Newspaper Page Text
111 niilfoiiitni't nitif.-tfriitis- I 1 ' 1 1 i i
uiivvjiouimu ifinriiiiuiii. iiiti ahi'.i i i.i.i. iiiki iitiiiiv.
STOVES AND TINWAItK.
TAC01I MI7TZ, dealerln itot es A tinware, Main
A ,i"VlillTI ,l('". Hupcrt
4k ...... n, .'Kiniii,, Me-. 111 .MUrKl'li 1
RKV. A. HAKTMAN, RtnVoi., Tinwnra of nil
kinds Spouting etc. Pirn store on Wi st end
ol South Mtilll Stlcct. til nl7
n I.OWn.VlinilO.mrrclmnttnllor. MnlnH.. 2.
1J, door nbovo American house, vl-nl3
I CHEMIILIILIN. wholesnleiind retail deal
.1 . cr In clothlnir.ctc.! llartman'a Imlldlnir. Main
Dituas, ciikmicals, ac.
1 . MOYKIt. ilnmslst nnl ntiothecnrv. 1:
U chntifco block Main nt. vl-nH
I. f.UTZ, drugglftt nnt npntliecary,
block. Main M., west of Market.
CLOCKS, WATCHES, AC.
f OU1S Ili:UNlIAHll, watch nnil clock maker,
jj near kOUlIlcaM comer .Mainnlltl JroURtft.t 101
p 11. HAX'AfJE, dealer In clock, watches and
y jcncirj -, ..nun Niit iit'iiny oppsno American
RCATIlCATtT, wnlch nnd clock maker, Market
St., below Main. vl.nlt
HOOTS AND HllOFS.
OM. UltOWN, Ui.it ami idinomiikcr,Mnln street
opposllu Court limine. tl-llll
I st)LLi:i)LMt.tnnmiracturcr and dealer In h'sits
il ntiitMlioeH.Mnliint., opjioslle Lplsc opal church
IIKNUY KLICIM. manufacturer and iTealer In
II b nits and shucs, uroccrlc etc., Pjist Ulooms.
burn Main Ht. vl-nll
DAVID IlKTZ, boot anil tlinrninlirr, Mnlii kt,
below Ilnrtman' store. wcslofMuiketi.trci-1
I 'f'iKM !fl,,.M; "ur50m "'l I'llJ klclun Kiiiilh
" .(11, n. L.C1IIIV .Ul.rilCl,
rt It. II. P. Kinney sunn
Hurireou dent M. teeth oxt rue
IJ eil without pain. Main t,
1 1-n in
I 'K.':r'v.Yi n- "urneon anil physician
O south alilo Main Hi., below Market. vl-nll
T O. niITTi:il, M. II. surgeon mid I'litMclan,
J Market t above Main. tl-lili
1H. If. t TtllU'rt? m.rAnn .ln.,.1., S...I.. .
l) above court house. ' ' vl-hli
II. ItOIIISON, Atlin.ncy.ut-l,aw, Olllco Hart
man's building, Malnstrcct. t j-nW
MILLlNKItY & FANCY GOODS.
H IMS I.I7.ZIK HA
1)1 buflalng, Main kt,
I1AHKLUY. milliner. ltnmscf
MISS A. D. WEI1I1, fancy goods, notions, bonks,
stationery, north ulilo Main street below MarJ
1,1. niTnnM AN-, millinery ami fancy goods op.
U poslto Lplscopal cliurcll, Main nt, -n,
IIIS. .II'f.IA A.
iH cloaks anil dress pattern L 'southeast' corner
HADI3 JlAllKIiKY, ladles
lain imd wcKtst.
AIISSM. DKItniCICHON. tnlllinprv nn.l f.mv
JlKooxli Malnst.,pposlto Court House, M-nfl
MIW. M. II. KUHMAN , milliner, Main Kt., In-low
J lartmau'H store, w est of Murkct ht. r, 1 1
rplli: MISHIT HAUMAN mllllucry nnd fancy
L KfKKW.Muln strceljust below AnuTltan house.
1IOTKLS AND SALOONS.
rLKAf'OCK.oyHtrrnml cut I in: Kaloon, Amcrl
can House, Main M., llaltzer lacm-k MiptTln
UriDMVnit A JACOUY, conftctlonry, bnltpo,
ll anil 03 sler naloon, wholenale and retail, Xlx
c huti go hloik, Mill u hi, l-nll
POX & Wllltll. coufi-ctlonory. Imkery. mu! o.k
V ter ciloon, liolcwilo anil retail, Main ht., just
iifunv jiuii. vi'ini
iiVf'irAVdll IIOTKI.. bv Koons A I'ltulc. Jlaln
rJKt.i opiHjsito eotirt lioube. vl-nll
j Kt. opiHjsito eotirt hoube.
MHUICAN HOUSi:,by Jouv Lkacock, Mflfn
A ist of Iron kiuct.
i;okkh UOTIir,, hy U.W.M Arnru. cnitviiil of
I' .Main 6i, vi mi 1 1
BISTOIINI'U, refrelinicnt ;aIoon,Maln Ht.fJust
aboo eourt house. vl-nll
KOOXS t CLAI1IC, refiesbmpnt fcaloou, V.x
rim n no hotel. 1-nl'i
UH, OIIXMOUi;, refreshment taloon, hhKc'tt
U block Kouth Hide MatiiHt. l-nl I
l.UACOllS, Conleetlonerv, ijroct'lliri
C H, MILIJOU. ilealer In di v co(mN. criK-erleK,
p oueonswiire, Hour, halt, fclineH, notions, dc.
lIxflmiiKO hloek, .Mulnstieet,
II'KELVY NKAIj A Co.. ilmler In ilrvL'omls.
Ill Ki'ucerliK, tlour, leed. halt, Jlih. Iron, nallH.
etc., norlbeaNt cottier Main and Mai kt t kt. vlMilt
IT C. IIOWDIt, hatK niid ras, booth and hhoen.
II .iuiu ni , uuuii nniri uuuse.
C, MAltlt. dry koimU and notlcns,
, cor iK-r Miiln nnd lion kIm,
T J. 11H0WKH, dry Koodn, Krocerlen.-i tc norlh
tit vvht corner Main and Iron sis, vl-nll
RKV, A. HA It I'M AN, dry Roods, notions, ntid
j:ricirleH Mn bt., oppoNlic Coiul's ruinl
tuio itoimm. Imi ll
I II, HUNKni;itai:il,(acntKrocerles,tobac
1. co, and eonkitlouary, Main ht,, ojijiosiiu
l-lscojml Church. 1-u It
IV, KeyKtouetihoeNtore, iMiokH and
WILLIAM nUAHMUH, ronfectlonerlef, Main
at., Jut above court hotiNe, .irt
Ti MKNDr.NlIALL,ReiieriU t-topk of iiurcban
li, disc and lumber, corner or .Main hlieW and
flenvlck road. l-nl.l
T J. UOIUIINH, denier In dry Roods RrceilcITtc.
J MIiU'o'b block, Main 81., below Iiou vl-n 1.1
T K. OUITON', (IrocerUd A. Vl
tJcnsl coriarMaln andiron hire
it I'rovUlons, rouIIi
CI W, MNYDl'.H, hardware, tutltry, uiuis, etc.,
U Main hi., below Iron. vImiI.1
VJ.KLOAN, dealerlniholeediy r(kkIi, Ilouse-
it., opposite eouit hoiibe, v-lnJJ
1. r,YKH, Riocerles nnd general mtrchniuliso
Malu bt,, aboo Webt,
1 j, Khoen, He., ltupeit block, Main ht,
y CHAMIUt & A V.. IIAYHUKST.Utaleisln
O UrocirliH, ConfettloiierliH unit Not loin,
!ioltown. moulll side, two doors abovo Iliobst's
wouonniaker bbop. vi'-nls".
