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THE COLUMBIAN AND DEMOCRAT, BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA
Friday, Doc. 1 y, 18 7 D.
Wo give our renders this week the mcage
of tho President, omitting only some routine
matters, which are not of general' interest.
It is a wcnlc, diffusive article, lacking forco
nnd clearness Tho living, vital issues of
the present aro ignored, and a vain at'enipt
mado to creato clap-trap and sensational
points for ids party In 1870.
Our progress during the past century is
alluded to, and whilst in the main true, tho
present condition ot tlu country Is not only
deplorable, but directly nttributablo to K.ld
ieal legislation and rule.
The school question is simply an echo of
his Dm Moines speech, and an attempt to
arouse the bigotry latent in tlio land. In n
word he would havo the government inter
fere In a question which has no real exist
ence, and which never should como before
tho national Government.
Ills idea ot taxing chureh property is
raero catch cry. ' It la a question belonging
exclusively to tho States, themselves, and
ono with which the Supremo Court has said
tho Federal Government cannot Interfere
In Pennylvanla, for example, our Constitu-
tion nnd laws meet this question fairly, nnd
no chango is demanded by tho people.
The Spanish and Cuban questions are met
in a conciliatory manner, but our naval pre
His homily on tho financial' question is
muddled contrary alike to his former dec.
iarations and tho nets of his party and the
opinions of its leaders. In fact io says that :
"I am not prepared to say that I can suggest
the best legislation to sccurcthc end."
The mcssago further recommends the re
imposition of the tax on tea and coffee. This
was taken oir for political effect, but now
since the election is over it is to be recnacted.
These aro tho principal points alluded to
but our readers should examine the docu
mcnt for themselves, c shall allude to
specific points hereafter.
Grant and his 100,000 office-holders are
gradually closing in the lines, and the third
term programme, assumes proportions that
alarm tho staidest llepublicans. And now
we see somo bigots engaging In a religious
crusade to help on the movement. Tho fol
lowing is among our telegraphic dispatches:
tiiu m. c. cmmcii to tiic front.
At a meeting of tho Methodist Kpiscop.il
Sabbath School Union, Tract Society, and
1'reachcrs' Association, Ik Id on Monday in
Boston, nearly 200 ministers being present,
Bishop Haven urged, "as a matter of safety
for tho. Republic" that General Grant be
nominated tor the third term. The bishop's
recommendation was adopted by a unani
Bishop Simpson while disapproving of
any politics inside of church ailairs says his
personal opinion is that the people will do
wisely by electing Grant for a third term.
This is only a starter. Other fools will
fall into line, and in 187C, the Republican
party will havo orators and presses through
the land pretending alarm at the ascendancy
of the Catholics. Ministers who cannot
hold their congregations becauso of their
own short-comings will join in the cry,
Zealots whose principles daro not stand fair
and full i.ivestigation will swell it.
A enco proud party that believed in the
Constitutional doctriuc that "Congreu shall
mate no law respecting the establishment of re
ligion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,"
propose to raise tho question of Protestant
ism versus Catholicism.
And Grant is to be the leader of these
holy ones, aided by tho pious lien. Rutier,
"Boss" Sheppard, Uabcock,- (if not in the
Penitentiary), Moshy, and men of thatjclass I
Yes, Grant the Debauchee tile jockey the
Long Branch Grant thcintimate of thieves,
rings and scoundrels.
"Angels and ministers of grace defend us."
A Haven of Unrrst.
Bishop Gilbert Haven, of tho Methodist
Church South, has done a very indiscreet
and very indefensible thing. lie has dem
onstrated most emphatically that he under
stands neither the political nor religious
proprieties of his relations, and in the dra
matic attempt at a sensational nomination
for tho Presidency has damaged, according
to his best ability, himself, his candidate,
and his Church.
With singular maIadroitnes3, at the very
moment that the President is (.ending to Con
gress a grave nnd well-digested message
warning tho country of tho dangers which
threaten it from ecclesiastical ambition and
aggression, Bishop Haven, himself an eccle
siastic, and ono of vast power and influ
enee, if his. Church organization amounts
to anything, In a religious convention called
together professedly for religious purposes,
was engaged in making a political noiniua
tion to the first ollice in the nation.
Had Cardinal McCloskey in an episcopal
convention of hi Church nominated John
Kelly or Governor Carroll for the Presidency
the uproar all over the land would have been
tremendous. That an outcry from East to
est is not iicard over Bishop Haven's vo
litico-religious venture is simply because his
action docs not carry tho weight that Mr
McCloskey's would have done, and is not,
therefore, felt to ho practically as danger
ous. Its impropriety and indecorousness,
however, wo have no doubt will bo rebuked
by uearly every respectable journal in the
country. What the people uiostunmistaka
bly will resent and punish promptly, and in
every section, is ecclesiastical interference
with our polities, bo tho hierarch Romnn
Catholic, Buddhist, Methodist, Pagan, 1'rei
byterian, or Mormon, I'reti,
Vice PmaiDt.sr Wilson's Birth Wo
stated that tho Vico President was born in a
gipsy camp. This statement haying been
denied, we take occasion to reiterate it. .It
is literally true. Tliero were in Strafford
county.K. 11., early in the century, twowai.'
dering tribes of roving vagabonds,whodwelt
in huts and tents and traveled from place to
place, picking up a beauty eubsistence by
making and selling baskets and eking out
their uncertain livelihood by fortune telling,
tinkering, etc. To ono of these tribes the
Colbatha belonged, and in their hut tho dc
parted statesman of New England was born.
A Democratic House of Representatives
bos declared against all subsidies or grant:
t'ljrallroad companies. They have followed
tho platform of 1872, and deserve tho com
mendation of every honest voter.
Tub Cknti:nmal Oratok. The Centen.
nial Committeo on tho Opening Ceremonies
have selected Win, M. Evurta for orator,
W. H, Loiigfellow, poet, sod a grandsou of
IticUrdll. Ue, of VlrKiuin.-reaier of Uie
Diclaradoe f lkltMiMlnM, 1
Editors or Tun Coi.ummak s I'leaso
rdlow me a small space In your Columbian
for a Centennial subject.
It Is projoed to erect in tho Centennial
grounds nt Philadelphia a statue of the Ht.
