce tho namo SttiUus
namo corresponding to dunce, from his
dally appearance on tho street supporting
the litter of his mnstcr. While passing
through tho street he closely observed the
builders at work, nnd in this school of ob
servation he learned moro than nil the
other boys In tho school of definitions,
"Could I only," thought he, "help thcto
men, I might become nn architect s but
the hateful definitions tench mo nothing. I
don't know what they nro nbout." Tho
boys were welcomed homo by fond and
loving parents. These kind parents In
tended now to give their hoys u clmnco to
practice what they had, learned. You can
not imagine the surprise of the fathers
when their haggard boys told them ihat
they did not know how to build. Hio
Vita says t "lino omnia disce" (from ono
learn all;, nnd then gives the following
scene between onu of these boys nnd his
"Have you wasted your opportunity in
riotous living f Is it thus you rcclprocato
n kindness from your fntlier, you recreant
emmr Have I not, nt great expense, kent
you in tho school of this mnn whom tho
world praises ?"
To this the son replies i
"I Uavo worked hard. I have become
weak by hard nnd prolonged study. I
hnvo learned by heart ono half of this mus.
slvo roll." Here the Onusmiurmi m was
produced. Tho futhcr eagerly opened It,
me son began to repeat, but the futhcr
fulling to understnnd, nsksi
lln.. ... . ,i ,
" imi uru inesc tilings you say, my
"Lord, I know not," ho respond, "we
had to learn them at school."
The father wns Iu n rngo. The son's
health nnd mind were Impaired. Hy mu.
tual agreement the roll was Immolated to
the shades of the lute Optimus. All tho
boys wero luid In their mother enrth nt nn
early age, except him called Stultus who
lived to a ripe old age, to bless ull who
came in contact with him. He, liko our
dunces, 'rebelled ngninst tho despotism ot
a senseless master, und received tho re
wnrd of thnt rebellion.
ncre ends the story of Optimus Arclii-
tccliis. I need not tell you that in Opti
mus wo nnvc ensampled our modern book,
writer, scholar, nnd toucher. That tho
story is untrue, I liuvo no doubt many will
say. ivero l to ndd what I have to say on
this point, this nrticle would bo entirely too'
long, i slinll show you, or try to, by ex
nmples nnd arguments thnt the churacters
I attempted to portray nre not in tho leust
oxnggeruted In Optimus. To nvoid nny
future dllllculty, I would nsk you to hold
your judgment iu abeyance, till you hear
from mo ngain. Willi this I will close In
the language of our story papers,
(7b be Continued.)
A largo audieneo assembled at tin.
Crystal Pnlaco at Sydenham a few days
ago tu hear Mr. Oscar Wilde's iectiiie
n his impressions of America. Mr.
Wilde (who has discarded kneo bieedm
nnd lesumed tho prosaic trouset) said
that thu Americans are thu noisest peo
ple in the world, whose national occu
pation is catching trains. Pennsylvania,
with its rocky "orjres and woodland
scenery, reminded hun of Switzerland;
the piairio of a piece of brown blotting
paper. Everything is twice as largo as
it Bhould be; everywhere is twice us
far as it should be. lie visited Lead-
villi, tho chief characteristic of whose
inhabitants is tlio constant uso of the
revolver. No lectured to thorn nimn
Henvcnuto Cellini, his Lifo mul
Works," and was reproved by his hear
ers for not havine bioim-lit that .'litiKi
with him. The explanation that lie had
been dead for snino little time elicited
the inquiry. "Who shot him f Among
the more eldeily inhabitants of the
South ho found a-melancholy tendency
to datu every event of iintioitaiico by
the late war. "How beautiful the inouu
is to-night!" he, oneo remarked to a
'entleman who was standiner next to
him. "Yes," was the renlv. "but von
should have seen it before the war." So
nliilltcsiuial did bu iiml thn L-
ind appreciation of ai t westoftlui Hnek-v
Mountain1), that an ait patron one
who in Ins d iy had been a miner act
ually sued the railroad company for
lamaL'es because tho n aler cist of
Venus of Milo, which liu had imnoi ied
from Pari, had been delivered iiiitiu
tlio arms! And, what was miirosu' iii is-
ui still, ho gained his oasu ami ilm
Six school children, two mrls and fou
uoyn, between tlio agea of 9 and 12
years, wandered into tho woods near
Meadville, Pa., in search of suorar water.