GV. COUKMi. rurnlturo rooms, three story
, brick on Malu st., ct il Market kt. W-nll
11 J. THOUNTON, wall paper, window shades,
it and tlxturcs, Uupert block, Malu st. 1-u I i
HIlOHENhTOCK, photoBraplier, Kxehans"
, block, Main Bt opposite court house, l-nll
I r. I1U0ADT, pbotoiiiapher, Ilailman's build
tl liiEliortheaktiorlierMalnamlMarketkt, vl-nll
1.1 J. lllllliUMAN, AKflit Muiikon's Copper Til.
IV bular MulitnliiKltod. v.'-n in
T II. rullHi:i,I,. saddle, trTmk iuid luiTniM
ij maker, Malu ht below court, lioiiko, l.nia
KOSTKH, Uluo Maker, and Whlto and fiinrv
Tminer.Hcotiomi, vj-n fT
BI.OOMHIllIIta I.UMUKK CO.,
and dealers In I.tiiuber, of all
mill near the lall-road.
T J. HIDI.rMAN, saddle and harness makir,
11 t near suulhwest coiner Main and Maiket si,
AWITMAN. marblo woiks, mar southwekt
, corner Main and Market sts. 1-iiU
11 II.IlINdl.Kll.ilFaler In
j, inelodeousitC, W,Corclr
lanos, nri;tiiis and
rn II. MASTKHH, uaeut for (ln.cr.l linker's
liR, up Mtulm
J sewiui; iiiacuilie, Jiuill si., iitirimau h iiuiiii
1 W HOUHINH, liquor dealer neeond door from
XJ, iioriuweiii eoiiur .ium uuu iron n.
I'nACOCK. Notary Public, northeat.1 conn r
Malu und Murkct ht. vl-nll
If UN A.KUNHTON, muliiul and cash rales lire
.1 liiurnco('ompaiiy,iioriheaktcoim r Main and
W est st. vl-nll
Gli:oittli: IIAH8EHT, manufacturer and repair.
I erofthiekhlnt! iiukIiIius, Chembirlln'k alley,
near hharpltss'lonndiy. vlnl-i
I H.KUIIN, dealer In meat tallow, etc., Cheui
beilln'M alley, UiuJl of Amt rlcan house, 1bM
y AMUDl, JAIOIIV, Marl le and llrowu Htone
p Works, rktlii(Miinbluir,Kerwickrad. lut7
W. BAMl'I.Kd CO. MaihlnUI,i:iikUIKsnis.
bltrir lie ar lallioud. CnktinL's mudn in slmri
lls-.ustlilury auaile and rupalrsd.
Dll. ). A, MIUIAIIOKL, physician ami surireon,
Main St., next door to (jumPs Hotel. vl-1117
IIHICK' IIOTIII, nnd refreshment saloon, by
JJ'.aml. I.verett. cor. orMalnaud rinesl.ini7
SWAN lIl)Ti:i,, the upiier house by John 8nv
diT, Main sl above rne, Vl-lil7
DK. HI.OAN, ileater In dry Roods, urncerles
. lumber and ucucral Mcrchaiullsu Main st
rtr.Olini: I,A.Utt'M,addTi and liarliessTnaTter
VJ, -tiiiin si., aunvo mu nwan Jiniei.
H. HMITH. tiianiifnf futrr or n if,hi m..i
dealer 111 slnves rfi. Mnln si nt.nfni.
J...... ..!.,. 1-1117
A I", W. COI.IJMA.V, Merchant tailor nnd
,; rirntlilii8B,ioU, Muln Mt., next door
to tho bl Ick hotel. vl-1117
MH. HAVIIt'llsr, Clocks, Watches" and fiiins
'r'',llllr, '1, and Watches lor sale, Main
oi., i.eniw i inc. vi.
lAMKSll. HAIIMAN, Cabinet Makrr.nnd I'll.
O deitakcr. Malu I St., below riuc. vl-nl7
Mtt'HAKf. C. Ki:M,i:il, Confcctlnnery, Oysiera
Ac.. ,U'.,onl'lnor;t., betem .Main and Mill.
Hit. A C. Ki:i.('ltNi:n, lllacksmlths.ou Mill
Mlreet, near l'lne. vl-1117
W'lM.IAM lii:i.()NO. Khoeniakernnd inainifae
11 turerof llllek, Mill HI., westofl'lni) Vllill)
IJI.IAS HXYIWK, l lour ami Orlst Mill, and
Ij Dealer In (train, Mill Htreet. l-ni7
I Win It. MCMUYI.i:!!, Iron founder, Ma. liln
lilst, mid M.uuif.icluier of plows, Mill f t.vl-li!7
MtI,l:H A, WILLIAMS A Co.,Talllielsalld Man
ufuctuielsorballier, Jllll Mreet. vl-nl
OHM KI'LLllit, I'ssit and shoi maker, l'ine
I Mrict, opt'Oslte the Aindeliiy 1-III7
I II. III.ltIIINfl.fi t(lTlli:it,Caiptutersand
i, llulldels, Main Muel, bl low l'llle. M-lll
AMI'i:i. MH.MII'Li:t-,Mal:ei ofthe lla"hllil
tlraln Ctinlle, MalnHt. ni.
M. HAKMAN, snd.Ho and linnics inakor
, OialiiuvUli,opposllo Kro'iio cliui'eh. vl.'ull
UslllJIlllANNAorllrlek Ilotel.l.KosK bander
nropl Ictor.soulli-east eol m-l'Mnlii and s.'enml
Til. CIIIIAHY, dry itoods, Rroeerlcs, and L'en
. eial Melehandlse, MalllMtieet. vi-nlj
D 1. UINAItl), dealer In stoves and tin-wale,
O. JlalliMtleet. 2-nli
TM. II. AIUIUTT, uttonuy at law.Malli .street.
rtlLUKHT A KLINK.div koIs RioceiJes,
U general merchandise, Main Micet,
KKtLIMl. hlllhud Kstlonn. m'htcrs. und Ice
J, cream In hcuson Main street, --nl
1'. DALT.MAX, Merelumt Tailor, Heeond M
, Uobbins llulldln. vMils.
U.J. K. UOIiniNH, Murt;eon nnd
Heconu bi., ueion .Main.
II. KIHTLEIt'Cnttawlsii House," NorlhWit
, Corner Main und Heeond Htietts, vJ-nls.
M, nilOP.ST, denier In Oem rnl Mi ichandNe,
Dry Cloodt, Orocerleii Ae, vJmiK
LIGHT STItEET DIKECT0HY.
)irri;it r.sr, dealer In dry koo.n,
. tlour. feed. salt, tlsli. Iron, nails. ,
Cablnelmakf r, I'tnlei taker
JOSKl'II WAIiTKll IILirknmltli, oppnslte post
olllee. v 1 .nil.
P. OMAN it Cti., Wheelwrights,
above hlIiooI lioiue.
. KLINKi mlUineiy and laiicy Rood-.