Rev. William White. D. D. tho framcr of
the constitution of tho American Kpiscopal
Church ! the first Bishop of tho Diocese of
Pennsylvania i the first chaplain of the Con
gress of tho United States; tho first President
and first signer of the constitution of tho
Scietyfor promoting Sunday Schools in
I'lilladclphia, being associated with Dr. Rush
In tho work ns early as 1790 and tho friend
nnd pastor of the first President of tho United
States. Bishop Wlilto was bom in 1747 in
tho city of Philadelphia and died thero in
1830. On tho 4th of July 1781 ho took ills
degree of D. D. from tho University of Penn
sylvania, being tho first person named for
that degrco by that Institution. As Wash
ington was first amongst his countrymen,
as n Commander, a Patriot, and a Man and
Marshall as an impartial and upright Judge,
so was While as a teacher ot tuo Uospel
and head of his Church.
This is the eminent Prelate and distln
guished Patriot whoso services nnd character
justly demand that n monument to his mem
ory should be erected. And as ho belonged
especially to Pennsylvania, it would bo moat
becoming that Pennsylvanians, and particu
larly the Episcopalians of Pennsylvania
should contribute to tho erection of that
monument. If there are any in this county
of Columbia who feel disposed to aid this
project, I may sav that Mr. John Welsh,
the Chairmni of the Finance Committeo of
the Centennial Board, has been named as the
proper person to rcccivo contributions.
Very Respectfully, J. it.
Bloomsburo, Pa., Dec. 10th 1875.
I also invite your attention to tho neces
sity ol reirulatina bv law tho status of Amer
ican women who may marry foreigners, and
of defining more fullv that of children born
in n foreign country of American parents
who may resido abroad, and also of some
mrliier provision regulating or giving legal
euect iu marriages oi yhicul-uii cmzeiis con
trolled in foreign countries. Grant's -itcss
Why ? Becauso his daughter married an
Englishman. That is the milk in the above
Tho Apache Indians aro acting upon
Grant's motto: "Let no guilty man escape."
They killed and scalped an Iudian agent a
few days ago.
A man! in southeastern Wisconsin lias
thirty acres of swamp reserved for bull frog
The British Parliament has been sum
moned to meet on tho 8th of February for
the transaction of "urgent and important
S. Gross Frv. of Philadelnhia. is in a
President Giant's mcssatre is tho lonecst
ever written for him.
Thcodoro Thoma3 has been selected as
musical director of tho centennial.
-Tho Ueadinc Eanle. savs that G. W.
Childs will bo urged as a Presidential candi
date next year.
The Babcoek court of innuirv has decid
ed to await the result of the trial at St. Louis
before taking any action in regard to the
charges affecting the accused.
ThoThiladelnhia iurv. trvinsr William
W. Brown for tho murder of his wife, after
an hour's deliberation, returned a verdict of
murder in tho second degree.
A Leopard brought by vessel to Phil,
adelphia for tho Zoological Gardens, got
loose, and made a lively timo of it on the
snip tor several days. They succeeded fin
ally in capturing him in a trap baited with
raw meat, and his leopardship was safely
President Grant should havo sufficient
sense ot propriety to put a better man in
Schenck's shoes nt once. A lnnrrcr delay
will be nn insult to both England and Amer-
: o, r...-. r i
iu. ui. xrfuw jicpuoiican.
The North German Lloyds' steamer
Deutchland, from Bremen for New Yorl
with emigrants, went ashore in a gaio near
Harwich, on tho eastern coast of Endand.
on Monday morning and was wrecked. About
nay ot tne crew and passengers wero lost.
Edward Kennedy, the tramn who rc
cently attempted an outrage on a littlo four-
year-old girl in Hanover, was beforo the
court yesterday, and plead eui tv to tho sec
oud and third counts of the indictment. He
was sentenced to pay a fine of 2200 and costs.
andto an imprisoument of seven years in the
When money collected bv an nttornev
has been held and not paid over within a
reasonable time, no may bo held liable lor
interest thereon as well as for tho payment
of the amount. The Illinois Sunreme Court
John Leieh. of Wisconsin, will never
uo so anymore. At tho last election he voted
lor his opponent lor member of tho legisia
ture, and that vote did thebusiness.hiscom
petitor being chosen by ono majority.
The Secretary of tho Treasury han nn.
pointed A. E. Wilson of Louisville to lin
chief Clerk of the Treasury Department to
fill the vacancy created by tho resignation
Lancaster. Dec. 15. Yesterday Lwtrurer
Piollet delivered tho annual lecture, nivim?
an uituuub ui uis iuuurs uuring tuo ycar,ioi
lowed by tho renortof Secretary Tlmmiw.
.... ,.,IL 1-1 ....... .'. - f
Tho proceedings today have been entirely of
.i umuiiwi nature, anu were attended by
.il.mi. f.nn ,ltA.,i.. . mi f
ituuiuuuu uvkih. .mu IVUUTI.OI IHUUUS1-
ness agent shows that on purchases made by
nun in rue last seven months amounting tn
$130,000 for members of the order, $27,000
have been saved. Tho number of grangers
hi Pennsylvania is now au.uuu, belonging to
TJio Week of l'r.iyer-Scheiliilo of Topiei for
The British branch of the Evangelical al
liance has issued a schedulo of topics suita
hie for exhortation and intercession on the
successive days of the meetings during the
hrst week in 1870;
Sunday, January 5. Sermons Tho love
of God perfect! in him who "keopeth his
word." I John ii:5.
Monday, January 3, Thanksgiving and
Confession. A retrospect of tho year.
lucsday, January 4. Prayer for tho
Church of Christ for the members recently
added to the church ; for tho union of true
believers in fraternal fellowship and active
co-operation for the removal of error, the
iucreaso of godliness and a plear testimony
among believers to the doctrines and power
of tho gospel of the grace of God.
Wednesday, January 5. Prayer for fami
lies Godless parents; for prodigal sons j for
children at school for those entering upon
professional and commercial life for widows
nnd orphans ; Kr sons and daughters in for
cign )ands and for all who are mentally or
Thursday, January C Prayer for Rulers,
Magistrates and 8tateanieqtfor soldiers and
sailors; for national institutions; for pull
nijtbrople and charitable societies; for pris-
oners aud captives and for tbo persecuted
Friday, January 7. Prayer for Foreign
Missions. Matthew xxvliilO.
Saturday, January 8. Prayer for all na
(Ions for tho maintenance of peace; fur the
(.-citation of tumults, wars ana civil strlfo;
for tho removal of intemperance, immorali
ty and infldeilty from tbo land; that the
fruits of the earth may bo brought forth
plentifully in their season,
buiidny. January 9.-Vermont The ultlt
waU triumpli.Wbu tli:17 '
TIIU imn.VKT HOMIl'lDE.
ciiAtioi: or tiii: court.