Among them wero George Gusty, niicd
if, . ....r -l, , - ....
ii ami iviiuio .ucmue, used p. I hero
uo many mioar cainns in tlio woods.
blit the children did not find anv in on.
eration, and, at Custy'a suggestion, the
boys, with their pocket knives, tupped
what tlioy supposed to bo a sugar ma
ple. The sap llowrd-freely, nnd the
children all drank of it. When night
came on and tho children did not re
turn searcli wa9 made: and th'ov wero
found (loathly Sick. That samo ni'i'ht
Geoigo Custy died, and next day An-
nio iUctjuo and twoolheis wero not
xpectod to live. Tlio nature of tho
troo tapped has not been ascertained.
Thero is much uncertainty ub to the
course tho Prohibitionists in Wisoondn
will pursue. They nio supposed to num
ber lfl.OOO all of them former Kepubli.
caiiH, and, if they act iudi iiendentlv.
can throw the stnto over to thu Dunn
oruts. Tlio Hepiiblloans will take a con
servativu course, and Iry and keen the
Hen Ilntlerwill bo a delegate to iho
Democratio National Convention. Ho
ms not attended a liko uathurlnrr bo.
fore sinco 1800, when his oandidato on
57 ballots wns Jefferson Davis, of Mis
Henry Irvine; cleaned un S400.000
of American money nud Mnrv Andnr.
son raked in 150,000 of thu Hngligh
variety. So fur tlio balance of trade fs
Tim llnlmitnwti .?n7si7 l.nu
miod for civil libel by eovon of tlio '
Dukes jurors, j
lEEce.mdl qiui munb
I have just received my
fecial si Hem
IlOBl us csnllctf to
sEtaoc for I st dies.
Every nii war
Also Ladies' Fine ' Hand
turned Kid Euttqncd Shoes.
Ladies' Pebble Goat Buttoned
shoes, solid, for 1.75.
The best shoe
in the market
for the mon
F. D. DENTL.ER,
Door below Exchange
DU 1 0
ALL KINDS OF
FARMING I IMPLEMENTS.
Improved Keystono Thresher and
A SPECIALTY. "
DAVID SAVAOK, DESIGXKK AND
Champion Light Binder,
winmpion Light Harvester,
Ummpion Light Mower.
tootitli JJeiul Chilled Plows,
Thomas' Hay Tedder,
Hollensworth's Hnv PnL-n.
rni. TT T. , '
xjiuiiitis nay Kake,
routes' IJay liako,
Taylor's Hay Hake,
'armors' Favorite Grain Drill
Cultivators, Corn Planters,
&, Ac, &c.
AIX KINDS OF
John A, Fijnston, President,
O, IV, Pimston, Secretary.
Tolm Wolf, Genoral Supt,
David Savage, Designer nnd
C. E. SAVAGE & CO.,
hnvo removed their
next door below tlio COURT IIOUSH
in MUS. KNT'S BUILDING.
You can find n fino asHoitinunt of
Watches, Clocks. Jewelry
Triple Plated KNIVES.
!." . , " Table Spoons,
" " TeaSpoons,
Of the best nianufaeture.
All warranted as rci-
WATCHES, CLOCKS AMD JEWELRY neatly
repaired and warranted,
DO NOT FORGET THE PLACE
FIRST DOOR BKLOW
THE COUJtT HOUSE.
C. E. SAVftGE & CO.,
Is the largest paper in the coun
ty, and the cheapest in propor
tion. Now is the time to subscribe
in order to get the news of tho
Presidential Campaign and the
90 DAYS ONLY,
1. Any old subscriber send
ing us ono now name with one
lollar and liftv cent S will rnpnivn
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2. Any old subscriber sendintr
us two new names, with A:i.O()
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sides his own, with $4.50 will
'' lu paper one year lrec.
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new names, with nino dollars,
will receive tho paper ono year
ireo and a History of Columbia
county, worth two dollars and a
NOW IS THE TIME,
Bo Not Baby.
When wo offer you nn oppor
tunity to pay for yourpnper
without monoy do not lose it.
Buildor of Separator,