W.HANKIiY. dealer in Leather, IIldeH, It.irk,
etc, Cush itald ful' Hides. vl-lidi
rM. M. KNT, dealer in htuesandtln u-aiu In
I all Its blanches. I-uKi
manufiietUM r mid deahr in
noois mm suoi s.
sl'YSTIUM ri.OL'UINI! MILLS. C.S. l'iml.r,
1', KLKIHAItli, A-llllO., di ah is In dry r N
Rroeerles, and exncr.it melehaudlse. lull
H. C LDWr.LIi, dealer 111 dry Roods, Rl 1 -
li's, riui'i nsuaie, liaiilwme, llsh, all, nails,
W. i:i(IAIt,Sii.riuehauna 1'l.inliiv Mill and
llox Manufactory. v:2nll
Nimr.WMAllIsON'idcalcrlndiy K""ds, rio
eerles, Rruln, lumber etc.. .loi'-e. low u. l.uiO
Al OII A.WISII'.lt, dealer in Hides, Leather
llmkite. M.idlsou lownshlpi olunibla eouuly
i. 1-n in
Al'I'-HAMl'LL UIMIIY, Ma.ll-on IIol, 1, llio
ers and MrmiRcis euleit.iiui il. v'-iil
fl.tt W, U. MIOi:.MAKi:it, d.alirs In dry
uoods. liroi-erh h and L'en. nil liM-rrLiiiullM
i l loio lu soldi end of town. JmiIs,
ACOM A W'M. IIAIIUIH, dealers
iziocci it-H. di uifs ami nu ill.-lni'i..
in diy floods,
first hloii- in
north end ol tou u.
HOTELS AM) SALOONS.
1.1.0UM8HLI.Cl,C.tLUM.IA CO., I'A.
The IllulpiMiTiwd linvimr iui t linunl Mil t-j.ll.
know n and centt allylMa ted liousc-tlio Kit Iminro
llolil.h ttiuto on ilAINK'l UCi.T. In HliKiiii.l.ni &
iiuiutdlaUly opponl'u thoCidumbiaeounij Comt
House, rcMiccuuiiv niiorm tneir mends mid the
'Ublle In ueneral that their bou-o isiimv Inmilir
or tho l it nl ion and litc-i tnlnment of trn . lit iw
who ii ay bodlspohtd tfilavor It with their t un
to in. 'ihty baohparedno expense, in piepaiiiiK
ncltlnr hhall them be anything wanting on their
uii in niuiiMcr u incir pi isonai commit. I ney
1011 so 1h MillcioiliJ. lllltl Hi!ti nil fVi'dh lit Imvl.
Ollllllhllsntt rilti nt nil tltiif.u In lui.nn lb.. Pv.
chniiL'o JlolPlaud 1 1 in vailouii lallroad denoth. by
Inch travclleih Mill bo olcakunllv mttr.viil in
and finm tho rchpectho Millions In diKvifrm'to
nicy, i hi.' nin, A. I I. 1 K.
Iilooiuhbuii:, April a,
OKOUOi: W. MAVOKIt, I'roprlcto,.
The above wclUknown hoii-1 bus ii'mhiiv nmlL-r.
tone rad 'al chaiiKcs lu 1U internal nriauai'meutu,
and 1U pn prietorunuouiieeH to Ida loimer custom
and tho truvelliiiK pwbllo that bin aeeomodatlonM
for tho comfort of hU RUcstsaroheeoiid to none In
thecoimtiy. Ills tnblo will alwnjn hofouiul hup-
iniL-M, inn i iii j "im hUDMianiiai looii, oih i in nu
ho dillcaelesof the reason. Ills winei and It-
uorn icxrepi imu psuiar inciaso Known as
J(it'tin"i.tiUiehnvid illrect li'oiu Mm Itn ntri tm
houses, ate enthely pure.and flee fnm nil puU
honoiiHilrimh. lie Is tbHiiUful torn liberal put ion.
nito lu the past, and will eoutlnuo todi set e It lu
the future, UKOltdi: Y. MAl'fiKK.
lilt. 1'ioprletor of the i:.iclinni;eM.il,i,,nhiu now
hand a la rise slock of
It'Ktl 01HIH1S, HUlDINUi, thipk, noi i.u.sas
hhkkp loNdi'r, noiLKii vikis, sw iTzr.n ciirrsr.
IjAOKH HKEH, AUK, AC.
- comi: oNi:, comi; all and hi:i:. -us
Illooiiikburv, May 3, 1MI7,
PY, COLU.M11IA COUNTY, PA.
TlIK klibkcllhi r le.lieelfiillv liifnitnwlils Irli nils
and the pulilto, Hull do lia. taken the aboM well
known Iloun oi i nn ualniui nl, mid will bo
ileaked to rMvlvo the t'liklum of all wlin will
avor him wtttiu call,
Hi: W1I.I. KllKP A (IOOI) taiii.i:,
liar well kliaked with llio best of I.l.iiun s, and
rerv c flort will be made til render i nitre Nulls.
faction, . ( II, lUL'ni.llllil,
i:ly, i n., Apiu ri, iw,
OltANOPVILLi:, COI.U.M1IIA (Ol'NTY, I'A,
jdwaiu) i:vr.itin'T, piioi'iiir.Toit.
llulni taken inmsekklon f this well-known
house, so lout, keid by Samuel 1 m-m II, the I'm.
erh-toi hiiMi.iitlultjs imant nt 11 pair and fuinlkh.
id 1IA1I ANIILAItliLllwlllilhciliolilkllin.oou
and ncwckt ilclliaeliM. HlMkluble U not exctlleit
lu ihoc-oiiulyi and nn pahm will bu Mpaud t()
(ICiOUUCHlUlu IJlH.ll toi Xei j
A Domoi'i-atlo Nownpivpoi1
is i riiusiimi KVi.nv riiintv Moitsivn t
THIiprlnclesof Mils paper nroof the Jctlersi m.
la n School of pollllcs. llioso principles 111 never
bo compromised, yit courtesy and kindness shnll
not bo forgotten In dlscusslucrtliciii, win ther with
ludtvUliials, or with contemporaries of tho Ticss
Tho unity, happlness.and prospeilly of tho conn-
Iryisouralni nnd objects and as tho menus to
seeurolhat, wn shall labor honestly and earnestly
for the harmony, success and trrow t h of our organ
ization. TrtiM? orM-nscntnioM-Two dollars n jiar
If paid In adlalire. If not paid In ndvnneo two
dollars niul fl fly cents will bo 1m nrlably charged.
Ti.ums op Advh:tiiki: One squnre(ten lines
or less) one or three Insertions J1..10; ench subse
o.ucnt Insertion r.i cents.
l i,no i.ii,no
Thri e nm.sres. .
1'our sipiares. .
r.trctitoi's and Administrators NotkoSV'i'Au
dilor's Notice fi,V. Other advert Iscments liinei.
ted Hicordhiij to hiieclal (outraet.
Ilusiness not Ices, without aderllsemcnt, twenty
i nls jer line.
Transient advertisements jiayahlo lti advance-
all olhers due nfter Hie first insertlou.
4 It Is, In nil cases, more likely to bo natlsrac
tory, Vioth to Rubscilbers and to tln I'liblMicru,
that remittnupeKand all communleations respect"
lug tho buslncfsuf the pi per, be mil direct to tho
omceof publication. All letleis, whether relating
to the edlloi I.il or buInes concerns of the rape r,
and all paj incuts for Mibscrlpllons, ndvtrtlsliiR,
or lobbing, nre to lo mtdeto ami addressed
nuocicwAY & ntnr.zi:.
rrlnted at KoMmiu's liaihtlns, near the Courl
c. m. vA.vnr.nsidcii.
J O I!
V U IN TING
Neat 1 i M'cilt ed at this ( llllt r.
j- jr. 1VKLI,1C,
ATTIIIIN II Y-AT-I.A W,
Ashland, Si liujlklll County, l'enn'n.
JJ M. TltAUOIl,
A T T O It N !: Y - A T-1, A W,
ll'Twick, Columbia County, Penh's.