ClK.vri.uMiis op tiiu Jury i This pain
fully Interesting iuo which for tho last few
d.ivs has occupied your time and attention,
Is drawing to it el'xe, Tho duties of tho
counsel have been fully nnd ably performed,
that of tho court so far as tho isuio Is con
cerned will end when wo shall have in
structed you In tho principles of law ap
plicable to tho case.
Wo have observed with great satisfaction
tho closo attention which you havo given to
the evidence and tho aritumunts of counsel.
Wo also commend tho patience witli which
you havo submitted to the requirement of
the law in being, during tho whole prosress
of the trial, isolated from tho rest of the
public. While you uo doubt rejolco that
tho restraint is about to terminate, you can
not but feel more nnd moro sensibly tho
weight of responsibility resting upon you, ns
tho time fir announcing your conclusion,
tho result of the trial, approaches.
Tho magnitude of tho olfenco with which
tho prisoner nt tho bar is charged, demands
a full conscientious and carelul considera
tion of tho law, at tho hands of tho court,
and nn impartial, unbiased and scrutinizing
examination of tho facts by tho jury. Tho
court is responsible for tho law, but to you is
confided tho hightrustof solving the questions
ot tact. In tho dlschargo ot tho duty, in
volvinc issues of lite or death, prison or
liberty to the defendant, tho magnitudo of
tho charge should have nn other influence
upon yoar minds than to makoynu cautious,
deliberate and iustin weiiihititr tho evidence,
and clear and satisfied in tho judgment you
form upon it. You will constantly also
bear in mind your duty to society, nnd will
not fail to remember tho justice nnd the
impartial consideration which both tho com
monwealth aud the prisoner have a right to
expect nt your hands
Tho majesty of thelaw which protects and
defends the sanctity of human life, must be
maintained, regardless of consequences. The
baittnco must be held with a lirm nnd
steady hand, while the mind intent only on
truth and justice, should bo alike oblivious
to sympathy and to vengeance.
The law gives to the accused tho presump
tion of innocence. Evidence to convict
must ovcrcomo this presumption and ex
cludoi every reasonable doubt of guilt
Looking at all the facts, the iury will deter
mine whether an offense hasbcen committed
by the ncctised, nnd if so of what nature and
This Indictment charges the prisoner with
the murder of William A. Kline on the 7th
day of September last. Under this indict
ment it is competent for the jury to find a
verdict of cuilty of murder in the first de
gree of murder in the second degree or of
It Is not denied that tho prisoner at the
time stated mulcted a wound upon tho per
son of tho deceased. But you will take noth
ing for granted, but will requlro that every
essential fact be established by oyidenue that
satislies the reason and convinces the judg
The case supposed by tho Commonwealth
and claimed to be supported by tho testi
mony of witnesses is.that in tho early part of
. I. t C . . , W.I- A I. 1
uiu muniing ui oeptemuer in, me ueceascu
was upon the porch ot his hous". somo llllv
feet from tho store of tho prisoner, the pris
oner applied to him opprobious epithets,
nailing mm across the street that tnc de
ceased with a cane in his hand, in a hurried
and excited manner, crossed the street and
went upon the porch of the storo qf the
prisoner tuai as uo went upon me poren,
tho prisoner went into the store and shut
tho door that deceased called to him to
como out nnd they would settle the matter
that deceased turned to leave that the door
was then opened bv the prisoner who at the
samo time mado some remark calling him
a thief, and that as tho deceased at that mo
ment turned his bead in the direction of the
store door, tho prisoner stabbed him witli a
pitch fork over the left eye breaking
through tho orbital bone, or part of the skit.l
below or about the arch over the left eye
mat t.ie instrument penetrated ootn mo out
er and inner tables of the skull and into the
brain, causing him to fall, producing imme
diate unconsciousness during the time he
lived nnd his death on the 18th day altcr
wards. Whether this is a correct conclusion from
the facts established by the testimony, the
jury will determine.
I shall not repeat the evidence upon tho
subject of the encounter in detail. Tho coun
sel upon both sides havo called your atten
tion to tho testimony of Peter A. Kline, John
Black, Isaac A. Black, Milton Betz, Lewis
Uildebrand, nnd Susan Kline, all of whom
swear to seeing the whole or part of tho
On tho part of the prisoner it is contend
ed that the testimony of Peter A. Klino is
contradicted by the fact, as now a'leged to
bo proved, that he could not have seen the
occurrence from tho window where he was at
tho time, and that his testimony hero vanes
from that on the hearing of the Habeas
Corpus. If it bo so that lie could not pos
sibly havo soen tbo transaction, his testimo
ny is not reliable But beforo coming to
that conclusion the jury should he well sat
isfied that tho examinations by the other
witnesses unmistakably prove that he could
not have seen what ho has sworn he did see.
Evidence of what n witness lias before
said or sworn to may be given for the nur
poso of impeaching tho witness and if it
appear that a witness has given out ol court
a version of matters essentially different from
his testimony in Uourt. his credit is shaken
find his testimony should be scrutinized with
great care, and li disbelieved, or considered
unreliable, rejected But such cvidenco of
statements arc only reuclvablo to I in pencil
the testimony oltlie witness, not as proof qr
tho facts as stated out of Court. If Lewis,
Uildebrand made the statement to Mr. Ru-
tan as testified by the latter, but denied by
the former this would co to the credit of Mr.
Uildebrand, but would not ho evidence of
tue jacts as stated to Mr. Jtutan. ir wit.
nesses swear on different occasions xiilfulbi
different to material points their testimony
should be considered unreliable. U mista
kenly it should be examined with care, all
the circumstances being considered.
If tho iury nro satished that tho prisoner
inflicted tho blow upon the deceased causing
the wound as alleged bv tho Commonwealth
and testified by tho witnesses, tho first
nqulry U whether that -blow and wound
wero tho causes qf UU death,
On tho subicct of tho fatal character of
the wound, there nppoars to bo no e.scntlal
differciico in the opinion of tho .tirgeous.
Dr. Harder. Dr. Ammerman and Dr. Meirar-
gel saw tho deceased while, alive.nnd mado n
post mortem examination of liis head, and
uiiquaiiueuiy givo it as tueir opinion that
the wound caused Ids death, Doctor Tur
ner and Reber, examined on behalf of tho
prisoner give it as their opinion that the
wound was mortal unless tho life of tho na.
tlent could have been saved by a skilful one-
ration called trepanning. In regard to the
proper lreattr)oil n the case me doctors dis
agree, (Hero ins honor caueu (no atteqllqi)
of the jury briefly to tho cvidenco upon' that
subject and proceeded.)
The rule of law is that if a man give an-
other a strnko not In Itself so mortal as to
cause immediate death, yet if the parly dio
of the wound within n year and a day it is
murder or other species oi iionueiuo as the
case may be; though tlp wound he not mor
tal and it is made cicariy aim cenqiniy fn
appear that the death of the party was caused
by tho ill applications by himself or thosu
about him of bad medical or surgical treat
ment and not by tho wound or hurt, it seems
according to the authorities that this U no
species of homicide. But if the death be
truly owing to the wound, it signifies not.
that under more favorable circumstances aim
with moro skilful treatment the fatal result
miglt Ijaye been averted. For example if
un assault bo nude, which opens an ar-
tery.lt will be nq defence" to plead, that by
tho assistance of u surgeon tho wound iqiglit
havo bc,cu staunched and lifo preserved.
Whether the wound Inflicted by tho nrli.
nner was a mortal wound you willdeterinlue
Irom tho evidence taking Into consideration
its immodlute ell'ect upon the physical and
mental powers of the deceased hs situa
tion thereafter down to the day of his death
-?t!e fiicts testified by those who were with
him from tho time i( (ho wound until he
died, aud the tentimnnyof thesurucuiis who
attended upon or visited him while he lived
and inadoapojfMorf'fffi examination as well
as that of the surgeons who havo testified us
experts. If tho wound was necessarily mor
tal, innuirv as to the fart of killing need
go no further. Jf H ut mortal, but sup
Duration of the brain wu caused thereby.
for tha want of healthful -nplra.lon. or
front neglect, and the kuppurntioa wi the
ramvdittt cause of the diUi,yt it wm
murder, manslaughter or other homlclilo I
tho prisoner, hectuso though tho wound was
not the immediate, cause nt tho death, yet It
was the medlato cause, and tho sunrurnth
or other disease, of tho brain tho Immediate
cause, the wound was tho causo of tho sup
puration nnd lucrciore the cause ot m
Tho true distinction in nil such ca'es
that If tho death was evidently occasioned
by grosdy erroneous medical treatment, tho
original author will not be nnsweraulc, bii
if it was occasioned from want of tho hlgli
est medical skill, which could nnlv ho com
manded nt a distance, he who inflicted tho
wound is responsible, became ho lias wil
fully exposed the deceased to a risk from
which he has no practical means ol escape
is mere reason to doubt in tins caso in
tho deccwed ca uo to his death bv reason
the wound Inflicted on the morning of tho
7th of September? A man, apparently
good health, while standing up lsstabhei
with a 1 1 i tcli fork, a tine of ivhlcli is thru-
through tho outer and Inner tables of tho
skull In the arch of tho left eve lie, at unco
falls to tlieground.dcnrivud of consciousness.
paralyzid upon one side mil Is there ifter
powerless and speechless, or nliuost wholl
so to tho day ol his death, win
occurs 18 davs afterwards. Ho i
ceived medlato treatment nt the hands of his
family physi-.-iau aided by the advice of nth
er surgeons, but continued to fail until hi
died. If you nro not sill-lied that the
blow inflicted by the prisoner was tho'nie 1
ate or immediate, c.ui-e of the death of tho
decaased whatever you may think of the at'
taeK you ought to acquit abs'ilutely.
inc creiiiuillty ol witnesses, their means
of knowledge and every circumstance hear
ing upon the guilt or innocence of the pris.
oner nro matters wholly for the consideration
of the jury. Bjlore convicting ot thocaplt
or any lower grade of ofl'ons', every fact e
ecntiai to constitute such olleine must lir
he found under the evidence beyond a re
llomii'iih' is tho killing of a human being,
It is justifiable as in ease of life taken tindei
sentence of the law. It is excusable in case
of s.-lf d.-foiuv, and it is felonious, as in case
of murder and voluntary manshui.'hter.
Murder is where a person of sound inin
and discretion tinlawfn ly kills a reasonabl
creature in being iu the peace of the Com
monwealtli with malico alorothoua'ht,?prcss
Miilicj is an esteutial element in the crim
of murder. When tho killing is of a sedate
mind and iormed design, the malice is ex
press. .Malice is presumed when tho act i
deliberately committed with a deadly weni
on and is likely to bo attended with danger
ous consequences. Iu the legal sense, mill
ico means that bad mind or spirit which im
peis one to linnet injury upon another will
out causo or sufficient provocation, nml i
implied by law from any deliberate and cruel
act cuiuiniucu uy one person against anoth
ii statute oi mis oiaic, to winch we wi
presently call vour attention. estnhlUliPs
division of the crimo of murder into irr.irtVa
nnd mitigates thepunishmentaccording to the
neiiiousiiess oi tne circumstances or lacts o!
tho fase. If the cvilcncc cstnblUhro mnr.
uer ns l linve delmed it, then tho net of as
sembly comes iu nnd fixes the irrade.
Voluntary manslaughter is the unlawful
killing ot another without malice on a su,
den quarrel or in heat of passion. To exten
uato or reduce a homicide from murder to
manslaughter, both passion and provocation
must exist Provocation without passion or
i,.i?sioii lYHiiuui provocation win not sui ice
to extenuate the ollence.
Whenever tho killing is clearly s'lmvn In-
tho prosecution, the circumstances of excuse
or extenuation must bo established bv tli,
prisoner unless thev are shown bv tln nvl.
denco adduced against him.
Words of reproach, how grevious soever,
aro not sufficient to free the party killing
from the guilt of murder; nor are provoking
actions or gestures, expressions of contempt
or reproach without an assault on the person.
But assault upon the person or blows nn.
ueemed Bumcient to excite tho passions to
such extent as to deprive the mind for the
ino'ncni oi tiie power to deliberate.