"yyiliTJAM II. AlilSOTT,
ATTOIt.VLl - AT-I. A W
Q W, MU.IiKl:,
attoi:.vi:y at law,
i mice wiih r. ir.
lolnlliK l'osl Olllei .
1,1111c. In l.i L ie bullilln,' ,ul.
4'il-lll'UUtles, II lek-l'.iv and
JOHN (i. viva:.e,
ATTO It X l: 1-..YT-L A w,
(lltliv In IteRlster mul liceordei's olllei, lu the
bTemcntof tho Com I House, lllisnusbuig, l'.i.
ATT Olt. ST. Y-AT-I. A W
omrc i. .inn- of Main iu.it Market sired., our
1 ll-t National Kink, lltoiiinshuri;, l'.i.
VI r O it ni: Y-AT-I. AW,
OlllfOKii .T.iluHn-1 1, lu brick bullilliiRl clow the
Court House, IIIooinsliurR.l'a.
ATTOP.NKY AT LAW,
III.OOMsni llC, A.
CH-OFhU v Couit Uoiin Alley
bUow llio 0
Would lllfllllll tin. I'll!.. 1.4 l.f III. .1.111,. ..,..1
dclnlly that h.i Is now pn pan d to do ill I klniLsof 1
plalliiK, sller orttold, lit el 1,1.7, j
u c t i o x !: i: it. I
MOSIIS OOPKM A.N , j
lliiWm: f, illowol thopiolesslon ofPul.lle Vi ndiio I
br for many eaiH, would Infollil his fl lends I
that he IsHIII In tho Held, ready and wllllua to ,
intend toall the duties or his calllnu'. IVisoiw
'leslilnu his ker lies khould call or write In lilm
in ini'iiiusiiurir, i-.i, niurs',7.
J)lt. W. 11. MtADhKY,
(Laic Assistant Medical Illuelol .T.S. Armv.)
physician ami si'itoi:oN, I
e.-nitiieai iheiimiM. oi.pokiie shoe's uiock.
Culls I' iplly attended Inboti, nii.t and day.
niiioiiishu'v, .Ian, is, IwiT.
j is. puftsni,,
H M1NI.SS, SADHLi:, AND I III'NK
and di uler lu
I'AP.PCT-IlAeiH, VAI.ISPji, KIiY-.M-T-,
Illl'fM.O llollljl, llonslMlt.VNKKTS ,t(
winch ho let Is conltileut ho can kill at lower
..in- iii.ni nu.. iiiu.T piikou in ins country
amine lor louiki Ives,
Ship lii-l iloor bi In i (lie post
hliiet, PIoiinikbuiL;, Pn.
Nov. 1), 16117
r A ts II I O N A 11 1. !:
SUA VI NO, HAIlt CUTTING
wier Mioiuiiycr jaeonys no cicam hallux,
Hall HyrlliK nnd WliUkeu tolored 1,1ml; or l
hronii. Hair Touletoileklroyilaudriitl nlnlbi-ja-
llellnr (hi. in r. ..Ill . .l..r.. i..i... i
I ST It Y. J
1 i no nrst was delivered nt llio ICxeeu
11. e HoWLlt, DLNTIsT. , tlveMaiisIiin. Iii V,isl,li,l,,i, ., it,..
ciuity. .lie in i ii paud toiittend toidlthe uni
ons opt rations in I be linoof d proieKsinn. mul 1
U pio Ided with lie lab ht linpiovid roiU Ki.Aiix
bum ami lubbirbasi'toinuiinswiiiaMiiciimK ,
'WmM.W iik, t
conn Huiike, mine no.'. .
i r t in nun in ou luherna on coiti piatlur.
llOWDl'ilt kKCS AND hUMllKll.
W. M, MUNKOi: A CO.,
and ilealei. In till kluds of
Cite not Ice that they are prepaid to aceoixnf.vC
their custom tvltli dispatch, nnd on tho oWupm.
(IOOI) C1IANC1C, '
The llidcrkluned has In Ills cliariie tiro fine,
likely hiitk-.tvlioHi' pai enlsuie di ml and whom bw
ol lllilll tuey mrlto III lliclignnf vl .nils. J'oi
11 lilirii 'b'U' '
urow inn iMruACHMiiNT
or ANDREW JOHNSOM,
Tin: coNsriitAcv aiitut,i;,
Tin; fourth, fifth, ixth mid scvontli
articles of Impeachment cliarire. In vti-
rlom forni.i, n consiilmey between tho
l'resltlent niul Oencrnl Tliomas on 21st
of February, 1SG8, mul are, when eon
tlf n-etl nnd freed from verlihifjo, In will
Htaneo ni follow.si
Article IV. That tho President con-
flilrcd with Thomas nnd others un
known with Intent by intimidation nnd
threats unlawfully to prevent Mr. Stan
ton from holdliur hU ofllco at Socrctnrv
of War, thus violating the Constitution
nnd tho conspiracy net of July ill, 1801,
and thereby eynimlttlnsr a hih crime
irticlo V. That ho coiwilred with
Thomas nnd others to prevent the exe
cution of tho tenure-of-ofllco net, nnd,
In pursiinnco of that conspiracy, un
lawfully attempted to prevent Mr. Stan
ton from holding his olllee of Secretary
of War, thereby committing a high1
...l i . ' " "
niNdcmennor In ofllce.
Artldo VI. Tliat ho conspired with
Thomas to seize by force the public
property lit tho Department of War,
whereof Stanton had custody, contrary
to tho conspiracy act or 1S01, nnd with
Intent to violato tho tenure-of-offlco net
whereby he did commit n high erimo
Article VII. That ho con-pired with
Thomas unlawfully to seize tho public
property In tho Department of War, lu
Stanton's custody, with intent to vio
late tho teiuire-or-oillcc net, whereby he
did commit a high ml-demeanor in" of
llce. The charges in the fourth and sixth
articles, of conspiracy to use intimida
tion, threats, and forco to prevent Mr.
Stanton from holding his olllee, and to
obtain po-scs-ion of tho public proper
ty In the War Department, contrary to
the conspiracy act of 1S01, tiro not sus
tained but disproved by the evidence
upon tho trial; nnd It is, therefore, tin
necessary to subject them to particular
'1 ho charges lu tho fifth and seventh
articles, or conspiracy to violate and
to prevent tho execution of the tenure-of-ofllcoact,
as well as those In the fourth
nnd sixth urticles. are founded nnnn
the order for tho removal of Mr. Stun-, Al,lT- '!' p',1,'"1 A,il';'W John-oti,
ton nnil tin. lotto,- p ..ii i... . . President of tho United Stule-sunmlnd-
Jon ami tho letter of authority to (ien. r ,,. Wi ,llltl(.s of ,lIs 0n ,,
Ihomnsof ilstor I-ebrtiary, ISlis, and of bis oath of olllee, and in dlriegardof
has'ono support whatever if tho-e tut- tho Constitution and laws oCtbu L'niti il
Vers wi ro luwrtillv Issued. SStnli's, illd, lieretororc, to wit, on tilt)
ni.s(..mc,,.tto;seo how the simple yofa-f,.,
issuing or an ofllelal excctitlvo order or of ( 'oliimbia, by imbllc -peccb, declare
letter under a claim of right, and Its and alllrm. In substance, that tho Thlr
hi ceptancc or peaceful action under It I '.v-"ii'tli C'ongre-s of tho United Male.
by a subordinate ollrcer, can constltu.o SffiMSlliliSr!
a conspiracy in point of law. The con- 1 d-c legislative power under the -time,
federating together the mutual agree- i but. on the contrary, was a Congress or
mentoriilotbetwien the nartles which I only part of the State-, theieby deny-
is an esHiitial element of con-niiucv
I wo.,.,1 in ch ca-e seen, to be wanti.
i.ti'., cetlalnly, if the order and letter
of authority wero bsucd to accomplish
a lawlul purpo-e, there is nil end of all
the con-piracy articles, and of all tho
other articles down to and Including
the eighth. The allegations about in
timidation, threats, and foice in tho
fourth anil sixth articles being tin
pioved or disproved, all the Mist eight
articles it -t upon !hcn--eit!on that Mr.