Neither is a baro trespass against tho nron
erty of another, nor his dwelling linuso. mil'
uuii-iii, (iruvuc.uioii w warrant tne owner in
using a deadly weapon in its defem-n: if In.
do nnd witli it kill the trespasser, it will be
muruer, even tnougii tne Killing were actual
ly necessary to prevent the trespass. The
invasion of property cannot lawfully he de
fended by the extreme measure of taking the
lllo of the invader, Tho law regards a hu.
man lifo as of more value than .mv nmmim
In defence of the person a hominliln innv
bo excusable. The rule upon that suhiect is
well sttled. It is this, that iu order to kiiIi
excuse, the Killing ol one who is the assail
ant must bo under a reasonable nnornhpn
sion of loss of life or of great bodily hnrm
and the dunier must bo bo imminent at the
moment, oi tho assault as to present no alter.
native of escaping its consequences but bv
resistance, men t no killing may he pxens.
able even if it turn out afterwan's that there
was not actual danger. The law of self-defense
is a law of necessity, and that necessity
must he real, or bear all the semblance of rp.
nllty, and appear to admit of no other alter
native before taking lifo will be excusable.
In all cases where this defence is set im tl,
evidence should bo examined with care, iu
order to sen that it rests, whero alone it can
rest, nn tno ground ot real or apparent ne
cessity. The act of the slayer must, there
lore, be sueh onlv as is necessary to protect
his person from death or great bodily harm,
nnd must not bo entirely disproportioned to
ussituiL iii.iuo upon mm
lAies the evidenco in this caso prove any
such necessity as the law requires to excuse
a homicide? To exonerate the prisoner
from blumo In respect to J ho killing f Jt'not,
wero there such extenuating circumstances,
of provocation and passion, or reduce tho
Sraue oi the ollence below the crimo of mur
er to manslaughter?
(Here the court referred the jury to the
pyiqence on tiieao points.)
If it bo found that tho wound Inflietnd nt
the fall occasioned by its infliction was the
cause oi tne death the question arises wheth
er tho net of the prisoner was excusable in
Had the prisoner any reasonable grounds
to appreueiiu mat ins own uie was in dan
ger or that great bodily harm would belall
him it he l.uled to protect himself by slay
ing tho deceased? Upon that question all
the facts occurring nt the time as vou shall
find them to be, iu connection wi(b previous
wri-itm iiutuu ny nccciiseu are to ue cuusiuered,
But throats nro of no moment unless tho
danger of life orgreat bodily harm appeared
to ue so imminent at tue nine as required the
extreme measure of taking life. It the pris
oner was secure in his, own store with the
door closed if no (vssau.lt was, made upon
his porsou, although tho deceased committed
u trespass by ct-nnng upon tho porch of the
store, calling upon the prisoner to como out,
yet If the prisoner a', otico opened the door
and struck with the fork it would not be in
If however, there is anything in theevi.
dencoorcirciiinstanc.es, that proves an attack
upon the prisoner after he opened the door
unu uo ore hosirucx w in uie iuri, aim t mt
such attack was of a nature to indueo a rea
sonable belief that the risoner had uo other
means oi escaping ueain or great oouny
harm than by slaying tuo ucccaseu, ins de
fence of Ids person was excusable. But it
is our duty to say, that before you come to
that uoi(ilusIqq y'qu iit)s( bo satisfied clearly
by tho evidence or by' circurtjstunoesjaruutij,
aud not by conjecture that such ussault was
made by the deceused.
(lh tho deceased do any other act than go
ncross the street in an angry manner' Did
tho prUoner apply to him opprobious epi
thets across tho street, or did he cross the
street becauso ol tho altercation between
prisoner and his wifc and not by reason of
taunts by the prisoner? Did he do anything
ht'sides flourishing his canoand desnethu
prisouer i) P-uno out? Was the prisoner
theil safe upon tho oMpr n'lfo of (he wall f
Was there any apparent danger of injury to
his person? If so was there reason to up
prebend immediate danger in case he at
tempted to retreat?
It there was an attack by tho deceased
upon tlfl Pfisuncr so sudden and violent us
to render It rculy of ujiiijiivntly dangerous
for him to attepipt. to escape' from' it, he
might ftt once defend himsell ut 'on the
other hand It thre was m such mil or hp.
parent danger he was bound to retreat as far
as he coulilwith apparent safety.
If there was un actual ussuuit upon tho
prisoner by uttempting to strike wlitu with
in striking di tince witnucuue likely to kill
or do great bodily harm the qut.tlou of sell
dtft-uco arises, otherwise nut. In consid
ering this question the cltiacUt (if tkij
weapon i the binds of th ptrtleeMbo,
placo where thoy wero the opportunity to
retreat nnd cvprv other tact proved unon i n
suoject, snouid no allowed duo wcignt.
it is not suiliclcnt to acmilt that the evi
denco lenvcs vour minds in doubt upon till-
question. The burden of proof rests upon
tne ueiciuiaiu or must besatislactorliy gath
ered from tho circumstances.
If tho homicldo was not cxcusablo it was
either murder or manslaughter.
Was tliero such provocation ns In Inw will
reduce the offence to voluntary manslaugh
ter? Wo have already said that words nnd
Kcsturs are not recognized by law ns ii sufh
cient provocation to reduco a killing below
tho grade of murder. And we now say that
a trespass upon tho premises of the prisoner
and nngrl v rcnuesting him to como out
without more, even though the purpose may
have been to light, would not reduce the
grsdo of the offence to manslaughter. If the
prisoner opened the door to assail hltn and
did nt onco assail him with a deadly weapon.
nut II there bo any cvidenco which proven
that the prisoner opened his storo door to
drive nwnv the deceased and was nssaultrd
uy tno deceased with tho enno which ho had
in liis hand and the prisoner was thereby
lashed into a passion, and In tho heat of
blood, at the moment, seized the first wear
on nt hand nnd struck the fatal blow, the of
ienco would be but manslaughter.
L-..- ..r i- !..
oner from the presence of the deceased, he
x iii iiiu iituru purpose, 'i irecing uie pris-
nan no r gnt to reson to tuo latni use oi a
deadly weapon. Even if there was n chal
lenge to come out and fighter settle their
uimcuitics, tne use ol a dangerous weapon
uuu utitiiiK uie ucceaseu mutiny itwiuisuu
vantage would bo cvidenco of malice.
If tho killing ho found to be excusable in
self defence the defendant is entitled to un
acquittal. If It was upon sufficient nrov
cation and not with malico the verdict should
bo guilty of voluntary manslaughter j but if
without such provocation and passion and
without excuse, the offence is murder. If
murder, the most important question will be
ns to tuo degree.