Stanton's eu-e I- vi itlilu the temire-of-eilllee
net, and his tenure defined nnd
protected by it. If that ns-crtltm be re
! luted, all those eight article-, tin-up-i
ported, fall Into ruin.
I Tin: r.Mintv AiiTicLi:.
j lint few wordsaro nece ary upon tho
! ninth article., which recites the conver
I -ation between tlio President and (fen.
Cmory on the 2il I'ebruary, Isiis, In
j which the Piesldent expic-til the
j opinion that the second section of tho
I Aimy niijnopriation net of March 2,NV7
which required that all orders and In-
j -tructlons relating to military opera
I lions I uc il by the President or Sccie
, lary of War should be I ued through
...c; ...neilll CM UIIWMIIiy, ic., nil" till I
coii-lltntloual. Tho article charges the I
President with nu Intent to induce lien
I.inory to violate said act. and to re
ceive ami obey his order- In eiintraven
tion thereof, with the fin ther Intent
thereby to enable him (tbe Pre-Ideut)
to pi event tho execution of the tenure
ofollico act, and to pievent Mr. Stanton
rrom holding tlie ofllce or Secretary or
The testimony, In-tcnd of su-lainlng
these averments of intent, repels them,
nnd It explains in a -ntl.-ftictory man
ner how the Interview between the
Pri'slelent and flenoral Uinory was
brought about, and how the conversa
tion concerning the m my appropriation
act arose. It Is not necessary to con
sider tho legal sunlcleiicy or thlsnrtldo
lu form or substances as nu nrticlo of
impeachment when IU mateiial aver
nienr are disproved.
Till-! UCTLLIl AKTICLU.
Tim t until net toll, i.l ioH..i,u ,1...
, , ' ,.,,, . ., , , , V, ,
oi certain public speeches by tliu Ptesl-
Hi nt as a nigh misdemeanor lu olllee.
Ml. 'lay of August, 180j the second at
, Cloveiand, em Hio !!tl Senteiuber : and
tho thlid nt St. I.ouls ou tliu stl, of Sen
icnnier oi tho wiiue year ; anil extiacts
f'u"' r' set forth In tho speclll-
!'ill!""s ,r ll,U ar"t1,' 'nK'y.iroe.l.arged
to havo been Intlecent and iiiibeceiniltiL'.
1 and made with tho Intent to bring tho
' Congress of the United States Into con-
tempt and dl-grace, and to excite the
ii'.-entnieiit or tho pcoplo against It and
against the laws by It duly enacted.
The stilllclinit answer to this article H
that It charges no olleu-o against the
laws of tliu United Stiites, and that it
calls in qusstlon that privilege) of free
dom of speech which Is the common
birthright of tliu American people. The
Piesjilent in tlioso speeches deiiounced
tho Thirty-Ninth Congress for its course
on the subject of reconstruction, and
, I'nputt'el to somo oritsmen.bersrespou
" flllllllty lor tllO
New Orleiins iiiiissoon
' IIo Mild uUo Hint It win. w Congress of
FKIDAY, JUNE 5,
but n pnrt of the .Stnttsj n remark
wwlch was perfectly true, nnd did not
necessarily import n denial of Its con
' stltutlonal powers. Hut neither these
nor any other iitrrvAtloiii nindo by
him can be broiiL'ht within the nrolii-
l bltions of any law of tho United States
and their utterance was the exeiciso of
n rlejht which cannot bo questioned ei
ther In the ordinary courts of law or In
a eourt of Impeachment
The ease of Judge Humphreys Is not
a precedent to sustain this article. IIo
was Impeached, to be pure, forn pneech
made, but the speech was Unatonable
In character nnd eft'ect, for It Incited to
armed resistance, against the Vnlted
Slates, nnd gavo to tho public enemies
"aid nn d comfort." Its uttiraiico was
an act of treason which, being commit
ted by n civil o nicer of tho United
States, rendered him liable to Impeach
ment nnd removal from ofllco.
Tin: nti:vk.ss Auricn:.
The eleventh nrticlo Is nondescript,
nnd n curloMty in pleading. As nn nr-
tlde on which to convict, Its Hrengtli
consists in its weakness In thoobscuri
ty of Its chaiges and the Intricacy of Its
form, As an afterthought of the Ilottso
of Representatives, or rather nsn reluc
tant eonce-slon by thollott-ototheper-
' nc " u "r 1 nt men-
M II) llellll'lltnrv III tin. nlln.e nrltnlou ,
Mipplemcntary to the other articles In
position, but bears upon Its facothoev
Idcncoof Its distinct and peculiar ori
gin. Con-idered in parts it Is nothing
llio propositions Into which It Is di
visible cannot st and separately as char
ges of criminal conduct or Intention ;
and cou-ldered us a whole It eludes tho
understanding and bailies conjecture.
Whllo wo cannot suppose It to have
been drawn In scorn of the Senate, bo
foro whom It was to be placed as an ar
ticle of impeachment, It would be true
to the paternity of a scornful spirit and
a reckless brain If such paternity were
a--lgncd to it.
Tho matT of thU article, so far as
Mibitanco can be detected In It, Is drawn
mostly from the other articles; but that
matter N arranged, manipulated, and
combined togather in a manner to vox
the -Indent and confound the judge ;
and the new particulars of charge or
aggravation (whichever they may be)
contained In the article are hinted at
rather than expressed, nnd we vainly
explore tho context todl-coverdlstlnct-
ly their antecedents or the conclusions
, to which they lead.
As no nbsttact can do Ju-tice to this
article it mint be given fo rrle'i. It
is a- follows:
i "7 '."!'' .'" (lt'".v' .'.'
S "nhl An
. drew Jnlin-(in, except In -o mr us he
saw lit to ainiieive the s.n.ie. und also
tlieieby denying, and in'endiiigio de
ny, tho power ol the said Thirty-Ninth
Congress to piopoo niueiidments to
tlie Constitution of tho United States;
and, In ptirsiiuniv of said elee laratioii,
the said Andrew Johnson, Pre-ident of
the United Slates, iiltervMtriN, to wit,
on tho 21-t day of 1-Vhruarv, A. I), 180H
at tho City tif Wn-hlngton', in the Dis
trict of Columbia, did, unlawfully, and
in disregard (r the lcipilremcnt of tho
Constitution, that lie should take e'are
that tho laws be lalthfiilly executed, at
tempt to prevent the' execution of an
act entitle d "An net regulating the Ien
eeittiln elvil oirices," ia--ed
and contriving, and attempting to ele
vl-n nnd rim! vi. ini..in I v .,l,., l. I
should prevent Kdwlii M. Stnutoii from within tho act by Its terms and that a flldent, whether right or wiong, was i and the general, handing him a dollar
forthwith resuming tlie functions of tho 1 new tenure was llxeel for (hem by It. I I not an uiirea-onable or la-b nne, butlndded: "Thero Is somethln" for vou to
nr'xwm no hesitation lu answering this i wa-precisely that construction which I drink my health with." " '
the Senate to concur it, tlio s.'l pension '"tUm 1,1 ""' eMw ' h"l- m lKn.-cl to It it. tbe Senate at ; The soldier exten.Ied his baud to n
heretofore made by -.tltl Andrew John-' that it was neit competent lor Con- the timo of Its pit-age, and which up-, eelve the gilt, when the (ienernl ex
-on of -aid Fdwln M. Stanton from -aid gross to assign to Mr. Stanton nn olllco pears to bo inii-t eiin-lsleut with it- 1 claimed : "Kightv dav.- in tlie gimrd
oM'v'o'.'lndl'a,1',bvtru .'Mended duration or greater , term-. ' hou-e for this man who ha, failed to
miK'.lU'Nu-and nmtHvm-' t'n'l (1 ' st'c,,rity H'l which ho . I. Assuming H.at the first -.-tlon of! pre-crve 1,1-position."
tempting to (TovNc and tout live mean-, 1'fld under bis comnil-slon by virtue of , the teniiie-or-olllce net wa- one of Ten paev- down tho line, the same
, then and there, to prevent tlm execu-
1 tlon of an net entitled "An act making i
il tun mit-tilt tntw fur 11, n on.iwirt ill' II...