Tho Act of Assembly of this Stase passed
in 1701 nnd re-enacted in the criminal code
in 1S00 provides thnt till murder which shall
bo perpetrated by means of poison or lying
in wait, or by any other kind of wilful, de
liberate and premeditated killing, or which
snan uo committed lu the perpetration,
or nttcmnt lo nernetrate any arson. rmu.
robbery or burglary, shall be deemed murder
oi tne nrst degree, and all other kinds of
murder shall be deemed murder of the sec
ond degree ; nnd the jury beforo whom nnv
person tndicUd for murder shall be tried,
shall, if they find sucli person guilty there
of, nscertaiu in their verdict whether it be
murder ol the first or second degree.
This statute has been the suhiect of con
sideration nnd judicial construction in many
cases, nnd it may be stated as the uniform
conclusion, that except in cases where the
crime is committed in the perpetration or
attempt to perpetrate eitherot the telonies
mentioned, the intent to kill is or tho es
sence of the offense of mm der in the first de
gree. The act must not onlv bo wiliul. dp.
liberate and premeditated, but tliero must
exist in addition the tnifni to take hie
This general statement of tho law mny not
convey to your minds tho exact forco and
meaning of these words, wilful, deliberate
and premeditated as used in the statute. For
the purpose of moro full explanation, and
that you may clearly understand what facts
must bo found before there can be a convic
tion ot a capital offence, I will be moro ex
If nn intention to kill exists, it is wilful
if this intention be accompanied by such
circumstances ai eviueni-e n mind tuny con
seious of its own purpose and design, it is de
liberate : and if sufficient time be afllinh-d
to enable the mind to Irame tho plan to car
ry the design into execution, it is nremedi.
lated. Thelaw fixes upon no length of time
as necessary to lorm the intention to ki
but leaves the existence of a fill v formed
intent as a iaci to ueuctermmeu Uy the jury
from all the facts and circumstances in pvt.
The law regards and the iurv must find
tuo nciuai intent to kiii. wun so much time
tor deliberation ntiil premeditation as to con-
vinco mem mat mis purpose is not the m-
mediate offspring of rUUs and impetuous
temper, and that the mind is become fully
cm,eious of its own design. If there he
tlUIC to inline 111 t ic llllncl lullv and ran.
seiouslv the intention to ki . and tn si1,!
uie weapons orineiis oi ucatli, ami to think
and know beloreliand. thoutrl the tin. J,n
aimri, uie use to ue.maue oi it, mero is time
,ll!l . 1 ' !!... 1 1v
u, ii'-iiuruuu iiuu jiniill-uiiuie.
The proof of the intention to kill, and ot
the disposition of mind, constituting murder
oi tue nr.si uegree lies on Uie commonwealth
nut the prool need not be express or nosi
tivc. It may be inferred from the circum
sluices. If from all the facts nttendlnir thn
killinutho iurv can fullv ami sutUfuetnrilv
infer the existence of the intention to kill
and the malice of heart with which It Wild
dono they will be warranted in so doing.
Ho who uses upon tho body of another at
some vital part wun manliest intention to
lisp it upon him, a deadly weapon, must in
the absence of qualifying facts bo presumed
to know that his blow is likely to kill, and
kmuitiiiu iipiiji. uu presuiueq to IIUCIHI
o teatli which is the probable n,nd ordina
ry consequence f such nn act. Ho who
uses a deadly weapon without a sufficient
cause oi provocation must be nresuined tn
.1.. !, .11.. - , . , , . r...
in, ii. wiuKeuiy iirinuu a uau neari. itierc-
niru ne who tunes me uie ot nnotner with a
deadly weapon, with n manifest design thus
to use it upon him. with sufficient time to
deliberate ana lully to torm the consc nn
purpose to kill, and without any sufficient
reason or came oi extenuation fs, guilty
Ul llJUIUt.'! ill tiiu uisb urgri'U.
Iiut if from the circumstances and nv!
ilenco in tho cute the jury believe the inten
tion with which tho act was doue, although
a deadly weapon was ued, was not to take
life but to do great bodily harm, the grade
oi muruer wouui ue reuueed to murder in
the second degree. If there exists a reason
ablo doubt as to the mieeifiu intent to kill
mich doubt should operate to reduce the of-
lence to the lower uegree.
Does the evidence show that the act charc-
p,l urns, flnno l,v till! nrisnnpr Willi flip intnnl
to kill the deceased? If out of feeling of
animosity anil previous spite and ill will or
oilier motive, lie lurmeil tno design to kill
tho deceased, and was conscious of having
formed that ucMgn, and selected the weapon
with which to accomplish his fully formed
purpose witli the di-libi rate intention there
with then to kill the deueased, hu is guilty
I tup capital uiieucc,
Iiut if. on tho other hand, oivincr to the
udden uppearano of the deceased upon his
treiiiii', ins utiniii ,vi,3 iiiu iiiuueum'.u on-
pring ot rashness and tin impetuous temper,
in milium iiiuiiiriiiuiviuii wi uuv ut-iiuL-ra-
tion he seized the firt weapon at hand, and
without any formed designotlier than to do
hiidilv harm inllicted u mortal wound the of
fence under the schedule would be murder
n the second decree, suddenness Is omios-
cd to deliberation : it restricts the opportu
nities nnd means of its manifestation, and
ie iurv must, beforo tlioy can conviet of tho
m lalnflenco, bp well convinced that there
was tunc to ueiiucrato aim irenieiiiau.
Wo havo mioken of reosniiablu doubt
What is a reasonable doubt? It ia not sulli-
cient for the prosecution to establish it nossi-
unity, me cy ticnce must i-muuiibii uie irutn
to u reasonable certainly : it must convince I
.,.i ,ii i, & .,n.iUM.n,u ,i ,i.
anu uill'iv uie uimwn,,m,s ...... ,,.u
leasoii aim juuiuviib ui uiu juij niiu nit:
bound comeientiously to act up in it,
d.nu,bt bucli 0,1 ttio Uw recciS'ilie la not a fig
mcnt of the Imaiilnntinn, but fconietliing
which upon it cand'd and conscientious ex
amination of the evidence, would leud a man
t common bcnsc, if tie were dealing wun the
rdinarv business of life, and In his own af
fairs, beriouslv to iauo before coming to a
conclusion. If such a doubt exists in this
caso in regard to any matter iu respect to
which wo havo spoken ol uoubts,llie prison
er Is entitled to tlio benefit of it.