Aimv for the tl-cal ve'.tr endintr June
.id, iv(is, and lor oilier purpei-c-, ap
proved Mulch 2, IW; and, al-o, to pre
vent Hie I'-xeciitloii ol' nu act entitled
"An act lo piovlilc fur tt more elllclent
gove i n mi nt of the rebel Stale-," pned
March 2, 1MI7, wheitliy the -aid An
drew John-oil, Pre-ident of tho United
States, did then, to wit, on tho 21st elay
or I'ebruary, A. 1). lsfis, at the City of
Wti-hiiiglon, commit, and was guilty
of, a high nil-dcmi'iinor In ofllco.
No one having been known lo a-sert
that lie under-tood fully thl- article. It
maybe thought hn.arilous to attempt
Its exposition. Hut lliedinii ultyol'llie
tit-k will doubtless bo taken into due
account by all generous persons in Judg
ing it- perfeirinanci'.
The iuilticcineut contained in tlie llrst
three lliu s and tho conclusion are taken
from tlm founal parts ol pilur articles.
I The clause which sets fortli llie-peccli
, of I he 18th of August, IsCiJ, and the in-
lent of that speech, may b considered
gs constituting Hip body of tho charge,
as the gtoiind of the charge, as a part
of the charge, or ns tliu Intieiductlon to
the charge. Whichever it may be, It Is
borrowed from tho tenth article, and, if
condom mil there, must fall here a, a
distinct charge or element or ucctikiuliiii
exi, u issnid mat tlio I'lesident,
I, . ,, ,. , . , - , ., 1
.,.;. , . . . st ,.. spe.cn ... j ,B u the tl.no added to Ids term In
August, ,1,1, on 21sl K'bruary, lbus, cc nU.ii,t of tho constitutional power
nt e.npt to prevent tho exeeutl.n.'' of j()f ,,,,,,. aBu1h, suppose, th
tho enure-or-olllconctby 'tlevl-lugund mw o( u secretary nppolnted and com
contriving, and attempting to elt vise. lllW(,.l to hold during tho plea-tire
and contrive, means' to prevent Stan- .of , p,,,,,,,,,,, ,
ton from resun.lng his olllee of. '-,.creta-;MlUutl, llllt,,orl7,, Illm , oli (,urll,K
ij en tt ur, ivc, good behavior, thus making his olllco
Is this merely a speclfieatiou under one for life (unless removes! for legal
mo puureiiarge, or u couiiuiiaiioii oi
that charge, or a substantive nnd ills.
tluct or m parable in cusutloii? Ifltbo
the llrst or second of the-o it will share
tliu fate of tho prior churgo in a vote of
guilty or not guilty upon tho wholo ar
ticle, And tho words fn fiumiamv,
with which this division begins, may
bo thought to to connect It with tho pri
or matter as to render this result cer
tain, If, however, this division bo a
dlttiuct or separable accusation wev are
to exumlnn It furlher. in that view It
must aver tho substance of a criminal
charge. Hut this It tloes not do. 11 av
ers only certuln action of tho President's
mind no overt net, no conduct of his,
good orbad. IIe"devlsedandcontrIv-
ed, and attempted todevlennd con
trlve, means" to keep Mr. Stanton out
of ofllce. Hut ho used no means, and
ho took no steps to create or provldo
llicm. It Is true ho Is charged with an
"attempt to provent tho execution of
tho tenure-of-ofllco act," but only by
tho "devising and contriving, nnd at-
to keep Mr. Htnnton out of olllee.
In brief, this accusation Is that the
President cogitated tho means to keep
-nr. Htnnton out of olllee, nnd thereby
violated tho tenure-or-olllco act I It Is
too plain for question that no criminal
net Is charged here, nor any fact sot
forth upon which a Judicial investiga
tion can bo had or Judgment be pro
nounced. Hut It has been supposed ond
asserted that this part of the eleventh
nrticlo refers to a deslro and Intention
of the President, not on 21st of Febru
ary , but in January before, to prevent
Mr. Stanton from resuming his olllee.
IK It so. If wo aro to build up a prop
er 'liargo with a proper dato from ma
tt lals obtained outside of the urticles,
and proceed to try tho President upon
It, to what conclusion may wo nrrivo V
Why, that tho President had an Inten
tion to keep Stanton out, and dovlFed a
plan or means for that purpose, but did
not ttso tlio-o means or put that plan In
to execution. Hero was no breach of
tho tenure-of-ofllco act, or of any other
law. Whether his purposo was good or
bad, It did not lead to an actual olleuso;
and If his Intention had been carried 1
out lu an act, what would that act havo between sessions of the Senate, violates
been? Why, obviously an order for no provision or tho Constitution, nnil
the removal of Q'aiiton before ho had denies noJut claim of executive power,
actually resumed his office. Ilut that lit was quito competent for tho Pre.-l-would
havo raised prccl-ely tho same I dent to suspend Mr. Stanton under that
question which was raised by tho order
of removal of 21st February, which wo
nre to detcrmlno under tho first artlclo
of Impeachment. An order removing
Mr. Stanton would havo borne the samo
legal character whether issued to pro
vent him from resuming his olllco or to
turn hint out after ho had resumed It.
Tho next clauses and tho concluding
clauses of accusation In this article,
aver a devising and contriving, Ac., to
provent tho execution of tho Army ap
propriation act, (a repetition or the
charge In the ninth nrticlo, nnd unprov
ed,) and also to provent the execution
ol tiio reconstruction act oi Aiarcn i
1807, (also unproved.) whether tltc-o
clauses relate to tho samo antecedents
or not, and whether they aro Indepen
dent of each other or not, wo need' not
Inquire. Nor Is It necessary to onlargo
upon tho absurdity of holding that a
contriving to prevent the execution
of tho Army appropriation act or tho explanation, that while Mr. Stanton's
reconstruction net will establish or tenel ( e-aso is believed not to eomo within t lie
to establish an attempt to prevent tho j operation of tho first -tvtl on, tho power
execution of tho lenuro-of-otllco act ; 1 to . su-pend him i-clearly conferred by
for, ns theso averments aro not proved, ; tho second.
their relations to prior parts of the ar-1 .'I. I hold that tho violation of law by
tide and to each otherareunlmportaiil. a Pro-Mont which will constitute an
TiiK TL-sritL-or-oiTicr, ac t. ( Impeachable high eriine or mi-demean-There
aro several quest Ions relating , or must be n willful and Intentional
to the constitutionality and construe-1 violation, and in Its nature calculated
tion of the net of 2d -March, iwj", i" to j
regulate the tenure of certain civil olil-
',") which remain to lie examined. merely tiro not to be punl-heii by Im- i IIc.-sian- Disciplini:. A recent
They do not arise upon tho consldern- j peaehment, but only grievous and will- i French writer gives the following tui
tion of any one article alone, but upon ml crime which endangers tlie public I ecdote, which Illustrates tho dlsci'pllni.
tho consideration of nearly all of them I safety or welfare. Therefore, If there of tho Itussiau service, though tho lead
and can bo most conveniently prcscntcel I was an honest ml-coiistructlnn of tho I cr must make a little allowance for the
In this place after thearticles have, been , tcnure-of-olllce act by the President, lu , long bow which Frenchmen uru apt to
separately examined. holding that -Mr. Stanton'- ca-e was elraw when speaking of liu-sla.