Wo do not dictate, but Mlk'UM that nn on
erlv molhod ol'oanslderliiK'tliii caso would
bo to inquire, inrst, wiietutr tlio uow mulct.
d bv tho prisoner caused the dentil ot the
Second, whether tho killlne was under
bucii circumstances as tno law required to ex
ist in ortcr to excuse a iionueiuo iu sen de
fence, nV TlV r'l V!"
I lui. utiiucmia ,,i iiii.-iiii-uiiaLi.u. n ,,,i mo I
peel o Intent to take lllv. aim tlierelore mur
der In tho first degree, If not deliberate and
preiiu-iiiiaiod, was It wun malico, wun in
tent only to do bodily harm, uud therefore
murder lu the second degree.
Fourth, Has the prisouer'.-bowii by his ev
idence or dun it mnxar hi the circuuistunvea
shown by th comwoowtalth, thnt the kill
ing wai iu the btit of LUisl utueii. bv pro
vocUou a Uie yui f Um sleciusl rd
without malice, reducing the grade of the of-fpnr-n
In vnlnntnrv manslaughter.
If you find the ollence to be murder, tho
Inw fenuircs vou to say iu your verdict
whether you find the prisoner guilty of mur
der In tho first or murder in tho second de
If the grade of ofienco is reduced below
murder tho verdict mny ue guiny oi voiuu
It lias been said in argument that the jury
nro lodges of the law ns well ns of tho facts.
This is correct to the extent that If tho jury
in nnv criminal case nenillt. tliero Is no pow
er that can correct tho verdict nlthough It
may he ngaint the law. Hut under the law
of this State, the defendant may except, In n
hom e do casr.'n nnv r uing ni tne unurinnii
I remove the case to tho Supremo Court for
correction. It Is not. therefore, strictly cor
rect to say that the jury are judges of the
law. As we said iu the outset the law is lor
the Court, and the facts fur the jury.
In this charge wo have not aimed at origi
nality but have followed In the beaten track
of eminent judges and writers on criminal
Thus far In tho progress of tills trial, nil
who hnve witnessed It must be satisfied that
it lias been conducted In such manner as best
to elicit nnd bring to light the facts attend
ing this sad tragedy. We now lenve the is
sue with jnu, fully convinced that ynur vcr-
diet will lie the result of Impartial judgment.
If your verdict shall be the result of con
scientious conclusions, based upon the evi
dence, neither the Commonwealth nor the
prisoner will have just cause for complaint.
The case is committed into vour hands
Real Estate Sale.
One cornrr lot TO for-1 frnnt. IMfpet, iloon. Mtuotfl
In Kast Hloom,ibn:,on which is erected a good
frame cut kitchen, with cood well of water In
kitchen, aud a goud spring-bouse cellar undent.
W feet loner, and othpr outbulldlnirs.
i uiTc is uimj a Ytmeiy oi mm on 8am ior, such ai
apples, pears, peaches, plums, cherries, crapes, Jtc.
If not sold by January i, 1SI6, it be for rent.
of good farm land not far from said lot, with a good
D,II1!IK Ul I, UU.-I Ull ,L,
i no turco acres or mnci wun uio uouso an l lot
would make a dcslrablu liome for a rutlrcil f irmi-r.
hand Is In a good state of cultivation. The hou-io Is
tho ono occupied t, mo for a number of j ears up to
April last, and was In good condition. Any ono
lshlus to ptirchasj can call on me, wliun terms w 111
inoomsburtf, Wil, U1UCKXSAUM.
VW. if, lBtO.J(,
ORPHANS' COURT SALE
Tly virtue of an Order nt thn
orphans' Court of
il Administrator rr
Columbia county.thn undoi-slmed
tue i-Btatu of I'eter Miner, Jr , nlll expose to l'ubllo
MONDAY, JANUAHY 3d, 187C,
Utotwit' P" tl10 ,ollowlnf bribed real es
A MESSUAGE. ND Til ACT OP LAND,
Wtutc in Locusttwp., Columbia county, adjoining
liinds of Kdwnrd strausaer, Uavld bttue, A. 1 riiin-r
ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHT ACHES,
more or less, ten acrr-n rit whtrh u mwi timix i.h,i
saving and excepting four acres of the aforesaid"
tract of lund .set unart tn thn niiinw. 'ih.n.1......
GOOD APPLE ORCHAUP,
a good spring and sprtng-house, frame bank barn,
ANP FRAME DWELLING HOUSE,
and the usual out-liulldhifs.
TKIt.MS OK SAl K Tii.nr fr.nl ,n, ,.,.. i.
iii "," "i?s "e P"lu ttt 1110 striking
"lalntnjr thxe-e-rourtus in ono j cur thereafter with
tu"''"uu "i. si:
I utmi-i ur.v'n
n TO I n in 1 1 r C1 uaiii r i t-i ,
R Pi A ) T I IN NOT f I IV.
Uavlng engaged In tho Ctothlnsr nuslnees the
?? m" tae. pleasure la announcing to the
public that lie will have In a few days a Splendid
READY MADE CLOTHING
GENTLEMEN'S' FURNISHING GOODS
and all other goods belonging to a flrst diss
AS he Is not ohlltrprl tn mobA Ifirm nmflfa ,nn.
a heavy rent, lie Ciu an jm ut sou nt th v.,rv'in.,v,
prices. I onx fall to call and. examine ULs goods,
ion will save money by It.
Ktoro in the old iW-ortlcu building, Main street
below .Market, I door south of 1. W'.llartuuu's block.
Dec. II, is-em
i ut-reur eivo notice that I have asslirned, nnd
transferred lo -Mr, ultra lin dbender, for talue re.
eclved, all my notes, and nccoimts, whether on book
or otherwise, aud bLe la liirt by duly authorized to
luv miuu lui un unii uau.
11. W. IIAUCK,
Miflttn M l,l.
Dec, 11, VMt Col.1co.,l,a.
. iL.SP!. elom mUl. to run cither on fhartsor
'"aSK im' JWU ''""Sfflli.
Mill urou, col. Co., l'a.
byBendlnctUWoranyli Magazine and Tun Ww
uTiini-mtaih, nHui tmn.h !
r "-"" r"
ZIDa ana THE S.1II-YVIMI.T Wlll'MC (rvgUUr prlCO I
THE Till BU.NE, New York.
E8TATK OF ESTUCK BAKBCR. DICI1IID.
late of Madison lownkhli,L'oluniblacounty,dct eased.