1. Was llio tenuro-of-onict) act con-ti-j not witliin it, ho cannot lie convicted. 1 itu-lan fleneial, whllo revlewlii"
tutlonal in Its application to head- or j Tliu removal of .Mr. Stanton was not nu tho troop.-, noticed a soldier who was
Kxectltlvo Departments who were In . act calculated to Injure' the nubile ker- decorated witha milltnrv inmlnl
Olllco at the time of Its tiuauu? This i
ni-umcs, for tho purpei-e- of i
aigunieni, tliat iney were iirougiii
presldentl'll appointment, lids seems ,
to me tooelear for doubt ordeiilnl when 1
wo con-Ider tlio character of tho olllee .
iiiidllieplalu words of theConslltntlou. ,
Tho Secretary of War I, the head of(
nu i-Aii-uutu i.riuiiiiiviu, his iJiini. u-
niichhi'ad N exprt's-ly nieiitloni'd In the
Constitution, and hi-appolntment mut ,
ho liy tlio President by and with tliu
advice and consent of tho Semite. As
ho is not an Inferior olllcer, within the
meaning of the appointment clau-eof
I the Constitution, Congress cannot pro-
vldo another mode of appointing him,
I much lessus-umotlie power ot appoint
' log him to theiii'i'lve,. It follows that
I they cannot give to a r-ccretary it right
to hold his olllco beyond the term for
w hich lie wa-appointed, or to hold It
freed from a condition upon which Hie
appointment was made.
Lit tills proposition tio Illustrated liy
examples nnil Its truth and soundness
will more clearly appear. Take the
case of a future) Secretary, holding, un
der this tenuro-of-ollco act, for a term
of four years und one mouth by vlituo
of a presidential appointment to which
senatorial nil vice and consent has been
given, Can Congress by law extend
bis term'.' Can thoy by statute author
ize, lilm to bold Ids olllco for eight or
ten years Instead of four? If so, tho
,,lll,..,r III 1. 1, bl ,, II,,, l.,l,,l.. .1...
"..- "... i.w.n ,in.,, tliu .--.i.ii, iv ,ll-
i mlsconducti Instead of one at tho pleas
ure of tho appointing power ? In this
case, also, tho new right Is conferreel lu
derogation eir tlie power held by tho
l'resltlent nnd Senate under the Consti
tution, And In the precise) case which
wo havo before us, Mr. Stanton holding
under his appointment niul commission
nt tho pleasure of tho President, can
Congress by utututo give him a right to
hold Ids olllco for a term of years against
tho President's will? If they can do
this they can also hereafter, nt their
pleasure, assign bint an additional term
of years or give him a life estate In his
onico. In either caso whnt have wo but
a nownppolntment toofHcobyCongrc-s'.'
lly the express words or tho Constitu
tion the principal olllcersortlio Govern
nienl llncliullng, I think, tho heads ol
the Hxccutlvo Departments! must bo
nppolnted by tho President by and
with the advice and consent of tho Sen
ate, and the appointment of Inferior
olllcers may bo vested by law In tho
l'resltlent nlone, In tho courts or law,
or In the heads of Departments. Kaeh
House of Congress tuny choose their
own olllcers, but lu no caso whatever
can Congrens appoint an olilccr of tho
United States. lielug clearly Incapable
of making on appointment, they can
not change ono after It Is made, glvl ng
It a character nnd duration which wero
not within tho contemplation or Inten
tion of tho appointing power when tho
ofllco was conferred.
1 conclude, then, that If the tenuiu
of-ofllcs net bo construed to place tho
eases of Mr. Stanton and of tho other
Lincoln Secretaries within a new ten-
urc-nf-oillco rule, it Is so r.tr forth un
constitutional and void, nnd can nll'oul
no support to the tlrst eight and to the
eleventh nrtlclos of Impeachment.
It Is Important to ob-ervo that no
objection upon constitutional grounds Is
mado or can bo made, to some parts of
tho tcniire-or-ofllco act. Tho sixth sec
tion, for Instance, Is entirely unexcep
tionable, and was very properly acted
upon by tho President In giving notlco
to tho Secretary of tho Treasury of Mr.
Stanton's suspension in August, 1P07
And so tho second section of the act. lu
authorizing tho suspension of olllcers
section, notwithstanding his denial or
tho validity of tliu first section, nnil if
ho hud done so lu express terms ho
would not have exposed him-elf to a
charge or Inconsistency. It is true ho
puts his su-pcn-lon of Mr. Stanton up
on tho executivo power to remove him
under the Constitution, holding Hint
tho power to remove includes tho
power to suspend, but still the act of
suspension fell within the letter or tho
law and was in ail respects conformed
to it. Willie II was from the President's
point of view a good exercise of power
under the Constitution, It was also un
deniably it goud exerci-e eif power
within the terms ol tho law; and if
placed upon tho latter ground alone It
would not be an admission of the con
stitutionality of llio wholulaw.butonly
of so much of tho second section as au
thorizes su-penslons from oflice. It is
, only nuce.-4.iry to add here, by way or
to produce seriott- Injurv to tho
-Ml-tnl.e nnd error of Judgment
vice or sliock the iiicn-nl s-(Il.( nt' iu
people. And the construction of tin.
teiiurt-oi-oiiice act adopted Hy tlie Pre-
doubtlul coiistltiitioiialityand eon -true-
lion. I hold that the ln.tilint
ly Ju-tilled in challenging Its nppllca-
tlon to hi., Seeielarle-, nnd lu taking
neces-itry stop- to have it- validity and
iciiisiiui'tiou iieiermiueii in tun eouii-
of law. Hut his pn-ltlou a- to Ids right
ttiul duty In thl- re-ptvt ha- 1k, ii gro-s-
ly misrepresented and, perhape, great
ly ml-iinder-tood. It wa- -tated. how
ever, by Judge Cm tl-, In his ope ning
for tlio defen-e, with u clearness nnd
completeness which leave nothing to
bo deslre'd, and remove all excu-e lor
misconception on iplalnt. llostld!
"I am not intending to ndvnneo upon
or occupy any extreme ground, bec.iu-e
no "itch ground has been advanced up
on or occupied by tbe President of tho
United State.-. Ho I- to take care that
tho laws bo faithfully executed. When
a law has been pd-seil through the
forms of legislation, rlthcr with Ids as
sent, or without Id- n.ce'nt, It i
lils duty to sec that that bitv U
faithfully e'.xeeuteil soiling as notiiliii
Is required of lilm but ministerial tie -
.inn j it-1-inn in i-ii-wi iiiiii-u i lino u
Judicial court and decldo that the btw
Is unconstitutional, and that therelbro
ho will not executo It,"
llen--erts iiosuch power Ho has no
such Idea ol hi-duty. I lis idea of hi-
dutyis, that If a law Is passed over Ids
veto wlilch he be.lloves to bet iinconsll-
tutlonal. and that law all'eets tbo Inter-
i'sts of third persons, tho-o w ho-e Inter -
ests are niiecieu mint ini;o euro ot tlicm,
yindlcalo Hieni, raise iiuestloiiH ceinceru -
nig xiiein il iney sliould he so tii vt-ee .
if such a law ntleets the geneial and
public Interests of tbo peopIe,the people
must tal:o t are at the polls thai it Is
remedied In a ism-tltutiomil way.