-iu,iuuiuur uu uiu u.suibe oi i&iuier narber
..u,u wim ki uufcVM vj luu ,ir;iait-r Ul bum lUUUiy. 10
II. A. WILsun, of ilaulson tuuunhlp, Columbia louu-
Jtj -'"ulu,i fcu ,iiuui un ui-rbi us luuvuicu w
Bam vmuiu uru it-qui tieu iu moio iiaiiieni and
thobo hating claims or demands against tho bald
i-stulo nlll make them known tolhubakl Kxecutur
IITOU8 TO TUIC COLUM1IIAN.
'ersons Inikhtml to tlin unrlpmli-nful fnr Rith(..rln
lloa to (hu cou-hbun aro henhy lafonned Uiatthey
may at uny time scttlo the account due by them to
mo wun r.. r.. uriis. jvsi., av room o. i, Loiuuibiaa
building. After February court, the extra nnv
cents per ) ear will lu all rates bu adde-l.
Persons owing accounts for adiertlslng andjo)
nunwa iiuuiiiu-u ,ijul rciiiciui-iiv iiiusi uo mnue,
,,..VUV VI UWVV, 11,,MIU MUU,S,U Ul UO
iuact-u iu mo usnus ui u jusiiceioi' immediate col
II. L. IlimKMlACH
K'I..llJ'ers lsno longer authorized tocollect foe
luu v uia aiiin w ,w vvt,,v luvucj lui uiu.
from this date the Hloomsbun? (las Comnanv 1H
uuv in tert ice ii.ra ursi vusi uau luruuu ana not
tin-tern at four dollars t uch.
The tompany lime on band a lot of gas tar suited
for Dalniiutr ruots. and losu or other tCrbuni ulu.vi
i t. m wuu ucc if suua ur &x,uy rar varrrl,
TO OUtt MANY FPJENDd AND PATRONS.
For the past four years we
ftrfitnl r tlm irnnfmnnn ta Itmtn
J viu itittv otiiTUi
a :r o "w ixr i isr
For two weeks we have been
now wen we nave succeeded it 13 necessary tor yon to call
examine the largest nnd most beautiful stock of goods we have
yet displayed in Catawis?a. To begin we call your special attui
to our large and ueautnul stock
Alabaster, Lava, Crystal aafl.
Over 100 styles purchased for
,..i.:i. m, t...ir n...!
"in tvu um;i ul uuc-unii iiiuir
to select suitable presents, we
LADIES' AND CHILDREN.
Hcautiful neck-tics from 12 to $2.00
Silk mufflers white or fancy 50 to 2.0(5
lace ties 60 to 73 cents eacli
Unman scarfs 75, 87, 1.00 to 3.50
Lace handkerchiefs 25, 50, 75 to 1.00
l'lain linen handkerchiefs (, 12J, 18. 25 to 75
Initial handkerchiefs 25 and 40 ten a
Kid gloves, all colors, Mzesand prices
Kid and cloth gauntlets 40 to 1.75
Heal laeo collars 50 to 2.50
Linen collars and cuffs in sets in handsome
lioxcs 50 to 75
Work boxes and writing desks large variety
frpm 1.00 to 5.00
Ladies' scwinir, writing and traveling neces
saries, in Kussia leather catcs
Photograph albums 1.00, 1.50 to 8.00
French ink-stands and paper weights
Music caes, can! cases, handkerchief and
glove boxes. All prices
Silver thimbles and puff boxes
Colgate's perfumes and soaps in boxes
Stcreoviconcs anil vwum
- 1 Initial nnd plain writing papers
I win nun rniita
Hosiery and Hud
Nubia, Hoods and Underwear
Iu addition to the above we
LADIES' AND CHILDRI5NS' FDIiS;
clnldroiis' Fur Turbnns and Hoods, which mnko very ih-iinl,l(.W
GOLD AND PLATED JEWELRY
Gold and plated
Black Jewelry of every
Wo invito you to call and
e will take pleasure
you purchase or not,
find.down to the bottom,
THE POPULAR CASH STORE
W. P. JONES & CO.,
Dec. 11, 1813,
1 1 I T I 4 t n a t . .
J. H. MAIZE,
tuts Just received a flno assortment of
ALDEN KVAl'OIUTED rUACHES.
The best fruit, of the kind la the market.
PJNE A JTLE CHEESE,
A splendid new lot of
NEW STYLE CUSPIDOItS,
CENTENNIAL IIIIKAU PLATICS,
tn great variety. A full stuck ot fancy lamps and
Ilnu chamber seta. KsjicolaUtteutlou Is called to bis
caso of cultery aadsUvtr wore, wlilclihe tsselllug
Uie prices, an nis goods are me best mat cau
iiubl. A lew lUuuiuzid tine brand cigars will bo
closed out chean.
oieaa i.u iciocipeuea ior uoyi, o&a an eaulftu
Tirlety ot Ttr)Udzig la UU Use,
have given great attention to
iu V.W.I Will 1UI III vl U1HII IK II fl Vltirtl
ttiwt itn titttni r i ... 1
working night and day to make it so.
Mmn Im ail Tdilet Sets.
cash at a recent sale in N cw Yoitl
1 a 1 . , 1 , il
ran viiiuu. nso, 10 ClulUlc VOUl
call your attention to the following
Bows, tics, latest novdlies
Neck lnuffecrs .ml puke warmers
Fine white shirts
Paper and linen collars and cuffs
Suspenders 25 to 1.00
liuck-'kin, siieeixkin, cloth nnd kid glows,
Linen and .silk handkerchief all prices
Smoking sets from 03 to 2.75
Dressing caes front 1.75 and un
1 1 . -! . , , , 1
i in-Kin, cigar cases, uniting cups, silver to
Hair, Cloth, Tooth, and hat brushes
rino match tioxes
Fine l!ritili hoscry
50 different styles of pocket-books, from li
to o.uu cacn
Pocket handkerchiefs in fancy boxes
Shaving cups and fine boaps
Kaaors and strops
Leather valiics and cabbas
And many other
too numerous to ni'iitio-i.
havo a beautiful assortment of
discription .-.t very low prices.
examine the above line goods.
in showing them whether
and our prices you will
throughout our entire store.
Bargains in Lumber!
fit the storo of
JOHN J. IVTHENRY,
BENTON, COL. CO. VA.
100,000 fencing boards, tit $S.75
100,000 heart Sluntrlea. sliavftj
extra gootl, t $7.00
100,000 Sap Shingles shaved, at
100,000 No. 1 Sawed
Also Plank, Siding, Inch Pine,
and all kinds of lumber '
can bo found in my
Cull ut ouco for barguine.