"Hut when, Senatorii, a ues b, . ail-1
s whether a particular law btuciit oil :. I
iwer conllded to blm by tho people 1
lirough tlioCotistltiitloii,'niid ho itluuel
tn rai-t.theMpiehtloii,iindhoiilonecaii ,
ttiso a Judicial decision to conic be-
veen tlit. ttvci In Hindu . it film fim cm.
so whether a particular law bascut oil' it
power conllded to blm hy tho people
inrougn iiioe. onslltutlon, nnd ho itluue
tween tho two blanches of the , ( te ...
nient to say which ol tiiemls right, and
nfter duo elellberatlon with tlio uilvlco
... mo-., who tiro tits proper uelvl-or-, lie.
remains to bo decided bv you whether
there) Is any violation of Ids duty w hen
.. . ............. .s.,,,,, nlv i- in niiso nun
question anil have It pe'iicelullv deeld -
Anil again he said, .piieuiWli
.I..'011?'1.'.11 l-".'ll!l'"0'".,r "dinlii.
i 7 " . "iiivBuuii in ..until,.
I-tintlvt duly merely he the President
HI If IM IrlVB flWKiTa
I llll'lJ 1 TU UUI11L7I
holds that hois hound by tho law."
It Is admitted on all hands t lint a pri
vate citizen may proceed inn peaceful
manner to resist nny law which violates
his personal rights under the Constitu
tion, and may bring such law before the
courts for judicial condemnation. And
even If ho should bomlstnken ns to his
right nnd ns to tho Invalidity of tho lav, ,
his error wilt not be Imputed to him as
Ami so, wlieron question arises as to
tho constitutional rlgbtof thoPresIdenl
to chnngo his constitutional advisers
the men who constitute his political
household, and for whoso acts ho Is rti
sponsible to tho pcoplo nnd to the law
asngalnta statuto which Invades or
denies to lilm such right, can It be
doubted that ho may challenge tho
statuto and tarry It into the courts of
law for Judgment? And where tho
statute is plainly In contempt of tho
past practico of tho Government, and
of tho very highest authorities which
can bo cited upon a question of consti
tutional law, and no one but tho Pre
sident can bring It to tho lest of Judicial
examination anil Judgment, Is not his
duty to challenge! It as Inconlestlble a
his right V
I have now concluded my examina
tion ortho several articles of impeach
ment and or the act of Congress upoii
which most or them are founded. Th
general question of presidential power
under tho Constitution to remove olll
cers of the United States from ofllco tit
discretion, hasbeen but slightly noticed,
and no attention lias been bestowed up
on thosti teiplcs of declamation nnd In
vectlvo which has been Intruded into
tho trial. Tho cou-titnlloinil question
was diseti-sed by mo at length when
the tcniirtcof-olllcooct was passed, and
I do not find it necessary to repeat tho
argument then made by mo in'order to
explain or vindicate my Judgment up
on theso articles of impeachment. A
to tliu extraneous and Irrelevant mat
ters introduced Into tho trial, and par
ticularly Into tho argument, I put them
wholly aside. This caso Is to be tried
upon the laws which apply to It, and
upon tho facts which are duly proved.
The Usui) joined is not political but Ju
ellclnl, and It Is upon specific artlcle-i of
nccii-atlon. They are to bo decleled
honestly and firmly, and nothing be-
side then, I- to pass Into judgment.
In my opinion the acquittal of the
President upon all the charges prefer
redngalnsthlni Isauthoilzed bylawand
demanded by justice. IIo lias commit
ted no high crime or mi-demeanor, lis
lias trampled upon no man's right; lie
ha- violated no public duty. IIo has
kept bis oath of olllee unbroken, and
has sought in a lawful maniier to vin
dlcateand preserve the high eoiislitu
tlnnal powers cemfldod to him by tin
people. lie cannot and ought not to
be punWif el for his opinions upon pub
lic men-tires and public policy; and, in
ceuitemplatlon of law, hh conduct lu nil
the matters brought before us for review
lias been Irreproachable. What ho ha
done Indicates not criminal intent but
patilntlc purpose; and besides, that
true courage, sii-talned and Invincible,
which "Tiuinlci with illlllcnliv mul il.
tw ,i :l nime.
. ''Wlll'l'l' illil Vnit (d.tnfrt '
, "At lukerinmn'i, (icner.il.'' '
' cry good, votl tiff 11 mini m n,
scene, but the i-oldier whe'ii oll'ere'd the
deree! to tako It bv the (ieiicral, but he
wa-stolld. "Ulghty days in tho guard
hoti-e fur this man; Vatire, dlsobeellenee
oi order-i loeeived from id
A 1I.ppi)ntmkxt." A few ilay
slnci' there were -ovcral persons In'u
liou-e where thero was a young child
some two or three day- old among
them a bilglit-eyed boy of four sum
meis. When tlio grandmother soon
after came In, with, the babo In her
ni in-, lie was much pleu-eii with it,
kis-ed It, and evinced every symptuin
of delight; it-ki'dhl, mint whero sin
ged it, nnd was told slio bought It or Dr.
Adams: then a-ki.l how much she',
a .f fir It. She told blin ten dollar-,
lb then stoodby her hip, ou which the
child was lying asleep, his e.yoH benm-
ing with intense satisfaction. Tho babi.
1 soon awoke and squalled vociferous! t
institnllv ill- CTuint. .m.ii.. ,. rll . ,. i
, , , 1,1,1
, ' " ,"" ' 1 "H'st pictured on his
beautiful face, he turntsl around ami
-aid; "Aunty, in was you, I'd lake It
back to I)r Adams .i ,,, , ,
' (lo . ' .. ' "" ' R" W "'"
" - -
, " 11 weary tiaveller was winding his
1 way through the mud In a far-west i,
' glon of the eountrv. bo .tl..,ivoeo,i ..
1 ..,, ,i,i.. ,; ,. , , , V, '
0,nff ""' ' fated In front ol Hit.
1 "0Hr ir bl,m'l loi-' bouse. Ho rode up
In front or tlio cabin and iiskeel the ulrl
, for a drink of writer, l r .ie,.t. t. ......
' ' u .i , ,
, " ',c,nK, U 0 nrHt W0I"nl' ll0 '
1)r wtTttl tlttys, oiroretl her a ell
r kiss. The young maiden n
the oiler and received both I
,i tbo ilium ti,,, l , ' ii
iiti I III' UUlJirW
, . : ---..i..v nun,
.Im 11,,,. i ,n-.i . .' '
I u,"m"1" woman no natl -een
1 ,or wverni days, olforetl her a dlmo for
I n Kiss. Tlio young maiden accented
' ?"Vr rccelvttl both tho kiss
",0 lll,,.'p' trnvcllerwasabo.il
I U wwm '"Is Journey, but tho girl,
"over beforo having seen a dime, nskcdi
"What am I to do with tho dime.-''
; "-"in any you
ho W'l, "It is yours." "If that's
I the e'use ," bald oho, "I'll glvo you back
' mo initio anil ttiKu another kisA
' m.miur kiss.
. wntiiim titiii, . i...
w ill understand nil it..,,., i. ,.. ,'.
however Intelligent u iiiiiu mav I,., l,.'.
1 will never know but half of It.